YOUR CONTRIBUTION TO The Reconstruction of Zambia Railways As A Nucleus For National Industrial Revolution

Professor E. Clive Chirwa
Chief Executive Officer Zambia Railways Limited
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Outline
• History & Current State of Affairs • The Future for Zambia Railways Limited (ZR) 2013-2017 & Beyond • Rehabilitation & Reconstruction of Existing Network Process • Network Development Programme of the future • Zambian Designed Motive Power & Rolling Stock • Business Model For Sustainable Profitability & Growth • Partnerships • Floatation of Minority Stake to finance modernisation of the network • Conclusions
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

• Zambia Railways Limited operated and still operates a network of 1062 km of 1067mm gauge, single track of which 848km is the mainline and 214 km is on branch lines or spurs
•In 2001, two years before the concession ZRL moved 1.98 million tonnes of traffic. Today that is 667,000 tonnes • ZRL had and has a total of 37 locomotives (12 GT ,17 U20C and 8 U15C) and has a total of 2201 wagons of various types.

HISTORY

• ZRL own passenger coaches have become dilapidated and out of service during the concession. Therefore using 28 passenger coaches belonging to Railway Systems of Zambia (RSZ).
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Track Condition
Mainline Track • The mainline extends from Victoria Falls Bridge in the South to Nkana – Kitwe

• The weight of rails on the mainline is 91lb per yard (606km) 90lb per yard (101km) 80lb per yard (141km), these need replacing with 91lb/yard
• 530 km of the mainline is on concrete sleepers & 318 km on wooden sleepers • The depth of ballast on mainline varies between 50mm and 160mm instead of the required depth of 250mm to 300mm.
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Track Condition

Wooden sleepers in EXTREME poor condition
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Track Condition

Missing rail fastenings on consecutive sleepers on the mainline near Kabwe and Monze railway stations, making the railway line unsafe.
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Track Condition

The railway line is overgrown with weeds in many sections, thus even maintenance of the line difficult to carry out.
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Track Condition

If repairs were made, the plan was to interlace 1 concrete sleeper in 4 wooden sleepers and claim to have upgraded the railway line
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Track Condition
Mainline Track • The mainline extends from Victoria Falls Bridge in the South to Nkana – Kitwe

• The weight of rails on the mainline is 91lb per yard (606km) 90lb per yard (101km) 80lb per yard (141km), these need replacing with 91lb/yard
• 530 km of the mainline is on concrete sleepers & 318 km on wooden sleepers • The depth of ballast on mainline varies between 50mm and 160mm instead of the required depth of 250mm to 300mm.
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Track Condition
Branch Lines The following are the branch lines on Zambia Railways Limited:S/N Section Length Type of Rail Type of Sleeper

i ii iii iv v

Kitwe – Chingola Ndola – Sakania Chambeshi – Mufulira Luano – Chililabombwe Choma – Masuku Total

67.95 27.36 34.09 30.93 65.40 214.00

80lb 80lb 60lb 80lb 80lb -

Steel Steel Steel Wooden / Steel Steel -

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Track Condition
Branch Lines The following are the branch lines on Zambia Railways Limited:S/N Section Length Type of Rail Type of Sleeper

i ii iii iv v

Kitwe – Chingola Ndola – Sakania Chambeshi – Mufulira Luano – Chililabombwe Choma – Masuku Total

67.95 27.36 34.09 30.93 65.40 214.00

80lb 80lb 60lb 80lb 80lb -

Steel Steel Steel Wooden / Steel Steel -

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Track Network Design & Construction
Curvilinear rail Crossrail Linkages

Linear Rail
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Track Network Design & Construction

Full Period of Vibration Equations of Motion

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Station Condition
• More than 90% of stations along the main line and branch lines are dilapidated beyond repair due to lack of maintenance. • Kitwe – Total demolition • Ndola – Major repairs (Cheaper new build) • Kapiri-Mposhi – Total Demolition • Kabwe – Major repairs (Cheaper new build) • Lusaka – Substantial repairs • Kafue – Total demolition •Mazabuka – Total repairs • Choma - Major repairs (Cheaper new build) • Livingstone – Substantial repairs • All intermediate stations need total rehabilitation
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Station Condition
• More than 90% of stations along the main line and branch lines are dilapidated beyond repair due to lack of maintenance. • Kitwe – Total demolition • Ndola – Major repairs (Cheaper new build) • Kapiri-Mposhi – Total Demolition • Kabwe – Major repairs (Cheaper new build) • Lusaka – Substantial repairs • Kafue – Total demolition •Mazabuka – Total repairs • Choma - Major repairs (Cheaper new build) • Livingstone – Substantial repairs • All intermediate stations need total rehabilitation
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Track & Station Condition NEXT STEPS
• Track Rehabilitation is needed in many parts of the existing lines
• New Second Track construction from Chingola to Livingstone is therefore needed to make the rail come to 21st Century standards • New Stations are needed for human occupation • To achieve these goals……………

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Track & Station Condition NEXT STEPS
• Track Rehabilitation is needed in many parts of the existing lines
• New Second Track construction from Chingola to Livingstone is therefore needed to make the rail come to 21st Century standards • New Stations are needed for human occupation • To achieve this goal a new business model has been agreed with the management team.
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

The Vision
To have an effective and efficient railways network that is extremely profitable as a core business and that is the envy of the world, strategically connecting Zambia, its natural border countries and overseas.

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

The Future – Track Network
PHASE 1
1
8 3 4 2 3

Total/Partial reconstruction of the existing lines & extension

7 5 6 5 4

PHASE 2
-TAZARA & CHIPATA-MCHINJI LINES TO CONNECT -MULOBEZI-SHANGOMBO TO BOTSWANA

9 1

2

10

9
PHASE 3
6
Further railway tracks to service our mining & Agro Co. industries plus passenger transport -LUSAKA-MONGU -CHINGOLA-MWINILUNGA -KAFUE-HARARE -MPIKA-MANSA-KAPUTAMPULUNGU/MBALA-CHOZI

❶ Livingstone – Mulobezi lines ❷ Livingstone – Chingola Lines ❸ Inter-mines & Ndola – Sakania then Kolwezi (Congo) ❹ TAZARA connect to Chipata-Mchinji & to Mpulungu ❺ Chipata-Mchinji line (to Malawi/Mozambique) ❻ Lusaka – Mongu ❼ Chingola – Mwinilunga (On the way to Angola) ❽ Mpika – Mansa – Kaputa – Mpulungu/Mbala – Chozi ❾Mulobezi-Shangombo (On the way to Bostwana) ❿Kafue to Harare (On the way to Zimbabwe)

7 8
10 8

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

Figure 1: The future Zambia Railways Network (This network is indicative of partial selected routes and not exhaustive as further lines can be added or removed)

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

The New ZR Business Model
BUSINESS OUTLINE CHARACTERISTICS It is proposed herein that the business meets the expectations of the Zambian people. Among these outcomes are: •To reconstruct the entire business to be profitable, self sustaining and become a major contributor to the exchequer accounts; •To become a major employer that creates apprenticeship jobs of around 10,000 during the reconstruction phases, and which reduce during full operation period to 3000 – 5000 pensionable jobs. In addition, there will be around 3,000 – 4,000 jobs to be created in the supply chain as ZR intends to source 75% - 80% of parts, components and services from businesses in Zambia. ZR vision on employment is to maximise human capacity for maximum productivity that will make it a flag ship of the Nation; •To build a solid partnership with satellite businesses that will enhance further ZR core business and profit margins.

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

The New ZR Business Model
ZAMBIA RAILWAYS CORE BUSINESS

FREIGHT DIVISION

PASSENGER DIVISION

INTER-MINE DIVISION

ENGINEERING DESIGN DIVISION

INFRASTRUCTURE COMMERCIAL DIVISION

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

BRANDING
BRANDING

Creating; Identity, focus, values, pride. Denoting; Political, societal and commercial change. Presenting; A reality for the future – a vibrant and successful Zambian Railway
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

BRANDING
BRANDING

Rail Freight – Creating the brand; customer focused divisions within he main brand, Mining, Inter Mine, International, Coal, Gold etc.

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Freight Cost Centre
• Current - Traditional business of a railway company that needs modernisation through intelligent marketing and management • Traditional cargo such as copper ore and its products; coal; lime; maize; sugar; etc… • The future for ZR is to look for new cargo from none traditional routes: uranium ore; manganese ore; nickel; gold; rare metals; agro products; etc… • TARGET: To move from meagre tonnage to 1.5 million tonnes and beyond
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Passenger Cost Centre
• Traditional business of a railway company that needs modernisation through intelligent marketing and management
• Traditional passenger business that has deteriorated in quality of service • The future for ZR is to look for new and modern coaches that attract the business community, offer comfort and reliability for repeat business

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Inter-Mine Cost Centre
• Traditional business for Zambia Railways that generated a lot of revenue prior to the concession. During the concession, this business was killed completely
• Rehabilitation and modernisation needed in many places to enable bring back the business from the roads to ZR • Customers have invited us to offer them services

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Inter-Mine Cost Centre
Mr Amol Mehra Head Marketing/Logistics & Concentrate Procurement Konkola Copper Mines plc Chingola, Zambia Phone: +260212350009 Mobile: +260978778422 E-mail: amol.mehra@kcm.co.zm

OFFER: Up to 3 million tonnes per year in delivering: Ore, Anodes, Concentrates, Lime and other products for production.

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Engineering Design Cost Centre
• This is a new cost centre developed to capitalise on the skills in Kabwe • The aim is to create the biggest engineering and design technology centre that develops products from first principles: - Wagons - Coaches - Locomotives - spares and components for use in the assemblies • Design utility machines and vehicles •Carry out research in the Think Tank •The future for Zambia Railways Limited (ZR)
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Infrastructure Commercial Cost Centre
• This is new cost centre that involves track and stations plus all the fixed assets • The vision- To construct a second line track along the existing one • To make all the dilapidated stations good and vibrant places by building Malls, Pubs, Restaurants & Cafés, shops; etc….. • To electrify the mainline in Phase I construction • Use of $120 million. Not enough so proposal to float 48% to private institutions as advised by the Attorney General

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

The Project
INFRASTRUCTURE: RAILWAY NETWORK

ENGINEERING DESIGN: PASSENGER COACHES WAGONS LOCOMOTIVES

COMMERCIAL: STATIONS

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Project Workpackages
INFRASTRUCTURE Existing Line Rehabilitation Second line construction Bridge & Culvert construction Tunnel & Flyover Construction Electrification COMMERCIAL Station Mall Bar, Pub, Restaurant, shop Hotel Business Offices THINK TANK ENGINEERING Research & Development Engineering Design Manufacture of Railway Vehicles Manufacture of Auxiliary Equipment Training

THINK TANK OF TOTAL BUSINESS DELIVERY & MANAGEMENT

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
INFRASTRUCTURE
RAIL

BALLAST EXISTING LINE REHABILITATION

SLIPPERS

FIXTURES

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
INFRASTRUCTURE
RAIL

BALLAST EXISTING LINE REHABILITATION

SLIPPERS

FIXTURES

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
INFRASTRUCTURE
MODULAR DESIGN CONSTRUCTION MODULE 1: VICTORIA FALLS – MAYOBA (105 KM) MODULE 2: MAYOBA – CHOMA (112 KM) MODULE 3: CHOMA – MONZE (101 KM) SECOND LINE CONSTRUCTION

MODULE 4: MONZE – NALUAMA (101 KM) MODULE 5: NALUAMA – CHISAMBA (109 KM) MODULE 6: CHISAMBA – LUANSHIMBA (103 KM)
MODULE 7: LUANSHIMBA – KAFULAFUTA (104 KM) MODULE 8: KAFULAFUTA – MABOTE (94 KM) MODULE 9: MABOTE – CHINGOLA (92 KM)

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
INFRASTRUCTURE – RAIL TRACK
MODULAR DESIGN CONSTRUCTION MODULE 1: VICTORIA FALLS – MAYOBA (105 KM) MODULE 2: MAYOBA – CHOMA (112 KM) MODULE 3: CHOMA – MONZE (101 KM) MODULE 4: MONZE – NALUAMA (101 KM) MODULE 5: NALUAMA – CHISAMBA (109 KM) MODULE 6: CHISAMBA – LUANSHIMBA (103 KM) 50KG (91LB) RBS RAIL = 916,00 TONS BALLAST = 916,000 M³ CONCRETE SLEEPERS = 1,282,400 5 MM THICH HDPE RAIL PAD = 2,564,800 E1820 TYPE PANDROL CLIP/BOLTS = 5,129,600 INSULATOR (BLUE/BLAC LINER) = 5,129,600 BAR FISHPLATE (PAIR) = 150,164 FISHBOLT & WASHER = 600,656

MODULE 7: LUANSHIMBA – KAFULAFUTA (104 KM) MODULE 8: KAFULAFUTA – MABOTE (94 KM) MODULE 9: MABOTE – CHINGOLA (92 KM)
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
INFRASTRUCTURE - BRIDGES
MODULAR DESIGN CONSTRUCTION MODULE 1: VICTORIA FALLS – MAYOBA (105 KM) MODULE 2: MAYOBA – CHOMA (112 KM) MODULE 3: CHOMA – MONZE (101 KM) MODULE 4: MONZE – NALUAMA (101 KM) MODULE 5: NALUAMA – CHISAMBA (109 KM) MODULE 6: CHISAMBA – LUANSHIMBA (103 KM) ROAD UNDER BRIDGES = 5 FOOT BRIDGES = 5 CULVERTS = 868 RIVER BRIDGES = 22

ROAD OVER BRIDGES = 3

MODULE 7: LUANSHIMBA – KAFULAFUTA (104 KM) MODULE 8: KAFULAFUTA – MABOTE (94 KM) MODULE 9: MABOTE – CHINGOLA (92 KM)
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
INFRASTRUCTURE - ELECTRIFICATION
MODULAR DESIGN CONSTRUCTION MODULE 1: VICTORIA FALLS – MAYOBA (105 KM) MODULE 2: MAYOBA – CHOMA (112 KM) MODULE 3: CHOMA – MONZE (101 KM) MODULE 4: MONZE – NALUAMA (101 KM) MODULE 5: NALUAMA – CHISAMBA (109 KM) MODULE 6: CHISAMBA – LUANSHIMBA (103 KM) 921 KM CATENARY SYSTEM 921 KM DISTRIBUTION FACILITY 921 X 2 FANCING ALONG LINE 14 SUB-STATIONS

367,000 POLES

MODULE 7: LUANSHIMBA – KAFULAFUTA (104 KM) MODULE 8: KAFULAFUTA – MABOTE (94 KM) MODULE 9: MABOTE – CHINGOLA (92 KM)
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
FIXED ASSETS - STATIONS
MODULAR DESIGN CONSTRUCTION MODULE 1: VICTORIA FALLS – MAYOBA (105 KM) MODULE 2: MAYOBA – CHOMA (112 KM) MODULE 3: CHOMA – MONZE (101 KM) MODULE 4: MONZE – NALUAMA (101 KM) MODULE 5: NALUAMA – CHISAMBA (109 KM) REHABILITATION OF ALL SMALL STATIONS BY BUILDING PLATFORMS AND WAITING ROOMS > 150 REBUILDING OF KITWE, NDOLA, KAPIRI, KABWE, KAFUE, MAZABUKA, CHOMA, LIVINGSTONE TOTAL SINKING OF LUSAKA FOR LAND DEVELOPMENT

MODULE 6: CHISAMBA – LUANSHIMBA (103 KM)
MODULE 7: LUANSHIMBA – KAFULAFUTA (104 KM) MODULE 8: KAFULAFUTA – MABOTE (94 KM) MODULE 9: MABOTE – CHINGOLA (92 KM)
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
FIXED ASSETS - STATION MODERNISATION

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
FIXED ASSETS - STATION MODERNISATION

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
FIXED ASSETS - STATION MODERNISATION

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
FIXED ASSETS - LUSAKA STATION UNDERGROUND

Opportunity DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRIME BUSINESS ZONE “The City”

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
ENGINEERING DESIGN – THINK TANK
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE OF RAILWAY STUDY AT THE COPPERBELT UNIVERSTY

DEISGN OF ROLLING STOCK, VEHICLES EQUIPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE & FIXED ASSETS

MANUFACTURING OF ALL ENGINEERING DESIGNED PRODUCTS MARKET: ZR; ALL HEAVY & LIGHT INDUSTRIES; MINES; AGRICULTURE; TRANSPORT
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
ENGINEERING DESIGN - FUTURE ROLLING STOCK

© Designed by Professor Clive Chirwa

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
ENGINEERING DESIGN - FUTURE ROLLING STOCK

© Designed by Professor Clive Chirwa
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
ENGINEERING DESIGN - FURTURE ROLLING STOCK

© Designed by Professor Clive Chirwa
AT NEW LOOK KABWE STATION
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
ENGINEERING DESIGN - CURRENT FREIGHT ROLLING STOCK

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Contribution Package
ENGINEERING DESIGN - ROLLING STOCK

OUR GOAL

© Designed by Professor Clive Chirwa
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Delivery Milestones
DELIVERY TIMELINE
TASKS QUARTER PREAMBLE ERA RP FEIDD PHASE 1 LINE 1 LINE 2 LINE 3 PHASE 2 LINE 4 LINE 5 LINE 9 PHASE 3 LINE 6 LINE 7 LINE 8 LINE 10 TRAINING YEAR 1 2 3 YEAR 2 2 3 YEAR 3 2 3 YEAR 4 2 3 YEAR 5 2 3 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Delivery Milestones
DELIVERY TIMELINE
TASKS QUARTER PREAMBLE ERA RP FEIDD PHASE 1 LINE 1 LINE 2 LINE 3 PHASE 2 LINE 4 LINE 5 LINE 9 PHASE 3 LINE 6 LINE 7 LINE 8 LINE 10 TRAINING YEAR 1 2 3 YEAR 2 2 3 YEAR 3 2 3 YEAR 4 2 3 YEAR 5 2 3 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

New Industrial Progression
Rolling stock Manufacturing Vehicle/ Construction Machines Production Electricity Generation & Water

ZR
IT Hardware & Software Production Think-Tank & Research

Stone/Wood/ Cement/etc..

THE AKAPELWA LECTURE

31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Thank You
THE AKAPELWA LECTURE
31st January 2013, Government Complex Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful