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ABAQUS

Answers to Workshop 1

Answers 1 Basic Input and Output


Question W11: Answer: What is the processor on your machine? It depends on the system you are using.

Question W12: Answer:

What is the operating system (OS) level? It depends on the system you are using.

Question W13: Answer:

What are the two example problems that t this description? Problem 1.1.15, Damage and failure of a laminated composite plate Problem 1.2.5, Unstable static problem: reinforced plate under compressive loads

Question W14:

Answer:

In the space provided, write the input to dene a node set called TOP_NODES that contains previously dened nodes 21, 22, 23, and node set TOP_LEFT. *NSET, NSET=TOP_NODES 21, 22, 23, TOP_LEFT

Question W15:

Answer:

In the space provided, write the input to dene a velocity boundary condition on the node set named NALL. The velocity is 7.0 m/s in the 2-direction. Will this option appear in the model data or the history data portion of the input le? This option will appear in the history data section of the input le, because it is a nonzero boundary condition. *BOUNDARY, TYPE=VELOCITY NALL, 2, 2, 7.0

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Introduction to ABAQUS/Standard and ABAQUS/Explicit

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ABAQUS

Answers to Workshop 1

Question W16:

Answer:

(Optional) In the space provided, write the input to dene the BEAM SECTION option for beam elements in element set ELBEAMS referring to a material named STEEL1. The beam has a rectangular cross-section with a height of 0.5 m and a width of 0.2 m. *BEAM SECTION, SECTION=RECT, ELSET=ELBEAMS, MATERIAL=STEEL1 0.2, 0.5

Question W17: Answer:

What is the rst option in the model data? What is the last option in the model data? The beginning of the model data is the HEADING option. The last option in the model data is the MATERIAL option in the material option block that denes the material properties of the model.

Question W18: Answer:

What is the rst option in the history data? The history data begins with the STEP option.

Question W19: Answer:

How many steps are there in this analysis? There is only one step in this analysis.

Question W110: What type of elements are used to model the lug? Answer: C3D20R elements; i.e., 20-node brick elements (three-dimensional hexahedral continuum elements) with reduced integration, are used to model the lug.

Question W111: Do you need to dene a density to complete the material denition? Material density is necessary for what types of analysis? Answer: No. The density is necessary for analysis procedures that consider inertia effects. In a static analysis inertia effects are not considered.

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Answers to Workshop 1

Question W112: How else could you dene a completely constrained boundary condition? Answer: Type boundary conditions labels (such as ENCASTRE) can be used to dene xed boundary conditions in the model data. An alternative approach is to specify the xed degrees of freedom by number. To specify degrees of freedom 1 through 6, you could use the following input in the model data or history data: *BOUNDARY LHEND, 1, 6

Question W113: What version of ABAQUS are you using? Answer: The version number is available at the top of the printed output (.dat) le.

Question W114: What warning messages did you get? Do they require changes to the input le, or can you ignore them? Answer: If you followed the instructions correctly to this point, there are warning messages in the data (.dat) le indicating that the rotational degrees of freedom4, 5, and 6are not active in this model and cannot be restrained. ABAQUS ignores boundary conditions on degrees of freedom that cannot be restrained; therefore, you can safely ignore these warning messages.

Question W115: How many elements are there in the model? How many variables are there? Answer: The model has 112 elements. The total number of variables, including degrees of freedom plus any Lagrange multiplier variables, is 2376.

Question W116: Which elements are in element set HOLEIN? Answer: Elements 1 and 16.

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Answers to Workshop 1

Question W117: What are the maximum direct stresses in the 1- and 2-directions (i.e., 11 and 22)? Answer: The maximum direct stress in the 1-direction (S11) is 3.4766E+08 Pa; the maximum direct stress in the 2-direction (S22) is 8.7629E+07 Pa.

Question W118: What is the deection of node 20001 in node set HOLEBOT in the 2-direction? Answer: The deection is 3,1342 E-04 m.

Question W119: What is the net reaction force in the 2-direction at the nodes in node set LHEND? Is this equal to the applied load? Answer: The reaction forces in the node set LHEND sum to 30 kN, which is equal to the applied load.

Question W120: Why is the sum of the reaction forces at the nodes in node set LHEND in the horizontal direction (1-direction) zero? Answer: At the section represented by node set LHEND the reaction forces in the horizontal direction simply couple to resist the moment induced by the applied vertical load. Since there is no external load in the horizontal direction, the reaction forces add up to zero in the horizontal direction.

Question W121: What is the deection of node 20001 in node set HOLEBOT? Do the results reect the reduction in loading? Answer: The deection of the nodes in node set HOLEBOT is now reduced to 1,5671 E-04 m. The deections, reaction forces, and stresses decrease in proportion to the reduction in loading, in this case by a factor of 2 since this is a linear analysis.

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