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# Isentropic Equations

To
1 2
= 1+
M
T
2

(3.12)

Po 1 2 1
= 1+
M
P
2

(3.15)

o 1 2 1
= 1+
M

2

(3.17)
+1

A
1 2 1 2 2 ( 1)
=
M
1 +

A* M + 1
2

(3.23)

m&= AV =

Po
1 2
A M 1 +
M

2
RTo

+1
2 ( 1)

(3.19)

## Normal Shock Equations

2
2
M 12 +
M 22 +
1
1
2
M 22 =
, M1 =
2
2

M 12 1
M 22 1
1
1
1 2
T2 1 + 2 M 1
=
T1 1 + 1 M 2
2
2
P2 1 + M 12
=
P1 1 + M 22
1 2
2 M 1 T1 M 1 1 + 2 M 2
=
=
1 M 2 T2 M 2 1 + 1 M 2
1
2

1
+
Po2 A
=
=
Po1 A 1 +

*
1
*
2

1 2
M2

2
1 2
M1

+1 2
M1
2 M
1

2
+ 1 + 1 =
1 2
M1
1 +

2
2
1

(4.9)

(4.11)

(4.12)

(4.13)

2
2 M 1 1
+ 1 + 1
(4.15)

1
V
= 1
2
S
p2
SV
= 1+ 2
p1
a1

(5.6)
(5.7)
2

p2
2 S 1
=

p1 + 1 a1 + 1

(5.8)

2
V
2 a1
=
1
S + 1 S

(5.9)
2

+ 1
+ 1
2
S=
V +

V + a1
4

(5.10)

1 p1 + 1 p1 p2
S=
+
2 1 2 1 p1

(5.11)

p2
+ 1 V V
+ 1 V
= 1+
+
1+

4 a1 a1
4 a1
p1
2

T2 a22
1
V2
= 2 = 1+ 2 SV
T1 a1
a1
2

(5.12)
(5.13)

Expansion wave
Riemann invariants:
2
2
a + V = cons tan t , Right moving wave
a V = cons tan t .
1
1
Isentropic relationship:
Left moving wave

P = C1 = C2T

= C 3a

2
1

Oblique Shock

P2 2 M 12 sin 2 ( ) 1
=

P1
+1
+1

(6.10)

V1 sin ( )
2 Vn1
( + 1)M 12 sin 2 ( )
=
=
=
1 Vn2 V2 sin ( ) ( 1)M 12 sin 2 ( ) + 2
2

T2 a2
=
=
T1 a1

(6.11)

1 2 2 2
M 1 sin ( )
M 12 sin 2 ( ) 1
1 +
1
2

( + 1)2 M 2 sin 2 ( )
2 ( 1) 1

+1 2 2

M 1 sin ( )
P02
2
=

P01 1 + 1 M 2 sin 2 ( )
1

T02
=1
T01

2 M 2 sin 2 ( ) 1
+ 1 1
+ 1

1 2
M1
M 12 cos2
2
M 22 =
+
1
1 2 2
M 12 sin 2
1+
M 1 sin
2
2

(6.12)

1
1

(6.13)

1+

tan = cot

M 12 sin 2 1

+1 2
M 1 (M 12 sin 2 1)
2

(6.17)

(6.18)

tan ( ) =

P2
1
P1

(1 + M )
2
1

P
2
P1

2
+ 1 M 1
1
+
+1

1 P2

+ 1 P1
P2
P1

(6.32)

Prandtl-Meyer Expansion
=

+ 1 1 1 2
tan
M 1) tan 1
(
1
+1

( 1)/

+ 1 1 2 po
tan
+ 1 p
1

( M 1)
2

( 1)/

2 po
+1
tan 1

1
1 p

(7.10)

(7.16)

Fanno Flow
+1

fLmax + 1
1 +1 1
1
2
=
ln
1 2
ln 2

1 2

M
D
2
M 2
M
1 +

2
T
+1
=
*
T
2 + ( 1)M 2

(9.16)

(9.25)

1/2

P
1
+1
=

*
2
P
M 2 + ( 1)M

(9.26)

V * 1 2 + ( 1)M 2
=
=

* V M
+1

1/2

(9.27)

+1

Po
1 2 + ( 1)M 2 2( 1)
=

Po* M
+1

(9.28)

Rayleigh Flow
q = c p (To2 To1 )

(10.10)

P
1+
=
*
P 1+ M 2

(10.11)

T (1 + ) M 2
=
2
T*
1+ M 2

(10.12)

V * (1 + )M 2
=
=
V*
1+ M 2

(10.13)

2
2
To (1 + )M 2 + ( 1)M
=
2
To*
1+ M 2

(10.14)

Po
1+ 2 + ( 1)M 2 1
=

Po* 1+ M 2
1+

(10.15)