RESEARCH – Berindeanu Daniel Ionuț 21B


5. stone vault
noun, a vault made from blocks of stone, so
shaped or cut that when assembled they form a tightly wedged and stable construction whose weight can be concentrated upon the proper supports

1. ethereal
adjective, heavenly, characterized by lightness and insubstantiality, intangible e.g. "combination of massive grandeur and ethereal grace" romanian translation:

e.g."the nave was given a new stone vault ..." romanian translation:bolta de piatra(arta prin care se construieste se numeste stereotomie)

6. lierne vault
noun, A vault in which lierne ribs are used
lierne: an arch of hewn v-shaped stones that strengthens the ribs of a cross vaulting made of small stones. The use of the lierne in Gothic architecture was one of the first examples of the division of a construction into a strong framework and a light filler.

2. dereliction
noun, the act ob abandoning, abandonmnent, willful neglect; e.g."saved from dereliction by Henry..." romanian translation:dezintegrare,

3. episcopal see
noun, the official seat of a bishop, contextual sense reffers to the town in wich are the seat of the bishop e.g."we have decreed that the site of the said monastery be an episcopal see" romanian translation: resedinta eparhială, episcopală

4. abbey church
abbey, monastic house, especially among
Benedictines and Cistercians, consisting of not less than 12 monks or nuns ruled by an abbot or abbess.

e.g."Here we can see soaring columns, a great lierne vault ninety-two feet above the floor..." romanian translation: bolta cu nervuri

e.g."Ethelfleda was burried in the abbey church" romanian translation: aprox. biserica de schit

7. cloisters
noun, unroofed space forming part of a
religious establishment and surrounded by the various buildings or by enclosing walls.


apprentice apprenticeship. shrine translation: ucenic.. novice. romanian translation: boltă în evantai noun.g.. e. or he set up as a master himself. fan vaulting noun. ornamented wall or screen that rises romanian mormant translation:memorial." romanian translation:zonă înnălțată din fața altarului de unde se predică în bisericile catolice 8.g.g.g. e."Among other features are a series of mistericords and. carvings in Gothic churches that adorn choir stalls provided for the use of the clergy during services e. noun. a series or system of fan vaults e."and is reckoned to commemorate a apprentice who fell to his death while working on the vault above" romanian începător."with the first signifiant fan vaulting in the country" 12. pulpitum e."..g.. work began on the cloisters" romanian translation: schituri. working for a master for wages." ." romanian translation: sculpturi care impodobesc traveele corului. behind the high altar of a church. in the south transept. it is provided on all sides with a vaulted passageway consisting of continuous colonnades or arcades opening onto a court 11.the bridge which links the north and south triforia whispering gallery" romanian translation:triforium trade from one who is engaged in it and of paying for the instruction by a given number of years of work The apprentice would bind himself to work for the master for a given time.though the medieval pulpitum was destroyed and replaced.. in bisericile gotice 13..g. cenotaf. mistericords noun. a gallery of arches above the sideaisle vaulting in the nave of a church e.g. triforia noun.RESEARCH – Berindeanu Daniel Ionuț 21B Generally. system of learning a craft or 9. forming a background for it 2 . noun."and the north transept remodelled. After that time he would become a journeyman. reredos noun. the tribune of an orator. a place of religious devotion or commemoration e."There was no shrine here to despoil" 14. 10.

plural clere·sto·ries. stăvilar. e.any distinct.a support of masonry.a long passageway or corridor that extends from a central areaof a building. or the like for sustai ning verticalpressure. " Norman cathedral and which are incorpored in windows in the north of the nave and in the south clerestory " noun. 2.shaft noun 1.g.RESEARCH – Berindeanu Daniel Ionuț 21B e.a.g. under column. especially one at an ai rport that leads to boardinggates.clerestory noun... romanian translation: pilă.a temporary structure for holding workers a nd materials duringthe erection. romanian translation: lucarna.that part of a column or pier between the base and capital. e.pier e. repair.g. slender. vitraj aflat la nivel superior 3. vertical masonry feature en gaged in awall or pier and usually supporting or fe igning to support anarch or vault. 3 ." I first saw it without scaffolding in its full glory" romanian translation:schelă 2."including Scott's reredos behind the high altar" romanian iconostas YORK CATHEDRAL translation: catapeteasmă." noun 1."with their soaring piers. clusterred.scaffold noun. b.. or decorati on of a building. steel.g. 4. 1. a portion of an interior rising above adjacentroofto ps and having windows admitting daylight to the i nterior.See diag.

and collumns of Purbeck marble" romanian translation: săgeată.to form from a solid material by cutting: to carv e a statue out ofstone. etc.any welllike passage or vertical enclosed space. or the like. romanian translation:consistoriu. Synonyms 1. labyrinthine. it is the best example in England of that gently coloured glass known as grissaile" romanian translation: vitraliu colorat cu tente pale 9.a compartment in a stable or shed romanian translation: travee intricate adjective 1. . knotty.g.a work of art. 4 . plural 1.".ornamental work consisting of ramified ribs.RESEARCH – Berindeanu Daniel Ionuț 21B . asin the upper part of a Gothic wind ow.C.g. de sinod 7. originally (beginning in the first century B."At the end of the thirtenth century York aquired its chapter-house" noun a building attached to or a hall forming part of aca thedral or monastery. incapere unde se iau hotarari bisericesti. 2."clustered rounded shafts.chapter house e. used as a meeting place for t hechapter. bolta intersectată.’’intricately carved canopy stalls” e. "This has no central column.. e. during the principate.grisaille noun. "It is known as the 'Heart of York' because the tracery at the top suggests the shape of a heart" noun. as a painting or stainedglass window. ornamental. bar cut (a solid material) so as to form something: to carve a pieceof pine. rooflike projection or coveri ng. romanian translation: a sculpta 5. executed ingrisaille. screens. as in a building: an elevator shaft. e. romanian translation: ornament traforat 6. but all around are marvellous and intricately carved canopy stalls " stall noun 1. entangl ed or involved:an intricate maze. tangled. in panels. complex noun.) a municipal district.having many interrelated parts or facets.tracery e. romanian translation: baldachin carve verb (used with object) 1. fus canopy noun. 8.diocese romanian translation: încâlcit. ancient Rome.

" romanian translation: poarta aflata la intrarea intr-o cetate..RESEARCH – Berindeanu Daniel Ionuț 21B part of a province. manastire. a fort or group of forts. ".. at the end of the third century A.moat noun. The vicarius. or (formerly) used as a fortification e. incorporata intr-un corp al ansamblului in care se face accesul 3. university.. a deep wide ditch. often housing a porter or guard. citadel e..chain of fortress noun. "the near impregnable gatehouse which is so characteristic a feature of the Edwardian fortress.g.a building above or beside an entrance gate to a city. the diocese was a large administrative unit including several (up to 16) provinces.. who was subordinate to the praefectus praetorio. castelș fortificata.." CASTLES 1. A total of 12 dioceses (later 15) were formed.dioceza romanian translation: "lanț de cetate" 2. headed the diocese e.. but also.. often including a town. large fortified place." romanian translation: eparhie . "Edward it's a great chain of fortress in North Wales. usually filled 5 ...D. gatehouse Noun. From the period of Diocletian. monastery etc.g.g.the cathedral church not only of the diocese of York.

. or castle as a protection against assault." romanian translation:turn de piatra 6. soldiery.a vertical slit for archers in medieval fortification walls. a room in a house.g. military personnel. e. . a treasury...g.. ". -.a facing of masonry or the like. es pecially for protecting an embankment... usualy made from stone e.A hall for the meetings of a legislative or other assembly. e. romanian translation: curte interioară în castele feudale 5."planned concentric castre .A legislative or judicial body.In a medieval fortification. . fortress.arrow slit noun. ". chamber noun . . "there was good accommodation in many tower chambers" 4. 6 .g. garrison noun. -.chambers A room in which a judge may consult privately with attorneys or hear cases not taken into court.. especially a bedroom. especially one used by lawyers.RESEARCH – Berindeanu Daniel Ionuț 21B with water.." romanian translation: odaie other meanings: . bailey noun.. one of a number of towers built along a curtain wall.. revetment noun. A board or council.. "to promote the fire-power and the mobility of the garrison" 9. troops soldiers collectively e.g. with jambs deeply splayed toward the interior. e.revetted in stone" romanian translation: finisaj de protectie din piatra 8.g.g.standing at the south-east corner of tre inner bailey. A place where municipal or state funds are received and held. typically surrounding a fortified medieval town.chambers Chiefly British A suite of rooms. The space enclosed by the outer wall of a castle."each of the mural towers along the outer curtain wall. e. another stone circuit and moat beyound it" romanian translation: "șanț de apărare" romanian translation:garnizoană 7. mural tower noun.

. especially one through which a gun is fired. is pierced by arrow slits backing onto embrasures alog its lenght . with drum towers.. pentru mase de oameni embrasure: B e.a small tower at an angle of a buildin g. e.the opening in a wall or parapet. "the great inner curtain . colors. . e. 14. sally port Noun." romanian translation: gauri lasate in perete pentru a proteja arcașii care trag din incinta 2. e. 15.g. drum tower A round tower whose diameter is greater than its height. with drum towers.embrasure noun. and minerals.. as of a castle or fortress. drawbridge At the entrance of fortifications.. is pierced by arrow slits backing onto embrasures alog its lenght . usually one forming pa rt of a larger structure.banded masonry noun. "the great inner curtain . "parallel to the polygonal towers and distinctive banded masonry" romanian translation: zidărie stratificată 11. 13. hinged and provided with a raising and lowering mechanism so as to hinder or permit passage..RESEARCH – Berindeanu Daniel Ionuț 21B e.." romanian translation: creneluri.turnuleț 10. The crenels or intervals between the merlons of a battlement. a bridge over the moat or ditch..." romanian translation: poarta de acces pentru trupe. a gateway permitting the passage of a l arge number of troops ata time.g.a small tower.. "with central turrets against the wall-walk" romanian translation: turelă..g. 7 .stone masonry that have thin and nearly parallel bands of different textures. 12.g.frequently b eginning some distance above the grou nd.g. " a small sally-port in the northwest curtain. turret tower noun 1.

a defensive rabate peste șanțul de apărare) 16. of massive iron or timber.g. there are no fewer than five doors and six porticullises. "after the drawbridge.g. there are no fewer than five doors and six porticullises. e.RESEARCH – Berindeanu Daniel Ionuț 21B e." romanian translation:gratii de fier.... portcullis noun. movable vertically in retaining grooves cut in the jambs of a fortified gateway." romanian translation: punte rabatabila. impiedica accesul in cetate 8 . ( in castelele medievale.. "after the drawbridge.

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