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( Reaffirmed 1997 )
METHODS OF TEST FOR AGGREGATES FOR CONCRETE
PART VI MEASURING MORTAR MAKING PROPERTIES OF FINE AGGREGATE ( Eighth Reprint APRIL 1997 )
UDC 691.322 : 666.97.620.173
SHAH 110002 ZAFAR MARG
9 BAHADUR NEW DELHI
K.hWfUte ) Khira Steel Works Private Ltd . E‘. K.. FOR CONCRETE PROPERTIES MEASURiNG MORTAR MAKING OF-FINE AGGREGATE Concrete Sectional Committee. B. Government Test HOUSI Calcutta SHRl s. PATEL Works. Churk SHRI hk!% LAL Direct. Xambiar ) M. S. R . Bombay SHBI S. PIX~IEIRO (A/termm i ( Contimted on page 2 ) BUREAU hlANAK OF BHAVAN. >IURTHY ( . It. ~lUlcEE. N. Dasstur 6: Co Private Ltd . Housing & Rehabilitation ) SHRI HABINDER SrsoIi ( . SEX GCPTA ( Alternate ) Institution of Engineers ( India ). H.4~~ Roorkee SHRI K. C. V. >fOHILE 8. Cement and BDC 2 Representing The Concrete Aaeociation of India. JOSHI U. HATTIANGADI SHR~ V.orate General of Supplies&Disposals ( MinisSHRI B. DEXYAN SUPERI~TEXDI~~ EsoIwxER.PAIS CIJDDOU Irrigation & Power ) SIUXI Y. P. Bombay SHRI T. .e Association of India. Srva Pnas~n ( Alfernafe 1 Gammon India Limited. INDIAN STANDARDS ZAFAR MARG 9 BAHADUR SHAH NEW DELHI 110002 . NADIR~HAH National Buildings Orgenisation ( Ministry of 8na1 C. R~id~sw. BIL~TNAC~AR Central Water & Power Commission ( Ministry of Dlc 1 c. D. L. PAI ( Alternate ) Geological Survey of India. I)OS lI. N. Xew Delhi SH~I 1’. THADA~EY ( Alternate to Shri K. Delhi The Concret. Calcutta SHRI ERACH A. C. N. PROF G: S. 3D CIR( LE ( Alfernatc ) The Associated Cement Cumpanies Ltd . CalcutL~r SHI~I K.-fiternate ) Central Building Research Institute ( CSIR ). Bomb *Y SHRI ?r'. Bombay SHRI N. DAFTARY Cent. Government Cement Factory. Calcutta SHHI I>.I SHHI K. !fAJUJrDAR try of Economic & Defence Co-ordination ) SHRI P. DAS ( Afternote ) Central Road Research Institute ( CSIR ). R. HAZEA Rosearch. RAN S:HRI S.ral Public Works Department YHRI S. B. N. G. Bombay Sua~ K. Joshi & Co Private Ltd . MEHRA . Bombay lh? R. B. N.IS:2386(PartvI)-1963 Indian Standard METHODS FOR AGGREGATES PART VI OF TEST. S. Designs & Standards Organization JOIST DIRECTOR STASDAAIJS ( Ministry of Railways ) (B&S) ASSISTAST DIRECTOR STAXDARDS ( B & S ) ( Alternute ) S.Xr~xa Bhakra Dam Designs Directorute. New Prop Y .
Power ( Minist. ~kI.ts.1n Rot& Wing.IG ti.JOSHI Members ASSI~TAST DIREC~TOII STaSDARDS ( B & s ) SHRI XI. Sulmxnmittec.tin Burn Ltd . Dalmia Ccmolit ( Bluxrat ) I. I. Rumbsy SHRI T. S. 13. ( Alternate ( Alfernate 1 SIIRI R.Power ) Enyilleg~-ill-Cllief’s JJIxn(*)l.vy of Irrigation 8. Ministry of Tmllspurt C Communications ) Bruithwwite Buru S. Hcadquartcrs Alternate ) Indian Roads Congress. PRASAD ( fl/tertmte Canrmun Indiib Ltd . C’ciitntl Public \Vovks Depil~tluokt ~UPI:J~ISTENI~INC 2ND‘?lhCLE SHRI J . D~!+lS 8.5 Stcrnduldr Orgiulization ( Ministry of I<ailw.iGwAX. BIS BDC 2 : 2 Ltd . Calcut. M . TRI. TKEIIAN ( Extra Assistant Director ( Hltlg ). PAIS &DDOr.kys ) Engilleel-ill-chief’s BI. ~ll:~ias~rtu DR BH. Calcuttcl 2 . SIHoT. S.lS:2%6(PartVI)-1963 ( Continued from page 1) Represennng Mer.. C. Y. P. hers REP~W~ENTATIVE SHXI NIHAR CHANDRA ROY SECRETARY &.III~ Headquarters Cc:ltIxl Wilter & Power Colulnission ( Ministry of Irrigation C Powor ) SI~HI K.Jesson (‘onstruction Co Ltd . AI.H.~UIC~I.4SI DI. S. S.~N . R. Minist vy of ‘I’~lnapoi 1 & Couuuunications Mew. ~'INIIEIRo ( A//crnote ) I~NGINJXH. 11. Chlwtftl Ckntml 13onld of Irrigaticlk 8.x. SUIU+ARAJU SHRI J. CVEI. Jo&i $ Co Private Rosc?nl&.td . New Delhi Roads \Vi’ing. R. Arm). DOS 31. N. SIKI<A SIKRI H. l3011lliuy Concrete Comener SHIII S.\o SHRI S. P.4 SIIRI R. B. 1‘. SHRI 0.
1963 ): Part I Part II Part III Part Part Part Part Part IV V VI VII VIII Particle Size and Shape of Deleterious hlaterials and Organic Estimation Impurities Specific Gravity. In iI it ma)’ r. the test methods are grouped standard.3 The Sectional Committee responsible for the prrpa~ation of this standard has taken into consideration the views of the concrete specialists. consun~crs and technologists and has relnlrd the standard to the Further.4ggregates for Concrete ( IS : 2386 .1963 Indian FOR PART VI Standard OF TEST FOR CONCRETE PROPERTIES METHODS AGGREGATES MEASURING MORTAR MAKING OF FINE AGGREGATE 0. the relevant test aggregate which require to he assessed. standard are intended to assist in assessing the quality of aggregates.ailing in differ-cnt countries of the world has also been recognized.\lkali Aggregate Reactivit! l’etrographir Examination 0.1 This Indian Standard ( Part VI ) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 13 September 1963. 0. Absorption and Bulking Mechanical Properties Soundness _ lfeasrlring Mortar Making Properties of Fine Aggregate . J’oids. for a particular aggregate. after the draft finalized by the Cement and Concrete Sectional Committee had been approved by the Building Division Council. the l:crd for international practices followed in this country. co-ordination among standards prex.2 One of the major contributing factors to the quality of corlcrete is The test methods given in this the qualitv of aggregates used therein. methods may be chosen from amongst the various tests covered in this For the convenience of the users. pssess all the qualities ancl therefore it is necessary to determine beforehand the purpose for which a concrete is being used and the qualities of the Accordingly.ot be necessary to given situation. testing authorities. Density. into the fol!owing eight parts of Indian Standard Methods of Test for . FOREWORD 0. These considerations led the Sectional 3 .IS : 2386( Part VI ) .
4 - A compression testing machine of suitable capa- . The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard. 2. These shall conform to the requirements specified in 12 of YIS: 1727 . SCOPE st. with one end rounded to a hemispherical tip 10 mm dia x approx 300 mm long.6 Testing Machine city shall be used. 2.5 Tamping Rod . 0.1 This cm cube moulds.1 Flow Table and Flow Mould-. the final value. non-abrasive material. and it does not include all the necessary provisions of a contract. x 25 rnnl and a convecient length from 125 to 150 mm.4 Wherever a reference to any Indian Standard shall be taken as a reference to its latest version. 2.2 Tamper T It shall be made of a non-absorptive. 1. it 0.4 Moulds It shall have a stee! These shall be 706 blade 100 to 150 mm in length. such as medium-hard rubber or seasoned oak wood rendered non-absorptive by immersion for 15 minutes in paraffin at approximately 200°C and shall have a cross-section of 12.1960 Rules for Rounding Off Numerical Values ( Revised). 10 mm in diameter and 2. observed or calculated. shall be rounded off in accordance with IS : 2 .1960 Methods of Test for Pozzolanic Materials. with 1.3 Trowel straight edges. The tamping face of the tamper shall be flat and at right angles to the length of the tamper. 2. APPARATUS 2. 0.5 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with. 62T Tentative Method of Test of Fine Aggregate issued by appears in this method.ISr23S6(PartVI)-1963 Committee to derive assistance from C 87.5.6 This standard is intended chiefly to cover the technical provisions relating to testing of aggregates for concrete. 2.andard ( Part VI ) covers the test procedure for measuring the mortar-making properties of fine aggregate for concrete by means oi a compression test on specimens made from a mortar of a plastic consistency and gauged to a definite water-cement ratio. expressing the result of a test or analysis.for Measuring Mortar Making Properties American Society for Testing and Materials. *Since revised.It shall be approximately 100 mm long.
Should the flow be too great.Lmmediately after completing the mixing operation. Cut off the mortar to a plane surface. consider the mortar as a trial aiortar. If the mortar is too dry.E8:2386(P8rtvx)-1963 j MORTAR 3. If more than two trials need be made to obtain a flow of 100 $5. Determine the quantity of sand used by subtracting the weight of the portion ren. and make another determination of the flow. Lift the mould away from the mortar one minute after completing the mixing operation. Beat into the mixture a known weight of the sample of sand under test that has been brought to a saturated surface-dry condition.5 mm ten times in (i seconds. measured on at least four diameters at approximately equal angles. by drawing the straight edge of a trowel ( held nearly perpendicular to the mould) with a sawing motion across the top of the mould. place a layer of imortar about 25 mm in thickness in the mould and tamp 20 times with the tamper. drop the table through a height of 12. Rod each layer in place with 25 strokes of the tamping rod. expressed as a percentage of the original diameter. return the mortar to the mixing vessel.average diameter of the mortar mass. The flow is the resulting increase in . 4. . Place the specimens in a moist closet for curin . The tamping pressuxe shall be just sufficient to insure uniform filling of the mould. add additional sand. Remove the specimens from ’ the moulds . Continue the mixing for 30 seconds and make a determination of the flow in accordance with 4. PROCEDURE 61 Carefully wipe the Row-table top clean and dry. discard the batch.20 to 24 hours &er mouldmg and 8torc in water until tested. MOULDINC TEST SPECIMENS 5. Fill the mould with mortar and tam as specified for the first layer.and permit the cement to absorb water for one minute. Three to four hours after moulding. Mix the materials into a smooth paste with a spoon.1 Immediately following completion of the flow test. being especially careful to remove any water from around the edge of the flow mould.aining after mixing from the weight of the initial Sample. fluJ 1 with the top of the mould. strike off the specimens to a smoo a surf&e. and prepare test specimens from a new batch. Immediately.1 Place cement and water in quantities that will give a water-cement ratio of O-6 by weight in an appropriate vessel . Wipe the table top clean and dry. 5 . After the rodding has been completed. Mix until the material appears to be of the desired consistency ( flow 100 f 3 ). 5. place the mortar in 7% cm cube moulds in two layers.to overflowing. fill the moulds . and place the flow mould at the centre.
An initial loading up to one-half of the expected maximum load for specimens having expected maximum loads of morerthan 2 500 kg may bc applied at any convenient rate. 6. and remove auy loose sand grains or incrustations from the faces that will be in contact with the bearing blocks of the testing machine.1. REPORTING OF RESULT strength of not less than three specimens 7. Thrreforc. 6.1 Test the specimens immediately after theit removal fro111 the moist closet in the case of 24-hour specimens.2 Surface-dry each specimen. using only a moderate Such grinding is tedious for more thall a few hundredt. 6 . . it cau be aacoq~lishcd best by rubbing the spccimcu on a sheet of fine emery paper or cloth glued to a !)lane surface. p~SSU~0. Jnstrnmc~~ts foe cleailin g of moulds should always be softer than the metal iu the moulda to lx-vent WC&V. 6.1 to 6. Check these faces by applying a straight edge curvature. without interruption.3.2 The temperature of the mixing shall be maintained at 27 5 2°C.x. Use no cushioning or bedding materials.1 Test the specimens 6. If th ere is appreciable plane surfacts or discard the specimen. as othelaise large irregultr’rities in the surfaces will oc~‘ur.1 Report the average crushing and also the age of test. grind the face or faces to (see Note). it is essential that. specimen mo~Mn be kept scrupulously vlean.1. it is recommended t.hs of a millimeke. keep these specimens in water at a temperature of 27 & 2°C and of sulhcient depth to immerse completely each specimen until time of testing. Make no adjustment in the controls of the testing machine while a specimen is yielding rapidly immediately before failure. keep these specimens covered If more than one specimen at a with a damp cloth until time of testing.1. Adjust the rate of load application so that the remainder of the load (or the entire load in the case of expected maximum loads of less than 2 500 kg) is applied. to failure at such a rate that the maximum load will be reached in not less than 20 nor more than 80 seconds. machine below the centre of the upper bearing block. where more than this is found necessary.hat the specimen be discarded. NOTF.Ln Pahe grinding of specimens faces is necessary. and storage tank 6. water. TESTING OF SPECIMENS for compressive strength as given in 6. moist closet.1. time is removed from the storage water for testing.ISr2386(PartVI)-1963 5.3 Apply the load to specimen races that were in contact with the true Carefully place the specimen in the testing plane surfaces of the mould.-Results rnuclr lower than the L-ne strength u-ill be obtained by loading faces of the specirl~en that ak‘e not truly p!:me surfurca. and from stomgc wate: in the case of all other specimrrls. 7. If more than one specimen at a time is removed from the moist closet for the 24-1~~~ tests.
1 st Stage. Khanpur. _Second floor. Gokulpat Market. India . 2nd floor. T.BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS Manak Bhavan. E9. GUWAHATI 5-8-56C. Sector 16 A. Road. SSales Office is at ‘F’ Block. P. COIMBATORE Plot No. AHMEDABAD Road.I. MUMBAI 400007 Square.T. FARIDABAD Savttri Complex. KANPUR Behind 208005 Lwla Cinema. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. 5th Floor. University P. THIRUV -PURAM *Sales Office is at 5 Chowringhee CALCUTTA 700072 tSales WCS Approach. Palayam. Ganga Nagar. PATNA 800013 Institution of Engineers (India) Building 1332 Shivaji Nagar. Sahibabad industrial Area.G. CHANDIGARH Road. Behind Branch OffIces:: ‘Pushpak’.T. 14/l 421.T. ROM. Delhi. Nagar. 2389 23 SPeenya Industrial Area. 116 G. Campus. LUCKNOW 226001 NIT Building. Grant Road. L. 5th By-lane. CHENNAI Mard T&phone tWostem MUMBAI 400093 : C.’ Narashimaraja BANGALORE 560002 Printed at Slmco Printing Press. HYDERABAD Marg. Princep Street. 0. 62-63. R.29. 670 Avinashi Road.323 3375. NEW DELHI 110002 Telephones: 323 0131. Bangalore-Tumkur BANGALORE 560058 Gangotri Complex.91 11 3239399. Nampatty Station Road. GHAZIABAD 201001 53f5 Ward No. Site IV. Chitaranjan 1171418 B. Unity Building.C. Road. Mathura Road. NAGPUR 52 51 71 26 23 05 32 36 35 621 17 Patliputra Industrial Estate. 271085 309 65 28 222 39 71 is at Novelty Chambers. Andheri (East). PUNE 411005 695034 T. Sahibabad 201010 0-77 00 32 Regknal Central ‘Eastern Offlces: Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. 462003 380001 5501348 839 49 55 55 40 21 40 36 27 21 01 41 8-28 88 01 a-71 1996 781003 500001 541137 201083 37 29 25 21 68 76 Naval 440010 Kishore Road. NEW DELHI 110002 VII M. 43. Gupta Marg.P.O.323 9402 Fax : 91 11 3234062. Bhadbhada Plot No. Maniktola. 20/9. JAIPUR 392001 E-52. No. CALCUTTA 160022 600113 Exchange. Sarvodaya Nagar. Barua Road. BHOPAL 751001 641037 121001 Unit VI. V. 709054 3237617 337 86 62 60 38 43 235 23 15 832 92 95 : Manak Bhavan. 91 11 3239382 Telegrams : Manaksanstha (Common to all Dfficos) Telephone Central Laboratory: Plot No. Nurmohamed Shaikh Marg. Seth Bhawan. BHUBANESHWAR Kalaikathir Buildings. Northern : SC0 Southern Sector 34-A. 9 : 1114 CIT Scheme 335-336.N.I. C-Scheme. IV Cross : Manakataya.
1 benwnbered as 3 and .1 The fti aggregate shall be ccmparcd in mortar. BASIS Pm COMPARISOB 8. The treatment shall be repaated till the washed material produces a colour lighter thsa that of .1 Calculate the average crushing strength of not less than three speclmeas containing untreated ssnd. Similarly calculate the average crushing strength of the corresponding number of specimens contdning treated sand. RB?ORTIIiG RESULT 8.’ Addendun --es (Puge 4.AMENDMENT NO.Substitute the following for the existing 2. cltzusrcr 7 and 7.Add the foUcwlng nev clauses after 1.N [Page 8.1) .1 and renumber the clause8 ‘2 to ‘f’ U ‘3 to 8': v2. c&uas 1. as described in this method. 1 TO FEBRUARY 1982 IS:2386(Part VI)-1963 METHODS TEST FOR OF AGGREGATES CONCRETE FOR Part VI MEASURING MORTAR MAKING PROPERTIES OF FINE AGGREGATF Alteration --we- clause8 : W '8. tith a sample of the 8ame aggregate that has been washed in a 3 percent solution of sodium hydroxide foUoved by thorough rinsing in vater . Report the average crushing strength of specimens containing untreated sand as a percentage of the average crushing strength of the specimens containing treated sand.
it shall be ensuredthat no finesare lost vhile vashingwith sodiumhydroxide.suitable indicator such as phenolphthaleia litmusto assure that all traces or of rodiurhydroxide are removedfrom the aggregate before king used for mking controlmortar. Delhi ." tti rkndard r~iuti~n dercribed ia 6.2 of Printed at Simco Printing Press.+purlties'.The vashedaud rinsedaggregate shllbe checkedvith I.IS:2386(F%rt II)-1963'Methods t+st for aggregates of of for concrete: P8rt XI Estirmstion deleterious m&trials and organic. Bovevtr.2.
Delete.1.2 ) .4 Moulds . clause 5.These shall be 50 mm cube moulds and shall conform to the requirements laid down in IS 10036 : 1982 ‘Specification for moulds for use in testa of cement and concrete’. non-brittle material such as a rubber compound having a Shore A durometer hardness of 80 f 10 or seasoned teak wood rendered non-absorbent by immersion for 15 minutes in paraffin at approximately 2OO’Cand shall have a cross-section of 12. Note ) . abrasion resistant.’ (Page 4.1.AMENDMENT NO.Substitute the following for the existing clause : “2.2 Tamping Bar . &use 2.Substitute the following for the existing clause : 2.4 ) .” (Page 5.The tamping bar shall be made of nor-absorbent.Substitute ‘50 mm’ for ‘7.06 cm’. line 2 ) . clause 2. clause 3.5 x 25 mm and a convenient length of 125 to 150 mm. ( Page 5. Delhi . (CED2) Printed at Simco Printing Press. 2 OCTOBER 1991 TO IS 2386 (Part 6) : 1963 METHODS OF TEST FOR AGGREGATES FOR CONCRETE PART6 MEASURING MORTAR MAKING AGGREGATE PROPERTIES OF FINE ( Page 4. The tamping face shall be flat and at right angles to the length of the bar.
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