Cellular Drive Test

Hello everyone. Let me try to post a simple documentation about one of our activities in MobileCommLab, drive test. After some research and held trainings at our campus since last year, I don’t think it’s bad to share about drive test here. Why? Because some of my friends want to learn this, but they don’t have much resource to pay for the training fees. If you find this post useful and maybe you’re interested to learn more, our research lab is always open to anyone for deeper discussion and practice. Feel free to ask any lab assistants you meet in the lab. :) In general, Drive Test (DT) can be defined as the methods used to determine the actual condition of the radio performance of a service provider (operator) by collectiong the data in certain area. Here are some of functions of DT:
   

Analyzing the causes of customer complaints of a service Find problems or maintenance on the radio network To analyze the results of the optimization process To ensure its services performance remain satisfactory by conducting regular DT

There are several commonly used software for drive testing, such as TEMS Investigation (from Ericsson), or the Nemo Outdoor (from Nokia). The one that our campus has in MobileCommLab is TEMS softwares and handsets. We could use TEMS 6 for GSM or TEMS 8 for UMTS(WCDMA) drive test. Now, here’s the steps in DT : 1. Drive test equipments preparation Before perform a DT, we should make a checklist of hardware used, i.e.: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Laptop with charger and USB hub License dongle for TEMS 8 TEMS handsets, charger, and data cables 2G/3G SIM cards GPS and data cable Inverter and the cable terminal Battery (for GPS) and the battery charger

Then do the required software checks, i.e.: 1. 2. 3. 4. TEMS Investigation 6 or 8 HASP Emulator (for TEMS 6) Handset driver or PC Suite (T68i, Z800, or K800) GPS driver

2. Workspace configuration

sms. GSM Serving + Neighbors (Presentation -> GSM -> GSM Serving + Neighbors): to display the serving cell (Serving / Active Set) and neighboring cells (Neighbor Set) 3. for the data cable. and the dongle’s inserted. connect all devices by clicking on Connect All / F2 (green colored) 4. RxQual. Remember. Command Sequence (Control -> Command Sequence): to run repeated commands on the handset continuously and automatically 8. longitude. the port number is always smaller than the port number of the mobile phone. Properties. SQI. and monitor vehicle speed 6. Then. etc.While doing DT. it’s necessary to arrange our workspace properly for easier analysis of DT parameters. COM4) 3. calls. Equipment Configuration (Configuration -> Equipment Configuration): to adjust the equipment properties used 7. For example in 2G (GSM) DT. Open Worksheet Map and minimize the size of the map window 2. then click the Modem tab. Select port for the handset / MS (e. in the TEMS Investigation software. Note the port number of the devices we use at DT. Open Device Manager by right-clicking My Computer. etc. GPS (Presentation -> Positioning -> GPS): to know the position of lattitude.g. Therefore.g. TA. disconnect all by clicking on Disconnect All (red colored) 4. Open the Equipment Configuration window.g. then click the plus icon 2. not all parameters need to be analyzed. Command Sequence Configuration Command sequences required for such processes e. 4. Device Manager. Port Configuration We need to know the port where a GPS driver. Then find the modem. handset. GSM Current Channel (Presentation -> GSM -> Current Channel): to provide informations of channels and the cells in use 5. GSM Radio Parameter (Presentation -> GSM -> GSM Radio Parameters): to display the indicator / radio parameters of GSM system such as RxLev. Here’s an example configuration using the TEMS 8 command sequence : . double click on needed devices. Hardware. COM5) and its data cable / DC (e. and the data cable is installed in order to be recognized by DT software. They can be automatically repeated while DT. Events (Presentation -> Signaling -> Events): to display the event is in progress 3. do the following: 1. If you want to disconnect (after the DT finished). arrange the workspace like the following picture: (picture will be uploaded later) Description of windows used: 1. After all ports are configured. FER.

Click Logfile -> Recording Properties 2. Click Browse -> Choose the folder 3. we should adjust the laptop to be always on. Start -> Settings -> Control Panel -> System. Remove all the layers except Pinpoint. AMR. 2. then click start Command Sequence . Then enter the Loop (General -> Loop) and click add to the bottom button. Open saved workspace with the map and cell file 5. etc. Configuration -> General -> Cellfile Load 6. i. Select Quick logging and setup size of swap file “after reaching message “ to prevent a huge size logfile 4. Click Edit (pen and paper image at button) to edit the new command 2. Connect all equipments by clicking green colored connect icon / F2 6. Then enter the Dial command and click insert button so the Dial command is in the Loop. Open Power Options from the Start > Settings -> Control Panel -> Power Options. Cell. Then enter Phone Number and Duration as needed. The windows in the workspace will be filled and sounds will come out for running events 7. Start drive test by clicking record button. It’s better to use more than recommended size 7. Event. Type 1000 in the Time / Count Loop 3. Steps to configure the map. and Coverage Layer 2. On the Advance tab -> click Performance. In the layer control. map is needed to analyze where we stand compared to the cell position. Begin drive testing 1.1. Virtual Memory Virtual memory is required because the DT need high memory resource. Then select the Wait (General -> Wait) and click down button so the wait be after Dial in the Loop. Map Configuration While drive testing. condition of DT area. For example the duration of the Long Call 120 and 15 for the Short Call 4.: 1. Add DT area maps 3.e. Click Change in the virtual memory. After that. RF Quality. Configuring the Notebook Power Management Before the DT. Enter Wait Time 15 5. Then enter cellfile. Set the value as needed. Configure recording properties. Select recording folder. Lock the handset RAT (Radio Access Technology) into GSM only or UMTS only 8. 3. Set Power schemes laptop: Always On. Steps to set the virtual memory are: 1.

When all DT route has finished. Summary : Start Record Logfile –> Start Command Sequence –> Stop Command Sequence –> Stop Record Logfile References :    TEMS Investigation Manuals MobileCommLab Drive Test and Optimization Training Modules Orinaica’s blog at wordpress. wait untill call ended. then stop command sequence.com .9. and stop recording.

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