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Marie (1850) Petition Supporting Metis Land Grants
Reference: From Joan Holmes and Associates. “Sault Ste. Marie Metis Historical Report.” Prepared for the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, August, 1996.
Metis of Sault Ste. Marie
Photograph from 1855 of five Metis men at Sault Ste. Marie, St. Mary’s Falls. Left to right: Louis Cadotte, Jean Boucher, Obogan, O’Shawan and Louis Gurnoe aka Garneau.1 Jean Boucher and Louis Garneau were both married to Cadotte’s sisters.
Source: R.D. “Dick” Garneau, “Metis and Ojibwa on the shores of Kitchi-Gami. http://www.telusplanet.net/public/hexaquad/photo-c.htm
Key figures in the Treaty of 1855. L-R Back row: John Bouche, Louis Cadotte L-R Front row: Edward O'Shawano, Obogan aka Kawbawgam, Louis Gurnoe. Note the identies differ from the photo shown above.
R.D. “Dick Garneau comments: "FIVE OF THE EARLIEST INDIAN INHABITANTS OF ST. MARY'S FALLS" It is obvious these are not Indians but rather Metis. The man on the far right is my great great grandfather, Louis Gurnoe, a.k.a. Garneau (1790-1863), being of 50% mixed blood. He was also known as Gournon, Gornow and Gaunaux. The man on the far left is Louis Cadotte, born 1802 brother of Archange Cadotte Gurnoe, a.k.a. Julia Nolan (born 1798), listed 50% mixed blood, who is married to Louis Gurnoe on the far right. The other men are John Bouche, Obogan, and O'Shawan. Louis Gurnoe (1790-1863) appeared to have relocated the younger members of his family from Bay Mills, Michigan on the Saint Mary River to Bayfield, Wisconsin near La Pointe. La Pointe, on Madeline Island east of Bayfield, is the home of about four hundred Canadian Metis and Native Chippewa, many working for the American Fur Company. Other members of the family selected Duluth, Minnesota at the head of Lake Superior, or
Saint Cloud, Minnesota on the Mississippi. Some stayed at Bay Mills or Sault Ste Marie, Michigan. Louis Garneau, a Metis born in 1789 was the son of a Frenchman, likely Jean Baptiste Garneau (b. 1872) Sowayguay. He married Kwayzancheewin
Edited and Compiled by Lawrence Barkwell Coordinator of Metis Heritage and History Research Louis Riel Institute