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Drugs Mini-Project

Learning Objectives:
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Define a drug, i.e. a substance that modifies or affects chemical reactions in the body. Describe the effects of the abuse of heroin, i.e. powerful depressant, addiction, crime and increased chances of infection (HIV). Describe the effects of the abuse of alcohol, i.e. reduced self-control, depressant, effect on reaction times, damage to the liver and social implications.

Pickering Reference: Pg152-154 Using Pg152-154, answer the following questions: (1) A drug is a chemical substance that can alter the way in which a part of the body works. Briefly state the effects of each of the following drug types on the user:a) Stimulants: Promote (speed up) Speeds up the nervous system ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… b) Depressants: Side effects a person experiences when they stop taking the drug……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……… c) Narcotics: a drug or other substance affecting mood or behavior and is used for non-medical use and is also illegal. An example of a narcotic is heroine ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… (2) Heroin is a powerful narcotic drug. Narcotics act like depressants, but particularly target the brain. The user gets a feeling of drowsy well-being or euphoria (happiness). Heroin is likely to bring about drug dependence (addiction) on the user. Users will do almost anything to satisfy this addiction. State 4 problems this may lead to:(a) Depressant side effects after stopping taking the narcotic…………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………… (b) Addiction to the narcotic and the user becomes dependent on the drug ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

This has many social implications (effects on society). e. Use Pg 153-154 to describe the other problems associated with alcohol abuse:(a) Effect on reaction times (Diagram Pg153): …Would slow down the impulse peripheral nerves so cause slow reactions………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………… (b) Effect on the liver (Pg154): ……Damages the cells lining blood vessels are damaged causing cirrhosis because the liver is working harder to detoxify the alcohol…………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… …… (c) Effect on pregnant women (Pg154): Could result in fetal alcohol syndrome where the fetus develops slowly as the alcohol crosses the placenta to the fetus ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… . People under the influence of alcohol often have reduced self control.(c) …The user may overdose from the narcotic and cause heart failure.…………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……… (d) Would effect the nervous system…………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……… (3) Alcohol is another depressant drug. it can lead to an increase in accidents and criminal behaviour.g.

Keywords: Level Depressant reaction time addiction cirrhosis fetal alcohol syndrome social implications You will have to show that you: Define what a drug is.Drugs Level Assessed Task Your task: The British Ministry of Health has asked you to produce an information poster or leaflet to help them explain to university students the dangers of alcohol abuse. B All of the points for a C grade plus:- . C State the type of drug alcohol is. State the effect these sorts of drugs have on the nervous system.

. State the widespread effects of alcohol throughout the body.State the effect of alcohol on reaction times. A All the previous points plus:Outline the effect on society of widespread alcohol abuse. liver etc. e.g. Include images to show some of these effects. the cardiovascular system.