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FIFTY (50) questions. Answer any TWENTY FIVE (25) questions only.] 1. When open site working, serious porosity in metal arc welds is brought to your attention. What would you investigate? a. Electrode type b. Power plant type c. Electrode storage d. Day temperature The steel composition in a structural contract is changed from 0.15% carbon 0.6% manganese, to 0.2% carbon 1.2% manganese. This might influence the incidence of: a. Porosity b. Cracking in the weld area c. Undercut for fillet welds d. Lack of fusion defects Stress relief is not helpful in which of the following cases? a. In improving resistance to stress corrosion. b. In improving dimensional stability after machining. c. In lowering the peak residual stresses. d. In softening the metal. Which one of the following statements is correct? a. Preheating increases hardness b. Preheating increases cooling c. Preheating increases dilution d. Preheating increases shrinkage stress Cold cracking is most likely to occur in a weldment if: a. The rate of cooling is too fast. b. The rate of cooling is too slow. c. It lacks ductility at high temperatures. d. Impurities are present at its grain boundaries. One of the reasons for excluding hydrogen from the weld metal is to prevent the weld from: a. Cracking b. Cooling slowly c. Cooling quickly d. Expanding When a metal regains its original shape when stress acting upon it is removed, the metal is said to have: a. Ductility b. Plasticity c. Malleability d. Elasticity
Cause corrosion problems b. 15. . Grain size d. Leave residues d. Fine grained steel In the welding of austenitic stainless steels. Titanium d. c. d. Lack of fusion and penetration. Prevent burn-through in the root run c. Degreasing components is essential for quality welding but some agents may: a. Cracking in the weld metal d.9. Prevent formation of porosity in the weld b. Number of alloying elements c. All the above Which of the following elements has the greater effect on the hardenability of a steel plate? a. Give off phosgene gas c. Molybdenum b. 16. The formation of chromium carbides c. Mechanical strength In the welding of austenitic pipework the bore is usually purged with argon to: a. 12. Distortion 10. Toughness c. Too high a travel speed. 14. Too long a pause in the down cycle of the weave. Rimming steel d. Eliminate the formation of hydrogen Which one of the following types of steel would give rise to the formation of porosity when autogenously welded with an arc process? a. Semi killed steel c. The reason for this is to prevent: a. Strength of the weld b. Number of runs used What is the most common cause of failure in root bend tests? a. Cracking in the heat affected zone b. Too high a current setting. One purpose of a microscopic examination of a weld is to establish the: a. 11. Chromium c. Fatigue strength d. the electrode and plate material can be purchased with low carbon contents. Prevent oxidation of the root bead d. Fully killed steel b. Carbon Welds made with high heat inputs show a reduction in which of the following properties? a. b. Ductility b. 13.
Excessive root gap size c. Excessive travel speed d. Excessive volts c. Its depth b. Linear misalignment b. Is flat and featureless c. In a steel that has improved creep properties at elevated temperatures.17. Both A and C Undercut is principally caused by: a. 23. All the above 18. Carbon Welding procedures may require welds to be deposited at a controlled rate of heat input. Have poor profile b. . Manganese c. Manual metal arc b. Shows a reduction in size b. Incorrect tilt angle c. Breaks at 45° to the load Incomplete root penetration in a butt joint could be caused by: a. All of the above Slag inclusions would occur with: a. 19. 24. Metal inert gas c. Excessive root face width b. which one of the following elements helps in this improvement? a. Excessive amps b. Its length c. Have larger grain size c. Differing root face widths d. All the above Undercut is normally assessed by: a. Have low elongation properties In a tensile test a brittle material would be indicated if the fracture surface: a. Submerged arc welding d. Breaks in the parent material d. Molybdenum d. 20. 21. Low current setting d. High heat inputs would: a. Have high hardness in the HAZ d. 22. It's blending d. Tungsten b. Both A and C Incomplete root fusion would certainly be caused by: a.
All the above In a fatigue failure the appearance of the fracture surface is characteristic. All the above The main cause of porosity in welded joints is: a. 'Dirty' materials d. 32. Hydrogen problems c. None of the above Overlap in welds could be influenced by: a. Burn through d. 31. Slag inclusions b. 'Chevron'-like c. All the above Which of the following may be classed as a more serious defect? a. Fusion defects (inter-run) c. Fusion defects (surface) d. 30. Assessed along with other defects d. Incomplete penetration d. Root fusion and penetration b. All the above With reference to a root penetration bead you would certainly assess: a. It would be: a. Porosity 26. Both A and C Defects outside the limits specified in a standard should always be: a. Welding position d. Rough and torn b. Poor welding technique b. Repaired b. 28. 27. 29. All the above Cracks in welds may be due to: a. Solidification problems b. Root concavity c. Reported to 'a senior person' c. Slag inclusion c. A planar defect is: a. Poor access b. Incomplete fusion defects b. Excessive stresses d. .25. Loss of gas shield c. Welding process c. Smooth d.
over other NDT methods? a. Intergranular corrosion d. Ferritic rather than austenitic steels d. 37. The possible position of the weld repair d. The material being ingrained with in-service contaminants b. Overlap The presence of iron sulphide in the weld metal is most likely to produce which of the following upon contraction of the weld? a. Solidification cracking b.33. All the above Repair welding is often more difficult than production welding due to: a. They can withstand creep failure. 35. Lamellar tearing in the weld metal The likelihood of brittle fracture in steels will increase with: a. Solidification cracking in the weld metal c. Surface undercut c. 41. Hydrogen cracking in the HAZ b. A reduction of in-service temperature to sub zero temperatures c. Restricted access within the repair area c. A large grain formation b. 36. b. Stress corrosion cracking The important point of high temperature steels is that: a. Lack of sidewall fusion b. Hydrogen cracking c. Stainless steels c. Incompletely filled groove d. Micro alloyed steels (HSLA) d. Hydrogen cracking in the weld metal d. 34. Entrapped slag in the solidifying weld b. . Entrapped gas in the solidifying weld c. Low carbon steels Porosity is caused by: a. 39. A metallurgical problem most associated with submerged arc welding is: a. c. 40. Carbon manganese steels b. d. They may suffer re-heat cracking problems. None of the above Ultrasonic testing is more advantageous in detecting which of the following weld imperfections. All the above. All the above Hydrogen cracking in the weld metal is likely when welding: a. Entrapped metallic inclusions in the solidifying weld d. They may suffer loss of toughness.
d. b. c. Percentage elongation of a metal undergoing a tensile test is a measure of: a. Linear misalignment. 45. c. Lack of fusion. All the above. Planar. Retard rapid cooling. Elasticity. The most serious defect types are: a. Overlap. Malleability. Plastic. b. Lowering the peak residual stress. Undercut.42. Ductility. 49. Addition of titanium to the steel. Relieve internal stress. d. Malleable. d. b. c. Improving resistance to stress corrosion cracking. b. c. d. b. 46. d. All the above. b. b. Weld decay. Sensitization. 43. d. Stress relieving. Refine grain structure. has the effect of making the alloy more: a. Ductile. d. Addition of more manganese to the steel. Improving dimensional stability after machining. 47. Which of the following defects would you not expect to find by visual inspection of welds? a. An austenitic stainless steel may suffer: a. Softening the steel. The purpose of pre-heating low alloy steel pipes before electric arc welding is to: a. c. Linear slag inclusions. c. when added to steel as an alloying element. . Stress relieving is not helpful in which of the following cases? a. c. Hardenable. Plasticity. 44. Solidification cracking. Weld decay in stainless steels can be avoided by: a. Chromium. c. 48. Slow cooling after welding. d. Regulate excessive expansion. b. Cracks.
Porosity. d.50. c. b. Weld metal cracks. Lack of fusion. Which of the following can arise from copper inclusions in a mild steel weld? a. -ooO OOoo- . HAZ cracks.
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