PENGIRAAN HIDRAULIK (SEDIMENTATION POND) BERDASARKAN MANUAL SALIRAN MESRA ALAM MALAYSIA UNTUK CADANGAN

UNTUK TETUAN : DESIGN CRITERIA State of the proposed site Location of the proposed site The catchment area for the development, Ac Surface soil type Site runoff potential Estimated construction period SIZING OF A WET SEDIMENTATION BASIN The settling zone with moderate runoff The settling zone volume, Vs The total volume with moderate runoff The total volume, VT a) Settling Zone The minimum settling zone depth required The settling zone depth provided, y1 Try a settling zone width, W 1 Required settling zone average length, L Settling zone average length provided, L1 The settling volume provided, Us = = = =
3 70 m /ha 3 85.60 m 3 105 m /ha 3 128.40 m

= = = = = =

Penang Seksyen 13 2 12229 m or

1.2229 ha

silty clay ( % passing through 0.02mm) moderate 2 years

= = = = = = = =

0.6 m 1.53 m 6.1 m Vs/( W 1 x y1 ) 9.17 m 8m 1.53 x 6.1 x 8
3 74.66 m

b) Sediment Storage Zone The required sediment storage zone volume is one third of the total volume or the difference between the total volume and the settling zone volume, Us The sediment storage volume, V2 = = For a vertical side wall, the dimension at the top of the sediment storage zone are W 2 = W 1 - 2d1/(2Z) ; W2 = L2 = L1 - 2d1/(2Z) ; L2 = VT - Us
3 53.74 m

6.1 m m

The required depth for the sediment storage zone, which must be at least 0.3m, can be calculated from the following relationship,

4.2 Manning's Coefficient.V2 = Z2y23 .36 .L0 Land Slope. V2 V2 V2 = = = OK m ( > 0.73 min P24h = tc 20.1 Overland Flow Time.3igure 13.n Overland Flow Distance.3 tc tcs Clause 13.Zy22(W 2 + L2) + y2(W 2L2) By trial and error to find y2 For y2 For y2 For y2 = = = Provide y2 = c) Overall Basin Dimensions W TWL At top water level: LTWL At base: WB LB The total volume provided.3 .42 140 140 0.2 0.3 2 = = 3669 m2 8560 m2 = = = = = = = = = = 0.2(c) And Property Drainage Flow Time Roof & Table 14.Lk Longitudinal Grade.2Zy1/2 W 1 .to = 107nL1/3/S1/2 Length Of Kerbed Gutter Flow. y2 d) Determine overland flow time of concentration ( minutes ) (i) Catchment Area Open Green Area Proposed Building Area (ii) t c And t cs Table 14.S Eqn.38 150 0.2Z( y1/2 + y2 ) L1 . 14.1 0.73 min 85 m 0.3 F Table 13.6 ince tc < 30mins S & Figure 13.011 40 m 0.48 % 3.S Eqn.10 % 12. y1 Sediment Storage Zone.07 min 5 min 20.2. UT 0.80 min 17.3 Kerbed Gutter Flow Time.77m3 > m3 = = = = W 1 + 2Zy1/2 L1 .tg = Lk/(40S1/2) Clause 14. .0 120 0.3m ) and V2 = 34. 14.2Z( y1/2 + y2 ) = = = = m m W TWL LTWL WB LB Depth: Settling Zone. .

35 Rain stormwater based on 10-year ARI (PENANG) Appendix 13A = a 3. Ao Time taken to discharge detained water g) Check on Existing Drain Capacity At final discharge point.80A/360 C Q10 From equation 20. Qspillway Trial spillway dimension: B = Qspillway = = = = m3/s CspBHp1. there is an existing 600mm U-drain . f) Outlet Pipe Size Difference in depth Area of orifice.0241 = = = = = = = = 4.3.83 mm/hr 68.65 mm/hr 60. D0' Diameter of outlet pipe provided.8 30.4393 c = -0.00 min 4.83 mm 59. The sill is set at the basin top water level.4 Eqn.3 10 10 10 10 e) Sizing of Emergency Spillway The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10-year ARI flood when the basin is already full.00 0.80 10 Eqn.80 = P30 .33 0. 13. 13.53 92.2 ln(ARIIt) = ln(10I30) 10 0.39 mm/hr I30 For t ln(10I60) I60 P30 = I30xd P60 = I60xd P20. Qspillway = Q10 Q10 = C. 13.10I20.39 0. Do Nos of pipe provided. m.9. A0' Diameter of orifice.00 FD = 0. Csp = Q10 Therefore this design is adopted.5 m.0 0.32 mm 92.4023 d= For t = 30 min a + blnt +cln2t + dln3t Eqn.75 mm 172.35 0.00 0. Hp = From design chart 14.92 136.FD(P60-P30) I20.20.7277 b = 1. Area of orifice provided.

b Depth of drain.5046 m3/s ( Q10 ) h) Maintenance & Service To make sure the sedimentation basin is operating at optimum rate.19 m m m m 0. ii) Remove sediment when the sediment storage zone becomes full.894 m 0. A Wetted perimeter.6 1.0690 m R2/3S1/2A/n 0. S Width of drain. . provided that an acceptable water quality has been achieved.476 m2 6. IL Manning's coefficient.0048 0.011 0.66 2. P Hydraulic radius. d Wetted area.Reduced Level. Qc = = = = = = = = = = = 3. the following measures are taken: i) Inspect weekly and after rainfall.47 0. iii) The captured stormwater in the settling zone should be drained or pumped out within the five day period following rainfall. RL Invert Level. R Capacity of flow rate. n Longitudinal gradient.

LIRAN MESRA ( Fill in the percentage ) .