Volume 16,1 April 2003 A Subject and Author Index of Dissertations and Theses

Kinesiology Abstracts
(Continuation of Health, Physical Education and Recreation,

Exercise and Sports Sciences Microform Publications Bulletin: A Subject and Author Index of Dissertations and Theses including Abstracts)




Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon

International Institute for Sport and Human Performance
and Kinesiology Publications

1243 University of Oregon Eugene, Oregon 97403-1243 , USA

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Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon


Kinesiology Publications, formerly known as Microform Publications of Human Movement Studies, is a component of the International Institute for Sport and Human Performance at the University of Oregon. Since its inception in 1949, Kinesiology Publications (KinPubs) has been providing a service to the academic community worldwide. Its focus is on the dissemination of graduate research of national and international significance. In addition, KinPubs provides access to scholarly books, journals, and meeting proceedings now out of print. The collection of KinPubs, which contains almost 10,000 titles, covers more than fifty years of graduate research in full text. KinPubs collects studies from a multifaceted field in which movement or physical activity is the intellectual focus. This field includes health as it relates to physical activity, physical fitness, activities of daily living, work, sport and athletics, recreation, dance, and play. The populations these studies include are children, adults, and the elderly; individuals with disabilities, injury or disease; and athletes. The research, which focuses on the causes and effects of physical activity, employs knowledge and methods of inquiry from arts and sciences as well as humanities; physiology, biochemistry, biomechanics, motor control and development, psychology, sociology, sports medicine, measurement and kinanthropometry, and also pedagogy, history, philosophy, and, more recently, sports marketing.

the index is forwarded to Sport Information Resource Centre (SIRC) of Canada, the world's most authoritative sports information service. The new titles are incorporated in SPORTDiscus, a CD-ROM database, and in SPORTDiscus Detective, a SIRC Internet access service. In addition to the collection of KinPubs, both include a broad range of exercise physiology, biomechanics, and sport medicine topics covering research, clinical, and lay publications.

This publication is the first bulletin under the name Kinesiology Abstracts. It is a continuation of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, Exercise and Sports Sciences Microform Publications Bulletin: A Subject and Author Index of Dissertations and Theses including Abstracts. This is issue 1 of volume 16 and represents microfiches published in April 2003. In the past, bulletins were published every 5 years, except for bulletin 7, which covers two and a half years. Beginning with bulletin 8, there are two issues (nos 1 and 2) per annual bulletin. Each issue includes a section of theses and dissertation titles and abstracts, as well as a section of keywords. Kinesiology Abstracts 16, 2 will be published in October 2003.

The price of each title in this bulletin is indicated in parentheses at the end of the title listing. The price includes the library catalog card for the title. All titles have proper catalog headings, including both Dewey Decimal and Library of Congress classification numbers, as well as subject headings chosen from the Library of Congress Subject Headings.

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Warrensburg Truman State University. Boston Springfield College. Athens MONTANA Montana State University. Minneapolis CONNECTICUT University of Connecticut. San Jose Sonoma State University. Frostburg University of Maryland. Hattiesburg GEORGIA Georgia College & State University. Urbana Western Illinois University. Macomb NEW HAMPSHIRE Plymouth State College. San Diego San Jose State University. Auburn University of Alabama. Tucson LOUISIANA Northwestern State University of Louisiana. Muncie NEW JERSEY Blackwell North America Inc. Rohnert Park MASSACHUSETTS Northeastern University. Gainesville MISSISSIPPI University of Southern Mississippi. Fayetteville KENTUCKY University of Kentucky. San Luis Obispo California State Polytech. Iowa City IDAHO University of Idaho. Milledgeville Georgia Southern University. Boone East Carolina University. Lexington ARIZONA Arizona State University. Natchitoches CALIFORNIA California Polytech State University. Kearney Wayne State College. Bloomington KANSAS Fort Hays State University. Sacramento San Diego State University. Tuscaloosa Indiana State University. Hays ARKANSAS Arkansas State University. Miami Shores Florida State University. Pomona California State University. Springfield MARYLAND Frostburg State University. Terre Haute Indiana University. Plymouth INDIANA Ball State University. Bozeman NORTH CAROLINA Appalachian State University. Tempe University of Arizona Library. Blackwood vi . Columbia FLORIDA Barry University.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon STANDING ORDER SUBSCRIBERS ALABAMA Auburn University. Chico California State University. Detroit COLORADO University of Northern Colorado. Jonesboro University of Arkansas. Greeley MINNESOTA Minnesota State University. Kirksville University of Missouri. Greenville University of North Carolina at Greensboro IOWA University of Iowa. Wayne ILLINOIS University of Illinois. Storrs MISSOURI Central Missouri State University. Mankato University of Minnesota. Tallahassee University of Central Florida. Statesboro University of Georgia. Moscow NEBRASKA University of Nebraska. Urbana. College Park MICHIGAN Wayne State University. Orlando University of Florida.

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............................................................................................................ 60 School Index ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 12 Sports Medicine ................. 48 Keywords ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 44 Part II: ................................................ 63 Order Form .................................................................................... 5 Measurement and Evaluation ...................................................................................... 65 viii ............................................................................................................. 1 Administration ..................................................................... 43 Social Psychology ....................................................................................................................................................... 1 Coaching and Training ..................................................................... 4 History and Philosophy ................................................................................... 6 Sports Marketing ........................ 39 Motor Learning and Control ............................................................................................... 38 Psychology ....................................................... Page Physical Education and Athletics ................................................................................ 6 Sociology and Cultural Anthropology .......................................................................................................... 47 Methods and Statistics ................................................................. 24 Health and Health Education ........................................ 5 Pedagogy and Curriculum ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10 Biomechanics .............................................................................................................Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Contents Part I: Titles and Abstracts ............................................................................................................ 30 Recreation and Leisure .......................................................................................................................................... 9 Dance ........................................................................... 20 Physiology and Exercise Epidemiology ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 61 Additional Items Available from Microform Publications ................ 49 Author Index ...............................................................................................

concerns over commitment also existed. And. Determining effective leadership was aided by the evaluation of three key research question: 1. Are the sports programs of NCAA Division I colleges effectively responding to Title IX? 2. Results of a two-way ANOVA indicated no significant difference (p=. Steffen). Conference directors and athletic directors. Are compliance guidelines and procedures provided by the NCAA and other bodies proving effective in meeting the requirements of Title IX? 3. 1 .Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon PART I: TITLES AND ABSTRACTS The abstracts are reproduced as provided by the authors in their dissertations. and surveys to focus on the first two research questions. La Crosse (J.00) PE 4403 This study was designed to determine the impact of traditional versus block scheduling of physical education on high school students’ attitudes toward physical activity. the results indicated a significant difference (p=. The questionnaire consisted of 6 demographic variables. procedures. Although problems related to confusion over rules and clarity of procedures. M. Kara S. Qualitative research approaches used dissertations science. And. choices offered in the physical education curriculum. 2002. Marketing. court cases. and 8 open-ended questions. The third research question was addressed through a quantitative analysis developed from a survey of 30 NCAA Division I conference office directors and 70 individual institution athletic directors or senior women’s administrators. revealed a lack of confidence in the NCAA’ s leadership ability to meet Title IX compliance. and the expectations students had for their participation in physical activity. (82pp 1f $6. Ed. The sample included 2 schools from a block schedule (n=174) and 2 schools from a traditional schedule (n=313). Whorton). Leadership could assist in improving compliance. David M. For example. 2002. (202pp 3f $18. However. Mean scores were found not to be statistically different. In regards to question 2 it was concluded that Division I institutions are not effectively responding to Title IX policies.709 for females. University of North Carolina. M. Jr. Chapel Hill (Edgar Shields. PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND ATHLETICS ADMINISTRATION Garrett. NCAA and other governing bodies. They were not edited for uniformity of style.). does leadership aid in improving Title IX compliance? To answer these questions. Financial Management. 26 five-point Likert-type scale statements.D. as associates of the NCAA.00) PE 4457 The purpose of this research study was to determine if NCAA leadership has been effective in insuring Title IX compliance by NCAA Division I-A and I-AA institutions. A comparison of student attitudes toward physical activity in a traditional and block scheduled physical education curriculum in four Wisconsin high schools. and guidelines developed by the OCR.952 for males and 3. An assessment of the educational background and job responsibilities of National Collegiate Athletic Association Division III directors of athletics.S. The effectiveness of NCAA Division I athletic program leadership in assuring Title IX compliance. (96pp 1f $6. Critical elements of leadership have not been demonstrated. Pack. Halverson. Wright and David M.00) PE 4416 The purpose of this study was to determine the importance and performed frequency of certain job responsibilities of Directors of Athletics at National Collegiate Athletic Association Division III institutions. both qualitative and quantitative research methodologies were used. an explicit NCAA vision (goal) to gain compliance was not established until NCAA 1997. Simon M. 2000. The 27 job responsibilities used in the questionnaire fell under six categories: Labor Relations. the mailed survey demonstrated that Division I-A and I-AA football institution administrators unanimously agree that better leadership would improve Title IX compliance.001) between males and females involved in a traditional and block scheduled physical education program. The subjects surveyed were Wisconsin public high school students (N=487) enrolled in physical education.. The research concluded that potentially less than half of NCAA Division I institutions were effective in meeting Title IX compliance.. Mean scores in relation to attitudes toward physical activity were 3.916) between the traditional and block scheduled program. articles. Effective leadership would have resulted in greater use of progressive policies and procedures for addressing compliance. which consisted of a total of 253 males and 234 females.. Subjects completed the questionnaire to examine current attitudes about student experiences in physical education. Northern Arizona University (William F. University of Wisconsin.A.

Font size was also measured. 2002.9%). The questionnaire was then mailed to the 366 athletic administrators. (40pp 1f $6.S. The return rate was 72.. Quantifiable information was not considered the best means to assess gender equity.e. Overall. and patterns. A one-sample ttest was performed to compare the forms to the 9th grade reading level.g. Three of the four schools were left out of the study because they were not coed schools.13% of the population.. reading architectural blueprints in regards to facility construction. Waiver-of-liability forms should be written at a reading level consistent with that of the intended audience. In the end. and readability was assessed using the Readability Calculation software (Micro Power & Light. and has served as Director of Athletics at his current institution for a period of less than 10 years. Readability. held up in court). and compare them to the 9th grade level. Ph. TX) for McIntosh. Of the 93 surveys returned. University of Wisconsin. is an important part of a well-written waiver. 2001. the ease with which text can be read and understood.53. University of Kansas (James LaPoint). athletic administrators did not want to reduce boys’ programs in order to expand girls’ programs. (102pp 2f $12.00) PE 4393 Properly written waiver-of-liability forms can be effective tools in decreasing injury liability of intramural and recreational sports programs. Athletic administrators indicated that athletic opportunity doesn’t have to be in proportion to the male/female ratio of the student body. Effect of heavy resistance training on performance variables in endurance athletes. Benjamin J. but they must understand it as well. and Administration.. An analysis of variance was performed to assess possible moderating variables (e. either less than five years or between ten and fourteen years. p<.00) PE 4400 2 . Mark G. Profile information was used to further describe the findings regarding the perceptions of Title IX. Oregon State University (Bradley J. Cardinal). Thomas. descriptive statistics were conducted for each of the 42 items. McBride). Readability of waiver liability forms used in collegiate intramural and recreational sports programs. An examination of perceptions of gender equity as reported by athletic administrators of Kansas’ coed high schools. in any capacity. Demographics had very little effect on the ranking of the six job responsibility categories. p<. La Crosse (T.. Results of the study were described using means. and forms were found to have been printed in significantly larger than the recommended 12 point font (t[28]=-2. Administration ranked first in all cross tabulations. The fourth school was a magnate school and did not support school athletic teams. The data collected from the study were described for each item on the questionnaire. athletic administrators believed that their programs were gender equitable. using motivational techniques. the typical Division III Director of Athletics is: a male age 35 to 39. On average.S. Troy R. has been employed by his current institution. the forms received were scanned into a computer. (60pp 1f $6. In order for a waiver to be effective (i. sport administration/sport management (23. Forms were written significantly higher than the 9th grade level (t[26]=14. as opposed to coed teams was agreed to be the best way to achieve gender equity. Job responsibilities included in the category of Administration were: scheduling events and facility use. No significant differences were found. M. Four member schools were eliminated from the study. The main goal of this study was to assess the reading level of intramural and recreational sport waiver of liability forms.. Administrators were willing to look beyond the current structure and model of high school athletics in order to find ways to achieve gender equity. COACHING AND TRAINING Abel. Division III Directors of Athletics have also earned a graduate degree in physical education (42.0001). students read three grade levels below the last grade they completed in school. NIRSA membership status and involvement of a risk management team in writing the waiver). and establishing and implementing insurance coverage. and rank Administration as the most important job responsibility category. M. Once the data was collected. This study brings into question the efficacy of waiver-of-liability forms used in many collegiate/university intramural and recreational sports programs in the U. interacting with professional associations. or another discipline. The instrument consisted of 12 profile questions and 30 close-ended questions based on a Likerttype scale. White. The provision of “separate-but-equal” boys’ and girls’ teams.4%). The instrument developed by Besnette (1994) was modified for high school athletics. percentages. Public Relations.88. The highest grade level at which waiver-of-liability forms should be written for use in college settings is the 9th grade. Nine NIRSA member schools and nine non-NIRSA member schools from each of the six NIRSA regions were randomly selected for inclusion in this study.D. Following multiple mailings. Administrators did not believe that football and other revenue producing sports should be excluded from the gender equity equation. 2001.00) PE 4438 The purpose of this study was to identify and describe how perceptions of gender equity in high school athletics vary or coincide among athletic administrators of Kansas’ coed high schools.S.01). participants must not only read and sign the waiver. Dallas.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Personnel Evaluations. The subjects of the study included athletic administrators of Kansas’ 366 coed high schools.

v=. Brian K. No changes in peak VO2 or body composition occurred in the HRT group. furthermore. without a subsequent decrement in shooting performance. as a result of position (N7: p=0.. Brigham Young University (Ronald L.0 ±8.001) in 50 meter run time prior to entering the range (12. The three dependent variables were Predisposing Factors.. maintaining race pace (INT3).Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 10 weeks of heavy resistance training on performance variables in endurance athletes.50). p=0. or mixed gender). and sprinting (INT4). Each pair of trials alternated with trials of other basketball skills.P. 3 . and Enabling Factors. transfer scores were significantly higher (p<0.2kg) were assigned to either a heavy resistance training group (HRT.04. N10: p=0.05).6cm. Heil). or all subjects as a group (N10). wt=76.00) PE 4459 This study examined the effect of a random practice versus a blocked practice schedule on the acquisition.12). Each subject (seven elite and three novices) was required to shoot five shots at paper targets immediately following bouts of exercise at four different intensities. Exercise intensities included shooting with a resting heart rate (INT1). with no difference in one kilometer run times (p=0.05) for college data.009). Bradney. F(2.008) for the SP measure.00) PE 4389 The current study was designed to confirm the models proposed by Ross (1995) related to contributing factors to an eating disorder and to examine attitudes regarding eating disorders according to the level of coaching (high school or college) and the gender composition of the team (male.05.S. (157pp 2f $12.00) PE 4447 The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of running intensity on shooting performance in summer biathletes by comparing shooting scores immediately following bouts of exercise at four different intensities in an effort to determine if running intensity can be maintained. Montana State University (Daniel P. Springfield College (Samuel A. D. 2002.005).17. p<. A one kilometer loop was run between shooting bouts with changes in exercise intensity (INT2-INT4) occurring 50 meters prior to entering the range. These findings indicate that HRT does not affect peak VO2 or body composition. M. The interaction between level and gender composition was significant. There was no difference between N7 and N10 for the SP measure of shooting performance.51)=4. Measures of shooting performance included the number of shots hit (SH). or increased.92.10. Effect of exercise intensity on shooting performance in the sport of summer biathlon. All subjects began testing by shooting five shots prone and five shots standing at INT1.05) and coaches of female teams reported Reinforcing Factors were stronger contributors to eating disorders than coaches of mixed gender teams and male teams. Results were analyzed using a two-way ANOVA with repeated measures on one factor. but does increase 1 RM strength and may decrease blood lactate accumulation at high running intensities in endurance athletes. was not significant. there was a significant decrease (p<. Hager). F=2. the random practice group (n=26) performed twenty trials in ten groups of two shots each.. The effects of random versus blocked practice schedules on underhand basketball free throw performance measures. All subsequent conditions were counterbalanced for intensity and position. Milligan. A 2X3 independent groups factorial multivariate design was used to assess attitudes from the Survey of Coaches: The Contributing Factors in the Onset of Eating Disorders (SCCFED. and shooting precision (SP).17. slowing to 75% of race pace (INT2). respectively). as well as a significant difference in both position (p<0. also.9% and 10% respectively).52 s vs.96 s. 102)=0. Post-hoc contrasts found that. N10: p=0. The HRT group experienced significant reductions (p<. Patrick E. one function was significant (p<.03.86) or intensity (N7:p=0. 2002. Headley). while post-test scores were not significantly higher than pre-test scores. 1995). coaches of mixed gender teams reported Reinforcing Factors were stronger contributors than coaches of male teams. No functions were significant (p>. Attitudes of coaches regarding eating disorders.1 year. As intensity increased from lNT2 to INT4. 2002. ht=178. 102)=3.85.001) and intensity (p=0. Ross. Debbie. Higginson. A stepwise discriminant function analysis was computed separately for high school and college data. and transfer of the underhand free throw for males enrolled in university intermediate-level basketball classes. Significant increases (p<. Reinforcing Factors. shooting accuracy (SA).001) and intensity (p=0.05) in one repetition maximum (1 RM) bench press and squat strength occurred in the HRT group (3. The main effect of group.64. p=0. retention. (68pp 1f $6. M. During practice sessions.24. The blocked practice group (n=27) performed twenty trials in two groups of ten shots each during practice sessions. SA for N10 was significantly different for both position (p<0. For high school coaches.05. Although an increase in exercise intensity was associated with a decrease in SH for both the prone and standing position. These preliminary findings indicate that race times may be decreased in the sport of summer biathlon by as much as 7. A significant interaction effect was found in N7 for the SA measure of shooting performance (p=0.8±6. This analysis revealed a significant effect for time. 8. female.S. there was no significant difference in SH for the elite subjects (N7). p=0. F(2.E. (75pp 1f $6.12 seconds in a 5 km race without a subsequent compromise in shooting performance. F(1. Thirteen healthy male endurance athletes (age=23. The Group x Time interaction was not significant.05) in blood lactate accumulation at four of the seven treadmill stages. N=7) or a control group (N=6).6±5.

and cardiovascular endurance.. experienced considerable interference due to practice sessions being held only twice a week. The experimental group consisted of 19 golfers and the control group consisted of 12 golfers. Perhaps. as measured by estimated VO2max.00) PE 4429 This investigation examined the effect of an eight-week conditioning program on fitness measures.D. and magnitude of trunk rotation. Thompson. 1980). and soccer in southeast Michigan. this investigation determined which fitness parameter(s) related most directly to club head speed. (51pp 1f $6.. Both groups. retention. This study examines the educational and coaching background as well as the implementation of preventive training of ninety-four coaches of high school girls’ basketball. and perceptions of fitness and golf-related ability in older. the athletes’ experiences should be equivalent to the coaches’ intentions. or the Golf-Related Pain and Soreness Scale. Christian J. 2002. University of Wisconsin. (b) Weight training consisting of 1 set of 12 repetitions using approximately 80% of measured 10-RM strength on 10 separate Universal weight machines. (180pp 2f $12.. and transfer. and both retained and transferred their underhand free throw skills to a real-game setting. M. Foster). competition level. A significant (p<. Gender differences in coaching leadership styles. 1996). (c) Flexibility training including 8 static and 2 dynamic stretches. Van Wychen. M. The results did not support an improvement in perceptions of physical function or golf-related performance as measured by the Physical Function Scale. Sara L. Neuromuscular training modalities as a preventive for anterior cruciate ligament injuries in female athletes: a study of coaches’ attitudes and perceptions.. No significant difference existed between the time devoted to preventive training modalities in the sport season or during the off season versus gender. Thirty-one older. 2001. 2002. Jeffrey Armstrong). Ph. (141pp 2f $12. A significant difference existed between implementation of strength training during the season and the sport coached (p<0. Eastern Michigan University (W. Each exercise session consisted of: (a) 15 minutes of treadmill walking or stationary cycling at 60%-80% of maximal predicted heart rate for cardiovascular endurance. range of motion improvements for most upper body and trunk measurements. practice sessions should span a number of consecutive days to find differences between random and blocked practice schedules in skill acquisition. Win/loss percentage and overall number of years as a head coach did not correlate to coaching leadership behaviors of male and female Division III college basketball coaches in the New England region. and. John. club head speed. Springfield College (Cathie Schweitzer). male recreational golfers aged 55-79 years. Shana L. but the implementation of such modalities by high school coaches remains suspect. the 8-week conditioning program elicited an improvement in maximal club head speed. The win/loss percentage for basketball coaches did not correlate to the discrepancy scores of leadership behavior coaches and the Directors of Athletics. The 8-week program was attended at least 3 times per week by all 19 golfers. and perceptions of fitness and golf-related performance in older. M.05) negative relationship was found between years at the present institution and “Training and Instruction” behavior. Coaches working with female athletes need formal education regarding preventive conditioning methods that may minimize the incidence of female ACL injury. upper and lower body strength.. were also examined. (215pp 3f $18. 4 . Additionally. also. the golf-related parameter of club head speed. male recreational golfers aged 55-79 years. Effects of an eight-week conditioning program on improving fitness. Ideally. (d) Swinging of a weighted golf club 10 times slowly. and an athlete’s injury history. but not those measuring the hip. and the relationship between win/loss percentage and the discrepancy scores between the self-report of leadership behavior by the coaches (n=51) and the report for the coaches by the Director of Athletics (n=51). volleyball.00) PE 4408 The structure of training programs is of interest to athletes desiring peak performance. which measures leadership styles across five dimensions. Chelladurai & Saleh. age.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Both groups increased in shooting accuracy. male recreational golfers is most influenced by cardiovascular endurance. 2001. was used to determine and measure the self-reported leadership styles of coaches. In addition. male recreational golfers (M age=65.S.004).1 years) participated in a controlled study during the Winter and Spring of 2001. A thirty-two-item questionnaire was used to examine the aforementioned areas. Pizzi. Terrell. Measuring leadership styles and success of college basketball coaches. the Golf Performance Scale. La Crosse (C.00) PE 4392 The study was designed to determine the relationship between coaching leadership style and win/loss percentage.S. Female coaches exhibited significantly (p<. this study determined that the club head speed of older. The Leadership Scale for Sport (LSS.00) PE 4444 Preventive training may increase knee stability for female athletes (Hewett et al. Monitoring training in elite athletes: comparison of coaches’ intentions and athletes’ experiences.05) greater “Positive Feedback” behavior and “Training and Instruction” behavior than male coaches. University of Kansas (Wayne Osness). This study demonstrated that an 8-week conditioning program resulted in improvements for all ten measurements of muscular strength.S. In addition. years in the coaching profession.

when performed correctly and safely. cybernetics. M. Statistically. radical constructivism. results show that the UT group significantly increased in strength (peak torque).63) and calculated load (intensity x duration) (r=0. M. VO2MAX was measured using a treadmill graded exercise test on 40 volunteers (20 males. Validation of the 1-mile walking test in young adults at maximal and submaximal walking intensities. and hard. Pein). while the WT group increased in power (time to peak torque. (89pp 1f $6. estimates of VO2MAX from the Kline equation (50. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups: a standardized strength training group (WT) or an underwater strength training group (UT). Significant increases were found at 90 deg/sec for peak torque and average power at p≤.00) PE 4410 Ten high school students participated in an 8 week strength training program. Erica A. and low walking intensities. and easier on coach-intended hard days (load=883 vs. time to peak torque (TPT). strength and power do improve in both methods of strength training. within a social constructionist framework.84 ml·kg-l·min-l) and from the Dolgener equation (47. (150pp 2f $12. A comparison between standardized strength training and underwater strength training to determine the effects of strength. intensity. and injury rate on children ages 14-18. Although there was a good correlation for training duration (r=0. University of Wisconsin. Snyders). (41pp 1f $6. Finally.50 ml·kg-l ·min-l. and load for sessions the coach intended to be easy. from a position of ”knowing” how champions are made towards a more complex position of uncertainty and possibility.05. These data suggest that athletes are not taking recovery days as intended by coaches.S. and average power).01). unilateral knee extension/flexion test was conducted before and after the testing on a Biodex machine. HISTORY Gaddie. Two-factor repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) comparisons were used to examine relationships between estimated and measured VO2MAX values. Peak torque (PT).14 ml·kg-l·min-l) were significantly less than actual VO2MAX (53. 2002. without occurrence of injury. while approximately thirty percent of the Dolgener predictions were acceptable. La Crosse (R. Systematic underestimations were also found with the submaximal walking intensities (P<0. 970 units). revealed significant differences.01). The VO2MAX values 5 . Under maximal intensity walking conditions. I became familiar with the post-modern perspective of reality and with theories such as systems theory. one-mile walk tests were performed at maximal. it was hypothesized that athletes would not execute the program designed by coaches. which fall under the post-modern epistemological umbrella.416 units)..00) PE 4439 This dissertation explores the construction and experience of the sports champion’s reality. Heil).S. At 150 deg/sec.29±8. In studying reality and its construction.59). and 180 degrees per second. University of South Africa (F.20±5. and social constructionism. and average power (AP) were calculated at 90. comparisons of the mean values for duration. The strength training program for both groups consisted of performing six exercises carefully chosen to ensure similar execution between the two groups. 2001.60). 8 units).. Members of the U. The dissertation gives an exposition of my journey through this maze of theories. 150.00) PE 4449 The purposes of this study were (a) to determine whether the generalized equations developed by Kline et al. 2001. (1987) and Dolgener et al. Speedskating team (n=11) completed a daily training log during the course of a training/competitive season (7 months) in which athletes and coaches recorded their intensity (session Rating of Perceived Exertion) and duration (time) of training. This is followed by an account of the qualitative research that I undertook. power. Christopher P. M. in which I used thematic discourse analysis. The making of a champion: a constructed reality. Wulk. moderate. Toni.10±6. These findings may provide an explanation for some undesired training outcomes and for the high incidence of overtraining syndrome in elite athletes. The results of this investigation show that. Estimations of VO2MAX were considered to be acceptable if within 4. On subsequent visits. Thirty-five to fifty percent of predictions from the Kline equation were acceptable. and (b) to determine whether submaximal walking intensities could provide equally accurate estimates from the respective equations. 20 females) between the ages of 18 and 29 years. An isokinetic. I interpret the discourses emerging from the analysis in order to demonstrate their operation or effect in the construction of a champion’s reality MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION Keller.50 ml·kg-l ·min-l) (P<0. moderate. (1994) for the one-mile walk test provide accurate estimates of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2MAX) in young adults. about as intended on coach-intended moderate days (load=424 vs.05 and at 180 deg/ sec significance was found for average power at p≤.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Based on previous studies. significance was found for time to peak torque and average power at p≤. Athletes were training harder on coach-intended easy days (load=106 vs.05. intensity (r=0. A.S.A. Montana State University (Daniel P.. J.

01). (1994) (40. and portfolio items were developed.49 ml·kg-l ·min-l).5034). Northern Illinois University (Connie Fox). . Additionally. Following regression analysis. In addition. no differences (p=. Deborah J.and one fifth-grade class were randomly assigned to the portfolio assessment group (n=29). (55pp 1f $6. he concluded that African-American elite players perceived early playing time and television exposure to be more important than Caucasian elite players. Springfield College (Deborah Sheehy). Participating in the study were two fourth-grade and two fifth-grade classes (N=56) taught by the same certified physical education teacher. M. The multi-activity curriculum may not have been conducive to documenting measurable improvement. However. 6 . A 2x2 independent groups ANOVA was used to analyze the summative assessment scores. M. Analysis of factors influencing college selection by prospective elite high school basketball players. whereas the portfolio assessment group completed assigned portfolio documents.141) in summative assessment scores were found when compared by grade level.37 practice) and refining (10. Michelle. An adapted version of the Observation Instrument for Content Development in Physical Education (OSCD-PE) was used to code the duration of time spent on each aspect of content development. No interaction (p=. refining. SOCIOLOGY AND CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY Frerking.. Students in physical education classes. Incorporating portfolio assessment into elementary physical education.00) PE 4427 This study was designed to compare aspects of content development used in middle-school physical education class and basketball practice settings.. were also offered more competitive opportunities but were informed less frequently of the proper techniques and skills used to play the game. Results suggest that a greater percentage of time was spent on informing (37.045). and no differences (p=. (70pp 1f $6. 2001. Following adjustments for fitness level. and applying across each setting.56 practice) in both settings. 53. Participants spent the greatest percent of time introducing new skills to students/players in both class and practice. Total time in seconds was then calculated to compute the percentage in each area. All participants were exposed to identical volleyball content. Cues were provided more readily in practice. Petitgout. regression analysis did not account for difference between actual and predicted VO2MAX (P<0.A. estimations from the Kline equation for maximal and moderate intensity tests were no longer significantly different from adjusted VO2MAX (P=0. Small sample size and lack of student acceptance of writing in physical education may be possible reasons for the findings.95 practice) and applying (6. regression analysis could not account for differences from the low intensity walk test (P=0.). (129pp 2f $12. but teachers varied the difficulty level of activities more often during class. 2001.55 class. He also found that coaches must be able to adjust to what are the most influencing factors of the current time. PEDAGOGY AND CURRICULUM Pelletier.256) in summative assessment scores were found between the portfolio assessment and traditional assessment group. Twenty-six elite basketball players from all parts of the United States responded to a questionnaire.S. Five teachers/ coaches participated in this study to determine if significant differences were apparent in the percent of time provided for informing.5±10. Participants completed the volleyball summative assessment during lesson six. One fourth. The investigator determined that selection factors concerning the coaching staff were the most important to the ultimate decision of the elite basketball player. In addition. The traditional assessment group took part in brief question and answer sessions at the conclusion of each lesson. M.9673 and P=0.. A 6-week volleyball unit. primarily with lower abilities and less knowledge of the sport. (1987) (36. For the Dolgener equation. The findings of this study show neither the Kline nor the Dolgener equations provide acceptable estimates of VO2MAX in young adults.Ed. Chapel Hill (Edgar W.00) PE 4413 The purpose of this study was to identify the most important factors influencing college selection by elite high school basketball players.3±6.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon of subjects in the current study were above those observed by Kline et al.29 class.00) PE 4390 The investigation was designed to assess the effects of portfolio assessment in elementary physical education. extending. Regression analysis was performed to adjust for these differences.07 practice) than on extending (1.85 class. Shields. summative assessment. 15. and to the traditional assessment group (n=27). Content development comparisons between middle-school physical education classes and basketball practices. Jr.6 ml·kg-l ·min-l) and by Dolgener et al. Brian C. the Kline equation was able to provide acceptable estimates of VO2MAX at maximal and moderate walking intensities. the researcher compared the responses of African-American and Caucasian elite basketball players. The survey consisted of 39 college selection factors pertinent to the recruitment of high school basketball players on a Likert Scale from one to seven. 2002.44 class.099) was found between assessment group and grade level. 2. University of North Carolina.S.

2002. M. Physiological Parameters.42). The lowest ranked objectives were: providing vocational preparation (M=2. The students were classified as freshmen (18. (53pp 1f $6. 5 individual sports. and taking risks (M=2.45%). 7 .00) PE 4405 The purpose of this study was to compare the amount of community integration between an experimental Special Olympics participant group and a control group comprised of non-Special Olympics participants. 2001. Lifetime Use..37).05). Jeff A. or Social Affiliation factors.00) PE 4406 A questionnaire was administered to 323 physical education students at the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse.37). A chisquare test showed no significant difference in the amount of community integration between the experimental and control groups (p<. University of Wisconsin. preventing. keeping in good health and physical condition (M=3. The physical education class consisted of 10-12 minutes of warm up followed by 30-35 minutes of instruction and skill development. The primary goal of physical education is to establish an understanding of the body and develop an appreciation for exercise. The basketball team practice consisted of 12-15 minutes of warm up followed by 30-35 minutes of drill and practice. A two-way ANOVA was also conducted with the 5 factors as dependent variables and grade and gender as independent variables. and Social Affiliation). interview examined general recreation.62%).S. area. The Special Olympics group was equally matched with the non-Special Olympics group in regards to sex. 3=important. Steffen). La Crosse (J. and releasing stress through the means of physical education (M=3. No significant difference was found between the physical education class and the basketball team practice. Males favored Allied Objectives more than did females (p<.36%). as well as physical and social community integration. A qualitative needs analysis of participants in team sports. not participating in Special Olympics was found to be as effective as participating in Special Olympics in terms of increasing community integration. Team sport participants favored the Self-Worth factor more than did adventure education participants (p<. and intellectual characteristics..05). Steffen). Results indicated significant differences among students in their ranking of the 5 factors. No significant differences were found between grade. DiRocco). Wisconsin. 8F) made up the experimental group and fifteen subjects (6M.. Mani. gender. 2001. The Special Olympics group participated in a supervised year around Special Olympics program. In addition. La Crosse (P. individual sports. 2=somewhat important. juniors ranked Allied Objectives higher than did seniors. detecting. and 5 adventure education activities). and adventure education. or interaction for Self-Worth. Effects of Special Olympics participation on community integration among school-aged participants with mild to moderate cognitive disability. University of Wisconsin. Individual sport participants ranked Physiological Parameters higher than adventure education participants (p<. Freshmen ranked Allied Objectives higher than did seniors (p<. 9F) made up the control group. and correcting physical defects (M=2.05). Each subject was measured during three physical education classes and three basketball practices. Team sport participants and adventure education participants favored Allied Objectives more than did individual sport participants (p<. M. The comparisons were based on measures from a thirty-minute interview devised by Malik.57%). Ravinand. Lifetime Use. Activity courses were divided into three categories and consisted of 14 separate activity classes (4 team sports. University of Wisconsin. Mark J. Team sport and adventure education participants ranked Social Affiliation higher than individual sport participants. Therefore it may be other factors that dictate the amount of community integration as opposed to participating in a Special Olympics program. juniors also ranked Physiological parameter higher than did seniors (p<. Each lesson and practice session lasted 45 minutes. M. La Crosse (J. The control group did not participate in any Special Olympics games or events. In summary. Comparison of effort levels of middle school male basketball players in physical education classes and athletic team practices. Significant differences and interaction effects were noted among grade levels and gender for 2 of the 5 factors. Descriptive statistics indicated the highest ranked objectives were: having fun (M=3.01). juniors (24.69). Students ranked 29 objectives (needs) on a four-point Likert scale (1=not important. and seniors (35. and 4=very important). Ashton-Schaeffer. The data indicate that there is no difference in effort levels of middle school male athletes in athletic team practices compared to physical education classes.05) between type of activity and 5 factors (Self-Worth.001). Rampersaud.18). age.05).S.S. during physical education classes and basketball team practices. Both groups were from the greater La Crosse. A paired t-test was used to determine if significant differences existed between the two activities. Using Polar Vantage XL and Accurex IIa heart rate monitors (HRM) the subject’s heart rate was measured for the duration of each session.01). ranging in age from 12-14. (51pp 1f $6. The Malik et al.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Grotenhuis. with identical significant difference (p<. Allied Objectives.30). sophomores (21. (52pp 1f $6. and Kleiber (1991). A one-way ANOVA was conducted to illustrate significant difference (p<.05). Fifteen school-aged (8-18) subjects (7M. Further investigations of different populations are needed to broaden the scope of this study.00) PE 4402 Heart rates were recorded on a sample of 37 middle school male athletes.05). Sophomores ranked Physiological Parameter higher than did seniors (p<.

and the influence of social class. Questionnaires were developed with questions covering subjects such as personal habits. to determine present levels of performance. The study focused on the subject of athletics. and undermines the possibility of a single unified high school culture on the subject of athletics. (232pp 3f $18. Ph. Unfortunately. talent. and females and males..D. Furthermore. and life stage on leisuretravel behaviors. 29 percent had a bachelor’s degree or some graduate work. to determine services needed for transition.. Ph. The findings of this study indicate that collegeeducated African Americans are active participants in the travel and tourism industry. (49pp 1f $6. Further.D. Patrick Gray). However.999..999. this study makes it clear that Varenne’s observation of a single unified high school culture has been affected by the passage of time. 47 percent had a family income above $85. seeking consensus in this single domain of knowledge. and. A questionnaire was developed and mailed to 800 African Americans who had attended the University of Florida. The answers to the questions were then analyzed by the ANTHROPAC computer program and interpreted to provide quantitative data on the existence and degree of cultural “consensus” within the domain of the “athlete. or M. Even though some African 8 . and multiple regression. J. 131 African Americans were included in the study. and the passage of legislation guaranteeing equal opportunity in sports to female participants. The purpose of this critical analysis is to: (1) review pertinent legislation that directly influences educators with regards to special education and transition. In this critical analysis there are guidelines to identify community programs. gender.000. community experiences. The data suggest that athletes and non-athletes. Transition is a coordinated set of activities in instruction. and 25 percent had an Ed.45 years (Early Adulthood) and 47 percent were aged between 46 .. Varenne’s research indicated the existence of a unified American High School student culture.D. and in at least this instance is suspect.00) PE 4407 PL 105-17 guarantees a free and appropriate public education to individuals with disabilities ages 0-21 years.00) PE 4461 This thesis uses a combination of ethnographic research and systematic data collection to compare the cultural knowledge of a high school in 2002 to the results of a 1948 ethnographic study by Herve Varenne. University of Wisconsin. Future study on the data gathered in this thesis could lead to further determination of the composition of subgroups within high school culture and the social stimuli that create differences in high school students’ cultural knowledge. and (2) discuss the benefits of leisure education. Talsky. This study explores whether Varenne’s concept of a unified American High School student culture has remained in existence in spite of these changes. M..D. Such disagreement may be due to historical trends.. and the treatment of athletes by nonathletes and staff.. acquisition of daily living skills and functional vocational evaluation. or M. to design a statement of transition service needs.. However. to develop goals. including continued growth in the importance of sports in American culture. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.65 years (Middle Adulthood). or to a different level of experience in high school athletics. Caulkin’s model of Consensus Analysis allowed for further interpretation of the data and revealed “consensus” in multiple sub groups. 47 percent were aged between 17 . (175pp 2f $12. J. perceptions of racial discrimination. University of Florida (Stephen Anderson).D.. the law mandates that transition goals programs be provided to ensure a successful transition from public school to post-school life. 2002. some African Americans perceive racial discrimination in the travel services and activities that they use or participate in the most during their leisure travel.D. if appropriate. sportsmanship. engaging in recreational activities within the community provides avenues for building friendships with individuals with and without disabilities. one-way ANOVA.00) PE 4399 This study examines the leisure-travel behaviors of African Americans. Felix). Of the 800.000 to $84. 43. Unfortunately. La Crosse (M. such as the traditional role of males in athletics. t-tests. and 16 percent had a family income below $54. 2001. related services. Since 1948 a number of changes have occurred within the structure of high schools. and seeking to determine if there was consensus in high school students’ perceptions of athletes. Cynthia L. Addressing recreation in the transition plan can provide the skills necessary to engage in life-long physical activity and proper use of leisure time.5 percent were female. grooming.D. leisure and recreation services are often overlooked in many transition programs.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Reigstad.S. Milwaukee (J.” The absence of overall consensus in the identification of the habits and behavior of “athletes” was significant.5 percent were male and 56. Kathleen A. 33 percent had a family income between $55. M. Consensus analysis of high school students’ perceptions of high school athletes. 44 percent had completed a master’s degree or had some work on an Ed. 2002. the development of employment and other post-school adult living objectives. Ph.S. D.D.. and to develop annual goals and short-term objectives or benchmarks. Ann C. Leisure-travel behaviors of collegeeducated African Americans and perceived racial discrimination. Willming. University of Wisconsin. though in many cases their knowledge tends to be the opposite of those of other groups. attitude. Members of these groups tend to agree among themselves on the role of athletes. have different cultural knowledge concerning the perception of high school athletes. Physical education and recreation in special education transition programs.

and how a relationship can be a strategic asset.. The collective influence of education. and subsequently to consumer (McCracken. and preventative measures are needed to eradicate this serious qualityof-life issue. 1996. Whitfield helped newsmakers to produce news that was attractive to audiences. Results revealed thematic consistencies in the Canadian media coverage of Whitfield. relationship marketing. Rosaaen. Semistructured interviews provide an in-depth analysis of the relationship between a sporting entity and a corporate partner.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Americans perceived racial discrimination in certain travel services and activities. particularly with respect to Canadian national identity. further research is needed to understand this phenomenon. University of British Columbia (Robert Sparks). The questionnaire consisted of 22 SPORTS MARKETING Darnell. with a keyword search of the coverage.00) PE 4455 This thesis analyzes the media coverage and marketing of the Canadian Olympic athlete Simon Whitfield. Troy R. they rarely changed their leisuretravel behaviors. the importance of trust. University of Kansas (James LaPoint). 2003. Gruneau.1989). along with numerous supplementary documents received from both organizations. the value that consumers attribute to a brand of product or service (Keller. While perceived racial discrimination is a sensitive and challenging issue.1996. These research findings. demonstrate how a long-term partnership with frequent communications can lead to a successful sponsorship that greatly benefits both organizations. A case study in sport sponsorship and relationship marketing: a resource-based view. strengthening the media “audience commodity” (Sparks. This research combined two methodologies: 1) a textual analysis of Canadian media coverage of Whitfield. (135pp 2f $12. M. the value of an Olympic gold medal and Whitfield’s status as a Canadian hero. this paper summarizes the literature on networks. heroic performance. To disregard the reality of perceived racial discrimination in the leisure-travel experiences of African Americans is to exclude African Americans from the same rights and privileges that are available to whites during their leisure travel. (121pp 2f $12. Whitfield’s positive media image was understood to have an impact on his marketability and to contribute to a “vortex of publicity” (Wernick. M. Kirsten R.. trust.1993). Results support a model of celebrity product endorsement based on the transfer of meanings from endorser to product. M. as well as other features (genuine personality. results suggest intertextual linkages between media production and marketing as they relate to celebrity athletes in Canada. gender. The media construction of Simon Whitfield: producing a Canadian Olympic champion.1992). athletic good looks)— that made him newsworthy. gold medal victory..00) PE 4437 It was the purpose of this study to compare marketing techniques used by National Football League (NFL) franchises during the 1994 season to techniques used by National Basketball Association (NBA) franchises for the 1994-95 season. Overall. and income was the strongest indication of the accommodation and activity travel behaviors of African Americans. Simon C.1991) by linking stages along the promotional chain. a 25-year-old from Kingston Ontario. A comparison of the marketing techniques used by National Football League franchises with the marketing techniques used by the National Basketball Association franchises. and maintained circulation. 2002. viewership. and 2) interviews with five Canadian sports journalists who covered Whitfield and four marketing representatives from companies that sponsored Whitfield or employed him as a product endorser. Thomas. Interviews with journalists confirmed the observed elements of the Whitfield story—his Canadian identity. Whitfield. income. A secondary purpose was to determine the priority of marketing techniques used to promote attendance at NFL and NBA home games. Covering these attributes of 9 . Whitfield was also interviewed to provide an athlete’s perspective on the media production and marketing processes. 1987). and ad ratings. examining how a relationship is actively managed. Gender was somewhat useful to understand the relationships between perceived racial discrimination and activities. won the first ever gold medal in the Olympic men’s triathlon at the 2000 Sydney Games.00) PE 4418 To present research on relationships and trust in sport sponsorship as resources capable of conferring a sustainable competitive advantage. The victory propelled him to the status of Canadian celebrity and afforded him increased commercial opportunities including corporate sponsorships and product endorsements. life stage. and perceived racial discrimination accounted for some of the differences among the accommodation and activity travel behaviors of African Americans. and intangible resources leading to distinct advantages. (142pp 2f $12. University of Memphis (John Amis).S.S. Marketing directors of 28 NFL franchises and 27 NBA franchises were asked to respond to the Marketing Technique Questionnaire (Hambleton. These results support previous research that found recurring themes of athletic heroism and myths of Canadian nationalism in the production of Canadian sports media (MacNeill. Interviews with marketers revealed that Whitfield was commercially attractive because the meanings associated with his media image could be attached to brands through the endorsement and sponsorship process in order to improve brand equity.E.A.1989).

A.7%) completed the survey instrument. DANCE Andrzejewski. Prospects of fantasy sports as a profitable sport marketing media [sic].C. Overall. institutions are providing female athletes with fund raising support thirty years after Title IX’s enactment. baseball. despite not considering “generating revenue” as their most important goal. La Crosse (R. Of the 150 sport Web sites contacted.. Finally.” Significant differences between the NFL and the NBA were found for three marketing techniques: “used pricing strategies. These results suggest that sport Web sites have recognized fantasy sport as a profitable sports marketing medium.026). who raises the funds for women athletes. and she serves as a composite of the nine participant dance-makers whose success is also dependent on balance. FS Group has planned to expand its offerings and services by adding fantasy sports and providing on-line statistical data.” and radio advertising. and the winning team myth as it applies to women’s college sports. From my efforts to understand and make meaning from the experiences of the participants.” and “good public relations. M. Conquering the high wire: balancing internal dialogue in the making of solo dances.025) and profit obtained (p=.. Both groups differed on revenue models used and pricing models used for banner advertisements. FS Group revealed trends of having a small base of memberships mostly subscribing for free. In an attempt to develop a holistic picture of how student dance artists make selfperformed solo dance works. Daryl N.A. recommendations were given to help improve the area of fund raising for women’s intercollegiate athletics.S.A. Chapel Hill (Barbara Osborne). taking one step at a time. a metaphor emerged. Her name is Helen. a task that is frequently assigned and yet poorly understood. University of North Carolina. nine graduate student dance-makers were asked to contribute accounts of their experiences in this particular dance-making context. (65pp 1f $6.00) PE 4420 This study emerged out of interests in dance-making practice and phenomenology. Cara.” No statistically significant differences were found for the remaining marketing techniques. She proceeds cautiously on the journey from one platform to the other in a display of superb balance. Turano. In addition. (77pp 1f $6. the demographics of donors to women’s athletics. Mikat). t-tests were used to determine significant differences between the NFL and the NBA for each marketing technique. Priority rankings were established using the means for each item. had common marketing strategies and generated significant revenue. (34pp 1f $6.907)..” “utilized televised games as spectator incentive. 2002.A. and offering 1 or 2 fantasy sports with football. Lastly. M. I then picture her summoning the courage to mount the ladder up to the first platform at the beginning of performances. Carey E. The top three techniques for the NFL were: “season ticket option.” and “used magazine advertising. Results revealed that FS and NFS Groups were operating more than 3 years. A qualitative analysis of fund raising in women’s intercollegiate athletics. Again. regardless of having no significant difference in money spent (p=. she is a high wire artist. The results of this study reveal that college athletic department administrators are working hard to raise funds for women athletes and are aware of the Title IX implications should they fail. Artistic process journals were collected. Even though Spearman rank correlation indicated a low correlation between profit obtained and number of fantasy sports offered (rS=.00) PE 4452 This study provides a qualitative analysis of fund raising in women’s intercollegiate athletics around the country and across all three N. Levels of agreement concerning the effectiveness of the marketing techniques were determined using a five point Likert scale. M. 34 (22. Statistically. whereas NFS Group only showed little.” “season ticket option.044). booster club support was examined to determine which women’s athletic team receives the most support.365). 2002. and basketball as the most common. Pearson Product Moment correlation revealed that the amount of money spent by FS Group was significantly correlated to the amount of revenue generated (r=. and focus group discussions were conducted. I envision Helen confronting her reflection before each and every performance. ANOVA revealed that both groups also differed significantly on revenue generated (p=. if any. I imagine Helen walking the tight rope.00) PE 4409 One hundred-and-fifty sport Web sites (75 offering fantasy sports (FS) and 75 not offering fantasy sports (NFS)) were asked to complete an 18-question on-line survey to determine the impact that hosting fantasy sports had on the total profit generated by sport Web sites. this act is a symbol for the sense of power needed by dance-makers to counteract what would otherwise be paralyzing fear. University of Wisconsin. competitive divisions.027).” “business sponsorships. Wirakartakusumah. 2002. and this confrontation serves as a symbol for the first of three themes that were discovered about making solos: the struggle to reconcile what is perceived with what is known about the self as body and as artist. correlation between these variables (r=. 10 . Texas Woman’s University (Penelope Hanstein). but have not yet found appropriate marketing approaches to fully take advantage of its potential.” The techniques at the top for the NBA were: “business sponsorships. Areas highlighted by this study include how funds are solicited for women’s athletic teams.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon statements regarding marketing techniques used to promote home game attendance.

Exploring the complexity of perception and its relationship with Laban movement analysis. analysis of sources reveals a pattern of appropriation of African American dance material by white mainstream America during the first half of the 20th century. concrete model by which to help dancers mentally assume the roles they portray through their movement This paper examines the problem of a lack of dance resources available to dancers for creating a performance. and performing the world. E. This revelation. voice. R. Grover-Haskin. provided for an in depth investigation into three distinct dimensions related to the dance making process. dance making as a worldmaking endeavor illuminated the diversity of a woman’s dance-making process and what that process revealed. M. Continually re-entering the dance making process the artist seeks complexity. thereby enhancing credibility. supported by a quote by Vernon Castle. The purpose of this study was to investigate what a feminist perspective contributed to dance making as a social construction of reality and. in the process of creating self-performed solos. 2001. As a complex process involving many variables. Performing the world focused upon the performing experience revealing self. E. 2002..A.00) PE 4424 This paper is an exploration of the phenomenon of movement perception.. transcending what is expected to construct. The world-in-the-making revealed the artist’s creative process and how each woman perceived and created her work. the world-inview. must strike between the role of dance-maker as choreographer and the role of dancemaker as performer. movement analysis reveals as much about the perceiver as it does about the movement. In their dance making. subsequently. clarifies and defines interdisciplinarity within the context 11 . Laban Movement Analysis provides a theoretical framework that assists the perceiver in describing and analyzing movement.D.A. and autonomy. (48pp 1f $6. Put your mother on the ceiling: feminist dance making as a worldmaking process of three women choreographers. Ozmun. more evidence will surface about specifics of African-American contributions to the genesis of the Foxtrot. Hopefully.. experience. suggests that the Foxtrot was included in this appropriation pattern. Kim. Ph. and transcendence. A series of in-depth interviews with three selected women revealed a woman choreographer’s world and work socially influenced and shaped by the world at large. and the diverse intentions behind observation. Texas Woman’s University (Penelope Hanstein). activism. so that due credit can be given to those who deserve it. As a consequence. (35pp 1f $6. L. Qualitative research methodology and a worldmaking taxonomy of three components. mobility in resistance.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon the kind of balance dance-makers. I now understand these themes as unified by the thread of internal dialogue. the world-in the-making. A. Texas Woman’s University (Penelope Hanstein). (205pp 3f $18. Hawkins. However. Christina M. (26pp 1f $6. I imagined what the reality of choreographing a dance entitled “Put Your Mother on the Ceiling” would unveil. as a resource for worldmaking.00) PE 4426 What makes some dancers better performers? Since performance instruction is lacking in most traditional dance curricula. M.00) PE 4423 Richard de Mille (1967) considers personal invention crucial in comprehending and shaping socially constructed realities. Some of the variables that make movement perception complex are the non static nature of movement as an object of perception. process. Their created worlds of possibility and change speak a womancentered agency. A reverence for uncertainty. Dance making provided the opportunity to study a woman’s lived reality. perception becomes problematic when the credibility and accuracy of one’s perception is the foundation for movement interpretation. Kim. then divides and analyzes them according to two perspectives: Caucasian and AfricanAmerican. become educational strategists for the future. Women’s “voices” continually refine and redefine dance making as a feminist artistic practice with future visionary application for critical pedagogy and curriculum development. how may a dancer learn to hone his or her performance ability? This research derives from the author’s quest for a personal performance process and for a tangible. Ultimately.A. and a complexity of consciousness emerged as elements for the development of theory. Brigham Young University (Catherine Black). Kyehee. 2002. making a difference in the classroom and curriculum. T. LMA offers a way to explore movement from numerous points of view.00) PE 4440 This literature analysis compiles seven different versions of the origin of the Foxtrot. as well as accounting for personal biases. The world-in-view unveiled the dimensions of how the body.F. the subjective nature of the perceiver. The Castles and Harry Fox are most commonly credited as the originators of the Foxtrot. the development of theory. 2002. Through the metaphor of worldmaking. Intrigued by what a woman’s reality brings to the creative process and how these experiences become movement and embody meaning.. M. and implement the possible. women are models of evolutionary praxis. A compilation and analysis of the origins of the foxtrot in white mainstream America. M.F. C. premised on Nelson Goodman’s (1978) idea of worlds and worldmaking originally applied to art criticism. Texas Woman’s University (Mary WillifordShade). shaped identity and influenced artistic invention.: a performance process model. women worldmakers. thus evolving for the future.

The EMG activity was normalized to a maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC). Transforming. according to the questionnaire. Dialoguing dance: a personal narrative of discovery. Plotinus. exploration. choice-making. it analyzes the effect these dances had on the body and soul and their glorification or condemnation according to the adopted philosophy of Platonism by the Church Fathers. in addition to fulfilling the movement potential of existing material. BIOMECHANICS Benson.E. interpretation and improvisation. The data collected from a post-test questionnaire were used for further analysis using McNemar’s test. Creating a working understand of process in students creates pathways for self-motivated learning. This study found that the Church Fathers permitted dance in the sacred Christian prayer circles because of the belief that the soul was united with God on high. questioning performer who can create an engaging an enlightening performance. Dance and the body in early Christianity: philosophical views of glorification and condemnation. and the works of Plato. establishes a need for a dance performance process.A. Using Todd Siler’s book. Smith). Alpha was set at the . use that examination to gain insight into the dance work change the performance based on that insight.01) from zero for all three independent variables. thus enabling the dancer to become a thinking. M.05 level of significance. The mean differences were all negative which indicated that the erector spinae were more active in the unrestrained condition. Each individual dancer must find her or his own framework for organizing and assimilating information based on personal experience and reflection in order to create a teaching model that provides students with the tools to develop their own process.S.E. University of Texas. performance process. examine the various facets of those links through such exploratory tools as improvisation and the application of multiple intelligence theory.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon of searching for outside knowledge to enhance the dance performance.). interruption. By examining the progression of her own artistic development over time. Think Like a Genius. Analyzing. and stresses the role of imagination in creating a dance performance process.. M. 2002. M. (66pp 1f $6. Drawing parallels between the building blocks of dance and language through an investigation of syntax provides a basis for examining dance through the lens of discourse analysis. Philosophical statements by the Church Fathers were gathered regarding their views on the body and its relationship to the sacred dance of the Church and secular dance of the theater in the Roman Empire at this time. Each participant performed hyperextension exercises on the VARC with and without the pelvis restrained.E.A. Scott uses language and discourse analysis to provide a working framework for understanding interpretation and creating style in modern dance. Texas Woman’s University (Penelope Hanstein). relate those ideas to the dancers’ life experience.F. and pedagogical process. Relating. as well as concepts such as exploration.00) PE 4428 This professional paper uses personal narrative as a mechanism for creating meaning and generating theory about the nature of developing an artistic process in dance. Brigham Young University (Catherine H.R. Andee. Seventy males and females ranging in age from 18 to 35 years volunteered. The C. It summarizes the educational system in the Empire at the time and its relationship to Christianity. dancers learn to draw associative links between ideas. and art-making.T. Rachel B..00) PE 4453 The purpose of this study was to determine if pelvic restraint during hyperextension on a variable angle roman chair (VARC) would increase the muscle activation of the erector spinae musculature. Scott outlines various phases of the artistic process: learning process. Particularly. 2001. and then reflect on the changes experienced in the performance.E. 2001. model. and Experiencing (C. El Paso (Darla R. However. interpretation. All of the univariate t tests showed that the mean differences were significantly different (p<. A dancer’s artistic process is a never-ending process of learning and sense-making.R. Michael E. the participants felt the lumbar extensors worked harder with the restraint than 12 . Plato’s Doctrine of Forms. Research was taken primarily from secondary sources including translations of the writings of many Church Fathers. Sneddon.E.R.A.E. and style. model is one tool that may empower the dancer to craft his or her personal performance process. (32pp 1f $6.A. Exploring. The EMG data were analyzed with a Multivariate Hotelling’s T2 test and univariate t-tests were performed to see where any significant differences occurred.A. choreographic process. Surface electromyography (EMG) was used to measure the muscle activation in the erector spinae muscle at the third lumbar vertebra (L3). and the Fathers’ views on sacred and secular dance. can be used to explore and generate new movement material.00) PE 4443 This thesis considers the philosophy of the body according to Platonism in the writings of the early Christian Church Fathers during the 2nd through 8th centuries A. Black).T. Scott.D.T. Concepts in discourse analysis. while they condemned the secular dance of the Roman theater because emphasis on the physical body’s passions and desires was the primary objective. such as repetition. this paper proposes a transdisciplinary model under the rubric Connecting. Applying the C.. The muscle activation of the erector spinae during hyperextension on a variable angle Roman chair with and without the pelvis restrained. (87pp 1f $6.

The group ANOVA results demonstrated the ineffectiveness of a between subjects design for accurately assessing response strategies. West Virginia University (Terrence J. Based on these findings.A.0 million lost-time work-related injuries that occurred during 1994 and 1995. moving into less external rotation (protraction) and less upward rotation during maximal internal rotation from the 90°to 90°position. Jamie R. University of North Carolina. Brian L.00) PE 4430 The purpose of the study was to assess strategies used by subjects to accommodate added loads during landing. The evaluation of strategies used to accommodate additional loads during landing. Additional masses (1024 g and 1800 g) were attached to each leg for C2 on each test day.2 million and 2.S. (128pp 2f $12.. due to decreased subacromial space and increased eccentric load on posterior shoulder musculature and biceps during the deceleration and follow-through phases of throwing. and loading/unloading. 13 . retractor. Thirteen healthy baseball pitchers underwent a prescribed bout of prolonged overhead throwing. University of Oregon (Barry T. impact force. however. Also.02). industries about $70 billion to $80 billion annually. Eight West Virginia University engineering students volunteered as test subjects. There was. Bates). or at eye height. However.10) that the average heart rate was higher for the symmetrical lifts at eye height than for the asymmetrical lifts at eye height. Strategies used to accommodate loading and unloading were assessed using group and single subject analyses of variance (ANOVA) and simple and multiple regression techniques. Paired comparison t-tests indicate that there was a significant difference in the average weight lifted between chest and eye heights for the symmetrical lifts (p<. an indication (p≤. 1997. A variety of biomechanical models have verified these results. The effects of lifting height and asymmetry on maximum acceptable weight of lift. Ground reaction force data for fore (Max 1) and rearfoot (Max 2) impact and EMG data from five lower extremity muscles were used in the analysis.. M. and (c) estimated compressive loading to the L5/S1 intervertebral disc for each test condition.S. 2002. Birkelo. and estimated biomechanical loading to the lumbar spine.10) that the average back compressive force when lifting asymmetrically at eye height was less than the average back compressive force when lifting symmetrically at eye height. Thus. Additionally.001) in the weights selected versus the Recommended Weight Limits calculated by the revised NIOSH equation. Chapel Hill (Darin Padua).Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon without the restraint and the hamstrings and gluteals worked harder without the restraint than with the restraint. and depressor muscle groups. indicating that all subjects performed equally under all conditions. Ph. Considering direct and indirect costs. (208pp 3f $18. Effects of prolonged overhead throwing on three-dimensional scapulohumeral rhythm in baseball pitchers. average heart rate.00) PE 4411 The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of prolonged overhead throwing on three-dimensional scapulohumeral rhythm and assess strength assessment of the scapular protractor. Stobbe). Thomas G. When using the revised NIOSH lifting equation to analyze the requirements of the experiment and then evaluate the weights lifted by the subjects.. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of lifting symmetrically and asymmetrically from knee height to chest or eye height on the (a) psychophysically selected weights lifted. or for all chest lifts (both lift types) versus all eye height lifts (both lift types). the weights lifted were compared to the Recommended Weight Limits that result from an analysis of the lifting task characteristics using the revised NIOSH lifting equation. prolonged overhead throwing results in altered scapular kinematics and strength deficits. demonstrated differential response strategies with respect to load. M. Bobick. lost-time musculoskeletal injuries can cost U. there was no significant difference in the weights lifted for twisting versus no twisting at either chest or eye heights. or for all symmetric lifts (chest and eye together) versus all asymmetric lifts. Caster. and torsional stresses on a worker’s lumbar spine. however. Current statistics indicate that musculoskeletal sprains and strains account for more than 40% of the 2. There were no significant differences in average heart rate or average estimated biomechanical loading to the lumbar spine for any of the four comparisons: symmetric versus asymmetric lifting at chest height. (b) average heart rate over two 30-min lifting sessions for four test conditions.00) PE 4394 Epidemiological studies have indicated that work that involves lifting heavy objects or lifting and twisting with moderate weights can impose increased compressive. and depressor muscle groups all decreased significantly post-exercise. there was a significant increase (p<. Single subject ANOVA results. 1989.D. There was also an indication (p≤. strength of the scapular protractor. Simple (load only) and multiple (load plus EMG) regression analyses for predicting Max 1 and Max 2 generally supported the individual ANOVA results and the specific nature of the response strategies employed. (126pp 2f $12. prolonged overhead throwing and the associated scapular kinematic alterations may increase the risk of shoulder injuries such as impingement and muscle failure. shear. Following prolonged overhead throwing the scapula underwent less angular displacement.01) and for the asymmetrical lifts (p<. retractor. Four males performed three conditions (C) of 25 landings from a 60 cm height on each of two test days.

and inter-day reliability of selected GRF parameters for seven sample sizes ranging from 3 to 14 . Data were collected in order to analyze the horizontal velocity and center of gravity positioning for various phases of the hurdle step and round off.S.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Davidson. the angle of takeoff for the somersault was analyzed for each gymnast. A comparison of selected kinematic variables between intermediate and advanced level gymnasts in the hurdle step. University of Oregon (Barry T. and tucked back somersault and three trials were selected for investigation. Twelve healthy males running 25 to 40 km per week volunteered as subjects..S. round-off. Bates). In addition. The effectiveness of this correlation coefficient as a descriptor was evaluated under a variety of conditions. and training time and shoe condition effects were evaluated with Multiple Regression and Model Statistics techniques. Slippery Rock University (Nelson Ng). shoe conditions were a common shoe and a shoe worn regularly by each subject. Computer generated data. The training times were: short term (less than 100 m). Data processing consisted of the evaluation of 20 parameters for each trial. A kinetic analysis of the effects of time on running performance. University of Oregon (Barry T.D. These results indicated that the evaluation of the effects of different shoes should be based on data obtained during a single test session.and inter-day reliabilities were evaluated to aid in the identification of differences among the training times. Timothy R. and tucked back somersault in women’s gymnastics. Karen. 1991. since it is influenced both by timing and by amplitude differences. but interday reliability was not (40 to 50%). Paul. Accommodation was greatest over the long term training condition. A group of nineteen female gymnasts served as subjects. It was determined that the correlation coefficient is easy to use and can be used to evaluate the entire curve. Results revealed significant differences in horizontal velocity during certain phases of the tumbling sequence. (154pp 2f $12. Bates). The experimental set-up consisted of a Kistler force platform interfaced to a Tektronix 4052 Graphics Calculator and a photoelectric timing system to monitor running speed (3. 1984. 2001. and long term (25 to 40 km). round-off. Vertical force parameters exhibited the largest accommodative effects between the short and intermediate conditions whereas all three component force parameters responded similarly after the long term training period. and tucked back somersault in women’s artistic gymnastics. However. (119pp 2f $12. University of Oregon (Barry T. Intra-day reliability was acceptable (70 to 90%). Finally.00) PE 4456 The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Pearson product-moment correlation procedure as an evaluation technique for the analysis of biomechanical time-series data.. M.00) PE 4431 Shoe testing and evaluation have been a primary interest of researchers in recent years. Intraday and interday reliability of ground reaction force data. M. round-off.00) PE 4432 Researchers have used ground reaction force (CRF) data to quantify the effects of shoes on running performance. no one has studied the effects of time on ground reaction force (GRF) parameters within shoe conditions. Data reliability was assessed with one way ANOVA and Model Statistics procedures. relationships were discovered between the horizontal velocity and center of gravity at takeoff and the maximal height of center of gravity positioning during the tucked back somersault. A significant relationship was also found between the center of gravity position at takeoff and the maximal height reached during the back somersault. The analysis of time-series data using correlation techniques. Bates). Statistically significant differences (p<.00) PE 4422 The purpose of this study was to compare selected kinematic variables between intermediate and advanced gymnasts during the hurdle step. Each subject performed 10 successful trials for each condition and all trial data were stored on hard disk for later processing. Adequate time was allowed between trials and conditions to minimize any fatigue effects. DeVita. Ten girls made up the intermediate level and nine girls constituted the advanced level. (52pp 1f $6. Derrick. Intra. Differences among the training times indicated that subjects had accommodated the shoe conditions over time. However.. few researchers have tried to establish the reliability of the GRF data over time and its effect on testing procedures.S. (56pp 1f $6. M. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of three training times and two shoe conditions on selected ground reaction force parameters. The primary purpose of the study was to investigate intra. Kinematic data were collected by using the Peak Motion Video Analysis System. No other significant differences or relationships were discovered. Each subject performed four consecutive trials of the tumbling sequence hurdle step. as opposed to discrete data points. intermediate (1609 m). 1986. DeVita.05) were obtained in both reliability analyses and among the training times. Ph. as well as by the type of curve being analyzed. Paul. Its usefulness is jeopardized. and hybrid data (constructed by combining features of computer generated and VGRF data) were used to investigate the influence of timing and amplitude differences on the correlation coefficient. and questions concerning its use as an indicator of temporal similarity were addressed.70±0.. however.13 m/s). Trial parameter values were entered into individual within subject statistical analyses to identify condition differences. vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) data.

46 times-body weight (BW). The subjects included 32 male volunteer undergraduate students at Slippery Rock University who were 19-24 years of age. The shoe comparison study identified 59% of the observed differences as statistically significant (p<. overall kinetic and temporal patterns were more statistically and behaviorally similar than dissimilar. Muscular endurance capacity of the finger flexor muscles using the Tri-Bar Gripping System and the traditional grip was examined using a straight arm hang test and a one hand endurance test.2 m/s). Significant differences between HG and UM were observed for nine of 25 parameters describing the two throws. Michael A. The purposes of the study were 1) to measure the ground reaction forces (GRF) of two judo hip throws. and 3) to identify any kinetic and/or temporal patterns that were present. Harter. however. (137pp 2f $12. while the mean maximum propulsive GRF was .00) PE 4445 Judo. The data were analyzed using a paired samples dependent t-test. as might be expected. while one subject used a “push-pull” strategy to initiate the throws. Foggiano.” had at least six months of prior resistance training experience. Slippery Rock University (Gary S. with a decrease in the mean absolute differences (MADs) between samples as sample size increased. University of British Columbia (David Sanderson).36 BW. Between subjects differences were considerably greater than within subjects differences. suggesting that subjects developed different styles of throwing based upon their individual capabilities and morphological characteristics. (145pp 2f $12. The results of the reliability analyses suggest that the evaluation of different running conditions be based on data obtained from within day comparisons performed on different days. The results of the reliability evaluation were used to establish the number of trials and test days needed to produce stable mean GRF parameter values. and had no history in the past year of any upper body musculoskeletal injuries. Data processing consisted of the evaluation of 21 parameters for each trial. Statistically significant differences (p<. has drawn limited research attention from biomechanists. Force data were sampled at 200 Hz and the activity was filmed at 150 frames per sec. The experimental setup consisted of a force platform interfaced to a Tektronix 4052 Graphics Calculator and an infrared timing system to monitor running speed (4. Six healthy male runners volunteered as subjects for each phase of the study. but only 37% of the differences were greater than the MADs obtained in the reliability analyses. Intra-day reliability ranged from 94 to 75% for samples of 3 to 25 trials.. Maximum braking force values averaged .00) PE 4395 It is known that individuals missing a functional anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in one limb exhibit changes in the walking biomechanics in that limb during mid-stance (10- 15 .S. M. A comparison of muscular endurance capacity of the finger flexor muscles utilizing the Tri-Bar Gripping System and the traditional grip in college men. Kinetic and temporal characteristics of selected judo hip throws.. a martial art/sport over 100 years old and practiced world-wide. Selected parameters were evaluated using a repeated measures ANOVA (p<. 2002. Cinematographic data were used to assist in the interpretation and analysis of the GRF data. Trial parameter values were evaluated using an individual within subject statistical technique (Model Statistics). Inter-day reliability results ranged from 79 to 39% for samples of 3 to 50 trials.05). Four highly skilled judo players performed 10 trials of haraigoshi (sweeping hip throw) (HG) and uchi-mata (inner thigh throw) (UM) using the same uke (opponent) (72. Three subjects used a “pull-push-pull” strategy.D. 1985. Pechar).00) PE 4412 The purpose of this study was to compare the muscular endurance capacity of the finger flexor muscles using the Tri-bar Gripping System and the traditional grip in college men. Maximum vertical BRF values for both throws averaged 2. The experimental setup consisted of a force platform interfaced via an A/D converter to a laboratory computer and both a high speed super 8 mm movie camera and a 35 mm SLR camera. Ph. Rod A. There was also a significantly greater muscular endurance capacity score (time to grip failure) using the traditional single grip cable handle as compared to the TriBar Gripping System single grip cable handle among college males (p<.S. Patrick H. respectively.05) design. Hunt. 2) to describe the activity through the use of selected parameters determined from the ground reaction force-time curves.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon 50 trials..05).4 kg). These later results were then used to evaluate the differences between two running shoes. The effect of an anterior cruciate ligament deficiency on steady-rate cycling biomechanics.26 BW.29±0. 2002. At least two different strategies for unbalancing the uke are possible for successful execution of HG and UM. A consistent tri-modal pattern was observed for the vertical ground reaction force-time curves of all subjects on both throws. (60pp 1f $6. and exhibited decreases in mean absolute differences. University of Oregon (Barry T. M. classified as “low risk. Bates).05). A sample size of 25 trials was identified as the minimum number of trials necessary to adequately describe the true population parameter values.05) were obtained for both reliability analyses and between the two shoe conditions. There was a significantly greater muscular endurance capacity score (hang time) using the Tri-Bar Gripping System bar as compared to the traditional grip bar among college males (p<. giving identity to three distinct phases within HB and UM.

cyclic loading of the component in this fashion may ultimately lead to fatigue failure and component toggling. natural and prosthetically reconstructed joints were tested for anterior/posterior joint stiffness. Steven G.00) PE 4441 The use of a regression statistical model to predict ground reaction forces (GRF) from cinematographic data was evaluated. M.. and (c) greater model accuracy was achieved using lower cut off frequencies during data smoothing. vastus lateralis. were compared to the corresponding RGRF curves. reconstructed joints with less conforming articulations best reproduced natural joint translations during active motions. 1989. 1995. These strains became tensile just before rim loading and were greater for conforming joints. Studies of glenohumeral kinematics report conflicting results regarding the magnitude of these translations. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the lower limb biomechanics of ACL deficient individuals during a common rehabilitation exercise for this injury—stationary cycling. These compensations have been called a “quadriceps avoidance” strategy. Regression equations generated from the recorded GRF (RGRF) and center of gravity acceleration (CGA) histories were interpolated to 100 points. Ph. (177pp 2f $12. The effects of muscle forces and ligamentous constraints on reconstructed joints were similar to those for natural joints. University of Pennsylvania (John L. resulting in a decreased net knee joint extensor moment and increased knee joint flexion. Specifically. 125. and decreased with increasing medial loads. this resulted in a decreased net knee joint extensor moment in the injured limb. or whether compensations made early in the rehabilitation process play a role in these changes. When the same ranges of motion were considered for both models. Ingram. These differences were due to a 40 percent larger range of motion achieved passively.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon 30% of the gait cycle). After removal of muscles. The highest compressive strains occurred with the head centered in the glenoid. and were larger for non-conforming joints. no translational differences were found. On the average. Glenohumeral kinematics were studied using an active and passive cadaver model. Karduna. while ligamentous constraints helped control translations during passive motions. When combined with no change in hamstrings muscle activation. and gluteus maximus. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the relative importance of the factors controlling translations and examine some consequences of translations after shoulder arthroplasty. 16 . Bates). The causes and effects of translation at the natural and prosthetically reconstructed glenohumeral joint. generated from the 100 regression equations and the CGA data. Modeled GRF (MGRF) curves. resulting in a “limb avoidance.D. The minimum forces necessary for dislocation were independent of joint conformity. Joints were positioned from maximum internal to external rotation at various planes and elevations. Joint stiffness dramatically increased with increasing component conformity. yet preventing extreme translations leading to dislocation. Translations were found to linearly increase as joint conformity decreased for active motions. similar to during walking. The following results were demonstrated: (a) the model predicted the RGRF more accurately than traditional methods of calculation. It was concluded that the method could be of assistance in identifying causes of GRF patterns during specific phases of the support period of many movements. It is not known whether these compensations are the direct result of the injury.. Evaluation of regression modeling for development of transfer functions to predict ground reaction forces in sprinting. ligaments and labrum. These results may suggest that a “quadriceps avoidance” strategy may be due in part to a “limb avoidance” strategy learned early during rehabilitation. Ten individuals with a unilateral ACL deficiency and ten age. Andrew R. they exhibit reduced activation of the quadriceps muscle group and increased activation of the hamstring muscle group. Although peak strains are below the yield point for polyethylene. (b) the anthropometric model used to generate CGA data did not affect model accuracy. It was found that.S. and 175 W). ACL deficient individuals in the present study decreased output from the entire injured limb. It was concluded that these compensations occurred in order to reduce anterior tibial translation in the injured limb. in contrast to walking. Passive translations were two to six times larger than active translations.and gender matched controls performed six randomized bouts of stationary cycling for approximately one minute at intensities resulting from the combination of two cadences (60 and 90 rpm) and three power outputs (75. Williams). Rosette strain gages at the glenoid keel mid level revealed that component loading in this fashion leads to fully reversible cyclic keel strains. However. (116pp 2f $12. Similar experiments were conducted on specimens before and after joint reconstruction at one plane and elevation for component radial mismatches from zero to five millimeters. ACL deficient individuals exhibited decreases in the magnitude of the quadriceps muscle activation in the injured limb. as well as decreases in the amount of force applied to the pedal.00) PE 4434 The human glenohumeral joint exhibits a delicate balance between allowing small translations during normal ranges of motion. University of Oregon (Barry T. Joint conformity was shown to be important in controlling translations during active motions.” This limb avoidance was manifested by decreases in the magnitude of muscle activation from the rectus femoris. where increases from the hip or ankle extensors compensate for the decreased output from the knee joint extensors. One male subject performed 27 sprint trials while simultaneous force (600 hz) and film (200 hz) data were collected.

One participant was selected from a previous study. its application to fiber reinforced specimens is new. Simulated data concerning the effects of indentor radius. as the effectiveness of the quadriceps is reduced. The participant initially ran for 3 minutes on a treadmill at his preferred running speed (8 minute-mile pace). and the surgical limb fitted with a de-rotation brace served as conditions for comparison. the surgical limb. Kathleen M. for a total of 24 strides. Leslie A.75 strides/min.. a more thorough understanding of the underlying mechanics is needed. Ph. Simulated and experimental results for an isotropic material indicate that this approach has merit.. M. Transverse stiffness and constitutive laws for elastomers and fiber reinforced elastomers. This occurred along with an increase in hip extension for the majority of the same time period. The problem is that the material properties of soft biological tissue have not been well characterized because of their complex structures. (65pp 1f $6. The results from these studies indicate that this methodology may prove very useful for obtaining constitutive laws for these types of materials. Kindling. Statistically significant differences were found in ground reaction force curves and electrogoniometric values across knee conditions (P<. and 4 isokinetic variables (maximum torque and rotation for internal and external rotation).80 strides/min) compared to the non fatigue condition (80. Then. University of Oregon (Barry T. The influences of two knee brace applications on the biomechanical characteristics of the surgically repaired knee. 1991. Andrew R. 2) have had at least ten months of rehabilitation. participated in the study. Digitization was completed on every 4th stride starting with the 5th stride after handrail release. The de-rotation brace significantly reduced knee flexion as well as internal and external rotation of the tibia during overground running.01). In addition.. M.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Karduna. and in-plane dimensions were also studied. Bates). aged 20 to 28. Video of the participant running was digitized to determine joint locations. While the technique for determining the strain energy function of our isotropic elastomers has been used before. The data were collected using three testing apparatus which allowed the following measurements: 1) tri-planar range of motion evaluation at the knee during overground running.S. The biomechanical characteristics of the healthy limb. Before this technique can be accepted. The results from the isotropic case were employed in finite element simulations designed to test the effects of stretching and various boundary conditions on measurements of transverse stiffness.00) PE 4450 The current study was conducted to gain information on the effect of quadriceps fatigue on running kinematics. Constitutive laws based on strain energy functions were obtained using a biaxial stretching apparatus. segment and joint angles were calculated. Experimental indentation tests were also performed to compare with these simulations. Six subjects. during fatigue the thigh angle was decreased prior to toe off to beyond the end of forward swing. 4 electrogoniometer variables (maximum flexion in support and swing. 1998. internal and external rotation). 3 vertical. For a transversely isotropic material. Analyses of variance with repeated measures were conducted to determine significant differences across conditions. preliminary experimental results indicate that the anisotropy of our composite material has an effect on the transverse stiffness. Thus. since there is currently no reliable method of accurately measuring the stresses inside of these tissues. Bates). University of Oregon (Barry T. p<0.00) PE 4433 The concept of using myocardial transverse stiffness measurements as an index of in-plane properties seems promising. 1982. The goal of this thesis was to study the transverse stiffness of a much simpler material. 3) have a healthy contralateral knee. Also. Since it would be very difficult to determine the effects of various boundary conditions on transverse stiffness for biological tissue.D. the fact that the fibers contribute to the transverse stiffness indicates that the effects of fiber density and boundary conditions. and 4) have previously worn a specific de-rotation brace. Johns Hopkins University (Frank Yin). Effects of quadriceps fatigue on running mechanics.05). indentation depth. After performing three sets of approximately 11 repetitions of maximum effort. Unreinforced and nylon reinforced rubber specimens were fabricated in the laboratory. 2) ground reaction force evaluation during the support phase of running. Planned comparisons were carried out on all data sets. There were also significant differ- 17 . the surgical limb fitted with an elastic support brace. There is excellent agreement between the experimental and simulated data on the effect of thickness on the transverse stiffness of rubber. Knutzen.S. man-made composites offered an attractive alternative. need further study. 3 fore/aft).00) PE 4435 The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of two different knee braces on lower extremity function in individuals who had a documented history of knee instability. though. concentric quadriceps contractions. Joint position data was smoothed and interpolated to 100 points. the participant returned to the treadmill and ran for another 3 minutes at 8 minute-mile pace. Variables selected for processing included 12 force variables (6 medial/lateral. like specimen thickness and unequal in-plane loading. The participant had a faster stride rate in the fatigue condition (83. (216pp 3f $18. All subjects were selected based upon the following criteria: 1) have had knee surgery for the reduction of knee instability. and 3) torque and tibial rotation evaluation during a fixed-foot clinical setting. their ability to act as a hip flexor is compromised. (114pp 2f $12.

Average RMS EMG of the Gmed and Gmax were recorded. No significant differences were found in the isokinetic or vertical and fore/aft ground reaction force components.00) PE 4391 The current study was designed to evaluate the differences in the mean change of selected mechanical and electromyographic variables during rising to an erect stance from a full kneeling position across incremental loads. Comparisons between selected parameters describing an isotonic and isokinetic bench press. Chapel Hill (Darin Padua). Myers. 2001. (137pp 2f $12.00) PE 4419 18 . Results also support the existence of a medial/lateral ground reaction force asymmetry between healthy and surgical limbs.D. (174pp 2f $12. while differences existed in the beginning and end. The purpose of the study was to determine the influence of lower extremity kinematics on peak vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) when performing a single leg lay-up take-off (SLLT) and to identify differences in lower extremity movement patterns between genders. Chapel Hill (Darin Padua). Intervention strategies that alter lower extremity kinemat- ics may reduce VGRF.. and diagonal forward stepping (DFS)] with no shoes (NS) and balance shoes (BS) on gluteus medius (Gmed) and gluteus maximus (Gmax) activation amplitude of the stance leg during the preparatory response (PR) and loading response (LR) of the gait cycle. Further research is needed in order to evaluate the effects of incremental load on the muscular activity and mechanics of rising to an erect stance. University of North Carolina.A. No significant (p>. Renee L. (102pp 2f $12. 2002. high knees marching (HKM). Sadeghi. Effects of incremental load on the mechanics and muscular activity of rising to erect stance. Parameters describing the isotonic condition were generated from cinematographic data (150 fps) for five trials each at 90% and 75% of the subject’s performance.05) difference existed across incremental loads for all biomechanical variables..S. Joseph Scheuchenzuber). Subjects consisted of 17 female and 18 male college-aged basketball athletes.05) difference in the mean change across incremental loads.. and force data were compared for the four conditions. Wilma A. and ankle flexion angles as significant predictors of peak VGRF and significant gender differences for knee flexion and valgus angles. hip. Electromyographic analysis of the gluteal muscles during closed kinetic chain exercise. M. (124pp 2f $12. University of North Carolina.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon ences in medial/lateral force components between healthy limb and the surgical limb conditions. The altered lower extremity movement patterns demonstrated by females may predispose them to knee injury. Lander.. Kinematic and kinetic analysis of basketball players during a functional jumping task. The temporal ratio of the erector spinae demonstrated a significant (p<.A. One-way repeated measures ANOVA procedures were used to evaluate the mean change in all variables. 1998.00) PE 4442 Although isotonic and isokinetic performance have been examined separately. side step right (SSR). These data suggest that a temporal method of equating performance be used when comparing the two modes of training. Post hoc analysis revealed a significant difference existed between the 35% and 50% lean body weight loads. M. little direct comparative information is available. University of Montreal (Paul Allard). (213pp 3f $18. Results suggest that a de-rotation brace effectively reduced movement parameters at the knee. Bates). The two activities were found to be similar during the middle portion of the movement. The present study measured and compared parameters describing selected performance characteristics of an isotonic and isokinetic bench press in order to quantitatively evaluate similarities and differences between the two activities. Nineteen healthy college students performed exercises in both shoe conditions. University of Oregon (Barry T.00) PE 4451 The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of CKC stepping exercises [side step left (SSL). 45%. Heydar. Selected position. Gait asymmetry in able-bodied subjects using biomechanical data. A force platform measured peak VGRF and an electromagnetic motion analysis system collected kinematic data during a SLLT. 2002. The type of exercise also influenced Gmed/Gmax activity. Results identified knee valgus. M. 40%.. Based on these findings. Kelli. Each load was calculated as a percentage (35%.S. temporal.00) PE 4415 Female basketball athletes are more likely to suffer serious knee injury than males. and 50%) of the lean body weight of each subject. Gluteal activation was proven to increase during the LR of exercises with the balance shoes during exercise. 1982. Peterman. the use of balance shoes during CKC stepping exercises is recommended to promote gluteal activation. Ph. Jeffrey E. Springfield College (H. It was determined that HKM muscle activation was greater than that of DFS and SSL. McIntyre. balance shoes effectively increased Gmed/ Gmax activation in comparison to no shoe conditions. Right leg dominant females (N=9) participated in the current investigation. Isokinetic data were obtained from an instrumented Cybex Power Bench Press at two speeds of rotation based upon total time of performance for the isotonic condition. Thus. M. Identification of knee injury risk factors for female basketball athletes is necessary due to increased injury incidence in this sport.

300. Significant increases in peak torque ratios of hamstrings to quadriceps muscle groups were observed. and 400 degrees/second). diagnostic. position. These results do not support the hypothesis that the ankle was a major contributor to forward progression. symmetry between lower limb has been assumed for simplicity in gait analysis. Peak torque ratios for leg antagonist muscle groups and leg orientations for the occurrence of these peak torques were computed for all movements. In this regard. Furthermore.23 trials were required to collect stable performance data with speeds of motion and movement tasks emerging as necessary considerations for examining performance variations. The general purpose of this study was to examine symmetry assumptions by means of identifying the three-dimensional muscle powers and associated mechanical energies and to determine which of these gait parameters were related to propulsion and support. Control was the main task of the left limb as evidenced by the power absorption bursts at the hip and knee. rehabilitation. and the involvement of other areas of science. as well as with the application of advanced statistical methods. Subjects exhibited bilateral symmetry for both of these measures at all movement speeds. A comprehensive collection of software programming was written to facilitate the calibration of this equipment. and subsequent collections and analyses employed this system. Canonical correlation analysis was used to determine the interactions between the right and left lower extremity gait data sets. while control actions are mainly achieved by the contralateral limb through different power burst interactions.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Walking. The principal component analysis (PCA) method was applied to reduce and classify 54 gait parameters for each limb. Inter-limb interaction further emphasized the functional relationship between forward progression and control tasks developed by each limb and highlighted the importance of the frontal and transverse plane actions during gait. and revealed that these antagonist muscles became more balanced in their torque productions with increased speeds of rotation. Most of the parameters identified by the PCA were associated with the hip. clinical evaluations. as one of the most universal of all human activities. Furthermore. is of interest and is applicable to sports. The first experiment examined leg extension and flexion motions of contralateral limbs for ten male and ten female subjects through eight rotational velocities (50-to 400 degrees/second).D. Peak torque joint positions changed significantly for all leg extension and flexion movements through speeds. University of Oregon (Barry T. Throughout both movement directions. Understanding of different aspects of gait function has been increasing with availability of sophisticated and advanced instruments. The limb that had a propulsion function was characterized by a strong third hip power at push off. analysis and interpretation of isokinetic performance data. healthy.. James A. and were mainly in the sagittal plane. (194pp 2f $12. No significant differences were observed for antagonist muscles’ peak torque ratios with either changes in movement speeds or movement tasks. The muscle powers and their related mechanical energy were calculated at each joint and in each plane of the lower limbs by means of the inverse dynamic technique. There was a secondary support function that occurred during midstance. The system included an instrumented Orthotron isokinetic dynamometer interfaced through a TransEra analog-todigital signal converter to a Tektronix 4051 graphics calculator. Moreover. The second experiment examined multiple trials of all possible combinations and permutations of leg extension and flexion motions for preferred limb movements of five male subjects at three rotational velocities (200.00) PE 4460 The purpose of this study was to design and operate a micro processor controlled system for the collection. and changed for flexion movements through movement tasks. Sawhill. Bates). These parameters were concentrated during push-off. Due to inherent biological variability. Peak torque joint positions changed significantly and converged upon a common 63 degree angle of knee flexion as speeds of rotation increased. we hypothesize that the power activities of a limb are related to those of the contralateral limb. and artificial limb designs. Simultaneous bilateral three-dimensional data of nineteen young. Gait propulsion was an activity initiated by the hip shortly after heel-strike and maintained throughout the stance phase. right handed and leg dominant male subjects was assessed using an eight camera video-based system synchronized to two force plates. Ph. and temporal measures were significantly related to all other measures of the same kind. as well as to robotics. all torque. The contralateral limb power generations were generally secondary to control activities and were possibly involved in correction adjustments of the other limb’s propulsion. Student’s ttest for paired data was applied to determine significant differences between the identified gait parameters and the Pearson correlation method was used to determine the interaction among each limb data set. Traditionally. Biomechanical characteristics of rotational velocity and movement complexity in isokinetic performance. this research focused on how propulsion and control tasks are performed by each limb and how these tasks are managed between the lower limbs. we postulated that limb propulsion is mainly associated with the interaction of a number of muscle power bursts developed throughout the stance phase. an average of 3. SPORTS MEDICINE 19 . 1981.

The present data suggest that prospective studies with good data recovery might be a productive process in terms of evaluating negative training outcomes.00) PE 4454 Rugby. or agreed. 2002.00) PE 4458 The perceptions of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division III college football coaches (based on their interactions with interscholastic and intercollegiate football players) regarding the effects of football playing surfaces on athlete injury was investigated. Patterns of injury among female rugby players. Speedskating Team (n=5. and head (13. concussions (12. The magnet therapy pads of 1200 Gauss intensity were ineffective in treating swelling after an eccentric exercise induced muscle injury.7% of the injured players believed they had been injured as the result of foul play.4%). Among these 159 individuals. Data were analyzed using an independent measures t-test. The types of injuries reported included strains/ sprains/tears (37. Players had a mean age of 25. reported as prevalence rates. M. There was no significant difference in the amount of swelling when comparing those participants who were exposed to magnet therapy versus those who received placebo therapy.6%) at their most recent injury event.00) PE 4421 The subject group in this single blind investigation was comprised of 24 females attending Slippery Rock University during the spring and summer semesters of 2001. Based on the existing literature and input from a panel of expert Division III coaches. indicated the most commonly injured body site was the head (28. The effects of acute magnetic exposure on circumference measurements of the elbow flexors following an exercise-induced muscle injury..7 years. Results showed that 48% of the coaches surveyed strongly agreed.1%). followed by knee (27. The subjects were all (237 total) NCAA Division III football coaches. and training strain were computed using the session Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) method. and investigated several potential risk factors.8%).Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Cimbalnik.6%) and injuries of more than one type (33.5%). There was no evidence for a threshold effect of the complaint index in relation to either training load or strain. fractures (16. University of Wisconsin. warming up prior to playing. 20 . Amy M. 1 male.D.4%).5%). and state of mental well-being was completed. Slippery Rock University (Daniel G. 159 of the 364 players (43. Comstock. (66pp 1f $6. A low incidence of illnesses was found in relation to training load or strain. The effect of magnet therapy on post muscle injury swelling was examined. ankle (15. Additionally. Foster). and dislocations (11. Amy J. Perceptions of artificial turf regarding the effects of football playing surfaces on injury rates. the sites most often injured.00) PE 4401 Members of the U.5%). injuries. Thus. 4 females) were monitored during training in order to evaluate the relationship between training characteristics and the incidence of illnesses. 12. M. Relationship among indices of training and the incidence of illnesses and injuries in elite athletes. The result of a comprehensive examination of injury in U. and which caused players to seek professional medical attention or prevented participation in rugby activities or normal work/school activities for ≥ seven days. Cutler. (288pp 3f $18. The product of the weekly muscular aches and pains and weekly state of mental well being defined the complaint index. Ph. injury. University of California. training monotony.71) was found. James.0%)..S.2%). female rugby players had not been previously reported.9%). alcohol use. The tackle was the phase of play most commonly associated with injury. Schneider). Rae D. 2001. Multivariate analyses found that while unpenalized foul play was significantly associated with injury. fingers (27. a full contact sport played recreationally by men and women.4%). M. Undergraduate and graduate students not currently participating in a regular resistance training program voluntarily participated. were shoulder (24. Training load. Types of injuries sustained included strains/ sprains/tears (60.3%). followed by knee (22 9%).S. this study fills a unique position. Patterns of injury were also investigated in terms of a strict study definition of injury.. reported as prevalence rates. and ankle (21 .S. was surveyed. A convenience sample of 364 females playing rugby in the U. Over a third of the injured players reported sustaining injuries to more than one site (37. fractures (6. The following conclusions appear warranted within the limitations of the study. Brockport (Robert C. A daily training log-questionnaire along with questions regarding illness. S. shoulder (26. a questionnaire was formed. and a willingness to take risks were not associated with injury. concussions (11.7%) were classified as injured. Drury).0%).0%) had sustained an injury within their most recent 3 months of play. Hammond. (55pp 1f $6..4%). When only considering injuries sustained within the most recent three months. La Crosse (C. exposes participants to a high risk of injury. and dislocations (5. The general patterns of injury. neck (21.3%). 2002. This cross-sectional study explored patterns of injury among female rugby players in the U.S.3%). State University of New York. San Diego (Richard Shaffer). that artificial turf poses a greater risk of injury than does natural grass.S. 2001. and complaints.35-0. the use of protective equipment. (79pp 1f $6.5%). A general relationship between training load and the complaint index with weak to moderate correlations (r=0.S. The majority of players (83. muscular aches and pains.

An additional purpose was to evaluate individual measures of knee stability and function between types of surgery and lengths of postoperative period. Eight of the nine significant differences represented surgical knee mean absolute differences (deficits) of less than l5 percent.. Nineteen respondents completed the survey. Kearney. A questionnaire was used to gather information about how prepared ATCs felt using skills that might be needed if they provided medical coverage for athletes with disabilities. past Paralympic experience. The present study was designed to identify specific knee stability and function variables which were most predictive of a patient’s rating of knee function following one of two combined (intra and extra-articular) ACL reconstruction procedures at two postoperative periods. The comparative effects of a hydrocollator pack and thermal ultrasound on the transcutaneous delivery of topically applied dexamethasone. M. However. Eleven variables were identified from the following evaluative measures: (a) patient’s subjective rating. ANOVA was used to determine if demographics was a factor in how ATCs perceived their education.00) PE 4448 The purpose of this investigation was to compare the effects of three different methods of dexamethasone administration on serum levels of the drug. None of the 90 samples contained any detectable amount of the drug.0 months postsurgery (range = 24 to 101 months). (d) orthopedic examination.. Statistically significant differences (p <. and type of athletic training program and the perception of education. Serum levels of dexamethasone were analyzed in baseline blood samples and in samples taken 24 and 48 hours after the treatments. Ph. (262pp 3f $18. 1987. Osternig). Clinical test results have commonly been given more value than a patient’s subjective evaluation of surgical outcome. Data suggest that subjects’ perceptions of postoperative knee status were independent of the results of static and dynamic clinical tests commonly used to assess knee function and stability. and their perception of their education.D. as well as between contralateral surgical and nonsurgical limbs.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Harter. Mindy M.60 on the complete list of skills that they could potentially be asked to perform.S. No main effects were found in the results concerning gender. Development of more specific dynamic tests may be necessary before stronger relationships between clinical test results and patients’ subjective evaluation of knee status in the ACL-reconstructed knee can be realized. Perception of athletic training education by certified athletic trainers who work with disability sports. Each survey asked subjects to rate on a scale of 1 to 5. Long term evaluation of knee stability and function following surgical reconstruction for anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency. The third group was treated with a hydrocollator pack. indicating no evidence of the drug in the bloodstream. (b) instrumented knee laxity testing. M. Overall. 13 males) participated in the study and were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups.00) PE 4446 Current evaluative parameters of knee stability and function in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructed knees have not gained universal acceptance. The second group was treated with 3-MHz thermal ultrasound. In addition. with 1 representing “strongly disagree” and 5 representing “strongly agree. University of Wisconsin. All subjects possessed a normal contralateral knee for comparative purposes. (c) proprioceptive testing. 2002. DiRocco). Lee S.00) PE 4404 This study looked at the perception of athletic training education by certified athletic trainers (ATCs) who work with disability sports. and to measure the interrelationships among those variables. All subjects were treated with the topical application of 0.4% dexamethasone sodium phosphate. Rod A. nor could effectively predict.A. those skills that were universal to all athletes were perceived as being better prepared for than those that were specific to athletes with disabilities. 21 . Surveys were sent to ATCs who were identified by the medical director of the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) as having work experience with disability sports. serum levels of the drug taken in this particular time frame may not accurately reflect the local effects of these treatments. (e) isokinetic strength and work capacity. (64pp 1f $6. ATCs averaged 2.. Fifty-one subjects were evaluated on a battery of tests at an average of 48. Results indicated that variables selected were not highly correlated with. University of Oregon (Louis R. One group was the control group treated with only the drug. Thirty subjects (17 females. Analyses also revealed no significant differences between lengths of postoperative period for l0 of 11 variables. There was a mild correlation between the length of time trainers were certified as ATCs. Chapel Hill (William Prentice).00l) between surgical/nonsurgical knees were found for 9 of 11 variables analyzed. La Crosse (P. 2001. (53pp 1f $6. Further investigations of athletic training within disability sports are needed to determine the educational needs for student athletic trainers.” how their educational experience prepared them for thirty different skills they may need if working with athletes with disabilities. No significant differences were observed between the ACL reconstructive procedures for any of 11 variables selected for analysis. Overall. University of North Carolina. Kastberg. the patients’ evaluation of surgical knee stability and function. and (f) activity level. Postoperative deficits of up to 30 percent between the surgically-reconstructed and normal contralateral knees on specific measures of knee function and stability may not greatly influence patients’ perceptions of knee function. the subjects did not feel prepared to work with athletes with disabilities.

M. When choosing which body composition method to use for this population.. subjects were placed in either a magnet or a placebo group in which they wore the treatment for five days. which indicated that the magnets helped alleviate the perception of discomfort related to DOMS. The primary goal of this study was to implement an exercise protocol in collegiate women who have genu valgum and to measure changes. There is no known exercise protocol to correct the genu valgum deformity. 2002. and two 20-meter dashes. bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). 2001.05). Montana State University (Daniel P.05). field) and the purpose behind the testing. hip extensors. and two 20-meter dashes. Lock. The subjects performed three sets of ten repetitions of eccentric contractions of their biceps in order to induce DOMS.S. Women typically have larger Q angles than men.05). and knee flexors and extensors. Genu valgum and increased quadriceps (Q) angle are synonymous and lead to an increase in lower extremity injuries and painful symptoms. SFT was the only method that did not significantly differ from DXA. (132pp 2f $12. The results of the study showed no significant differences in the change in anaerobic power output following either the quiet sitting or the acute stretching-treatment conditions. and 120 hours post-exercise in order to have their soreness measured by the use of a visual analogue scale and a doliometer. whereas BIA and Bod Pod were significantly higher and UWW was significantly lower than DXA (p≤0. (66pp 1f $6. three trials of the vertical jump test. clinical. (54pp 1f $6. Bod Pod (R2=0. Lower 22 .Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Kuipers. Eleven collegiate women volunteered to participate in the study and were divided into either a treatment (n=6) or control (n=5) group. hip extensors.74) had the highest R2 values and slopes that did not differ significantly from 1 (p≤0. Twenty-four females between the ages of 19 and 26 who had not been participating in regular strength training of their upper body voluntarily participated in the study.70-0. Comparison of various methods of assessing body composition in adolescent males. A dependent ttest was used to compare the change in power output for each of the three anaerobic power tests between the two treatment conditions.. Carrie N.05). three trials of the vertical jump test. was significantly different from 0 (p≤0. Comparison methods included Underwater weighing (UWW). The subjects were selected from physical education classes at Geneva College during the spring of 2001.00) PE 4414 The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of post eccentric injury magnetic exposure upon delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) among college age females.” is a structural deformity that results in knee adduction.00) PE 4425 The subject group in this study was comprised of fifteen college-aged males.. and knee extensors once before performance for a duration of thirty seconds and to a point of slight discomfort before performance does not significantly influence an untrained male’s ability to generate anaerobic power.S. Leszun. However.17) with a slope and intercept that was significantly different from 1 and 0. Linear regression analysis indicated that SFT had the lowest R2 value (0. and air displacement plethysmography (Bod Pod). skinfold thickness (SFT). M. The intercept for Bod Pod. The effect of acute stretching of selected major musculature of the lower body on anaerobic power was examined. The effects of post eccentric injury magnetic exposure upon delayed onset muscle soreness among college-age females. Fortyfive adolescent males aged 12-15 yr volunteered to be a part of this study in which dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was used as the criterion measure for the assessment of percent body fat. The effect of acute stretching of the plantar flexors. All pairwise correlation coefficients were statistically significant (p≤0. or “knock-knees.S. It appears that stretching the plantar flexors. Subjects were required to participate in two testing sessions. but not UWW. 72 hours. M. 2002. Slippery Rock University (Daniel G. There were no significant differences in visual analogue scores or medial doliometer scores between the magnet and the placebo treatment conditions. Nathan T. The subjects then sat for ten minutes and then were readministered three trials of the Margaria power test. hip extensors. and knee extensors on anaerobic power output. Heil). The subjects returned to the lab 24 hours.. M. The treatment group participated in a six-week exercise protocol meant to strengthen the hip flexors. Heather A.00) PE 4417 Genu valgum. it is important to consider the setting (laboratory. internal and external rotators. (80pp 1f $6. Genu valgum: can observable or symptomatic changes occur with an exercise protocol in collegiate women?. McCafferty. In a random and double blind fashion. 2001. respectively (p≤0.00) PE 4396 The purpose of this study was to compare various methods of assessing body composition in adolescent males. and are therefore at an increased risk for injury.05).83) and UWW (0. Pechar). Drury). there were significant differences in lateral doliometer scores between the magnet and placebo groups. DOMS was measured by the use of a visual analogue scale and a doliometer. The data were analyzed utilizing independent multiple t-tests. The secondary goal was to decrease symptomatic afflictions associated with genu valgum. Purdue University (Darlene Sedlock). and knee extensors. During one testing session the subjects performed three trials of the Margaria power test. Jaime E. Slippery Rock University (Gary S.S. hip abductors and adductors. During the second testing session instead of sitting quietly the subjects were required to stretch their plantar flexors.

using an ordinal scale. it is often of interest to know if the introduction of an intervention. The Training Function Score is designed to quantify. M.Ed. this protocol proved to be a beginning step to correcting the appearance of genu valgum and decreasing associated symptoms in collegiate women.00) PE 4398 This study determined the feasibility of implementing a severity outcome measure for the classification of running related pain. Multivariate results.” Overall.011] regression association with severity outcome measure and increasing subjective definition of injury scale).S. Ryan. function limitations that result from running injuries. In conclusion. Wendy E. A study of the body composition of female. In some future study of the same injury. Throughout the Greater Vancouver Metropolitan Area (British Columbia). models and results are presented in a very simple form. competitive motive. average competitive motive and at least vestigial symptoms from a previous injury. (87pp 1f $6. competitive motive and weekly distance as significantly associated with injury. TFA.01 levels of significance are applicable throughout the study. and to compare the results of a multiple regression analysis of the anthropometric measurements with those found by Young et al. each patient generates a sequence of data that may or may not contain a point in time where the sequence reaches stationarity. Hence. 2001. (34).1% of that explained variation is accounted for by degree of rehabilitation only.29. Univariate regression showed degree of rehabilitation. and the 0. significant difference p<. M. college-age swimmers. selfselected their running experience as limited with average physical fitness.001) and evaluate severity (significant [p<. University of the Free State (Bertus Pretorius). Taunton).4% of the explained variation in the severity outcome measure. Subjective data were documented in the form of Visual Analog Scales (VAS). however.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon extremity digital photographs were taken of the subjects prior to the study and following each week of treatment.00) PE 4436 This study was designed to determine the body composition of nine college-age female swimmers.00) PE 4397 In many experiments. Therefore. indicate only degree of rehabilitation while physical fitness accounts for 25. The results of the study noted decrease in the treatment group Q angle. the Biokineticist will want to know what the position and distribution of this Change-Point is. M. This will have a significant effect on the time and cost of the rehabilitation program. and Katch and Michael (20). Tibial Femoral Angle (TFA) and Q angle were the variables measured from the photographs. on average. Moderately sedentary individuals commencing a running program for the first time should be cautious of the effect prior history of injury has toward re-injury. 2002.. Michael B. This study suggests that an outcome measure for generalized running injuries is possible with respect to discriminating injured from non-injured runners. data are collected over time or space.. The methodology. (45). following week three.e. St. Subjects. Dolgener). such as a training modality during the process of rehabilitation. on a number of subjects or sites. It is likely that the strength gain experienced by the subjects was the factor in the decrease of Q angle. Strength measures of the targeted muscles were taken prior to the study. (72pp 1f $6. (152pp 2f $12. and clinically injured = 46. as well as the corresponding value of the variable at this point. Oosthuizen. physical fitness. Questionnaire items included a VAS scale for indication of degree of rehabilitation from prior injury.1% of subjects experienced an injury during the training program. affects the distribution of a certain variable(s) recorded over the course of the trial.56. Sloan et al.91. when to expect no further change in the observed values. for example. in addition to constructing a multivariate model of associated risk factors for injury in novice runners. University of British Columbia (Jack E. weekly distance. Inferences about change-points in rehabilitation on the outcome of a knee arthroscopy as a result of patello femoral pain syndrome in sport. with more change occurring in the right leg.. Subjects also indicated whether they were “currently experiencing an injury as a result of injury. 36. University of Cincinnati (Forrest A.05 and 0.. In rehabilitation experiments. 421 participants responded in 29 separate In-Training clinics. In such investigations. no gradual change in the variable. proper validation procedures and methodology must be established before such a scale is used formally. Strength increased in the subjects performing the exercise protocol.A. it is reasonable to expect that a longer exercise protocol would yield greater changes in Q angle and TFA in collegiate women with genu valgum. as well as evaluating the severity of those injuries. and symptoms. Participants in this 13-week training program were surveyed during the 6th and 12th week of the In-Training clinics’ 13-week duration. Jan J. he/she will then know in advance. The TFA also improved in the treatment group. and those who completed the protocol reported a decrease in symptoms. While such an outcome measure for general running injuries is feasible. and at the conclusion using a Manual Muscle Tester (MMT). physical fitness. 1978. Vancouver Sun Run “In Training” clinics: an ordinal severity outcome measure and model of associated risk factors for running related pain. i. running frequency and running experience. Initial psychometric characteristics demonstrate outcome measured ability to discriminate injured from non-injured (uninjured = 82. A descriptive approach was used to determine percent body 23 . and more change was present in the right leg as well. Pratt analysis further shows that 90. John. injured = 64. We motivate and explain our ideas by outlining a clinical study involving Patello Femoral Pain Syndrome where the methodology can be effectively employed.

Finally.07602. The study also sought to investigate the effect of PA and genotype on bone mineral-free lean mass (BMFL). girths. (185pp 2f $12. and lumbar spine aBMD than the main effect for PA alone.001).8% higher BMFL in boys (p=0. it explained significantly more (2.S. All subjects had lower (p<0. (p<.029).5 vs. the main effect of the VDR FokI genotype became significant where boys with the FF genotype had a 1. Bone mass. Ross MacGillivray. Ph. but they were significant when using the formula of Rathburn and Pace (p<.05) peak VO2 (mL/kg/min) and peak HR responses during cycling compared with treadmill exercise.038) and a 3. and bone mineral-free lean mass to bone parameters in children. that equations are population specific and should only be used on subjects drawn from the same population.4% higher femoral neck BMC in boys (p=0. VDR FokI and VDR BsmI genotypes were determined by standard restriction fragment length polymorphism techniques.4% greater femoral neck aBMD than boys with the Ff or ff genotype. 2001. VDR BsmI and VDR FokI genotype did not have a relationship to bone mass or BMFL in children. Taylor. the following tests were administered to each subject: skinfold. when the BMFL by PA interaction term was added to the model.. but not lumbar spine BMC in boys.038).00) PH 1770 Running and cycling were performed to assess the influence of mode and training status on plasma volume (PV). the standard error of the estimate. suggesting that the TNFR2 genotypes and interactions between BMFL and TNFR2 genotypes affect and moderate a combined lean mass/bone mass effect. For girls. Dietary calcium.05). Average dietary calcium intake was not associated with differences in bone mass in children. University of Toledo (Amy Morgan). and underwater weighing. tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 (TNFR2). M.01).65).D.3% higher femoral neck BMC (p=0. PA was significantly associated with BMFL in boys (p = 0. dietary calcium and 3 candidate gene (VDR. which consisted of supine rest (30 min) followed by a posture equivalent to the exercise mode in stature as well as arm position (20 min). Intravascular hydrostatic and oncotic forces were examined in six trained and six untrained (treadmill VO2peak=59. (103pp 2f $12. and BMFL were assed using total body DXA scan using a Hologic QDR 4500. [alpha]-1 (COL1A1). and venous blood samples were obtained with the subject in 24 . Anthropometric data (height. TNFR2 A593G gg genotype was associated with a 3. Jonathan H. the relationships between bone mass and BMFL and PA. BMFL and genotype and PA and genotype interactions were investigated.53. and Jack Taunton).045). and femoral neck aBMD. COLlA1 genotype was determined by a novel TaqMan technique and TNFR2 genotypes and haplotypes were determined by a novel automated sequencing protocol.. High levels of PA are associated with increased BMFL and bone mass. The college-age female swimmers had significantly lower percent fat than the college-age females of the studies of Young et al. and Katch and Michael (p<. as well as a 4% difference in femoral neck aBMD in girls. 2002. when using either the formulas of Brozek and Keys or Siri to compute percent fat. femoral neck BMC. COL1A1 Ss or ss genotype is associated with 4. age 10. Heart rate. sitting height. COLlAI and TNFR2) genotypes on bone mass in children (n=327.8% higher femoral neck BMC in boys but not BMFL in either sex. but not significantly different from the females of the study of Sloan et al. significant interactions between TNFR2 haplotype and BMFL changed the model such that girls with the G593G598/G593-T598 haplotype had a 10-11% greater femoral neck BMC or aBMD than girls with other TNFR2 haplotypes.2 mL/kg/min) males (20-31 yr) during submaximal running and cycling. and maturity were assessed using previously validated questionnaires. It must be remembered. University of British Columbia (Sylvie Langlois. TNFR2 genotypes are associated both with lean mass and with bone mass in a complex fashion. COLIA1 Ss and ss genotypes are associated with high bone mass particularly in girls with high PA. Girls with the Ss or ss genotype had a 4% greater femoral neck aBMD after a significant interaction between COLIA1 genotype and PA was accounted for. though. Ian W. For boys. collagen type 1.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon fats from body composition measurements. femoral neck aBMD. TNFR2 G593-G598/G593-T598 haplotype was associated with a 10% higher femoral neck BMC in girls. PA. PA score was associated with a 3-5% difference in proximal femur BMC. p=0. and weight) were determined using standard techniques. The relative contribution of vitamin D receptor (VDR).33±0. These exercise sessions were preceded by a resting protocol.9%. Girls with a TNFR2 T598G tg genotype had a 3. and diameter measurements. Plasma volume shifts during exercise: role of exercise mode and training status on hydrostatic and oncotic forces. polymorphisms. Association between PA or candidate gene genotype and either BMFL or bone mass was first controlled for inter-subject differences in body size and maturity. 44. girth. Forty-minute submaximal exercise sessions were performed at a relative intensity equivalent to ~53% treadmill VO2peak.00) PE 4462 This study sought to investigate the relationship of physical activity (PA).004) of the variance in femoral neck BMC. Anthropometric measurements such as skinfolds. When the BMFL by VDR FokI genotype interaction was added to the model. PHYSIOLOGY AND EXERCISE EPIDEMIOLOGY Anning. blood pressure. Specifically. physical activity. and diameters can be used to predict body density with an accuracy of 0.

1%) than the sitting (-8. It was concluded that while OBLA is most closely associated with 5-K running performance. (100pp 2f $12. and RE best predicts 5kilometer (5-K) running performance in females. During the exercise session. Despite the clear association between exercise and the reduction of coronary artery disease. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exercise. and running economy as determinants of 5kilometer running performance in female distance runners.652). Ten recreational to competitive female runners were tested for VO2max. Subjects began a monitored exercise program following their baseline measurements in which they were encouraged to exercise 3 times per week. Subjects had exercise prescribed each day they trained that 25 . VO2 was measured by open circuit spirometry. Jeffrey R. Vasodilation following upper arm occlusion was expressed relative to the average of three measurements at rest. OBLA [onset of blood lactate accumulation].00) PH 1773 Although there is no direct link between endothelial dysfunction and coronary artery disease. University of New Mexico (Len Kravitz). Brucker. The specified posture in this study indicated protein may be important in PV retention during running when preceded by training. potassium. VO2max. showing that the rate of anaerobic energy expenditure decreased rapidly after the first seconds of exercise. and 3000m cycling time trials on different days on a racing bicycle. An additional goal of this study was to determine if there is a level of intensity and/or duration of exercise necessary to cause an enhancement in endothelial function. 2001. Effect of competitive distance on utilization of anaerobic capacity. Subjects were normally hydrated at the onset of the submaximal exercise sessions. and suggest that anaerobic capacity is not used up before the end of an event. M. Significant contributors to these PV shifts were identified with multiple regression analysis. another significant decrease in PV was observed the first 10 minutes of exercise for both modes of exercise. (45pp 1f $6.. The PV loss was significantly greater during cycling than during running at 20 and 40 minutes of exercise. 1500m.A.705) and VO2max (r=-.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon ˙ the supine and resting posture prior to exercise. 1000m. Exploring the results of additional distances may bring about better understanding of the limits of anaerobic capacity in athletes. range 44-79 yrs) with no prior history of regular exercise. Our results are consistent with a pacing strategy for expending anaerobic capacity. Significant correlations to 5-K running performance were found between running speed at OBLA (r=-.819). Outcome variables were analyzed with repeated measures ANOVA. accounting for 77% of the total variance. Chapel Hill (Robert G. Following recruitment. and the ambient temperature was ~22. typical of most cardiac rehabilitation programs. 20. A significant difference in total joules and aerobic joules with all comparisons was found.9±1. 2002. Multiple regression defined OBLA as the strongest determinant of 5-K running performance. and 40 in both modes of exercise. University of North Carolina. Primary contributors included HR. OBLA and RE using a discontinuous VO2max test in the laboratory. there is evidence that the loss of normal endothelial function may contribute to the pathophysiology of coronary ischemia and the development of atherosclerosis.. l0. and running speed at 2 mmol of lactate (r=-.5%) posture. subject’s athletic background. (52pp 1f $6. Bolles.3%). Submaximal exercise sessions were executed in a randomized fashion and separated by at least 72-hours for each subject. Finally. There was no significant difference in VO2peak among the four distances. and total protein. M. 2001. The collected data were then compared to a 5-K time trial performed on an outdoor track. Foster). PV changes at rest decreased more in the standing (-11. Participants completing this study were 14 males and 2 females (mean age 59 yrs. participants came to the study testing site for determination of their baseline endothelial function.00) PH 1761 In view of published models that assume that anaerobic capacity is expended much earlier in a high intensity event. Each of the participants began this 12-week study after undergoing an angiogram that confirmed the presence of coronary artery disease. Five competitive cyclists performed 500m.879). La Crosse (C.. and training experience may have been limiting factors in the present study.D. this study evaluated patterns of aerobic and anaerobic energy expenditures during simulated cycling time trials. the mechanism responsible for the reduction has not been elucidated. Ph. McMurray). BMI (r=. This measurement was done noninvasively using ultrasound. serum osmolality. Steve. The effects of exercise on endothelial function in patients with coronary artery disease. The results deviate from the prediction model in previous studies. Lindsy. Power output was recorded using a dynamometer connected to a windload simulator that was attached to the racing bicycle equipped with a heavy flywheel. Aerobic power.3±0. on endothelial-dependent vasodilatation in patients with coronary artery disease. University of Wisconsin. Endothelial function was determined by measuring the brachial artery vasoreactivity following 5 min of upper arm ischemia.00) PH 1778 The purpose of this study was to determine which of three parameters. this investigation attempted to explain the molecular cause of the increase in vasodilation as a chronic response to exercise.S. Additional hemodynamic recordings and blood samples were collected during minutes 5. Burns. the relative contributions of different physiological variables may affect changes in different race situations and at different race distances. No significant difference was found among any comparisons for anaerobic joules. OBLA.3°C (rh=51. Technical limitations.

(72pp 1f $6. Widrick and Jeffrey A. Validation of a new maximum steady state protocol for cyclists. 30. Dena J. Marc D.. Twelve endurance-trained males ran until fatigue (83. Results showed that the UR cycle elicited the highest VO2. p>0. (89pp 1f $6. and 24-hours post-rest. We conclude that this new protocol is highly valid and reliable when using HR or WL data to predict these variables in a 20km TT performance. Donahue.e. Chapel Hill (A. Trial 1 Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) was not predictive of HR or WL in Trial 3. cortisol.. Exercise was continuously monitored by exercise technicians trained in cardiac rehabilitation.D. Subjects (n=33) were trained cyclists divided into four groups: elite males (EM). elite females (EF). post blood pressure cuff release following 5 min upper arm occlusion. and Schwinn Airdyne (AD) were compared against one another with six male and six female volunteers (age 23 ± 3. Garner. Bivariate regression analyses between the stress hormones and testosterone on absolute hormone levels and percentage change from rest detected no significant negative associations (r≤0 50. cortisol and prolactin). Blood samples were collected at pre-exercise rest. Ss completed three submaximal exercise bouts (50. The purpose of this study was to determine if a negative association existed between exercise induced states of hypercortisolemia and hyperprolactinemia with testosterone. and prolactin were observed at fatigue through 90-minutes into recovery. University of Wisconsin. To test the hypothesis that endothelial function improves with exercise a one-way repeated measures ANOVA was conducted. Heart rate (HR) and workload (WL) data from Trial 1 were used to predict the criterion score: Trial 3 average HR and WL (MSS). followed by a 20km time trial (TT). Both variables were highly repeatable between Trials 1 and 2 (R=. compared to the remaining three modes at any given power output. 100. A minimum of four days separated each trial.. (37pp 1f $6. Will. Physiological responses to submaximal workloads on four exercise ergometers.5 years). For exercise prescription purposes. SBP. Oregon State University (Jeffrey J. and 90-minutes into exercise recovery. the ergometers that create less of a physiological response at a given workload must be modified in order to attain equal amount of cardiovascular benefits. Each subject performed three trials: the new protocol two different times. it was of interest to determine nitrate levels as participants progressed through the study. Significant increases from rest (p<0. Hackney). Modalities used were treadmills. .982 respectively). San Francisco State University (Frank Verducci). 60.A. a strong vasodilator.942. NuStep recumbent stepper (NU). and competitive females (CF). DBP. and recumbent stepping machines.956. 2002. competitive males (CM).. fatigue. 8 weeks and 12 weeks and stored at –70° C. (36pp 1f $6. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase acts on the substrates molecular oxygen and arginine to produce NO and citrulline. 150 Watts) on each of the four ergometers tested. Each stage was five minutes in duration and VO2. served as the dependent variable and exercise served as the independent variable. and RPE. McCubbin). To elucidate the cause of vasodilation. M. Dario. M. Trial 1 HR and WL correlated highly to Trial 3 HR and WL (R=. urine was collected at baseline. Time served as the within subjects’ factor.00) PH 1767 Pharmacological and pathological studies have hypothesized that testosterone levels are negatively influenced by elevations in stress hormones (i. Both the SR cycle and the AD showed the next highest values. RPE showed little significance in its reliability or predictive value. 2001. relationships needed to be drawn between four common exercise ergometers often found in a cardiac rehabilitation setting.A. University of North Carolina. bikes. Data were analyzed using a one-way ANOVA. 2002.00) PH 1775 The purpose of this study was to validate and test reliability of a new maximum steady state (MSS) protocol for trained cyclists.05). For the analysis of levels of nitric oxide.00) PH 1760 26 . maximum percent change in brachial artery diameter.89±16. and RPE were recorded at the end of each stage.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon was equal to a RPE of 3 (moderate) on the modified Borg RPE scale. Kcal. Nitric oxide.. Finally. 2002. is synthesized in the body by the enzyme eNOS. SBP.12 minutes) at nearly equal to 73% VO2max. RPE also showed low repeatability (R=. Daly. The StairMaster upright (UP) and recumbent (SR) cycles. No significant difference in the change in the brachial artery diameter was observed. P. 988). with most stages revealing equal responses to exercise. C. the NU produced the lowest physiological responses to exercise of all four modalities.001) in testosterone.S. For this analysis. HR. La Crosse (J. It was concluded that the negative associations found in prior pharmacological and pathological studies do not exist in the physiological state following a run to fatigue. Testing sessions were randomized and performed one week apart. Cellular mechanisms of muscle weakness and fatigability in individuals with multiple sclerosis.00) PH 1762 To allow for accurate exercise prescription. M. Porcari). Fredrick. except for WL in the EM group. 4 weeks. These results suggest that brachial artery reactivity to increased blood flow was not altered by exercise as typically prescribed in cardiac rehabilitation programs. Kcal. The association between stress hormones and testosterone.59) between Trials 1 and 2. Ph. HR.

2g/ kg at minute 0 and minute 20 of exercise. cross-bridge mechanisms of contraction were tested to understand their role in muscle weakness and fatigue. Virginia Commonwealth University (Dwain L. baroreflex control of sympathetic outflow was altered such that sympathetic outflow was less at any arterial pressure. the potential for exaggerated blood pressure (BP) responses during RE raises concerns about the stability of left ventricular (LV) function during RE.05) cross sectional area (CSA) of type I. sympathetic vasoconstrictor outflow. The force deficit was attributed to the 14-32% smaller (p<0. dynamic exercise produces dramatic changes in cardiovascular regulation on several levels. Foster). (47pp 1f $6. These findings indicate that postexercise arterial pressure reductions are mediated by a persistent vasodilation resulting from both neural and vascular phenomena. Whole muscle assessment of knee extensor strength revealed that subjects with MS (N=6) were 48% weaker than subjects without MS (N=6).00) PH 1772 While cardiovascular regulation during exercise has been studied extensively. IIa/IIx. 2000. transduction of sympathetic activity into vascular resistance was altered such that vascular resistance was less at any level of sympathetic outflow. Peak Ca2+-activated force was 13-44% lower (p<0. 2002. and 2) a high fat (HF) meal consisting of 26% CHO. Assessment of the myosin heavy chains (MHC) revealed that MS subjects had 33% fewer type IIa fiber than controls. 14% P. Results suggest that the composition of a pre-exercise meal will alter RER. The persistent vasodilation appeared to be mediated in two ways. While there were no differences found between groups for fiber unloaded shortening velocity. baroreflex regulation of heart rate. Skinned fiber preparations were also used to test peak Ca2+=-activated force at varying concentrations (0-30 mM) of inorganic phosphate (Pi) and at different pH (6. Todd A. However. The results of this study revealed that a portion of the muscle weakness in individuals with MS is due to deficits at the level of the muscle cell and crossbridge.003) values. (71pp 1f $6. Thus. Subjects were given randomly two preexercise meals: 1) a high carbohydrate (HC) meal consisting of 80% CHO. Using an in vitro single fiber preparation obtained from the vastus lateralis. San Francisco State University (Marialice Kern). M. First. and blood glucose.05) in MS subjects. specifically mechanisms residing in the muscle. University of Wisconsin. augmented the responsiveness of carotid baroreflex regulation of heart rate during the first hr of recovery. Ph.0). Nine competitive cyclists were studied on two occasions following a 10-hour overnight fast.03). M.00) PH 1776 The effects of different pre-exercise meal compositions and a supplement during exercise on metabolic and cardiovascular-related variables were studied. To address this. The effects of a pre-exercise meal and supplement on trained athletes. 12% P. Approximately 50% of muscle weakness and fatigue have been attributed to deficits within the peripheral nervous system. The HC compared with the HF resulted in significantly greater RER (P=0.05). Fat oxidation was significantly higher following the HF. subjects exercised at 60% of VO2max for 30 minutes. and vascular resistance were studied.D. 62% F.. Karlsdottir. reductions in force at pH 6. research directed at understanding cardiovascular regulation after acute exercise is necessary to understand the mechanisms through which chronic exercise may ameliorate these conditions.00) PH 1763 Resistance exercise (RE) has become an important component of cardiac rehabilitation programs. Cardiovascular regulation after acute dynamic exercise. I/IIa.05) in type I. dynamic exercise on several integral aspects of cardiovascular regulation.5 (17%) and 6. and there was a trend towards increased numbers of type IIa/IIx and IIx fibers in MS subjects. Arna E. (104pp 2f $12. IIa. we studied healthy controls (HC) (N=12. with a greater reduction of force in type I fibers (66%) versus type IIa fibers (40%) at 30 mM (p<0. acute. 6% F. compared to the HC (P=0. Specifically. but did not alter tonic cardiac vagal tone (estimated by spectral analysis of R-R interval variability). Eckberg).Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Muscle weakness and fatigue are debilitating symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). IIx fibers from MS subjects. Pedometer results revealed that MS subjects were 68% less active on a daily basis than controls.. The increased responsiveness of baroreflex heart rate regulation is likely to oppose rather than contribute to the reduced arterial pressure observed post-exercise. Left ventricular function during aerobic and resistance exercise.2-7.S. which could contribute to the muscle weakness and fatigue in MS. Two hours after consumption of the meal. The subjects were given a carbohydrate supplement consisting of 0. Force declined with increases in Pi concentrations. I/IIa. The goals of this study were to identify the cellular mechanisms of contraction within the muscle cell. Halliwill.003).. La Crosse (C. Hagobian. in a counter balance design. IIx fibers and to a 6% lower specific force (p<0. 1995. peak absolute power in type I fibers was 11% lower (p<0. One hour of moderate-intensity dynamic exercise produced prolonged vasodilation that resolved by two hr post-exercise. Since aerobic exercise is a putative treatment for cardiovascular diseases.2 (24%) were similar for type I and IIa fibers.A. Second. cardiovascular regulation after dynamic exercise has received little attention in the past. In contrast. The research presented here investigated the effects of acute. patients 27 . carbohydrate and fat oxidation. 8M/4F). John R.05) in type I fibers from MS subjects. Blood glucose was significantly higher in the high fat compared to high carbohydrate (P=0.003) and CHO oxidation (P=0.

Owen F.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) (N =12.00) PH 1771 The ability to accurately quantify and predict endurance performance is imperative when assessing the effects of training interventions. September 2001). M. Eamonn. Thus. Cadence was held at 90 rpm for six three-minute successive stages at 90. A comparison of metabolic parameters during a graded cycling rest performed on a Computrainer or Monark cycle ergometer. 135. (45pp 1f $6. 11M/lF). 2002. University of North Carolina. Each testing period consisted of an outdoor uphill TT (5-km. High correlations were also observed between Phase II inter-trial changes in average TT speed and relative W MAX (r=0.S. and relative VO2MAX. VO2 and RER were also similar between trials except for HF vs. maximum power output. Foster).933 to 0. Murphy.. There was no interaction between exercise type and group. Validity of a stationary cycling protocol for tracking changes in uphill cycling time-trial performance. Miller. 8% grade) followed within ten days by a laboratory-based SDP. There was no difference between trials in time to complete the 40km time trial. 2001. RPE. 225. Meredith R.823 to 0. Montana State University (Deborah King). (52pp 1f $6. 2002. Respiratory exchange ration was significantly higher for the Computrainer only at 315W. end systolic and end diastolic dimensions. and practically track changes in uphill TT performance.26 to 0. performance-based determinants of performance are receiving considerable attention. average speed. Lanigan. Phase II of the study determined the ability of the SDP to track longitudinal changes in uphill time-trial performance. There were no significant Phase I inter-trial differences for time-toexhaustion. Intraclass correlation coefficients were high for all variables. San Francisco State University (Marialice Kern).A. ranging from R=0.S. the LV function remained stable with no significant changes from rest to peak in LV ejection fraction. shoulder press. 270.992. Chapel Hill (Ed Shields).9±6.8% respectively. watts·kg-1). 2002. we conclude that a high fat pre-exercise meal provides no further advantage in performance over a high carbohydrate. Due to the invasive nature and excessive costs of traditional physiological and biomechanical determinants of endurance performance.00) PH 1764 28 . with correlation coefficients ranging from R(k=1)=0. Single-score reliability was also high.00) PH 1768 This study compared the physiological and perceptual responses to a graded submaximal cycling test on the Computrainer and Monark ergometers. M. all groups showed fundamentally similar behavior patterns during all exercises. (61pp 1f $6. The effects of a pre-exercise meal and supplement on trained athletes.70 to 0. Thirteen male cyclists (24. These results suggest that changes in relative SDP W MAX can reliably. Despite significant hemodynamic changes from rest to peak. M. Ss were studied during upright cycling at 90% of ventilatory threshold and during 1 set of 10 repetitions of RE (leg press. La Crosse (C. or heart rate.00) PH 1777 The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a high fat pre-exercise meal versus a high carbohydrate preexercise with the addition of CHO supplementation on endurance performance. 270. Jay.0 kg) completed a submaximal cycling test on both a Monark and Computrainer ergometer. Left ventricular function was measured by echocardiography.0 and 5. dietary regimes.94). 77. and patients with stable heart failure (CHF) (N =12.. A high fat or a high carbohydrate meal was given three hours prior to exercise and a carbohydrate supplement was given every 20 minutes during a 40km time trial. Local competitive cyclists participated in either two or three testing periods separated by a minimum of ten weeks (May.A. University of Wisconsin. The purpose of the present study was to determine the reliability and validity of a scaling-derived cycle ergometer protocol (SDP) for tracking changes in uphill time-trial (TT) cycling performance. equipment modifications. and 315W by an average of 3 . M. power output.. Longitudinal inter-trial changes in average TT speed (m/s) were compared with longitudinal inter-trial changes in SDP time-to exhaustion (TTE. Heart rate and VO2 were significantly higher for the Computrainer trial at workloads of 225. min) and relative SDP maximal power output (W MAX. Phase I of the study assessed the reliability of the Scaling Derived Protocol (SDP) via the administration of three SDP protocols within a ten-day time period. maximum heart rate. 180. or systolic and diastolic wall thickness. The results may be influenced by calibration fluctuations or true power inaccuracies in one or both ergometers. and HR by radiotelemetry at rest and peak exercise. and biceps curls) in the upright posture. July. Correlations between inter-trial changes in average TT speed and TTE were generally lower and more variable (r=0. and rating of perceived exertion was not significantly different between ergometers at any workload. BP was measured by auscultation. Further research into the accuracy and reliability of the Computrainer cycling ergometer is recommended to help validate it as an alternative laboratory ergometer. and/or alterations in athlete position or technique. validly. Rust.. HC RER at 40km. The effect of D-pinitol on 50 kilometer time trial performance.87). 7M/ 5F). (97pp 1f $6.5±4. This suggests that RE is as safe as aerobic steady-state exercise in these patient groups and may be included in their cardiac rehabilitation programs. and 315W.977.7yrs.

Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon

Previous studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of glucose supplementation during prolonged exercise. The purpose of this study was to determine whether d-pinitol, a purported augmenter of glucose transport, would have any practical effect on glucose uptake, and cycle time trial performance. Four recreationally trained male cyclists (age=35-49, ht=174-182cm, wt=73.5-78kg) performed five 50 km time trials under four different conditions (practice, placebo, 150mg, 600mg, and 1050mg of d-pinitol taken 120min before the ride). Heart rate, RPE, blood glucose, blood lactate, speed, and power output were measured and compared with REANOVA . There was no significant difference in any of the conditions in heart rate, RPE, blood glucose, blood lactate, speed and power output (p>.05). The responses during the rides were highly reproducible, with the data for one ride basically overlying the data for the other rides. Based on these results, d-pinitol apparently has no effect on 50km time trial performance. Schuenke, Mark Excess post-exercise oxygen consumption response to a bout of resistance exercise, 2001. M.S., University of Wisconsin, La Crosse (R. Mikat). (47pp 1f $6.00) PH 1765 To examine the excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) response following a bout of heavy resistance exercise (HRE), seven healthy males (age=22±3 year; height=177±8 cm; mass=83±10kg, percent body fat =10.4 ±4.2%) who weight trained recreationally, engaged in a 31minute bout of HRE. The bout consisted of four circuits of bench press, power cleans, and squats, selected to recruit most major muscle groups. Each set was performed using the subject’s predetermined ten-repetition maximum and continued until failure. Each set was followed by a twominute rest interval. Oxygen consumption (VO2) measurements were obtained at regular intervals throughout the day, before and after HRE (34h pre, 29h pre, 24h pre, 10h pre, 5h pre, immediate post, 14h post, 19h post, 24h post, 38h post, 43h post, 48h post). Post-exercise VO2 measurements were compared to the baseline measurements that corresponded with the same time of day. A repeated measures ANOVA revealed that EPOC was significantly elevated (p≤0.05) immediately, 14, 19, and 38 hours postexercise. Mean daily VO2 values for both post-exercise days were also significantly elevated above the baseline day. These results suggest that EPOC duration and magnitude following HRE may exceed the EPOC produced by following moderate aerobic exercise. Furthermore, the cumulative energy expenditure as a result of EPOC following HRE may exceed the combined total energy expended during and after aerobic exercise. Tzovanis, Maria. Power spectral components of heart rate variability at rest and exercise after surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot, 1998. M.A., McGill University (Hélène Perrault). (117pp 2f $12.00) PH 1774

An abnormal chronotropic response to exercise, generally attributed to a putative sympathetic dysfunction, is a common finding following surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). There exists little information on sympathetic function in patients operated for a congenital heart defect to support such a claim. This study used spectral analysis of heart rate (HRV) and blood pressure (BPV) variability to examine sympathovagal influences on the sinus node in 9 adolescents operated for TOF 13.0±1.12 years previously and in 8 healthy age and sex-matched control (CTRL) subjects. Continuous ECG and BP recordings were obtained under supine or seated resting positions, with or without controlled respiration at 0.20 Hz (CR); after passive 85°head up tilt (HUT); during cycling at steadystate heart rates of 100 and 120 bpm (Ex 100, Ex 120); and after 10 and 20 minutes of passive seated recovery. When compared to age matched control subjects, results showed total R-R variance to be lower in 7 of 8 patients for all nonexercising conditions and the mean values to be lower during CR (p<0.05) (TOF: 2662.9±765.41 vs. CTRL: 6803.1±1453.03, ms2). HUT resulted in a significant increase in the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) LF component in TOF, which was also associated with a rise in DBP in patients but not in CTRL. Total R-R variance (ms2) during exercise was significantly reduced from baseline yet was similar in both groups(Ex 120: TOF: 572.8±105.34 vs. CTRL: 503 9±100.95). Spectral component analysis showed similar HF and LF components in both groups at Ex 100, while a further relative decrease in HF, and inversely an increase in the LF component, was observed at Ex 120 in TOF, but not in CTRL (p<0.05) (Ex 120: LF/HF: TOF: +120.7±44.86 vs. CTRL: -21.8±10.86, %). This could not be explained by differences in respiratory frequencies, which were not different between groups under any condition. The observed chronotropic limitation during HUT, in addition to the higher LF R-R component observed during Ex 120, may be taken to reflect disturbances in sympathovagal balance in TOF exhibiting excellent post-surgical clinical status. Voelker, Stacie A. Relationship between the talk test and ventilatory threshold in cardiac patients, 2001. M.S., University of Wisconsin, La Crosse (C. Foster). (48pp 1f $6.00) PH 1766 The Talk Test (TT) is a subjective method of prescribing exercise intensity. Previous studies have demonstrated that TT relates to the ventilatory threshold (VT) and can be used to prescribe intensity levels in healthy individuals. This study extends evaluation of TT to patients with stable cardiovascular disease. Each subject (N=10) completed two maximal exercise tests. One test used gas analysis to determine VT. The second test was identical; but, in this, one TT was administered. Outcomes at VT versus TT were compared. There was a significant difference in VO2 and HR between VT and the negative stage of TT (p<0.05). There was a good correlation for VO2 at VT and all stages


Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon

of TT. We conclude that, when subjects were at the last positive or equivocal stage of TT, they were either at or below their VT. When subjects were at the negative stage of TT, they were above their VT and above an appropriate exercise intensity. Thus, TT appears to be a valid subjective measure of exercise intensity to guide exercise prescription in patients with clinically stable cardiovascular disease. Wingo, Jonathan E. The thermoregulatory efficacy of AKWATEK® performance apparel in a thermoneutral environment, 2002. M.A., University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (Robert G. McMurray). (39pp 1f $6.00) PH 1769 The purpose of this study was to determine if an AKWATEK® garment allows more effective heat dissipation than a cotton garment during exercise in a thermoneutral environment. Subjects (n=9) ran on a treadmill for 45 minutes at 65% VO2peak while wearing cotton sweatpants and either a long-sleeve AKWATEK® shirt (AS), cotton shirt (CS), or no shirt (NS). There were no differences in RPE or VO2 between conditions (p<0.05). Total water loss was lowest in NS (1.1±0.3L), while AS (1.4±0.3L) and CS (1.5±0.3L) were not different. There was no difference in change in rectal temperature (DTre) or change in heart rate (DHR) between conditions. Skin temperature was lower in NS than CS. Thermal sensation was lower in AS and NS than in CS. Final Tre in AS (38.77±0.33°C) was lower than in CS (39.1±0.4°C), but not different from NS (38.85±0.16 °C). These findings suggest a limited thermoregulatory benefit from wearing AKWATEK® versus cotton.

Armstead, C. C. B. Exercise adherence among AfricanAmerican women, 2001. M.P.A., Roosevelt University (Kristin J. Flynn). (162pp 2f $12.00) HE 760 Today, most Americans know that they should exercise. Research has shown that less than a quarter of adult Americans engage in enough physical activity to enhance their health. Many people do not seem to have a problem getting started with exercise. It is sticking with exercise that presents the seemingly insurmountable challenge. Women and minorities tend to have even lower physical activity levels than the general population, and they face a disproportionate risk for many lifestyle ailments that can be positively changed by regular, moderate exercise. The African-American Women’s Fitness Research Project explored the general question: What factors will increase the likelihood that African-American women will maintain an adequate physical activity regime once they have started one? The project used a qualitative, groundedtheory research design to conduct six focus groups, with a

total of 48 African-American women. They discussed the general topic of staying with an exercise program long enough to experience and maintain positive results— described in the research literature as exercise adherence. A major part of analyzing the results was comparing them to the extensive body of literature that exists on exercise adherence in general. Interestingly, research suggests that many of the factors that will help a person start an exercise regime may not be the same factors that will help that person stay with the program. Some of the key factors that have high associations with improved exercise adherence include: support and encouragement from friends and family, especially from a spouse; strong belief in yourself that you can succeed with your exercise program; having a positive feeling about exercise combined with the belief that you have control over your health; achieving or expecting to achieve your exercise goals; being highly selfmotivated, which will equip you to overcome barriers to exercise; and tailoring an exercise program to fit your current fitness level and lifestyle. The African-American Women’s Fitness Research Project found that many of the general exercise adherence factors also applied to AfricanAmerican women, although sometimes to a varying degree. Additionally, certain adherence factors are exclusive to African-American women. Some of the key conclusions that emerged from the results of this project include the establishing of exercise goals, even general ones, that will help to motivate consistent exercise. Having a strong sense of self-motivation and practicing behavior that confirms the perception of self-motivation will encourage exercise adherence. It is important for AfricanAmerican women to examine their attitudes towards exercise, particularly how those attitudes and beliefs may have been affected by childhood or family influences. Obtaining current, accurate information about exercise and its benefits can offset any potentially negative attitudes and beliefs. Interpersonal relationships can play a major role in maintaining consistent exercise. Women who adhere to an exercise regime often have a friend, family member, or fitness partner that encourages exercise behavior. AfricanAmerican women must learn how to take care of themselves—such as regular, moderate exercise—in addition to taking care of everyone else. The results of this project provide promising insight for African-American women seeking to improve their health through physical activity. Barrett, Sarah A. The validity of the ViaMed® blood glucose monitoring system, 2001. M.A., University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (Robert McMurray). (44pp 1f $6.00) HE 759 The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of the ViaMed® blood glucose sampling system by comparing its measures to the same blood analyzed by a CLIA/CDC approved laboratory measure at rest, during exercise, and during recovery. Four physically active Type 2 diabetics completed two exercise trials, consisting of a 30-minute


Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon

exercise session, and one resting trial. Blood glucose levels were measured using the ViaMed® glucose monitor and a CLIA/CDC approved laboratory method. There were no significant differences between a CLIA/CDC approved laboratory measure of blood glucose and the ViaMed® Blood Chemistry Monitor at rest, during exercise, and during recovery (p=0.803). The ViaMed® blood glucose measures had an overall mean of 130.2±56.6 mg/dL and the laboratory blood glucose measures produced an overall mean of 130.3±56.2 mg/dL. However, there was a high coefficient of variation for the ViaMed® system, 7.4 mg/dL. Although the ViaMed® strongly correlates (r = 0.98) with the laboratory values, because of the high amount of variability as well as many other systematic problems encountered using the ViaMed®, use of this system is not recommended. Bryan, Allison E. Participant perceptions of a worksite health assessment program, 2002. M.S., Purdue University (Roger Seehafer). (73pp 1f $6.00) HE 752 Thousands of people die prematurely every year from diseases that are preventable. Studies show that the top ten causes of death could be dramatically reduced if individuals adopted healthier lifestyle behaviors. Due to increased health care costs, companies have been forced to bear the increasing health care expenditures that many of these unhealthy people generate. In an effort to control these costs, many companies have adopted some form of health assessment process to identify those employees at risk for certain diseases. The purpose of this study was to measure select outcomes of the health assessment process provided by the WorkLife program. The participant profile showed that the program participants were predominantly female, with 40-49 being the most frequently reported age range. Of the participants, the administration/professional staff participated the most often while the faculty had the lowest rate of participation. The overall self-perceived health status of the participants was “healthy.” The three most common reasons for participating in the health assessment process were that it was convenient, it was an easy way to attain health information, and that the participants were interested in their current health status. Interestingly, the participants listed the Bonus Buck incentive program as the 9th (out of 11) most motivating factor. Eighty-two percent of the participants reported visiting a physician on an annual basis. However, only twenty eight percent of them shared their results with the physician. Sixty percent of the participants reported that they were motivated to change their health behaviors because of the health assessment process. Eighty-five percent of the participants were interested in follow-up programs. The main areas of interest for follow-up programs included weight management, exercise, stress management, and nutrition classes. Eighty-eight percent of the participants were satisfied with the overall health assessment program.

Chong, Yin K. D. Anaerobic recovery and physical activity in normal and obese children, 2001. M.Sc., University of Hong Kong (Alison McManus). (118pp 2f $12.00) HE 749 Childhood obesity is often believed to be associated with low physical activity level. However, the determinants of physical activity are not fully understood. Since children differentially move in an anaerobic way, the recovery ability from anaerobic activity may determine how active a child is. The purposes of this study were to compare anaerobic recovery and physical activity level in normal weight and obese children, as well as to explore the relationship between different measures of obesity, anaerobic recovery, and physical activity level in children. Twenty volunteer subjects (10 normal weight and 10 obese) between the ages of 8-12 years participated in the study. Anthropometric measurements including body height, body weight, and several circumferences were taken and were used to calculate index and ratios for general (body mass index) and central body fat (waist circumference, waist-hip-ratio, waist-thigh-ratio) indicators. Anaerobic recovery was assessed as the percent recovery when performing two Wingate anaerobic tests on a Monark cycle ergometer (814E) against pre-determined resistance, with a 2-minute recovery period in-between. Physical activity level was monitored by the Tritrac accelerometer between three to five days, and was expressed as average vector magnitude. Results indicated that normal weight and obese children were equally active; however, obese children possessed significantly lower anaerobic recovery (p=0.013) than their normal weight counterparts. In addition, anaerobic recovery was significantly related to all measures of obesity, except for waist-thigh-ratio. Result of multiple stepwise regression revealed that waist circumference was the only variable that significantly predicted anaerobic recovery (30.6%). In contrast, no significant relationship existed between physical activity level, any obesity measures, or anaerobic recovery. In conclusion, the preliminary finding implied that obese children were less ready to start moving around after finishing one bout of activity, compared to the normal weight children, although there was no difference in their actual activity levels. Crenshaw, Ben D. Telemetry ECG monitoring during cardiac rehabilitation to detect myocardial ischemia, 2000. M.S., University of Wisconsin, La Crosse (J. Porcari). (48pp 1f $6.00) HE 743 Historically, telemetric ECG monitoring (TELE) has been thought to be incapable of detecting ST-segment changes during exercise. One hundred and nine patients underwent a diagnostic exercise test. A 12-lead ECG (12L) and TELE (modified Lead II) were recorded simultaneously throughout the exercise test. A total of 1041 temporally correlated tracings were blinded, then interpreted by a cardiologist. ST depression was defined as ≥ 1 mm horizontal or


When changes were observed on TELE. interaction with other professionals.00) HE 761 Continuous electrocardiographic (CECG) monitoring is commonly used in Phase II cardiac rehabilitation programs to detect complications resulting from exercise. intermediate. and degrees/ licenses/ certifications. Of the 99 total events. Quantitative results revealed that the majority of respondents reported high perceived levels of satisfaction and effectiveness. integrative health discipline. limited insurance. M. based on AACVPR criteria.e. perceived professional effectiveness. client education. The Phase II exercise records were examined to identify individuals who had a significant event during Phase II. respondents implied that they were still in the process of establishing the integrative health approach in a field that has traditionally focused on treatment rather than prevention.5 mm 54% of the time. Ninety-nine significant events occurred in a total of 69 patients. The efficacy of continuous ECG monitoring among low.. Seehafer). Sixty-six events occurred within the first 3 weeks of program initiation. allopathic professionals’ resistance to CAM. It has been suggested that high risk cardiac patients are more likely to experience a serious event during exercise sessions. resulted in 123 (51%) patients classified as low risk. lack of insurance.e. Finally. and acceptance of CAM) and program quality enhancement (i. it appears that. increased insurance. job satisfaction and perceived professional effectiveness levels were positively associated. and caring for the whole person) outnumbered the disadvantages (i.S.e.. Corresponding changes (same time and lead group) were seen on TELE 61% (79/129) of the time. Also.S. Chi-square analysis revealed no significant (p>. Stratifying risk implies that one can predict which patients are at an increased risk of experiencing complications during cardiac rehabilitation. multidisciplinary practitioners (n=9). based on current risk 32 .e. integrative health education during health/medical training. (103pp 2f $12.08 mm from the J point in 2 or more adjacent leads. complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners (n=21). professional skills. with 75% being detected through CECG.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon downsloping at .g.05) difference in the proportion of patients within each stratified subgroup who experienced events. they indicate that ischemia may be present in a high percentage (73%) and should be taken seriously. 2002. Likewise. and resistance to the integrative approach). Also. University of Wisconsin. In conclusion. advantages/ disadvantages. and high risk phase II cardiac rehabilitation patients. 1992. research. Egbert. In normal 12L tracings. lack of time. M.e. TELE missed ST changes seen on 12L 39% of the time. and does not appear to be a sensitive marker of ischemia. These results indicate that CECG may be efficacious for detecting abnormalities during Phase II cardiac rehabilitation. suggestions for improvement included promotion/awareness (i. descriptive variables included duration of participation in an integrated setting.. 27 (34%) intermediate. a retrospective 5-year study of 241 Phase II patients was conducted. and therefore should be monitored more closely. holistic approach.. With regard to risk level. and 38 (16%) as high risk. and health promotion practitioners (n=0). Assessment of job satisfaction. allopathic practitioners (n=4). and advantages/disadvantages within integrative health programs among directors and practitioners. Recommendations included the continued development of integrative health programs as long as future research continues to evaluate quality and effectiveness of these programs. and improved communication between disciplines). Respondents were classified into five integrative health disciplines: directors (n=8). and clients’ lack of understanding of the integrative approach). 80 (33%) as intermediate risk.. advantages within the integrative health setting (i. Risk stratification. All documented events which necessitated physician intervention or cessation of the exercise sessions were recorded. and suggestions for improvement of integrative health programs.00) HE 753 The purpose of this study was to evaluate integrative health programs by examining perceptions of professionals who were utilizing an integrative health approach. corresponding changes were observed on 12L 73% (79/ 108) of the time. La Crosse (John Porcari). Secondly. One hundred and twenty-nine tracings (in 36 patients) were positive for ST depression on 12L. A total of 3. However. TELE matched 12L in magnitude of ST depression within ±0.. A 10question survey was mailed to and returned by 43 professionals within seven integrative health programs throughout the United States. For the entire sample. Two statistically significant results emerged. it was found that 29 (24%) low. To determine the usefulness of CECG and the application of risk stratification. especially during the first 3 weeks of the program. when changes are seen on TELE. The survey included quantitative and qualitative assessments. Purdue University (Roger W. and improved client health status) outnumbered reasons for professional ineffectiveness (i. Sarah K. and 13 (34%) high risk patients had at least one significant event. increased options and health outcomes for clients. primary professional role.e. Qualitative results revealed that reasons for professional effectiveness (i. Carolyn K. Other quantitative assessments included job satisfaction and perceived professional effectiveness within the integrated setting.. 57 (57%) were detected through the use of CECG.877 exercise sessions were reviewed. (43pp 1f $6. Since representation and themes within health promotion/ disease prevention were limited. perceived levels of professional effectiveness were slightly higher for CAM practitioners than for allopathic practitioners. qualitative assessments examined professional effectiveness.. First. false positive). Grall. there were 29 ST abnormalities observed in TELE (e.

15. Finally. 2000.027).001) compared to nonfallers.00) HE 741 In the United States. B-90°DTE vs.008).S. and 45% of the peak workload achieved during the subjects’ screening 33 . age=15. Two participants completed 18 sessions of strength training and performed a final testing trial (T3). age=15. Furthermore. -. Snow).5±1. -.99. FG-TE vs. weight=66. In addition.94).992.38 (p<. weight=58. Miller. In the first aim of this dissertation. Norman S..5±8. issues arose concerning the overall comfort of the participant. 2002. falls are the leading cause of unintentional death. The cardiopulmonary effects of an inelastic chest wall restriction. For the second study.8 kg. we examined changes in mobility and balance-related risk factors for side falls as well as differences in these risk factors according to fall status in a population of 107 independent. prompting the recommendation that the PRC be used for testing and the establishment of norms for the high school population. Data were acquired during resting. M. . Katherine B. FG-TE vs.039) and Get Up and Go (p<.55.00) HE 744 We examined the effects of an inelastic chest wall restriction (CWR) on cardiopulmonary function during rest and exercise in an attempt to mimic a condition similar to that seen in chronic heart failure. La Crosse (T. A prospective study of functional performance balance self-efficacy.Ed.014).82. . . risk factors for side and frequent falls are poorly understood. with one of every three people 65 years and older falling each year. Oregon State University (Christine M. Only the NoHRT group lost bone over the 3 years (p=.11. Plowman).33.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon stratification guidelines. . Northern Illinois University (Sharon A.2 yr.23. 25%.00) HE 755 The purposes of this study were: (a) to determine the reliability of selected laboratory and field tests of dynamic and static low back function. PRC-STE=. University of Wisconsin. We found hip abduction strength decreased (p<. height=172. The findings of this study may be helpful in formulating standardized monitoring guidelines for Phase II cardiac exercisers. M.. In particular.62 (p<. In the third study. Jordan. (b) to evaluate the validity of the field tests (FITNESSGRAM™Trunk Extension [FG-TE] and Box 90°Dynamic Trunk Extension [B-90°DTE]) when compared to laboratory tests (Parallel Roman Chair Dynamic Trunk Extension [PRC-DTE]. All five tests were shown to be reliable for a single measure and average measure across days for both the male and female groups. and FG-TE vs. 2) HRT continually since menopause (Continual). it may be difficult to predict which patients will have complications during Phase II cardiac rehabilitation.5 cm.04. and compared the change in BMD of the hip across HRT groups.S. B-90°DTE vs. (141pp 2f $12. Parallel Roman Chair Static Trunk Extension [PRC-STE]. However.996.998.99. Validity coefficients determined by Pearson product moment correlation coefficient for the males and females respectively were as follows: B-90°DTE vs. who were followed over 2 years. FG-TE=. and DSBL=. F=32. Seventy-two participants (M=40. 2002.008). B 90°DTE was shown to be a valid field test when compared to PRC-DTE but only for the males.05). Intraclass test-retest coefficients (1-way ANOVA model for a single measure) were very good for all tests both for the males and for the females respectively (PRC-DTE=. 4) HRT initiated within 5 years (New).6±7. .05). and bone mineral density in community-dwelling elderly women. 3) HRT begun 10 years after menopause (Late).995. . we examined 2-year changes in balance self-efficacy (BSE) and the relationship of BSE to side fall risk factors and falls incidence. -. Reliability and validity of low back strength/endurance field tests in adolescents. height=164. Percent increases in performance for each of the five tests after completing the resistance training protocol ranged from 2%-57% (N=2). B90°DTE=. (138pp 2f $12. with side-fallers exhibiting weaker hip abduction strength (p=. few data exist to explain differences in bone mineral density among older postmenopausal women. we examined 3-year hip bone mineral density (BMD) changes in women with distinct hormone replacement therapy (HRT) profiles: 1) no hormone replacement therapy (NoHRT). PRC-DTE=.23.6 cm. and Dynamometer Static Back Lift [DSBL). . and may also aid in revising current risk stratification procedures. data regarding the timing of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) among older women is scarce. DSBL=-.36.994. PRCDTE=.2 kg) participated in a practice trial and two other trials (T1 and T2). DSBL=-. Hannibal.998. Gunter. Results showed BSE at baseline was predictive of Get Up and Go.013). and falls to the side predominate hip fracture related falls in this population. and slower performances on the tandem walk (p=. PRC-STE=. We also assessed BMD of the lateral spine across levels of estrogen use in a sub-sample of participants and found long-term HRT users had significantly higher lateral spine BMD (p=.1±1. (162pp 2f $12.29. but that BSE decreased only among the non-fallers (p=.2 yr..1±6. greater sway velocity (p=. in the same population. PRC-STE=-. Ph.D. .041) compared to women who had never been on HRT.001) in all subjects. Falls account for approximately 95% of hip fractures among older adults. during testing with the B-90°DTE. Triplett-McBride). it appears that four of the five exercise tests do respond favorably to a comprehensive strength training and flexibility program. Forced vital capacities were measured at the beginning of the study. hip abduction strength and tandem walk at follow-up (p<.98. although the number of participants was very small. and (c) to examine the training sensitivity of each of these five tests to a dynamic resistance training program. elderly women (>70 yrs).9±9. after which point four canvas straps were applied tightly around the thorax and abdomen so that vital capacity was reduced by >35%. Each trial consisted of all five tests.

A modified two round Delphi Technique was used for data collection. although the mechanisms causing the decrease in cardiac output during CWR exercise conditions remain unclear. These findings indicate there are many determinants to physical activity and parental encouragement may be a key. The overall response rate was 9. a multiple regression with children as the dependent variable was run to test the relationship between children’s beliefs and their physical activity patterns and was found to be nonsignificant. and disposition elements that were then ranked using a nominal rating process. along with a nominal rating process. A survey conducted on a convenience sample of 167 South Asians showed that the majority of respondents (97%) were willing to make changes to reduce their risk of heart disease. 34 . description. Multiple regression revealed children’s and parents’ activity patterns were not significantly correlated. and residual volume were all significantly reduced during CWR conditions. Additionally. clarified. University of Guelph (Paula M. M.. The invited sample consisted of 63 health educators who were then teaching health education. skill. was significantly related to children’s beliefs about physical activity. and disposition elements were most important to have. skill. planning required. (164pp 2f $12. (86pp 1f $6. The sample was gathered from four different counties in Wisconsin. Brigham Young University (Patti A. ease of practice. implying that CWR may be used as a crude model to study CHF. despite decreases in tidal volume. or medications. Significant decreases in cardiac output (>10%) during CWR conditions were brought about by decreases in stroke volume. A lower percentage preferred medications (7%). Freeman). Pennington. exercise or drug interventions were identified through a series of three focus groups with individuals from the South Asian community. Oganowski). Patricia L. After the panel of health educators determined the attributes. A multivariate regression analysis determined children’s own beliefs about physical activity are not significantly related to their perceptions of their parent’s beliefs about physical activity. our data suggest that CWR conditions elicit breathing patterns and cardiac responses similar to those seen in chronic heart failure. and medications to prevent possible cardiovascular disease. they had an opportunity to determine which knowledge. Ten personal and professional attributes were identified. University of Wisconsin. Applicability and feasibility of conjoint analysis to determine preferences for exercise.5% (N=6). Questionnaire development was based on a list of personal and professional attributes identified through a review of the literature.00) HE 757 The purposes of this study were to (a) determine children’s and parent’s physical activity patterns. Murtaza. skill. Vital capacity. Panel members clarified and revised the attribute descriptions during the first round of the study. and disposition elements within each attribute: a pilot study. Finally. due to the number of attributes important for successful teaching. and rankings of knowledge. Identification. We conclude that CWR conditions significantly affect pulmonary and cardiovascular function. Possible attributes of interventions when choosing among diet. and rated. Heart rate. Forty-five 8. diet. The variability in preferences found in the survey and the presence of the above attributes justifies further investigation of conjoint analysis to determine preferences. M. 2000. La Crosse (L. and suggestions made by the panel of health educators during the first round of the Delphi. However. 2002. blood pressure. one subscale. and resulted in a decrease in the elastic work of breathing. M. The percentages who preferred diet (40%) and exercise (48%) were similar. Each personal and professional attribute consisted of knowledge. and calculated a-vO2 difference were all significantly elevated during CWR exercise conditions. (75pp 1f $6. Additionally.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon visit..Sc. diet. Randall. and side effects.. The following attributes were features of all three interventions: cost. Children’s beliefs as a determinant of physical activity. time required. (b) determine whether children’s own beliefs about physical activity are related to their perceptions of their parents’ beliefs about physical activity. parental encouragement.S. 2002. total lung capacity. and (c) examine the relationship between children’s beliefs about physical activity and their own physical activity patterns.00) HE 742 This thesis is an investigation of the applicability of conjoint analysis to determine preferences of Canadian South Asians for the interventions of exercise.00) HE 745 Selecting personal and professional attributes for student teachers in school health education can be difficult for health educators.S. This breathing pattern elicited significant increases in the flow resistive work of breathing and the gastric pressure-time integral (>400%). The problem of this study was to gather judgements from health educators currently teaching in relation to what personal and professional attributes student teachers need to possess when entering their student teaching experience. Brauer). Carolyn R. Subjects exhibited significant increases in ventilation brought about by increases in breathing frequency.to 10-year-old children and their parents (n=135) wore Biotrainer accelerometers for seven consecutive days. children completed a modified version of the Children’s Attraction to Physical Activity (CAPA) questionnaire and parents completed a short demographic questionnaire. Saima. and perceptions of personal and professional attributes for student teachers in school health education.

00) HE 762 Research on Self-Determination Theory has been conducted on many aspects of an individual’s life across the lifespan. 31 boys and 23 girls (ages 8 to 23 years). The current study examined self-determination opportunities across the following domains: at home. Brockport (Lauren Lieberman). Validation of knowledge of CDC skin cancer prevention protocol in a mid-western town. Knowledge about “Use of Shades” had not infiltrated among mothers of young children or family health care providers. Studies have researched the effects of selfdetermined behaviors on general education.. Reynolds. and adapted equipment. motivation.00) HE 746 This study was designed to assess the extent to which the contents of the CDC “Choose Your Cover” campaign on skin cancer has infiltrated a community of mothers of young children and family health care providers in a MidWestern town. Results indicated that there was a statistically significant difference in the knowledge between mothers of young children and family health care providers on the various aspects of the CDC “Choose Your Cover” protocol as a protective mechanism against skin cancer. with health care. Results indicated that out of the six mechanisms of the CDC “Choose Your Cover” campaign. such as accessible facilities. and during physical education of students with visual impairments and deafblindness. and lack of energy and motivation. and in physical education. with health care. Barriers to participation in physical activity/ exercise for women with physical disabilities. confidence in their ability to exercise. University of Utah (Hester L. deter individuals from participating in regular physical activity. and health limitations.S. Barbara L. The variables studied were: level of visual impairments. and age on self-determination opportunities at home. Physical activity interventions are proposed to include ideas to enhance social support.. Little progress has yet been made in determining how perceived barriers to exercise influence physical activity patterns. 2002. It was concluded that self-determination opportunities are not being provided to students with visual impairments. A single-phase distribution of a 42-item checklist was mailed to family health care providers (n=30). In the general population the perceived barriers for participating in physical activity can be classified according to the following categories: effort. with friends. real and perceived. 35 . All classifications of visual impairment scored low across all domains studied. The three questions this study was designed to answer were: (1) What are the physical activity barriers that play a significant role in limiting women with physical disabilities from participating in physical activity/ exercise? (2) Are the demographics that limit women with physical disabilities from participating in physical activity/ exercise similar to those of able-bodied women? (3) Is there a significant relationship between time when the disability occurred and exercise behavior? The results of this study showed that the significant barriers to participation in physical activity/exercise for this population of women with disabilities were social support from both family and friends. due to work and family obligations. trained personnel. transportation. A 2x2x3 MANOVA and post hoc analysis indicated that a significant difference for level of visual impairment was present.00) HE 758 This study was conducted to determine the barriers that are significant in limiting involvement in physical activity/ exercise programs by women with disabilities. The most frequently cited perceived barriers in able-bodied women are lack of time. Terrianne L. Effects of visual impairment. University of Wisconsin. choice making and achievement of positive outcomes. Few studies have been conducted regarding the effects of self determination on the lives of individuals with visual impairment or deafblindness. Family health care providers had a higher score than mothers of young children on the overall knowledge of the six sun protective mechanisms against skin cancer as present in the CDC “Choose Your Cover” protocol. time. however. (80pp 1f $6. State University of New York. Fifty-four students. with friends. ways to enhance confidence in one’s ability to exercise. at school. gender. and suggestions to reduce environmental barriers. energy. Henderson). knowledge information on “Use of Sunscreen” had infiltrated the most among mothers of young children and family health care providers. and age. environment barriers. few studies have been conducted on selfdetermination opportunities that are provided in physical education. Ph. La Crosse (J. (113pp 2f $12. and health limitations. 2002. M.S. time. Terrie A. at school. Robinson. (97pp 1f $6. gender. However. no significant differences were indicated for gender and age. and financial resources.. Odulana). who participated in a one-week summer sport camp were surveyed. and distributed by hand to eligible mothers of young children (n=74) by health care personnel. M.D. goal setting. Studies indicate an importance of self-determination in all aspects of one’s life with regard to perceived competence. Knowledge information on “Use of a Hat” and “Ultraviolet Ray Protection” resulted in low infiltration among mothers of young children. A number of reports have suggested barriers. lack of financial resources. 2002.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Rauzon. athletic sport participation. especially for special populations. Family health care providers’ knowledge information on “Use of a Hat” also had not infiltrated to a large extent. and individuals’ control of their own needs.

such as the theory of planned behavior and self-efficacy theory. can lower BP in mildly hypertensive individuals. Chapel Hill (Bonita L. a self care practice recommended for the management of chronic illnesses. Age was found to be negatively associated with positive exercise behavior. stroke. and 665 in wave 3. 735 in wave 2. and 120 minutes of each trial. The data used in this study came from the Vancouver (British Columbia) North Shore Self-Care Study. 90. Part two involves testing hypotheses pertaining to the prediction of positive exercise change over a one-year period. Schuster-Decker. but education and gender were not statistically significant. except with active agent supplementation. and 4. exercise history and three illness factors were statistically significant. Repeated measures ANOVA was used to examine the changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP). M. The theories of planned behavior and self-efficacy are applied in conjunction with the Transtheoretical Model to develop the hypotheses. 3. BP was obtained at 0. the results of the study indicate moderate predictive power for the theories of planned behavior and self-efficacy. Evaluation of physical fitness attributes in cardiac rehabilitation program graduates who continue or elect not to continue participating in a structured exercise training program. affect one’s decision to exercise. Christopher D... Rachel N.. Trial 2 was identical to trial 1. and strong support for the hypothesis that exercise history and illness factors are important factors (facilitators and barriers) for positive exercise stage change. and that only 4. Part one consists of a unique description of the stages of exercise change over a two-year period. as suggested by the Transtheoretical Model. Trial 4 was identical to trial 3. illustrating that many are not moving through the stages.A. physiologically and psychologically.00) HE 754 This thesis examines stages of exercise change among older adults with a chronic illness. 2002. The acute effects of dynamic exercise and nutritional supplementation on blood pressure in hypertensive patients. The thesis contains two parts. MBP was significant at 90 min in trials 2. there were a total of 879 subjects at baseline (wave 1).3% are sedentary for the entire study. Marks). 36 .00) HE 747 Hypertension is a modifiable risk factor for coronary heart disease. It is hypothesized that exercise history and illness factors will act as barriers for positive exercise behavior because of the characteristics of the population under study. M. The results from the descriptive analysis indicate that the majority of the sample are exercising regularly. Simon Fraser University (Andrew Wister). After omitting those with stroke (due to small numbers). The North Shore study collected detailed health and self-care information on adults aged 50 and older who reported having one of four major chronic illnesses: arthritis.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Romeder. (58pp 1f $6. University of North Carolina. A large number of people were found to be moving from maintenance to pre-contemplation (active to sedentary) and from pre-contemplation to maintenance. and mean blood pressure (MBP) from rest to 90 min and 120 min. 30. the effects of exercise and supplementation are shown to be additive. La Crosse (C. An analysis of the stages of exercise change among older adults with a chronic illness. Trial 3 consisted of placebo and a 25 min exercise session. each with a medical history of myocardial infarction. as well as supplementation with L-arginine.05) reduction in SBP at 90 and 120 min for trials 2. except with active agent supplementation. duration of illness. Each completed 4 randomly ordered 120 min trials. Exercise history and four illness factors (type of illness. where they are causing extreme movement patterns and acting as barriers to positive exercise stage change. and at 120 min in trial 4 only. In the future.00) HE 750 The purpose of this study was to determine if the cessation of participation in a structured exercise program was accompanied with changes in the physical fitness of cardiac rehabilitation program graduates. Post hoc tests showed a significant (p≤0. At the bivariate level. 1999. (49pp 1f $6. and hypertension. Subjects (N=9) were clinically stable with a clinical diagnosis of hypertension. it is recommended that health promotion programs consider the profound effect that a chronic illness has on one’s ability to exercise regularly. co-morbidity and activity restriction) were found to be statistically significant. Overall. heart problems.S. Significant stage movement towards exercise maintenance was also found despite there being no formal exercise intervention. Smith. but from one extreme to the other. and 4. 60. Foster). The Transtheoretical Model is applied to understand exercise behavior. A sample of 12 graduates from a three month cardiac rehabilitation program. Further. (145pp 2f $12. Zan M. Analysis of BP during exercise in trials 3 and 4 revealed no significant difference. University of Wisconsin. returned for a physician-monitored evaluation of physical fitness after 12 months of exercising in either a supervised prevention program (n=7) or an unstructured. This study evaluated the reduction in blood pressure (BP) in response to sub-maximal cycling and nutritional supplementation with the active ingredient Larginine. DBP was significant at 90 min and 120 min only in trial 4. A multivariate analysis was conducted to determine the predictive factors of positive exercise stage change. Trial 1 consisted of placebo and repeated blood pressure measurements during rest. diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Current theories applied to understand exercise behavior. An integration of both sections of the thesis leads to the conclusion that illness factors are at the root of exercise stage change. We conclude that exercise. and moderate support was found for the theories of planned behavior and self-efficacy. M.A. need to reconsider how the impact of a chronic illness. 3. 2001. independently and in combination.

and peak walking time). and norepinephrine. Total. FG subjects did not participate in greater amounts of LTPA and were not in more active stages of change as compared to the CG subjects.e. immediately after. They also recorded PMS symptoms (daily) and depression symptoms (twice per cycle) during the exercise program. However there was a finding in the evaluation of BMI (p=0. John. The signed rank order data yielded one significant relationship for the pre.to posttest. From the bloods drawn during the testing sessions. and β endorphins in women diagnosed with PMS.05) revealed no significant differences between the baseline and 12-month follow-up evaluations for any of the physical fitness attributes in either group of subjects.and post-results were compared to determine rate of change. The two exceptions showed either no change or no symptoms. based on this data. (85pp 1f $6. (3) the change in PE2 ratio correlated with pre β endorphin and pre-estrogen values. Stage of change between the two groups was analyzed and a chi-square analysis showed no significant association (p>0. Association between participation in a university personal physical fitness course on leisure-time physical activity and stage of change in college women.. The effect of aerobic exercise on women with PMS. then with other data from the VO2max test.05) between the FG and CG. (4) the change in β endorphin correlated with pre-estrogen values.D. 1990. M. norepinephrine. and vigorous LTPA between the two groups were examined and independent t-tests showed no significant differences (p>0.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon independent setting (n=5). Student’s t was used to test the differences in the means for selected values pre.00) HE 751 The purpose of this study was to compare leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) participation and stage of change between college women who completed a university personal physical fitness (PPF) course the previous semester (fitness group) and college women who never participated in a university PPF course (control group). 3. Spurlock. A daily self-report was kept by the subjects to verify PMS symptoms and to evaluate changes within the syndrome and with the other data from the VO2max test and the hormone levels.S. i. University of Southern California (Robert Wiswell). Pierce). There was a significant relationship in the signed rank data of pre. grip-strength. most decreased with one no change and one no depression symptoms. and blood drawing for analysis of hormones 20 minutes prior to. Within the limitations of this study. and the self-reports of symptoms. The pre.05 for the third cycle. For the exercise program the subjects were required to do aerobic exercise for a minimum of 30 minutes three to four times per week. A descriptive approach was utilized to determine the differences between data taken prior to and following a ten-week exercise training program. and post-values.071) that suggested bodyweight management was better for those subjects who participated in the structured exercise program. progesterone. (127pp 2f $12. Because of the small N there were trends but no significant differences for the student’s t tests between the means pre. and blood levels of estrogen. Further research with larger sample sizes is needed to substantiate these findings. The following tests were administered to each subject: resting and exercising EKG. The specific statistical tests used in the analysis of the data were descriptive statistics. moderate. the Pearson correlation coefficients to determine the relationship between selected variables for raw scores and on selected variables for the rate of change with pre-test values. All subjects except two showed a decrease in depression symptoms. The same tests were administered in the pre-test and post-test sessions. lower back/hamstring flexibility.05) between the FG and CG. (2) anxiety scores with the depression scores from both selfreports (Abraham and Zung).to post-test for any variable. METs. progesterone. or between pre-values for the dropouts vs the subjects who completed the study. and (5) the change in estrogen correlated with preestrogen values. values were determined for estrogen. These values were compared with each other.05) as well as a strong correlation between the Abraham PMTD scores and the Zung depression index which ranged from p≤. and 20 minutes after exercise. 37 . 2. Ph. St. maximal stress test on a treadmill.to post-test values for PMS depression. Therefore. The physical fitness attributes examined were functional capacity (estimated peak VO2. The fitness group (FG) (n=44) and control group (CG) (n=44) were comprised of college females (18-26 years) who volunteered for this study. Paired samples t-tests (p>0. and waist-to-hip ratio. body mass index (BMI). β endorphin.. Slippery Rock University (P. 2002. Wendy E. Pualani.. There were correlations between increases in P/E2 ratio and β endorphin values (p≤. peak HR.to post-test values for depression measured by the Abraham PMS rating scale. Significant correlations determined by the Pearson product moment correlation for the raw data were: (1) progesterone and estrogen with depression symptoms. Within each group there was no significant change in the physical fitness variables evaluated twelve months after the completion of this three-month cardiac rehabilitation program. the following conclusions seem justified: 1.00) HE 756 This study was designed to determine the effect of a tenweek aerobic training period on PMS symptoms. A maximal walking treadmill graded exercise test was administered with a stress EKG to determine pre-values. the aerobic prescription. The null hypothesis was not rejected as there was no significant increase in the P/E2 ratio or in reduction of symptoms.01 first two cycles to p≤ . depression symptoms.

and 6. these measurements significantly decreased (p<0. La Crosse (J. There was a significant difference (p<0. as well 38 . Matt. Brachial artery diameter and velocity of blood flow after hyperemia during the six hours following consumption of cranberry juice. Measurements were repeated at hours 2. The relationship between organizational culture and job satisfaction of employees in park and recreation departments. The role of social support and self-efficacy in influencing moderate leisure time physical activity among African American women. They fasted 9 hours prior to the study.S. and brochures. Results indicated that the women surveyed participated in little structured leisure time physical activity. and 1 and 2 minutes after cuff removal. Sightseeing was the primary reason provided for visiting the area. depression.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Weise. osteoarthritis. Wu. and the average minutes of daily leisure time physical activity participation ranged from 9 to 14 minutes. maximum flow. several cancers. (119pp 2f $12.00) RC 559 The study was designed to examine the relationship between organizational culture and job satisfaction of fulltime employees in park and recreation departments.00) HE 748 The effects of cranberry juice consumption on brachial artery diameter and velocity of blood flow were investigated. family and friend social support for moderate leisure time physical activity. It was determined that approximately 75 percent of La Crosse visitors were from 8 market regions. University of Wisconsin. Eighty-five percent of visitors stayed in a hotel. 2000 market survey of La Crosse tourists & visitors. M. Springfield College (Matthew Pentera). and were given half of a plain bagel to eat.00) RC 560 A market survey of the La Crosse area (Wisconsin) was performed to determine the latest trends in visitors to the La Crosse region. a large proportion of Americans do not engage in regular physical activity... the 1-800 number. prior to testing. 2002. which is much less than the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends. In general. Less than half of the women reported participating in daily physical activity. particularly in the African American community. Carey L. risk for coronary heart disease. A group of 240 volunteers were actively recruited to complete a 45-item questionnaire at community health centers and churches. velocity of blood flow values. diabetes mellitus.001) and self-efficacy (p≤0. as the most important attraction/activity. mean arterial pressure. Their perceptions of the ideal location and duration for a structured physical activity educational program were also obtained. (59pp 1f $6. after which participants drank 3 mL/kg of pure cranberry juice.S. 75. Any intervention for this community must build on these constructs. Baseline measurements were collected.001) were found to be significant and the most important predictors for physical activity and accounted for 25 percent of the variance in amount of physical activity. Omaha (Manoj Sharma).. and self-efficacy for moderate leisure time physical activity. Ultrasound and Doppler flow methods were used to measure brachial artery diameter using a longitudinal (M-mode) and crosssectional technique at pre-cuff and 2 minutes after cuff removal. 2001. Sargent. This problem is prevalent in low-income minority women. M. friends and family. and resistance between the control and CBJ groups at any time. Social support from friends (p≤0. and the self-efficacy for specific leisure time physical activities had on duration of leisure-time physical activity in a community-based sample of African American women in a Midwestern city. Leslie A. fruit juices.5 percent of respondents had actually visited the La Crosse area. University of Wisconsin. different types of social support. The instrument was designed to measure the women’s weekly minutes of physical activity. and from supplements for 5 days. Finding new ways to attract winter visitors to increase profit margins was a key recommendation for future marketing. Gender difference in job satisfaction was also investigated. 2001.S. Velocity of blood flow was measured at pre-cuff. This study aimed to examine the extent social support of family. M. There were four primary sources respondents used for making travel plans: the Internet. or 3 mL/kg of an isocaloric sugar water mixture (control). RECREATION AND LEISURE Rusch. Subjects were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n=6) or a control group (n=7). (119pp 2f $12.00) RC 561 Physical activity behaviors are important for reduction in overall mortality rates.. Arimond). and the average driving distance was 191 miles. Arterial blood pressure was measured with a manual sphygmomanometer. 4. osteoporosis. Porcari). or calcium-channel blockers for 24 hours. with 70 percent of visitors coming between the months of June and October. Of those. University of Nebraska. Subjects refrained from alcohol. Yet.S. 2001. and obesity. friends. Study participants also recommended that interventions in this community should be conducted for at least one year through a local community center. M. hypertension. La Crosse (G. The primary purpose of the study was to acquire visitor market information and compare it with the previous 1998 study. (48pp 1f $6. Winter visitation in the La Crosse area is severely lacking. Cheng-Chieh.05) between the cross-sectional and M-mode method. Subjects were aged 40-69 years with documented cardiovascular disease. There were no significant differences in diameter values.05) over time. A visitor survey insert card placed in the 2000 Area Visitor and Information Guide provided a sample of 608 useable surveys.

1971). adhocracy. To date. no significant (p>. (136pp 2f $12. although based.D. Choking. only difficult problems that had not been highly practiced showed performance decrements. such as golf putting. Feltz and Thomas Carr). Ph. 2003.302). or 50 times each.341). participants performed MA problems once. This contrast suggests a taxonomy of skills based on the nature and representation of their control structures. proceduralized sensorimotor skills do not possess the right task control structures to choke according to distraction theories (Allport. The impact of the manipulation was examined for its effect on adherence to the program. market culture (r=-. on explicitly accessible declarative knowledge (Beilock.05) relationships were found between job satisfaction and clan culture (r=.05) difference in job satisfaction was found between male and female full-time employees. may not demand the type of processing and information storage that make a task susceptible to choking via distraction. 1997. 2001. the experimental group was sworn to perform the promised behavior. performance pressure does not appear to have a negative impact on novice sensorimotor skills at all (Beilock & Carr. Effects of vow-making on adherence to a 12-week personal fitness program. Well-learned. they agreed to “exercise three days per week for 12 weeks and beyond at the YMCA. market.237). Wierenga.” Once making the decision to participate. attention. the commitment group signed a written commitment to perform the promised behavior. In Exp. Beilock & Carr. Similar to Exp. complex cognitive tasks not based on an automated or proceduralized skill representation. the extant choking literature has solely utilized sensorimotor skills as a test bed. Performance pressure is defined as an anxious desire to perform at a high level (Hardy. and whether the vow-based intervention had an impact on prediction by the TPB constructs. the study examined Ajzen & Fishbein’s Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). unpracticed sensorimotor skills. 2001. significant (p<. only difficult problems with large on-line working memory demands choked. 2002). and Carr. 3 further explored these performance failures both early and late in learning. Antonis. distraction theories propose that pressure creates a dual-task situation in which skill execution and performance worries vie for the attentional capacity once devoted solely to primary task performance (Lewis & Linder. and the control group did not experience any form of commitment. Prochaska’s Transtheoretical Model and the effect of the vow-based intervention on self-efficacy and temptation. 2001. 2001). Conversely. Ph. Exp. Based on statistical analysis. PSYCHOLOGY Beilock. Additionally. and hierarchy) and job satisfaction. 2 demonstrated that these pressureinduced failures only occurred for the most difficult and capacity demanding unpracticed equations.108). It remains an open possibility.05) different from zero (r=. Indeed. For 77 park and recreation employees. then. University of Louisville (John C. 1996). Sian L. self-efficacy. Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory. Beilock & Carr. Birkimer).Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients were computed between the four types of organizational cultures (clan. The relationship between adhocracy culture and job satisfaction was not significantly (p>. 4. in which the data have uniformly supported explicit monitoring rather than distraction theories (Beilock & Carr.D. However. 1984. 1984. and theory of planned behavior constructs. 1972). in part. Michigan State University (Deborah L. or performing more poorly than expected given one’s level of skill. Wine. Mullen..00) PSY 2275 This work explored the cognitive mechanisms underlying pressure-induced performance decrements. (135pp 2f $12. that choking may occur via the mechanisms proposed by distraction theories in certain tasks—for example. Subjects were members of the YMCA who decided to participate in the Twelve-Week Personal Fitness Program. Again. Furthermore. I demonstrated that performance decrements in difficult. 1997). Self-focus or explicit monitoring theories of choking suggest that pressure induced performance decrements result from the explicit monitoring and control of proceduralized knowledge that is best run off as an uninterrupted and unanalyzed structure (Baumeister. This outcome contrasts with sensorimotor skills. Lewis & Linder. tends to occur in situations fraught with performance pressure (Baumeister. and Marlatt’s Relapse Prevention Model and the 39 . Female and male full-time employees in park and recreation departments in Massachusetts and Connecticut reported similar scores in job satisfaction. As participants in the program. These findings support distraction theories of choking in the domain of mathematical problem solving. 1997). these failures were limited to problems early in practice when capacity-demanding rule-based solution algorithms governed performance. Lewis & Linder. and performance under pressure. 1992). Mark L. Lewis & Linder. Exp. & Jones. Masters. 2001. explicit monitoring theories have accounted quite well for the choking phenomenon (see Appendix A and B). and hierarchy culture (r=-. Dean.00) PSY 2267 The effect of swearing a vow to perform an agreed behavior on the actual performance of the behavior was examined by survey and an experimental manipulation of 174 subjects. 1997. unpracticed MA problems occurred under high pressure conditions. followed by a high pressure test.. When performance fails: expertise. Exp. & Reynolds. and whether the vow-based intervention had an impact on predictions of adherence by exercise selfefficacy. 2. Four experiments examined performance under pressure in the mathematical problem solving task of modular arithmetic (MA). whose questionnaires were usable. Furthermore. twice.

heart disease... Accordingly. interest. as measured by consecutive weeks of three exercise sessions without relapse. This was opposite to the expected CI effect and was attributed to the high number of acquisition trials providing enough time for the learning benefits of the interference to be realized. For hypothesis 2. as well as enhancing overall psychological well-being. requiring participants to concurrently verbalize a compatible or incompatible counting pattern while performing a bimanual coordination pattern. Thus. The significance of exercise as a health related activity that benefits the whole person (mentally and physically) has brought to the fore a need to address motivational issues related to adopting and maintaining regular physical activity. University of Rochester (Craig R. Experiment 1 involved comparison of acquisition.. it is hypothesized that individuals who experience more internal forms of motivation (e. Examination of the sound data provided information regarding anchoring strategies of participants. No significant group effects were found in acquisition. Ed. and it has been shown to be a stable. task and ego). there was a learning effect on the opposite. intrinsic and extrinsic). although initially detrimental to acquisition. Acquisition data showed both random and control groups outperformed the blocked group in performance of the coordination pattern. a more difficult practice environment. Numerous studies have investigated contextual interference. obesity). M. research into motivation for participation into physical activity holds great potential for guiding not only medical practice..e. subjects in the vow condition did demonstrate greater adherence than those in the other conditions. Specifically. For hypothesis 1. suggesting interference of a second task may be as beneficial to learning as extra practice on the initial task.. 1985) and goal orientation (Nicholls. as well as persistence in and adherence to participation in physical activity. 2002. No group effects were found during transfer performance. Retention data did show a typical CI effect for one dependent measure. This was attributed to insufficient interference caused by the counting patterns. The investigation focuses on the following research questions in relationship to participation in physical activity: a) why do people participate in physical activities such as sport and exercise? b) what are the psychological outcomes associated with such participation? c) how do form of motivation and goal orientation influence persistence in and adherence to the activity ? and d) is there a significant relationship between form of motivation and goal orientation. Maslovat. Typical CI experimental paradigms involve the comparison of acquisition. to determine if CI effects could be generalized to other forms of interference. An investigation into the relationship among motives for participation. and psychological outcomes in tennis players.S. Barclay). Contextual inference [interference]: single-task versus multi-task learning and influence of concurrent temporal interference.00) PSY 2269 A great deal of evidence has been amassed which supports the efficacy of participation in regular physical activity as a means of reducing the risks of some debilitating health conditions (e. Results failed to demonstrate that subjects in either the experimental or commitment group exhibited greater exercise adherence as measured by total sessions attended or by graduation from the fitness program. The design of the study is hypothesis dependent.e. Analysis of the retention data did provide weak support for a concurrent 2-count pattern providing more interference than a concurrent 4-count pattern. actually benefits learning of the skill. perhaps due to anchoring strategies of the participants. The present study is an investigation into the relationship between motives for participation in physical activity. Denise. and psychological outcomes such as perceived happiness. and transfer performance. goal orientation. retention. Neither two-task group significantly outperformed the control group. Dana. however. the design is represented as a 2x2 model: kind of motivation x kind of goal orientation. but also educational and therapeutic practice. However. University of British Columbia (Ian Franks). unpracticed coordination pattern. Scanning data did show a significant improvement in performance of the to-be-learned task as well as the symmetrical bimanual coordination pattern. (124pp 2f $12. 40 . Experiment 2 examined an alternate form of interference. the design is represented by two levels of a single independent variable: kind of goal orientation (i.g. or transfer performance. two-task blocked presentation group. and who are more task than ego oriented. and a two-task random presentation group. enjoyment) for engaging in physical activity. robust phenomenon. and vitality. with the random group significantly outperforming the blocked group. (171pp 2f $12.D. retention and transfer performance of multiple tasks under a blocked acquisition schedule (low interference) versus a random acquisition schedule (high interference). the overall design is represented by two levels of a single independent variable: kind of motivation (i.. For Hypothesis 3. goal orientation associated with such participation. more research in the area of concurrent temporal interference is required to determine possible interference effects. Theories of motivation (Deci & Ryan. in support of previous studies.00) PSY 2263 Contextual interference (CI) is a learning effect whereby high interference practice conditions produce decreased acquisition performance yet increased retention. perceived life satisfaction. However. retention and transfer performance of a single-task control group. will report higher levels of positive well-being and be more likely to adhere to and persist in the activity. 2001. Two studies involving bimanual coordination were conducted to further examine the contextual interference effect. 1989) are discussed as a basis for the study.g. Kuebel.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon impact of the vow manipulation on the abstinence violation effect.

particularly the facet anxiety. Future studies examining other aspects of youth peer relationships in sport are needed to explore their effects on sport related affect. Implications of this study will be discussed. and sport enjoyment in predicting motivation to participate in sport among young adolescent female sport participants.S. indicating that participants enjoy sport and are highly motivated to continue playing. Understanding sport participation motivation in early adolescent females: the role of friendship and physical self-perceptions.00) PSY 2273 Competitive trait anxiety has been relatively under-studied in comparison to its by-product. Isaac. 2002. the Sport Friendship Quality Scale (Weiss & Smith.05) difference was found on Health Pressures.05) main effect was found between pre-test and posttest wall sit times. No significant (p>. (141pp 2f $12.05) interactions were found. This study did not provide strong support for a predictive role of sport friendship quality and physical self perceptions in predicting sport enjoyment and motivation. as determined by the SOES (Cardinal. Regarding main effects. Ruiz. Leah. 1997) and the Stages of Exercise Scale (SOES. A path analysis of two models of participation motivation found that neither model fit the data well. A sample of 76 males and 76 females between the ages of 35 and 55 were studied. Imagery and discomfort during a muscular endurance task. athletic competence and attractiveness perceptions. 1993). but also made determining predictors and outcomes of these variables difficult. Results indicate that competitive trait anxiety was significantly explained by the trait of neuroticism. with athletic competence perceptions making a minor contribution. No significant (p>. 2002. The lack of variance on enjoyment and motivation variables greatly limited the ability of this study to determine predictors and outcomes of sport enjoyment and motivation.S. Implications of the current study are that different imagery training methods may not influence discomfort tolerance. The purpose of the study was to better understand competitive trait anxiety in a sample of college athletes by examining its properties in conjunction with a comprehensive personality taxonomy: the Five-Factor Model. 2002. The participants were asked to complete the Exercise Motivation Inventory-2 (EMI-2.05) main effects were found for training groups or for imagery ability groups for wall sit times. Carpenter.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon McDonough. global self-worth. 1985). 1997) and between adherers and non-adherers. Motivation and adherence to exercise in adults. Correlational and multiple regression analysis suggested that self-worth was predicted primarily by physical attractiveness perceptions. Matthew D. 1999). Female non-adherers had significantly (p<.S. or for a model where self esteem is a separate outcome of antecedents of motivation. (105pp 2f $12. & Russell. state anxiety. 1993).00) PSY 2259 The study was conducted to determine differences in motivation as functions of exercise adherence status and gender.. differences in mean pre-test and posttest wall sit times were calculated for the three imagery training groups and both imagery ability classifications. specifically in relation to gender. Ricciuti. M. Springfield College (Mimi Murray).. Participants completed the athletic competence. no significant (p>. Sport enjoyment and intention to return means were very high and the distributions highly skewed. A significant interaction was found for the subscales Weight Management and Appearance. physical attractiveness. the sport enjoyment and sport commitment subscales of the Sport Commitment Model (Scanlan.. (129pp 2f $12. Schmidt.05) higher motivation than non-adherers on all but one subscale. M. (141pp 2f $12.05) higher motivation than male non-adherers on these subscales. Competitive trait anxiety in relation to the fivefactor model of personality. adherers had significantly (p<.. & Keeler. and self-worth. Sport enjoyment was partially predicted by having things in common with one’s best sport friend. Meghan H. Loyola College in Maryland (Jenny L. Using a 2x3x2 mixed factorial analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures on pre-test and posttest wall sit times. M. Males had significantly 41 . Two hundred and twenty-nine female team sport participants between the ages of eleven and fourteen participated in this study. No relationship was found between selfworth and sport enjoyment. David P. Model modification procedures were undertaken to find a more parsimonious model and to identify potential relationships for future research. Rubin. 1986) was used to classify participants with regard to their imagery ability into high and moderate imagery ability groups. University of British Columbia (Peter Crocker). Marks. 1993).00) PSY 2258 Male and female college students (N=78) from physical education skills classes volunteered to participate in a study designed to determine if pre-test and post-test differences existed between the amount of discomfort participants were able to endure using three different imagery coping methods.A. A 2x2 factorial analysis of variance was computed to determine gender differences on the subscales of the EMI-2 (Markland & Ingledew. Lowry). Cardinal. M.00) PSY 2264 The purpose of this study was to examine the role of sport friendship quality. Simons. and two items assessing intention to return to the present sport and to sport in general. No significant (p>. Markland & Ingledew. and self-worth subscales of the SelfPerception Profile for Children (Harter. rather than a mediating variable. 2002. motivation. Springfield College (Mimi Murray). Sport enjoyment predicted sport commitment and intentions to return. The Vividness of Movement Imagery Questionnaire (VMIQ.

and transcend. M. mental awareness and development. The content analysis identified 496 raw data descriptors and 76 raw data responses. (118pp 2f $12. trauma symptoms and trait anxiety (but without a self-focused temperament) reported eating disorder behaviors. Based on the results of this study. (52pp 1f $6. transient moments. Challenge.S. Self-efficacy and prior exercise experience in relationship to exercise adherence in beginning yoga classes. and has been found to be an important construct in psychopathology. insights. and self-integration were explored in the study to understand spiritual existence and its influence in achieving athletic excellence. depression. the athletes’ responses elucidated spirituality as an underlying component of achieving personal and athletic excellence. However. through specific elements of sports. Wilson. an attentional tuning toward information relevant to the self.. Some of the athletes also expressed spirituality as being in the moment and aware of self. Ph. A secondary purpose of this study was to investigate the phenomena of spirituality in relation with athletic experiences in a qualitative fashion. To achieve these goals. (177pp 2f $12. Self-focused attention has been linked to many psychological constructs including alcoholism. Spirituality and the athletic experiences of elite track athletes. vulnerability or environmentally and socially influenced tendency to engage in self-focused attentional strategies. Western Washington University (Ralph Vernacchia). Dispositional factors such as self-esteem. emotions. participants reported exercise addiction. are normal processes. inhibiting. the essence of spirituality as related to athletic experiences among elite track athletes. Participants scoring higher in public self-consciousness. and spirit intertwined as one.00) PSY 2274 In addition to striving for excellence through body and mind connection.05) higher motivation than females on Enjoyment. A large community sample was used to test and refine a path model and a second sample replicated the refined model. 2002. M. 543). prior exercise experience and exercise adherence in a community sample of beginning yoga students.S. along with a self-focused temperament. body. Thus. this study utilized an inductive content analysis of athlete case interviews. embracing the whole self. University of Memphis (Michael Hamrick). The use of self-focused attention and exercise as escape in those with traumatic personal history. Hamilton and Nix (1991) recently concluded that “careful study of the role played by such processes in particular disorders that take into account the diversity of dispositional and situational factors that are likely to lead to such problems” is needed (p. If they were also high in public self-consciousness. anxiety and a tendency toward selfevaluation or rumination have been linked to increased self-attention. including substance abuse. and sport helps develop the human spirit by deepening and purifying the spirit. Catherine C. Greenberg. and Competition. and external influences. Research on situational factors has suggested that environment may influence the development of attentional strategies and coping skills. bingeing and depression (see Ingram. For some. concentration. Social Recognition. need for control. transform.00) PSY 2270 Self-bias. Veit-Hartley. commitment.. Interventions targeted towards those at risk may work to prevent the cycle of addictive behaviors before it begins. self-realization/self-development. attendance goals. little research is available on spirituality and athletic experiences. The in-depth interviews of 10 elite distance runners consisted of probing questions regarding the athletes’ perception. the purpose of this study was to investigate. self-analyze and get anxious if his or her attentional resources were not constantly consumed. Pyszczynski. Thirty-two subjects completed a survey packet that assessed prior exercise experience. 2001. however. 2002. a new construct was proposed and termed “self-focused temperament”: a predisposition. Elements such as awareness. self-trust. would be correlated with unproductive coping and addictive behaviors.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon (p<. Specific hypotheses were developed concerning personality and experience factors which. and defeating. attentional tuning toward internally generated information about the self. Those who scored higher in private self-consciousness and had a selffocused temperament reported using mental disengagement and substance abuse. People who reported more trauma symptoms and higher trait anxiety were most likely to report unproductive coping strategies. exists the athlete’s spirit to evolve. Elizabeth R. Sylvia. and exercise self- 42 . and self focus. Spirituality exists in human nature. 1990. Eighty percent of the athletes described spirituality as having the mind.00) PSY 2272 This study examined the relationships among self-efficacy. Active coping was related to high self esteem (negatively correlated with trait anxiety and trauma symptoms) and private self-consciousness. and thoughts of spirituality and its connection with their pursuit for excellence. Someone with a self-focused temperament would tend to worry. Most importantly. these usually helpful techniques can become distracting. University of Louisville (John Birkimer). motivational differences to exercise are expected between male and female adherers and non-adherers. acknowledging one’s true being and existence. This research has implications for identifying those at risk for unproductive coping.D. which raised the following 8 emergent themes: personal excellence/self-actualization. eating disorder behaviors and exercise addiction.. Spievak. for review). Based on attention and self-focus research. An experimen- tal manipulation in Study 2 supported the path model results. spiritual integration and growth.

University of Oregon (Marjorie H. immediately post. and parental physical activity. (201pp 3f $18.00) PSY 2261 Stroke is the leading cause of disability among adults in the United States. Ph. and unequal distance bimanual elbow extension movements of 10 and 50 degrees indicated the level of influence seen in movement planning. equal distance bimanual. age. The purpose of this study was to test if the intensive massed practice intervention (six hours/day for two consecutive weeks) could significantly improve balance function post-stroke. significant relationships between self-efficacy and adherence. The data revealed nine demonstrations of improved balance performance at five points in time.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon efficacy. and the extent to which the limbs interact and influence each other during movement preparation and production. and parental physical activity in children with mild mental retardation (MMR). and attendance goals and actual attendance. Significant correlations were found between prior exercise experience and adherence. Ulrich & Collier. 2002. University of British Columbia (Ian Franks). Statistical tests (Pearson product-moment correlation.29 seconds during maintenance. Further exploration of the relationship between self efficacy and adherence in a mind-body context is recommended. and parental physical activity. Contrary to expectations. MOTOR LEARNING AND CONTROL Adomaitis. Participants consisted of 112 children from 8 to 11 years of age with MMR who attend special schools for students with MR in Korea.D.51 seconds during baseline to 1. The Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire (GLTEQ. An intensive massed practice approach to re-training balance post-stroke. were not found. This experiment focused upon the effect of symmetric and asymmetric bimanual movements of short and long distances performed simultaneously. Probe tests consisted of giving standing subjects six backward perturbations on a force platform and were conducted periodically throughout the three phases of the study design: baseline. Differences between the EMG patterns of unimanual. and their parents. but we need to provide an opportunity for greater amounts of practice. Results indicated that there was a high level of influence during movement planning and execu- 43 . the data regarding perceived physical competence and actual motor competence of children with MMR have implications for adapted physical educators or special education teachers to develop a more effective physical education program or curriculum for instruction in basic motor skills. MANOVA.45 ±. Falls are highly prevalent and a significant source of complications post-stroke.35±. The ability of the subjects to recover from a balance threat improved. Current stroke rehabilitation techniques can be effective. gender. Michigan State University (Crystal F. Second Edition (TGMD-2. Ph. training. gender.00) PSY 2276 The purposes of this study were to investigate the relationship of perceived physical competence and actual motor competence relative to age. Clinical tests also were administered. Intensive massed practice of standard physical therapy produced significant results in balance re-training with patients poststroke. 1990) were the instruments used to assess the perceived physical competence and actual motor competence of participant children. and maintenance. This study suggests that applying Harter’s theory (1978) to children with MMR results in similar findings with regard to the relationship between perceived and actual physical competence and parental influence on perceived physical competence. The Test of Gross Motor Development. but there were not effects of age and interaction of gender. Woollacott).S. and ANOVA) were performed at the . 2003. goal directed bimanual movements. and three months post-training. More extensive platform balance tests were conducted prior to.. Perceived physical and actual motor competence in Korean children with mild mental retardation: relationship to age. 1985) was used to assess leisure time physical activity of participant parents.. t-test. Paul. Bimanual limb interaction. Branta). while differences in kinematic measures indicated the level of interaction during movement production.D. Attendance records were tracked for five weeks. Kim. and further still to 1. From this study. (186pp 2f $12. 2000) and the Pictorial Scale for Perceived Physical Competence for Children with Mental Retardation (PSPPCCMR. M. specifically interaction in response to a movement blocking perturbation.581±. Ulrich. A single-subject multiple baseline design across subjects with probes was utilized with ten subjects with chronic stroke disability. and self-efficacy and prior exercise experience. Time to recover balance (stabilization of the center of pressure) in response to a platform perturbation was calculated.23 seconds during training. Nagelkerke. The results of this study indicated that the relationship between perceived physical competence and actual motor competence in children with MMR was statistically significant. Laura G. There were significant effects of gender and parental physical activity on perceived physical competence and actual motor competence.00) PSY 2265 In this study I investigated the level of neurological interaction between two limbs performing fast. 2002..05 alpha level. This research study tested the efficacy of standard physical therapy (based on the task-oriented approach) delivered in a massed practice paradigm. with mean times to stabilization decreasing from a mean of 2. Godin & Shephard. Ji-Tae. (183pp 2f $12.

Ed. In addition. 1994. whereas extraretinal information concerning eye motion contributes to target velocity related aspects.. Paul. and the self-perceptions they have regarding their ability and belonging need to be considered (Allen 2001a. Lee). Once movement was initiated each limb operated independently..D. (141pp 2f $12. Taken together. hand movements were more smoothly coordinated if the aberrant eye movements were restricted. 1980. Maehr & Nicholls. Krista C. Blocking the intended movement of one limb had no effect on movement production of the other limb. were investigated in three experiments in which natural. The latency of these responses to the onset of target motion was dependent on the velocity of the target.00) PSY 2268 Developing physical competence and gaining acceptance are primary reasons for youth sport participation (Weiss & Ferrer-Caja. and 13 were in the 7-9 age group. G. in the interception task. In particular. 2002. Purdue University (Lavon Williams). 2002.e.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon tion. the personal meaning young athletes give to physical competence and social belonging (i. and video recordings of performance. in the interception task this manipulation led to significant increases in the variability of endpoint error. M. resulting in highly symmetric EMG patterns. (90pp 1f $6. 2001a). The relationship between motivational orientations and motivation-related outcomes. subjects pointed further ahead of the target when eye movements were not allowed. whereas few researchers have considered the relationship between social-related orientations and motivation-related outcomes (Allen. (115pp 2f $12. as well as of retinal and extraretinal signals. The potential sites within the central nervous system where these interactions may occur are discussed. Modifications to the procedure for administering the TGMD included visual demonstrations. Similarly. 2001). but no detectable interaction between the two limbs during movement execution. The results of the study indicated no significant differences in motor development between deaf children of deaf parents and deaf children of hearing parents. cognitive. The majority of researchers studying motivational orientations have focused on physical-related orientations (see Duda & Hall. the use of signing to communicate instructions. State University of New York. these results suggest that retinal information associated with vision of the hand contributes to those aspects of hand movement related to the position of the target. however. M. To promote positive youth sport experiences. Lori A. 16 were in the 4-6 age group. hand gain (hand velocity/target velocity) was substantially increased in the tracking task during visual fixation. differences in motor development. Specifically. These characteristics are analogous to those observed for eye movements produced under similar conditions. van Donkelaar. the initial trajectory of the hand was independent of target velocity when this variable was unpredictable from trial to trial. Brockport (Lauren Lieberman). A comparison of the motor development of deaf children of deaf parents and hearing parents. Removing vision of the hand caused increases in positional error but did not influence target velocity matching performance in the tracking task. The fact that this interaction is a negative one when eye and hand movements are disrupted suggests that the converse may be the case under normal circumstances. displaying characteristic EMG patterns for unblocked movements and modified EMG patterns due to sensory feedback of a blocked movement. The interaction between motivational orientations such as physical-related (task and ego) and social-related (affiliation and validation) orientations and self-perceptions are thought to explain why some individuals are more effortful and satisfied than others. information associated with oculomotor and manual motor output may contribute to the high degree accuracy observed in the opposing system. A simple model which assumes that latency is composed of a target velocity dependent threshold time and a subsequent processing time accurately accounted for the data. This study was designed to compare the motor development of 14 deaf children of deaf parents and 15 deaf children of hearing parents. Restricting eye motion caused subjects to overestimate target velocity. 2002). Nicholls.. are not known between the two groups. their motivational orientations).S. The Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD) was used to assess the motor development of 29 participants who attended two schools for students who are deaf. University of Calgary (R. multijoint tracking and interception movements produced with the hand were directed towards moving targets. or the moderating role of self-perceptions in the relationship between 44 . Ph. Manual and oculomotor control during tracking and interception tasks: normal characteristics and deficits due to cerebellar dysfunction. and social skills are known to exist between deaf children of deaf parents and of hearing parents. 1989). The normal deficits that are observed in the eye and hand movements of such subjects were exacerbated during the combined motions of these effectors. The 11 girls and 18 boys were 4-9 years old.00) PSY 2266 Differences in linguistic. In contrast. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Hammond. In particular. Volding.00) PSY 2271 The contributions of visual motion processing. The interaction between signals associated with eye and hand motion was investigated by having subjects with cerebellar dysfunction perform the tracking and interception tasks under these conditions. and vice versa..

Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon orientations and motivation-related outcomes (Cury et al. Participants consisted of 332 alpine ski racers and 345 coaches. and (3) compare athletes’ perceptions of coaches’ behavior to the coaches’ perceptions of their own leadership behaviors. Bem. perceived competence. (2) athletes were found to be high in task-orientation and slightly lower in ego-orientation. Meyer. masterful. Additionally. Covey & Feltz.17) completed sport-specific measures assessing motivational orientations. 1997. assertive. Leadership effects were classified into two dimensions: performance and motivational. SD=1. The purposes of this study were to examine 1) the relationships among motivational orientations. and high occurrence levels of training and instruction and positive feedback behaviors as perceived by athletes and coaches. and autocratic behavior by coaches was a predictor of athletes’ ego-orientation. leadership efficacy. and task orientations feel more satisfied when they interact with others. Future research should examine leadership over the entire course of the season in order to assess the emergent patterns that may occur. Sarrazin et al.. Perceptions of mastery motivational climate also demonstrated a consistent and significant relationship with leadership skills in sport. and less satisfied when they achieve their personal standards than athletes lower in ego and validation and higher in task and affiliation orientations. The findings indicate that knowledge of the personal meaning athletes hold for competence and belonging can provide a greater understanding of their sport experience. task self-efficacy. and a modified version of the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire (M-PMCSQ-2. (200pp 3f $18. T.00) PSY 2262 The purpose of this investigation was to examine the motivational and self-regulatory mechanisms of leadership in collegiate rowers. shows concern for others. and (4) the theoretical constructs of transformational and charismatic leadership 45 . a modified version of the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (M-TEOSQ.e.48 yrs. and 3) the moderating role of perceived belonging in the relationship between motivational orientations and motivation-related outcomes. and (5) whether these constructs can be related to leadership perceptions. 2000). feel more satisfied when they out-perform.g.. and attain personal standards than those lower in social and task orientations. perceived effort. 1989) was used to determine coaches’ behavior. (2) understand coaches’ perceptions of their own behaviors. athletes higher in ego and validation and lower in task and affiliation orientations perceive themselves as less effortful. Rowers completed a demographic questionnaire.. The Leadership Scale for Sports (LSS) (Chelladurai. (243pp 3f $18. Ph. confident. and may lead a boat toward a successful performance outcome. M. the results of the hierarchical multiple regressions failed to support the moderating role of self-perceptions. & Yin. Michigan State University (Deborah L. perceived effort. Team sport athletes (M=16. James L. Successful performance outcome was operationalized as an improved race time or winning a race. Specifically. and satisfaction. Leadership perceptions and achievement motivation in sport. A social cognitive perspective of motivational and self-regulatory mechanisms of leadership in female collegiate rowers. receive recognition.. is competent. 1974. Magyar. Newton. athletes who reported greater leader goal orientation and leadership efficacy obtained higher scores on leader effectiveness from their teammates.00) PSY 2277 The purposes of this research were to (1) understand perceptions elite and non-elite athletes hold toward coaching behaviors. and satisfaction.and egoorientation of achievement motivation have utility at the elite and non-elite levels of sport. 1992). The conceptual model was tested using path analysis. validation. 2002. Performance leadership was operationalized as someone who is considered to be the “go to” person. Feltz). Results from this analysis demonstrated that leader goal orientation and leadership efficacy emerged as the strongest predictors of leader effectiveness. Results of a multivariate multiple regression analysis indicated that athletes higher in affiliation. Motivational leadership was operationalized as someone who encourages teammates to stay tough and work through the pain (i. on the erg or during a race). a reduced version of the BemSex Role Inventory (R-BSRI.. (3) democratic behavior by coaches was identified as a predictor of task-orientation in athletes.75). Participants were 367 female intercollegiate rowers ages 18-37 (M=19. Contrary to predictions. Four major results revealed: (1) low occurrence levels of autocratic behavior by coaches as perceived by athletes and coaches. 1995). 1989) was used to assess athletes’ achievement motivation. and the Task and Ego Orientation Questionnaire (TEOSQ) (Duda. Thirteen research questions guided this investigation. Ph.D. and efficacy beliefs (e.. Additionally. this study sought to (4) determine whether the constructs of task.D. 1999. resolves conflict between members of the boat. Gonzaga University (Nancy Isaacson). 1991). Leadership efficacy demonstrated the strongest mediating effect between personal and situational determinants with leader effects. 2) the moderating role of perceived competence in the relationship between motivational orientations and motivation-related outcomes. ANOVA and Multiple Regression were used to analyze the data. acts unselfishly. Duda & Nicholls. Williams & Gill. Findings were largely in concurrence with previous research. 1996. Duda. Regulatory mechanisms of leadership were measured with constructs developed for the purpose of this research to assess leadership skills. perceived belonging. and collective efficacy). or helps teammates calm their nerves before testing and competitions.

and the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Social Support Survey (Sherbourne & Stewart. and suggestions for future research complete the study.05) relationship with any symptoms of stress. Naoko. (118pp 2f $12. depression. and somatization. 46 . English proficiency..05) negative relationship with overall score of stress and Anxiety. English proficiency had no significant (p>. Derogatis. The overall score of social support and other subscales of social support (Tangible. The relationship between stress and social factors of coping in international students. and length of stay in an English speaking country) in international students at Springfield College (Massachusetts). 2000) was used to assess levels of anxiety. discussions. Sato. depression. Depression. Positive Social Interaction.05).S. and somatization) and social factors of coping (social support. The Brief Symptom Inventory 18 (BSI 18. 1991) was distributed to measure levels of social support. which was not statistically significant.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon by coaches appear to be relevant to the athletic domain. A Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was computed to determine the relationship between stress symptoms and social factors of coping. Springfield College (John Smith). Conclusions.00) PSY 2260 The study was designed to assess the relationship between stress symptoms (anxiety. Affectionate. and Emotional/Informational) had a significant (p<. Length of stay was negatively related to only Somatization (p<. 2002. and Somatization with the exception of the relationship between Affectionate Support and Somatization. M.

To find the title of the study as listed in part I of Kinesiology Abstracts. published by the Sport Information Resource Centre (SIRC). those following the dash denote the statistical methods. Users may find these methodological and statistical descriptors helpful in identifying a particular design or statistical prototype for their own research investigations.M. The methods information is followed by the subject code and number for the study. located in Gloucester. Volume 16. M. The study’s subject code is PE 3815. use the author index in the back of the book to find the page number on which the study by D. 47 . (Users should note that British spelling conventions [e. BIOMECHANICS Allen.. The research methods used in the study include Descriptive and Mechanical Analysis techniques. Canada. NO. Studies designed to examine correlations among selected variables in a particular population are classified as surveys. [D.MA-DE. 1 (April 2003). Each title in Part I is indexed using keywords selected and assigned from the Sport Thesaurus.MAV] PE 3815 Biomechanics is one of the keywords of a study by D. The author names are followed by the research and statistical methods used in the study.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon PART II KEYWORDS INDEX for VOLUME 16. M. author names appear several times under different keywords. statistics are Descriptive and Multivariate Analysis of Variance. The keywords appear in alphabetic order and are followed by the author names of the doctoral or master's theses that they refer to. Criteria used to determine whether a study is experimental include the use of a control group and the manipulation of an independent variable or variables. A listing of statistical abbreviations used in this index is found on the following page. behaviour] occasionally appear. Allen. These are contained in brackets—the letters in front of the dash refer to the research methods. Allen is listed. The following example illustrates the elements of each entry.g. Specific abbreviations for research methods and the statistical techniques that were used are listed alphabetically in the table on the following page.) In addition to keywords identifying the content of a study. 1 This index includes keywords for titles published in microfiche format by Kinesiology Publications in Kinesiology Abstracts. No. the major research methods are identified by the statistical technique employed and appear in brackets immediately following the author's name. Because each thesis will have more than one keyword. D.

Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon METHODS A AR C CA CH CI COM D DA E Anthropometry Action Research Case Study Content Analysis Choreography Critical Incident Analysis Comparative Study Descriptive Documentary Analysis Experimental GE H I IA J JA L LR M MA Genetic Historical Interview Item Analysis Jury Job Analysis Laboratory Library Research Model Mechanical Analysis MAN O P Q REV S SD TC Manual Observational Philosophical Questionnaire Review Survey Semantic Differential Test Construction STATISTICS % AC AV AV(F) B BC BON CAN CC CO CQ CS CV DE DEL DisA DU DUN Eta F FA FET FZ G GA GG HA HS HV K Percent Analysis of Covariance Analysis of Variance Analysis of Variance (Friedman) Binomial Biserial Correlation Bonferroni Method Canonical Correlation Contingency Coefficient Cohen’s Coefficient of Agreement Cochran Q Test Chi Square Coefficient of Variation Descriptive Delphi Method Discriminant Analysis Duncan Multiple Regression Dunn Test Curvilinear Correlation Flanagan Procedure Factor Analysis Fisher's Exact Test Fisher's Z Graphic Gamma Method of Association Greenhouse Geisser Conservative Test Hartley’s Method Hull’s Method Homogeneity of Variance Kirk’s Test KC KR KS KW LR LSD MAC MAV MDA MMM MR N NK PA PC PR R RC RD RE RM RPM SB SCH SEE SI SP Coefficient of Consistence Kuder-Richardson Kolmogorov-Smirnov Kruskal-Wallis Logistical Regression Least Significant Variance Multivariate Analysis of Covariance Multivariate Analysis of Variance Multivariate Discriminant Analysis Multivariate Mixed Model Multiple Regression Normative Newman-Keuls Path Analysis Phi Coefficient Phi Coefficient Multiple Correlation Reliability Coefficient Spearman Rank Correlation Regression Equation Repeated Measures Pearson Product-Moment Spearman-Brown Prophecy Formula Scheffe’s Method Standard Error of the Estimate Sign Test Split Plot Repeated Measures Analysis SSP Split-Split Plot Repeated Measures Analysis T T Ratio TA Trend Analysis TAU Kendall’s Rank Coefficient TR Tetrachoric Correlation TU Tukey’s Test U Mann-Whitney U Test V Votaw Formula W Kendall Coefficient of Concordance WD(R) Wherry-Doolittle Method (Multiple Correlation) WI Wilcoxon Test WL Wilks's Lambda Z Standard Score 48 .

J. W. Romeder. TU] PE 4396 [D. A. Q-DE. MA-DE. A-DE. G] PE 4408 [D.AV. ATTENTION Beilock. M. A. T. AR-DE. I-DE. S. DA-DE. BON. Pennington. M. AV. L. MAV. BON] HE 741 [D. J. R. %] PE 4413 [D-DE. C. B. J. Halverson. Harter. Frerking. AR. L-DE. C. ATTITUDE Bradney. J. TC-DE. Q-DE. R. B. E. G] PE 4391 [D. K. Q-DE. A. G] PE 4442 [D. RM. G] PE 4394 [D. AR. J. I-DE] PE 4455 [D. RE. White. AV. Q. Karlsdottir. T. 49 . T] PE 4392 [D. G] PSY 2263 [D. AR. N. FA. I. McIntyre. A. G] PE 4410 [D. TU. AV. AV. RM. M. FA. M. AR. C. A-DE. RC. CS. Chong. AV. A-DE. J. %] PE 4438 [D. %. A. M. AV. A. ART Kim. G] PE 4445 [D. J. T. B. M. RM. R. ADAPTED Kearney. T] PE 4436 [D. G] PE 4429 [D. AV. M. Q-DE. Grotenhuis. AV. ACCIDENT Gunter. TU. R. M. FA. BON. RPM. DA. K. Pack. AR. L. Caster. L. TU] PE 4448 [D. AR-DE. MR. S. John. IA-DE. G] PE 4453 [D. Hammond. H. AV. %. Q-DE. Maslovat. T. J. AV. M. Q-DE. %. G. T. TU. T] PE 4402 [D. P. TC-DE. ANXIETY Beilock. AV.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon KEYWORDS ABNORMALITY McCafferty. T. E-DE. Thomas. A. AR. K. A. M. RD. Q-DE. BON. BON] HE 741 [D. M. G. K. MR] PSY 2273 [D. A. A. Gaddie. TA] PE 4439 [D. S. E. AV. M. AR-DE. %. M. RC. G] HE 755 [D. Q-DE] PE 4416 [D. R.G] PE 4411 [D. A. AR-DE. RM. AR-DE. L. GG. G] PSY 2259 [D. K. R. AV. K. %. BASKETBALL Frerking. A. RPM] PH 1778 [D. ARTIFICIAL TURF Hammond. A. C. AV. Q. Q-DE. SCH. %. AR. AGED Gunter. T] PE 4400 [D. R. G] PH 1761 [D. FA. T] PE 4425 [D. %. %. Meyer. MA-DE. D. Wulk. G] PE 4415 [D. S. A-DE. E. Terrell. BEHAVIOUR Dean. E. TU. AV. P. RM. T. T. ADAPTATION Hunt. TU. AV. ADULT Ruiz. R. IA-DE. Q. G. FA. U] PE 4444 [D. AV. ATHLETIC DIRECTOR Pack. MA. B. %] PE 4438 [D. E. RM. MAV. RC. Pizzi. M-DE. G] PE 4446 [D. R. MA. Q-DE] PE 4416 [D. St. M. AR-DE] PE 4450 [D. RE. Kuipers. AV. AV. Kindling. ANTERIOR CRUCIATE Harter. RPM. Q-DE. AV. D. Birkelo. E. RC] PSY 2277 [D. T. RPM. RM. B. G] PE 4395 [D. %. J. G] PE 4447 [D. AV. AR. L. IA-DE. L-DE. G] PH 1763 [D. AR. Garrett. A-DE. Q-DE. Q. DeVita. RPM. P. ANTHROPOMETRY Lock. FET] HE 742 [D. AV. K. AV] PE 4404 [D. Q-DE. RM. Q. Hunt. Q-DE. A. K. Q-DE. R. Q. A. C. A. AC. AV. %. G] PSY 2265 [D-DE] PE 4424 [D. AR. R. FA. S. D. L-DE. MR. Q-DE. G] PE 4395 [D. RM] PE 4459 [D. G] PE 4442 [D. L. McCafferty. MA. BENCH PRESS Lander. T. MR] PSY 2267 [D. MA-DE. WI. MR. N. M. %. FA. G] PE 4434 [D. AR. AR. SCH] PE 417 [D. AR-DE. RM. G] PSY 2275 [D. Q-DE] PE 4458 ASIAN Murtaza. Q. AR-DE. AV. C. K. AR. [D. TU] PE 4396 [D. R. AC] HE 757 [D. AV RM. Kearney. G] PE 4395 [D. K. G] PE 4397 [D. RM. ARTHROSCOPY Oosthuizen. AV] PE 4461 [D. Q-DE. AR-DE. L. S-DE. S. K. Q-DE. G] PE 4432 [D. T. TU. T. I-DE. RE. Addiction Spievak. Rubin. Harter. S. AV. RM] PE 4430 [D. S. E-DE. AV] PE 4404 [D. BON] PSY 2268 [D. A-DE. M. ADVENTURE EDUCATION AEROBIC CAPACITY Bolles. A-DE. AR-DE. T. Derrick. RM. ATHLETE Abel. MAV] PE 4389 [D. G] PE 4441 [D. MR. AV. R. %. AR. Q-DE. CA. H. Z. %] PE 4403 [D. B.Q-DE. %] PE 4427 [D. L. G] PE 4415 ABSORPTION Kastberg. C. AV. RC. M. Hunt. D. MAV] PE 4389 [D. Q-DE. ARTERY Burns. ADOLESCENT Hannibal. Q-DE. T. RM. RM. RM. SCH. AV. MA-DE. E. Spievak. TC-DE. T. L. RPM. AV. Q. BIATHLON Higginson. FA. RPM] PH 1773 [D. A-DE. G] PE 4446 [D. Q. RM. P-DE. S. C. MR. L. RM. AR. RPM. AV. AR-DE. RC. Bobick. AV. CS] PE 4393 [D. H-DE. AR. AV. AV. Bradney. M. B. %] PE 4457 [D. A. BACK Hannibal. A. Darnell. AV. Q-DE. L. AV. TC. AR. ATHLETIC TRAINER Kearney. W. K. Q. Y. MR] PSY 2273 [D. J. AR-DE. J. S. Q-DE. A. RPM. S. T. A-DE. E. MAV. Q-DE. Q. Rampersaud. L. Knutzen. T. D. Thomas. Q-DE. J. %. ANAEROBIC CAPACITY Brucker. G] PE 4431 [D. S. RPM. Milligan. AV.Q-DE. M. E. S. T. M. AV. AV.AV. A. RPM] HE 749 [D. S. Ingram. G] PE 4456 [D. G] HE 754 [D. L. RPM. E. RPM. MR. Q-DE. Thompson. RM. RM. S. ADMINISTRATION Egbert. A. Talsky. AV. TC-DE. Van Wychen. T. DeVita. AV. Rubin. RM. FA] PSY 2270 [D. RM. Karduna. AV. Q. S. RM. %] PE 4413 [D. MR. S. M. J. AV] PE 4404 [D. Q-DE. AV. [D. G] PSY 2275 [D. L-DE. I-DE. SCH] PE 4417 [D. P. Lander. A-DE. ARM Nagelkerke. G] HE 753 [D. A-DE.AV. RPM. L. Q. AV. J. Q-DE. FA] PSY 2270 [D. McIntyre. AR-DE. AV] PE 4435 [D. AR-DE. Petitgout. L. AV. Peterman. BIOMECHANICS Benson. T. D. Lock. G] HE 755 [D. JA-DE. E. LSD] PE 4406 [D. N. M.

L. G] PE 4429 [D. Q-DE. S. RM. C. TC-DE. AV. G] PE 4408 [D. TC-DE. A-DE. RC] PSY 2277 [D. L. M. R. RPM] HE 749 [D. AV. TA] PE 4439 CHILD Chong. RPM. CLUBHEAD Thompson.A. AC] PSY 2266 [D. RPM. M. C. Meyer. W. J. J. FA.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Myers. J. RPM. A-DE. L. J. D. Pizzi. A-DE. AC] PE 4462 [D-DE. CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDER CERTIFICATION Kearney. S. B. J. L. RM. CHIROPRACTIC McCafferty. I. AV. C. BLINDNESS Robinson. TU. IA-DE. [D. Van Wychen. AV. G] RC 559 [D. G] PE 4398 [D. COACHING BEHAVIOUR ASSESSMENT SYSTEM COGNITION Magyar. G] PH 1760 [D. I-DE] PE 4443 [D. IA-DE. T. MR. D. AR. TU. A-DE. Murtaza. COMMITMENT Dean. Hawkins. Q-DE. AV. I-DE] PE 4455 [D. St. SCH] HE 762 [D. R. TU. S. K. T] PE 4392 [D. L. C. I-DE. AV. L. RPM. MA-DE. BODY COMPOSITION Lock. Q-DE. G] PE 4398 [D. Q-DE. BONE DEVELOPMENT Taylor. L. B. R. A. RC. Q-DE. G] PSY 2263 CHAMPIONSHIP Darnell. RM. John. C. E. A. T. RM. RE. G] PH 1776 [D. BODY TEMPERATURE REGULATION BONE DENSITY Gunter.T. J. Adomaitis. COMPARATIVE STUDY Van Wychen. AV. T. AC. Q-DE. RM. AV. CS. Q-DE. TA] HE 760 [D. HV] PE 4390 [D. G] HE 759 [D. E. Q-DE. MAV] PSY 2262 [D. GG. G] HE 744 [D. Volding. G] PE 4408 [D. %. MAV] PE 4389 [D. D. RM. TU. BLOOD GLUCOSE Barrett. C. L. AV. T. RE. CHRISTIANITY Pennington. AV. CARBOHYDRATE Hagobian. CELL Garner. M. M. C. S. D. G] PE 4398 [D. AV. Q-DE. BUTTOCK Myers. AV. G] PSY 2263 [D. I. L. AV. AR-DE. NK. H. AV. I-DE.Q. Van Wychen. RPM] PE 4399 [D. C. AR-DE. %. RE. G] PE 4408 [D. AV. S. Mani. FA. C. [D. BON. Taylor. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM COMPETENCY-BASED INSTRUCTION COMPETITION Rubin. Q. L. Z. Willming. %. COMPUTER Wirakartakusumah [D. T] PE 4436 [D. RM. Q-DE. E. A. AC] HE 757 [D. AV. E. AV. RM. Q. GG. L-DE. RE] PH 1772 [D. Q. TU] PE 4396 [D. RE. CLOTHING Wingo. AV] PE 4404 [D. M. C. M. Q. Wingo. G] PE 4408 [D. RM. Pizzi. MAV. P. Q-DE. RM. C. RPM. BON. RPM. BLOOD VESSEL Burns. CHILD DEVELOPMENT Kim. Smith. COMPETITIVE BEHAVIOUR COMPLIANCE Van Wychen. A. AV. J. RPM] PH 1773 [D. C. RPM. MR] PSY 2267 [D. G] PSY 2271 [D. CS. RM. RM. MAV. RE. I-DE. CS. U] PE 4444 [D. Q-DE. G] PE 4391 [D. L. RM. RM. CHRONIC DISEASE Romeder. [D. TA. Kearney. A.Q. AV. R. L-DE. CS. RE. L. G] PE 4460 [D. J. C. BLOOD FLOW Weise. AV. RPM. AV. AC] PE 4462 [D. RM] PE 4405 [D. C. Q-DE. BLOCKING Miller. MAV. AV. L. CANADA Darnell. Q-DE. K. FA. M. Pennington. A-DE. Q-DE. Q-DE. CAN. R. CS. TU. T. Terrell. E-DE. W. K. RC. %. B. AV. MAV. A. %. T. TU. BRITISH COLUMBIA Ryan. A-DE. AC] HE 757 [D. Van Wychen. AV. Sadeghi. Wilson. T. Maslovat. D. CONNECTICUT Wu. RD] PE 4409 CONCENTRATION Maslovat. Murtaza. W. AR-DE. T. Sargent. IA-DE. L. L. Peterman. RM. AV. FA. CONTEXTUAL INTERFERENCE 50 . J. AV. S. IA-DE. M. Y. CEREBELLUM van Donkelaar. A. W. C. J. A. L. RM. AR. Q-DE. P. MAV. A. A. I-DE. A-DE. G] PH 1769 [D. Sawhill. T. COACH Bradney. Sneddon. COGNITIVE STYLE Maslovat. Miller. TU. NK] PH 1777 [D. M. I. Q-DE. %. T] PE 4402 [D. RM. D. RM. FA. S. GG. M. E. G] PSY 2261 [D. BRACE Knutzen. Gaddie. Q-DE. AV] PE 4435 [D. %. S. T. I-DE] PE 4455 [D. MAV. %. D. P-DE. %. RPM. Q. M. Q. %. RPM. J. RM. %. AV. CS. G] PSY 2263 [D. AV. J. RM. BON] HE 750 [D. CH-DE] PE 4423 [D. A-DE. AV. TU. Q-DE. G] HE 748 [D. AV. MR. M. D. MAV] PE 4389 [D. RM. H-DE] PE 4440 [D. T. BON. RM. G] HE 754 [D. IA-DE. RM. FET] HE 742 [D. IA-DE. E. M. RC. AR-DE. FA. E. G] PE 4451 [D. COMMUNITY Mani. G] RC 561 [D. G] PE 4408 [D. R. Q-DE. DA. B. I-DE. L-DE. J. TU. AV. Halliwill. D. Q. J. BON] HE 741 [D. BRACHIAL ARTERY Weise. RPM. K. AV. AV. L. B. L. MR. MR] PSY 2273 [D. AR-DE. Q-DE. J. CLINIC Ryan. M. A. AV. RPM] PSY 2272 BLACKS Armstead. AR-DE. MR. L-DE. M. RPM. A. T. G] HE 748 [D. S. B. CHOREOGRAPHY Grover-Haskin. A-DE. COACHING Bradney. Q. %. Q-DE. RM] PE 4405 [D. G] PH 1769 [D. L. AV RM. AV] PE 4404 [D. S-DE. Q-DE. A. L-DE. AR-DE. L-DE. %. AV. Pelletier. S. Q-DE. AV. G. TC-DE. S. Ryan. B. H. G] PE 4419 [D. AV. AR-DE. FET] HE 742 [D. C. M. G] PE 4451 [D. T] PE 4392 [D. AV] PSY 2276 [D.Q-DE. RPM. L-DE. AV. J. E. AR. R. RM. AV. SCH] PE 4417 [D. S. A. T. BOY Grotenhuis.

ENDURANCE Abel. T. EATING DISORDER Bradney. Armstead. S. C. %] PE 4438 [D. T. C. CORRELATION Derrick. Q-DE. A. TU] PH 1762 [D. E-DE] PH 1764 [D. CS. S. A. %. %. RM. S. Egbert. T. T. A-DE. CS. TU. %. NK. %. K. RC. T. Lanigan. TC-DE. E. Veit-Hartley. Murphy. %. AV] PE 4404 [D. AV. B. R. DIETARY SUPPLEMENTATION DISCRIMINATION Willming. MR. B. O. RM. C. TU] PH 1762 [D. MR] PH 1770 [D. B. Fredrick. W. R. Murphy. T. [D. T. L. Lanigan. IA-DE. Van Wychen. Rust. S. E-DE] PH 1764 [D-DE] PE 4420 [D. AV. T. D. G] HE 752 [D. AR-DE. AV. CS] PE 4393 [D. AR. AV. A-DE. J. T] PE 4412 [D. DISLOCATION Karduna. L. RPM] PE 4399 [D. L. FA. Q-DE. Miller. Miller. Q-DE. G] RC 559 [D. Q-DE. S. S.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon COORDINATION Nagelkerke. Brucker. Terrell. RPM. %. A-DE. G] PH 1761 [D. AR. %. RPM. T. Q-DE. T. H. L-DE. G] PH 1776 [D. M. D. Q-DE. G] PSY 2258 [D. D. L-DE. RE. Q-DE. G] PH 1776 [D. A-DE. RD. AV. RM. Q. R. RPM] PE 4399 [D-DE. %. S. M. Ricciuti. L-DE. Q-DE. AC] PSY 2266 [D-DE. M. RM. %. CV. D. MAV. AV. MAV] PE 4389 [D. AV. ENERGY METABOLISM Brucker. DA. %] PE 4438 [D. COM-DE] PH 1768 [D. Q-DE. L. EDUCATION Frerking. P. G] HE 743 [D. B. ESCAPE Spievak. AV. AV. D. RM. Anning. RC. C. C. G. AR-DE. G] PE 4408 [D. L. Q-DE. RM. %. AV. %. RE] PH 1772 [D. A. D. %. Smith. RM. MAV. AV. G] PH 1761 [D. RM. Pelletier. RM. G] HE 743 [D. DIAPHRAGM Miller. AV. %. AV. AR-DE. R. M. Rust. Wu. D. CS. ERGONOMICS Foggiano. C. AV. CS. Crenshaw. EXERCISE Abel. SD-DE. B. Halliwill. Q-DE. A. Thomas. Q-DE. R. K. DA. EMPLOYEE Bryan. L. Q-DE. Grall. J. C. RPM. EXAMINATION Murtaza. L. %. %. Q-DE. J. J. COM-DE] PH 1768 [D. L-DE. I. AR-DE. Kim. G] PE 4456 [D. RC. A. AV. Q-DE. %. IA-DE. ERGOMETRY Donahue. G] PH 1771 [D. AR-DE] PH 1775 [D. BON. J. AV. Q-DE. A. AV. T. D. RM. T. O. [D. RM. CV. R. L-DE. Kearney. AV. DIVISION III Pack. I-DE] PE 4443 [D. [D. FET] HE 742 [D. ELITE ATHLETE Cimbalnik. A. Q. L. G] HE 753 [D. B. M. A-DE. Q. AV] PE 4404 [D. C. RPM] PH 1778 [D. AV. J. AV. G] HE 743 [D. Gunter. K. A. RM. Q. RM. CULTURE Wu. R. MAV. RM. AV. J. NK. H. Hawkins. AV. DISEASE Crenshaw. D. RM. MAV. I-DE. T. CYCLING Brucker. L. A. G] PH 1761 [D. U] PE 4444 [D. A. Q-DE. S. FA] PSY 2270 [D. HV] PE 4390 [D. Q-DE. A. R. Hagobian. E. H-DE] PE 4440 [D-DE] PE 4424 [D-DE] PE 4426 [D-DE] PE 4428 [D. Q-DE. AV. G] PH 1767 [D. S. AR-DE] PH 1775 [D. M. G. A. L. G] RC 559 [D. Bryan. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Daly. T. AV. IA-DE. TU.AV.A. Hunt. Burns. RM. CH-DE] PE 4423 [D. L-DE. L. RM. Willming.RM. RC. TA] PSY 2274 [D. AV. Lanigan. M. RPM] PH 1773 ELBOW Cutler. %. 51 . D. RPM. RPM. G] PE 4395 [D. I-DE. DYNAMOMETRY Donahue. D. D. R. Q-DE. DOCUMENTATION White. E. F. T. CREATIVITY Grover-Haskin. MR. K. E. M. A-DE. DA-DE. L-DE. Fredrick. RPM] PH 1773 [D. AV. Fredrick. J. A-DE. R. RPM. AV. %. G] HE 743 [D. BON. Q-DE. DISTANCE Bolles. HV] PE 4390 [D. COM-DE] PH 1768 [D. S. DIET Murtaza. %] PE 4413 EQUILIBRIUM Adomaitis. RM. S. ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY ELECTROMYOGRAPHY Myers. J. [D-DE. DIETARY FAT Hagobian. AV. A. AR-DE] PH 1775 [D. AV. L-DE. S. NK] PH 1777 [D. S. IA-DE. F. M. ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Pelletier. P. %. T] PE 4421 [D-DE. G] HE 755 [D. L. M. G] HE 752 [D-DE. AR-DE. RM. T] PE 4400 [D. C. A. FA. T. Q-DE. %. Q-DE] PE 4416 [D. R. G] PH 1771 [D. G] PSY 2261 [D. %. G] PE 4434 [D. MA. RM.A. T. Hannibal. K. G. E. B. Scott. D. A-DE. C. AV. M. Q-DE. K. A-DE. RE. L. B. Smith. TA. L. T] PE 4400 [D. L. P. TU] HE 747 EQUALITY Thomas. NK] PH 1777 [D. Grover-Haskin. A. N. DIAGNOSIS Crenshaw. Q-DE. E. Crenshaw. L-DE. B. TU. DANCE Andrzejewski. G] PE 4451 [D. EVALUATION Barrett. G] HE 744 CORONARY DISEASE Burns. J. DEAFNESS Volding. %] HE 761 [D. M. RPM. T. TU. M. RM. Sneddon. A-DE.RM. D. G] HE 759 [D. %. LSD. TU. R. Q-DE. A. C. FET] HE 742 Schuster-Decker. BON] HE 750 [D. %. RE. A-DE. FET] HE 742 [D. M. AV. M. M. E. FA. BON] HE 741 [D. Kearney. G] PSY 2265 [D. TA] HE 760 [D. Ozmun. %. CH-DE] PE 4423 [D. RPM. C. A. Murtaza. [D. BON] HE 750 [D. D. Q-DE. RM. AR-DE. Q. G] PE 4401 [D. RPM.

AV.A. AV. L. [D. MA. RD. E-DE. RD] PE 4409 GYMNASTICS Davidson. Thompson. E. L-DE. H. T. AV. SCH] HE 762 [D-DE. CS. Q. C. FA. B. G] PE 4451 Pennington. TC-DE. E. E. A. R. A. TU. A. E. RM] PE 4430 [D. Q. RE. M. D. Q-DE. D. S. DA-DE. Q-DE. BON] HE 741 FUNCTIONALISM Gunter. A-DE. C. RM. D. HEALTH PROMOTION Bryan. AR-DE. M. S. RC. E. M. AV. S-DE. H. M. AR-DE. MA-DE. %. Caster. G] PSY 2265 [D. T. Q-DE. McCafferty. I-DE. RPM. CS. FOOT DeVita. A-DE. HEALTH Bradney. CV. AV. RPM. P. MR. MAV. RPM. %. T. A. G] PSY 2261 [D. G] PE 4432 [D. AV. AV. %. RM] PE 4430 [D. AR. AR. J. RPM. Q-DE. %. G] PSY 2275 [D. RM. AV. TU. Kuebel. G] HE 754 Ruiz. G] HE 753 [D. E. Hannibal. G] PH 1763 Keller. R. RC. E. P. Q-DE. A. G] HE 753 [D. FALLING Gunter. P. B. C. D. R. RM. L-DE. DEL] HE 745 [D. L. W. [D. H. NK. D. Kindling. FEMINISM Grover-Haskin. J. A. T. K. Q-DE. Q. RM. FAILURE Beilock. O. T. %] HE 761 [D. Sadeghi. Q-DE] PE 4458 [D. Q. AV. E-DE. Q-DE. T. S. Q-DE] PE 4407 [D. L. [D. K. [D. L. C. G] PE 4449 Kuebel. %. %. B. A-DE. RC. T] PSY 2269 McCafferty. S. AV. G] PH 1774 Wilson. AV. G] HE 752 [D. Q-DE. SCH. G] PE 4395 [D. Q-DE. MAV. T. C. Harter. AR. D. AV. AV. S. J. FREE THROW Milligan. MR. AV. [D. RM. RPM. AV. DeVita. AR. RD] PE 4409 GIRL Davidson. %. FA. Q-DE. [D. TU. G] PH 1760 [D. T] PE 4437 [D. [D. G] PE 4445 [D. Q. %. IA-DE. RPM. RD. RC. L. T. CH-DE] PE 4423 [D. AV. E. %. A. S. [D. Rauzon. L-DE. B. FA. G] PH 1771 Murtaza. AR-DE. DA. HEART DISEASE Grall. %. S. Q. RM. RPM. BON. AV. C. FA. IA-DE. G] PE 4431 [D. C. AR. S. %. HANDICAPPED Kearney. P. G. T. Z. [D. MA-DE. J. John. GOLF TEST OF ATTENTIONAL STYLE GRAVITATION Caster. [D. RM. RC. AR. AR-DE. AR-DE. S. A. T. K. G] PE 4419 GAIT Adomaitis. R. A. Q-DE. AV. [D. MR. BON] HE 750 [D. T] PSY 2269 [D. Robinson. Q-DE. RM. A. A-DE. A-DE. AV. G] HE 748 [D. RM. R. AR. K. C. B. C. T] PE 4412 [D. RM. [D. TU. K. T. AV. BON] HE 750 Spievak. %. Q. GOAL SETTING Kuebel. MA-DE. TA. AV. A. MAV. FINGER Foggiano. H. G] PH 1765 Schuster-Decker. AV. BON. E. FOREIGN STUDENT Sato. AR-DE. A-DE. W. L-DE. M. RPM. H. SEE. AR-DE. BON.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Donahue. [D. MA-DE. MA-DE. AR. MAV. [D. RE] PSY 2264 GLENOHUMERAL JOINT Karduna. D. SCH. FOOTBALL Hammond. D. [D. TU] HE 747 Smith. Voelker. T. AR-DE. GAME Wirakartakusumah [D. AV. FRANCHISE Thomas. AV. M. L. CS. RPM] PSY 2260 [D. R. G] PE 4398 [D. RC. RM. AC] HE 757 GRIP Foggiano. B. %. A-DE. AV. %. RM. Chong. Q-DE. Q-DE. BON] HE 741 [D. [D. TU. AV. N. AR. P. A. T. [D. T] PSY 2269 [D. T. T. C. Q-DE. FA] PSY 2270 St. B. E. Q-DE. T. J. CS. P. Q-DE. F. Q-DE. Q. K. FRIENDSHIP McDonough. AV. CS] HE 758 Romeder. RM. L-DE. %. Q-DE. RPM. RM. RPM] PE 4422 Mani. G] HE 755 Higginson. BON. [D. [D. HEALTH EDUCATION Randall. G. M. TU. M-DE. C. J. AV. DeVita. AC] HE 757 Rauzon. Q-DE. [D. G] HE 752 [D. RC. A-DE. T. Ingram. M. R. WI.AV. [D. M. Q-DE. RE. AV. L. RM. TU. AV] PE 4404 [D. RE. AV. B. W. GROUND REACTION FORCE FAMILY Pennington. MR. I-DE. R. WI. L. AV. RPM] HE 749 [D. RD. AC. L. Egbert. Q-DE. Halliwill. St. MR. AR-DE] PE 4450 [D. Murtaza. L. %. RPM] PSY 2272 Wulk. AV. Smith. FET] HE 742 Myers. RD. C. RPM. AR-DE. RM. AR-DE. E. FA. G] PH 1763 [D. Q-DE. G] PE 4410 FUND RAISING Turano. FANTASY Wirakartakusumah [D. D. I-DE] PE 4452 [D. AV. AR-DE. M. K. Karlsdottir. A-DE. Reigstad. G] HE 756 [D. [D. RC. G] PE 4447 Karlsdottir. G] PE 4441 [D. AR-DE. FUN RUN Ryan. CS] HE 758 [D. RPM. J. M. Q. E. C. AV. P. L. Q-DE. P. Q. SCH] PE 4417 Miller. Q-DE. A. L-DE. RM. [D. P. Hagobian. [D. FATIGUE Daly. 52 . RPM. TU. G] HE 743 [D. John. %. Q-DE. %. AV. D. I-DE. %. E. AR. A-DE. Hunt. K. [D. RM. Q-DE. R. A. MR. RE] PH 1772 [D. G] PE 4429 [D. TU] PH 1762 [D. RM. T. Garner. T] PE 4412 [D. AR. Q-DE. %. [D. AV. T. Egbert. Q-DE. WI. MAV. G] PE 4432 [D. A. SCH] PE 4417 [D.RM. G] PSY 2259 Schuenke. M. HEALTH CARE Bryan. %. AV. T. N. AV. RM. [D. [D. G] HE 756 Tzovanis. Q. MAV. K. AV. RE] PSY 2264 HEART Crenshaw. G] PH 1766 GLUCOSE Weise. [D. RM. G] PE 4434 [D. K. AR. A. Q. Y. MAV. A. %. A-DE. A. E. A-DE. RM. %. MAV] PE 4389 [D. G] PH 1776 [D. RM] PE 4405 McDonough. CAN. NK] PH 1777 Murphy. AV. FET] HE 742 [D. AR. L. Q-DE. [D. RPM] PE 4422 [D. G] PH 1767 [D. Q. RM] PE 4459 HAND Nagelkerke. M. [D-DE. AV. P. R. D. T.

Q. AV. McIntyre. AV. [D. G] PH 1763 [D. RM] PE 4430 [D. L. G] PE 4397 [D. C. C. AR. AV. A. MA-DE. AR. Q-DE. Q. A. HYDROCORTISONE Kastberg. A-DE. G. R. AR. K. %. LAW White. TA] PE 4439 [D. Reynolds. INTERNET Wirakartakusumah [D. Halliwill. T. D.AV. FA. S. %. SCH.T. J. AV. T. AV. T. TU. MR] PH 1770 [D. Hunt. W. RM. M. E. CS. AV. TU. RM. A. A. %. J. G] PE 4414 [D. AR. HISTORY Gaddie. RPM. CS. G] PE 4395 HEART VENTRICLE Karduna. AR. Q-DE. RD. RPM. AV. AR. C. AV. Peterman. T. M. RM. A. AR. Schuenke. E. MAV. D. J. J. Q-DE. Q-DE. RM. RPM. Hammond. LEGISLATION Reigstad. G] PSY 2263 [D. G] PH 1763 [D. RM. AV. FA. G. TU] PE 4448 [D. JUDO Harter. T. B. AR-DE. %. LSD] PE 4406 [D. A-DE. %. AV. AV. T. J. RM. A-DE. Q-DE. G] PE 4415 [D. W. L. G] PE 4460 [D. RPM] PE 4399 [D. LEARNING Maslovat. RE] PH 1772 [D. J. AV. TC-DE. JOB SATISFACTION Egbert. AR. L. %. Q-DE. LSD. FA. RD] PE 4409 LEISURE [D. Q. RPM. A-DE. T. A. A.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon HEART RATE Karlsdottir. Sneddon. AV] PSY 2276 [D-DE] PE 4424 [D. AR-DE. AV. A-DE. L. R. Hunt. R. DA-DE. E. AV. P-DE. TU. E. AR. RPM. A. 53 . MR. %. A. Q-DE. RM. A-DE. L-DE. T.G] PE 4411 [D. IA-DE. K. G] HE 753 [D. C. E. Wu. E-DE.Q. A. MA. G] PE 4446 [D. FA. I. McIntyre.AV. R. M. TU. E. TU. TU. E-DE. MA. Q-DE. J. CS] PE 4393 [D. G] PE 4433 [D. AR-DE. %] PE 4438 [D. RE. AV. Q-DE. T. TU. RM. Knutzen. Terrell. Spurlock. D. T] PE 4400 Sargent. T. Q. AR-DE. INDIVIDUALISM Rampersaud. Q-DE. RPM. G] PSY 2265 [D. RPM. E. AR-DE. B. T] PE 4421 [D. RC] PSY 2277 [D. RM. %. KANSAS Thomas. J. M. TU. %. G] PH 1774 [D. TC. AV] PE 4435 [D. Myers. S. RM. L-DE. C. RM. T. L-DE. G] PE 4415 [D. Tzovanis. T. AV. G] PE 4442 [D. M. BON. LIGAMENT Harter. ISOMETRIC TRAINING Abel. RM] PE 4405 [D. S-DE. R. AR. Wulk. R. %. G] RC 559 [D. N. AV. H-DE] PE 4440 [D. AV. A. RM. G] PE 4451 [D. MA-DE. ISOKINETIC Lander. CS. DA-DE. LEADERSHIP Magyar. L-DE. TA] PE 4439 [D. T. J. AR. S. GG. Hawkins. L. %. A. AV. Wu. E. B. RPM. Leszun. IMPACT Caster. J. Q-DE] PE 4407 [D. CS] PE 4393 [D. KNEE Harter. T] HE 746 [D. RM. T. Q. %. RM. AR. R. G] PE 4395 [D. A. FA. J. G] RC 559 [D. I-DE] PE 4443 [D. Pizzi. R. M. R. FA. RC. R. C. KNOWLEDGE LEVEL Gaddie. L. Q-DE. INSTRUMENTATION Barrett. L-DE. White. RE. K. K. P. J. MR. T. JOB ANALYSIS Pack. RM. T. RC. G] PE 4442 [D. J. Meyer. RM. P-DE. A-DE. G] PSY 2258 [D. [D. E. E. T. AV. A. J. FA. INJURY Birkelo. H. Q-DE. AR. I-DE. SCH] PE 4417 [D. AV. G] PH 1767 [D. RM] PE 4430 [D. G] PE 4460 [D. A. LEG Caster. A. AV. HIP THROW Harter. AV. AV. T. J. TC-DE. AV. IA. AC] PE 4462 [D. %. A-DE. KOREA Kim. DA. Q-DE. RPM. B. U] PE 4444 [D. AR-DE. RE. K. B. Q-DE. B. A-DE. A-DE. Spievak. G] PE 4401 [D. B. AV. G] PE 4395 [D. JUMPING Caster. K. AV. R. T. M. G] PE 4445 [D. A. AV. RE. HERO Gaddie. Q-DE. C. RM. Q-DE] PE 4416 [D. L. RM] PE 4430 [D. AV. Sawhill. MR. P-DE. T. McIntyre. C. LATERALITY Nagelkerke. TC-DE. AV. A-DE. INTEGRATION Mani. R. T. AV. T. AV. RM. %. RE. ISOMETRIC Karlsdottir. A. CS] PE 4393 [D. A. J. AV. AR. AV. Willming. L. T. L. G] PE 4415 [D. J. TU. MR. E. L. M. L. INTERFERENCE Maslovat. R. L. G] HE 748 ISOTONIC Lander. A-DE. AV. Q-DE. A-DE. AR-DE. GG. LIFTING Bobick. T. AR-DE. A. S. TU] HE 747 LABANANALYSIS Kim. Oosthuizen. AV. M. McCafferty. G] RC 561 [D. TU.G] PE 4454 [D. Q-DE. A-DE. RPM.AV. RPM. CS] HE 751 [D. Q. I. AV. J. RE. Sawhill. J. G] PE 4410 [D. AV. AV. RM. AR-DE. TC-DE. S. J. MA-DE. HISTOLOGY Taylor. RM. L. Hunt. M. G] PE 4391 [D. P. Comstock. HYPEREMIA Weise. [D. RE. McCafferty. DA-DE. L-DE. LANDING Caster. G] PE 4394 [D. M. FA. I. AV. L. G] PSY 2263 LACTATE Bolles. Cimbalnik. Q. M. C. Q. LIABILITY White. IMAGERY Ricciuti. SCH] PE 4417 [D. A. HORMONE Daly. R. B. G] PH 1765 [D. [D-DE. AR. AR. Cutler. RM. AR-DE. MAV] PSY 2262 [D. AV. SCH. C. D. G] HE 759 [D. FA. I. RM] PE 4430 [D. T] PE 4392 [D. RPM. AR-DE. W. HEMODYNAMICS Anning. FA] PSY 2270 [D. G] PE 4446 [D. Q-DE. J. RM. P. RM. HYPERTENSION Schuster-Decker. AV. L. AV. R. MR. A. RPM] PH 1778 [D. %. RM. A. RM. L-DE. C. MA. TA] PE 4439 [D. Q-DE] PE 4458 [D. Q-DE. AV. G] PE 4445 [D. AR-DE. A-DE. AV. I-DE. AV. AV.

AV. Q. MR. Q-DE. G] PE 4394 [D. M. S. AR.A. Sawhill. R. MATHEMATICAL MODEL MEASUREMENT Derrick. %. M. AR. H. Turano. Q-DE. G] PE 4397 [D. RPM. T. A. G] PE 4408 [D.Q. AR. D. Q-DE. Harter. M. RD] PE 4409 [D. A-DE. AR-DE. RPM. G] PE 4441 [D. RPM. R. MA-DE. Garrett. Kuipers. W. AV. Thompson. Wulk. N. RM. H-DE. K. A. G. AV. RPM. AR-DE. M. FA. FA. G] PE 4391 [D. R. Garner. G] HE 748 [D. S-DE. T. M. P. Q. B. A. C. TC. MAV] PSY 2262 [D. Kim. W. T. RM] PE 4430 [D. N. Rust. T. A-DE. Karduna. %. L. Q. MODERN DANCE OLYMPIC GAMES Darnell. AV. M. MOTION PERCEPTION van Donkelaar. A-DE. U] PE 4444 [D. R. TU. S. Q-DE. AV. T] PE 4437 [D. E. Wirakartakusumah MOVEMENT AWARENESS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS Garner. AC] PSY 2266 [D. T. G] PE 4456 [D. G] PSY 2258 [D. A-DE. S. AV. G] PE 4453 [D. AV. W. L. C. RC] PSY 2277 [D. DA-DE. AR-DE. Derrick. G] PE 4414 [D. MENTAL RETARDATION METABOLIC CLEARANCE RATE METABOLISM Hagobian. G] PE 4410 [D. RM. D. TC. G] PE 4410 Hawkins. L. L-DE. IA-DE. A-DE. S. Magyar. RM. L. RM. MAV. P. AV. T. A. CS] HE 758 [D. M. MA-DE. G] PE 4433 [D. A-DE. I. Sawhill. U] PE 4444 [D. S. G] PE 4391 [D-DE. FET] HE 742 [D. A. T] PE 4437 [D. S. Q-DE. Q. RM. Q-DE. G] PSY 2265 [D. DA. AR-DE. Thomas. AV. DeVita. FA. LUMBOSACRAL REGION MAGNETIC FIELD THERAPY MAINSTREAMING Hawkins. %. AR. P. AR-DE. Volding. K. AV.Q-DE. T. G] PE 4446 [D. D. Q. J. C. %. AR-DE. M. M. H-DE] PE 4440 [D. P. K. AV] PSY 2276 [D. A. E. FA. T. NK. OBESITY Chong. G. BON. AV. Kim. MR. T. HV] PE 4390 [D. TU. AR. AV. Q-DE. WI. RM. Leszun. J. RE. T. MR. CS. Lanigan. MA-DE. T. G] PH 1776 [D. A-DE. %. A-DE. AV. S. T] HE 746 [D. A-DE. Q-DE. C. T. AV. Ruiz. I. TC-DE. A-DE. AR. G] PE 4391 [D. T] PE 4437 [D. J. TU] PE 4396 [D. W. A-DE. %. AV. Thomas. AR-DE. RPM. AV. E. AV] PSY 2276 [D. RM. AR. G. AR. Miller. Q. G] PE 4434 [D. RM. L. S. T. A-DE. A. MA-DE. METHOD Oosthuizen. L-DE. DeVita. NK. Cutler. T. H. J. Q-DE. T] PE 4421 [D. MEDICATION Murtaza. G] RC 559 [D. FA. Q. AR. G] PE 4432 [D. Meyer. J. T. Ingram. Benson. RPM. A. MEDIA COVERAGE Darnell. IA-DE. AV. A. OBSTACLE Rauzon. I-DE] PE 4452 [D. R. P. S. R. J. AR. AV. CS. Q-DE. AV. Fredrick. K. Weise. Q-DE. CS. RM. Q. T. MAV. C. A. A. G] PE 4460 [D. Wulk. %] HE 761 [D. C. TU] PE 4396 [D. %. I-DE. G] HE 743 [D. B. T. Q-DE. RM. A-DE.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Terrell. T. A. Talsky. RPM. AV. IA-DE. A. L. E-DE] PH 1764 [D. AR. AR. H-DE] PE 4440 [D. G] PSY 2259 [D. D. A. G] PE 4446 [D. A. AR. M. T. AR-DE. E. L-DE. %. A-DE. A. DeVita. A-DE. CS. A-DE. TU. Q-DE. RM. C.T. A. T. Thomas. AV. 54 . COM-DE] PH 1768 [D. AR. Van Wychen. RPM. T. BON. Peterman. P. %. NK] PH 1777 [D. J. WI. Q. A. Derrick. I-DE] PE 4455 [D. L. RM. Q-DE. %. Lock. RE. R. AV. D. T. C. DA-DE] PE 4418 [D. MAN Lock. S. E.A. I-DE. A. MR. RPM.Q-DE. RM. J. G] PE 4456 [D. %. M-DE. AR-DE. DA. G] PE 4456 [D. NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE NEOPLASM Reynolds. RPM. AV. RPM. %. G] PE 4441 [D. G] PE 4451 [D. Peterman. Kim. P. Foggiano. AV. AC] PE 4462 [D. G] PE 4432 [D. DA-DE. A. L. B. MOTOR DEVELOPMENT MOVEMENT Bobick. G] PH 1760 [D. G] PE 4414 [D. AR-DE. RM. R. FET] HE 742 [D. BON] PSY 2268 [D. Myers. N. AV. AV. %. RPM. A. Nagelkerke. A. T. Taylor. Q-DE. K. MA-DE. D. J. G] PE 4431 [D. MA. Crenshaw. RM. OBSERVATION Grall. MOTIVATION Hammond. AR-DE. Rosaaen. MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM MYOCARDIAL DISEASE NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION NATIONAL COLLEGIATE ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION MECHANIC Karduna. AR-DE] PH 1775 [D. D. W. AV. G] PH 1760 [D. AV. MAV. RPM. T. RPM. P. E. RM. C. NEUROMUSCULAR SYSTEM NUTRITION Hagobian. R. M. J. RPM. IA. Peterman. RPM] HE 749 [D. P. Q-DE] PE 4416 [D. AR-DE. P. L. MR. Caster. AV. L. AR-DE. Pack. T. AV. T] PSY 2269 [D. I-DE] PE 4455 LOADING Caster. T. R. DeVita. MAV. T] PE 4425 [D. I-DE] PE 4455 [D. T] PE 4412 [D. S. RM. AR. DA-DE. S. S. R. I-DE. Q-DE. T. R. LONGITUDINAL STUDY LUMBAR VERTEBRAE Bobick. Y. RM] PE 4430 [D. AV. [D. AR. Harter. Q-DE. G] PE 4453 [D. AV. J. MOTOR CONTROL Nagelkerke. MASSACHUSETTS Wu. RM. AV. A-DE. Terrell. Q. T. AC. L. Q-DE. MAV. Q. L. D. MUSCLE Benson. G] PE 4391 [D. M-DE. A. Pelletier. A. MANAGEMENT BY OBJECTIVES Murtaza. FA. D.T. G] PH 1776 [D. P. Ricciuti. AV. %. Leszun. AV. D. MAV. J. AV. RPM. MR. AV] PE 4461 [D. C. RE. RM. G] PE 4394 [D. M. LOCOMOTION Ingram. L. MARKETING Darnell. J. G] PE 4460 [D-DE] PE 4424 [D. AR. G. %. T. A. R. H. %] PE 4457 [D. C. G] PE 4429 [D. G] PSY 2265 [D. L. Peterman. K. G] PE 4431 [D. [D. C. G] PSY 2271 [D. AV. Kuebel. AR-DE.

Q-DE. I-DE. SCH. Ricciuti. J. %. RM. Veit-Hartley. G] PE 4395 [D. T. TU. K. AV. MR. G] PE 4391 [D. AV. AR-DE. A-DE. E. H. Weise. G] RC 561 [D. L. DA. AV. C. FA. A-DE. [D-DE] PE 4420 Grover-Haskin. G] HE 748 [D. RPM. I-DE] PE 4443 [D. L. G. Q-DE. [D. %] HE 761 [D-DE. RM. G] PE 4398 [D. RM. AV. K. L. T. TA. RC. T. J. Miller. RE] PH 1772 [D. C. J. HV] PE 4390 [D. G] HE 755 [D. RPM. Rust. RM. I. RM. SCH] HE 762 [D. Q-DE. Q-DE. %. T. L. AV. Q-DE.RM. Weise. RPM. AR. AV. RPM. Higginson. RM. LSD. J. J. T. P. T] PE 4402 [D. TC-DE. G] PH 1766 [D. %] PE 4403 [D. M. M. M. M. R. M. AC] HE 757 [D. C. E. A. Q-DE. %. G] PSY 2261 [D. RM. W. P. S. T. G] PH 1774 [D. B. Q. AR. Dean. RM] PE 4430 [D. AV. D. [D. Pennington. [D. G. G] PE 4394 [D. AR. RM. AV. T. CS. RM. J. JA-DE. G] HE 755 ORIENTATION Bobick. S. Wulk. G] PH 1765 [D. A-DE. RM. Q-DE. RM. COM-DE] PH 1768 [D. J. S. M. RPM. Fredrick. Bobick. %. G] PH 1761 [D. TU. R. B. MR. DeVita.AV. Y. GG. T. AV. FA. J. AR-DE. J. A-DE. RPM. AV. A-DE. RPM] PE 4422 [D. L. G] HE 748 [D. L-DE. M. M. RM. Q. PHYSIOLOGIC MONITORING Halliwill. E. RM. DA. CH-DE] PE 4423 Ozmun. RPM] HE 749 [D. A. RPM. %. RPM. T. A. RPM] PE 4399 PATHOLOGY Adomaitis. MAV. AV. MA-DE. FA. Ryan. Kuipers. AV. SCH] PE 4417 [D. SD-DE. B. %. T. Ricciuti. AR-DE. SCH. H. C. M. Q-DE. A. %. RM. A. Brucker. MAV. Sneddon. AR. T. Q-DE. RM. [D-DE] PE 4426 PERSONAL SPACE Scott. MA-DE. TU. T] PE 4402 [D. PLASMA VOLUME Anning. D. Q-DE. G] PE 4394 [D. %. %. TU. Keller. Voelker. K. RM. G. CS. Q. Pennington. RPM] PH 1778 [D. R. AV.G] PE 4411 [D. RE] PSY 2264 PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN SYNDROME Oosthuizen. Donahue. J. Q. A-DE. A-DE. CV. A-DE. E-DE] PH 1764 [D. G] PH 1760 [D. K. AR. Q-DE. RC. PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME St. RPM.G] PE 4411 [D. CS] HE 751 [D. RM] PE 4405 McDonough. Peterman. L-DE. G] PSY 2261 [D. TA] PSY 2274 [D-DE. S. AR-DE] PH 1775 [D. L. PHYSICAL FITNESS Chong. TA] PE 4439 [D-DE] PE 4424 [D-DE] PE 4428 [D. Spurlock. T. %] PE 4427 PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT PHILOSOPHY Gaddie. AV. T. J. MR] PSY 2267 [D. %. van Donkelaar. BON] HE 741 [D. A-DE. Birkelo. A-DE. RPM. Murphy. Chong. E. G] RC 559 [D. A-DE. Y. TC. RM. AV. AV. P. RM. M. Q-DE. AV. T. AR-DE. MR. AV. AV. M. [D. %. Pelletier. RM. Bolles. CS] HE 758 [D. MR. W. L. T. G] PE 4432 [D. J. AV. AV. Q-DE] PE 4407 [D. E. T. A. Q-DE. W. Hunt. T] PE 4421 [D. AV. Kim. AR. G] PH 1765 [D. AR. G] PH 1767 [D. T. PARTICIPATION Kuebel. G] PSY 2258 [D. I. P. AV. FA. Brucker. AV. Q-DE. A. SCH. P. FA. L. Q-DE. RC. G] PH 1763 [D. PARENT Volding. G] PSY 2271 [D. J. T. AV. D. AV. Wu. Anning. RPM. AV. A-DE. AV. E. [D. Robinson. AV RM. Q. Halverson. A. G] PSY 2258 [D. %. R. AC] PSY 2266 [D. AV. A. RM. RC. CA. N. Gunter. Caster. L. B. L-DE. AV. J. O. M. Scott. E. J. C. Q-DE. K. G] HE 744 [D. AR. G] PE 4447 [D. T. T. M. %. T. AR. D. A-DE. L-DE. Q-DE. D. D. K. Gunter. Q. AV] PE 4404 [D-DE] PE 4424 [D. S. MA-DE. AV. C. PHYSICAL THERAPY Adomaitis. TU. AV. A-DE. A. T. Q. C. T. MAV. Q-DE. K. Davidson. C. M. Q-DE. A. J. PITCHING Birkelo. RM. L. TU. [D. McCafferty. IA-DE. AR-DE. AV. L. %. AR-DE. T] PE 4425 [D. G] PE 4431 [D. Maslovat. K. PERFORMING ARTS Andrzejewski. D. C. AR. AV. AV. E. T. A. RM. M. T. J. P-DE. R. %. G] PSY 2263 [D. Daly. Q-DE. Rauzon. AR-DE. RPM. J. F. G] RC 559 Reigstad. A-DE. RM. Kearney. Burns. John. RPM. AV] PE 4404 [D. AR-DE. AV. E-DE. MR] PH 1770 [D. IA-DE. Karlsdottir. E. AC. M. J. J. Q-DE. PHYSIOLOGY Abel. A-DE. D. Hannibal. MR. AV. AV. RM. TC. G] RC 559 [D. G] HE 756 [D. L. Tzovanis. K. T. PATIENT ADVOCACY Grall. RM. H. RC. L-DE. Q-DE. N. AV. AR. A. G] PE 4397 [D. SEE. P. B. L. S. PREVENTION Birkelo. Sargent. AC] HE 757 [D. L. RM. [D-DE] PE 4428 [D. A. P. PERCEIVED EXERTION Grotenhuis. R. B. RM. G] PE 4429 [D. AR-DE. R. D. RC. RPM] PH 1773 [D. A-DE. Q-DE. L. L-DE. L-DE. A. A. G] PH 1761 [D. RM. AR-DE. C. RD. A-DE. 55 . %. T] PSY 2269 Mani. AV. RC. DeVita. A. P. E. T. RM. MAV. G] PH 1771 [D. Cutler. BON] HE 741 [D. WI. N. RM. AR-DE. RM. K. RM. Q. RM. AR. BON. L-DE. TU] PH 1762 [D. D. E-DE. A. RM. RE. LSD. Schuenke. MR] PH 1770 [D. C. T. OXYGEN CONSUMPTION PAIN Hannibal. TU. Petitgout. AV. Q. AV. PHYSICAL EDUCATION Grotenhuis. Kim. A. Garner. PERCEPTION Kearney. A. K. A-DE. T] PE 4400 [D. R. L-DE. B. L. %. L. RPM. RPM] HE 749 [D. A. Q-DE. C. G] PE 4410 [D. Lanigan. AV. AV. AV. L-DE.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Wu. R. RC. T. G. AV. Schuenke.G] PE 4411 [D. OVERHEAD Birkelo. AR. RM. Q-DE.G] PE 4411 [D. A. %. G. G] PE 4449 [D. RE. AV. Thompson. AV. [D. S. C. TA. Willming. PARENT-CHILD RELATION PARK Wu. AV.

Ricciuti. AV. L. AV] PE 4461 [D. Grotenhuis. C. RC. R. %. Beilock. RM. TU. %. TA] PSY 2274 [D. D. FA] PSY 2270 [D. M. P-DE. DeVita. S-DE. CS. Rubin. SAFETY Hammond. T. G] HE 743 [D. AV. AV. AV. C. RE. AV. J. SELF-ACTUALIZATION Gaddie. T. Q-DE. BON] HE 750 [D. G] PE 4434 [D. %. A. S. RC. Q-DE. AV. TC-DE. Q. %] PE 4413 [D. M. S. Q-DE. Q-DE.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon Karduna. H. G] PH 1766 [D. MA-DE. M. L. A. A. Petitgout. RM. %] PE 4427 [D. %. A-DE. L-DE. K. MAV. G] PE 4446 [D. AV. Q-DE. R. AR. D. [D. A. G] PE 4429 [D. AV. T. L. T. TU. J. Schuenke. Q-DE. J. E. Bradney. Thomas. MAV. ROTATOR CUFF Karduna. B. Q-DE. SD-DE. RM. McDonough. Higginson. Q-DE. AV.AV. Q-DE. I-DE] PE 4443 [D. Frerking. Spurlock. G] PSY 2263 [D. Q-DE] PE 4407 [D. R. Hunt. RM. J. A. T. Q-DE. RD. RUNNING Bolles. T. G] PE 4408 [D. G] PE 4447 [D. IA. Q-DE. K. %. AR-DE. AV. T] PE 4402 [D. B. RD. I. L. AV. MA. J. JA-DE. L. Q-DE. CS. Gaddie. AR. G. Pizzi. D. Thompson. %. G] PH 1763 [D. T. PROTOCOL Fredrick. G] RC 559 REHABILITATION Adomaitis. Wilson. A. Talsky. AV. C. MA. S. Q-DE. DA. Q-DE. G] PH 1774 [D. L. Maslovat. TC-DE. A. G. %. P. T. D. E. Grall. T. Q-DE. K. SELECTION Frerking. AR-DE] PE 4450 [D. RPM. Miller. Q-DE. RM. %. A. Q-DE. I-DE. M. C. Q-DE. Adomaitis. H-DE. AV. C. Ruiz. G] PSY 2265 [D. RM. FA. CS] HE 758 [D. T] PSY 2269 [D. AR-DE. McIntyre. BON] PSY 2268 [D. C. Q. E. AV. TU. LSD] PE 4406 [D. L. RPM] PSY 2272 [D. P. G] PSY 2258 [D. PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE QUADRICEPS Kindling. AR-DE. Ryan. C. R. T] HE 746 [D. B. RECOVERY Chong. RE. Spurlock. AV. L. G] PSY 2261 [D-DE. FA. AR. CS. Q-DE. BON. L. S. DEL] HE 745 [D. RPM. A-DE. RPM] HE 749 [D. L. T. G] PSY 2259 [D. RM. SCH. RPM. Voelker. R. Harter. RM. A. S. T. %] PE 4413 [D-DE. %] PE 4403 [D. DeVita. Q-DE. L. FA. RPM. AV. I. RM. G] PE 4398 [D. AV. Q-DE. L-DE. REPETITION TRAINING RESEARCH Garner. L. RC] PSY 2277 [D-DE] PE 4426 [D. Q-DE. C. Q-DE] PE 4458 [D. RETIREMENT Gunter. A. L. AV. AR. J. G] PE 4397 [D. A.G] PE 4454 [D. Kindling. G] PE 4431 [D. Y. RM] PE 4405 [D. G] HE 744 [D. L. TC-DE. P-DE. C. IA-DE. MAV. B. AV. RM. D. M. SCH. Q-DE. C. MR] PSY 2267 [D. Kuebel. AV. CS. S. Knutzen. S. %. TU. RC. BON. AV. AV. M. TU. [D. Q-DE. TU. Q. Spievak. AV RM. T. %. K. T. PROPRIOCEPTION Nagelkerke. K. Terrell. P. AR. Q-DE. Q. G] PE 4415 [D. AV. RM. MA-DE. A. B. D. %. M. AV. B. B. CA. J. FA. AR. %. RM. K. MR. L. RESPIRATION Miller. RM. Halverson. RPM. T. A. T] PE 4392 [D. TA] PE 4439 [D. AV. Ozmun. SCHEDULING Van Wychen. T. MR. Magyar. R. D. T] HE 746 [D. P. RPM. A. Q-DE. E. Q-DE. Q-DE. TC-DE. T. P. J. AV. T. MR] PSY 2273 [D. AR. E-DE. M. AV. MR. G] RC 561 [D. RPM. G] PE 4434 [D. S. TA. PUBLIC HEALTH Reynolds. AV] PE 4435 [D. RISK MANAGEMENT Gunter. TA] HE 760 [D. AR-DE. B. L. AV. G] HE 752 [D. AV. T. AC. M. Q-DE. E. TU. AV. IA-DE. Q-DE. R. MA. DA. L. AV. AV. K. Smith. I-DE. M. AV. K. Sargent. MR. BON. MAV] PE 4389 [D. P. J. T. K. MAV] PSY 2262 [D. Q. BON. MAV. P. L. G] PH 1766 [D. J. AR. %. D. I. PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION PROGRAM Bryan. C. RECREATION Reigstad. Q. L-DE. M. G] PE 4446 [D. L. T. AV. P. K. Randall. BON. RPM. D. R. MAV] PSY 2262 [D. S. E-DE. Ryan. AR. AR-DE. K. T. A-DE. MA. RANGE OF MOTION Karduna. Romeder. R. G] PH 1765 [D. RISK McIntyre. %. %] HE 761 [D. G] HE 753 [D. AV. RELIGION Sneddon. C. REPAIR Tzovanis. MR. S. Veit-Hartley. T. A. BON] HE 741 [D. Murtaza. FA. %. M. C. Crenshaw. RM. A. L. SCHOOL Mani. RM. B. RM. AV. IA. R. RUGBY Comstock. AR-DE. A-DE. C. AR-DE] PE 4450 [D. MR. A. Z. TU. Q-DE. Q-DE. TA. M. %. BON] HE 741 [D. PSYCHOLOGY Andrzejewski. AV. 56 . I-DE. Q. A-DE. Q-DE. RM. GG. G] PSY 2261 [D. G] PE 4398 [D. R. Rauzon. G] HE 744 [D. Karlsdottir. ROWING Magyar. %] PE 4438 [D. Harter. D. Q-DE. Oosthuizen. MA. A. TU. FET] HE 742 [D. G] PH 1760 [D. TC-DE. CS] HE 751 [D. Q-DE. A-DE. G] PE 4415 [D. SECONDARY SCHOOL Bradney. %. D. L-DE. RPM. TA] PE 4439 PROFESSIONAL Egbert. Armstead. G] PSY 2275 [D. IA-DE. T. %. S. TU. Q-DE. Reynolds. G] HE 754 [D. AV. FA. Karduna. A. QUALITY OF LIFE Rampersaud. D. RPM. M. L. K. M. Meyer. A. R. M. Wu. CS] HE 751 [D. Hammond. BON. RM. Q-DE. Voelker. J. I-DE. I-DE. AV. Q. L-DE. U] PE 4444 [D. SCH. B. G] PE 4434 [D. RPM. AR-DE] PH 1775 [D-DE] PE 4420 [D. MAV] PE 4389 [D. G] PE 4395 [D. Q-DE. RM. G] PE 4432 [D. C. RE] PSY 2264 [D. A. RPM] PH 1778 [D. G] PE 4434 [D. A. RM. MA. FA. AV. E. J. Dean. %. AV.

T] PE 4412 [D. Q-DE. L. G] PE 4441 [D. RE. G] PE 4410 [D. C. RE] PSY 2264 SEX DISCRIMINATION Thomas. TA] PSY 2274 [D. T.AV. Q-DE] PE 4407 [D. [D. Robinson. RPM. A-DE. [D. RE.G] PE 4454 [D. B. MAV. AV RM. DEL] HE 745 [D. %.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon SELF-CONTROL Spievak. %. AV. %. Q.G] PE 4411 [D. M. Q-DE. Q-DE. W. I-DE. RPM. Q-DE. Q-DE. CS. A-DE. C. RC. SCH] HE 762 [D. G] RC 559 [D. Robinson. SOCIAL PERCEPTION Talsky. Q-DE. [D-DE] PE 4420 STRESS MANAGEMENT Sato. AV. Spievak. W. [D. Q-DE. P. %. RM. Ryan. SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR Sato. RC. Gaddie. S-DE. RM. %] PE 4438 [D. AV. B. T. E. R. T. L. Q. CS. T. T. L. G] PE 4391 [D. RM] PE 4405 [D. S. Hannibal. BON] HE 741 [D. C. SCH. Q-DE. G] RC 561 SHOES DeVita. G] PE 4453 [D. AV. Q-DE. Q-DE. Mani. L. S. T. Q-DE. AV. M. SPECIAL OLYMPICS Mani. L. AV. E-DE. %. A. AV. MAV] PSY 2262 [D. S. RC. T] HE 746 [D. [D. N. AV. C. AR. MR] PSY 2273 Thomas. G] PE 4401 [D. SKIN Kastberg. SCH. %. RM. G] PE 4429 [D. S-DE. FA] PSY 2270 [D. A. Q-DE. R. AR. A. Q-DE. Magyar. J. RM] PE 4405 [D. %. RPM. RPM] PSY 2272 Peterman. Q. BON] PSY 2268 [D. B. A. G] PSY 2271 [D. RE. Wilson. Q-DE. I. DA-DE] PE 4418 SPIRITUALITY Veit-Hartley. TA. CA. STROKE Adomaitis. TU. %. SPRINTING Ingram. K. AV. M. RM. AR. CS. L. S. Q-DE. M. [D. BON. Halverson. RM. T] PE 4425 [D. SCH] HE 762 [D. T. A. T] PE 4437 Turano. %. E. AV. J. AV] PE 4461 [D. M. N. T. G] PE 4401 [D. J. A. [D. van Donkelaar. P. [D. B. AR. M. TC-DE. A-DE. Q-DE. S. MR. %. E. R. McDonough. RM. Q-DE. AR-DE. S. C. H. G. M. J. R. C. %] PE 4413 [D. Q. K. Q. AR. %. Q-DE. T. T. T. R. RM. R. RPM. L. L-DE. %. G] PH 1767 [D. BON] PSY 2268 [D. RPM] PSY 2260 [D. FA. %] PE 4403 [D. Q-DE. Sargent. MA-DE. [D. A-DE. A. T. MA. K. MR. T. L. MR. C. M. LSD] PE 4406 Rosaaen. W. SKIN DISEASE Reynolds. FA. AR. A-DE. MR. FA. T] PE 4392 SHOULDER JOINT Karduna. CS] PE 4393 Wirakartakusumah [D. G] PE 4395 [D. TA. SPATIAL ORIENTATION SPECIAL EDUCATION Reigstad. Wu. RPM] PSY 2260 [D. SPINE Benson. L. SPORT Cimbalnik. Rampersaud. L. AC. MAV. J. %. N. E. STANDING Peterman. L. RPM. Gunter. Mani. DA-DE. RD. T. G] PE 4414 [D. WI. SPONSORSHIP Rosaaen. M. RM. SPEED SKATING Cimbalnik. RPM. A. J.Q-DE. T] PE 4425 [D. Q-DE. %. SORENESS Leszun. AR. RM. AV. G] PE 4432 [D. SD-DE. AV. AV. MR. I. Willming. %. A. RM. RE. SCH. T. L. AR. STUDENT TEACHER Randall. A. C. AV. C. E. Hunt. Q-DE. A. B. D. P. AR-DE. T. Q-DE. MR. N. W. [D. RM. N. %] PE 4438 Thomas. S. A. [D. AV. B. G] PSY 2261 [D. BON. A. DA-DE. TU. G] PE 4391 [D. K. S-DE. Wulk. Q. IA-DE. G. MAV. FA] PSY 2270 [D. IA-DE. [D. Bobick. Mani. Q. R. Q-DE. AR-DE. MR. T. Q. A-DE. T. T. I-DE. FA. DeVita. SPORTS MEDICINE Cimbalnik. STRENGTH Foggiano. J. SELF-DETERMINATION SELF-EFFICACY Dean. H. RPM. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Hammond. RPM] PE 4399 [D. AV. M. AV. C. Q-DE. J. M. [D. G] PE 4431 [D. %. Q-DE. G] PE 4434 [D. RPM. Q-DE. Q-DE. STABILITY Adomaitis. 57 . Sargent. [D. RPM. SHOOTING Higginson. AV. L. CS. T. AV. M. Kuipers. A-DE. G] PE 4398 [D. A-DE. G] HE 755 [D. TC. I-DE] PE 4452 White. AV. G] PSY 2261 [D. RPM. E. DA-DE] PE 4418 Rubin. P-DE. RC. RPM. Hammond. P. N. RD] PE 4409 SELF-PERCEPTION McDonough. %. R. Magyar. A. Q. AV. RC. H. J. G] PE 4401 [D. RPM. RE] PSY 2264 Oosthuizen. I-DE. [D. TU] PE 4448 [D. TA] PE 4439 [D. RPM. Q-DE. N. LSD] PE 4406 [D. Q. G] PE 4394 STRETCHING Kuipers. L. Q. STORY Scott. RM] PE 4405 [D. Comstock. E. E. M-DE. MR] PSY 2267 [D. RC. K. AR-DE. T. T. %. T. Q-DE. SOCIAL REINFORCEMENT SOLO Andrzejewski. AV. AR-DE. [D. MA-DE. AV. IA. A. R. I-DE. Q-DE. B. C. K. AV. G] PE 4397 Rampersaud. Q-DE. AR-DE. RM. G] PE 4391 [D-DE] PE 4428 [D. SHOULDER Birkelo. I. R. %. T. M. AR-DE. Q-DE. CS. AV. AV. Sato. T. RM. J. TU. M. T] PE 4392 [D. AV. M. G. Q-DE. AR. %. A. RPM. SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT STANCE Peterman. A. P. Q. G] RC 561 [D. T. RC. RPM] PSY 2260 [D. STRESS Daly. G. RM. L. E. MAV] PSY 2262 [D. I. %. AV. STYLE Pizzi. RM] PE 4405 [D. STUDENT Frerking. M. K. H-DE. MAV. AR. T. C. K. T. R. L-DE. G] PE 4447 [D. Q. AR-DE. AV. RD. C. J. RE. SPEED Thompson. SUCCESS Pizzi. %. R.

AV. E. A-DE. G] PE 4447 [D. G] PSY 2271 [D. AV. Q-DE. [D. G] PE 4394 [D. [D. E. TU. Q-DE.Q-DE. Q-DE. RPM] PE 4399 [D. [D. K. AR-DE. MA-DE. Van Wychen. RPM] PE 4399 SURGERY Harter. G] PSY 2265 [D-DE] PE 4426 [D. H-DE] PE 4440 [D. J. RE. RE. RE. R. Kearney. G] HE 743 [D. N. T. John. R. AV] PE 4404 [D. E. Ryan. A. G] PE 4398 Schuster-Decker. Q. E. AV. Q-DE. THROWING Birkelo. TU] HE 747 Voelker. TU. B. M. A-DE. Nagelkerke. RPM. P. [D. AV. AR-DE. M. AV. Q. D. P. C. I. %. AV. RPM. C. MAV] PE 4389 [D. L. AV. RPM. L. TESTING Barrett. %. J. A. RC. L-DE. A-DE. RPM. JA-DE. MAV. Q-DE. MA-DE. TETRALOGY OF FALLOT Tzovanis. MR] PSY 2273 [D. RM. R. WI. E. AV. TRAVEL Willming. LSD] PE 4406 [D. T] PE 4436 TIME TRIAL Murphy. AV. L-DE. Q. CV. MA-DE. K. AV. AV. H. CS] HE 751 [D. M. J. F. J. L. G] PE 4447 [D. G] PH 1766 TECHNIQUE Lock. Knutzen. RM. C. AV. G] PE 4408 [D. TU] HE 747 Smith. RC. BON. A. TOURISM Rusch. P. %. FA. K. RPM] PH 1773 [D.RM. RM. M. RPM. 58 . AV. G] PE 4446 [D. Thomas. A. D. Pizzi. W. E. D. Kearney. MA. T. T] PE 4392 [D. C. RM. Hannibal. [D. Karduna. M.G] PE 4411 UPHILL Murphy. M. [D. T] PE 4392 [D. J. Milligan. B. A. J. IA-DE. Q. [D. UNITED STATES Hawkins. AV. B. FA. Q-DE. AV. %. T. Willming. A. AV. AV. Q. S. T. %. T. AR-DE. G] RC 560 [D. Q-DE. M. RC. Q-DE. M. Q-DE. [D-DE] PE 4420 TRAINING Cimbalnik. Fredrick. %] PE 4457 [D. T. L-DE. G] PH 1771 [D. TC-DE. AV. G] PE 4449 [D. Q-DE. Q-DE. %. G] PE 4398 UNDERHAND THROW Milligan. I-DE. G] PH 1774 [D. Q. DA. T. L. A-DE. AV. S. R. RPM. M. I-DE. E. M. RM. G] RC 561 [D. SYMMETRY Bobick. I-DE] PE 4452 [D. %. Q-DE. AV. L. A-DE. G] PH 1771 [D. DA-DE. MA-DE. A-DE. G] PE 4410 [D. G] PE 4410 [D. AV] PE 4404 [D. A. R. TU. DA-DE. L. A. T. L-DE. HV] PE 4390 [D. T. B. [D.RM. Turano. BON. Q. RPM. A-DE. A. Pelletier. N. Leszun. RM. A. AV. CS] PE 4393 [D. AV. Rust. Spurlock. M. A-DE. AR. %. AV. T. G] PH 1774 TEACHING Ozmun. Pizzi. RM. RPM] PSY 2260 [D. RE. E. Q-DE. TU] PE 4448 [D. T] PE 4437 [D. L. T. M. CV. RPM] PE 4422 [D. G] HE 755 Karlsdottir. G] PE 4433 [D-DE. G] PH 1769 [D. A. J.RM. Petitgout. RM. Q-DE. Q-DE. RPM. %. McCafferty. M. CV. E-DE. [D-DE. Q-DE. Pelletier. Q. W. AV. P. G] PE 4397 [D. A. T. C. RM. AV. T. T] PE 4437 [D. Q-DE. E. J. O. C. RM. I-DE] PE 4455 [D. Keller. S. Sargent. RM. MR. G] HE 754 Schuster-Decker. TU. G] HE 759 [D. RM] PE 4459 [D. L-DE. van Donkelaar. C. [D. M. RM. R. Q. RM. SCH. P. G] PH 1771 [D. N. THERAPY Burns. E. TECHNOLOGY Karduna. Murphy. TISSUE Karduna. TU. RM] PE 4459 [D. Q-DE. G] PE 4398 [D. T] PE 4436 [D. U] PE 4444 [D. R. T. AV. F. M. Q. M. AR-DE. AV. D. MAV. Wulk. SCH] PE 4417 Romeder. M. SD-DE. VANCOUVER Ryan. L-DE. P. L. S. %. AV. Halliwill. RE] PH 1772 [D. AR-DE. AV. C. J. John. SWIMMING St. Q-DE. B. AV. HV] PE 4390 [D. M. E-DE] PH 1764 [D. AV. AV. SCH] PE 4417 Oosthuizen. G] PH 1767 [D. L. C. A. RM. [D. RPM. Magyar. MAV] PSY 2262 [D. AV. G. RM. L. C. B. L-DE. Thomas. R. F. AV. B. G] PH 1763 McCafferty. Q. AV. RM. Frerking. AR-DE] PH 1775 [D. W. RPM] PE 4399 [D. SCH. O. TA] PSY 2274 [D. S. MR. Terrell. Kastberg. A. B. AV. Sato. A. [D. G] PSY 2258 Ryan. G] PE 4414 [D. E. RM. G] PE 4433 [D. T. AR-DE. R. T. Q.Q-DE. J. Q. L-DE. AR-DE. AV. %. S. Oosthuizen. RPM. T. RPM. AR. A-DE. SEE. A-DE. [D. A. A-DE. RM. RM. Q. AV. L. A-DE. RPM. TITLE IX Garrett. J. D. AV. Leszun. R. RM. J. E. Q-DE. O. D. Q-DE.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon SUMMER Higginson. RM. White. RC. FA. G] PE 4397 Ricciuti. Q-DE. T. Q-DE. J. [D. C. J. TRIATHLON Darnell. M. RM. E. [D. %. G] PE 4434 [D. AR-DE. %. TREATMENT Halliwill. RM. T. TESTOSTERONE Daly. T. G] RC 560 [D. K. Q-DE. SCH. AV. AV. BON] HE 750 St. AR-DE. TU] PE 4396 [D. A. A. RM. C. %. T] PE 4402 [D. E. AV] PE 4435 [D. T. TRACK AND FIELD Veit-Hartley. T. RPM. S. MR. G] PE 4410 [D. T. Q-DE. AV. Higginson. E. RE. A. [D-DE. Q. Q-DE. FA. RM. R. %] PE 4413 [D. N. M. T. AV. AV. DA-DE. Q-DE. L. S. Tzovanis. RE] PH 1772 [D. MAV. RPM. TEAM SPORT Rampersaud. A-DE. TEAM Grotenhuis. TELEMETRY Crenshaw. Wulk. A. L. Z. AV. RC. G] PE 4414 [D. RC. AR. AR. AV. P. AV. TU. UNIVERSITY Bradney. SURVEY Rusch. Willming. A. Davidson. S. S-DE. [D. AV. AV. D. D. FA. A-DE. AR-DE. [D. G] PE 4401 [D. FA. UNDERWATER Wulk. TC. J. W. R. T. %] PE 4427 [D-DE. AR-DE. AV. FA. J. TU. St. Rubin. John. Q. T. SYMBOLISM Andrzejewski. J. G] HE 756 THERMODYNAMICS Wingo.

M. RM. C. Leszun. Magyar. G] RC 560 [D. T. T] PE 4436 [D. K. H. Q-DE. AV. C. A. G] PE 4401 [D. RPM. T] PE 4412 [D. A. R. %. G] HE 756 [D. WOUND Cimbalnik. AV. AR-DE. WALKING Keller. L-DE. TU. Pizzi. RPM] PH 1778 [D. E. WINNING Gaddie. M. %. AR. G] PSY 2271 [D-DE] PE 4424 [D. RM. WISCONSIN Halverson. T.Q-DE. AR-DE. Spurlock. G] PE 4442 [D. A-DE. Hunt. P. Q-DE. M. T. Turano. Rauzon. A-DE. WORK Bryan. G] HE 752 [D. RM. T. %. M. K. Bolles. RE. WI. AV. Schuenke. B. AV. S. C. AR. P. TA] HE 760 [D. A. T. AV. RPM] PSY 2272 VISION van Donkelaar. TC-DE. P. St. I-DE. BON] HE 741 [D. Q-DE. TA] PE 4439 [D. RE. Randall. Q-DE. R. Q-DE. M. AR-DE. W. L. C. Q-DE. %. A-DE. WOMAN Armstead. C. RC. J. G] PSY 2271 [D. Q-DE. AV. VITAMIN B COMPLEX Rust.G] PE 4454 [D. G] PH 1765 [D. %. B. CAN. Q-DE. AV. AR-DE. E. I-DE] PE 4452 [D. T. CS] HE 751 [D. A. J. WAIVER White. G] PE 4449 [D. J. L-DE. AV. G] PH 1766 [D.AV. J. L-DE. Q-DE. T. P-DE. RPM. L-DE. RM. E. G] PE 4414 [D. C. John. RPM. P. Q-DE. AR. CH-DE] PE 4423 [D. St. H. DA-DE. FA. Rusch. van Donkelaar. E-DE] PH 1764 [D. T. Davidson. A. Q-DE. C. K. FA. CA. D. B. %] PE 4403 [D. AV. %. S. RM. Q-DE. %. AR. T. G] PE 4395 [D. RPM. RM. P. Lander. G] PE 4419 [D. RPM. N. C. [D. AV. DEL] HE 745 [D. Voelker. VISUAL PERCEPTION Kim. YOGA Wilson. RM. I. FA. %. RE. %. SEE. Grover-Haskin. RPM. WEIGHTLIFTING Foggiano. RPM] PE 4422 [D.Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon VENTILATION-PERFUSION RATIO Schuenke. John. T. P. SCH. Q. AV. K. K. E. AR-DE. MAV. AV. CS. W. Comstock. TU. Q. J. AV. T. Sadeghi. 59 . A. CS] HE 758 [D. Gunter. MAV] PSY 2262 [D. G] PH 1765 [D. T] PE 4392 [D. M. A. Q-DE. AV. AR. CS] PE 4393 [D. SCH.

. 10 559 . 8 746 ... P.. 13 749 ..... M... 23 4419 .... J..... PSY Sawhill... Wilson. PSY Oosthuizen..... PSY Spurlock.. Foggiano..... W... 26 4457 ...... H. PE Lock.... PSY Rusch. R. Dean........... Harter......... M. T... K. PE PSY PE PH HE HE PSY PE PE PE PH PE PH HE PH PE HE PE PE HE PE PH PE PE PSY PE PE PE PH HE PE PH PE PE PH PE HE PE PE HE PH PH PE PE PSY HE PE PE PE PE PE PE PE PE PH PE PE PE PSY 4400 .... C.... M.. 20 1767 ..................... PH Milligan.. R....... 6 757 ........ Burns... 23 756 ....... D. PSY Ruiz. K............... Voelker....... PH Schuster-Decker...... B..... 9 4422 . PE Nagelkerke..... A. PE St............ A.... M................. Anning.... 10 1774 .......... R........... K. 14 1762 ... R. S.... PE Reynolds.. 18 4427 ..... K..... 20 4454 .... 4 4438 . N.. R. G... 12 750 .... PE Smith... Bryan....... W........ PE Knutzen. HE Scott... L. 37 4436 . J. D... 11 741 . 24 4444 .. R........ L.... E..... 17 4434 ... B..... A...... L.... 32 4412 .. E... D... 39 4453 . J..... Wirakartakusumah Wu....... A. 35 2258 ... Cutler... PE Kindling........ 12 2270 .. 7 745 .... M.. R.................. 35 754 .... L.. L... Adomaitis.. P.......... J.. Bradney. J............. R....... 17 2269 ... H... John..... DeVita. PE Sargent..... T..– PE Pizzi. Derrick.......... M...... HE Rosaaen.. M....... T..... PSY Robinson........... Daly..... 29 2271 . 27 4448 .... B. S........ Benson.... C...... B..... Chong....... M....... HE Romeder.... Grotenhuis. PE Pelletier...... Higginson....... 1 4458 .. A............... 31 4401 ... J... 4 4406 ......... White........... 45 4405 ..... John. R...... R. PE Ozmun.. M. K.... P. 11 4416 . M....... L..... W.. L.. 28 742 ..... R.... Thomas.. PE Pack.... E.............. 23 4426 .......... Barrett. PH Murtaza..... 4 2274 ... A............. Caster.. A. J.. van Donkelaar......... Kearney............... Crenshaw.... S........ A. N. 42 751 .. 25 4389 ................ PH Leszun... 21 4404 .. D.... 38 1764 ...... K.. M............ 40 4417 . PSY Kuipers.......... PE Magyar. 21 4445 ................. Wingo..... S..... D...... A.... B.. M............... J. P....... RC Rust... B............ R.... M........ PE Schuenke..... Kastberg.. Wulk... Egbert........ Turano. 36 4428 .... 14 4431 . 3 4395 .Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon AUTHOR INDEX Abel. D............... S.. J..... D... Beilock. H.... W. 22 4442 . Hammond.. 30 759 ... D. Y....... L........... D...... HE St.... HE Peterman...... Hannibal....... L. 38 4393 ..... HE Reigstad. B..... Grall. E................... L.... 38 4410 .. Davidson. T................ 2 4399 .. 29 2266 . Fredrick. PE Lanigan...... M.. C. A.. HE Miller... 36 4443 .. 44 4408 ......... 41 762 .... S.. 18 1768 . C. S. 6 4439 .... Hunt.... 8 Taylor.. Hammond. Bobick. 18 2277 ..... M...... PE Spievak.......... W........... Garner... 41 4415 ..... Harter.... HE Myers.. 11 4450 ................ 7 4423 ...... J....... E...... J..... A. K.. E. 9 4429 ..... G. J... 3 1761 ...... N. Volding.. 27 1772 ..... PE PE PE PE PE PE PH PSY PE PSY PH PSY HE PE PE PSY PH PE RC PE 4462 ... PE Petitgout... Garrett... Ingram.. L....... 46 4460 ........ Cimbalnik... M.. C. Veit-Hartley....... C.. A.. J.. 34 758 ..... R..... 34 4391 .... K.............. PE McDonough..... J. L... E. DeVita...... HE Rauzon.............. R.... Birkelo......... T.. 6 4392 .. 9 2273 .. Gaddie.. S....... 44 748 ........... Thomas. 33 4446 ... C.. L.. 14 2267 .. A..... PE 4424 ..... 43 4397 .... Andrzejewski. 34 4451 .. P........ S..... M.. PE Rubin. D...... K................ 40 4425 . 20 2268 . C. S..... A..... 10 1770 .... Karduna.. N. L... 13 4394 . Halverson......... C. G. M.. E.... Gunter....... 39 4456 ....... Thompson. PE Pennington........ Grover-Haskin. K.... P... I. Z... J............ 4 4452 ... 1 4390 .... R........... 14 4432 ..................... 3 1771 ......... R.... 22 2264 ... S. P. PSY McIntyre.. 43 Kim. 45 744 .. Hagobian... L.. M.... A... C....... 12 4411 . Terrell....... J.. D........... C... 25 4430 ... D... M.. D.... Karlsdottir...... J....... C. C. PE Maslovat.. T.......... R... PE Lander.... C. N........ D..... B. PE Sadeghi. 30 4409 ... R........ 5 1760 .................. 33 1777 . K. K.. 15 4441 . 26 4413 ....... 5 2276 ....... Bolles.... L...... 42 1766 ... Armstead. S.... K. S. 29 747 .... M... HE Ricciuti................. Donahue.... 8 2272 . J....... Weise. E....... 35 4407 ..... 24 760 .................. C. 18 2265 .. C. A......... A. J...... G.. 19 1765 . 11 4447 . 28 4398 ..... 38 2260 .... A. 32 4402 . A.... Hawkins.. L.. A.......... PE Murphy...... J. C..... A............ S.... H...... 5 60 ........ Tzovanis.............. Brucker.. P...... T. Keller... PSY Miller............ 28 4459 . 20 743 ... 31 4421 .. T... J.. J...... S. Van Wychen. E.... B.. A. 44 755 .... PE Rampersaud. 22 2262 .. 21 4449 .. L.......... 15 4440 ......... 19 561 .. 26 753 . PE Randall....... 28 4414 ...... 41 560 .... 30 2275 .. T........... 25 752 .... 42 1769 .. 31 1773 ........... HE Talsky.. 7 2263 .. 17 4435 . 27 4403 .. L... T..... A. J............. PH Ryan. E...... HE Sneddon.. PSY Mani... 15 1775 .......... P.. 41 2259 .......... 1 761 . 16 1763 .......... Kim........ Comstock.......... Willming.... PSY McCafferty. C. 22 4396 . RC Sato...... 2 2261 .. 26 4455 . 36 4418 .... P...... Karduna.. PE Kuebel.......... 16 4433 .. B... H.......... 33 1776 . M..... 43 4420 . 2 4437 ...... O. Halliwill... M... F.. R.. K... E. P.... A..... M... C.. Frerking.. PE Meyer..... Darnell.... C. 37 4461 .... 13 1778 ....... E..... L..

............. 12 PE 4444 ................. T... A...................... B........ N. Keller. R... M.... P................ R....... Slippery Rock University Cutler.. Thompson....... K... 4 PSY 2258 ............... 28 HE 754 ..... 22 HE 751 .... M. H..... 39 PSY 2270 . P........................... Brockport Hammond... J. K. Kim... W.. University of British Columbia Darnell....... Pennington.. Ryan........ 26 PH 1776 ... C.. D... C.. T.. 31 PE 4438 .... Taylor...... Scott... E.... S.......... D....... 34 PE 4443 ........ R... 42 PE 4419 ........... D... M......... L........ 3 HE 757 .. Ruiz............. K...... K. R. C.. S...... Kuipers...... 34 HE 749 .... Thomas. Northern Arizona University Garrett.. Ozmun.. J......... University of Nebraska... A.. Hammond..................... 40 PSY 2264 .............. 43 PSY 2262 . 36 PE 4421 ..... 31 HE 753 ..... 11 PE 4459 .... 20 PE 4422 . A...... University of Louisville Dean......... L.. J......... 46 RC 559 ... 15 PE 4425 . K......... J...... T........ C.......... Wilson................ A. 19 RC 561 ... C............ J........ M....... 3 PE 4449 . 6 PH 1760 .. P.............. P..... Milligan................... 17 PSY 2273 ............... 22 PE 4414 .... N.. Petitgout.. 10 PE 4423 . Hunt......... E...................... C........ C........... San Francisco State University Fredrick. S........ Volding.. Lock.. Maslovat.. University of Cincinnati St.... 41 PSY 2259 ... N..... B............. K................ L......... Nagelkerke.. 44 PE 4454 .Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon SCHOOL INDEX Brigham Young University Hawkins.... 11 PE 4428 ..... D...... 9 PE 4395 .... M......... 20 HE 762 .... J........ Hagobian.... Peterman.... L....... 1 HE 755 ... R.. B...... 15 PSY 2263 .. 3 PE 4390 .... 29 PSY 2275 .. D........................ C........... 38 PE 4458 .... Davidson................ 28 PE 4457 ... E..... University of Memphis Rosaaen....... 23 PE 4462 ....... McGill University Tzovanis...... Spievak..... 4 PSY 2267 ...... W. Simon Fraser University Romeder...................... Gunter..... Sneddon............ Foggiano.. 37 Springfield College Bradney........ 9 PSY 2272 ..... John..... University of Kansas Thomas.... University of Guelph Murtaza.... M... Grover-Haskin... 24 PSY 2271 .............. 22 PH 1771 ..... B.. L. A........ L.. McCafferty. Wu....... Pizzi... E. 41 PSY 2260 . J... D...... C............ 6 PE 4391 .......... Ricciuti.... H........ A....... P.... Eastern Michigan University Terrell................. C......... McDonough.. 41 PH 1774 .. A............. University of Calgary van Donkelaar. C.... M.... H. 23 PE 4399 ......... R................... Robinson..... 12 PE 4455 ...... M................. W. University of California..... PE 4389 ..... Egbert.... 39 PSY 2276 ... Y..... Northern Illinois University Hannibal... Sato... 8 HE 742 ... C....................... Spurlock.... M.............. R.. PE 4440 ....... 9 PE 4429 ...... C. E........ A. San Diego Comstock. R..... J........ K........ 45 PE 4447 ........... 11 PE 4424 ......................... T..... University of Montreal Sadeghi.. C. P.... S.... J... 32 PSY 2268 . A................. 2 PE 4437 ............................. Z........ Purdue University Bryan.... 18 PE 4392 .......... 43 PE 4398 ..... 20 PE 4436 .. State University of New York.... 4 PSY 2277 ... Michigan State University Beilock.. P. J.......... 45 PE 4433 . O.... N.. P................. A..... E....... 26 HE 741 . M........ B..... C.......... D. White..... Magyar................ 30 PH 1775 .................... 41 PSY 2265 .... 35 PSY 2266 ....... University of Florida Willming........... 14 PE 4412 .... 11 PE 4426 ......... 33 PE 4427 . L.. B........ M.... 5 PE 4417 . D............. Oregon State University Garner. K..... D........ 22 HE 760 ...... Texas Woman’s University Andrzejewski..... K...................... L. L. 42 PE 4418 . 44 PE 4396 ............ R........... University of Hong Kong Chong................ Pelletier. 38 61 .... L............. Johns Hopkins University Karduna. 44 PE 4420 ................... 27 PH 1777 ............ 2 HE 752 .......... D. Roosevelt University Armstead........ T.... 33 PE 4393 . Kim.............................. Leszun.... M. Montana State University Higginson. I....... Loyola College in Maryland Rubin.... S.. Omaha Sargent..... B... Miller. Murphy.................................. H................ M... Gonzaga University Meyer..... F.

.. L...... 30 PE 4411 .... University of Oregon Adomaitis..... A.. University of Utah Rauzon........... Pack....... M..... K..... 5 PE 4461 ....... K... 20 HE 743 ..... M... Schuenke............ Miller....................... G....... Rust......... E.. 6 PE 4448 .... N.............. H............. Donahue..... M. P..... S........ 36 PE 4452 ...... J..... University of Rochester Kuebel.. G............. 35 RC 560 ..... R... 16 PE 4450 .. G.............. Ingram... 18 PE 4416 ..... S. E.. Milwaukee Talsky...... 25 PE 4401 .... A... J. La Crosse Abel................... R.... 24 HE 758 .. D..... A. M.. R... T..... W..... J.... D... A........... University of Toledo Anning.... Reigstad.. Birkelo.......... 25 HE 759 ... R....... University of Pennsylvania Karduna... T.. 33 PE 4406 ......... E. Voelker................. B... A.......... Lanigan.......... 16 PSY 2269 ....... PH 1773 .... Frerking...... 14 PE 4445 ....... C............. Randall........ Rampersaud.. 43 PE 4430 .... M........... J.... 28 PE 4415 ........ 21 PH 1768 ... S..... P....... L............... S........... 27 PE 4394 ..... S..... R........ University of Wisconsin................. E...... 14 PE 4432 ... L............ S.. West Virginia University Bobick...... Turano................ 2 PH 1761 ... Lander.......................... University of Southern California St..... A.. Van Wychen.. Virginia Commonwealth University Halliwill... M... S.... A..... 14 PE 4431 ...... L.............. M. Schuster-Decker. L..... 17 PE 4435 .......... Bolles. J......... Kastberg. M... 29 HE 747 ....... University of Wisconsin...Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon University of New Mexico Burns. Harter...... Harter............ Weise... L.................. 1 HE 750 ............. Sawhill................ Crenshaw... 12 University of the Free State Oosthuizen. B................ Smith.. Rusch. Reynolds. J.. Grall.. Kearney.......... 42 62 ............... J.... 37 PE 4453 ....... 26 PE 4413 .... A.... 23 PH 1770 ... 13 PE 4456 .................... 25 PH 1767 ......................... 7 HE 744 ......... L..... S.. M.... J................... A.............. A. 29 HE 748 ........... 19 PE 4434 .... Wingo............ E............ 1 PH 1763 ..... DeVita.. 36 PE 4408 ... 38 PH 1764 ....... Chapel Hill Barrett. T... 32 PE 4402 .. J.... T... C...... C...... 7 HE 745 ....... A......... G............. 21 PE 4441 .. L...... W............... E.. 18 PE 4451 . E.... 28 PH 1765 ..... Western Washington University Veit-Hartley.... A...... B........ C.. N.. 8 HE 746 ..... DeVita.... University of Texas...... Knutzen. R.......... Myers.... S. 17 PE 4442 ........... 35 PE 4400 .... Halverson... Kindling..... J..................... D.......... Caster.......... 30 PSY 2261 .. C............. M.... 5 HE 756 ................ 38 PE 4409 ............... PE 4397 ... John.............. D.. 21 PE 4405 ............ 40 PE 4439 . D.................. S... K.. 15 PE 4446 . K.... 4 PH 1766 ..... Grotenhuis. Wirakartakusumah. University of North Carolina.. Mani........ K....... A.... Karlsdottir.............. 31 PH 1762 ...... R..... M. University of South Africa Gaddie........ Derrick................................. R...... P.............. J.................. 8 PH 1772 ..... McIntyre......... J...... El Paso Benson........ Cimbalnik...... 34 PE 4407 ... L.... 18 PE 4460 . 27 PE 4404 .. T........... Daly...... 26 HE 761 . R.. L..... 10 PH 1769 .... R.... J........... Brucker............. 13 PSY 2274 ..... Wulk.... 10 PE 4410 ..... 7 PE 4403 . A................. 13 PH 1778 .

... conference reports (1951-1972)........................ 4 fiche .......................... Hui-Ching (1950).......... 5 fiche ................................................000 pages........... 23 fiche ACSM News 8(1973)-9(1974) American College of Sports Medicine......................................... 4............ $201 Addition No............................... 1983.................... Volleyball Review (1973-1980).......... $20. 1989-November 3.C...A.... $8 USOA VII “Olympism: A Movement of the People” Texas Tech University.. More than 2400 pages......................... $210 Complete Set: 17..... An analysis of volley ball in various regions of the world................... 11 fiche ............................................. 5 fiche . 1—Volleyball Review (1940-1973)......... 2 fiche .................................................................... $108 COUNCIL FOR NATIONAL COOPERATION IN AQUATICS Archives...........D.......A........... More than 9.. 3 fiche ........... Volleyball Review (1981-1986)............................................. 1..... 1981........ 1 fiche Complete Set (27 fiche) ... 306 fiche ............. history...... 126 fiche .. 1972) American College of Sports Medicine...... U........... Columbia University........ 1979.. annual guides (1916-1975)...916 pages. U............................ Columbia University..... 2 fiche ................ $12....... The History of Volleyball in the United States.................. $8 USOA III “The Spirit of Sport” Brigham Young University at Provo.. 43 fiche ..................... $8 USOA IV “The Olympic Ideal: 776 B....... $900 Also Available: Flanagan.... 2 fiche ................ 2 fiche AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SPORTS MEDICINE 1:1(March 1966)-2:1(Feb...................................................... More than 600 pages...S........................ Biennial conference reports (1974-1980).. $16 IOC WORLD CONGRESS ON SPORT SCIENCE PROCEEDINGS IOC WORLD CONGRESS ON SPORT SCIENCES “Proceedings: First IOC World Congress on Sport Sciences..................... 1989.. 1978........ United States beach volleyball rules (1997-1999) United States volleyball rules (1990-1999). $129 Addition No..... 1980..................... 32 fiche .......... records.......000+ pages..................... Colorado Springs...... Volleyball Official Guide (1981-1986)............................00 Lu. 3 fiche .Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon ADDITIONAL ITEMS AVAILABLE FROM KINESIOLOGY PUBLICATIONS AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SPORTS MEDICINE SPORTS MEDICINE BULLETIN 10(1975)-32(1997) American College of Sports Medicine......... 1977... reference material.......... 70 fiche .........................................S............... $20 USOA VIII “Educating for a Better World: Now!” Los Angeles Athletic Club............... 2—Volleyball Review (1980-1981)... 1989" The Broadmoor Hotel.................. 67 + fiche ........................ $16 USOA VI “Purposes. 3—USA volleyball reference guide (1987-1999). Lance (1960).... Volleyball Official Guide (1976-1980).................). $44 USOA V “Expanding Olympic Horizons” Olympic Training Center at Colorado Springs..... $20 UNITED STATES VOLLEYBALL ASSOCIATION Archives. records....................... 8 fiche ..00 THE UNITED STATES OLYMPIC ACADEMY USOA I “Perspectives of the Olympic Games” University of Illinois at Chicago Circle... 3 fiche . 2......... 1982. 5 fiche ...... October 28............................... 1967) American College of Sports Medicine........................................... A report of a Type C project (Ed..... $64 Addition No.. 1984..................... 1 fiche AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SPORTS MEDICINE NEWSLETTER 2:2(May 1967)-7:4(Oct. Principles and Contradictions of the Olympic Movement” Pepperdine University................. $12 USOA II “Sport and Olympism: A Way of Life” Illinois State University at Normal............ $378 Addition No................................. to the 21st Century” Indiana University at Bloomington.. $12 63 ..........958 pages........

..................................." Colorado State University. 2 fiche ......... last dean of the College of Human Development and Performance at the University of Oregon...... and Henry Montoye.................................................. A Collection of 23 Representative Presentations at USOAs I-IX....... Harrison Clarke...... Pittsburg......... Clarke initiated intramural athletics and the graduate study program in physical education at Syracuse University......... 1986........... Japan............... Edited by Jan Broekhoff............ 5 fiche ............................ Colorado Springs....... 3 fiche .........Kinesiology Publications—University of Oregon USOA IX “Olympism: A Commitment to a Better World Tomorrow Through Sport” State University of New York......................Biomechanics Contribution by more than 30 authors from the United States.............. 9 fiche ..... Europe............................... $12 CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS IN ATHLETIC COMPETITION Children and Adolescents in Athletic Competition—Rewards and Adversities is the title of the Proceedings of a 1994 symposium held in memory of Professor Jan Broekhoff..................... Olympic Champions.......... Harrison Clarke.. 3 fiche .............................. Physical Education................ Central was the question............................... 1986........ United States Olympic Academy XII” Pennsylvania State University........... and Australia Keynote addresses by H.... June 10-14........... 1991... $10 64 .Motor Learning ................. 3 fiche ........................................................ 1988..... 1990...... HARRISON CLARKE Reflections is the autobiography of H........................... Franklin Henry. how intense training influences children's physical and psychological maturation............... 4 fiche ........................... Indiana........... 406 pages .......Morphology ................ Book .. and Avery Brundage at the International Olympic Academy 1961-1985” Colorado Springs..........................................................Tests and Measurements ....................... 1985..... $200 1984 OLYMPIC SCIENTIFIC CONGRESS Abstracts of papers presented...................... $12 USOA X “Olympism.... Olympic Complex........................ 1986........ A Souvenir Prepared for the Celebration of USOA X at Colorado Springs.... United States Olympic Academy................. $16 USOA XV "Olympic USA: A Team Effort........... 1995...................... 4 fiche . $16 USOA XIV "Gold or Laurel: The Olympic Tradition in a Changing World" Emory University. $12 Complete Set Price.................................................................................. $10 REFLECTIONS BY H......... 3 fiche ..... Canada. the Physical Fitness Newsletter............ a renown physical educator whose numerous accomplishments and contributions to the profession span seven decades! A former president of the American Academy of Physical Education and vice president of the American Alliance for Health.. USOA X SELECTIONS I & II : ..................... and completed the Medford Boys’ Growth Study while at the University of Oregon................................... $18 PHYSICAL EDUCATION SPORTS AND THE SCIENCES Papers Presented in Honor of H........ 1989........ Book...................................S................. $20 USOA X SELECTIONS I “United States Olympic Committee................... $12 USOA XI “The Olympics: Serving All People and All Nations” Indianapolis. the Olympic Games and the Worldwide Olympic Movement” U................ Dr............... $8 USOA X SELECTIONS II “Compendium of the Speeches Presented by Educators. Recreation and Dance.. Book .......... 1987.. USOA I – XV incl..................... $12 Available on Microfiche ............... Harrison Clarke.... The book contains the most important issues discussed during the symposium............................ $16 USOA XII “Proceedings... Administrators... 1986” Colorado Springs.....Physiology of Exercise ....... $12 USOA XIII “Olympic Education: Breaking Ground for the 21st Century” Evergreen State College......... Physical Fitness ........... 4 fiche .......... 1976.. established the doctor of physical education degree at Springfield College............. International Institute for Sport and Human Performance..... founded Microform Publications..............

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