01
SINGLE PURCHASE WINCH CRAB
OBJECT
To Study the Single Purchase Winch Crab and to draw the following
diagrams:
1. Loadeffort diagram
2. Loadideal effort diagram
3. Loadefficiency diagram
Also, determine the Law of Machine and determine the maximum
efficiency of the machine.
THEORY
PROCEDURE
OBSERVATIONS
1. No. of teeth on the pinion, T
1
=
2. No. of teeth on the gear, T
2
= ...
3. Circumference of the effort wheel, 2tR = cm
4. Circumference of the load axle, 2tr = cm
5. Weight of the effort pan = gm
6. Weight of the load hanger = gm
SI. No. Load (W)
including
the hanger
(gm)
Effort (P)
including
the pan
(gm)
Ideal Effort
(Pi) in gm
V
W
Pi =
Efficiency
% 100
.
x
V P
W
= q
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
CALCULATION
1. Calculate the radius of the effort wheel
R =
t 2
nce Circumfere
= .. cm
2. Calculate the radius of load axle
r =
t 2
nce Circumfere
= .. cm
3. Calculate velocity ratio
r
R
T
T
V =
1
2
= ..
4. Calculate the ideal effort (Pi) and the efficiency for all the loads and
complete the table.
5. Draw the required diagrams.
4. Calculate the slope (m) of loadeffort diagram


.

\

=
1 2
1 2
W W
P P
m
5. Calculate maximum efficiency, q
max
= 1 / m.V =
6. Measure 'C' from the loadeffort diagram
7. Write the Law of the Machine. P = mW + C
RESULT
Maximum efficiency = ............ %. Law of machine P = ........w + ........
PRECAUTIONS
1.
2.
3.
QUESTIONS
1. Draw a neat sketch of Single Purchase Winch Crab.
2. Drive an expression for its velocity ratio.
3. Define simple machine.
4. Define compound machine.
5. Define load/resistance.
6. Define Effort.
7. Define Input.
8. Define Output.