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transportation and storage…………………………………..13 7 Safety requirement……………………………………………………14 Commercial Liquid Chlorine 2 .1 Determination of chlorine content……………………………………3 3.13 6 Package.2 3.2 2 Requirement……………………………………………………………2 3 Test method…………………………………………………………….1 Scope …………………………………………………………………..2 Determination of water content………………………………………6 4 Inspection regulations…………………………………………………11 5 Marking and labeling………………………………………………….
Requirement Liquid chlorine for industrial use should meet the requirement shown in Table 1 as below. package. inspection regulations and the requirements to marking. storage and safety for liquid chlorine for industrial use.1. The liquid chlorine is used in production of refined cotton. Table 1 Technical requirement of liquid chlorine for industrial use Item Chlorine content％(v/v) ≥ Water content ％(m/m) ≤ Index 99. The standard is applied for liquid chlorine made by drying and liquefaction of electrolytic chlorine gas. 2. if not 3 .6 0. Scope The standard defines the technical requirement.040 3. Test method Reagents for tests specified in the standard are required to be of analytically pure and water shall be Class III distilled water. transportation.
1. b. Chlorine-proof grease: chemical resistant fluoride or fluorochloride grease. 3.otherwise specified. concentration 100g/L. 4 . 3.3 Apparatus and equipment The required apparatus is shown in Fig. c.1 Determination of chlorine content 3. then measure volume of the residual gas so that volume percent ratio of chlorine gas in vaporized chlorine sample is to be calculated by the following reaction formula: 2KI+Cl2=2KCl+I2 220.127.116.11 Summary of the test method After liquid chlorine is vaporized. concentration 200g/L. sodium hydroxide solution: industrial grade. take 100 ml of gas chlorine as sample and absorb chlorine gas with potassium iodide solution.2 Reagents and solutions a. potassium iodide solution: chemically pure.1.
After that.2. and keep it for a while in order to make temperature of chlorine gas in the tube A to be as same as the ambient temperature.05 ml on the upper part. Eudiometer tube A: 100 ml. Turn cock B to let a small amount of absorbent flow into the tube 5 . Disconnect the absorption tube H and the connecting hose of chlorine gas.1. with graduation of 0. Close the valve of the steel bottle and then the cocks C and B. and also connect G with the absorption bottle H.b) for absorption of chlorine. b. containing 300 ml sodium hydroxide solution (3. Absorption bottle H: 500 ml. Turn the cock C of the eudiometer tube A to open it to atmosphere. and gradually lift the level bottle F. apparatus shall be connected well as Fig.2. Level bottle F: 250 ml.1. 3. containing potassium iodide solution (3.1. Turn the cork B to open the tube A to the level bottle F.a. slowly open the valve of the chlorine steel bottle so that chlorine gas flows into the eudiometer tube for 2-3 minutes so as to remove air out of the tube. Quickly turn the cock C a whole round.a).1. Adjust the position of the level bottle F to make liquid level of absorbent up to the bottom “O” of the tube A. c. Then turn cock B to open the eudiometer tube to the chlorine gas bottle.4 Test procedures Firstly.
close the cock B in order for chlorine gas to be absorbed in solution. Repeat the operation procedures until no chlorine gas is absorbed any more in the solution. Fig. Then keep the solution still for cooling for 10-15 minutes.A. 1 Test device diagram of determination of chlorine content 3. read the value of volume of the remaining gas in the tube A. When liquid level in the tube A is the same as that in the level bottle F.5 Calculation of the test results Volume percentage X1(V／V) of chlorine content is to be calculated 6 .1. After that.
V0——volume of the remaining gas in the eudiometer tube. V——volume of the sample. Thus. volume of the eudiometer tube.by the equation (1) as below: V − V0 × 100 V X1 = ………………………(1) where.1 Summary of the test method In the vaporized sample. ml.1.2. ml. The reaction formula is P2O5+3H2O→2H3PO4 7 .e. water is absorbed into phosphorus pent oxide with a known weight of an absorption tube and chlorine gas is absorbed into the weighed sodium hydroxide solution in an absorption bottle. i. Separately weigh the tube and the bottle. 3. water content in the sample is calculated by comparison with the differences between the current masses and the masses before test. 3.6 Allowable error The arithmetic mean of the results in parallel determination is taken as the final determination value with the absolute error not more than 0.05% for the same sample of liquid chlorine.2 Determination of water content 3.
Dry air or nitrogen.2.3 Apparatus and equipment Apparatus installation is shown in Fig. Sodium hydroxide solution: industrial grade. Flow meter B: flow range: 500 ml/min. dry gases are obtained through an absorption tube or drying column with phosphorus pentoxide desiccant. c. concentration 200g/L.2.3.1. f. capillary flow meter with carbon tetrachloride or chlorine proof rotor meter.c). a. Absorption bottle A: containing 1600 ml of sodium hydroxide solution (3.f). b. c. Chlorine proof rubber hose. Filter tube C: containing dried glass fiber(18.104.22.168. d.2 Reagents and solutions a. Phosphorus pentoxide. 3. b. Chorine proof grease (same as 3. g.c). Glass fiber or glass wool. Dry absorbent cotton.2. e.2. 8 . to be used after drying 1 hour at 110°C.2.
and then clean its 9 . After that.2. h.4 Test procedures 3. Absorption tube T1.2. T2: Two U-shaped dry ground mouth tubes with stoppers. Small steel bottle for liquid chlorine sampling.2. Clean them with fluff-less soft cloth.d.0002g. The weighed tubes must be noted clearly with flow direction and the position order and be kept in a drier. T2 out of the drier. each tube is covered with glass fiber at the both ends. introduce chlorine gas at rate of about 500 ml/min from the steel bottle into an alkaline bottle for 5 minutes in order to decrease the influence of the water at the mouth of the steel bottle. weigh them and each tube shall not be more than 100g. load 5000g. and then weigh on an analytical balance with precision to 0. Weigh the absorption bottle of 1600 ml sodium hydroxide solution (3. Balance: graduation 1g. Safety bottle G.4.2. A small amount of chlorine proof grease should be applied to the ground mouths of the tubes so as to ensure its tightness. f.1 Take the absorption tubes T1.c) on the balance with precision to 1g. e. After the tubes are cleaned. Heating electric air blower 3. containing glass fibers and phosphorus pentoxide by stages. g.
keep in a drier for 30 minutes and then weigh them.) continuously for 2~2. all the test devices should be connected ready as Fig. and then the absorption tubes must be blow-washed for five minutes with dry gas at flow rate of about 400 ml/min. seal at the both ends and clean with soft cloth.2. equal to 400 ml/min. The connecting rubber hose between the small steel bottle and the absorption tube should be short. the first tested result will be out of the correct value.4. When the absorbent is used for first time.4.5 hours and the sample to be taken shall not be less than 200g.2.3 Carefully and slowly open the valve of the steel bottle so that chlorine can pass into the absorption tubes T1 and T2 then into the absorption bottle A at the flow rate of 400 ml/min (the flow rate could be controlled by chlorine gas bubbles at 4-5 bubbles per second. After that.2 The absorption tubes must be pretreated when they are newly installed. Finally. 3. In case these tubes are not pretreated. 10 . dissemble the absorption tubes.2. dry and clean. it should be treated with chlorine gas introduced into the absorption tube at flow rate of about 400 ml/min for two hours in order to remove impurities. and be kept in a drier when it is not used. Then. Liquid chlorine phase should be guaranteed for the test even if the small steel bottle is necessary to be placed upside down.mouth respectively with absorbent cotton and dry filter paper. 3.
replace immediately. After that. and then place them in a drier for 30 minutes.d to be ready for use.4.2.2. the absorption tube T1 should be refilled and pretreated as the steps in 3.2. dismount the absorption bottle A and weigh it on balance.3.5 If weight of the absorption tube T1 increases obviously.4 After taking sample. 3. At the same time. close the valve of the steel bottle and then blow wash the absorption tubes with heated dry air at the rate of 400 ml/min supplied by the electric blower about 5 minutes. seal the ends of the tubes and clean them completely with soft cloth. disconnect the absorption tubes T1 and T2.5 Calculation of the results 11 . In case that any mechanical impurities are found in glass fibers in the filter tube C or glass fibers turn yellow.2.2 Device diagram of determination of water content 3.3.4. Fig. then weigh on a analytical balance.
m1—— mass of water i.e. 12 .Percentage in mass X2 of water content in liquid chlorine is calculated by the following equation (2) m1 × 100 m0 X2 = ………………………(2) where. Each batch of products must be attached with quality certificate which includes batch number.1 Liquid chlorine must be examined by the quality control department of the manufacturer. sum of the mass difference of the absorption tube T1 with chlorine passing through and before chlorine passing through and the mass difference of T2 with chlorine passing through and before passing through， g； m0—— mass of sample. the mass difference of absorption bottle A with chlorine passing through and before passing through， g； 4 Inspection regulations 4. The manufacturer must guarantee all the products provided to meet the requirement specified in this technical standard. i.. weight and quality analysis index.e.
but a big steel bottle is also possible to be taken as the sample or sample is taken directly from the chlorine pipeline.3. from which at least one chlorine steel bottle is to be taken as sample for analysis. by all possible means. 13 . After drying it shall be well assembled and kept under dry condition for future use. After that. However.3 In the case that a small steel bottle is used for sampling. 4. It should be washed with water and then with mixture of anhydrous ethanol and acetone (1:1) for several times.1 Each day’s product could be taken as one batch. it must be cleaned after each use.3. 4.2 A small steel bottle is recommended for sampling in this technical standard. the steel bottle is sealed and kept well.2 Incoming test items: The liquid chlorine shall be put into use mostly depending upon its quality certificate.4. the typical sample must be guaranteed. the remaining chlorine in the bottle must be emptied and then blowwashed with dry nitrogen gas at rate of 1000 ml/min after each sampling till no chlorine remains in the steel bottle (to be tested with aqua ammonia). 4. If it is used discontinuously.3.3 Sampling method 4.
batch number and net weight. trademark. gross weight and allowable net weight.1 Marking Package mark for liquid chlorine: tank cars and steel bottles should be indicated with clear words “liquid chlorine” and “poisonous”. address of manufacturer. and noted with number of tank car or steel bottle. Filling density should not 14 .2 Labeling Each batch of liquid chlorine must be attached with quality label in a certain form including name of manufacturer. address of manufacturer.5 Marking and labeling 5.1 Package Liquid chlorine is packed in steel bottles. 6 Package. name of manufacturer. name of product. 5. date of production. transportation and storage 6.
3. 6.3.2 Steel bottles should be placed only in as single layer and fixed firmly to avoid rolling.3 Storage 6.25kg/L.1 During loading.1 It is prohibited to keep steel bottles in the open air and they must be placed in a special storehouse. so it is not 15 .2. 6.2 Transportation 6. 7 Safety requirement Chlorine is Class II ( highly hazardous) chemical. 6. The space and passage for lifting and carrying should be kept well.be more than 1. unloading and transportation.2 Liquid chlorine steel bottles should be horizontally placed in transverse direction to avoid from rolling with the deposit height not over two layers.2. 6. steel bottle should be provided with steel cover and shockproof ring and also it is prohibited to be impacted.
the test equipment for chlorine should be placed in a well-ventilated draught cupboard. 16 .permitted for one operator. to work alone . In laboratory. even if an experienced worker. There must be a monitor at present.