IS’ : 3951 ( Part I ) - 1975 ( Reaffirmed 1997


Indian Standard

First Revision )

Third Reprint OCTOBER 1997



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Bombay SHRI D. . SHRI A. KARUNAKARAN SIIRI M. MAJU~IDAR ( Alternate ) for Building Sectional Committee. Baroda DIRECTOR ASSISTANT RESEARCH OFFICER ( Alternate ) R E s E A R c H Ministry of Railways POINT DIRECTOR ( B & S ) RDSO. N. LUCKNOW ASSISTANT DIRECTOR RESEARCH ( B & S ) ( Alternate ) Thez. B. M. WASH ( Alternate ) All India Brick & Tile Manufacturers’ Federation. Calcutta SHRI A.rmore Tile Manufacturers’ Association. GOKHALE Members SURVEYOR OF WORKS ( I ) ( Alternate to Shri R. BATLIWALA SHRI M. DAS ( Alter&d ) Engineering Research Institute. NewDelhi Centr\aolor$ilding Research Institute (CSIR).ia. CEAKRABORTY ( Alternnte ) Department of Atomic Energy. BHARGAVA New Delhi SHRI DHARAM PAL CHADHA (Alternate ) National Test House. Representing BDC 30 Delhi Development Authority. SHRI 0. R. K. K. HAJELA ( Alternate ) ( Continued on page 2) Copyright 1975 INDIAN STANDARDS @ BUREAU OF This publication is protected under the Indian Copyight Act ( XIV of 1957 ) and reproduction in whole or in part by any means except with written permission of the publisher shall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act. DR R. G. PADMANABHAN ~EIRI N. G. SHRI P.BHATTAOHARYYA SERI P. R. C. APSE New Delhi SHRI B. Gokhale ) Housing & Urban Development Corporation Ltd. G.IS : 3951( Part f ) c 1975 Indian Standard SPECIFICATION FOR HOLLOW CLAY TILES FOR FLOORS AND ROOFS PART I FILLER TYPE ( First Revision ) Clay Products Chairman SHRI R. Gujarat.

IS : 3951( Part I ) . T.C.‘R. BIS ) 2 . SEN GUPTA ( Alternate ) Central Public Works Department. Bangalore Sn(p::. N. R. Association. KRISHNAMURTHY ( Alternate 1 l$ational Buildings Organization. D. New Delhi SENIOR AROEITECT B ( 11 OF. SHRI V. CIRCLE ) Public Works Department. R. BIS ( Ex-oficio Member ) Director ( Civ Engg ) Secretary SHRI K.x.1975 ( Confiwd SHRIV. ‘WoRES II %nWYOR ( Attached to Superintending Surveyor of Works II ) ( Alternate ) Engineer-in-Chief’s Branch ( Ministry of Defence ) SHRI M. Government of West Bengal. Calcutta SJ. V. RAJAQOPALAN Krishna Tiles & Potteries ( Madras) Pvt Ltd.. PANDIT ( A[ternate SHRI A. New Delhi DR A. BABU ( Alternate ) Public Works Department. PINTO SHRI G.::%No Public Works Department.. SUNDER SHRI F. MATHUR _ Deputy Director ( Civ Engg ).R~$x. M. AJITRA SIMHA. Director General. R. SHRI. Government of Tamil ENGINEER Nadu. VAR~EY Calicut SHRI D.=E ) National Buildinns Construction Corporation Ltd. Government of Punjab. X. S.S. RAO SERI 3. from page 1 ) Members NATARAJAN ( Alternate ) Representing Standard~Brick & Tile Co ( Yelahanka) Yelahanka Western India Mangalore Tile Manufacturers’ Pvt Ltd. Government of SQPERINTENDIN~ ENQINEER Karnataka. SUPERINTENDINO ENCJINEER Ludhiana ( LUDHIANA ( B& R ) PWD. Madras SARI A. Madras ( DESIGNS) EXECUTIVE ENQINEER ( SOIL MECHANICS AND RESEARCH DIVISION ) (Alternate ) SUPERINTENDING E N a I N E E R Public Works Department. New Delhi The Malabar Tile Manufacturers’ Association. SIALI SARI K.

3 . value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard. FOREWORD 0. Central Building Research Institute. requirements of such hollow clay tiles for floor and roofs was published in 1967 which covered a few types of filler tiles. expressing off in accordance with the result of a test or analysis.1 This Indian Standard ( Part I ) ( First Revision) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 1 February 1975. This part covers filler type of tiles.IS : 3951( Part I) . Roorkee have established that a large variety of clays occurring in the country can be successfully utilized in the manufacture of such tiles. observed or calculated. after the draft finalized by the Clay Products for Building Sectional Committee had been approved by the Civil Engineering Division Council. the final value. *Rules for rounding off numerical values ( revised ).4 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with. The revision has been now prepared in two parts. 0. Part I dealing with filler type of tiles and Part II dealing with structural type of tiles. 0. These tiles act as light weight material for floor and roof construction because of their hollowness and impart sound and This standard covering the essential thermal insulation to the building.3 In the formulation of this standard due weightage has been given to international co-ordination among the standards and practices prevailing in different countries in addition to relating it to the practices in the field in this country.1975 Indian Standard SPECIFICATION FOR HOLLOW CLAY TILES FOR FLOORS AND ROOFS PART I FILLER TYPE ( First Revision ) 0.2 Burnt clay flooring and roofing tiles have been used both as filler Investigations carried in recent years at material and structural units. 0. shall be rounded The number of significant places retained in the rounded off IS : 2-1960*.

1 The tiles shall be made from suitable clay.2.0. shall apply. The external faces of the tiles shall be serrated for facility of application of plastering and recolouring. flaws and nodules of free lime.3. 1 TEST FOR WINDING OR BOWING *Glosssry of terms relating to structural clay products. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS the definitions given in IS : 2248-1969* 3.2 The tiles shall be free from excessive winding or bowing and all externa angles shall be right angles. 1 ) and the distance between either straight edge and the adjacent face of the tile at any point shall be not more than 5 mm per 30 cm length. They shall be of uniform colour and shall be thoroughly burnt. They shall have a fine: compact and uniform texture.2. quality and strength requirements of hollow clay filler tiles having perforations parallel to their length and intended for use in floors and roofs.1 This standard ( Part I ) covers the dnnensions. 3. The tiles shall be free from cracks.2. 3.The tile shall be placed between two parallel straight edges running along the direction of length or width (see Fig.IS : 3951 ( Part I) . 3.1 Winding or Bowing in the Longitudinal and Transverse Directions . 4 . For the purpose of this standard.1 to 3. 4 LENGTH MAX TOLERANCE 1-I f MAX TOLERANCE FIG. They shall have plane rectangular faces with parallel sides and have straight right-angled edges. 2.1975 1. TERMINOLOGY 2. The tiles shall be tested for trueness of shape as specified in 3. SCOPE 1.

The typical shapes are given in Fig. 4.1. 2 ) and the distance between either straight edge and the adjacent face of the tile shall be not more than 5 mm per 30 cm run at any point on either diagonal.1 shall be as follows.1 Dimensions -The standard sizes of tiles when measured according to 4. Length mm 3401 .3 Angles Between Sides and Joining Edges .IS : 3951 (Part I ) .B/ zoo t 640 1 690 1 740J 350. 4. 2 TEST FORCONCAVITY CONVEXITY OR 3.2 Concaviy or Convexity in the External Face of the Tile .Any variation from a right angle in the angle contained by any side and a joining edge. 100 or 110 Width mm Height mm 5 . 90.The tile shall be placed between two parallel straight edges running diagonally across the face of the tile ( see Fig. ‘%TRAIGHT EDGES FIG. 3 ). 300. shall be limited so that if a builder’s steel square is placed against the angle.2. the maximum distance between the inner edge of the square and the side shall be not more than 5 mm per 30 cm run ( see Fig. 250 or 200 80.1975 3.2. DIMENSIONS AND TOLERANCES 4.


BREAKING STRENGTH ‘5. expressed in millimetres as the average of these four measurements.1 The breaking load of the tiles determined in accordance with procedure laid down in Appendix A shall not be less than 10 kgf/cm length. The details of conditions under which the licence for the use of Standard Mark may be granted to manufacturers or producers may be obtained from the Bureau of Indian Standards.For checking requirements specified in 3. All the tiles shall be checked for requirements given in 3 and 4. Additional specimens may be taken for tests at the discretion of the purchaser. 4. 6. MARKING 8. 5 and .2 The’ use of the Standard Mark is governed by the provisions of the Bureau of Indian Standards Act.1975 4. 1986 and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder. 8. The tile shall also be marked by a letter ‘ F ’ to indicate as filler tile.1 Each tile shall be marked in a suitable manner with the manufacturer’s identification mark or initials. SAMPLING 7. 8.1 The length of central line of the four longest faces shall be measured nearest to the mm and the length of the tile.1 Procedure for Sampling . WATER ABSORPTION 6. when tested in accordance with the procedure laid down in Appendix B shall be not more than 20 percent.1 The water absorption of the tile by mass.The thickness of any shell shall be not less than 11 mm and that of web not less than 8 mm.6 at least six tiles shall be selected at random for every 1 000 tiles or fraction thereof in a lot. by the purchaser ( or his representative ). 86. The number of tiles taken from a lot for tests shall be not less than 15 in any one lot. 4. 7. The width and thickness of the tile shall also be similarly measured.1. The permissible tolerances ( plus and minus ) on dimensions specified in 4.IS : 3951( Part I ) .2 Thickness of Shell and Web .1 shall be 5 percent.1.1 Each tile may also be marked with the with Standard Mark. 7 . 5.

‘1 ) METHOD OF TEST A FOR DETERMINATION BREAKING STRENGTH OF A-l. APPARATUS B-2.1 TEST SPECIMEN for this test from the samples At least six tiles shall be selected at random selected in the manner described in 7. A-l. for this test from the At least six tiles shall be selected samples selected in the manner described B-2. PROCEDURE A-2. The supports shall be in the centre of extreme shell walls.1 TEST SPECIMEN at random in 7.2 The tiles under the loading as explained or crack or show any type of deformation.1 The tiles shall be suitably and simply supported without any mortar at the supports. A load of 10 kgf/cm length shall be applied on a steel plate 20 mm wide kept centrally over the entire length of the tile and parallel to the supports.1 The apparatus shall consist of a balance of the mass of the specimen. A-2. in A-2.IS : 3951( Part I ) .1975 APPENDIX ( Clause 5. sensitive to within 0.1 percent 8 . B-l.1 ) WATER OF TEST FOR DETERMINING ABSORPTION TEST B-l.1 shall not break A-2. APPENDIX ( Clause METHOD B 6.

The dry specimens shall be completely immersed without preliminary partial immersion. this may normally be accomplished in 48 hours but if the specimen is wet. In a ventilated room. B-4.1 The percentage of water absorption by mass shall be calculated as Water where absorption. ). Specimens noticeably warm to the touch shall not be used for the absorption test. tiles properly separated require four hours for cooling unless an electric fan passes air over them continuously. The specimen shall then be cooled approximately to room temperature and weighed ( W. PROCEDURE B-3. w 1 x 100 Ws = mass after soaking in water.w. in which case two hoursmay suffice.1975 B-3. and WI = mass of the dry specimen. the surface water wiped off with a damp cloth and weighed ( W. percent by mass = w. several additional hours may be required to attain constant mass.1. Each specimen shall then be removed. ). B-4. Weighing any one specimen shall be completed within three minutes after removing the specimen from the water. EVALUATION given below: AND REPORT OF TEST RESULTS B-4.IS : 3951( Part I ) . The test specimen shall be dried to constant mass in a ventilated oven at 110 to 115°C.2 The average value of the specimens shall be taken as the water absorption of the lot. 9 . in clean water at 27 f 2°C for 24 hours. If the specimen is known to be relatively dry. .

Road. Mathura Road. No. CHANDIGARH 160022 32376 17 337 86 62 60 38 43 23523 15 Northern : SC0 335-336. Southern : C. 0. Nampally Station Road. Princep Street. Seth Bhawan. Road. Unit VI. AHMEDABAD Road.S. Sahibabad 201010 8-77 00 32 : Manak Bhavan. GUWAHATI 781003 500001 541137 20 1083 37 29 25 21 68 76 5-8-56C. HYDERABAD E-52. FARIDABAD Savitri Complex.323 3375.29.P. MUMBAI 400093 Branch Offices:: ‘Pushpak’. . India.323 9402 Fax : 91 11 3234062. NAGPUR 440010 Patliputra industrial Estate. Printed at Dee Kay Printers. C-Scheme. -.T. LUCKNOW 226001 NIT Building.N. NEW DELHI 110002 : 1/14 CIT Scheme VII M. Sarvodaya Nagar. Grant Road. Khanpur. Naval Kishore Road. Sector 16 A. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM *Sales Office is at 5 Chowringhee CALCUTTA 700072 tSales Approach. 43. T.O. Nagar. R.G. 1 st Stage. 2nd Floor. L. 62-63. 380001 832 92 95 550 13 48 839 49 55 55 40 21 40 36 27 21 01 41 8-28 88 01 8-71 19 96 $Peenya Industrial Area. Bangalore-Tumkur BANGALORE 560058 Gangotri Complex. E9. Sahibabad Regional Offices: Central *Eastern Industrial Area. GHAZIABAD 201001 121001 53/5 Ward No. 5th Floor. JAIPUR 302001 117/418 B. 5th By-lane. Behind Marol Telephone Exchange. Unity Building. Ganga Nagar. KANPUR 208005 Behind Leela Cinema. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg.I. Gokulpat Market. Gupta Marg. 91 11 3239399.T. NEW DELHI 110002 Telephones: 323 0131. CALCUTTA 700054 Sector 34-A. Narashimaraja BANGALORE 560002 Square. University P. Bhadbhada Road. Site IV. IV Cross Road. 14/l 421.I. Andheri (East). Chitaranjan Marg. PATNA 800013 Institution of Engineers (India) Building 1332 Shivaji Nagar. Campus. 20/9. Nurmohamed Shaikh Marg. V. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. Barua Road. CHENNAI 600113 tWestern : Manakalaya.T. New Delhi- 1lOOl. 670 Avinashi Road. 116 G. Palayam. COIMBATORE Plot No. PUNE 411005 695034 T. 23 89 23 52 51 71 26 23 05 32 36 35 621 17 Second Floor. MUMBAI *Sales Office is at ‘F’ Block. Maniktola. BHUBANESHWAR Kalaikathir Buildings. P.C. BHOPAL 462003 751001 641037 Plot No.BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS Headquarters Manak Bhavan. 91 11 3239382 Telegrams : Manaksanstha (Common to all Offices) Central Laboratory : Telephone Plot No. 400007 27 1085 309 65 28 222 39 71 Office is at Novelty Chambers.

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