You are on page 1of 3

Helical Gears

For parallel shafts opposite hand gears are needed


Left-hand gear Right-hand gear

For perpendicular shafts, same hand gears are needed

Advantages of Helical Gears Over Spur Gears


Smoother engagement of the gear teeth More teeth carry load at a given time so they th are more efficient carry more l d for ffi i t load f a given size

Geometry
Tangent Plane Transverse Plane Normal Plane = Helix angle 15- 45 t = Transverse Pressure angle n = Normal Pressure a angle

Right-hand gears

tan n = tan t * cos

Pitches
Circular Pitch distance from a point on a tooth to corresponding point on next tooth p = D/N Normal Circular Pitch distance between corresponding points on adjacent teeth di i dj h measured on pitch surface in normal direction pn = p cos Diametral Pitch ratio of number of teeth in the gear to the pitch diameter. Pd = N/D

More Pitches
Normal Diametral Pitch diametral pitch in normal direction Pnd = Pd / cos Axial Pitch distance between corresponding points on adjacent teeth measured in the axial direction. Need Px 2 for full helical action. Px = p / tan = / Pd tan

Forces on Helical Gear Tooth


Wr Wn

Wt =

33000(P) vt

Wx

Wt = Tangential Load g P = Power transmitted (hp) vt = Pitch line speed (ft/min)

Wt
Tooth line at pitch diameter

Wx = Wt tan Wr = Wt tan t

Forces on Helical Gear Tooth


Driving Gear
nP

Forces on Helical Gear Tooth


Driving Gear Wt from the pinion on the gear pushes the gear in the driven direction. di i
nP

Forces on Helical Gear Tooth


Wn Wr Wx Wt Wt Wt Wr Wx

LH RH
nG

Wt

Wr

Wt

Driven Gear

Wt from the gear on to the pinion is a reaction force

nG nG Wn is ALWAYS perpendicular to the tooth

Driven Gear

Driven Gear

Forces on Helical Gear Tooth


Wt Wx Wr Wx Wt Wr

Biggest Disadvantage of Using Helical Gears


Axial Force, Wx called axial thrust load

Helical Gear Design


Everything for helical gear design is essentially the same as it was for spur gears. The fundamental difference is the J and I factors.

nP

Driving Gear

Wn is ALWAYS perpendicular to the tooth

Gear Design Problem w/ Helical Gears


Parameters: Pd = 6 T/in NG = 138 T NP = 24 T F = 2.00 in Spur Gear Results: SatP = 22710 psi SacP = 123053 psi Assume helix angle = 15 deg.

New J-Factor for Pinion


Fig. 10-6a, Pg 457

Modify J for NG
Fig. 10-6b, Pg 457 1.017

.48

J = 1.017 * .48 = .49

Tooth Bending Stress in Pinion


S tp = = Wt Pd K oK SK mK BK V F Jp (970 lb )(6 T / i ) lbs in (1.75)(1.0)(1.2)(1.0)(1.349 ) ( 2.00" ).49
138

Pitting Resistance Factor, I


SC = CP
24

Contact Stress
Wt K o K s K m K v F Dp I (970 lbs) (1.75) (1) (1.2)(1.349 ) 2.00" ( 4.00" )(.241)

= 2300

= 16823 psi

.243 .241 .239 Pg. 459

= 86830 psi

16823/22710 = 74%

86830/123053 = 71%