Department of Software

The University of Babylon

LECTURE NOTES ON PROGRAMMING FUNDAMENTAL USING C++ LANGUAGE
By Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali
Collage of Information Technology, University of Babylon, Iraq Samaher_hussein@yahoo.com

21 January 2013

1

Examples:
Q1//write a program to find febonatshy serial 1 1 2 3 5 8 13 21 34 ….. #include<iostream.h> #include<conio.h> void main() { clrscr(); int i,n,a=0,b=1,c; cout<<" pls enter toaller sequnce : "; cin>>n; cout<<b; for(i=0;i<n;i++) { c=b; b=b+a; a=c; cout<<' '<<b; } getch(); }

21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

2 Notes of Lecture 6

Examples:
Q2//Calculator program #include<iostream.h> #include<conio.h> void main() { Clrscr(); float a,b,c; char sign; cin>>a; cin>> sign; cin>>b; switch (sign) { case '+': cout<<"="<<(c=a+b) <<endl ; break; case '/': cout<<"="<<(c=a/b) <<endl ; break; case '-': cout<<"="<<(c=a-b) <<endl ; break; case '*': cout<<"="<<(c=a*b) <<endl ; break; } getch(); }

21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

3 Notes of Lecture 6

Examples:
Q3//Write a program to find N! . #include <iostream.h> #include<conio.h> void main() { clrscr(); int a,b,c=1; cin>>b; for(a=1;a<=b;a++) c=c*a; cout<<c<<endl; }

21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

4 Notes of Lecture 6

Examples:
Q4//write a program to find power of number #include<iostream.h> #include<conio.h> void main() { clrscr(); int x,y; float w=1; cout<<"enter the number"; cin>>x; cout<<"\nenter the power "; cin>>y; for(int i=1;i<=y;i++) w=w*x; cout<<"the resulte="<<w; getch(); }

21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

5 Notes of Lecture 6

Examples:
Q5//what the output of this code #include<iostream.h> #include<conio.h> void main() { Clrscr(); int a=3,b=2,c=a*b; b++; a=b++; b++; cout<<a<<endl<<b<<endl<<c<<endl; getch(); } Output: a=3 b=5 c=6

21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

6 Notes of Lecture 6

Examples:
Q6// find the output that generation the following shape #include<iostream.h> * * #include<conio.h> * * void main() * { * * clrscr(); * * int x; int k=0; for(int i =1;i<=5;i++) { for(int j=1;j<=5;j++) if((i+j==6)||(i==j)) cout<<"*"; else cout<<" "; cout<<"\n"; }

21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

7 Notes of Lecture 6

Examples:
Q7// Write Program to Print the Following Shape 1 12 123 1234 12345
#include<iostream.h> #include<conio.h> void main() { clrscr(); for(int i=1;i<=6;i++) { for(int j=1;j<i;j++) cout<<j; cout<<endl; } }

21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

8 Notes of Lecture 6

Examples:
Q8 //Test Character Small or Capital #include<iostream.h> #include<conio.h> void main() { clrscr(); char a,b; cout<<"enter a"; cin>>a; if(a>=65 && a<=90) cout<<"capital"; if(a>=97 && a<=122) cout<<"small"; }

21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

9 Notes of Lecture 6

Examples:
Q9// Test Number if Prime or Not #include<iostream.h> #include<conio.h> void main() { clrscr(); int x,result=0; cin>>x; for(int i=2;i<x;i++) if(x%i==0) result=1; if(result==1) cout<<"not prime"; else cout<<"prime"; }

21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

Notes of Lecture10 6

Examples:
Q10 //Write Program to print the Following Form 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 #include<iostream.h> void main() { int k=1; for(int i=0;i<3;i++) { cout<<" "; for(int =0;j<3;j++) { cout<<k++; cout<<" "; } cout<<endl; } }

21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

Notes of Lecture11 6

Examples:
Q11//Write Program Find Cube and Square to Five Digit #include <iostream.h> #include <conio.h> void main() { int a,b; for(int i=0;i<5;i++) { cin>>x; cout<<"squar"<<x*x; cout<<"cube"<<x*x*x; } } Q12 // Find the Result of Multiplying of Two number Without using *sign #include<iostream.h> #include<conio.h> void main() { int x,y,sum=0; cout<<"enter the first no:"; cin>>x; cout<<"enter the second no:"; cin>>y; while(y>0) { sum=sum+x; y--; } 21 January 2013 Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali }

Notes of Lecture12 6

Examples:
Q13// Write a program to find the greatest common divisor (GCD) between two numbers #include<iostream.h> #include<conio.h> void main() { clrscr(); int x,y; cout<<"enter the value of x&&y"; cin>>x>>y; while(x<0) { cout<<"enter paositive value of first number"; cin>>x; } while(y<0) { cout<<"enter paositive value of second number"; cin>>y; } while(x!=y) { if(x>y) x=x-y; if(y>x) y=y-x; } cout<<y; }

21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

Notes of Lecture13 6

Examples:
Q14// Write program to reverse any number; such as 1234-4321 #include<iostream.h> void main() { int x,y; cout<<"enter the number"; cin>>x; while(x!=0) { y=x%10; x=x/10; cout<<y; } } Q15// Write a program to calculate the number of orders a certain number; such as 1765=4 void main() { clrscr(); int x,y=0; cout<<"enter the number"; cin>>x; while(x!=0) { x=x/10; y=y+1;
}cout<<y; }
21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

Notes of Lecture14 6

Examples:
Q16//Find dividing two numbers without using the process of division
#include<iostream.h> #include<conio.h> void main() { clrscr(); int x,y,m=0; cout<<"enter the number"; cin>>x>>y; if((x>y)&&(y!=0)) { while(x!=0) { x=x-y; m=m+1;

} } cout<<m;
}

21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

Notes of Lecture15 6

Examples:
Q17// Write a program to print and find a solution following sequence of numbers 1/1 + 4/2 + 3/3 + 6/4 + 5/5 + 8/6 + 7/7+…………n #include<iostream.h> #include<conio.h> void main() { clrscr(); int n,a,b,sum=0; cout<<"enter the value of n"; cin>>n; for(int i=1;i<=n;i++) { if(i%2==0) { a=i+2; b=i; } else { a=i; b=i; } sum=sum+(a/b); cout<<a<<"/"<<b<<"+"; } cout<<endl; cout<<"sum="<<sum; }

21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

Notes of Lecture16 6

Examples:
Q18 // Write Program to print the following form. * *** ***** *** * #include<iostream.h> #include<conio.h> void main() { clrscr(); for(int i = 1;i<=3;i++) { for(int j =1;j<=3-i;j++) cout<<' '; for(int k = 1;k<=(2*i)-1;k++) cout<<'*'; cout<<endl; } for( i = 2;i>=1;i--) { for( int j =1;j<=3-i;j++) cout<<' '; for( int k = 1;k<=(2*i)-1;k++) cout<<'*'; cout<<endl } }

21 January 2013

Dr. Samaher Hussein Ali

Notes of Lecture17 6

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