EGME 333 Fluid Mechanics and Aerodynamics Fall 2012 Homework 2, Due on 9/26

Problem 1. Consider a tank containing mercury, water, benzene, and air as shown. (1)Find the air pressure (gage). (10’) (2)If an opening is made in the top of the tank, find the new height of the mercury in the manometer. (10’) (Density of mercury is 13534 kg/m3, density of water is 1000 kg/m3, density of Benzene is 877 kg/m3)

Problem 2. (30’) The gate shown is hinged at H. The gate is 3 m wide normal to the plane of the diagram. Calculate the force required F at A to hold the gate closed. D=1.5 m, L=3 m, W=3 m, θ=30°.

D

z

L

FR

y

1

(20’) Water flows steadily through a pipe of length L and radius R=75 mm.Problem 3. if the velocity distribution across the outlet is given by 𝑢 = 𝑢𝑚𝑎𝑥 �1 − 𝑟 2 � 𝑅 2 and 𝑢𝑚𝑎𝑥 = 3 𝑚/𝑠. of speed V. A water jet. strikes the dish concentrically. Problem 4. Obtain an expression for the external force needed to hold the dish in place if the jet issuing from the orifice also has speed V. 3 y 1 4 x 2 2 . Calculate the uniform inlet velocity U. (30’) A shallow circular dish has a sharp-edged orifice at its center.

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