# First Round : March 26, 2011 Second Round: April 23, 2011 at The University of Alabama

**ALGEBRA II WITH TRIGONOMETRY EXAM
**

Construction of this test directed by Congxiao Liu and Chunhui Yu, Alabama A&M University

INSTRUCTIONS This test consists of 50 multiple choice questions. The questions have not been arranged in order of diﬃculty. For each question, choose the best of the ﬁve answer choices labeled A, B, C, D, and E. The test will be scored as follows: 5 points for each correct answer, 1 point for each question left unanswered, and 0 points for each wrong answer. (Thus a “perfect paper” with all questions answered correctly earns a score of 250, a blank paper earns a score of 50, and a paper with all questions answered incorrectly earns a score of 0.) Random guessing will not, on average, either increase or decrease your score. However, if you can eliminate one of more of the answer choices as wrong, then it is to your advantage to guess among the remaining choices. • All variables and constants, except those indicated otherwise, represent real numbers. • Diagrams are not necessarily to scale. We use the following geometric notation: • If A and B are points, then: AB is the segment between A and B ← → AB is the line containing A and B − − → AB is the ray from A through B AB is the distance between A and B • If A is an angle, then: m ∠ A is the measure of angle A in degrees • If A and B are points on a circle, then: ⌢ AB is the arc between A and B ⌢ ⌢ m AB is the measure of AB in degrees

Editing by Zhijian Wu, The University of Alabama Printing by The University of Alabama

Meteorologist 16.math. Accountant 11. Mathematician 2. The University of Alabama oﬀers undergraduate and graduates degrees in Mathematics.
. Many important problems in government. Mail Carrier 188. Roofer 194. as well as general problem-solving skills. Paralegal Assistant 18. and the mathematical skills needed for work in many other areas. Butcher 185. Economist 12. Lumberjack 199. Parole Oﬃcer 15. for dealing with these problems. Computer Programmer 19. Construction Worker 189. Sheet Metal Worker 187. Actuary 3. Seaman196. Nuclear Decontamination Tech 184. Please visit www. Sociologist 9. Statistician 4. Physicist 14. Historian 8. Software Engineer 6. EMT 195. Motion Picture Editor 20. Computer Systems Analyst 7. precision of thought and expression. Philosopher13. Nurse (LN) 183. 2009 The Best 1.S. Auto Mechanic 186. The study of mathematics provides speciﬁc analytical and quantitative tools. health and environmental ﬁelds.edu and refer to the undergraduate and graduate programs for additional information. Dairy Farmer 198.Doing the Math to Find the Good Jobs
Mathematicians Land Top Spot in New Ranking of Best and Worst Occupations in the U. Welder 192. Roustabout 191. Medical Laboratory Technician 17.ua. and the academic world require sophisticated mathematical techniques for their solution. private industry. Fireﬁghter
What You Can Do With A Mathematics Major
Occupational opportunities
Actuarial and Insurance Computer & Information Sciences Researcher Demographers Data Processor Applications Programmer Systems Analyst Computer Applications Engineer Control Systems Engineer Numerical Analyst Statistician Technical Writer Government Investment Analyst Beneﬁts Specialist Computer Programmer Navigator Ecologist Biomedical Engineer Operations Analyst Control Systems Engineer Teaching Engineering Analyst Homeland Security Accountant Financial Planner Mathematician Cartographer Meteorologist Health Bio-mathematician Operations Research Systems Engineer BusinessIndustry Financial Analyst Communications Engineer
Study in the ﬁeld of mathematics oﬀers an education with an emphasis on careful problem analysis. Garbage Collector 193. Painter 182. Industrial Designer 10. Child Care Worker 181. THE WALL STREET JOURNAL January 6. Ironworker 190. Taxi Driver 197. Biologist 5. Astronomer The Worst 200.

What is the number of sides of a regular polygon for which the number of diagonals is between 30 and 40 ? (A) 6 (B) 7 (C) 8 (D) 9 (E) 10
9.
√ The graphs of the two lines 2ax + y = 1 and x − 4 ay = 2 are perpendicular to each other. B.7sin θ < 1 and 0.
Let A be the area of the region enclosed by the graph of |x| 3 + |y| 3 = 1. 1.
If a is a nonzero integer and b is a positive number such that ab2 = log10 b. what is the sum of A. What is the value of x3 + 3 ? x x (D) 1 (E) 2
7. b 1 (A) (B) b (C) a (D) 1 (E) 0 b Given the function f (x) = 2x4 − 3x3 + 4x2 − 5x + 6.7tan θ > 1 ? (A) −36◦ (B) 44◦ (C) 124◦
4
(D) 204◦
4
(E) 284◦
6. What is the median of { 1} ? the set 0. a.
The limit of (A) 1
4.
8. b.
For which value of θ listed below is it true that 0.( 1. If i2 = −1. −1) ? (A) 1 (B) 0 (C) −1 (D) 2 (E) −2
5. Then A is in which of the following range ? π π 3π (A) 1 < A < (B) <A<2 (C) 2 < A < π (D) π < A < 3 (E) 3 < A < 2 2 2 Suppose x is a complex number satisfying the equation x + (A) −2 (B) −1 (C) 0 1 1 = 1.
. and E if f (x) = A(x − 1)4 + B(x − 1)3 + C(x − 1)2 + D(x − 1) + E ? (A) 16 (B) 17 (C) 18 (D) 19 (E) 20
10. What is the value of a ? (A) 1 √ (B) 2 x−2 as x approaches 4 is ? x−4 (B) 2 (C) 1 2 (D) 4 (E) 1 4 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5
3. then what is the value of (A) 1 (B) 1+i √ 2
1+i √ 2
)2011 ? (C) 1−i √ 2 (D) i (E) −i
2. C.
What is the slope of the line that goes through points (−1. 2) and (2. D.

Find a11 .
Express the rational number s = sin2 (10◦ ) + sin2 (20◦ ) + sin2 (30◦ ) + · · · + sin2 (80◦ ) in lowest terms . the inequality which is always correct is x y (A) x + z > y + z (B) xz > yz (C) (D) x2 z > y 2 z > z z If xy = 2 and x2 + y 2 = 5. What is f2011 (x) ? 1−x (B) 1 1−x (C) x−1 x (D) x x−1 (E) x 1−x
. The total number of possible distinct values of S is (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5
13.
If the age of a person 16 years ago was 5 times the current age of his son.
( π) · tan x · csc x ? What is the exact value of sin x − 2 (A) 2 (B) 1 (C) 0 (D) −1 (E) −2
20. Deﬁne f1 (x) = f (x) and fn+1 (x) = f (fn (x)) for n ≥ 1.
The largest solution of the equation 2 log10 x = log10 (3x − 20) + 1 is (A) 10 (B) 20 3 (C) 23 3 (D) 20 (E) 100
21.11.
Given x > y. (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5
17. (A) 50 (B) 55 (C) 60 (D) 65 (E) 66
14.
√
5 2
(E)
2 5
19.
Which of the following is equal to sec5 x cot x − sec3 x cot x ? (A) cos x sin2 x (B) cos x sin4 x (C) sin x cos2 x (D) sin x cos4 x (E) None of these
16. what is the maximal degree of the polynomial? (A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) None of these
12. where a1 = 1 and an+1 = an + n for n ≥ 1.
If a polynomial function with real coeﬃcients has 3 distinct x-intercepts.
Let f (x) = (A) x
1 . what is the age of his son now ? (A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 6
15. and two years ago the sum of his age and his son’s age was 30. and z ̸= 0. then (A) 0 (B) 5 2 x y + is equal to y x (C) 1 (D)
(E) None of these
18.
Let S = i2n−2 + i2n+2 .
Given the sequence {an }. where n is an integer and i2 = −1.

5n + 16 and 8n + 29 have a common factor larger than one.
Consider the region deﬁned by the inequality |x| + 2|y| ≤ 2.2. then what is the value of sin3 x − cos3 x ? 2 (B) 3 4 (C) 9 16 (D) 5 8 (E) 11 16
32. The value of f (1) is (A) 7 3 (B) 3 7 (C) 5 2 (D) 2 5 (E) None of these
25.
How many 5 digit numbers that are divisible by 3 can be formed using 0.
If z is a complex number satisfying z 2 − z + 1 = 0. If the slope of OA is 1.3.
√ 1 − cos x 3 How many solutions does the trigonometric equation = have in the interval [0.5 if no repetitions allowed ? (A) 216 (B) 120 (C) 240 (D) 126 (E) 96
27.
Points A and B are in the ﬁrst quadrant and O is the origin.
9 9 9 A 9 + + 5 + · · · + 19 = 19 .22. and the length of OA is equal to the length of OB.4. 2π] ? sin x 3 (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5
26.
If greeting cards cost $20 for a box of 12 pieces. $10 for a packet of 3 pieces. then the slope of AB is √ √ √ 1 2 (A) − 7 (B) 1 − 7 (C) − (D) 2 − 7 (E) − 7 7 Given that logb (a3 ) = 2. the slope of OB √ is 7. Let A be the positive integer satisfying the following equation 10 103 10 10 10 How many 9’s appear in the decimal representation of A ? (A) 7 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 10 (E) 11
.
29. or $4 each.
Function f satisﬁes f (x) + 2f (5 − x) = x for all real numbers x. What is the area of this region ? (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5
31. then z 24 is equal to (A) 1 (B) −1 (C) i (D) −i (E) None of these
23. That common factor is (A) 11 (B) 13 (C) 17 (D) 19 (E) 23
24. then the greatest number of cards that can be purchased by $118 is (A) 60 (B) 61 (C) 65 (D) 66 (E) 67
30.
For a certain integer n. the value of loga (b3 ) is (A) 3 (B) 2 9 (C) 2 3 (D) 9 2 (E) 3 2
28.1.
If sin x − cos x = (A) 1 2
1 .

3. a0 = 1. If g(p) = . For example. How old is the son ? (A) 9 (B) 10 (C) 11 (D) 12 (E) 13
41. a2011 be a curious sequence.
A used car dealer sold two cars and received $1120 for each car.
How many positive integer solutions are there to 1! + 2! + 3! + 4! + · · · + x! ≤ x3 ? (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) None of these
38. labeled 1. Let a0 . a1 . and the age of their son is the sum of the digits of the mother’s age.
A box contains nine balls. (D) 83 (E) 84 (D) $168 (E) $224
35. One of these transactions amounted to a 40% proﬁt for the dealer.
Three fair 6-sided dice. a1 .33. one is colored blue and one is colored yellow.
Find the number of distinguishable permutations of the letters in the word: MATHEMATICS ? ( )( ) 11! 11 8 (A) 11! (B) (C) (D) 118 (E) None of these 3 (2!) 2 2 ax − a−x 1 . · · · . 2011 What is the value of the sum k=0 ak ? (A) 4022 (B) 2012 (C) 2011 (D) 22011 (E) None of these
34. my neighbor has reached a square age. whereas the other amounted to a 20% loss. n. then g(4p) is equal to ax + a−x 3 (B) 7 8 (C) 13 15 (D) 6 7 (E) 11 13
39. What is the probability that the numbers at the top of the dice satisfy the inequality: red<blue<yellow ? (A) 1 6 (B) 5 12 (C) 7 25 (D) 4 45 (E) 5 54
.
Determine the coeﬃcient of x−3 in the expansion of (A) 80 (B) 81 (C) 82
36. · · · . a3 = 0 ∑ forms a curious sequence.
A ﬁnite sequence a0 . an of integers is called a curious sequence if it has the property that for every k = 0. The age of their daughter is the sum of the digits of the father’s age. What is the probability that the sum of the labels on the balls is odd ? (A) 1 2 (B) 3 4 (C) 5 9 (D) 7 13 (E) 10 21
37. 6 are tossed. a1 = 2.
Legally married in Alabama. each labeled 1. 2. 1. 2. where a > 0 and a ̸= 1. The product of the digits of his age is his wife’s age. 9. · · · . One is colored red. What is the dealer’s net proﬁt on the two transactions ? (A) $40 (B) $72 (C) $112 ( 2 x + x 4 )9 .
Let g(x) = (A) 15 17
40. Suppose four balls are drawn simultaneously. · · · . the number of times k appears in the sequence is ak . a2 = 1. 2. · · · .

then (A) a=b (B) a > b (C) a < b (D) a ̸= b (E) None of these
49. what is the largest possible total value of coins you can have without having exact change for a dollar ? (A) 99 cents (B) 101 cents (C) 105 cents (D) 109 cents (E) None of these
44.
Let Z= a+ b+
1 1 1 c+ d+ 1 1 e+ 1 f
. for every real number x. e and f are all either 1 or 2. nickels.
of f
Let f (x) be a function such that. What The average of three numbers is 5. then which of the following must be also true ? (A) a < 1 (B) −1 < a < 0 (C) 0 < a < 1 (D) a > 1 (E) None of these
46.
If it is true that a < a5 < a4 . and quarters. c. What is the value (π) ? 2 (A) −1 (B) − 1 2 (C) 0 (D) 1 2 (E) 1
43.
If a.42.
What is the maximal number of pieces you can form with 10 straight cuts across the face of a pizza ? (A) 90 (B) 100 √ 5 729 ? (C) √ 353 √ (D) 3 5 9 √ (E) 9 5 3 (C) 55 (D) 56 (E) 96
47. If ax = by and ay = bx .
Using pennies.
How many polynomials are there of the form x3 − 9x2 + cx + d such that c and d are real numbers and the three roots of the polynomial are distinct positive integers ? (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5
45. The average of their reciprocals is 72 is the median of the three numbers ? (A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 7
. what is the minimal value of Z ? (A) 7 20 (B) 15 41 (C) 8 21 (D) 17 43 (E) 9 22
50. dimes.
Which of the following is equal to √ √ (A) 2 5 3 (B) 2 5 9
48. Their product is 96.
17 . f (−x) + 3f (x) = sin x. b. b < 1. d.
Suppose a.