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A new dimension in LNG vessel automation

Kongsberg is a leading supplier of complex Integrated Automation Systems (IAS) for highly advanced special vessels worldwide. Applications covered by the technology include eld exploration and drilling, oil and gas processing (FPSOs and xed installations), shuttle tankers and LNG carriers. Close co-operation with ship owners, yards and other main suppliers during vessel design and commissioning ensures an integrated solution, which makes the complete system more efcient in both economical and technical aspects. Both end user and yard will benet from the advantage of one supplier taking complete responsibility for the integration of the system. The design criteria for Kongsbergs Integrated Automation System is reliability and safety, characteristised by: Segregation autonomous process areas have dedicated process controllers with distributed I/O units Redundancy within data communication network and process controllers Simplicity small range of components to facilitate modularization Fault tolerant design, based on fail-safe principles

Integrated solution - The Full Picture

By integrating the different functions into the IAS, the overall need for hardware and software functions and interfacing requirements is reduced, which leads to less demand for special software, cabling and testing. Furthermore, integrated systems offer a far greater degree of redundancy and therefore increased system availability and operation performance.

Ex Net

Custody Transfer System

Tunnel Thruster

Redundant Ex Net

The modern Integrated Automation System is a distributed monitoring and control system covering all important functions on board, such as control and monitoring of: Engine Power management Auxiliary machinery Ballast / bunker Boiler ACC / RMS Main steam turbine Custody Transfer System (CTS) Safety Management System Cargo ESD Fire and gas monitoring Cargo Loading / ofoading Boil Of Gas (BOG) LD / HD compressor control Load and stability calculator Data Net RIO 400 Ex

Integrated Bridge Vessel Automation Machinery Control Navigation

Compressor Room Local Operator Station

CCR Cargo, Ballast Load Calculator

The Operator Station (OS) is based upon the Windows XP operating system. Dedicated process displays are created in conjunction with the customer, to provide the best operational environment. Historic logging of alarms, events and process variables is available for display in trends and historic event lists. Reporting and data export facilities are also provided through administrative net. All process instruments, motors, valves, sensors, etc. are interfaced to the Field Stations (FS) via an extended use of Remote I/O units. These are available both for hazardous and safe areas. Algorithms for process control and monitoring as well as alarm generation are executed in the redundant process controllers within the Field Stations. The high-speed data communication between the various computers in the system is via a redundant network. Network segmentation (bridging) and trafc monitoring are also available. Voyage Data Recorder Remote Diagnostic

Remote Joystick Control

Fire Monitoring

Main Boiler Control

Gensets Diesel/Turbines

ECR Machinery Control Power Management Auxilliaries Historical Station Steam Turbine/Gear

Control philosophy for various applications

Kongsbergs main goal has been to develop an IAS capable of implementing all features that may appear for LNG carriers, both today and in the future. All control options, both manual and semi-automatic, that exist in todays systems are maintained. Automatic control is implemented for: Cargo pump discharge pressure Spray pump pressure Spray nozzle pressure Low and high duty compressor capacity Vaporiser and heather ow and temperature

Cargo handling control and monitoring of: Cargo tank Gas Management System (GMS) Manifold operation LD Compressor HD Compressor Heathers Vaporisers

Cargo tank control and monitoring of: Cargo pumps Spray pumps Temperature indicator Volume calculations

Boiler operation (ACC/ BMS) Alternative fuel options (HF / BOG) Valve operation Steam pressure Water level

Additional functionality, by means of sequencing add further value to cargo operation:

Cool down cargo tanks Cargo loading including line set-up Cargo unloading including line detachment Ballast control during loading and unloading Ballast control during voyage Power management of steam and diesel generator sets BOG control i.e. cargo tanks to steam turbine

Operational elements already prepared for integration with IAS are:

Safety application covering Cargo-ESD and F&G systems Online load and stability calculator Training simulator Thruster control Remote satellite diagnosis service

Communication link between vessel and management ofce

Sequence Control, performing automatic ring of burners for HF oil and BOG gas Overview of all sequence step Manual override control per sequence steps Interlock status overview

Trending functionality All analog input signals Adjustable time span axis Pop-up frames transferable to other mimics

Custody Transfer System Loading report Unloading report Manual input of cargo level All relevant cargo tank information

CTS Custody Transfer System

Kongsberg radar based level gauging systems and Custody Transfer Systems have been in operation on gas tankers since 1989. The Custody Transfer System (CTS) is designed for LNG carriers, both with spherical and membrane type tanks. The radar based level gauging system, the temperature sensors and the pressure transmitters are all specially designed to provide continuous and reliable accuracy in the demanding environment of liqueed gas. With the unique AutroCAL function we have provided the market with the rst fully automated calibration and verication method commercially available.

Shore Communication

Temperature and Pressure Transmitter Radar Based Level Gauge

Integrated Bridge System

Still Pipe Joints with Reector Plate CCR

Back up Display

Temperature Sensors


AutroCAL - the unique calibration and verication function

Gas vapour density and the mixture of gases inuence the propagation speed of the radar signal and thus the accuracy of the measurements. By using the designed still pipe joint signatures for continuous measurement and calibration, combined with accurate temperature measurement, AutroCAL continuously compensates for inaccuracies caused by the differences in the propagation speed. Thus, our AutroCAL verication and calibration function automatically ensures that the same high accuracy is maintained over the whole measurement range, independent of the gas mixture and its partial pressure.

Housing for Sensor Electronics Connection Box Radar Antenna Temperature measurement Pressure measurement Flange for Tank Penetration Teon Plate facing Cargo Temperature sensor pipe

Pipe support Teon lining (PEHD) Fastening Brackets

Circular still pipe, 50mm diameter stainless steel or aluminium alloy

Pipe Joints, with teon signature plate

Reection from cargo surface Reection from teon signature in still pipe

Bridge Line Integrated Navigation System

The Kongsberg integrated navigation bridge provides a truly integrated and class compliant system with integrated navigation and manoeuvring capabilities. It is designed for one-man operation, with functionality that allows maximum time for observation and decision making. The navigation bridge equipment can be scaled to requirements and extended with bridge wing consoles, and planning and survey centre. Our bridge solutions offer improved situational awareness for watch ofcers, providing a complete real-time picture of the ships position and movement, with correlation of overlaid radar targets on electronic chart display and information systems.

The core of the BridgeLine system consists of the DataBridge radar/ARPA display, the SeaMap Electronic Chart Display and Information System and the Conning information display. The adaptive autopilot constantly feels the behaviour of the vessel and adjusts the use of rudder to match the actual conditions. The autopilot can be operated via its own panel, or remote controlled from any DataBridge or SeaMap unit. When connected to the BridgeLine system, the standard heading mode is accompanied with three additional steering modes: Course - wind and current compensated heading mode Waypoint steering Full ANTS approved track control

Added values
A full scale vessel management system is obtained when our navigation system is integrated with the automation system. With different functions applied on the same hardware platforms, the amount of onboard spare parts can be reduced and savings made. In addition, excellent maintainability and simple upgrading solutions reduces overall life cycle costs.

SIMULATION Kongsberg can supply a simulator with functions that mirror the vessel system, which can be used either by the ship yard or the ships crew. The simulator enables easy familiarization with the operation of the vessel with functionality including loading/unloading, BOG handling, Power Management and Boiler Contol. ENGINEERING Kongsberg will provide engineering services to assist the customer in design of the control system, i. e. establish the functional requirements for the control of various machinery. This will typically include: Facilitate the interface meetings/discussions with yard and other sub-suppliers Checking control requirements/interface diagrams for machinery, switchboard, motor control centres, solenoid valve cabinets, etc. Checking system response time requirements for each control loop Detection of possible failure modes and the required response to the identied faults Dening distribution of process segments and I/O signals to the different process cabinets based on requirements of system perfomance, limitation of eld cables, authority requirements, etc. Specication of serial interface to other suppliers Write Functional Design Specication (FDS) for the control system

The new standard LNG Carrier

Todays high activity in the gas transport market, combined with the price uctuations on LNG, motivates the development of alternative propulsion methods for LNG Carriers. Propulsion alternatives for future LNG Carriers: Two stroke engines based on HFO only Medium speed Dual-Fuel engines (BOG/LFO) for electrical propulsion Gas turbines for electric or direct propulsion Improvement of existing steam driven propulsion plant Additionaly, other loading and ofoading principles are also under further development, including regasication units and buoy connection to onshore pipelines.


CTS Reliquefaction

RIO 400

Tunnel Thruster Submerged Turret Loading

RIO 400 Ex Data Net Redundant Ex NET Ex NET Engine Control Room Machinary Control Power Management Auxilliaries Historic Station


Propulsion with Two Stroke Engine

Integrated Bridge Dynamic Positioning Vessel Automation Machinery Monitoring Cargo Control Room Load Calculator Cargo Ballast

Remote Diagnostic

Data Voyage Recorder

Remote Joystick

Thermal Bog Oxidizer

Fire Monitoring System

Dual Fuel Electrical Propulsion


Kongsbergs vessel control system has successfully been retrotted on existing LNG carriers in order to extend the vessels lifetime. The structure of the these systems makes it easy to install, and minimizes cabling by using existing eld cabling as much as possible. We can also take on responsibility for engineering of cabling and eld instrumentation. Upgrading may for example include: Power management w/ auxilliary machinery control Ballast / cargo monitoring and control Custody Transfer System Navigation system Propulsion These integrated upgrades provide a modern vessel control system that utilises sophisticated technology for safe and efcient vessel operation.