The General Shortcuts We’ll kickoff the list with some really general shortcuts that you often

used. • CTRL+C (Copy) • CTRL+X (Cut) • CTRL+V (Paste) • CTRL+Z (Undo) • Delete (Delete) • Shift+Delete (Delete the selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin) • CTRL while dragging an item (Copy the selected item) • CTRL+Shift while dragging an item (Create a shortcut to the selected item) • F2 key (Rename the selected item) • CTRL+RIGHT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word) • CTRL+LEFT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word) • CTRL+DOWN ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph) • CTRL+UP ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph) • CTRL+Shift with any of the arrow keys (Highlight a block of text)

• Shift with any of the arrow keys (Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text in a document) • CTRL+A (Select all) • F3 key (Search for a file or a folder) • Alt+Enter (View the properties for the selected item) • Alt+F4 (Close the active item, or quit the active program) • Alt+Enter (Display the properties of the selected object) • Alt+Spacebar (Open the shortcut menu for the active window) • CTRL+F4 (Close the active document in programs that enable you to have multiple documents open simultaneously) • Alt+Tab (Switch between the open items) • Alt+ESC (Cycle through items in the order that they had been opened) • F6 key (Cycle through the screen elements in a window or on the desktop) • F4 key (Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer) • Shift+F10 (Display the shortcut menu for the selected item) • Alt+Spacebar (Display the System menu for the active window) • CTRL+ESC (Display the Start menu) • Alt+Underlined letter in a menu name (Display the corresponding menu) • Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu

(Perform the corresponding command) • F10 key (Activate the menu bar in the active program) • RIGHT ARROW (Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu) • LEFT ARROW (Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu) • F5 key (Update the active window) • Backspace (View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer) • ESC (Cancel the current task) • Shift when you insert a CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive (Prevent the CD-ROM from automatically playing) Dialog Box Keyboard Shortcuts • CTRL+Tab (Move forward through the tabs) • CTRL+Shift+Tab (Move backward through the tabs) • Tab (Move forward through the options) • Shift+Tab (Move backward through the options) • Alt+Underlined letter (Perform the corresponding command or select the corresponding option) • Enter (Perform the command for the active option or button) • Spacebar (Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box) • Arrow keys (Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons)

• F1 key (Display Help) • F4 key (Display the items in the active list) • Backspace (Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box) Microsoft Natural Keyboard Shortcuts • Win (Display or hide the Start menu) • Win+BREAK (Display the System Properties dialog box) • Win+D (Display the desktop) • Win+M (Minimize all of the windows) • Win+Shift+M (Restore the minimized windows) • Win+E (Open My Computer) • Win+F (Search for a file or a folder) • CTRL+Win+F (Search for computers) • Win+F1 (Display Windows Help) • Win+ L (Lock the keyboard) • Win+R (Open the Run dialog box) • Win+U (Open Utility Manager) Accessibility Keyboard Shortcuts • Right Shift for eight seconds (Switch FilterKeys either on or off) • Left Alt+left Shift+PRINT SCREEN (Switch High Contrast either on or off) • Left Alt+left Shift+NUM LOCK (Switch the MouseKeys

either on or off) • Shift five times (Switch the StickyKeys either on or off) • NUM LOCK for five seconds (Switch the ToggleKeys either on or off) • Win +U (Open Utility Manager) Windows Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts • END (Display the bottom of the active window) • HOME (Display the top of the active window) • NUM LOCK+* (Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder) • NUM LOCK++ (Display the contents of the selected folder) • NUM LOCK+- (Collapse the selected folder) • LEFT ARROW (Collapse the current selection if it is expanded, or select the parent folder) • RIGHT ARROW (Display the current selection if it is collapsed, or select the first subfolder) Shortcut Keys for Character Map • After you double-click a character on the grid of characters, you can move through the grid by using the keyboard shortcuts: • RIGHT ARROW (Move to the right or to the beginning of the next line) • LEFT ARROW (Move to the left or to the end of the previous line) • UP ARROW (Move up one row)

• DOWN ARROW (Move down one row) • PAGE UP (Move up one screen at a time) • PAGE DOWN (Move down one screen at a time) • HOME (Move to the beginning of the line) • END (Move to the end of the line) • CTRL+HOME (Move to the first character) • CTRL+END (Move to the last character) • Spacebar (Switch between Enlarged and Nor mal mode when a character is selected) Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Main Window Keyboard Shortcuts • CTRL+O (Open a saved console) • CTRL+N (Open a new console) • CTRL+S (Save the open console) • CTRL+M (Add or remove a console item) • CTRL+W (Close window/tab) • F5 key (Update the content of all console windows) • Alt+Spacebar (Display the MMC window menu) • Alt+F4 (Close the console) • Alt+A (Display the Action menu) • Alt+V (Display the View menu) • Alt+F (Display the File menu)

• Alt+O (Display the Favorites menu) MMC Console Window Keyboard Shortcuts • CTRL+P (Print the current page or active pane) • Alt+- (Display the window menu for the active console window) • Shift+F10 (Display the Action shortcut menu for the selected item) • F1 key (Open the Help topic, if any, for the selected item) • F5 key (Update the content of all console windows) • CTRL+F10 (Maximize the active console window) • CTRL+F5 (Restore the active console window) • Alt+Enter (Display the Properties dialog box, if any, for the selected item) • F2 key (Rename the selected item) • CTRL+F4 (Close the active console window. When a console has only one console window, this shortcut closes the console) Remote Desktop Connection Navigation • CTRL+Alt+END (Open the m*cro$oft Windows NT Security dialog box) • Alt+PAGE UP (Switch between programs from left to right) • Alt+PAGE DOWN (Switch between programs from right to left) • Alt+INSERT (Cycle through the programs in most recently used order)

• Alt+HOME (Display the Start menu) • CTRL+Alt+BREAK (Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen) • Alt+Delete (Display the Windows menu) • CTRL+Alt+- (Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.) • CTRL+Alt++ (Place a snapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing Alt+PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.) Internet Explorer navigation • CTRL+B (Open the Organize Favorites dialog box) • CTRL+E (Open the Search bar) • CTRL+F (Start the Find utility) • CTRL+H (Open the History bar) • CTRL+I (Open the Favorites bar) • CTRL+L (Open the Open dialog box) • CTRL+N (Start another instance of the browser with the same Web address) • CTRL+O (Open the Open dialog box, the same as CTRL+L) • CTRL+P (Open the Print dialog box) • CTRL+R (Update the current Web page) • CTRL+W (Close the current window)

Microsoft Word shortcut keys
Below is a listing of all the major shortcut keys in Microsoft Word. See the computer shortcut page if you are looking for other shortcut keys used in other programs.
Shortcut Ctrl + 0 Ctrl + A Ctrl + B Ctrl + C Ctrl + D Ctrl + E Ctrl + F Ctrl + I Ctrl + J Ctrl + K Ctrl + L Ctrl + M Ctrl + P Ctrl + R Description Adds or removes 6pts of spacing before a paragraph. Select all contents of the page. Bold highlighted selection. Copy selected text. Open the font preferences window. Aligns the line or selected text to the center of the screen. Open find box. Italic highlighted selection. Aligns the selected text or line to justify the screen. Insert link. Aligns the line or selected text to the left of the screen. Indent the paragraph. Open the print window. Aligns the line or selected text to the right of

the screen. Ctrl + T Ctrl + U Ctrl + V Ctrl + X Ctrl + Y Ctrl + Z Ctrl + Shift + L Ctrl + Shift + F Ctrl + Shift + > Ctrl + ] Ctrl + Shift + < Ctrl + [ Ctrl + / + c Create a hanging indent. Underline highlighted selection. Paste. Cut selected text. Redo the last action performed. Undo last action. Quickly create a bullet point. Change the font. Increase selected font +1pts up to 12pt and then increases font +2pts. Increase selected font +1pts. Decrease selected font -1pts if 12pt or lower, if above 12 decreases font by +2pt. Decrease selected font -1pts. Insert a cent sign (¢). Insert a character with an accent (grave) mark, where <char> is the character you want. For example, if you wanted an accented è you would use Ctrl + ' + e as your shortcut key. To reverse the accent mark use the opposite accent mark, often on the tilde key. View or hide non printing characters.

Ctrl + ' + <char>

Ctrl + Shift + *

Ctrl + <left arrow> Moves one word to the left. Ctrl + <right arrow> Moves one word to the right.

Ctrl + <up arrow> Moves to the beginning of the line or

paragraph. Ctrl + <down arrow> Ctrl + Del Ctrl + Backspace Ctrl + End Ctrl + Home Ctrl + Spacebar Ctrl + 1 Ctrl + 2 Ctrl + 5 Ctrl + Alt + 1 Ctrl + Alt + 2 Ctrl + Alt + 3 Alt + Ctrl + F2 Ctrl + F1 Ctrl + F2 Ctrl + Shift + > Ctrl + Shift + < Ctrl + Shift + F6 Ctrl + Shift + F12 F1 F4 Moves to the end of the paragraph. Deletes word to right of cursor. Deletes word to left of cursor. Moves the cursor to the end of the document. Moves the cursor to the beginning of the document. Reset highlighted text to the default font. Single-space lines. Double-space lines. 1.5-line spacing. Changes text to heading 1. Changes text to heading 2. Changes text to heading 3. Open new document. Open the Task Pane. Display the print preview. Increases the highlighted text size by one. Decreases the highlighted text size by one. Opens to another open Microsoft Word document. Prints the document. Open Help. Repeat the last action performed (Word

2000+) F5 F7 F12 Shift + F3 Open the find, replace, and go to window in Microsoft Word. Spellcheck and grammar check selected text or document. Save as. Change the text in Microsoft Word from uppercase to lowercase or a capital letter at the beginning of every word. Runs a Thesaurus check on the word highlighted. Save. Create a soft break instead of a new paragraph. Paste. Insert the current date. Insert the current time.

Shift + F7 Shift + F12 Shift + Enter Shift + Insert Shift + Alt + D Shift + Alt + T

In addition to the above shortcut keys users can also use their mouse as a method of quickly do something commonly performed. Below some are examples of mouse shortcuts.
Mouse shortcuts Description

Click, hold, Selects text from where you click and hold to the and drag point you drag and let go. Double-click If double-click a word, selects the complete word. Double-clicking on the left, center, or right of a blank Double-click line will make the alignment of the text left, center, or right aligned.

Double-click Triple-click Ctrl + Mouse wheel

Double-clicking anywhere after text on a line will set a tab stop. Selects the line or paragraph of the text the mouse triple-clicked. Zooms in and out of document.

WINDOWS XP SHORTCUT KEYS
General Windows keyboard shortcuts
Alt + Tab Switch between open applications in all versions of Windows. Reverse the direction by pressing Alt + Shift + Tab at the same time. Ctrl + Tab Switches between program groups, tabs, or document windows in applications that support this feature. Reverse the direction by pressing Ctrl + Shift + Tab at the same time. Alt + double-click Display the properties of the object you double-click on in Windows 95 and later. For example, doing this on a file would display its properties. Alt + Print Screen Create a screen shot only for the active program window in all versions of Windows. For example, if you opened the calculator and did this only the calculator window would be created as a screen shot. If just the Print Screen key is pressed the whole screen will be made into a screen shot. Ctrl + Alt + Del Open the Windows option screen for locking computer, switching user, Task Manager, etc. in later versions of Windows. Pressing Ctrl+Alt+Del multiple times will reboot the computer.

Ctrl + Shift + Esc Immediately bring up the Windows Task Manager in Windows 2000 and later. Ctrl + Esc Open the Windows Start menu in most versions of Windows. In Windows 8 this will open the Start screen and in Windows 3.x this would bring up the Task Manager. Alt + Esc Switch between open applications on Taskbar in Windows 95 and later. Alt + Space bar Drops down the window control menu for the currently open Windows program in Windows 95 and later. Alt + Enter Opens properties window of selected icon or program in Windows 95 and later. Alt + Space bar Open the control menu for the current window open in all versions of Windows. Shift + Del Will delete any file or other object without throwing it into the Recycle Bin in Windows 95 and later. Hold down the Shift key When putting in an audio CD or other CD that uses Autoplay, holding down the Shift key will prevent that CD from playing.

Windows function key shortcuts
Below is a listing of keyboard shortcuts that use the keyboard function keys. See our whatHYPERLINK "http://www.computerhope.com/issues/ch000306.htm" are F1 through F12 keys page for a full listing of what function keys do with all other programs. F1 Activates help for current open application. If you're at the Windows Desktop, this will activate the help for Windows. F2 Renames a highlighted icon, file, or folder in all versions of Windows. F3

Starts find or search when at the Windows Desktop in all versions of Windows. F4 In Windows 95 and later this opens the drive selection or address bar when browsing files in Windows Explorer. • •
Pressing Alt + F4 closes the current open program window without a prompt in all versions of Windows. Pressing Ctrl + F4 closes the open window within the current active window in Microsoft Windows. This will only work in programs that support multiple windows or tabs in the same program window.

F6 While in Windows Explorer, this will move the cursor to different Windows Explorer pane or in Windows 7 browse available drives. F8 Pressing F8 over and over as the computer is booting will start the computer in Safe Mode. F10 Activates the File menu bar in all versions of Windows. •
Simulates a right-click on selected item. This is useful if right-click is difficult or impossible using the mouse.

Windows keyboard key shortcuts
Below is a listing of Windows keys that can be used on computers running a Microsoft Windows 95 or later and using a keyboard with a Windows key. In the below list of shortcuts, the Windows key is represented by "WINKEY" and because not all these shortcuts will work in all versions of Windows we've mentioned what versions of Windows support each Windows key shortcut key.
All versions of Windows

WINKEY Pressing the Windows key alone will open or hide the Windows Start menu. In Windows 8, this will open or hide the Start screen. WINKEY + F1 Open the Microsoft Windows help and support center. WINKEY + Pause / Break key

Open the System Properties window. WINKEY + D Opens the Desktop to the top of all other windows. WINKEY + E Open Microsoft Windows Explorer. WINKEY + F Display the Windows Search or Find feature. WINKEY + Ctrl + F Display the search for computers window. WINKEY + L Lock the computer and switch users if needed (Windows XP and above only). WINKEY + M Minimizes all windows. WINKEY + Shift + M Undo the minimize done by WINKEY + M and WINKEY + D. WINKEY + R Open the run window. WINKEY + U Open Utility Manager or the Ease of Access Center.
Windows XP only

WINKEY + Tab Cycle through open programs through the Taskbar.
Windows 7 and 8 only

WINKEY + 1-0 Pressing the Windows key and any of the top row number keys from 1 to 0 will open the program corresponding to the number of icon on the Taskbar. For example, if the first icon on the Taskbar was Internet Explorer pressing WINKEY + 1 would open that program or switch to it if already open.

WINKEY + (Plus (+) or Minus (-)) Open Windows Magnifier and zoom in with the plus symbol (+) and zoom out with the minus symbol (-). •
Press the WINKEY + ESC to close the Magnifier

WINKEY + Home Minimize all windows except the active window. WINKEY + P Change between the monitor and projection display types or how second screen displays computer screen. WINKEY + T Set the focus on the Taskbar icons WINKEY + Left arrow Shrinks the window to 1/2 screen on the left side for side by side viewing. WINKEY + Right arrow Shrinks the window to 1/2 screen on the right side for side by side viewing. WINKEY + Up arrow When in the side by side viewing mode, this shortcut takes the screen back to full size. WINKEY + Down arrow Minimizes the screen. Also, when in the side by side viewing mode, this shortcut takes the screen back to a minimized size.
Windows 8 only

WINKEY + , Peek at the Windows Desktop. WINKEY + . Snap a Windows App to the sides of the screen. Pressing it multiple times will switch between the right and left-hand side of the screen or unsnap the app. WINKEY + Enter Open Windows Narrator WINKEY + C

Open the Charms. WINKEY + G Cycle through Desktop gadgets. WINKEY + H Open Share in Charms. WINKEY + I Open the Settings in Charms. WINKEY + J Switch between snapped apps. WINKEY + K Open Devices in Charms. WINKEY + O Lock the screen orientation. WINKEY + X Open the power user menu, which gives you access to many of the features most power users would want to use such as Device Manager, Control Panel, Event Viewer, Command Prompt, and much more.

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