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# MATHEMATICS FIRST YEAR

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

CHAPTER # 01
Q#1 Prove that: Q#2

(SETS)
             

Let U = {0, 1, 2, 3}, A = {0, 1}, B = {1, 2}, C = {2, 3} A (BUC) = (AB) U (AB) A (BC) = (AB) (A C) AB

If A = {2, 3}, B = {3, 4} and C = {4, 5} Prove that: IF U = {1,2.6} , A = {1,2,3} , B = {1 , 3 , 5} and C = {2 , 4 , 6}, Find (A C) and verify that: A AUB

Q#3

Q#4

Q#5

Q#6

Q#7

Q#8

Q#9

Q#10

Q#11

Q#12

## If A and B are the subsets of a set U, then prove that: A U B = A U (A B)

Q#13

If U = {a , b , c , d , e} , A = { a , b , c} , B = {b , c , d} Find (A B)

Q#14

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## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

CHAPTER # 02
Q#01 x2+ y2 = 9. Q#02 Q#03 Q#04

## (REAL & COMPLEX NUMBER SYSTEM)

     (ii) 
)

## Express the following equation in terms of the conjugate coordinates

Solve the complex equation (x + 3i)2 = 2yi Simplify (x,3y) , (2x , -y) Show that Z = 1 i, satisfies the equation: Z2 2Z + 2 = 0

Q#05

## Q#06 Q#07 Q#08 Q#09 Q#10 Q#11

Show that (1 i) 4 is a real number. What is the imaginary part of Prove that | | | || |
(

## , where Z1, Z2 are the complex numbers.

Solve the complex equation (x + 2yi)2 = xi. Find the additive inverse and the multiplicative inverse of (2, 3). Is there a complex number whose additive and multiplicative inverse are equal? Divide 4 + i by 3 4i Prove that ( Multiply ) is the multiplicative inverse of (3,4). (-3,5) by (2,-1)

## Separate into and imaginary parts: and hence find | |

Q#16

By using definition of multiplicative inverse of two order pairs, Find the multiplicative inverse of (5,2).

 

Q#17

## Solve the equation (2,3)(x , y) = (- 4,7)

Q#18

Define modulus and the conjugate of complex number z = x + iy, Where , then show that | |



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## MATHEMATICS FIRST YEAR

Q#19 Q#20 Verify that Find the multiplicative inverse of imaginary parts. Q#21

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

 , separating the real and      |    )   |.   

## Solve the following complex equation: (x , y) (2,3) = (5 , 8)

Q#22 Q#23 Q#24 Q#25 Q#26 Q#27 Q#28 Q#29 Q#30 Q#31 Q#32

If Z1 = 1 + i and Z2 = 3 2i, then evaluate | Separate into real and imaginary parts.

Find the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse of (3,-4) If Z1 and Z2 are complex numbers, verify | | | ||

Solve the following complex equation (x,y) . (2,3) = (5,8). Solve the complex equation (x + 2yi) 2 = xi. Show that ( )* + ( | |

## If Z1 = 1 + i and Z2 = 3 2i, evaluate |

Solve the complex equations (x , y) . (2 , 3) = (-4 , 7) Separate the following into real and imaginary parts:

##      

Find the real and imaginary parts of i (3 + 2i). Find the multiplicative inverse of the complex number (3 , -5). Solve the complex equation: (x,y).(2,3)=(-4,7) Solve the complex equation: (x + 3i)2 = 2yi

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## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

CHAPTER # 03
Q#01 Q#02

 

Solve the equation (2x + 5)4 + (2x + 1)4 = 82. For what values of p and q will both the roots of the equation. y2 + (2p 4)y = 31 + 5 vanish?

Q#03

If , are the roots of px2 + qx + r = 0 , p 0, form the equation whose roots are: ( ) ( )   

Q#04 Q#05

## Form an equation whose roots are 1 i. Solve the equation:

Q#06 Q#07

Find the condition that one root of the equation px2 + qx + r = 0 may be square of the other.  If , are the roots of the equation lm2 + mx + n = 0 , 1 0 form the equation whose are   *5 

Q#08

## If 4x+1 = 64, what is the value of x? *2 *3 *4

Q#09

If , are the roots of x2 3x + 1 = 0, find the equation whose roots are 1 + + 2 and 1 + + 2

Q#10

Find the value of k by synthetic division method so that x 1 is a factor of P(x) where P(x) = 2kx4 + 7x3 + kx2 + 7x 1.  

Q#11

## Find the solution set of the following equation. 1 + 3x + 4x2 + 3x3 + x4 = 0

Q#12

If , are the roots of the equation px2 + qx + r = 0 , p 0, form the equation whose roots are (2 + 2) and ( )    

Q#13 Q#14

## Solve the equation

If , are the roots of the equation x2 3x + 2 = 0, form the equation whose roots are ( + )2 and ( )2.

Q#15

Show that 155 + 247 + i 360 = 0 where is the cube root of unity and i =

Q#16

Show that all cube roots of 27 are 3, 3 and 32 where and 2 are the

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## MATHEMATICS FIRST YEAR

complex cube roots of unity. Q#17

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

      +   

If and are the roots of the equation px2 + qx + r = 0 (p 0), form an equation whose roots are 2 and 2.

Q#18

For what value of k will the equation. k3x2 +(2k2 1) + 4k = 0, have equal roots?

Q#19

If , are the roots of px2 + qx + r = 0, form the equation whose roots are 1/2,1/2

Q#20 Q#21

Prove that 49 + 101 + 150 = 0, where is a complex cube root of unity. If , are the roots of 3x2 7x + 8 = 0, find the value of: i) ii) * +*

## Q#22 Q#23 Q#24

For what value of k will x + 5 be a factor of 2x3 + kx2 2x + 15? Solve the equation (x 9) (x 7) (x + 1) 384 = 0. If and are the roots of x2 + bx + c = 0, a 0, find the equation whose roots are 3 and 3.

Q#25 Q#26

## Solve the equation:



Find the condition that one root of px2 + qx + r = 0, p 0 may be double the other root.       

## Q#27 Q#28 Q#29 Q#30 Q#31

Solve y6 26y3 27 = 0. Find all the cube roots of 27. Also show that their sum is zero. Find k if one root of 4y2 7ky + k + 4 = 0 is zero. Prove that the roots of, the equation x2 2x (m + 1/m) + 3 = 0 are real. If , are the roots of the equation px2 qx r = 0 , p 0, find the equation whose roots are 3 and 3.

Q#32

Q#33

## Find the equation whose roots are reciprocal of the roots of x2 6x + 8 = 0.



Determine the value of k for which the roots of the following equation are equal: (k + 1)x2 + 2(k + 3)x + 2k + 3 = 0 Q#34
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## MATHEMATICS FIRST YEAR

whose roots are . Q#35 If

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

  ) 

and are the roots of the equatoion px2+qx + r = 0, (p0), Find the value of + 2.

Q#36 Q#37

## If {1, , 2}are the cube roots of unity, Prove that (

Solve , are the roots of the equation x2 3x + 2 = 0 from an equation whose roots are (+)2 and ( )2. 

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CHAPTER # 04
Q#01

## (SYSTEMS OF TWO EQUATIONS INVOLVING TWO VARIABLES)

The sum of the circumferences of two circles is 24 meters and the sum of their areas is 80 square meters. What are the radii of the circles?  

Q#02

Q#03

Solve for x:



Q#04



Q#05



Q#06

## Solve the following system of Equations. xy5=0 x2 + 2xy + y2 = 9



Q#07

The sum of the circumferences of two circles is 42cm and the sum of their areas is 261 square cm. What are the radii of the circles?  

Q#08

Q#09
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## MATHEMATICS FIRST YEAR

i) 12x2 25xy + 12y2 = 0 Q#10 Solve the equations: x+y=5

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

ii) x2 + y2 = 25 

Q#11



Q#12



Q#13



Q#14

Solve:

x+y=5



Q#15



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## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

CHAPTER # 05
Q#01 Verify that (AX)t = xtAt, where: * + [

(MATRICES)
 ]

Q#02

If



Then compute Ct At. Q#03 What is a null matrix? Prove that: {[ ] [ ]} [ ] [ ] 

Where is a complex cube root of unit. Q#04 If [ That (AB)t = BtAt. Q#05 Define a Singular Matrix. Find the value of for which the following matrix becomes singular. [ Q#06 ]   ] [ ], then verify 

## Solve the system of equations by Cramers rule: 2x + y + z = 1 x 2y 3z = 1 3x + 2y + 4z = 5

Q#07 Q#08

Solve for

+ *

 

Define the following terms: i) iii) Transpose of a matrix Scalar matrix ii) iv)

Q#09

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## MATHEMATICS FIRST YEAR

Q#10 If * A2 = B2 = -I2 Q#11 Q#12 Q#13 Solve for * +* +[ + *

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

+ where i = , verify that  ] [ + +[ ] ] * * + +   

If possible, find the matrix X such that: * Solve the following for x: * +*

Q#14

Prove.

{[

]}

][

[ ]



+* +* +*

+[

[ + * ]

] +

+[

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CHAPTER # 06
Q#01

Q#02 Q#03

Solve:

 

## Solve the Equations by Cramers Rule.

Q#04

x + 2y + z = 8 2x y + z = 3 x+yz=0 Making use of the properties of the determinants, solve for x the equation: [ ]  

Q#05

Use matrix method to solve the system of equations: 2x1 x2 + 2x3 = 4 x1 + 10x2 3x3 = 10 -x1 + x2 + x3 = -6

Q#06 Q#07

If

find kA and k



By suing the properties of determinant, express the following determinant in factors: [ ]  

Q#08

Solve the following equation by using Cramers Rule: x+y=5 y+z=7 z+x=6

Q#09



Q#10



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Q#11



## Find the inverse of the Matrix by adjoint method: [ ]

Q#12

Express the following determinant factors form by using properties of determinants. | |  

Q#13

Q#14



Q#15



Q#16



Q#17



## Q#18 Q#19 Q#20 Q#21

Find the inverse of matrix Find the adjoint of the matrix. Solve the determinant for

Q#22



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x 2y 3z = 1 Q#23

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

Use the matrix method to solve the following system of linear Equations:  2x y + 2z = 4 x + 10y 3z = 10 -x + y + z = -6

Q#24



Q#25



Q#26

Prove | [ | ( ]

Q#27 Q#29

## Find the inverse of

Solve the following system of equations by using the matrix method: x+y=5 y+z=7 z+x=6

Q#30

## Using properties of determinants, show that: | | ( )( )( )



Q#31

Use the Adjoint method to solve the given Equations: 2x y + 2z = 4 x + 10y 2z = 10 xyz=6



Q32



Q#33



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## MATHEMATICS FIRST YEAR

3x y + 2z = 12 Q#34 Find A-1 by Adjoint method if



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## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

CHAPTER # 07
Q#01

(GROUPS)
 

Let A = {1, }, where is a complex cube root of unity. Check whether the given set is closed, commutative and associative with respect to the operation of multiplication. Let S = {1 ,
2

Q#02

## }, being a complex cube root of unity.

Construct a composition table with respect to multiplication in C and show that(S, .) is a Group. Q#03 Q#04 Q#05 i) Let S = {1, , 2} being a complex cube root of unity. Construct a composite table with respect to multiplication on C and show that (S.,) is a group.  State whether the following are True or False. Given reasons. Is(z) a group where is defined by a * b = 0, for all a, b Z. If p and q are two integers p 0 , p = -q which of the following must be true: * * ii) iii) iv) Q#06 Q#07 p<q pq<0 * * p<q pq < 0 *  p+q<0 

A groupoid (s.*) is a semi-group if_____? Is ordered pair (3,5) equal to the ordered pair (5,3)? The multiplicative identity in C is______. . Construct the Composition table for  Q. If . Represents the 

## Let A = {0,1,2,4} Define a* b = a, * in A.

Define binary operation, a * b = 4a b a , b , ordinary multiplication, then show that: i) ii) is the identity element w.r.t.* is the inverse of under*.

Q#08

## Show that the set of all the matrices of the form.

 

Where is a real number, form an Abelian group w.r.t. multiplication matrices Q#09 Q#10 0 is a real number from an Abelian group w.r.t. multiplication. Let A = {1, , 2}, where is a complex cube root of unity. Check whether the given set is closed, cumulative and associative, with respect to the operation of multiplication.  Show that (R,*) is a group if * is defined in R by a * b = 7ab, a, b R. Let us define a binary operation * in the set of rational numbers Q by a * b = 5ab for a, b Q. Prove that * is associative and commutative. Also, verify that is identity w.r.t. * element and of w.r.t. Q#13 Let * be defined in Z by p * q = p + q + 4, thence show that: i) ii)
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Q#11 Q#12

iii) Q#14

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

Every element of Z has an inverse under * in Z; where Z is the set of integers. 

Define a binary operation (*) in Q, by a * b = 4a.b, where*Represents ordinary multiplication. Also show that: a) (*) is commutative. b) (*) is associative. c) is the identity element under (*). d) is the inverse element of under (*).

Q#15

Construct the multiplication table to show that multiplication is a binary operation on S = {1,-1,i,-i}, where .  Let S = {1, , 2}, where is a complex cube root of unity. Check whether the given set S is closed, commutative and associative with respect to the operation of multiplication.  Show that S = {1,-1, i , -i} forms a finite abelian group under usual multiplication of complex numbers.  Using the multiplication table, find whether + is a binary operation on S = {1,,2} 

Q#16

## Q#17 Q#18 Q#19

Let S = {1 , -1 , i , -i }, construct the composition table w.r.t. to Multiplication and show that (.) is commutative and associative in S.  T is the set of real number of the form a + b , where a , b Q and a , b are not simultaneously zero. Show that (T, ) is a group where is an ordinary multiplication.  Let * be defined in Z, the set of all integers, as a*b = a + b + 3. Show that: a) *is commutative and associative. b) Identity w.r.t.* exists in Z. c) Every element of Z has an inverse w.r.t.*. 

Q#20

Q#21

Q#22

Using the multiplication table show that multiplication is a binary operation on S = {1,-1, i , -i }. Also show that () is commutative. [2010, 2011]

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CHAPTER # 08
Q#01 Q#02

## (SEQUENCES & SERIES)

Find the sum to 20 terms of an A.P whose 4th term is 7 and the 7th term is 13.  If a rubber ball is dropped on the floor from a height of 27 meters, it always rebounds to two-third of the distance of the previous fall; find the distance it will have traveled before hitting the ground for the seventh time.  If A, G, H be respectively the A.M., the G.M. and H.M. between any two numbers and Ax = Gy = Hz, prove that x , y , z are in G.P.  The sum of four numbers in A.P. is 20. The ratio of the product of the first and the last numbers and the product of 2nd and 3rd numbers is 2:3; find the numbers.  The sum of infinite terms of a G.P. is 4 and the sum of their cubes is 192; find the G.P. Find the three numbers in A.P. whose sum is 12 and whose product is 28. Sum the series to infinity.    

Q#03

Q#04

## Q#05 Q#06 Q#07 Q#08

If A, G , H are respectively the arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means between any two numbers, prove that G2 = AH. Sum the series: 0.6 + 0.66 + 0.666 +
( )

Q#09 Q#10

to n terms.

 

## Prove that a , b , c are in either A. P. or G.P. or H.P according as a or b or c.

Q#11

If the sum of first n natural numbers is 15 and the sum of the first n + 1 natural numbers is 21, then n is:  *3 *4 *5 *6 *10 The sum of first 14 terms of 1,1.4,1.8.. is equal to the sum of first n terms of 5.6 , 5.8, 6.0, , find the value of n.  The first three terms of a G.P. are x + 10 , x 2, x 0 respectively. Calculate the value of x and hence find the sum to infinity of this series.  Which term of the H.P. 6,2,6/5, is equal to 2/33? 

Q#12

Q#13

## Q#14 Q#15 Q#16

How many terms of the square -9,-6,-3.. must be taken for the sum of the terms to be 66?  The product of three number in G.P is 216 and the sum of their product in pairs is 156, find the numbers.  If then prove that x,y,z are in H.P. 

Q#17 Q#18
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The sum of four terms in A.P is 4, the sum of the product of the first and the last

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS



term and the two middle terms is 38 ; find the numbers. Q#19

If a rubber ball that is dropped on the floor from a height of 27 meters, always rebounds one-third of the distance of the previous fall, find the distance it will have traveled before hitting the ground for the ninth time.  Find the sum of 15 terms of an A.P whose middle term is 42. 

Q#20 Q#21

Find the sum of an infinite series in G.P if sum of the first and the fourth terms is equal to 54 and the sum of the second and the third term is 36 find the series also.  Find the 12th term of an H.P. if given that its second term is 3 and 4th terms is 2. 

Q#22

Q#23

The sum of the first terms of two A.Ps are as 3n + 1:13 7n. Find ratio of their second terms.  Find the G.P whose second term is 2 and the sum to infinity is 8. Find the sum of all natural numbers between 250 and 1000 which are exactly divisible by 7. Which term of the geometric sequence 27,18,12..is The 12th term of an H.P. is and the 19th term is the H.P. ?   

Q#24 Q#25

Q#26 Q#27

Q#28 Q#29

## Which term of H.P



The base of a right angled triangle is 10cm, and the sides of the triangle are in A.P.; find the hypotenuse.  The sum of infinite term of a G.P. is 3, and the sum of their cubes is 81; find the G.P. Find the sum of 20 terms of an A.P. whose 4th terms is 7 and 7th term is 13. Express the recurring decimal 0.237 as rational number. Simplify i)
( ( ) )

## when x, y, z are in ii) G.P and iii) H.P.

A.P.

Q#34 Q#35

Find the sum of an A.P. of 17 terms whose middle term is 5. Find the value of n such that a and b.



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Q#36 Q#37

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

   

Show that the product of n geometric means between a and b is (ab) n/2. Find the sum of all natural numbers between 1 and 100 which are not exactly divisible by 2 or 3. Find three numbers in G.P whose sum is 19 and whose product is 216. The ratio of the sum of the first four terms of a G.P. to the sum of the first eight terms of the same G.P is 81:97; find the common ratio of the G.P.

## Q#38 Q#39 Q#40

If the 3rd , 6th and the last terms of an H.P are respectively 1/3, 1/5 and 3/203, find the number of terms of the H.P.  The sum of four terms of an A.P. is 4 and the sum of the product of first and the last and the two middle terms is 38, find the A.P?  Find the G.P whose third term is 9/4 and whose sixth term is .  

Q#41

## Q#42 Q#43 Q#44

The pth term of an H.P. is q and the qth term is p: find (p+q) th term and (p.q) th term.

The sum of p terms of an A.P is q the sum of q terms of the same. A.P. is p; find the sum of (p+q) terms.  Find the 17th term of an H.P. whose first two terms are 6 and 8. Find the sum to n terms of the A.G. series: 1 + 3r + 5r + 7r + .     

Q#45 Q#46

## Q#47 Q#48 Q#49

Express the value of the recurring decimal 0.423 as a common fraction. Show that the sum of the (p + q) term and (p q)th term of an A.P is equal to twice the pth term. If the pth term of an H.P. is q, the qth term is p; prove that the (p+q)th term is .

Q#50

If the sum of 8 terms of an A.P is 64 and the sum of its 19 terms is 361, find the sum of 31 terms of the A.P.  insert 4 harmonic means between 12 and 48/5. 

## Q#51 Q#52 Q#53

Find the sum of 20 terms of an A.P whose 4th term is 7 and 7th terms is 13.  Which term of the sequence 27, 18 , 12 is ?  

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CHAPTER # 09
Q# 01

## (PERMUTATIONS & COMBINATIONS)

In how many ways can 4 gentlemen and 2 ladies be seated at a round-table so that the Ladies are not together? In how many of these ways will three particular. gentlemen be next to each other? 

If

+ , then find n.

 

## Find n and r if npr = 240 and nCr = 120.

Q#05

How many natural numbers may be formed by using 4 out of 1,2,3,4,5:  i) If the digits are not repeated? ii) If the digits may be repeated? iii) How many of them are even if the digits are not repeated? Find the total number of ways in which birds can perch on 4 trees when there is no restriction to the choice of a tree. In how many of these ways will one particular bird be alone on a tree?  In a class there are 8 boys and 5 girls. Two class representatives are to be chosen from them. In how many ways can they be selected if:  i) Both are chosen from all? ii) One is to be a boy and the other a girl? iii) The first is to be a boy and the second either a boy or a girl? How many different digits may be formed using 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, if each number is to be (i) odd(ii)even?  In how many ways can 3 English,3 Sindhi and 2 Urdu books be arranged on a shelf so as to have all the books in the same language together?  In how many distinct ways can the letter of the word INTELLIGENCE be arranged? In nP3 = 12 n/2P3, find n:  

Q#06

Q#07 Q#08

Q#09

Q#10 Q#11

A father has 8 children. He take them, there at a time to a zoo without taking the same 3 children more than once, how often will he go and how often does each child get the chance to go?  The letters of the word MISSISSIPPI are scrambled and then arranged in some order. What is the probability that the four Is are consecutive letters in the resulting arrangement?  

Q#12

Q#13

In how many ways can a hockey eleven be chosen out of 15 players? i) Include a particular player?

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ii) Q#14

## Exclude a particular player?

How many different words can be formed from the letters of the word INSTITUTION, all taken together?  A party of 7 members is to be chosen from a group of 6 gents and 5 ladies. In how many ways can the party be formed if it is to contain (i) exactly 4 ladies, (ii) at least 4 ladies, (iii) at the most 4 ladies?  The number of arrangements of the word SUCCESS are: *420 *5040 *120 *210 

Q#15

Q#16

Q#17

A father has 8 children. He takes them, three at a time, to a zoo, as often as he can without taking the same three children more than once. How often will he go, and how often will each child go?  A department in a college consists of 6 professors and 8 students. A study tour is to be arranged. In how many ways can a party of seven members be chosen so as to include:  i) Exactly 4 professors? ii) At least 4 professors? The letters of the word MISSISSIPPI are scramble and then arranged in some order. What is the probability that four Is are consecutive letters in the resulting arrangements?  A team of 14 players is to be formed out of 20 players. In how many ways can the selection be made if a particular players is to be:  i) Included ii) Excluded? A coin was tossed 3 times; find the probability of getting:  i) at least one head ii) no tail iii) exactly two tails iv) at the most two heads In how many ways can 5 essential prayers be offered, each in a different mosque, out of 7 mosques in the area?  In how many ways can a troop of 5 soldiers be formed out of 7 soldiers? 

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Q#20

Q#21

Q#22

Q#23

Q#24

There are seven mosque in a locality. In how many ways can Aslam offer five obligatory prayers in different mosques such that:  i) Zohar prayer is offered in the mosque A? ii) Zohar prayer is not offered in the mosque A? In how many ways can 3 books on mathematics, 2 books on Physics and 2 books on the same subject always remain together? 

Q# 25

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Q#26

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

How many different natural numbers of 3 different digits each can be formed from the digits 1,2,3,4,5,7,9 if each number is to be (i) odd , or (ii) even?  In how many ways can 3 English, 2 Urdu and 2 Sindhi books be arranged on a shelf so as to keep all the books in each language together?  How many natural numbers of four digits can be formed with four digits 2,3,5,7 when no digits is being used more than once in each number? What will be their numbers if the given digits are 2,3,5,0?  In how many ways can three books on Chemistry, 2 books on Physics and 2 books on Mathematics be placed on a shelf such that the books on the same subject always remain together? 

Q#27

Q#28

Q#29

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## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

CHAPTER # 10
Q#01

(INTRODUCTION TO PROBABILITY)

The dice are rolled once. Find the probability of getting a multiple of 3 or a sum of 10.  A committee of 4 members is to be chosen by lot from a group of 7 men and  women. Find the probability that the committee will consist of 2 men and 2 women. A committee of 4 members is to be chosen by lot from a group of 7 men and  women. Find the probability that the committee will consist of 2 men and 2 women. Out of 12 eggs, 2 are bad. From these eggs 3 are chosen at random to make a cake. What is the probability that the cake contains.  i) exactly one bad egg ii) at least one bad egg A prize of any 4 books is to be given out of 7 Arabic and 5 French books. Find the probability that the prize will consist of 2 Arabic and 2 French books.  From a group of 6 men and 5 women a committee of 4 members is to be formed. What is the probability that the committee will consists of 2 men and 2 women? A room has 3 lamps, from a collection of 12 light bulbs of which 8 are no good, a person selects 3 at random and puts then sockets. What is the probability that he will have light?  Nine tennis teams play friendly matches, each team has to play against each other. How many matches have to be played in all?  In a fruit basket there are one dozen organs and half a dozen apples. If a person has to select a fruit at random what is the chance of its being an orange? 

Q#02

Q#03

Q#04

Q#03

Q#07

Q#08

Q#09

Q#10

Q#11

A committee of 4 members is to be chosen by lot from a group of 7 teachers and 5 students. Find the probability that the committee will consist of 2 teachers and two students.  If a die is rolled twice, what is the probability that: i) The sum of the points on it is? ii) There is at least one 5? 

Q#12

Q#13

A coin is tossed twice. Find the probability of (i) at least one head, exactly one tail. 

Q#14

The probability that the principal of a college has a television is 0.6, a refrigerator 0.2 and both television and refrigerator is 0.06; find the probability that the principal has at least a television or a refrigerator. 

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Q#15

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

Of the students attending a lecture 50% could not see what was being written on the blackboard, 40% of them could not hear what the lecturer was saying: a particular unfortunate 30% of them fell into both of these categories. What is the probability that a students picked at random was able to see and hear satisfactorily? A fair coin is tossed 3 times. Find the probability of getting (i) at least one head and (ii) at most two heads.  A drawer contains 50 bolts and 150 nuts. Half of the bolts and half of the nuts are rusted. If one item is chosen, what is the probability that it is either rusted or is a bolt?  A fair coin is tossed 3 times, find he probability of getting:  i) At least one head and ii) at most two heads The probability that a man has a T.V. is 0.6, a V.C.R. is 0.2, and a T.V. and V.C.R. both is 0.04. What is the probability that the man has either a T.V. or a V.C.R?  A word consists of 5 consonants and 4 vowels. Three letters are chosen at random. What is the probability that more than one vowel will be selected? 

Q#16

Q#17

Q#18

Q#19

Q#20

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## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

 

CHAPTER # 11
Q#01 Q#02

(MATHEMATICAL INDUCTION)

Prove that 2n > n2, for an integral values of n 5. Find the sum of the following series: 162 + 172 + 182 . . . + 402. Prove that a + ar2 + ar3 + . . . + arn-1
( )

Q#03



, Where r # 1
( ( )( ) ( ) )

Q#04 Q#05

Prove that:

 

Prove the following preposition by mathematical induction: 2! > 2n, n N, n 4 By the principle of mathematical induction show that (23n+2 28n 4) is divisible by 49, n N. Use mathematical induction to prove that: 22 + 42 + 62 + 82 + . . . + (2n)2 = n(n + 1)(2n + 1)

Q#06

 

Q#07

Q#08

Prove the following proposition by using principle of Mathematical induction: 2 + 6 + 12 + . . . + n (n + 1) = n(n +1)(n+2)  

Q#09

## Prove by mathematical induction that: 2 + 5 + 8 + . + (3n 1) = (3n + 1)

Q#10

Prove the following proposition by the method of Mathematical Induction: (32n+2 28 4) is divisible by 49 , n N. Prove by mathematical induction that 10n + 3.4n+2 + 5 is divisible by 9, n N.



Q#11



Q#12

## Prove by mathematical induction that: 1.3 + 2.4 + 3.5 + . . . + n(n + 2) = n (n +1)(2n+7)



Q#13

Without using calculator, find the sum: 112 + 122 + 132 + . . . + 302



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## MATHEMATICS FIRST YEAR

Q#14 Prove by mathematical induction:

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS



12 + 32 + 52 + . . . + (2n 1)2 = n(2n 1) (2n + 1) Q#15 Use mathematical induction to prove that: 12 + 22 + 32 + . . . + n2 + Q#16 Q#17
( )( )





## Prove the following proposition by the principle of Mathematical Induction:  ( ) ( )( )

Q#18

Prove by mathematical induction that 10n + 3.4n+2 + 5 is divisible by 9 for all n N. Prove by mathematical induction that: 2 + 6 + 12 + . . . + n (n + 1) = n(n+1)(n+2),

 

Q#19

N.

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## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

  

CHAPTER # 12
Q#01 If

## (THE BINOMIAL THEOREM)

Prove that y2 + 2y 7 = 0 +

Q#02 Q#03

## Q#04 Q#05 Q#06 Q#07 Q#08

Sum the series: Find the first five terms of the expansion of (3 2x)2. Write the formula for the nth term of sequence 12,9,6 . . . If | |
( ( ) ) ( ( ) )

##     

Identity the series: as the binomial expansion and find its sum.

Q#09

Using Binomial Theorem, write the term independent of x in the expansion of ( ) and simplify it. 

Q#10

Busing using general term in the expansion of (a + b)n ; find the term independent of x in * + . Point out the middle term also. 

Q#11

When x is so small that its square and higher power may be neglected, find the value of
* + (



Q#12

Using the general term of Binomial Theorem, determine the term independent of x in the expansion of * + 

Q#13 Q#14

) using the formula Find the first negative term in the expansion of ( for general term.  Identity the following series as binomial expansion and find the sum.  Find the term independent of x in the expansion of * general term formula. +

Q#15

Q#16
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Q#17 If



If If | |
( ( ) )

##     

Using the general term of the binomial theorem, determine the term independent of x in the expansion of (x x)10. Find the first negative in the expression of ( If y = 2x + 3x2 + 4x3 + . . . Then show that: )

Q#21 Q#22

Q#23

If x be a quantity so small that x3 may be neglected in comparison with y3, Prove that: 

Q#24

Write in the simplified form the term independent of x in the expansion of ( ) Prove that y2 + 2y 7 = 0. +

If

Q#28 Q#29

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## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

CHAPTER # 13
Q#01

(FUNDAMENTALS OF TNGONOMETRY)

How far does boy on a bicycle travel in 10 revolutions if the diameters of the wheels of his bicycle are equal to 56 cm each?  A belt 24.75 meters long passes around a 3.5cm diameter pulley. As the belt makes 3 complete revolutions in a minute, how many radians does the wheel turn in one second?  If

Q#02

Q#03

## theremaining trigonometric functions. Q#04

If a point on the rim of a 21cm diameter wheel travels 5040 cm in a minute, through how many degrees does the wheel turn is a second?  If

Q#05 Q#06

## and sin < then find the value of sin.



A belt 24.75 meters long passes around a 2.5cm diameter pulley. As the belt makes 4 complete revolutions in a minute, find the number of radians through which the wheel turns is one second.  How does a boy travel on a bicycle in 15 revolutions if the diameter of each of the wheels is 14cm?  If

Q#07

Q#08

## Trigonometric functions. Q#09 If

and ( ) is not in the first quadrant, then find the values of all the 

## functions, using the definition of radian function with x2 + y2 = 1. Q#11

Find the arc length of a circle whose diameter is 28 cm and whose central angle is of measure 41o.  If ( ) is not in the third quadrant, find of remaining  2 2 trigonometric functions, using the definition of radian function with x + y + 1.

Q#12

Q#13

A belt 24.75 meters long passage around a 3.5 cm diameter pulley. As the belt makes 3 complete revolutions in a minute, how many radians does the wheel turn in one second?  A belt 23.85 meters long passes around 1.58 cm diameter pulley. If the belt makes

Q#14

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## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

two complete revolutions in a minute how many radians does the wheel turn in one second?  Q#15 If cot = - 2 and ( ) is in the second quadrant, find the values of all the trigonometric functions by using the definition of radian function. 

Q#16

How far does a boy on a bicycle travel in 12 revolutions if the diameter of the wheel of his bicycle is each equal to 56 cm?  If find the values of all trigonometric functions by 

Q#17

## using the definition of radian function. Q#18 If

( ) is not in the second quadrant, use radian function to find  

the remaining trigonometric functions. Q#19 Q#20 Find the remaining trigonometric function if tan is negative and If ( ) is not in the 2nd quadrant, find the remaining

## trigonometric function using the definition of radian function x2 + y2 = 1. Q#21



A belt 24.75 meters passes around a 3.5cm diameter pulley as the belt makes 3 complete revolution in a minute. How many radians does wheel turn in a second?  Find the remaining trigonometric functions if cot = 3 and sin is positive. 

Q#22 Q#23

If a point on the rim of a 21 cm diameter flywheel travels 5040 meters in a minute, through how many radians does the flywheel turn in one second? , If tan = , find the remaining trigonometric functions when lies in the 3rd quadrant.  A belt 24.75 meter long passes over a 1.5 cm diameter pulley. As the belt makes two complete revolutions in a minute, how many vadians does the wheel turn in one second? 

Q#24

Q#25

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## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

CHAPTER # 14
Q#01 Prove that ( )

(TRIGONOMETRIC IDENTITIES)
 

Q#02 Q#03 Q#04 Q#05 Q#06 Q#07 Prove that Sin6 + cos6 = 1 3sin2 cos2 ( ) ( ) ( ) cos4 = 8 cos4 8. cos2 + 1

 &   &     

Q#11

If

Q#12

Prove that

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##    

Express cos in terms of cot. Prove that the points A(6 , 13), B(5,7) and C(4,1) are collinear.



Q#18

( ) ( )

 

## Q#22 Q#23 Q#24 Q#25 Q#26

Q#27 Q#28

Show that (0,0) (a,0) , (b , c) and (b a , c) taken in order form the vertices of a parallelogram.  cos 4 = 8cos4 8 cos2 + 1 ( )    
( ( ) )

Q#33

 

Q#34
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Q#35 Q#36

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

  &   

Q#37

Q#38 Q#39 Q#40 Q#41 Q#42 Q#43 Q#44 Q#45 Q#46 Prove that Cos3 = 4 cos3 3cos Q#47 Q#48 Q#48 Q#49 Q#50 Q#52
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sin6 sin 4 + sin 2 = 4 sin cos 2 cos 3 cos( + ). Cos( ) = cos2 sin2 cos 4 = 8 cos4 8cos2 + 1

##   &  



Show that the points (2,1),(5,a) and (2,6) are the vertices of a right angle triangle. Express all the trigonometric functions in terms of cosec. sin6 cos6 = 1 3 sin2 cos2 . cos(+) cos ( ) = cos2 sin2 cos4 = 8 cos4 8cos2 + 1. cos4 = 8cos4 8 cos2 + 1

Q#53 Q#54

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

    

( ) )

 

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CHAPTER # 15
Q#01 Q#02 Q#03

## (GRAPHS OF TNGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS)

Draw the grapy of cos 2, where - . Draw the grapy of cos 2 , where .

Draw the graph of the function y = sin(-), -180o 0 180o and find the value of sin ( 150o) from the graph.  Draw the graph of y = cos for 2 2 . Draw the graph of cos when 0 . Draw the graph of y = sin 2 , where Draw the graph of y = tan x for 90o < x < 90o. .     & 

## Q#04 Q#05 Q#06 Q#07 Q#08

Draw the graph of y = sin 2x , where x . From the graph find the value of sin 140o.  Draw the graph of y = cos2x, where Draw the graph of cos 2 if . Sketch the graph of sin , where 0 2. Draw the graph of sin when - /2. Draw the graph of cos2x, where x . Draw the graph of sin x, when -180o x 180o.    

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## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

CHAPTER # 16
Q#01

(SOLUTIONS OF TRIANGLES)

An aeroplane is flying at a height of 9000 meters. If the angle of depression to a field marker is 23o, find the aerial distance.  A plane is heading due east at 675 km/h. A wind is blowing in from the north east at 75 km/h; find the direction of the plane and it ground speed.  If the measure of the two sides of a triangle are 4 and 5 units find the third side so that the area of the triangle is 6 Sqr. units.  A man observe that the angle of elevation of the top of a mountain is 50o from a point on the ground. On walking 150 meters away from the point, the angle of elevation becomes 4.45o. Find the height of the mountain.  The three sides of the triangular lot have lengths 9 , 12 and 16cm respectively. Find the measure of its largest angle and the area of the lot.  Show that in any triangle ABC 

Q#02

Q#03

Q#04

Q#05

Q#06

Q#07

A man standing on one side of a road observes that the measure of the angle Subtended by the top of a five-storey building on the opposite side of the road is 35o. When he crosses the road of width 35 meters to approach the building, he finds the Measure of the angle to be 65o; find the height of the building and distance of the initial position of the man from the building.  Solve the triangle ABC in which B = 60 o, A = 49o and C = 39 inches. Show that ( )   

## Show that in any triangle ABC,

Q#11

A man standing on one side of a road observes that the measure of the angle Subtended by the top of a five-storey building on the opposite side of the road is 35o. When he crosses the road of width 35 meters to approach the building, he finds the Measure of the angle to be 65o; find the height of the building and distance of the initial position of the man from the building.  

Q#12

## Solve the triangle ABC in which B = 60 o, A = 49o and C = 39 inches.

Q#13

Find the length of the third side of a triangular building that faces 13.6 meters along one street and 13.0 meters along another street. The angle of intersection of the two streets is 270o. 

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## MATHEMATICS FIRST YEAR

Q#14 Prove that the area of a triangle. , where Q#15 Q#16



## is the area of the given triangle ABC.  

Prove that r1 , r2 , r3 = rs2, where r , r1 , r2 , r3 and s have usual meanings. Prove that in any equilateral triangle r: R : r1 = 1 : 2 : 3 , r. R and r1 have usual meanings.

Q#17

Solve the triangle in which a = 15.2cm , b = 20.9 cm and c = 34.7cm and also find the area of the triangle.  A man is standing on the bank of a river. He observes that the measure of the angle subtended by a tree on the opposite bank is 60o, when the retreats of 40 meters from the bank, he finds the measure of the angle to be 30o; find the height of the tree and the width of the river.  Prove the Law of Cosine, (Show all the working) 

Q#18

Q#19 Q#20

A piece of a plastic strip 1 m is bent to form an isosceles triangle with 96o as its largest angle; find the length of the sides.  Prove that meanings. where R, r1 have their usual    
)

Q#21

Q#22

Solve the following triangle: a = 54o 58 , b = 70 cms , c = 58 cms Prove that: . State also the meaning of the notations.

Q#23 Q#24

( )(

## Where all the letters have their usual meanings

Q#25

A hiker walks due east at 4 km per hour and a second hiker starting from the same point walks 55o north east at the rate of 6km per hour. How far apart will they be after 2 Hours?  Show that in any triangle ABC. 

Q#26

Q#27
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Three sides of a triangular lot have lengths 14cm, 15 cm and 16cm ; find the

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

 

measure of the largest angle and the area of the lot. Q#28 Q#29 Derive the cosine law: a2 = b2 + c2 2bc cos for a triangle ABC.

Due to the wind blowing from 37o north east, the pilot of an aeroplane whose airspeed is 500km/hr has to head his plane at 325o in order to follow a courses of 310o; find the ground speed.  Prove: meanings. where all the symbols have their usual  & 
( )

Q#30

Q#31

## Prove that in ABC.

; where all symbols have their usual meanings   

Q#32 Q#33

Solve the triangle is = 25o, a = 40cm, b = 20cm, Show that in any Where all the symbols have their usual meanings.

Q#34

An aeroplane is flying at a height of 9000 meters. If the angle of depression of a field market is 23o, find the aerial distance. 

Q#35

Three points A,B,C form a triangle such that the ratio of the measures of their angles is 1:2:3. Find the ratio of the lengths of the sides.  Find the area of a Prove that ABC in which = 30o , = 63o and c = 7.3 cm.
( ( )( ) )

Q#36 Q#37

 

Where s, a , b , c have their usual meanings. Q#38 If three sides of a triangle are 11 cm, 13cm , 16cm, find the measure of the largest angle and the area of the triangle.  If a = b = c , then prove that r : R : r1 = 1:2:3, where a , b , c , r , R1 , r1 have their usual meanings.  A plan is heading due east at 675km/h. The wind is blowing in from the north east at 75km/h, find the direction of the plane and its ground speed.  Solve the triangle ABC in which a = b = c. Show that  

Q#39

Q#40

Q#41 Q#42

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Q#43

## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

Prove that in any equilateral triangle r : R : r1 = 1 : 2 : 3, where r , R , r1 have their usual meanings.  A piece of plastic strip 1 meter long is bent so form an isosceles triangle with 95o as the measure of its largest angle; find the lengths of the sides of the triangle.  The measures of the two sides of a triangle are 4cm and 5cm, find the third side such that the area of the triangle is 6 square centimeters.  A man is standing on the bank of a river. He observes that the measures of the angle elevation subtended by the tree on the opposite bank is 65o, when the retreats of 35 meters from the bank, he finds the measure of the angle to be 35o; find the height of the tree and the width of the river.  Find the area of the triangle ABC, if = 30o = 63o c = 7.3 cm. Prove that meanings. where all notations have their usual        , where all the letters have their usual meanings. , the letters have their usual     

Q#44

Q#45

Q#46

Q#47 Q#48

## Q#49 Q#50 Q#51 Q#52 Q#53

r1 r2 r3 = rs2, where the symbols have their usual meanings. Find the area of the triangle ABC when = 51o, = 61o, b = Derive the Law of Cosine. Solve the triangle ABC when = 49o , = 60o , c = 39cm. If a = b = c, prove that r1: R: r = 3: 2: 1, where r1, R and r have their usual meanings. Draw Law of Sines. Prove that Show that in any meanings.

## Q#54 Q#55 Q#56

Q#57 Q#58

Solve the ABC in which a = 5cm , b = 10cm and c = 13cm Draw the Law of Cosine.

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## CHAPTER WISE QUESTIONS

CHAPTER # 17
(INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS & TRIGONOMETRIC EQUATIONS)
Q#01 Q#02 Show that Tan-1 a + Cot-1 a = /2; a 0 Find the value of: ( Q#03 Q#04 Q#05 Q#06 Q#07

 

) . .

## Solve the equation tan2 x 1 = Prove that

Draw the graph of y = arc cos x , where 1 where -1 1. Solve Find the value of: (

,  ) ( ( ))   ( ) ,   ( ) ( )    

## Solve Cos + Cos2 + 1 = 0 Prove that ( )

Solve the trigonometric equation Solve 2sin2 3sin 2 = 0 Solve Cos + Cos2 + 1 = 0

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