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2 Mark Questions
Dancing On (Prose)
Q: How did Sudha Chandran's father pay trib-
ute to her at her good performance?
A: Sudha Chandran's father paid tribute to her,
at her good performance, by touching her
feet.
Q: 'The seed of achievement lies in human
mind'. How is this true of Sudha Chandran's
life?
A: Sudha Chandran lost her leg in a road acci-
dent. But she could achieve great heights
with the help of her will power and determi-
nation. It proves the statement to be correct
with her life.
Q: Are there any common features in the lives
of Balanna, Helen Keller an Sudha
Chandran?
A: All the three persons, Balanna, Helen Keller
and Sudha Chandran are physically handi-
capped. They could achieve great heights
with their determination and will power.
Q: What is the message of Sudha Chandran?
A: 'The seed of achievement lies in human
mind'. We can achieve great heights with
our will power and determination.
A Story that can be True (Poetry)
Q: Why is the wanderer always thinking about
his true identity?
A: The wanderer is always thinking about his
true identity because he doesn't know about
his real parents.
Q: What question the wanderer always asks
himself?
A: The wanderer always asks himself about his
true identity. He thinks that he may be the
son of a king.
Q: What is the central idea of the poem 'AStory
that can be True'?
A: Hope and positive thinking. We should
always be optimistic.
Christmas Meeting (Prose)
Q: 'I am glad you made the mistake.........' Why
was the narrator happy that the young man
had made the mistake?
A: The narrator was all alone at Christmas. So
she felt glad to have some company.
Q: In what way was the narrator's Christmas
meeting similar to Francis Randel's
Christmas meeting in 1851. In what way
was it different?
A: Both the persons were alone.
They spent the day without
much interest and faced odd
experiences. The difference
was that the narrator was well
but Francis Randel died of
heart attack the same night.
Comprehension Passages
1. ''The day I met Dr. Pramod Sethi, I knew that
my dream would come true,' she says.
Now answer the following questions.
a) Who is 'I' in the passage?
b) Who is Dr. Pramod Sethi?
c) How did the speaker's dream come true?
2. 'If Helen Keller could overcome her handicap
so can I' is what I have always told myself?
Now answer the following questions.
a) Who is the speaker?
b) What was Helen Keller's handicap?
c) What handicap did the speaker overcome?
3. '''I'm glad you made the mistake. But you're
a very young person to be alone at
Christmas time'.
Now answer the fol-
lowing questions.
a) Who is the speaker?
b) Who is the speaker
speaking to?
c) Why is the narrator
happy with the per-
son making mistake?
Verb Patterns and appropriate words
Complete the following passage choosing the
right words from those given below. Each blank
is numbered, and for each blank four choices
(a), (b), (c), (d) are given. Choose the correct
answer from these choices and write (a), (b),
(c), or (d) in the blanks. (2 1/2 Marks)
A rabbit was very proud ....... (1) being
able to run very fast. It boasted ...... (2)
this all the time. One day it saw ....... (3)
tortoise. The tortoise was moving ......
(4). It looked at the tortoise and started
........ (5).
1. a) of b) at c) on d) about
2. a) on b) in c) about d) at
3. a) an b) a c) the d) any
4. a) quickly b) thoroughly c) slowly d) quietly
5. a) laugh b) laughed c) laughter d) laughing
Change the following sentences into
Passive Voice (1Mark)
1. They sell books.
2. She is writing a letter.
3. A car knocked him down.
4. She has completed the story.
5. They had refused all his requests.
Add Question Tags (1 Mark)
1. The match was very exciting, ..........
2. The book is not interesting, ..........
3. Mr. Srinivas made a good speech,..........
4. Your brother will help us, ..........
5. I am a teacher, ..........
Answers
Comprehension Passages:
1. a) Sudha Chandran.
b) The doctor who developed 'The Jaipur
Foot'.
c) The speaker's (Sudha Chandran's) dream
came true with the historical comeback to
the stage.
2. a) Sudha Chandran
b) Helen Keller was blind and deaf.
c) Right leg was amputated below the knee.
3. a) The speaker is a spinster school teacher.
b) The speaker is speaking to Francis
Randel.
c) The narrator is happy as she needs
somebody's company.
Appropriate words:
1.A 2.C 3.B 4.C 5.D
Passive Voice:
1. Books are sold by them.
2. A letter is being written by her.
3. He was knocked down by a car.
4. The story has been completed by her.
5. All his requests had been refused by them.
Question Tags:
1. wasn't it? 2. is it? 3. didn't he?
4. won't he? 5. aren't I?
Units - III, IV and V (Chapters 7-10)
Very short answer questions
Q: Name the parts of pistil which develop into
fruit and seeds.
A: Ovary develops into fruit.
Ovule develops into seed.
Q: Which are the three cells found in a pollen
grain when it is shed at the three celled
stage?
A: One vegetative cell and two male gametes
Q: Mention two strategies evolved to prevent
self-pollination in flowers.
A: Dichogamy
Herkogamy
Heterostyly
Self-sterility (any two)
Q: What is self - incompatibility?
A: Inhibition of pollen germination or pollen
tube growth on the pistil is called self-incom-
patibility or self-sterility. Ex: Abutilon
Q: What is natural system of plant classifica-
tion? Name the scientists who followed it.
A: The system of classification that considers
all possible morphological characters and
their natural relationships is called natural
system of classification.
Bentham and Hooker followed this system.
Q: What is geocarpy? Name the plant which
exhibits this phenomenon.
A: Production of fruit inside the soil is called
geocarpy. Arachis hypogeal (groundnut)
Q: Give the technical description of ovary of
Solanum nigrum.
A: The ovary of Solanum nigrum is bi or uni loc-
ular, superior ovary with many ovules on axile
placenta. The carpels are arranged obliquely
at 45. Style is terminal and stigma capitate.
Q: What are microbodies? What do they con-
tain?
A: Peroxisomes and Glyoxysomes are gener-
ally referred as microbodies.
Peroxisomes contain enzymes involved in
synthesis of phospholipids and photorespi-
ration. Glyoxysomes contain enzymes of
glyoxylate cycle.
Q: What is middle lamella made of? What is its
functional significance?
A: Middle lamella is made of calcium
pectate. It helps in holding two cells
together.
Q: Select an appropriate chemical
bond among ester bond, glyco-
sidic bond, peptide bond and
hydrogen bond and write against
each of the following:
a. Polysaccharide ____________
b. Protein ____________
c. Fat ____________
d. Water ____________
a. Polysaccharide - Glycosidic bond
b. Protein - Peptide bond
c. Fat - Ester bond
d. Water - Hydrogen bond
Q: Give one example for each of amino acids,
sugars, nucleotides and fatty acids.
A: Amino acid - Glycine / Alanine / Serine (any
one)
Sugar - Glucose / fructose (any one)
Nucleotides - Adenylic acid
Fatty acid - Palmitic acid
Short Answer Type Questions
Q: List three strategies that a bisexual chas-
mogamous flower can evolve to prevent self
pollination (Autogamy).
A: Bisexual chasmogamous flowers prevent
self pollination by the following out breeding
devices:
a) Dichogamy: Maturation of Androecium and
gynoecium at different times in a flower is
called Dichogamy. If the pollen is released
before the stigma becomes receptive it is
called Protandry. Ex: Sunflower. If the stig-
ma becomes receptive before the release of
pollen it is called Protogyny. Ex:
Datura.
b) Herkogamy: If the anthers and
stigma are placed at different
positions so that the pollen can-
not come in stigma of the same
flower it is called Herkogamy.
Ex: Gloriosa and Hibiscus.
c) Heterostyly: The styles of the
flowers of the same species are
in different heights. Ex: Primula.
d) Self-sterility: The germination of self-pollen
on the stigma is prevented. Ex: Abutilon.
(Any three)
Q: Differentiate between
a) Hypocotyl and epicotyl
b) Coleoptile and coleorhiza
c) Integument and testa
d) Perisperm and pericarp
A: The portion below the level of cotyledons in
a embryonal axis is called hypocotyl and the
portion above the level of cotyledons in a
embryonal axis is called epicotyl.
The hollow foliar structure that covers the
shoot apex in a monocot embryo is called
coleoptile. The sheath like structure that cov-
ers the radical in a monocot embryo is called
coleorhiza.
Integument is the outer covering of a ovule.
Testa is the outer covering of a seed coat in
a seed.
Perisperm is the remnant of nucellus in
some seeds. Pericarp is the fruit wall.
Q: Give economic importance of plants belong-
ing to Fabaceae.
A: Economic importance of Fabaceae:
The plants are a good source of proteins
(pulses). Ex: Cajanus, Cicer
Pods of beans are used as vegetables. Ex:
Phaseolus
Edible oil is obtained from soya bean and
groundnut. Ex: Arachis
Timber is produced by rose wood. Ex:
Dalbergia
Blue dye from Indigofera and yellow dye
from Butea are obtained.
Derris is used in medicine.
Crotalaria, Phaseolus are used as fodder.
Sesbania and Tephrosia are used as green
manure.
Q: Is rubber a primary metabolite or a sec-
ondary metabolite? Write four sentences
about rubber.
A: Rubber is a secondary metabolite.
It is obtained in the form of latex from plants
like Hevea brazelensis.
It is one of the most widely used commercial
product obtained from plants.
A secondary metabolite like rubber has no
function in normal physiological process of
a plant or its function is not known.
But it is used for human welfare and may
have ecological importance.
The seed of achievement lies in..
What is self - incompatibility?
a-
P. Uma Amareswari
www.eenadupratibha.net ..--a a-et.e _.-e e.e .. ..- -.- -- .-.
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Botany
(Writer - Lecturer, P.V.C. Govt. Jr. College, Vayalpad,
Chittoor Dist.)
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