This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Document Confidentiality: Internal
High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) VS Uplink Interference
PRINCIPLE & TEST REPORT With CASE STUDY
Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
HSUPA VS Uplink Interference
Document Confidentiality: Internal
1 PRINCIPLE................................................................................................ 4
1.1 High Speech Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)............................................................ 4
1.2 Uplink Interference......................................................................................................... 5 1.3 HSUPA VS Uplink Interference.................................................................................... 7 1.4 HSUPA Phase 1(TTI 10ms) and Phase 2(TTI 2ms).................................................... 9
2 TEST REPORT.....................................................................................
2.1 Simulation Result from HQ Test Lab............................................................................ 10 2.2 HSUPA Load Test Result from Customer-xxx’s Test bed............................................ 11
3 CASE STUDY......................................................................................... 19
3.1 Problem Description.................................................................................................... 19 3.2 Problem Analysis............................................................................................................. 22 3.3 Solutions and Recommendations.................................................................................... 25
test reports and case study from live network are included here to give a clear view on how the HSUPA service impact on the uplink performance and how to optimize the network to gain a maximum benefit of HSUPA. Since HSPA service is widely used in the market. Received Total Wideband Power). .HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Abstract: This technical paper aims to give the readers the understanding about the relationship of the HSUPA service and the uplink interference (3GPP terminology is RTWP. the engineer will be able to operate and optimize the network well. The basic principle. with a good understanding of this topic.
HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal 1 PRINCIPLE 1.) Release 7 of 3GPP specification introduces the possibility of using 4 level Pulse Amplitude Modulation (4PAM) which equivalent to 16QAM to increase the maximum achievable throughput. (HSUPA TTI is configured via RNC MML command. - HSUPA Phase 1.0). 2ms TTI offers the benefit of reduced system delays and higher potential throughput. increased total cell throughputs and reduced round trip times. peak rate is 5. peak rate is 2 Mbps. SET CORRMALGOSWITCH: MapSwitch=MAP_HSUPA_TTI_2MS_SWITCH-1. . 10ms TTI offers the benefit of improved physical layer performance over R99.0).76 Mbps.1 High Speech Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) HSUPA is introduced within release 6 of the 3GPP specifications. In Huawei system (RAN10.5 Mbps. It allows increased individual connection throughputs. peak rate is 11. the HSUPA data channel (E-DPDCH) can support either a 2 or 10 ms TTI. (support in Huawei RAN12. - HSUPA (Phase 2).
NF 10 −23 J / K T ： Kelvin temperature. all the cells share the same frequency. typical value of macro NodeB =3 dB If no other external factors e. normal temperature: 290 K W： Signal bandwidth.38× = 10 log( K * constant. hardware issue. RTWP (Received Total Wideband Power) Noise Floor include of thermal noise and Noise Figure (NF) of the system. WCDMA signal bandwidth 3. The Received Total Wideband Power (RTWP) on the uplink is the sum of all user signals and the channel noise.2 Uplink Interference In the WCDMA system. PN K ： BoltzmannT *W ) + 1. co-frequency multiplexing causes interference among the users. However.g. The relationship between uplink load and uplink interference (Noise Rise) is as below.84MHz NF: Hardware (NodeB/UE) dependency. The main factor that impact on Uplink interference is Traffic Load which includes traffic load from the users of the cell and adjacent cells. which is beneficial to improve the system capacity.HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal 1. ( = Load factor) NoiseRise = ITOT = PN 1 1 − ( 1 + i ) ∑ Lj 1 N = 1 1 − ηUL . external interference (from illegal sources). Uplink Interference Composition is as follow.
breathing effect. (“Noise Floor” is often called as “Background Noise") .HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal UL load is affecting the noise level at the Node B receiver (Noise Rise). • A typical value of cell load for dimensioning ranges from 30% to 70 % • 50% is a good compromise between the number of sites and the offered capacity. RTWP (Received Total Wideband Power) dB = Noise Floor (Pn) + Noise Rise (Iown + Iother) Example. • Too high uplink noise level cause cell shrink (reduction of coverage). From previous page. The relationship between Noise Rise and RTWP (Received Total Wideband Power).
depends on Node B type.3 + 6 = 99.3 dBm With 75% Uplink Load (Noise Rise=6 dB).0 dB) Noise Floor (dBm) = -108 + (0.RTWP(dBm) = -106.0) dB = 2. RTWP (dBm) = -105.7 dBm 1.5+ 2.7+3=-103. Example: NF Without TMA: (0.5+2.2) = -106. NF_BS. With 50% Uplink Load (Noise Rise =3 dB) . NFWith TMA ： (calculated from the formula above) Noise Floor (dBm) = -108 + (1.room temperature = -108dBm) + Equivalent Noise Figure (Feeder Loss + NF_B. Huawei typical value around 2.2 dB 1.5dB . It is great important to balance between the achievable throughput and system performance on the uplink. Huawei systems apply the Load Control mechanisms to control the level of uplink interference in each service phase. Therefore.HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal Equivalent Noise Figure .7 dBm .3 HSUPA VS Uplink Interference HSUPA service allows the users to achieve higher throughput on uplink but in the same time also increase significant interference which causing the reduction of cell user access number and impact on the overall performance. .Without TMA : Noise Floor (dBm) = Thermal Noise(KTB.3 - With TMA: Equivalent Noise Figure will be reduced due to TMA.0) = -105.
The QoS is measured on the basis of the Provided Bit Rate (PBR) of the users. . Load Control (LDR) : -UL R99 is controlled by UL LDR trigger threshold if UL UU LDR algorithm is switch on. please refer to “Load Control Feature Document) Load Control algorithms are different between HSUPA and R99 UL as follows: 1. If the QoS requirement is fulfilled. Call Admission Control (CAC): For HSUPA. -HSUPA. new users are allowed to access the network. PBR-based decision is used to check whether the QoS requirement of existing users is fulfilled.HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal (More detail about Load Control Algorithms. its scheduling is controlled by Maximum Target Uplink Load Factor and the real uplink load contributed by none scheduled EDCH users. 2.
4 HSUPA Phase 1(TTI 10ms) and Phase 2(TTI 2ms) To ensure that the HSUPA user can access the cell. When set the GBR need to consider the trade-off between user throughput and cell user number. MaxTargetUlLoadFactor=75. High GBR High user throughputHigh Uplink Interference Lower cell user number Low GBR Low user throughput Low Uplink Interference Higher cell user number If GBR set in RNC =64kbps (1) 2ms HSUPA Minimum Throughput=MAX （ one RLC pdu -bit rate ， GBR ） = MAX （ 320bit/2ms ， 64kpbs ） =160kbps (2) 10ms HSUPA Minimum Throughput=MAX （ one RLC pdu-bit rate ， GBR ） =MAX （ 320bit/10ms ， 64kpbs ） =64kbps . 1. the minimum GBR (Guarantee Bit Rate) is recommended.HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal ADD CELLHSUPA: CellId=[Cellid].
the number of user that can access the cell is different (HSUPA TTI=2ms serve less number of user per cell due to higher guaranteed throughput which generating higher uplink interference). when the uplink load is limited. MaxTargetUlLoadFactor =75%) . 07 1163. 2 TEST REPORT 2. with different HSUPA TTI. MaxTargetUlLoadFactor =75%) FTP user number (simultaneously upload) is limited at 8 due to the limited capacity of air interface (uplink interference). 63 CAT6 8 86. 1R _A tenn X n a 用户等级 U umer U l oad nt Th g ut EN b p ofA rou hp en a（% n ） （kbp ） s CAT5 8 74. the minimum guaranteed throughput of user is vary 160kbps vs 64kpbs / 160kbps vs 32kbps.HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal If GBR not set in RNC (1) 2ms HSUPA Minimum Throughput =MAX （ one RLC pdu-bit rate ， GBR ） =MAX （ 320bit/2ms ， 0kpbs ） =160kbps (2) 10ms HSUPA Minimum Throughput =MAX （ one RLC pdu-bit rate ， GBR ） =MAX （ 320bit/10ms ， 0kpbs ） =32kbps To sum up. 43 1215.single antenna simulation (GBR=64kbps. 18 HSUPA 10ms TTI. 2ms and 10ms .single antenna simulation (GBR=64kbps.1 Simulation Result from HQ Test Lab HSUPA 2ms TTI. So.
2 HSUPA Load Test Result from Customer-xxx’s Test bed Cell throughput and cell user number are significantly improved especially on HSUPA Phase2 (TTI 2ms.0-Interference Cancellation(IC) and Adaptive Retransmission. Adaptive Retransmission Feature((Dynamic NHR) enables the system to dynamically . Interference Cancellation Feature(IC) aims to reduce the UL interference among users and increase the UL system capacity. 00 2.HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal FTP user number (simultaneously upload) is limited at 20 due to the limited capacity of air interface (uplink interference). 50 1100.) when implemented new features in RAN 12. 1R _A X ntenna 用户等级 U umer U l oad nt Th EN b p ofA roug ut hp enna（% ） （kb ） ps CAT5 20 76.
90 50% 1.40 77% 1.92 75% 2.40 14 80% 0.60 11 75% 1.20 75% 1.30 75% 1.70 1RX 8 75% 1. When cell load and UE Transmit Power are limited.90 6 75% 1.00 75% 1.28 75% 1.00 75% 1.30 15 90% 1. the retransmission rate will be decreased to completely utilize the resources and increase the effective rate of UE. Increasing the retransmission time requires less UE Tx power thus lower uplink interference.70 Case) 10 75% 1.98 2 75% 2. Summary HSUPA Load Test Result TTI=10ms TTI=10ms + IC TTI=10ms + IC+Adaptive (RAN11) (RAN12) Retransmission (RAN12) Test Case Antenna UserNumber Cell Load(% Cell Tput(Mbps) Cell Load(%) Cell Tput(Mbps) Cell Load(% Cell Tput(Mbps) ) ) 1 50% 1.40 75% 1.30 3 75% 1.05 75% 1.00 78% 1.25 75% 2.90 75% 2.50 12 75% 1.90 7 75% 1.80 75% 0.HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal change the retransmission rate upon the Cell Load and UE Tx Power.30 16 92% 1.10 75% 1.70 1 (Indoor 9 75% 1.90 60% 1.10 75% 1.20 4 75% 1.00 5 75% 1.09 75% 1.40 13 75% 0.40 77% 0.20 . the retransmission rate will be increased.26 75% 1. When cell load and UE Transmit Power are less.95 75% 1. Retransmission UE Transmit Eb/N0 * Coverage * Power * UL Interference* UE peak throughput peak low Cell Throughput Max User (Multi-users) Number Large Small low high low high large small low high high low more less high *At the same effective rate of UE (Please refer to the comparisons charts of Large and Small Retransmission performance in next pages).40 77% 1.40 77% 1.99 75% 1.
96 75% 3.20 75% 1.80 75% 1.00 75% 2.98 75% 2.15 75% 3.50 6 75% 2.50 75% 1.00 75% 2.00 13 100% 1.40 75% 1.90 12 85% 2.16 75% 1.10 13 90% 1.70 15 75% 1.10 15 75% 1.00 7 75% 2.00 75% 2.80 14 75% 1.30 4 (Outdoor 9 75% 1.98 50% 1.00 75% 1.60 1RX 8 92% 1.90 75% 1.90 16 TTI=2ms (RAN11) TTI=2ms TTI=2ms + IC TTI=2ms + IC+Adaptive (RAN11) (RAN12) Retransmission (RAN12) Test Case Antenna UserNumber Cell Load(% Cell Tput(Mbps) Cell Load(%) Cell Tput(Mbps) Cell Load(% Cell Tput(Mbps) ) ) 1 70% 4.25 75% 3.70 75% 1.20 75% 3.90 4 75% 3.20 11 75% 1.20 75% 5.20 75% 1.50 75% 2.98 2 60% 3.70 75% 2.40 3 (Outdoor 9 1.71 75% 2.10 75% 1.00 5 75% 2.40 2 75% 5.00 75% 2.50 12 75% 2.50 75% 75% 2.80 2Rxs 8 75% 2.90 75% 2.90 75% 2.76 75% 2.80 75% 1.95 75% 2.95 75% 3.40 75% 3.90 2 75% 2.98 75% 1.20 75% 75% 2.70 70% 4.50 11 75% 2.40 3 75% 4.20 11 80% 1.50 75% 1.20 5 75% 3.00 3 75% 2.91 75% 1.68 75% 2.50 2 (Indoor 9 100% 1.20 4 75% 3.90 6 75% 1.00 14 100% 0.10 96% 1.20 75% 0.95 75% 2.20 75% 1.50 Case) 10 1.00 75% 2.80 75% 1.10 12 75% 1.30 13 75% 2.80 7 75% 1.20 100% 1.90 75% 4.50 70% 2.85 75% 4.10 75% 1.30 2Rxs 8 75% 1.40 4 75% 1.00 75% 2.95 15 16 TTI=10ms TTI=10ms + IC TTI=10ms + IC+Adaptive (RAN11) (RAN12) Retransmission (RAN12) Test Case Antenna UserNumber Cell Load(% Cell Tput(Mbps) Cell Load(%) Cell Tput(Mbps) Cell Load(% Cell Tput(Mbps) ) ) 1 40% 1.00 75% 2.20 75% 0.00 75% 1.55 75% 3.00 75% 1.70 16 Test Case 1: HSUPA TTI=10ms – 1Rx Antenna without Rx-Diversity (Indoor Case) .20 Case) 10 75% 1.20 75% 1.09 75% 2.20 75% 2.40 75% 1.50 75% 3.30 Case) 10 75% 1.88 75% 2.70 60% 3.HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal TTI=2ms + IC TTI=2ms + IC+Adaptive (RAN12) Retransmission (RAN12) Test Case Antenna UserNumber Cell Load(% Cell Tput(Mbps) Cell Load(%) Cell Tput(Mbps) Cell Load(% Cell Tput(Mbps) ) ) 1 75% 3.60 7 75% 1.30 14 75% 1.90 5 75% 1.90 3 75% 3.80 40% 1.00 6 75% 2.
HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal Test Case 2: HSUPA TTI=2ms – 1Rx Antenna without Rx-Diversity (Indoor Case) .
HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal Test Case 3: HSUPA TTI=10ms – 2 RXs Antenna with Rx-Diversity (Outdoor Case) .
HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal Test Case 4: HSUPA TTI=2ms – 2 RXs Antenna with Rx-Diversity (Outdoor Case) Reference Charts from HQ (Simulation Result) .
HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal Large Retransmission compared with Small Retransmission (10ms TTI) 4000 3500 Cell throughput 3000 Cell Load 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 0 15 2 0 25 30 User Nmuber 35 40 4 5 50 51 52 53 20 0 80 60 40 120 100 C l Throug ut Sm l R el hp al etransmssi on i C l Load S al l R el m etransmssi on i C l Throughput Large R el etransmssi on i C l Load Larg R el e etransmssi on i Large Retransmission Compared with Small Retransmission (2ms TTI) 4500 4000 Cell Throughput 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1 2 3 4 5 10 15 User Number 16 17 20 25 29 120 100 Cell Load 80 60 40 20 0 Cel l Thr oughput Lar ge Ret r ansm ssi on i Cel Load Sm l Ret r ansm ssi on al i Cel l Thr oughput Sm l Ret r ansm ssi on al i Cel l Load Lar ge Ret r ansm ssi on i .
-In medium and heavy cell load. The operator can deploy another new feature (RAN12. while 10ms TTI can bring the higher cell capacity).HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal -In light cell load. small retransmission can give users higher throughput than large retransmission. the 6B2 shall be reported after that. the gain can be 20% ~30%. (If the 6A1 have been reported. If the following condition has been fulfilled. ” UE Power is not limited. large retransmission can achieve much more user numbers and cell throughput than small retransmission.) . (Based on user numbers) To achieve a maximum balance between cell capacity and peak rate of single user in uplink (2ms TTI bring the higher peak rate of single user. HSUPA TTI Auto Reconfiguration together with Adaptive Retransmission.0). this UE’s TTI switch from 10ms to 2ms: “the UE’s bit rate > Rate threshold for 10ms to 2ms. this UE’s TTI switch from 2ms to 10ms: “The Uu Load on Congestion Status” & “the UE’s bit rate < Rate threshold for 2ms to 10ms If both of the following conditions are fulfilled.
Uplink interference (RTWP) increase very high reached the maximum value at -55 dBm during working hour (10:00 – 17:30 hrs) on working day.HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal 3 CASE STUDY 3. . the customers had the difficulties to access the network . CHAMCHURI_C35-1 and the level of the uplink interference of other outdoor cells reduce upon the distant from this indoor cell. both give a very low .1 Problem Description Based on the customer’s feedback in 3G Network (RAN10. nearby operator’s office.sometime can access network but the data throughput is very low and the connections frequently dropped. Symptoms: -Based on the Statistic. -These cells are located in the same areas. -The highest RTWP appeared in Indoor cell. -We also conducted the FTP download and upload at the Indoor cell.0) of Operator XXX. This problem is appeared at operator’s office and nearby areas. we observed same pattern of high RTWP and PS drop in all cells that circled in red.
HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal throughput. Operator’s Office .
HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal Mean RTWP vs HSDPA Drop Rate (CHAMCHURIC35-1) Mean RTWP vs Mean number of HSPA user .
we did not expected that the issue related to traffic load due to based on statistic. In the first place. This assumption was based on the interference pattern that occurred in many cells in the same time. we suspect that the uplink interference causing from the external source which may illegally use in the operator’s building. found that at the same number of HSUPA users. the RTWP didn’t always high. (Maximum =20 HSUPA users per cell. we . we had proposed 2 troubleshooting steps as below (1) Use Spectrum Analyzer to search for External Interference source in operator’s building (2) Conduct Field Test (FTP upload) and open RNC LMT online trace measurement in the Indoor Cell Results (1) There was no external interference detected by Spectrum Analyzer (2) Based on the field test (FTP upload) and RNC LMT online measurement of indoor cell.2 Problem Analysis Initially. the HSUPA user number is limited by Maximum HSUPA user number setting at RNC) Troubleshooting Steps.HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal 3.
thus the bit rate was not scheduled to HSUPA user consequently no increment of RTWP. This is the reason why RNC still scheduled bit rate to R99 users although current uplink load was high (above -95 dBm). the HSUPA user was always at 20 (HSDPA user number was more than 20) with the RTWP above -95 dBm.HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal detected huge increment of RTWP when R99 test user doing the FTP upload (the test user only can get R99 service due to HSUPA user number already hit maximum 20 based on the setting). (5) For HSUPA user. their RTWP also increased accordingly). the scheduling is based on Maximum Target Uplink Load Factor which set to 75%. we started FTP Upload on HSUPA (from Genex Probe. most of the time was 0 kbps) during that time observed no increment of RTWP via online measurement. observed the very low throughput. (4) We checked the Load Control parameters setting of this indoor cell. Test Steps (1) Condition before start FTP upload test. (We randomly checked the RTWP of nearby outdoor cells. . (2) We started FTP Upload on R99 (from Genex Probe. (3) Next. found that the LDR (Load Reshuffling) didn’t turn-on. observed the average throughput was around 300kbps) and the sudden increment of RTWP upto -55 dBm was observed via online measurement. based on RNC LMT online measurement of indoor cell.
HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal Genex Probe Online Measurement (LMT) (6) We recommended to turned-on LDR (UL: BE RATE REDUCTION) for Indoor Cell and monitor. Based on statistic after turn-on LDR. there was some improvement on RTWP and PS drop but not on data throughput. . However. high RTWP still observed during peak hour but at shorter period than before.
(3) To turn-on Load Control (LDR) to control the interference level which generated from R99 users.0 to RAN12. (Please refer to test result in previous session) We got confirmation from HQ that this is product limitation.0. we conducted the HSUPA Load Test. shown that for indoor case (with 1 Rx antenna). (1) To turn-off the HSUPA phase 2 in current network and implement it later when upgraded from RAN10.HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal (7) We suspect there might be some issue with HSUPA service as well (We implemented the HSUPA Phase2 (TTI 2ms) in this network) . This is to improve user experience especially on data throughput.0 with Interference Cancellation and Dynamic NHR features enabled. From the test result.3 Solutions and Recommendations We provided the following recommendations to operators upon this issue as follows. will cause over-high RTWP.Thus. to check how many HSUPA user (simultaneous FTP upload) that the cell can support. 3. (2) To upgraded capacity of indoor site by adding 2nd carrier. . the performance of HSUPA Phase 2 with 1Rx antenna is limited and only can be improved with new features (refer to previous sessions) in RAN12. If the HSUPA user number is exceed 7. only maximum 7 simultaneous upload users can supported.
HSUPA VS Uplink Interference Document Confidentiality: Internal .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.