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A comparison between Taijiquan and Yiquan
By Tu-Ky Lam
Taijiquan, well-known for its benefits for health, is practiced all over the world. It has beautiful forms and can be useful in self-defense if you have been trained properly and long enough under the tutelage of a master. Yiquan is a relatively new style of Chinese martial art, founded by Wang Xiang-zhai in the 1920s by combining the main training techniques and principles of Xingyi quan, Taijiquan, Bagua Zhang, and other styles of martial arts. Taijiquan and Yiquan have differences but they also have similarities. I will try to make a comparison of the two systems and find out how they complement each other.
What Yiquan takes from Taijiquan is Taiji's training principle: use mind and not force and so we see that practitioners of both disciplines practice gently, slowly and with great concentration. This practice helps to nourish our life energy and improve our health and fitness. In this respect, Yiquan is very similar to Taijiquan and Qigong. They suit people of all ages. Then both Taijiquan and Yiquan have power discharge, which is done in a relaxed manner with power released only at the point of contact instead of using brute force. Both systems are good not only for health but also for self-defense. Another thing Yiquan borrows from Taijiquan is push-hands practise, though Yiquan push-hands is done differently with its own flavour and more emphasis on self-defense, which is epitomyzed by its strong internal power. Finally, they both belong to the internal systems of Chinese martial arts and require that students and practitioners have correct postures to make qi flow and develop internal strength. Such requirements as lifting up the top of the head, dropping shoulders and elbows, bending knees, flexing hip joints and sitting properly on top of our legs apply to both Taijiquian and Yiquan.
The major differences are in the contents or components of the two systems. Taijiquan has beautiful forms or routines, on which students and practitioners spend most of their time when they train. In fact, they spend so much time in the routines that they almost forget there are other areas of Taijiquan they need to work on. For most students or practitioners, learning Taijiquan is only doing the Taiji routines and push-hands.
Then they also practice a few punches (only 4 or 5) and kicks (only 3 kicks). Taijiquan is graceful and is loved by millions of people. If they skip this. Each of them is strong in what the other lacks and so they can complement each other very nicely. Although some teachers claim to have secret training methods to increase internal strength. Neutralization. Taijiquan's main tactics in push-hands and sparring relies a lot on neutralization and make use of the opponent's strength and retaliate accordingly. Tactics As Taijiquan is more oriented towards the perfection of their beautiful routines. so it has a big gap in its teachings of this area. Yiquan students and practitioners will not hesitate to use their power to attack and overpower their opponents. students will have laid a good foundation for push-hands and sparring. After training hard on the basics (zhan-zhuang. Before they do push-hands. For more details on this. Another . students will need to learn some unbalancing and controlling techniques. it will certainly raise their push-hands skill to a new high. zou-bu or stepping). which are called Shi-li. Before students can take part in sparring. they will not be able to use their internal strength developed from zhan-zhuang. Yiquan is simple and direct. and so will not do well in push-hands.Yiquan does not have routines. It is very obvious that Taijiquan lacks internal strength. see my article entitled "The Power of Yiquan Single Push-hands. it emphasizes less on internal strength. but this can be boring and unconvincing to some people. they are not really effective. which they can use in push-hands and fighting. and health aspects of Chinese martial arts while Yiquan on the practical and health aspects. Taiji teachers should take a good look at the Yiquan curriculum and redesign their one to make Taijiquan training system complete. they tend to use their power to redirect the incoming force. and states clearly power can only be developed through zhan-zhuang. they will need to practice stepping which will help them attack and evade attacks of their enemy quickly and easily. Yiquan emphasizes on power." COMPLEMENTS It can be easily understood that Taijiquan is more like an upper level of a construction while Yiquan the foundation. In stead. shi-li. which are two of the few major components of Yiquan training. The well-known saying. is not used a lot. Taiji practitioners should borrow Yiquan's zhan-zhuang to fill the gap – lack of internal strength in their training system. Yiquan does not have the beautiful form but are very good to health and for self-defense. If they can learn Yiquan push-hands techniques. which give practitioners many opportunities to work on other aspects of martial arts. Judging from the different curriculum of Taijiquan and Yiquan as described above. which is very popular in Taijiquan. rather than the forms. which are useful in fighting. we can see that Taijiquan emphasizes on the artistic. Yiquan students spend at least half of their training time doing Zhan-zhuang to develop their internal strength. "To deflect one thousand pounds with four ounces of strength" describes the Taijiquan tactics quite well.
We can say Taijiquan is a mansion and Yiquan the foundation. one at a time. it is like sipping a cup of good tea. never too fast nor too slow. Yiquan. When a Yiquan master plays with you. A mansion cannot exist without its foundation. After people have learned the Taiji routines and push-hands. You can feel that time and space are compressed.) You will have no idea where his jin comes from. they will be able to better appreciate the practical approach of Yiquan. his arms will turn a small circle. You are excited because you are thrown off by real strong internal force. and you will fall into despair. not tricks. you can only touch his clothes. The following translation. Movements Taijiquan. and a foundation will be a waste if we do not build a mansion on it. He smiles and at the same time straightens up his fingers. When they release power. and your brain becomes blank. Yiquan. The movements of Yiquan practitioners are very simple. they can think about doing Taijiquan. they should seriously look at Yiquan. can help you understand the two systems better: THE JING OF TAIJIQUAN AND Y IQUAN Touching hands Taijiquan. The master beat you with his sheer power. his forearms will move slightly. without any . You can see the master stand in front of you. he will "nail" you right down to the ground. (His internal strength will go straight down through your arms to the bottom of your feet. What follows is that you are thrown off balance. Thinking back on this moment. In these cases. Yiquan. He will make you feel good and have the hope that you can catch up with him. For people who find Yiquan too simple. When your arms get in touch with those of a master. For people who have practiced Taijiquan for many years without much improvement. which shares the same conclusion. When a Taiji master "plays" (practices) with you. but not sure what is happening. Keep looking.fact is that many laymen do not believe in Yiquan's training methods. but cannot find a gap to attack. The movements of Taiji practitioners are very light. their body moves slightly and then stop as if not wanting to hurt you. learning Taijiquan can help. and suddenly you find that you have been thrown flying off. When your arms get in touch with those of a master. CONCLUSION Taijiquan and Yiquan complement each very well. Power discharge Taijiquian.
Combination Taijiquan is Yin and Yiquan Yang. their body does not even move.freeoda. © Copyright T u-Ky Lam Email: tukylam@yahoo. Hope they both can work well together.com/ .nz Website: http://tukylam. When they release power. just as our lips and teeth which depend on each other. This is true and real.deliberation. Only their arms move forward and then straighten up their fingers.co.
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