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Electric Charge 1. The typical current generated by a thunder clap (Figure.

1), is about 3x103 C/s and it flows for about 35 s. How much charge is transferred in this phenomenon?

Figure 1

Coulombs Law 1. Figure 2a shows the fixed charges q1 and q2 separated by a distance d. a) Calculate the intensity of the electrical force that acts on q1. Consider q1=q2=17.3 C and d=3 m. b) A third charge q3=23 C is placed, as Figure 2b shows. Find the intensity of the electrical force that acts on q1 instead.

Figure 2 2. Two small charges, q1 and q2, are separated by a distance of 15 cm, and there is a repulsion force between them of 5.4N. We know that 2q2 = q1. Which is the value of q1 and q2? 3. Calculate the electrostatic force between two small charges q1 = 3C and q2 = -2C. a) If the charges are separated in the emptiness by 8 cm. b) If the charges are separated by glass, Which long should be the distance between them in order to obtain the same attraction force that in the emptiness?.

1st UNIT EXERCISES


4. Find the components X and Y from the electrostatic force applied over q1 as Figure 3 shows.

Figure 3

Electric field 1. q1 = 14C its put it at the origin and a second charge q2 = -10 C (Figure 4) its over the x axis 0.3m from the origin. Calculate the electric field at the P point on the (0, 0.4) m. location.

Figure 4 2. It is necesary to create an electric field, in order to accelerate a particle 2.5x108 m/s2 This particle has a 1/3 of the electron charge and the half of the proton mass. Calculate the magnitude of the electric field.

3. Estimate the magnitud from the electric field necessary to neutralize the gravity force on a -2C particle and 1.5 ng mass.

1st UNIT EXERCISES


4. Figure 5, shows three electric charges placed on each corner of the equilateral triangle. a) Calculate the intensity of the electric field on 2C charge due to 7C and -4C charges. b) Use the answer of the a) part and determine the force over the 2 C.

Figure 5 5. Solve the exercise on Figure 6, determining the distance (x) for those electrical field that will be zero at the A point.

Figure 6 6. Each of the charges q1 = 4C, q2= -9C, q3=5C, where placed at the square corner as show on figure 7, each side of the corner has a length of a= 5 cm a) Which is the magnitude of the electric field that acts on the P point? b) Which would be the force over the q4= -10C charge, if it is placed at the P point?

Figure 7

1st UNIT EXERCISES


7. Three small charges, q1= 3C, q2= -15C, q3= -9C, are placed at the corner of an Isosceles triangle. The base length is 45 mm and the equal sides length is 65mm each. a) Which is the direction and magnitude of the resultant force that acts on q1?. Consider Figure 8a. b) Calculate the electric field considering the conditions shown on Figure 8b. c) Suppose that q4= 4C charge is set at P. Which is the resultant force (direction and magnitude) that acts on q4?. Figure 8c

Figure 8 Gauss law 1. 12 C charge is set in the middle of a sphere, that it has a 12 cm. radius. Wich is the electric flux trhrough the sphere surface?

2. A +q charge its about d/2 distance over a square surface, the surface has a d length by side. The charge is set above the middle of the square as Figure 9 indicates. Calculate the Magnitude of electric flux that pass trhough the square. (Suggestion: imagine that the square is one face from a cube with a d length side).

Figure 9

1st UNIT EXERCISES


Electric flux 1. An electric field has a 3.5 KN/C magnitude that act over the length of the x axis. Calculate the electric flux trough a rectangular plane with a 0.35 m wide and 0.7 m length. If: a) The plane is paralel to the yz plane. b) The plane is paralel to the xy plane. c) The plane contains the y, and its norm has a 40 to the axis x. 2. Consider a triangular box on a electric field E=7.8x104 N/C as show on Figure 10. Determinate the electric flux trough: a) The A vertical surface on the left side of the triangle. b) The inclined surface (A) c) The entire surface of the box.

Figure 10 Electrical Potential 1. The electric field between two separated paltes has a 1.2x104 N/C magnitude and the separation distance is 3.6 cm. a) Find the electric potential difference between the two plates. b) How much cinetic energy can be generated by a Deuteron being accelerated from the positive to the negative plate?. 2. A 5C point charge is placed at the origin and a second one with -2C, its over the x axis at the (3,0) m position. a) If we take as zero potential at the infinite, obtain the total electrical potential due to this charges considering a point P located at (0,4) m b) Which is the work needed to bring back a third charge 4C form the infinite to the P point?

1st UNIT EXERCISES


3. Calculate the electric potential in the middle of the base on the isoceles triangle (Figure 11), considering q= 9 C.

Figure 11

4. Determine the work required to move a charge from A (VA) to B (VB). Consider a 13 C
Charge. See figure 12

Figure 12