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**FIXED END MOMENT
**

The Objective:

Determine the fixed end moments of a fixed beam subjected to point loads and distributed loads.

Ahmad Shufni Othman (Jul. 2012)

A HA MA VA B HB MB VB . the beam is known as built-in or fixedended beam and it is statically indeterminate.FIXED END MOMENT Fixed-Ended Beams When the ends of a beam are held so firmly that they are not free to rotate under the action of applied loads.

A P B L/2 L/2 P A A +ve B B PL 4 A B MA MA A MB .ve MB B . namely the free bending moment diagram obtained by treating the beam as if the ends are simply supported and fixing moment diagram resulting from the restraints imposed at the ends of the beam.FIXED END MOMENT Fixed-Ended Beams The bending moment diagram for such a beam can be considered to consist of two parts.

FIXED END MOMENT Fixed-Ended Beams The solution of a fixed beam is greatly simplified by considering Mohr’s principles. 2. The area of the fixing bending moment diagram is equal to that of the free bending moment diagram. which state that : 1. that is. there are equidistant from a given end of the beam. The centers of gravity of the two diagrams lie in the same vertical line. Area of the fixing bending moment diagram Area FIXED M A L M B L Area of the free bending moment diagram 1 PL PL2 Area FREE L 2 4 8 .

FIXED END MOMENT Fixed-Ended Beams The final bending moment diagram P A B L/2 AreaFIXED AreaFREE PL2 M AL 8 PL MA 8 PL MB 8 L/2 MA -ve +ve A PL 4 MB -ve B Final bending moment diagram -ve A +ve PL 4 -ve B PL 8 PL 8 .

MFIXED. from the first Mohr principle we have. If AFREE is the area of D the free moment diagram and AFIXED MA the area of the fixing moment A diagram then. is shown red. W A L C -ve +ve B The net bending moment diagram. MFREE and ABCD is the fixing moment diagram. AFREE = AFIXED 2 WL L MA L 3 8 WL3 MA L 12 WL2 MA and 12 2 WL2 8 E -ve MB B D -ve +ve C A WL2 MB 12 WL 8 2 -ve WL2 12 WL2 24 B E .FIXED END MOMENT Fixed-Ended Beams For uniformly distributed load is explained with an example shown below : CDE is the free bending moment diagram.

FIXED END MOMENT Fixed-Ended Beams (cont.) Pab 2 L2 _ Pab L _ Pa 2 b L2 + Final Bending Moment Diagram .

FIXED END MOMENT Fixed End Moment (summary) NOTE : -ve for anticlockwise and +ve for clockwise moment .

FIXED END MOMENT Fixed End Moment (summary) NOTE : -ve for anticlockwise and +ve for clockwise moment .

FIXED END MOMENT Fixed End Moment (summary) NOTE : -ve moment when right support sink +ve moment when left support sink .

Solution : Fixed end Fixed end moment .FIXED END MOMENT Example 1 : Fixed End Moment Determine the fixed end moment of the loaded beam shown.

Answer .FIXED END MOMENT Example 2 : Fixed End Moment Determine the Fixed End Moment of the loaded beam shown.

FIXED END MOMENT Solution : .

FIXED END MOMENT Solution : .

FIXED END MOMENT Solution : OR .

FIXED END MOMENT Exercise 1 : Fixed End Moment Determine the fixed end moment of the loaded beam shown below. (a) (d) (b) (e) (c) .

FIXED END MOMENT Exercise 1 : Fixed End Moment (cont.) (f) (h) (g) (i) .

FIXED END MOMENT Answer : Fixed End Moment .

Slope Deflection Method .FIXED END MOMENT Next …….

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