margaret jean watson | Nursing | Self

Margaret Jean Watson (Philosophy and Science of Caring) “Caring in nursing conveys physical acts, but embraces the

mind-body-spirit as it reclaims the embodied spirit as its focus on attention” Background: Jean Watson was born in Southern West Virginia and grew up during the 1940s and 1950s in the small town of Welch, West Virginia in the Appalachian Mountains. She attended high school in West Virginia and then attended the Lewis Gale School of Nursing in Roanake, Viriginia. In Colorado, she earned a BS in Nursing in 1964 at the Boulder campus; an M.S. in Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing in 1996 at the Health Sciences campus; and a Ph.D. in educational psychology and counseling in 1973 at the Graduate School, Boulder campus. Watson herself noted that the ideas associated with her philosophy and theory of human caring are concerned with spirit than matter, flux rather than form, inner knowledge and power rather than circumstance. Theses thoughts are never final, but they are embedded with persistent values and moral imperatives related to human interaction that flows between and connects the one-caring-for and the one-cared-for. She has moved beyond contemporary nursing to a view that is rooted in Nightingale’s vision. She reflects, “it is both theoretical and beyond theory”. TEN CARATIVE FACTORS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Formation of a Humanistic-altruistic system of values Instillation of faith-hope Cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and others Development of a helping-trusting, human caring relationship Promotion and acceptance of the expression of positive and negative feelings; 6. Systemic use of a creative problem-solving caring process 7. Promotion of transpersonal teaching-learning 8. Provision for a supportive, protective and corrective mental, physical, societal and spiritual environment 9. Assistance with gratification of human needs 10. Allowance for existential-phenomenological-spiritual forces

MAN. and different from. understood. EdD. RM. She viewed human as greater than. practice and research. nurtured. which in turn affects the perception of the person and can lead to stress. cultural. In further writings. Thus Watson states. it is a philosophical view of a person as a fully functional integrated self. scientific. “Caring (and nursing) has existed in every society. and assisted. aesthetic and ethical human care transactions”. Watson. Theoretical Foundations of Nursing: The Philippine Perspective. RM. Octaviano. MN. mental and social functioning. It is also associated with the degree of congruence between self as perceived and as experienced. She asserts that nursing’s social. in addition to WHO’s definition. moral and scientific contributions to humankind and society lie in its commitment to human care ideals in theory. Carla E. HEALTH Health refers to unity and harmony within the mind. In general. RN. ENVIRONMENT Environment provides the values that determine how one should behave and what goals one should strive toward. Balita. the sum of his parts. Eufemia F. These values are affected by change in the social. 2008. body. and spiritual arenas. respected. includes these three elements: >A high level of over all-physical. It is transmitted by the culture of the profession as a unique way of coping with its environment. she defines nursing as “a human science of people and human health-illness experiences that are mediated by professional. which she believes is central to the practice of caring in Nursing. RN. A caring attitude is not transmitted from generation to generation by genes.Metaparadigm in Nursing PERSON Human being is a valued person in and of him to be cared for. >A general adaptive-maintenance level of daily functioning. Every society has had some people who have cared for others. and >The absence of illness (or the presence of efforts that lead to its absence) NURSING Watson sees Nursing as having to move educationally in the two areas of stress and developmental conflicts to provide holistic health care. DrHum . personal. and soul.

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