“I Am A Rock” - Self Metaphor Lesson SWBAT: understand Simon and Garfunkel’s use of metaphor to evoke self; understand narrative

of song; create a metaphor for self; use pattern of song to create a self metaphor song/poem Aim: How does “I Am A Rock” portray its speaker’s state of mind and point of view? Do Now: Create a list of objects that represent you right now. Why do these objects connect to you? What do they reveal about your state of mind right now? Mini-Lesson: Annotation/Explication Annotation is the process of marking up a text. You can mark up a text for any purpose. When we read poetry, it’s a good idea to mark a few things: patterns or interesting vocabulary; questions; visual or sensory imagery. The idea is to have a written conversation with the poem. Talk to it. Ask questions, make sense of things. Though we are listening to a song, a song is essentially poetry set to music. Show model of “The Road Less Taken” Collaborative Annotation Practice: Play “I Am A Rock” and ask students to annotate. Trade papers with a partner. This time we will annotate another person’s poem. Play song again. Trade papers back. Look at what was written. Discussion: What did you notice about the song? Discuss annotations. Use the following questions to move towards the Aim: What is the state of mind of the speaker? How do you know? What images or metaphors does the speaker use? What do these images evoke or reveal? Does the song tell a story? How does it tell that story? What happens in each verse? How does “I Am A Rock” portray its speaker’s state of mind and point of view? Mini-Lesson: Creating chorus Let’s go back to our Do Now responses. Think about your state of mind today. How do you feel? Now, skim through your writing and do some goldmining. Find an item that speaks to you and would make a good chorus. If you do not find an item you like, brainstorm. Focus on your state of mind today. Are you empowered? Depressed? Smart? Overwhelmed? Student Work with Teacher Help Mini-Lesson: Creating narrative

however. Can you try to create a narrative that reveals your state of mind? Student work Writing mini-lessons might focus on rhythm. He first sets the scene. pattern. He alludes to it (“friendship causes pain”). He does not. clearly tell you what happens. or use of figurative language . Then he begins to go back in time and show you why he feels that way. rhyme.Look at how Paul Simon creates the narrative. He uses the winter (maybe as a metaphor) for the state of mind he is in.

safe within my womb. I have my books And my poetry to protect me. I am an island. I am an island. And a rock feels no pain. I am shielded in my armor. Don't talk of love. I've built walls. It's laughter and it's loving I disdain. I am a rock. But I've heard the words before. I am an island. Gazing from my window to the streets below On a freshly fallen silent shroud of snow. I am alone. friendship causes pain. I am a rock. It's sleeping in my memory. If I never loved I never would have cried. A fortress deep and mighty. And an island never cries. That none may penetrate.I Am A Rock By Paul Simon (Performed by Simon & Garfunkel) A winter's day In a deep and dark December. I am a rock. Hiding in my room. I am a rock. I won't disturb the slumber of feelings that have died. I have no need of friendship. I touch no one and no one touches me. I am an island. .

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D Song is incomplete. The point of view is unclear. These support the central metaphor of the song and move the narrative. In addition to the central metaphor. Healy – English Songwriting Rubric. three metaphors. similes or images are used to evoke the mood or character. The narrative of the song is clear. One or no examples of figurative language. “I Am A Rock” Criteria Structure A Song includes a central metaphor. three verses and a bridge. C Song is missing two structural elements. similes or images are used to evoke the mood or character. a chorus. more than three metaphors. These add to the mood or understanding of character. B Song includes all but one required structural element. Point of View The point of view of the song is inconsistent or somewhat unclear. moving through reasoning or action in the verses and using the bridge to build tension. .Ms. though may not ring true to listener. Narrative The narrative of the song is mostly clear with the chorus highlighting an idea and verses discussing the idea in detail. In addition to the central metaphor. The point of view of the song is clear and consistent. but the song is on topic. The narrative of the song is muddled in places. Either the chorus does not highlight the main idea or the verses do not move the listener logically through the action or The narrative is unclear. The point of view of the song is clear and the voice performing the song sounds authentic and true. These may not be helpful in understanding character or narrative. The chorus and verses do not reveal a key idea and move through a narrative. The sequence may not be logical or may be repetitive. Use of Figurative Language Two examples of figurative language are present in addition to the central metaphor. highlighting the key issue or topic well in the chorus.

ideas. Overall Grade: ________ Comments: .

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