Our Imaginations 1

RUNNING HEAD: Our Imaginations

Our Imaginations: May They Always Be Pure and Bountiful

Stephen Schoupp

Western Governors University

:  . By diagramming the complex number and colligating it with the origin and x-intercept. with a and b both being real numbers. The modulus (length) of a + bi is found by taking the absolute value of the square root of a² + b². The amplitude. 2009). A complex number is written in the Cartesian form a + bi.com. especially in the realm of complex numbers. or argument. a right triangle is formed. can be visualized by diagramming it on an orthogonal complex graph with the x-axis constituting the set of real numbers and the y-axis representing the set of imaginary numbers. here defined as from the origin of the complex graph to point (a.b). This complex number. of a complex number a + bi is the angle formed by the line segment created by the plotting of point (a. which is the distance formula of a line segment.b) from the origin of the complex graph and the positive x-axis. or of forming mental images or concepts of what is not usually present to the senses" (Dictionary. And so it is in the field of mathematics.Our Imaginations 2 Our Imaginations: May They Always Be Pure and Bountiful The imagination is defined as the faculty of imaging. although the symbol i (where i² = -1) designates b as in the imaginary realm. a + bi.

better known as the polar form. and c the hypotenuse. This paper will be a step by step progression of the proof of these two definitions. The product of xy then has a modulus rt and an amplitude cos(u + v) + i sin(u + v). Hence. The modulus and amplitude of the product of two complex numbers can be determined by multiplying their respective moduli and adding their respective amplitudes. cosine (adjacent side/hypotenuse). Given: x = r(cos u + i sin u) y = t(cos v + i sin v) their product equals: xy = {r(cos u + i sin u) t (cos v + i sin v)} By the associative property of mathematics: = {rt(cos u + i sin u)(cos v + i sin v)} . the complex number a + bi can be written in the configuration r(cos of the angle formed + i sin of the angle formed). a = r cos and b = r i sin (with r being the modulus). b the opposite side. making the amplitude the cos of the angle created + i sin of the angle created. and tangent (opposite side/adjacent side) the angle radiant can be computed with a as the adjacent side. Then by the Pythagoras Theorem (a² + b² = c²). Given two complex numbers: x = r(cos u + i sin u) y = t(cos v + i sin v) x has modulus r and amplitude cos u i sin u and y has modulus t and amplitude cos v + i sin v.Our Imaginations 3 With the trigonometry functions of sine (opposite side/hypotenuse).

for any given complex numbers.sin u sin v )+ i (sin u cos v + sin v cos u)]} By the angle identity of sums and differences. inner. the moduli of their product can be found by multiplying their coefficients r and t and their amplitude can be determined by the sum of their angles. x = r(cos u + i sin u) and y = t(cos v + i sin v). and last) method of multiplying equations: = {(rt)(cos u cos v + i sin v cos u + i sin u cos v + i² sin u sin v)} Using the definition of imaginary number (i² = -1). These functions are an important part of algebra and significant in the fields of electrical engineering and fluid dynamics.Our Imaginations 4 = {rt(cos u + i sin u)(cos v + i sin v)} and using FOIL (first. Consequently. the equation factors to: {(rt)[cos (u + v) + i sin ( u + v)]} Hence. outer. then: = {(rt)(cos u cos v . .sin u sin v + i sin u cos v + i sin v cos u)} Factoring out like items (i) makes the equation: = {(rt)[(cos u cos v . the modulus of xy = rt and the amplitude of xy = cos (u + v) + i sin (u + v).

com/browse/imagination.com. (2009).reference. Retrieved 21 June 2009. In Dictionary.Our Imaginations 5 References Imagination. from http://dictionary. .

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