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EXPERIMENT No.

01

SINGLE PURCHASE WINCH CRAB

OBJECT

To Study the Single Purchase Winch Crab and to draw the following
diagrams:-

1. Load-effort diagram
2. Load-ideal effort diagram
3. Load-efficiency diagram

Also, determine the Law of Machine and determine the maximum
efficiency of the machine.

THEORY




PROCEDURE




OBSERVATIONS

1. No. of teeth on the pinion, T
1
=
2. No. of teeth on the gear, T
2
= ...
3. Circumference of the effort wheel, 2tR = cm
4. Circumference of the load axle, 2tr = cm
5. Weight of the effort pan = gm
6. Weight of the load hanger = gm












SI. No. Load (W)
including
the hanger
(gm)
Effort (P)
including
the pan
(gm)
Ideal Effort
(Pi) in gm
V
W
Pi =
Efficiency
% 100
.
x
V P
W
= q
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.



CALCULATION
1. Calculate the radius of the effort wheel

R =
t 2
nce Circumfere
= .. cm

2. Calculate the radius of load axle
r =
t 2
nce Circumfere
= .. cm

3. Calculate velocity ratio


r
R
T
T
V =
1
2
= ..

4. Calculate the ideal effort (Pi) and the efficiency for all the loads and
complete the table.
5. Draw the required diagrams.


4. Calculate the slope (m) of load-effort diagram
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
1 2
1 2
W W
P P
m

5. Calculate maximum efficiency, q
max
= 1 / m.V =
6. Measure 'C' from the load-effort diagram
7. Write the Law of the Machine. P = mW + C


RESULT
Maximum efficiency = ............ %. Law of machine P = ........w + ........

PRECAUTIONS

1.

2.

3.

QUESTIONS

1. Draw a neat sketch of Single Purchase Winch Crab.
2. Drive an expression for its velocity ratio.
3. Define simple machine.
4. Define compound machine.
5. Define load/resistance.
6. Define Effort.
7. Define Input.
8. Define Output.