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THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING
A new system of education is now being implemented in the Philippines under the Aquino Administration which is so-called K+12. The K+12 or K-6-4-2, is the two year extension of the 10-yr basic education cycle in the Philippines.
K+12 have been initiated knowing that the Philippines are the only country with a 10-year cycle, according to UNESCO. Moreover, this program aims to uplift the educational standard in the country to help professionals who would like to work abroad and to produce emotionally ready, knowledgeable and employable 18-year old high school graduates to apply for jobs easily. This will give students more time to learn than ever before and provide quality education. Also, the program aims for more success in the next “x-generations”.
In spite of the good purpose of this implementation, many have criticized the K+12 in the country. Not all are in favour and sees it as an addition to the problems of the Filipino Families. Such students and their parent/s are complaining about the additional years, not to mention, it’ll affect their expenses and budget. But indeed, it is more time consuming and requires a bigger budget not only to them, but to the Government. A bigger budget allocation will be needed for additional classrooms, school supplies and facilities, and also for more qualified teachers as well.
Some college educators do attest to the fact of the lack of preparation that high school graduates receive when they enter college. This should not really affect the lives
It is necessary to conduct this inquiry to find out the effect of K+12 to the UCSIPS students and to make a contribution to the subject. as for the students.Y. remember that the program aims for better education for your children and be supportive. As for the loving parents. In spite of your own personal problems. since this program has already been implemented. 20112012. teach your students all that they need to learn and teach them with love.of poor Filipino families if they will be aware of the implementation of quality education in the country. What are the effects of K+12 to the budget of the family? 3. do your best and study harder even if there are many hindrances to success. The researcher got interested in determining what would be the effect and if it will be affecting the UCSIPS students after the implementation of the K+12 so we conducted this research. What is the profile of the students in terms of: 1. the research sought to answer the following questions: 1. As for the teachers.3 Annual salary of Parents 2. Statement of the Problem This research study aims to determine the perceived effect of the K+12 to the Level 11 students of Union College School of Integrated Preparatory Studies S. What are the advantages and disadvantages of K+12 . Specifically.1 Sex 1. Now.2 Age 1. always remember that the future of the students depends upon you.
it will help them to become aware of the effects of K+12 to their family’s budget and their school performance. For the parents.4. Scope and Delimitation The study will be conducted to determine the effects of K+12 on the budget and performance of the Level 11 students of Union College School of Integrated Preparatory . Importance of the Study The researchers determine the effects of K+12 to the budget of the students of Level 11 students of Union College School of Integrated Preparatory Studies for S. the results of the study will be helpful in making the decision for the K+12 programs.Y. For the students. 2011-2012. Will the students understand the lessons better after the 2years extension is implemented? 5. This will also educate them regarding the reasons and the effects of the K+12 program to them. The results and findings of this study could help the officials in implementing this program. Furthermore. the results of this study will help them understand the government’s purpose of implementing this program and assist them in planning for their budget for their children’s tuition fee. Are the students willing to enter college even if they can work instantly with the K+12 programs even if their course is vocational? Null Hypothesis There is a significant effect of K+12 program on the budget of the family and the Level 11 students of Union College School of Integrated Preparatory Studies.
and level. Conceptual Framework Fig. The study will be conducted in Union College School of Integrated Preparatory Studies for the period S. the effects in their performance in school and their average grade and demographic characteristics such as age. . The topics stated were the program K+12 program. 2011-2012. the expenses for two additional studying years.Studies. gender.Y.1 Effects of the K+12 program on the budget and academic performance.
Expense – it is an outflow of money to another person or group to pay for an item or service or for a category of costs. the rule of law. Philippines – where the K+12 is being/going to be implemented. and the human rights along with the fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the UN charter. Students and Parents – the most expected to be affected with the implementation of K+12 Budget – is a list of all planned expenses and revenues. . and culture in order to further universal respect for justice.Definition of Terms The following terms are defined conceptually for better understanding of this study: Level 11 students – these are the third year students of UCSIPS. Filipino families – families living in the Philippines. Its stated purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through education. UNESCO – is a specialized agency of United Nations. science.
K+12 – is a designation for the sum of primary and secondary education. RELATED LITERATURE Rep.Y. 2011-2012 – is when the research is conducted in UCSIPS. The coverage presented will help in the academic performance of awareness concerning the subject. Chapter 2 REVIEW OR RELATED LITERATURE This study focused on the different researches and other literatures that focused on several aspects that will help with the progression of the study. For poverty stricken country such as ours. S. Raymond Palatino. Then the parents need to work harder for them to support the . a member of Kabataan Party list said: The new system would translate to added burden to parents who could barely send their children to school. The expression is a shortening of Kindergarten (K) through twelfth grade (12). The study concentrated on evaluating the effects of K+12 on the budget and performance of the students of Level 11 students of Union College School of Integrated Preparatory Studies. the proposal to add two years to basic education is a question of survival. This K+12 will need more allowance to implement this program.
however. Luistro promised another round of consultations to discuss their proposal to add two more years of elementary and high school education. Sa huli. "Walang kakayahan ang gobyerno na magpatupad ng ganyang programa. Education Secretary Armin Luistro was elated at the sight of the new batch of eager learners when he visited P. In an official statement. The DepEd said that the success or failure of this new kinder batch. For his part. marami sa mga nagdrodrop-out sa elementary ay mga batang hindi pumasok sa kinder. will factor heavily in their future decision.” The PBEd stated that over and above the poor quality and lack of teachers. said Crisostomo. continued to rage against the new DepEd policy. Anakbayan National Chairperson Vencer Crisostomo believes shortages in classrooms. Luistro firmly believes in the importance of kinder to reinforce basic education. facilities.studies of their children. dahil lubhang kulang pa rin ang budget sa edukasyon. continues to make learning a growing challenge for more and more of the students. textbooks and workbooks and facilities. . Gomez and San Juan Elementary School in Metro Manila on Monday morning. nagiging pabigat lang siya sa mga magulang na tipid na tipid sa kanilang budget". quipped Luistro Critics of the program. and teachers should be addressed first before the extension of basic education is even considered. Sa wakas may 'K' na ang K12 program".” PBEd reiterated that the additional years in basic education cannot be separated from the issue of poor quality of the education system. "Sa mga pagaaral. But this program will help the students to add additional knowledge. “Forcing into 10 years a curriculum that is learned by the rest of the world in 12 has resulted in poor performance by our students. PBEd expressed support to Education Secretary Armin Luistro for prioritizing the K+12 proposal saying “it is finally moving forward as various stakeholders have been brought into a serious consultation process aiming to develop a model for implementation that will bring the least disruption with the most benefit to the education system.
for its part.) RELATED STUDIES Is the K-12 model good for the Philippine education system? Sarah Katrina Maramag The program is proposed to start in school year 2012-2013 for Grade 1 and first year high school students with the target of full implementation by SY 2018-2019. which is part of President Benigno Aquino III's proposed educational reforms. (So that everything is in order. (See: Teachers wary of 'trial-and-error' 12year educ program) "Ang gagawin po ni Bro. Critics. will know exactly the implications of K-12 insofar as the expenses are concerned. Armin Luistro will explain on October 5 the whole structure of the K-12 program including the financials so the public. on October 5 ilalahad po niya buong istraktura ng K-12 program including the financials para maipaliwanag sa taumbayan lalo na sa mga magulang kung ano talaga ibig sabihin ng K-12 insofar as the expenses are concerned. K-12 has been met with criticism from youth and student groups. counteract that the education crisis needs to be addressed more fundamentally and adding more school years would only exacerbate the situation. especially parents. parents and the academic community. however. Armin Luistro para maayos po lahat. teachers. was criticized by some quarters who said the current 10-year basic education system should be improved first. The DepEd. Bro.Presidential spokesman Edwin Lacierda said the DepEd will have the details of the so-called K-12 or kindergarten to 12th grade plan available on October 5. appears determined to enact the program with its proposed budget catering mostly to preparing the grounds for its eventual implementation." Lacierda said in a press briefing. The K-12 plan. The main arguments and corresponding counter-arguments from critics: . The DepEd argues that the K-12 program will be the solution to yearly basic education woes and the deteriorating quality of education. which is Teachers’ Day.
3. The DepEd has enough resources to implement the K-12 4. “May K+12 nga tapos hindi parin sapat ang school facilities. For povertystricken country such as ours. Ultimately. a member of Kabataan Party list said: The new system would translate to added burden to parents who could barely send their children to school. “I-fast forward na sana ng Pnoy Administration ang ibang projects nila for the poor. But looking at the whole picture. Kung titingnan natin ang sitwasyon ng milyong Pilipinong naghihrap ngayon. May they not forget about the far flung areas “na hanggang ngayon ay hindi manlang maambunan ng grasya galing sa gobyerno.” -JM Drece Rep. The K-12 will address low achievement scores and poor academic performance of elementary and high school students. what the youth and country direly needs is for the development and establishment of an education system that caters to the needs of the Filipino youth and the society in general. I am from a well-off family so education is not an issue. 2. .” I am not saying that I am against the said bill.” The government should be working on reconstructing schools specially the ones that were affected by typhoons. Quality education may be the only way to resolve the major problems in our country but let us not forget that K+12 is nothing if we won't give our full effort to accomplish the so called "quality education". the proposal to add two years to basic education is a question of survival. regardless of whichever “model”. the DepEd justifies the K-12 model by saying that the present short basic education program affects the human development of Filipino students. A Filipino education Lastly. Truly speaking. even without a college diploma. Filipino graduates will be automatically recognized as “professionals” abroad. 5. problema pang maituturing ang K+12. Maganda ang K+12 kapag kaya nang tumayo ng mga Pilipino sa sarili nilang mga paa. The K-12 will solve the annual growing number of out-of-school youth.1. The K-12 will open doors for more jobs for the youth. Raymond Palatino.
Fund it from the pork barrel of each congressman/senator. at least not right now. enough desks.This K+12 will need more allowance to implement this program. more schools especially in the provinces. Do we need to increase the number of years in school to achieve this? I don't think so. design and implementation plan of DepEd. When we have done this. revise the curriculum to MEET INTERNATIONAL standards. grade school. What other countries take 12 years to do -. I would suggest that the DepEd maximize to the fullest the present curriculum that we have. That way our graduate's education will be of global standards. Make sure all the students have the newest books. The PDF file above discusses the rationale.we attempt to accomplish in 10 years. and get good teachers by continuously re-educating them and more importantly. high school AND University. Put up one government university in every province. The Commission on Higher Education (Ched) which oversees tertiary education in the Philippines has already pointed out that . adequate classrooms. It appears that we have been teaching 12 years worth of learning in the space of 10 years. In this post I consider some of the problems and challenges attendant upon the K-12 proposal. middle school. Before jumping in. increasing their pay. upgraded laboratories. Then the parents need to work harder for them to support the studies of their children. DepEd suggests this is a partial explanation for the ill preparedness of our high school graduates to undertake college level study. -★Spotter★ A major agenda item for the Dept of Education (DepEd) is the proposed K-12 Basic Education System (PDF) which would represent a major expansion of the present ten year public school program to thirteen years.
Chapter 3 Research Design and Procedure This chapter includes the research design used in the deportment of the study. Method of Collecting Data and Development of the Research Instrument . group. The statistical treatment of data is also presented and utilized along with the analysis and presentation of the results.most colleges are spending too much time providing remedial courses to entering students because of that deficiency in the secondary school program. The basic purpose of experimental research is to discover the influence of one or more factors upon a condition. the research locale. purpose of which is to discover “what will be”. or situation. The research instrument is provided in this chapter as well as the procedure used in this research. Research Design The study was conducted to investigate the effect of K+12 program of the DepEd to the Level 11(3rd year high school) students in Union College School of Integrated Preparatory Studies. It describes and analyzes variables in carefully controlled conditions as a basis for inferring or concluding. and also the population and illustration of the respondents included. The researchers used the experimental method in this study.
The instrument used to collect data was a clerical tool which is the questionnaire. they could read and answer the questions easily. Level No. This is concerned with the students’ different point of view. Sampling Design The study was conducted in Union College School of Integrated Preparatory Studies (UCSIPS).The method of collecting data used was the questionnaire. of Students Percentage Sample 50% 11 31 50 20 15 Statistical Treatment The responses were tabulated as the basis for statistical treatment. The researchers randomly selected the respondents. The respondents of the study were from the Level 11 students of UCSIPS. We. considered all the factors and questions to be used so that the respondents will be able to participate accordingly. We also sought guidance from knowledgeable people concerning this. This was used to gather data faster. Knowing that the respondents were the students. This was done in order to know the effect of K+12 program in the selected students in Level 11 of . researchers. and that they are very literate.
Frequency of the responses N .Statistical percentage f . The researchers used the sample size of the selected students in the selected level to know how many percent of the students in that year level are in favour of the K+12 programs. P=f/n x 100 Where: P .UCSIPS. This study will prove how the implementation of K+12 program will affect the studies and financial concerns of UCSIPS students.Total number of students .