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oGif;ajymMum;oGm;onf/

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Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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aEG;cJhMuonf/

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Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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onf/

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Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

2012 Ekd0ifbm28rS 'DZifbm 4&ufxd

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Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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10

Life

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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11

Life

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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12

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Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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d f
ESihfr,fvif'g*dwf ZeD;armifE?HS eH
ygwfajcmufae&mwGif ygupöwef
rS touf 15 ESpft&G,f uav;
oli,fynm oifMum;a&;ESihf
trsdK;orD;tcGihfta&;vIyf&Sm;
olrmvmvm,lqwfAZf idk ?f eHygwf
ckepfae&mwGif uefor®w tkd
bm;rm;wkdYtm; ay;tyfxm;cJh
onf/ -Ref: Foreign Policy

pm-3? oGm;vma&;cufcJaom ivsif'Pfoihfa'orsm; tultnD&&SdrI enf;aeqJ rS
ivsif'PfaMumihf xdckduf
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rsm; ysufpD;jcif;uJhodkY wkduf½dkuf
ysuf p D ; qH k ; ½H I ; rI r sm; r&S d a omf
vnf; ivsifvIyfcwfrIaMumifh
a&TwGif;vkyfief;rsm; &yfem;xm;
&jcif;? ajrtdk;? pOfhtdk;vkyfief;
rsm;&yfem;xm;&jcif;wkdYaMumifh
a&Tbdk? ausmufajrmif;? oydwf
usif;? pOfhul;NrdKUe,frsm;twGif;
&Sd a'ocHvufvkyfvufpm; t
ajccHvlwef;pm;rsm;rSm pm;0wf
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tcJBuHKae&aMumif; ¤if;a'o
rsm;wG i f vl r I u l n D a &; vk y f

aqmifay;aeolrsm;uqdo
k nf/
]]&GmrSmu awmifolvkyfwJh
oleJY a&Tvkyfief;vkyfwJhol wpf
0uf p D a vmuf & S d w ,f / ivsif
aMumihf a&Tvkyfief;awG jyefr
vkyfEkdifao;bl;/ tdrfaqmuf
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NrdKUe,f? cufoif&GmrS aus;&Gm
tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL; OD;jraqGuajym
onf/
cufoif&Gm&Sd awmifay:
bkef;BuD;ausmif;? bkd;bGm;&dyf
omESihf pmoifausmif;rsm; ysuf
pD;oGm;cJhaMumif;? vwfwavm
pm;aomufaexkdifa&;twGuf

qef? t0wftxnf ponfrsm;
udk vlru
I n
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onf/

oydwfusOf;NrdKUteD; {&m
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cG J a 0 vS L 'gef ; ay;aeaMumif ;
oydwfusif;NrdKUay: ulnDu,f
q,fa&; aqmif&Gufay;aeol
wpfOD;u ajymonf/

rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD;

ivsi'f Pfoihaf 'orsm;odYkulnD
a&;ESihf jyefvnfxlaxmifa&;
vkyfief;aumfrwDodkY Ekd0ifbm
25 &uftxd apwem&Sifrsm;rS
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ao;aMumif;? &&Sv
d maom tvSL

aiGrsm;udk wkdif;a'oBuD;tpkd;&
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vkyfief;rsm;wGif cGJa0oHk;pGJrnf
jzpfaMumif; OD;oef;0if;uajym
onf/
Ekid if aH wmftaejzihf obm0
ab;&efyaHk iGtjzpf usyaf iG 100
bDvD,H vsmxm;okH;pGJvsuf&Sd
NyD;? ,ckivsif'Pfoihfjynfol
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awmfor®wu Ekd0ifbm25 &uf
wGif ivsif'Pfoihfjynfolrsm;
ESihfoGm;a&mufawGUqkH&mü ajym
Mum;cJhonf/

aumif;w,f/ a':pk&JU ynm
ÓPfeJY jzpfoihfjzpfxkdufwJh[m
awG jynfolawGudk ajymjyr,f
xifw,f}} [k Ecodev rS OD;0if;
rsdK;oluajymonf/
,if;pDru
H ed ;f udk owåKwiG ;f
0efBuD;XmerS cGihfjyKrdefY (0003^
2010)jzihf ajriSm;*&efukd jrefrmh
pD ; yG m ;a&;OD ; yd k i f v D r d w uf E S i h f
wanbao owåKur
k P
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wlyl;aygif;aqmif&Guf&ef ESpf
ajcmufq,f ajriSm;&rf;*&ef &
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Xme jynfaxmifp0k efBuD; 'kw,
d
AkdvfcsKyfBuD; a0vGifu vTwf
awmfwGif ajymMum;cJhonf/

&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIwGif jrefrm
0rfaygif ukrÜPDrS tar&duef
a':vm 999 oef ; yg0if N yD ;
&mEIef;jynfh jr§KyfESHxm;jcif;jzpf
onf/

vufyef;awmif;awmif
aMu;eDpDrHudef; tusdK;tjrwfcGJ
a0rIwiG f Ekid if aH wmfu 16 'or
8 &mcdkifEIef;? jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;OD;
ykid v
f rD w
d ufrS 13 'or 8 &mckid f
EIef;? &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHonfh ukrÜPDu
13 'or 33 &mcdkifEIef; &&Sdrnf
jzpfum xkwv
f yk rf u
I ek u
f sp&dwf
udk 56 &mckdifEIef; owfrSwfxm;
aMumif; 'kwd,AdkvfcsKyfBuD;a0
vGiu
f vTwaf wmfwiG af jymMum;
cJhonf/

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

i½kwfoD;rIefYESihf eEGif;rIefYtcsdKUwGif uifqmESifh
rsdK;½dk;ADZukd xdckdufapEkdifonfh qkd;aq;rsm;awGU
0wf&nfatmif
jrefrmwpfEkdifiHvHk;wGif wkdif;a'
oBuD;ESihf jynfe,ftoD;oD;&Sd
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oH;k jyKxm;onfh i½kwo
f ;D rIerYf sm;
ESihf eEGif;rIefYrsm; ppfaq;awGU&Sd
&aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
2012 ckESpftwGif; wkdif;
a'oBuD;ESihf jynfe,ftoD;oD;
&Sd aps;uGufrsm;twGif; a&mif;cs
aeonfh i½kwfoD;rIefY? eEGif;rIefY
erlemaygif; 1000 eD;yg;tm;
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aMumif;okawoDrsm;u ¤if;wkYd\pmwrf;wGif wifjyxm;
onf/
—Ref: UPI

14

Health

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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a&mhwm'rf? Edk0ifbm - 21
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txl;ukrsm;tzJGUu ajymMum;
onf/
—Ref: UPI

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om jrufcif;jyifwGif 'DZifbm 2
&uf(we*FaEGaeY)eHeuf 9 em&DrS
n 9 em&Dtxd usi;f yrnfjzpfNy;D
Myanmar Positive Group
(MPG), National NGOs
Network (HIV/AIDS) (3N),
Myanmar Positive Women
Network (MPWN), Myanmar
Interfaith Network on AIDS
(MINA), Myanmar MSM
Network (MMN), Sexworker
Networker in Myanmar
(SWIM), National Drugusers
Network Myanmar (NDNM)

wdrYk S yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G af Mumif;
od&onf/

Vol.11,
Vol.10,
No.38
No.13
 November
 June 16,29
2011
, 2012

rlvausmif;wGif ynmjyefoifEkdifa&; wkdif;&if;om;vlrsdK;rsm; pGrf;&nfzGHYNzdK;a&;'D*&Daumvdyf ausmif;om;rsm;apmifhqkdif;rnf
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16

Regional

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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17

Regional

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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18

Regional

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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19

Opportunity

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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P-P Woven Bag Factory rS
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--------------------------------Vacancy Announcement
Assistance English Langua-

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ge teacher (1) Post Female.

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1/ Cashier usm; (3) OD;
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r (5) OD;
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rawmfNrdKUe,f/
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
,mOfarmif;uRrf;usif usm; (3) OD;
(touf 25-40 ESpftwGif;)
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taxGaxG0efxrf; usm; (10) OD;
(aep&may;rnf)
trSwf 43? or®m'dXdvrf;? wmarG? &ef
ukef/ zkef; - 09-73027733
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
Estate Myanmar Co.,Ltd
Sales & Marketing usm; (3) OD;

Assistant Secretary r (2) OD;
Computer pmpDpm½dkufuRrf;usif

usm;^r (2) OD;
(rSwfcsuf - Secretary &mxl;t
wGuf t*Fvyd pf um; tajccHuRr;f usif
&rnf)
zkef; - 01-512029
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vrf;r)? urm&GwfNrdKUe,f/
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf

Electrum Co.,Ltd
Translator (EnglishMyanmar) usm; (1) OD;
(English 4 Skills uRrf;usifol?
wuúov
kd rf S bJUG &&SNd y;D ol? Computer
Microsoft Office ESihf tifwmeuf

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25 ESifh 30 Mum;)
zkef; - 656652? 656653
tcef; (704)? rif;"r®uGef'dk (A)? r&rf;
ukef;NrdKU e,f/
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf

Family Entertainment Group
of Co.,Ltd

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zkef; - 01-540605
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--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf

Deluxe Formula Industrial
Co.,Ltd
- S a l e a n d M a r ke t i n g
Manager (2) M/F
- S a l e a n d M a r ke t i n g
Supervisor (3) M/F
- Store Manager (2) M/F
- Sale and Marketing (5) M/F

- Injection pufarmif; (3) M

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ta&mif;jr§ihfwifa&;0efxrf; r (5) OD;
(touf 18 - 25 ESpftwGif;? tenf;
qHk;wuúodkvf0ifwef;tqifh? tvS
ukefypönf;pdwf0ifpm;ol)
No.18(A), KohminKohchin
Roa d , S h w e G o n D a i n g ,
Bahan Township, Yangon.
Ph: 01-04985260

--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf

1 . M a k re t i n g & S a l e s
Manager (5) M/F
2. Sale Staff (Medicalrelated Field) (5) M/F
3. Office Staff (3) F

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ta&mif; r (10) OD;
taxGaxG0efxrf; usm; (10) OD;
zkef; - 686680? 686681
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Vigen Myanmar usef;rma&;
y&[d w pif w mwG i f wm0ef x rf ;
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uGefysLwm'DZdkifem r (2) OD;

vufrSwfrsm; xkwfay;EdkifcJhum
tcsKd U aomvk y f o m;rsm;onf
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jyKajymMum;cJhonf/

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f ?l touf
(Photo Shop uRr;f usio
20-30 ESpfMum;)
zkef; - 09-5002212
trSwf (24)? rif;ausmif;vrf;ESihf usKu
d f
0dkif;bk&m;vrf;axmifh? r&rf;ukef;NrdKU
e,f? &efukefNrdKU/
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Kyauk Sein Nwe
Construction Co.,Ltd
1. Site Engineer
(AGTI (Civil), B.E (Civil) (3) M
AGTI (E.P), B.E (E.P) (2) M
2. Quantity Surveyor (1) F
3. Auto CAD, 3D Max &
Sketchup Designer (2) M/F
4 . B u i l d i n g St r u c t u r a l
Designer (1) M/F

tcef;trSwf (302)? oH;k vTm? wdu
k (f bD)
ynm0wD&dyfom? &efuif;NrdKUe,f/
zkef; - 01-546306
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
1. Logistics Manager (1) M/F
2. Executive Secretary (1) F
3. Assistance Warehouse
Manager (1) M/F
4. Warehouse Supervisor
(1) M/F
5. Logistics & Operation
Staff (1) M/F
6. Store Keeper (1) M
7. Driver (2) M
Operations.myanmar@
gmail.com

--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf

Logistic Officer (1) Female
( Ya n g o n , A s s o o n a s
possible, 25 years and
above, 2 years of working
experience)
info.74473@gmail.com

--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf

King Group Construction
Co.,Ltd
1. Site Engineer (B.E Civil,
AGTI Civil) M/F (2) Post
2. Auto CAD (2D,3D) uRrf;usif
M/F (2) Post

3. Secretary (2) M/F
4. pm&if;udkifuRrf;usif (2) F

zkef; - 095095512
C39 ?ydawmuf0g (9) vrf;? FMI
City? vdIifom,mNrdKUe,f/
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf

Myanmar Golden Rock
International Co., Ltd
(1) Sales and Marketing
Assistant
( Female Age 20-30, Any
Graduate (Preferably in
sales and marketing), 1
year Experiecne in sales and
Marketing, Fluent in spoken
and written english)
6th floor, FJVCC, Botahtaung
Township, Yangon

--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf

Marketing Execurive
(Feamle Only, At Least 2~3
years exp: in related field,
communication and reporting skills, age between 25~
30, must have knowledge of
english language & unsing
computer)
09-421007001
witt.hmone.2008@gmail.
com

--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
,mOfarmif; (10) OD;tvkd&Sdonf/
SPA, FMI ukrÜPDtkyfpkwGif wm0ef
xrf;aqmif&ef
(touf 23 rS 50 xd? 10 wef;ESifh t
xuf? ,mOfi,f? vwfarmif;Ekdifol?
vpmaumif;rnf)
zkef; - 0947106787
trSwf (380)? FMI Center Level
10 & 11? AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;vrf;
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
Media & Advertising vkyfief;
twGuf
- Marketing (3) Female
- Graphic Designer (2) Male
- Office Staff (2) Male
Ph: 01-202825

topfzGifhvSpfvdkufonfh tcrJhtvkyfac:aMumfjimu@wGif xnfhoGif;vdkygu 7Day News *sme,fwdkufodkY uGefysLwmpm½dkufNyD; (1.5"x 2") xufrBuD;aomt&G,ftpm;jzifhvma&mufay;ydkYEdkifygonf/
trSefwu,f0efxrf;ac:,lvdkolrsm;om ,cku@udktokH;jyK&ef arwåm&yfcHtyfygonf/

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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22

Education

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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IELTS

for Deep Excavation in Singapore

? OD;ausmfouf OD;u

Large Diameter Pipe Jacking
Work for Sewer Network ?
OD;pef;EG,f Principle and Practice of Quality Control in
Highway Construction Projects? OD;wifrkd;vGifu Contract
Strategies

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Workplace Safety

in Singapore Construction

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Vol.11,
Vol.9,No.38
No.29 November
 October 729
, 2010
, 2012

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24

Technology
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25

Article

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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26

Article

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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pm(28)okdY

28

Current Affairs

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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yg/
-Ref: Golden Triangle: After
Obama's Visit to Rangoon,
What's Next for BuramChina-U.S. Relations? by
Hannah Beech. Time: NOV 23.

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pm(29)okdY

29

Current Affairs

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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-Ref: Theaustralian

30

Current Affairs

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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jyefaMunmavh&Sdonf/

31

Article

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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32

Opinion

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Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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pm(35) odkY

Vol.11,
Vol.9,No.38
No.29 November
 October 729
, 2010
, 2012

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34

Business

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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u ajymonf/

35

Commodity Watch

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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aqmifaumif;/ /

pm;aomufukefaps;EIef;rsm;

[ef;qufaps;EIef;rsm;

pm(32) acgif;aqmifaumif; rS

Samsung

iPhone

Model

Price

Model

Price

Galaxy Y
Galaxy GIO
Galaxy Ace
Galaxy Ace Plus
Galaxy Ace 2
Galaxy S Advance
Galaxy S2
Galaxy S3
Galaxy Note II
Galaxy Tab 7.1

103,500
123,500
154,000
185,000
224,000
268,000
318,000
437,000
537,000
300,000

iPhone 5 (64 GB)
iPhone 5 (32 GB)
iPhone 4S (64 GB)
iPhone 4S (32 GB)
iPhone 4S (16 GB)

980,000
890,000
690,000
645,000
554,000

YANGON MOBILE qdi
k rf S

aps;EIe;f rsm;jzpf

onf/

HTC
Model

Price

Explorer
Desire One V
Desire VC

114,000
261,000
245,000

Huawei
Model

Price

C 8800
C 8812
C 8810
U 8661
T 8600
T 8830
C 8825 D
U 8836 D
U 8825 D
Ascend P1

87,000
109,000
97,000
83,000
80,000
116,000
128,000
172,000
128,000
274,000

Edk0ifbm(24) &uf aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfNyD; aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&SdEdkifonf/

tDvufx&Gefepfypönf;rsm;aps;EIef;
trsKd;tpm;
Toshiba (LCD)
Panasonic(LCD)
Sony (LCD)
Toshiba (TV)
EVD (coeco)
EVD(Sony)
I-MAX
EVD (AEK)

Samsung

TV

armf',f

aps;EIef;(usyf)

32BX10T

200,000

32SC4S

230,000

35BX

265,000

LZE 21-28

95,000

8082

20,000

DVD

DVK75

20,000

DVD-SR81220XDM2

28,500

HDMI

27,000

a&cJaowåm

RA20F17

160,000

190W

220,000

NR.BT224

225,000

Samsung

WA85V3

150,000

Samsung

WT10J

145,000

Chigo

1.0HP

180,000

Mitsubishi

1.0HP

228,000

Samsung

1.0HP

190,000

Hitachi
Panasonic

Washing
Aircon

txufygaps;EIef;rsm;rSm Edk0ifbm(25) &ufwGif r[mAE¨Kvyef;NcHvrf;&Sd
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aps;EIef;(usyf)

wpfjynf
wpfjynf
wpfjynf
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfxkyf
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfbl;
wpfbl;
wpfvkH;
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
1 aowåm
1 xkyf
1 ydóm

900-1ç700
1ç000-1ç300
570-900
3ç800
1ç500
4ç400
100
1ç200-1ç400
1ç500-1ç800
1ç150-1ç300
1ç300
700
500-750
600-700
90-110
1ç400
5ç000
5ç500
5ç500
5ç000
7ç000 0ef;usif
300-400
5ç000

qef(ay:qef;arT;)
qef(awmifysH)
qef(ZD,m)
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tmvl;
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Muufom;(Arm)
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c&rf;csOfoD; (tif;oD;)
a*:zDxkyf
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ig;? ykpGefaps;EIef;rsm;
trsKd;trnf

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aps;EIef;(usyf)

ig;jrpfcsif;
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wDvm;AD;,m;

1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm

1ç200-1ç700
2ç400-3ç200
3ç200-35ç000
2ç000-3ç200
2ç500-3ç500
15ç000-28ç000
1ç000-1ç800

Ekd0ifbm(24)&ufu MunhfjrifwdkifA[kdpHjyig;aps;BuD;rS aumuf,lxm;aom
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"mwfqD ‘ 'DZ,f Octane


'DZ,f

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wpftdwf
5ç300
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4ç600
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4ç900
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100
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85
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100
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225
wpfusif; 13ç000
wpfusif;
7ç500
wpfusif; 49ç100
1 ay 500-600
1 ay
650
1 ay
850
1 ay
800
1 ay
900
1 ayEIef;
455
1 ayEIef;
460
1 ayEIef;
465
1 ay
530
1 ayEIef;
285
wpftdwf
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bdvyfajr (,dk;',m; qifwHqdyf)
bdvyfajr (,dk;',m; INSee)
bdvyfajr (jrif;acgif;wHqdyf)
bdvyfajr (ausmufql;wHqdyf)
tkwf (ukef;tkwf-yxrwef;pm;)
tkwf (ukef;tkwf-'kwd,wef;pm;)
tkwf (8 ayguftkwf) (txkdifaps;)
tkwf (10 ayguftkwf)(txkdifaps;)
oJ (tMurf;)
oJ (tEk)
ausmuf
umvmpwD;trkd;jym; 4 angle(0.3mm)
umvmpwD;trdk;jym; 4 angle(0.312mm)
umvmpwD;trdk;jym; 4 angle(0.36mm)
umvmpwD;trkd;jym; 4 angle(0.346mm)
umvmpwD;trdk;jym; 4 angle(0.4mm)
Posco Mu,fpdrf; (6/7/8 ay)
Posco Mu,fpdrf; (9/10 ay)
Posco Mu,fpdrf; (11/12 ay)
½dk;½dk;oGyfrdk;jym;(qifeD 6/7/8/9/10/11/12)
½dk;½dk;oGyfrdk;jym;(qif 6/7/8)
xkH;(8 ydómtdwf)

trsKd;tpm;

txufygaps;EIe;f rsm;rSm Ek0d ifbm(24)&ufwiG f aumuf,x
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NyD; ajymif;vJrItenf;i,f&SdEdkifonf/

Premier

‘'DZ,f

Nov(18)

3,650

3,950

4,000

4,000

Nov(19)

3,650

3,950

4,000

4,000

Nov(20)

3,650

3,950

4,000

4,000

Nov(21)

3,650

3,950

4,000

4,000

Nov(22)

3,650

3,950

4,000

4,000

Nov(23)

3,650

3,950

4,000

4,000

Nov(24)

3,650

3,950

4,000

4,000

yk*¾vdupufokH;qDqdkifrsm;rS
tenf;i,f &SdEdkifonf/

aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfygonf/

aps;EIef;ajymif;vJrI

Note Book
Lenovo
Intel Core i3-2370M, 4GB DDR3,500 HDD,1GB VGA,HD,14" 489,200
Intel Core i3-M330, 2GB DDR3,500 HDD, 11.6"

421,600

Intel Core i3 2310M, 4GB DDR3,500 HDD,13"

404,700

Intel Pentium B970, 2GB DDR3,500 HDD, 14"

370,900

Asus
Intel B830, 4GB DDR3, 500HDD,14"

354,000

Intel B970, 4GB DDR3, 500HDD, HD, 14"

399,000

Intel Core i3 250M, 4GB DDR3, 500 HDD,HD, 14"

459,000

Intel B830, 2GB DDR3, 500 HDD,HD, 15.6"

362,500

HP
Intel N2800, 2GB DDR3, 320 HDD, HD,10.1"

252,600

Intel B987, 2GB DDR3, 320 HDD,HD,11.6"

253,000

Intel Core i5 3317M, 6GB DDR3, 500 HDD, HD, 14"

759,600

Intel Core i5 3210M, 4GB DDR3, 750 HDD, HD, 14"

646,400

36

News Analysis

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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typf t cwf & yf p J a &;t
wGuftD*spfEdkifiHodkYvma&muf
cJhol rsm;wGif ukvor*¾twGif;
a&;rSL;csKyf befuDrGef;? tar&d
uefEikd if jH cm;a&;0efBuD; [Dvm&D
uvifwefESifh wl&uDEdkifiHjcm;
a&;0efBuD;? *smreDEkdifiHjcm;a&;
0efBuD;wdkYyg0ifonf/ odkYaomf
trSefwu,ftay;t,lvkyf
&ef nd§EdIif;rIrSm tD*spfEdkifiH\
axmufvrS ;f a&;t&m&Scd sKyf Adv
k f
csKyBf u;D rk[
d mruf&[
DS mwm\ Xm
ecsKyfwGif jzpfay:cJhonf/ ,if;
XmecsKyw
f iG f rwlnaD om tcef;
wpfcef;pDü tD*spft&m&Sdrsm;
ESifh tpöa&;0efBuD;csKyf\ Oya'
tBuHay;wdkY jiif;ckHaqG;aEG;cJh
Muovkd [m;rm;pftzJGU\ udk,f
pm;vS,frsm;ESifhvnf; tD*spfwdYk
uaqG;aEG;cJhMuonf/
oHwrefa&;t& yg0ifrI
tm;enf;jcif;twGuf rSwfom;
p&mtaumif;qHk;rSm a&SUwpf
ywftwGif; ygvufpwdkif;t
wGuf avhvmolEdkifiHtjzpf&yf
wnfrI &&Sda&; BudK;yrf;aeonhf
urÇmu todtrSwfjyKxm;
aom ygvufpwdik ;f acgif;aqmif

rdk[mruftbwfpfESifh tar&d
uefwdkYryg0ifjcif; jzpfonf/ odkY
aomfvnf; tar&duef EdkifiH
jcm;a&;0efBuD; [Dvm&Duvif
wefrSm or®wtdkbm;rm;ESifh
oGm;a&mufaeaom tm&Sc&D;
pOftm; apmpD;pGm tqHk;owf
jyefvmNyD; tpöa&;0efBuD;csKyf
bif * srif a ewef n m[k t m;
em;csEikd cf o
hJ nf[k *kPjf yKcs;D usL;
cH&onf/ tD*spfor®wopf
rd[
k mrufarmfpo
D nfvnf; a'o
wGi;f ü Nird ;f csr;f a&;wnfaqmuf
oltjzpf yxrqHk;tBudrf ay:
xGufvmNyD; ¤if;\ tpövmrfrpf
nDtpfudkawmf [m;rm;pftzJGU
tm; tpöa&;odkY 'Hk;usnfrsm;
ypfvw
T jf cif;udk &yfwefaY &; tmr
cH&ef wdkufwGef;cJhonf/
wpfzufzufu oabm
wlnDrIudk azmufzsufonhf vkyf
&yf w pf c k x G u f a y:cJ h v Qif y if
vufpm;acs wkHYjyefrIrsm; xyfrH
jzpfay:um tMurf;zufrIrsm;
wpfywfvnfvmEkdifjcif;udk vl
wdkif;u od&SdMuygonf/ Ekd0if
bm 21 &uf wJvt
f ApfNrKd Uü tpö
a&;bwfpfum;wpfpD;ay:wGif
AHk;aygufuJGum vltrsm;tjym;
'Pf&m&&Scd jhJ cif;u typftcwf
&yfpJa&; oabmwlnDcsufudk
tcdkuftwefYtm;jzifh Ncdrf;
ajcmufcJhygao;onf/ xdkYtwl
wpfzufwGifvnf; Nidrf;csrf;a&;
vrf;pawGUoGm;NyD[laom arQmf
vifhcsufBuD;BuD;rm;rm;vnf; &Sd
ygonf/
oabmwlnDcsuft& ESpf
zufpvHk;u &efvkdwkdufcdkufrI
rsm;tm;vHk;udk &yfwefYrnfjzpf
Ny;D tpöa&;u *gZma'owGi;f odYk
0ifa&mufjcif;? vlwpfOD;csif;pD
tm;ypfrw
S x
f m;jcif;wdv
Yk kd a&Smif
MuOf&rnfjzpfum ygvufpwdik ;f
tzJGUrsm;tm;vHk;uvnf; 'Hk;
usnfjzifh ypfcwfrIrsm;? e,fpyf
jzwfausmfwkdufcdkufrIrsm;udk t
qHk;owf&rnf jzpfonf/ *gZm
a'otay: tpöa&;wdkY\ uefY
owfcsKyfcs,frIrsm; avQmhay;
a&;rSmvnf; oabmwlnDcsuf
xJ y g0if o nf / ,if ;tcsuf
rsm;udk 24 em&DtwGi;f taumif
txnfazmf&rnf[kvnf; o
abmwlncD suu
f qdx
k m;onf/
ukvor*¾twGif;a&;rSL;
csKyf rpöwmbefuDrGef;uvnf;
typf t cwf & yf p J a &;uwd u
0wfrsm;twdkif; vkdufemMu&ef
ESpzf ufpvH;k tm; wdu
k w
f eG ;f xm;
ygonf/ ]]tJ'o
D abmwlncD suf
udktaumiftxnfazmf&mrSm
pdefac:rIawG &Sdaumif;&SdEkdifyg
w,f}} [k rpöwmbefuDrGef;u
ajymMum;&if; twwfEidk q
f ;kH csKyf
wnf;Mu&ef wdkufwGef;cJhonf/
—Ref: Economist/ Reuters

37

38

Knowledge

7DAY

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

BOOK
R E V I E W

qdkif;pkrSonf ref[dkif;qDodkY (AdkvfrSL;csKyfa[mif;ausmfaZm)

touf 19 ESpt
f &G,rf mS yif udv
k kd
eDe,fcsUJ qefu
Y siaf &;w&m; vSnfh
vnfa[majymcJo
h ?l 'dAYk rm tpnf;
t½Hk;0if ocif? AdkvfcsKyfatmif
qef;ESihftwl *syefEdkifiHodkYoGm;
a&mufum ppfynmoifMum;cJo
h l
&Jabmfo;kH usyd 0f if? zufqpfawmf
vSeaf &;Bu;D wGif acgif;aqmifwpf
OD;tjzpf a&SUwef;rSyg0ifwu
kd cf u
kd f
cJo
h ?l vGwv
f yfa&;&NyD; jynfwiG ;f
ppfrD; [kef;[kef;awmufpOf &ef
ukefNrKdUBuD; usqHk;roGm;&av
atmif tif;pdefwdkufyJGudk OD;pD;
um BuHUBuHUcH jyefvnfwdkufcdkuf
atmif y ef ; qif j ref ; Ed k i f c J h o l ?
w½kwfjzLulrifwefwyfrsm; usL;
ausmf0ifa&mufpOf ppfqifa&;
BuD;rsm;qifETJum OD;pD;OD;aqmif
wdkufxkwfcJhol? ppftmPm&Sif
ae0if;\ rw&m;vkyfaqmifrI
aMumifh wyfrawmfrS xGuf&&Sm
ol? jynfwGif;ppf&yfpJa&; jynf
wGif;Nidrf;csrf;a&; aqG;aEG;yJGrsm;
wGif q&mBuD;ocifudk,fawmf
rIid ;f ESit
fh wl a&SUwef;rS OD;aqmif
yg0ifco
hJ ?l vGwv
f yfa&;armfueG ;f
0if Edik if *hH P
k &f nfwq
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ESif;pOf avQmufvTmrwifcJhol?
vGwfajrmufe,fajr yefqdkif;
odkYoGm;a&mufum ppftmPm
&Sifpepftm; jywfjywfom;om;
qefYusifwdkufcdkufcJhol? a&Twd*Hk
apwDawmfjrwfBuD;tm; zl;ajrmf
csifygvsuf tdrfvGrf;pdwåZjzihf
a&jcm;ajrjcm;rSm uG,fvGefcJh&Sm
ol AdkvfrSL;csKyfa[mif; ausmfaZm
\ yifudka&;tw¬KyÜwdåpmtkyf
jzpfonf/
,ckpmtkyfudk AdkvfrSL;csKyf
a[mif;ausmfaZmonf wkdufyJG
tvDvD qifETJtNyD; touf&Spf
q,fausmf 2003? 2004 ckESpf
rsm;wGif w½kwfEdkifiH cGefrif;NrKdU
ü aexdkifpOf a&;om;cJhjcif;jzpf
NyD; ,ckvdk wpfpkwpfpnf;wnf;
rxkwfrDumvu tydkif;rsm;cJG
um a&;om;cJhonf/ xdkY aemuf
xdkpOfu pmaypdppfrl0g't&
rnf o d k Y r Q w&m;0if xk w f a 0
EdkifcGifhr&SdbJ umvtwefMum
wdwfwqdwf xGuf&SdysHUESHYaeNyD;
,cktcgwGifrS w&m;0if xkwf
a0Edkifjcif;jzpfygonf/ pmtkyf
wGif Adv
k rf LS ;csKyaf [mif;ausmaf Zm
onf ¤if;\ b0jzwfoef;rIudk
(1) 1300 jynfhta&;awmfyHkESihf

Edk0ifbm 28 &ufrS 'DZifbm 4 &uf txd

ARIES

rdó&moDzGm; (rwf21-{NyD20)

Taurus

Nydó&moDzGm; ({NyD21-ar21)

Gemini

arxkef&moDzGm; (ar 22-ZGef 21)

tcuftcJrsm; ausmv
f mT ;Edik rf nf/ vlrsK;d uJt
G usK;d ay;rnf/ MuefMY umaeonfrsm; vuf0,fjyefvnf &&Sdrnf/
½kwjf cnf;qH;k jzwfNy;D csucf si;f vkyu
f ikd o
f nfrsm;rS txift&Sm;atmifjrifjcif;BuHKrnf/ ta&;BuD;aom
qH;k jzwfcsurf sm; csrw
S &f rnf/ jzpfay:vmaom tajymif;tvJopfrsm;udk vufawGUtoH;k csí xl;jcm;
pGmatmifjrifjcif;rsm;&&Sdrnf/ yHkrSef0ifaeusr[kwfaom aiG0ifrnf/

vkyu
f ikd af qmif&u
G o
f rQupd rö eS o
f rQ t&Sed t
f [keaf vsmu
h somG ;rnf/ taESmiht
f ,Sut
f wdu
k t
f cHrsm;
ESihf xdyfwdkufawGUrnf/ OD;wnfaqmif&GufonhfudpörSeforQü twm;tqD;&Sdrnf/ olwpfyg;aMumifh
rdrdOD;wnfcsuf? &nf&G,fcsufrsm; ysuf,Gif;rnf/ pufypönf; tysuft,Gif;rsm;rnf/ usef;rma&; *½k
pdkuf&rnf/ rawmfwq xdckdufrIjzpfvG,frnf/ olwpfyg;tay: ,HkMunfvJTtyfNyD; rvkyf&/

rdwaf qGtBuD;tuJrsm;xHrS aumif;aomtaxmuftul&rnf/ arwåma&;uHaumif;rnf/ rdom;pk
vdu
k f pD;yGm;wufrnf/ aqmif&u
G o
f rQ xGe;f xGe;f aygufaygufEiS fh txift&Sm;atmifjrifrnf/ aiG0ifrnf/
tvkyw
f ;kd wufrnf/ rlvtaetxm;rS ydrk jkd rihaf om taetxm;odYk ul;ajymif;wd;k wufrnf/ ydwaf eaom
vrf;aMumif;rsm; jyefyiG rhf nf/ wpfcx
k ufruaomtvkyu
f pd rö sm;udk wpfNyKid ef ufwnf;vky&f rnf/

Cancer
&Jabmfo;kH usyd f *syefjynfppfynm
oifumv (2) bDtdkifat? bD'D
atESihf zufqpfawmfvSefa&;
umv (3) aeol&ed f vlxt
k pnf;
ta0;? vGwfvyfa&;&,ljcif;ESihf
jynfwGif;ppfOD;umv (4) EkdifiH
jcm;c&D;pOfrsm;ESifh w½kwfjzL usL;
ausmfrIwdkufyJGrsm; (5) q&mBuD;
ocifudk,fawmfrIdif;? jynfwGif;
Nidrf;csrf;a&;ESihf vGwfajrmufa'
oodkYxGufcGmjcif; [lí tydkif;
(5) ydik ;f cJu
G m a&;om;xm;onf/
AdkvfrSL;csKyfa[mif;ausmf
aZmonf ordkif;acwfrsm;pGmudk
udk,fwdkifxdawGU OD;aqmifjzwf
oef;cJhol wpfOD;yDyD ,ckpmtkyf
wGif jrefrmhordkif;\ vpf[m
aeaom? uGufvyfjzpfaeaom?
'dG[jzpfaeaom tjzpftysuf
rsm;pGmudk &Sif;vif;jywfom;pGm
a&;om;xm;í ordik ;f uGi;f quf
tjzpf ordik ;f wefz;kd Bu;D rm;aom
tw¬KyÜwdå[k vnf;qdkEdkifonf/
pmtkyf wpftyk v
f ;kH vdv
k rdk mS pdwf
0ifpm;zG,f&mrsm;jzihf jynf h E S u f
aeNyD ; txl;ojzihf Adkvfae0if;
u AdkvfcsKyfatmifq ef ; tay:
vl t rsm;a&S U wG i f ajAmif &ef
awGU pum;rsm;jcif;? AdkvfcsKyf
atmif q ef ; wd k Y u Ad k v f a e0if ;
udk ppfwyfrS xkwfypfzdkY pD pOfpdkif;
jyif;cJhjcif;? tif;pdefwkdufyJGBuD;?
rdk;BuKd;ppfqifa&;? toHrxGuf
aom awmfvSefa&;wpf&yf? q

&mrIdif;BuD;\ aemufqHk;aeY&uf
rsm;? vGwfajrmufa'oodkY xGuf
cGmjcif; ponhf tcef;i,frsm;rSm
pdwf0ifpm;zG,f &ifwrr zwf½I
&rnhf tcef;rsm;jzpfonf/ xdkY
jyif Adv
k rf LS ;csKyaf [mif;ausmaf Zm
\ ½dk;om;rI? &Jabmf&Jbuf pdwf
&SdrIESihf &yfwnfrIrsm;udk AdkvfrSL;
csKyfprpf'Gef; 'ku©a&mufpOfu
ulnDapmihfa&SmufcJhjcif;? AdkvfrSL;
BuD;bvdwftm; &mxl;rS xkwf
y,frcH&avatmif AdkvfcsKyfae
0if;xH arwåm&yfcHjcif;? AdkvfrSL;
csKyfatmifoif;&mxl;ae&m r
a&TUajymif;&avatmif aqmif
&Gujf cif;? Edik if *hH P
k &f nfarmfueG ;f
0ifwq
H yd u
f kd uk,
d w
f ikd rf ,lchJ aomf
jim;&,l a vQmuf x m;vd k a om
yk*¾Kdvfr sm;tm; axmuf c H u l
nD c J h j cif ; ? ausmif;om; ta&;
tcif;jzpfyGm;pOf ausmif ; om;
acgif ; aqmif wpfOD;udk tzrf;
rcH&avatmif um;jzihf vQKdU
0Suf pGm u,fxkwfcJhjcif;rsm;udk
,ck p mtk y f ü zwf ½ I & ygrnf /
trS m pmtjzpf uAsmq&mBu;D
'*kefwm&m? trsKd;om;'D r d k u
a&pDtzJGUcsKyf em,u OD;wifOD;
ES i h f [Hom0wDOD;0if;wifwdkYu
csD;jr§ihfa &;om;xm;onf / pm
tkyfwGif ordkif;0if"mwfyHkrsm;?
ajryHktñTef;rsm; azmfjyyg&SdNyD;
NzKd;armufompmayu wefzdk;
7ç500 usyfjzihf jzefYcsdonf/

urÇmYq&mrsm;aeYtjzpf owfrSwfyHkudk odovm;
,cktcg urÇmay:wGif ynma&;u@ü q&mrsm;tm; todtrSwfjyKonhftaejzifh 1994 ckESpf
S u
f m ESppf Of
rSpíatmufwb
kd m 5 &ufuu
kd rÇmq
h &mrsm;aeY (World Teacher's Day) tjzpfowfrw
usif;yvsuf&Sdonf/
20 &mpktwGif; yxrqHk;q&mrsm;aeYtjzpf owfrSwfusif;yonfrSm tm*sifwD;em;EdkifiH
jzpfNy;D tm*siw
f ;D em;\ ckepfqufajrmufor®w? ynm&Si?f pma&;q&m'drk if*akd zmfpwDEq
kd mrD,efwkd
uG,fvGefonfh pufwifbm 11 &ufudk tpJGjyKí 1915 ckESpfwGif pwifí usif;ycJhonf/
—Ref: Wikipedia

u&u#f&moDzGm; (ZGef 22-Zlvkdif 22)

&oif&h xdu
k o
f nhf tcGit
hf a&;rsm;twGujf zpfap? aiGaMu;twGujf zpfap ajymqdak tmifjrifjcif;rsm;&Sd
rnf/ vufveG x
f m;onhf aiG? ypön;f rsm;? MuefMY umaeonfrsm; jyef&rnf/ pD;yGm;vkyif ef;vkyo
f rl sm;tzdYk
pGefYpGefYpm;pm; aiGjr§KyfESHjcif;ESihf ta&;BuD;onfrsm; jyKEdkifonf/ tusKd;tjrwfaumif;rsm; &Edkifonf/
tqihfjrifhwm0efrsm; vkyfudkif&rnf/ udk,frvkyfzl;aom tvkyfrsm; vkyfudkifatmifjrifrnf/

LEO

od[f&moDzGm; (Zlvkdif23-Mo*kwf23)

rlv&nfrSef;xm;onfrsm;ESihf vufawGUjzpfvmonfrsm; wvJGwacsmfjzpfrnf/ olwpfyg;tay: ,Hk
Munfvt
TJ yfNyD;vkyaf omvkyif ef;onfvnf;aumif;? tm;ud;k tm;xm;jyKonfrsm;onfvnf;aumif;
pdwftaESmifht,Sufjzpfjcif;ESihf uoduatmufjzpfjcif;rsm; BuHKEdkifonf/ vl,Hk'ku©ay;wwfonf/
taysmuft&Stukeftusrsm;rnf/ &efremvdkolrsm;ESihf xdyfwdkuf&ifqdkif&rnf/

Virgo

uef&moDzGm; (Mo*kwf24-pufwifbm22)

c&D;udpörsm; BuHKrnf/ ae&mtajymif;ta&TU? tajymif;tvJrsm;&Sdrnf/ wdkif;wpfyg;ESihf wdkuf½dkufquf
pyfNyD; vkyfudkifaom udpörS xl;jcm;aom tusKd;qufrsm;&&Sdrnf/ trsKd;orD;rsm;tzdkY rdef;rcsif; remvdk
rIc&H rnf/ rdom;pkwiG f Nc?H ajr? ae&mxdik cf if;udp?ö td;k tdru
f pd ?ö ,mOfum;ESifh ywfoufaom udpt
ö wGuf
pum;ajymqdk&rnf/ tvJtxyf ta&mif;t0,fudpörsm; BuHKrnf/

LIbra

wl&moDzmG ; (pufwifbm23-atmufwb
dk m23)

t&yfa0;Edik if jH cm;oGm;ol\ udprö sm; vdu
k v
f aH qmif&u
G af y;&if; ydu
k q
f t
H w
d v
f u
kd f aysmufwwfonf/
cg;ydkufEIdufcH&wwfonf/ tvkyftwGif; vlopfrsm;ESihf qufqHí tqifajyrnf/ usef;rma&;tnHh
&Sdonf/ taetxdkiftpm;taomuf *½kpdkuf&rnf/ aq;½Hkaq;cef;odkY udk,fwdkiftwGufjzpfap?
wpfyg;oltwGufjzpfap a&mufudef;BuHKrnf/ olwpfyg;uwdtm; tvG,f r,Hkoihf/

Scorpio

NAdpäm&moDzGm; (atmufwkdbm24-Ekd0ifbm22)

pdwfcsrf;ajrUp&mrsm;&Sdrnfl/ pkaygif;vkyfief;tusKd;ay;rnf/ rdwfaumif;aqGaumif;taxmuftul
&rnf/ &eftcuftcJrsm;udkausmfvTm;NyD; wdk;wufrItqihfqifh&rnf/ tvSLr*Fvmudpörsm; yg0if
ywfouf&rnf/ 528? 1500 arwåma&;uHtxl;aumif;onf/ wpfyg;oltay: aumif;aom taxmuf
tuljyKEdkifjcif;rsm;&Sdrnf/ rdcifESihfywfoufaom aqGrsKd;om;csif;wdkY\ taxmuftul&rnf/

Sagittarus "Ek&moDzGm; (Ekd0ifbm23-'DZifbm21)

b0vrf;aMumif; tajymif;tvJESihf tvdk&Sd&m aqmif&GufEdkifjcif;ESihf xl;jcm;aom jzpfay:rI&Sdonf/
b0vrf;aMumif; wpfckudk&yfí vrf;opfwpfckodkY ul;ajymif;wdk;wufaom taetxm;&Sdonf/
tcuftcJrsm;udk ausmv
f mT ;Ny;D wufvrf;opfrsm;zefw;D Edik rf nf/ use;f rma&; *½kpu
kd &f rnf/ &eftwdu
k f
tcHrsm; ausmfvTm;í tvdkjynfhpHkjcif; tqihfqifhBuKHrnf/

Capricorn rum&&moDzGm; ('DZifbm22-Zefe0g&D20)
xl;jcm;aom aiG0ifvrf;ay:aygufrnf/ BuKw
d ifí awG;jrif xifrw
S x
f m;jcif;r&Sad om aumif;jcif;rsm;?
tqifajyjcif;rsm;udk &&Sdrnf/ ta&G;&cufatmif tcGifhta&;ESpfcGay:rnf/ b0vrf;aMumif;opf
wpfckodkY ul;ajymif;rnf/ t&yfa0;ESihf qufoG,fa&;vrf;aMumif;rsm;yGifhrnf/ nmajc? nmvufwGif
rawmfwq xdcdkufwwfonf/

Aquarius

ukr&f moDzmG ; (Zefe0g&D21-azazmf0g&D18)

ysKd&G,folrsm;tzdkY arwåma&;uH txl;aumif;onf/ rdom;pkwGif pdwfcsrf;ajrUp&mrsm;jzpfay:vm
rnf/ jzpfvmvdrhfrnf[k vHk;0rarQmfvihfxm;aom aumif;jcif;jzpf&yfrsm;jzpfrnf/ jyef&vdrhfrnf[k
arQmfvifhcsufvHk;0rxm;aom aiGypönf;rsm; jyefvnf&rnf/ 0ef;usifrS rxifrSwfol jynfyoGm;&í
wtHhwMo jzpf&rnf/ tvkyftcGifhta&;opfrsm; ay:aygufrnf/

Pisces

rdef&moDzGm; (azazmf0g&D19-rwf20)

wpfNyKdifeufwnf; tvkyf 3 rsKd;udk aqmif&GufEdkifjcif;&Sdrnf/ tvkyftwGif; tajymif;tvJ? tBuH
tpnfrsm;udk xl;jcm;pGmaqmif&u
G Ef ikd rf nf/ olwpfyg;aMumihf jyóemjzpfrnf/ apwemESifh aqmif&u
G f
ay;vdkufaomudpötay: txifvJGcH&rnf/ ajz&Sif;&rnf/ udk,fa&;ukd,fwmudk OD;pm;ay;ír&/
twwfynmESihf atmifjrifrI&rnf/ tcuftcJrsm; ausmfvTm;Edkifrnf/

39

Puzzle&Classified

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

Free Classified
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40

Article

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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Vol.11,
Vol.9,No.38
No.29 November
 October 729
, 2010
, 2012

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Environment

Cartoon

aMu;eDrdkif;wpfckESihf ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;
tawG;prsm;
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"mwfowåKrdkif;wl;azmfjcif;aMumifh ywf0ef;usifxdckdufysufpD;&jcif;rsm;onf 1/ &SmazGjcif;? wl;azmfjcif;? xkwv
f yk o
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2/ a'owGif; ZvaA'tajctaersm; (Hydrologic Conditions)
3/ &moDOwk? ausmuftrsKd;tpm;? ajrrsufESmoGifjyifESihf
4/ owåKrdkif;t&G,f (Mine Size) wdkYtay:wnfrSDaeaMumif; od&ygonf/

xdckdufrIrsm;
"mwfowåKwl;azmf&mwGif
ajray:owåKw;l azmfjcif; (Open
pit mining) u ajratmuf
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Mining) [k ESpfrsKd;&Sdonf/ ¤if;
ESprf sK;d wGif ajray:owåKw;l azmf
jcif;onf tukeftustvGef
ouf o maomf v nf ; ywf 0 ef ;
usiftay: xdcdkufrIwGif ydkrsm;
aMumif; od&onf/
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rdik ;f wpfcak Mumifh yxr ajr
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jyifudk ajymif;vJaponf/ rdkif;
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pepfukd ajymif;vJaponf/ rd;k a&
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ausmif;rsm;? tdrfrsm;? &Gmrsm;?
ajrvGwf? opfawm? pdkufysKd;ajr
rsm; ae&majymif;a&TUcH&rIrsm;
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teD;&Sd tyef;ajzae&mrsm;? awm

½dkif;ajrrsm; qHk;½HI;&jcif;aMumifh
vltrsm; pdwaf omua&mufMu
&onf/ aqmufvyk af &;vkyif ef;
rsm;ESihf vlaetdrfajcrsm; zHGUNzKd;
vmjcif ; onf a'owG i f ; jrpf ?
acsmif;? tif;tdik rf sm;&Sd a&t&nf
taoG;udk usqif;aponf/ vkyf
ief;cGifoHk;,mOfrsm; aygrsm;vm
jcif;? trIefrsm;xGufvmjcif;wdkY
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qHk;½HI;Mu&onf/
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ajratmufrdkif;wpfck vnfywf
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aom xdckdufrIrsm; ajrBuD;vuf
cwfrvJG BuHKawGU&rnf jzpfyg
onf/ odaYk omf pDrcH efcY rGJ aI umif;
jcif;? wm0ef,lrI&Sdjcif;wdkYonf
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trsKd ; rsKd ; ud k avsmh y g;atmif
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qufay;vdkygonf/
aMu;eDrdkif;BuD;
aMu;eDrdkif;BuD;\ trnf
rSm Bingham Canyon Mine
jzpfonf/ Kennecott Copper
Mine [kvnf; vlodrsm;onf/
urÇmausmfjcif;? vlodrsm;&jcif;
rSm taMumif;ESpfcsuf&Sdonf/
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wl;jcif; (odkY) tyGifhowåKwl;jcif;
(Open Pit Mining) wGif urÇm
ay:ü tBuD;qHk;jzpfjcif;? 'kwd,
tcsurf mS aMu;eDtrsm;qH;k xGuf
aom rdkif;rsm;wGif wpfcktygt
0ifjzpfjcif;wdkYjzpfonf/
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\ teufrmS 0 'or 75 rdik &f NdSy;D t
us,rf mS 2 'or 5 rdik &f adS Mumif;
od&onf/ rdik ;f {&d,mrSm ajr{u
1ç900 ausmo
f nf/ tmumoxJ
rSMunhv
f Qiyf if omrefrsupf jd zifh
jrifEdkifatmif BuD;rm;vSonhf
rdkif;jzpfygonf/ ¤if;onf tar
&duefEikd if H Utah jynfe,f&dS ]jyefY
usaJ Mu;eDou
k d }f (Porphyry Copper Deposits) wpfck jzpfygonf/
Bingham Canyon Mine
ESifh ywfoufNyD; pdw0f ifpm;zG,f
tcsKUd udk wifjyygrnf/
pm(40) odkY

Vol.11,
Vol.9,No.38
No.29 November
 October 729
, 2010
, 2012

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Mum;onf/

43

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

Cartoon

44

Asia

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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—Ref: AFP/ CNA

45

International

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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—Ref: AFP

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—Ref: Wikipedia

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Photo - AP

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—Ref: AFP

46

Interview

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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—Ref: Behind the Story:
Times's Karl Uick Discusses
the cycle of violence
in Israel and Gaza.

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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49

Entertainment

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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1/ The Twilight Saga:
Summit Enter:
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Breaking Dawn

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3/ Lincoln
4/ Wreck-It Ralph
5/ Flight
6/ Argo
7/ Taken 2
8/ Jab Tak Hai Jaan
9/ Pitch Perfect
10/ Here Comes the Boom

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Touchston Pic.
Walt Disney Pic.
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Warner Bros Pic.
20th Century Fox
Yash Raj Films
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Movie Review
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Vol.11,
Vol.9,No.38
No.29 November
 October 729
, 2010
, 2012

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NyKdifyJGrS xGufcJh&onf/

51

Sports

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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0ef,lcJhonf/

52

Sports
vef'ef'gbDESpfyJG? ruf'&pf'gbDwpfyJGeJY pdwfvIyf&Sm;p&m Oa&myvd*fyJGpOfrsm; yJGBudKcefYrSef;csuf

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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oGi;f *d;k awGeYJ &D;&Jvrf uf'&pfEidk f
rSmyg/

53

International

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

t*FgN*dK[fay:wGif BuD;us,faom awGU&SdrIwpf&yf
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—Ref: Nydaily

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—Ref: Nydaily

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onf[kyif qdkEkdifaMumif; ajym
Mum;onf/
—Ref: UPI

54

International

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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a0;onf/
—Ref: Reuters

55

International

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

ygvufpwdkif;ESifh typftcwf&yfpJjcif;udk
tpöa&;EkdifiHom;trsm;pk auseyfrIr&Sd

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rsm;udk 2013 Zefe0g&Dv 22 &ufü usif;y&efvsmxm;onf/
—Ref: PTI

Vol.11,
Vol.9,No.38
No.29 November
 October 729
, 2010
, 2012

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pmrsufESm(45)odkY »

INTERVIEW

NEWS ANALYSIS

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Photo - Getty Images

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Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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D

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Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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Vol.11, No.38  November 29 , 2012

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