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How To Use Photoshop Cs4

By: Helen Rogers Break Studios Contributing Writer Many people find themselves wondering how to use Photoshop CS4 because the program looks extremely intricate from first glance. There are so many settings, options, menus and buttons that you might be scared you’ll mess something up if you press the wrong button. The truth is that Adobe products are really simple once they are demystified and learned. Many people also find that they are extremely powerful.

To use Photoshop CS4, you will need:
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A copy of Photoshop CS4 A computer An image file Start by opening Photoshop CS4. When you open the program for the first time, you’ll be prompted with a welcome screen which allows you to open recent files or begin a new file. Close this out because you don’t need it now. Select File, Open and browse to an image file you’d like to edit. Almost any image file will open in Photoshop CS4, but to keep things on the safe side, make sure it’s a common file-type. JPEG, PNG, TIFF and other common types will work fine. Save a copy of the file so that you don’t overwrite the original. You can name it something similar to the original, but make sure you do this so that you don’t end up overwriting your original file with an edited one you don’t like. Start by adjusting the Brightness/Contrast of your photo.You can access this by clicking Image>Adjustments>Brightness/Contrast. Play with the sliders until you come out with something you like. Sometimes it takes a while to come upon a desired result, but this effect can really bring your photo to life. Make sure not to go to crazy, however, because this can make your photo look a little too intense and washed out. Try the Levels setting out. Sometimes this setting can also produce desirable effects. You can find it under Image>Adjustments>Brightness/Contrast. It’s a little more in-depth than the Brightness/Contrast settings, but you can definitely get some good results out of that feature. If you’d like a black & white photo, use the Black & White feature. This is typically located under Image>Adjustments>Black & White. Filters are also nice adjustments you can make to your photos. These settings can really enhance the way a photo looks with just a few clicks of the mouse. The different types of filters can be be found under the “Filter” menu at the top. Using the paintbrush tool and zoom, you can edit out blemishes and spots. This method in photo editing takes a little bit of time and patience, but the more you work on a particular spot, the better your results will be. Play around with the various tools in the Tools panel to edit various things in your photo. For example, the Blur and Smudge tool are very powerful. Keep practicing. The best way to use Photoshop CS4 is to keep practicing. There’s no doubt that the program can be confusing in the initial stages of using it, but the more you use it and complete online tutorials, the more familiar it will become to you.
Posted on: Mar. 25, 2011

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you can make a Pen tool path and load it as a selection or manipulate duplicates of channels to help you make a selection. The Magnetic Lasso tool finds the edge of an object as you drag near the edge and the selection snaps to the edge as you drag (drag to the starting point to close the shape). Lets start with Move Tool (V) Any time you want to move image pixels (not selection borders alone). Marquee Selection Tools (M) Use the Marquee selection tools to select rectangular or oval shapes. Lasso Selection Tools (L) Use these tools to select pixels by dragging or clicking around objects. the Type tool typesets text. If you don’t want to complete the Magnetic Lasso selection. Press Shift while you drag with the Rectangular Marquee tool to drag a square. press ESC. As you might know most tools have hidden tools behind them. You can re-size these selection borders (not the image pixels) by choosing Select ➪ Transform Selection or by choosing Select ➪ Refine Edge. the linked layers content also moves. or single rows of pixels. With the Move tool active. The Magnetic Lasso tool works best on objects whose edges have a lot of contrast with the background. you need the Move tool. Use the Lasso tool to select rounded or irregular shapes that don’t have to be precise (drag around the shape until you get back to the starting point to close the shape). Quick Selection and the Magic Wand Tools (W) . The Polygonal Lasso tool is good for selecting objects with straight edges (click on each corner until you click on the first corner again to close the selection). If the edges are really straight. For precise selections. you can be pretty precise with this tool. Access hidden tools by clicking the mouse button on a tool and selecting it. and so on. If there is no selection active. the Brush tools paint on pixels with the foreground color. the Move tool moves all the pixels on the active layer when you drag in the image window. unless you want to nudge pixels a little at a time with the arrow keys. then release Shift).Guide To All Photoshop CS4 Tools (Part 1) Photoshop CS4 Tools The Selection tools select pixels. the Move tool moves only the selected pixels on the active layer. indicated by a small black triangle just below and to the right of the tool. click the mouse button and drag the pixels to move them. Tip: If the layer is linked to other layers. or press Shift while you drag with the Elliptical Marquee tool to drag a circle (release the mouse button first. If a selection is active. Tool keyboard shortcuts are shown to the right of the tool name.

The number of colors it selects depends on the Tolerance setting you enter in its Options Bar. This way. and then move any of its handles to adjust the crop. Drag with the Crop tool. in other words. Drop the foreground color into the Swatches panel by clicking in the gray area inside the Swatches panel. Use the Quick Selection tool to select multiple different colors that are adjacent to each other but enclosed in a surrounding color that contrasts with all the colors you want to select. Tip: Add to selections by pressing Shift while you make an additional selection with the same or a different selection tool. Color Sampler Tool Click with this tool in your image to set permanent color samplers in your image. you may be able to make each section a smaller file. The sampler and its color numbers appear in the Info panel until you delete the sampler. The Magic Wand tool selects colors that are similar to the color you click on with the Magic Wand. You can use the Crop tool’s Options Bar to enter the exact dimensions and resolution of your selection. but this can cause undesirable re-sampling if you are enlarging and don’t have enough resolution. If you don’t want to complete the crop. You can also use the Eyedropper tool to click on a color in the image to make it the foreground color. Load Selection gives you the option of adding or subtracting the loaded selection from an active selection. If the dimensions and resolution boxes are blank. Drag across the colors you want to select. Eyedropper Tool (I) Use this tool to find out a colors numbers. to do so. hover the Eyedropper tool over a color in the image while you look in the Info panel. you don’t have to worry about resolution resizing problems. To delete a color sampler. Crop Tool (C) Use the Crop tool to crop an image to its intended size. The Slice tool is used to drag through an image to create slices. The Slice Select tool can be used to select slices. This is helpful when color correcting or if you need to share color number information with someone. If a large image is left whole and saved for the Web. it might be so large that viewers have to wait for it to load. to cut the image into grid sections that can be saved with different settings. Or choose Select ➪ Save Selection or Select ➪ Load Selection) to add to or subtract from selections. Slice and Slice Select Tools These tools are used to create and select parts of images that have been sliced up in different sections for better display on the Web.The Quick Selection and Magic Wand tools select pixels by examining their colors. . Subtract from selections by pressing Alt while making an additional selection. press ESC. Alt-click or right-click on the color sampler with the Color Sampler tool and press Delete. Press Enter when you’re finished.

The flaw should magically disappear. discussed below. move the cursor to the flawed area in the image. in that you Alt + click with the Healing Brush to sample a good place in the image that you want to copy from. while matching the color that surrounds the flaw. It’s a good idea to make the Healing Brush at least a little bit bigger than the width of the flaw. or damage with a good nearby texture or a texture in another part of the image. is placed on each object. drag the Ruler tool across what you want to measure. The Healing Brush tool works similar to the Clone Stamp tool. flaws. then release the mouse button. which you can then Export with the Measurement Log panel menu. The flawed area should seem to be magically repaired. and check the Info panel for the measurement information. it’s usually best not to use the Healing tools or Patch tool when there is an undesirable color nearby. Healing Tools (J) Use the Healing tools and Patch tool to fill in bad spots. but since they pull in some of the surrounding color. To straighten an image with the Ruler tool. make this tool at least a little bit bigger than the flaw and either click on the flaw or drag across it. Red Eye Tool . To repair a flaw with the Spot Healing Brush. You can also set the Measurement Scale in the Measurement Log panel menu. drag with the Ruler tool along the edge of something you want to straighten. with color that matches its surrounding area.Ruler Tool Use the Ruler tool to measure distances from one object to another or to straighten an image. Click the Record Measurements button in the Measurement Log panel to record the data. which you can then export with the Measurement Log panel menu. and a serial number. The Healing Brush paints from the good area to cover the flawed area. starting with 1. To measure. Click once on each object. Photoshop automatically calculates the angle of rotation and straightens the image. then choose Image ➪ Transform Canvas ➪ Arbitrary. Click the Clear button in the Options Bar to start over with a new count or click the Count Group Color button to change the color of the numbers. and start painting over the flaw. then put the cursor inside the selected area and hold down the mouse button while dragging the selected flawed area on top of a good area (even if the color doesn’t match). Count Tool Use the Count tool when you need to count objects in an image. Patch tool Use the Patch tool to drag a complete shape around a flawed area. You may need to re-sample from different spots often if the good spots are small or if you find you are starting to see repeating patterns in the flaw repair area. These tools are often good at maintaining texture. Click the Record Measurements button in the Measurement Log panel to record the data. cracks.

Brush Tool (B) The Brush tool can be used to paint on an image. This tool continually takes samples of the color to replace as you drag. simply click with the Red Eye tool on the red part of the eye. If it doesn’t work quite right the first time. . One exception to the brush using the foreground color exclusively is that if. . Pencil Tool Use the Pencil tool to paint hard-edged lines. .When a brush is active.Use bracket keys to re-size a brush. you can see what a brush stroke looks like with those options in the bottom of the Brushes panel. You can’t make the Pencil tool have soft edges.Press Shift+Bracket Keys to change the hardness or softness of a brush’s edges. you can choose an existing preset in the Brushes panel. Use the following tips for tools that use brushes (such as Brush tool. you choose Color Dynamics and use foreground/background color Jitter. Drag across a color to change it to the foreground color. and it should fill the red part in with black. Use this setting to change the color of the sampled area (but not the luminosity or lightness). change some options in the Brushes panel. The Options Bar settings are critical for this tool: . click once in an image with a brush tool.To paint a straight line.This should connect the two areas by painting a straight line. click the New button at the bottom of the panel.If a person in a photo has red-eye. and give the new brush a name.Mode: Color. and so on). You can also drag a rectangular selection around pixels in an image that you want to use for a brush shape. There are many options you can apply to brushes in the Brushes panel. in the Brushes panel. press the number keys to change the brush’s opacity (2 for 20 percent opacity. 3 for 30 percent opacity. It uses the foreground color as the paint color. the brush alternately paints with the foreground and background colors when you drag it. . . The Brush tool has to be selected for the options to be available. But my favorite thing to do if it makes too large an area of black is to paint out the part of the black you don’t want from a previous state of the image with the History Brush. release the mouse button. so you can only let the cross-hairs of the brush go over colors you want to change. then Shift-click with the mouse. and move the mouse to a different part of the image. To make a new brush preset. Clone Stamp tool. then chooseEdit ➪ Define Brush Preset.It’s usually best if you make a large brush in this case. undo and try it again with a different Pupil Size and/or Darken Amount (in the Options Bar).Press the X key to switch foreground and background colors. and Eraser): .Sampling: Continuous. . When you change the options. . Color Replacement Tool Use the Color Replacement tool to replace a color in an image with another color.

The Clone Stamp tool copies exactly from one area to another. That way. Pattern Stamp Tool You can paint patterns onto an image with the Pattern Stamp tool. Alt-click (PC) or Option+click (Mac) with the Clone Stamp tool on a good place in the image that you want to copy from. move the cursor to the flawed area in the image. which may be undesirable. make a rectangular selection of image pixels you want to use as a pattern. This tool changes a color in an image if it is the same color as the background color. I can get a lot of extra sharpening in other areas that I might not have been able to if I had stopped before halos appeared. but it adds a painterly effect. The History Brush and Art History Brush Tools (Y) The History Brush tool is one of my favorite methods for undoing things. You can use reduced opacities with the History Brush. This tool samples the color to change when you first click the mouse button and hold it down to drag across a color.. The Clone Stamp tool can be set to blending modes other than Normal in the Options Bar for very useful retouching techniques. The Clone Stamp and Pattern Stamp Tool (S) The Clone Stamp tool can be used to fix areas in an image and copy one part of an image over another part. Then release the mouse button. it paints with the background color instead of transparency. since images tend to soften up on press. Background Eraser. You may need to try both tools to see which one works best. Choose a pattern preset in the Options Bar. but mixes in colors that surround the flawed area. The Eraser. but since you have to use a soft edge. This is useful when sharpening for print. I especially like to use this to paint out halos when I’ve over-sharpened a bit. and Magic Eraser Tools (E) Eraser tool erases to transparency the pixels you drag over a regular layer.Sampling: Background Swatch. It’s good to re-sample often to avoid repetitive patterns. and choose Edit ➪ Define Pattern. and start painting over the flaw. just like other brushes. With the History Brush active. especially just parts of things I don’t want. it paints . . To make a new pattern preset. To sample a good part of an image. Use a very soft or semi-soft edge on the brush so that there won’t be a hard edge between the cloned areas and original areas. The Healing Brush tool maintains texture better. some of the textural detail is lost.Sampling: Once. If you use it on a layer that has locked transparency (see the transparency lock button at the top of the Layers panel). click in a box to the left of a previous History State in the History panel that you want to paint from and drag in the image to paint the previous state of the image. If you use it on a background layer. The Art History Brush paints from a specified History State just like the History Brush.

The Blur. The Gradient and Paint Bucket tools (G) Gradient tool Use the Gradient tool to make gradients in a layer that contain gradual transitions from one color to another color or between many colors. but it leaves transparent pixels transparent (because they are locked). it changes sampled pixels to the background color instead of transparency. If you use it on a background layer. You can use masks or the History Brush to blur or sharpen only certain areas. drag in the layer with the Gradient tool. Tip: To erase or select objects with intricate or wispy shapes. . click the “Click to edit the gradient” button in the Options Bar to get the Gradient Editor. and Smudge Tools You can paint with the Blur tool to blur portions of an image. use the Extract command or another selection method. The Magic Eraser tool erases to transparency the sampled colors of pixels on a regular layer when you click on the pixels. To apply the gradient to a layer. Choose Filter ➪ Blur Filter for other blur options. Paint Bucket tool When you click to sample a color with the Paint Bucket tool. You can drag the Smudge tool to smudge parts of an image. Background Eraser Tool erases sampled colors of pixels on any kind of layer to transparency as you drag over them with the tool. it fills the sampled color with the foreground color. With the Gradient tool active. such as linear or radial. You can drag different angles and distances to get different results. To make the custom gradient into a new gradient preset. and Filter ➪ Unsharp Mask or Filter ➪ Smart Sharpen) for other sharpening options. in the Options Bar. The Sharpen tool allows you to sharpen portions of an image. Click a preset gradient or make a custom gradient by clicking just under the horizontal gradient bar to put a new color in the gradient or click just above the gradient bar to add a different opacity to part of the gradient. but it leaves transparent pixels transparent (because they are locked). You can choose different angles of a gradient. it changes the sampled pixels to the background color instead of transparency. Click OK to set your gradient and close the Gradient Editor. as if you were dabbling in finger paint I prefer to use other methods that have more control over blurring and sharpening. Samples are taken by the cross-hairs in the center of the brush. Sharpen. enter a name in the Custom box and click the New button.with the background color instead of transparency wherever you drag over pixels. If you use it on a layer that has locked transparency (see the transparency lock button at the top of the Layers panel).

keep tuned for more! .Part 2 Soon! I will cover the rest of the tools in Part 2 of this Guide.