Credit Underwriting Guidelines Lets talk about credit underwriting guidelines.

A separate section on Credit Repair goes into detail on how to get your report, what credit scores are based on, correcting errors and improving scores. Here we are going to talk about facts, your credit history as you believe it to be today, and the credit guidelines that apply to each situation. Would you rate your credit: Good, Fair, Poor, or Excellent? AND, Why? Do you know your credit score from all three major repositories: Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian? Have you been more than 30 days late on your rent or mortgage? Have you been more than 30 days late on your car payment? Have you been more than 30 days late on your credit cards? Do you have any collections, judgments, or liens? Do you have any bankruptcies, foreclosures or repossessions? Do you have student loans? Do you have any debts from a previous marriage? Do you have four lines of credit that are at least 2 years old? Credit Scores Most mortgages on the market today are credit score driven with the exception of FHA credit guidelines (one of the best loan programs on the market for people with minor issues that lower scores) and a very few non-conforming loans. Credit scores range from 300 to 850. A rule of thumb: The higher your score, less risk, lower interest and less down payment required. Lower scores could require a larger down payment and could have higher interest. Credit scores are just one factor but here is the basic break down for loan qualification: A score of 620 and above will normally get you into a conventional conforming loan. The lowest rates available (Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac) however, require a score of 720 and above. These rates are 1% above the 10 year T-Bill. In the non-conforming market credit scores will determine your interest rate. You may be in this market for many reasons, not just score. It could be because; your loan amount exceeds conventional guidelines (jumbo), the house does not qualify, no down payment, high debt ratios, credit history issues, or you could be self employed and don't show enough income to qualify. Credit scores above 640 will get you the best rates in the non-conforming market which is 1 to 2 points higher than the conforming market, depending on the type of loan you are getting. Scores from 580 to 639 could put you as much as 3 to 4 points higher in rate, and you can still qualify for a zero down program. If your score is below 620 you will need at least 25% down and the rate will be 4 or more points higher. Credit Payment History: Your payment history contributes about 35% towards your overall credit score but history is also a credit guideline factor on it's own. Underwriters look at the last 7 years and if there are no Glaring issues such as bankruptcies or collections or judgments they are most concerned with the last two years. This is what the underwriters are looking for: Mortgage and Rent History This has to be your number one priority. If you have been more than 30 days late on your rent or mortgage in the last 12 months you will not qualify for a Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, or FHA/VA loan. Again, there are sometimes exceptions. If you have a very high score, lots of assets, and a legitimate excuse. If you can't get a waiver for a late mortgage payment there are still loans available to you in the non-conforming market. The interest rate will depend on how many times you have been late.

(these debts will also affect your debt to income unless you can prove the other party is paying with 12 months cancelled checks. how long you have had them and their amounts. . FHA and VA require that all be paid in full and they prefer that they be at least two years old. and reestablished credit. The conforming market could care less about your divorce agreement with respect to your debt. FHA will sometimes make an exception on the length of time or if they are on a current payment plan in which case all other things must be good. layoff. you are still accountable. Previous Marriage?? Be careful here. The non-conforming market doesn't care about the balance if it is more than three years old and again. that's free. Repossession Credit Guidelines The credit guidelines on this are about the same as a foreclosure except that it cannot have a deficiency balance for a conforming loan. Some require one of those trade lines to have had a balance over a certain dollar amount ($5. Non-conforming loans do allow them and again the rate is dependant on the number. you can Qualify for an FHA loan if you are still in chapter 13 (for at least a year) have been paying on time through the courts. or long term serious illness. FHA will sometimes make a wavier if you can show the divorce decree that states it is the other parties responsibility and all other things are good. Typically. Freddie Mac. In the non-conforming market these requirements vary between lenders. Foreclosures Credit Guidelines Generally. death of the primary wage earner. However. their credit guidelines vary from one lender to another. Some non-conforming lenders want them paid off if they are over a certain amount. They will look at your entire portfolio and if they can't get you in something now. As a general rule they do want to see reestablished credit unless you are putting 20% down. Judgments. Non-conforming lenders do vary but will normally require a substantial down payment if it is less than 3 years old. and you get court approval which does happen often! Non conforming lender requirements vary quite a bit. a foreclosure of your primary residence must be at least three years old and have been caused by circumstances out of your control: such as. and Liens Fannie Mae. Guess what. you need a broker to sort out the details for you.Car payment and installment loans Your credit history should reflect no 60 day late payments and no more than one 30 days late to get a conforming mortgage. If you signed. Revolving accounts or credit cards You must not have any 60 day "lates" and no more than two 30 day "lates" for a conforming loan. Again. and no obligation. Student Loan Credit Guidelines Defaulted student loans will haunt you for the rest of your life. they will counsel you on the steps you need to take to get in a loan later. Be sure you seek out a broker that has ALL the products on the market including FHA. Most lenders want to see at least a two years history and at least 4 trade lines.) The non-conforming lenders will normally except the divorce decree. There are some lenders that will lend with one day out of discharge. This market is a maze of guidelines and they differ from one mortgage lender to another. The non-conforming mortgages allow these and again the rate depends on how many late payments you have had. Credit Depth Guidelines Generally this term refers to how many trade lines you have.000). This is another reason why you always want to use a mortgage broker. Unless they are re-affirmed or paid off you will never get a conforming mortgage. Collections. the non-conforming market generally does not care about them at all except in extreme cases to the tune of $50k or more. the nonconforming market does not care if they are paid off or not as long as they do not impact title. FHA only requires 2 years and a good excuse. Your credit score is very important on these programs. Actually. Bankruptcy Credit Guidelines Fannie Mae and Freddie require 4 years from discharge date.

(VA loans do include childcare. People changing from a salaried job to a commission job have tough times getting mortgage loans until they can show two years in the field. What Not To Include: Utilities. Debt to income ratios are used to determine if you have the capacity to repay your mortgage. taxes and insurance) divided by your gross monthly income. The only tricky part in determining your debt to income ratio is understanding what is and is not included in your total obligations and what can and cannot be included in your gross monthly income. Co-signed Loans You will have to include these also unless you can show twelve months of cancelled checks from the person that is paying the loan and the loan must not have any late payments. Bonus Income Guidelines Follows the same rule as overtime. . The first or Front Ratio is your housing expense-to-income ratio. FHA and non-conforming loans do not count them.) Gross Monthly Income Guidelines Overtime Income Guidelines Overtime cannot be counted unless you have been receiving it fairly consistently for two years and your employer will say that it is more than likely to continue into the future. However. auto insurance. They count everything. Below is a list of things to remember when you are totaling all of your payments and all of your income. telephone services.You can see how poor credit will cost you a lot of money in higher interest. This is your gross monthly payment including Mortgage PITI divided by your gross monthly income. If your divorce papers clearly divide up the liabilities. and insurance (PITI). This is to say your proposed mortgage payment (principle. Debt to Income Ratio Mortgage debt to income ratios are the calculations underwriters use to determine whether a borrower can qualify for a mortgage. Loans from a Previous Marriage Must be counted if you are getting a conventional conforming loan. It is important to take care of your credit and monitor often as it sometimes contains errors. Total Monthly Payments Mortgage Payments Include principle. There are no-income verification loans on the market with slightly higher rates for people paid by commission. Then you can use the calculators provided here more efficiently. interest. Installment Accounts Do not count installment loans that have less than 10 months remaining. or childcare. Credit Cards Include the minimum payment on all open accounts. The second or Back Ratio is your total monthly obligations-to-income ratio. interest. Except for Freddie Mac loans. There are two calculations. Revolving Accounts. Child Support Must be included. taxes. Commission Income Guidelines Normally commission requires a two-year history in order for it to be used.

75% VA Down Payment Guidelines VA has a Zero down payment program and closing cost can be paid by the seller. You will have to show three months bank statements. Exceptions to every rule right? Well. There are things you can add back such as depreciation but to be perfectly honest. (28/36) Non-Conventional Debt To Income FHA allows 31/43 and VA only uses the back ratio of 41% as a guideline. The LTV can actually go as high as 97. Ask your Loan Officer or give me a call for more details. Required Mortgage Debt To Income Ratios Conventional Loan Debt To Income Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac prefer a maximum of 28% for the front ratio and 36% for the back ratio.. Non-Conforming Loan Debt To Income This term simply means they do not conform to the rigid. Mortgage Down Payment Guidelines The main thing to remember about mortgage down payment guidelines is that your down payment has to be "sourced" and "seasoned". Thank goodness! These loans usually only use the back ratio and I have seen them go as high as 55%. strict guidelines of conventional loans. most self employed people have difficulty achieving the required monthly gross income because of all the tax write offs. (Still 3% if it is a gift) Closing cost may be paid by the seller and/or part of them may be financed in the loan. If you have $20. that is why it is so wonderful that there are non-conforming loans that allow higher debt to income ratios and noincome verification programs. FHA down payment guidelines will allow mattress money if you can prove that you do not use banks for checking and savings and operate on a cash only basis. (No credit either) There are a few non-conforming loans that do not source or season the funds.. Conventional Mortgage Down Payment Guidelines Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Require 5% down and sometimes they carry first time homebuyer programs that only require 3% down. VA also calculates what they call Adequacy Of Effective Income and Balance Remaining for Family Support. This is a very complicated worksheet so I won't go into it here. Your usable income for a loan is the bottom line on your federal tax return AFTER all the deductions. FHA Down Payment Guidelines FHA requires 3% down payment unless you are using one of the Gift programs.Self-Employed Income Guidelines You must be self-employed for two years. . Now you have all the information you need to get more accurate results from the calculators I have included for you on this site. The only acceptable proof of payment is cancelled checks or a print out from the court if it is being paid through the court system. There are also programs that allow Gifts for down payments but those funds usually have to be sourced too. Again. mortgage underwriting down payment guidelines will not allow you to use it for a down payment. . What that means is the mortgage lender wants to verify that your down payment is coming from your funds and they want to see it in an institution for at least three months. Child support guidelines You can use child support if you can prove that you will receive it for an additional three years and you can prove that it has been paid on time for the last year.000 under your mattress.

Most loans today are sent through automated underwriting programs that grade your application and approve or don't approve your loan. A score lower than 640 will usually require a down payment and the lower the score the larger the down payment. assets.Non-Conforming Down Payment It is still possible to get 100% financing in this market. Without those three factors they would have been turned down for the loan. The following are the major steps in the sequence normally followed by appraisers: Research the subject property as to size.000. (Desk Top Underwriting. county public records. noting any items that would detract from or add to the value of your home. the appraiser must go through the reconciliation process with the three comparable properties to determine a final estimated value. The inspection of the comparable properties is limited to an exterior inspection. Fannie Mae back ratio max is 36%. and it accounts for nearly all of the considerations in determining value of single family property. The subject inspection consists of taking photos of the street scene. and appraisal files along with other sources to help determine the condition and amenities of the comparable. The homes need to be within one mile of the subject and sold within the past six months. and both had credit scores over 750. bedrooms. The real estate appraisal process consists of several steps. baths. For features which cannot be seen from the street. Second. equity/down payment. He will also draw a floor plan of the home while doing the inspection. Their compensating factors were: Each had 18 years on the job. all customer portfolios are different and nothing is so black and white it is set in concrete. Understanding Real Estate Appraisals Having an idea in what is involved in a real estate appraisal can greatly help in maximizing the appraised value and avoiding costly details and re-inspections. credit score. year built. However. and time on the job. the appraiser has reports from Multiple Listing Services (MLS). . So. the appraiser must determine which comparable properties most resemble the subject. One very good example of compensating factors are Debt to Income Ratios. lot size and square footage. This method of estimated value is called the "Direct Sales Comparison Approach to Value". After making the required adjustments. You have probably read the basic mortgage guidelines and understand that normally they are followed to the letter. Each had retirement accounts over $150. California Market Data Cooperative (CMDC). Of course the interest rates are higher because the risk is higher and these programs are credit score driven. Determining Real Estate Appraised Value After the field inspection has been completed.000 Fannie Mae Loan. Mortgage compensating factors can be any of the following: Ratios. Field inspection consists of two parts. If you have three very strong compensating factors they can compensate for one area where you may fall outside the guidelines. Gather data of recent real estate sales in the subject's neighborhood. First the inspection of the subject property. nothing is really in concrete. Prospector. The appraiser will make an interior inspection for condition. The appraiser needs to locate at least three preferably similar-sized homes that have sold and closed escrow in the neighborhood. These homes are considered the "Comparable Properties" or "Comps" for short. making slight adjustments in value for any differences between them. which may include portions of the yard. Mortgage Compensating Factors Mortgage compensating factors are what makes mortgage guidelines seem so inconsistent. front of the home and rear of the home. You can see why it is very important that you get an experienced loan officer. the exterior inspection of the comparable properties which have been selected to estimate the value of the subject property. The Black Box) I know a couple that had a 60% back ratio and were approved for a $200.

so for this reason the rear photo is required. The more that is known about the property prior to the appraisal. "Doing your homework" will maximize your chances of having a good appraisal. offer to supply any information about the home size. The photo of the front of the home gives the lender an idea of its condition and its curb appeal. the better the appraiser can focus on researching the most similar comparable. Many homeowners don't take care of the rear portion of their homes and back yards. And lastly. At that time. etc. In most cases. don't follow the appraiser from room to room causing distraction. So one of the most important things you can do is enhance the value or perceived value of your real estate appraisal is to improve the curb appeal of your home.It is important to consider that the appraiser will be taking photos of the street scene and of the front of the subject. pool. The street scene gives the lenders some kind of idea as to the type of neighborhood in which the home is located. allow the appraisal process to go smoothly. Instead. In case the appraiser has any questions. . a photo of the back of the home and part of the rear yard is taken. bathrooms. The time to mention the things you think are important is either before or just after the inspection. While your home is being inspected. be close by to answer them. An appraiser will call in advance to set up an appointment for the real estate appraisal of your home. number of bedrooms. (over 90% of the time) what you see in the condition of an exterior home will be repeated almost exactly in the interior. enclosed patio.