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CAPE - 2008 - Pure Mathematics Unit 2 - Paper 03/B Section A (Module 1)

( a)

The parametric equations of a curve are given by (i) Find the value of dy dx

3t

and y = 6t

at the point P on the curve where y = 18 [5 marks]

( ii )

Find the equation of the normal to the curve at P [3 marks]

(b)

In an experiment it was discovered that the volume V cm 3 of a certain substance in a room after t seconds may be determined by the equation V (i) ( ii ) Find dV dt Determine the rate at which the volume ( a) (b) ( iii ) increases after 10 seconds is increasing when it is 180 cm 3 V 60 e
0.04 t

( c)

60 e

0.04 t

in terms of t

[3 marks]

[1 mark] [3 marks]

Sketch the graph of

showing the point(s) of [5 marks] Total 20 marks

intersection where they exist with the axes

( a)

(i)

dx dt

6t

dy dt t=3

dy dx dy dx
3

1 t 1 3

y = 18

( ii )

P (27, 18)

normal:

18

3 .( x

27 )

3x + y - 99 = 0

(b)

(i)

dV dt

0.04 . 60 e

0.04 t

dV dt

2.4 e

0.04 t

( ii )

( a)

t = 10

dV dt

2.4 e

0.4 t

dV dt

3.58

( 3 sig . fig )

(b)

180

60 e

0.04 t

1 0.04

ln .( 3 )

t = 27.465

dv dt

2.4 e

0.04 ( 27.465 )

dV dt

7.2 cms

( iii )

(0, 60) x 0

Section B - (Module 2) 2 ( a) Matthew started a savings account at a local bank by depositing $5 in the first week. In each succeeding week after the first he added twice the amount deposited in the previous week. (i) Derive an expression for ( a) (b) the amount deposited in the rth week in terms of r [3 marks]

the TOTALamount in the account after n weeks in terms of n 3 [marks]

( ii )

Calculate the MINIMUM number n of weeks it would take for the amount in the account to exceed $1000.00 if no withdrawal is made [3 marks]

(b)

The series S is given by (i) ( ii )

1.

1 2

3.

1 4

5.

1 8

7.

1 16

... [3 marks] [3 marks]

Express S as the sum of an AP and a GP Find the sum of the first n terms of S Use the binomial theorem to expand 1 far as the term in y4 1 y

( c)

(i)

as a power series in y as [2 marks]

( ii )

Given that the Maclaurin series expansion for cos x is cos . x x


2

2!

4!

6!

...

find the first THREE non-zero terms in the power series expansion of sec x [3marks] Total 20 marks ( a) (i) ( a) Tr 5. 1 2 Tr u1 5 r>1 Tr
n

5 .2

(b)

Sn

...

Sn Sn

5 .( 1 ) 2 2 5. 2
n

1 1

( ii )

5. 2

1 > 1000

n>

log . ( 201 ) log . 2 1 2 1 2


2

nmin

(b)

(i)

(1

... )

1 2
3

1 2
4

...

1 S AP GP Sn n 2 (2 (n 1) (2)) 2

1 1

1 2 1 2
2

Sn

1 2

( c)

(i)

(1

y)

1 1

... 1

1 < y< 1

( ii )

sec . x

cos .x

sec . x 1

2!

4! x
2

6! x
4

...
6

sec . x

(1

X)

where X =

...

24

720

sec . x

...

...

24

720

24

720

sec . x

5x 24

...

Section B - (Module 2) 3 ( a) (i) By considering the augmented matrix for the following system of equations determine the value of k for which the system is consistent x + 3y + 5z = 2 ( ii ) x + 4y - z = 1 y - 6z = k [5 marks]

Find ALL the solutions to the system for the value of k obtained in (i) above

[4 marks] (b) The probability that a person selected at random .......owns a car is 0.25 .......is self-employed is 0.40 .......is self-employed OR owns a car is 0.6 (i) Determine the probability that a person selected at random owns a car ANDis self employed [4] marks

( ii )

Stating a reason in EACH case determine whether the events 'owns a car' and 'is self-employed' are ( a) (b) independent events mutually exclusive events [4 marks] [3 marks] Total 20 marks

( a)

(i)

1 3 5 2 1 4 1 1 0 1 6 k

1 3 5 2 R2 R1 0 1 6 1 0 1 6 k

1 3 5 2 R3 R2 0 1 6 1 0 0 0 k + 1
system of equations is consistent iff k + 1 = 0 k = -1 for consistency

( ii )

when k = -1 the system of equations is x + 3y + 5z = 2 y - 6z = -1 y = 6z - 1 x = 2 - 5z - 3(6z - 1) x = 5 - 23z y = 6z - 1

(b)

(i)

Let A be the event "Own a car"

Let B be the event "Is self-employed"

P A U B) = P (A) + p (B) - P (A ^ B)

P ( A ^ B ) = 0.25 + 0.40 - 0.6 = 0.05

( ii )

( a)

P (A) x P (B) = 0.1 not equal to P (A ^ B) = 0.05 A and B are not idependent

(b)

P (A ^ B) not equal to zero --- A and B are not mutually exclusive