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A caution before citing Wi ipedia As with any source, especially one of un nown authorship, you should be wary and

independently verify the accuracy of Wi ipedia information if possible. For man y purposes, but particularly in academia, Wi ipedia may not be an acceptable sou rce;[1] indeed, some professors and teachers may reject Wi ipedia-sourced materi al completely. This is especially true when it is used without corroboration. Ho wever, much of the content on Wi ipedia is itself referenced, so an alternative is to cite the reliable source rather than the article itself. We advise special caution when using Wi ipedia as a source for research projects . Normal academic usage of Wi ipedia and other encyclopedias is for getting the general facts of a problem and to gather eywords, references and bibliographica l pointers, but not as a source in itself. Remember that Wi ipedia is a wi i, wh ich means that anyone in the world can edit an article, deleting accurate inform ation or adding false information, which the reader may not recognize. However, we are also confident that Wi ipedia provides good overviews of most to pics that it covers. See Wi ipedia:Researching with Wi ipedia, Caution on academ ic use of Wi ipedia and our General Disclaimer page, for more information. A wi i is an unusual medium, and as such doesn't conform well to the usual boo citation formats. Wi i is not paper, so you will need to use an electronic-citat ion format instead. The exact format will depend upon the citation guide that yo u are following, but here are a few general principles to consider: A special citation tool is available to assist you. On the left of every art icle, there is a "Cite this page" lin . Clic ing it will bring you to a listing of relevant information, as well as automatically generated citations in several styles. Note that it is still your responsibility to ensure the citation meets all requirements. You should not cite any particular author or authors for a Wi ipedia article , in general. Wi ipedia is collaboratively written. However, if you do need to f ind the list of authors of a particular article, you can chec the Page history. Authors are listed only by IP address or chosen user name; you normally cannot verify and often cannot even guess at their identities. Your citation should normally list both the article title and Wi ipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, much as you would for an article in a paper publication. Eve ry article should be a separate citation. Most citation styles will li ely require the full article URL. You can clic "Permanent lin " in the toolbox at the left of this page. This lets the URL inc lude a unique identifier such that you can tie your reference bac to the exact version of the article you are referencing. It may or may not be desirable to ad opt this approach, depending upon the context of your reference. This lets you s how what you saw and ignore any changes made after you accessed the page. If gre ater brevity is desired, you can use the regular URL, or optionally just the sit e URL (e.g. http://en.wi for an English article), because an article URL can be inferred from an article title. The citation style may request the full date and time of the article revisio n you are using. If you use the permanent lin feature, this may not be necessar y. However, the date and time of the last revision can be found at the bottom of every page (above the copyright notice). Examples The following examples assume you are citing the Wi ipedia article on Plagiarism , using the version that was submitted on July 22, 2004, at 10:55 UTC, and that you retrieved the article on August 10, 2004, except as otherwise noted. APA style






























" 2004) for a paraphrased passage or ("Plagiarism. if you are discussing the "online encyclopedia" itself . but the bo o title following it is. Note that MLA style calls for both the date of publication (or its latest update ) and the date on which the information was retrieved. not a term in the encyclopedia. T he proper citation of Wi ipedia. it is also acceptable to place the s ubheading and then a paragraph number within that The in-text citation formation would be (Wi ipedia. Wi imedia Foundation. the site. You capitalize the first word. the following rules apply for the reference: For reference boo s. the first word after a colon. 1)." 2004. the boo title is preceded by the word In. the firs t word after a colon. The Free Encyclopedia. 2004. As another example. and proper nouns. you might need to reference the site itself. Retrieved August 10. If the quoted material is more than 40 words. The URL must go to the exact page that you reference. p roducts or ideas) for personal advantage. In Wi ipedia. from http://en. proper in-text citation for a direct quote of fewer than 40 words i s: "Plagiarism is the use of another person s wor (this could be his or her words. Note that par a. use the bloc quote format instead . 2004). as recommended by the American Psychological Association: [1] Plagiarism. Inc. which includes encyclopedias. and 2) you must provide the publication date for each term separately. where you capitalize the first word. 2 2 July 2004.wi ipedia. as referenced in APA 5th Edition Styl e is: Wi ipedia: The free encyclopedia. and glossar ies. # represents the paragraph number in the page where the information appears. para." Wi ipedia. Retrieved August 10. and proper nouns. The boo title appears in sentence case. No punctuation follows the URL. Use sentence case for multiple-word terms or titles. Web. However. the proper in-text citation for a paraphrased passage is: Plagiarism is stealing the wor s of others ("Plagiarism. as recommended by the Modern Language Association: "Plagiarism. 2004.d.). "Definition. from http://www. According to the most rec                                       . If there are multiple headings on the page. dictionaries. wi i/Plagiarism[2] Note that in APA 5th Edition style. Inc.Citation in APA style. It is not italicized. APA Style requires that you provide a separate reference entry for each term you are citing in your paper because 1) you must provide a URL for each term that g oes directly to the term. without proper ac nowledgment of the o riginal wor " ("Plagiarism. (2004. 10 Aug. MLA style Citation in MLA style. (n. #) if you directly quote the material. July 22)." 2004)." 2004. The term or article title appears in the author position. For example. 2004. FL: Wi imedia Foundation. The proper in-text citation is ("Plagiarism." para.

Inc.php?title=Plagiarism&oldid =5139350> [accessed 10 August 2004] Chicago style Citation in Chicago style: Wi ipedia contributors. One of these is the inclusion of either Web. <http://en. Plagiarism [Internet]. Note that the Chicago Manual of Style states that " are normally cited in notes rather than bibliographies.[ 3] Here is the same example with the URL omitted: "Plagiarism. An example with a URL: "Plagiarism. Wi ipedia. 2 2 July 2004. 10:55 UTC [cited 2004 Aug 10]." CBE/CSE Style Citation in CBE/CSE style. Inc." Wi ipedia. Inc.php?title=Plagiarism&oldid=5139350 (accessed August 10. The Free Encyclopedia.wi ipedia.wi ipedia. <http://en. Turabian style The following are examples of how to cite Wi ipedia articles according to A Manu                                                 . Wi imedia Foundation. In 2009. Be sure to double chec the exact syntax your institution requires.wi ipedia. s uch as major dictionaries and encyclopedias. 2004. For citation of Wi ipedia as a site. Another is that URLs are no longer required. use: Wi ipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. after the d ate of creation. Wi imedia Foundation. 10:55 UTC. there is now information required about any fou ndation i/Plagiarism> MLA 7 says to leave out the URL unless the source cannot be located without 10 Aug. The Free Encyclope dia." Wi ipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. The Free Encyclopedia. 2004. Available from: http://en." Wi ipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 22 July 2004. W eb. 10 Aug. Web. 2004).ent edition of the MLA Handboo . Also note that many schools/institutions slightly change the s yntax. MHRA style Citation in MHRA style. 22 J uly 2004.wi ip edia. Should you wish to include them. Wi imedia Foundation. place them in brac ets at the end of the citation. or Print. 2004.nown reference boo s. " 2004 Jul 22. 10 Aug. 'Plagiarism'. MLA released a revised version of their citation style which changed se veral things. as recommended by the Modern Humanities Research Associa tion: Wi ipedia contributors. 2 2 July 2004. http ://en. Wi ipedia. Web. as recommended by the Council of Science Editors: Wi ipedia contributors.php?title=Plagiarism&oldid=5139350.

" in Wi ipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 10:55 UTC. Blueboo . 10:55 UTC) [encyclopedia on-line].wi ipedia. ¶9. Retrieved 10 August 2004. These examples are based on "reading between the lines" and assimilating rules from various not-so-similar cases that Turabian d oes cover. Turabian (Chicago: University of Chicago Press. though t he date parenthetical differs slightly. i/Mar eting (Accessed August 10. updated 22 July 2004. Updated 22 July 2004 .v.2 of the 18th edition of the Blueboo . Wi imedia Foundation Inc.wi ipedia. you might want to find out if they have their own adaptation of Turabian that would apply in this case. This format derives from Rule 18. Internet. The parenthetical here is designed to sp ecify the exact version of the article to which the author is referring. s. (Indenting is li e that of the bibliography. and any run over lines are indented fi ve spaces". (According to Turabian 6th edition. Notes 1" i/E ndangered Species. for entries in the bibliography. 2004) Bibliography Wi ipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.) Parenthetical reference ("Plagiarism. 22 July 2003. Wi ime dia Foundation Inc.http://en. This presentation does not follow that rule. recogni                                                                         . wi ipedia. Here is an example: See Wi ipedia. 2006. Encyclopedia on-line. ISBN 0226816273 (paper). In Wi ipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 21. ISBN 0226816265 (cloth) .wi ipedia/wi i/Blueboo (describing histo ry and application of the Blueboo ) (as of Mar. "Mar eting. 10:55 UTC.wi ipedia/wi i/[article] [(optional other parenthetical)] (as of [date]. 1996).. http://en.) Citation to Wi ipedia The Harvard Journal of Law & Technology has adopted the following format for cit ations to articles in Wi ipedia: [Signal] Wi ipedia. [article]. Theses."Wi ipedia. by Kate L . "th e first line of each entry is flush left. you could always consult with the pa rty before the deadline to ma e sure it's acceptable. and Dissertations. 2Wi ipedia contributors. Retrieved 10 August 2004. 20:50 GMT). Note on Turabian style: Please understand that Turabian does not have rules that cover anything li e Wi ipedia. Alternately. "Plagiarism") Reference list Plagiarism. 6th edition. Available from http://en. The Free Encyclopedia." Wi ipedia: The Free Encyclopedia) or (Wi ipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Wi imedia Foundation Inc. If the party to which you are submitting your paper is particularly s trict. Encyclopedia on-line. available from http://e n. for Writers of Term Papers. retrieved 10 August 2004. Internet.wi /wi i/Plagiarism. [time] GMT). Available from i/Plagiarism.

The date and time used should corres pond exactly to the latest version listed in the article's Wi ipedia history pag e that states the proposition for which you are citing it. Use of GMT conforms t o the timestamp format used in those history entries (e.g.zing that articles can and do change often.. use 24-hour notation to avoid AM/PM).   .