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Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until

8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, January 4, 2013

USDL-13-0001

Technical information:
Household data:
(202) 691-6378 • cpsinfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/cps
Establishment data: (202) 691-6555 • cesinfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/ces
Media contact:

(202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov

THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION — DECEMBER 2012
Nonfarm payroll employment rose by 155,000 in December, and the unemployment rate was
unchanged at 7.8 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment increased in
health care, food services and drinking places, construction, and manufacturing.

Chart 1. Unemployment rate, seasonally adjusted,
December 2010 – December 2012

Chart 2. Nonfarm payroll employment over-the-month
change, seasonally adjusted, December 2010 –
December 2012

Percent
11.0

Thousands
400
300

10.0
200
9.0

100
0

8.0
-100
7.0
Dec-10 M ar-11

-200
Jun-11

Sep-11 Dec-11 M ar-12

Jun-12

Sep-12 Dec-12

Dec-10 M ar-11 Jun-11 Sep-11 Dec-11 M ar-12 Jun-12 Sep-12 Dec-12

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Household Survey Data
Seasonally adjusted household survey data have been revised using updated seasonal
adjustment factors, a procedure done at the end of each calendar year. Seasonally adjusted
estimates back to January 2008 were subject to revision. The unemployment rates for January
2012 through November 2012 (as originally published and as revised) appear in table A on
page 5, along with additional information about the revisions.

Household Survey Data
The number of unemployed persons, at 12.2 million, was little changed in December. The
unemployment rate held at 7.8 percent and has been at or near that level since September. (See
table A-1.)
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult women (7.3 percent) and blacks
(14.0 percent) edged up in December, while the rates for adult men (7.2 percent), teenagers (23.5
percent), whites (6.9 percent), and Hispanics (9.6 percent) showed little or no change. The jobless rate
for Asians was 6.6 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier. (See tables A-1,
A-2, and A-3.)
In December, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was
essentially unchanged at 4.8 million and accounted for 39.1 percent of the unemployed. (See
table A-12.)
The civilian labor force participation rate held at 63.6 percent in December. The employmentpopulation ratio, at 58.6 percent, was essentially unchanged over the month. (See table A-1.)
The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as
involuntary part-time workers), at 7.9 million, changed little in December. These individuals were
working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time
job. (See table A-8.)
In December, 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, essentially unchanged
from a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor
force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months.
They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding
the survey. (See table A-16.)
Among the marginally attached, there were 1.1 million discouraged workers in December, little
changed from a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons
not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.5
million persons marginally attached to the labor force in December had not searched for work in the 4
weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See
table A-16.)
Establishment Survey Data
Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 155,000 in December. In 2012, employment growth
averaged 153,000 per month, the same as the average monthly gain for 2011. In December, employment
increased in health care, food services and drinking places, construction, and manufacturing. (See
table B-1.)
Health care employment continued to expand in December (+45,000). Job gains occurred in
ambulatory health care services (+23,000), in hospitals (+12,000), and in nursing and residential care
facilities (+10,000). In 2012, health care employment rose by 338,000.

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In December, employment in food services and drinking places rose by 38,000. In 2012, the industry
added an average of 24,000 jobs a month, essentially the same as in 2011.
Construction added 30,000 jobs in December, led by employment increases in construction of buildings
(+13,000) and in residential specialty trade contractors (+12,000).
In December, manufacturing employment rose by 25,000, with small gains in a number of component
industries. In 2012, factory employment increased by 180,000; most of the growth occurred during the
first quarter.
Employment in retail trade changed little in December, after increasing by 143,000 over the prior 3
months. Within the industry, employment in clothing and accessories stores fell by 19,000, following
gains that totaled 55,000 over the prior 3 months. Elsewhere in retail trade, employment in automobile
dealers and in food and beverage stores continued to trend up in December.
Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, transportation and
warehousing, financial activities, professional and businesses services, and government, showed
little change over the month.
In December, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by 0.1
hour to 34.5 hours. The manufacturing workweek edged up by 0.1 hour to 40.7 hours, and factory
overtime was unchanged at 3.3 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory
employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by 0.1 hour to 33.8 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)
Average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 7 cents to $23.73.
Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.1 percent. In December, average hourly earnings
of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 6 cents to $19.92. (See
tables B-3 and B-8.)
The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for October was revised from +138,000 to +137,000,
and the change for November was revised from +146,000 to +161,000.

The Employment Situation for January is scheduled to be released on Friday, February 1, 2013, at
8:30 a.m. (EST).

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Revisions in the Establishment Survey Data
With the release of January 2013 data on February 1, 2013, the Current Employment Statistics
(CES) survey will introduce revisions to nonfarm payroll employment, hours, and earnings data
to reflect the annual benchmark adjustment for March 2012 and updated seasonal adjustment
factors. Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2011 and seasonally adjusted data
beginning with January 2008 are subject to revision.

Upcoming Changes to the Household Survey
Effective with the release of The Employment Situation for January 2013, scheduled for
February 1, 2013, new population controls will be used in the monthly household survey
estimation process. These new controls reflect the annual updating of intercensal population
estimates by the U.S. Census Bureau. Historical data will not be revised to incorporate the new
controls; consequently, household survey data for January 2013 will not be directly comparable
with that for December 2012 or earlier periods. A table showing the effects of the new controls
on the major labor force series will be included in the January 2013 release.

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.. Table A....1 ....3 8..htm....3 8.....7 8.1 7.. November . 8............ Historical data for the household series contained in the A tables of this release can be accessed at www. seasonally adjusted data for January 2008 through November 2012 were subject to revision.......8 -5- 0.....3 8...requests/lf/.....bls...0 ........9 7..2 8..............0 .................... October ......... An article describing the seasonal adjustment methodology for the household survey data and revised data for January 2012 through November 2012 is available at www...........................1 ..........9 7. or household survey..bls... February ..... BLS routinely updates the seasonal adjustment factors for the labor force series derived from the Current Population Survey (CPS)...................0 ...............................1 8.................. Revised seasonally adjusted data for other major labor force series beginning in December 2011 appear in table B.......0 ..........2 8.....2 8..... April .....bls......8 7..2 8....gov/cps/cpsatabs. September ....... June ............... As a result of this process.3 8......... August ........0 .........1 8..gov/pub/special...Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Household Survey Data At the end of each calendar year.2 8.....................0 -.gov/cps/cpsrs2013..1 7............... May ......................2 8. Seasonally adjusted unemployment rates in 2012 and changes due to revision January . Table A shows the unemployment rates for January 2012 through November 2012...3 8......0 ...... Revised historical seasonally adjusted monthly and quarterly data for additional series are available on the Internet at ftp://ftp. July ... as first published and as revised...0 ......................November 2012 As first Month As revised Change computed January ..............8 7.....pdf.......0 ..............................2 8..... March ................ The rates changed by one-tenth of a percentage point in 2 of the 11 months and were unchanged in the remaining 9 months.

5 58. .1 8.566 243. .693 5. .0 55. .7 1.580 69.351 25.980 118. . Unemployment rate. . .079 118.6 58. . . . . .525 26.733 33. . .568 79. . . .468 26. .248 12. . 115. . .7 1. .701 12.396 108. .2 59. . . . .8 7. .707 154. . . .143 6.851 108. . Unemployed. .313 79. . . . . . .0 7. .1 55. .2 7.179 73. .0 63.0 55. . .7 7. . . . . .7 7.2 8. . . Participation rate. . Unemployment rate. . Civilian labor force. .4 7. Civilian labor force. .955 5. . .945 35.679 79. .686 12.2 73. . .6 16.7 55. . . .0 54. .437 64. Participation rate.6 7. .5 67. . .3 7. . Participation rate.097 73.1 7. .4 59. .5 .7 7. .4 58.4 1. . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table B. .5 59.7 63. . . . . . .446 64.428 24.8 63.085 79. .584 242. . . . .777 69. . . . .1 55.6 63. . . .373 79. . .174 244. . . .813 70.821 73. 108. . . . . . . .3 59. .834 5. .800 69. . . . .126 5. .412 24. . .355 23. .580 69.290 108. .2 4. . .7 58. .451 154.206 8.6 67. . .3 7.376 79. .6 58. . .155 243.350 153. .918 5. . .602 117. Employment-population ratio. .170 117. . . .145 73.288 73. . . . .775 69. .1 1.041 69.5 63.727 108. . . Civilian labor force. Oct. .949 67.269 242. .161 5. NOTE: Seasonally adjusted data have been revised to reflect updated seasonal adjustment factors.7 16. Unemployed.613 108. .483 12. Civilian labor force. .9 73. . . . . . .0 4. . . Feb. .448 142. Participation rate. . .083 4.469 26.376 23. .3 73.170 68. .342 23.746 8. . 20 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population1 . . . . . . .9 55. .289 108.238 73.2 59. . .075 5. . Employed. . .5 67. .420 79. seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] 2011 Employment status. Employed. . .042 12.871 5.879 5. . .419 26. . . .360 25. .7 72. . . . .979 5.2 59. .318 5. . . .503 108.020 141. . . . . . . 20 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population1 . . . . . .422 64.673 69.7 1. .2 67. . .709 34. . . .034 5.096 109. .310 22. .105 7.3 73.8 55. . . . . .9 72. . . . .236 5.0 72.4 1.763 34.9 4.7 4.7 7.123 6. . . . . .080 64. . .616 64. .0 55.6 67. .158 5. .0 4. . .436 79. .8 7.3 59. .7 17. .2 Women. .8 7. . .0 17. . . .0 73. .027 4. . . . . .0 1. .4 4. . .3 63. . .5 4.124 5. Employed. . . .435 242.695 73.5 67. . .391 25.082 12. . . .3 7. . .806 12. .5 16. . . .856 34. . . . . . -6- 16. . .2 7. . . . .648 117.748 33. . .065 6. .2 8.7 16.8 63.448 117.149 154. .103 79.6 67. May June July Aug.369 5. . .7 67.301 79. . . .825 154. . . .546 117. .653 64.260 117.328 143.370 6. . . . . . . .9 73.7 58. . . . . . . .0 7. . .1 73. . .059 59. .1 4. . . . . . .056 155. . . Employment-population ratio.6 4.760 117.2 8. .4 1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation. . . . Apr. .907 5.869 117. .716 64.7 7.2 8.188 108. . .511 64. Dec.400 26. . . .4 17. TOTAL Civilian noninstitutional population1 .365 23.748 12.5 58.7 7. Employment-population ratio.845 34. .5 58. . . . .576 155. . and age Dec. . .814 34. . .6 1.138 73. .940 34.203 79.988 64. . Unemployment rate. . . .6 63.341 5. .402 26. .049 12.7 7.9 17. . . .3 8. Sept. . . . .9 54.334 25.4 7. . . . . . . . . . .7 58. . .6 13.0 5.6 58. . . . Unemployed.747 5. .954 54.988 5.695 12.299 73.896 141.6 7. .2 73. .973 109.8 63.934 65.3 73.7 1.3 4.3 59. .087 108. . . .4 67. .277 143. . . .3 59. . .966 243. . 16.5 1. Nov.8 63. .958 6. .082 117. . . . . .4 59. . . .612 73. . . .356 154.9 17. .8 Men. . . .5 7.3 Both sexes.378 23. .453 25. . . . .745 12. . .0 7. .4 59.3 8.387 23.983 244.6 58.308 79.768 33. .533 26. .133 6. sex.974 143.5 7. .9 4. . .518 12. .354 243.230 73. .890 5. . .604 242. . .206 109. .608 142.7 6.5 8. . .050 73. .3 7. .847 34. .056 5.2 1.9 54.420 69. .014 64.5 67.5 59. . . . .434 24. .772 243. .9 16. Mar. .6 67. .457 64. 2012 Jan.019 142. . . .406 23.4 7.945 154. .995 154.756 34.9 7.5 58. . . .784 242.997 5. . .815 69. .777 69. . Unemployment rate.845 73.931 5.1 4.420 23. .353 117. . .302 142. . .0 72. . . . . .429 26. . .0 54. . .7 16.7 63. . Employed. . . Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age.454 64.907 70. 16 to 19 years Civilian noninstitutional population1 . . . .6 140.647 155. .432 79.250 142. . . . .9 63. . . .6 4.934 142. . .7 67. . .383 25. . . .319 155.164 142.6 63.078 5. . Unemployed. 240. . . . .7 1. . .100 5. . . .089 5. .015 5. . . Employment-population ratio. .807 34. . .998 155. .4 1.305 58.825 5. .

8. . ... ... . . ... . . 7. . Discouraged workers. . .. . . .068 – – . . .. .. . . . . ..326 6. . . . . ..286 6.. . .. . . ... ..0 140. . . .. .. . . . . ... ..945 64. . . Civilian labor force. . ... . .. ... . . .. .9 14. . . . . . .... . . . .9 10... . . .... . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . .. ...9 3. .... .0 7. . ... 16 years and over. .. . . . . . . . .. ..325 1.. ...3 23. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .0 7. . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . ..594 7.. . .. .. . . . .... . . .... .. .. . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . .. . .. .. . . . . .3 0. . .. .. . Job leavers. . .. High school graduates.8 7..536 1. . . .. . .. . .. . . . . .. .. . . . .6 3. . . .248 7. .319 63. . . .017 2.. . . .. . . . .. . . . . .277 58.... . . . . . .. 240. .. . .. . Unemployment rate. .3 -0.. .... .. ..... .. . .7 8.. ... . .. . ... . . .. .0 0. . . ... .. .855 244.648 18. . ... .. .540 945 2.. ..Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data. . . .177 2. . ..2 23. . . . . . ...489 8.. . . .. Adult men (20 years and over).. .. ... . .. .. . ... .. .. . . .. .. . .. . . . . . . .. .. . . . .895 4. .. . . . . .. Unemployed.840 1. . . . ..640 2. . . . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Summary table A..928 2. .896 8. . .784 2. . . .. . .... .. .. .. . . .. .433 813 2. .... . . .. . .511 63. ..6 13. .6 9.. .596 2. . .. . . . .. . . . . 27 weeks and over.640 243.. . . . .. . .. .. . ... . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . .. ..... . . ... . . . . .. . .. ... . . . . ... .. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.. . . . .. .5 11. . . . . . . .. .009 3. . . .. . . ..8 143. 2012 Change from: Nov..633 2. ... .0 6.. .. . .3 7... .. . New entrants. ..587 1..... .. . .. . .. .. . .5 12. .. . . . . . . .. .676 2... ... . .. . Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.. . . . Bachelor’s degree and higher. . . . ...614 1. . .847 1.. ... ...616 18.. .. . . . . .7 6.. . . .. . .... . .763 -220 -156 -32 169 Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted) Marginally attached to the labor force. . . . ... . . . .. 2011 Oct. . .. . Asian (not seasonally adjusted).1 164 0. . .. .. . . .. . ... . . . . .7 6. . . .838 1. . .206 7.0 3. . . . .. .. . .. . . . no college... . ... .302 6.3 7.. .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . ... . . .. . . .. . . .... . .. . .. . .. . . . . .. . . . . .. .... ..7 12..350 155... . .. .. ..0 23. . .. .. . . .. . ... . . .. . 2. ... Could only find part-time work.. . .8 88.. . . . . ... . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . ... . .042 7. ... . .813 5.... . . . . . ... . .407 244... . . . . .. .6 6. . seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Category Dec... . 2012Dec.596 2. .5 15. . . .. .6 12....5 4. ... . . . ..... . . . .049 8. ...429 926 3.. . . . . . . . ... . . . . . .. . Household data. .. .. . 5 to 14 weeks. .... . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. ... . .. . . . . . . .. .. . . . ... Not in labor force.. . . . . . ... . . . Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. ..1 6.. . .8 13. .319 1. ... .. . . . . . . . . .7 12. .1 0.. ... 2012 Nov. Employment-population ratio. . . . . . .. Reentrants. .138 5. . . .8 – -0. . . .0 28 -0. . . ... ... ..9 7..6 143. ... . . ... .. . .. . .2 7. . . . . . . . . . . . Black or African American... . . .. . .. . . . ...084 2. . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . ... .. .. . .9 14. . . . .. .. .. . .. . . ... . .... .. . Part time for noneconomic reasons. . . . . . . ... . .. .. . ..8 11.. ..0 6. . . .9 88. . .9 7. . . .. . .305 58. ... . . .. .. 7...9 7.. . . . . . . . .. . .. . . ..576 63.0 Reason for unemployment Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs. .505 979 2.. . . . Less than a high school diploma... . .0 0. .. . . . .2 6. .. .5 86. . ..766 80 81 75 -18 Employed persons at work part time Part time for economic reasons. . . .983 155. . . . .. . . .. .6 6.. . .. .. .. . .618 18.. ... . . . 15 to 26 weeks. . . .. . . . .... . . . .. . .. ..9 0. . . . . . ..5 6. .. . . .. . . .. . ... . .. .. . .. . ..286 5. .. .406 18. . . . .. . ... . .. .... 2012 Dec. . . . .. ... .. . .. . ..4 9.. . . . . . . . . . .1 8. . ... . .. ... .. .... . . . ..328 58. . .. . . . . .918 4. . . . . . . .6 0. . . .. .6 143. . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . ... .. . . . .. . .. . . . . . . .. . . .987 5... ... . .. . . . .291 -21 57 262 -35 Duration of unemployment Less than 5 weeks. . . . . .. . . . 2. . . . .0 7.. ..757 1.. .. . . . . . .8 88. . .. .9 6.0 -0.. .0 6. . . . . 25 years and over... Participation rate. . .. . . . . . . . .487 943 3.. . . . . . ... . .. . . . . Some college or associate degree.. .. . . ..7 7. ...820 4. . .. . . .. .0 -16 Unemployment rates Total. . . .. . ... .1 0. . .. . . . . .5 8.... . . . Slack work or business conditions. ... . . . .896 58. . . .. . . . .. . . .. .. . Teenagers (16 to 19 years)... . .. . ... . .... NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. .. .. .. .2 13. . .. . . .. . . .. . . . . . . .174 155. .839 176 192 0. .. . Employed. .. ... . . . . . . . . .. ... .. . . . . . . . ... .359 1. .. .. ... . . . .. .. . .. ... ..... ... .. . . . ... ... . . . . . ... .6 12. . .408 983 3...168 5. . . . . . .. 8..584 153. . . . .. . .8 22. . ... . . . . . . . ..377 2... . . White. . . .2 7... . ... . .. . . .. .7 8. .. .6 4. .3 Total.1 0. ... ..2 8. . .. . .8 7.. . ..4 -0. . .. Adult women (20 years and over).. 2012 Employment status Civilian noninstitutional population.. . . .. . . . ... . . . ... ..

. .4 -2 172 14. . .59 $809. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 139. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total private production and nonsupervisory employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69 96. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wholesale trade. . . . Private service-providing1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Leisure and hospitality.0 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . in thousands) Total nonfarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80 95. . 223 234 62 8 26 28 30 7. . . .5 62.18 102. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 34. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 1 5 72 18. . . . For more information see http://www. . . . . . . . . . .7 33 29. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 -0. Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .bls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retail trade. . .2 105. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 13 0 32 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . Average hourly earnings. . . . . . . . . Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 5 177 3. .95 103. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 – – 82. . . . .7 $ 19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2012 Nov. Health care and social assistance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 14 109 -0. . . . . . .5 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . Professional and business services1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .htm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)4 . . . . . . . . . . . . Temporary help services. . Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)3 . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 104. . . . . . . . . . .0 33. . . . . . . . . seasonally adjusted Dec. . . . . . .6 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 33. . . .4 $ 23. . . . . .9 29 -4 -10 155 168 59 4 30 25 11 4. . . . . . .66 $813. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 $799. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Includes other industries. .6 56. . . . . . .8 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Category DIFFUSION INDEX (Over 1-month span)5 Total private (266 industries). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 7. . . . . . .0 32 43. . . . . . .1 0.1 -11. . . .90 96. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total private women employees. . . . . . . . .8 26 4 -66 161 171 -1 4 -10 5 18 11. . . . . . . . . . .6 -9 9 19 -0. . . . . . . . Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours. . . . . . . . .4 0. . . . . . . . . . Motor vehicles and parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 $ 19. . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. . Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 109. . . . . . . . . .6 – – 82. . . . . . . . . . . .1 -0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 $ 23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average hourly earnings. . . .3 -0. . . . . .0 31 5 -13 WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES2 Total nonfarm women employees. . .5 28 6 -11 137 203 26 -6 25 7 2 -4. . p Preliminary NOTE: Data for women employees (-) in this table have been temporarily suspended. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 137. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 – – 82. . . . . . . .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Summary table B. .6 $ 19. . . . Average weekly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 63. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manufacturing (81 industries). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 58. . . . . . . . . . . Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 $660. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 64. .3 33. . . . and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 134. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 0. . . . . . . . . . . Education and health services1 . . . Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 0. . . . . . .92 $673. Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . not shown separately.14 96. . . . . . . . . . .4 108. . . . .6 43. .4 -5 8 58 14.4 34. . . . . . . . . 33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86 $669. . . . . Establishment data. . . . . . . .gov/bls/ceswomen_retail_correction. . . .8 65. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Over-the-month percent change. . . . . .3 0. where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment. . . . Average weekly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 $ 23. . . . .30 104. . . . . . . . . . .2 59. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other services. . . . . . . – – 82. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 63. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 65 55. . . . . . . . . .8 24 25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 34. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 108. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 $ 23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 0. . . .4 138. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 $ 19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2012p Dec. . Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 51. . . . . .8 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34. . . . . . .4 -13 172 10. . . . .7 HOURS AND EARNINGS PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES Total private Average weekly hours. . . . . . . . . . . . . Construction. . . 5 Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 -0. . . . . . . . . . . . . Total private. . . . . Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . construction employees in construction. . .6 HOURS AND EARNINGS ALL EMPLOYEES Total private Average weekly hours. . . . . . . . . . . .73 $818. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2011 Oct. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 0. . . . . . . . . Durable goods1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2012p EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY (Over-the-month change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82 $665. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 6. . . .

Why does the establishment survey have revisions? The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the initial publication of the estimates.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm. and private household workers. On an annual basis. For more information on the monthly revisions.000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey. and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal. the household survey has a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed workers whose businesses are unincorporated. please visit www.000. unpaid family workers.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates 1. 2.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of workers. The establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys? It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However.bls. firms from all states.bls. An over-the-month employment change of about 100. size classes. in the immediately succeeding 2 months. it is not possible to determine how many are counted in either survey. the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment insurance tax records. to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. For more information on the differences between the two surveys. . Why are there two monthly measures of employment? The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates of employment. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and native born. The establishment survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice. agricultural workers.htm. about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business establishments with fewer than 20 employees. while the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household survey is about 400. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of The Employment Situation news release. please visit www. However. neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal status of workers. Therefore.pdf. For more information on the annual benchmark revision. 3. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms? Yes. 4. The establishment survey sample is designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment estimate. and both have strengths and limitations. but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign born. who are excluded by the establishment survey. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. please visit www.bls.

. even 1 hour. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically. but not always. It is not possible to quantify the effect of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment. The adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. however. (People on temporary layoff are included even if they do not actively seek work. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but were not at work due to bad weather. For more information about these alternative measures. employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. may work extra hours. In the household survey. while some workers. there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who want a job. results in a reduction in average weekly hours. sick leave.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics. Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested statistics page at http://data. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on average weekly hours than on employment. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid time during the pay period.) There is no requirement or question relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.bls. the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.htm#altmeasures. or other time off. 7. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses? Yes. the reference period is the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off. In addition. are counted in the payroll employment figures.5. the reference period is generally the calendar week that includes the 12th of the month. 6. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently looking for work? Yes. For example. some employees may be off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment insurance benefits? No. It also provides a measure of the number of persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours. Slightly more than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay period. including pay for holidays. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment. 8. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection. please visit www.bls. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample.gov/cgibin/surveymost?ln. alternative measures of labor underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The Employment Situation news release. such as those dealing with cleanup or repair. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates? In the establishment survey. including those who are not currently looking because they believe no jobs are available (discouraged workers). All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are included among the unemployed. monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths.

000 eligible households conducted by the U. household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics survey (CES. in order to provide detailed industry data on employment. Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging.S. People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness.  The household survey includes agricultural workers. These groups are excluded from the establishment survey. the data appear in the "B" tables. and the employment-population ratio is the employed as a percent of the population. marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference week. representing approximately 486. People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria: they had no employment during the reference week. Employees on nonfarm payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay period. In the establishment survey. the data for a given month relate to a particular week or pay period. as well as from federal. Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). labor-management disputes. employed or unemployed are not in the labor force. In the household survey. including persons on paid leave.gov/ces/#technical.bls. and differences between surveys Differences in employment estimates. hours. The establishment survey provides information on employment. and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries. offices. The unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits. bad weather.000 individual worksites. worked in their own business. or personal reasons. even if they hold more than one job. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a percent of the population. Coverage.000 businesses and government agencies. Additional information about the establishment survey can be found at www. unpaid family workers. and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls. self-employed workers whose businesses are unicorporated.Technical Note This news release presents statistics from two major surveys.gov/cps/documentation. which may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week. The numerous conceptual and methodological differences between the household and establishment surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Persons are counted in each job they hold. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments.  The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older. employment. . Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. because individuals are counted only once. establishment survey). The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm payroll employees. marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. Among these are: Household survey. and private household workers among the employed. employees working at more than one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately for each appearance. the reference period is generally the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month.bls. unemployed. The sample establishments are drawn from private nonfarm businesses such as factories. The household survey provides information on the labor force. It is a sample survey of about 60.  The household survey has no duplication of individuals. definitions. or not in the labor force. and local government entities. and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls. Based on responses to a series of questions on work and job search activities. and stores. or on their own farm.  The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed. the Current Population Survey (CPS. vacation. People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees during the reference week. each person 16 years and over in a sample household is classified as employed.S. Census Bureau for the U. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the labor force. Additional information about the household survey can be found at www. The establishment survey is not limited by age. or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm. profession. and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables. the reference period is the pay period including the 12th. Each month the CES program surveys about 141. they were available for work at that time. The establishment survey does not. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian noninstitutional population. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. hours. For both surveys. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. state. Those persons not classified as Establishment survey. construction workers in construction. In the establishment survey.htm.

Similarly. however. In the household survey. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.000 from one month to the next. The 90percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from -50. or more detailed age categories. a concurrent seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all relevant data. an estimation procedure with two components is used to .000 (50. These figures do not mean that the sample results are off by these magnitudes.000). these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year. total employment. obscuring the underlying employment trends in the industry. and errors made in the collection or processing of the data.000.000. the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 100. increased that month. there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true population values they represent. In general. If. this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration. in fact. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated.300. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly estimate.100. or level of confidence. For example. and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/. risen that month. and the opening and closing of schools. The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error.000 to +150.0. and its variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. Since this range includes values of less than zero. Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the inability to capture. the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about +/. when nearly all sample reports have been received. inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis. in the establishment survey. for this reason. in fact. up to and including the data for the current month. the statistics can be adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.Seasonal adjustment Over the course of a year. There is about a 90-percent chance. in the establishment survey. that the estimate is considered final. employment generated by new firms. reasons. in the household survey. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large. The seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in month-tomonth economic activity. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50. the size of the nation's labor force and the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations.000 +/. the adjusted series for many major estimates. mistakes made by respondents. In this case. The component of this difference that occurs because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth. including the failure to sample a segment of the population. The precision of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time. and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series. is surveyed. major holidays.000. However. In the establishment survey. At an unemployment rate of around 6. it is likely (at least a 90percent chance) that nonfarm employment had. For example. easier to spot. In both surveys. such as total payroll employment. such as for quarterly and annual averages. which can occur for many reasons. payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term. For example. Reliability of the estimates Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. For example. their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular seasonal variation. new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data.0 percent. we could not say with confidence that nonfarm employment had.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling error. estimates for the most recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns. total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four major age-sex components. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1. employment in most major sectors. however. 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year. such as declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor force. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments. Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household and establishment surveys. on a timely basis. inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample. the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250. but rather that there is about a 90-percent chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. the large number of youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that have taken place relative to May. For both the household and establishment surveys. then all of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater than zero. rather than the entire population. new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. making it difficult to determine if the level of economic activity has risen or declined. When a sample.2 percentage point. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather. estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based on a small number of observations.

account for business births. The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200. The first component excludes employment losses from business deaths from samplebased estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births. This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out of business.3 percent. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database. but imputing to them the same employment trend as the other firms in the sample. Over the past decade. This procedure accounts for most of the net birth/death employment. absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of industries. Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.6 percent. Other information Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. . The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years. The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision. and serves as a rough proxy for total survey error.7 to 0. with a range from -0.

. . .5 63. . . . . . . 16. . .644 57. . .6 29. .6 53. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Persons who currently want a job. . . . .6 5. Participation rate. . .079 69. . . .812 67. . . . . . .412 24. . Participation rate. . . . .851 79.2 65. . . . . . . . .6 67.1 75. . . . . . . . 16 to 19 years Civilian noninstitutional population. . . .447 72. .416 109. . . .468 26. . .7 73.7 12. . . . . . . . . . . .343 243. . . .897 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .698 6. . . .1 4. . . . . . . . Unemployment rate. . . . .511 7.049 8. . . . . . . . .5 6. . . .753 71. . .845 67. . . . . . . Participation rate. .716 6. . .245 53. . . . . . .0 28.0 48. .584 153.827 244. .341 7. . . . . . . .695 72. .027 64. . . . . . . . . .190 115. .396 70. . . . . . 2012 Sept.364 16. . . . . . . Employed.1 4. 16 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population. .0 5.4 5. .083 7. . . . . . .7 67. . . .3 5. . .3 29. . . . . . . .407 6. . . . .679 53. . .290 79. .8 46. . 240. .756 34. . . . . .407 53. . . .9 48. . . . . . . . .2 47.2 6. . . . . . . . . . .2 29. . . . .206 118.433 6. . . . . . . .4 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employed. . . Employed. . . . . . . .2 65. . . . .079 69.772 155. . . . . .613 Women. 2012 Oct. . Unemployed.4 12. . . . . . . . . .810 82.3 35. . . . . . . . . . . . .656 57.5 11. . . . . . . . . .2 29. . . . .845 34. . .174 154. Participation rate. . . . . .5 75.297 117. . . . . .310 69. . . . . . . .041 59. . .5 67. . .8 88. . . . . . . . . . .6 13. . .954 55. . . . . .192 24. .980 59. . . .0 76. . .871 5. . . . . . . .983 64. . . . .0 5. . .206 7. . .530 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .566 154. Civilian labor force.828 6. . . . . . . . . . . .956 243. . . . . . .045 16.965 57.918 7. . . .181 8. .955 5. Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . .763 34. .915 57.890 5.2 64.056 63. . .612 67.3 5. . . . . . .869 108. . .073 72. . . .602 68. .0 4. Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . .142 64. Employment-population ratio. .980 70. . . . . . . . . . .919 6. . . . . .105 7.051 16. .552 72.019 70. . . . . . . . .376 23. . . . . . . Participation rate. .716 55. .817 8. . . . . 20 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population.750 Men. . .676 55.248 7.5 6. . . . .844 7. .983 155. .6 67. .949 67.7 48. . . .398 126. . .953 63. . . . . . .821 67. . .301 53. Unemployed. . . .486 7.2 64. . .549 58. . . . . . . . . . . . . .350 154. . . . . .7 75. . . . . .843 53. . . . . . . . .8 53.661 57.273 72. . . .0 73.4 143. . . . .339 32. . . . . .5 143. .627 8. . . .526 32. . . . . . . . . . Employment-population ratio. . 16 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population.983 16.2 52. .049 117.988 7.9 88. .600 82. . . .545 70.2 74. . .7 34. . .8 143. . .3 53. . . . Employed. . . . . . . .825 7.9 5. .7 1.652 109. . . . . . . . . .6 4. .807 34. . . . . . . . .856 118. . . . .511 126. . . . . . . . . . . .273 23. .810 82.221 6. . . .575 57. . . . . . . . . .8 29. . . . . . . . . .7 67. identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns. . . . . . . . .769 64. . . . . . . . .907 5. . .753 71. .152 55. . . . . . . .205 117. . . . . . . . . . . . and age Dec. . . .716 67. .501 117. . . . Employment-population ratio.351 25.8 34. . . . . . . . .8 75. .806 57. . . .7 12. . . .172 118. . Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . .121 67. . . . . .124 16. .9 73. . . . . .085 72. . . .991 69. . .8 53.931 5. . .756 108. .206 79. . . .418 126.082 7. . . . . .661 70. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 5.8 88. sex. . .907 59.0 6. . .512 7. . .6 12. .402 26. . .050 67. . . . .170 69.3 87. .2 76.5 11. .2 1. . . . Employed. . . .319 63. . .5 86. . . Unemployed. . . .721 7.5 1. . . . . . .115 1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation. . .294 53.174 64. . . . . . . . . .902 82. . . .681 58. . . . Civilian labor force. .060 58. . . . .902 82. . . 2012 Dec. . . . . . .3 29. . . . . .666 7. . .536 109. . . . .856 34. . . . . . . . . .837 64. . .0 48.277 58. . . Not in labor force. .2 4. . . .404 7. . . . . . . . .0 35. . . . .193 25.2 5. . .190 69. . .6 66. . . . . .0 4. . .879 7. . . . . . .5 11. . . . . . . .692 8.060 64. .358 126.647 63. . .070 7.252 25. . . . . . . 2012 Nov. . .1 5. . Not in labor force. .634 8. . .576 63. . . . .0 35. . . . .873 59.6 4.7 4.170 70. Civilian labor force.373 63.400 26. .974 58. . . .511 63. . . . . . . . . Unemployed. . .9 76. . . .8 73. . . . . .5 67. . . Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . .4 46. . . .558 126. .6 142.1 1.7 65. . .6 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 6. . . . .308 79. . . .354 57.7 11. . .446 54.9 35. .503 7.712 116. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 47. . . 2012 TOTAL Civilian noninstitutional population. .1 1. . . . . . . .4 1. .429 26. .960 117. . . . . . . .871 5. .5 142. .6 5.6 6. . . . . Unemployed. . . . . NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .482 Women.693 5.7 52.290 79. . . . . . .3 48. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .420 73. .8 140.934 55. . . .328 58. . . . Participation rate.192 16.2 6. .855 6. .495 244.0 140.8 74. . . . . . . . .364 72. . . . Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . Civilian labor force. . . . . .815 59. . . . . . . .945 64. . .350 155. . .2 5.059 59. . . . . .800 59.217 64.146 21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Civilian labor force.056 117. Not in labor force. .2 5. . .720 126. .813 59.369 70. . .206 79. . . . . .2 1. . . .447 72. .614 7.1 5. . . . . .097 67. . . . . . . . . .3 5. . . . . 115. . . . .832 82. . . . . .469 26.1 4. 2012 Dec. . . . . . . . . . .364 72. .514 70. . . . .2 53. . . . . . . 108. . . . . . . .172 72.369 7.0 11. .733 123. . . . . .638 109.715 57. . . .027 7. . . . . . Civilian labor force.836 7.532 240. . .6 6. . . . . . Unemployed.6 143. . . . therefore. . . . . . . .640 6.568 72. . . Employment-population ratio.483 8. . Not in labor force.0 4.3 73. . . . .3 5. .584 153.896 58. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 5. . Employed. . . . .4 89. . . . . .990 53. .6 143. . . . . . . . . . . .014 55. . .387 23. . . . .378 23. .939 118. . .584 244.180 22. . . .310 22. . . . . . . .709 34. Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . .175 55. . .042 7. .766 108. . . . . . . 20 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population. .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-1. . .206 53. . . . . . .5 11. .747 7. . .436 72.1 5. .177 126. . . . . . . Not in labor force. . . . . . .357 Men. . . . .832 82.477 8. .787 117. . .111 Both sexes.4 65.602 68. . . . .370 8. . .237 7. . . . . . . . . .3 5.354 16. . .7 53.0 75.2 29. . . . . . . . . .167 7. 123. .305 58.1 7. . . . . . . 116. . . . .746 59. . . . . .5 12. . . . . . . . . .373 53. . . . . . . .501 117. .693 5. . .890 5. . . . . .5 63. . . . .9 10.6 89. . . . .746 7. 2011 Nov. .834 7.5 53. . . . .5 35. .288 73. . . . . . . .7 5. . . . . . . . .679 73.492 81. . .2 72. . . . . . .001 109. Unemployment rate.7 11.3 4. . . .554 72. . . .710 82. .174 155.9 35. .973 79. .096 79. . . .9 73.686 64. .1 88.8 11.8 4. . .3 64. . . .839 6. . . . . . .760 69. . . .499 16. . . . . . . . .0 11. .455 7.3 29. . . .4 1. . . . .164 58. . . . . . .904 63. . . . .9 35. . . .4 6. .3 64. . 2011 Aug. . . Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age [Numbers in thousands] Seasonally adjusted1 Not seasonally adjusted Employment status.7 12.463 117. . . . .8 1.988 55. . . . . . . .355 23.813 117. . . . . . . . . . . .9 5. . . . . .8 65. Unemployment rate. . . . .372 31. . . . .135 244. . . .152 8. . . . . . .718 243. . . . . . . . . . . . .869 69. . . .308 79. . . . 2012 Dec. . . . . . .212 6. . .2 4.8 88.445 6. .9 73. . . . . . .

. . .3 651 25. . .0 9. . . . .3 115. .637 63. . . . .5 9. . . . . . . .5 11. . .006 58. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 3. .360 55. . . . . . . . . Dec. . . . . . . .764 7. . . . . . .227 13. .2 8. . . . . .849 123. .5 4. . . .580 12. .292 68.415 68. . .408 58. .015 54.3 54. . .2 1. .313 67.169 14. .935 – – – – – – . . .0 8. . . and age [Numbers in thousands] Seasonally adjusted1 Not seasonally adjusted Employment status.934 12. . . . . .024 61. . . . . . Participation rate. . . . .4 2. .676 37. Unemployment rate. . . .0 3. . . . . . . . .2 2.225 66. . . . . . . . . .4 8. . .423 58. . . . . . . . . . . .516 59. . . . . . . . .0 9. . . . . . . . . . . . .027 18. . . .014 10. . . . .3 2. . . . . . . .774 63. Employment-population ratio. . .4 7. .5 15. . . . . . Participation rate.794 63.140 12. . . . . . . .303 55. . . . . 2011 Nov.435 6. .2 9.815 15. . . . . . . .588 6. . .0 7. . . . . .493 68. . .9 54. . . . .5 51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0 11. . .298 54. .289 59. .1 15. BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . Civilian labor force.011 21. .5 69. . . . . . .246 73. . . . . . . .0 11. . .191 5. . . . . .3 961 20. . .2 60.164 14.1 371 14.8 3. . . . . .7 51. . . . .0 50. . . .4 60. .9 115. . . . . .452 58. . . . . 2011 Aug. .2 668 25. . .8 2. .350 61. Employed. . . 2012 193. . .1 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .065 53. . .0 7.509 73.425 35. . .7 4. . .8 60. . . .6 402 15. . . . . .342 12. . . . . . . .292 63. Participation rate.1 8. . .076 65. . . .5 9. .4 54. .669 36. . . .646 73. . .350 34. . . . . 20 years and over Civilian labor force. . . .494 58.286 18. . . . . . . . .503 63. . .275 67. . . . . . . . .567 193. .692 29.896 53. . . . . . . . . . . . .3 4. .598 36. .117 59. .654 30. . . . .358 6. . . . . . .609 68. . . . . . . .2 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .305 54. . . .3 60. .248 6. . . . . . . . . .4 8.2 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 70. . . . . . .207 193. . . . . . .5 4. . . . . . . . . . .8 54. . . . . . . Employment-population ratio. .4 8. . .4 7. .4 254 39.9 3. .6 4. .9 70. . . ASIAN Civilian noninstitutional population.7 1.437 6. . . . . . . .6 7. . . .8 7. . . . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-2. . .6 1. .0 15. .2 942 20. . . . . . . . . . . .245 13. . .5 51. .1 2.214 67. . . . .389 61. . . . . . . . .980 58. . . . . . .668 63. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 70. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 8.7 4. .6 29. . . . . 16 to 19 years Civilian labor force.2 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employed. Unemployment rate.225 6. . .5 8. . . . . .085 11. Participation rate. . . . . Participation rate.6 50. . . .069 23. .3 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .638 7. . . . . . .0 3. . . . .3 3. . . . .577 14.827 52. . . . . . Civilian labor force. .5 9.6 3. . . . . . . .2 11. . .336 6. . . . . . . .445 193. . . . . sex.6 11.471 58.085 55. . . . . . . .4 1. . . . .7 8. . 2012 Dec.1 1. . . . . . .5 11.084 193. . . . .6 2. . . . .2 3. . . . . .3 1. . . . .5 60. . . . sex. .4 70.395 59.4 15. . . . . .484 68. . . Unemployment rate. .3 265 38. . .258 15.607 73. . . . . . . . . . .8 114. . . . . . . . .518 13. . . .191 6.653 36. . .9 704 27.008 54.7 115.8 475 18. . . . . . . . . . . .1 280 37. . . . . . . . Unemployed.346 61. . . . . . Employed. . Employment-population ratio.500 58. . . . . . . . . .366 58. . . . . .5 4. . . . . . . .112 6.060 11. . . . . Unemployed.311 30.894 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .377 62.124 59. . . .932 6. . . . .8 115. .454 62. . .4 266 39. . . .5 7. . . Unemployment rate. . . . . . .6 2. . . Employed.407 61. . . .578 14. . . .3 54. . . .952 53. . . . . .4 3. . . . .2 756 28. Unemployed. . . . . . . . . .020 54. . . . .713 68. . . .3 54. . . .915 54. . . .1 9. .286 18. . . .4 64. . . .991 18. . . . . . . . .9 115. . . . . .2 2. . . Participation rate.279 7. . . . . 20 years and over Civilian labor force. . . .552 27.285 52. .4 51. . . . .148 6. . . . . . .5 51. . . . .687 30.8 54. . . . . .638 36. . . . . . .6 70. . . .061 18. . . . . . . .323 55. .493 6.9 7. . . . .376 123. .3 228 38. . .3 4. . . . . . .540 73. . Unemployed. . . . . Unemployed. . . . . . .569 28.0 69. . . . . . .140 12.7 1. . . . .011 53. 20 years and over Civilian labor force. . . .456 13.3 4.4 7.8 9. . . . . . . .190 29. . . . . . . .262 30.0 64. . .002 59. . . . Unemployed. . .2 60.8 853 19.292 55.7 11. . .7 7. . . . . .1 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment-population ratio. .716 62. . .682 124. . . . . . . . . . Not in labor force. . .141 62. . . . . .665 29. . . .503 123.1 3.254 68. . Employment-population ratio. . .4 8. . . .4 277 39. . . .5 64. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 444 17.199 193. . . . . .5 51. . . . . . . . .037 6. .3 394 15.403 6. . . Both sexes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Not in labor force. . . .7 115. .2 16. .4 4. . . Employed. . . . . . .282 52. . . . . . . .1 1. . . Employment-population ratio. . . .080 55.061 18. . . . . . . . .296 67. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment-population ratio. . . . . .7 3. . . . . .093 18. . . . . . 2012 Sept.5 8. . . . . . .832 52. .633 123. . . . . . 2012 Dec. . . . . . . .127 58. . . . . . . .998 7. . . . . . . . . . . . .7 972 21. . . . . .2 69. .0 1. . .0 307 40. . . . . . .404 55. . . Women. . . . . . . . . . .464 62. . .743 29. . . . .562 73. . . . .4 65. . . . . . . . . . Employed. . 2012 Oct. . .5 1. . . . .259 59. .718 29. . .463 62. . .180 5.3 4. Unemployment rate. . . . .2 54. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 264 40. . Unemployment rate. .8 8.404 63. . . . .891 53. . . Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . .2 4.1 7. . .5 946 20.482 59. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 6. . . . . . Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . Employed. Men. . . .6 9. . .567 28. . . .1 387 14. . .165 58. .2 8. . . . . . . . . .886 53. . . . . . . . .059 57. .1 8. . . .910 68. . .9 69.566 29. . . . . . . . . . .0 2. . .4 11. . .7 60. . . .1 3. .3 60.1 115. .415 6. . . . . . . . .4 8. Employed. . . . . . . . .1 64. Women. .331 73. Men. . Unemployed.6 1. . . . . .811 52. . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table. . . . . race.8 798 18. . . . .6 3. . . . . . .060 12. . . .8 1. . . . .635 7. . . . . . . 20 years and over Civilian labor force. . . . .665 37.2 15.403 61. .8 296 42. . . . .097 61. . .0 702 27. . .2 647 25. .9 8. . . . . . . . . .6 1. . . . . .0 3.2 8. . . . . . .205 59. . . . .645 30. . . . . . . . Both sexes.897 7. . . . . . . . . . . .3 8. . . . . .444 62. .540 63. . . .3 64. . . . .113 61. . . . .228 12. . . .363 55. . . . . . . . . . Employment status of the civilian population by race. . . . .8 3. .4 405 15. . . . . .150 13. . .748 123.495 27.134 58. and age WHITE Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . .7 64.1 3. .422 13. . . . . . . .4 429 16. . .8 3. . . .705 14. . .3 16. .114 64. . . .093 18.162 14. . . . . . . .8 8. . . . . . .0 427 16.172 14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 15. . . . . .727 29. . . .016 12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203 59.571 59.374 61. .052 57. . .690 8.739 15.248 73.6 64. .7 11. . . . . . .2 15.298 67. 16 to 19 years Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . .2 695 26. . .7 4. .485 6.231 67. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .482 64. . . .5 1.1 8. . . 2012 Nov. . . . . .8 600 23.264 69. . . . . . .3 858 19. . .213 59. . .440 55. . . . . . . . .2 54. .866 193. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .438 62. . .3 8. . . . Unemployment rate. . . .348 34. . .682 124.954 18. . .162 58.416 6. . .700 6.849 123.1 59. Participation rate.397 68.718 73.625 28. . . . . . .2 1. .839 193. . . . .9 115. . . . . . . .5 4. .2 11. . .748 123. . . . . .149 12. . . . . .1 1. . .244 193. . . 2012 Dec. . .783 55.0 51. . Unemployed. .1 752 28. . . . .693 68. .0 4. .9 3. . . . . . . . . . . .1 1. Participation rate. . .7 9. . . . .273 15.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .434 Dec. . sex.505 64. . . . . . . Unemployed. . . . .075 Nov. . . . . 2012 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation. . . . Participation rate. . . . 2011 7. . . 2012 8. 2012 8. . . . . . . . . .8 6. identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns. . . . . . . Employment-population ratio. Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . sex.814 60. Employed. . . . . . . .4 514 6. . . .344 64. . . . 2012 – – – – – – – Nov.6 4. . . . . . . . . . . . .4 530 6. . . . . . . . . . . and age Civilian labor force. Unemployment rate. . . and age — Continued [Numbers in thousands] Seasonally adjusted1 Not seasonally adjusted Employment status. . . . NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. race. . . . . . . . . . .5 7. . .8 4. . . . . . . . . . . .991 60. . .7 7. . . . . .Data not available. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dec.590 Dec. . . . . 2012 – – – – – – – Dec.940 61. . 2012 – – – – – – – Oct. . . . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. 2011 Aug. . . . . . . . .501 65. . . . . Employment status of the civilian population by race. . . . . .4 4. .4 561 6. . . . therefore. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2012 – – – – – – – Sept. . . . . . . .

. . . Women. .486 37. . . . . . .465 66. . . . . . . . . 20 years and over Civilian labor force. . . . . . . .147 24. . .422 9. . . . Employment-population ratio. . . . .3 12.479 65. . . . Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .004 53. identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns. . . . .046 28. . . . . . . . .231 24. . . . .Data not available. .539 65. . . . Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. . . . .2 12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 22.7 2. . .4 1. . .575 37. . . .0 11. . Both sexes. .5 2. . . . . . . . .6 767 21. . . . . . . .343 66.969 24.4 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9. . . . . . . . 2012 Dec. . . . . . . . Men. .387 10. . . .6 2. . Employment-population ratio. . .9 22. . . . .505 37.3 9. . . . . . . . . . . .6 8. .042 59. . . Participation rate. .9 12.050 7. .460 10. .3 12. . . . . . . .4 2. . . . . . . . . . .351 66. . . . . . . . Employment-population ratio. . . . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-3. . . . . . . . . . .6 1. . . . . . . . . .7 734 20. . . . . . . . . . .0 21. . . . . . . . .051 28. . . . . . . . .414 74. .3 2. . . .8 12. .3 1. . . . . . . . . . . . 2012 Oct. . .137 59.5 2. . . . . . .6 2. . . . . .544 66. . . . . .9 20. . . . . . . .1 22. . . . . . . . . . . . .344 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .567 11. . .500 80. . . . Not in labor force. .394 9. . . . . . . . . 16 to 19 years Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 2. . . .1 1. . .256 82. . . . . . . . . . 2012 Sept. . . .0 278 26. . .874 59. . . . 20 years and over Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . .731 59. .8 20.112 59. . Employed. . 2012 Nov. .744 34. . . . . . . . Participation rate. . . . .1 11. . . . . . . .6 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation. Employed. . . . Employment-population ratio. . . 2012 34. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .938 53. Unemployed. .3 9. .1 317 30. . . . . . . Unemployed. . Unemployment rate. . . . . . . .776 59. . Civilian labor force. . . . . .082 59. . . . . . . . . . .109 59. . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age [Numbers in thousands] Seasonally adjusted1 Not seasonally adjusted Employment status. sex. . .477 10. . .350 9. . .058 24. . . 2011 Nov. . .134 8. . . . . . .3 9. . . . .147 24.146 53. . .7 938 9. . . . 2012 Dec. .868 73. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0 12. . . . . .881 24.195 59. . .572 66.6 12. . . . . . .602 37. . . . .309 66. . .965 59. .529 36. Employed. . . .231 24. . . . .4 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 972 28. .579 11. . . . . . . .885 23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .542 36. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployed.9 256 26. . . . .3 936 10. . . . . . . .0 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 2.3 22. .5 13. . . . . . . . . . .487 65. . . .1 1. . . . . . .692 13. . . . . . . . . . . .027 10. .2 22. . . . . . . .4 1. 2011 Aug. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .366 73. . . . .3 716 20. . . Unemployment rate. Participation rate. . . . . . . . . .941 59. . . . .4 8. . . . .9 12.9 22. .885 23. Unemployment rate. .6 12. . . therefore. . . . . .435 9. . . . . NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .086 59. . . . . . . . . . 2012 Dec. . Dec. . . . . Unemployed. Employed. . . Participation rate. . . . . . and age HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . .463 80. . . . . .8 13. . . . .667 37. . . . . . . . . .

..484 6.298 11. . .. .....6 33....950 8...996 4.7 Some college or associate degree Civilian labor force... ..7 46. .859 75. .. ...6 35.196 45.. .371 12.. . Unemployment rate. .... ........ professional..274 68... . 2012 Dec.8 1. Unemployment rate.. .120 45...663 59.. .858 75.8 10.. .....429 75. 2012 Nov.0 1.433 72.. ...211 8.. Employed. ..2 9. .. .959 4. . .... 2012 Less than a high school diploma Civilian labor force. . . .. ...... . ... . . . Unemployed. .. .... no college1 Civilian labor force..723 46... . . . . .3 1.866 3.476 6.9 2.... .9 2....6 2...1 36.2 11.0 3. . Employed. 2012 Dec..5 37. ... . . .. .8 9. . ..273 73...3 36...504 54.191 8....653 54.2 1.....6 37. . . Employment-population ratio. .0 48...253 11.344 12. ... .. . ...9 46. 2011 Aug.. .8 1.. ... .677 54..5 46..... . .. ...873 4. ...857 64...1 33.735 60.595 13..043 40. . .9 33....785 39..909 4...0 2.7 1.. . . .... Unemployed..7 3. .043 64.. . . . Employment-population ratio. Unemployed. ... . . NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data... ...830 7..3 2...4 34.. .... ..9 1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent. . ...1 11..102 76... Employment-population ratio.3 11...692 59... ...... .. .. . .. .852 40..1 36.. ..... .. . ..310 11...670 75.. .. ..5 33..183 76..076 64. .0 45... .. . .. .. ....... master’s. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment [Numbers in thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Educational attainment Seasonally adjusted Dec.. ... 2012 11.751 59......7 48...... .. Employed... . . .. . .. ....834 7. .... . .9 3.... . ..... .6 35. ...... Participation rate...... .4 33... Sept.. ...039 72. ..3 9. . .6 10. ... . . .. .. ....... ..0 2.371 12...299 64.. 37. 47..642 59.508 75..863 54. .....740 7. ....5 46... .. ... .. .... .... . ...2 9.891 3. ... .652 59. . ....... ....6 37..1 33.863 59.6 36. ....442 6.... ...4 34....397 68..114 60.619 7. .1 9.. .2 34. ..... .958 63.. ...7 36... ... ...876 54.072 45.5 1..853 75. ...........821 39.251 45..921 54.. .. .269 63. Participation rate.7 36. . . .971 8. ..7 Bachelor’s degree and higher2 Civilian labor force. 2011 Nov.. .6 34. Unemployment rate... ..713 54..892 72... ....662 68.. .097 45. Employed. ..040 69. Participation rate.344 12.. . ..433 68. ..560 54....6 37. .758 75. .851 72.. .. .183 45.. . .... . .. . .815 3. ..9 1.681 55. Participation rate.9 47. ...0 High school graduates.2 11. . .. . .. ..... Unemployment rate. .0 1. .. . 37... .8 1.341 68.4 1.102 69.... . ......228 73.. . .832 63...0 33. .762 39.6 2.669 46.930 40... 2 Includes persons with bachelor’s. ...512 68...... ... Employment-population ratio.. . .. .. ....073 40.. .. .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-4... ..3 2. .. .7 36.....975 8.831 64.. .. 2012 Dec. . . .. .818 3.... ...4 33... ....8 1.... .... . .0 1.5 9.. ..009 64.5 47. . ...436 6... .. . . ... ..... .0 37.. 11.. .7 11. .......7 34. ..3 37.968 72.138 8.. . .... ..4 37....1 2.0 1. .........3 11.054 8.7 36.0 48. ....... .348 6. . .1 2.. .8 Oct.356 68...549 72..566 6.. .. .... .680 14.905 3. . Unemployed.7 33..880 40.954 72.... . . .8 1. .1 34.. .156 45... . . . .. ... . . and doctoral degrees. . . .1 48.... .5 3.7 48. .1 45... . ... .0 37.. .8 11.. .5 3.1 1....0 2. .. .. ....7 1. .....9 48.... .8 35..753 39. ... .9 46.0 9... . 2012 ... . ..237 8... .. ... ...9 2....... .. ..9 2...6 1.892 59.. .3 46..0 48. ..

. . . .886 3. Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . .5 184 6. . . . . . . . . . Participation rate. Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 212 6. . . .562 NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployed. . . . . . . . . .4 2.622 10. . . . . . . . Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 180 9. . .344 66. . . . . .244 47. . . . . . . . . . . .699 50. . . . .827 1.8 13 3. . . . .1 6. . . . . . Employment-population ratio. . . . . .5 510 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . World War II (December 1941-December 1946). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 183 6. . . .2 6. .4 6. 2011 Men Dec. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment-population ratio.158 86.7 857 7. . . . . . . . . . . .1 1. . Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. . . . . . . . . . .7 2. . . . . . . .7 50 21. . .1 49. .874 73. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .898 9. . . .005 52. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status. . . .107 60. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 181 50.S. . . . . .868 30. . .352 56.097 30. . . . . . . . . . . . .8 129. .872 55. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 233 NONVETERANS. . . . . . . . . .175 2. . . Employment-population ratio. . . Employed. . .7 139 5. . . . . . . . . . .676 7. . . . . . .6 2. . . .5 248 13. . . . 21. and Vietnam-era veterans Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . Employment-population ratio. . . 18 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . .1 227 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200 54. . . . 5. .670 69. . . . . .029 81. .627 66. . . . . . . . .742 52. .8 1.668 84. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 2. . . . Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .262 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .309 32. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .072 51. . . . . . .246 7. . . .806 51. . .642 7. . . Participation rate. . . . . . . . . .529 2. . . . .218 61.1 720 Gulf War-era II veterans Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . Unemployed. . . .776 28. . . .805 84. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 48. .010 51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 208 6. . . .8 9. . .4 316 55. .6 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .654 76. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .671 9. . .612 19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .357 21. . . . . . . . . Not in labor force. . .4 10. . . . . .225 120. . Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0 332 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Participation rate. . . . .668 61. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .003 30. . Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .446 59. . . . .3 94 29. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 141 5. . . . .6 142 515 380 73. .807 71.182 76. . . . . . .7 226 10. . . 2. . . . . . . . .9 3. 2011 Women Dec. . . . . . . . . . . . . Civilian labor force. . . Not in labor force. . . . . . . .4 2. . . . . . . . . .012 70. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. . . . . . . . . . .8 111 5. . . . Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. .018 70. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 323 356 230 64. .3 250 574 341 59. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .534 83. . . .403 2. . .215 47. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployment rate.6 5.765 9. . . . . . . . . .099 82. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 71. . . . . . . . Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .050 47. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 248 59. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 2. . .1 28 7. . . . . . .726 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present). . . . . . . . . . . .8 972 53. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .895 3. . . . . . .2 1 1. . . . . . . . . Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .899 81. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 128 6. . . . . .656 54. . . . . Participation rate.0 64. . . . . . . . . Unemployment rate. . . . .043 80. .6 474 3. . . . . . .535 321 94 29.207 3. . . . . . . . .6 5. .215 32. and sex. . 2012 Dec. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 2. . . . . . . Employed. .5 3. . . . . . . . . . . .4 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .097 52.213 55. . . . . . . . . . .7 65. . . . . period of service. . . . . . . . . . . Unemployed. . . . . . . . .0 10. . . . . . . . . . . not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Total Employment status. . . . . .7 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S. . .5 745 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Armed Forces. . . . . . . . . .5 2. . . . . . . . . .936 92. . . .256 19. . . . . . . . . . Korean War (July 1950-January 1955). . . . . . . Not in labor force. . . . . . . . and period of service Dec. . .7 9. . . . . . . . . . .7 91 28. . . . . . . . . . . . .625 76. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .128 1. . . . . . . . . . . . .1 199 11. . . . . . . . . . .6 230 Veterans of other service periods Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Participation rate. . . . . . . . Civilian labor force. . .969 56. . .4 3. . Employment-population ratio. .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .429 11. . . . . . . . . . . Participation rate. . . Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975). . . . . . . . . . . . .8 65. . .4 131. . . .7 122 Gulf War-era I veterans Civilian noninstitutional population. .7 10. . . . . .986 2. . .154 85. .650 70. . . . . . . . . . .253 70. . .960 30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .374 117. . . . . . . . Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . .748 3. . . . and other service periods (all other time periods). . . .280 142. . . . . . . . . . . . . .395 78. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 46 15.163 8. . . . . . . . . . . . .341 1. . 2012 VETERANS. . . . . . . . . .536 5. . .062 10. . . .7 757 7.2 375 497 354 71.3 135 World War II. .512 84. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210. . . . . . . . . . .034 7. . . . . . . . . . . .544 2. . . . .1 100 9. . . 10.409 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employed. . . . . . . . . . Unemployment rate. . . .2 5. . . . . .044 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 69. .4 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 22. . . . . . . . . .293 5. . . . . .8 445 1. . . . . . . . . . Unemployed. . . .2 2. . . .5 1. . . 2012 Dec. . . . . . .8 90 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 342 68. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 212 6. . . .543 5. . . . . . . . Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . .689 52. . . . . .7 352 68. . . . . . .1 1. . . . . . . Not in labor force. . .477 140. . . . . . . veteran status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0 183 6. . . . .043 47.027 71. . . . . . . . .3 0 0. . . . . . . . . . .235 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 3.536 1. .5 2. . . .625 94. .1 442 2. . . .062 58. . Civilian labor force. 2011 Dec. . . . . . . . .5 355 56. . . . .4 9. . . . . . . . . . . . .5 255 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .984 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .371 79. . . . .850 214. . . . . Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . .807 1. . . . .3 10. . . . . . . . .469 74. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employed. Korean War. Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0 227 322 93 28. .2 2. . . . . . . . . . . . .6 126 416 294 70. . . . .2 66. . . . . . . . .7 21. . . . . . . . .489 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0 656 6.6 1. . . . . . . . . . . .690 58. . . . 18 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployed. . . . . .3 28 7. . . . . . . . . .9 316 2. . . . Not in labor force. . . . . .1 766 7. .685 28. . . . . . . . . . .303 633 383 60. . . . . . . . Unemployment rate.0 25 7. . .007 55. .

.... ..........7 22...... .. ... ... ........... .. ..0 5. . ....... ..... Unemployment rate..... . . . ... .. .. ...916 70....2 21.... .. . . .529 1...... .. . . . ..3 60...... .. ......072 70.9 11... 65 years and over Civilian labor force.. . Employed...... .......... .. .3 61 6.. 2. . . .. . .. .. .. . . .. .... .....4 2.... .. .3 27. . ... ... ... ....6 5.... ... . is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses... .... .. . ... ... mental. ....... .. Employed. ... ... ..... .. ... 2012 Persons with no disability Dec......... ...3 6. .. . ... ... .... . . . Unemployment rate. ... .. ....... Unemployed.... .4 375 14.. . ...... . . . .. ... ....9 763 13..... .. .. ..... ..... . ..... ........... ... . . . .. . . ......7 959 7.. Participation rate. .............3 6.......... ... .5 5.. . .4 11.. . . . ... .. . .. ... 2012 TOTAL... not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Persons with a disability Employment status. . ... ........... .. ....889 17. ... ... .. ... . Employment-population ratio.... . ....... .. .. ... ..... ............. . .. .. ..... . ... ....185 6. .. . . .... . mental. ............858 63.... .... ............... .. ...... ... Participation rate...6 62. ... . Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data... ......... .. . ... and age Dec. . .. . ... . 2011 Dec.. . . ....587 34.... ............... remembering... .. .......8 422 16.. ...........5 21.... ..... . ....... .866 Both sexes..........176 65.. .. .... 16 to 64 years Civilian labor force. ... .5 66.7 11.... ..632 NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing.. . 16 to 64 years Civilian labor force. and disability status. . .. Not in labor force............... ... .. ... .1 691 11. ............. . .. Unemployed...1 137. ..... .. .....165 28.. ..... . Unemployed........ ... . .... ..........938 26. . .....3 68. .... . ...6 16... .....9 404 5. . . ........ ... ............ . . ... .. ... Not in labor force........ .. ..0 5.. . ..687 28...... .. ..... ... ...511 23.......... ... ... . ... ....228 75... ... ..... . . ... .......339 5.683 34.. Participation rate..164 75.....791 63.9 22.... ..190 28. ... . ........ ... ..3 69.. ....... .......... ...3 254 11.... ... . . . ... .. .... sex. .. ... . ..011 69.... .... . ...... .... .... .......... ... .. .. ... .7 4..... . . ... .475 6....... ..... . ..... .. ....... 2.. ... . . ... .. .... ... Participation rate.. ......135 Women. . .8 1..... ... . ...463 65... has serious difficulty concentrating. Employment-population ratio.. ........ ... .. ...0 12.. ..821 67....... . .. . . .... .... ..891 65.. ...... ..... .. .. ............ .. ... ..... ..... ..308 29........ .....5 4......... ..812 213... ... ....................... . ... ..... .. ........107 21... .............. .. ....... . . .... .. . ..... . . ....... . . ... .202 18.9 5..246 147... ... ... ...... ..... ... ... . .......... ... . 849 6........652 20.... ... ........... Employed. .. .. Unemployment rate. .. Civilian labor force. .. ....8 403 6... .. ..... ... Employed....1 65.. . ...... ... ..025 7............ ..... 16 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population. ... . .... .. .... ...... . .............. ... or making decisions because of a physical..896 7.. .... ..2 2...935 25. or emotional condition.. . .... . has difficulty dressing or bathing...... ......... ..858 23.... .. .. .... . .... Not in labor force. . ...5 5..020 7........ age...... . . . ... ... .. .. . .......... . or emotional condition... .. ... . .. .. .......... .. . .. .705 5. or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping because of a physical........ ....645 149.. .... . .. .... . Employment status of the civilian population by sex. . . .. .6 27..4 63 7.... ....... . 27.294 82. ... .. .8 16......... .. . . .154 7.... ........ . ... .853 7....721 69...... ...793 75........501 8. ... .6 1.. .... ...... Employment-population ratio. .....216 29...9 786 6...525 215......... Unemployed....3 135.... .... .. . .938 2....... ...HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-6......... .454 21....228 75. ... .... ... ...... . .. ...... .... . .... ......... Not in labor force.. . .. . ... ... ....220 2.. .2 6.. ..... . .. ....893 20. ... ..... ......634 Men. ...... .... .3 4.. has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs. ...... . ........ ... . . ...... .. ...... .. .... ... ... ... .. 2011 Dec... . . .929 8. ... ... .... ... ...... . Employment-population ratio. ..... .. .... Unemployment rate...... .. ....1 278 12.... . ..... ... . ... . ... .081 82. .. ..... .. .... . .... ...... ..

citizen. . . . . . . . . .630 67. . . . . .S. . . 2012 Foreign born. . . Unemployment rate. . . . . . . .722 68. . . . . . . . Unemployed. .197 206. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .934 58. 203. . .900 NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U. . . . . .. . . . . . . Employed. .. . . . .. . . . . . . .4 22. Unemployment rate. . . . Employment-population ratio. . .. . . . . . . . .8 31. . . . . .. . 2011 Men Dec. . . . . . . . . . . 2012 Dec. .1 2. . . . .091 99. . . . . . . . . . .9 10.8 119. 36. . .0 57. . . . . . . . . Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. . . . .830 50. . .S. . . . . . . . . 2011 Dec. . . .8 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .540 68. . . . . .S. . . . . . . .. . .544 53. . . . . . . . .201 14. . . . . . . . .248 66. . . . . .5 61. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex. .. . .1 44. . . . . . . .. . . . .4 44. . . . . . . . .1 62. . . . .9 1. . . Not in labor force. . . . . .566 62. . . . . . . .386 72. . . . . . . . . . .351 129. . . .3 3. . . . . . . 16 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . .1 951 8. . . .516 67.. . . .5 13. . . Civilian labor force.300 62. . . . . . . . they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam. . . . . . . . . . . citizens at birth. . . . . . . . .650 10. . . . . . . .0 31. . . . . . . .4 23. . . . 2011 Women Dec. . . Not in labor force. . . . Unemployed. . . .082 7.6 76. . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 75. .503 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 2. . . .208 8. .656 62. . . . . . . . . . .7 13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .468 78. . 16 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . .376 50. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . .723 18. .0 12. . . . . .0 9. . . .6 5.479 79. . . .530 7. . . . . . .1 118. . . . . .. Participation rate. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .357 55. . 2012 Dec. . . . Employment-population ratio. . . . . . .613 10. . . . . . . . .812 7. . . . . . . . . . . . .835 61. . . . . .751 18.795 105. . .4 5. Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .733 128. . . . . . . . .032 8. . . . . . . . . . ..851 24. citizen. . . to parents neither of whom was a U. Civilian labor force. . . .647 61. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .386 14. . . . . The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U. .695 98. .0 56. . . . . . . . . ..391 7. .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-7. . . Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . .999 25.536 63. . . . . . . . . . . . . .292 19. That is. .5 8. .997 58. . . . . . .833 Native born.844 58. . .9 4. . . . . .780 55. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 12.836 67.271 72.5 9. .033 57. .918 18.103 60.216 61. . . . . . . . .973 8. . . . .015 37. . . . . . . . . not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Total Employment status and nativity Dec. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .467 53. . . . . .7 4. . .189 8. . . .1 9. . . . . .3 981 9. . . . . .422 8. . . . .5 3. . . . .106 106. . . .

. . .080 – 110.587 18.550 – 2. and other reasons. . . . . .. .706 19. . .767 131.. . . . .896 8.975 2. . and bad weather. .898 4.567 2. . . . .686 111.395 732 110.138 132. . . . . .002 8. retirement or Social Security limits on earnings. .146 1. . . . 2011 Nov. . . . .087 2.195 2. .618 18.406 – 110. . .596 8. . Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status [In thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Category CLASS OF WORKER Agriculture and related industries. . .105 2. . . .966 20. . . . . Self-employed workers.314 640 108. . . .524 18. . . . . . .288 2. . .935 – 8.058 8. ..259 5.205 683 33 141.593 19. . . . .987 8. holidays. . . . . .. . . . . ..281 – 108. . 3 Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions.029 5.954 8. .647 111. . . . . .177 2. .. .411 110.489 8. . . . .994 5.138 5. . .599 8. . . . . . . . .429 – 110.320 776 – 141. . Self-employed workers. . . . . . .648 18. NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. . . . . 2012 Dec.025 2.523 109.289 8. . .555 111. . . Slack work or business conditions. .468 2. . . .458 20.504 132.819 – 2.123 7. . . . . .399 8.428 5. . . ..552 5. . Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. .469 1 Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated. .918 131. . .377 2. . .959 – 2. . . . unincorporated. .993 8.650 2.508 129. . . . . 2012 2.. . . . .358 823 15 138. .326 20. . . . . .196 1. . . Slack work or business conditions. . . . . . . .113 20.604 18. Part time for noneconomic reasons4 . . . . . . . .728 8. . . .024 5. . . . Unpaid family workers. . . Private industries. .245 132. . . . .166 5. . .121 1. .048 7.402 759 – 140..149 132. Wage and salary workers1 . .685 19. .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-8. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations.631 18. or seasonal declines in demand.650 18. . . .394 751 – 141.190 132. . .527 18. . . . . . . . . . .038 5. . ..038 20. . . . .812 4. .527 8. . . . . .234 20. . . . . 2 Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week. . . . . . . . . . . unincorporated.863 – 2.195 1. . Government.406 18. . .811 20. . 2012 Dec.295 747 – 141. . Could only find part-time work. . . . . . .763 8. . . . . .. .043 5. . ..308 8. . 4 Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems. . . .928 2. . . inability to find full-time work.918 4. . family or personal obligations. .274 761 11 141. . . PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME2 All industries Part time for economic reasons3 . . . . . . .380 1. . . . . 2012 Nov. Seasonally adjusted Dec. . Nonagricultural industries. . Wage and salary workers1 . Other industries. . .784 – 111. . . . .910 5. . . . .286 5.616 18. .674 8. . . . . Part time for noneconomic reasons4 . . . .043 8.394 18.. .702 111. . . . . . .652 109. .743 20. . . . . . .. . .641 7.458 898 – 138. .. .819 85 2.485 129. .598 111.084 2. . .977 69 1.. . . . . . . .534 2.. . .154 2.. ..839 111. . .. .632 8. . . . . . . . . . . school or training. . . . . 2012 Sept.310 7. . .. . . illness. . . . Could only find part-time work. . .198 1. .162 5. . . Unpaid family workers. . . . . Nonagricultural industries Part time for economic reasons3 .215 20. 2012 Dec. . . . . .. .583 18. . . .594 7. .. .887 2.607 5.659 8.381 18. .118 2. . .663 8. ... Private households. . .032 2.749 – 109. .428 91 2. .922 1. .. . . . .754 – 2.168 5.088 1. . . . .392 8. . . 2011 Aug. . . 2012 Oct. . .568 18. . .Data not available.045 1. . . . .408 19. . . . .388 734 – 139.757 754 111.

. . . . . . .982 5. .454 13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .432 17. .287 729 1. . . . . .715 16. . . . . . . .412 125. . . . . .484 64. . .839 9. . . . . . .342 16.985 138. . . . . . . .820 27. 43. . .630 115. . . .742 30. 18 to 19 years.527 17. . . . . . . . . . .595 67. . . . . . 16 to 17 years. . . . . . .297 13.075 14. . .971 632 1.504 43.813 13. .290 2. . . . .389 67. . .461 16. . . . . . . . . . . .193 1.924 34. . . . . . .735 – 9. . . . . .927 4. . . .206 2.239 75. .336 58. . 20 years and over. . . . . . .446 6.643 14. .492 73. . .111 690 1. . .519 17. .688 143. . . 18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . .487 14. . . .041 123. . . .094 14. .701 34.478 58. . . . . . spouse present. . . .017 4. . . .370 16. .614 31. . . . . . . . . . . . . .869 115. . . .226 44. . . .805 30. . .199 9. . Married women. . . . . . . . . . . .232 697 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194 16. .804 – 44. . . . . . . . .790 50. . 25 years and over.378 143. . .0 7.376 142. . .193 16.126 138. . .151 140. . . .800 30. . . . . .220 57. . . . . .293 34. .809 13. . . . . . . . . . .125 43. . 140. .253 31. . . . .546 75. . . . . . . . . . .351 1.492 27. . . .164 15. . . . . . . . . . . .608 13. . . . . . . . . . .511 65. . . . . . . . .918 30. . . . . . .532 Women. . . . .545 13. . . . . . . . .252 1. . 18 to 19 years. . . . . .836 65. . .523 31. . . . . . . . . . 2012 Dec. . . .284 76. . .576 – 43. . .975 50. . . . . . .002 30.628 142. Women who maintain families.963 139.021 593 1. . . . . . .382 2. . . . . .060 4. 55 years and over. . .100 16. . . . 2012 AGE AND SEX Total.328 4. . . . .676 94. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .032 138. .106 15. . . .877 30.849 138. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2012 Dec.205 57. .305 31.490 64. .923 13. . .497 73. . .734 16. . . .990 2. . . . . . .903 13.471 43. . . . .197 14. . .716 6.147 66.193 123. . .272 777 1. . . . .340 30. . . . .682 1 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week. . . .328 30. . . . . . 65. . . . . . . . . .361 14.709 44.883 14. . . . 20 years and over.109 15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .469 27. . . . .048 30. . . . . . . . . . . . . .495 63. . . . . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-9. . . .203 14. . . . .769 2. . .902 50. . . . . . . . .516 8.668 32.096 66. . .221 710 1. . . 16 to 19 years. . . 16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . .428 74.450 72.081 4. . . . . . . .603 67. . . 25 years and over. . .Data not available. 16 to 17 years. . .577 30. . 7.676 6. . . 2 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.651 14. . .247 2. . .496 13. . . . . . . . . . . . 55 years and over. .050 27. . .686 1. .969 66. NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. . . . .496 43.9 6. . . . . . . . .983 2. . .400 1.305 4. .080 16. . 113. . .141 15. . . . . . .339 73.980 113. . . . . . . . . . . . . .490 32. .079 27.152 15.456 94. . . .611 – FULL. . . . . . . . . 16 years and over. . . . 25 to 54 years. . .391 43. . . . .248 43.069 30. . . . . . .259 27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .373 2.502 MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS Total multiple jobholders. .407 2. . 25 to 34 years. . . . . . . .149 143. . . . . . . . . .942 9. . . . .881 13. . . .443 17. 25 to 54 years.339 32. . . . . . . . .027 94. . . . unincorporated. . . . .147 16. . .125 66.681 4. .030 5.515 28. .812 6. .671 13. . .142 2. . . . . . . .727 14. . . . . . . . . . .488 – 9. .874 30.570 125. . . .896 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .720 50. . . .280 14. . . . . .954 6. . .160 9. . . . .502 16. . . .079 30.863 67. . . . .152 6. . . .510 67. .167 628 1. .549 125.788 – 43. . .469 1. . . . .438 17. . . . . .OR PART-TIME STATUS Full-time workers1 . .163 656 1. .536 73.634 64. .467 58. .885 14. . . . . . . . .121 143.987 14. . .503 125. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .315 14. . . . . .422 73. . .014 34. .868 13. . . .764 66. . .517 115. .880 14. . . . . .294 2. .034 115. . . . .447 94. .665 27. .194 – 43.233 676 1.286 16. . . . . . . . . 2011 Nov. .523 32.305 695 1. .582 75. . .167 672 1. . . .406 94. .060 2. .622 – 9.402 1. . . . . .570 – 9. .561 – 44. .443 58. . . .572 14. .565 65. . .986 138. . . . . . . 35 to 44 years.973 66. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .716 6. . .121 7.679 2. . . . . . .488 17. . . . . .989 66. . . . . . 45 to 54 years. . . .134 34. . . .447 75. . . 35 to 44 years. . .183 30. . . . . . . . . . .799 16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .428 2. . . .301 2. . . 2012 Nov. . .9 SELF-EMPLOYMENT Self-employed workers. . . Part-time workers2 .027 2.882 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .767 13. . . . . . . .0 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .407 50. 16 years and over. . . Selected employment indicators [Numbers in thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Characteristic Seasonally adjusted Dec. . 2012 Oct.514 58. . . .467 73. . . . 2012 Sept. . . . . .843 2. . .273 779 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .949 7. . . .974 4. . .182 719 1.175 9. .794 66. . . . . . . . . 55 years and over. . . . . . . .988 6. . . . . .342 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 years and over. .913 34. .404 67. . . . . . .468 1. . . . . . .8 6. . . . . .538 14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2011 Aug. . . . . . . . . . .157 651 1.946 136. . . . . .085 136. .902 29. .868 27. . . .880 16. . . 45 to 54 years.563 64. . . . .548 63.672 94.535 65.351 3. .0 7. . .235 5.807 44. . . .858 13. . . . .026 576 1.711 115. .548 16. .684 14. . . .761 30. .115 30. . . 45 to 54 years. .164 4. .526 76. . . .237 14. . . . 25 to 34 years. . . . . . 35 to 44 years. . . . . .019 14. . . . Self-employed workers.612 6.636 50.877 16. . . . . . .448 – 9. .277 4.934 6. . . . . . . .621 MARITAL STATUS Married men.405 2. . . . . 25 to 54 years. .919 29.480 43.504 73.597 32. 25 years and over. . . .217 2.352 16. . .488 13. .086 15. . . . . . . . . .786 34.738 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109 5. . . .608 16. . . . .080 15. .688 31. . . . . .104 66. . . . . .252 5. .350 32. . . . . .515 76. . . . . . . . . . . .652 32. . . . . . .845 7.097 6. . . . .175 6. .801 16. . . . . . . . .918 15. .192 1. . . . . . . .380 17. . . . . . .837 2. . .378 94. . . .618 31. . . . . . .200 94. . . . . . .448 3. .130 50. . .269 43. .100 124.971 30. . . 16 to 19 years.549 4. . . .0 7. . . . . . . . . .986 14. . . . .624 125. . . . .658 32. . . . .127 16.9 6. spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 years and over. . . . . . 16 to 17 years. .162 30. . . . . . . 20 to 24 years. . . .747 50. . . . 20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . Percent of total employed. . . .168 16. . .429 16. . .903 16. .126 114. . . . . .470 58. .988 137. .429 1.976 50.957 143. .153 Men.821 7. . .502 – 9. . . .692 115. . . 25 to 34 years. . . incorporated. . . . . . . . . . . .077 604 1. . .174 2.014 6. . .980 34. . . . . . . . . . 20 to 24 years. . . . . . .690 65. . . .285 94.552 17. .245 2. . . .620 31. . . . .304 3. . . . . . . . . . . .453 58.050 6.037 16. .698 44. . . .048 16. . . . . . . . . . .902 15. 74.078 15. . . . . . .524 32. . . .437 17. . Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. . . . .231 15. . .595 125. . . . 2012 Dec.016 34. . . . . . . 5. . . . . . . .291 715 1.931 4. . . . . . . . . .460 75.8 7. . . .

9 7. . . .. .1 6.2 12. . . .. . . .8 8. . . .7 20... .206 1...1 MARITAL STATUS Married men. .640 3. .. . . . 16 to 17 years.1 8. .105 1.7 5. . . .4 7.. .. . . . . .. . . ...530 783 300 466 5. 3 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs. .. . .. . . . .. . . .. . .8 8. . . . . . . . .3 4. . . . . .. 16 to 19 years.568 1. .. . .2 6.2 7. .8 7. . .. .1 6. ..8 23. . . . . .2 11. . . .. . .... . . . .. . 25 to 54 years..244 5. 25 to 34 years. .0 7. . ..210 2.411 1. .. . ...1 12. ... . . . 2012 Dec.. . . . .... . . . . . 2012 Dec. . . . . .. . . .1 12..008 1. . ..512 594 236 334 4. .3 5. . . . . . .. .. . .. ... .. .. . . .486 739 231 508 5. . . .9 6. . .3 6. . . .7 7. ..369 939 4.. . Women who maintain families1 . ...097 6. . ..2 7. .2 12.. . . . .. . .8 22.1 7. .9 6. ..215 959 967 773 5.281 1. .. . . . . . 45 to 54 years.... . . . . 18 to 19 years. . . . .6 6.. .746 1. 2012 Sept. . . . .6 6.7 7. . . .7 6.9 7. ... .. . .8 6. .601 1. ..427 1.. . . . ... . .9 4.2 19...183 9. . .6 6.5 7. . . . . . .. . . .. . .5 29. . .1 11. . . . . . . . .9 14.. .1 8. . .7 26.. ..5 6. 55 years and over. .. . . .. 16 to 19 years. .026 6.4 12. . . .7 25...5 6. . .3 6. . . .. 2012 Oct.8 5. . .661 6. .725 1. .179 1. . . . . . .5 6. .7 7...7 7. . . . .. 25 years and over.. . . .1 6.810 10. .9 25. . . .9 25.8 8... .5 7.. .1 26.3 6.0 12..... . .. 20 to 24 years.. .. . 35 to 44 years. spouse present.8 7. . .0 5.. . . .2 8. . ..3 5. ..0 5... Part-time workers3 . . . ...0 10..8 6.310 502 816 11.3 FULL. .6 6.918 937 3..5 22. .. .5 25.2 1 Not seasonally adjusted.. .. . .0 5. 20 years and over. . . ...1 5. . .852 2. .. . . .113 832 5. . . .151 8. .4 23. . .. .7 6. .370 1... .5 31. ... . . . . . . . . .105 1. . . . . .. .. . . . . . .9 5. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .9 6. . 2012 AGE AND SEX Total. .4 22.. . . ... ... .0 15. .OR PART-TIME STATUS Full-time workers2 . . .. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. . .8 20. NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. .. . . .... . 18 to 19 years. .462 3.. . ... ..3 4.. . . . . . . ..1 7. . .. .. . .. . .7 5.3 13. .. . .8 8. ..5 7. .0 6. .6 5..3 26. . ... . 25 years and over...3 6. .. . . ..3 12.. . ...2 7.. .152 782 283 499 6..725 6.6 28. . . . . . ....8 28. . 25 to 34 years. . . ... . Selected unemployment indicators. . . 13.7 7. .. .3 6. . 16 years and over... ... .2 6.. .929 12.. . ..... .1 6. . . . . . . . . .3 7. . .3 6.0 18. . .2 8.3 6.376 536 799 10. . ..8 21. .173 1.. .2 7. .5 7. .166 5. . . .. . ..2 7. . . seasonally adjusted Characteristic Number of unemployed persons (in thousands) Unemployment rates Dec.8 23. . 18 to 19 years. . . .. . . . .. 45 to 54 years. .0 25. .5 6. . .0 6. . . ..4 20. . . . . . . ... .1 6.108 4. . .. ..2 6.. . .. . . . . .823 10. . .. .. . . .819 9.1 6. . . . 35 to 44 years..1 6. .. . .. ..4 6.5 9.8 20. .. . 20 to 24 years.. . . . ...3 6. ... . .5 25. . .2 13. . . . . . . .0 6..6 6. ..9 8. . .. . .1 7.1 10.184 1.7 5..7 6. .355 490 872 10.3 6. . ..HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-10.. . . 16 years and over... .739 2. ..2 8. . . . . 2 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.9 6. .7 7. . . .028 2. . . . . .4 13. 25 years and over. . .2 26. . .3 6.... 55 years and over.042 1. 16 to 17 years. . . . ... . . .7 7.. .2 6.1 24. .. .2 5. .3 6. .1 24. ..149 2.6 6.. . . . ....2 6.. . . . .. . .. ..611 2. . .2 12..9 6. . . ... .3 8. 16 to 17 years. . . . . .0 8... .422 1. .103 2. . 2011 Aug. .. . . . .525 1. . . .. .2 5. . . . . .. .3 13... .8 7. . ..6 6.. . . .7 6.4 6.6 7. . . ..3 6.. ...941 1.642 2. .. .... ... . . 2012 Dec.. . . .. .. ... .. .9 26...6 6. . 16 years and over. . . . . ..6 6. .. .. . .7 7.. .4 6. . . .. ... . . .. . . ..9 Men. . . .. 11. .. .158 2.087 1. . 20 years and over.. . .7 4.5 9..1 30. . . .. .6 6. .5 6.. .. . ... . . . . 25 to 34 years.. .. . ..... . .072 1. . . .7 7. ..6 5. 5. ..0 7.. . .247 1. . . .6 7.. . .721 615 259 364 5. . .0 27. .0 5. . .3 6..6 15... 55 years and over1 . . ..5 4.. . . .5 20. ..6 7. .9 6.. 7. . ... . . . ...3 22.. ..9 7.666 1. . ... ... . . . .. .911 12... . . .4 22. ..095 8.. 20 years and over. . ..3 28.200 1. . . .9 6.560 7..386 1..8 23. .. 2011 Nov. . ..7 25. .. ..8 7. . .1 6.. .5 25.1 6..5 6.8 7. . . ..7 7. . . .5 19.. . . . . .747 1. . . . .. .. . ..049 1.9 7.7 8.698 3.4 7. .. . .031 1..6 5.2 13. 20 to 24 years. 35 to 44 years.. .9 7. .0 8.. ... .9 23. ..742 2.. ... . . . . .7 8.3 6. . .842 1...916 1.. .. . . . . .1 24. . Married women. .. . .0 11. . . . .. . . .. ... 45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . .. . ..071 981 794 8. .. .168 1.1 8. .. . . . .. .. .963 3. .. . . . . 16 to 19 years. . .027 1. .3 17.. . .105 3. . ..... . . . .424 1. ..2 21. .. . 2012 Nov. .0 7. . . . . . . .. . . . .8 6. . .6 6. . . .4 19. .. . .042 4.7 6.9 5. . ..2 8. .098 4. . .. . . . .. .. . .. . . . . ..071 1. .6 6..2 Women. .. .7 7.252 1. .. .777 2.4 8. .. .141 1.031 4. .4 5. .5 6.6 20.. .5 6...897 528 219 317 5.7 6.. .. .. .. . .. . .968 8.6 5. .6 9...9 27.. . . . .. .. ..5 36. . . .. ..308 2..9 5. .. . .6 31... . . .. .. . .3 13...957 8. . ..6 18.. .8 13. .. . ... . . 25 to 54 years.. spouse present.5 17. . ..3 13.7 7. .155 1. .5 8. . . .069 1. 2. .620 3. . .0 26..3 6. . . .2 7. . 25 to 54 years.3 22. ..5 22. . . . .

. . . . . . . .2 8. . . . . . . .6 44. . ..335 4. New entrants. . . . . . . .. .8 4.2 7..325 1.. . . .5 9.0 29. 2011 Nov. . . .075 1. . .198 926 3..8 43. .. . . .. .. .280 5. 2012 Dec. . . ..3 10. .. . . . . ... .. Job leavers. . .7 4. .. .. . . .. . . .... . .. . .. . .153 5.2 57.056 962 3. . . . . . .. .. . ... . . .. Reentrants..077 5. . .5 UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs.9 0. . . .1 0.691 1. .. . . . .228 1.2 0..6 2. Not on temporary layoff. . .0 23.6 2. . .3 9. . .151 1....6 2.3 9.. . Job leavers. ...... . .. . . . . .. On temporary layoff. .. . . ..018 1. . 2012 NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs. .1 0. .0 44. . . . . .. ..9 4. 2012 Sept. . .. .536 1. . . . .. . .323 4.306 894 3.. . Permanent job losers. . . .261 946 3. . . .. . . . . . . .268 6.. . .8 4. .0 27. . . .2 48. .. .4 8. ... .4 53. ..460 4.. ..306 5. . .. .9 27.223 6. . . . . . . . .. .. .. ...592 1. . . .. ... . . . . ... ...085 5. .5 8.. .359 1. ....6 7. .. .. ..009 3.199 1. .. ..9 0. . . . ... .1 0.. . . . . . ... . .6 2. ... .. . . . .313 1. .. .7 3. . ... . .6 10. . .253 6..7 53. . ... 2012 Seasonally adjusted Dec. .. Persons who completed temporary jobs.. ..7 45.. . .003 1. . . . . . .. .. . .. .. 2011 Aug. ... . .302 6...429 1. . . .385 6. .0 7. . . . . .. .8 4. .. . .. . New entrants.. . . . . . . .. .8 NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. . .. . . .. On temporary layoff. .. . . .6 10.2 7. .. .. . .6 2.. . .199 1......9 8.0 28.. . . .... .003 1. ..8 4. ... .7 7. .316 1.4 8.248 983 3..5 0. ..261 1. 5.2 54..1 0.. .. .. . . . .487 1.069 877 5. .3 0.0 52.291 PERCENT DISTRIBUTION Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs. . . . . .. .7 8... 60. .7 27.3 0. .7 55... .. . . ..279 1.244 5.1 0. . . . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-11.. . Reentrants.7 10. . .8 44.. . .. ... . .319 1. ... . .935 1. 2012 Dec.208 6. . . . . . . .349 4. . . . . .463 1.... Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment [Numbers in thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Reason Dec. . . ..6 2.. . 2012 Oct.. .. .. .6 9.080 5. . . .. .. . . . . . . .. .489 1.8 55...1 0. .2 10..326 6. .000 1. .. ... . ..348 4. ... .. ... .. . .7 11.3 27. .190 913 3.. .. .6 2. .. .. .. .1 0.. . . .. . .6 2.7 45. Reentrants. . .... . .1 0. . Job leavers. . .408 1. . . .. . .090 6.5 45. .. . ..2 0. . . . . .6 10. .. .211 5. . . .. .. .9 49. . . . .. . .. .2 25.0 0. . 7.. .6 26.1 10.. . .2 0.. .8 8. ..0 9..9 7. Not on temporary layoff..587 1.8 4. . .6 2.. .. .6 53.724 4. . 2012 Nov.278 933 3. .092 7. . . .276 943 3. ..070 1. . . .. New entrants. .7 9. . . . . . . . . .. .. ...193 4. . .286 6. .. . .. . . .0 0. . . . ...

0 40.2 40. .. . see www. . . .8 21. .1 41.HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-12. . . . . . . . .634 6. .431 1.. . .906 5. . . ..2 15..1 55. . . .4 15.023 2. .2 42.676 2. . . . . . . . .838 6. .846 1. . . . . . .. . 2012 Nov. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment [Numbers in thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Duration Dec. ...757 6. . . . . . . . .640 2. . .. 27 weeks and over. . . . . . .. . .7 39. .0 42. . . 15 weeks and over. ..0 23.1 54.2 21.813 5.. . . .4 23.. .. . 2.. . . . .. . .7 40.6 39. . . .. . . ..817 4.847 6.. 15 to 26 weeks. .. . . . . .017 2. . 27 weeks and over. .. . . For more information. .5 57. 15 weeks and over. .9 38. .7 20.583 1. . ....1 18.766 Average (mean) duration. . . . . . .0 21. .. . .3 22. . .618 2. . .. . . . . . .0 20.. . 5 to 14 weeks. . .7 15.7 54.. .. .1 55.. .5 37. . .840 7.gov/cps/duration. . . . .633 2. . . . .. . . . . . . . ... . 39. .8 22.3 15. .735 7. .3 18.736 1.1 56.5 40. .5 14. in weeks1 .8 21.. . . .. . . . .732 6. . . . . . . . . . . . .3 54.7 21. . 2011 Aug. . .3 39. . . . . . Median duration.. . . . 2012 Seasonally adjusted Dec. .. .5 23.604 1. 20. . . . . . . . .. . . . . 5 to 14 weeks. .0 PERCENT DISTRIBUTION Less than 5 weeks... . . . . .. . .866 4. .. . . . . . . . . . .5 14. .. . . . . . . . 2012 Oct.987 5..8 39.7 18. 2012 Dec. 15 to 26 weeks. NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. . . . ... . . .9 19. .784 2. .0 15. .535 2.. .4 40. .6 23..829 1.7 23.724 4. .. . .htm. 2012 Sept. .820 4.1 1 Beginning in January 2011. . ... .411 2. .8 22.0 22. .. . .0 23. . . .6 20. . .... .3 21. . . . .707 2. .7 15.. . . . .6 39.2 39.678 2. .4 55. . 2012 Dec.bls. ... . .6 18. . .848 6.. . . . .596 2. . . . . . .823 5. . .317 1. .1 19. .. . . . . .865 2. . .871 2.435 1. .1 40. . . . . . . . . .. . 2012 NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED Less than 5 weeks.. . .. .825 6. . .895 4. . . . . . .. . . this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. . . . ..7 15.596 2. . . .0 18. . in weeks. . . . 2011 Nov. .661 1. . ..640 2.340 2. . ... . . . . . . .7 58. ..

16 years and over1 . .. . ..075 33.. ..0 13. Sales and related occupations. . .. ... .. business..S. . .. Farming.. 2012 140. . .4 16.. . ...542 2.. 2012 Dec. .8 11. .811 863 7. .. . . ... ..3 14.. .. .396 18.0 7. ...8 18.8 9.. Installation.. .3 7.. ... . .844 1.060 54. . . .. . . . Unemployed Unemployment rates Dec. . . . Professional and related occupations.. .. and related occupations. . . .. .357 8.3 4... . .. . .... .844 2. . . . 2011 Dec.. . . not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Employed Occupation Total. .. .826 17. . . Service occupations.757 31. .. . . ..019 1..221 8.9 7. .7 10.417 304 1... .8 1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.. and material moving occupations. . Production..678 33..497 15. . ... .. . . ... . . Employed and unemployed persons by occupation. Sales and office occupations.769 24. . . . . .. ... 2012 Dec.0 7. . . . ..258 2. ....465 2. ... . . .. .. . .484 22.635 12..194 334 12.7 8. . . .. .2 9. ..0 7. . . . .. . .942 1. .. Transportation and material moving occupations.. .. .. .685 1. .. .. .4 4.101 1. . maintenance. . . .. . .. Management.441 8... ..008 933 1. . . . . ... .4 5.518 963 1... ... . .. . . . . ... .. . ...2 7. .. construction. .. .. .924 203 1. . .. ..4 6. .104 915 7. .. . . . .. . . . . . .. ..0 9. .042 8... . .. .... .. . . . 2011 Dec.. ... . .8 18. .. .. . . . .. ..069 4. . . Natural resources. . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. .. ..161 1.. . . ...879 1.9 22. . . . and financial operations occupations. . ... . . .... . . . . .. . .. . . Construction and extraction occupations. . .310 15... . fishing. . ... .. . . .. . . .515 1. . . . . . .722 194 1.. ... . . .303 11.. .. . ... .. . ..788 846 943 10. . . ... . .... . ..0 4. .... .. . . . . . . .. .1 3. .220 4. .. .. .325 1. . .970 12. .. . . ... ...877 25.. . . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-13. . .354 4. . professional. . . . .781 8.... .1 9.. .340 17. . ...4 10. . . . . . Management. .039 30.692 2. transportation. . . .. . . .. Office and administrative support occupations... .. .. NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. and maintenance occupations.284 2. 2011 Dec.. .. .. . . . . . Production occupations.6 3. . .808 143.. . . .. . . . . . and forestry occupations.. .681 52. . ..2 16. and repair occupations.5 9. .

. .307 1. .... .. . Financial activities.177 1. . . .... Leisure and hospitality. .. .....0 7.. Professional and business services. . .. ...... .. . . .... ..... . .. .. . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. .. 2011 Dec.. ... . ... . . ... . . . . Other services.. . .. .... ..... .. . . . . . .. .3 8. ..104 58 1.. ... ... .. ... ...... ... .. .. . .... . .8 7. . . ... . .... . . . .. . .9 16.. .. . . . . ... . .201 1. ... .... . .. .. .. Manufacturing. .... ...... . . .. .. .. Number of unemployed persons (in thousands) Unemployment rates Dec. .... ... . . .. quarrying.. ... .. . .5 7. . . Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers. .... . ..... .. ..... . . . ... ... ... .. ... .. .. .... .. .. .. ... . . ... . . . ...... .. . . . . .105 1.. . .0 5.. . . ... ......2 7.. .. .. .. . .. . . .... . ..... .. ... .. .692 9. .9 8... .. .. .. . . ... ........ .0 14. .. ... . .. .. . . . .1 8. . ... . . . . . .. . ... ... . .. . .... ... . . ... . .. ... .. .. . .... . . .S. . .. .. . .. Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers....5 7. . .327 1.. ... .. .. not seasonally adjusted Industry and class of worker Total.. .430 369 229 386 1........ .. ........ Information. .. Transportation and utilities.. 2012 12. ..3 13... .. Nondurable goods. . . ... ... . ... . . . . . . . . .. ..... .. . .. ... . .. ....8 8.. . 2012 Dec.. . .. . . .. Construction... ... . . . .. ... .. . . . . . . . ... ... Self-employed workers. . ....1 8.. . .... .. Government workers... ... ....... .. . ..403 1. .. .. .. .. . .. . 2011 Dec. .. . ..956 59 1.. . ... . .... ... . . .6 9. ...6 8.. . . ..0 6.. . . .. . . . ... . .7 5..426 472 209 874 566 8... ... .... Education and health services. . .... . .. . .. . .. .5 10. ..1 4.145 706 439 1... . .. . ..1 5.. .... ..3 4.... . . .. . . . . .. ... . .. .... . . . . ... .. . . .. . .0 7. . Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.. ..... .. .. ...... . . . . . ... .... . .... ..... ....... NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.. ... .. .. ... Mining. ..... unincorporated. .. . .3 6. Wholesale and retail trade.701 399 235 514 1.... ... . . . . .. ... .. and oil and gas extraction... . . . .. .. . .. ..7 7. ...844 9.HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-14. 16 years and over1 . ... .... .. . .. .. .. .. .. . . . . .6 7... .. .. and unpaid family workers.. . . ... ... . . .. . ..... .. . ... ..... . .... .. . . . .5 7.. .2 10. . . .. . .. .6 6. .. . .......... .395 505 215 892 539 11... ..... . ...3 7.. .. ... . . ... ..7 5.. ...... . . . ..... . . ... .. ... .1 15. . .. .. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker.3 5... . . Durable goods.. . .. .. ....0 4. . ..0 7. ..6 1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.. . .217 783 434 1... . .. .. .. ..

.. .8 7.4 4.. 2012 Nov. .4 8.4 4. . . .. .. 2012 Dec.4 15. . .. . . . . . . .... 2012 Sept.. . . .. . . Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data... . ..9 4. . . .2 4. . . . . . ..1 8.8 7. .0 3. . . .8 8.3 4. . . .6 9. . . .5 4. .2 9. . . . .. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. . .2 10. . . .3 9. . .. .. Alternative measures of labor underutilization [Percent] Not seasonally adjusted Measure U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer... . . .8 8. plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force. . .. . . .3 9. 2012 Dec..0 9. . . . U-6 Total unemployed.1 7.. .3 8. . .2 14. . . .4 NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. .5 8.. have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work.3 4. ..3 4. .. U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs. .. .2 4.6 8.4 14. . . . U-3 Total unemployed. . . . . . . . .0 8. . 2012 4..3 7.2 4. . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-15. as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate). . 2011 Aug. . . . plus discouraged workers. . . . . . Seasonally adjusted Dec.2 4.9 8.. . .. as a percent of the civilian labor force. . .4 15. . .. . . . . . . ..3 9. . . ... . . U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers.8 7. .8 4. Discouraged workers. ..2 13. . .5 14. . . .. 2012 Dec..5 9.8 9.4 7.. plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force. . . .9 4. . . . as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force. . . . . .. . .3 8. .9 7. .. .6 8. .. . . . .1 4. ..7 14. 2011 Nov.3 5. . . . as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force. . . .. .. plus total employed part time for economic reasons.7 14. .. . . as a percent of the civilian labor force.9 4. . 2012 Oct. . as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers. . . . a subset of the marginally attached.. . . .. .9 14.. . U-5 Total unemployed. . . .

. . . . . Persons who currently want a job. . 2012 NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE Total not in the labor force. . . .445 6. . . . . .523 1. . . .. . .. .. . .. . . . . . . . ..301 114 537 3.. . .504 1.. .. .. . .118 228 1. . . . could not find work.. .615 1. .. Primary job full time. . . . . . .540 945 1. .813 2. . . . . .. . .248 7. .. . . . . . . . .. . secondary job part time. . .. 2011 Dec. . .6 1.030 5. Marginally attached to the labor force1 . but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.212 6. . . .. . . Primary and secondary jobs both full time. . . . . . . ..081 4.. employer thinks too young or old. . and transportation problems. .304 565 738 35.. . . . .. and were available to take a job during the reference week.. .. 2011 Men Dec. .3 1..733 3. . Discouraged workers2 . . .9 3. .. lacks schooling or training. . 87. .. .. .976 729 137 608 3. . not shown separately. ill health. . .. .. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex. . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined. . . .545 34. . .. . 7.. . . . . . . . Primary and secondary jobs both part time.. .. . NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.7 1.. . . 2011 Women Dec.981 689 125 711 3. ..506 5.398 3. ..135 2. . . . ...390 91 481 1 Data refer to persons who want a job. . . Other persons marginally attached to the labor force3 . . .311 433 878 MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS Total multiple jobholders4 . and other types of discrimination.303 636 667 52. .237 380 857 53. . . . . 4 Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s). . . .. .990 239 1. .. . . . 2012 Dec. . . .. .523 4. . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-16. . . 2 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available. . .. ... . . . . .597 5... . . .0 3. .088 3.595 89.467 1. . .. . . ...064 1. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . Hours vary on primary or secondary job... . . . 2012 Dec. . . . ..911 1. ..614 1. .068 1. . . . . Percent of total employed. . . . . . . . ... .485 4. .. . . . have searched for work during the prior 12 months.591 2. ... . . . .. . . . 3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities. .. . .532 2. .... . . . .. . . . .. . not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Total Category Dec..712 3. .3 1. ..224 1. . . .

8 639. .067. . .6 452.0 400.3 1.098. . . . .5 1. . . . . . . .193 18. . . .3 1.4 14. .3 1. . . . .9 117.8 -0. .5 86. 2012p Dec. . . . . . . .2 1.5 382.532 26.466.988 25 Durable goods.2 1.5 870. . . . . . .6 370. .297 132. . . . .203 94.6 7. . .0 1. . . . . . .644 1.986. . . . . .442. .0 1.800.3 0. . . . . . . . .990. . . . .1 115.471 1.6 30 12. . .110. .6 348. . . . .855.0 388. .0 806. .082.3 Construction. . 5. 2011 Oct. 92. . . . . . . .1 214. . . .7 -0. .5 5. . 2012 Nov.801. .9 1.106. .2 5. . . .0 7. .425. . . . .9 347. . .737.4 384.3 5.7 786. .3 114.8 1.5 4. . .7 773.4 Retail trade. . . .6 4.1 452. . . . .674.2 372. . . .. .8 -0. . .5 106. .414.4 0. . . .952. . . . . . . .6 366.5 366. . .4 14.5 1.969 11. .464. .669. . . . . . . .4 1.1 79. . . . . .441 1. . . . . . . .0 1.9 869. . .001. . . .2 -0.5 15. transportation. .076 134.361 332.0 390.421. .095. .017 93. .1 1.1 145. .9 800. . . .7 452. . .493. . .226.1 15. . Wood products. . .9 1.0 3. . . . . . .8 114.3 209.534 1. . . . . . . . . . .096. . .330 134. . . .6 579. .6 1.3 220. .9 467. . . .8 1. . . .446. .957. .0 146.407.999. . .483.4 213.8 346. .488. .489 335. .465 25. . . . .0 397. .4 0. .9 119.1 Private service-providing.6 2. . .5 79.0 348.963 11. . . . Seasonally adjusted Dec.728. . . Electronic markets and agents and brokers.8 383. .2012 Dec. . . . . .2 146.2 162.2 869. . . .232.1 742. . .419. . .2 386.104. .770.564 1. .994. . . Food manufacturing.7 1. .3 216.3 452. .3 1.548 18.9 371. Apparel. . . . . . .241.7 11 1. . .1 869. .0 215.5 78. .2 147.6 460. .484 1. .7 2. . . .455. .3 106. . . . . . . . . . .739.6 348. .4 2. .6 4.3 840. . . . . .5 388.6 369. .4 393. . .0 -0. . . Coal mining.6 114.448. 4. . . .100. . . . . .3 452. . . . .5 201. . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 829 50. . . . .0 787. . . . . . .3 150.3 1. Goods-producing.1 119. . . . . . .866 111. . . .7 -0.822 112. . .2 116. . . . . . . .7 2. .6 1. . . .367. . Computer and electronic products1 . . . .3 365. . .480 1. . . . .2 1.2 5. .2 7.7 1.1 1. . . . . .5 See footnotes at end of table.0 4.1 1. . 15. . .7 1. . . 25.9 383. . .5 1.6 404. . . .3 186.615 135. . .5 662. . Nonresidential building.4 164. . .2012p 155 168 59 Mining and logging. . .4 369. Logging.530.231.2 398. .262. . . . . . . Computer and peripheral equipment.7 1. . .225. . . . .406. . . . .2 195.649. . .0 798. . . .4 114. . . . . . 11. . .486 333. . . 818 48. . . . . .911. .4 0. .4 -2. . . . . . .504 335.6 653. Plastics and rubber products. . .6 117. . . . . . .9 784. . .1 1. .0 1.410. . .065 112.8 1.5 582. . . . . . . . . . . .0 0. . . .7 17. . . .8 910. . . . . Primary metals. . .8 117.478. . .186 110. . . . . . . . Machinery. . . . .097.1 198. .7 119. . . .1 1. . . . . . . . . .982. Transportation equipment1 . .632 18. . . . . .101.8 3.5 406.4 578. .699.004 11.1 1. .9 1.1 14. .099.222.491.6 361. . Motor vehicle and parts dealers1 .6 5. . . . . . . . . .9 371. . . . . 2012p Dec. . . .0 79. . .5 373.5 401. .9 14 4. . .2 3. .0 1. . .773. .3 164.4 361. . . . . . .071. .1 580. . .659.817 12. . . . . Nonresidential specialty trade contractors. . . . . . . .095.6 Manufacturing. . . . .0 146. . . . . .3 5. . .8 667. .6 1. . .0 145. . . . . . . . 2011 Oct.7 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . .479. . .3 29. . .4 148.6 373. .8 2. .7 1. . . . . . Motor vehicles and parts2 . . .6 382.6 107.1 784. . . . . . .0 0. . . . . . .0 451.9 398. . . . .6 570.4 0.7 1. . . .598. . .466. . . Furniture and related products.3 822 48. . .459. . . Durable goods. . .492 335. . .219.783 94. . .5 477.4 1. . .0 652. . .9 111.5 0. . .2 2. . . . . .4 2. . . . . .3 388. . . . . . . . . . . .1 7. . .1 1. .3 3.1 78. .1 -0. .7 801.466.666.900.8 7. . . Nonmetallic mineral products. .8 801. .0 2. . . . . .096 18. .986.709.543 25. .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-1. . .0 779. . .5 388. . .366 329.480 1. Heavy and civil engineering construction.3 196. .3 651. .8 29. .7 835 50. . . . . .503 337.9 119.5 649. . . .9 3.9 367. Residential building. . . . . . . .803 25. .5 5. .3 106.7 5.9 201. .3 164. . .556 93.4 5.9 78. . . . . . . . . . .8 789. . .8 7. . .0 562. . . . . . .958 11. . . .4 115.451 1. .1 Nondurable goods. . . .708 112.0 1.996. .5 453. .2 112. Printing and related support activities. . . . . . . .7 454. .8 1.7 5. . . . . Oil and gas extraction. . . . .735. . . . . . .7 1. . . . 2012p 132. . . Chemicals. .1 3.9 5. .2 665. . . .4 219. . . . . . . . 7. . . .808 11.9 367.086.8 845. .8 796. . .8 29. . Electronic instruments.651 18.3 164. . Electrical equipment and appliances. . . . . . Paper and paper products.5 841.3 790. . . . . . . . .2 405. . . . . . . . Nondurable goods. . . .803. . . 2012 Nov. .2 29.5 14. . . . . . . . . .6 -11. .1 197. . . .000. Total private.457. .021 112.568. . .024. . . .473.2 4.994. . .757 18. . . . . .500. . . . . . . . . . .482 1.7 833 50.5 844.7 2.1 30. . Residential specialty trade contractors.3 392.9 1. . .9 165.1 452. . .479. . . .2 1. .8 848. . . . . .7 651. . . . .0 0.5 0. . . . . Automobile dealers. . . . .491. . . . . .366.5 114. . . . .3 1. .1 2.0 7. .8 4 0. .9 793.1 2. . . .473. .094. . . . . .5 583. . .1 196. . 5. . . . . .8 5.2 1.0 831 51.0 660. . . .9 186. . . Textile product mills. .705 111. . . . .518 1. .802. . . .3 872.474 332.6 683. . . .100. .4 196.5 579. . .345.6 113.598 93. . . . . . .107.9 12. .4 107. . .0 5. . .331 133. . . .6 652. . . . . .5 559. and utilities. .8 346.2 1.5 837 50. . . . . .8 872. . . . . . . .8 14. . .7 398. . . .070.580. . . . . .0 783. . . .251 92. .532 -11 Wholesale trade.6 5. .806. .0 189. . . .3 118. .5 840. .8 399. . . . .1 1. .8 1.447 1. . . . . .8 1. . .448 134. . .6 1. . .8 -3.928 18. . . .426 93.0 1.7 1.097. .2 372. . . .6 638. Mining.1 1. . . . . . . . .9 214. .0 -0. . .731.6 574. . .9 115. .4 404. . . . Furniture and home furnishings stores. . .3 369.029. . . . .137 25. . .3 460.9 1. . . .176 133.3 2. . Communications equipment. . .5 115. .7 1.0 402.5 -0.546 1. . . . .3 667.7 368.1 780.4 0.9 4.6 1.0 367. . . . . . . . . . . .5 792. . . . . . . . . . .659. . .4 372. . .5 369.6 1. . . .3 5. . .7 1. . . . . .5 7. . . . .9 390.5 1.408. .8 1. .5 3.2 564. .5 1.8 785.707 109 Trade. . . . . . Specialty trade contractors. . . . . . . . . . .2 839 52. . . . . .5 769. .409.6 384. Construction of buildings.8 203.2 867.0 107. .3 5.2 459.7 30. . .4 655. .5 28.1 4.485 1. .1 1. . . . . .433. . . .4 3. . .6 4. .1 387. .4 162. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail [In thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Industry Total nonfarm. . . .4 795.9 4. .731. . . . . .1 205.466.1 649. . . . . . .229.099.2 737.1 6. . . .6 572.4 404. . .2 580. .1 1. . . . . .3 799. Beverages and tobacco products. . . . .0 2. .477.5 -0. . .965 110. .8 2. . . . .1 1.1 404. Leather and allied products.4 446. .5 1. . . .3 399. . .1 1. . . . .3 202. . . . . Semiconductors and electronic components.8 119. . . Petroleum and coal products.2 29. . . .6 373.990. 2012p Dec.8 348.7 2. . . Support activities for mining. Miscellaneous manufacturing.3 200. . . . . .8 4. . .4 86. .474. . . . . .9 1. . . . . .051 26. . . .3 564. . . . . . . .0 1. . . .528. .7 571. . .772 1. . . . . . . .105. . . . . . . . . .6 363. .2 349. . . . .3 773. . . . . . . . .100. . . . . . . . . . .1 114. . Mining. . . . .6 1. .1 575. . . . . except oil and gas1 . .8 361. . .096. . .389 Change from: Nov.2 773.984 11. . . . .2 400. .3 119. . . . . .5 118. . .7 112. . . . . . . . .181 25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fabricated metal products. . .734.1 470.9 2. . . .100. . .848.410. . . . .398 18. . .795.544 1. .455.2 191. . . Textile mills. . .3 164. . . . . . . . .5 3. .0 3. . . . .

Couriers and messengers.8 1. .1 1. . . .6 2. .0 23. .076. .580. . . . .5 67. . .5 24.158. . . . . . . .609.469.368.468. . . .955. .7 -1. . .5 449. .177 7.335.9 827.315. . . hobby. . . .2 826. . .330. .435. .407.0 803. . . .1 231.0 22. . Real estate. . .147 8. . .1 1. . .5 241. . . . . .7 1. . . .767 5.8 463. . .9 496. .8 1. . .6 446.8 243.4 0.818. .5 44. .3 436.1 1.5 2. . Gasoline stations.336.3 1. . .750. .4 67. . Department stores.362.8 1. .2 19.0 436.3 1. Clothing and clothing accessories stores. . . .968. . Other information services. .1 83.355. .0 518. .3 774.8 1. .1 8. . . .7 171.9 650.8 4. .1 1. . . . hosting and related services. . .6 836. General merchandise stores1 . . . . .4 806.578. . .9 1.2 171. . .580. . .9 1. . . . . . .1 8.776 5. .0 1. . . . .0 1. .0 1.8 44.567. . .130. .2012p Electronics and appliance stores. .3 1.935.897.2 30. .3 1.416. . . .5 Transportation and warehousing. . .9 18. . . . . . . . .1 780. .638. . . .1 1. . . . . .123.8 1. . . . . . . .2 2.1 761.7 618. . . . .0 0. . . . .5 44. .696 5. . Commercial banking. .016. . 2. .7 603. . . . .8 7.9 2.2 658.7 232. .1 279. .604.314. .279. Real estate and rental and leasing. .9 1.7 7.967. .2 1. . . . . . 2011 Oct.9 2. . . 7. . . .5 83. .6 2. .8 1.4 1.0 1. . .6 -0. . . .2 2. . . .0 851.317. . . .420.4 900. .1 83. . . .1 565. . . . . .5 984. .4 4.2 19.118.2 3. . . . . . . .9 1. . . . . .1 590. . . .607.123. .099.285.5 1.2 451. .1 18. . . . . Funds. . .4 575.509. . . . . . .3 8. .9 558.5 447.5 166. . .9 84. .9 806. .4 507. . . . . .9 1.6 26. .7 789.303.641 735.321. . . .0 84.621. .511.9 1. .564.764 5.6 1.8 363.2 508.7 672. . . . Support activities for transportation. . .4 952. . . . .419. . .4 1.947.9 240. . . . .625 730.0 19.5 1. . . Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets. . . .181 7. . Warehousing and storage. . . .0 1.957. . . .8 2.4 -2. . .3 1.6 4. .3 1.6 1. .8 1. .3 -4. . . . . .0 466. . .4 828. .5 830. . . .321. . .756.3 2. . .5 1. . . .408. .213. . .2 84. . Telecommunications. . .2 2.9 1. . . .5 7.295. .123.6 0. .890. . .804.8 67. .6 1.5 1. . . . . . .3 827. . . .4 63. . .027. . 2011 Oct. . .1 0.1 1.0 3. . 2012p Dec.767 5. 2012 Nov. .015.4 231. .6 1. . . . . .2 445. . .122. .974. .7 63. Insurance carriers and related activities. . . Nonstore retailers. . . .9 7. .8 1.681. .6 241. .6 574.373. . .6 3.3 1. . . .2 1. . .5 1. . . . .084.6 565.1 805. . . . 4.2 2. . .0 1. .6 2. .4 587.9 448. . .1 2.698 7. . .1 1. . .3 836.6 1.7 586.6 23. . .337. . .4 29. .9 0. . . . . .316. . . .4 27. . . . . . . .3 883. .627.2 2.5 381. . .749. . 2012p Dec. .527. .8 1. . . Scenic and sightseeing transportation. . . . . . .1 1. . . . . . Management of companies and enterprises.968. . . . .9 365. See footnotes at end of table.7 604. . .4 -18. . .060. . . . . .5 1. . .6 172. . . .4 31. . .8 279.8 1. . . .6 17. .8 550. . . . . . .7 1.424. .4 30. .7 1.0 -4.2 18. and other financial vehicles. .254.5 670. . .6 682.816. . . . .5 278.8 447. Depository credit intermediation1 . . .6 1.097. .2 808. . . .4 833. .Continued Professional and business services. . . .116. .314.408. . . .3 1. .5 667. .2 830.6 846. .2 18. . . . .6 -10.3 280. .2012 Dec.939. . . .5 43.4 2.660 749. . . .4 1. . . . 2012p Dec. . .747.5 999.5 0.319.6 802. . . . .037. . . . . . . .2 8. . . 557. . .7 166. . .8 1. . Pipeline transportation. .899. .3 1. . .2 2. .7 2. .424. . . .0 1. . .085.9 170.621 736. .6 957. . .7 961. .112.5 516. . . .6 1.317.6 67. Accounting and bookkeeping services. .8 584. . . .1 242. . Transit and ground passenger transportation.0 1. Motion picture and sound recording industries.8 565. . . . .3 1. .6 956.7 -0.7 2. . .3 3. .046 8. . Legal services.0 19. .570.141.070.401. .8 1.632.4 956.7 84. . .1 564. . .593 7. . . .8 0. . . . .8 1.4 463. . . . . . . . . . .4 565. . .932.6 832.2 803.874.8 2. . . Management and technical consulting services.3 Financial activities.384. .416. .5 241. . . . Publishing industries. . .0 1.1 1. . . .157. . .734.4 171. .2 1. 2012 Nov. . Securities.7 1. .4 231. . . . . .4 3.4 7.8 1. . . .152. . Architectural and engineering services. . 541. .4 -0. .2 1.925. .7 2.5 435.5 3. . .0 1.1 444.115. 2012p Change from: Nov. .2 -1. .7 465. . . . .8 1. .122. .108. . .4 18. . .289. . . .939. . .0 19 16. . .746. .7 464.3 24. .491. . . .859. . .6 804.1 1. . . . . .0 0. . . . .8 2.9 532. . . . .7 4. . . .995.6 778.1 1.3 1.2 2.1 2.0 1. . . . .2 7. .3 1. .2 805.7 2.7 1. .0 2. . .7 452.2 18. . . . . . .7 792.8 Information. . . .645 746. . . . . . . .1 18. . .244. . .5 563. . .642.771. . . . . . . .6 587. . .8 -5. Rail transportation. . . . .2 242.2 515.318.8 2. . .2 -1.362.7 474. Rental and leasing services. .0 1. . . . . .1 1. .1 521. . . . . . . . .7 23. . .171. . Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail — Continued [In thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted Dec.125. . .155. .6 84. .1 8. . . .7 1.0 455. .3 278. .955.9 357. .6 171.4 684.6 1.5 2.7 561. . .5 7. Health and personal care stores.961. . . . . .413. .152. . . .613.9 568. . .9 439. .3 604. . . . .9 44. . .3 5. .337. .7 1. . .4 1.630.2 1. . .439. . . . .634 733.6 1.0 511. . . . .7 547.2 68.8 837. . . .1 835. . . . . .0 559. Miscellaneous store retailers. . . . .2 2. . .303.5 381.2 31. . . . . .8 1. . .8 456. . .7 2. .6 -1. . .3 -0. .4 520. .5 -0. . ..793 5.0 3. . . .2 1. .065 8.2 19. . .5 506. .7 567. Food and beverage stores. .7 1. .6 0. . . .059. . . . . . . . . . . . Sporting goods.1 447. Computer systems design and related services. . . . . . .1 4. Administrative and waste services. . . .6 1.7 1. . . .707 5. . . . . . . . . .5 -2.2 2. . .5 497.4 1. and music stores. . .7 279. .017. . . .8 19.central bank. .927. . .1 231. .815. . . .132.2 -0.837. . Air transportation.0 1. . . . . . . . .3 514.901.748.3 1.8 524. . . . .014 8.3 22. . . . . . .5 1. Monetary authorities . . . . .6 1. . . . .4 591.409.0 1.639. . .050. . .2 68. Data processing.1 515. . . .1 2. . . . .3 2. Professional and technical services1 .5 7.2 3. . . . . . .049.3 4. . . . .2 2. . . . . . book. .3 -9 -2. . . .0 433. . . . . .1 1. . . .7 9 7. . .315.3 563.9 1. . .3 43.3 2.0 1.1 17. . .2 240. Finance and insurance. . .4 3. . . . .8 1. .161. .8 3. .4 7.6 44.9 1. . .1 1. . . .0 -2. . . . . .958.290. .358. .6 1.160. . .893. . .0 674.035. . . . .1 5. trusts.1 231. . .965. investments. . .4 1.7 1. . . . .611. . . Truck transportation.754. Water transportation.294. . . . . . .2 281.297. .1 502. .623.333.806. . .2 449. .4 2.ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-1. . . .8 1. . . . .123.4 4.750. . .1 231. . .303. Credit intermediation and related activities1 .4 535. .844. . . Building material and garden supply stores. . .3 Industry Retail trade . . . . .420.2 378.1 24.7 1. . . .4 828.771 5. .2 Utilities.1 2. . . . .406. . . .616 738. .9 1. . .8 789. . .336. .2 1. . .959.8 966. . . .8 278. .445.745. .9 508. .2 520.1 23. . . . . .5 44. .9 3.9 232. .4 4. . .4 8. .9 1. .3 832. .5 1.6 1. . . . .7 367. .004.650 736. .557. . . . . .5 2.811. . except Internet. except Internet. .017. . . .1 1. .8 387. . . . .514. . . . .967. .321. . .4 513. Broadcasting. . . commodity contracts. .020.162. . . . . .848. .8 18. . . .

. .8 2. .3 9.221. . .8 0.634.193. . .078.8 1. .7 3. . . . . .660. . . . . . 5. . .634. .3 1. . .1 1. . . 2012p Dec. . . .5 0.1 3.219.756. . . .807.9 369.667.284. . Arts.3 3. . . .203. and similar institutions. and nursing and residential care facilities. . .S. .2 1.923. . . . .8 1. .0 4.116 1.110. .389 1. .278.072.174. . 13. . .614.891.0 2. .1 371. .0 2. .531 3. .0 44.7 20.256.668. .4 2. . . . .0 -11. . . .245. .3 5.0 6. .9 673. . . . .2 14.0 2.0 8. 2012p Dec.036. p Preliminary . .9 1. .805.6 4. .5 1. . . . .359 1.1 17. .176. . . .0 2. .227. . . . .5 2. . .1 -5. .3 14.1 5.727.806. .3 1.3 1.8 9. . .1 6.194. .4 2. .279.670.7 411.4 3. . . . . . .738. .0 1. . . .0 21. .9 1. . .7 407.477. . .466 3. .491. . Federal. . excluding education. . . . . .8 20.6 852. . .345. . .5 4.5 5.2 2.659. . .3 13. . .552.8 4. .160. . . .505.3 1. . .948 2.661. .1 6.6 1. .4 2. . .655. . . .7 2.214. . . .310 2.2012 Dec. .6 1.641.901. .6 20.6 14. .478.4 1. . .1 135. .792. . . . . . .1 22. .6 17. .839. 2011 Oct. .9 855. .0 7.807.1 6.938 2.165.688.9 11. .8 38.753 1. . .8 409. . . . . . . .651. Nursing and residential care facilities1 . . . .803.3 2. .9 841. . . .5 3.0 2. . . . . 2012p Change from: Nov.8 608.457. .9 5. . .7 4.750. .690. .163. . 2 Includes motor vehicles. .8 130.662. .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-1. .394 1. Child day care services.9 2.0 2.4 600. . . . .6 6.920.0 6. . . . . . .216. . . . .9 128.8 14.4 1.253.3 31 -2. . .1 839. .472.3 135.3 639.6 839.7 11. .1 1. .161.0 2. . .5 7. . . . .173. 2012p Dec.339.868. . . . .824. . . Food services and drinking places. . 2012 Nov.3 55.1 1. . Accommodation and food services. . Local government education.8 -13 -3.7 5.7 2.8 2.9 856. . . . . .4 4. .678. . . . .8 1.236 3.6 1. State government. . .5 2. and recreation. .S.3 Government. .0 2.5 10. . . . . . .4 602.817.1 1. .214. . .724 1. .784 1.218. . . . . . .4 3.8 3. .988.797. . . . .7 17. . . . .8 2.4 678. . . . . . . .7 14.542.5 374. Personal and laundry services. . .0 8.727.504.5 6. .0 14. . . . . .0 2. . . .7 5.802. . .5 5. .456 1. .168.0 14.6 7. . .9 14. .805. . . . . . . . .3 6. . . . .449.0 7.0 Other services. . . . .0 602.2 9. .3 2.7 20. . . .8 6.678. . . .Continued 1 Includes other industries. . .5 6.192.0 2. .0 1.0 8. . .0 9. . . .7 829.450. .640. . . . . . .2 13.5 674. . . .836. Membership associations and organizations.5 13. Social assistance1 . .4 2.216.289. . .6 11.184. . .068.2 Education and health services. . .6 6.609 3. and motor vehicle parts.305.914.0 1. . . . . . .3 11. .663. .5 13. . . . .8 838.2 4.073.428.693. . . . . . . . . .1 5. . . .6 394. . .216.048. . . Home health care services. State government.304. . . .2 619.3 14. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail — Continued [In thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted Dec.640. . . . . .441. . . . .850. . . .5 829. .8 854. .203. . . .684 3.1 11.204.1 5. .0 -2.4 1. . . . . . . . .6 1. . .0 7.047. .8 2.497 1. .3 831. . . .1 1. .9 2. . .472.841.6 -2.774. excluding education.331. . .079 3. .2 365. . . . .1 1.785.586. .3 17. .5 1. Nursing care facilities. State government education. . .430. . .3 3. . . . . .5 135.432.5 2. . .208. .0 Leisure and hospitality. .156. . 7. . . . . .396.303.374 1. Temporary help services.1 2. Accommodation.1 2. . .4 2. .7 3.798.2 673. . . .0 2. . . . .249.204. . .5 7. . .0 7. . . . . . . . . . .0 8. . . . . . . .322. . . . . .9 9. . . . .1 2.2 22.0 1. . . .746.8 16.5 23.8 3.274 2.237.9 9. Repair and maintenance.4 1. . 22. . .059. . . .919. . .219. .211. . .1 0. .2 674.4 3.156. .442 3.5 0.414 2. .475.2 3.550. .4 6. Outpatient care centers.998.533.418. .7 2.6 1. . .879. .3 367. . . . .7 22.4 11. .4 2.4 13. .5 -2. .8 406. .304.6 11. . . Waste management and remediation services.0 6.780. 20. Local government.7 3.380 1. .663. . . . .2012p Administrative and support services1 .922.658.3 135. .3 7. U. .5 1. . . . . .333 2. . .4 -1. . .798.0 2. . . . . . . .458. . . .9 13. .336.292. . not shown separately. .558. . . . .549. . .067. . .343. .9 6.0 2. . .9 1. . . Amusements.0 2. .680 1.3 13. except U.925 2.389. .834.160.425. . Services to buildings and dwellings. . .946. .8 17. .0 6. .4 1.453.632. .9 -0. .456.136. . . . . .910. .196. . . .289.9 2.3 21. . Performing arts and spectator sports. . . . .791. .937.788. . .0 9. .0 2.5 21. . . . .071.219. . .662. .799. . . . .839. . .4 20. .4 -0. .8 14.336 1. Postal Service.803. .5 1. . . . .462. .164.5 5.404. . . 2012 Nov. . .464 1. .0 1. .0 14.4 6.0 3.0 3.627. . . . .3 -0.6 1. . .664. . . . .734. .840.1 0. . . . .9 5. . . Ambulatory health care services1 .666. .1 5. . . . . Educational services. . . . .3 677. . .196.661. .1 1.4 2. .225. . .2 Industry Administrative and waste services . .0 33.5 4. . . .1 21. . .5 1.9 14.5 2.911. . . . . 3 Includes ambulatory health care services. . .1 7. .800.9 637.402. . .7 3.9 10. .4 611. . .630. .179. .4 851.1 135.775. .160. . . . . .2 11. .4 6.458.9 2. . Business support services.620. . . .859.862.794. .803. . . . . .0 17. .414. .184. .168.1 129.4 2.166. . . . .328. historical sites. . . . . . . .983.136. . . . . . .0 2. . Health care and social assistance.2 1.932. . . .3 2. .5 -8.993 2. . .399. .8 5. . . .9 2. .6 371. .4 65 10. .0 1. .389. .0 5.236.109. . . Museums. .1 1.129. Hospitals.2 -4.302. . .185. .0 -14.249. . . .9 11. .3 2.4 20. . .305.794. .841. gambling. . .6 5.2 5 4.3 1. .377. . . . 2011 Oct.3 606. .9 1.432. . . .889. .7 9. . .3 7.394 1. entertainment.179.6 622. .254. . . .7 373. . .852. hospitals.543.8 1. . . . .3 2.0 2. . . . . motor vehicle bodies and trailers. .9 2. .501.2 1. . . . . . .0 2. . . . . . . Offices of physicians.166. .396.217.175. .9 1. . . . . . .0 392. . . . . .393. Health care3 . .305.170. . .9 16.944. . . .703 3.6 372.0 14. . .191.4 2.839. . . .2 2. . . . . .9 842.272.2 2. .654.9 854. . . .702.7 14. Local government. . . . Postal Service. .0 840. . . . .3 1.523. . . .808. .793. . . . .687.382. . . . . . . . .3 819.1 2. .920.0 2.3 2.209.369. . .9 1. . Employment services1 .9 7. .2 14.249.608.4 392.0 4. and recreation. .393 1. .9 371. .5 5.5 20. .0 2. . . Federal. .7 14. . . .0 2.

. . .... Trade. .... . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . .. . Manufacturing. . .. Goods-producing.3 3..7 40. . ... .. ... . . .. ..... .... ... . .. .. . ...2 3.. .. . . . ... . .. . .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-2... .8 32.. . . ... ... .. .. .8 26. . . Durable goods..0 32. .. .. . ..5 36.2 43. . . . . .. . .. . .. . ... . Other services.... . . ... ..... ..8 26. .. .. .. . . ... . Construction. . . ..1 40. ..0 31. ... .. ...9 40.. .. .. .. . Information. . ... ..5 38..... ......2 44. . . . . . . . .3 40. . .. . . . . . . .. . ..8 26.. .. . Nondurable goods.9 40. . .. . .. . . . .... .. .6 40.. . .. ..... . ... Leisure and hospitality. .. . .. . .. .. . . . ... .. .2 35... .... . .. . . . .. . . .3 3... .. .. .. .. .. . . . .7 38.. ... .. ..3 41. .. .. . .... .3 41. .. . ... . . . .... ... . . ... . .. .. . . . .. ..... ....... . . .7 31. Retail trade.. . ... . . .. .. . . ..... .. . .7 40. . . ... ..... .. .2 3.. .. .. .. . . . . . . ... Private service-providing. .. . . .. .1 43. . ..8 31. .4 40. .... . .0 33.. ... .. ..1 31... . . . . . ... . . ... . . .. .. . ... .... Utilities. . .. .. . .... . . . .. .. ...3 33... .. ..... . . .5 37.. ..... . . . . .6 37. .. .. .. . .. . .. .7 31. .8 32. . . .... ... . . . .. .... .. ..4 38. ... . .. . . ... ..0 36.. . . .... . . ... . .5 42. . . seasonally adjusted Dec. . .. . . . .. .2 31... .. . . . . . .7 41. .. . . ... . Durable goods.. ... . . .. .9 40.. . ... .. . ... . . .. ...... ..2 3... . . . ... . . 2011 Oct.. Financial activities. . ... .6 37.. .0 39.3 3. . Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector.. Education and health services.. . .. . . . .. . .. . ..5 42. . ... .. . .. . ... .. .. . .. . .. . . . .. . . . ... .2 37.... . . ..4 38.. . . . ... ..... .. . .. . .. . . . .. . . .. . ..... . .. .. .. . . Mining and logging. . . . .. .. .. ... 2012 Nov.. . .. . ..0 33.. . .. .. . . .. . ... .. .. . . .. .... .... ... . ..6 38. . ... .. .. . .. ... .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . ... . . .4 40. . .. . .6 31. . .8 38. . . .. ... . ...3 3... ....2 3..6 38. . . .. . .. . . .... .. .. ... ... Nondurable goods...3 35. . .. .. .. . . . .2 3... . . . . .. . . . . . . . ..5 38.. . . ..0 31... .3 34.. . . .8 40. .5 40..6 34. . . 2012p AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS Total private... . . . .. . . . ..5 38. . ... . .... .. .. . ..5 34. and utilities. . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . .. . ..4 Industry p Preliminary . . . 3.2 34. .... .. ... .. . . . Wholesale trade... .. .. . . . . . . . . .6 AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS Manufacturing. .. .. . .. ... . .. . .6 36. ... ... . . .. . ... .. . ... ... . ... . .5 38.. . ... ... .. . . ..3 3. . .. . .5 40..... ..... .. .... . . . . . .. ... 34. . . . . ..... . ...7 38. . .. .... . .... . .3 35.. .. . ... . . . .... ... . . . ... . . . ... .... ..... . . . . . .. .... . . . . . . .. . .. ... .... . . . .. .. . . . . ..... . . .. . ...... .4 44. .4 3. . . . .. .3 34.. . ...... . .. . . . . .9 32.. . . . . . . .. . . . .4 40.... . .. .3 34. . .. ... ..3 40.. .. . ... .. . . .. . ... . .... . . transportation. .. .. . . . .. ... . 2012p Dec. . . .. .. .. . ... . . .... .3 36. . . .. .. . .. . .. . . . . ... .. ... . .1 33. . .. .. . .1 36.... .. . ..7 26.. . .. .5 34.. .... . Transportation and warehousing.. ..... . . .. ..... Professional and business services. .

.30 27.. .98 1. . . ..94 34. .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-3.269.. . . . . Durable goods......13 1.58 28. . . ..002.046.73 763. .. .51 28. . . .08 25.. . . . ... . . ...44 23.. .32 31.32 1.. . .. . .. .148. . . .72 1. .. .38 20. .94 25. . .. .. ..22 780. . . . . . . .172. . .80 714.. Leisure and hospitality. .027. . . .055. . . .. .. Manufacturing.75 515. ...47 13. .91 347.69 1.. . . .37 20. . ... .015... . .09 657.71 27. . 2012p $ 799. . . . .24 519. . . .87 $23.45 28. .18 25.007. . . . .32 800. .90 $ 818.12 16. .95 29.34 653. . Retail trade. . .. . .90 773..041. . ..... . ..33 998.14 24..00 25.84 1. ..33 20. . . . . .. .. . .15 843. ..78 1.469.. . . .03 22.91 993. . . . . .77 28. .35 509..92 35. .65 984... .55 701.. .33 21. ... . ..61 783. .. . . ... .30 713.73 28. .74 1..73 24.043. . . . . . Information.44 20. . . . .. . .. . .042. . . . . . . . .. 2012 Nov... .86 25. .. . . . . ..25 24. .. .. .. . . .279.. .. . . .63 1..... .99 32... . . .91 34. . .033.009.25 1. . . . . . .. 2011 Oct. .. . . . . . .40 13. . .. ..021. . 2012p Dec.80 $ 809. . .32 1. .. Transportation and warehousing.41 20. . .. . .03 29. .. Mining and logging.. . . . ..96 p Preliminary Dec.. .03 1. . . . . . .. . ... .. seasonally adjusted Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings Industry Dec.17 877. . . .. ..28 999. . .. . ..249. . $23. .095.. ..54 1.31 20.54 1. .. . . .. . .92 797.40 351.. . . . . . Trade. . . . . . . .. .89 1. . ... . . . . . . . ..44 842. .. . . . ... .. .. . Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector.59 1. . .. . ...41 1. Professional and business services. .78 23... Construction.41 662.10 972... . . . . . . . . .. . .. .. . . . .34 .63 27.48 21. . . ...56 1. .94 20.. . . . . .27 518. .50 1. Other services.58 1.. . .98 1. . ..09 25.. . .17 657.. . .04 16. ... . . .20 870.81 1.. . . . . . . . 2012p Dec.. . . . Utilities. . .. .. . . . . Education and health services. .80 865. and utilities. .30 1. .63 1.. .384. . .. . . ... . . . .55 28. . 2012p Total private..85 24. .160. ...90 23. .49 16. .. . .37 22.87 28. .. . . .30 13. . .66 24. . . ..86 $23.049..40 21. . ..41 21.. .. .01 971. .. .161..90 1. . .73 29. ... . .89 778. ..14 $ 813. . . ..67 $23. . . . .504.59 27.22 26...68 31.. . 2012 Nov. . .... Nondurable goods.. . .. . . . .39 25.63 23.40 20.. . ..63 854. . . .59 21. . . .. .59 24.21 24.69 986.60 839.. . .27 16. . . .49 21.. . .92 844.96 1. . .70 1.90 13. . ... .. . .72 25.96 24. Wholesale trade. . . .88 348..007. . .. .. .04 800. .. 2011 Oct..98 24. . Goods-producing. transportation. ..00 977.. . . . . . . . . . . .29 24. .13 1. .. ......17 347.06 1. .100.63 708. .. .77 1.. ..40 21...24 31.103. . . . . .015.. .96 976... . .82 1. . .. .00 33....055...258.80 29.70 23. Financial activities. . ..420. . Private service-providing.. . .. .. . . .. . .

. ..1 85.4 0.8 94. . . .8 106. . Financial activities. .8 96..2 0. .6 99. .. .5 112. . . . . .. . . . . Wholesale trade. .7 75. .8 108. .8 97. . . .4 95. . .. . . Nondurable goods. . . . .0 1.. . .1 110. . ..3 111.3 92. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings. . . .1 0. . .4 0. .3 0. .. .. .8 124.. .8 110.7 95.1 93.7 95. . .2 103. 2012p Total private. . . . .7 113.5 84..3 89... . . . . .. ..4 86. . . .1 94. . .9 84. Professional and business services. .4 103. . . .1 95. .3 93. .. . .0 113. . 2012p Percent change from: Nov. .5 113. . .8 130..1 102. . . . and utilities. .6 95.1 98. . 2012p 105.8 86.4 94.8 1 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. .1 107.4 108. .0 120. . .2 115.. .8 110. . .5 73. Utilities.8 95.5 101.. .8 0. . .. .7 113.4 131. Private service-providing. .. . . .5 99.9 108.1 96. . .7 97.. . . . 2012 Dec..3 103. . .0 -1.2 0. . . . . . ..8 0. .2 101. .3 0. .4 109. .4 109. .. . . . . 2 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. .. . .9 97. .7 1. . . ..1 0. . . Mining and logging.2 88. .7 1.4 0. . ..5 0. 2012p Dec. . . Durable goods. . .6 107. . .1 0.1 83.3 102.6 1. . . . .4 110. . .3 83. Transportation and warehousing. ..8 87. 2011 Oct. . .6 95..1 95. Leisure and hospitality. Information.7 0.2 94.2 100. . . . .2 1. . .. . . . . .9 111.. ... .. .9 110. . . .3 114. . . .0 0.7 107. 95.1 -2. . . .. .1 108. Goods-producing. . . .2 100. . ..8 96. .1 96.8 95.4 87. . . ...6 124. . . .3 97.. . . .5 102. .. . . . . .7 108. .3 111. . .4 132.5 100. .. . Trade.4 86.. .. .7 98. . ..2 100.9 109. .1 103. . ..9 74.4 0. . 2012 Nov. . . . .. .1 -0. .2 101. . . . . .1 0. .. .3 109.. . .. . 2012 Nov.4 115. . .1 96. . .4 116.. . .1 2. .4 104. . .. .. Construction. . .. .5 86. . ..2 96.7 96. . . . . . . .4 90... .4 102. . . . . . ..0 94.2 85. . . . .1 0.3 95. . .6 89. . .6 98..3 99. . . . .6 95. .7 97. . . ..3 97.7 95. .0 116. .3 112. . Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment. . ..7 0. .7 83. transportation. . .6 102.. ..9 104. . . . Education and health services.. . . .3 95. .6 0.. . . . ..ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-4. . and employment.0 94.. . . ...1 118. . . . Manufacturing. . .2 87.. .8 103. .3 74. .3 1. . p Preliminary . .1 0. ..5 105.0 94.. .9 95.8 105.. Other services.. ..2 99.4 135. .6 115. . .0 109.3 Dec.... . .4 88.6 0. . ... . . ..6 99.6 98. . .6 81. 2011 Oct.3 109. . ..8 100... . . .3 106. . .8 108.2 95... .. . . .8 98.. .. . . . . . . . . Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector. seasonally adjusted [2007=100] Index of aggregate weekly hours1 Index of aggregate weekly payrolls2 Industry Dec.9 94..2 87... .9 87. .. ..0 83. .0 107.6 1. . . . . .. Retail trade. . 2012 Dec. .4 0. .0 121. . 2012p Percent change from: Nov. .. . ..1 0.1 -0. .0 -0. . . .1 -0. average weekly hours. 2012p Dec. . . .5 112. .2 109. .9 125. .5 85. .. . . . . ..7 99.

0 40. . Private service-providing.025 2. . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . .512 – – 1. . . Nondurable goods.bls. . . . .058 4.... .264 1. . . . ..506 7.. .. . .2 – – 29. . .6 12. .. ..9 – 23. . .. .. . .537 – – 1.2 52.0 1. .. . . .. . . .8 27. . . . . . . .. . . ..1 34...0 44.4 – – 29.024.. . . .. .693.155 2. . . .692 7. . . . . .. . .0 – 1. . . .096 112 716 3. . .060 4. ... . 2012p Dec.0 – – 30. . .2 76. . . . .. . ... . . . . . . . .849 12.. . ..044 109 709 3. . ... . and utilities. . . .4 13. . . . . . .. . ..4 25. . . Utilities. . . .8 52. .. . . .0 – – 22. .... Leisure and hospitality.1 – 23.. . . . . . . . ..3 23. ... .006. . .963 15. . . .511 7. .. . . .7 57. .. . . .. . .. . . . . . .. . . .. Total private..3 25. . .. . . . . . . . . . .4 58. ..4 1.1 44.8 57.3 25.1 34. .093 113 716 3. . . .6 142. . .226 1. ... .. .. . . ... . . . .731 1. . ... .3 24. .1 52. . . .0 137. . .. . seasonally adjusted Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees Industry Dec. . ..... . . ... .. .gov/bls/ceswomen_retail_correction.7 57.. . . . .8 57.. . . . . . . .4 12. . . ... . . .844 12. .. . . 2011 Oct. ... . . . .htm. . .069 4. . . .. .686. . . .6 13. . . . . .515 7. . . . . 2012p Dec... . . .4 58. . .. . . Government. 2012 Nov.2 – – 22. . . . .768 7. .4 76.. .9 27.. . . . . transportation.973 15... . . . .1 44. . . Construction.2 – – 30. . . .3 23. . . Transportation and warehousing. .0 27.678. .8 – 1.3 1. . . . . . . .. .535 – – 1.. . . . .. . . .. .3 23. ..8 52.729 1. . . .6 – 1.. .714 1.0 – 23. .845 12. .. ..0 p Preliminary NOTE: Some data in this table have been temporarily suspended. . Goods-producing. . . . . . . .2 13.513 – – 4.3 12. ... .3 23. . . ..098 113 717 3. .268 1. . .. . . .695. . . . .2 44.. . . . . .2 52.. . . . . .1 1.032. Information. . . . .3 13. . .. ..9 141. . Retail trade. .417 7. . . . .8 52..... .. . .. . ..509 – – 4..2 141.. . 2011 Oct. . .. . . . . . . . .. .2 58... . .574 – – 4. .. . Other services. . . .0 – – 22.. . .. . ... .. . . . Financial activities. . .. . . . . .. . .. .. . . . . .. . . .. . . . ..1 40. .. . . 2012p Total nonfarm.. . . ..2 76. . . .. . . . . . .8 52. . ... .. . . . . Manufacturing. . . . . . . . Professional and business services.717 7. . .. .179 2. . .535 – – 1. . . .. .195 2. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector. . ... . . . Wholesale trade. Education and health services.. . .. . . .056 4. . . . . .1 34.6 – 1.. . . ...8 – 23.. . 2012 Nov. . . . Durable goods. . – – 4. . . . ...ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-5.9 27. . . .2 52. . .733 1.498 – – 22.026.824 12. For more information see http://www.. 2012p Dec. .268 1. . Mining and logging.. Trade. . . . . . .480 7. .. . ...3 34. .. . . . . . . . . . . .1 40... .6 40.. . . . . . .. .. . . ...2 76. . . . . . . . .. . .977 15. . .805 15.....3 13.. ... ... . .3 58. . . .. .

........ . .. . ... . .. ... ... . . ..... . .. Financial activities. . ..059 3.. . ..559. ...... .. . .. .. .. ... . . . . . . .. .. ..491 92.....407 21.. . . .504 92.. .. ... ...... ..978 14. . .. ..... . . . .. .. ..361 4. .. p Preliminary ... construction employees in construction.6 3. . . . .. . . .4 2. . . .. ... . . .. ... . ... . .. .. . Mining and logging. .. .167 3.. . . .. . ...... .262 79... Professional and business services.. .. ... . .. .. ... .. .. .. . .... and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries... ..425 5. ... .6 12. ..8 3.. . . .. Durable goods... . . .. ..145 4.. . .. ... .1 3. .297 5.. .. .. . .. ..181 21. . . ..... . . ...... . .... .. .... ... . .. . . . .6 452.. .. . .. . . . .651 4... . .. ...... .. . . ..... .... . ..... . ... . .... .. . ........ .. .177 4... .. Wholesale trade. .. ... .. . . .. . .910 12. . .....8 12.. ..554.. ... . . .. ... .. . .927 17.. . Retail trade. ... .. .. . Other services. .. .238 77....... . . . ... . ... . . . .. . ... . . . . ... . . . .. .. . . Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector.. . .473. .. ... . .. . .7 2.. .... .. .... .. . ...634 13.. . .. . .. . . .. .. .. .. . . .. ..... .148 8.. .. . and utilities... . .. . . .. . .. .8 451.... . . .....838... . ..878 4...403 5.0 2.. . . Construction. .. ..... . . ..313 21..367 13.... .. .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-6... . Information.956 13. .... .. .. ...... .244 79. . .. . . .. .. . ... These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls... . . . . . ...193 8.. . ...480 17.. ...... . ..505 92. ... ..176 625 4. . .. . . . . 2012p Total private. .. .. .717. ........ ... .. ....607 11... .. ...... ... ..793...186 624 4...990 14. . .. .. . . . . . ... . .. .... ....... Transportation and warehousing. . . .. . .. . .. ....... . ..724. .. . . .. Private service-providing. . .... .411 5.4 2. . ... . ... . .. . ... 90... ..125 5.. .... . . .... .977 17. . . ... ... .. .. transportation... . . .... . .. . ... . ... .. . .822.122 5.. .. .. . . . . .. .. . Education and health services. ... ....151 8. .. .. . .6 451.. . . ... .149 3. . . .... ..... . . . . .. .. . . . .134 5. . . 2012p Dec.. . ... ...175 8.. ...506 1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing.. ... . . seasonally adjusted1 [In thousands] Industry Dec. ...... .. . ...128 5...6 12. .617 4. . . .. . .. ..... . .... .... . . . . .. ..979 14... . ... ... .. . ... .121 4. . . .. ...934 12. . .. .. .. .... ..... .... . . . ....... Nondurable goods. .. .948 17. . ..... .. . .2 12. . . .. .. . . . . ............ . . . . .. .. .821. .159 3... . . . .... .. .. .817. . . .. .. . . .258 79.. .. . . ... .. . ... ... . .. ... ..... . . .. Manufacturing. . . . .. . .. . .. ... ... . .981 12. . . . . .. . . Goods-producing. .. .. . ... . . . . .. . . . .... .. ....900 14.. ..... . 2011 Oct. . . ... ....845 21. Utilities.. 2012 Nov.. ... . . ..558.... . .. .. .. .. . . .. . ... ..816. . . .. . . . .. . . ...7 445.... ... . .... .. .. ....... . . . . . . . . ... Leisure and hospitality. Trade... ... ....670 4. . . . . .111 621 4.. .227 627 4....4 3. . . .. . . .489 13. ... .... . . . . ..... .. ... . . . .. .

. .. . . . .. ..6 39. ...4 39.. .. .6 42. . . ...2 4. .... . Transportation and warehousing.... . . . . .. ... . ... . . . .. .0 32. .. .. .8 35.. . . . ... ..... . ... .. . .. . . .. . . ..0 36. . .. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector.. .... .1 4.. . ... ..5 AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS Manufacturing. .. .. .. .. . .. . . .. ... . . .. ...8 33. .. .. . . . .1 40. . . . ... . .. .. . . . . . . ... .. .. . . . ... . .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-7.. ... . . ..... Leisure and hospitality.. . .. ... . . . ... . . .. . . .. . . . . . .. ... . . . . ... ... . . . . . . . .. Durable goods..... .. . . .... .. ... .. . ... . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . ..9 30. ..3 3. . . . . . . . .. .... .. . ... . . Manufacturing.... . .8 36. ....... . Utilities. . . . .... . ... .. . . . .2 4.. . .. .9 41. . ... .. . . . .. . . 33.. . .6 30.. . .....7 41.. . . Trade.. . Education and health services. ... . . . . .. . . .. .. .... .. .3 24... . .... . .. . .. . .. . .. . . . .9 30.... .7 40.. . .. . . . . . . . .. .8 38. and utilities.. . .. .. . .. .. . . .8 41. ... .... ..6 38... .7 30. . . . ..0 40. . .1 4. ... .. . .. . .5 33. .. . .. .. . ... .1 32. .. . . Nondurable goods.. . . . Private service-providing. .. . .. .. .. . ...8 35. . . .. . . .. 2011 Oct.. . .... ..3 25.. .. .. . . . ... . . . . . ..... .. . .1 47. .. ... . .. . .. ..5 33. . . .. . . . . .. . . .... ..... . .9 38. . . ..... . .. . .. ..9 38. ... . . . . .. . ... . ... ... . . .. .... . . . .9 30... . . .. . . . ... .. . . . . ....... .. 2012p AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS Total private. . .. .. .. . . . . . . . . .. ... . . . .. Other services. . construction employees in construction.. ... . Information. . p Preliminar .... ... .. . . ... . . . .... ..... . . ..... . .. ... .. .. ... .. .. .. . . .. . . .. . .. . . ... . . ..1 4. .. ...1 32. . .. . . . .3 38... ... . . ...... 2012p Dec. . .. . . ...... . . . .. . . .. . .. . . .. .. ... .6 38. . . . . ... . ... . .1 30........ ... Nondurable goods. .... .. . . . .. . . ... .9 4. . .. .. 4. . Professional and business services. . .. .. ..5 33...2 41.. ....7 35... . . . . ....1 39... .. ...2 46.8 39.. . . .. ..2 42. . Mining and logging. . ... . . .. . . ... . . .. .. . . .. . . . . . . . .. .4 32... . ...1 32. . . . . Durable goods......3 Industry 1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing.. . .. . .. . . . . .. .... . .. ... .. . ...9 32. .. . . .6 41. . . .3 41... .... .. .. . . .... . . . .. .. . . . . ........ . .. .. and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. .. . . . . . . .. .. . . . .. ... . seasonally adjusted1 Dec.. .9 36. ..... Construction. . . ...... . .6 38. ..3 24..4 33. ....8 35. ... . . .. . . . ... . .. . ... ... . ..... .. . . . .6 35. ...2 32... . . .. . ... . . . .. . . . .6 35.. .. ... . .... . .. .... .. . ..4 41. . .. . ... ... ...0 45. .. ... .. .. .. .. ..5 36.6 36. . ... . .7 30.. . . .. ...1 4. .... . . Wholesale trade.. . .8 41. . .. . . . . . . . ... . . . . ... . . . .. .1 46.. . . .. . . . . Retail trade. . .. . .... . . . . . ..... .. . transportation.. ... .. . ... .... .. .. .. .2 32..7 41. ..6 41. .. . . . .3 24....... . ...... .. .. ...7 37. .. . .. .1 4.. .4 41. ... .6 41. ... ... . Financial activities. ... . . . . . . . .8 41. .. .. . .5 33. .. ..7 30. ..... . These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.5 41. . . .2 4... . .... .. .. .... . ... .. .. .6 41. . .. . . . . .. . . .0 35... 2012 Nov. Goods-producing. ... .. . . . ... . . ..5 33. .. ..1 4. ...

. . .21 11. ... Other services..68 19. . . . . . . construction employees in construction..78 24. . . . .10 24. . Utilities.18 $ 665..66 592. .09 290. . . ..60 30.98 829.30 13. . .. . . . . . . . . Financial activities.59 Dec. .80 22. . .66 423. Professional and business services. .12 738.. ..86 19. . . .. .48 32.18 683.... . . . .20 23.97 799.. ... . .14 748. 2012p Dec.... .54 $19.43 23.204. 2011 Oct. .. . . ... ... . .... . . . . . . . Leisure and hospitality. . . . .39 13. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . and utilities. .. . . .12 21.. . . . . . ... .. Information. Durable goods. . . . . .. . . . .29 17..10 290. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector. ... . . . . .... ... .. .01 866... . . . . . . . .42 $19.. ... . . . .96 24. .. . . Goods-producing. . .46 22. . ....87 853.49 419.53 822. ..80 962.. . .97 13... . .89 23.. .56 17.33 957.98 870. ..98 23. . . . . . .24 13.. . .21 703...78 678.. .12 26.. .. .95 $ 669.14 1. . . . . .300.00 638. . . .. ...02 25....69 17. . .. . . and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. . .62 682. .99 26. .02 20. . .. ... . .59 1. seasonally adjusted1 Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings Industry Dec... ... .23 20. . . . .66 17.. ...01 11. . .58 536.. .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-8. .04 931.45 850. . . . .00 1. . . .. . .334.98 419. .369.. .46 863. . .. . Transportation and warehousing. .48 22.. .. ....98 968. .76 814. . Private service-providing. .. ... . . . . . .53 32. . . . . .74 637. .10 1. . ... . . .04 23. ..60 26. . . . Nondurable goods.26 23. $19. .24 744.28 $ 673.06 19.50 424. . . . .26 20. . . . These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls. . 2012p Dec.22 848. . . . .. ... . . . . .92 21.30 854. . . . .. . .20 1. . . .. .85 19. .. ... . . .. . . .19 19. . . . .. . . ... ... .. ... .. ..56 $19. .. . . . . . . . . .60 17.. . ... .97 535..07 27. .. . .24 858..19 23.. ..25 719.. . .....59 850. .23 795.. .88 813.. . .. . . . . ..15 17.06 861..72 847. .211. .92 740. ...188.. .. . ... . .34 17. . .87 27. .07 26.. Construction. ..32 21. . Education and health services. ..47 19.. ... p Preliminary ..12 11..55 633.. transportation. . .. .. . . . . . .38 21. . . .. .11 964. . . 2011 Oct.12 19.97 1.. . .95 583. .. .53 17. . .. . .05 23... .48 31.. ...42 536. . . .51 19. . . .. . . . Wholesale trade.. .76 1. . .82 865.. . . . .05 586.16 11.. .15 850.. .. . . .82 818.. . . .32 846.. . .44 21. . . ..50 19. .. . . .59 20.. .58 973. . .30 1. .47 685. . .84 19. . . . . . ..07 716. Mining and logging... .. . . . . ..96 950... 2012 Nov.. .. . . . . .00 947. . . 2012p Total private...51 22. .75 19. Retail trade.. .17 19. . ..82 21.. .. . ...13 24. . .184. . . . . .. .. 2012 Nov. . . .86 21. .25 21. . . . . . . ..65 17. .39 859.97 801.27 719. .. Manufacturing.. . ..50 1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing.. .. .54 534. 2012p $ 660. . .09 293. . . . . .08 287.255.25 17. ..65 17. .18 20. . . . . .66 628.34 17. . .13 791.57 593. Trade..

.7 101.3 110. . . .0 135. . . . . . . .5 118. .1 137. . .. .3 0. . . . . . .7 127. .6 96. .6 82. Nondurable goods. . .. . Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings.4 0.8 227.. . . .9 97.9 152. .8 125.4 103.3 117. . . . ...0 -0. .3 147. .. .0 1. .9 164. . .. . . . .9 97.3 104.3 102.4 119. average weekly hours.. . . . and employment.3 154.. . . . . . . 2012p Percent change from: Nov. .1 1. ..8 137..3 106. .1 135.4 165.. ..4 100.4 123. . .. . .7 92. . .. .6 151. . .1 0. . . .5 -2. . . . . . .0 115.. .5 98.8 105. .9 131.1 0. .. . .0 142. .4 104... .7 0. . transportation.. .1 80.2 138.2 122. Professional and business services. . Leisure and hospitality. . .8 105. .6 1. . Information. . . .0 0. Retail trade.0 78.8 0.9 136.3 103.2 96. . 2 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. . 2012p Total private. ..4 0.6 123... . .. . . .9 123. Private service-providing. . Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector.3 -0. . .7 148. Financial activities. . .. . . ...8 131.3 116. ..5 134. . .1 97. .8 -0... .1 173. . . . Construction.4 103. . . ..6 123.. . .9 1. .1 109. . p Preliminary .. 2012 Dec.8 150. . . . . . .4 0. .. 2011 Oct. .. . .1 104. .. ..4 109.5 1. . .1 148. . . ....7 116.. .. . .1 126.4 0...0 1.1 -0. .5 81.. . . . . . seasonally adjusted1 [2002=100] Index of aggregate weekly hours2 Index of aggregate weekly payrolls3 Industry Dec.3 87. . . . .9 99.2 1. ..5 0.. .. .. 2012p Dec... . .7 108.8 96. .. . . Wholesale trade... . . . . .1 127. .5 128. . . .. .. .. .3 106.2 102. .7 174. . . . . . .2 107. . . . .2 86.. . . ..0 110.4 0. . .6 83.ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-9.1 Dec. . Transportation and warehousing. . . construction employees in construction. .2 86. .8 80. .. .0 98. . . . . 2012 Nov.7 106.5 98.8 109. .. . . . . . . . . . Mining and logging. .1 117. and utilities. . .. .1 0. . . Goods-producing. . ..9 81.3 97. . . . . Trade. . .5 150. . .2 0. . Manufacturing.. . 2012p Dec.1 81.6 110. and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. . ..6 100.4 -0.4 82.6 116.7 -0. Education and health services. .2 94. ..2 80. . . . ..8 146.2 81. . .4 0.. .8 80. . .9 110. . ..3 139.4 229.. . .9 125. .4 115.3 79. . . . . .1 0.4 141..5 0.2 0. . .1 0. . . . . . . .0 103. . . .0 101. . .3 117. . . . Utilities. .9 80. . .0 96. . . . .. . . These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.0 87.9 78. . .4 105..0 163.. . . .1 82.. .. .. .9 102.. . Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment. 2012 Dec. .. . . . . .8 110.4 0.2 106.2 157. .. . .2 118. . .. . .3 123. .7 82. .7 108.2 78.9 116.3 112. 2012 Nov.2 78. .7 102. . . .8 143. 2011 Oct.. 3 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.. .. 2012p 134. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ..2 100. .4 105... .1 82.6 148. .3 114. . .6 100. . .7 136. 2012p Percent change from: Nov. ... . . . ...8 0.0 173.9 99.3 103.2 1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing. .1 0. .9 132.. . .3 103. . . . .8 153. . .0 0..3 157. . .. . . . . .7 234... . .9 125. . .4 124. .5 0. Other services.3 97. .5 102.0 108. . .8 232. . . . .. . 102. .2 169.7 94. Durable goods. .2 105.3 146. ..