Bhakti Thapa (born in Lamjung, Nepal) is a National hero of Nepal.

He was a patriot involved in the Anglo-Nepalese War. His most important contribution in the war was at the western front of Deothal. Though he was at least in his seventies, he led an early-morning counterattack on numerically superior British forces. Bhakti Thapa’s great success in unification of Jumla made him a legendary figure. As a result, just two years after the unification of Jumla he was made the supreme commander of the whole Nepalese army stationed to the west of the capital in a vast region that stretched almost up to the Sutlez river (now India), and also administrator of this vast region. The way Bhakti Thapa laid down his life at the Deothal battle has become a legend in the Nepalese history.

Aniko or Anige (1245 - 1306 A.D.) was one of the key figures in the arts of Nepal, Tibet, and Yuan China, and the artistic exchanges in these areas. He was born in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, during the reign of Abhaya Malla. During the reign of Jaya Bhim Dev Malla, he was sent on a project to build a golden stupa in Tibet, where he also initiated into monkhood. From Tibet he was sent further to China to work in the court of the Mongol emperor Kublai Khan, the founder of Yuan dynasty (1279–1368), where he brought the trans-Himalayan artistic tradition to influence the Chinese art. Years later in China, he returned to laity and married a Mongol girl. He married seven other women from whom he had a total of 6 sons and 8 daughters. Due to some confusion in translation, his name is variously written as Arniko or Araniko in old texts. A mistake made by Baburam Acharya ascribed his Sanskrit name as Balabahu. However later he contends that Aniko might possibly be the Chinese pronunciation for Sanskrit name Aneka Amar Singh Thapa, also known as "Living lion of Nepal", was the General of the Nepalese forces of western front in the Anglo–Nepalese War. He is regarded as one of the National heroes of Nepal. His major achievement was the attack on several western states of broken kingdom of nepal like Jumla, Doti, Kumaon, Garhwal, Dehradun, Srinagar and Kangra, as well the Palpa. Thapa served as the Nepalese care taker of the areas, until ousted by the British. He carried out small wars, especially with the King of Punjab, Ranjit Singh. He also engaged in defending the western fronts of Nahan, Chamba, Almora, Kangra, Saharanpur, Dehradun against his British counterpart, General David Ochterlony. Although he lost these areas to British, he is praised for his bravery by both Nepalese and British personalities.[who?] Thapa also built a temple of the goddess Ganga in the early 19th century. The town of Gangotri in Uttarakhand, India is centred around this temple. To this day, it is one of the four sites in the Char Dham pilgrimage circuit, the most important Hindu pilgrimage circuit the Indian Himalayas. After losing the war, Thapa voluntarily retired and died on a pilgrimage to Gosaikunda.
King Amshuverma Thakura was the Licchavi king of Nepal in the sixth century AD (605-629 AD) of the Thakuri dynasty. He was learned, bold and farsighted Thakuri emperor of Lichhavi period, he was also a lover of art, architecture and literature. He built Kailash Bhawan. He was a brave king, fought many battles and extended the territory of his kingdom far and wide. A close relationship between Nepal and


and an incarnation of Tara. Bhrikuti. who married a Tibetan ruler named Tsrong-tsong Gompo (King Srong Tsangampo / Srong btsan sGampo). and others. freedom fighter. is said to have been built by this ruler. She was instrumental in spreading Buddhism to Tibet. who visited India during the 7th century. the daughter of king "Angsu Varma" or Amshuvarma (Tib: Waser Gocha) of Nepal in 632. the caste system). An inscription by Aṃshuvarmā dated to 607 at Tistung professes the importance of the "Aryan code of conduct" (i. 1993 when she reached the summit by the South Col via the Southeast Ridge route. Khri bTsun ("Royal Lady"). Captain.. allowed him to continue to stay in power.e.[7] Acharya Kirti Tulku Lobsang Tenzin. General. He is credited with opening trade routes to Tibet. his strongest supporter. etc. outside of Dheradun ( Before Nepal. known to Tibetans as Bal-mo-bza' Khri-btsun.Economically.Buddhism was introduced to Tibet and Nepali pagoda structure became popular in Tibet. Pasang Lhamu Sherpa (10 December 1961 – 22 April 1993) was the first Nepali woman to climb the summit of Mount Everest. coupled with the support from Rani Tripurasundari (the junior queen). "there are increasing indications supporting this hypothesis. After his initial rise to power during the reign of Rana Bahadur. a grand palace whose remains are found near Hadigaun in Kathmandu. The death of Queen Tripurasundari in 1832. 1822) is a National Hero of Nepal."[5] There were certainly very close relationships between Tibet and Nepal at this period and. Bhimsen Thapa (Nepali: भीमसेन थापा 1775 . Bhelsa Tritsun ('Nepali consort')[1][2] or. simply. He was a Captain in the Royal Nepali Army (Gorkhali Army) and gained fame as the commander of the Gorkhali forces at the Battle of Nalapani. The conspiracies and infighting with rival courtiers finally led to his imprisonment and death by suicide. Even though the historicity of Bhrikuti Devi is not certain. "Such a mythological interpretation discredits in no way the historical likelihood of such a marriage. Nepali art and architecture spread over the countries like China and Japan.July 28. Balbhadra Kunwar (17?? – c. and no reference to her has been found among the documents discovered at Dunhuang.[3] She was also known as "Besa". which was concluded with the Treaty of Sugauli. Cho Oyu. If this is correct. states that Songsten Gampo married Bhrkuti Devi.His ruling period is known as the 'Golden Period' in the Histroy of Nepal.He also introduced the samvatvall system. and the adulthood of king Rajendra. described Aṃshuvarmā as a man of many talents. 1839) was the Prime Minister of Nepal from 1806 to 1837. the Kailashkut Bhawan. She was born into a mountaineering family and was involved in climbing from her teens. Nepal entered into a disastrous Anglo-Nepalese War with the East India Company lasting from 1814–16. present India) in 1814 during the Anglo-Nepalese War.. the marriage to Songtsän Gampo must have taken place sometime before 624 CE." [6] Many Tibetan accounts make Bhrikuti the daughter of Amshuvarma (605-621 CE). is traditionally considered to have been the first wife of the earliest emperor of Tibet. but did not succeed until April 22. She had successfully climbed Mont Blanc.Nepal was much developed during his time. Then. the Gurkha empire had already reached its greatest expanse from Sutlej river in the west to the Teesta river in the east. The Chinese Buddhist monk Xuanzang.Tibet was established. . The Nepali Princess Bhrikuti Devi. During his prime ministership. however. by which Nepal lost almost one-third of its land. who was also his niece.650 CE). co-ruler and successor of Śivadeva I.[4] and was a princess of the Licchavi kingdom of Nepal.. weakened his hold on power. A great feat of architecture and engineering. the immature age of Girvan Yuddha Shah and Rajendra Bikram Shah. Songtsän Gampo (605? . She had attempted Everest three times before. Following the Anglo-Nepali War of 1814–1816 he became very famous. though he is most famous for one of his daughters.

who is also more popularly known as "Nepla ka Adikavi"(Nepal's original poet). Chuchepati. as often happens in the mountains. "Bhanu jayanti"(July 13). the Government of Nepal renamed Jasamba Himal (7. Meanwhile. and the 117. peak with five Sherpas. The other three were Dashrath Chand. Shukra Raj Shastri (Devanagari: शक्रराज शास्त्री) (born Shukra Raj Joshi) (1894-24 January ु 1941) was a Nepalese intellectual and fighter for democracy who became a martyr. a member of the team and five times Everest Sumitter. Bhanubhakta Acharya Bhanubhakta Bhanubhakta (1814-1868) was a Nepali poet who translated the great epic "Ramayana" from Sanskrit to Nepali. While writing a biography of Bhanubhakta in 1981. but that did not deter Pasang from getting to her goal. Vladas Vitkauskas helped move her body down the mountain. the birthday of Bhanubhakta Acharya. there were many poets before Bhanubhakta. Similarly. Pemba Dorje Sherpa and Dawa Tashi Sherpa.[1] He was one of the four martyrs of the revolution that brought down the Rana dynasty in Nepal. Lhakpa Noru Sherpa. The National Youth Foundation conferred the 1993-94 Youth Excellence Award on her. Born to a Brahmin family in 1814 in Tanahu. Nepalese people cannot forget the day Ashar 29. Bhanubhakta Acharya (1814 AD – 1868 AD) The first poet of Nepal. As Motiram himself recognized. did not survive his illness. Dharma Bhakta Mathema and Ganga Lal Shrestha. Pasang Lhamu was posthumously honored by her country in various ways. in order to commemorate her feat.The morning of April 22. tragedy struck the team. She was the very first woman to be decorated with the "Nepal Tara (Star)" by His Majesty the King. While descending from the summit. Sherpa Sonam Tshering got seriously sick at south summit and. She was fully aware of the peril. Instead. causing her to lose her life on the south summit.315 m) in the Mahalangur Range as Pasang Lhamu Peak.Km Trishuli-Dunche road was named the Pasang Lhamu Highway. The weather. he received at home an excellent education with a strong leaning towards religion from his grandfather. 1993.848 m. was bright and clear and remained and so till Pasang reached the top of the 8. "Adikavi" in reference to Bhannubhakta had first been used by Motiram Bhatta. Sonam Tshering Sherpa. the Ministry of Agriculture named a special strain of wheat as Pasang Lhamu wheat. a postage stamp was issued in her name. .[2][3] Shastri was also a social reformer and author who wrote a number of books in Nepali and Nepal Bhasa. a life-size statue of Pasang Lhamu was erected at Bouddha. He translated the great epic 'Ramayana' from Sanskrit to Nepali. despite Pasang Lhamu's efforts to help. Motiram described him as Adikavi. suddenly turned bad. For achieving what no other Nepalese woman had achieved before her. the Pasang Lhamu Memorial Hall was established in Dhulabari of Jhapa district in east Nepal. even if it meant sacrificing her life. not because he was the first poet in Nepali. he argued that Bhanubhakta deserved the title because he was the first poet who wrote with an understanding of the "marma"(inner essence) of poetry.

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