This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard
The content of this document was developed by an industry work group co-ordinated by OPITO. Members of the work group included: Major offshore oil & gas employers Step Change in Safety Task Group Guidance and advice on this training standard is available by contacting: OPITO Minerva House Bruntland Road Portlethen Aberdeen AB12 4QL Tel: 01224 787800 E: email@example.com © OPITO All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced; stored in a retrieval or information storage system or transmitted, in any form or by any means (mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise), without prior permission in writing from the publishers.
AMENDMENTS AMENDMENT & DATE
1 Provided details of two delivery options in Section A.6 27-10-08 Added information on Step Change in Safety/HSE PTW guidance HSG 250 15-Dec 2008 Changed footer to reflect amendment numbering scheme 15-Dec 2008 Removed Training Outcome 1.1 and Element 1.1 Offshore Operations 11-Dec 2009 Changed course duration to 13.5 hours and the delivery time for Module 1 to 30 mins to reflect the removal of Element 1.1 22-Dec 2009 Changed ‘Delivery Through CBT’ timing to 9.5 hours to reflect the removal of Element 1.1 22-Dec 2009 Removed ‘SCBA’ from Glossary as not used in text 09-Feb 2010 Added ‘Give an overview of:’ to Module 2, Element 2.4 and corrected numbering 09-Feb 2010 PAGES 22 & 23 CHANGES MADE BY T. Wilson CHECKED BY J. Cameron APPROVED BY J. Cameron
All except title page 6, 8
Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010)
Page 2 of 27
3 A.1 09-Feb 2010 Replaced the registered term ‘Scafftag’ with ‘scaffold tagging system’ 09-Feb 2010 PAGES 18. Cameron 10 11 19 19 T.2 A.6 A.9 SECTION B Target Group Delegate Prior Achievement Medical & Health Requirements Learning Outcomes Training Programme Duration of Training and Delivery Options Delivery through CBT Assessment Further Training & Periodicity 4 4 5 5 5 6-7 8-20 21-22 22 23 23 RESOURCES B. Emslie APPROVED BY J. 26 CHANGES MADE BY T.1 A. Wilson T. Cameron J. Cameron Any amendments made to this standard by OPITO will be recorded above.7 A.1 B.4 Staff Trainer/Delegate Ratio Facilities & Location of Training Equipment 24 24 25 26 SECTION C OUTCOME C.5 A. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 3 of 27 .2 B.4 A.3 B. Wilson CHECKED BY I. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION GLOSSARY SECTION A TRAINING PROGRAMME A.8 A. Williams J. Lammiman C.1 Certification & Recording 27 Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008). Wilson P.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO AMENDMENTS AMENDMENT & DATE 9 Modified references to ‘breathing apparatus’ to reflect that they are collectively called RPE (respiratory protective equipment) 09-Feb 2010 Corrected numbering of Element 8.
workforce involvement. more still needs to be done. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 4 of 27 . companies in the UK North Sea. it is recognised. along with Step Change in Safety. The OPITO Offshore Oil & Gas Industry “Minimum Industry Safety Training” (MIST) is highly recommended for all inexperienced employees. To address this need. agreed to develop an introductory training programme that would introduce the key safety elements required by all employees offshore. Hazards are expected in this setting and must be controlled. GLOSSARY ACOP ALARP BOSIET/FOET FPSO H2S HASAWA HAVS LOLER MEWP MSDS NORM PRfS PTW PUWER SSOW WAH Approved Code of Practice As low as reasonably practicable Basic Offshore Safety Induction & Emergency Training/Further Offshore Emergency Training Floating Production & Storage Vessel Hydrogen Sulphide Health & Safety at Work Etc. Improvements in technology.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO INTRODUCTION The offshore oil & gas industry operates in some of the most dangerous environments in the world. Act Hand & Arm Vibration Syndrome Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations Mobile Elevated Work Platform Material Safety Data Sheets Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material Personal Responsibility for Safety Permit to Work Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations Safe Systems of Work Working at Height Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008). The course can be offered at an OPITO approved training establishment or be employer led (OPITO approval required). infrastructure care and rig operations have led to recent reductions in injuries and incidents but. It is believed that improved base line safety training is likely to improve the situation by ensuring that all personnel have the necessary safety awareness and basic skills training to recognise and avoid risk.
Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008). the installation and the environment.2 Delegate Prior Achievement There are no prior achievements required. However.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO SECTION A TRAINING PROGRAMME A.1 Target Group This introductory safety training programme is designed to introduce the fundamental safety elements of the offshore oil & gas industry to new starts. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 5 of 27 .3 Medical and Health Requirements There are no specific medical requirements. Each unit has been designed to focus the delegates’ attention on their personal responsibility for safety thus influencing their behaviour and attitude towards their co-workers. A. The following modules are included: Module 1 Module 2 Module 3 Module 4 Module 5 Module 6 Module 7 Module 8 Module 9 Introduction to the Hazardous Offshore Environment Working Safely including Safety Observations Systems Understanding the Risk Assessment Process Tasks that Require Permit to Work Personal Responsibility in Maintaining Asset Integrity Using Manual Handling Techniques Every Day Controlling the Use of Hazardous Substances Offshore Knowledge and Practices of Working at Height Being Aware of Mechanical Lifting Activities The responsibility for delivering and assessing this programme rests with OPITO approved training providers and employers. giving an appreciation of the potential hazards and controls that might be encountered by personnel offshore. It is expected that this programme will be taken after the OPITO approved BOSIET course so training providers can build on the material gained previously. although personnel must have a current offshore medical certificate before being allowed to work offshore. if this is not the case then the BOSIET course will be required prior to travelling offshore and the delegate should expect a small proportion of repeat information. A.
Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 6 of 27 . risk and controls The steps of a risk assessment and the use of a risk matrix Applying controls to bring the risk down to ALARP The need for continuous risk assessment TASKS THAT REQUIRE PERMIT TO WORK MODULE 4 4.7 The legislative framework surrounding the offshore environment Significant safety practices that have arisen with common regulations The significance of an installation’s Safety Case and personal access to the document The role of safety committees.4 The concept of asset integrity Why some items and systems are safety critical Employer responsibility for asset integrity Personal responsibilities for asset integrity Continued… Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008).4 Learning Outcomes During the introductory safety training programme candidates will gain an awareness of the variety of tasks and the safety risks to be found on offshore installations.2 3.2 4.1 3.4 2. They will be required to demonstrate a sufficient level of knowledge and understanding of the following key areas: At the end of each module the delegate must be able to explain: MODULE 1 1.2 5.4 The difference between hazard.2 2.3 Objectives of a PTW system and how permits are generated Using a PTW and how to re-instate the permits after breaks Personal responsibility in the PTW system PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY IN MAINTAINING ASSET INTEGRITY MODULE 5 5.1 5.3 3.3 2.2 INTRODUCTION TO THE HAZARDOUS OFFSHORE ENVIRONMENT Major hazards that could occur in the offshore environment Daily hazards associated with living and working offshore MODULE 2 WORKING SAFELY INCLUDING SAFETY OBSERVATION SYSTEMS 2.5 2. safety meetings and safety representatives offshore Toolbox Talks – what they include and where and when they should be held The function of a Safety Observation System and how to carry out an intervention Understanding how personal actions might influence safety UNDERSTANDING THE RISK ASSESSMENT PROCESS MODULE 3 3.3 5.1 1.1 4.1 2.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO A.6 2.
4 What is meant by working at height and factors to consider before commencing work WAH hazards and how they can be controlled Basic use of ladders.2 9. The elements of a good individual lift.8 7.2 6. scaffolding and MEWPS Signing for and being responsible for tools aloft BEING AWARE OF MECHANICAL LIFTING ACTIVITIES MODULE 9 9.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO A.2 8.5 The source of MH hazards offshore and the types of injuries that might be sustained Factors contributing to manual handling incidents The importance of ergonomic design and the best methods for manually lifting objects Team operations and communication methods How mechanical aids reduce MH incidents CONTROLLING THE USE OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES OFFSHORE MODULE 7 7. slinger and rigger Personal responsibility such as obeying area restrictions and keeping clear of lifting operations At the end of the following modules the delegate should be able to demonstrate: MODULE 2 WORKING SAFELY INCLUDING SAFETY OBSERVATION SYSTEMS A. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 7 of 27 .1 6.4 6.10 Regulations and guidelines dealing with chemical hazards offshore The sources of offshore chemical hazards How personnel come into contact with hazardous substances Sensitisation and the difficulties of monitoring its effect Hazard symbols and common offshore examples Employers’ duties under COSHH Employees’ duties with COSHH Reading labels on chemicals and using MSDS Monitoring workers’ exposure PPE specific to chemical applications KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES OF WORKING AT HEIGHT MODULE 8 8.2 7.3 The magnitude of objects to be lifted offshore and why lifting hazards need to be controlled Roles of the LOLER focal point.6 7. Completion of the key elements of PTW documentation MODULE 6 USING MANUAL HANDLING TECHNIQUES EVERY DAY D.7 7.1 7.3 8.3 7.1 8. How to complete a Safety Observation Card in an appropriate style MODULE 3 UNDERSTANDING THE RISK ASSESSMENT PROCESS B. the banksman.3 6. How to prepare a risk assessment using a risk matrix MODULE 4 TASKS THAT REQUIRE PERMIT TO WORK C.1 9.4 Learning Outcomes continued… USING MANUAL HANDLING TECHNIQUES EVERY DAY MODULE 6 6. a team lift with appropriate communications and correct loading/unloading methods for using a trolley Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008).4 7.5 7.9 7.
MODULE 1 INTRODUCTION TO THE HAZARDOUS OFFSHORE ENVIRONMENT Element 1. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 8 of 27 . Module 1 Test: Five minute module test with five questions based on the learning outcomes. In order to make efficient use of time and ensure effective learning.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO A. computer based training. indeed.1 Give an overview of: Hazard Awareness a) Possible major hazards while working in the hostile offshore environment including: • • • • • • Fire Explosion High pressure release of gas H2S creation Structural failure Adverse weather damage b) Possible hazards associated with living and working offshore such as: • • • • • • • • • Suspended loads on cranes including man-riding The use of helicopters and supply vessels for transportation Working on high pressure systems Handling heavy equipment Working with chemicals & other hazardous substances Working at height activities Slips. demonstration and practice should be integrated wherever practical.5 Training Programme The training programme outlined below will assist delegates to meet the stated learning outcomes. when they go offshore. Full use should also be made of visual/audio-visual aids. trips & falls – requirements to maintain good housekeeping Noise Vibration hazards (HAVS & exposure limits) Training providers: Reinforce the idea that the hazard list is not comprehensive and other potential hazards will be discussed during the course and. Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes). Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008). videos and course hand-out materials. the three phases of instruction. case studies.
when a problem is identified the system should be capable of responding l) The role of safety committees and safety meetings in the Safety Management System m) The role of the safety representative – why he/she has functions and powers. including: • • • • The Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999 (Suitable and sufficient assessment of risk) The Health & Safety at Work Etc. communication and competence k) The fact that the Safety Management System is not inert i. Act 1974 (ALARP concept) Provision & Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER) (Equipment fit for purpose. industry guidance and ACOPs and the significant outcome of each.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO MODULE 2 Element 2. acts.e.1 WORKING SAFELY INCLUDING SAFETY OBSERVATIONS SYSTEMS The Offshore Safety Structure Give an overview of: The Legislative Framework a) Complying with regulations. has done suitable risk assessments and looked at controls g) The availability of the Safety Case to all employees h) The recent use of summary documents to increase general understanding and awareness The Safety Management System i) The Safety Management System for the effective and proactive management of safety j) The required comprehensive health and safety policies which show control. OIM or HSE o) An individual’s responsibility to follow company procedures for the collective learning experience Continued… Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008). but not duties n) Contacting the safety representative to make representation to an area supervisor. cooperation. safe for use. maintained in safe condition and used by properly trained workers) Safety Case Regulations 2005 (identifies the threats to an installation and its personnel) b) The fact that it is a criminal offence not to comply with acts of parliament and regulations The Safety Case of an Installation c) The Safety Case being the overarching safety document for an installation d) A history of the document including links to the Piper Alpha disaster (excerpts from two DVDs could be used – The Lessons of Piper Alpha (Oil & Gas UK) or Spiral to Disaster (BBC)) e) Why a Safety Case is submitted for each field from early development through to decommissioning f) How the Safety Case allows an installation to run by proving that a company recognises any hazards. legislation. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 9 of 27 .
Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008).OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO MODULE 2 Element 2.2 Working Safely including Safety Observation Systems continued… Safe Systems of Work (SSOW) Give an overview of: a) How work is planned safely across an installation by considering: • • • • • • • Risk assessments (see Module 3) Permit to Work (see Module 4) Task clarification Equipment requirements Work schedules & rest periods Safety alerts Level of supervision b) Toolbox Talks in which the task-based risk assessments are discussed – when and how they should be held c) Safety activities and documentation such as drills & exercises. Module 2 Practical Exercise: The delegates should complete a Safety Observation Card in the “No name. not another form of supervision or to punish workers d) Controls in place so personnel work that way all the time not just under direct supervision e) How to carry out an intervention: • • • • • • f) Ensure the person (or team) is in a safe position Keep the conversation positive Find out why they are not working safely Discuss what could go wrong Get agreement to change behaviour Record the observations with a ‘No name. work instructions and installation incident records d) Shift handover procedures Element 2. The delegates should discuss the differences and agree with the best approach to deliver unsolicited safety guidance. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 10 of 27 .3 Safety Observation Systems Give an explanation of: a) Company specific Safety Observation Systems b) The employee’s right & duty to intervene (calling “time out” to address a safety concern there and then) c) Designed to change attitudes and behaviours. no blame’ approach Reporting the incident to appropriate personnel Module 2 Demonstration: Illustrate key elements of a Safety Observation System with the trainers role playing successful and unsuccessful encounters with personnel. A sample of the completed Safety Observation Cards should be discussed with the class. no blame” style for one of the role play situations performed above.
Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008). being conscious of the immediate environment (especially working in tight spaces) so that hazards are not inadvertently caused Module 2 Test: Ten minute module test with ten questions based on the learning outcomes. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 11 of 27 .OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO MODULE 2 Working safely including Safety Observation Systems continued… Element 2. Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes).4 Give an overview of: Personal Contributions and Responsibility for Safety a) Selecting the appropriate personal protection clothing and equipment (PPE) suitable for the type of work being undertaken b) The importance of taking a break shortly after starting the task to evaluate and discuss any changes in the conditions c) Understanding that personal actions might degrade the safety in an area d) Knowing that subsequent incidents won’t be the same e) Realising that mitigating risk may also create new risks f) Spatial awareness.
if possible. Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes). Module 3 Practical Exercise: The delegates in small groups (2-3) should discuss the hazards without controls.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO MODULE 3 UNDERSTANDING THE RISK ASSESSMENT PROCESS Element 3. risks and controls b) Voluntary risks (smoking or driving a car) and involuntary risks (acts of nature) c) How involuntary risks can be: • • • Task related Inherent Process related d) The steps of risk assessment outlined by different organisations such as the UKCS Step Change in Safety: • • • • • Identify if there are procedures and previous risk assessments – obtain copies and review them Ask how people could get hurt? Could we cause damage to equipment or the environment? (*see e) below) Decide on precautions and controls (*see e) below) Communicate the findings with the appropriate person(s) Implement the controls BEFORE starting the job e) *The use of a risk matrix • • • f) Risk equals probability multiplied by consequences (which could include people. A sample of the group risk assessments should be discussed with the class. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 12 of 27 .1 Risk Assessment Give an explanation of: a) The difference between hazards. Module 3 Test: Five minute module test with five questions based on the learning outcomes. environment & reputation) Look at risk with no controls Add controls to make the risk “as low as reasonably practicable” (ALARP) The need for continuous risk assessment to identify hazards as they evolve Module 3 Demonstration: Illustrate the key elements of preparing a risk assessment using a practical exercise. prepare a risk assessment. and then decide on controls that can be added to lower the risk from medium/high to ALARP. from the offshore oil and gas industry. infrastructure. Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008).
i.1 Permit to Work (PTW) Give an explanation of: a) Principles & objectives of the Permit to Work system for controlled work or special work activities to ensure: • • • • Proper planning and consideration is given to the risks of a particular job The proper authority has generated the permit The right precautions have been taken The person in charge is aware of the activity(ies) b) Step Change in Safety guidance on the essential rules of PTW including HSG 250 c) Using colour codes for identifying the type of work d) The fact that the permit is a legal document e) How the control of risks is an integral part of the Permit to Work process f) Processes in place (electronic or paper) to create. Module 4 Test: Five minute module test with five questions based on the learning outcomes. risk. cross-referencing and authorisation sections that the delegates should complete. each delegate will highlight the controls they would need to adhere to if they were part of the work crew. using examples of relevant permits showing the hazard.e. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 13 of 27 . Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes).OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO MODULE 4 TASKS THAT REQUIRE PERMIT TO WORK Element 4. organise and archive permits g) Who is involved in PTW generation such as: • • • • • Site controller or OIM Department head Affected Area Authority Work crew Control Room Operator h) Signing the PTW declaration i) Handing the permit to the permit office or CRO to stop work and re-sign to reinstate work j) Personal responsibility to adhere to the strictures of the PTW system Module 4 Demonstration: Illustrate the key elements of a PTW system. following a permit through from start to finish. A sample of the highlighted PTWs should be discussed with the class. Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008). Module 4 Practical Exercise: From an example Permit to Work.
Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes). other areas of the world experience hurricanes.1 Asset Integrity Give an explanation of: a) The meaning of asset integrity and a description of its other names (e. temporary refuge and evacuation escape c) Safety critical elements – understanding why some items and systems are critical to safety d) Company specific models (e. Barrier Model) for demonstrating weaknesses in the system e) Escalation scenarios . Module 5 Test: Five minute module test with five questions based on the learning outcomes. well equipment and reservoir conditions Fire and explosion prevention Refuge and evacuation including muster control.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO MODULE 5 PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY IN MAINTAINING ASSET INTEGRITY Element 5. Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008).) Well integrity including well construction.realising that a series of minor risks might combine to create a major hazard or that a major hazard may result from a minor problem that was ignored f) Employer responsibilities for asset integrity such as: • • • • Using performance standards & manufacturers’ notes to determine how an item should work Ensuring that safety critical items are in a condition to keep employees safe Ensuring that equipment on the platform is capable of doing the job it was intended to do The need for third party verification g) Personal responsibility for asset integrity such as: • • • • Reporting unsafe conditions to appropriate personnel Following instructions Not taking shortcuts Intervening when procedures are not being followed by others Module 5 Demonstration: Illustrate the concept of safety critical items by using a common offshore example or by defining the parts of a vehicle. icebergs etc.g.g. platform integrity) b) Divisions of asset integrity offshore: • • • • Structural integrity (North Sea gets 100 foot waves. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 14 of 27 .
Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 15 of 27 .OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO MODULE 6 Element 6.1 USING MANUAL HANDLING TECHNIQUES EVERYDAY Manual Handling Hazards Give an overview of: a) Regulations and company procedures with respect to manual handling b) Manual handling hazards including: • • • • • • Rig floor operations Access & egress to work areas Working in confined or limited spaces Using power tools Moving chemicals Moving equipment from the rigging loft c) Statistics of manual handling incidents d) The function of the human spine and types of injury (acute and chronic) such as: • • • • Slipped disc Hernia Fractures Sciatica e) Factors contributing to manual handling incidents: • • • • • • • Poor ergonomic design Repetition Twisting and bending Not following the risk assessment Lack of training Lack of planning Poor handling of heavy power tools Continued… Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008).
Module 6 Test: Five minute module test with five questions based on the learning outcomes. Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008).2 Manual Handling Controls and Mechanical Devices Give an explanation of: a) The MH hierarchy to assess manual handling operations for the possibility of risk b) Understanding that any changes to a normal lift limits the weight that can be lifted by various proportions c) Ergonomics and the importance of maintaining correct body posture d) Methods to control the risk such as: • • • • • • • Warming-up muscles before lifting Safer lifting techniques & team handling Communication with team members during lifting or moving processes Designating a leader for team operations Establishing safe routes for transferring goods Storage for ease of movement i. Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes). a) provide a demonstration of a team lift with a leader selected and appropriate communications methods used and b) provide a large bulky package that requires the use of a trolley. Module 6 Practical Exercise: Delegates should practise and then demonstrate the techniques either singly or in teams.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO Module 6 Using Manual Handling Techniques Everyday continued… Element 6. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 16 of 27 . Module 6 Demonstration: Illustrate the key principles of manual handling by demonstrating a poor lift and asking delegates to discuss the mistakes and how the lift could be improved.e. on low shelves or at the front of cupboards Making turns with your feet e) Using mechanical aids including forklifts and trolleys etc. In addition.
g) The applicability of COSHH to unknown fumes or gases in the area (e. cut from contaminated surfaces) d) Sensitisation (even a small quantity on first usage can cause problems or manifest itself 20 years later) e) Government regulations pertaining to product labelling f) Hazard symbols showing the common dangers offshore e. oils) water. cleaning/domestic activities drilling operations.g. H2S) h) Employers’ duties under COSHH • • • • • i) Prevent exposure of personnel to hazardous substances wherever possible Provide suitable and sufficient COSHH assessments Provide control measures Monitor the level of exposure Ensure correct storage Employees duties under COSHH • • • • To use the control measures provided To read all documentation Participate in any health surveillance Report defects in equipment Continued… Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008). Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 17 of 27 .1 CONTROLLING THE USE OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES OFFSHORE Sources of Chemical Hazards Give an overview of: a) Regulations and guidelines dealing with chemical hazards such as COSHH and the EH40/2005 Workplace Exposure Limits HSE Document b) The sources of chemical hazards offshore and whether they are covered under COSHH such as: • • • • • • painting. chemical based mud and other drilling fluids well completion.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO MODULE 7 Element 7. highly flammable. gas. maintenance (lubes. corrosive etc. carbon dioxide & acid washes for enhanced recovery Asbestos NORM (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material) c) How personnel might come into contact with hazardous substances by: • • • • Inhalation (very fast – smoking) Ingestion (don’t wash hands after use) Absorption (engine oil is a known carcinogen) Injection (needle injury. irritant.g. toxic.
Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes).2 Give an overview of: Practical Controls for Chemical Hazards a) Reading labels on the chemicals b) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) which must accompany every chemical showing Safety and Risk Phrases c) Hierarchy of control including: • • • • • Changing the process or activity to eliminate the hazardous substance Replacing the hazardous substance with a safer alternative Controlling exposure at source e. chemical burns and environmental damage g) Never using tins or packages that have unknown substances or are half-used by someone else h) Health surveillance of employees. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 18 of 27 . rubber aprons and vapour masks Choosing and wearing respiratory protective equipment such as filtering devices (see d below) d) Filters have numbering like FFP1. monitoring workers’ exposure i) Keeping full PPE on until after the area is tidy and the job is complete Module 7 Test: Ten minute module test with ten questions based on the learning outcomes.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO Module 7 Controlling the Use of Hazardous Substances Offshore continued… Element 7. Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008).g. 2 or 3 or have different colours depending on the substances to be filtered e) Using barrier cream on skin f) Access to COSHH lockers .the storage of chemicals to prevent fire. explosion. local exhaust ventilation Choosing and wearing task specific PPE such as rubber gloves.
1 Give an overview of: Working at Height Activities & Hazards a) Planning & organising WAH activities considering the following factors: • • • • Weather Location Fragile surfaces Falling objects b) Legislation & industry guidance with respect to WAH c) A place being “at height” if a person can be injured falling from it. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 19 of 27 . dropped objects. tool rolls or a shadow wall j) Associated WAH fall protection systems including harnesses. Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008). Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes). even if it is at or below ground level d) The hazards of working at height such as falling. lanyards and inertia reels k) Using the ‘trailing hand technique’ for climbing stairs and safely crossing gangways Module 8 Test: Five minute module test with five questions based on the learning outcomes.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO MODULE 8 KNOWLEDGE AND PROCESSES OF WORKING AT HEIGHT Element 8. using a tool belt. suspension trauma e) Manriding as a WAH activity f) The WAH hierarchy for managing & selecting equipment for WAH: • • • Avoiding working at height where possible Using work equipment or other measures to prevent falls Using work equipment to minimise the consequences of a fall g) Types of ladders. scaffolding equipment and mobile elevated work platforms (MEWPs) h) Awareness of a scaffold tagging system & requiring trained personnel to install and correct the structure i) Signing for Tools Aloft.
Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes). Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008).g. a typical piece of pipework equalling 28 bags of cement) showing why it is important to get lifting activities right b) Statistics of lifting accidents in the oil and gas industry c) Hazards associated with lifting operations such as: • • • • • • • • • Encroaching personnel Conflicting activities Obstructions Damaged loads Dropped objects Adverse circumstances affecting plant and machinery stability New equipment although certified are not always safe Damaged wire rope slings Weather offshore d) The speed at which mechanical lifting hazards can happen e) Roles in lifting operations such as the LOLER focal point.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO MODULE 9 Element 9. crane operator. load security and load handling i) Man-riding activities and the use of specific winches j) PRfS such as: • • • Obeying barriers in restricted areas Being aware that crane operations are in progress Not moving near or under lifting operations Module 9 Test: Five minute module test with five questions based on the learning outcomes.1 BEING AWARE OF MECHANICAL LIFTING ACTIVITIES Hazards of Mechanical Lifting Operations Give an overview of: a) The magnitude of loads to be lifted offshore (e. banksman (must not get physically involved in preparing the load for lifting) and rigger/slinger (attaching/detaching and securing of loads to the lifting equipment) f) Relevant legislation such as LOLER . Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 20 of 27 .applies to lowering or lifting a load right down to the last split pin g) What is meant by the Safe Working Load (SWL) h) Equipment hazards in lifting operations such as load stability.
A system to record which modules and on which dates have been completed by each delegate. company specific Safety Observation Systems. Continued… Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008). Contact time for delegates should not run consecutively for more than 2 hours without a refreshment break.g. 2. It will be the responsibility of that ‘OPITO Approved’ organisation to ensure all training material and delivery complies with this MIST standard. ‘OPITO Approval’ will remain with the organisation applying for approval. The table below indicates the approximate time in which to deliver the contents of each module. only for the complete (9 module) standard. must be maintained 5. there are two different approaches which can be taken in relation to the delivery of the standard: Delivery Option 1: Modules 1-9 of the MIST can be delivered consecutively over two days with an optimum contact time of 13. until the delegate has attended all of the nine MIST modules Note: Within both ‘Delivery Options’. All MIST related learning material and documentation must clearly reference the applicable section(s) of the MIST standard 3. in addition to satisfying OPITO’s Approval Criteria. However. OPITO approval will not be awarded for delivery of individual MIST modules. refreshment and meal breaks and travel between training sites where applicable. and will not be registered on Vantage. Each delegate will complete the MIST training within a 30 day period 4. the following conditions apply: 1. A delegate will not be deemed to have completed the MIST training. e. Where this option is chosen. The total contact time per day shall not exceed 8 hours and the total training day shall not exceed 10 hours. where some modules are to be delivered within ‘in-depth’ and/or ‘in-house’ programmes by a sub-contracting company (whether by classroom or CBT delivery). Delivery Option 2: One or more modules can be incorporated into an employer’s in-house training programme. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 21 of 27 .6 Duration of Training and Delivery Options The total training day includes contact time. etc. The table below gives the training provider a minimum time in which to deliver the contents of each module detailed within this standard. The MIST content may be incorporated into more in-depth programmes of longer duration. “PTW User” training.5 hours.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO A.
7 Delivery through CBT An organisation may decide that the most appropriate method for delivering this learning is through computer based training (CBT) supported by some elements of demonstration and delegate participation.6 Duration of Training and Delivery Options continued… Delivery times: Module 1 Introduction to the 30 minutes (including 10 minutes for test & Hazardous Offshore discussion) Environment Working Safely 2 hours (including practical session and 15 minutes for test & discussion) Module 2 Module 3 Module 4 Module 5 Module 6 Module 7 Module 8 Module 9 Risk Assessment Permit to Work Asset Integrity Manual Handling COSHH Working at Height Mechanical Lifting 2 hours (including practical session and 10 minutes for test & discussion) 1½ hours (including practical session and 10 minutes for test & discussion) 1 hour (including 10 minutes for test & discussion) 1½ hours (including practical session and 10 minutes for test & discussion) 2 hours (including 15 minutes for test & discussion) 1½ hours (including 10 minutes for test & discussion) 1½ hours (including 10 minutes for test & discussion) A.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO A.5 hours (in total).6 are for classroom based delivery and may not apply to CBT delivery. As with classroom instruction. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 22 of 27 . The recommended contact times contained in A. it will be up to the organisation that applies for OPITO approval to demonstrate how the learning outcomes will be met and the tests delivered. However the time spent on each module as a percentage of the total time will not change and it is foreseeable that this would take a minimum of 9. Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008).
that they have bridged the gap in their knowledge and understanding.9 Further Training & Periodicity Reassessment.8 Assessment Delegates attending this training programme will be given a series of explanations and demonstrations which will identify what they are expected to know and do. NOTE: All practical exercise and test documentation completed by the delegates will be retained by the training provider for audit purposes. A. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 23 of 27 . in the opinion of the training providers and after reasonable tuition. However. Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008). These exercises should be checked for accuracy by the training provider and results fed back to the delegates. At the end of each module. via an on-line assessment. If any delegate fails. it should be clear that time to do this within the optimum contact time is limited and the delegate would have to show.) Any delegate failing to meet the expected outcomes as the course progresses can be given additional training. (These exercises will form an integral part of the modules and will be reviewed/corrected by the training provider where required.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO A. will take place every four years or more frequently if persons have not worked offshore for at least 12 months. through repeating test & practice sessions. A pass mark of 80% is required for each test. Four modules also have practical components in which the delegates will take an active part. candidates will be given a short test which will allow them to demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of the course content. the entire MIST must be repeated. to meet the learning outcomes of any individual module. They will not contribute to the final pass/fail decision.
it is necessary to have appropriate people in presenting and supporting roles. OPITO approved training providers will deliver and carry out assessment of the module.2 Trainer/Delegate Ratio The ratio shown for theory sessions indicates the maximum number of delegates that should attend the course in any one session. which ensures they are aware and knowledgeable of all changes to legislation and industry requirements B. Training staff will: Have appropriate knowledge & experience Be trained in instructional/assessment techniques and/or have proven instructing/teaching experience Be included in an ongoing training and development programme. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 24 of 27 .1 Staff In order for a training programme to be delivered successfully. Theory Demonstrations Practical 1 : 16 1 : 16 1:8 Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008).OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO SECTION B RESOURCES B.
3 Facilities To ensure proper presentation the training provider should have: Administration arrangements appropriate for enrolment and certification of delegates A designated room that will not be used simultaneously for any other activity and which provides sufficient room for delegates to participate fully in the instruction. g) OPITO reserves the right to physically audit any or all of the remote sites operated by the training provider. f) All records and associated documentation must be retained at a single. prior to any courses being delivered remotely. and made available at time of audit. Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008). e) Documented management procedures shall be retained which record any measures required to assure the quality and safety of on-location training. c) The training provider shall ensure the suitability of facilities and arrangements prior to delivery. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 25 of 27 . equipment and qualifications of instructional staff. demonstration and practice sessions Location of Training It is recognised that the restricted range of resources and facilities required makes this course suitable for on-location training. However. d) Documented evidence will be retained by the training provider to show that delivery of training at the remote site meets the criteria detailed in this OPITO standard including.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO B. facilities. the training provider will specify a single ‘approved site’ and advise OPITO of its intention to deliver training remotely. b) The training provider will advise OPITO of the location of any remote training in advance of each delivery. specified location. but not limited to. training providers must comply with the following requirements: a) Prior to initial approval. mutually agreed with OPITO.
plans. • • • • • • • • • Illustrations of rig and platform types Examples of relevant legislation and guidance documentation as they are discussed in each module Examples of a Safety Observation report card Examples of risk assessments and a risk matrix Example of work permits in different coloured folders including a blank document for delegates to complete Objects and a trolley to demonstrate manual handling Examples of an MSDS & COSHH assessment sheet Examples of PPE to include coveralls. and where appropriate. All equipment must be maintained. records. hard hat and gloves Examples of respiratory protective equipment (RPE) Please note: Due to the variety of forms. Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008). boots. inspected and tested in accordance with current standards/legislation. schedules etc. used offshore the examples used for training purposes may differ from those found onsite. Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 26 of 27 .OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO B.4 Equipment & Reference Material The following equipment and reference material is required to meet the stated content of the training course. Training examples should represent the range of documents available and should be as typical and current as possible.
Amendment 11 (09-Feb 2010) Page 27 of 27 . the industry’s central recording data base.OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard © OPITO SECTION C OUTCOME C. The details of each delegate will be registered on Vantage. Please note: New training providers (to OPITO) will be required to send both the original (paper) registration forms. and the electronic registration until notified otherwise by Central Register.1 Certification and Recording Persons successfully completing the nine introductory training modules will be issued with an OPITO endorsed certificate for the Offshore Oil & Gas Industry Minimum Industry Safety Training Programme. Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008). The issue of the certificate indicates that the delegate has achieved the level of training as defined by oil and gas employers and approved by OPITO. The forms must be returned by the training establishment to OPITO within one week of the training delivery. It is the responsibility of the training provider to issue the delegates with a certificate containing the following: • • • • • • • Establishment Name Full OPITO Course Title & Identification Number Delegate's Name Course Dates Unique Certificate Number Itemised Module Titles Establishment Signatory Each individual attending any OPITO approved course must complete a central register form.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.