From New Birth to Eternity

(An inductive study on PSALM 23) By Evg. Koshy Mathew, Mumbai
PSALM 23
The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. He makes me to lie down in green pastures: he leads me beside the still waters. He restores my soul: he leads me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake. Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for you are with me; your rod and your staff they comfort me. You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies: you anoint my head with oil; my cup runs over. Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD forever.

Class-1 1(a) - “LORD IS MY SHEPHERD”
 A Psalm of comfort and Security • Throughout the Psalm, divine comfort is offered It is a Psalm of security I, me, my/mine used 17 times Number 17 is a number of security • Also refer Rom. 8:35, 38-39, and John 10

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 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.  Why Lord compares man with sheep? • • • Similarity in behavior Lost man cannot come back by himself to God Similar in mob instinct, fear, timid, stupidity, stubbornness etc. Eze.34:18-21

Division of Psalm 23 1. Sheep to sheep talk v.1-3 (Testimony meeting) 2. Sheep to shepherd talk v.4-6 (Prayer meeting) Another Division 1. Provisions of God v.1-2 2. Presence of God v.3-4 3. Promises of God v. 5-6 Psalm 22 Good Shepherd Grief Yesterday Thorn Cross Sufferer Court Psalm 23 Great shepherd Grace Today Table Crook Sustainer Holy place Psalm 24 Chief shepherd Glory Forever Throne Crown Sovereign Holiest of holy

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 WHY I CALL HIM LORD • • • HE IS MY CREATOR HE IS MY REDEEMER HE CARES FOR ME

1. HE IS MY CREATOR • My relation with Him Ps. 139 • • • • V.1-6 He is omniscience 7- 12 He is omnipresent 13-18 He is omnipotent

So Psalmist desires to come under his ownership and complete surrender v.23-24

2. HE IS MY REDEEMER • • We were lost, but he came to save us - Isa.53:6 He paid a great price for us so we belong to Him - 1 Cor.6:19-20; 1 Pet.1:19 Compare his sufferings to save us - Garden of Gethsemane.

3. HE CARES FOR ME • • • He calls them by Name John - 10:3 They know His voice - 10:4,14,27-28 He leads them carefully - 4,27-28

 Jesus the shepherd - cares for you • • • • No wound is deeper than, His mercy is able to heal No separation is wider than, His presence is able to bridge No sorrow is heavier than, His love is able to comfort No need is greater than, His grace is able to supply

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So cast all your cares on Him

 We should bear the mark of His ownership • • Story of the Hebrew servant Exo.21:1-6 Paul had it on his body Gal.6:17

 Are you under His LORDSHIP? LORDSHIP • Jesus Christ is Lord- disciples never called Him Jesus in the Gospels - He is LORD • • • Lordship defined - Acts 9:5-6 Lordship disputed - Acts 10:14 Lordship denied - Matt.7:21-23

Class-2
1(b) - “I SHALL NOT WANT”

 He is my resource
• • • • Primary meaning - I lack nothing, no deficiency. Broader meaning absolute contentment. Sheep, like David is content with God's care upon him. Sheep needs many things, like grass, water, shelter, protection from storm and parasites etc.

 Prosperity theology
• • • Bible is not teaching prosperity theology - Hab.3:17-19 Tribulation is promised - Jn.16:33 Jesus Christ became poor for our sake

 Contentment theology
• • • I shall not want is 'contentment theology' I have learned,.....to be content - Phi.4:11-12 I have all... I am full - 4:18 (4)

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• • •

'My God shall supply all your need' not greed - 4:19 ..be content with such things as ye have - Heb.13:5 1Tim.6: 6-8.

 Our attitude towards wealth
• • • • • • • The way a person handles money is an indicator of our relationship with God. 2085 verses deals with Money and wealth, 500 on prayer. Out of 38 parables 16 deals with money and wealth. Material prosperity is not the mark of God's approval of our life. Eg. Lazarus and rich man. God blesses, both wicked and good with sun and rain. Matt.5:45-48 So God's blessing is not an indicator of our spiritual state. Eg. Laodicea and Smyrna Rev.2:9 and 3:17; Be content ...He shall provide Read Ps.34:10

 Are you content with the divine provisions?
• • Israelites murmured against God. Num.11:4-6, in spite of eating Manna Ps.105:37 Am I a fence crawler? Shepherds sometimes break the legs of such once Ps 51:8

Class-3
2 (a) – “HE MAKES ME TO LIE DOWN IN GREEN PASTURES”

“I will feed my flock, and I will cause them to lie down, said the Lord GOD”. Ezekiel.34:15

 Four requirements of a sheep to lie down
1. Free from fear 2. Free from friction 3. Free from flies 4. Free from scarcity of food

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1. Free from fear
• • • • • • Due to timid nature, sheep refuse to lie down unless they are free from fears. Presence of the shepherd relieves them from fear. "fear not ....I will be with thee" - Isa.43:1-2 "Lord....delivered me from all my fears" - Ps.34:4 Refer. Ps 4:8; 2 Tim. 1:7. "I am with you always"- Matt.28:20

o His presence in the burning furnace - Dan. 3: 24-27 o His presence in the storm - Matt.14:24,27 2. Free from friction
• • • • Cruel competition exist among the sheep Fighting to be 'top sheep' Ezekiel.34:16, 20-22 'Butting order' Eze.34:16,20-22 Cruel competition

 In the process of this competition people are hurt.  Less aggressive sheep are often far more contend, quiet and restful.  Do not quarrel on the way - Gen.45:24  What was it ..ye disputed..on the way - Mk.9:33  Refer. Phil. 4:2; Deut. 24:9

3. Free from flies
 Flies and parasites causes damage to the flock  Flies such as nasal flies, bot flies, warble flies  Other insects like ticks, mites etc.

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 Flies causing trouble o A sheep infected by Nasal flies

 Medicinal oil is applied on the nostril and head to get rid of flies.  Olden days olive oil was used  Holy spirit is typified as oil- our comforter  Doctrinal disturbances  Physical disturbances  Mental disturbances etc.  Beelzebub- 'Lord of flies'

4. Free from hunger Or Free from scarcity of food
 Sheep thrive in a dry semi-arid area  Proper land management is needed to prepare green pastures.  Tilling, seeding, planting grains, legumes  Removing poisonous and useless weeds  How to 'find pasture'? Read John. 10:9  He has promised 'land flowing with milk and honey'.  "In thy presence is the fullness of joy" - Ps.16:11

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Class-4
2 (b) – “HE LEADTH ME BESIDE THE STILL WATERS”

 Sheep thrive in dry, semi-arid country still require water.  More than 70% of the body is composed of water.  For proper metabolism and well-being water is a must.  Thirst is a physiological indicator for the need of water. o o o o Man is a spiritual being so there is always a deep inner sense of searching and seeking after God. "As a deer pants for flowing streams, so pants my soul for you, O God." Ps.42:1(ESV) If sheep is not lead properly it may drink polluted water and can cause diseases - 1Pet.2:1-2 Infested with internal parasites like liver fluke, Nematodes etc.

 “Jesus stood and cried, saying, if any man thirst, let him come to me, and drink." Jn 7:37  Jesus answered and said to her, Whoever drinks of this water shall thirst again: But whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.Jn4:13-14  Blessed are they who do..... thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled. Mat. 5:6

Three sources of water for sheep
 Shepherd alone knows, still quiet, clean pure water • Three sources are: 1. Dew on the grass 2. Deep wells 3. Springs and streams

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1. Dew on the grass
       Sheep gets up early in the morning to feed "water drop" covered grass. Getting up early morning to commune with God is most refreshing. It is a blessed experience to spend time with the Lord - Isa.50:4 Also refer Ps I and Jer.17:8; Mal.3:16 Nothing in this world can give us lasting satisfaction Jn.4:6,11-12 Refer Jer. 2:13 Christ alone can give us satisfaction

2. Water from deep wells
  Refer. Gen.30:38;Jn 4:6,11-12;Gen.29:210;cp.Gen.24:16, v.20; Exo.2:16-17 Wells were like great rooms chiseled out of rocks, ramps running down to the water trough Cool, clear, clean water is collected into the water trough.

3. Water from streams
 Sometimes shepherd leads the sheep to the streams that flows from the hills Ps.104:1014 A comforting ministry - comparable to the ministry of the Holy Spirit. Ps.65:9;46:4 It is pure and purifies us Rev.22:1;Ezekiel 47:1-9;1king.7:23-25;Exo.38:8

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Class-5 3 • • • •
(a)

– “HE RESTORETH MY SOUL”

Many a times sheep need restoration from fall David was a man after God's own heart. Yet many times God restored and refreshed him We read "David recovered all" 1Sam.30:6,19 'CAST SHEEP'

• • • • • •

'Cast sheep' is an old English shepherd's term for a sheep that has turned over on its back Cast down is a mental state.Ps.42:5-6 Cast sheep is both mental and physical state. A sheep cannot get up by itself - a pathetic sight A vigilant shepherd restores such ones. He always counts to find out cast sheep Search for the lost/ Cast sheep GREAT SHEPHERD - Heb.13:20  How does it happen?  Three following ways it can happen: 1. Search for a 'soft spot' - search for comfort 2. Heavy wool depots 3. Over-fat sheep

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1. SEARCH FOR A SOFT SPOT - love for worldly comfort • • • • Sheep prefer to lie down in some little hollow or depression Suddenly the Centre of gravity shifts. It struggles in panic and that leads to build up gases in the rumen Rumen expands and cut off blood circulation to extremities mainly to legs

 Remember Lot's wife • Six downward move of Lot Gen.13:10-14 1. Lot lifted up his eyes - walked by sight 2. Lot chose- a will full decision. 3. Lot journeyed east -Ps.1 4. Lot dwelt in the cities - v.12 5. Lot pitched his tent toward Sodom v.12 6. Lot separated from Abraham v.11,14 • SO HE HAD A FALL - SEARCH FOR A SOFT SPOT

2. HEAVY WOOL DEPOT- self life or pride of life • • Priest should not enter with wool in the holy place.Ezek.44:18 Gen.3:19, Corinthians were 'puffed up' spiritual pride

3. OVER- FAT SHEEP- flesh 1. Material success is no measure of spiritual health. 2. Eg. Laodecia church, Rev.3:17- they had material prosperity over fat. 3. Lust of the flesh is something that can cause a fall.

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Three things that causes believer's fall        Love for the world- Demas loved the world - 2 Tim 4:10 Pride of life - Satan Lust of flesh Three things that causes believer's to fall WORLD, SATAN AND FLESH THREE MEN WHO GOT VICTORY - NOAH, JOB & DANIEL Refer 1 Jn.2:16, Ezekiel. 14:14 Class-6 3
(b)

- HE LEADTH ME IN THE PATHS OF RIGHTEOUSNESS....

Shepherding and Land management • • Over grazing and poor management will damage the grazing land. So a Good shepherd will consider the following land management concept. 1. Before leading the sheep to the pasture shepherd will consider the carrying capacity of the land 2. Excessive grazing will uproot the grasses. So he will move the sheep from one grass land to another. This will help to grow the grasses in the grazed area. Over grazing may lead to soil erosion. 3. Preferential grazing may lead to parasitic infestation. Moving to a new grazing area is essential to prevent this; otherwise live stock will become weak. Gen.37:16-17 LOCAL ASSEMBLY - Pasture/ Pastor • • Local assembly is the feeding ground for saints Principals of spiritual feeding

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1. Concept of carrying capacity. What should be the minimum and maximum number for a local assembly.Matt.18:20; Mk. 6: 40; compare 2 Chro. 2:18 (overseers. 42:1). 2. Change the grazing land- Plurality of leadership. No, one man ministry, change of ministry- Change of person. 3. Change of topics - In sheep there is a tendency for preferential feeding; it will lead to parasitic infections. Balanced teaching of various doctrines, essential for healthy sheep. HE LEADS ME.... • • • • • • • 'Lord led me' first reference - Gen.24:27 Sheep's own ways are damaging ways If sheep is left alone it is disastrous. Read Isa. 53:6 Damaging ways - Prov.16:25;14:12;Jer.10:23-24 Jesus saw sheep without shepherd - Matt.9:36. Jesus is the way - Jn.14:6;10:3-4 Let's walk in His ways - Ep.5:2,8 walk in love & also as children of light  How does He lead me.... 1. We walk by faith, not by sight 2 Cor.5:7 • • "For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, said the LORD. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts." Isa.55:8-9 Samuel selecting the King 1Sam.16:7,12 Refer Prov.3:5-6;16:1-3,9.Entrust our ways to Him Lord reveals His ways through His word In our collective gatherings God reveals His ways to us
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Secondly, personal reading of the word with a 'renewed mind' will reveal His ways. Rom12:12:1-2

2. His paths are righteous ones, no unrighteousness in it. • Our devotion and desire to walk in His ways will help us to walk in the paths of righteousness. Psalm.25:12;37:4-5 1The.4:1 Wealth accumulated by wrong means is not His ways 2 King.5:20-24

• •

3. End of His ways will bring Glory to His Name • • "He leads me......for His Names sake" Israel defiled blessings of God 'by their own way and by their doings' Ezekiel 36:17 We should use all our blessings, health, wealth, family etc for His glory. Isa.43:4-7

Class-7 4(a) - "YEA, THOUGH I WALK THROUGH THE VALLEY..."  Reassurance of His presence
• • 'I' and 'thou' enter the conversation Intimate discourse of deep affection

 Annual cycle of a sheep
• Winter and spring sheep are with the shepherd at the home ranch v. 1- 3 Summer and Autumn goes to an 'Higher Ground' and return 'home' as the winter starts again v. 4-6

 Move to 'Higher Ground' with Shepherd
• During summer Shepherd desires to take the sheep to a higher ground away from home ranch.

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Upon the green meadows of mountain top sheep enjoy the intimate companionship of the shepherd. As autumn sets in they move back and reach home by winter.

TABLE MOUNT

 But before mountain top.......a valley

o

Valley of the shadow of death...

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 Why we need to pass through the valley?
1. To enjoy the intimate fellowship and care of the shepherd we need to pass through the valley. 2. We get refreshed from the pure streams while passing through the valleys. 3. Richest feed is available in the valley. 4. To humble us for spiritual maturity.

1. To enjoy the intimate fellowship
      Sheep has a great desire to go to the 'mountain top' to enjoy the intimate fellowship of the shepherd. But it has to pass through the valleys Journey is extremely difficult Storms, flood, rock slides, avalanches, poisonous plants, predators, hail, snow, steep cleft etc. But our shepherd is with us. Isa. 43:2,1Cor.10:13; Heb.4:1415 “I will not fear evil, for though art with me....."

2. It is in the valleys our souls are refreshed
     Here one finds refreshing waters all along the way Rivers, streams, springs and quiet pool etc. Thirsty flock get satisfied here It is from here shepherd collects smooth stones to kill wild beasts 1sam.17:40 These experiences help us to comfort others. 2Cor.1:3-4. 2Cor.12:9

3. Richest feed is available in the valleys
     (16) Richest and best forage (food) are found in the valleys. Essential for feeding mother (Ewe) and Lamb. Here Ewe teaches lamb the way to the mountain top. It is a dangerous way. Deut.8:2-6; 107:7;119:71, 67 Still shepherd knows it is the best way to take his sheep to 'table mount'.

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4. To humble us for spiritual maturity
     Higher you go stronger the wind Sudden winds even can blow the sheep into the valleys Shepherd should know the direction of the winds as he takes them to the top Sheep will become strong and sturdy as it passes through the valley I will fear no evil because..... Det.11:12

 Paul's spiritual Maturity
   AD 57 Paul said 'least among the Apostle' 1Cor.15:9 A D 60. He said 'least among the saints' Ep.3:8 A D 65. He said ' chief among the sinners 1 Tim1:15

It's in the valleys I grow (Poem)
Sometimes life seems hard to bear. Full of sorrow, trouble and woe. It's then I have to remember. That it's in the valleys I grow. If always stayed on the mountain top. And never experienced pain. I would never appreciate God's love. And would be living in vain I have so much to learn, and my growth is very slow, Sometimes I need the mountaintops, But it's in the valleys I grow I do not always understand why things happen as they do. But I am very sure of one thing. My Lord will see me through. My little valleys are nothing. When I picture Christ on the cross. He went through the valley of death. His victory was Satan's loss Forgive me Lord, for complaining. When I am feeling so low. Just give me gentle reminder. That it's in the valleys I grow Continue to strengthen me, Lord. And use my life each day. To share your love with others. And help them find their way. Thank you for valleys, Lord. For this one thing I know. The mountaintops are glorious. But it's in the valleys I grow.

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Class-8 4(b) – “THY ROD AND THY STAFF....  Thy rod and... and thy staff....

ROD AND STAFF.... COMFORT ME.”  Equipments of a shepherd
        Rod and staff- most essential Equipments. Now a day they may carry a gun. Olden days they carried a sling- eg. David Sometimes a small knapsack in which packed his lunch. Bottle of water. Small first aid box - contains oil and wine. Shepherd's bag and a wallet – 1 sam17:40 For entertainment some musical instrument like Harp, flute etc. eg. David used harp 1 sam.16:16.

 Shepherd's Rod
 To be a shepherd one should know how to use the rod.  Rod is the symbol of authority, an extension of owner's right hand.  A weapon of power and defense eg. Rod of Moses.  Fear to the enemies and comfort to His sheep. (18)

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ROD SPEAKS OF THE WORD OF GOD  The rod of comfort  Following are the comforting aspect of God's word
1. Rod speaks of authority- God's word it's authority comforts us. o o " Thus saith the Lord" no confusion and chaos. Jesus spoke with authority not like scribes Mat.7:29 ' astonished' and 'wondered' at His word. Mat. 7:28; Luke 4:22 - gracious words, comforting words.

2. Rod used to warn the sheep
o o o Keeps them away from poisonous weeds It brings back the 'wayward' sheep to the fold Word of God keeps us away from sin and restores backsliders

3. Rod is used to count the sheep.
o Process of counting the sheep is called 'passing under the rod' Ezek.20:37 Rod helps to understand the lost sheep Luk 15:4 It helps to examine the skin condition. Heb.4:12. Cleanliness of the fleece we can understand. Ps.139:23-24

o o

4. Rod protects shepherd and the sheep.
o o Shepherd uses the rod to smash the head of wild beasts. David killed lion and bear 1 Sam.17:34-37

STAFF SPEAKS OF THE MINISTRY OF HOLY SPIRIT  Staff a symbol of concern and compassion.  Staff or crook comforts the sheep in the following manner. 1. Staff speaks of long suffering and kindness.
o It draws the sheep together into intimate relationship.Ps.133

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o

Ewe and the separated lamb brought together by staff

2. Staff draws the sheep close to the shepherd.
o o Holy Spirit always draws us close to the Christ - Jn.16:14-15 Holy Spirit lifts Him up; thereby we are drawn towards Him. If I will be lifted up I will draw all men unto myself. Jn.12:32

o

3. Staff is used to guide the sheep.
o Shepherd uses staff to 'touch' the sheep. It is like 'walking hand in hand'. Jn.14:18;16:13 Holy Spirit even today guides us in a mysterious way eg. Ruth's steps were directed by God

o

4. Staff helps to bring back the sheep.....
o o o o Sheep may slip into water or thorny bushes With the help of staff shepherd lifts it up and bring back to the fold Holy Spirit convicts the sin and brings back a back slider A sheep that is 'hooked in their wool' or caught up in the thicket by horns will be restored Gen.22:13 Staff is used to bring back 'way ward' sheep out of water to solid ground.

o

5. Staff is used to feed the sheep
o o o Sheep won't be able to reach to the plants in an higher level. With the help of staff shepherd makes it available to the sheep. Holy Spirit helps us to understand 'higher' truths of the scriptures. Jn.16:13;2 Pet.1:19-21

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Class-9 5(a) – “THOU PREPAREST A TABLE.....” Table Mountain • • • In summer shepherd leads the sheep towards table land - mountain top Common in western United States and Southern Europe and is called 'Mesas' 'Mesas' is a Spanish word for table

 Prepares the Table Land.... • • • • Before summer shepherd goes to survey the land - Jn.10:3-4 He distributes salt and minerals at strategic places. Identifies site for his camp Determines the carrying capacity of the land that helps to decide grazing pattern He removes poisonous weeds if any

 He keeps eye on predators • • • • Wild beasts cunningly come to snatch the sheep Beasts like wolf, bear, lion etc. We need to be careful, be closer to the shepherd Eg. Peter, Lord warned him, yet he walked afar off. Lk.22:3132,54-62 We should not be ignorant of his devices 2 Cor.2:11 He comes some time like a roaring Lion or like an angel of light 1 Pet.5:8;2 Cor.11:14; Mat.7:15

• •

 He makes provision for water • He clears out water holes and springs

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He makes sure that clean, clear, cool, deep water is available Ezekiel 34:18 He makes sure that sheep are safe there on the mountain top from weeds and predators Still waters......

 He protects them from storms and gales • Shepherd should know the direction and nature of wind as he goes to higher ground Satan some times takes us to the top of the mountain - material prosperity. Matt. 4:8-10 Some times he may allow us to reach the pinnacle of temple spiritual progress. Matt.4:5-6 We need to be extremely careful of his tactics 2 Cor.2:11

 Prepared Table is the symbol of His love • • Lord's Table reminds the love of the good shepherd. Lord's Table and LORD's Supper (I Cor 11:20)

 The Lord’s supper • •

It is Lord’s and not ours He invited us to the supper • Observed in the evening (Acts 10:7) . Supper is defined as the most important meal of the day. (To Indians lunch and for Europeans dinner) So it is not necessary to be in the evening . Early church did it because of social pressure- slaves working It is different from Lord’s table. I Cor 10:21

 Lord’s table and Lord’s supper • Both are different
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• •

Lord’s supper is exclusively of NT Table of the Lord found in OT and also in Kingdom-Lord’s daily provision for His children Mal. 1:7,12 Lk.22:29-30 Provison of priestly family at the alter is the Table of the Lord He also provided Manna and water. Prepared a table in the Wilderness Class-10 5(b) – “THOU ANOINTS MY HEAD WITH OIL.....”

• •

 Summer time • • • • Time of joy and comfort on the mountain top. Summer time is a 'fly time' Like "a fly in the ointment" Ecc.10:1 Flies are heel fly,nose flies,black flies, bot flies,mosquitoes, gnats etc.

Flies make the Golden summer a time of torture 'Flies in the ointment' • In the midst of "lofty Spiritual experiences" a sinner cause a lot of disturbances. Ecc 9:18-10:1 Achan 'troubler of Israel'1Chr.2:7 Experiances on the mount of transfiguration Mat17:1-6 Spirit of life helps us Rom 8:1-2 Classical eg. Act 6:1-11

• •

 Summer time is 'scab time' • • Scab is an irritating and highly contagious disease Minute, microscopic parasite it spreads fast
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Rubbing of head spreads the disease Sheep without blemish

 Rubbing of head spreads the disease  Chemical treatment
• • • Home made line-seed oil, sulphur and other chemicals are used In the beginning above chemical is applied on the head to control it Some times head need a repeated plunging to ensure its control

 Some times head need a repeated plunging to ensure its control

 Dips are build and sheep is completely submerged

 Scab speaks of sin in our thought life • • Every thought should be made captive 2Cor.10:5-7 Rom.12:1-2;Phil.4:8

 Breeding season • As summer subsides autumn gradually sets in
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Flies starts disappearing Flocks prepares to return home This the beginning of breeding season

 Great battle between the Rams • Shepherd catches the Ram/ Sheep and smear their head with grease Lubricant reduces the impact Eg upper room ministry of our Lord “MY CUP RUNNETH OVER” • Because of the change of climate from autumn to winter both sheep and shepherd suffer a lot Some time Ewe or lamb may be chilled due to exposer to wet, cold weather He pours a spoonful of wine into its throat

• •

 Sheep during cold weather  First aid box • • • • • • • Oil and wine Lk.10:34 Oil- pain killer Wine- anti septic Wine gladness to the heart of man and God Ps104:15;Jud.9:13 Onesiphorus 2 Tim1:16-18; Philemon v.7,20 Oil- to make face to shine see Acts 6:15

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Class-11 6(a) – “GOODNESS AND MERCY....
 Dr.Henry M. Morris paraphrased the last verse as follows:  Surely Christ's Goodness and Lovingkindness will pursue me as long as I live,and then I will dwell in God's great heavenly family through all the ages of eternity. • • • Psalm starts and ends with a positive statements Following are some of His goodness and Mercy Green pastures,still waters, righteous ways, prepared table top,oil and wine are examples of His goodness When I was 'cast down' His mercy restored me, in the midst of dark valleys His presence protected,His rod and staff restored and comforted me when I was lost- Examples of His Mercy When I was mentally and physically wounded 'oil and wine' healed me

...SHALL FOLLOW ME ALL THE DAYS OF MY LIFE”
• • • He is good not only in our good days but even in our bad days He was good when I had a fall  v.3. He restores my soul  v. 3 He leads me in

He was good when I was on the cross roads the paths of righteousness.

He was good when I went through the dark valley - His presence protected me  v.4 - I fear no evil; for thou art with me He was good when I was in trouble. His word and the Holy Spirit comforted me.  v.4 - thy rod and thy staff they comfort me He was good when I was astray comforted me  v.4 - His Word restored and

• • • •

He was good when enemies came v.5 He was good when flies and scab came v.5 He was good when I was spiritually frozen v.5 Surely God is Good all the times, all the time He is Good (26)

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• •

See Ps.84:11; 34:9-10 Young lions do lack...but they who seek...

 Ultimate purpose of God in our life - Rom.8:28-29 • • • • • All things work together for good to them that love God Potter moulds the clay Jer.18:3-4 Farmer prunes the vine Jn.15:2 We should 'be confirmed to the image of His son' ....for His Name's sake... V.3

 ....for His Name's sake... V.3 • All the Goodness and Mercy the sheep enjoy will bring glory to His Name

 Behavior of sheep
• • • • If sheep is left alone they will damage the land Careful land and sheep management can give best yield. Farmers call sheep as "golden hooves" Their manure is the best and they destroy weeds by eating buds and tender tips. Sheep always leave behind goodness Jesus Christ "went about doing good". Acts 10:38

• • • •

Dorcas - Tabitha , 'was full of good works' Acts. 9:36 What we leave behind?

 "I will dwell in the House of the (Shepherd) for ever" “...IN THE HOUSE OF THE LORD FOR EVER”.
• • • This psalm speaks of our spiritual life from new birth to eternity In verse one 'THE LORD'....in verse six 'FOR EVER' in His house Finally sheep is saying " nothing will ever make me leave this out fit....it's great" (27)

DCBA Bible Study

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David had a great desire to be always in the house of the Lord. Ps.27:4 to see His beauty "In the temple of God every one speak of His glory". Ps 29:9 ...IN THE PRESENCE OF THE LORD

• • •

Sheep desires to be always in the visibility of the shepherd Sheep desires the attention of God Ye... are known by God. Gal.4:9 In my Father's house...

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One day our chief shepherd will come to take us to our Father's house There we will see Him in His Glory and worship Him. "...so shall we ever be with the Lord" 1Thes.4:17 But now here we have His promises to hold on .

What God Has Promised
God hath not promised Skies always blue Flower-strewn pathways All our lives through. God hath not promised Sun without rain Joy without sorrow Peace without pain. But God hath promise Strength for the day Rest for the labor Light for the way; Grace for the trials (28)

DCBA Bible Study

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Help from above Unfailing sympathy Undying love. Annie Johnson Flint Hebrews 13:5 ... he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.

Class-12
COMPOUND NAMES OF JEHOVAH • • • • • Jehovah Elohim Adonai Jehovah. Gen.2:4 LORD God Gen. 15:2 Lord God

Elohim is God's title in relation to creation Jehovah is His title in relation to redemption Adonai means Master used as a substitute Jehovah

 Jehovah - Jireh Gen.22:13-14 LORD WILL PROVIDE  Jehovah - Shalom. Judg.6:24.LORD OUR PEACE  Jehovah- Ropha Exo.15:26.LORD WHO HEALS  Jehovah - Tsidkenu.Jer.23:6.LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS  Jehovah - Sabaoth. 1Sam.1:3.LORD OF HOST  Jehovah - Nissi Exo.17:8-15.LORD MY BANNER  Jehovah -M'Kaddesh Lev.20:8 LORD WHO SANCTIFIES  Jehovah - Shammah Ezek.48:35.LORD IS THERE

 I shall not want- Jehovah-Jireh • • Jehovah -Jireh means LORD will Provide. Gen.22:13-14

 He makes me to lie down... ..in green pastures - Jehovah- shalom Jud.6:24
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DCBA Bible Study

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 ....leads me beside....still waters. He restores my soul... - JehovahRopha.Exo.15:26  He restores my soul.......leads me in the paths...Jehovah- Tsidkenu. LORD our righteousness Jer.2 Jehovah- Tsidkenu. LORD our righteousness 3:6  ..Valley of the shadow of death... Jehovah - Sabaoth - LORD of Host 1sam1:3  ..a table.....before mine enemies - Jehovah - Nissi. LORD my Banner Exo.17:8-15  Thou anoints my head with oil..... Jehovah -M'Kaddesh. LORD who sanctifies Lev.20:8  ...in the House of the Lord..for ever (New Jerusalem) - Jehovah Shamma. LORD is there, Ezek.48:35

MARANATHA!

Thank You!

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DCBA Bible Study

( Sept/Oct. 2012)

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