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Spon’s Middle East Construction Costs Handbook

Second edition

E & FN SPON An imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group

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Spon’s Middle East Construction Costs Handbook
Edited by FRANKLIN + ANDREWS

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First edition 2000 published by E&FN Spon Second edition published 2005 by Taylor & Francis 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Taylor & Francis 270 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA Taylor & Francis is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group © 2000, 2005 Franklin + Andrews The right of Franklin + Andrews to be identified as the Author of this Work has been asserted by them in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 Printed and bound in Great Britain by TJ International Ltd, Padstow, Cornwall All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers. The publisher makes no representation, express or implied, with regard to the accuracy of the information contained in this book and cannot accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions that may be made. Publisher’s note This book has been produced from camera-ready copy supplied by the authors British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data A catalog record has been requested for this book. ISBN 0-415-36315-2

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Contents
Preface Acknowledgements Publication users guide Conversion factors vii viii ix x

SECTION ONE : REGIONAL OVERVIEW
Map Spons Middle East cost database 2 3

SECTION TWO : INDIVIDUAL COUNTRIES
Introductory notes to individual countries Introduction Key data Construction cost data Exchange rates and inflation values Useful addresses Individual countries Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates 13 39 63 89 113 139 165 191 217 243 269 295 319 9 9 9 9 11 12

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Middle East Construction Costs Handbook

SECTION THREE : COMPARATIVE DATA
Introductory notes Key national indicators Population Geography Economy Construction cost data Bricklayer and unskilled labour costs Material costs – Cement and concrete aggregates Material costs – Ready mixed concrete and steel reinforcement Material costs – Solid and hollow concrete blocks Material costs – Sheet glass and plasterboard Material costs – Emulsion paint and quilt insulation Approximate estimating – Car parks and petrol stations Approximate estimating – Factories and warehouses Approximate estimating – Offices and shops Approximate estimating – Hospitals and schools Approximate estimating – Sports halls and hotels Approximate estimating – Housing Index 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363

contractors and suppliers who wish to become involved in the industry in that region of the world.Prelims 23/06/2005 2:00 pm Page vii Preface This publication is one of a set of three volumes that have been compiled in an endeavour to address a need in the construction industry for information relating to individual countries within a specific continent or region. It provides an introductory synopsis of the construction activities relevant to a specific region within the Middle East together with the domestic profile of each country. Comparative data for the UK is also included. The publication has been prepared as a convenient reference point for those involved in construction including developers. . This volume presents profiles for a selection of country locations within the Middle East in an individual and comparative format to allow evaluation of each country in isolation and in relation to the other countries within that continent.

Prelims 23/06/2005 2:00 pm Page viii Acknowledgements The information for the various countries that has been provided within this publication has been gathered from a wide variety of sources and due acknowledgement is given to all those organisations. publications and individuals each of whose contribution has enabled the production of this volume. Important sources of a general financial nature have been prepared by reference to the various reports from international bank facilities and from government intelligence statistics offices. .

Part Two: Individual Countries Part Two covers each of the countries individually in the following format: • • • • Key data Construction cost data Exchange rates and inflation and Useful addresses Part Three: Comparative data Part Three collects the data from Part Two and presents it on comparative bases allowing a view of each country in terms of its relationship with the others in the form of descriptive text and tables. Part Two: Individual Countries and Part Three: Comparative Data. land area and GDP for each country and also provides membership data of various organisations. The UK is included to allow for comparative benchmarking. There are thirteen individual countries covered by this volume each one of which is specifically covered in Part Two and compared collectively in the third section.Prelims 23/06/2005 2:00 pm Page ix Publication users guide The publication is divided into three sections: – Part One: Regional Overview. It presents key characteristics such as population. Part One: Regional Overview This section provides an introduction to and an overview of the region giving basic details to allow a feel for the area. The individual tables provides general data comparisons in accordance with the following: • Key data • Construction output • Construction cost data .

984 ton 0.686 lb/yd3 0.039 3.094 0.100 UK gal 2.220 5 litres Weight 1 kilogram 50 kilograms 1 tonne 1 kilogram per metre 1 kilogram per square metre 1 kilogram per cubic metre Force 1 newton 1 kilonewton 1 newton per square millimetre 1 kilonewton per square metre Pressure Energy (work.764 ft2 1.672 lb/ft 2.196 yd2 11.843 lb/yd2 0.009 tonf/ft2 0.225 lbf 224.809 lbf 0.948 Btu Volume 1 cubic metre 1 litre 0.308 yd3 1.062 lb/ft3 1.100 36 tonf 145.016 lb/yd 0.471 acre 35.885 lbf/ft2 0.315 ft3 1.038 lbf/in2 0.960 yd2 2.145 lbf/in2 20.621 in ft yd mile Length 1 millimetre 1 metre 1 kilometre 1 mm 1m 1 km 1 mm2 1 m2 1 ha 1 m3 1l UK gal 5l 1 kg 50 kg 1t 1 kg/m 1 kg/m2 1 kg/m3 1N 1 kN 1 N/mm2 1 kN/m2 1 kJ Area 1 square millimetre 1 square metre 1 hectare 0.984 cwt 0.001 55 in2 10.231 lb 0. heat) 1 kilojoule .281 1.760 pint 1.205 lb 110.205 lb/ft2 1.Prelims 23/06/2005 2:00 pm Page x Conversion Factors Conversion table Metric unit Abbreviation Imperial equivalent 0.

048 kN/m2 107.018 kg/m3 0.252 kN/m2 1.496 kg/m 4.800 mm 0.802 kg 1.093 m2 0.046.609 km 645.016 tonne 1.160 mm2 0.400 mm 304.488 kg/m 0.836 m2 4.882 kg/m2 0.856 m2 0.568 litre 4. heat) 1 British thermal unit .405 ha 16.007 N/mm2 6.546 litre 0.064 mm3 0.964 kN 0.593 kg/m3 4.454 kg 50.765 m3 0.028 m3 0.914 m 1.055 kJ Length 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 inch foot yard mile square inch square foot square yard acre cubic inch cubic foot cubic yard pint UK gallon pound hundredweight ton pound per foot pound per yard pound per square foot pound per square yard pound per cubic foot pound per cubic yard 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 in ft yd mile in2 ft2 yd2 acre in3 ft3 yd3 pint UK gal lb cwt ton lb/ft lb/yd lb/ft2 lb/yd2 lb/ft3 lb/yd3 Area Volume Weight Force Pressure 1 pound force 1 ton force 1 pound force per square inch 1 pound force per square foot 1 ton force per square foot 1 lbf 1 tonf 1 lbf/in2 1 lbf/ft2 1 tonf/ft2 1 Btu Energy (work.387.895 kN/m2 0.542 kg/m2 16.448 N 9.Prelims 23/06/2005 2:00 pm Page xi Conversion factors xi Imperial unit Abbreviation Metric equivalent 25.

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Section_One 17/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 1 SECTION ONE REGIONAL OVERVIEW .

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0 percent in 2003 underpinned by higher oil production and prices. The Middle East possesses huge stocks of crude oil. The Arab League. The Arab Common Market. a country that has the third largest gas reserves in the world. It also includes some of the richest. The information provided for each of the selected countries is the latest data available and gives an accurate overview of the financial status in terms of .Section_One 17/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 3 Spon’s Middle East Cost Database Introduction This book contains construction related and general information for thirteen countries located in the Middle East region. a country with an economy that has been influenced to a great extent by a single commodity – oil. which accounts for over 50% of the world oil reserves. rights to water resources and the Kurdistan issue. Its members. have very little in common politically. the GDP growth of the region is projected to decline by 1 percentage point to about 5 percent in 2004. includes all the Arab states of the area as well as those in North Africa. established in 1964. the world’s largest crude oil producer. The publication also includes Saudi Arabia. ranging from conservative monarchies to republics. The Middle East is known as the world’s most economically. Today the region is characterised by strong political tensions such as the Palestine/Israel issue. The publication also includes UK information for comparative purposes. The Middle East had enjoyed a period of strong growth with a GDP of 6. politically and culturally sensitive area. and remains the centre of the global oil market. With oil production now close to capacity and the pace of economic expansion beginning to taper off. for example. Included in this publication are some of the poorest countries in the world. the main political alliance. United Arab Emirates. The Middle East countries have passed though a couple of decades with relatively little economical progress with wealth being unevenly distributed between the countries. The Middle East is rich in a diverse range of resources. provides for free trade and capital movements among member states. Most of the individual countries rely heavily on the oil industry as their main contribution to GDP. and Qatar. however.

Non-Aligned Movement OPEC .A lists the particular countries and highlights membership of various international groups such as the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC).Damascus declaration OIC . Table 1.Arab League Damasc . Table 1.A: Membership of international organisations Country Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Turkey UAE Key: AL x x x x x x x x x x x Damasc x x OIC x x x x x x x x x x x x x NAM x x x x x x x x x x x x OPEC x x x x x x x x x x x x AL .Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries .Section_One 17/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 4 4 Regional Overview both a global and construction related nature.Organisation of the Islamic Conference NAM .

400 13.000 7.5 17.8 35. highlights the key characteristics of each of the countries included in the volume. the range is from 680 thousand in Bahrain to approximately 76 million in Egypt.450 1.230 1.460 11.500 11. The final columns in the table highlight the individual country’s gross domestic product (GDP) and GDP per capita which gives an indication of the wealth of each country in terms of the respective individual standard of living.9 0.8 18.0 57.8 5.7 76.9 23.000 1.437 1.B.9 million square kilometres.1 69.900 4.3 295.200 Country Population mn 0.582 184.Section_One 17/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 5 Spon’s Middle East Cost Database 5 The next table.050 82.Purchasing Power Parity .300 19.5 287.6 2.B: Key characteristics of countries GDP US$bn (PPP basis) 2003 11.0 4.020 76 42 63 61 129 371 3 14 73 13 98 52 Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria UAE Source: Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook PPP .2 37. Bahrain has a population density of around 1000 people per square kilometre.759.800 6. In terms of total population for each of the various countries.636.0 27.880 Population per km2 1. Table 1.162 91. Table 1.8 58.800 3.540 212.300 23.6 2.6 41. The smallest country in terms of physical area is Bahrain with Saudi Arabia being the largest with an overall area of over 1.000 4. The column displaying population per square kilometre identifies Oman having a density of approximately 14 inhabitants per square kilometre whereas.0 36.7 17.3 Land area km2 665 995. on the other hand.8 25.1 5.820 10.3 3.971 17.500 4.7 GDP per capita US$ (PPP basis) 2003 16.100 21.000 432.960.2 478.

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Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 9 Introductory notes to individual countries Introduction This section of the publication deals with the thirteen countries in country name alphabetical order and presents regional data under five main headings: Key data. The approximate estimating section provides a representative overview of expected charges for a range of facility types. geography. Construction cost data The information provided in this section presents typical construction cost data for a range of resources. Construction cost data. The data has been collated from various sources including the International Monetary Fund (IMF). economy and construction. and Useful addresses. These notes introduce the five information sets for each country which provides for comparative analyses. It is advised that extreme caution is used in the use of any construction cost data presented here. In view of a lack of statistics in respect of the construction industry it has not been able to completely deliver a full overview of the situation. unit rates and approximate estimating rates for various forms of construction. Key data The Key Data information sheet at the beginning of each country section provides general statistics for population. . World Bank and United Nations (UN) among others. transportation. Country profile. Exchange rates and inflation. In view of differing construction requirements for individual country regions and the availability of resources comparison on a like for like basis may not be possible.

Unit rates The unit rates provided in this section are a practical assessment of the costs of common construction activities for a reasonably large building project in and around a populous region. have not been included. incentive payments and employment taxes. The rates are presented in local currency as well as equivalents in UK £ Sterling. The rates will generally include all necessary labour. The cost to the employer including all mandatory taxes and obligations has been included. The method of measurement used relates to Gross Floor Area (GFA) and are for internal areas of the facility type measured inside external walls but excluding the area . including a sensible and competitive profit element. access equipment and the like have not been included and would need to be assessed on a project specific basis. Taxes. insurance liabilities. US Dollar and the Euro. other than those specific to employment requirements. These rates are considered to be typical for construction projects situated in and around capital locations where the supply of such resources would be readily available. The labour rates are charge out costs per day for a selection of artisans and general labour. plant and material costs A selection of resources covering labour. A reasonable uplift has also been added to cover travel time and fares. lodging and general subsistence. All rates are based at third quarter 2004 levels. Preliminary and general items such as site set-up. Approximate estimating Facility construction costs on a unit area basis are indicated in this section of the publication and are typical for the type of facility indicated. plant and material resources at charge out costs.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 10 10 Individual countries Labour. expressly any value added taxes which may be country specific. plant and materials is provided for each country location. generally within the boundaries of a major or capital city location.

Some currencies are pegged at US Dollar values and would take the form of a straight line when displayed on a comparative graph. Exchange Rates and Inflation Values Exchange rates The exchange rates between the various currencies will reflect relative values of construction costs but should not be considered as an accurate guide to comparative rates between the individual countries. US Dollar and. The approximate estimating rates are only intended to provide information for similar facility types and are not intended to reflect exact construction specifications but to relate to the provision of a like facility entity. Exchange rate values for the past five or six years are provided in the form of a graph with values against three other currencies. the Euro. Exchange rate fluctuations are extremely complex and are no ready guide to real situations. The vertical scale. Any direct comparisons between individual countries cannot be considered a fair reflection of comparative costs. As with all costs and financial construction data in this publication value added or similar tax obligations have been excluded. projections and such like. Politics and government involvement and intervention can distort the true value of any country’s financial state. . plant and materials as available in order to restrict imported goods and services. on the graph has been adjusted in order to accommodate the magnitude of the local currency for that graphic display. UK £ Sterling. columns. Each country will optimise the use of local labour. or y-axis.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 11 Exchange Rates and Inflation Values 11 taken up by all internal partitions. Differing construction detailing throughout the various countries are to be expected for similar function categories although the end use will be the same. Exchange rates for the individual countries can fluctuate considerably and no one country has a stable currency for any real length of time. Indicating no movement at all between the two currencies. since its introduction.

value for each country over a period of five or six years. of common goods available for the domestic market and have been selected to reflect the cost variations of basic goods and services to suit a typical family. professional and other miscellaneous bodies which may prove useful. Useful Addresses At the end of each country section there is a list of addresses and contact numbers for a selection of various governmental. or CPI. A rise in inflation effectively reduces the purchasing power of the local currency within its own domestic market and results in increased basic living costs. Living cost adjustments are not an effective form of comparison to a country’s industrial market. These rates reflect price changes in a selection. Any variations over a period are an indication of how prices change and affect the cost of living. The graphs display the movement in a country’s individual and local inflation circumstance and are provided here to give some insight into the country’s own domestic situation.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 12 12 Individual countries Inflation values The inflation values indicate the Consumer Price Index. Political and governmental intervention which may be determined in order to raise domestic taxes may not affect the cost of industrial consumer goods. . or basket.

000 Transportation Railways Highways: paved unpaved Waterways Pipelines: crude oil petroleum products natural gas Ports and Harbours Merchant Marine International Airport 0 km 2.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 13 Bahrain ECONOMIC INDICATORS AND KEY DATA Population Population Urban Population (2003) Population under 15 Population 65 and over Population growth rate 677. 53 km 16 km 20 km 3 6 ships Bahrain International. Muharraq .886 90% 28% 3% 1.6% Geography Land area Agricultural area Capital city Population of capital city (2003) 665 sq km 8.531 km 730 km n.5% Manama 203.a.

377 Euro 0.684 GDP per capita PPP basis (2003) US$16.1% Inflation rate (2004 est.7% Gross domestic investment as a proportion of GDP (2003) 12.0% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices (2003) BD3.347 Average annual inflation (1998 to 2003) –1.6 billion GDP PPP basis (2003) US$11.) 1.05 million Net value of construction output as a proportion of GDP 3.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 14 Economy Monetary unit Bahraini Dinar Exchange rate £ Stg 0.9% General government consumption as a proportion of GDP 19.0% Construction Gross value of construction output BD139.8% Private consumption as a proportion of GDP 47.900 Average annual real change in GDP (1998 to 2003) 4.472 Yen (×100) 0.684 US $ 0.85% Source: The Financial Times Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook The World Bank Ministry of Finance & National Economy for Bahrain All data relates to latest as at 3Q 2004 PPP Purchasing Power Parity .3 billion GDP per capita (2000) US$9.

Bahais. . also of 40 members. Bahrain is low lying and typically the limestone bedrock slopes very gently towards the roughly central peak of Jebel Dukhan. The size of the Bahraini construction industry is comparatively small with a total output of BD466 million (2003 est. The southern archipelago. and Hindus. The legal system is based on Islamic law and English common law. The monarchy appoints the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. Cultivated areas are situated in the north and sandy wastes spread over the south.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 15 Country profile 15 Country profile Bahrain lies in the Arabian Gulf and comprises 36 islands. The 25-km King Fahd Causeway linking the island of Bahrain to Saudi Arabia has boosted Bahrain’s economy. The official language is Arabic. In 2002 Bahrain established the new parliament that consists of a lower elected chamber of 40 members. Islam is the principal religion and 85% of the population are Muslims with a relatively small group of Christians. and an appointed upper chamber. or Shura (Consultative) chamber. sharing only 4% of its Gross Domestic Product. called Hawar. accounting for nearly 85% of the total area of the State. The climate throughout the islands is exceptionally hot and humid in summer but mild and pleasant in winter with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 20°C in winter and 36°C to 42°C in summer. The largest island is Bahrain from which the country takes its name. the populous Muharraq Island and the industrial island of Sitra. is the second largest element. The Kingdom of Bahrain is a constitutional monarchy with its king as the Head of State. Jews. near the coast of Qatar. close to the eastern coast of Saudi Arabia and the western coast of Qatar.). English and Farsi are also commonly used in the business community. connected by causeways to Bahrain. followed by the desert island of Umm Nassan.

compensation will be granted at an additional fifty per cent of the basic wage. The basic and additional hours of work should not exceed sixty hours per week unless the Ministry of Labour deems the work critical. . and other mandatory and voluntary contributions. The Labour Law for the Private Sector 1976 governs Labour in Bahrain. insurance. The cost of labour is based on the employee’s basic pay and includes those allowances for employee’s expenses. Overtime can be granted in certain situations at an additional minimum compensation of twenty-five per cent of the basic wage during the day and a minimum of fifty per cent during the night. holidays.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 16 16 Bahrain Construction cost data Labour resources The figures below are typical labour costs in an urban environment within Bahrain and are taken at the third quarter 2004. Working hours during the month of Ramadan shall not exceed six hours a day or thirty-six hours a week. Friday is the paid day of rest by default but employers can arrange another more suitable day if necessary. One day of rest per week is compulsory and in the circumstances where work requires. The law states that the basic maximum number of hours for each worker shall not exceed eight hours a day or forty-eight hours a week. No worker shall be employed on his weekly day of rest more than twice consecutively. The labour resources are a combination of the employee’s basic pay and the financial cost to the employer of that labour.

20 58.94 18.80 21.89 37.59 44.20 72.57 Euro 17.89 29.80 21.07 44. 2nd and 3rd Shawal The prophet’s birthday 12th Rabie Al-Awal National Day 16th December Ashoora 9th and 10th Muharram First day of Gregorian Year 1st January Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Labour resources Operatives General Labourer Groundworks Labourer Bricklayer Shuttering Carpenter Carpenter Steel Fixer Metalworker Craftsman Roof Tiler Sheet Metal Roofer Glazier Plasterer Plasterers Labourer Suspended Ceiling Installer Painter Floor/Wall Tiler Plumber Electrician BHD 8.43 15.10 44.36 58.96 31.96 31.94 10.47 31.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 17 Construction cost data 17 Paid annual leave ranges from twenty-one to twenty-eight eight days depending on the length of service with the employer.89 37.43 20.43 31.06 58.43 25.59 44.94 14.94 21.12 21.97 55.20 38.19 US $ 22.20 48.12 21.36 £ Stg 12.94 14.47 31.89 29.15 15.20 28.20 58.97 . official paid public holidays are listed below: First day of Al-Hijra Calendar year 1st Muharram El-Adha Feast 10th.89 22.07 44.19 39.35 22.43 25.48 10.36 58.20 48. 11th and 12th Dhal-Haj El-Fitr Feast 1st.46 21.89 44.10 44.89 55.94 18. In addition.06 58.65 58.36 27.43 20.89 44.94 27.46 21.72 31.72 31.65 58.20 38.50 28.43 39.57 72.94 21.43 31.

39 5. Plant costs Rate Plant resources General labourer Hymac 580 (360 deg tracked excavator) JCB 3C (180 deg wheeled excavator) Vibrating Roller 6–8 Tonne Dumper 4WD Hydraulic Tip 1270 Poker Vibrator 48 mm Beam Vibrator 6.46 0.27 15.43 0.5 Tonne Block and Tackle Craneage/lifting equipment Unit m3 Hour Hour Hour Hour Day Day Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour BHD 19.533 14.53 28.16 8.94 21.94 21.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 18 18 Bahrain Plant resources The figures below indicate the hire costs of construction plant.72 14.63 7.38 11.76 9.70 .74 3.33 1.91 38.25 12.31 12.74 28.75 4.56 15.2 m Reinforcement bending machine 25 Tonne Mobile Crane 13 Tonne Mobile Crane 10 Tonne Mobile Crane Wacker Plate 2.03 20. The rates do not include for any fuel or maintenance and also exclude operator costs and charges.64 10.76 0.29 18.04 1.10 20.61 5.93 1.69 8.72 14.68 0.52 £ Stg 19.53 28.15 10.24 6.59 1.80 US $ 31.36 23.01 0.48 28.65 1.91 37.50 9.98 7.29 37.03 20.21 1.51 Euro 29.48 14.47 29.02 1. delivered to site in an urban area of Bahrain and are current at the third quarter 2004.27 15.15 10.87 17.

13 319.88 652.69 3.43 507.24 349.40 7.24 354.95 14.31 7.14 457.27 8.49 846.13 319.14 507.98 6.49 939.01 34.43 507.71 724.81 6.27 20.31 14.49 846.49 846.77 5.81 10.45 52.71 724.94 12.71 714.95 Unit BHD £ Stg US $ Euro .64 4.88 652.66 8.13 319.88 652.77 2.13 354.87 10. Material costs Price Material resources Groundworks Aggregates Crushed stone hardcore Clean brick rubble hardcore As-raised hoggin Washed sand Drainage 100 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm clay drain pipes 225 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm concrete pipe class L 300 mm concrete pipe class L Concrete work Concrete Readymix concrete 20 N/mm2 Readymix concrete 30 N/mm2 Reinforcement Mild steel bars BS4449 8 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 10 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 16 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 25 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 40 mm High yield bars BS4449 8 mm High yield bars BS4449 10 mm High yield bars BS4449 16 mm High yield bars BS4449 25 mm High yield bars BS4449 40 mm Tying wire mild steel Reinforcement spacer blocks m3 m3 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 100 24.62 926.27 7.24 354. delivered to site in an urban area of Bahrain.43 507.17 25.20 3.14 457.50 457.11 67.88 652.62 939.83 42.88 9.43 500.88 724.35 6.22 4.48 319.26 7.37 11.24 354.62 939. and are taken at the third quarter 2004 prices.39 11.13 319.98 49.14 457.71 724.47 15.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 19 Construction cost data 19 Material resources The figures below indicate the costs of main construction materials.62 939.10 12.49 846.01 19.31 8.24 354.43 507.15 m3 m3 m3 m3 m m m m m 5.41 6.33 6.62 939.64 54.98 29. The costs allow for large supplies in full loads and include any mechanical off-loading as necessary.05 5.19 16.14 457.04 15.91 16.31 64.71 724.62 36.27 4.66 8.13 652.59 846.

35 2.21 4.62 103.14 1.44 695.91 5.23 2.15 .21 15.41 1.026.13 4.87 746.18 3.88 483.99 1.66 93.44 766.58 Unit BHD £ Stg US $ Euro concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks 3.069.96 773.15 1.99 1.69 6.5N (solid) (solid) (solid) (hollow) (hollow) (hollow) m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 Tonne Tonne m3 1.069.75 4.19 1.5N 3.69 996.77 2.68 2.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 20 Price Material resources Masonry Bricks Clay common bricks Blocks 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm 1000 182.528.15 Cement and Sand Portland Cement in bags Soft sand for mortar Cement mortar (1:3) Metalwork Structural steel UB BS4360 914 × 305 mm × 289kg UB BS4360 610 × 305 mm × 238kg UB BS4360 457 × 191 mm × 98kg RSJ BS4360 254 × 203 mm × 81.51 1.32 1.62 4.09kg RSC BS4360 432 × 102 mm × 65.53 2.41 3.052.67 746.96 1.466.80 1.03 2.034.96 746.981.89 3.582.844.88 1.60 11.75 1.33 1.069.70 45.5N 3.528.15 1.44 4.67 1.981.53 3.79 3.17 65.108.422.33 2.422.12 260.89kg RHS BS4360 450 × 250 mm × 167kg RHS BS4360 300 × 200 mm × 92.67 2.528.33 1.99 1.47 5.12 120.528.34 1.08 372.33 79.5N 3.844.26 1.069.15 1.22 3.85kg RSJ BS4360 203 × 152 mm × 52.5N 3.74 8.981.12 38.098.99 1.74 695.15 1.03 55.54kg RSC BS4360 254 × 76 mm × 28.981.19 996.33 1.75 1.568.77 2.5N 3.19 1.96 716.56 1.901.6kg Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 746.

24 4.89 1. Insulation 100 mm thick fibreglass quilt Roofing sheets and fixings Corrugated PVC sheet 1830 mm Corrugated galv sheet 1830 mm m2 m2 m2 m2 1000 1000 m2 m2 Nr Nr 28.53 343.29 28.18 869.12 40.33 6.79 1.45 mm Felts Underslating felt Type 1F Clay roofing products 265 × 165 mm plain tile.64 5.95 0.09 m m m m2 m2 m2 kg kg kg 0.61 23.52 20.41 702.22 .22 9.01 3.07 0.59 0.24 1.26 3.53 47.22 1.41 54.23 606.50 25.98 33.68 14.67 6.m.08 4.44 0.28 40.74 4.87 20.81 37.17 8.41 58.33 37.94 52.51 2.72 77.241.05 6. red 380 × 260 mm pantile.22 2.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 21 Price Material resources Woodwork Floors and flat roofs 38 × 100 mm sawn softwood 50 × 100 mm sawn softwood 38 × 25 mm tanalised batten Boarding to Flooring 12 mm WBP ply 18 mm WBP ply 25 mm WBP ply Nails Galvanised nails 75 mm Alloy nails 65 mm × 10g 50 mm Oval wire nails Thermal and moisture protection Sheet metal Sheet lead BS1178 Code 4 Sheet zinc BS849 0. red Damp-proof membranes 1000g polythene d.p.35 1.47 4.81 28.99 19.67 12.91 14.83 0.46 1.69 37.76 75.14 1.89 0.99 6.66 910.36 7.93 3.87 16.58 10.91 13.60 mm Sheet copper BS2870 0.35 1.08 0.609.88 61.85 1.72 19.75 0.75 2.87 100.80 Unit BHD £ Stg US $ Euro 491.62 8.36 2.14 2.47 8.73 29.

05 198.92 395.72 3.99 339.25 22.24 16.57 213.59 21.72 28.31 75.29 4.72 226.56 85.4 mm laminated safety glass Finishes Plasterboards 12.46 38.72 .28 200.11 262.29 475.18 304.55 30.04 14.57 15.02 179.69 183.90 83.89 37.41 31.88 367.00 45.11 21.86 35.42 74.52 154.09 14.00 28.80 Unit BHD £ Stg US $ Euro Glass and glazing 4 mm clear sheet glass 6 mm Georgian wired polished plate 5 mm toughened safety glass 5.55 5Litre 5Litre 5Litre 5Litre 8.15 149.5 mm plasterboard Tiles 25mm × 225 × 225 mm quarry tile 9mm × 150 × 150 mm ceramic floor tile Decorations Paints and Sundries Emulsion paint matt white Masonry textured paint white Oil/Alkyd paint undercoat Oil/Alkyd paint gloss white m2 m2 m2 1.11 20.47 257.24 37.07 19.29 152.20 108.05 64.00 20.66 14.21 122.03 106.04 11.41 13.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 4:47 pm Page 22 Price Material resources Doors and windows UPVC UPVC UPVC UPVC window frames s/casement 1000 × 600 glazed s/casement 1000 × 900 glazed s/casement 1000 × 1200 glazed Nr Nr Nr m2 m2 m2 m2 128.57 174.17 40.52 27.22 31.47 2.

85 m3 4.00 m To receive foundations. Ref. drain pipes.03 1.13 13.05 hardcore m3 0. An allowance of 20% has also been included to cover the contractor’s overheads and profit.56 3.39 1.80 32.44 8. depth not exceeding: 0. depth not exceeding: BHD Price £ Stg US $ Euro 0. by machine.82 17.02 1. pile caps and ground beams. compacting in 250 mm layers: 0.01 1.66 6. plant and material costs that would be involved in carrying out the operation described. cables or the like including disposal and filling Trenches to suit pipes not exceeding 200 mm dia.78 5.90 1. Each rate includes for all necessary labour. Any statutory taxes have been excluded.18 36.00 m Filling Filled into excavation.38 19. The values of the displayed rates are considered to be fairly representative for work of the specified nature and are at third quarter 2004 levels.00 m Trenches for service pipes.82 m 2. No.. average depth: 0.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 23 Construction cost data 23 Unit rates A selection of unit rates for work items that may be carried out on a typical construction project is provided in the following table.31 6. 0 Description Unit Groundworks Excavation To reduce levels.66 24.28 .04 sand 0.18 11.29 2.23 m3 m3 12.82 28.

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Ref. No.

Description Unit Underground drainage Drain pipes and jointing in trenches BHD

Price £ Stg US $

Euro

Clay: 0.06 100 mm dia. 0.07 150 mm dia. 0.08 225 mm dia. Concrete: 0.09 150 mm dia. 0.10 300 mm dia. 1 Concrete work Poured concrete Plain concrete mix 20 N/mm2 Foundations; combined and isolated bases: 1.01 150–300 mm thick 1.02 over 300 mm thick Pile caps and ground beams; cross-sectional area: 1.03 not exceeding 0.05 m2 1.04 0.05–0.20 m2 1.05 over 0.20 m2 Reinforced concrete mix 30N/mm2 Suspended slabs, floors, landings, roofs or the like: 1.06 not exceeding 150 mm thick 1.07 150–300 mm thick Columns and casings to metal stanchions; cross-sectional area: 1.08 not exceeding 0.05 m2 1.09 0.05–0.10 m2 1.10 over 0.10 m2

m m m m m

4.12 8.32 26.60 5.28 16.80

5.90 11.92 38.10 7.56 24.06

10.93 22.06 70.56 14.00 44.55

8.43 17.02 54.42 10.80 34.36

m3 m3

32.87 31.35

47.09 44.91

87.20 83.16

67.25 64.14

m3 m3 m3

34.03 33.63 32.03

48.75 48.17 45.89

90.27 89.19 84.97

69.63 68.79 65.53

m3 m3

35.60 35.32

50.99 50.60

94.43 93.70

72.83 72.27

m3 m3 m3

41.67 39.50 38.08

59.69 56.58 54.54

110.52 104.77 101.00

85.24 80.80 77.90

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Ref. No.

Description Unit Reinforcement Bar reinforcement Mild steel bars, delivered to site cut, bent and labelled Bars, fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm High yield steel bars, delivered to site cut, bent and labelled BHD

Price £ Stg US $

Euro

1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15

Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne

524.35 497.03 464.85 444.25 426.91

751.12 711.97 665.88 636.38 611.53

1,390.86 1,072.74 1,318.38 1,016.83 1,233.03 951.01 1,178.39 908.87 1,132.38 873.38

1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20

Bars, fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm

Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne

566.49 539.16 506.99 486.39 469.04

811.47 772.32 726.24 696.73 671.88

1,502.62 1,158.93 1,430.13 1,103.03 1,344.79 1,037.21 1,290.15 995.06 1,244.14 959.57

2

Masonry Walls

Precast concrete blocks, strength 3.5N/mm2; in cement mortar (1:3): 2.01 100 mm solid blocks 2.02 150 mm solid blocks 2.03 200 mm solid blocks

m2 m2 m2

4.56 5.23 6.26

6.53 7.49 8.97

12.09 13.86 16.60

9.33 10.69 12.81

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Ref. No. 3

Description Unit Structural metalwork Beams BHD

Price £ Stg US $

Euro

Universal beams; shot blasted and primed at works: 3.01 914 × 305 mm × 289 kg/m 3.02 610 × 305 mm × 238 kg/m Rolled steel channels; shot blasted and primed at works: 3.03 432 × 102 mm × 65.54 kg/m 3.04 254 × 76 mm × 28.89 kg/m 4 Woodwork Structural timbers Floors and flat roofs Sawn softwood; basic sizes: 4.01 38 × 100 mm 4.02 50 × 100 mm Boarding to flooring WBP bonding plywood square edged boarding; grade BB: 4.03 12 mm thick 4.04 18 mm thick 4.05 25 mm thick 5 Coverings and linings Roofing systems Clay tile roofing; alloy nailed every fifth course; 38 × 25 mm tanalised softwood battens; 65 mm lap: 5.01 265 × 165 mm plain tile, red 5.02 380 × 260 mm clay pantile, red

Tonne 992.34 1,421.49 2,632.21 2,030.16 Tonne 1,015.76 1,455.04 2,694.33 2,078.07

Tonne 1,005.60 1,440.48 2,667.38 2,057.29 Tonne 1,012.48 1,450.33 2,685.62 2,071.35

m m

1.53 2.31

2.19 3.31

4.06 6.14

3.13 4.73

m2 m2 m2

9.18 14.01 20.02

13.15 20.07 28.68

24.35 37.16 53.10

18.78 28.66 40.96

m2 m2

36.05 17.54

51.64 25.13

95.62 46.53

73.75 35.89

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Ref. No. 6

Description Unit Finishes Cement and sand (1:3) trowelled finish BHD

Price £ Stg US $

Euro

To floors and landings: 6.01 25 mm thick 6.02 38 mm thick 6.03 65 mm thick Quarry tiles bedded, jointed and pointed in cement mortar (1:3) To floors and landings: 6.04 225 × 225 × 25 mm Decorations One mist coat and two full coats of emulsion paint Walls, returns, reveals of openings or recesses, attached and unattached columns: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds blockwork backgrounds Ceilings, attached and unattached beams and staircase soffits: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds textured plastic coating backgrounds

m2 m2 m2

2.72 3.43 5.37

3.90 4.92 7.69

7.22 9.10 14.24

5.57 7.02 10.98

m2

23.41

33.53

62.09

47.89

6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08

m2 m2 m2 m2

1.08 1.26 1.10 1.66

1.55 1.80 1.58 2.37

2.87 3.33 2.93 4.39

2.21 2.57 2.26 3.39

6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12

m2 m2 m2 m2

1.15 1.37 1.23 1.32

1.64 1.96 1.77 1.89

3.04 3.62 3.28 3.51

2.35 2.79 2.53 2.70

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Ref. No. 7

Description Unit Mechanical engineering Equipment Air handling units Externally fitted air conditioning unit; rotary compressor; wall mounted: 3.5 kw cooling unit 5.0 kw cooling unit 7.5 kw cooling unit 10.0 kw cooling unit Tanks BHD

Price £ Stg US $

Euro

7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04

Nr Nr Nr Nr

1,382.04 1,564.61 2,699.99 3,163.48

1,979.72 2,241.24 3,867.62 4,531.56

3,665.89 4,150.15 7,161.77 8,391.20

2,827.41 3,200.91 5,523.71 6,471.94

GRP prefabricated water storage tanks for above ground use; capacity (US) gallons: 7.05 500 gallon 7.06 1000 gallon 7.07 2000 gallon Plastic water storage cisterns with lids: 7.08 114 litre 7.09 182 litre Sanitaryware; complete with fittings Baths: 7.10 acrylic Basins: 7.11 vitreous china Sinks: 7.12 stainless steel WC suites: 7.13 low level washdown 7.14 low level syphonic Bidets: 7.15 vitreous china

Nr Nr Nr

766.41 1,097.85 2,032.91 1,567.94 1,569.17 2,247.77 4,162.25 3,210.24 2,387.32 3,419.74 6,332.42 4,884.05

Nr Nr

23.53 42.63

33.71 61.07

62.42 113.08

48.15 87.21

Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr

195.38 99.86 125.82 189.36 365.11 189.36

279.88 143.04 180.23 271.25 523.00 271.25

518.26 264.87 333.74 502.28 968.46 502.28

399.72 204.29 257.41 387.40 746.95 387.40

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Ref. No. 8

Description Unit Electrical engineering Sub main circuits BHD

Price £ Stg US $

Euro

PVC insulated and sheathed single core cable; 450/750V; nominal csa: 8.01 10 mm2 Standard cable trays; 1.5 mm/2.0 mm gauge, galvanised; prefabricated, assembled and installed on site, including fixing to structure with hangers and brackets Straight trays with trapeze hangers; width: 8.02 50 mm 8.03 100 mm Steel conduit; heavy gauge; prefabricated, assembled and installed on site, including jointing; fixing to structure and drawing cables Rigid conduit; galvanised; external diameter: 8.04 16 mm Consumer units; prefabricated, assembled and installed on site, fixing to structure; 240V SP & N Standard metal consumer unit with integral 100A main switch; surface mounted; available ways: 8.05 6-way 8.06 12-way

m

4.20

6.02

11.15

8.60

m m

7.34 8.85

10.51 12.67

19.47 23.46

15.02 18.10

m

7.49

10.72

19.85

15.31

Nr Nr

22.28 40.10

31.91 57.44

59.09 106.36

45.58 82.04

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Ref. No.

Description Unit Accessories Switch assemblies; including installation and fixing to structure; mounting boxes and fixings where required; (mortices measured separately) BHD

Price £ Stg US $

Euro

5A SP; flush mounted: 8.07 1 gang, 2 way 8.08 2 gang, 2 way 8.09 3 gang, 2 way Socket assemblies; including installation and fixing to structure; mounting boxes and fixings where required; (mortices measured separately)

Nr Nr Nr

2.82 4.99 6.79

4.04 7.15 9.72

7.48 13.25 18.00

5.77 10.22 13.88

13A SP; flush mounted, unswitched: 8.10 1 gang Nr 8.11 2 gang Nr 13A SP; surface mounted, switched: 8.12 1 gang 8.13 1 gang, with neon indicator 8.14 1 gang, with neon indicator, metalplate Nr Nr Nr

3.64 10.37 5.74 6.68 9.45

5.21 14.86 8.22 9.57 13.53

9.65 27.52 15.22 17.73 25.06

7.44 21.22 11.74 13.67 19.33

464 1. Each project would be unique in this respect and any appraisal of likely development costs for the scheme will need to determine any additions that may have an adverse effect on typical anticipated costs.000 1. preliminaries and general items. availability of resources and the like. Facility type Multi Storey Car Parks Petrol Stations Airport Terminal Buildings Sorting Offices Refuse Depots Stables and the like Factories Advanced Factories Purpose Built Workshops Warehouses Town Halls Law Courts Offices Banks/Building Societies Retail Warehouses BHD/ft2 16 95 93 44 26 43 29 26 36 27 65 80 62 79 27 BHD/m2 176 1. Feasibility studies that make use of these rates should take into account any project specific costs. All prices shown are as current in third quarter 2004. such as land purchase. They do not include professional fees or capital costs. site access and general location. All rates should be treated with caution in any projections and professional advice should be sought before predicted cost calculations are concluded. The unit area values should be applied to the total floor area of all storeys and generally include for average preliminary and on-costs.375 1.271 1. In some cases prices for buildings not commonly available in the country are also given in an attempt to provide the reader with an estimated likely cost of construction.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 31 Construction cost data 31 Approximate estimating A range of rates for construction facility types has been provided in the following table. The rates allow for all base construction costs and also include for typical on-costs.783 2.040 778 1.710 2.040 962 580 944 647 572 802 600 1.211 411 US $/m2 467 2. These generally reflect approximate prices for building costs on a unit area basis and can only be considered as a guide to likely costs for the indicated construction facility.752 1.226 963 1.428 1.022 997 470 283 462 316 280 392 293 698 856 672 846 287 £ Stg/m2 252 1.243 761 Euro/m2 360 2. These considerations would need to address such items as the general condition of the site.851 2. No allowance has been made for value added tax.247 751 1.224 838 742 1.730 587 .090 2.429 673 406 661 453 401 562 420 1.645 1.

460 1.150 1.094 1.131 1.437 1.672 1.398 1.184 883 1.253 2.482 1.270 1.194 1.267 1. Pools Sports Centres inc.217 1.078 844 1.183 1.190 2.052 1.768 1.257 1.943 1.431 1.856 1.487 1.768 2.724 1.394 1.659 1.615 1.002 865 836 1.499 1.893 1.197 1.737 1.643 1.646 1.146 1.193 1.126 1.548 1.689 1.332 1.097 US $/m2 1.595 1.298 2.567 .364 1.004 1.634 1.393 1. Pools Sports Halls Gymnasia BHD/ft2 40 50 49 38 57 56 65 56 54 68 54 77 79 84 62 42 60 59 62 73 75 82 80 78 52 58 52 63 68 77 57 66 50 97 50 75 46 71 BHD/m2 432 542 527 413 615 601 700 604 584 733 585 826 849 903 667 451 651 630 667 790 803 885 866 843 559 621 560 681 735 827 616 714 541 1.109 1.601 1.727 1.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 32 Facility type Shopping Centres Department Stores Hypermarkets / Supermarkets Shops Stadia Pavilions and Sports Club Houses Religious Buildings Schools Sixth Form Colleges Universities Colleges Research Facilities Laboratories Exhibition Buildings Public Libraries Flats Housing Detached Hotels Halls of Residence Fire Stations Police Stations Closed Prisons Hospitals Intensive Care / Acute Wards Health Centres Nursing Homes Homes for the Elderly Day Centres Veterinary Hospitals Restaurants Theatres Cinemas Clubs Covered Swimming Pools Sports Centres exc.347 2.435 2.107 2.630 1.151 1.050 838 1.810 1.230 1.236 1.207 800 889 803 975 1.039 542 811 491 766 £ Stg/m2 619 776 755 591 880 861 1.301 2.503 1.143 1.031 Euro/m2 884 1.692 1.130 2.109 1.364 923 1.438 2.261 1.022 775 1.488 776 1.094 2.806 1.846 1.197 1.289 1.551 2.162 703 1.756 1.949 2.293 955 647 933 903 955 1.235 1.147 1.241 1.773 1.

Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 33 Construction cost data 33 Exchange rates The following graph indicates the exchange rate movement over the last five years of the Bahraini Dinar. US $. Exchange Rates . £ Stg. against four other international currencies. The values used to generate the graphic display are at monthly intervals for each of the currencies and the individual line bars show the respective comparison of the Bahraini Dinar with each of them and the relative value to each other. Euro and the Japanese Yen (×100).

3 0. the annual rate of inflation has increased over the average to 1. Bahrain has experienced a relatively low level of CPI inflation over the last decade and has also seen negative inflation.7 –1. In 2003.9 96.0% from figures provided by the Bahraini authorities.3 104.9 100.5 99. The prediction for the current year appears to indicate a return to normal inflationary levels with an anticipated average figure for 2004 of 1.5 102.8 102.5 1.2 1. plots the annual percentage change in consumer price inflation since 1990. which follows the table below.1 100.4 102. Consumer Prices Year 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: annual average 95.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 34 34 Bahrain Consumer price inflation The following table presents indices for consumer prices since 1990.0 .8 96.2 102.0 Ministry of Finance & National Economy For Bahrain International Monetary Fund change % 1.4 –1.6%. The graph. The average inflation figure from 1990 to 2004 is 0.9 –0.6 0.3 2.3 –0. however.6 104.7 –0.4 102.1 –0.0 103.6 1.4 3.2 –0.0 99.5%.

Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 35 Consumer Price Inflation for Years 1990 through 2004 .

bh Website: www.com Ministry of Finance and National Economy PO Box 333 Manama Kingdom of Bahrain Tel: (00973) 17 532 713 Fax: (00973) 17 530 800 Website: www.com Foreign Embassies British Embassy 21 Government Avenue Manama 306 PO Box 114 Kingdom of Bahrain Tel: (00973) 17 574 100 Fax: (00973) 17 574 101 Email: britemb@batelco.bahrainedb.mofne.bh Ministry of Commerce PO Box 5479 Diplomatic Area Manama Kingdom of Bahrain Tel: (00973) 17 574 884 Fax: (00973) 17 530 469 Email: commerce@commerce.commerce.bah-molsa.industry.com Website: www.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 36 36 Bahrain Useful addresses Public organisations Ministry of Industry PO Box 10908 Manama Kingdom of Bahrain Tel: (00973) 17 291 511 Fax: (00973) 17 290 157 Email: industry@industry.bh Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs PO Box 32333 Isa Town Kingdom of Bahrain Tel: (00973) 17 687 800 Fax: (00973) 17 686 954 Email: jamalq@bah-molsa.bh .com Website: www.bh Website: www.ukembassy.gov. gov.bh Bahrain Economic Development Board 12th & 13th floor Seef Tower Manama Kingdom of Bahrain Tel: (00973) 17 583 311 Fax: (00973) 17 583 322 Email: edb@bahrainedb.gov.gov.gov.bh Website: www.gov.com.

com. (BSC) PO Box 26730 Manama Kingdom of Bahrain Tel: (00973) 17 731 777 Fax: (00973) 17 731 047 Email: gpic@gpic.bh Construction Consultants Mott MacDonald PO Box 11302 Dubai UAE Tel: +971 (0) 4 343 4218 Fax: +971 (0) 4 343 4281 Email: Nigel.com.gov.bh Website: www.bh Gulf Petrochemical Industries Co.com.banagas.S.Thomas@MottMac.usembassy.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 37 Construction cost data 37 Embassy of the United States of America Building 979 Road 3119 Block 331 PO Box 26431 Manama Kingdom of Bahrain Tel: (00973) 17 242 700 Tel: (00973) 17 256 717 Email: bahrain.bh Website: www.bh Industrial organisations Aluminium Bahrain (ALBA) PO Box 570 Manama Kingdom of Bahrain Tel: (00973) 17 830 000 Fax: (00973) 17 830 083 E-mail: alba@alba.com .com.balexco.com.com Website: www.box@mail. doc.gpic.com Bahrain National Gas Company (B.C) PO Box 29099 Manama Kingdom of Bahrain Tel: (00973) 17 756 222 Fax: (00973) 17 756 991 E-Mail: webmaster@banagas.office. com Bahrain Aluminium Extrusion Company PO Box 1053 Manama Kingdom of Bahrain Tel: (00973) 17 730 073 Fax: (00973) 17 736 924 Email: balexco@batelco.bh Website: www.aluminiumbahrain.gov Website: www.

Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 38 .

063 km 49.83% Geography Land area Agricultural area Capital city Population of capital city (1Q2004) 995.450 sq km 3.4% Cairo 7.726 327 94 382 36 62 km km km km km km 9 159 ships Cairo .500 km 5.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 39 Egypt ECONOMIC INDICATORS AND KEY DATA Population Population Urban Population (2003) Population under 15 Population 65 and over Population growth rate 76.1 million 42% 33% 4% 1.016 km 3.6 million Transportation Railways Highways: paved unpaved Waterways Pipelines (2003): crude oil condensate condensate/gas liquid petroleum gas oil/gas/water water Ports and Harbours Merchant Marine International Airport 5.984 km 14.

7% Construction Gross value of construction output E£15.240 Euro 7.746 Average annual inflation (1998 to 2003) 3.3% Source: The Financial Times Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook The World Bank Central Bank of Egypt All data relates to latest as at 3Q 2004 PPP Purchasing Power Parity .807 GDP per capita PPP basis (2003) US$4.3% Private consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 73.5% Gross domestic investment as a proportion of GDP (2003) 16.2% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices (2003) E£365.0% General government consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 12.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 40 Economy Monetary unit Egyptian Pound Exchange rate £ Stg 11.819 Yen (×100) 5.329 US $ 6.8 billion Net value of construction output as a proportion of GDP 4.000 Average annual real change in GDP (1998 to 2003) 4.2 billion GDP per capita E£4.2% Inflation rate 5.8 billion GDP PPP basis (2003) US$295.

lies on the Nile in the highly fertile Nile valley and is linked to the other cities by an adequate road and rail system. Egypt lies in a sub-tropical region with a dry climate. Arabic is the official language but English and French are widely used in business. the legislative body. the terrain is desert of arid and semi-arid conditions. Sudan on the south and Israel with the Red Sea on the east. Cairo. of which 444 members are elected by universal suffrage and the remaining 10 are appointed by the President. industry and settlement. Outside the Nile valley region.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 41 Country profile 41 Country profile Egypt is situated in the northeast corner of Africa. the Western Desert. Egypt is currently involved in a huge infrastructure project over the next 20 years intended to create a new river delta parallel to the Nile Valley which will open up tracts of land for agriculture. to the east and west. The political system is based on a multi-party system with the National Democratic Party currently holding the majority of seats in the People’s Assembly. The core of the project is a 310km long canal taking Nile water from Lake Nasser to the Western Desert. The People’s Assembly. which is the most densely populated region of the country. Daytime and night time temperatures vary substantially from 19ºC to 8ºC on average in the winter months and from 33ºC to 20ºC in the summer months. warm summers and mild winters. the Mediterranean Sea on the north. The Khamsin. The Shura Council is Egypt’s consultative council that offers advice and consultation. the Sinai Peninsula and the Nile Valley and Delta. Roman Catholic and Anglican. the capital and largest city. The Nile river divides the country into four broad regions. and proposes new laws and regulations to the People’s Assembly. the Eastern Desert. Egypt is an Arab Republic with a democratic system and the executive power rests with the President. It is bordered by Libya on the west. occurs mainly in April and May. a type of warm and dry sandstorm. consists of 454 members. The principal religion is Islam and 90% of the population are Muslims with 9% of Coptic Christians and the rest Greek Orthodox. The Egyptian construction industry shares 10–15% of its Gross Domestic Product. who can appoint and dismiss the Prime Minister and Cabinet. 96% of Egypt land areas are desert. .

The law states the basic maximum number of hours for each worker shall not exceed eight hours a day or forty-eight hours a week.28 46.75 335.96 41.35 26. holidays.95 18. Typical working hours are 08:00–15:00 Saturday to Thursday.61 34.35 41.61 43.95 28.93 £ Stg 10.00 Euro 15.61 60.35 19.95 23. The labour resources are a combination of the employee’s basic and the financial cost to the employer of that labour.86 53.40 32.75 335.18 53.35 46.40 US $ 20.88 34. that enacts the Labour Code.95 28. governs labour in Egypt. Law number 12.88 335.61 25.00 60.82 335.86 28.75 53.35 41.88 335.88 274.95 32.88 54.81 41. The cost of labour is based on the employee’s basic pay and includes those allowances for employer and employee expenses.77 28.77 28.95 13.88 162.88 375.35 33.83 41.69 28.61 34.88 53.98 13.61 53.61 53.81 41.16 276.93 375.29 44.13 335.28 . and other mandatory and voluntary contributions.35 162.68 19.35 26.88 217.32 23. Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Labour resources Operatives General Labourer Groundworks Labourer Bricklayer Shuttering Carpenter Carpenter Steel Fixer Metalworker Craftsman Roof Tiler Sheet Metal Roofer Glazier Plasterer Plasterers Labourer Suspended Ceiling Installer Painter Floor/Wall Tiler Plumber Electrician EGP 127. insurance.88 217.08 41.75 53. compensation will be granted at an additional twenty-five to fifty per cent of the basic wage.82 335.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 42 42 Egypt Construction cost data Labour resources The figures below are typical labour costs within a larger urban area in Egypt and are taken at the third quarter 2004.96 41.33 25. Friday is the paid day of rest by default but employers can arrange another suitable day if necessary. One day of rest per week is compulsory and in the circumstances where work requires.13 340.98 28.95 18.98 29.

15 US $ 34. Plant costs Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Plant resources Hymac 580 (360 deg tracked excavator) JCB 3C (180 deg wheeled excavator) Vibrating Roller 6 .14 21.22 £ Stg 18.72 13.92 8.98 19.76 35.71 10.64 6.34 220.47 165. The rates do not include for any fuel or maintenance expenses and exclude operator costs and charges.35 27.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 43 Construction cost data 43 Plant resources The figures below indicate the hire costs of construction plant.69 14.69 70.35 0.13 1.15 11.40 27.81 132.00 222.81 108.87 1.26 1.66 14.73 54. delivered to site in an urban location in Egypt and are current at the third quarter 2004.36 .29 4.61 0.00 14.09 11.85 7.45 0.95 19.17 16.31 1.55 26.45 8.41 163.47 88.18 26.30 17.2 m Reinforcement bending machine 25 Tonne Mobile Crane 13 Tonne Mobile Crane 10 Tonne Mobile Crane Wacker Plate 2.20 1.11 11.12 11.81 35.13 20.65 20.8 Tonne Dumper 4WD Hydraulic Tip 1270 Poker Vibrator 48 mm Beam Vibrator 6.5 Tonne Block and Tackle Craneage / lifting equipment Unit Hour Hour Hour Hour Day Day Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour EGP 216.10 9.47 Euro 26.32 0.70 7.40 6.

20 466.71 91.04 14.67 3.20 14.68 m3 m3 m3 m3 m m m m m 89.94 5.49 7.65 393.37 45.411.67 7.851.13 7.63 14.23 656.23 666.23 666.96 5.50 466.33 774.91 38.50 466.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 44 44 Egypt Material resources The figures below indicate the costs of main construction materials.33 774.29 15. Material costs Price Material resources Groundworks Aggregates Crushed stone hardcore Clean brick rubble hardcore As-raised hoggin Washed sand Drainage 100 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm clay drain pipes 225 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm concrete pipe class L 300 mm concrete pipe class L Concrete work Concrete Readymix concrete 20 N/mm2 Readymix concrete 30 N/mm2 Reinforcement Mild steel bars BS4449 8 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 10 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 16 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 25 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 40 mm High yield bars BS4449 8 mm High yield bars BS4449 10 mm High yield bars BS4449 16 mm High yield bars BS4449 25 mm High yield bars BS4449 40 mm Tying wire mild steel Reinforcement spacer blocks m3 m3 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 100 367.20 418.26 48.58 4.21 7.74 774.411.25 666.62 11.50 466.20 418.25 597.33 774.98 4.77 863.89 418.33 863.94 8.58 4.77 863.84 116.23 666.25 597.58 5.02 45.34 26.25 597.25 597.77 863.411.77 863.45 7.335.20 418.59 18. and are taken at the third quarter 2004 prices.76 313.18 11.66 96.411.411.87 3.34 Unit EGP £ Stg US $ Euro .44 49.851.68 62.02 53.01 46.98 58.18 31.94 5.96 10.851.94 5. delivered to site in an urban location in Egypt. The costs allow for large supplies in full loads and include any mechanical off-loading as necessary.64 10.59 10.65 14.851.96 8.30 10.76 5.81 89.20 418.33 774.91 7.39 597.53 6.69 33.50 466.58 4.02 82.94 5.21 13.50 459.77 851.58 4.11 4.23 666.851.94 5.

303.14 11.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 45 Price Material resources Masonry Bricks Clay common bricks Blocks 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks 3.26 465.53 699.95 214.87 34.86 1.79 4.93 1.03 95.09 1.5N 3.09 1.23 2.78 86.26 5.43 8.72 3.716.54kg RSC BS4360 254 × 76 mm × 28.5N 3.91 1.435.89kg RHS BS4360 450 × 250 mm × 167kg RHS BS4360 300 × 200 mm × 92.43 1.039.348.17 7.056.01 147.88 2.62 11.19 12.27 1.29 87.05 251.005.11 49.70 18.6kg Woodwork Floors and flat roofs 38 × 100 mm sawn softwood 50 × 100 mm sawn softwood 38 × 25 mm tanalised batten Boarding to Flooring 12 mm WBP ply 18 mm WBP ply 25 mm WBP ply Nails Galvanised nails 75 mm Alloy nails 65 mm × 10g 50 mm Oval wire nails Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 12.44 1.5N 3.52 1.75 12.88 912.689.5N 3.869.03 22.20 11.861.44 1.98 11.41 .90 0.90 10.02 35.005.07 3.66 1.09 7.303.68 912.5N (solid) (solid) (solid) (hollow) (hollow) (hollow) 1000 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 Tonne Tonne m3 2.24 1.5N 3.54 60.91 1.75 10.950.23 4.28 600.689.20 1.24 1.71 0.80 15.82 20.09 2.09 10.29 1.664.91 m m m m2 m2 m2 kg kg kg 13.861.12 1.886.13 5.10 5.484.06 Unit EGP £ Stg US $ Euro Cement and Sand Portland cement in bags Soft sand for mortar Cement mortar (1:3) Metalwork Structural steel UB BS4360 914 × 305 mm × 289kg UB BS4360 610 × 305 mm × 238kg UB BS4360 457 × 191 mm × 98kg RSJ BS4360 254 × 203 mm × 81.924.68 1.68 1.81 13.43 1.484.72 1.95 51.31 1.91 1.14 10.924.664.435.61 34.52 0.913.588.442.08 3.02 11.22 73.09kg RSC BS4360 432 × 102 mm × 65.747.018.18 4.89 10.21 26.31 1.47 95.75 18.16 23.17 1.41 2.819.90 1.75 2.588.88 21.46 4.68 3.27 943.31 5.455.05 5.48 4.00 1.78 27.71 2.27 35.25 25.056.57 358.84 1.33 4.60 2.45 3.33 3.36 6.66 1.009.85kg RSJ BS4360 203 × 152 mm × 52.97 111.49 3.039.74 7.44 63.

28 337.22 18.63 37.41 0.141.45 mm Felts Underslating felt Type 1F Clay roofing products 265 × 165 mm plain tile.88 92.84 1.72 49.93 56.06 1.36 312.14 218.53 .94 43.25 236.36 160.957.71 69.57 32.02 280.87 19.479.29 1.57 112.81 1.92 645.84 2.00 1.52 799.73 304.84 140.54 34.34 99.97 25.12 35.76 196.43 59.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 46 Price Material resources Thermal and moisture protection Sheet metal Sheet lead BS1178 Code 4 Sheet zinc BS849 0.11 241.38 437.31 18.47 m2 m2 m2 m2 1000 1000 m2 m2 Nr Nr 438.77 30.72 0.48 76.87 71.84 37.48 363.44 26.75 34.271.58 20.741. red 380 × 260 mm pantile.83 0.91 7.27 41.03 482.21 37.303.60 mm Sheet copper BS2870 0.53 26.13 356.p.44 141.19 5.21 1.22 1.07 20.33 Tiles 25mm × 225 × 225 mm quarry tile m2 9mm × 150 × 150 mm ceramic floor tile m2 Decorations Paints and Sundries Emulsion paint matt white Masonry textured paint white Oil/Alkyd paint undercoat Oil/Alkyd paint gloss white 5Litre 5Litre 5Litre 5Litre 126.00 836.06 224.40 15. Insulation 100 mm thick fibreglass quilt Roofing sheets and fixings Corrugated PVC sheet 1830 mm Corrugated galv sheet 1830 mm Doors and windows UPVC UPVC UPVC UPVC window frames s/casement 1000 × 600 glazed s/casement 1000 × 900 glazed s/casement 1000 × 1200 glazed Nr Nr Nr m2 m2 m2 m2 1.32 98.96 28.243.74 2.86 Glass and glazing 4 mm clear sheet glass 6 mm Georgian wired polished plate 5 mm toughened safety glass 5.04 235.52 27.58 26.m.5 mm plasterboard m2 24.90 182.141.01 Unit EGP £ Stg US $ Euro 452.54 215.73 3.96 208.23 1.97 45.02 215.70 9.27 7.276.54 10.01 183.79 8.4 mm laminated safety glass Finishes Plasterboards 12.74 2.38 576.40 34.29 17.31 53.37 205.86 2. red Damp-proof membranes 1000g polythene d.69 3.94 26.58 18.30 48.152.04 168.98 5.

0 Description Unit Groundworks Excavation To reduce levels.39 5.01 1. pile caps and ground beams.85 34.12 18.02 1.05 hardcore EGP Price £ Stg US $ Euro m3 13. average depth: 0. An allowance of 20% has also been included to cover the contractor's overheads and profit. by machine.20 2.39 6.00 m Filling Filled into excavation.27 .60 8.00 m To receive foundations.84 m3 m3 187.03 1.00 m Trenches for service pipes.38 16.30 3.17 m 39. cables or the like including disposal and filling Trenches to suit pipes not exceeding 200 mm dia.02 26.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 47 Construction cost data 47 Unit rates A selection of unit rates for work items that may be carried out on a typical construction project is provided in the following table. Each rate includes for all necessary labour.92 1. The values of the displayed rates are considered to be fairly representative for work of the specified nature and are at third quarter 2004 levels. plant and material costs that would be involved in carrying out the operation described.27 4. compacting in 250 mm layers: 0. No.06 23.39 29. drain pipes.22 1. Ref.. depth not exceeding: 0.04 sand 0. Any statutory taxes have been excluded. depth not exceeding: 0.71 m3 66.72 10.03 213.

floors. 0.32 55. No.03 not exceeding 0.05–0.10 over 0.09 79.15 402. Description Unit Underground drainage Drain pipes and jointing in trenches EGP Price £ Stg US $ Euro Clay: 0.10 m2 1.41 m3 m3 499. combined and isolated bases: 1.72 63.97 82. landings.22 42.58 44.53 58.78 49.69 7.98 128.92 59.08 225 mm dia.22 13.39 82.28 46.04 0.43 11.06 .93 87.58 77.95 585.55 86.68 m3 m3 m3 517. roofs or the like: 1.93 44.08 not exceeding 0.67 62.05 34.08 41.09 0.20 32.06 100 mm dia.05 over 0.20 m2 Reinforced concrete mix 30N/mm2 Suspended slabs.82 476. 0. cross-sectional area: 1.07 150 mm dia.05 m2 1.53 544.14 22.02 over 300 mm thick Pile caps and ground beams.09 150 mm dia.42 78.45 64.06 41.78 74.02 m3 m3 m3 639.54 10.06 not exceeding 150 mm thick 1.94 m3 m3 548.75 15.72 72.14 96.87 93.10 300 mm dia.24 511.32 50.97 606.24 5.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 48 Ref.07 150–300 mm thick Columns and casings to metal stanchions.05 20.55 81.89 67.69 43.05 m2 1.69 10.10 m2 m m m m m 62.20 m2 1. 1 Concrete work Poured concrete Plain concrete mix 20 N/mm2 Foundations. Concrete: 0.01 7.53 67.01 150–300 mm thick 1.16 52.39 47.82 263.12 486.77 76. cross-sectional area: 1. 0.05–0.08 61.45 102.

38 1.50 685.05 1.059. delivered to site cut.157.217.957.15 12.97 6.02 150 mm solid blocks 2.16 1.56 1.377.270.88 708.732.077.30 666.83 11.50 7. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm Masonry Walls Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 8.17 1.13 1.39 1.544.48 1.15 7.78 869.69 7.01 100 mm solid blocks 2.485.78 .00 1.15 Bars.44 881.420. in cement mortar (1:3): 2.93 8.19 1.20 2 Bars.50 639.83 95. strength 3.28 8.18 1.71 6.76 1.87 79.08 830. Description Unit Reinforcement Bar reinforcement Mild steel bars.04 1.08 951.92 650.49 1.126.16 1.70 798.66 559.40 7.204. No.86 1.311.72 6.12 1.02 6.74 15. bent and labelled EGP Price £ Stg US $ Euro 1.33 913.11 1.60 9.184.062.17 Precast concrete blocks.629.60 928.25 11. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm High yield steel bars.035.03 200 mm solid blocks m2 m2 m2 69. bent and labelled Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 7.14 1.11 979.13 7.34 608.747.5N/mm2.00 1. delivered to site cut.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 49 Ref.62 617.37 1.234.88 8.142.011.53 581.93 743.

50 23.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 50 Ref.27 2.03 .00 2.374.81 2.007.04 254 × 76 mm × 28.21 m m 23.06 1.942. grade BB: 4.10 305.963.02 610 × 305 mm × 238 kg/m Rolled steel channels.27 47.66 m2 m2 551.93 1.02 50 × 100 mm Boarding to flooring WBP bonding plywood square edged boarding.01 38 × 100 mm 4.54 kg/m 3.83 33.10 1.01 3.72 Tonne 15.09 18.01 265 × 165 mm plain tile.64 Tonne 16.37 22.26 Tonne 15. alloy nailed every fifth course.64 2. red 5.45 26.95 2.603.452.35 2.94 42.324.03 432 × 102 mm × 65.518. 38 × 25 mm tanalised softwood battens.12 87.36 37.37 35.951.31 214.03 12 mm thick 4.10 1.82 67.776. 65 mm lap: 5.309.03 1.17 48.39 34.94 2.35 m2 m2 m2 140.91 12.891.89 kg/m 4 Woodwork Structural timbers Floors and flat roofs Sawn softwood.82 17.01 914 × 305 mm × 289 kg/m 3.00 268.27 26. red Tonne 15.04 18 mm thick 4.545.363. 3 Description Unit Structural metalwork Beams EGP Price £ Stg US $ Euro Universal beams.05 25 mm thick 5 Coverings and linings Roofing systems Clay tile roofing.405.02 380 × 260 mm clay pantile.359. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.05 3. basic sizes: 4.85 1.02 1. No.88 4. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.73 5.

53 1.39 2. attached and unattached beams and staircase soffits: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds textured plastic coating backgrounds m2 m2 m2 41.15 6.37 17.36 3.47 2.81 1.09 2.18 2.68 52.20 2.10 44.34 2.11 6.53 7.04 3.06 6.72 4.08 2.57 1.08 m2 m2 m2 m2 16.25 2.04 225 × 225 × 25 mm Decorations One mist coat and two full coats of emulsion paint Walls.67 1.05 6.04 19. 6 Description Unit Finishes Cement and sand (1:3) trowelled finish EGP Price £ Stg US $ Euro To floors and landings: 6.02 38 mm thick 6.04 6.83 3.51 .24 3.10 3. returns.59 2.09 6.04 20.76 2.67 3.12 m2 357.84 57.71 21.57 82. No.10 6.39 13.03 65 mm thick Quarry tiles bedded. reveals of openings or recesses. attached and unattached columns: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds blockwork backgrounds Ceilings.47 10.07 6.09 6.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 51 Ref.44 1. jointed and pointed in cement mortar (1:3) To floors and landings: 6.65 8.13 5.13 6.06 2.64 1.37 1.12 m2 m2 m2 m2 17.75 30.72 19.05 25.59 4.01 25 mm thick 6.

17 2.949.72 5.08 1.62 352.72 Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr 2.03 130.45 36.73 3.75 235.156.36 887.04 Nr Nr Nr Nr 21.43 6.86 362.593.74 470.09 479.08 114 litre 7.823.447.0 kw cooling unit Tanks EGP Price £ Stg US $ Euro 7.83 3.935.867.958.698.85 1.816.95 2.08 2. wall mounted: 3.934.911.15 vitreous china Nr Nr Nr 11.78 23.36 1.13 5.37 246.29 2.508.31 684.160.46 254.82 56.05 500 gallon 7.5 kw cooling unit 10.11 vitreous china Sinks: 7.817.94 79.79 185.065.68 41.804.219.141.03 7. complete with fittings Baths: 7. capacity (US) gallons: 7.02 5.87 Nr Nr 356.10 23.95 2.5 kw cooling unit 5. 7 Description Unit Mechanical engineering Equipment Air handling units Externally fitted air conditioning unit.37 7.01 7.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 52 Ref.67 3.40 5.02 7.10 acrylic Basins: 7.13 low level washdown 7.12 stainless steel WC suites: 7. rotary compressor.067.26 354.73 248.878.21 3.0 kw cooling unit 7.054.569.06 1000 gallon 7.09 182 litre Sanitaryware.25 1.20 1.21 4.36 240.14 low level syphonic Bidets: 7.008.486.40 3. No.77 55.947.94 647.99 GRP prefabricated water storage tanks for above ground use.561.94 4.38 .82 305.547.40 48.01 1.99 2.07 2000 gallon Plastic water storage cisterns with lids: 7.440.78 2.60 456.362.36 43.06 164.862.57 30.069.02 459.836.695.97 103.

fixing to structure and drawing cables Rigid conduit.15 53.93 29. assembled and installed on site. fixing to structure. assembled and installed on site.30 41.97 98.79 9.5 mm/2. 1. 240V SP & N Standard metal consumer unit with integral 100A main switch. prefabricated.0 mm gauge.02 50 mm 8. galvanised. assembled and installed on site. prefabricated. width: 8.78 18.01 10 mm2 Standard cable trays.14 615.53 21.06 12-way m 63.51 10.52 16. available ways: 8. including jointing.96 Nr Nr 338. external diameter: 8. prefabricated. surface mounted. heavy gauge.03 100 mm Steel conduit.20 7. nominal csa: 8.84 132.87 m m 109.10 13. 450/750V.19 13.05 6-way 8.90 5.04 16 mm Consumer units.47 11.35 m 113.43 9.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 53 Ref. 8 Description Unit Electrical engineering Sub main circuits EGP Price £ Stg US $ Euro PVC insulated and sheathed single core cable. galvanised.63 75.82 .09 53. No.45 17. including fixing to structure with hangers and brackets Straight trays with trapeze hangers.

with neon indicator.28 5.57 9.09 3 gang.47 17. with neon indicator 8.11 2 gang 13A SP.70 12.99 16.66 6.16 22.87 16.13 102.07 1 gang.28 143. mounting boxes and fixings where required.41 4.91 10. Description Unit Accessories Switch assemblies.43 75. including installation and fixing to structure.01 19. 2 way Socket assemblies.38 Nr Nr Nr 86.14 1 gang. flush mounted.08 2 gang. 2 way 8.77 11. unswitched: 8.03 3.09 25.13 1 gang.22 9.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 54 Ref.92 157.91 13.37 13.53 7.49 8.79 6.12 1 gang 8.48 8. 2 way 8.89 101. mounting boxes and fixings where required. flush mounted: 8.73 12.10 1 gang 8. including installation and fixing to structure. No. surface mounted.67 . metalplate Nr Nr Nr 42. (mortices measured separately) 13A SP.12 7. (mortices measured separately) EGP Price £ Stg US $ Euro 5A SP.25 12. switched: 8.56 Nr Nr 56.

370 7.702 2.924 4. These generally reflect approximate prices for building costs on a unit area basis and can only be considered as a guide to likely costs for the indicated construction facility.639 2.917 1.160 698 1. In some cases prices for buildings not commonly available in the country are also given in an attempt to provide the reader with an estimated likely cost of construction.682 15.661 13.221 395 EGP/m2 2.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 55 Construction cost data 55 Approximate estimating A range of rates for construction facility types has been provided in the following table.478 10.127 885 1. preliminaries and general items.610 1.098 678 Euro/m2 330 1. These considerations would need to address such items as the general condition of the site. site access and general location.119 786 690 972 715 1.080 10. availability of resources and the like. The rates allow for all base construction costs and also include for typical on-costs. All rates should be treated with caution in any projections and professional advice should be sought before predicted cost calculations are concluded.485 2.247 £ Stg/m2 231 1.088 1.089 4.215 954 1.454 675 406 651 457 402 566 416 990 1.133 366 US $/m2 428 2. All prices shown are as current in third quarter 2004.143 4.312 1.498 1. such as land purchase. Feasibility studies that make use of these rates should take into account any project specific costs. Each project would be unique in this respect and any appraisal of likely development costs for the scheme will need to determine any additions that may have an adverse effect on typical anticipated costs.654 7.271 13.342 1. No allowance has been made for value added tax.569 15. Facility type Multi Storey Car Parks Petrol Stations Airport Terminal Buildings Sorting Offices Refuse Depots Stables and the like Factories Advanced Factories Purpose Built Workshops Warehouses Town Halls Law Courts Offices Banks/Building Societies Retail Warehouses EGP/ft2 249 1.927 895 538 863 606 532 750 551 1.269 4.011 4.618 523 . They do not include professional fees or capital costs.349 627 377 604 424 373 525 386 919 1. The unit area values should be applied to the total floor area of all storeys and generally include for average preliminary and on-costs.325 6.446 1.264 1.

281 12.104 1.684 1.019 1.696 1.403 10.239 1.367 1.401 11.271 1.217 1.880 14.513 1.648 8.169 813 881 795 966 1.043 2.603 1.475 769 1. Pools Sports Centres inc.184 2.641 1.099 652 1.025 10.533 1.149 1.095 1.072 10.135 1.482 8.097 12.003 845 1.871 Euro/m2 818 997 1.448 1.570 932 1. Pools Sports Halls Gymnasia EGP/ft2 618 752 757 585 872 874 987 858 843 1.803 12.089 EGP/m2 6.300 1.212 13.013 792 1.499 1.501 1.308 1.245 12.010 US $/m2 1.507 1.413 10.873 8.003 776 1.232 9.051 1.569 11.389 9.660 1.525 15.720 £ Stg/m2 573 698 702 543 809 811 916 796 782 931 784 1.862 9.473 1.006 1.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 56 Facility type Shopping Centres Department Stores Hypermarkets / Supermarkets Shops Stadia Pavilions and Sports Club Houses Religious Buildings Schools Sixth Form Colleges Universities Colleges Research Facilities Laboratories Exhibition Buildings Public Libraries Flats Housing Detached Hotels Halls of Residence Fire Stations Police Stations Closed Prisons Hospitals Intensive Care / Acute Wards Health Centres Nursing Homes Homes for the Elderly Day Centres Veterinary Hospitals Restaurants Theatres Cinemas Clubs Covered Swimming Pools Sports Centres exc.852 9.563 10.185 703 1.452 2.727 1.322 2.683 13.586 1.396 1.303 944 638 918 923 933 1.334 12.753 7.931 10.144 6.302 9.056 1.117 1.791 2.053 1.138 1.096 8.189 1.156 1.128 2.724 1.209 876 592 852 856 866 1.330 1.342 1.054 1.954 1.049 1.582 1.280 1.361 2.120 1.008 1.585 1.578 1.954 1.237 1.292 1.194 874 1.576 1.056 2.224 12.035 1.045 12.136 1.108 811 940 735 1.197 1.043 1.222 1.208 1.158 1.740 1.368 714 1.900 8.077 1.503 1.801 9.158 6.886 9.443 .502 1.549 1.250 845 1.949 2.110 1.239 1.159 1.167 1.621 1.382 1.626 9.179 1.747 9.583 8.085 754 817 738 897 968 1.061 1.

the Euro and the Japanese Yen (×100). US Dollar. £ Sterling.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 57 Construction cost data 57 Exchange rates The following graph indicates the exchange rate movement over the last five years of the Egyptian pound. Exchange Rates . The values used to generate the graphic display are at monthly intervals for each of the currencies and the individual line bars show the respective comparison of the Egyptian pound with each of them and the relative value to each other. against four other international currencies.

7 3. Consumer Prices Year 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: International Monetary Fund annual average 100. The trend appears to have changed once again with an inflation figure of 3.2 5.4 118. plots the annual percentage change in consumer price inflation since 1996.4 2.0 change % – 6.2% for 2004 from predicted figures provided by Egyptian authorities.2% recorded in 2003.8 2.2 4.0 106.3 128.2 115.3 135. Inflation in Egypt was at a relatively high level during the mid-nineties averaging around 13%. Since 1997.2 111. however.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 58 58 Egypt Consumer price inflation The table below highlights the inflation index for consumer prices since 1996.4 124.4% recorded at the end of 2002.2 . The graph. Predictions for the current year indicate a continued rise of 5. a decline has occurred and inflation has fallen to a level of around 2.4 3.8 2.6 121. which follows the table below.

Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 59 Consumer Price Inflation for Years 1997 through 2004 .

tpegypt.eg Website: www. gov.gov.gov.gov.gov.investment.org.nat.net.gov.eg National Authority for Tunnels Ramses building Ramses square PO Box 466 Cairo 11794 Egypt Tel: (0020) 2 574 2968 Fax: (0020) 2 574 2950 Email: InfoC@NAT.eg .eg Website: www.eg Website: www.gov.idsc.org.eg Ministry of Foreign Trade 8 Adly Street Cairo Egypt Tel: (0020) 2 391 9661 Fax: (0020) 2 390 3029 Email: moft@moft.eg Ministry of Investment Public Enterprise Office 2 Latin America Street Garden City Cairo Egypt Tel: (0020) 2 795 9287 Fax: (0020) 2 795 9233 Email: investment@investment.moft.eg Website: www.eg Website: www.eg The Egyptian International Trade Point 96 Ahmed Orabi Street Mohandesseen PO Box 140 Imbaba 12411 Giza Egypt Tel: (0020) 2 303 3485 Fax: (0020) 2 303 3480 Email: moeitcnt@idsc.net.capmas.eg Central Agency for Mobilisation and Statistics (CAPMAS) National Information Centre PO Box 2080 Selah Salem Nasr city Egypt Tel: (0020) 402 0574 Fax: (0020) 202 4099 Website: www.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 60 60 Egypt Useful addresses Public organisations Cabinet Information & Decision Support Center (IDSC) 1 Magless Al-Shaab street Cairo Egypt Tel: (0020) 2 792 9292 Fax: (0020) 2 792 9222 Email: info@idsc.

amcham.edu.org.eg Construction Consultants Mott MacDonald PO Box 11302 Dubai UAE Tel: +971 (0) 4 343 4218 Fax: +971 (0) 4 343 4281 Email: Nigel.office.eg Website: www.org.org.gov Website: www.amcham.usembassy.Thomas@MottMac. doc.box@mail.eg Website: www.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 61 Construction cost data 61 Foreign Embassies British Embassy 7 Amed Ragheb Street Garden City Cairo Egypt Tel: (0020) 2 794 0852 Fax: (0020) 2 794 0859 Email: info@britishembassy.org. net Industrial Organisations American Chamber of Commerce Cairo office 33 Soliman Abaza Street Dokki – Giza Cairo Egypt Tel: (0020) 2 338 1050 Fax: (0020) 2 338 1060 Email: info@amcham.com .uk American Embassy 8 Kamal El-Din Salah Street Garden City Cairo Egypt Tel: (0020) 2 797 3300 Fax: (0020) 2 797 3200 Email: cairo.egnet.eg American Chamber of Commerce Alexandria office 36 Bani Abbas Street.eg Housing and Building Research Centre 87 Tahrir Street Dokki – Giza PO Box 1770 Cairo 12311 Egypt Tel: (0020) 2 335 6853 Fax: (0020) 2 335 1564 Email: hbrc@hbrc.eg Website: www.britishembassy.hbrc.edu. Azarita Alexandria Egypt Tel: (0020) 3 484 4415 Fax: (0020) 3 484 4413 Email: alexoffice@amcham. gov.eg Website: http://www. org.

Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 62 .

) 1.636 million sq km 10.1% Geography Land area Agricultural area Capital city Population of capital city (2004 est.808 .203 km 94.1% Tehran 12 million Transportation Railways Highways: paved unpaved (1998) Waterways Pipelines: crude oil condensate/gas liquid petroleum gas gas refined products Ports and Harbours Merchant Marine International Airport 7.048 km 850 km km km km km km 15 134 ships Mehrabad. Tehran 8.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 63 Iran ECONOMIC INDICATORS AND KEY DATA Population Population Urban Population Population under 15 Population 65 and over Population growth rate 69 million 67% 28% 5% 1.256 212 570 16.998 7.109 km 73.

2 billion GDP per capita (2003) IR16.6% Construction Gross value of construction output Net value of construction output as a proportion of GDP Source: IR51.132.987 Yen (×100) 8.985 GDP per capita PPP basis (2003) US$7.6% General government consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 14.0% Gross domestic investment as a proportion of GDP (2003) 28.5% The Financial Times Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook The World Bank Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran All data relates to latest as at 3Q 2004 PPP Purchasing Power Parity .919 US $ 8.634 billion GDP PPP basis (2003) US$478.768 Euro 10.8% Private consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 42.6% Inflation rate 16.000 Average annual real change in GDP (1998 to 2003) 4.414.969 billion 4.4% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices (2003) IR1.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 64 Economy Monetary unit Iranian rial Exchange rate £ Stg 15.075 Average annual inflation (1998 to 2003) 15.

The official religion is Shia Islam which accounts for 98% of the population.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 65 Country profile 65 Country profile Iran is located in the south-west of Asia and within the Middle East. The weather is sub-tropical along the Caspian Sea coastline region. The climate is mostly of desert with mild to cool winters and hot and dry summers. Other languages and dialects including Turkish in the north-west and Arabic in the south-west are common. Tehran. the Arabian Gulf to the south-west. Iran's most temperate area. as head of government. the capital with a population of approximately 12 million. is also Iran’s administrative and commercial centre. The President. The remainder comprises Armenians. comprising 290 seats whose members are also elected to serve for four-year terms. a body of 86 clerics. Legislative power lies in the unicameral Islamic Consultative Assembly. Assyrians. The Islamic Republic of Iran has been transformed from the existing monarchy since the Islamic Revolution in 1979. The Supreme Leader is Iran’s highest political authority and is chosen by the Assembly of Experts. or Majles.300 km long desert crosses the country from northwest to southeast.219 m in elevation with lowlands in the maritime areas along the Arabian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. The political system now comprises both elected and un-elected institutions. Iran is a member of the United Nations and the second largest oil producer in the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Generally the country is a plateau region averaging 1. Turkey and Iraq to the west. the Gulf of Oman to the south and Pakistan and Afghanistan to the east. A 1. or Farsi. . written in a script derived from Arabic. Armenia. The official language is Persian. English is not widely spoken outside hotels and airlines although it is understood by many businessmen and government officials. Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan to the north. It is bordered by the Caspian Sea. and municipal councils are elected every four years on the basis of universal suffrage. Christians and Jews.

Section 51 governs working hours and states that the hours of work shall not exceed an average of eight hours per day or 44 hours per week. evening and night shifts. the morning. compensation will be granted at an additional forty per cent of the basic wage. Shift work bonus is stated at an additional ten. Non-shift workers are entitled to an additional thirty five per cent of their basic wage per hour if working during the night. Workers conducting arduous or harmful work are entitled to five weeks. holidays. Any hour of overtime will be compensated for by a forty percent supplement to the basic hourly wage. The cost of labour is based on the employee’s basic pay and includes those allowances for employee’s expenses.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 66 66 Iran Construction cost data Labour resources The figures below are typical labour costs throughout general urban regions of Iran and are taken at the third quarter 2004. the morning and night shifts or the evening and night shifts. Through shift work the hours may exceed those stated in section 51 of the code as long as the total hours of work over four consecutive weeks does not exceed 176 hours. . insurance and other mandatory and voluntary contributions. fifteen or twenty two and a half per cent of the employee’s wage respectively for the morning and evening shifts. The Labour Code dated 20th November 1990 governs labour in the Islamic Republic of Iran. One day of rest per week is compulsory and in the circumstances where work requires. Friday is the paid day of rest by default but employers can arrange another suitable day if necessary. Overtime shall not exceed four hours a day unless critical. The labour resources are a combination of the employee’s basic pay and the financial cost to the employer of that labour. A workers annual paid leave entitlement is one month not including public holiday entitlement. Every worker is entitled to take one full month of paid leave entitlement or one month of unpaid leave once during working life to perform the pilgrimage to Mecca.

86 25.88 29.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 67 Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Labour resources Operatives General Labourer Groundworks Labourer Bricklayer Shuttering Carpenter Carpenter Steel Fixer Metalworker Craftsman Roof Tiler Sheet Metal Roofer Glazier Plasterer Plasterers Labourer Suspended Ceiling Installer Painter Floor/Wall Tiler Plumber Electrician IRR 119.97 19.78 24.98 24.12 29.88 45.97 19.89 38.955 306.925 306.98 13.98 17.88 29.88 29.97 35.496 172.955 306.89 38.86 38.98 20.955 257.98 11.955 203.13 21.86 32.86 45.67 16.92 20.289 306.86 25.86 38.97 25.39 .97 29.78 US $ 15.289 306.97 16.78 38.88 29.955 257.97 29.88 Euro 11.955 362.57 38.82 20.955 203.98 20.925 306.98 17.39 35.86 21.78 38.641 306.86 32.17 11.471 362.57 38.641 306.92 20.82 20.471 £ Stg 8.59 20.59 20.12 29.98 13.97 25.955 172.

960 82.79 10.72 1.67 4.73 14.635 10.00 19. Plant costs Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Plant resources Hymac 580 (360 deg tracked excavator) JCB 3C (180 deg wheeled excavator) Vibrating Roller 6–8 Tonne Dumper 4WD Hydraulic Tip 1270 Poker Vibrator 48 mm Beam Vibrator 6.649 149.292 199.21 3.39 12.2 m Reinforcement bending machine 25 Tonne Mobile Crane 13 Tonne Mobile Crane 10 Tonne Mobile Crane Wacker Plate 2.47 9.160 £ Stg 13.09 18.81 0.21 8.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 68 68 Iran Plant resources The figures below indicate the hire costs of construction plant.13 0.370 50.13 14.91 6.50 8.216 6.370 124.58 4.605 206.72 0.21 Euro 19.58 12.34 26.5 Tonne Block and Tackle Craneage/lifting equipment Unit Hour Hour Hour Hour Day Day Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour IRR 201.53 18.98 8.84 1.09 10.70 13.69 14.45 0.248 99.30 25.48 5.130 149.65 1.53 6.91 15. delivered to site in the urban area in and around Tehran and are current at the third quarter 2004.49 0.61 1.04 20. The rates do not include for any fuel or maintenance expenses and exclude operator costs and charges.44 .45 10.970 66.10 6.62 US $ 25.580 10.

52 3.629 4.27 498.466 5.917 5.01 646.466 5.89 348.01 646.40 11.96 43.819 367.99 579.35 447.57 35.595 50.581.103. delivered to site in the Tehran urban region.89 341.45 2.24 348.466 5.466 5.99 579.24 313.78 4.89 348.581.23 m3 m3 m3 m3 m m m m m 82.01 646.45 36.63 5. The costs allow for large supplies in full loads and include any mechanical off-loading required at the site.27 498.35 447.99 579.24 313.54 579.59 10.35 447.83 27.30 4.103.92 10.21 5.89 447.699 90.44 7.630 79.09 5.664 42.27 498.917 4.103.44 8.17 8.15 6. Material costs Price Material resources Groundworks Aggregates Crushed stone hardcore Clean brick rubble hardcore As-raised hoggin Washed sand Drainage 100 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm clay drain pipes 225 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm concrete pipe class L 300 mm concrete pipe class L Concrete work Concrete Readymix concrete 20 N/mm2 Readymix concrete 30 N/mm2 Reinforcement Mild steel bars BS4449 8 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 10 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 16 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 25 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 40 mm High yield bars BS4449 8 mm High yield bars BS4449 10 mm High yield bars BS4449 16 mm High yield bars BS4449 25 mm High yield bars BS4449 40 mm Tying wire mild steel Reinforcement spacer blocks m3 m3 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 100 343.63 Unit IRR £ Stg US $ Euro .229 83.04 7.89 348.42 9.24 313.35 447.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 69 Construction cost data 69 Material resources The figures below indicate the costs of main construction materials.27 488.333 76.581.103.48 33.27 498.37 13.900 5.99 579.917 4.72 5.08 5.001.50 25.35 498. and are taken at the third quarter 2004 prices.52 46.88 4.466 5.581.289 23.397 43.01 646.13 313.78 8.01 633.917 4.65 10.99 646.349 108.103.917 4.17 7.581.44 10.92 2.19 19.491 285.24 313.92 6.89 348.

26 252.04 67.407.19 38.611 10.41 0.06 755.079.70 967.42 87.076 20.73 2.36 3.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 70 Price Material resources Masonry Bricks Clay common bricks Blocks 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks 3.5N 3.47 3.341 177.51 19.06 1.65 2.89kg RHS BS4360 450 × 250 mm × 167kg RHS BS4360 300 × 200 mm × 92.29 1.04 760.362 200.910 770.956.364 25.407.254.13 54.117.275.20 2.85kg RSJ BS4360 203 × 152 mm × 52.80 967.35 1.69 1.053.496 18.815 11.599 11.48 1.09kg RSC BS4360 432 × 102 mm × 65.63 1.73 2.117.054 561.91 1.56 2.29 1.67 13.268 33.296.333 689.910 11.22 1.01 0.22 1.78 1.07 677.085.40 3.231 0.84 999.06 4.61 0.611 9.399.32 6.254.99 2.5N 3.85 2.275.82 700.07 9.39 1.194 32.939 24.618 4.60 677.5N 3.60 11.851 138.30 Unit IRR £ Stg US $ Euro Cement and Sand Portland cement in bags Soft sand for mortar Cement mortar (1:3) Metalwork Structural steel UB BS4360 914 × 305 mm × 289kg UB BS4360 610 × 305 mm × 238kg UB BS4360 457 × 191 mm × 98kg RSJ BS4360 254 × 203 mm × 81.911.54kg RSC BS4360 254 × 76 mm × 28.81 8.55 .27 1.100.25 17.84 1.13 327.63 1.240.589.239 11.911.24 2.24 1.705 88.085.25 1.73 1.70 1.51 25.386.63 47.68 760.06 10.5N 3.309 9.00 1.33 1.6kg Woodwork Floors and flat roofs 38 × 100 mm sawn softwood 50 × 100 mm sawn softwood 38 × 25 mm tanalised batten Boarding to Flooring 12 mm WBP ply 18 mm WBP ply 25 mm WBP ply Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 11.82 770.48 m m m m2 m2 m2 12.5N 3.427.58 3.069.381 82.84 1.06 71.308 20.33 1.239 10.38 5.20 4.427.25 1.100.5N (solid) (solid) (solid) (hollow) (hollow) (hollow) 1000 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 Tonne Tonne m3 2.46 13.46 8.60 749.

78 3.05 2.950 1.88 0.83 83.04 32.166 2.279 539.20 104.069 28.44 13. red 380 × 260 mm pantile.078 125.670.04 592.172 33.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 71 Price Material resources Nails Galvanised nails 75 mm Alloy nails 65 mm × 10g 50 mm Oval wire nails Thermal and moisture protection Sheet metal Sheet lead BS1178 Code 4 Sheet zinc BS849 0.49 4.95 231.85 7.08 154.92 Unit kg kg kg IRR 46. red Damp-proof membranes 1000g polythene d.58 0.40 135.78 1.00 25.51 2.m.28 136.097.129.765 284.92 42.32 73.27 324.77 19.03 119.51 5.659 4.94 5.41 36.51 324.914 7.54 52.236 59.88 250.04 22.07 600.218.82 846.19 68.28 0.56 175.00 105.24 Euro 4.18 27.563.545 1.97 40.451 42.810 1.57 0.16 4.18 m2 m2 m2 m2 1000 1000 m2 m2 Nr Nr 410.92 19.48 57.95 0.77 269.360 450.830.67 72.78 36.29 US $ 5.17 145.45 mm Felts Underslating felt Type 1F Clay roofing products 265 × 165 mm plain tile.428 204.83 Glass and glazing 4 mm clear sheet glass 6 mm Georgian wired polished plate 5 mm toughened safety glass 5.400 7.p.952 2.24 30. Insulation 100 mm thick fibreglass quilt Roofing sheets and fixings Corrugated PVC sheet 1830 mm Corrugated galv sheet 1830 mm Doors and windows UPVC UPVC UPVC UPVC window frames s/casement 1000 × 600 glazed s/casement 1000 × 900 glazed s/casement 1000 × 1200 glazed Nr Nr Nr m2 m2 m2 m2 1.75 462.132 333.740.07 178.349 8.519 £ Stg 3.76 207.4 mm laminated safety glass .27 44.73 4.66 0.52 51.067.60 mm Sheet copper BS2870 0.077.

56 19.499 200.56 15.45 19.5 mm plasterboard m2 22.32 13.70 14.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 72 Price Material resources Finishes Plasterboards 12.86 24.109 192.35 2.401 1.56 .52 25.890 209.05 13.22 21.761 220.06 14.70 13.88 27.92 26.49 18.390 200.78 Unit IRR £ Stg US $ Euro Tiles 25mm × 225 × 225 mm quarry tile m2 9mm × 150 × 150 mm ceramic floor tile m2 Decorations Paints and Sundries Emulsion paint matt white Masonry textured paint white Oil/Alkyd paint undercoat Oil/Alkyd paint gloss white 5 5 5 5 Litre Litre Litre Litre 117.390 8.37 25.51 20.15 2.37 11.

04 sand 0.47 19.60 5.84 16. cables or the like including disposal and filling Trenches to suit pipes not exceeding 200 mm dia.547 0.924 2.54 13. 0 Description Unit Groundworks Excavation IRR Price £ Stg US $ Euro To reduce levels.275 11. drain pipes..46 4.42 21.16 .59 1.05 hardcore m3 12. An allowance of 20% has also been included to cover the contractor's overheads and profit.02 1.55 3.51 m3 m3 168. Any statutory taxes have been excluded.01 1.00 m Filling Filled into excavation. depth not exceeding: 0.03 1.00 m Trenches for service pipes. average depth: 0.738 196. Ref. Each rate includes for all necessary labour.10 7.86 1.86 m 35.00 m To receive foundations. by machine. plant and material costs that would be involved in carrying out the operation described.23 m3 60. The values of the displayed rates are considered to be fairly representative for work of the specified nature and are at third quarter 2004 levels. No.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 73 Construction cost data 73 Unit rates A selection of unit rates for work items that may be carried out on a typical construction project is provided in the following table. compacting in 250 mm layers: 0.36 24.011 4. depth not exceeding: 0. pile caps and ground beams.

cross-sectional area: 1.82 11.71 m3 m3 m3 598.10 m2 1.358 79.831 31.04 0. roofs or the like: 1.06 not exceeding 150 mm thick 1.52 57.464 445. 1 Concrete work Poured concrete Plain concrete mix 20 N/mm2 Foundations.27 46. Concrete: 0.14 61.44 75.07 34.07 150–300 mm thick Columns and casings to metal stanchions.47 m3 m3 513.32 58. combined and isolated bases: 1.06 100 mm dia.82 37.08 225 mm dia.10 m2 m m m m m 59.053 509.43 16.94 38.44 53.611 120.17 56.379 4.02 over 300 mm thick Pile caps and ground beams. No.96 m3 m3 467.47 .05–0.418 245.20 m2 Reinforced concrete mix 30N/mm2 Suspended slabs.78 35.68 31. 0.05 over 0. landings.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 74 Ref.68 44.94 64.24 60.43 45.439 33.25 25.08 8.867 547.08 32.63 10. Description Unit Underground drainage Drain pipes and jointing in trenches IRR Price £ Stg US $ Euro Clay: 0.171 35.53 m3 m3 m3 483.08 not exceeding 0.05–0. 0.05 m2 1. 0.10 over 0.05 31.03 not exceeding 0.46 55.18 5.09 0.24 46.75 23.78 7.45 50.10 300 mm dia.64 43.09 49.96 30.614 40.05 m2 1.20 m2 1.659 368.01 150–300 mm thick 1.48 59.80 71. cross-sectional area: 1.801 567.075 455.09 150 mm dia. floors.55 15.811 478.81 64.96 7.88 69.07 150 mm dia.65 47.06 5.

19 649.03 200 mm solid blocks m2 m2 m2 65.67 774.17 1.247 7.46 5.388 7.80 793.52 658.496.10 8.20 2 Bars.27 8.90 694.017 555.91 900.19 1. bent and labelled IRR Price £ Stg US $ Euro 1.91 884. delivered to site cut.60 805.89 461.24 497.48 486.07 435.82 477.27 1.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 75 Ref.282.5N/mm2.54 Precast concrete blocks.656.12 853.735.01 100 mm solid blocks 2.028. in cement mortar (1:3): 2.25 9.119.14 1.131 6.41 597.630 6.991 7.11 1.33 948.434 89. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm High yield steel bars.174 74.58 731.42 11.00 682.201 4.08 455.16 1. Description Unit Reinforcement Bar reinforcement Mild steel bars.85 921. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm Masonry Walls Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 8.13 1.15 Bars.990.18 1.29 711.09 6.745.86 979.02 150 mm solid blocks 2.770 6.122.364.12 1.110.90 621.43 1.29 6. bent and labelled Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 7.12 418.00 755.13 528.02 842.513 6.372 6. No. delivered to site cut.71 .36 7. strength 3.158 512.

349.50 27.236.28 36. alloy nailed every fifth course.835 199. basic sizes: 4.89 kg/m 4 Woodwork Structural timbers Floors and flat roofs Sawn softwood.02 610 × 305 mm × 238 kg/m Rolled steel channels.65 19. 38 × 25 mm tanalised softwood battens.00 Tonne 14.03 12 mm thick 4.905.886.29 17. 3 Description Unit Structural metalwork Beams IRR Price £ Stg US $ Euro Universal beams.00 1.617 981.25 2.86 m2 m2 501.56 25.02 50 × 100 mm Boarding to flooring WBP bonding plywood square edged boarding.97 24.02 380 × 260 mm clay pantile. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.13 12.05 25 mm thick 5 Coverings and linings Roofing systems Clay tile roofing. red Tonne 14.896.487. red 5.98 1.520 249.922 1.201 1. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.140 1.01 265 × 165 mm plain tile.01 914 × 305 mm × 289 kg/m 3.21 m2 m2 m2 130.493 1.50 2.402 8. No.41 1.54 kg/m 3.706 285.06 63.884 32.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 76 Ref.455.041.05 m m 21.44 1.94 13.77 19.73 1. 65 mm lap: 5.985.77 4.024.63 1.04 254 × 76 mm × 28.14 3.401.67 1.018.478 34.36 .03 432 × 102 mm × 65.51 16.17 2.48 31. grade BB: 4.59 Tonne 14.58 48.816.24 Tonne 15.01 38 × 100 mm 4.928.85 1.04 18 mm thick 4.463.

91 1.01 25 mm thick 6.73 1.55 2.97 2.85 .25 2.516 19.13 1.98 7.94 4.06 6.03 65 mm thick Quarry tiles bedded.11 6.08 m2 m2 m2 m2 15.589 18.01 3.40 1.29 2.02 1.82 m2 333. No.396 51.21 1.04 225 × 225 × 25 mm Decorations One mist coat and two full coats of emulsion paint Walls.26 32.33 6.60 6.02 38 mm thick 6. jointed and pointed in cement mortar (1:3) To floors and landings: 6.11 6.76 1.76 3.751 18. 6 Description Unit Finishes Cement and sand (1:3) trowelled finish IRR Price £ Stg US $ Euro To floors and landings: 6.07 6. reveals of openings or recesses.61 1.48 2.63 1.52 1.847 1.985 1.05 6.028 80.10 6.12 m2 m2 m2 m2 16.603 17.30 2. attached and unattached beams and staircase soffits: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds textured plastic coating backgrounds m2 m2 m2 40.09 1.09 6. attached and unattached columns: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds blockwork backgrounds Ceilings.34 1.14 3.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 77 Ref.46 10.82 42.07 1.23 1.48 5.49 5.09 2.898 23.059 15.863 22. returns.093 2.

78 32.761.07 3.760.41 4.0 kw cooling unit Tanks IRR Price £ Stg US $ Euro 7. capacity (US) gallons: 7.77 263.15 226.03 7.08 114 litre 7.02 7.63 2. 7 Description Unit Mechanical engineering Equipment Air handling units Externally fitted air conditioning unit.34 76. complete with fittings Baths: 7.26 349.83 1.059 2.87 41.363 1.05 3.07 2000 gallon Plastic water storage cisterns with lids: 7.05 500 gallon 7.205.59 341.934.14 low level syphonic Bidets: 7.0 kw cooling unit 7.80 96.67 1.457 22.87 339.067.06 1000 gallon 7.525.16 508.89 2.43 GRP prefabricated water storage tanks for above ground use.696 2.66 59.36 2.01 7.084.326.470 606.086 2.790.56 1.12 stainless steel WC suites: 7.322 1.369 5. wall mounted: 3.186.18 174.10 acrylic Basins: 7.73 2.329.84 183.308.718 188.37 4.73 Nr Nr 334.34 5.633.09 182 litre Sanitaryware.15 vitreous china Nr Nr Nr 10.695.73 .415. rotary compressor.38 184.122.384.22 Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr 2.495.550 22.531.19 658.18 1.13 low level washdown 7.222 1.515.5 kw cooling unit 5.073.31 2. No.11 vitreous china Sinks: 7.347.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 78 Ref.58 179.13 3.313.711.5 kw cooling unit 10.19 261.63 138.715.47 42.708 38.924.823.993 747.405.680.688 1.33 269.93 34.11 2.875.04 Nr Nr Nr Nr 19.76 122.399.89 4.178.835.217 45.62 22.27 355.

15 15.87 10.24 m 106.488 7. prefabricated.0 mm gauge.99 30.14 12. nominal csa: 8. external diameter: 8.58 5. fixing to structure. assembled and installed on site. prefabricated.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 79 Ref.02 50 mm 8. surface mounted. including fixing to structure with hangers and brackets Straight trays with trapeze hangers. assembled and installed on site. 8 Description Unit Electrical engineering Sub main circuits IRR Price £ Stg US $ Euro PVC insulated and sheathed single core cable. No.57 13.03 100 mm Steel conduit.01 10 mm2 Standard cable trays.09 7. galvanised.10 72. galvanised. prefabricated.861 125.798 576.93 56.05 6-way 8.04 16 mm Consumer units. assembled and installed on site.5 mm/2. heavy gauge.360 7.845 4. including jointing.30 .10 8.619 21.48 10. 240V SP & N Standard metal consumer unit with integral 100A main switch. 1.28 13.42 40.40 Nr Nr 316.84 m m 103. available ways: 8.66 39.06 12-way m 59. width: 8. fixing to structure and drawing cables Rigid conduit. 450/750V.

12 1 gang 8.58 6.10 1 gang 8.41 Nr Nr Nr 81. No. unswitched: 8. (mortices measured separately) 13A SP.392 147.79 10.65 10.55 .14 3.56 5.27 7.49 8. 2 way 8.05 8.76 18.21 14.27 12.33 12.940 2. 2 way 8. flush mounted.529 5.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 80 Ref.90 9.867 70.97 9. including installation and fixing to structure.14 1 gang.02 16. Description Unit Accessories Switch assemblies. 2 way Socket assemblies.09 3 gang. metalplate Nr Nr Nr 39.935 128.08 2 gang.83 6.13 1 gang.89 6. surface mounted.73 4.09 6.580 3.660 95. with neon indicator.07 1 gang.94 12. including installation and fixing to structure.11 2 gang 13A SP. mounting boxes and fixings where required.37 Nr Nr 53. switched: 8. flush mounted: 8. mounting boxes and fixings where required. (mortices measured separately) IRR Price £ Stg US $ Euro 5A SP.584 94. with neon indicator 8.68 5.

103.749.957 15.215 1.111 760.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 81 Construction cost data 81 Approximate estimating A range of rates for construction facility types has been provided in the following table.211 761. The rates allow for all base construction costs and also include for typical on-costs.540 8.888 5.049.959.038 646 1.627.491 1.418.381 1. These considerations would need to address such items as the general condition of the site.250 561 349 560 393 345 486 357 851 1.774 5.734 5.273. All rates should be treated with caution in any projections and professional advice should be sought before predicted cost calculations are concluded.566 534. availability of resources and the like.362 12.279 2. No allowance has been made for value added tax.180 1. such as land purchase.229.820 1. Feasibility studies that make use of these rates should take into account any project specific costs.139 660.448. These generally reflect approximate prices for building costs on a unit area basis and can only be considered as a guide to likely costs for the indicated construction facility.044 795 1.001.462 5.425.080.672.758 1.785 801 498 799 561 493 694 511 1.319 212 1.347. site access and general location. Each project would be unique in this respect and any appraisal of likely development costs for the scheme will need to determine any additions that may have an adverse effect on typical anticipated costs.279.231 1.943 628 303 1. The unit area values should be applied to the total floor area of all storeys and generally include for average preliminary and on-costs.713 4.036 728 639 900 662 1.055 15.536 1.102.204 18.811 7. preliminaries and general items.334 8.870 474.472 1.049 339 393 2.156.314 1.200.972 1. Facility type Multi Storey Car Parks Petrol Stations Airport Terminal Buildings Sorting Offices Refuse Depots Stables and the like Factories Advanced Factories Purpose Built Workshops Warehouses Town Halls Law Courts Offices Banks/Building Societies Retail Warehouses IRR/ft2 288.202 1. In some cases prices for buildings not commonly available in the country are also given in an attempt to provide the reader with an estimated likely cost of construction.814 11. All prices shown are as current in third quarter 2004.138 469.135 1.109.525 485.837 460.186.498 484 .698.576 1.509 18.732 IRR/m2 £ Stg/m2 US $/m2 Euro/m2 3. They do not include professional fees or capital costs.933 1.

145 1.635 14.711 14.593.838.073 1. Pools Sports Centres inc.171.598 10.534.103 9.596 1.073 1.267 661 989 604 932 983 1.275 1.412 863 1.377.038 12.292 1.340 10.328.471 984.569.390 1.998.979.186 1.364 1.889 15.234 13.055.958 729.261 1.022 1.345 1.260 16.059 1.007.211 1.849 13.611 1.565 IRR/m2 £ Stg/m2 US $/m2 Euro/m2 7.284 1.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 82 Facility type Shopping Centres Department Stores Hypermarkets/Supermarkets Shops Stadia Pavilions and Sports Club Houses Religious Buildings Schools Sixth Form Colleges Universities Colleges Research Facilities Laboratories Exhibition Buildings Public Libraries Flats Housing Detached Hotels Halls of Residence Fire Stations Police Stations Closed Prisons Hospitals Intensive Care / Acute Wards Health Centres Nursing Homes Homes for the Elderly Day Centres Veterinary Hospitals Restaurants Theatres Cinemas Clubs Covered Swimming Pools Sports Centres exc.460 1.465 1.038 925.679 11.092 1.612.728.340 18.654 10.471 7.388.402 1.553 12.064 1.392 1.365.268 9.267 10. Pools Sports Halls Gymnasia IRR/ft2 721.595.070 1.810 1.729.331 .653 1.305 531 646 650 503 750 751 848 720 724 862 726 1.669.341 1.131 10.243 972 1.977.346 1.868 821.708 986.851 1.004 681 757 684 830 893 1.396 1.810 944 1.763.504 14.022 1.260 2.861.838 9.574 11.633.072 1.603 928.608 12.571 1.698 1.871 1.560 1.132 1.299.918 1.454.152.212.324.072.185 14.835 1.461 1.964.216 1.394.484.237 878.417 1.963.599 11.037 1.231 1.532.158 767 1.468 1.468 1.477 924.119 1.081 976 1.543.040.514 1.179 9.501 994 1.672 15.388 1.860 1.521.144.856.120 811 537 789 793 802 978 975 1.630 1.721.018.117 1.914 12.395 8.182.343.092 1.879 1.510.052 1.805 2.726 758 923 929 718 1.434 1.266 1.465.333 1.971 1.531 683.743 978.904 2.308 883.128.693.831 1.734 1.020.358.599 1.949.435 973 1.446.348 15.081 14.331 1.101.929 898.077.026 737 870 681 1.461 1.893 1.028 1.197 1.485 1.900 1.089.204 931 1.781 1.001.391 9.408.623.330 7.266.548 1.028 1.397.260.954.127 1.118 11.263 10.071.892 1.224 1.881 9.775.362 1.520 1.537 1.970 11.034 1.274 1.527 15.028.

against four other international currencies. £ Sterling. the Euro and the Japanese Yen (×100). Iran has been using a managed floating exchange rate regime. Exchange Rates . The values used to generate the graphic display are at monthly intervals for each of the currencies and the individual line bars show the respective comparison of the Iranian Rial with each of them and the relative value to each other. US Dollar.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 83 Construction cost data 83 Exchange rates The following graph indicates the exchange rate movement over the last five years of the Iranian Rial. Please note: Since unifying multiple exchange rates in March 2002.

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Price inflation
The following tables present indices for consumer prices and wholesale prices for construction related items since 1990 and 1991 respectively. The indices are rebased to 1997=100.

Consumer Price Inflation
Iran has historically experienced a high level of CPI inflation over the years. The CPI level peaked at the end of 1995, during which the average inflation figure for the year was 49.5%. The subsequent years, 1996 and 1997, witnessed a significant decline as the rate of inflation nearly halved with average yearly figures of 23.1% and 17.4% recorded respectively. Since 1997 CPI has been up and down with average inflation bordering the 15.5% mark. The prediction for the current year appears to indicate another upward trend in the inflation level with an anticipated average figure for 2004 of 16% from figures provided by the Iranian authorities. The graph, which follows the tables below, plots the annual percentage change in consumer price inflation since 1991.
Consumer Prices Year 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: * annual average 18.6 22.4 27.9 34.3 46.3 69.2 85.2 100.0 118.1 141.8 159.7 177.9 206.0 238.2 276.2 Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran International Monetary Fund Republic of Iran Year = July to June change % – 20.4 24.6 22.9 35.0 49.5 23.1 17.4 18.1 20.1 12.6 11.4 15.8 15.6 16.0

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85

Wholesale Price Indices General Index Building Materials Machinery & Transport Equipment annual average 13.5 20.9 27.6 39.6 66.4 85.5 100.0 112.7 135.9 151.0 150.7 155.7 159.6 change % – 54.8 32.1 43.5 67.7 28.8 17.0 12.7 20.6 11.1 –0.2 3.3 2.5

Year

annual average 19.1 25.5 31.9 45.4 72.7 91.0 100.0 116.7 144.9 166.3 174.7 191.5 210.9

change % – 33.5 25.1 42.3 60.1 25.2 9.9 16.7 24.2 14.8 5.1 9.6 10.1

annual average 19.8 26.5 32.6 45.1 65.3 94.4 100.0 108.7 134.8 155.2 160.9 192.1 217.0

change % – 33.8 23.0 38.3 44.8 44.6 5.9 8.7 24.0 15.1 3.7 19.4 13.0

1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Source: *

Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran Republic of Iran Year = July to June

Consumer Price Inflation for Years 1991 through 2004

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Useful addresses
Public organisations Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ebn e Sina St Emam Khomeini SQ Tehran Iran Tel: (0098) 21 321 3149 Fax: (0098) 21 311 3149 Email: matbuat@mfa.gov.ir Website: www.mfa.gov.ir Iran Construction Information Centre (ICIC) 9th Floor National Land and Housing Organisation Shahid Khoddami Street Vanak Squre Tehran Iran Tel: (0098) 21 879 5473 Fax: (0098) 21 879 7448 Email: support@icic.gov.ir Website: www.icic.gov.ir/English Building and Housing Research Centre Sheikh Fazlollah Exp. Way PO Box 13145-1696 Tehran Iran Tel: (0098) 21 825 5949 Fax: (0098) 21 825 5941 Email: admin@bhrc.ac.ir Website: www.bhrc.gov.ir Ministry of Housing and Urban Development Email: minister@icic.gov.ir Website: www.mhud.ir Statistical centre of Iran Dr. Fatemi Avenue PO Box 14155 - 6133 Tehran 1414663111 Iran Tel: (0098) 21 896 5061 Fax: (0098) 21 896 5070 Email: sci@sci.org.ir Website: www.sci.org.ir Ministry of Petroleum Hafez Crossing Taleghani Avenue Tehran Iran. Tel: (0098) 21 615 2606 Fax: (0098) 21 615 4977 Email: Webmaster@mop.ir Website: http://www.nioc.org Central Bank of I.R. Iran (CBI) No.144 Mirdamad Blvd PO Box 15875-7177 Tehran Iran Tel: (0098) 21 295 3263 Fax: (0098) 21 225 7064 Email: lib@cbi.ir Website: www.cbi.ir

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Construction cost data

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Foreign Embassies HM British Embassy Commercial section 198 Ferdowsi Avenue PO Box No. 11365-4474 Tehran 11344 Iran Tel: (0098) 21 670 5011 Fax: (0098) 21 670 8021 E-mail: AllCommercial.tehran@fco. gov.uk Website: www.britishembassy.gov.uk/ Iran Australian Embassy in Iran No. 13, 23rd Street Khalid Islambuli Ave PO Box 15875-4334 Abbasabad Tehran 15138 Iran Tel: (0098) 21 872 4456 Fax: (0098) 21 872 0484 Email: dfat-tehran@dfat.gov.au Website: http://www.iran.embassy.gov.au

Industrial Organisations Iran Transportation and Terminals Organisation No. 19 Dameshq Street Felestin Avenue Keshavarz Blvd PO Box 14155-3773 Tehran Iran Tel: (0098) 21 880 4402 Email: webmaster@tto-ir.org Website: www.tto-ir.org Iran Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Mines 254 Taleghani Ave PO Box 15875-4671 Tehran Iran Tel: (0098) 21 883 0066 Fax: (0098) 21 882 5111 Email: info@iccim.org Website: www.iccim.org/english Iranian Railways RAI Research Centre 201, Italia Crossing Vesal Street PO Box 14155-6394 Tehran 14166 Iran Tel: (0098) 21 65 14 09 Fax: (0098) 21 65 14 62 Email: info@irirw.com Website: www.irirw.com

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Export Promotion Centre of Iran Shahid Chamran Exp. Way PO Box 19395-1148 Tehran Iran Tel: (0098) 21 219 1638 Fax: (0098) 21 204 5303 Email: info@iranexporters.org Website: www.iranexporters.org Construction Consultants Mott MacDonald PO Box 11302 Dubai UAE Tel: +971 (0) 4 343 4218 Fax: +971 (0) 4 343 4281 Email: Nigel.Thomas@MottMac.com

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Iraq
ECONOMIC INDICATORS AND KEY DATA Population
Population (2004 est) Urban Population Population under 15 Population 65 and over Population growth rate 27.1 million 68% 40% 3% 2.7%

Geography
Land area Agricultural area Capital city Population of capital city (2000) 432,162 sq km 14% Baghdad 4.7 million

Transportation
Railways Highways: paved unpaved Waterways Pipelines (2003): crude oil petroleum products natural gas Ports and Harbours (2003) Merchant Marine International Airport 1,963 km 38,399 km 7,151 km 5,275 km 5,418 km 1,343 km 1,739 km 3 13 ships Baghdad International (BIAP), Baghdad

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Economy
Monetary unit New Iraqi Dinar Exchange rate £ Stg 2,702.6 US $ 1,462.5 Euro 1,872.0 Yen (×100) 1,378.0 Average annual inflation (1998 to 2003) 14% Inflation rate 27% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices US$31.8 billion GDP PPP basis US$37.9 billion GDP per capita US$1,173 GDP per capita PPP basis US$1,500 Average annual real change in GDP (2000 to 2004 est.) 5% Private consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 38.9% General government consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 50.5% Gross domestic investment as a proportion of GDP (2003) 34.9%

Construction
Gross value of construction output Net value of construction output as a proportion of GDP Source: US$3.2 billion 10.1%

The Financial Times Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook The World Bank Central Bank of Iraq Central Statistical Organisation, Republic of Iraq

All data relates to latest as at 3Q 2004 PPP Purchasing Power Parity

The operation of the US-led invasion in March to April 2003 resulted in the removal of Saddam Hussein’s regime and the shutdown of much of the central economic administrative structure.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 91 Country profile 91 Country profile Iraq is located in the Middle East and borders Iran to the east. the Arab League. The official languages are Arabic and Kurdish in Kurdish regions. Jordan and Syria to the west and Turkey to the north. A joint UN and World Bank report released in the fall of 2003 estimated that Iraq’s key reconstruction needs through 2007 would cost US $55 billion. Iraq became independent in 1932 from a British Mandate. Rainfall is heaviest in the north-east mostly between October and May and desert areas receive virtually no rainfall. Iraq is a member of the United Nations. the Arabian Gulf and Kuwait to the south-east. The principal religion is Islam. Central and southern Iraq has high humidity with temperatures soaring to as high as 50°C. with hot summers particularly in the south and cold winters in the northern mountains. the Iraq-Iran war from 1980 to 1988. The Republic of Iraq was plunged into wars during the past two decades. ruled as a constitutional monarchy. comprising Shi'a and Sunni Muslims and the rest Christians and other minorities. Saudi Arabia to the south. The Iraqi Interim Government (IIG) was established in June 2004 to govern Iraq until a government could be elected through national elections. The terrain is arid desert to the west with a broad central valley between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers and mountains to the north-east. Since then there were a number of coups and regime changes taking place until 1979 when Saddam Hussein took power and declared Iraq a republic state. Iraq has a mainly continental climate bringing a wide range of temperatures. The country is well rich with petroleum and natural gas and about 50% of its land is arable. Assyrian and Armenian. . the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 and subsequently the Gulf War in 1991 which have all proven disastrous for the country. Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC). UN economic sanctions have been imposed since 1992 demanding the disclosure and destruction of all stockpiles of weapons. The Iraqi construction industry was characterised by a heavy dependence on oil-driven sectors and is now involved in a process of reconstruction and rehabilitation of all damaged infrastructure.

overtime should not exceed 300 per cent of the normal hours worked per year. In addition. 17 of 2000. insurance and other mandatory and voluntary contributions. The cost of labour is based on the employee’s basic pay and includes those allowances for the employer and employee expenses such as holidays. . the employer is under the prohibition to terminate an employee's contract if the latter holds trade union responsibilities and the organisation does not agree with the termination. Law No. 71 of 1987 governs labour in Iraq. This law has two amendments. Considering the latest developments within the country the reader is advised to contact the British Embassy for up to date advice. Also. The labour resources are a combination of the employee’s basic pay and the financial cost to the employer of that labour. 15 of 1991 and Law No. The second amendment introduces the obligation for the employer to inform the Labour section in Baghdad in case an Arab employee is hired. The Labour Law No.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 92 92 Iraq Construction cost data Labour resources The figures below are typical labour costs that may be expected on building sites within an urban area of Iraq and are taken at a pre-war date of fourth quarter 2002.

447 29.447 35.36 35.44 27.447 35.868 52.44 23.89 30.538 52.358 52.95 19.59 27.447 44.770 29.32 35.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 93 Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Labour resources Operatives General Labourer Groundworks Labourer Bricklayer Shuttering Carpenter Carpenter Steel Fixer Metalworker Craftsman Roof Tiler Sheet Metal Roofer Glazier Plasterer Plasterers Labourer Suspended Ceiling Installer Painter Floor/Wall Tiler Plumber Electrician IQD 20.447 52.44 23.44 31.02 19.89 35.36 35.22 22.89 24.22 13.44 18.87 15.89 30.358 52.59 27.26 19.67 41.22 19.31 US $ 14.21 27.538 52.89 24.44 35.85 .85 31.32 35.447 44.89 41.44 35.02 19.89 35.63 27.89 20.883 60.21 20.67 Euro 10.95 19.44 27.22 16.26 19.883 £ Stg 7.22 10.21 27.447 52.868 52.44 18.31 22.61 10.447 60.63 27.22 19.44 15.22 13.22 16.

75 1.5 Tonne Block and Tackle Craneage/lifting equipment Unit Hour Hour Hour Hour Day Day Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour IQD 34.777 34.03 9.698 13.55 7.75 9.65 10.533 17.69 0.90 18.95 9.88 1.57 7.986 11.95 5.223 8.36 0.2 m Reinforcement bending machine 25 Tonne Mobile Crane 13 Tonne Mobile Crane 10 Tonne Mobile Crane Wacker Plate 2.81 Euro 18.17 23.72 4.81 17.56 7.102 1.58 0.20 .50 9. The rates do not include for any fuel or maintenance expenses and exclude operator costs and charges.40 0.713 34.32 6.61 3. and are current at a pre-war date of fourth quarter 2002.65 12.13 4. Plant costs Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Plant resources Hymac 580 (360 deg tracked excavator) JCB 3C (180 deg wheeled excavator) Vibrating Roller 6–8 Tonne Dumper 4WD Hydraulic Tip 1270 Poker Vibrator 48 mm Beam Vibrator 6.33 17.352 1.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 94 94 Iraq Plant resources The figures below indicate the hire costs of construction plant.98 0.93 17.093 20.22 23.23 6.790 26.19 5.790 £ Stg 12.86 14.63 12.84 13.08 0.36 0.20 13.89 11.75 US $ 23.979 1. delivered to site in an urban location within Iraq.095 26.

77 318.02 284.958 869.479 13.220 774.762 869.762 869.80 5.70 5. Material costs Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Material resources Groundworks Aggregates Crushed stone hardcore Clean brick rubble hardcore As-raised hoggin Washed sand Drainage 100 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm clay drain pipes 225 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm concrete pipe class L 300 mm concrete pipe class L Concrete work Concrete Readymix concrete 20 N/mm2 Readymix concrete 30 N/mm2 Reinforcement Mild steel bars BS4449 8 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 10 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 16 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 25 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 40 mm High yield bars BS4449 8 mm High yield bars BS4449 10 mm High yield bars BS4449 16 mm High yield bars BS4449 25 mm High yield bars BS4449 40 mm Tying wire mild steel Reinforcement spacer blocks m3 m3 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 100 60.44 34.85 7.98 26.37 9.629 7.72 12.01 23.04 455.36 530.96 2.286 5.54 284.59 18.10 2.36 595.04 455.28 3.02 284.91 9.061 64.52 5.36 530.44 455.04 455.44 405.10 4.258 49.04 10.10 4.02 318.916 13.24 595.31 5.77 318.360 15.85 7.01 31.958 774.958 774.58 7. and are taken at a pre-war date of the fourth quarter 2002.60 405.10 43.28 3.36 530.25 5.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 95 Construction cost data 95 Material resources The figures below indicate the costs of main construction materials.24 595.325 22.24 586.68 41.24 595.958 774.958 774.24 595.02 284.04 448.95 530.890 8.83 m3 m3 m3 m3 m m m m m 13.44 405.57 Unit IQD £ Stg US $ Euro .77 318.51 7.96 9. The costs allow for large supplies in full loads and include any mechanical off-loading required at the site.70 9. delivered to a building site in and around the capital city.762 856.04 455.14 5.916 7.06 6.762 869.762 869. Baghdad.17 3.42 33.02 284.28 6.52 8.352 18.44 405.36 530.44 405.77 313.088 14.77 318.

79 2.5N 3.54kg RSC BS4360 254 × 76 mm × 28.001.23 5.44 313.712.08 1.247.09kg RSC BS4360 432 × 102 mm × 65.43 8.00 1.5N 3.053 1.5N 3.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 96 Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Material resources Masonry Bricks Clay common bricks Blocks 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks 3.05 35.64 953.613 1.34 1.78 1.053 668.48 1.69 2.5N 3.64 953.951 1.823.855 0.06 .11 9.247.23 935.13 41.68 627.87 2.15 707.64 953.712.32 59.053 1.842 1.19 1.31 7.88 1.30 5.06 896.69 8.53 7.85kg RSJ BS4360 203 × 152 mm × 52.053 1.89kg RHS BS4360 450 × 250 mm × 167kg RHS BS4360 300 × 200 mm × 92.78 1.066 13.68 701.477 3.172.5N 3.226 5.34 1.930.54 23.12 12.08 2.5N (solid) (solid) (solid) (hollow) (hollow) (hollow) 1000 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 Tonne Tonne m3 457.236 4.32 0.613 1.38 239.309.662 3.46 0.986 113.21 2.57 77.01 1.85 2.70 668.077 10.78 1.172.6kg Woodwork Floors and flat roofs 38 × 100 mm sawn softwood 50 × 100 mm sawn softwood 38 × 25 mm tanalised batten Boarding to Flooring 12 mm WBP ply 18 mm WBP ply 25 mm WBP ply Nails Galvanised nails 75 mm Alloy nails 65 mm × 10g 50 mm Oval wire nails Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 1.81 4.64 953.61 627.247.599 98.96 1.45 2.88 0.43 2.15 655.069 167.00 1.96 3.30 1.602 818 15.337 5.15 1.59 2.224.56 10.78 m m m m2 m2 m2 kg kg kg 2.30 5.543 4.55 2.788.823.86 12.07 4.94 5.115 3.247.78 1.83 67.823.93 51.327 5.968 1.010.86 1.913.26 2.62 16.21 2.16 Unit IQD £ Stg US $ Euro Cement and Sand Portland cement in bags Soft sand for mortar Cement mortar (1:3) Metalwork Structural steel UB BS4360 914 × 305 mm × 289kg UB BS4360 610 × 305 mm × 238kg UB BS4360 457 × 191 mm × 98kg RSJ BS4360 254 × 203 mm × 81.051 8.06 896.11 1.89 3.96 3.521 24.67 1.15 668.41 3.15 1.65 17.170 34.321.47 668.23 1.48 2.823.

89 5.48 95.686 36.99 66.417 371.69 0.54 1.343 56.38 m2 m2 m2 m2 1000 1000 m2 m2 Nr Nr 70.68 3.21 13.80 29.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 97 Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Material resources Thermal and moisture protection Sheet metal Sheet lead BS1178 Code 4 Sheet zinc BS849 0.46 13.32 2.57 0.976 37.49 48.54 47.37 136.32 0.71 128.517 33.82 25.13 194.302 7.63 17.49 566.00 34.91 145.54 307.58 Tiles 25mm × 225 × 225 mm quarry tile m2 9mm × 150 × 150 mm ceramic floor tile m2 .23 0.00 24.87 78.60 mm Sheet copper BS2870 0. red Damp-proof membranes 1000g polythene d.471 90. Insulation 100 mm thick fibreglass quilt Roofing sheets and fixings Corrugated PVC sheet 1830 mm Corrugated galv sheet 1830 mm Doors and windows UPVC UPVC UPVC UPVC window frames s/casement 1000 × 600 glazed s/casement 1000 × 900 glazed s/casement 1000 × 1200 glazed Nr Nr Nr m2 m2 m2 m2 298.610 1.92 36.488.03 68.01 Unit IQD £ Stg US $ Euro 303.71 545.41 41.39 98.32 164.94 53.338 828.21 111.m.72 25.337 25.909 188.99 19.23 778.32 0.23 254.87 Glass and glazing 4 mm clear sheet glass 6 mm Georgian wired polished plate 5 mm toughened safety glass 5.81 204.074 1.70 433.936 449.924 1.00 2.59 235.70 33.4 mm laminated safety glass Finishes Plasterboards 12.958 78.14 38.511 1.018.306 49.5 mm plasterboard m2 3.68 23.48 2.82 124.65 62.p.75 12.232 182.302 109.78 20. red 380 × 260 mm pantile.76 156.45 mm Felts Underslating felt Type 1F Clay roofing products 265 × 165 mm plain tile.91 28.75 0.775 212.68 18.08 19.

15 17.84 17.097 34.34 10.41 12.05 23.50 12.594 36.09 25.55 13.097 7.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 98 Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Material resources Decorations Paints and Sundries Emulsion paint matt white Masonry textured paint white Oil/Alkyd paint undercoat Oil/Alkyd paint gloss white 5 5 5 5 Litre Litre Litre Litre 20.34 23.50 14.84 Unit IQD £ Stg US $ Euro .597 34.77 19.

528 3.51 m 6. Each rate includes for all necessary labour.475 33. by machine.22 15.287 2. Ref. plant and material costs that would be involved in carrying out the operation described.20 5.51 1. average depth: 0.02 1.15 m3 10.75 . cables or the like including disposal and filling Trenches to suit pipes not exceeding 200 mm dia.00 m To receive foundations. depth not exceeding: 0.86 7.30 3. compacting in 250 mm layers: 0.03 1. An allowance of 20% has also been included to cover the contractor's overheads and profit. depth not exceeding: 0. No.934 10. The values of the displayed rates are considered to be fairly representative for work of the specified nature and are at a pre-war date of fourth quarter 2002.81 1. drain pipes.04 sand 0.17 23.30 4.80 12..42 17.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 99 Construction cost data 99 Unit rates A selection of unit rates for work items that may be carried out on a typical construction project is provided in the following table. 0 Description Unit Groundworks Excavation To reduce levels.203 0. pile caps and ground beams.29 m3 m3 29.05 hardcore IQD Price £ Stg US $ Euro m3 2. Any statutory taxes have been excluded.01 1.00 m Trenches for service pipes.44 20.00 m Filling Filled into excavation.

372 64.10 m2 1.284 41.05 m2 1.94 44.60 29.52 m3 m3 m3 104.66 33.72 5.38 10.77 7.84 32.54 55.59 61.08 not exceeding 0.43 44.08 225 mm dia.01 150–300 mm thick 1.68 41.87 15.870 29.29 42.38 7.03 71.02 over 300 mm thick Pile caps and ground beams.86 50.648 77.15 57.72 40. 0.95 21.03 13.06 not exceeding 150 mm thick 1. combined and isolated bases: 1.10 m2 m m m m m 10.88 46.489 83.492 79.04 0.330 13. floors. landings.61 m3 m3 89.52 67. Description Unit Underground drainage Drain pipes and jointing in trenches IQD Price £ Stg US $ Euro Clay: 0.973 3.277 20. cross-sectional area: 1.539 30.592 38.30 36.05 over 0.96 m3 m3 81.926 32. 1 Concrete work Poured concrete Plain concrete mix 20 N/mm2 Foundations.01 .84 65.10 over 0.09 150 mm dia.97 30.68 51.03 not exceeding 0.20 43.121 95.07 150–300 mm thick Columns and casings to metal stanchions.07 150 mm dia.32 60.09 28.14 54.58 4.09 0.20 m2 Reinforced concrete mix 30N/mm2 Suspended slabs.92 28.74 m3 m3 m3 84.05–0.601 88.82 57.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 100 Ref. Concrete: 0. 0. cross-sectional area: 1.47 23.33 35.510 99.66 6.05–0.03 9.06 100 mm dia.05 m2 1.88 53.10 300 mm dia. roofs or the like: 1. No.42 54. 0.20 m2 1.86 46.

04 443.08 951. bent and labelled Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 1.708 1.40 710.05 773.35 5. delivered to site cut.046 1.15 Bars.417 1.65 5.64 692. No.682 1.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 101 Ref.130.182 1.64 7.194.175 12.390.209.68 10.53 651. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm High yield steel bars.45 414.884 468.19 624.67 565.91 .30 668. bent and labelled IQD Price £ Stg US $ Euro 1.811 1.943 1.10 4.82 817.15 727.97 380.037.01 100 mm solid blocks 2.13 1. strength 3.14 1.12 1.52 Precast concrete blocks.83 905. delivered to site cut.277.26 788.649 509.126 4.323.080.85 6.90 851.01 591. in cement mortar (1:3): 2.19 1.39 873.02 150 mm solid blocks 2.65 8.67 422.917 1.17 1.16 1.00 1.96 739.54 7.03 200 mm solid blocks m2 m2 m2 11.77 602.97 828. Description Unit Reinforcement Bar reinforcement Mild steel bars.12 633.73 485. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm Masonry Walls Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 1.20 2 Bars.151.25 543.14 456.244.18 437.690 15.11 1.48 395.18 1.5N/mm2.

265.19 Tonne Tonne 2.290.328 42.10 2.38 2.03 12 mm thick 4.655. grade BB: 4.728 1.57 904. alloy nailed every fifth course.793 34.801 48.03 432 × 102 mm × 65.02 610 × 305 mm × 238 kg/m Rolled steel channels.97 3.104 2.80 15.32 1.269 2. red 5.01 265 × 165 mm plain tile. No.21 25.24 1.713.681 917.757 5.00 m2 m2 m2 22.419.51 m m 3.54 kg/m 3.02 50 × 100 mm Boarding to flooring WBP bonding plywood square edged boarding.01 15.02 380 × 260 mm clay pantile.75 17.475.863 32.24 11.503.05 25 mm thick 5 Coverings and linings Roofing systems Clay tile roofing.625 886. shot blasted and primed at works: 3. 38 × 25 mm tanalised softwood battens. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.33 45.565 8.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 102 Ref. basic sizes: 4.688.71 907. 3 Description Unit Structural metalwork Beams IQD Price £ Stg US $ Euro Universal beams.69 22.05 1.01 38 × 100 mm 4. red Tonne Tonne 2.04 254 × 76 mm × 28.39 1.35 12.309.89 kg/m 4 Woodwork Structural timbers Floors and flat roofs Sawn softwood.04 18 mm thick 4.42 . 65 mm lap: 5.82 33.76 29.60 23.12 1.57 3.71 59.01 914 × 305 mm × 289 kg/m 3.04 1.466.67 1.92 1.92 18.694.295.67 1.41 m2 m2 87.

returns.82 9.399 3.83 1.96 2.739 8.42 1.44 2.21 1.45 6.140 0.99 1.64 1.07 6.298 2.08 m2 m2 m2 m2 2.15 1.04 225 × 225 × 25 mm Decorations One mist coat and two full coats of emulsion paint Walls.75 6.78 1.17 6.01 25 mm thick 6.867 3.11 6.01 1.05 6.87 4.72 .10 6. jointed and pointed in cement mortar (1:3) To floors and landings: 6.33 2.02 38 mm thick 6.47 3.12 4.25 1.12 m2 m2 m2 m2 2. attached and unattached beams and staircase soffits: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds textured plastic coating backgrounds m2 m2 m2 6.61 5.707 3. 6 Description Unit Finishes Cement and sand (1:3) trowelled finish IQD Price £ Stg US $ Euro To floors and landings: 6.52 1.03 65 mm thick Quarry tiles bedded.25 1.873 20.61 1.760 4.09 6.92 29.133 2.53 4.13 1.11 2.500 13.14 1.85 2.96 m2 56. No.84 38.293 1.06 6.89 2.080 3.50 1.05 1.10 3.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 103 Ref. attached and unattached columns: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds blockwork backgrounds Ceilings. reveals of openings or recesses.

097.36 36.916.37 163.277 312.461 3.88 68.26 332.49 52.99 5.61 304.875.464 177.85 163.26 332.963 7.76 5.03 7.723.25 Nr Nr 58.306.26 114.49 2.86 253.94 30.120.23 2.98 1.389.67 3.600.03 2.11 vitreous china Sinks: 7.05 500 gallon 7.84 999.14 low level syphonic Bidets: 7.426.664.893.187 6.85 3.441.70 Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr 485.54 213.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 104 Ref. capacity (US) gallons: 7.909.06 .415 246.722.912.836 1. 7 Description Unit Mechanical engineering Equipment Air handling units Externally fitted air conditioning unit. wall mounted: 3.010 1.5 kw cooling unit 5.261.38 4.5 kw cooling unit 10.45 GRP prefabricated water storage tanks for above ground use.91 90.036.13 low level washdown 7.26 233.433.57 1.463.10 acrylic Basins: 7.89 163.51 2.800.298 445.046. rotary compressor.26 2.994.464 908.06 1000 gallon 7.30 1.677.01 7.04 Nr Nr Nr Nr 3.059 445.218 2.56 304.86 2.79 2.02 7.92 39.98 2.517.86 621.20 168.355.554 699.739 21.07 2000 gallon Plastic water storage cisterns with lids: 7.08 114 litre 7.20 233.06 475.0 kw cooling unit Tanks IQD Price £ Stg US $ Euro 7.0 kw cooling unit 7. complete with fittings Baths: 7.12 stainless steel WC suites: 7.15 vitreous china Nr Nr Nr 1.96 128.30 4.82 3.09 182 litre Sanitaryware.278 100. No.886.

prefabricated.24 36.5 mm/2.04 16 mm Consumer units. assembled and installed on site. available ways: 8.730 6.63 . surface mounted.79 68.212 100. galvanised.05 6-way 8.66 6. heavy gauge.22 m m 17. No.0 mm gauge.06 12-way m 9. 8 Description Unit Electrical engineering Sub main circuits IQD Price £ Stg US $ Euro PVC insulated and sheathed single core cable. prefabricated. 1.01 10 mm2 Standard cable trays.980 3.30 14.68 9.83 5.70 Nr Nr 55.87 9. 450/750V. including jointing.89 52.96 12.59 7.41 11. nominal csa: 8.87 37.03 100 mm Steel conduit.590 20. assembled and installed on site. external diameter: 8. prefabricated.02 50 mm 8. galvanised. 240V SP & N Standard metal consumer unit with integral 100A main switch.37 m 18.84 28.978 21. fixing to structure and drawing cables Rigid conduit.79 12. width: 8. fixing to structure.534 6. assembled and installed on site. including fixing to structure with hangers and brackets Straight trays with trapeze hangers.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 105 Ref.

27 3.09 3 gang. No. Description Unit Accessories Switch assemblies.923 12.46 7.28 9. mounting boxes and fixings where required. with neon indicator.47 4. surface mounted.525 3.82 . flush mounted.469 2.27 8. (mortices measured separately) 13A SP.587 5.10 1 gang 8.11 17.13 1 gang. 2 way 8.12 1 gang 8.62 Nr Nr 8.32 8.35 6.082 16. (mortices measured separately) IQD Price £ Stg US $ Euro 5A SP.65 11.43 6.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 106 Ref.32 15.897 16.534 22.51 11.14 1 gang. 2 way 8.54 4.929 25.07 1 gang. with neon indicator 8. including installation and fixing to structure.11 2 gang 13A SP. switched: 8. including installation and fixing to structure. mounting boxes and fixings where required.35 Nr Nr Nr 13.08 2 gang.74 8.06 8. metalplate Nr Nr Nr 6.67 13.62 6.09 6. unswitched: 8.27 11. flush mounted: 8.27 9.04 4. 2 way Socket assemblies.

247 2.448.252.045 1.145 991 615 965 666 585 857 630 1.461 79. These considerations would need to address such items as the general condition of the site.778 873.166 IQD/m2 535.625.170 2.640 758 470 738 509 448 655 482 1.134. such as land purchase. Each project would be unique in this respect and any appraisal of likely development costs for the scheme will need to determine any additions that may have an adverse effect on typical anticipated costs. These generally reflect approximate prices for building costs on a unit area basis and can only be considered as a guide to likely costs for the indicated construction facility.674 £ Stg/m2 196 1. No allowance has been made for value added tax. site access and general location.536 921.059. They do not include professional fees or capital costs. Facility type Multi Storey Car Parks Petrol Stations Airport Terminal Buildings Sorting Offices Refuse Depots Stables and the like Factories Advanced Factories Purpose Built Workshops Warehouses Town Halls Law Courts Offices Banks/Building Societies Retail Warehouses IQD/ft2 49.659 1.410.187 81.850 598 280 1.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 107 Construction cost data 107 Approximate estimating A range of rates for construction facility types has been provided in the following table. preliminaries and general items.357 2.582 2.053 90.703. availability of resources and the like.464 1.415 457 .400 1.881 191.620 291.085 1.078 1.727 855.363 85. All rates should be treated with caution in any projections and professional advice should be sought before predicted cost calculations are concluded.149 531 330 517 357 314 459 338 784 962 755 991 320 US $/m2 Euro/m2 367 2. The rates allow for all base construction costs and also include for typical oncosts. In some cases prices for buildings not commonly available in the country are also given in an attempt to provide the reader with an estimated likely cost of construction.523 131.340 251. Feasibility studies that make use of these rates should take into account any project specific costs.327 899.660 973.139.164 134. All prices shown are as current at a pre-war date of fourth quarter 2002.119 1.586 198.687 3.292 3.797 1.410 1.553 83.469 116.171.767 294. The unit area values should be applied to the total floor area of all storeys and generally include for average preliminary and on-costs.751 243.373 1.162 1.131 2.

628 1.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 108 Facility type Shopping Centres Department Stores Hypermarkets / Supermarkets Shops Stadia Pavilions and Sports Club Houses Religious Buildings Schools Sixth Form Colleges Universities Colleges Research Facilities Laboratories Exhibition Buildings Public Libraries Flats Housing Detached Hotels Halls of Residence Fire Stations Police Stations Closed Prisons Hospitals Intensive Care / Acute Wards Health Centres Nursing Homes Homes for the Elderly Day Centres Veterinary Hospitals Restaurants Theatres Cinemas Clubs Covered Swimming Pools Sports Centres exc.805.694 1.349 154.650.815 1.541 203.998 2.528 1.929 183.723 1.857.633.723 244.781 220.820 £ Stg/m2 490 608 581 459 708 681 801 684 666 814 662 965 945 1.456 1.755.659.327 1.383.939.320 2.970 246.965 2.247 1.584.349 1.093 724 1.945 259.386 1.236 1.015 886 1.980.221.879 1.557.574 1.149 157.265.123 213.588.970 1.616 176.162 945 1.243 1.357 207.711 1.322 1.987 2.299 1.139 1.798.771 1.136 1.191 147.430 947 1.765 1.694 2.740 1.185.235 1.475.625 1.802 1.624 236.707 206.815.693.033.988.309 2.898.245 2.541.057.036 1.814 1.581 700 868 829 655 1.354 918 1.541 229.076 1.361 1.510 1.931.643.295 1.278 1.208 .123 2.132 2.077 173.476 163.175 2.446 1.613 1.079 1.717.378 1.337.361 2.263 154.020 766 507 745 726 729 870 907 1.567 258.381 179.026 971 949 643 711 621 754 843 969 696 818 629 1.086 3.904 2.165 116.122 1.066 1.782.159 1.669 245.383 993 1.904 1.915 1.708 871 1.235 2.041 1.144 977 950 1.496 1.521 303.317 191.242 1.485 1.168 898 1.676 239.373.400 159.408 1.271 1.650 214.232.917 1.521 1.567 1.015 2.064 1. Pools Sports Halls Gymnasia IQD/ft2 124.456 1.577 188.201 1.130 128.455 1.369 2.084 857 1.936 2.064 2.588 IQD/m2 1.355 1.460 194.418 167.299.809 1.309.372 2.203 240.989 184.578.089.252.010 972 1.445 1.197 610 932 571 847 US $/m2 Euro/m2 915 1.155 144.464 1.700 2.330 815 1. Pools Sports Centres inc.436 172.392 1.867.496 168.203 1.664.085 180.

The values used to generate the graphic display are at monthly intervals for each of the currencies and the individual line bars show the respective comparison of the New Iraqi Dinar with each of them and the relative value to each other.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 109 Construction cost data 109 Exchange rates The following graph indicates the exchange rate movement over 2004 of the New Iraqi Dinar against four other international currencies. Exchange Rates . the Euro and the Japanese Yen (×100). £ Sterling. US Dollar.

3 27.6%.4 19.8 207. particularly between 1991–1995 where average inflation for the period was a staggering 265%. 1n 1998 inflation rebounded to 23% and during the next five years to 2003.622 9. plots the annual percentage change in consumer price inflation since 1991. The subsequent year.0 –15.2 351.0 14. During 1995 the level remained very high. during which the average inflation figure for the year was an astonishing 492%.6 5.188 84.659 45.175 change % – 187.5 492.4%. The graph.945 108.604 43.0 83. which follows the table below.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 110 110 Iraq Consumer price inflation The table below highlights the inflation index for consumer prices since 1990.8 12. with a figure of 351% recorded. witnessed a dramatic decline as the rate of inflation fell to a yearly average figure of –15.310 36. Consumer Prices Year 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Source: Central Bank of Iraq annual average 100 287 527 1. The CPI level peaked at the end of 1994.099 51.3% from figures provided by the Iraqi authorities. although slightly down on the previous year.4 23.271 61. The indices have been rebased to 1990=100.761 58. 1996. inflation levels remained at a relatively modest level of 13. The forecast for the current year appears to indicate another upward trend in the inflation level with an anticipated average figure for 2004 of 27.171 71.0 16.3 . Iraq has historically experienced a high level of consumer price inflation (CPI) over the years.

Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 111 Consumer Price Inflation for Years 1991 through 2004 .

Thomas@MottMac.gov.gov.uk Website: www.com Foreign Embassies British Embassy Baghdad c/o Iraq Policy Unit Foreign & Commonwealth Office London SW1A 2AH Tel: (00964) 790 192 6280 Email: britembBaghdad@fco.com Iraqi American Chamber of Commerce and Industry Arasat Al-Hendlya Street Building 128/3 Quarter 929.com Website: http://www.mochiraq.com Website: www.contrack.Section_Two_1 23/06/2005 2:02 pm Page 112 112 Iraq Useful addresses Public organisations Ministry of Construction and Housing Email: moch@mochiraq.org Construction Consultants Mott MacDonald PO Box 11302 Dubai UAE Tel: +971 (0) 4 343 4218 Fax: +971 (0) 4 343 4281 Email: Nigel. Transportation Sector in Iraq 1001 North 19th Street Suite 1220 Arlington VA 22209 USA Tel: (001) 703 358 8800 Fax: (001) 703 358 8808 Email: frontdesk@contrack.org Website: http://iraqiamericancci.usembassy.uk Embassy of the United States APO AE 09316 Baghdad Iraq Tel: (001) 703 343 7604 Website: http://iraq.gov Industrial Organisations Contrack International Inc. Street 21 Baghdad Iraq Tel: (00964) 1 776 1601 Fax: (00964) 1 776 1603 Email: baghdad@I-acci.com .britishembassy.

10 km 1 9 ships Queen Alia.971 sq km 4.245 km 0 km n.61 million 79% 35% 4% 2.a.5% Amman 2.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 113 Jordan ECONOMIC INDICATORS AND KEY DATA Population Population Urban Population Population under 15 Population 65 and over Population growth rate 5.7% Geography Land area Agricultural area Capital city Population of capital city 91. Amman .a.13 million Transportation Railways Highways: paved unpaved Waterways Pipelines: crude oil petroleum products natural gas Ports and Harbours Merchant Marine International Airport 505 km 7. 743 km n.

77% Private consumption as a proportion of GDP 69.264 US $ 0.72% Inflation rate 2.297 GDP per capita PPP basis US$4.30% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices JD6.709 Euro 0.5% General government consumption as a proportion of GDP 25.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 114 Economy Monetary unit Jordanian Dinar Exchange rate £ Stg 1.0% Gross domestic investment as a proportion of GDP 22.80% .869 Yen (×100) 0.3% Construction Gross value of construction output Gross value of construction output as a proportion of GDP Source: The Financial Times Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook Department of Statistics for Jordan All data relates to latest as at 3Q 2004 PPP Purchasing Power Parity JD265 million 3.074 million GDP PPP basis US$23.6 billion GDP per capita JD1.300 Average annual real change in GDP (1998 to 2003) 3.638 Average annual inflation (1998 to 2003) 1.

also called the House of Notables. Most of the country has an arid terrain of hills and mountains although the southern part of the Jordan river with the Great Rift Valley separating the east and west of the country. is composed of 110 members. The climate is one of hot and dry summers. The rainy season is from November to April. Syria to the north. Jordan is a member of several associations including the United Nations. . elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation. Iraq to the east and Saudi Arabia to the east and south. also called the House of Deputies.4% (2003 est.) of the country’s total work force. Christian and others. In 2000 Jordan joined the World Trade Organisation and began to participate in the European Free Trade Association in 2001.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 115 Country profile 115 Country profile Jordan is located in the Middle East. bordering Israel to the west and including the Dead Sea. consists of 55 members appointed by the King and the House of Representatives. the International Monetary Fund and the World Health Organisation along with others. generally in the west. very hot in areas below sea level. The Jordanian construction industry employs 6. and more than 87% of construction output comes from residential buildings with less than 13% from non-residential projects. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a constitutional monarchy and legislative power is vested in the King and the National Assembly. with a short coastline to Aqaba. Ethnic Arabs form 98% of the population with 1% Circassian and 1% Armenian making up the balance. Approximately 79% of the population lives in urban areas with over two million people residing in the capital of Amman. The main and official language is Arabic although English is widely used amongst the upper and middle classes. with warm and wet winters. This assembly consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Its religions comprise Sunni Muslim (more than 90%). The Senate. The fertile regions are located within the rift valley through which the River Jordan runs and these are entirely dependent on irrigation and the highlands to the east support an agricultural population.

The labour resources are a combination of the employee’s basic pay and the financial cost to the employer of that labour. Employees are entitled to fourteen days fully paid annual sick leave that can be extended by another fourteen days if the employee was hospitalised. Any additional hours will be considered for overtime and subject to twenty-five per cent additional compensation.00 and 15.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 116 116 Jordan Construction cost data Labour resources The figures below are typical labour costs for a construction project within a large rural area of Jordan and are taken at the third quarter 2003. The working week runs from Saturday to Thursday as workers are entitled to one day off per week.00 to 13. Working hours generally run from 8. . insurance and other mandatory and voluntary contributions. Maximum working hours state that forty-eight hours can be worked during a six-day week. Female employees are entitled to ten paid weeks maternity leave and any employer with twenty or more female employees must provide day-care for all children less than four years of age.30 although this varies depending on the working sector. Article 2 of the 1996 Labour Law Number 8 governs labour in Jordan. The cost of labour is based on the employee’s basic pay and includes those allowances for employer and employee expenses such as holidays. The seventh day is classified as a paid weekly holiday.30 to 19. Any worker employed by a company for five years is also entitled to a one off fourteen-day leave to make the pilgrimage to the Islamic holy shrines in Mecca.

99 22.28 22.93 27.00 30.81 23.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 117 Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Labour resources Operatives General Labourer Groundworks Labourer Bricklayer Shuttering Carpenter Carpenter Steel Fixer Metalworker Craftsman Roof Tiler Sheet Metal Roofer Glazier Plasterer Plasterers Labourer Suspended Ceiling Installer Painter Floor/Wall Tiler Plumber Electrician JD 12.92 15.02 28.74 26.00 20.92 26.95 32.44 32.92 19.00 30.02 28.10 22.93 27.66 32.02 35.01 42.00 20.00 30.00 25.93 21.92 15.92 15.28 22.00 30.42 .00 30.93 21.95 32.01 42.28 22.02 35.92 22.01 42.02 49.00 35.42 38.10 22.93 38.00 £ Stg 9.93 32.00 30.93 32.02 49.02 42.01 42.00 30.00 20.00 30.74 US $ 16.92 22.93 21.02 Euro 13.81 42.92 19.02 42.00 35.17 18.01 42.02 28.00 25.44 32.95 32.00 17.17 12.

01 16.78 7.01 1.40 28. Plant costs Price Plant resources Hymac 580 (360 deg tracked excavator) JCB 3C (180 deg wheeled excavator) Vibrating Roller 6–8 Tonne Dumper 4WD Hydraulic Tip 1270 Poker Vibrator 48 mm Beam Vibrator 6.00 15.17 0.50 0.00 6.11 4.71 1.00 15. The rates do not include for any fuel or maintenance and exclude operator costs and charges.28 US $ 28. delivered to a building site within an urban area of Jordan.01 Euro 21.00 11.00 5.95 16.01 21.46 3.40 28.20 9.91 1.64 0.76 15.28 11.49 8.00 £ Stg 15.10 21.00 8.00 20.47 13.00 20.46 9.17 0.5 Tonne Block and Tackle Craneage/lifting equipment Unit Hour Hour Hour Hour Day Day Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour JD 20.2 m Reinforcement bending machine 25 Tonne Mobile Crane 13 Tonne Mobile Crane 10 Tonne Mobile Crane Wacker Plate 2.01 21.00 0.81 0.47 5. and are current at the third quarter 2004.95 .Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 118 118 Jordan Plant resources The figures below indicate the hire costs of construction plant.14 10.01 7.28 11.76 15.97 7.10 21.10 14.00 1.50 10.95 16.65 1.00 12.98 1.82 6.

11 8.78 12.63 11.97 27.97 381.30 8.32 39.42 630.87 4.34 6.16 Unit JD £ Stg US $ Euro .20 47.96 548.00 490.72 6.00 450.28 700.28 700.19 25.00 2.96 493.78 2.28 686.30 18.22 9.85 548. The costs allow for large supplies in full loads and include any mechanical off-loading required at the site.25 630.00 36.77 343.32 3.00 500.96 493.00 450.57 8.25 700.20 3.49 8. Material costs Price Material resources Groundworks Aggregates Crushed stone hardcore Clean brick rubble hardcore As-raised hoggin Washed sand Drainage 100 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm clay drain pipes 225 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm concrete pipe class L 300 mm concrete pipe class L Concrete work Concrete Readymix concrete 20 N/mm2 Readymix concrete 30 N/mm2 Reinforcement Mild steel bars BS4449 8 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 10 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 16 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 25 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 40 mm High yield bars BS4449 8 mm High yield bars BS4449 10 mm High yield bars BS4449 16 mm High yield bars BS4449 25 mm High yield bars BS4449 40 mm Tying wire mild steel Reinforcement spacer blocks m3 m3 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 100 34.96 493.60 m3 m3 m3 m3 m m m m m 8.97 374.92 9.78 8.00 500.69 8.25 630.28 700.69 3. delivered to a construction site within an urban area of Jordan. and are taken at the third quarter 2004 prices.82 5.38 7.52 493.85 548.00 450.00 500.77 343.97 381.25 630.77 343.00 450.00 500.73 6.11 1.11 5.85 548.33 3.49 11.00 7.28 700.50 343.38 11.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 119 Construction cost data 119 Material resources The figures below indicate the costs of main building materials.61 8.77 343.77 381.00 4.20 10.87 37.35 6.27 5.85 537.97 381.00 450.00 500.38 5.62 50.34 10.60 23.85 548.75 2.57 16.97 381.96 493.25 630.00 11.

156.15 2.00 65.19 1.79 13.06 983.59 19.156.48 1.376.06 804.65 777.475.475.65 804.35 Unit JD £ Stg US $ Euro Cement and Sand Portland cement in bags Soft sand for mortar Cement mortar (1:3) Metalwork Structural steel UB BS4360 914 × 305 mm × 289 kg UB BS4360 610 × 305 mm × 238 kg UB BS4360 457 × 191 mm × 98 kg RSJ BS4360 254 × 203 mm × 81.19 1.56 4.26 5.58 1.42 1.38 1.09 1.26 4.04 285.475.19 1.6 kg Woodwork Floors and flat roofs 38 × 100 mm sawn softwood 50 × 100 mm sawn softwood 38 × 25 mm tanalised batten Boarding to Flooring 12 mm WBP ply 18 mm WBP ply 25 mm WBP ply Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 1.50 3.33 3.194.55 2.37 1.070.37 8.32 60.00 818.62 1.475.5N 3.61 3.65 1.81 3.053.29 1.04 2.156.78 2.74 3.053.72 10.29 1.09 1.66 364.78 71.33 3.83 1.20 2.5N (solid) (solid) (solid) (hollow) (hollow) (hollow) 1000 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 Tonne Tonne m3 260.376.018.82 751.53 1.27 .Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 120 Price Material resources Masonry Bricks Clay common bricks Blocks 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks 3.02 55.89 kg RHS BS4360 450 × 250 mm × 167 kg RHS BS4360 300 × 200 mm × 92.053.19 1.117.80 3.17 983.92 21.00 751.65 831.11 9.91 2.03 27.45 1.19 1.84 1.38 14.09 kg RSC BS4360 432 × 102 mm × 65.65 14.14 2.19 1.28 1.50 4.40 2.77 6.25 1.00 198.053.23 77.38 804.31 19.20 91.19 1.85 kg RSJ BS4360 203 × 152 mm × 52.00 2.20 1.079.57 2.175.5N 3.5N 3.29 804.19 m m m m2 m2 m2 2.00 8.54 kg RSC BS4360 254 × 76 mm × 28.00 2.079.01 8.55 3.31 42.11 49.02 6.426.86 2.64 1.29 1.5N 3.78 3.77 1.156.60 1.499.06 1.5N 3.01 1.524.42 12.04 0.03 11.088.83 1.98 1.

62 Euro 5.02 0.82 514.95 208.00 860.204.29 656. red 380 × 260 mm pantile. red Damp-proof membranes 1000g polythene d.78 m2 m2 m2 m2 1000 1000 m2 m2 Nr Nr 40.40 72.41 3.44 32.88 39.58 32.16 350.00 6.60 15.42 52.4 mm laminated safety glass .13 1.52 US $ 6.20 28.21 21.09 0.05 44.59 46.02 5.73 0.84 3.82 8.60 mm Sheet copper BS2870 0.10 6.84 1.14 228.40 58.82 944.53 4.72 6.57 56.07 6.45 mm Felts Underslating felt Type 1F Clay roofing products 265 × 165 mm plain tile.01 0.98 274.47 8.36 190.76 39.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 121 Price Material resources Nails Galvanised nails 75 mm Alloy nails 65 mm × 10g 50 mm Oval wire nails Thermal and moisture protection Sheet metal Sheet lead BS1178 Code 4 Sheet zinc BS849 0.04 21.73 Glass and glazing 4 mm clear sheet glass 6 mm Georgian wired polished plate 5 mm toughened safety glass 5.m.11 246.73 4.p.18 4.03 8.28 19.62 358.75 469.80 4.00 0. Insulation 100 mm thick fibreglass quilt Roofing sheets and fixings Corrugated PVC sheet 1830 mm Corrugated galv sheet 1830 mm Doors and windows UPVC UPVC UPVC UPVC window frames s/casement 1000 × 600 glazed s/casement 1000 × 900 glazed s/casement 1000 × 1200 glazed Nr Nr Nr m2 m2 m2 m2 175.61 31.58 57.34 6.78 8.46 2.09 4.39 35.61 27.60 249.43 292.62 5.80 30.86 656.64 45.00 42.42 159.56 3.99 1.30 £ Stg 3.92 6.66 11.20 193.18 8.92 4.00 134.73 Unit kg kg kg JD 4.48 0.89 24.

55 20.45 23.68 22.40 2.59 27.69 Unit JD £ Stg US $ Euro .70 19.12 30.06 26.59 12.23 21.56 20.5 mm plasterboard Tiles 25mm × 225 × 225 mm quarry tile 9mm × 150 × 150 mm ceramic floor tile Decorations Paints and Sundries Emulsion paint matt white Masonry textured paint white Oil/Alkyd paint undercoat Oil/Alkyd paint gloss white 5 5 5 5 Litre Litre Litre Litre 11.05 16.91 15.62 m2 m2 m2 2.39 14.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 122 Price Material resources Finishes Plasterboards 12.17 27.83 19.82 15.40 3.70 16.46 18.05 15.70 8.18 29.62 21.85 1.86 21.

75 5. average depth: 0. plant and material costs that would be involved in carrying out the operation described.44 6. depth not exceeding: 0.00 m Trenches for service pipes.38 m3 6.19 18.93 19.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 123 Construction cost data 123 Unit rates A selection of unit rates for work items that may be carried out on a typical construction project is provided in the following table.02 1.96 1.83 23.93 14. by machine. Any statutory taxes have been excluded..62 m 3.00 m Filling Filled into excavation.00 m To receive foundations.76 1. drain pipes.31 .01 1.03 4. depth not exceeding: 0. No. Each rate includes for all necessary labour.03 1. An allowance of 20% has also been included to cover the contractor’s overheads and profit.60 2.05 hardcore m3 1.58 21.60 8.71 27. compacting in 250 mm layers: 0. Ref.04 3.26 0. cables or the like including disposal and filling Trenches to suit pipes not exceeding 200 mm dia. pile caps and ground beams.42 12.95 m3 m3 16.04 sand 0. 0 Description Unit Groundworks Excavation JD Price £ Stg US $ Euro To reduce levels. The values of the displayed rates are considered to be fairly representative for work of the specified nature and are at third quarter 2004 levels.

14 34. cross-sectional area: 1.13 52.10 m2 m m m m m 3.97 42.05 m2 1.18 24.00 6.07 21. cross-sectional area: 1.73 7.44 78.63 41.57 51.15 75.77 50.91 38.87 55.27 63.07 150 mm dia.42 m3 m3 46.05–0.57 10.42 38. Description Unit Underground drainage Drain pipes and jointing in trenches JD Price £ Stg US $ Euro Clay: 0.19 21.05 m2 1.63 8.04 0.78 16.06 not exceeding 150 mm thick 1.48 m3 m3 50. 0. No.78 m3 m3 m3 58.10 over 0.07 150–300 mm thick Columns and casings to metal stanchions. 1 Concrete work Poured concrete Plain concrete mix 20 N/mm2 Foundations.94 49.30 5.07 36.20 m2 Reinforced concrete mix 30N/mm2 Suspended slabs.11 35.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 124 Ref.92 11. floors.77 61.31 45. roofs or the like: 1.13 70. 0.79 44.10 300 mm dia.88 3.21 54.42 m3 m3 m3 47.06 100 mm dia.80 53.58 36.09 150 mm dia. Concrete: 0.09 0.90 55.43 67.08 not exceeding 0.70 64.10 m2 1. landings.62 61.08 225 mm dia.33 2. 0.07 66.05 over 0.05–0.27 30.30 49.20 m2 1.02 over 300 mm thick Pile caps and ground beams.10 82.25 59.77 48.34 64.67 23. combined and isolated bases: 1.64 16.89 47.87 6.01 150–300 mm thick 1.70 4.44 69.51 29.05 .03 not exceeding 0.00 14.25 44.33 33.

17 1.61 545.06 999.18 1.061.06 1.30 8.65 533. bent and labelled JD Price £ Stg US $ Euro 1.26 459.64 832.17 1.41 875.03 200 mm solid blocks m2 m2 m2 6.01 1.90 562.18 751. Description Unit Reinforcement Bar reinforcement Mild steel bars. in cement mortar (1:3): 2.15 Bars.99 713.94 600.29 504.88 697.01 9.63 8. strength 3. bent and labelled Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 735.04 783.99 8.5N/mm2.25 959.58 6.23 977.19 1. delivered to site cut.13 1.37 7.114.48 624.61 1.14 1.27 523.24 477. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm Masonry Walls Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 795.88 757.22 12. delivered to site cut.99 653.94 660.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 125 Ref.48 684.12 1.20 2 Bars.02 150 mm solid blocks 2.01 100 mm solid blocks 2.030.68 579.89 925.60 807.47 Precast concrete blocks.11 1. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm High yield steel bars.32 685.78 766.18 717.99 659.85 725.63 873. No.15 6.92 10.58 499.52 .86 5.90 608.22 915.16 1.68 4.05 841.

94 6.89kg/m 4 Woodwork Structural timbers Floors and flat roofs Sawn softwood.04 254 × 76 mm × 28. red Tonne 1.95 1. grade BB: 4.087.02 8.39 5.75 2. No.02 37.563.35 .42 26.402. basic sizes: 4.92 19.31 m2 m2 m2 12.98 21.74 4.43 79.22 1. alloy nailed every fifth course.02 610 × 305 mm × 238kg/m Rolled steel channels.54kg/m 3. 38 × 25 mm tanalised softwood battens.01 38 × 100 mm 4.994.60 Tonne 1.19 21.02 380 × 260 mm clay pantile.10 20.40 1.59 5.05 3.36 m2 m2 56.74 1.68 1.72 Tonne 1.45 61.071.03 432 × 102 mm × 65.00 1.87 14.091.25 m m 3.54 1.568.05 25 mm thick 5 Coverings and linings Roofing systems Clay tile roofing.424. red 5.74 43.533.02 50 × 100 mm Boarding to flooring WBP bonding plywood square edged boarding.10 27.57 1.01 914 × 305 mm × 289kg/m 3.04 18 mm thick 4.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 126 Ref.001. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.67 2.60 27.03 12 mm thick 4.067.956.396.539.20 Tonne 1.73 14.964.52 30.01 265 × 165 mm plain tile.57 1.65 9.93 29.429.13 18. 3 Description Unit Structural metalwork Beams JD Price £ Stg US $ Euro Universal beams. 65 mm lap: 5.12 1.46 38.03 1. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.

92 10.00 3.91 1. No.10 6.01 25 mm thick 6.81 4.68 2.43 8.07 6. reveals of openings or recesses.06 6.76 1.11 6.41 2.17 3.12 m2 m2 m2 m2 1.55 6.05 6.78 2. attached and unattached beams and staircase soffits: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds textured plastic coating backgrounds m2 m2 m2 3.23 1. attached and unattached columns: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds blockwork backgrounds Ceilings.09 6.32 1. jointed and pointed in cement mortar (1:3) To floors and landings: 6.59 1.73 1.35 1.54 24.67 1.26 2.13 2.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 127 Ref.08 m2 m2 m2 m2 1.86 45.47 2.90 2.04 225 × 225 × 25 mm Decorations One mist coat and two full coats of emulsion paint Walls.92 4.26 1.47 m2 32.19 1.77 2.93 1.72 3.16 1.46 1.31 5.33 1.03 65 mm thick Quarry tiles bedded. returns.55 2.57 35.52 1.61 1. 6 Description Unit Finishes Cement and sand (1:3) trowelled finish JD Price £ Stg US $ Euro To floors and landings: 6.89 5.02 38 mm thick 6.50 6.71 6.78 5.03 .10 1.43 2.70 2.85 1.94 7.

04 Nr Nr Nr Nr 1.03 7.87 45.409.43 107.08 2.24 133.368.62 196.01 205.06 1000 gallon 7.31 6.73 3.44 2.71 3.13 low level washdown 7.85 286.45 286.676.51 .94 4.27 35.09 192.57 1.56 3.27 4. capacity (US) gallons: 7.07 2000 gallon Plastic water storage cisterns with lids: 7.45 834.99 4.32 3.882.40 376.02 7.77 2. wall mounted: 3.108.04 1.40 388.219.693.76 365.72 1.18 2.56 295.15 3.80 2.772.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 128 Ref.68 58.53 GRP prefabricated water storage tanks for above ground use.10 acrylic Basins: 7.50 2.74 24.90 140.433.41 Nr Nr 32.104.35 3.20 261.216.5 kw cooling unit 10.17 154. rotary compressor.441.48 Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr 268.97 44. No.642.840.08 114 litre 7.12 stainless steel WC suites: 7.11 vitreous china Sinks: 7.199.53 2.17 1.01 7.37 175.070.436.665.60 245.530.339.51 557.15 vitreous china Nr Nr Nr 1.55 365.284.550.94 199.49 1.60 4. complete with fittings Baths: 7.32 261.01 508.176.141.14 low level syphonic Bidets: 7.09 182 litre Sanitaryware.77 82.0 kw cooling unit 7.88 64.17 2.695.5 kw cooling unit 5.886. 7 Description Unit Mechanical engineering Equipment Air handling units Externally fitted air conditioning unit.092.0 kw cooling unit Tanks JD Price £ Stg US $ Euro 7.05 500 gallon 7.64 5.56 711.23 199.

prefabricated. fixing to structure and drawing cables Rigid conduit. 8 Description Unit Electrical engineering Sub main circuits JD Price £ Stg US $ Euro PVC insulated and sheathed single core cable. including jointing.29 m m 10.05 6-way 8. nominal csa: 8.37 8.36 55.06 12-way m 5.93 78. assembled and installed on site.46 14.91 14.35 11.03 100 mm Steel conduit.37 Nr Nr 31.17 34.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 129 Ref. width: 8. 240V SP & N Standard metal consumer unit with integral 100A main switch. 450/750V.02 50 mm 8.96 42.02 6.32 17. available ways: 8.5 mm/ 2.64 43. assembled and installed on site. prefabricated. galvanised.0 mm gauge.73 4. prefabricated. heavy gauge. galvanised.81 23.04 16 mm Consumer units. No. fixing to structure. external diameter: 8.36 7.22 12. including fixing to structure with hangers and brackets Straight trays with trapeze hangers.39 7.22 13. 1. surface mounted.51 11.27 .43 61.60 m 10.01 10 mm2 Standard cable trays. assembled and installed on site.81 9.

flush mounted: 8. 2 way Socket assemblies.59 15. including installation and fixing to structure. switched: 8.12 1 gang 8.07 7. unswitched: 8.09 3 gang.04 5.90 6.73 10.95 9.11 2 gang 13A SP.98 5.14 12.18 12. 2 way 8.03 7.85 Nr Nr Nr 7.28 7.22 5.86 9. 2 way 8.98 8.09 .07 1 gang. (mortices measured separately) JD Price £ Stg US $ Euro 5A SP.08 2 gang.13 1 gang.24 7.13 20. Description Unit Electrical engineering Accessories Switch assemblies. surface mounted. including installation and fixing to structure.46 9.10 1 gang 8.61 12.89 11.81 11.92 4.08 14. with neon indicator.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 130 Ref.09 14. (mortices measured separately) 13A SP.12 Nr Nr 5.84 6. No.53 10. flush mounted.86 17. with neon indicator 8. mounting boxes and fixings where required.01 9.14 1 gang. metalplate Nr Nr Nr 3. mounting boxes and fixings where required.44 3.22 2.

494 2.646 529 . These considerations would need to address such items as the general condition of the site.477 1.955 1.101 675 Euro/m2 335 1. availability of resources and the like. Feasibility studies that make use of these rates should take into account any project specific costs.626 1.769 815 500 792 552 483 695 511 1. All prices shown are as current in third quarter 2004 Facility type Multi Storey Car Parks Petrol Stations Airport Terminal Buildings Sorting Offices Refuse Depots Stables and the like Factories Advanced Factories Purpose Built Workshops Warehouses Town Halls Law Courts Offices Banks/Building Societies Retail Warehouses JD/ft2 28 165 164 76 46 74 51 45 65 47 113 138 107 139 45 JD/m2 305 1. They do not include professional fees or capital costs. site access and general location. The unit area values should be applied to the total floor area of all storeys and generally include for average preliminary and on-costs.142 700 1. These generally reflect approximate prices for building costs on a unit area basis and can only be considered as a guide to likely costs for the indicated construction facility. preliminaries and general items. In some cases prices for buildings not commonly available in the country are also given in an attempt to provide the reader with an estimated likely cost of construction. All rates should be treated with caution in any projections and professional advice should be sought before predicted cost calculations are concluded.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 131 Construction cost data 131 Approximate estimating A range of rates for construction facility types has been provided in the following table. such as land purchase. Each project would be unique in this respect and any appraisal of likely development costs for the scheme will need to determine any additions that may have an adverse effect on typical anticipated costs. No allowance has been made for value added tax.361 1.332 1.214 1.500 482 £ Stg/m2 233 1.269 1.942 895 549 870 606 530 763 561 1.146 368 US $/m2 428 2. The rates allow for all base construction costs and also include for typical on-costs.110 774 676 974 716 1.700 2.351 623 382 605 422 369 531 390 927 1.132 883 1.156 1.482 1.075 1.619 2.781 1.

027 991 772 1.176 1.501 1.131 1.444 991 1.370 1.811 939 1.181 1.585 1.094 1.031 1.316 2.118 1.213 1.331 1.054 1.204 1.265 985 1.397 1.099 661 991 US $/m2 1.568 1.054 1.698 1.159 781 1.344 2.546 1.388 1.071 1.248 1.579 950 1.051 2.988 1.407 1.623 1.537 1.165 2.029 1.502 1.023 1.465 1.598 1.275 1.030 1.729 1.143 1.103 757 819 734 887 979 1.053 1.038 2.568 1.817 Euro/m2 829 1.467 1.057 1.095 2.886 1.151 1.697 1.748 1.957 2.455 1.438 866 1.119 1.424 .626 1.467 1.384 718 1.501 1.120 1.176 1.229 1.297 £ Stg/m2 577 715 690 537 819 801 926 800 787 953 781 1.202 886 597 855 854 855 1.496 1.047 1.067 1.310 1.573 1.345 1.533 1.608 1.120 819 943 733 1.566 1.161 1.072 1.229 1.796 2.355 1.642 1.235 960 1.071 961 1.150 1.022 1.088 1.727 1.443 1.478 1.282 1.431 2.347 1. Pools Sports Centres inc.177 1.112 1.122 1.014 1.468 1.048 1.227 1.120 1.610 1. Pools Sports Halls Gymnasia JD/ft2 70 87 84 65 100 97 113 97 96 116 95 136 135 146 108 73 104 104 104 125 130 144 139 134 92 100 89 108 119 136 100 115 89 168 87 134 80 121 JD/m2 755 935 903 704 1.213 1.272 857 1.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 132 Facility type Shopping Centres Department Stores Hypermarkets / Supermarkets Shops Stadia Pavilions and Sports Club Houses Religious Buildings Schools Sixth Form Colleges Universities Colleges Research Facilities Laboratories Exhibition Buildings Public Libraries Flats Housing Detached Hotels Halls of Residence Fire Stations Police Stations Closed Prisons Hospitals Intensive Care / Acute Wards Health Centres Nursing Homes Homes for the Elderly Day Centres Veterinary Hospitals Restaurants Theatres Cinemas Clubs Covered Swimming Pools Sports Centres exc.

US Dollar. the Euro and the Japanese Yen (×100). The values used to generate the graphic display are at monthly intervals for each of the currencies and the individual line bars show the respective comparison of the Jordanian Dinar with each of them and the relative value to each other.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 133 Construction cost data 133 Exchange rates The following graph indicates the exchange rate movement over the last five years of the Jordanian Dinar. against four other international currencies. £ Sterling. Exchange Rates .

1 0.0 100.1 105. with figures of 0.2 97. The graph. witnessed a significant decline in the inflation rate and.5 94.7% reported. as such.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 134 134 Jordan Price inflation The following tables present indices for consumer prices and wholesale prices for construction related items since 1998.4 110. Consumer Prices Year 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 annual average 83. returned to an average rate of 3% and 3. The indices have been rebased to 1998=100.1% respectively.0 107.3 103. the annual rate of inflation increased to 6. CPI has increased nearly every year and the prediction for the current year appears to indicate another rise in the inflation level with an average figure for 2004 of 3% from figures provided by the Jordanian authorities.0 Source: International Monetary Fund.0 3. which follows the tables below. Since 2000.6 2.6 101.8 2.5% in 1996.5 3.6 change % 3. The years 1999 and 2000 found inflation levels at their lowest for some time.4 6. 1997 and 1998.7 1.6 0.4 88.0 100. Consumer Price Inflation From a relatively low level of CPI inflation through the years up to the end of 1995. plots the annual percentage change in consumer price inflation since 1993.6% and 0. during which year the average inflation figure was 2. however.4 86. The subsequent two years.4%.8 1.2 3. Supplements 2004 .3 3.

0 4.3 103.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 135 Wholesale Price Indices Wood.5 – change % – 21.4 109.5 –0.1 – change % – 2.8 – change % – 4.5 – 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: Department of Statistics for Jordan Consumer Price Inflation for Years 1993 through 2004 .3 107.5 95.1 110.9 98.6 86.5 –6.1 105.1 1.5 83.6 83.7 –9.0 –4.6 – Construction Materials annual average 100.4 –9.0 104.0 102.5 – Equipment & Industrial Construction Instruments annual average 100.7 –1.0 108. Construction & Light Materials Year annual average 100.9 –5.5 –3.8 –11.9 87.4 –0.0 121.

jo National Electric Power Company PO Box 2310 Amman 11181 Jordan Tel: (00962) (6) 5858 615 Fax: (00962) (6) 5818 336 Email: info@nepco.gov.gov.mot.jo Website: www.jo Website: www.dos.jo Web Site: www.jo Foreign Embassies British Embassy PO Box 87 Abdoun Amman 11118 Jordan Tel: (00962) (6) 5923100 ext.org.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 136 136 Jordan Useful addresses Public organisations Department of Statistics PO Box 2015 Amman Jordan Tel: (00962) (6) 530 0700 Fax: (00962) (6) 530 0710 Email: stat@dos.jo Ministry of Transport (MOT) PO Box 35214 Amman 11180 Jordan Tel: (00962) (6) 551 8111 Fax: (00962) (6) 552 7233 Email: Info@mot.britain.jo American Embassy PO Box 354 Amman 11118 Unit 70200.nepco.gov.jo Housing & Urban Development Corporation Jabal Amman 3rd Circle Amman Jordan Tel: (00962) (6) 464 4307 Fax: (00962) (6) 462 8938 Website: www.mwi.hudc.gov.com.jo Ministry of Industry and Trade PO Box 2019 Amman 11181 Jordan Tel: (00962) (6) 562 9030 Fax: (00962) (6) 568 4892 Email: info@mit.gov.jo Water Authority of Jordan (WAJ) PO Box 2412 Amman 11183 Jordan Tel: (00962) (6) 568 3100 Email: webteam@mwi. 2229 Fax: (00962) (6) 5923759 Email: info@britain.com. Box 5 APO AE 09892-0200 Jordan Tel: (00962) (6) 590 6000 Fax: (00962) (6) 592 0121 .gov.jo Website: www.org.gov.jo Website: http://www.gov.jo Website: www.mit.gov.

com Construction Consultants Mott MacDonald PO Box 11302 Dubai UAE Tel: +971 (0) 4 343 4218 Fax: +971 (0) 4 343 4281 Email: Nigel. Contact: Eng.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 137 Construction cost data 137 Construction companies Arab Technical Construction Co.com .Thomas@MottMac. Zeid Bdeir Tel: (00962) (6) 566 3411 Email: atcco@bdeir-jo.

Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 138 .

7 million Transportation Railways Highways (1999): paved unpaved Waterways Pipelines (2003): crude oil petroleum products natural gas Ports and Harbours Merchant Marine International Airport 0 km 3.3 million 96% 28% 3% 3.a.587 km 863 km n. 540 km 57 km 169 km 6 38 ships Kuwait City .820 sq km 1% Kuwait City 1.) 17.4% Geography Land area Agricultural area Capital city Population of capital city (2004 est.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 139 Kuwait ECONOMIC INDICATORS AND KEY DATA Population Population Urban Population Population under 15 Population 65 and over Population growth rate 2.

2714 Average annual inflation (1998 to 2003) 1.385 GDP per capita PPP basis (2003) US$19.2% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices (2003) KWD12.5 billion GDP per capita KWD5.2947 Euro 0.5350 US $ 0.) 1.000 Average annual real change in GDP (1998 to 2003) 3.5% Inflation rate (2004 est.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 140 Economy Monetary unit Kuwaiti Dinar Exchange rate £ Stg 0.8% Private consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 49.0% Construction Gross value of construction output Net value of construction output as a proportion of GDP Source: KWD285.3 million 2.6% General government consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 25.3% The Financial Times Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook The World Bank Central Bank of Kuwait All data relates to latest as at 3Q 2004 PPP Purchasing Power Parity .9% Gross domestic investment as a proportion of GDP (2003) 8.3693 Yen (×100) 0.441 million GDP PPP basis (2003) US$41.

Kuwait is a low-lying desert country where annual average rainfall is 125 mm. Rainfall can be sudden and devastating from October to April and there can be violent sand-storms in early summer. Parsi and others. . There is limited natural fresh water and sophisticated desalination plants provide much of the country’s water requirements to compensate for the lack of this resource. The low-lying terrain is mostly desert. which will be approved by the Amir. temperatures are slightly lower in costal regions. The Kuwaiti construction industry has limited activities in property related sectors where a total of KD200 million per annum for government-provided housing is allocated and has seen priorities related to the oil and defence sectors. Almost all construction labour is non-Kuwaiti coming from Pakistan. Inland temperatures can reach up to 40°C when hot winds blow. Arabic is the official language although English is widely understood in business. The Amir. comprising 50 seats whose members are elected to serve for a term of four years. India and other neighbouring countries. The principal religion is Islam including Sunni and Shi’a muslims and the rest Christians.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 141 Country profile 141 Country profile Kuwait lies at the north-west extreme of the Arabian Gulf and has land borders with Saudi Arabia to the south and Iraq to the west. its executive authority. The legislative power lies in the unicameral National Assembly. or Majlis. Kuwait has a dry desert climate with hot summers and short. Hindus. sandy and barren. The legal system is a civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters. Iranians and others. the World Trade Organisation. cool winters. appoints the head of government – the Prime Minister. as the chief of state. More than half of the population are non-nationals. the Organisation of Petrolum Exporting Countries and others. and flat to slightly undulating. The Prime Minister heads the Council of Ministers. The State of Kuwait has been a nominal constitutional monarchy since its independence from the UK in 1961. Kuwait is a member of a number of major international organisations including the United Nations. comprising Arabs. South Asians.

Overtime is available where essential and additional compensation levels range from twenty-five to fifty per cent of the basic wage. . Foreigners wishing to work in Kuwait need to obtain a permit from the Ministry of Labour. As in other countries in the Middle East this day can be changed with both employer and employee consent. The labour resources are a combination of the employee’s basic pay and the financial cost of that labour to the employer. is eighteen. insurance and other mandatory and voluntary contributions. Permits will generally be restricted to areas where local skills are not available and expatriate skills are essential. Law No. The working week is limited to forty-eight hours with one day of rest per week. Kuwaiti workers have the right to establish unions and to bargain collectively. 38 of 1964 governs labour in the Private Sector. The cost of labour is based on the employee’s basic pay and includes those allowances for employer and employee expenses such as holidays.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 142 142 Kuwait Construction cost data Labour resources The figures below are typical labour costs for an urban area of Kuwait and are taken at the third quarter 2004. Minimum age for employment. both full and part time. The right to strike is allowed but under Kuwaiti law the strike requires compulsory negotiations followed by arbitration.

74 41.63 34.74 30.30 18.43 34.42 43.54 US $ 24.16 39.88 18.61 Euro 18.17 63.16 49.42 27.61 80.74 51.46 49.17 62.63 34.74 63.52 63.42 22.02 49.88 23.88 12.33 34.16 18.42 16.16 62.17 63.88 15.16 49.88 15.09 16.24 30.42 34.24 63.96 18.43 34.88 23.74 80.16 23.17 .Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 143 Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Labour resources Operatives General Labourer Groundworks Labourer Bricklayer Shuttering Carpenter Carpenter Steel Fixer Metalworker Craftsman Roof Tiler Sheet Metal Roofer Glazier Plasterer Plasterers Labourer Suspended Ceiling Installer Painter Floor/Wall Tiler Plumber Electrician KWD 7.16 32.74 63.24 63.32 49.42 27.30 18.18 8.46 49.33 34.52 63.96 18.54 43.74 41.42 22.69 23.16 18.16 32.42 34.32 49.88 18.88 12.16 39.88 8.88 £ Stg 13.74 51.02 49.

07 £ Stg 22. Plant costs Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Plant resources Hymac 580 (360 deg tracked excavator) JCB 3C (180 deg wheeled excavator) Vibrating Roller 6–8 Tonne Dumper 4WD Hydraulic Tip 1270 Poker Vibrator 48 mm Beam Vibrator 6.2 m Reinforcement bending machine 25 Tonne Mobile Crane 13 Tonne Mobile Crane 10 Tonne Mobile Crane Wacker Plate 2.84 30.96 12.60 12.10 0.37 8.06 16.13 1.34 15.34 13.32 16.71 1.57 8.97 6.62 12.24 11.55 16.89 1.44 10.5 Tonne Block and Tackle Craneage/lifting equipment Unit Hour Hour Hour Hour Day Day Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour KWD 12.19 23.02 1.78 3.00 US $ 40.10 9.42 5.74 Euro 31.25 25. delivered to a construction site within an urban location in Kuwait and are current at the third quarter 2004. The rates do not include for any fuel or maintenance expenses and exclude operator costs and charges.08 40.45 7.13 13.41 20.55 32.02 41.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 144 144 Kuwait Plant resources The figures below indicate the hire costs of construction plant.41 10.49 23.39 0.06 4.41 0.61 31.01 3.51 0.13 22.31 2.96 7.09 22.01 1.75 30.71 7.33 19.29 1.61 2.42 .

28 6.73 69.51 11.78 2.57 5.42 16.46 934.59 544.89 13.61 40.13 8.57 720.77 298. Material costs Price Material resources Groundworks Aggregates Crushed stone hardcore Clean brick rubble hardcore As-raised hoggin Washed sand Drainage 100 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm clay drain pipes 225 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm concrete pipe class L 300 mm concrete pipe class L Concrete work Concrete Readymix concrete 20 N/mm2 Readymix concrete 30 N/mm2 Reinforcement Mild steel bars BS4449 8 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 10 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 16 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 25 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 40 mm High yield bars BS4449 8 mm High yield bars BS4449 10 mm High yield bars BS4449 16 mm High yield bars BS4449 25 mm High yield bars BS4449 40 mm Tying wire mild steel Reinforcement spacer blocks m3 m3 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 100 20.78 4.40 1.34 934.59 544.13 15.27 Unit KWD £ Stg US $ Euro .57 720.24 5.008.50 4.76 m3 m3 m3 m3 m m m m m 4.01 4.77 276.02 6.40 1.13 44.59 504.86 16.59 534.34 934.33 9.59 544.44 11.77 276.10 12.40 1. delivered to a building site within an urban environment in Kuwait.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 145 Construction cost data 145 Material resources The figures below indicate the costs of main construction materials.59 504.72 8.77 276.70 57.20 21.69 777.13 3.40 989.71 298.21 504.008.59 544.65 18.69 777.67 9.69 777.67 14.71 4.71 298.33 57.69 777. and are taken at the third quarter 2004 prices.77 53.43 17.59 504.56 5.63 74.34 934.71 8. The costs allow for large supplies in full loads and include any mechanical off-loading required at the site.61 7.06 276.59 544.69 763.40 1.71 298.59 504.84 10.13 8.008.71 293.34 934.63 22.008.91 16.57 720.39 16.42 720.008.77 276.04 12.25 8.57 720.34 1.17 2.90 31.44 6.60 37.71 298.57 777.

55 1.30 587.70 16.736.18 3.238.761.09kg RSC BS4360 432 × 102 mm × 65.24 .77 3.33 667.35 1.5N 3.89 3.51 61.79 1.73 1.22 1.27 7.36 587.06 2.59 2.86 101.26 1.529.22 9.24 5.6kg Woodwork Floors and flat roofs 38 × 100 mm sawn softwood 50 × 100 mm sawn softwood 38 × 25 mm tanalised batten Boarding to Flooring 12 mm WBP ply 18 mm WBP ply 25 mm WBP ply Nails Galvanised nails 75 mm Alloy nails 65 mm × 10g 50 mm Oval wire nails Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 676.599.18 0.5N 3.53 1.209.06 2.11 1.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 146 Price Material resources Masonry Bricks Clay common bricks Blocks 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks 3.47 3.05 3.51 9.01 87.78 5.98 6.36 11.89 3.24 0.03 2.95 5.06 6.47 1.45 4.75 4.30 657.251.23 2.982.12 5.67 131.13 21.736.40 4.233.65 3.219.198.070.68 4.02 40.92 33.726.216.32 2.12 6.45 2.72 15.00 28.63 1.01 2.01 663.40 9.01 1.88 21.73 1.529.30 12.59 2.01 70.76 3.05 1.73 1.28 5.78 3.73 2.73 13.41 1.61 31.5N (solid) (solid) (solid) (hollow) (hollow) (hollow) 1000 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 Tonne Tonne m3 157.06 1.12 1.711.90 5.120.45 676.283.52 2.49 113.10 Unit KWD £ Stg US $ Euro Cement and Sand Portland cement in bags Soft sand for mortar Cement mortar (1:3) Metalwork Structural steel UB BS4360 914 × 305 mm × 289kg UB BS4360 610 × 305 mm × 238kg UB BS4360 457 × 191 mm × 98kg RSJ BS4360 254 × 203 mm × 81.54kg RSC BS4360 254 × 76 mm × 28.216.283.23 2.55 2.761.83 286.55 9.67 2.02 1.12 1.63 2.073.22 0.94 38.01 1.45 614.07 1.89kg RHS BS4360 450 × 250 mm × 167kg RHS BS4360 300 × 200 mm × 92.80 530.09 409.12 1.16 667.233.68 12.75 2.95 18.99 1.66 2.5N 3.73 1.90 6.02 1.5N 3.26 0.251.982.45 1.070.26 1.33 8.85kg RSJ BS4360 203 × 152 mm × 52.01 1.5N 3.55 m m m m2 m2 m2 kg kg kg 0.

31 117.24 44.98 332.34 0.32 70.4 mm laminated safety glass .68 91.68 44.83 431. red Damp-proof membranes 1000g polythene d.86 35.45 2. Insulation 100 mm thick fibreglass quilt Roofing sheets and fixings Corrugated PVC sheet 1830 mm Corrugated galv sheet 1830 mm Doors and windows UPVC UPVC UPVC UPVC window frames s/casement 1000 × 600 glazed s/casement 1000 × 900 glazed s/casement 1000 × 1200 glazed Nr Nr Nr m2 m2 m2 m2 109.25 1.74 49.33 1.32 1.41 1.39 520.37 168.06 50.11 22.31 166.57 17.60 mm Sheet copper BS2870 0.20 0.25 1.45 mm Felts Underslating felt Type 1F Clay roofing products 265 × 165 mm plain tile.66 57.46 284.p.88 281.354.49 960.05 73.67 m2 m2 m2 m2 1000 1000 m2 m2 Nr Nr 24.06 12.55 64.m.87 Glass and glazing 4 mm clear sheet glass 6 mm Georgian wired polished plate 5 mm toughened safety glass 5.06 65.71 370.22 521. red 380 × 260 mm pantile.20 Unit KWD £ Stg US $ Euro 518.85 127.16 6.37 109.36 0.84 83.42 84.27 232.12 64.13 1.07 740.43 31.68 31.756.32 133.31 59.33 246.41 948.12 285.51 8.24 216.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 147 Price Material resources Thermal and moisture protection Sheet metal Sheet lead BS1178 Code 4 Sheet zinc BS849 0.02 200.61 41.00 0.37 32.53 27.86 116.61 19.65 64.85 218.74 154.44 190.81 4.56 402.

37 13.77 11.49 24.64 30.5 mm plasterboard m2 1.58 38.72 30.97 3.21 11.43 39.77 12.38 30.61 44.73 18.05 Unit KWD £ Stg US $ Euro Tiles 25mm × 225 × 225 mm quarry tile m2 9mm × 150 × 150 mm ceramic floor tile m2 Decorations Paints and Sundries Emulsion paint matt white Masonry textured paint white Oil/Alkyd paint undercoat Oil/Alkyd paint gloss white 5 5 5 5 Litre Litre Litre Litre 7.57 11.08 21.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 148 Price Material resources Finishes Plasterboards 12.54 2.88 42.64 .07 12.73 39.41 32.46 23.04 4.56 34.89 22.91 21.46 21.

21 9.05 hardcore KWD Price £ Stg US $ Euro m3 0.03 39.24 30.42 m 2.. cables or the like including disposal and filling Trenches to suit pipes not exceeding 200 mm dia.97 m3 3.62 6.76 1.38 21. pile caps and ground beams.00 m Filling Filled into excavation. depth not exceeding: 0. No. average depth: 0.58 26. 0 Description Unit Groundworks Excavation To reduce levels.14 3. Each rate includes for all necessary labour. An allowance of 20% has also been included to cover the contractor's overheads and profit.38 2.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 149 Construction cost data 149 Unit rates A selection of unit rates for work items that may be carried out on a typical construction project is provided in the following table. compacting in 250 mm layers: 0.60 12.52 .72 18.03 1.04 sand 0. drain pipes.08 11.00 m Trenches for service pipes.58 m3 m3 10.55 1.02 1. Any statutory taxes have been excluded. Ref. plant and material costs that would be involved in carrying out the operation described.37 34.01 1. depth not exceeding: 0. by machine.91 7. The values of the displayed rates are considered to be fairly representative for work of the specified nature and are at third quarter 2004 levels.23 5.00 m To receive foundations.

04 0.25 74.10 40.77 94.10 300 mm dia. roofs or the like: 1.51 62.10 m2 m m m m m 3.55 56.01 150–300 mm thick 1.08 32.20 m2 Reinforced concrete mix 30N/mm2 Suspended slabs.00 96. cross-sectional area: 1.68 27.03 m3 m3 28.10 m2 1.03 110.68 90.55 .13 48.20 m2 1.71 85.13 80. cross-sectional area: 1.05 m2 1.30 115.12 59.83 92.86 65.33 52.14 79. Description Unit Underground drainage Drain pipes and jointing in trenches KWD Price £ Stg US $ Euro Clay: 0.02 over 300 mm thick Pile caps and ground beams.53 m3 m3 m3 35.09 0. Concrete: 0.58 74.35 12.93 34.25 75. 0.08 not exceeding 0.05 26. 0.22 6.70 103.64 48.75 51.45 25.05 m2 1.53 7.08 225 mm dia.93 93. 1 Concrete work Poured concrete Plain concrete mix 20 N/mm2 Foundations.07 150 mm dia.91 24.02 69.93 11.05–0.64 m3 m3 m3 29.10 over 0.63 14.91 121. 0.70 57.05 over 0.82 98.14 m3 m3 30.92 103.92 52.03 4. floors.02 9.16 8.30 49.30 73.06 not exceeding 150 mm thick 1.05–0.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 150 Ref.19 18.78 30.09 150 mm dia.43 13.18 22. No.37 15.68 71.06 37.12 55.55 88.07 150–300 mm thick Columns and casings to metal stanchions.06 100 mm dia. landings. combined and isolated bases: 1.03 28.03 not exceeding 0.

12 18.66 732.09 1.92 4.114.53 Precast concrete blocks.17 9.000.55 961.66 1.12 1.16 1.83 455.046.117. delivered to site cut.63 1.66 13.20 2 Bars.22 1.538.34 1.21 11.48 1.10 1.66 1.297.19 1.90 384.99 830.178.89 1.15 Bars. No.83 872.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 151 Ref.98 782.356.445.14 1.38 1.23 410.449.15 8.18 1.50 429.31 369.37 7.186. bent and labelled Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 452.13 1.73 748. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm High yield steel bars. Description Unit Reinforcement Bar reinforcement Mild steel bars.66 673.98 .030. strength 3.64 395.17 1.386.99 1. bent and labelled KWD Price £ Stg US $ Euro 1.19 1.59 1.03 200 mm solid blocks m2 m2 m2 3.66 721.38 1.26 1.13 10.23 15. delivered to site cut.01 100 mm solid blocks 2.76 1.336.79 13.5N/mm2.11 1.73 700.66 780.09 1.527.616.29 401.26 1.069.48 5.62 428.246. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm Masonry Walls Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 478.50 824.02 150 mm solid blocks 2.247.64 1. in cement mortar (1:3): 2.65 1.

38 × 25 mm tanalised softwood battens.05 25 mm thick 5 Coverings and linings Roofing systems Clay tile roofing.088.07 1.45 101.01 17.82 2.50 31.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 152 Ref.56 57.05 54.31 1. grade BB: 4.01 265 × 165 mm plain tile.58 40.02 610 × 305 mm × 238 kg/m Rolled steel channels. shot blasted and primed at works: 3. 3 Description Unit Structural metalwork Beams KWD £ Stg Price US $ Euro Universal beams.70 2.020.36 21.40 5.82 78.16 15.02 50 × 100 mm Boarding to flooring WBP bonding plywood square edged boarding.01 38 × 100 mm 4.329.381.03 12 mm thick 4.38 3.04 254 × 76 mm × 28.92 Tonne Tonne 862.02 380 × 260 mm clay pantile.28 44.244.53 39.89 kg/m 4 Woodwork Structural timbers Floors and flat roofs Sawn softwood.631.571.90 31. No. red Tonne Tonne 894.17 m2 m2 m2 7. red 5.85 3.70 3.69 900.345.10 m m 1.040. basic sizes: 4.95 20.98 2.01 914 × 305 mm × 289 kg/m 3.83 50.75 1.30 26. 65 mm lap: 5. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.00 3.910.84 1.24 3. alloy nailed every fifth course.668.40 2.87 12.21 2.57 2.54 kg/m 3.62 4.42 914.17 14.642.19 .04 18 mm thick 4.90 1.03 432 × 102 mm × 65.41 6.69 m2 m2 30.99 27.

04 225 × 225 × 25 mm Decorations One mist coat and two full coats of emulsion paint Walls. reveals of openings or recesses.05 7.05 6.16 1.58 4.69 1.34 8.11 6.92 m2 20.03 65 mm thick Quarry tiles bedded.46 6.76 52.19 4.75 2.42 1. No.72 2.03 2.06 3.07 6.59 3. 6 Description Unit Finishes Cement and sand (1:3) trowelled finish KWD £ Stg Price US $ Euro To floors and landings: 6. jointed and pointed in cement mortar (1:3) To floors and landings: 6.69 6.07 36.12 1.95 1.13 3.60 67.01 25 mm thick 6.81 2.56 3.79 2.56 3.10 6.93 1.07 0.02 38 mm thick 6.92 2.35 7.93 3.13 1.32 2.24 5.94 .63 11.09 6. attached and unattached columns: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds blockwork backgrounds Ceilings.79 2.08 m2 m2 m2 m2 0.98 1.93 4. attached and unattached beams and staircase soffits: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds textured plastic coating backgrounds m2 m2 m2 2.46 3.79 2.12 m2 m2 m2 m2 0.96 1.32 3.62 3.41 2.84 9.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 153 Ref.06 6. returns.26 6.89 15.05 1.

00 424.78 297.906.000.97 1.37 550.23 85.712.11 vitreous china Sinks: 7. complete with fittings Baths: 7. wall mounted: 3.13 low level washdown 7.88 5.71 156.31 1.02 Nr Nr 20.92 3.58 2.220.12 stainless steel WC suites: 7.045.92 6.326.14 low level syphonic Bidets: 7.01 313.451.446.23 1.15 vitreous china Nr Nr Nr 656.08 114 litre 7.05 3.92 289.80 297.05 500 gallon 7.01 7.63 2.30 4.38 2.49 6.10 1. rotary compressor.344.492.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 154 Ref.31 437.93 163.945.87 GRP prefabricated water storage tanks for above ground use.45 52.99 223.68 1.01 306.04 Nr Nr Nr Nr 1.06 1000 gallon 7.184.709.72 107.197.061. capacity (US) gallons: 7.87 4.38 364.341.216.17 7.15 9.085.08 163.20 570.67 68.17 281.66 3.19 36.57 36.10 acrylic Basins: 7. No.93 550.00 4.40 .729.160.69 2.61 4.57 95.5 kw cooling unit 10.09 182 litre Sanitaryware.315.11 424.00 2. 7 Description Unit Mechanical engineering Equipment Air handling units Externally fitted air conditioning unit.5 kw cooling unit 5.156.21 Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr 168.0 kw cooling unit Tanks KWD £ Stg Price US $ Euro 7.81 66.07 2000 gallon Plastic water storage cisterns with lids: 7.02 7.539.027.03 7.46 2.08 7.056.500.529.815.67 2.24 4.17 123.73 3.40 815.20 567.0 kw cooling unit 7.28 196.

0 mm gauge. assembled and installed on site. fixing to structure and drawing cables Rigid conduit.42 19.29 25.19 49.66 8.86 63.45 6.31 7. 450/750V. 240V SP & N Standard metal consumer unit with integral 100A main switch. 1.12 34. No. galvanised.78 m 6.60 11.38 .72 Nr Nr 19.99 m m 6.5 mm/2.50 13. width: 8.54 117. nominal csa: 8.03 100 mm Steel conduit. heavy gauge. including jointing.06 12-way m 3.71 21. surface mounted. prefabricated. assembled and installed on site.01 10 mm2 Standard cable trays.29 11. available ways: 8.65 16. assembled and installed on site. prefabricated. 8 Description Unit Electrical engineering Sub main circuits KWD Price £ Stg US $ Euro PVC insulated and sheathed single core cable.04 16 mm Consumer units. prefabricated.42 11. including fixing to structure with hangers and brackets Straight trays with trapeze hangers.68 16. galvanised.29 64.78 90.71 34.05 6-way 8.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 155 Ref. external diameter: 8.02 50 mm 8.85 21. fixing to structure.

25 16.66 19.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 156 Ref.09 3 gang.10 1 gang 8. 2 way 8. flush mounted.85 8.94 5.28 19. mounting boxes and fixings where required. No.12 10.94 20. (mortices measured separately) 13A SP.02 Nr Nr Nr 4.74 7.49 6.02 15.39 12.43 4.07 1 gang.08 2 gang.85 14.11 8. (mortices measured separately) KWD Price £ Stg US $ Euro 5A SP.77 4.11 2 gang 13A SP. with neon indicator. including installation and fixing to structure.82 9. mounting boxes and fixings where required.03 Nr Nr 3.00 10.43 7.12 1 gang 8.35 .14 1 gang. 2 way Socket assemblies.48 29.53 8.13 1 gang.66 16. flush mounted: 8.37 26.08 23. with neon indicator 8. 2 way 8. metalplate Nr Nr Nr 2. unswitched: 8. surface mounted.84 5. including installation and fixing to structure.32 11.46 14. Description Unit Accessories Switch assemblies.71 10.20 14. switched: 8.23 5.

The unit area values should be applied to the total floor area of all storeys and generally include for average preliminary and on-costs. preliminaries and general items.490 804 Euro/m2 386 2. Feasibility studies that make use of these rates should take into account any project specific costs. All prices shown are as current in third quarter 2004.019 2.153 848 2. These generally reflect approximate prices for building costs on a unit area basis and can only be considered as a guide to likely costs for the indicated construction facility.945 2.024 1. availability of resources and the like.287 1. site access and general location.896 2.292 933 819 1.557 1. They do not include professional fees or capital costs. All rates should be treated with caution in any projections and professional advice should be sought before predicted cost calculations are concluded. No allowance has been made for value added tax.344 434 US $/m2 501 2. In some cases prices for buildings not commonly available in the country are also given in an attempt to provide the reader with an estimated likely cost of construction. Each project would be unique in this respect and any appraisal of likely development costs for the scheme will need to determine any additions that may have an adverse effect on typical anticipated costs. such as land purchase. Facility type Multi Storey Car Parks Petrol Stations Airport Terminal Buildings Sorting Offices Refuse Depots Stables and the like Factories Advanced Factories Purpose Built Workshops Warehouses Town Halls Law Courts Offices Banks/Building Societies Retail Warehouses KWD/ft2 14 81 82 37 23 36 26 23 32 23 56 68 52 69 22 KWD/m2 148 872 878 403 245 383 276 243 342 251 598 734 562 737 238 £ Stg/m2 270 1.338 1.911 1.049 638 997 719 632 889 654 1. These considerations would need to address such items as the general condition of the site.271 2.965 1.478 1.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 157 Construction cost data 157 Approximate estimating A range of rates for construction facility types has been provided in the following table.920 620 .091 1.462 1.590 1. The rates allow for all base construction costs and also include for typical on-costs.360 828 1.601 735 447 698 504 442 623 458 1.

440 2. Pools Sports Centres inc.348 1.353 1.144 1.881 1.374 2.106 1.444 1.633 1.310 1.136 921 1.385 1.329 1.116 Euro/m2 971 1.065 1.319 1.315 944 1.831 2.999 1.616 1.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 158 Facility type Shopping Centres Department Stores Hypermarkets / Supermarkets Shops Stadia Pavilions and Sports Club Houses Religious Buildings Schools Sixth Form Colleges Universities Colleges Research Facilities Laboratories Exhibition Buildings Public Libraries Flats Housing Detached Hotels Halls of Residence Fire Stations Police Stations Closed Prisons Hospitals Intensive Care / Acute Wards Health Centres Nursing Homes Homes for the Elderly Day Centres Veterinary Hospitals Restaurants Theatres Cinemas Clubs Covered Swimming Pools Sports Centres exc.615 3.425 2.249 1. Pools Sports Halls Gymnasia KWD/ft2 35 42 41 33 49 49 55 47 47 56 47 67 65 73 53 37 52 52 52 64 64 71 67 66 44 49 45 54 58 67 48 57 44 83 43 65 39 58 KWD/m2 373 454 436 354 527 528 596 509 509 606 510 718 703 787 570 401 555 557 564 687 685 768 723 706 479 532 480 584 627 721 518 612 478 891 465 699 425 627 £ Stg/m2 680 828 796 645 960 962 1.253 1.882 1.016 1.371 1.592 2.259 1.592 1.796 1.013 1.326 1.118 2.473 1.519 1.819 1.183 1.011 1.282 1.006 1.318 1.484 1.143 US $/m2 1.274 774 1.400 1.105 931 1.435 1.383 1.049 1.087 929 928 1.064 1.718 2.451 1.115 872 1.552 1.245 2.039 731 1.624 847 1.568 2.622 1.838 1.194 1.247 1.784 1.043 1.632 .778 1.374 1.657 1.210 1.872 1.287 873 970 876 1.434 2.924 1.313 2.877 1.028 1.723 2.781 2.870 1.251 1.319 2.903 2.748 2.789 1.970 2.578 1.720 1.434 1.467 1.358 1.046 1.325 1.534 1.

the Euro and the Japanese Yen (×100).Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 159 Construction cost data 159 Exchange rates The following graph indicates the exchange rate movement over the last five years of the Kuwaiti Dinar. US Dollar. The values used to generate the graphic display are at monthly intervals for each of the currencies and the individual line bars show the respective comparison of the Kuwaiti Dinar with each of them and the relative value to each other. against four other international currencies. Exchange Rates . £ Sterling.

as the rate of inflation fell to 0.2 104.4 1.7 0.0 100.8% in 2000 and in 2001 no change was recorded. The prediction for the current year appears to indicate another downward trend in the inflation level with an anticipated average figure for 2004 of 1.2 . which follows the tables below. plots the annual percentage change in consumer price inflation since 1997.9 change % 0.5 110. Consumer Prices Year 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: Central Bank of Kuwait International Monetary Fund annual average 100. Since 2001 the CPI has been up and down with average inflation bordering the 1.6 105.0 1. during which the average inflation figure for the year was 4.6%.8 0.8 105. The graph. The subsequent years witnessed a dramatic decline.2 4.6% mark.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 160 160 Kuwait Price inflation The following tables present indices for consumer prices and wholesale prices for construction related items since 1997. by Kuwaiti economy standards. The CPI level peaked at the end of 1999. The indices are rebased to 1997=100.3 2.6 107. Consumer Price Inflation Kuwait has historically experienced a relatively minimal level of consumer price inflation (CPI).0 109.2% from figures provided by the Kuwaiti authorities.6 0.

8 change % – 0.6 –0.6 –1.4 97.1 98.0 3.6 –11.6 –2.0 97.0 100.8 94.2 0.0 98.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 161 Wholesale Price Indices General Index Wood and Wood Products annual average 100.0 –2.9 –1.1 82.8 95.5 102.7 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Source: Central Bank of Kuwait International Monetary Fund Consumer Price Inflation for Years 1997 through 2004 .0 Basic Metal Products annual average 100.7 –0.5 change % – –1.5 82.4 2.1 94.3 1.6 99.1 95.4 0.1 –2.4 96.0 Year annual average 100.5 95.0 92.2 0.2 97.4 –0.8 104.1 change % – –2.

gov.kw Website: www.mof.kw Ministry of Finance Offset Program Department PO Box 9 Safat 13001 Kuwait Tel: (00965) 245 0503 Fax: (00965) 242 5965 Email: offset@mof.kw Central Bank of Kuwait (CBK) PO Box 526 Safat 13006 Kuwait Tel: (00965) 244 9200 Fax: (00965) 244 0887 Email: cbk@cbk.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 162 162 Kuwait Useful addresses Public organisations Ministry of Oil PO Box 5077 Safat 13051 Kuwait Tel: (00965) 241 5201 Fax: (00965) 241 7088 E-mail: alnaft@moo.state.kw Website: www.gov Website: http://usembassy.gov.mpw.kw Foreign Embassies Embassy of the United States of America Area 14 Al-Masjad al-Aqsa Street Bayan PO Box 77 Safat 13001 Kuwait Tel: (00965) 539 5307 Fax: (00965) 538 0282 Email: paskuwaitm@state.moo.uk Website: www.gov.gov/ kuwait British Embassy Arabian Gulf Street Dasman PO Box 2 Safat 13001 Kuwait Tel: (00965) 240 3335 Fax: (00965) 242 6799 Email: kuwaitinfo/ppa.kw Website: www.cbk.britishembassykuwait.gov.gov.kw Website: www.Kuwait@fco.kw/offset Ministry of Public Works PO Box 8 Safat 13001 Kuwait Tel: (00965) 244 9300 Fax: (00965) 242 8362 Email: webmaster@mpw.gov.gov.gov.gov.org .

com Website: www.) PO Box 9758 Ahmadi 61008 Kuwait Tel: (00965) 398 9111 Fax: (00965) 398 3661 Email: kocinfo@kockw.Thomas@MottMac.kw Website: www.com.org.kw Kuwait Oil Company (K.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:51 pm Page 163 Construction cost data 163 Industrial Organisations Kuwait Chamber of Commerce and Industry Commercial Area # 9 Al-Shuhadaa St Kuwait City PO Box 775 Safat 13008 Kuwait Tel: (00965) 242 3555 Fax: (00965) 246 0693 Email: kcci@kcci.com Website: www.C.com Kuwait Petroleum Corporation Media Department PO Box 26565 Safat 13126 Kuwait Tel: (00965) 240 0960 Fax: (00965) 240 7872 Email: info@kpc.kockw.kcci.com.kufpec.org.com Kuwait Foreign Petroleum Exploration Company Essa Al-Saleh Commercial Building Fahad Al-Salem Street Salhiya Block 3 Kuwait City PO Box 5291 Safat 13053 Kuwait Tel: (00965) 836 0000 Fax: (00965) 242 0405 Email: webmaster@kufpec.S.com Construction Consultants Mott MacDonald PO Box 11302 Dubai UAE Tel: +971 (0) 4 343 4218 Fax: +971 (0) 4 343 4281 Email: Nigel.com .kpc.kw Website: www.

Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 164 .

230 sq km 31% Beirut 2 million Transportation Railways Highways: paved unpaved (1999) Waterways Pipelines: crude oil (2003) petroleum products natural gas Ports and Harbours Merchant Marine International Airport 401 km 6. 12 49 ships Beirut International.3% Geography Land area Agricultural area Capital city Population of capital city (2000) 10.102 km n. 209 km n.a.a.8 million 87% 27% 7% 1.198 km 1. Khaldeh . n.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 165 Lebanon ECONOMIC INDICATORS AND KEY DATA Population Population Urban Population Population under 15 Population 65 and over Population growth rate 3.a.

8% Gross domestic investment as a proportion of GDP (2003) 24.800 Average annual real change in GDP (1998 to 2003) 2.395 Average annual inflation (1998 to 2003) 3.3% Private consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 96.8% Construction Gross value of construction output Net value of construction output as a proportion of GDP (1995) Source: LP580 billion 2.750 US $ 1.0% Inflation rate (2004 est. Ministry of Finance All data relates to latest as at 3Q 2004 PPP Purchasing Power Parity .8 billion GDP per capita LP6.3% The Financial Times Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook The World Bank United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook The Lebanese Republic.1% General government consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 12.898 Yen (×100) 1.628.188 billion GDP PPP basis (2003) US$17.) 2.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 166 Economy Monetary unit Lebanese Pound Exchange rate £ Stg 2.515 Euro 1.421 GDP per capita PPP basis (2003) US$4.5% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices (2001) LP25.

English and Armenian are widely understood. the Bekaa Valley. The president in consultation with the National Assembly appoints the head of government. the Mount Lebanon Range. Humidity is high along the coast in summer and daytime temperatures can reach 30°C on average in summer and 15°C in winter. the coastal plain. is elected by an unicameral National Assembly. wet winters.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 167 Country profile 167 Country profile Lebanon is located at the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea with a border to Israel in the south and Syria in the east and north.1 billion. and the Anti-Lebanon Range on the border with Syria. The legal system is a mixture of Napoleonic code. the Bekaa Valley. Lebanon has a Mediterranean climate with hot. Arabic is the official language although French. There can be heavy winter snows in the Lebanon Mountains region. Ottoman law. lies between these two mountain ranges. The fertile area also includes the coastal plain where most of the population live. differentiated by geography and climate. canon law and civil law. More than 90% of the population are Arabs with a small minority of Armenian and other ethnic groups. or Majlis Alnuwab. The Republic of Lebanon has been an independent state from French administration since 1943. dry summers and mild. as chief of state. The president. The principal religion is Islam including five Muslim groups with Christians and others forming the rest. who organises the Cabinet. which comprises 128 seats with members being elected by popular vote to serve for a term of four years. . Lebanon is a member of the United Nations. of which 70% in value of the related projects have been completed. The total value of contracts signed by the Council for Development and Reconstruction between 1992 and 2003 was about US$ 7. The principal agricultural area. the prime minister. There are four main regions in Lebanon. an Observer of the World Trade Organisations and a member of some other major international organisations. The Lebanese construction industry has been largely involved with rebuilding the country's infrastructure following the 17-year Civil war. or Al Biqa’.

01 26.44 37.13 48.13 31.32 27.27 31.46 44.21 26.329 42.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 168 168 Lebanon Construction cost data Labour resources The figures below are typical labour costs in the Lebanese construction industry generally in an urban environment and are taken at the third quarter 2004.329 73.10 31.10 17.476 £ Stg 10.13 US $ 19.329 50.58 37.10 26.13 48.27 44.32 41.476 87. The labour resources are a combination of the employee’s basic pay and the financial cost to the employer of that labour.422 73.329 62.10 26.10 22.58 37.79 48.10 15.73 37.329 50.01 26.16 48.21 26.98 21.27 37.42 27.10 22.32 41.32 57.177 73.49 15.91 26.177 73.32 33.32 48.27 37.27 25.64 Euro 14.46 .79 48.16 48.44 37.329 87.27 21.27 25.32 48.64 57.329 73.329 62.27 31.328 73.32 33. insurance and other mandatory and voluntary contributions.478 42. The cost of labour is based on the employee’s basic pay and includes those allowances for employer and employee expenses such as holidays.91 26.10 17.422 73.73 37. Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Labour resources Operatives General Labourer Groundworks Labourer Bricklayer Shuttering Carpenter Carpenter Steel Fixer Metalworker Craftsman Roof Tiler Sheet Metal Roofer Glazier Plasterer Plasterers Labourer Suspended Ceiling Installer Painter Floor/Wall Tiler Plumber Electrician LBP 29.328 73.

Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 169 Construction cost data 169 Plant resources The figures below indicate the hire costs of construction plant.375 £ Stg 17.21 25.05 5.2 m Reinforcement bending machine 25 Tonne Mobile Crane 13 Tonne Mobile Crane 10 Tonne Mobile Crane Wacker Plate 2.25 19.357 25.85 19. Plant costs Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Plant resources Hymac 580 (360 deg tracked excavator) JCB 3C (180 deg wheeled excavator) Vibrating Roller 6–8 Tonne Dumper 4WD Hydraulic Tip 1270 Poker Vibrator 48 mm Beam Vibrator 6.256 1.57 US $ 32.40 13.71 24.45 7.05 10.665 12.28 25.81 1.315 30.31 12.497 19.497 48.16 8.05 4.67 13.27 24.23 18.799 16.23 13.99 0.262 2.521 49.54 Euro 25.5 Tonne Block and Tackle Craneage/lifting equipment Unit Hour Hour Hour Hour Day Day Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour LBP 49.89 17.78 16.57 0.589 2.06 8.886 38.90 17.38 0.65 32.35 10.82 8.94 1. delivered to the site in major urban locations in the Lebanon and are current at the third quarter 2004.644 36.65 1.64 10.66 32.47 15. The rates do not include for any fuel or maintenance expenses and exclude operator costs and charges.84 1.09 .05 1.63 6.77 0.

29 Unit LBP £ Stg US $ Euro .78 14.36 627.40 9.22 7.28 439.41 728.105.89 45.12 9.38 790.441 1.03 32.441 1.83 561.378 1.12 6.38 813.36 627.12 12.199.14 17.40 393.38 813.36 627.395 90.105.441 1. Material costs Price Material resources Groundworks Aggregates Crushed stone hardcore Clean brick rubble hardcore As-raised hoggin Washed sand Drainage 100 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm clay drain pipes 225 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm concrete pipe class L 300 mm concrete pipe class L Concrete work Concrete Readymix concrete 20 N/mm2 Readymix concrete 30 N/mm2 Reinforcement Mild steel bars BS4449 8 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 10 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 16 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 25 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 40 mm High yield bars BS4449 8 mm High yield bars BS4449 10 mm High yield bars BS4449 16 mm High yield bars BS4449 25 mm High yield bars BS4449 40 mm Tying wire mild steel Reinforcement spacer blocks m3 m3 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 100 84.83 561.75 42.83 627.83 561.359 26.46 728.212 71.234.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 170 170 Lebanon Material resources The figures below indicate the costs of main construction materials.41 728.48 13.37 13. and are taken at the third quarter 2004 prices.239 1.234.09 6.87 3.40 393.61 59.31 10.40 393.378 1.916 18.234.680 12.291 22.378 1.295 19.43 6.11 393.36 609.86 561.28 426.28 439.916 10.41 728.41 813.63 10.83 561.51 4.21 m3 m3 m3 m3 m m m m m 19.510 10.378 1.30 13.66 7.378 1.242 30.40 6.38 813.234.36 627.234.28 13.74 7.441 1.09 3. The costs allow for large supplies in full loads and include any mechanical off-loading required at the site.41 728.940 20.40 439.90 25. delivered to the site at an urban location within the Lebanon.143 7.12 5.105.38 813.23 11.64 55.441 1.40 393.29 36.105.28 439.64 5.23 8.105.23 10.28 439.64 47.

561.525 8.080 7.85kg RSJ BS4360 203 × 152 mm × 52.39 7.80 49.38 32.561.614 2.09 4.08 17.06 1.18 .31 1.64 965.76 12.57 5.01 5.59 911.42 1.33 0.713.52 1.406.51 2.798 20.513.08 1.972 5.300 2.689.54 423.6kg Woodwork Floors and flat roofs 38 × 100 mm sawn softwood 50 × 100 mm sawn softwood 38 × 25 mm tanalised batten Boarding to Flooring 12 mm WBP ply 18 mm WBP ply 25 mm WBP ply Nails Galvanised nails 75 mm Alloy nails 65 mm × 10g 50 mm Oval wire nails Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 2.09 17.585.64 911.656.210 158.16 1.366.11 2.04 5.687.301.80 0.08 1.02 4.58 11.787.061 1.830 4.5N (solid) (solid) (solid) (hollow) (hollow) (hollow) 1000 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 Tonne Tonne m3 642.76 14.88 1.53 3.5N 3.77 2.89kg RHS BS4360 450 × 250 mm × 167kg RHS BS4360 300 × 200 mm × 92.91 5.99 1.95 1.64 894.17 2.686 2.83 1.28 4.956 4.5N 3.04 2.69 326.10 911.53 856.301.64 1.868 137.41 7.37 22.5N 3.585.48 9.687.687.406.880 228.277.26 24.32 104.77 1.57 0.27 80.24 3.04 7.18 90.810 33.499 2.228 1.31 3.00 3.41 856.979 6.5N 3.686 2.499 2.73 1.546 5.58 3.98 5.95 m m m m2 m2 m2 kg kg kg 2.99 1.99 1.01 1.54kg RSC BS4360 254 × 76 mm × 28.38 4.89 1.149 11.561.80 13.687.95 1.16 2.77 7.379.75 Unit LBP £ Stg US $ Euro Cement and Sand Portland cement in bags Soft sand for mortar Cement mortar (1:3) Metalwork Structural steel UB BS4360 914 × 305 mm × 289kg UB BS4360 610 × 305 mm × 238kg UB BS4360 457 × 191 mm × 98kg RSJ BS4360 254 × 203 mm × 81.49 4.09kg RSC BS4360 432 × 102 mm × 65.939 7.686 911.561.96 3.41 957.437 2.963 49.00 70.301.99 1.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 171 Price Material resources Masonry Bricks Clay common bricks Blocks 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks 3.73 1.5N 3.62 2.95 1.349 14.19 56.223.03 10.301.772.93 1.686 2.223.149 21.71 2.

24 40.44 1.47 1.72 591.29 0.264 110.64 0.95 Glass and glazing 4 mm clear sheet glass 6 mm Georgian wired polished plate 5 mm toughened safety glass 5.94 197.402.47 94.351 132.65 24.09 766.01 39. red Damp-proof membranes 1000g polythene d.60 mm Sheet copper BS2870 0.13 52.42 265.94 185.18 28.29 87.163.48 25.081. Insulation 100 mm thick fibreglass quilt Roofing sheets and fixings Corrugated PVC sheet 1830 mm Corrugated galv sheet 1830 mm Doors and windows UPVC UPVC UPVC UPVC window frames s/casement 1000 × 600 glazed s/casement 1000 × 900 glazed s/casement 1000 × 1200 glazed Nr Nr Nr m2 m2 m2 m2 449.403 1.99 225.21 6.00 33.22 35.13 93.266 69.39 106.76 46.29 172.816 51.62 321.17 1.85 18.059 35.34 56.172 264.38 416.33 67.15 344.38 757.26 152.844 79.59 228.12 m2 m2 m2 m2 1000 1000 m2 m2 Nr Nr 98.65 3.24 50. red 380 × 260 mm pantile.430 522.93 5.128.05 134.4 mm laminated safety glass .386 1.928 159.24 47.p.497 261.21 296.880 1.m.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 172 Price Material resources Thermal and moisture protection Sheet metal Sheet lead BS1178 Code 4 Sheet zinc BS849 0.829 10.579 2.691 299.631 632.14 174.73 0.43 133.12 0.62 72.96 Unit LBP £ Stg US $ Euro 414.45 mm Felts Underslating felt Type 1F Clay roofing products 265 × 165 mm plain tile.24 1.67 65.

30 17.30 18.424 49.52 17.89 32.81 3.84 27.07 33.236 10.938 51.12 2.23 16.99 19.14 25.68 35.60 31.5 mm plasterboard m2 5.227 1.236 49.44 32.71 26.02 25.029 47.00 Unit LBP £ Stg US $ Euro Tiles 25mm × 225 × 225 mm quarry tile m2 9mm × 150 × 150 mm ceramic floor tile m2 Decorations Paints and Sundries Emulsion paint matt white Masonry textured paint white Oil/Alkyd paint undercoat Oil/Alkyd paint gloss white 5 5 5 5 Litre Litre Litre Litre 28.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 173 Price Material resources Finishes Plasterboards 12.52 19.46 24.587 54.02 .44 14.

66 . Each rate includes for all necessary labour.81 4. The values of the displayed rates are considered to be fairly representative for work of the specified nature and are at third quarter 2004 levels.49 m 8. average depth: 0. An allowance of 20% has also been included to cover the contractor's overheads and profit. No.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 174 174 Lebanon Unit rates A selection of unit rates for work items that may be carried out on a typical construction project is provided in the following table.33 24. plant and material costs that would be involved in carrying out the operation described.02 1. depth not exceeding: 0.00 m Trenches for service pipes.03 1.93 17. by machine.05 hardcore m3 3.57 m3 14.65 31. Any statutory taxes have been excluded.736 5.48 m3 m3 41.14 5.00 m To receive foundations. cables or the like including disposal and filling Trenches to suit pipes not exceeding 200 mm dia.080 1. depth not exceeding: 0. drain pipes.04 sand 0. 0 Description Unit Groundworks Excavation LBP Price £ Stg US $ Euro To reduce levels. Ref.. pile caps and ground beams. compacting in 250 mm layers: 0.521 14.24 9.00 m Filling Filled into excavation.10 2.811 3.01 1.03 1.97 21.959 48.71 7.27 27.

459 5.83 44.02 over 300 mm thick Pile caps and ground beams.62 72.512 134. Description Unit Underground drainage Drain pipes and jointing in trenches LBP Price £ Stg US $ Euro Clay: 0.05 46.33 55.607 92. 1 Concrete work Poured concrete Plain concrete mix 20 N/mm2 Foundations.10 m2 1.38 59.794 117.469 59.07 150–300 mm thick Columns and casings to metal stanchions.379 111. 0.31 15.65 47.91 68.450 40.36 49.08 not exceeding 0.37 .16 9.28 41.18 7.54 32. landings.20 m2 Reinforced concrete mix 30N/mm2 Suspended slabs.02 63.66 56.128 139.93 88.10 m2 m m m m m 14. 0.013 44. combined and isolated bases: 1.96 9. Concrete: 0.10 300 mm dia.392 19.05 m2 1.22 m3 m3 114.95 91.77 39.79 78.03 not exceeding 0.88 12.971 125.04 0.07 150 mm dia.35 73.38 64.05 m2 1.12 58.10 over 0.54 m3 m3 m3 147.762 109.95 75.87 96.20 m2 1.01 150–300 mm thick 1.383 29.06 not exceeding 150 mm thick 1.05–0.28 77.64 74.09 150 mm dia.88 6.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 175 Ref. cross-sectional area: 1.01 82. floors.63 m3 m3 m3 118.83 m3 m3 125.12 10.93 21.78 70.08 225 mm dia.48 19.90 30. cross-sectional area: 1.06 100 mm dia.09 0.51 60.05 over 0. 0.05–0.68 60.49 83. roofs or the like: 1.526 52.83 39. No.84 38.820 42.

299.061.48 782.236.74 1.141 1. No.861 1.416 1.63 923.693.11 897.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 176 Ref.16 1.74 526.15 Bars.80 581.779 1.20 2 Bars. delivered to site cut.479.817.116. Description Unit Reinforcement Bar reinforcement Mild steel bars.976 1.10 547. in cement mortar (1:3): 2.134.01 100 mm solid blocks 2.81 953.27 1.971.97 628.251 1.002.37 1.02 150 mm solid blocks 2. delivered to site cut.818 701. bent and labelled LBP £ Stg Price US $ Euro 1. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm High yield steel bars.5N/mm2.85 1.19 1.64 612.70 667.74 13.37 Precast concrete blocks.684 17.99 7.765. bent and labelled Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 1.25 751.34 7.18 1.811 21.97 9.32 1.722.56 10.89 1.43 1.014.96 1.16 1.17 1.136 1.12 1.11 1.32 818.14 860.17 602.633.90 573.054 1.19 974.05 10.093 646.58 6.12 1. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm Masonry Walls Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 1.33 11.50 875.197.79 .03 200 mm solid blocks m2 m2 m2 15.14 1.14 1.58 830.876.163.231 5.13 1.539. strength 3.076.610.

red Tonne Tonne 3.04 254 × 76 mm × 28.241.233.01 914 × 305 mm × 289 kg/m 3.72 2.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 177 Ref.04 16.47 5.68 1.78 2.18 3.64 3.09 32. basic sizes: 4.307 1. No.02 380 × 260 mm clay pantile.26 2.04 18 mm thick 4.86 3.144 1.68 4.273 8.86 21.787.39 17.64 21.96 1. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.02 50 × 100 mm Boarding to flooring WBP bonding plywood square edged boarding.01 265 × 165 mm plain tile.819 43.88 1.312 1.317.33 30. alloy nailed every fifth course.85 Tonne Tonne 3.09 m2 m2 m2 32.39 24.03 432 × 102 mm × 65.210.27 24.251.294.91 .638 60.482.402.009 48.01 38 × 100 mm 4.08 62.769.88 2.81 40. 65 mm lap: 5.517.62 1. 3 Description Unit Structural metalwork Beams LBP £ Stg Price US $ Euro Universal beams. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.864 11. grade BB: 4.729.64 80.51 m2 m2 122.283.466.02 610 × 305 mm × 238 kg/m Rolled steel channels. 38 × 25 mm tanalised softwood battens.03 12 mm thick 4.30 2.54 kg/m 3. red 5.89 kg/m 4 Woodwork Structural timbers Floors and flat roofs Sawn softwood.64 m m 5.239.84 35.05 25 mm thick 5 Coverings and linings Roofing systems Clay tile roofing.51 2.21 46.279 1.042 1.875 69.761.

reveals of openings or recesses. No. returns.07 2.43 6.24 1.05 2.64 6.35 .49 m2 81.01 53.70 1.10 6. attached and unattached columns: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds blockwork backgrounds Ceilings.93 2.30 4.86 12.57 1. attached and unattached beams and staircase soffits: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds textured plastic coating backgrounds m2 m2 m2 9.38 2. jointed and pointed in cement mortar (1:3) To floors and landings: 6.04 225 × 225 × 25 mm Decorations One mist coat and two full coats of emulsion paint Walls.01 25 mm thick 6.97 2.66 3.20 2.51 2.406 3.09 6.630 1.02 38 mm thick 6.06 6.84 1.43 2.780 4.05 6.671 3.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 178 Ref.932 18.459 11.15 2.54 1.85 3.37 4.81 6.23 7.35 1.43 1.031 4.11 6.07 6.06 9.05 2.90 2.65 2.25 6.71 41.96 6.510 29.881 5.08 m2 m2 m2 m2 3. 6 Description Unit Finishes Cement and sand (1:3) trowelled finish LBP £ Stg Price US $ Euro To floors and landings: 6.331 4.03 65 mm thick Quarry tiles bedded.56 3.806 4.12 m2 m2 m2 m2 4.822 1.

803. 7 Description Unit Mechanical engineering Equipment Air handling units Externally fitted air conditioning unit.10 337.055 2.25 1.96 Nr Nr 82.25 .14 450.0 kw cooling unit Tanks LBP £ Stg Price US $ Euro 7.250.74 1.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 179 Ref.498. rotary compressor.363.14 low level syphonic Bidets: 7.144 663.94 54.772 29.90 2.976.61 Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr 683.25 649.09 182 litre Sanitaryware.38 3.31 223.0 kw cooling unit 7.5 kw cooling unit 5.05 2.69 75.956.54 5.95 6.73 1. capacity (US) gallons: 7.02 7.01 2.24 841.10 acrylic Basins: 7.96 3.948.458.56 437.296.58 289.606.03 41.03 7. complete with fittings Baths: 7.5 kw cooling unit 10.13 low level washdown 7. No.205 346.721.07 4.23 176.364.556 1.19 228.049 5.838.04 Nr Nr Nr Nr 4.55 5.07 2000 gallon Plastic water storage cisterns with lids: 7.782.227.277.46 GRP prefabricated water storage tanks for above ground use.47 3.342 1.898 439.02 3.81 7.12 stainless steel WC suites: 7.24 5. wall mounted: 3.05 98.19 52.06 1000 gallon 7.45 156.01 7.420 1.08 114 litre 7.24 347.14 454.794.364.684.50 236.473.627.511.05 500 gallon 7.072.15 vitreous china Nr Nr Nr 2.768.623.11 vitreous china Sinks: 7.13 123.25 236.915 9.37 4.187.48 8.052 663.940.021 148.71 3.14 337.451.31 437.233 955.328 11.556 243.

external diameter: 8.05 6-way 8. available ways: 8.06 12-way m 14.65 50. surface mounted.454 27. nominal csa: 8. assembled and installed on site.25 7.01 10 mm2 Standard cable trays.28 17.5 mm/2. 450/750V. galvanised.369 30. assembled and installed on site. No.19 12.02 50 mm 8. including jointing.34 51.89 .19 13. prefabricated.26 Nr Nr 77. including fixing to structure with hangers and brackets Straight trays with trapeze hangers.00 9. fixing to structure and drawing cables Rigid conduit.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 180 Ref.57 m 26.03 100 mm Steel conduit.21 39.644 9.14 m m 25. 1.89 15. heavy gauge.086 9. 240V SP & N Standard metal consumer unit with integral 100A main switch. assembled and installed on site. galvanised. prefabricated. 8 Description Unit Electrical engineering Sub main circuits LBP £ Stg Price US $ Euro PVC insulated and sheathed single core cable.040 5.72 20. width: 8.03 10.19 93. prefabricated.48 71.0 mm gauge.683 141. fixing to structure.91 16.04 16 mm Consumer units.

39 18. Description Unit Accessories Switch assemblies.96 8.10 1 gang 8.25 Nr Nr Nr 19.915 4.31 12.80 Nr Nr 12. (mortices measured separately) 13A SP. 2 way 8.12 1 gang 8. No. surface mounted.13 1 gang.30 4.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 181 Ref.94 11.08 2 gang.29 23.66 11. mounting boxes and fixings where required.574 35.14 1 gang. 2 way 8.78 8. including installation and fixing to structure.22 15.07 1 gang.28 11.96 8.11 2 gang 13A SP. including installation and fixing to structure.15 .273 31. (mortices measured separately) LBP £ Stg Price US $ Euro 5A SP.94 9. flush mounted: 8.26 6.83 16. metalplate Nr Nr Nr 9.67 6. flush mounted.777 6.47 6.09 3 gang.030 23.564 23.218 3.761 17.06 8. mounting boxes and fixings where required.43 11. 2 way Socket assemblies. with neon indicator 8.34 20. with neon indicator.47 12.89 15. switched: 8. unswitched: 8.

Feasibility studies that make use of these rates should take into account any project specific costs.366.341 433 US $/m2 497 2.939 4.219 116. All prices shown are as current in third quarter 2004.093 LBP/m2 £ Stg/m2 753.545 1. Facility type Multi Storey Car Parks Petrol Stations Airport Terminal Buildings Sorting Offices Refuse Depots Stables and the like Factories Advanced Factories Purpose Built Workshops Warehouses Town Halls Law Courts Offices Banks/Building Societies Retail Warehouses LBP/ft2 70.482 802 Euro/m2 383 2. These generally reflect approximate prices for building costs on a unit area basis and can only be considered as a guide to likely costs for the indicated construction facility.877 1.410 1.683 1.459 1.302 1.657.936 2.965. In some cases prices for buildings not commonly available in the country are also given in an attempt to provide the reader with an estimated likely cost of construction.767. such as land purchase.872 2.219 1. The rates allow for all base construction costs and also include for typical oncosts.150 846 2. These considerations would need to address such items as the general condition of the site.265 2.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 182 182 Lebanon Approximate estimating A range of rates for construction facility types has been provided in the following table. site access and general location.021 1.219 1.586 1. preliminaries and general items.046 637 999 717 630 887 652 1.014 2.811 266. All rates should be treated with caution in any projections and professional advice should be sought before predicted cost calculations are concluded. The unit area values should be applied to the total floor area of all storeys and generally include for average preliminary and on-costs.135 119.295 930 817 1. No allowance has been made for value added tax.456.715 3.553 1.055.087 1.043 413.356 825 1.891 2. availability of resources and the like.981 405.888 339.869.239.283 1.745.283.217.157 162.252.411.618 3.692 191.765 3.251 283. Each project would be unique in this respect and any appraisal of likely development costs for the scheme will need to determine any additions that may have an adverse effect on typical anticipated costs.058.991 113.304 1.859 1.283 1.603 131.377 182.540 1.722 2.332 268 1.603 349.915 619 .087 4.554 732 446 699 502 441 621 457 1. They do not include professional fees or capital costs.111 115.

773 1.397 227.045 3.867 1.047 335.112 870 1.179 1.178 2.430 2.007 1.320.040 1.593.800 373.008 1.565 287.252 340.559 2.454.234 252.529 1.020.653 3.393 364.368 2.627.306 1.963 201.851 2.140 1.469 1.877 1.612 3.791 1.755 2.612 242.630 2.669.125.740 241.396 1.448.573 1.103 1.715 1.993 1.025 1.205 3.229.553 2.743 2.272 2.256 1.806 250.312 1.027 4.480 1.243 264.606.204. Pools Sports Halls Gymnasia LBP/ft2 177.528 2.490 190.662 2.776 2.325 1.000 422.481 326.872 1.242 2.249 1.557 3.957 241.709 3.727 290.112 2.247 1.387 282.311 941 1.998 1.006 3.905.605 3.443.784 1.981.061 1.509.515 1.418 2.440 1.145 US $/m2 1.464 3.846.602.865 1.190 1.964 2.284 870 967 873 1.692.806.638 2.953 297.636 .485 228.322 1.476 270.319.946 2.388 2.987 2.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 183 Facility type Shopping Centres Department Stores Hypermarkets / Supermarkets Shops Stadia Pavilions and Sports Club Houses Religious Buildings Schools Sixth Form Colleges Universities Colleges Research Facilities Laboratories Exhibition Buildings Public Libraries Flats Housing Detached Hotels Halls of Residence Fire Stations Police Stations Closed Prisons Hospitals Intensive Care / Acute Wards Health Centres Nursing Homes Homes for the Elderly Day Centres Veterinary Hospitals Restaurants Theatres Cinemas Clubs Covered Swimming Pools Sports Centres exc.294 2.169.385 £ Stg/m2 678 826 793 643 958 959 1.469 1.368 1.102 928 1.390 1.357 343.229 245.607.911.166 3.218.118 3.649 1.683.170 263.067 227.013 1.381 1.078 320.314 1.268 2.279 1.092 2.313 2.046.084 926 925 1.040 1.584 2.169 3.995 LBP/m2 1.627 2.068 2. Pools Sports Centres inc.060 1.645.009 276.227 1.843 1.447 1.717.322 1.445 336.897 2.243 1.833 1.098 2.629 1.612 1.919 333.876 1.377 1.718 2.593 207.879.716 342.600.016 250.617 1.433 2.919 1.121 Euro/m2 969 1.428 4.436 267.610 2.744 2.427 1.431 1.936 3.548 298.695.291 772 1.123 167.833.548 1.691.445.671 215.349 1.903 3.619 825 1.549.045.344 1.095.589 1.133 918 1.921.828 2.743 2.753 1.463 1.713 2.370 1.037 215.826 2.043 1.036 728 1.179 1.

The values used to generate the graphic display are at monthly intervals for each of the currencies and the individual line bars show the respective comparison of the Lebanese Pound with each of them and the relative value to each other.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 184 184 Lebanon Exchange rates The following graph indicates the exchange rate movement over the last five years of the Lebanese Pound. against four other international currencies. the Euro and the Japanese Yen (×100). US Dollar. £ Sterling. Exchange Rates .

Consumer Prices Year 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: annual average 100.4 –0. The graph.4 112.6% between 2002 and 2003.7 112. From a high level of consumer price inflation (CPI) at the end of 1996 there has been a gradual and sustained drop in the rate over the last four years.2 –0.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 185 Construction cost data 185 Consumer price inflation The table below highlights the inflation index for consumer prices since 1996.7 4.6 112.9 7.0 .6 117.8 1. 2000 and 2001.4 2. in 1996.0 114.4%.0 115.9%.5 0. The forecast for the current year appears to indicate a continuation of the upward trend in the inflation level with an anticipated average figure for 2004 of 2% from figures provided by the Lebanese authorities.9 International Monetary Fund change % 8. which follows the table below. to 0. witnessed a period of deflation with average annual inflation recorded at –0. plots the annual percentage change in consumer price inflation since 1996. The indices have been rebased to 1996=100. By the end of 1999 the average inflation figure had dropped from 8.0 107.2%.4 1.8 112. Since the end of 2001 inflation has rebounded to an upward trend with average annual inflation at 1. The subsequent years.

Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 186 Consumer Price Inflation for Years 1996 through 2004 .

gov.gov.lb Council for Development & Reconstruction Tallet Al-Serail Beirut PO Box 116-5351 Lebanon Tel: (00961) 1 981 431 Fax: (00961) 1 981 252 Email: general@cdr.lb Website: www.bdl.gov.gov.lb Ministry of Finance Riyad El Solh Square MOF Building Beirut Lebanon Tel: (00961) 1 981 001 Fax: (00961) 1 397 789 Email: infocenter@finance.lb .lb Central Bank of Lebanon Banque du Liban Masraf Lubnan street PO Box 11-5544 Beirut Lebanon Tel: (00961) 1 750 000 Fax: (00961) 1 782 740 Email: bdlit@bdl.gov.lb Website: www.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 187 Construction cost data 187 Useful addresses Public organisations Ministry of Economy & Trade Artois Street Hamra Beirut Lebanon Tel: (00961) 1 345 178 Fax: (00961) 1 347 800 Email: webmaster@economy.lb Ministry of Telecommunications Riad el Soloh Square Beirut Lebanon Tel: (00961) 1 979 161 Fax: (00961) 1 979 164 Email: webmaster@mpt.lb Website: www.lb Website: www.gov.lb Website: www.mpt.finance.economy.lb Ministry of Industry Ministry of Industry & Petroleum Building Sami Solh Avenue Facing Adlieh Badaro.industry.cdr.gov.gov.gov.gov. Beirut Lebanon Tel: (00961) 1 427 006 Fax: (00961) 1 427 112 Email: ministry@industry.gov.gov.lb Website: www.

gov.org.org.lb Foreign Embassies Embassy of Canada 43 Jal Al-Dib Highway 1st Floor Coolrite Building Jal Al-Dib Beirut PO Box 60163 Lebanon Tel: (00961) 4 713 900 Fax: (00961) 4 710 595 Email: berut.gc.org.ccib.gov.britishembassy.cas.ali.org Association of Lebanese Industrialists Beirut PO Box 11-1520 Riad El-Solh 1107 2080 Beirut Lebanon Tel: (00961) 1 350 280 Fax: (00961) 1 355 012 Email: ali@ali.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 188 188 Lebanon Minister of Public Works Tel: (00961) 5 456 482 Fax: (00961) 5 455 840 Email: ministry@public-works.ca Website: www.lb Website: www.usembassy.lb Website: www. gov.lb Website: www.webmaster@dfaitmaeci.ca Industrial Organisations British Embassy Embassies Complex Army Street Zkak Al-Blat Serail Hill Beirut PO Box 11-471 Lebanon Tel: (00961) 1 990 400 Fax: (00961) 1 990 420 Email: consularemb@ britishembassy.lb Website: www.lb Website: www.lb .lb Central Administration of Statistics Tel: (00961) 1 373 167 Fax: (00961) 1 373 161 Email: cas@sodetel.public-works.net.org.dfait-maeci.org.lb Embassy of the United States of America PO Box 70-840 Antelias Beirut Lebanon Tel: (00961) 4 542 600 Fax: (00961) 4 544 136 Email: usvisas@inco.gc.lb Beirut Chamber of Commerce and Industry PO Box 11801 Beirut Lebanon Tel: (00961) 1 353 390 Fax: (00961) 1 865 802 Email: anasr@ccib.com.lb Website: www.gov.

com .Thomas@MottMac.Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 189 Construction cost data 189 Construction Consultants Mott MacDonald PO Box 11302 Dubai UAE Tel: +971 (0) 4 343 4218 Fax: +971 (0) 4 343 4281 Email: Nigel.

Section_Two_2 23/06/2005 2:52 pm Page 190 .

872 km 225 km 3.2% Tripoli 1.590 km 35. 6. Tripoli .196 km 9 20 ships Tripoli International Airport.) Highways: paved unpaved Waterways Pipelines: crude oil condensate natural gas Ports and Harbours Merchant Marine International Airport 191 km 47.6 million 88% 34% 4% 2.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 191 Libya ECONOMIC INDICATORS AND KEY DATA Population Population Urban Population Population under 15 Population 65 and over Population growth rate 5.540 sq km 1.759.a.8 million Transportation Railways (2004 est.610 km n.4% Geography Land area Agricultural area Capital city Population of capital city (2000) 1.

653 Yen (×100) 1.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 192 Economy Monetary unit Libyan Dinar Exchange rate £ Stg 2.4% Private consumption as a proportion of GDP (2002) 57.341 GDP per capita PPP basis (2003) US$6.8% Gross domestic investment as a proportion of GDP (2003) 15% Construction Gross value of construction output (2003) Net value of construction output as a proportion of GDP Source: LD1.309 million GDP PPP basis (2003) US$35 billion GDP per capita (2002) LD4.8% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices (2002) LD24.5% The Financial Times Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook The World Bank United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook Central Bank of Libya All data relates to latest as at 3Q 2004 PPP Purchasing Power Parity .400 Average annual real change in GDP (1999 to 2003) 1.6% Inflation rate (2004 est.292 Euro 1.327 million 5.387 US $ 1.217 Average annual inflation (1998 to 2003) –1.3% General government consumption as a proportion of GDP (2002) 16.) 2.

Egypt in the east. The most important committee is the General People’s Congress. while the Sahara extends across the southern frontiers with Niger. Chad and the Sudan. Arab League. Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). the Quran and the Sharia with Colonel Al-Qaddafi as the head of state and the ‘revolutionary leader’. The Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. who came into power in 1969 as a result of his leadership of a military coup and remains the de facto head of state. although only 1. although Berber is sometimes spoken and English and Italian are used in trade.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 193 Country profile 193 Country profile Libya is situated in northern Africa.1% having been irrigated. with a further 0. occurs mainly in the summer months. The western and eastern provinces are comparatively fertile and contain the bulk of the cultivable area. Arabic must be used for all official purposes. Southern Libya has a desert climate with daytime winter temperatures ranging between 15°C and 20°C. bounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north.4% of the total land area is considered arable. Libya is a member of the United Nations. Libya shares borders with Tunisia and Algeria in the west. Libya consists mostly of huge areas of desert and barren rocks. about 97% of Libyans are Sunni Muslim with a small number of Roman Catholics. The main areas of the Libyan construction sector are associated with oil and gas field development both onshore and offshore. The coastal region has a Mediterranean climate. The Ghibli. Arabic is the official language. Islam is the principal religion. with average temperatures ranging from 30°C in summer to 8°C in winter. declares that the country is a socialist state and ruled by the people through a network of committees. . Union of the Arab Maghreb and Organisation of the Islamic Conference. The provisional value of contracts for the Western Libya Gas Development Project is estimated at US$4 billion. not occupying any official position. falling below zero at night. the Organisation of African Unity (OAU). The Government is based strictly on the laws of Islam. controlling over all government activities. a type of warm and dry sandstorm.

it is based on the employee’s basic pay and includes certain allowances for employee’s expenses. more prominently. insurance. The labour resources combine the employee’s basic and the cost to the employer of that labour. which was inspired both by the first Declaration of the Great Revolution of Al Fateh in 1969 and the historical Declaration of the Establishment of the Power of the People in 1977. Africa or even from South East Asia. All workers are considered equal and therefore no Libyan would ever be the servant of another. Unskilled construction labour is normally therefore acquired from other Arab countries. and other mandatory and voluntary contributions. the sacredness of the individual. trade unions and leagues to defend their professional interests.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 194 194 Libya Construction cost data Labour resources The figures below are typical costs for labour employed on a construction site located within an urban area of Libya and taken at third quarter 2004. Labour legislation in Libya is governed by the Great Green Charter of Human Rights of the Jamahiriyan Era. India and Pakistan. In the charter everyone is given the right to work and also to exercise the work of his or her choice. The members of the Jamahiriyan society are free to form unions. holidays. . as Libyans are not able or willing to take on these roles. This has led to problems in maintaining construction standards in Libya as verification of an employee’s experience of working with construction plant and equipment is less vigorous than witnessed elsewhere in the world. The displayed cost of labour is the cost to the employer of employing that operative. This has led to problems in acquiring manual or unskilled workers for construction projects. The charter is complex but relates to democracy (governance by the power of the people) and.

18 32.75 29.22 25.18 25.22 20.03 17.64 17.93 22.03 17.90 38.75 26.01 32.22 32.56 24.75 29.77 £ Stg 11.64 13.93 31.64 14.20 32.83 18.75 26.22 22.90 34.07 13.90 34.75 24.75 42.93 US $ 20.18 32.22 25.63 17.11 17.79 .32 42.63 17.32 42.75 32.90 31.22 18.22 20.64 15.57 Euro 15.57 42.64 15.62 25.68 42.00 42.90 42.77 55.90 55.34 25.00 42.79 32.64 22.68 42.90 38.90 42.01 32.18 25.62 25.34 25.11 17.75 32.20 32.22 22.64 14.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 195 Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Labour resources Operatives General Labourer Groundworks Labourer Bricklayer Shuttering Carpenter Carpenter Steel Fixer Metalworker Craftsman Roof Tiler Sheet Metal Roofer Glazier Plasterer Plasterers Labourer Suspended Ceiling Installer Painter Floor/Wall Tiler Plumber Electrician LYD 26.64 17.

64 49.23 4.48 Euro 21.67 1.70 1.98 12. The rates do not include for any fuel or maintenance and also exclude operator costs and charges.86 9.05 6.75 4.78 29.30 6.79 27.88 8.65 20.58 2.5 Tonne Block and Tackle Craneage/lifting equipment Unit Hour Hour Hour Hour Day Day Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour LYD 36.43 27.64 29.44 49.2 m Reinforcement bending machine 25 Tonne Mobile Crane 13 Tonne Mobile Crane 10 Tonne Mobile Crane Wacker Plate 2.87 .10 20.19 US $ 27.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 196 196 Libya Plant resources The figures below indicate the hire costs of construction plant delivered to a building site in an urban region within Libya and are current at the third quarter 2004.22 3.09 20.64 2.42 16.30 11.16 7.50 35.72 10.81 21.90 6.61 25.10 £ Stg 14.45 42. Plant costs Price Plant resources Hymac 580 (360 deg tracked excavator) JCB 3C (180 deg wheeled excavator) Vibrating Roller 6–8 Tonne Dumper 4WD Hydraulic Tip 1270 Poker Vibrator 48 mm Beam Vibrator 6.21 22.65 12.55 28.91 37.02 37.93 1.21 2.35 14.40 4.37 32.82 17.95 17.88 21.65 1.21 0.07 16.98 11.46 0.

27 217.15 355. Material costs Price Material resources Groundworks Aggregates Crushed stone hardcore Clean brick rubble hardcore As-raised hoggin Washed sand Drainage 100 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm clay drain pipes 225 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm concrete pipe class L 300 mm concrete pipe class L Concrete work Concrete Readymix concrete 20 N/mm2 Readymix concrete 30 N/mm2 Reinforcement Mild steel bars BS4449 8 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 10 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 16 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 25 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 40 mm High yield bars BS4449 8 mm High yield bars BS4449 10 mm High yield bars BS4449 16 mm High yield bars BS4449 25 mm High yield bars BS4449 40 mm Tying wire mild steel Reinforcement spacer blocks m3 m3 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 100 85.56 528.58 Unit LYD £ Stg US $ Euro .92 580.79 311.60 461.90 23.07 317.69 3.61 19.95 46.92 580.71 8.40 9.04 341.05 36.91 65.53 461.76 588.25 50.55 222.00 520.64 403.16 540.64 404.50 6.50 35.63 8.13 241.81 3.07 9.01 442.04 341.27 8.58 306.08 67.01 442.55 222.41 10.91 6.00 4.99 35.32 238.06 355.93 214.56 17.38 214.25 88.46 11.13 248.79 7.50 11.25 5.32 27.95 13.16 5.10 6.92 7.57 397.73 5.87 412.55 603.82 13.70 5.87 412.27 7.15 5.71 7.53 448. delivered to a construction site within an urban area of Libya and are taken at the third quarter 2004 prices.16 540.20 9.76 603.53 4.58 397.27 217.79 310.12 52. The costs allow for large supplies in full loads and include any mechanical off-loading required at the site.91 2.56 530.81 306.08 9.15 345.60 20.59 m3 m3 m3 m3 m m m m m 14.88 12.07 317.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 197 Construction cost data 197 Material resources The figures below indicate the costs of main building materials.68 520.04 15.59 3.41 248.32 238.

84 12.46 1.450.38 53.475.80 1.42 62.12 7.34 152.47 729.56 18.45 1.48 1.499.80 4.47 794.19 2.85kg RSJ BS4360 203 × 152 mm × 52.042.26 1.08 1.38 9.774.08 11.54 32.40 7.96 1.26 0.900.53 1.37 2.63 1.79 8.84 98.61 781.26 1.29 6.16 1.154.99 1.35 116.99 1.53 42.75 0.69 2.21 1.99 1.46 m m m m2 m2 m2 kg kg kg 3.900.06 2.46 1.94 4.450.117.90 89.53 729.964.117.63 781.04 10.47 19.01 29.5N 3.80 1.450.74 6.58 1.5N 3.6kg Woodwork Floors and flat roofs 38 × 100 mm sawn softwood 50 × 100 mm sawn softwood 38 × 25 mm tanalised batten Boarding to Flooring 12 mm WBP ply 18 mm WBP ply 25 mm WBP ply Nails Galvanised nails 75 mm Alloy nails 65 mm × 10g 50 mm Oval wire nails Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 1.900.12 75.46 1.58 781.25 3.96 1.5N (solid) (solid) (solid) (hollow) (hollow) (hollow) 1000 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 Tonne Tonne m3 411.38 .82 10.75 14.40 Unit LYD £ Stg US $ Euro Cement and Sand Portland cement in bags Soft sand for mortar Cement mortar (1:3) Metalwork Structural steel UB BS4360 914 × 305 mm × 289kg UB BS4360 610 × 305 mm × 238kg UB BS4360 457 × 191 mm × 98kg RSJ BS4360 254 × 203 mm × 81.80 781.34 5.06 169.17 17.23 6.5N 3.84 3.25 0.354.402.51 129.87 15.117.57 9.44 9.16 6.900.61 5.51 22.72 4.136.82 11.57 11.837.88 14.82 12.042.35 15.932.5N 3.36 24.58 807.40 7.09kg RSC BS4360 432 × 102 mm × 65.49 8.24 5.98 19.5N 3.80 1.08 242.15 11.450.84 14.08 1.774.95 11.50 0.44 1.54kg RSC BS4360 254 × 76 mm × 28.58 755.14 17.83 3.117.53 314.080.00 25.90 6.08 1.354.91 8.18 1.71 1.99 1.66 15.55 14.36 1.89kg RHS BS4360 450 × 250 mm × 167kg RHS BS4360 300 × 200 mm × 92.21 7.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 198 Price Material resources Masonry Bricks Clay common bricks Blocks 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks 3.75 5.98 11.

26 32.535.65 0.74 38.28 33.35 39.m.07 116.34 47.92 827.26 30.14 623.182.p.14 9.67 104.17 1.57 68.16 137.53 1. red Damp-proof membranes 1000g polythene d.15 24.93 Glass and glazing 4 mm clear sheet glass 6 mm Georgian wired polished plate 5 mm toughened safety glass 5.01 35.52 100.28 139.19 42.63 1.36 0.97 Unit LYD £ Stg US $ Euro 436.29 80.05 400.99 17.76 56.68 39.11 0.78 1.40 27.53 130.45 mm Felts Underslating felt Type 1F Clay roofing products 265 × 165 mm plain tile.011.45 70.17 57.78 480.02 66.67 5.4 mm laminated safety glass .87 7. Insulation 100 mm thick fibreglass quilt Roofing sheets and fixings Corrugated PVC sheet 1830 mm Corrugated galv sheet 1830 mm Doors and windows UPVC UPVC UPVC UPVC window frames s/casement 1000 × 600 glazed s/casement 1000 × 900 glazed s/casement 1000 × 1200 glazed Nr Nr Nr m2 m2 m2 m2 338.74 235.27 15.47 3.28 2.79 197. red 380 × 260 mm pantile.79 198.94 366.49 29.71 m2 m2 m2 m2 1000 1000 m2 m2 Nr Nr 51.02 171.18 46.38 810.02 50.61 282.44 0.44 23.65 1.00 164.42 22.54 43.061.78 18.05 305.68 1.37 0.63 27.45 258.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 199 Price Material resources Thermal and moisture protection Sheet metal Sheet lead BS1178 Code 4 Sheet zinc BS849 0.60 mm Sheet copper BS2870 0.59 88.41 21.

Libya 23/06/2005 4:49 pm Page 200 Price Material resources Finishes Plasterboards 12.07 19.5 mm plasterboard m2 5.37 17.19 25.94 13.40 .58 39.14 29.19 15.08 30.23 3.40 19.28 3.17 25.60 2.57 13.03 28.56 23.95 22.75 11.28 Unit LYD £ Stg US $ Euro Tiles 25mm × 225 × 225 mm quarry tile m2 9mm × 150 × 150 mm ceramic floor tile m2 Decorations Paints and Sundries Emulsion paint matt white Masonry textured paint white Oil/Alkyd paint undercoat Oil/Alkyd paint gloss white 5 5 5 5 Litre Litre Litre Litre 26.93 37.00 33.57 19.97 16.00 10.04 33.12 19.15 48.

96 1.65 8.05 13.18 3.79 5.78 1. cables or the like including disposal and filling Trenches to suit pipes not exceeding 200 mm dia.44 9. pile caps and ground beams.70 27.03 1.63 20. drain pipes.99 m3 m3 23.04 sand 0.65 m 6. depth not exceeding: 0. Ref.83 .19 35.37 m3 11. An allowance of 20% has also been included to cover the contractor's overheads and profit.05 hardcore m3 2.31 4.00 m Filling Filled into excavation.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 201 Construction cost data 201 Unit rates A selection of unit rates for work items that may be carried out on a typical construction project is provided in the following table.00 m Trenches for service pipes.00 m To receive foundations. The values of the displayed rates are considered to be fairly representative for work of the specified nature and are at third quarter 2004 levels. Each rate includes for all necessary labour.64 6. plant and material costs that would be involved in carrying out the operation described. average depth: 0.57 17. depth not exceeding: 0. Any statutory taxes have been excluded.79 2.02 1. No..33 0. 0 Description Unit Groundworks Excavation LYD Price £ Stg US $ Euro To reduce levels.54 14. compacting in 250 mm layers: 0.01 1. by machine.

06 100 mm dia.20 7.05 48.48 94. 0.36 59.52 46.73 122.81 .37 66.26 47.05 m2 1.51 16.87 50.14 9. No. combined and isolated bases: 1.05–0.72 77. 1 Concrete work Poured concrete Plain concrete mix 20 N/mm2 Foundations.50 5.07 150–300 mm thick Columns and casings to metal stanchions.08 not exceeding 0. landings.45 93.42 110. 0.09 m3 m3 123.58 6.05 over 0.96 64.53 45.34 88.20 m2 1.57 104.28 117.82 70.06 not exceeding 150 mm thick 1.30 132.03 not exceeding 0.77 50.01 150–300 mm thick 1.38 27.46 54.85 137.09 0.76 37.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 202 Ref.10 m2 m m m m m 9.74 72.09 150 mm dia.08 225 mm dia.08 45.88 m3 m3 115.86 11.02 over 300 mm thick Pile caps and ground beams. Concrete: 0.13 69. 0.72 72.05–0.07 150 mm dia.42 49.40 49.60 110.56 56.24 84.99 112.07 85.04 85.35 24. floors.10 m2 1.13 3. Description Unit Underground drainage Drain pipes and jointing in trenches LYD Price £ Stg US $ Euro Clay: 0. roofs or the like: 1.16 80.04 0.82 m3 m3 m3 119.10 300 mm dia.06 90.33 20.05 m2 1.23 35.16 21.20 m2 Reinforced concrete mix 30N/mm2 Suspended slabs.63 11.10 over 0.77 15.05 28.81 101. cross-sectional area: 1.17 67.18 m3 m3 m3 144.23 91.61 59. cross-sectional area: 1.

17 1.59 814.18 1.06 349.42 499.59 20. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm Masonry Walls Tonne 1.61 438.19 1.11 1.07 13.27 Tonne 728.47 556.92 598.57 648.09 Tonne 784.01 100 mm solid blocks 2.99 Tonne 975.05 26.5N/mm2.13 428. strength 3.06 428.13 1.03 200 mm solid blocks m2 m2 m2 23.38 13.50 744.73 401.61 438.93 31.066.50 744. bent and labelled Tonne 1.38 Tonne 850.09 Tonne 782.92 597.69 Tonne 728. delivered to site cut.55 15.27 573.16 1.57 648. in cement mortar (1:3): 2.34 1.56 24.19 627.066.94 9. Description Unit Reinforcement Bar reinforcement Mild steel bars.19 627.14 1.06 349. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm High yield steel bars.76 461.13 17.38 Tonne 850. No.78 .83 18.73 401.54 322.20 2 Bars.99 Tonne 975.02 150 mm solid blocks 2.48 11.83 299.42 499.15 Bars.68 556.59 814.27 573.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 203 Ref.76 460.34 Precast concrete blocks.54 321.12 1.48 299. bent and labelled LYD Price £ Stg US $ Euro 1. delivered to site cut.

02 50 × 100 mm Boarding to flooring WBP bonding plywood square edged boarding.069.31 3.05 25 mm thick 5 Coverings and linings Roofing systems Clay tile roofing.47 43.045. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.47 1.63 6.00 1.941.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 204 Ref.03 12 mm thick 4.75 m2 m2 m2 26.494.01 265 × 165 mm plain tile. grade BB: 4.918.04 1.492.78 1.29 62. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.62 4.033.41 21.937.30 4.46 31.18 m2 m2 105.30 44.10 Tonne 2.38 15.34 1. 38 × 25 mm tanalised softwood battens. No. 3 Description Unit Structural metalwork Beams LYD £ Stg Price US $ Euro Universal beams.83 m m 5.71 Tonne 2.02 16.20 1.76 24.04 254 × 76 mm × 28.52 1.04 18 mm thick 4. red 5.03 432 × 102 mm × 65.19 1.86 23.31 2.01 914 × 305 mm × 289 kg/m 3.29 1.87 3.92 1.14 11.477.16 80.01 58.76 Tonne 2.06 30.71 1.602.91 20.56 51.80 41.01 38 × 100 mm 4.02 610 × 305 mm × 238 kg/m Rolled steel channels.54 kg/m 3.542.986. red Tonne 2.538.89 kg/m 4 Woodwork Structural timbers Floors and flat roofs Sawn softwood.02 380 × 260 mm clay pantile.11 34.529.043. 65 mm lap: 5.58 39.72 1.37 2. basic sizes: 4.512. alloy nailed every fifth course.26 .

10 6.30 2.61 5. attached and unattached columns: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds blockwork backgrounds Ceilings.84 2.25 3.52 2.02 6. returns.62 6.91 2. No.02 .45 1.12 m2 m2 m2 m2 3.93 3.04 225 × 225 × 25 mm Decorations One mist coat and two full coats of emulsion paint Walls. 6 Description Unit Finishes Cement and sand (1:3) trowelled finish LYD Price £ Stg US $ Euro To floors and landings: 6.28 4.26 1.34 1.41 2.06 6. jointed and pointed in cement mortar (1:3) To floors and landings: 6. reveals of openings or recesses.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 205 Ref.07 6.07 3.87 9.75 2.05 6.03 65 mm thick Quarry tiles bedded.34 2.02 38 mm thick 6.62 12.69 53.46 m2 69.77 28.52 3.07 1.95 7.01 25 mm thick 6.27 3.08 m2 m2 m2 m2 2.21 1.98 4.10 6.43 1.46 1.48 2.09 3.11 6. attached and unattached beams and staircase soffits: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds textured plastic coating backgrounds m2 m2 m2 7.80 9.22 1.59 5.80 2.69 2.94 1.21 4.72 1.98 16.41 1.24 2.09 6.26 41.36 1.62 1.

31 525.11 vitreous china Sinks: 7.0 kw cooling unit Tanks LYD £ Stg Price US $ Euro 7.11 3.85 5.41 57.35 681.035.22 245.07 5.22 5.04 Nr Nr Nr Nr 4.03 7.77 30.344.21 367.06 893.936. wall mounted: 3.34 4.52 533.07 2000 gallon Plastic water storage cisterns with lids: 7.11 2.52 3.05 7.93 2.06 598.85 273.70 7.22 GRP prefabricated water storage tanks for above ground use.72 55.332.120.80 2.864.566.10 acrylic Basins: 7.199.011.95 5.90 693.09 182 litre Sanitaryware.936.90 10.14 low level syphonic Bidets: 7.23 Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr 908.38 1.05 500 gallon 7. complete with fittings Baths: 7.909.58 525.97 724.975.32 367.08 114 litre 7.106.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 206 Ref.12 stainless steel WC suites: 7.35 681.21 1.13 low level washdown 7.93 79.63 3.90 3.121.72 9.043.82 8.729.81 5. No.02 3.761. capacity (US) gallons: 7.57 1.491.5 kw cooling unit 5.06 1000 gallon 7.72 134.60 4.04 102.07 465.157.02 7.794.15 vitreous china Nr Nr Nr 2. 7 Description Unit Mechanical engineering Equipment Air handling units Externally fitted air conditioning unit.589.5 kw cooling unit 10.01 7.364.996.614.785.031.00 456.38 373.132.27 1.76 1.79 6.19 355.537.12 1.0 kw cooling unit 7.193.04 893.01 3.40 Nr Nr 74.97 .664.29 1. rotary compressor.39 191.40 351.88 43.101.

prefabricated. galvanised. heavy gauge. surface mounted. galvanised.62 m 22.5 mm/2. 1.23 43.29 m m 21. external diameter: 8. prefabricated.06 12-way m 12.0 mm gauge. 450/750V. No. available ways: 8.10 30. width: 8. nominal csa: 8.02 50 mm 8.35 17.79 . prefabricated. including fixing to structure with hangers and brackets Straight trays with trapeze hangers.01 10 mm2 Standard cable trays.93 16.46 7. assembled and installed on site.37 Nr Nr 73.28 12.73 26. assembled and installed on site.35 43.03 100 mm Steel conduit. fixing to structure and drawing cables Rigid conduit.78 15.10 9. 8 Description Unit Electrical engineering Sub main circuits LYD Price £ Stg US $ Euro PVC insulated and sheathed single core cable.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 207 Ref.05 6-way 8.04 16 mm Consumer units.39 5.59 20.36 13.94 10. assembled and installed on site.74 9.82 105.22 56. including jointing.35 80. 240V SP & N Standard metal consumer unit with integral 100A main switch.40 61.57 8. fixing to structure.

2 way Socket assemblies.45 28.10 1 gang 8. with neon indicator 8.61 21.61 11.73 6.74 7. No.32 8.41 11.66 15.72 20.67 13.09 3 gang. surface mounted.95 12.42 12.26 8.36 32.89 .56 6.68 19. metalplate Nr Nr Nr 8.08 2 gang.42 3.12 1 gang 8.59 5.82 13.11 2 gang 13A SP. (mortices measured separately) 13A SP.09 8. 2 way 8. (mortices measured separately) LYD Price £ Stg US $ Euro 5A SP.00 Nr Nr 11.07 1 gang. 2 way 8.02 16.29 8.53 15. including installation and fixing to structure.62 15.67 24.40 6. flush mounted.22 20. switched: 8.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 208 Ref. mounting boxes and fixings where required.04 Nr Nr Nr 17. flush mounted: 8.94 10. mounting boxes and fixings where required. Description Unit Accessories Switch assemblies. with neon indicator.39 4.13 1 gang. including installation and fixing to structure. unswitched: 8.14 1 gang.

012 744 1. No allowance has been made for value added tax.682 2. Each project would be unique in this respect and any appraisal of likely development costs for the scheme will need to determine any additions that may have an adverse effect on typical anticipated costs.372 1. They do not include professional fees or capital costs.296 1.859 918 £ Stg/m2 239 1.204 2.161 906 1.574 1.766 2.156 1.326 974 2.824 2.176 378 US $/m2 444 2. site access and general location.996 1.360 1.153 804 703 1.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 209 Construction cost data 209 Approximate estimating A range of rates for construction facility types has been provided in the following table.313 2. These considerations would need to address such items as the general condition of the site. availability of resources and the like.395 3.660 1.592 2.053 920 1.396 1. such as land purchase. The rates allow for all base construction costs and also include for typical on-costs.187 727 1.554 953 1.982 914 560 888 619 541 779 573 1. All rates should be treated with caution in any projections and professional advice should be sought before predicted cost calculations are concluded.182 701 Euro/m2 342 1.386 639 392 621 433 378 545 401 951 1. All prices shown are at third quarter 2004.510 1.681 540 . preliminaries and general items. Feasibility studies that make use of these rates should take into account any project specific costs. In some cases prices for buildings not commonly available in the country are also given in an attempt to provide the reader with an estimated likely cost of construction. The unit area values should be applied to the total floor area of all storeys and generally include for average preliminary and on-costs. These generally reflect approximate prices for building costs on a unit area basis and can only be considered as a guide to likely costs for the indicated construction facility. Facility type Multi Storey Car Parks Petrol Stations Airport Terminal Buildings Sorting Offices Refuse Depots Stables and the like Factories Advanced Factories Purpose Built Workshops Warehouses Town Halls Law Courts Offices Banks/Building Societies Retail Warehouses LYD/ft2 54 315 313 144 89 140 98 85 123 90 215 262 205 266 85 LYD/m2 582 3.

764 1.301 1.093 1.024 1.042 1.099 1.260 1.354 1.174 1.053 1.783 1.650 2.253 1.791 2.396 2.118 2.525 1.560 1.948 2.489 2.742 1.398 1.149 840 968 752 1.255 1.212 1.030 1.866 2.795 2.132 777 840 753 910 1.663 2.676 1.619 1.175 1.733 1.629 1.341 2.048 1.753 1.524 1.367 2.797 1.202 1.012 788 1.148 1.172 1.176 2.643 1.792 2.454 .379 1.996 1.565 1.889 2.075 2.134 1.442 1.998 2.135 2.499 1.816 1.095 1.636 1.311 1.201 1.439 1.959 2.831 2.154 1.289 1.453 1.213 2.384 1.999 2. Pools Sports Centres inc.626 1.033 2.005 1. Pools Sports Halls Gymnasia LYD/ft2 134 166 160 125 190 186 215 185 182 221 181 259 258 279 205 138 198 198 198 238 247 274 265 256 175 190 170 206 227 260 190 219 170 321 166 255 153 230 LYD/m2 1.763 1.299 875 1.141 1.137 1.145 1.398 1.559 1.131 2.209 1.250 2.076 1.444 2.888 Euro/m2 846 1.473 £ Stg/m2 592 733 708 551 841 822 950 821 807 978 801 1.487 2.947 2.509 1.102 1.964 2.110 1.131 2.135 2.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 210 Facility type Shopping Centres Department Stores Hypermarkets / Supermarkets Shops Stadia Pavilions and Sports Club Houses Religious Buildings Schools Sixth Form Colleges Universities Colleges Research Facilities Laboratories Exhibition Buildings Public Libraries Flats Housing Detached Hotels Halls of Residence Fire Stations Police Stations Closed Prisons Hospitals Intensive Care / Acute Wards Health Centres Nursing Homes Homes for the Elderly Day Centres Veterinary Hospitals Restaurants Theatres Cinemas Clubs Covered Swimming Pools Sports Centres exc.631 1.774 2.017 US $/m2 1.829 3.612 970 1.721 1.559 1.201 1.690 1.361 1.255 1.851 2.055 1.314 1.687 1.437 1.044 1.420 736 1.567 2.359 1.629 1.233 909 612 878 876 878 1.127 679 1.042 2.641 1.

the Euro and the Japanese Yen (×100). Exchange Rates . £ Sterling. against four other international currencies. The values used to generate the graphic display are at monthly intervals for each of the currencies and the individual line bars show the respective comparison of the Libyan Dinar with each of them and the relative value to each other. US Dollar.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 211 Construction cost data 211 Exchange rates The following graph indicates the exchange rate movement over the last five years of the Libyan Dinar.

8 1.6 International Monetary Fund change % 4.7 2.6 3. The forecast for the current year appears to indicate a continuation of the upward trend in the inflation level with an anticipated average figure for 2004 of 3% from figures provided by the Libyan authorities.0 103. Libya has historically experienced a moderate level of consumer price inflation (CPI) during the mid-to-late nineties where the average inflation figure for the period 1996 to 1999 was recorded at 3. The indices have been rebased to 1996=100. witnessed a dramatic period of deflation with average annual inflation recorded at –9.4 110.2 107.0 97. CPI has shown an upturn with average annual inflation at 1% for 2003.6 88. plots the annual percentage change in consumer price inflation since 1996.6 107.0 3.0 .9 91. however. Consumer Prices Year 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: annual average 100.8 –9.0 3.5%.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 212 212 Libya Consumer Price Inflation The table below highlights the inflation index for consumer prices since 1996. The subsequent period.8% by 2002.0 88. which follows the table below. The graph. Since the end of 2002.6 –2.9 –8. 2000 through to 2002.

Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 213 Consumer Price Inflation for Years 1996 through 2004 .

britain-inlibya. Tripoli PO Box 1106 Tripoli Libya Tel: (00218) 21 360 9830 Fax: (00218) 21 444 6743 Foreign embassies British Embassy Commercial Section PO Box 4206 Tripoli Libya Tel: (00218) 21 335 1084 Fax: (00218) 21 335 1082 Email: trade.org Industrial organisations Mott MacDonald Ltd c/o National Consulting Bureau 14 Jamahiriya Street PO Box 12795 Tripoli Libya Tel: (00218) 21 360 3135 Fax: (00218) 21 360 3135 Waha Oil Company PO Box 395 Tripoli Libya Tel: (00218) 21 333 7161 Fax: (00218) 21 333 0985 Zuetina Oil Company PO Box 2134 Tripoli Libya Tel: (00218) 21 444 0956 Fax: (00218) 21 333 9109 Brega Petroleum Marketing Co.libya@fco.uk Website: http://www.gov.Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 214 214 Libya Useful addresses Public organisations National Oil Corporation (NOC) Tripoli . PO Box 16649 Zawia Libya Tel: (00218) 21 621 162 Fax: (00218) 21 622 008 .Bashir Saadawi Street PO Box 2655 Tripoli Libya Tel: (00218) 21 333 7141 Fax: (00218) 21 333 1930 National Oil Well Drilling & Workover Co.

Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 215 Construction cost data 215 The Arabian Gulf Oil Company PO Box 263 Benghazi Libya Tel: (00218) 21 228 8931 Fax: (00218) 21 222 9006 International Petroleum Libya Ltd PO Box 3285-99 Tripoli Libya Tel: (00218) 21 483 5203 Fax: (00218) 21 483 6503 Petroleum Research Centre PO Box 6431 Tripoli Libya Tel: (00218) 21 483 0022 Fax: (00218) 21 483 0031 Construction Consultants Mott MacDonald PO Box 11302 Dubai UAE Tel: +971 (0) 4 343 4218 Fax: +971 (0) 4 343 4281 Email: Nigel.com .Thomas@MottMac.

Libya 23/06/2005 2:03 pm Page 216 .

599 km 3 2 ships Seeb.a.9 million 78% 42% 3% 3.a.460 sq km 0. Muscat . 3.3% Muscat 632.673 km 25. 9.187 km n.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 217 Oman ECONOMIC INDICATORS AND KEY DATA Population Population Urban Population Population under 15 Population 65 and over Population growth rate 2. 3.4% Geography Land area Agricultural area Capital city Population of capital city (2003) 212.a.292 km n.073 Transportation Railways Highways: paved unpaved Waterways Pipelines: crude oil petroleum products natural gas Ports and Harbours Merchant Marine International Airport n.

302.7 billion GDP per capita (2003) OR2.0% Construction Gross value of construction output (2003) Net value of construction output as a proportion of GDP Source: OR189 million 2.0% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices (2003) OR8.493 Yen (×100) 0.6% Private consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 43.3% Inflation rate (2003) 1.863 GDP per capita PPP basis (2003) US$13.3% The Financial Times Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook The World Bank Ministry of National Economy Central Bank of Oman All data relates to latest as at 3Q 2004 PPP Purchasing Power Parity .Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 218 Economy Monetary unit Omani Rial Exchange rate £ Stg 0.385 Euro 0.100 Average annual real change in GDP (1998 to 2003) 3.1% General government consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 23.1% Gross domestic investment as a proportion of GDP (2003) 13.363 Average annual inflation (1998 to 2003) –0.4 million GDP PPP basis (2003) US$36.711 US $ 0.

the World Trade Organisation. Oman is a member of the United Nations. Oman has an ongoing agenda for infrastructure development with proposed spending up to RO250 million in its current five-year plan. The population of Oman comprises several ethnic groups including Arab. or mintaqat. or muhafazat. The cabinet is appointed by the hereditary monarch who is both the chief of state and head of government. Tendering in general is very competitive and straightforward. The Omani construction industry shares 2–4% of its GDP. Farsi. The Sultanate of Oman is an absolute monarchy and the administrative system of the state is conducted through six regions. the Gulf Co-operation Council (GCC) amongst others. appointed by the monarch. South Asian and African. . The official language is Arabic with Swahili. and two governorates. The bicameral Majlis Oman consists of an upper chamber of 48 seats whose members. hot and humid along the coast. Temperatures in the coastal area can rise to 47ºC and humidity reaches 90% in summer. with other minorities. act as an advisory power only. The principal religion is Islam. Baluchi.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 219 Country profile 219 Country profile Oman is situated at the south-eastern tip of the Arabian peninsular and bordered by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates to the west and Yemen to the south-west with a coastal line along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. English is also widely spoken in business. The climate of the country is predominately hot and dry in the desert regions of the interior. and a lower chamber which comprises 83 seats and whose members are elected by limited suffrage. Rugged mountain regions are to the north and the south. mainly Ibadhi and Sunni Muslims. Urdu and other various Indian dialects commonly used. May to September sees a strong south-westly summer monsoon in the far south. The interior and the Musandam Peninsula have many mountainous areas while the southern coast is more tropical.

In addition to annual leave. the employer must compensate by giving an additional minimum of twenty-five per cent of the basic salary or give time off in lieu. Employees may also pay additional taxes to employ a foreign national. The cost of construction labour is based on the employee's basic pay and includes those allowances for employer and employee expenses such as holidays. Employees are entitled to fifteen days annual leave. An English translation of the Arabic text was not available. which increases. At the time of writing the Law of 1973 is to be superseded with the Oman Labour Code of 26 April 2003. . An employer can ask an employee to work during an official holiday but must offer overtime compensation. Foreign employees need to obtain a labour permit that is subject to entrance requirements. When a worker is asked to work longer. Under the law a worker is not permitted to work more than eight hours a day or forty-eight hours a week. If the official holiday falls on the workers day of rest they are entitled to a day off in lieu. insurance and other mandatory and voluntary contributions. The Oman Labour Law of 1973 governs labour in Oman. During Ramadan the hours of work will be reduced to six hours a day or thirty-six hours a week. Foreign nationals may not be employed where a national is willing and able to complete the work. public holidays are also given for special days. to thirty days after three years of continuous service.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 220 220 Oman Construction cost data Labour resources The figures below are typical labour costs for Oman at an urban location and are taken at the third quarter 2004. Special paid leave of 15 days is also allowed once in a term of service for pilgrimage. The labour resource costs given are a compilation of the employee’s basic pay and the financial cost to the employer of that labour.

26 34.44 40.26 42.39 .32 20.61 28.09 52.72 £ Stg 10.28 52.09 52.17 13.30 49.04 Euro 15.71 25.20 52.26 64.17 16.16 20.23 18.23 22.30 26.30 26.17 20.17 13.17 20.23 13.30 40.59 US $ 19.29 40.44 40.32 20.61 9.17 24.16 20.30 32.72 24.23 28.84 28.61 40.39 49.23 34.29 40.23 22.26 25.61 28.61 40.59 34.64 13.28 52.23 28.17 9.20 52.23 18.26 52.20 19.84 28.17 16.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 221 Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Labour resources Operatives General Labourer Groundworks Labourer Bricklayer Shuttering Carpenter Carpenter Steel Fixer Metalworker Craftsman Roof Tiler Sheet Metal Roofer Glazier Plasterer Plasterers Labourer Suspended Ceiling Installer Painter Floor/Wall Tiler Plumber Electrician OMR 7.30 32.26 52.41 28.73 20.04 64.73 20.26 34.26 42.30 40.41 28.30 19.

26 25.57 7.63 33.02 15.54 .69 32. delivered to a site in an urban location in Oman.52 1.59 3. The rates do not include for any fuel or maintenance expenses and exclude operator costs and charges.81 1.02 11.16 13.02 7.07 0.34 8.24 5.96 20.88 17.78 £ Stg 18.54 12.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 222 222 Oman Plant resources The figures below indicate the hire costs of construction plant.91 0.18 4.57 0.98 9. and are current at the third quarter 2004.38 0.92 0.81 0.41 11.91 17.53 10.12 Euro 25.46 25. Plant resources Price Plant resources Hymac 580 (360 deg tracked excavator) JCB 3C (180 deg wheeled excavator) Vibrating Roller 6–8 Tonne Dumper 4WD Hydraulic Tip 1270 Poker Vibrator 48 mm Beam Vibrator 6.27 5.84 8.46 13.5 Tonne Block and Tackle Craneage/lifting equipment Unit Hour Hour Hour Hour Day Day Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour OMR 12.08 16.63 24.30 25.98 8.53 14.94 19.40 0.16 6.65 12.03 20.89 US $ 33.42 4.2 m Reinforcement bending machine 25 Tonne Mobile Crane 13 Tonne Mobile Crane 10 Tonne Mobile Crane Wacker Plate 2.28 6.05 1.50 1.53 10.74 1.63 12.

42 394.21 563.28 827.93 7.21 2.42 394.77 8.13 13.48 6.21 563.07 23.57 13.43 3.60 314.56 628.02 394.77 57.98 827.56 638.71 10.98 827.75 13.60 319.69 30.18 61.42 394.60 319.38 m3 m3 m3 m3 m m m m m 5.74 3.45 6.42 447.92 5.56 638.21 563.13 26.56 638.41 5.95 5.56 638.10 47.90 10. Material resources Price Material resources Groundworks Aggregates Crushed stone hardcore Clean brick rubble hardcore As-raised hoggin Washed sand Drainage 100 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm clay drain pipes 225 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm concrete pipe class L 300 mm concrete pipe class L Concrete work Concrete Readymix concrete 20 N/mm2 Readymix concrete 30 N/mm2 Reinforcement Mild steel bars BS4449 8 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 10 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 16 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 25 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 40 mm High yield bars BS4449 8 mm High yield bars BS4449 10 mm High yield bars BS4449 16 mm High yield bars BS4449 25 mm High yield bars BS4449 40 mm Tying wire mild steel Reinforcement spacer blocks m3 m3 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 100 22.18 447.42 394.13 730.60 10.60 281.12 12.28 730.95 17.21 563.88 33.83 13.69 5.84 7.28 730.15 563.89 281.28 730.81 18.08 6.07 6.89 281. The costs allow for large supplies in full loads and include any mechanical off-loading required at the site.29 3.11 9.43 7.60 319.66 Unit OMR £ Stg US $ Euro .29 9.56 7.31 5.61 37.23 4.05 48.89 281. and are taken at the third quarter 2004 prices.18 447.78 2.49 6.97 44.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 223 Construction cost data 223 Material resources The figures below indicate the costs of main construction materials.18 447.98 827.06 4.89 319.38 11.60 319.28 730.98 827.98 815. delivered to a building site within an urban location in Oman.18 440.89 281.18 447.97 15.21 638.

702.67 1.35 1.57 1.45 1.48 1.64 335.19 1.33 629.19 58.10 4.03 1.01 3.37 1.59 2.06 36.13 435.92 1.735.21 1.313.838.32 0.31 107.5N 3.06 937.822.20 1.45 1.42 7.31 703.85kg RSJ BS4360 203 × 152 mm × 52.36 13.42 7.80 2.31 629.70 8.37 4.78 14.09kg RSC BS4360 432 × 102 mm × 65.66 2.88 12.338.6kg Woodwork Floors and flat roofs 38 × 100 mm sawn softwood 50 × 100 mm sawn softwood 38 × 25 mm tanalised batten Boarding to Flooring 12 mm WBP ply 18 mm WBP ply 25 mm WBP ply Nails Galvanised nails 75 mm Alloy nails 65 mm × 10g 50 mm Oval wire nails Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 669.27 83.54 669.5N 3.338.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 224 Price Material resources Masonry Bricks Clay common bricks Blocks 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks 3.35 1.5N 3.735.50 3.338.01 Unit OMR £ Stg US $ Euro Cement and Sand Portland cement in bags Soft sand for mortar Cement mortar (1:3) Metalwork Structural steel UB BS4360 914 × 305 mm × 289kg UB BS4360 610 × 305 mm × 238kg UB BS4360 457 × 191 mm × 98kg RSJ BS4360 254 × 203 mm × 81.08 1.630.43 0.88 50.5N (solid) (solid) (solid) (hollow) (hollow) (hollow) 1000 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 Tonne Tonne m3 168.43 17.78 1.48 1.01 32.5N 3.31 1.90 709.64 0.02 5.55 2.37 1.735.31 919.97 3.31 3.85 0.53 880.5N 3.55 2.15 1.14 41.54kg RSC BS4360 254 × 76 mm × 28.30 1.75 25.00 5.00 10.60 3.08 4.78 23.40 17.84 5.18 4.45 m m m m2 m2 m2 kg kg kg 0.39 3.90 657.91 1.69 9.41 7.01 2.338.30 669.87 2.79 937.34 1.04 5.90 937.257.90 669.38 3.405.31 992.30 5.48 1.11 72.82 2.20 1.630.31 937.60 11.735.51 4.257.59 4.55 235.417.16 2.12 5.51 2.09 1.17 2.33 93.89kg RHS BS4360 450 × 250 mm × 167kg RHS BS4360 300 × 200 mm × 92.22 2.72 880.93 7.30 .15 5.98 12.53 984.48 1.45 1.10 1.

84 m2 m2 m2 m2 1000 1000 m2 m2 Nr Nr 25.17 66.68 179.34 74.31 1.08 354.31 138.55 219.48 2.95 78.07 428.98 Unit OMR £ Stg US $ Euro 425.97 0.24 6.24 69.35 36.48 26.34 28.49 304.76 25.26 13.p.69 66.01 1.67 3.84 0.4 mm laminated safety glass .27 51.45 mm Felts Underslating felt Type 1F Clay roofing products 265 × 165 mm plain tile.19 173.50 109.85 20.56 1.60 mm Sheet copper BS2870 0.64 41.59 0.35 57. Insulation 100 mm thick fibreglass quilt Roofing sheets and fixings Corrugated PVC sheet 1830 mm Corrugated galv sheet 1830 mm Doors and windows UPVC UPVC UPVC UPVC window frames s/casement 1000 × 600 glazed s/casement 1000 × 900 glazed s/casement 1000 × 1200 glazed Nr Nr Nr m2 m2 m2 m2 109.55 18.99 202.99 153.03 46.43 191.75 0.417.092.68 1.17 29.76 86.96 765.20 133.96 5.75 33.34 40.75 0.96 53.68 18.30 607.07 330.m.67 165.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 225 Price Material resources Thermal and moisture protection Sheet metal Sheet lead BS1178 Code 4 Sheet zinc BS849 0. red Damp-proof membranes 1000g polythene d.78 93.84 156.75 788.09 273.46 66.68 Glass and glazing 4 mm clear sheet glass 6 mm Georgian wired polished plate 5 mm toughened safety glass 5.96 47.28 546.30 34.23 231.41 0.36 36. red 380 × 260 mm pantile.73 284.66 136.47 96.

54 24.71 32.35 2.46 32.03 m2 m2 m2 1.29 17.53 19.5 mm plasterboard Tiles 25mm × 225 × 225 mm quarry tile 9mm × 150 × 150 mm ceramic floor tile Decorations Paints and Sundries Emulsion paint matt white Masonry textured paint white Oil/Alkyd paint undercoat Oil/Alkyd paint gloss white 5 5 5 5 Litre Litre Litre Litre 7.79 12.12 26.53 17.60 34.00 2.82 17.59 18.79 35.84 32.28 3.46 15.57 13.46 13.04 19.53 10.53 12.92 27.87 25.03 25.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 226 Price Material resources Finishes Plasterboards 12.45 12.68 Unit OMR £ Stg US $ Euro .

Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 227 Construction cost data 227 Unit rates A selection of unit rates for work items that may be carried out on a typical construction project is provided in the following table.05 hardcore m3 0.63 15. depth not exceeding: 0.30 32.13 2.85 5.69 m 2. cables or the like including disposal and filling Trenches to suit pipes not exceeding 200 mm dia.82 25.91 4. Ref. by machine. Each rate includes for all necessary labour.00 m Trenches for service pipes. average depth: 0. 0 Description Unit Groundworks Excavation OMR Price £ Stg US $ Euro To reduce levels. An allowance of 20% has also been included to cover the contractor's overheads and profit.04 sand 0.03 1.67 28. No.00 m Filling Filled into excavation.01 1.39 9.61 m3 3.23 .09 1.02 1. depth not exceeding: 0.81 1.. compacting in 250 mm layers: 0.19 5.28 17.92 12.56 m3 m3 10.97 7. The values of the displayed rates are considered to be fairly representative for work of the specified nature and are at third quarter 2004 levels. pile caps and ground beams.72 21.00 m To receive foundations. Any statutory taxes have been excluded. plant and material costs that would be involved in carrying out the operation described. drain pipes.28 3.

00 28.10 4.71 62.76 m3 m3 30.15 9.10 300 mm dia.65 65.17 m3 m3 m3 31.78 65.43 15.52 30.72 72. roofs or the like: 1.47 75.37 48.05 over 0. cross-sectional area: 1.29 58.04 0.09 0.41 79. 1 Concrete work Poured concrete Plain concrete mix 20 N/mm2 Foundations. cross-sectional area: 1.06 100 mm dia.89 7.35 90.63 19.10 m2 1.72 7. 0.08 not exceeding 0.35 39.06 not exceeding 150 mm thick 1. 0.96 49.76 33.68 46.10 m2 m m m m m 3.03 77.05–0.20 m2 Reinforced concrete mix 30N/mm2 Suspended slabs. 0.03 not exceeding 0.42 35.29 84.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 228 Ref.54 9.01 150–300 mm thick 1.94 57. No.22 43.05 m2 1.72 74.10 over 0.07 150–300 mm thick Columns and casings to metal stanchions. combined and isolated bases: 1.93 62.05 m2 1.61 41.14 99.02 over 300 mm thick Pile caps and ground beams.09 150 mm dia.48 94.67 29.12 59.92 40.17 .97 40.40 36.20 10.29 m3 m3 m3 38.40 5.05–0.07 150 mm dia. floors. Description Unit Underground drainage Drain pipes and jointing in trenches OMR Price £ Stg US $ Euro Clay: 0.76 70.72 85. landings.72 6.08 225 mm dia.73 50.12 53.07 45.67 21.77 15.92 32. Concrete: 0.04 30.39 m3 m3 32.43 12.02 61.20 m2 1.99 76.43 42.69 24.89 80.

44 716.13 1.17 1.16 423.30 14.73 877.82 412. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm Masonry Walls Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 511.65 5.64 7.19 652.15 529.261.097.90 1. in cement mortar (1:3): 2.068.85 6. Description Unit Reinforcement Bar reinforcement Mild steel bars.18 4.16 1.49 979.19 577.48 11.208.36 9.74 1. delivered to site cut.91 10.16 1.02 150 mm solid blocks 2.04 Precast concrete blocks.64 8.45 1. No.76 1. delivered to site cut.03 200 mm solid blocks m2 m2 m2 4.14 1.62 1.63 441.48 1. strength 3.29 .15 Bars.32 787.76 824.08 914.5N/mm2.12 1.11 1.86 973.00 846.14 1. bent and labelled OMR £ Stg Price US $ Euro 1.03 755.91 618.89 487.62 1.26 551.137.47 592.91 378.75 5.022.84 1.59 614. bent and labelled Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 466.34 882.19 1.08 457.19 1.83 12.020.01 100 mm solid blocks 2.76 932.83 439. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm High yield steel bars.186.57 393.144.23 681.326.18 1.52 640.20 2 Bars.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 229 Ref.

780.01 265 × 165 mm plain tile.79 4.47 31.03 432 × 102 mm × 65.69 Tonne Tonne 922.04 18 mm thick 4.45 16.02 50 × 100 mm Boarding to flooring WBP bonding plywood square edged boarding.03 12 mm thick 4.54 kg/m 3.04 254 × 76 mm × 28.98 25.83 m2 m2 32.58 m m 1.93 45. alloy nailed every fifth course.83 25.93 11.09 21.26 64.97 3.22 1. 3 Description Unit Structural metalwork Beams OMR £ Stg Price US $ Euro Universal beams.309.73 1.02 380 × 260 mm clay pantile.03 909.62 5.290. 38 × 25 mm tanalised softwood battens. red Tonne Tonne 891. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.247. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.59 41.50 2.82 33.40 2.84 2.01 38 × 100 mm 4.10 2.90 1.70 1.79 17.364.842.76 1.65 1. basic sizes: 4.277.34 912. 65 mm lap: 5.12 1.82 .817.02 610 × 305 mm × 238 kg/m Rolled steel channels.17 1.24 m2 m2 m2 8.356.823.272.12 2.95 2.69 1.68 35.15 22.30 46.27 15.85 17.388.05 25 mm thick 5 Coverings and linings Roofing systems Clay tile roofing.15 2.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 230 Ref.42 12. grade BB: 4. red 5.01 914 × 305 mm × 289 kg/m 3. No.29 83.89 kg/m 4 Woodwork Structural timbers Floors and flat roofs Sawn softwood.

48 4.07 6.58 1.06 6.00 1.39 1.13 1.15 1.14 2.04 29.93 3.44 8.11 2.04 6.39 6.14 4.58 2. 6 Description Unit Finishes Cement and sand (1:3) trowelled finish OMR Price £ Stg US $ Euro To floors and landings: 6.04 6. returns.01 25 mm thick 6.75 1.97 6. No.10 6.13 2.98 2.30 2.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 231 Ref.70 4.51 42.05 1.02 38 mm thick 6.12 12.63 3.79 m2 21.73 3. jointed and pointed in cement mortar (1:3) To floors and landings: 6.12 m2 m2 m2 m2 1.99 2.26 2.69 2.24 2.50 2.25 1. attached and unattached beams and staircase soffits: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds textured plastic coating backgrounds m2 m2 m2 2.21 1.86 6.90 3.03 65 mm thick Quarry tiles bedded.08 m2 m2 m2 m2 1.49 3.09 6.04 225 × 225 × 25 mm Decorations One mist coat and two full coats of emulsion paint Walls.47 1. attached and unattached columns: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds blockwork backgrounds Ceilings.94 1.61 1.52 1.42 .11 6.05 6. reveals of openings or recesses.03 3.44 54.42 2.01 1.27 9.

94 426.34 1. rotary compressor.09 182 litre Sanitaryware.57 230.06 1000 gallon 7.60 1.94 1.819.25 164.41 982.47 334.38 115.09 866.57 3.438.51 3.451.28 6.5 kw cooling unit 10.726.012.266.69 2.22 230.15 vitreous china Nr Nr Nr 702.873.07 55.08 114 litre 7.944.12 468.11 vitreous china Sinks: 7.475.90 1. wall mounted: 3.12 2.22 3.55 37.84 4.07 2000 gallon Plastic water storage cisterns with lids: 7.865.61 .412.54 91.68 2.01 7.33 4.204.64 164.0 kw cooling unit 7.12 465.006.09 2.512.463.104.772.05 500 gallon 7.00 GRP prefabricated water storage tanks for above ground use.47 5.0 kw cooling unit Tanks OMR £ Stg Price US $ Euro 7.794.21 30.83 96.59 426.5 kw cooling unit 5.14 low level syphonic Bidets: 7.057.04 Nr Nr Nr Nr 1.10 2.02 7.28 328.85 161.715.61 328.28 2.72 298.41 43.03 7.282.13 low level washdown 7.27 1. capacity (US) gallons: 7. 7 Description Unit Mechanical engineering Equipment Air handling units Externally fitted air conditioning unit. complete with fittings Baths: 7.531.12 stainless steel WC suites: 7.13 236.35 Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr 179.43 3.62 Nr Nr 21.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 232 Ref.24 5.10 acrylic Basins: 7.09 358.434.15 52.945.16 7.26 230.06 74.12 4.61 668.72 182.13 2. No.899.34 2.47 251.21 127.403.69 2.

surface mounted.01 10 mm2 Standard cable trays.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 233 Ref.55 7. prefabricated. including jointing.38 16. including fixing to structure with hangers and brackets Straight trays with trapeze hangers. available ways: 8.59 17. assembled and installed on site.12 . assembled and installed on site. heavy gauge.69 5. external diameter: 8.30 17.0 mm gauge. 450/750V. prefabricated. galvanised.06 12-way m 3. 240V SP & N Standard metal consumer unit with integral 100A main switch.04 16 mm Consumer units. fixing to structure and drawing cables Rigid conduit.41 37.02 50 mm 8. nominal csa: 8. fixing to structure.70 8.37 11. No.93 13. 1. galvanised.75 13.10 28.56 51.78 74.90 52.88 96.05 6-way 8.08 9. width: 8.35 20.37 m m 6.14 m 6.5 mm/2. prefabricated. assembled and installed on site.10 40.03 100 mm Steel conduit.85 9.69 Nr Nr 20. 8 Description Unit Electrical engineering Sub main circuits OMR Price £ Stg US $ Euro PVC insulated and sheathed single core cable.16 9.

13 1 gang.10 1 gang 8. 2 way 8.69 11.30 8.45 6.28 Nr Nr 3.50 6.21 8.86 Nr Nr Nr 5.59 24. mounting boxes and fixings where required.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 234 Ref.31 9.61 6. with neon indicator 8.12 1 gang 8.00 12. including installation and fixing to structure.64 13.35 7. Description Unit Accessories Switch assemblies. (mortices measured separately) 13A SP. with neon indicator.12 8. No. including installation and fixing to structure.09 3 gang. switched: 8. 2 way Socket assemblies. flush mounted: 8. flush mounted.14 1 gang. (mortices measured separately) OMR Price £ Stg US $ Euro 5A SP.57 11. unswitched: 8.44 4.62 18.63 10.29 12.35 15.07 1 gang.11 2 gang 13A SP.21 8. metalplate Nr Nr Nr 2.86 21.14 3.68 .92 5.60 6.16 9.08 2 gang.68 13. surface mounted.15 6.67 15.23 16. mounting boxes and fixings where required. 2 way 8.58 4.

The rates allow for all base construction costs and also include for typical oncosts. All prices shown are as current in third quarter 2004.066 736 648 947 696 1.531 1. These generally reflect approximate prices for building costs on a unit area basis and can only be considered as a guide to likely costs for the indicated construction facility. The unit area values should be applied to the total floor area of all storeys and generally include for average preliminary and on-costs. site access and general location.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 235 Construction cost data 235 Approximate estimating A range of rates for construction facility types has been provided in the following table. availability of resources and the like.617 1. Facility type Multi Storey Car Parks Petrol Stations Airport Terminal Buildings Sorting Offices Refuse Depots Stables and the like Factories Advanced Factories Purpose Built Workshops Warehouses Town Halls Law Courts Offices Banks/Building Societies Retail Warehouses OMR/ft2 15 86 85 39 24 38 26 23 34 25 58 71 56 73 24 OMR/m2 156 925 915 423 262 412 284 250 365 269 624 766 601 789 255 £ Stg/m2 219 1.247 1. such as land purchase.104 357 US $/m2 405 2.397 2.849 1. These considerations would need to address such items as the general condition of the site. preliminaries and general items. All rates should be treated with caution in any projections and professional advice should be sought before predicted cost calculations are concluded. They do not include professional fees or capital costs.985 1. Each project would be unique in this respect and any appraisal of likely development costs for the scheme will need to determine any additions that may have an adverse effect on typical anticipated costs. In some cases prices for buildings not commonly available in the country are also given in an attempt to provide the reader with an estimated likely cost of construction.072 841 1.201 1.557 2.369 1. Feasibility studies that make use of these rates should take into account any project specific costs.576 509 . No allowance has been made for value added tax.827 844 524 822 568 500 730 537 1.044 660 Euro/m2 312 1.280 591 367 576 398 350 511 376 873 1.095 680 1.295 1.

131 987 1.280 1.082 1.435 1.327 1.482 908 1.365 1.631 1.115 2.160 1.468 1.302 1.177 1.384 1. Pools Sports Halls Gymnasia OMR/ft2 36 45 43 34 52 50 59 51 49 60 49 71 70 75 57 38 55 54 54 64 67 76 72 70 48 53 46 56 62 72 51 61 47 89 45 69 42 63 OMR/m2 391 484 462 366 564 542 638 545 530 648 527 769 752 812 610 404 593 578 580 693 722 817 773 755 512 566 494 600 671 771 554 651 501 953 486 742 454 674 £ Stg/m2 547 678 647 511 789 758 892 762 741 907 737 1.373 1.003 1.186 1.688 1.580 1.136 853 565 830 809 812 969 1.555 1.199 1.680 1.038 636 943 US $/m2 1.079 775 911 701 1.057 717 792 691 840 939 1.046 1.014 1.198 947 1.258 1.443 1.537 1.949 2.001 1.541 1.746 Euro/m2 782 968 924 730 1.341 1.155 1.536 1.333 680 1.298 2.107 1.795 1.011 1.089 1.957 1.023 1.545 1.295 1.053 1.083 1.255 1.404 1.075 1.999 1.652 1.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 236 Facility type Shopping Centres Department Stores Hypermarkets / Supermarkets Shops Stadia Pavilions and Sports Club Houses Religious Buildings Schools Sixth Form Colleges Universities Colleges Research Facilities Laboratories Exhibition Buildings Public Libraries Flats Housing Detached Hotels Halls of Residence Fire Stations Police Stations Closed Prisons Hospitals Intensive Care / Acute Wards Health Centres Nursing Homes Homes for the Elderly Day Centres Veterinary Hospitals Restaurants Theatres Cinemas Clubs Covered Swimming Pools Sports Centres exc.503 1.904 970 1.460 1.103 1.739 1.143 1.871 2.622 1.126 1.466 1.347 .059 1.053 1.504 1.218 807 1.497 1.991 1.922 1.412 1. Pools Sports Centres inc.274 1.509 1.

Exchange Rates . £ Sterling. The values used to generate the graphic display are at monthly intervals for each of the currencies and the individual line bars show the respective comparison of the Rial with each of them and the relative value to each other.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 237 Construction cost data 237 Exchange rates The following graph indicates the exchange rate movement over the last five years of the Omani Rial against four other international currencies. US Dollar. the Euro and the Japanese Yen (×100).

0 –4.3 107.5 –3.0 108.5 83. during which the average inflation figure for the year was –1.6% from figures provided by the Omani authorities.5 – Building Material Costs annual average 100. The graph.0 102.5 95.0 104.5 – 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: Central Bank of Oman Ministry of National Economy International Monetary Fund .3 103. The next year saw consumer price inflation recorded at 1.5 – change % – 21.4 –0. construction costs and building material costs since 1998.6 83.0 121.8 –11.1 110. which follows the tables below.5 –6.1 1.4 109.0 4.6 – Construction Costs annual average 100. The CPI level peaked at the end of 2000.0%.1 – change % – 2.9 98.7 –1.9 –5.1 105. plots the annual percentage change in consumer price inflation since 1998.8 – change % – 4.7 –9.5 –0.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 238 238 Oman Cost and Price Indices The following table presents indices for consumer prices. The prediction for the current year appears to indicate a continuation in the upward trend in the inflation level with an anticipated average figure for 2004 of 2.2%.4 –9.6 86. Wholesale Price Indices Consumer Prices Year annual average 100.9 87. Consumer Price Inflation Oman has historically experienced sustained periods of deflation in their level of consumer prices.

Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 239 Consumer Price Inflation for Years 1998 through 2004 .

gov.om The Omani Centre for Investment Promotion and Export Development (OCIPED) PO Box 25 Wadi Kabir Postal Code 117 Sultanate of Oman Tel: (00968) 771 2344 Fax: (00968) 771 0890 Email: info@ociped.org Ministry of Commerce and Industry PO Box 550 Muscat 113 Sultanate of Oman Tel: (00968) 771 3500 Fax: (00968) 771 7239 Email: comm_affairs@mocioman.om Website: www.gov.om Website: www.net.com Website: www.com Website: www.om Ministry of Information PO Box 600 Muscat 113 Sultanate of Oman Tel: (00968) 603 222 Fax: (00968) 693 770 Email: webmaster@omanet.gov.om Website: www.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 240 240 Oman Useful addresses Public organisations The Oman Tender Board Muscat PO Box 787/133 Al Khuwair Sultanate of Oman Tel: (00968) 602 612 Fax: (00968) 602 063 Email: Tenderom@Omantel.ociped.moneoman.tenderboard. gov.com .om Central Bank of Oman PO Box 1161 Postal Code 112 Ruwi Sultanate of Oman Tel: (00968) 702 222 Website: www.mocioman.cbo-oman.com Ministry of National Economy PO Box 881 Muscat 113 Sultanate of Oman Tel: (00968) 604 285 Fax: (00968) 698 467 Email: mone@omantel.net.omanet.

co.om Mott MacDonald (Oman) PO Box 587 Al Barani Building Wadi Kabir Ruwi Postal Code 112 Sultanate of Oman Tel: (00968) 771 2118 Fax: (00968) 771 5850 Email: mottoman@mottmac.com .gov.com Website: www.Oman 17/06/2005 3:40 pm Page 241 Construction cost data 241 Foreign embassies British Embassy Jameat A’Duwal Al Arabia Street Shatti Al Qurum PO Box 185 Postal Code 116 Mina Al Fahal Sultanate of Oman Tel: (00968) 609 002 Fax: (00968) 609 012 E-mail: becomu@omantel.Thomas@MottMac.britishembassy.om Industrial Organisations Oman Chamber of Commerce and Industry PO Box 1400 Ruwi 112 Sultanate of Oman Tel: (00968) 707 674 Fax: (00968) 708 497 Email: occi@chamberoman.usa.mottmac.chamberoman.net.co.pdo.com Petroleum Development Oman Muscat 113 Sultanate of Oman Tel: (00968) 678 111 Fax: (00968) 677 106 Email: Commercial@pdo.om Website: www.gov.om Website: www.net.uk Embassy of the United States of America Commercial Section PO Box 202 Code 115 Madinat Al-Sultan Qaboos Sultanate of Oman Tel: (00968) 698 989 Fax: (00968) 604 316 Email: aemcteco@omantel.com.om Website: www.om Website: www.com Construction Consultants Mott MacDonald PO Box 11302 Dubai UAE Tel: +971 (0) 4 343 4218 Fax: +971 (0) 4 343 4281 Email: Nigel.

Oman 17/06/2005 3:41 pm Page 242 .

763 km 87 km 1.000 Transportation Railways Highways: paved unpaved Waterways Pipelines: crude oil petroleum products natural gas Ports and Harbours Merchant Marine International Airport 0km 1.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 243 Qatar ECONOMIC INDICATORS AND KEY DATA Population Population Urban Population Population under 15 Population 65 and over Population growth rate 840.111 km 3 22 ships Doha .a.437 sq km 2% Doha 391.7% Geography Land area Agricultural area Capital city Population of capital city (2000) 11.290 92% 24% 3% 2.107 km 123 km n.

0% Gross domestic investment as a proportion of GDP 23.352 Average annual inflation (1998 to 2003) 2.561 Yen (×100) 3.5% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices QR74.0% General government consumption as a proportion of GDP 33.640 Euro 4.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 244 Economy Monetary unit Qatari Riyal Exchange rate £ Stg 6.8% The Financial Times Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook The World Bank United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook Qatar Central Bank All data relates to latest as at 3Q 2004 PPP Purchasing Power Parity .2% Private consumption as a proportion of GDP 27.500 Average annual real change in GDP (1998 to 2003) 6.3% Inflation rate 2.351 million GDP PPP basis US$17.2% Construction Gross value of construction output Net value of construction output as a proportion of GDP Source: QR3.9 million GDP per capita PPP basis US$21.600 million 4.5 billion GDP per capita QR116.609 US $ 3.

000 (2002 est. drainage. comprises 35 seats. The official language is Arabic and English is widely spoken in business.85 billion in 2003/2004. Around 83% of the population reside in Doha and its main suburb Al-Rayyan. ports and buildings that are underway all over the country. The capital of Qatar. Indian and Iranian and the predominant religion is Islam. is situated on the east coast of the peninsular and is a deepwater port. Road projects totalled QR3.) and covers a wide range of projects mainly in the field of the infrastructure including roads. It borders Saudi Arabia to the south with the remainder of the physical land boundaries to the coast of the Arabian Gulf. . Doha. temperatures during July to September reaching above 40°C. is the principal source of legislation Qatar is a member of the World Trade Organisation and a member of the United Nations and its affiliate organisations and authorities and joined the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in 1961. There are limited natural fresh water resources and there is an increasing dependence on large-scale desalination plants. or Shariah. The unicameral Advisory Council. It is a well-planned city with modern buildings and has an international airport. Pakistani. The rainfall is predominately during the months of January. representing one of the two wings of the country's legislative power. Its topography consists of a rocky flat surface with some limestone outcrops in Dukhan area in the west and Fuwairit area in the north. Qatar has a moderate desert climate with short mild winters and extremely hot summers. February and March and sandstorms are common throughout the year.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 245 Country profile 245 Country profile Qatar is a peninsula situated halfway along the West Coast of the Arabian Gulf. Ethnic groups include Arab. The Qatari construction industry employs a labour force of more than 61. The State of Qatar is ruled by an Islamic monarchy and the Emir dominates both legislative and executive powers with the assistance of the Council of Ministers and the Advisory Council. The Islamic Law. or Majlis al-Shura. with all such members appointed by the monarch.

00 although this varies depending on the working sector. The cost of construction labour is based on the employee’s basic pay and includes those allowances for employer and employee expenses such as holidays. There is not a minimum wage system currently in force in Qatar and no labour unions as strikes and the like are prohibited. . Under the Labour Law No.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 246 246 Qatar Construction cost data Labour resources The figures below are typical labour costs for construction within an urban location in Qatar and are taken at the third quarter 2004. The commercial sector also works Thursdays as workers are entitled to one day off per week. the Labour Law of 1962 is about to be superseded by a new Labour Law. The Law No. a resident permit and a good and clean reputation. Working hours generally run from 7. This is the first time that a GCC country has taken the step of giving labour sanctity to labour associations. 3 of 1962. Workers are entitled to fourteen days paid annual leave. illness pay and severance pay plus additional holiday entitlement on the occasion of Ramadan. Permits are generally valid for two years and can only be gained if application is backed with a valid passport. The labour resource costs given are a compilation of the employee’s basic pay and the financial cost to the employer of that labour. Other nationalities have to obtain a valid work-permit from the Department of Labour in the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.00 to 18. The working week runs from Saturday to Wednesday in the public and banking sectors. At the time of writing.00 and 16. 14 of 2004 will come into effect in November 2004 and gives Qatari workers the right to form associations with legal status that will work under the umbrella of a Qatar General Union of Workers. employment priority is given firstly to Qatari’s. insurance and other mandatory and voluntary contributions.00 to 13. then to nationals of other Arab countries and lastly to any other nationalities.

Friday is the normal day off for most employees. Muslim employees are entitled to an unpaid one-off special leave of twenty days to perform the Haj pilgrimage. . Employees working between 21:00 and 03:00 hours will be paid the basic salary plus an additional fifty per cent except in the case of shift workers. Payment of the employee during annual leave is calculated using the employee’s basic last drawn salary. No employee shall work on two Fridays consecutively. Any employee that has completed more than five years is entitled to four weeks. Employees are entitled to one fully paid days holiday a week of not less than twenty-four hours. Additional hours can be worked at a minimum twenty-five per cent additional earnings but must not exceed ten hours per day unless deemed critical. Holiday entitlement is also stipulated in Article 78 as the following: 1) 2) 3) 4) Three days for Eid Al Fitr Three days for Eid Al Adha One day for Qatar Independence Day Three more casual days decided by the employees Employees that complete between one and five years service shall be entitled to paid annual leave of not less than three weeks.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 247 Construction cost data 247 Under article 73 of the new law the maximum working hours are 48 hours per week or eight hours a day during all months of the year except during Ramadan when working time is reduced to 36 hours per week or 6 hours a day. Work hours include one or more intervals for prayers and meals and rest times will not be less than one hour or more than three hours. If work requires that the employee work during the holiday they shall be compensated at a time and half rate.

00 33.20 35.01 52.25 35.20 52.33 152.40 26.00 52.40 50.67 28.85 13.20 22.40 32.49 50.40 40.75 189.33 122.97 189.20 18.40 19.33 152.20 18.20 13.11 40.23 28.67 236.00 42.78 28.38 189.82 91.78 28.61 52.00 52.11 40.58 40.40 32.33 236.33 91.01 52.00 33.20 22.20 28.67 28.64 40.00 25.75 189.67 £ Stg 10.00 42.64 40.33 189.33 189.49 .58 40.61 52.25 US $ 20.23 28.00 25.00 Euro 15.20 52.20 28.40 26.54 19.40 40.00 65.33 122.97 189.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 248 Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Labour resources Operatives General Labourer Groundworks Labourer Bricklayer Shuttering Carpenter Carpenter Steel Fixer Metalworker Craftsman Roof Tiler Sheet Metal Roofer Glazier Plasterer Plasterers Labourer Suspended Ceiling Installer Painter Floor/Wall Tiler Plumber Electrician QAR 72.00 65.38 189.

29 5.44 10.61 25.68 33.91 18.59 0.09 1.59 6.58 48.45 3.59 15.61 Euro 26.56 7.21 20.67 4.92 16.76 61.31 26.98 6.67 0.68 33.31 26.21 8. Plant resources Price Plant resources Hymac 580 (360 deg tracked excavator) JCB 3C (180 deg wheeled excavator) Vibrating Roller 6–8 Tonne Dumper 4WD Hydraulic Tip 1270 Poker Vibrator 48 mm Beam Vibrator 6. and are current at the third quarter 2004.23 13.48 13.38 91.80 73.38 91.38 £ Stg 18.94 0.12 122.12 0.06 1.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 249 Construction cost data 249 Plant resources The figures below indicate the hire costs of construction plant.21 6.81 1.94 39.92 9.12 122.85 1.23 US $ 33. delivered to a building site location in an urban location in Qatar.67 10.40 13.91 18.53 10. The rates do not include for any fuel or maintenance expenses and exclude operator costs and charges.17 1.44 8.5 Tonne Block and Tackle Craneage/lifting equipment Unit Hour Hour Hour Hour Day Day Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour QAR 122.11 19.23 13.11 19.61 25.2 m Reinforcement bending machine 25 Tonne Mobile Crane 13 Tonne Mobile Crane 10 Tonne Mobile Crane Wacker Plate 2.80 30.11 .

44 6.30 756.66 3.753.81 50.14 410.14 60.753.45 7.47 m3 m3 m3 m3 m m m m m 48.34 840.059.58 10.44 5.70 2.059.30 756.50 11.01 7.059.42 9.998.059.71 455.82 7.14 4.30 756.66 3.059. delivered to site in an urban environment in Qatar.30 840. and are taken at the third quarter 2004 prices.753.70 2.15 17.14 410.81 48.753.84 8.95 13.70 2.71 446.30 756.53 13.52 587.34 840. Material resources Price Material resources Groundworks Aggregates Crushed stone hardcore Clean brick rubble hardcore As-raised hoggin Washed sand Drainage 100 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm clay drain pipes 225 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm concrete pipe class L 300 mm concrete pipe class L Concrete work Concrete Readymix concrete 20 N/mm2 Readymix concrete 30 N/mm2 Reinforcement Mild steel bars BS4449 8 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 10 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 16 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 25 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 40 mm High yield bars BS4449 8 mm High yield bars BS4449 10 mm High yield bars BS4449 16 mm High yield bars BS4449 25 mm High yield bars BS4449 40 mm Tying wire mild steel Reinforcement spacer blocks m3 m3 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 100 208.80 652.76 53.20 8.52 587.00 26.66 3.14 410.50 29.66 2.33 13.46 37.80 652.80 652.47 25.45 12.71 455.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 250 250 Qatar Material resources The figures below indicate the costs of main construction materials.52 587.73 175.34 840.04 44.80 639.82 57.71 455.60 3. The costs allow for large supplies in full loads and include any mechanical off-loading required at the site.39 47.95 25.52 652.76 48.34 840.50 756.70 2.29 3.77 10.58 13.66 3.57 7.30 2.14 410.99 32.95 45.52 587.74 5.14 455.29 6.06 220.68 64.84 10.44 9.80 652.66 Unit QAR £ Stg US $ Euro .81 410.53 7.64 30.753.08 14.34 823.70 3.00 587.71 455.

30 19.86 Unit QAR £ Stg US $ Euro Cement and Sand Portland cement in bags Soft sand for mortar Cement mortar (1:3) Metalwork Structural steel UB BS4360 914 × 305 mm × 289kg UB BS4360 610 × 305 mm × 238kg UB BS4360 457 × 191 mm × 98kg RSJ BS4360 254 × 203 mm × 81.23 1.16 1.85 1.99 927.46 3.552.36 2.77 22.82 2.770.23 1.03 12.36 4.16 m m m m2 m2 m2 kg kg kg 7.99 959.398.84 0.12 2.21 5.89kg RHS BS4360 450 × 250 mm × 167kg RHS BS4360 300 × 200 mm × 92.75 53.54kg RSC BS4360 254 × 76 mm × 28.97 1.45 109.97 3.445.01 12.39 17.13 3.24 436.591.26 4.5N (solid) (solid) (solid) (hollow) (hollow) (hollow) 1000 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 Tonne Tonne m3 1.75 50.89 959.652.64 6.40 6.59 11.76 9.41 8.770.74 20.47 1.44 13.19 1.20 5.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 251 Price Material resources Masonry Bricks Clay common bricks Blocks 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks 3.52 6.70 2.62 4.04 3.72 1.829.30 6.420.445.6kg Woodwork Floors and flat roofs 38 × 100 mm sawn softwood 50 × 100 mm sawn softwood 38 × 25 mm tanalised batten Boarding to Flooring 12 mm WBP ply 18 mm WBP ply 25 mm WBP ply Nails Galvanised nails 75 mm Alloy nails 65 mm × 10g 50 mm Oval wire nails Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 6.32 3.283.03 3.770.76 236.79 6.24 339.60 28.03 7.95 71.28 2.95 397.08 92.13 7.10 1.01 2.40 12.99 991.445.57 7.54 6.27 35.76 14.711.16 1.23 18.74 25.24 2.375.43 3.09kg RSC BS4360 432 × 102 mm × 65.50 336.375.39 0.015.47 1.99 959.15 118.99 1.32 1.04 1.23 1.89 11.55 1.29 59.329.375.81 10.31 .48 17.61 3.85kg RSJ BS4360 203 × 152 mm × 52.91 5.5N 3.56 48.38 14.230.84 32.770.82 5.96 1.5N 3.99 895.08 1.79 83.45 2.445.40 6.5N 3.24 15.19 1.375.40 959.40 6.652.283.58 2.64 6.64 0.799.19 1.16 1.66 4.98 975.015.98 895.44 84.659.5N 3.21 1.5N 3.23 1.

40 0.35 326.445.36 318.90 139.28 0.m.90 0.45 198.70 173.78 18.p.54 47.17 95.37 190.71 350.12 227.32 783.076.70 1.18 176.16 36.59 420.07 108.59 2.31 160.81 0.71 652.529.06 47.49 1.69 179.72 272.48 87.47 25.4 mm laminated safety glass .86 29.45 mm Felts Underslating felt Type 1F Clay roofing products 265 × 165 mm plain tile.276.46 788.05 1.34 275.83 m2 m2 m2 m2 1000 1000 m2 m2 Nr Nr 247.85 Glass and glazing 4 mm clear sheet glass 6 mm Georgian wired polished plate 5 mm toughened safety glass 5.03 75.38 1.869.74 730.19 136.95 5.83 155.53 33.13 229.83 1.29 58.05 121.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 252 Price Material resources Thermal and moisture protection Sheet metal Sheet lead BS1178 Code 4 Sheet zinc BS849 0.52 295.23 7.67 3.83 97.262.92 25. red 380 × 260 mm pantile.83 25.96 5.96 54.41 1.48 36.60 mm Sheet copper BS2870 0.62 4.78 41.80 42.32 67.26 52. red Damp-proof membranes 1000g polythene d.98 Unit QAR £ Stg US $ Euro 427.24 612.26 4.38 641.73 200.122. Insulation 100 mm thick fibreglass quilt Roofing sheets and fixings Corrugated PVC sheet 1830 mm Corrugated galv sheet 1830 mm Doors and windows UPVC UPVC UPVC UPVC window frames s/casement 1000 × 600 glazed s/casement 1000 × 900 glazed s/casement 1000 × 1200 glazed Nr Nr Nr m2 m2 m2 m2 1.68 67.

55 120.75 36.5 mm plasterboard Tiles 25mm × 225 × 225 mm quarry tile 9mm × 150 × 150 mm ceramic floor tile Decorations Paints and Sundries Emulsion paint matt white Masonry textured paint white Oil/Alkyd paint undercoat Oil/Alkyd paint gloss white 5 5 5 5 Litre Litre Litre Litre 70.41 35.11 15.53 18.02 24.01 33.47 120.03 19.11 33.18 3.72 m2 m2 m2 13.61 Unit QAR £ Stg US $ Euro .96 17.20 25.96 19.68 127.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 253 Price Material resources Finishes Plasterboards 12.65 131.68 2.99 17.07 31.35 2.32 115.55 10.08 27.91 28.56 17.72 25.

84 3.00 m Trenches for service pipes.49 22.05 hardcore m3 7.13 118.62 28.15 2.66 m3 m3 103. by machine.12 7.33 32. depth not exceeding: 0.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 254 254 Qatar Unit rates A selection of unit rates for work items that may be carried out on a typical construction project is provided in the following table.00 m Filling Filled into excavation.12 1. pile caps and ground beams.03 1.86 m 21. plant and material costs that would be involved in carrying out the operation described.00 25.49 10. No. Any statutory taxes have been excluded.65 m3 36.71 1. Each rate includes for all necessary labour. An allowance of 20% has also been included to cover the contractor's overheads and profit. 0 Description Unit Groundworks Excavation QAR Price £ Stg US $ Euro To reduce levels.25 6. average depth: 0.04 sand 0. Ref.00 4. compacting in 250 mm layers: 0. drain pipes.86 5.36 17. depth not exceeding: 0. cables or the like including disposal and filling Trenches to suit pipes not exceeding 200 mm dia.02 1..24 . The values of the displayed rates are considered to be fairly representative for work of the specified nature and are at third quarter 2004 levels.00 m To receive foundations.01 1.30 15.

roofs or the like: 1. 0.14 m3 m3 m3 359.87 145. 0.10 41.61 6.05 over 0.66 9.94 7.20 m2 1. landings.85 65.76 19.16 .71 74. floors. cross-sectional area: 1.05 m2 1.09 150 mm dia.67 90. combined and isolated bases: 1.54 71.56 61.08 225 mm dia.44 79.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 255 Ref.11 60.05–0.08 not exceeding 0.06 80. cross-sectional area: 1.40 275.82 45.03 m3 m3 282.61 33.03 not exceeding 0.97 12.60 39.20 m2 Reinforced concrete mix 30N/mm2 Suspended slabs.67 305.48 75.02 over 300 mm thick Pile caps and ground beams. 1 Concrete work Poured concrete Plain concrete mix 20 N/mm2 Foundations.84 53.10 m2 m m m m m 35.31 45.07 328.75 341.77 70.50 83.22 225.76 72.42 5.57 m3 m3 m3 292.10 over 0.90 289.32 76.05 m2 1.19 77. Concrete: 0.72 62.09 0.06 not exceeding 150 mm thick 1.82 m3 m3 307.63 43.98 98.64 65.65 45.58 50.07 150 mm dia.37 57.47 84.29 10.10 m2 1.79 31.06 100 mm dia.14 40.84 42.14 9.80 48. Description Unit Underground drainage Drain pipes and jointing in trenches QAR Price £ Stg US $ Euro Clay: 0.94 269.70 43.81 93.01 150–300 mm thick 1.49 61.07 150–300 mm thick Columns and casings to metal stanchions.58 15.75 58.83 21.10 300 mm dia.20 48.04 0.05–0. 0. No.

14 1.998. in cement mortar (1:3): 2.15 894.23 4.93 989.99 10.41 14.151. strength 3.21 3.28 624.85 650.33 4. No.68 1.31 1.28 1.41 9.271.18 53.870. delivered to site cut.61 1. delivered to site cut.044.098. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm High yield steel bars.67 5. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm Masonry Walls Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 4.365.12 931.82 3.5N/mm2.53 1.503.18 1.73 7.76 862.009.20 2 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 4.16 595.01 100 mm solid blocks 2.17 3.824.29 853.87 6.45 .677.03 200 mm solid blocks m2 m2 m2 39.62 1.51 1.110.12 1.38 690.050.173.02 150 mm solid blocks 2.36 1.09 1.11 670.191.199.87 Precast concrete blocks.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 256 Ref.17 1.43 45.58 547.91 784.09 1.236.76 911.07 4.25 1.83 12.11 1.92 960. bent and labelled Bars.98 4.039.70 636.17 815.16 1. Description Unit Reinforcement Bar reinforcement Mild steel bars. bent and labelled QAR £ Stg Price US $ Euro 1.638.19 1.64 11.273.337.27 602.77 1.13 1.37 4.26 725.15 Bars.59 569.74 8.

45 2.02 1.02 610 × 305 mm × 238 kg/m Rolled steel channels.17 1.33 . shot blasted and primed at works: 3.02 380 × 260 mm clay pantile.82 17.62 64.03 12 mm thick 4.44 1.756.25 41.43 8.70 m m 13.03 432 × 102 mm × 65.64 5.96 3.52 8.68 36.597.05 25 mm thick 5 Coverings and linings Roofing systems Tonne Tonne 8.15 22.23 m2 m2 m2 79. grade BB: 4.22 Clay tile roofing. red m2 5. red m2 303. alloy nailed every fifth course. 65 mm lap: 5.01 38 × 100 mm 4.868.834.93 25.863.399.67 32.01 914 × 305 mm × 289 kg/m 3.28 1.77 11.54 kg/m 3. No.06 46.24 2.04 18 mm thick 4.301.274.50 1.361.04 1.350.80 33.32 2. 3 Description Unit Structural metalwork Beams QAR £ Stg Price US $ Euro Universal beams.04 254 × 76 mm × 28.04 2.29 Tonne Tonne 8.25 19.02 50 × 100 mm Boarding to flooring WBP bonding plywood square edged boarding.54 45.735.57 83.29 21.39 120.58 2.83 4.11 151.405.94 25.11 1.89 kg/m 4 Woodwork Structural timbers Floors and flat roofs Sawn softwood.01 265 × 165 mm plain tile.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 257 Ref.556. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.85 1. 38 x 25 mm tanalised softwood battens.70 1.37 169.825.97 2.280.63 16. basic sizes: 4.304.

26 2.03 3. reveals of openings or recesses.12 m2 m2 m2 m2 9.78 9.36 9.95 6.91 1. returns.79 54.71 3.04 6.82 46.50 2.52 4.21 2. 6 Description Unit Finishes Cement and sand (1:3) trowelled finish QAR Price £ Stg US $ Euro To floors and landings: 6.86 11.99 2.56 2.42 .02 38 mm thick 6.67 6.07 6.60 11.41 2.08 m2 m2 m2 m2 9.96 2.00 29.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 258 Ref.11 2.03 65 mm thick Quarry tiles bedded.61 3.49 14.11 6.10 6.58 1.74 1.61 1.19 12.31 10. No.05 6.44 6.10 2.49 8.09 6.30 2.06 6.24 1.68 3. attached and unattached beams and staircase soffits: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds textured plastic coating backgrounds m2 m2 m2 23.39 1.91 3.47 1.04 225 × 225 × 25 mm Decorations One mist coat and two full coats of emulsion paint Walls.01 25 mm thick 6. jointed and pointed in cement mortar (1:3) To floors and landings: 6.69 2.04 6. attached and unattached columns: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds blockwork backgrounds Ceilings.63 29.70 10.93 42.33 1.96 m2 200.82 5.12 2.

69 353.38 4.024.04 Nr Nr Nr Nr 11.97 238.34 665.36 3.19 296.00 20.17 160.13 low level washdown 7.44 2.445.078.12 stainless steel WC suites: 7.656.14 2.39 440. wall mounted: 3.837.73 129.27 342.615.427.28 29.19 4.0 kw cooling unit Tanks QAR £ Stg Price US $ Euro 7.15 13.132.02 7.25 2.027.95 77. rotary compressor.899.42 3.26 1.10 1.604. complete with fittings Baths: 7.98 53.34 1.690.30 3.09 182 litre Sanitaryware.42 5.01 7.98 454.446.64 3.23 42.37 Nr Nr 201.14 low level syphonic Bidets: 7.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 259 Ref.589.426.07 2000 gallon Plastic water storage cisterns with lids: 7.15 vitreous china Nr Nr Nr 6.05 500 gallon 7.81 55.69 2.98 464.03 7.566.28 99.47 3.769.08 342.06 1000 gallon 7.362.039.08 114 litre 7. capacity (US) gallons: 7.55 246.732.28 361.597.08 GRP prefabricated water storage tanks for above ground use. No.08 Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr 1.722.353.604.56 1.118.61 4.935.176.11 vitreous china Sinks: 7.34 .67 1.025.69 856.5 kw cooling unit 10.28 7.36 1. 7 Description Unit Mechanical engineering Equipment Air handling units Externally fitted air conditioning unit.17 440.42 238.86 23.65 6.0 kw cooling unit 7.61 238.045.54 867.33 5.10 acrylic Basins: 7.43 185.29 27.04 230.51 13.901.55 996.5 kw cooling unit 5.734.55 3.71 2.467.

heavy gauge.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 260 Ref. prefabricated.61 Nr Nr 193.42 17. surface mounted.04 16 mm Consumer units. 240V SP & N Standard metal consumer unit with integral 100A main switch.05 6-way 8.45 11.06 53.01 10 mm2 Standard cable trays. No. assembled and installed on site.04 94. assembled and installed on site.06 13. prefabricated. prefabricated.68 7. available ways: 8.11 342.52 13. fixing to structure and drawing cables Rigid conduit. fixing to structure. assembled and installed on site.42 21.78 9.25 9.23 5. galvanised. 450/750V.52 m m 63.68 9.0 mm gauge. including jointing.50 17. width: 8.5 mm/2.43 76. nominal csa: 8. 8 Description Unit Electrical engineering Sub main circuits QAR Price £ Stg US $ Euro PVC insulated and sheathed single core cable.81 28.20 73.06 12-way m 35.14 . galvanised. external diameter: 8.53 16.02 50 mm 8. 1. including fixing to structure with hangers and brackets Straight trays with trapeze hangers.76 51.36 m 63.15 41.03 100 mm Steel conduit.

metalplate Nr Nr Nr 24.64 24.48 15.44 11. mounting boxes and fixings where required.71 18. No.03 7. 2 way 8.61 57.09 12.25 8.69 13.11 2 gang 13A SP.66 11.09 56.70 10. 2 way 8.23 Nr Nr 31. surface mounted.07 1 gang.77 13.12 1 gang 8.25 42.54 6.74 5.32 3.70 15. including installation and fixing to structure.08 2 gang.42 6.13 1 gang.93 4.56 21.35 8.10 1 gang 8. mounting boxes and fixings where required.86 . flush mounted. Description Unit Accessories Switch assemblies. (mortices measured separately) QAR Price £ Stg US $ Euro 5A SP. flush mounted: 8.09 3 gang. unswitched: 8.97 Nr Nr Nr 49.14 1 gang.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 261 Ref.17 9.08 16.64 79. 2 way Socket assemblies.47 88.47 12. with neon indicator.31 8. switched: 8. (mortices measured separately) 13A SP. including installation and fixing to structure.61 6. with neon indicator 8.

380 3.428 2. All prices shown are as current in third quarter 2004.723 2. The rates allow for all base construction costs and also include for typical oncosts.643 2.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 262 262 Qatar Approximate estimating A range of rates for construction facility types has been provided in the following table.519 5.073 748 654 942 692 1.019 2. In some cases prices for buildings not commonly available in the country are also given in an attempt to provide the reader with an estimated likely cost of construction.308 1.860 858 526 833 581 508 731 537 1.905 2. Feasibility studies that make use of these rates should take into account any project specific costs. All rates should be treated with caution in any projections and professional advice should be sought before predicted cost calculations are concluded.464 3.216 1. Facility type Multi Storey Car Parks Petrol Stations Airport Terminal Buildings Sorting Offices Refuse Depots Stables and the like Factories Advanced Factories Purpose Built Workshops Warehouses Town Halls Law Courts Offices Banks/Building Societies Retail Warehouses QAR/ft2 140 816 810 373 229 363 253 221 318 234 556 679 529 687 221 QAR/m2 1. preliminaries and general items.303 5. No allowance has been made for value added tax. such as land purchase. These considerations would need to address such items as the general condition of the site.299 599 367 582 406 354 511 375 891 1.779 8.276 1.558 1.565 2.088 849 1.873 1.375 £ Stg/m2 224 1.393 2. They do not include professional fees or capital costs.699 7. availability of resources and the like.505 8.104 677 1. The unit area values should be applied to the total floor area of all storeys and generally include for average preliminary and on-costs. Each project would be unique in this respect and any appraisal of likely development costs for the scheme will need to determine any additions that may have an adverse effect on typical anticipated costs.719 4.030 652 Euro/m2 321 1.101 354 US $/m2 413 2.395 1. site access and general location.411 2. These generally reflect approximate prices for building costs on a unit area basis and can only be considered as a guide to likely costs for the indicated construction facility.577 507 .006 1.982 7.

275 1.451 1.516 1.510 5.083 1.025 1.266 1.069 1.626 1.724 6.219 7.905 988 1.174 7.520 5.928 4.513 1.022 1.395 1.419 1.348 1.077 787 907 704 1.281 6.735 5.058 1.026 1.223 952 1.850 5.268 6.638 6.416 1.947 1.060 727 787 705 852 941 1.886 7.714 3.542 1.042 1.721 4.281 4.452 1.102 1.621 7.341 1.330 690 1.167 5.078 6.955 1.286 5.884 5.038 7.451 1.384 1.009 1.655 1.178 1.229 5.469 1.730 8.221 1.520 6.151 5.086 4.977 5.010 1.642 1.970 2.756 Euro/m2 794 984 950 740 1.130 1.299 1. Pools Sports Halls Gymnasia QAR/ft2 346 428 414 322 491 480 555 480 472 571 468 671 667 721 531 358 513 512 513 617 640 708 685 661 454 491 440 532 587 672 491 565 439 829 430 659 396 594 QAR/m2 3.162 5.098 1.736 1.572 1.312 1.569 1. Pools Sports Centres inc.176 1.611 4.418 1.373 7.135 1.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 263 Facility type Shopping Centres Department Stores Hypermarkets / Supermarkets Shops Stadia Pavilions and Sports Club Houses Religious Buildings Schools Sixth Form Colleges Universities Colleges Research Facilities Laboratories Exhibition Buildings Public Libraries Flats Housing Detached Hotels Halls of Residence Fire Stations Police Stations Closed Prisons Hospitals Intensive Care / Acute Wards Health Centres Nursing Homes Homes for the Elderly Day Centres Veterinary Hospitals Restaurants Theatres Cinemas Clubs Covered Swimming Pools Sports Centres exc.452 3.452 1.364 .128 1.516 1.272 1.672 1.531 1.300 1.075 1.299 2.631 7.219 822 1.823 1.120 4.540 1.075 1.127 1.573 1.985 1.178 1.891 2.983 1.101 1.127 1.155 851 574 822 821 822 989 1.320 7.519 1.468 5.172 1.756 5.513 911 1.689 1.056 636 952 US $/m2 1.090 4.093 2.394 £ Stg/m2 554 687 663 517 787 770 890 769 756 916 750 1.

Exchange Rates . The values used to generate the graphic display are at monthly intervals for each of the currencies and the individual line bars show the respective comparison of the Riyal with each of them and the relative value to each other. US Dollar. the Euro and the Japanese Yen (×100). £ Sterling.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 264 264 Qatar Exchange rates The following graph indicates the exchange rate movement over the last five years of the Qatari Riyal against four other international currencies.

however. the annual rate of inflation increased to 4.3 2. Consumer Prices Year 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: annual average 108.8 .5 125. The prediction for the current year appears to indicate a return to normal inflationary levels with an average figure for 2004 of 2.7 129.9 2.2 115.1 2. plots the annual percentage change in consumer price inflation since 1997. which follows the table below.7 117.0 113. In 2003.7 1.3%.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 265 Construction cost data 265 Consumer price inflation The following table presents indices for consumer prices since 1996.2 International Monetary Fund. The graph. Qatar has experienced a relatively low level of CPI inflation through the years up to the end of 2002.7%. Supplements 2004 change % – 1.8 110.2 1.3 120. during which time the average inflation figure was 1.4 1.8% from figures provided by the Qatari authorities.6 119.0 4.

Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 266 Consumer Price Inflation for Years 1997 through 2004 .

qcb.com.gov.qa Ministry of Municipal Affairs & Agriculture PO Box 44556 Doha Qatar Tel: (00974) 433 7577 Fax: (00974) 441 1464 Website: www.qatargas.qa Website: www.qa Qatar Central Bank PO Box 1234 Qatar Tel: (00974) 445 6456 Email: webmaster@qcb.org Foreign Embassies British Embassy Commercial Section PO Box 3 Doha Qatar Tel: (00974) 435 3543 Fax: (00974) 435 6131 Email: bembcomm@qatar.planning.gov Industrial organisations Qatar Liquefied Gas Company Ltd.gov Website: http://qatar.net.uk Embassy of the United States of America 22nd February Street Al Luqta district PO Box 2399 Doha Qatar Tel: (00974) 488 4101 Fax: (00974) 488 4298 Email: PASDoha@state.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 267 Construction cost data 267 Useful addresses Public organisations Qatar Planning Council PO Box 1855 Doha Qatar Tel: (00974) 438 1227 Fax: (00974) 438 1298 Email: webmaster@planning.gov.qa Qatar Chamber of Commerce & Industry PO Box 402 Doha Tel: (00974) 455 9111 Fax: (00974) 466 1693 Email: info@qcci.britishembassy.gov.gov.mmaa.qa Website: www.qa Website: www. (Qatargas) PO Box 22666 Ras Laffan Industrial City Qatar Tel: (00974) 473 6000 Fax: (00974) 473 6666 Website: www.gov.org Website: www.usembassy.qa .gov.qcci.

co.qapco.com .com Qatar Steel Company (QASCO) Head Office: PO Box 50090 Mesaieed Qatar Tel: (00974) 477 8778 Fax: (00974) 477 1424 Email: qasco@qasco.qasco.qa Gulf Organisation For Industrial Consulting PO Box 5114 Doha Qatar Tel: (00974) 485 8888 Fax: (00974) 483 1465 Email: goic@goic.com Qatar Petrochemical Company Ltd PO Box 756 Doha Qatar Tel: (00974) 424 2444 Fax: (00974) 432 4700 Website: www.Thomas@MottMac.qa Construction Consultants Mott MacDonald PO Box 11302 Dubai UAE Tel: +971 (0) 4 343 4218 Fax: +971 (0) 4 343 4281 Email: Nigel.goic.qa Website: www.rasgas.qa Website: www.org.Qatar 23/06/2005 2:49 pm Page 268 268 Qatar RasGas Company Limited PO Box 24200 Doha Qatar Tel: (00974) 485 7400 Fax: (00974) 485 7386 Website: www.org.com.

a.7 million 88% 38% 2% 2. Riyadh 5.4% Geography Land area Agricultural area Capital city Population of capital city (2000) 1.960.8% Riyadh 4.392 km 45.592 km 105.062 69 212 1.878 km n.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 269 Saudi Arabia ECONOMIC INDICATORS AND KEY DATA Population Population Urban Population Population under 15 Population 65 and over Population growth rate 22.7 million Transportation Railways Highways: paved unpaved Waterways Pipelines: crude oil refined products condensate liquid petroleum gas natural gas Ports and Harbours Merchant Marine International Airport 1.187 837 .582 sq km 1. km km km km km 11 66 ships King Khalid International Airport.

534 Average annual inflation (1998 to 2003) –0.3 billion 5.8% The Financial Times Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook The World Bank Central Department of Statistics – Ministry of Economy and Planning Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency All data relates to latest as at 3Q 2004 PPP – Purchasing Power Parity .1% General government consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 24.750 Euro 4.801 Yen (×100) 3.5% Inflation rate 1.6% Private consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 33.476 GDP per capita PPP basis (2003) US$11.6% Gross domestic investment as a proportion of GDP (2003) 18.0% Construction Gross value of construction output (2003) Net value of construction output as a proportion of GDP Source: SR46.800 Average annual real change in GDP (1998 to 2003) 2.8 billion GDP per capita (2003) SR35.0% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices (2003) SR804.930 US $ 3.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 4:50 pm Page 270 Economy Monetary unit Saudi Riyal Exchange rate £ Stg 6.2 billion GDP PPP basis (2003) US$287.

The principal religion is Islam. Bahrain to the east. or Majlis al-Shura. There are frequent sand and dust storms. . Saudi Arabia is a member of the United Nations. The Saudi construction industry shares about 7% of its GDP and is the largest construction market in the Middle East. It has land borders with Jordan to the north-west. consisting mostly of Sunni Muslims with a minority of Shi’a Muslims. Temperatures can reach 45ºC during daytime in summers with high humidity in the coastal regions and may fall to freezing at night. Construction activities have a direct correlation with oil prices as the oil and gas sector dominates the country’s economy. consisting of 120 members also appointed by the monarch for four-year terms. The Arabian platform slopes gradually down from the west – mainly bold and mountainous along the Red Sea coast. the largest continuous sand desert in the world. the Arab Gulf Cooperation Council (AGCC). to the east – mainly flat and low-lying along the Arabian Gulf coast where vast oil reserves exist. an observer of the World Trade Organisations and a member of other major international organisations. Qatar. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been an independent state since its unification in 1932. Legislative powers lie with the Consultative Council. dry summers and cold winters. The Council of Ministers. Most of the country is uninhabited and is a harsh sandy desert terrain. occupies about half the country.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 271 Country profile 271 Country profile Saudi Arabia is located in the Middle East occupying the majority of the Arabian Peninsular. The climate is extremely harsh with hot. UAE. is appointed by the monarch and includes many royal family members. the Cabinet. the Rub Al-Khali or Empty Quarter. Iraq and Kuwait to the north. the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Arabic is the official language with English commonly spoken in business. Oman to the south-east and the Yemen to the south. In the south. The country is ruled by a hereditary monarchy and the King is both the chief of state and head of government. particularly in the central deserts.

Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 272 272 Saudi Arabia Construction cost data Labour resources The figures below are typical labour costs for urban located construction sites in Saudi Arabia and are taken at the third quarter 2004. The labour resource costs given are a compilation of the employee’s basic pay and the financial cost to the employer of that labour. During Ramadan the hours of work will be reduced to six hours a day or thirty-six hours a week. The Labour Law of 1969 governs labour in Saudi Arabia. Under the law a worker is not permitted to work more than eight hours a day or forty-eight hours a week. insurance and other mandatory and voluntary contributions. The cost of construction labour is based on the employee’s basic pay and includes those allowances for employer and employee expenses such as holidays. . Saudi Labour laws ensure the hiring of nationals above foreign nationals and stipulate that three quarters of every employer’s work force must consist of Saudi Nationals and no less than fifty-one per cent of the employer’s payroll be paid to Saudis.

16 38.40 38.65 32.29 25.81 26.29 38.62 49.65 38.81 33.81 21.98 26.65 24.29 47.65 40.31 US $ 18.65 49.65 32.29 25.69 61.71 49.18 90.58 .16 38.18 49.33 £ Stg 10.65 61.29 31.81 21.18 186.58 18.67 186.67 186.81 13.69 Euro 14.61 26.06 26.18 122.40 38.33 231.61 26.06 26.18 186.81 26.81 17.18 122.81 17.29 38.62 49.65 40.89 90.21 13.18 152.66 186.32 186.98 26.18 152.66 186.65 38.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 273 Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Labour resources Operatives General Labourer Groundworks Labourer Bricklayer Shuttering Carpenter Carpenter Steel Fixer Metalworker Craftsman Roof Tiler Sheet Metal Roofer Glazier Plasterer Plasterers Labourer Suspended Ceiling Installer Painter Floor/Wall Tiler Plumber Electrician SAR 70.65 49.71 49.58 47.18 49.29 31.31 33.29 18.18 231.91 24.32 186.

90 119.93 10.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 274 274 Saudi Arabia Plant resources The figures below indicate the hire costs of construction plant.60 0.26 1.22 3.13 18.82 30.95 8.58 15.63 .43 23.97 8. The rates do not include for any fuel or maintenance expenses and also exclude operator costs and charges.90 12.47 6.98 5.26 24.57 31.55 0.42 48.11 117.93 1.38 6.93 4.93 10.2 m Reinforcement bending machine 25 Tonne Mobile Crane 13 Tonne Mobile Crane 10 Tonne Mobile Crane Wacker Plate 2.26 9.21 24.88 16.40 0.68 59.78 1.29 1.01 18.5 Tonne Block and Tackle Craneage/lifting equipment Unit Hour Hour Hour Hour Day Day Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour SAR 121.71 8.24 US $ 32.01 1.85 0.60 89.48 39.29 23.82 72.47 14.11 12. delivered to a building site located within an urban area within Saudi Arabia. Plant costs Price Plant resources Hymac 580 (360 deg tracked excavator) JCB 3C (180 deg wheeled excavator) Vibrating Roller 6–8 Tonne Dumper 4WD Hydraulic Tip 1270 Poker Vibrator 48 mm Beam Vibrator 6.63 31.85 17.79 5.35 89.51 12.74 6.95 19.74 £ Stg 17.93 Euro 25.16 12. and are current at the third quarter 2004.

12 431.35 6.70 2.11 554.18 6.82 25.32 798.32 798.57 215.77 6.694.12 431.01 13.75 62.55 2.94 Unit SAR £ Stg US $ Euro . and are taken at third quarter 2004 prices.33 2.09 29.04 388.33 2. The costs allow for large supplies in full loads and include any mechanical off-loading required at the site.11 615.993.694.68 615.694.05 49.84 47.79 7.67 16.48 718.32 31.49 718.85 5.91 12.70 2.25 9.50 3.11 554.90 6.33 554.14 9.90 3.70 2.77 12.80 35.694.90 25.49 7.49 718.00 45.68 615.993.694.01 431.87 44.993.73 4.32 5.49 718.68 615.993.49 718.56 24.01 388.33 2. delivered to a building site located within an urban area in Saudi Arabia.993.37 5.21 10.06 12.94 6.85 9.12 431.32 798.33 52.49 798.12 422.76 14.11 554.70 2.90 45.01 388.61 54.29 57.16 m3 m3 m3 m3 m m m m m 47.72 28.69 41.70 2.68 615.33 2.12 431.52 171.68 603. Material costs Price Material resources Groundworks Aggregates Crushed stone hardcore Clean brick rubble hardcore As-raised hoggin Washed sand Drainage 100 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm clay drain pipes 225 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm concrete pipe class L 300 mm concrete pipe class L Concrete work Concrete Readymix concrete 20 N/mm2 Readymix concrete 30 N/mm2 Reinforcement Mild steel bars BS4449 8 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 10 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 16 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 25 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 40 mm High yield bars BS4449 8 mm High yield bars BS4449 10 mm High yield bars BS4449 16 mm High yield bars BS4449 25 mm High yield bars BS4449 40 mm Tying wire mild steel Reinforcement spacer blocks m3 m3 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 100 203.11 554.29 12.01 388.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 275 Construction cost data 275 Material resources The figures below indicate the costs of main construction materials.32 782.65 7.78 9.33 2.933.32 798.01 388.26 10.

63 81.306.04 27.13 3.24 12.306.58 1.74 1.556.94 7.54kg RSC BS4360 254 × 76 mm × 28.85 1.60 2.14 13.06 .97 19.72 14.737.43 6.70 30.39 7.97 14.58 11.296.681.681.32 908.72 2.61 47.296.42 6.50 1.50 1.5N (solid) (solid) (solid) (hollow) (hollow) (hollow) 1000 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 Tonne Tonne m3 1.49 2.296.31 47.73 9.94 6.306.10 329.97 3.59 1.18 938.91 847.72 1.72 11.16 2.72 1.04 21.77 103.65 1.72 16.00 2.411.09kg RSC BS4360 432 × 102 mm × 65.69 52.096.515.51 6.72 1.71 3.74 1.306.85 80.85kg RSJ BS4360 203 × 152 mm × 52.04 2.253.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 276 Price Material resources Masonry Bricks Clay common bricks Blocks 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks 3.00 2.55 10.94 5.83 87.36 116.49 0.885.18 877.5N 3.19 4.98 m m m m2 m2 m2 kg kg kg 7.58 1.97 19.63 923.18 1.19 2.27 1.82 16.569.18 224.04 Unit SAR £ Stg US $ Euro Cement and Sand Portland cement in bags Soft sand for mortar Cement mortar (1:3) Metalwork Structural steel UB BS4360 914 × 305 mm × 289kg UB BS4360 610 × 305 mm × 238kg UB BS4360 457 × 191 mm × 98kg RSJ BS4360 254 × 203 mm × 81.89kg RHS BS4360 450 × 250 mm × 167kg RHS BS4360 300 × 200 mm × 92.210.98 5.5N 3.210.296.90 389.5N 3.04 1.43 908.90 56.5N 3.32 5.59 1.98 1.08 4.05 415.96 6.18 1.86 5.82 12.98 1.93 3.625.66 34.36 908.72 1.63 847.16 2.38 9.681.09 2.23 0.76 1.98 1.19 5.86 3.74 0.46 11.78 320.69 7.43 6.99 5.6kg Woodwork Floors and flat roofs 38 × 100 mm sawn softwood 50 × 100 mm sawn softwood 38 × 25 mm tanalised batten Boarding to Flooring 12 mm WBP ply 18 mm WBP ply 25 mm WBP ply Nails Galvanised nails 75 mm Alloy nails 65 mm × 10g 50 mm Oval wire nails Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 6.71 4.46 3.80 1.29 2.18 908.19 3.681.885.340.5N 3.43 6.709.07 1.73 23.92 18.569.72 67.318.

149.66 256.16 4.53 1.55 34.07 1.11 1.09 5.38 Glass and glazing 4 mm clear sheet glass 6 mm Georgian wired polished plate 5 mm toughened safety glass 5.33 216.86 215.04 0.87 27.85 102.95 638.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 277 Price Material resources Thermal and moisture protection Sheet metal Sheet lead BS1178 Code 4 Sheet zinc BS849 0.92 Unit SAR £ Stg US $ Euro 404.94 190.65 64.48 151.32 627.15 31.38 17.053.51 741.04 131.32 118.40 4.84 0.39 748.248.86 307.373.92 90. red Damp-proof membranes 1000g polythene d.63 3.97 1.96 91.61 0.37 25.82 577.m.49 38.496.48 1.37 269.79 714.22 167.28 129.74 55.76 83.82 24.71 179.05 m2 m2 m2 m2 1000 1000 m2 m2 Nr Nr 242.90 5. Insulation 100 mm thick fibreglass quilt Roofing sheets and fixings Corrugated PVC sheet 1830 mm Corrugated galv sheet 1830 mm Doors and windows UPVC UPVC UPVC UPVC window frames s/casement 1000 × 600 glazed s/casement 1000 × 900 glazed s/casement 1000 × 1200 glazed Nr Nr Nr m2 m2 m2 m2 1.12 194.p.49 2. red 380 × 260 mm pantile.808.49 147.93 333.36 280.17 34.45 mm Felts Underslating felt Type 1F Clay roofing products 265 × 165 mm plain tile.91 64.058.79 39.95 44.08 311.15 169.17 6.03 71.4 mm laminated safety glass .60 mm Sheet copper BS2870 0.71 45.97 0.06 399.04 1.57 51.65 170.20 49.62 24.

35 128.96 16.10 2.49 112.99 18.75 26.21 Unit SAR £ Stg US $ Euro .43 23.95 9.96 17.92 18.26 24.65 24.5 mm plasterboard Tiles 25mm × 225 × 225 mm quarry tile 9mm × 150 × 150 mm ceramic floor tile Decorations Paints and Sundries Emulsion paint matt white Masonry textured paint white Oil/Alkyd paint undercoat Oil/Alkyd paint gloss white 5 5 5 5 Litre 69.86 1.95 Litre 117.25 3.26 m2 m2 m2 13.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 278 Price Material resources Finishes Plasterboards 12.99 16.50 16.56 34.45 14.26 30.72 Litre 117.22 25.44 33.45 31.26 31.15 Litre 124.

03 1. compacting in 250 mm layers: 0. An allowance of 20% has also been included to cover the contractor's overheads and profit.55 m3 36.91 30.00 m To receive foundations.19 9. depth not exceeding: 0. average depth: 0. drain pipes. plant and material costs that would be involved in carrying out the operation described. The values of the displayed rates are considered to be fairly representative for work of the specified nature and are at third quarter 2004 levels.53 16.05 5.10 14.88 .39 m3 m3 100.01 1.96 20. pile caps and ground beams.00 m Filling Filled into excavation. depth not exceeding: 0. 0 Description Unit Groundworks Excavation SAR Price £ Stg US $ Euro To reduce levels.00 m Trenches for service pipes.05 hardcore m3 7.54 1. Any statutory taxes have been excluded. cables or the like including disposal and filling Trenches to suit pipes not exceeding 200 mm dia. Each rate includes for all necessary labour.37 3.91 116.61 7.75 23.70 4. No.41 m 21. by machine.02 1. Ref.08 5..04 sand 0.72 26.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 279 Construction cost data 279 Unit rates A selection of unit rates for work items that may be carried out on a typical construction project is provided in the following table.01 1.09 2.

06 46.46 m3 m3 301.20 m2 1.84 76. 1 Concrete work Poured concrete Plain concrete mix 20 N/mm2 Foundations.80 263.35 43. Concrete: 0. roofs or the like: 1.19 14.08 225 mm dia.49 71.60 142.78 5.40 68.40 56.89 38.05–0.76 50.00 85.44 m3 m3 m3 352.04 10.05–0.89 11. No. 0.42 20.08 not exceeding 0.20 m2 Reinforced concrete mix 30N/mm2 Suspended slabs.02 80.17 29.28 79.04 298.01 333.81 70. floors.09 269.01 150–300 mm thick 1.32 45.07 150–300 mm thick Columns and casings to metal stanchions.06 100 mm dia. cross-sectional area: 1.09 0.10 m2 m m m m m 34.17 .10 300 mm dia.09 150 mm dia.05 m2 1.05 over 0.26 40. 0.87 89.07 150 mm dia.83 44. combined and isolated bases: 1.73 321.22 55.40 75. Description Unit Underground drainage Drain pipes and jointing in trenches SAR Price £ Stg US $ Euro Clay: 0.03 not exceeding 0.92 58.06 not exceeding 150 mm thick 1. 0.10 m2 1.73 43.36 m3 m3 276.04 0.77 38.66 61. cross-sectional area: 1.10 over 0.80 6.93 54.03 31.80 72.08 7.57 58. landings.29 m3 m3 m3 286.42 9.92 58.49 283.86 38.99 39.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 280 Ref.05 m2 1.02 73.56 9.64 66.32 18.02 over 300 mm thick Pile caps and ground beams.69 41.65 220.97 69.69 48.34 93.91 61.

11 3.96 1.963.000.283.16 Precast concrete blocks.93 845.196.604.76 1.60 3.85 880.57 10. Description Unit Reinforcement Bar reinforcement Mild steel bars.39 637. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm Masonry Walls Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 4.85 3.12 519.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 281 Ref.86 570.81 14.64 44.28 565.08 4.142.056.19 3.02 150 mm solid blocks 2.046.42 862. delivered to site cut.27 52.17 1.11 10.19 1.85 591.28 1. bent and labelled SAR £ Stg Price US $ Euro 1.24 656.20 2 Bars.5N/mm2.11 1.83 4.750.35 741.03 200 mm solid blocks m2 m2 m2 38.214.118.29 1.38 7. No.924.05 771.12 540.276.01 100 mm solid blocks 2.51 604.82 .64 689.12 1.49 1.16 961.14 1.095. bent and labelled Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 4.80 1.555.180.786.44 4.25 1. in cement mortar (1:3): 2.97 984.30 11.15 Bars.18 1.95 9.01 616.02 7.96 1.45 1.109. delivered to site cut. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm High yield steel bars. strength 3.30 936.16 1.23 815.07 1.56 6.59 5.97 807.17 910.35 4.13 1.426.

93 20.279.85 166.05 25 mm thick 5 Coverings and linings Roofing systems Clay tile roofing.43 44.758.73 1.04 254 × 76 mm × 28.374.87 2.548.80 3.18 m m 12.99 24.46 5.63 1. grade BB: 4.99 1. No.01 265 × 165 mm plain tile. red 5.77 1.20 11.206.04 18 mm thick 4. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.54 kg/m 3.730.44 1. 38 × 25 mm tanalised softwood battens.03 432 × 102 mm × 65.18 m2 m2 296.75 148. 3 Description Unit Structural metalwork Beams SAR £ Stg Price US $ Euro Universal beams.33 2.762.59 61.19 16.01 38 × 100 mm 4.84 Tonne Tonne 8. 65 mm lap: 5.88 1. basic sizes: 4.243.03 30.32 15.233.39 2.63 8.13 39.00 m2 m2 m2 77.285.24 34.03 12 mm thick 4.38 79.73 117.89 kg/m 4 Woodwork Structural timbers Floors and flat roofs Sawn softwood.13 2.571.97 23.413. red Tonne Tonne 8.02 610 × 305 mm × 238 kg/m Rolled steel channels.722.02 380 × 260 mm clay pantile.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 282 Ref.53 .73 31.06 8.38 2.01 914 × 305 mm × 289 kg/m 3.211.55 1.67 4.231.99 19.30 1. alloy nailed every fifth course.74 21.46 42. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.18 2.02 50 × 100 mm Boarding to flooring WBP bonding plywood square edged boarding.61 1.234.

47 11.51 1.18 29.01 9.74 11.21 1.60 3.11 6.04 225 × 225 × 25 mm Decorations One mist coat and two full coats of emulsion paint Walls.80 12.35 2.67 1. reveals of openings or recesses. No.61 2.15 2.09 6.38 14.79 2.07 6.77 6.19 1.06 6.18 7.83 28.02 38 mm thick 6.84 2.40 1.22 40.34 4.20 52. jointed and pointed in cement mortar (1:3) To floors and landings: 6.28 6.66 9.24 45.32 1.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 283 Ref.89 2.20 4. attached and unattached columns: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds blockwork backgrounds Ceilings.08 m2 m2 m2 m2 9.01 25 mm thick 6.21 6.57 10.03 65 mm thick Quarry tiles bedded.30 .89 6.59 6.05 6.06 1.50 3.75 3. returns.53 1.03 2. attached and unattached beams and staircase soffits: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds textured plastic coating backgrounds m2 m2 m2 23.09 2.75 1.00 2.10 6.12 m2 m2 m2 m2 9.99 2.41 m2 195.45 2.38 2.19 10.93 2. 6 Description Unit Finishes Cement and sand (1:3) trowelled finish SAR Price £ Stg US $ Euro To floors and landings: 6.

10 acrylic Basins: 7.01 7.259.16 942.334.73 4.71 13.0 kw cooling unit 7.96 1.90 52.94 1.27 3.21 1.59 2.47 216.12 stainless steel WC suites: 7.64 1.60 333.77 GRP prefabricated water storage tanks for above ground use.80 22.14 low level syphonic Bidets: 7.75 233.17 151.68 6.14 226.51 418.32 418.440.054.04 Nr Nr Nr Nr 11.53 848.60 813.295.327.02 7.09 182 litre Sanitaryware.30 7.054.632.08 114 litre 7.65 1.75 3.880.736.91 353.017.28 3. No.620.87 3.915.69 Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr 1.96 1.114.27 Nr Nr 196.25 40.36 50.745.5 kw cooling unit 5.13 low level washdown 7.06 4.65 3.50 72.92 226.74 20.569.0 kw cooling unit Tanks SAR £ Stg Price US $ Euro 7.28 174.40 322.51 94.72 2.734.79 3.15 vitreous china Nr Nr Nr 6.57 5.05 500 gallon 7.37 26.914.06 432.11 vitreous china Sinks: 7.035.19 13.37 122. 7 Description Unit Mechanical engineering Equipment Air handling units Externally fitted air conditioning unit.455.346.546.23 281.84 627. capacity (US) gallons: 7. wall mounted: 3.629.84 .06 439.03 7.32 226.545.96 322.316. rotary compressor.34 1.07 2000 gallon Plastic water storage cisterns with lids: 7.809.64 1.303.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 284 Ref.06 1000 gallon 7.25 2. complete with fittings Baths: 7.547.28 2.050.654.44 28.44 5.5 kw cooling unit 10.569.005.

Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 285 Ref.04 16 mm Consumer units.64 12. surface mounted.41 8.99 16. assembled and installed on site. 1. 8 Description Unit Electrical engineering Sub main circuits SAR Price £ Stg US $ Euro PVC insulated and sheathed single core cable.0 mm gauge. 240V SP & N Standard metal consumer unit with integral 100A main switch. galvanised. fixing to structure and drawing cables Rigid conduit. assembled and installed on site. prefabricated.06 12-way m 34. width: 8. including jointing.81 16.04 8.02 50 mm 8.83 Nr Nr 188.01 10 mm2 Standard cable trays.19 7. prefabricated.38 89.47 4.98 . available ways: 8.86 68.09 m m 62.44 38. fixing to structure. heavy gauge.05 6-way 8.43 m 62.5 mm/2. 450/750V.94 10. prefabricated. nominal csa: 8.77 15. including fixing to structure with hangers and brackets Straight trays with trapeze hangers.96 9.55 20.21 48. external diameter: 8.01 12.08 75. galvanised. No.94 335. assembled and installed on site.30 50.03 100 mm Steel conduit.41 27.

68 56. 2 way Socket assemblies. unswitched: 8. mounting boxes and fixings where required.89 Nr Nr Nr 48.11 2 gang 13A SP.07 1 gang. (mortices measured separately) SAR Price £ Stg US $ Euro 5A SP.53 Nr Nr 30.88 11. surface mounted.57 11.08 2 gang. including installation and fixing to structure.98 11.81 14.33 17.53 8. with neon indicator 8.21 23. mounting boxes and fixings where required.13 12.72 41. 2 way 8.12 1 gang 8.41 77. flush mounted: 8.14 1 gang. No. with neon indicator. 2 way 8.43 12.33 11.13 1 gang.40 15.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 286 Ref.10 1 gang 8.42 6. switched: 8. metalplate Nr Nr Nr 23. (mortices measured separately) 13A SP.92 7.08 3.79 87. flush mounted.90 .88 8.00 8.09 3 gang.08 6.01 4.03 55.62 9.11 14.95 4. including installation and fixing to structure. Description Unit Accessories Switch assemblies.78 20.32 6.20 6.

762 814 505 793 547 482 704 518 1. These generally reflect approximate prices for building costs on a unit area basis and can only be considered as a guide to likely costs for the indicated construction facility.176 5.914 1. such as land purchase.458 3.285 1.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 287 Construction cost data 287 Approximate estimating A range of rates for construction facility types has been provided in the following table.518 5.630 7. In some cases prices for buildings not commonly available in the country are also given in an attempt to provide the reader with an estimated likely cost of construction. Feasibility studies that make use of these rates should take into account any project specific costs.028 710 625 913 672 1.476 1.388 £ Stg/m2 211 1.203 1.669 8.158 1.848 7.464 8. site access and general location. These considerations would need to address such items as the general condition of the site.344 3.520 491 .971 637 Euro/m2 301 1. All rates should be treated with caution in any projections and professional advice should be sought before predicted cost calculations are concluded. The rates allow for all base construction costs and also include for typical oncosts. preliminaries and general items. No allowance has been made for value added tax.391 2.424 2.033 811 1. The unit area values should be applied to the total floor area of all storeys and generally include for average preliminary and on-costs.234 570 354 555 383 338 493 363 842 1.559 1. They do not include professional fees or capital costs.501 1. Facility type Multi Storey Car Parks Petrol Stations Airport Terminal Buildings Sorting Offices Refuse Depots Stables and the like Factories Advanced Factories Purpose Built Workshops Warehouses Town Halls Law Courts Offices Banks/Building Societies Retail Warehouses SAR/ft2 136 805 796 368 228 358 247 218 318 234 543 667 523 687 222 SAR/m2 1.248 1. Each project would be unique in this respect and any appraisal of likely development costs for the scheme will need to determine any additions that may have an adverse effect on typical anticipated costs.783 1.056 655 1.856 2. All prices shown are as current in third quarter 2004.662 2.312 2.567 3. availability of resources and the like.064 344 US $/m2 390 2.959 2.

414 1.481 1.593 1.437 6.932 1.285 655 1.249 1.573 1.949 4.301 4.090 952 1. Pools Sports Halls Gymnasia SAR/ft2 341 421 402 318 491 472 555 474 461 564 458 669 655 707 531 351 516 503 505 603 629 711 673 657 446 492 430 522 584 671 482 567 436 829 423 646 395 587 SAR/m2 3.044 1.118 1.280 5.040 1.537 4. Pools Sports Centres inc.523 1.049 7.280 1.629 5.234 1.684 Euro/m2 754 933 891 704 1.783 5.482 1.157 1.624 6.155 913 1.293 1.314 £ Stg/m2 528 653 624 493 760 731 861 735 715 875 711 1.424 5.324 1.077 5.450 1.559 5.175 778 1.015 1.050 1.021 1.316 1.694 8.620 1.067 1.665 4.384 1.015 1.019 691 763 667 810 905 1.229 1.927 1.135 1.037 1.086 1.935 7.455 987 1.444 1.330 3.199 7.926 4.244 7.500 1.429 875 1.605 5.041 747 879 676 1.887 1.490 1.335 1.766 7.001 613 909 US $/m2 977 1.920 1.028 1.255 965 1.677 1.095 823 545 801 780 783 935 974 1.213 1.074 4.287 7.210 1.408 1.627 1.113 1.730 1.299 .009 1.414 5.450 1.391 1.649 7.836 936 1.043 1.076 4.564 1.712 3.799 5.964 6.252 2.354 1.853 1.489 6.227 5.361 1.189 6.256 6.105 4.550 6.102 1.103 4.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 288 Facility type Shopping Centres Department Stores Hypermarkets / Supermarkets Shops Stadia Pavilions and Sports Club Houses Religious Buildings Schools Sixth Form Colleges Universities Colleges Research Facilities Laboratories Exhibition Buildings Public Libraries Flats Housing Detached Hotels Halls of Residence Fire Stations Police Stations Closed Prisons Hospitals Intensive Care / Acute Wards Health Centres Nursing Homes Homes for the Elderly Day Centres Veterinary Hospitals Restaurants Theatres Cinemas Clubs Covered Swimming Pools Sports Centres exc.486 1.880 2.975 5.143 1.804 2.380 1.

US Dollar. £ Sterling.Saudi Arabia 23/06/2005 2:05 pm Page 289 Construction cost data 289 Exchange rates The following graph indicates the exchange rate movement over the last five years of the Saudi Riyal. against four other international currencies. The values used to generate the graphic display are at monthly intervals for each of the currencies and the individual line bars show the respective comparison of the Saudi Riyal with each of them and the relative value to each other. the Euro and the Japanese Yen (×100). Exchange Rates .

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Price inflation
The following tables present indices for consumer prices and wholesale prices for construction related items since 1996 and 1985 respectively.

Consumer Price Inflation
Saudi Arabia has historically experienced sustained periods of deflation in consumer prices since the mid-nineties. The average figure recorded over the period 1997 to 2002 was –0.7%. The subsequent year, 2003, witnessed consumer price inflation for the first time since 1996 with an average yearly figure of 0.5% recorded. The forecast for the current year appears to indicate a continuation in the period of inflation with an anticipated average figure for 2004 of 1.0% from figures provided by the Saudi Arabian authorities. The graph, which follows the tables below, plots the annual percentage change in consumer price inflation since 1996.
Consumer Prices Year 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: annual average 100.0 99.6 99.4 98.1 97.5 96.7 96.1 96.6 97.6 International Monetary Fund change % 0.9 –0.4 –0.2 –1.3 –0.6 –0.8 –0.6 0.5 1.0

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Wholesale Price Indices Machinery & Transport Equipment annual average 74.2 81.6 89.2 100.0 101.6 102.1 107.1 110.3 111.3 111.5 114.0 113.7 110.5 106.7 106.3 107.0 107.8 107.1 106.2 change % – 10.0 9.3 12.1 1.6 0.5 4.9 3.0 0.9 0.2 2.2 –0.3 –2.8 –3.4 –0.4 0.7 0.7 –0.6 –0.8

General Index Year annual average 79.3 82.3 88.2 100.0 101.1 102.9 106.0 107.4 108.0 109.9 117.9 117.6 117.6 115.4 115.9 116.3 116.2 116.2 117.2 change % – 3.8 7.2 13.4 1.1 1.8 3.0 1.3 0.6 1.8 7.3 –0.3 0.0 –1.9 0.4 0.3 –0.1 0.0 0.9

Manufactured Goods annual average 83.1 80.9 85.0 100.0 102.6 104.8 110.2 116.0 118.2 116.9 112.0 111.0 111.0 110.0 108.7 107.7 107.9 108.0 107.9 change % – –2.6 5.1 17.6 2.6 2.1 5.2 5.3 1.9 –1.1 –4.2 –0.9 0.0 –0.9 –1.2 –0.9 0.2 0.1 –0.1

1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Source:

Central Department of Statistics – Ministry of Economy and Planning

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Consumer Price Inflation for Years 1996 through 2004

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Construction cost data

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Useful addresses
Public Organisations Ministry of Public Works and Housing Mather Street PO Box 56095 Riyadh 11554 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Tel: (00966) 1 403 8888 Email: info@mpwh.gov.sa Website: www.mpwh.gov.sa Saudi Ports Authority PO Box 5162 Riyadh 11422 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Tel: (00966) 1 405 0005 Fax: (00966) 1 405 3508 Email: info@ports.gov.sa Website: www.ports.gov.sa Ministry of Petroleum & Mineral Resources PO Box 247 Riyadh 11191 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Email: info@mopm.gov.sa Website: www.mopm.gov.sa Ministry of Planning PO Box 358 Riyadh 11182 Tel: (00966) 1 401 1444 Fax: (00966) 1 405 2051 Email: info@planning.gov.sa Website: www.planning.gov.sa

Ministry of Foreign Affairs PO Box 55937 Riyadh 11544 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Tel: (00966) 1 406 7777 Fax: (00966) 1 403 0645 Website: www.mofa.gov.sa Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency PO Box 2992 Riyadh 11169 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Tel: (00966) 1 463 3000 Fax: (00966) 1 466 2936 Email: webmaster@sama.gov.sa Website: www.sama.gov.sa Saudi Arabian Standards Organisation (SASO) PO Box 3437 Riyadh 11471 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Tel: (00966) 1 452 0000 Fax: (00966) 1 452 0086 Email: webmaster@saso.org.sa Website: www.saso.org.sa

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Foreign Embassies British Embassy PO Box 94351 Riyadh 11693 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Tel: (00966) 1 488 0088 Fax: (00966) 1 488 2373 Email: Commercial.Riyadh@fco. gov.uk Website: http://www.britishembassy. gov.uk American Embassy PO Box 94309 Riyadh 11693 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Tel: (00966) 1 488 3800 Fax: (00966) 1 488 3989 Email: USEmbRiyadhWebSite@ State.gov Website: http://riyadh.usembassy. gov Industrial Organisations Council of Saudi Chambers of Commerce & Industry PO Box 16683 Riyadh 11474 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Tel: (00966) 1 405 3200 Fax: (00966) 1 402 4747 Email: council@saudichambers. org.sa Website: www.saudichambers.org.sa

M.S. Al-Suwaidi Holding Co. Ltd King Saud Street PO Box 12 Ras Tanura 31941 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Tel: (00966) 3 667 3746 Fax: (00966) 3 667 1044 Email: shc@alsuwaidi.com.sa Website: www.suwaidi.com Saudi Aramco PO Box 5000 Dhahran 31311 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Tel: (00966) 3 872 0115 Fax: (00966) 3 873 8190 Email: webmaster@aramco.com.sa Website: www.saudiaramco.com Construction Consultants Mott MacDonald PO Box 11302 Dubai UAE Tel: +971 (0) 4 343 4218 Fax: +971 (0) 4 343 4281 Email: Nigel.Thomas@MottMac.com

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Syria
ECONOMIC INDICATORS AND KEY DATA Population
Population Urban Population Population under 15 Population 65 and over Population growth rate 18 million 50% 38% 3% 2.4%

Geography
Land area Agricultural area Capital city Population of capital city (2000) 184,050 sq km 30% Damascus 2.3 million

Transportation
Railways Highways: paved unpaved Waterways Pipelines: crude oil natural gas Ports and Harbours Merchant Marine International Airport 2,711 km 10,021 km 33,360 km 900 km 2,183 km 2,300 km 4 122 ships Damascus International Airport, Damascus

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Economy
Monetary unit Syrian Pound Exchange rate £ Stg 96.53 US $ 52.24 Euro 66.86 Yen (×100) 49.22 Average annual inflation (1998 to 2003) –0.1% Inflation rate 4.0% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices (2000) SP896.6 billion GDP PPP basis (2003) US$58 billion GDP per capita (2000) SP49,811 GDP per capita PPP basis (2003) US$3,300 Average annual real change in GDP (1998 to 2003) 2.2% Private consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 58.5% General government consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 10.7% Gross domestic investment as a proportion of GDP (2003) 13.6%

Construction
Gross value of construction output (2000) Net value of construction output as a proportion of GDP SP26.9 billion 3.0%

Source: The Financial Times Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook The World Bank United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook Damascus Chamber of Commerce Arab Development Center for Syria All data relates to latest as at 3Q 2004 PPP Purchasing Power Parity

Christians and Jews. The main religion is Sunni Muslin which is practised by approximately 74% of the country's inhabitants.814 m. dry summers in the coastal areas. The population of around 17 million is mostly Arab with Kurds. Armenians and other ethnic groups. The legal system is based on Islamic law and a civil law system and there are special religious courts. The president is elected by popular vote to serve for a seven-year term and he appoints the vice president. The Syrian Arab Republic gained independence from the League of Nations mandate under French administration on 17 April 1946 and has been governed by a military regime since March 1963. The highest point is Mount Hermon on the Lebanese border which rises to 2. together with Alawite (11%). highways and an international airport. is composed of 250 seats with members being elected by popular vote to serve for a term of four years. The Syrian Desert is to the east of the country with the Jebel Druze Range to the south. Iraq to the east and south-east with Jordan to the south. Druze and other Muslim sects. It is bisected by the Barada River and is served by a railroad. prime minister.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 297 Country profile 297 Country profile Syria lies at the eastern end of the Mediterranean and is bordered by Lebanon and Israel on the west. The country covers an area of approximately 184. The construction market in Syria currently contributes less than 5% to the GDP. There is a lack of skilled labour available for building activities and most general operatives and unskilled labour are employed in the agricultural industry. . Turkey in the north. wet winters and hot. or Majlis al-shaab. Coastal Syria is a narrow plain and is backed by a range of mountains whilst further inland there is a steppe region. The climate is variable throughout the various regions with mild. The unicameral People's Council. The capital of Syria is Damascus which lies in the south-west at the eastern edge of the country. Snow and sleet is common in the mountain regions and periodically hits Damascus. deputy prime minister and the Council of Ministers.000 sq km. on the margins of the Syrian Desert.

18 40.94 30.12 27.226 2.152 1.67 14.94 35.94 30.17 30.68 21.67 14.62 30.13 25.152 2. Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Labour resources Operatives General Labourer Groundworks Labourer Bricklayer Shuttering Carpenter Carpenter Steel Fixer Metalworker Craftsman Roof Tiler Sheet Metal Roofer Glazier Plasterer Plasterers Labourer Suspended Ceiling Installer Painter Floor/Wall Tiler Plumber Electrician SYP 852 1.18 40.32 21.34 21. Under the law a worker is not permitted to work more than eight hours a day or forty-eight hours a week.94 26.152 1.85 40.67 21.152 1.820 2.88 35.13 US $ 15.67 21. Labour Law No.17 30.34 21.94 20.88 . insurance and other mandatory and voluntary contributions.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 298 298 Syria Construction cost data Labour resources The figures below are typical labour costs in Syria taken at the third quarter 2004.94 26.67 18. 24 of 2000 (amending Labour Law No.152 2.12 22.152 1.226 2.94 20.12 40.12 33.12 46.52 46.152 1. The displayed cost of labour is the cost to the employer of employing that operative.32 21.496 £ Stg 8.52 Euro 12.458 2.496 2.97 30.12 33.93 40.152 2. The labour resources combine the employee’s basic pay and the cost to the employer of that labour.94 17.97 30. 91 of 1959) governs labour in Syria.12 27.58 12.67 25.458 2.85 40.25 17.62 30.820 2.89 22.67 18.68 21. It is based on the employee’s basic pay with an inclusion of additional allowances for employer and employee expenses such as holidays.12 40.93 40.67 12.

80 10.08 10.46 0.5 Tonne Block and Tackle Craneage/lifting equipment Unit Hour Hour Hour Hour Day Day Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour SYP 1.67 0.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 299 Construction cost data 299 Plant resources The figures below indicate the hire costs of construction plant.08 19.05 0.428 £ Stg 14.27 1.01 20.76 7.24 1.39 12.96 16.83 3. The rates do not include for any fuel or maintenance expenses and exclude operator costs and charges.61 Euro 20.78 4. delivered to an average site location in Syria and are current at the third quarter 2004.65 1. Plant resources Price Plant resources Hymac 580 (360 deg tracked excavator) JCB 3C (180 deg wheeled excavator) Vibrating Roller 6–8 Tonne Dumper 4WD Hydraulic Tip 1270 Poker Vibrator 48 mm Beam Vibrator 6.076 357 574 473 712 73 1.399 1.78 8.31 26.73 14.428 1.59 5.25 6.38 0.61 20.36 26.84 1.13 8.65 10.71 14.071 861 45 70 1.11 15.70 8.37 US $ 26.06 6.05 20.37 10.47 5.52 .17 0.82 13.52 15.2 m Reinforcement bending machine 25 Tonne Mobile Crane 13 Tonne Mobile Crane 10 Tonne Mobile Crane Wacker Plate 2.

12 513. The costs allow for large supplies in full loads and include any mechanical off-loading required at the site.047 343 750 5.58 452.64 10.27 665.58 452.90 316.12 513.58 452.41 5.76 586.79 Unit SYP £ Stg US $ Euro .482 31.72 8.07 10.61 3.04 6.89 452.482 31.99 8.694 35.27 665.94 49.75 5.63 11.482 31.465 2.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 300 300 Syria Material resources The figures below indicate the costs of main construction materials.76 586.45 7.53 316.27 655.482 31.635 31.22 5.29 359.21 7.694 35.90 316.12 586.90 316.76 586.12 505.93 10.58 513.75 3.12 513.60 35.39 13.76 586.54 8.21 4.67 38.29 353. Material resources Price Material resources Groundworks Aggregates Crushed stone hardcore Clean brick rubble hardcore As-raised hoggin Washed sand Drainage 100 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm clay drain pipes 225 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm concrete pipe class L 300 mm concrete pipe class L Concrete work Concrete Readymix concrete 20 N/mm2 Readymix concrete 30 N/mm2 Reinforcement Mild steel bars BS4449 8 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 10 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 16 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 25 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 40 mm High yield bars BS4449 8 mm High yield bars BS4449 10 mm High yield bars BS4449 16 mm High yield bars BS4449 25 mm High yield bars BS4449 40 mm Tying wire mild steel Reinforcement spacer blocks m3 m3 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 100 2.155 301 24.32 m3 m3 m3 m3 m m m m m 571 537 594 571 302 626 2.694 35.90 316.38 4.29 359.64 5. delivered to a building site located within an urban area in Syria.482 35.76 665.12 513.43 37.55 10.16 6.694 35.694 35.03 45.81 26.87 3.29 359.43 4.30 20.29 359.58 452.34 9.27 665.90 359.27 665. and are taken at third quarter 2004 prices.00 29.01 11.98 5.

12 0.33 2.91 2.98 1.476.62 2.075.47 707.25 66.37 1.48 9.5N 3.283 70.309.95 1.18 7.04 6.09 2.76 0.71 349.47 3.394.34 6.76 6.368.26 20.774 145 178 232 133 173 230 4.42 1.49 0.815 79.70 86.411 70.5N 3.53 1.85 8.51 5.06 .815 753.139.283 78.18 1.6kg Woodwork Floors and flat roofs 38 × 100 mm sawn softwood 50 × 100 mm sawn softwood 38 × 25 mm tanalised batten Boarding to Flooring 12 mm WBP ply 18 mm WBP ply 25 mm WBP ply Nails Galvanised nails 75 mm Alloy nails 65 mm × 10g 50 mm Oval wire nails mm Oval wire nails Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 74.075.129.546 74.397 331 424 240 19.42 2.30 57.09 797.31 4.55 3.71 3.34 1.09kg RSC BS4360 432 × 102 mm × 65.27 1.48 5.65 753.85kg RSJ BS4360 203 × 152 mm × 52.75 2.46 1.010.27 2.78 46.54kg RSC BS4360 254 × 76 mm × 28.815 73.37 1.16 1.5N (solid) (solid) (solid) (hollow) (hollow) (hollow) 1000 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 Tonne Tonne m3 18.075.98 14.055.25 2.53 m m m m2 m2 m2 kg kg kg kg 87 148 34 637 992 1.463.07 3.815 74.89 2.42 1.5N 3.49 26.47 790.34 1.53 1.075.309.23 4.243 74.95 1.394.48 269.87 18.85 1.35 1.09 1.63 11.5N 3.09 753.28 75.53 1.010.79 2.42 1.09 4.49 3.01 10.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 301 Price Material resources Masonry Bricks Clay common bricks Blocks 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm 100 mm 150 mm 200 mm concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete concrete blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks blocks 3.024 574 4.91 4.71 Unit SYP £ Stg US $ Euro Cement and Sand Portland cement in bags Soft sand for mortar Cement mortar (1:3) Metalwork Structural steel UB BS4360 914 × 305 mm × 289kg UB BS4360 610 × 305 mm × 238kg UB BS4360 457 × 191 mm × 98kg RSJ BS4360 254 × 203 mm × 81.09 738.5N 3.89kg RHS BS4360 450 × 250 mm × 167kg RHS BS4360 300 × 200 mm × 92.92 2.394.87 1.34 4.31 40.26 1.42 1.4550 4.640 188.95 1.75 0.96 707.394.96 1.34 1.16 14.66 753.41 9.10 3.

31 29.731 55 33.m.00 5.61 111.31 228.983 61.07 633.039 1.52 15.55 53.247 15. Insulation 100 mm thick fibreglass quilt Roofing sheets and fixings Corrugated PVC sheet 1830 mm Corrugated galv sheet 1830 mm Doors and windows UPVC UPVC UPVC UPVC window frames s/casement 1000 × 600 glazed s/casement 1000 × 900 glazed s/casement 1000 × 1200 glazed Nr Nr Nr m2 m2 m2 m2 12.43 265.55 m2 m2 m2 m2 1000 1000 m2 m2 Nr Nr 2.87 32.55 1.79 488.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 302 Price Material resources Thermal and moisture protection Sheet metal Sheet lead BS1178 Code 4 Sheet zinc BS849 0.00 27.54 87.76 75.38 614.32 53.47 125.05 107.264 18.45 mm Felts Underslating felt Type 1F Clay roofing products 265 × 165 mm plain tile.138. red Damp-proof membranes 1000g polythene d.01 1.4 mm laminated safety glass .64 185.02 20.60 mm Sheet copper BS2870 0.06 23.491 29.17 60.50 33.16 0.64 0.737 7.54 0.p.05 219.887 2.95 77.80 43.317 3.33 37.19 69.59 38.85 143.233 8.44 176.27 153.56 0.53 878.77 4.49 344.25 162.465 3.725 7.481 123.79 Glass and glazing 4 mm clear sheet glass 6 mm Georgian wired polished plate 5 mm toughened safety glass 5.31 21.25 284.02 41. red 380 × 260 mm pantile.086 53 300 2.98 139.89 1.54 3.44 Unit SYP £ Stg US $ Euro 342.46 46.

12 14.399 8.59 20.379 1.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 303 Price Material resources Finishes Plasterboards 12.75 27.71 2.88 3.83 Unit SYP £ Stg US $ Euro .09 15.399 1.04 28.5 mm plasterboard Tiles 25mm × 225 × 225 mm quarry tile 9mm × 150 × 150 mm ceramic floor tile Decorations Paints and Sundries Emulsion paint matt white Masonry textured paint white Oil/Alkyd paint undercoat Oil/Alkyd paint gloss white 5 5 5 5 Litre Litre Litre Litre 845 1.64 15.35 22.99 26.540 1.08 26.51 15.12 m2 m2 m2 163 1.50 13.08 12.09 14.70 25.502 1.13 19.15 21.12 20.

02 22. compacting in 250 mm layers: 0. The values of the displayed rates are considered to be fairly representative for work of the specified nature and are at third quarter 2004 levels. An allowance of 20% has also been included to cover the contractor's overheads and profit. depth not exceeding: 0. drain pipes.21 m 258 2. Each rate includes for all necessary labour. Any statutory taxes have been excluded. 0 Description Unit Groundworks Excavation SYP Price £ Stg US $ Euro To reduce levels.210 1.01 1.00 m Filling Filled into excavation.60 4. Ref. pile caps and ground beams.00 m To receive foundations.68 1. average depth: 0. No.02 1.03 1.05 6.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 304 304 Syria Unit rates A selection of unit rates for work items that may be carried out on a typical construction project is provided in the following table.96 17. by machine.30 m3 432 4.35 8.05 hardcore m3 90 0.54 25.00 m Trenches for service pipes.. depth not exceeding: 0.91 1.04 sand 0.18 14.02 .71 m3 m3 1.39 20. plant and material costs that would be involved in carrying out the operation described.393 12. cables or the like including disposal and filling Trenches to suit pipes not exceeding 200 mm dia.81 3.

05 m2 1.06 not exceeding 150 mm thick 1.677 3. Description Unit Underground drainage Drain pipes and jointing in trenches SYP Price £ Stg US $ Euro Clay: 0.426 3.649 37.85 49. Concrete: 0.86 60.82 73. cross-sectional area: 1.467 3.02 52.640 545 1.10 over 0.07 150 mm dia.17 45.196 33. combined and isolated bases: 1.923 43.95 39.45 59.01 36.49 32. 1 Concrete work Poured concrete Plain concrete mix 20 N/mm2 Foundations. 0.48 56.04 0. 0.34 7.10 300 mm dia.95 7.12 61.86 15.10 m2 m m m m m 422 836 2.49 79.73 32.09 150 mm dia.94 75.05–0.20 m2 1.20 m2 Reinforced concrete mix 30N/mm2 Suspended slabs. floors.08 225 mm dia.49 17.264 34.722 4.58 49. 0.46 m3 m3 m3 4.86 64.73 68.76 m3 m3 3.06 12.03 not exceeding 0.84 49.02 over 300 mm thick Pile caps and ground beams.05 m2 1.05–0. landings.05 over 0.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 305 Ref.26 46. roofs or the like: 1.01 150–300 mm thick 1.40 .93 m3 m3 3.09 0.53 68.94 m3 m3 m3 3.62 63.10 6.289 4. cross-sectional area: 1.66 58. No.17 40.42 26.07 150–300 mm thick Columns and casings to metal stanchions.90 34.068 3.57 5.21 10.02 37.17 62.25 8.08 not exceeding 0.56 48.16 32.351 3.06 100 mm dia.86 52.10 m2 1.84 24.

21 786.52 679.92 .65 631.57 6.81 1.94 463.74 1. delivered to site cut. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm High yield steel bars.28 661. bent and labelled Bars.59 7. Description Unit Reinforcement Bar reinforcement Mild steel bars.262 574.66 495.28 857.24 6.25 8. fixing with tying wire: Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 52.48 952.5N/mm2.77 1.076 54.012. bent and labelled SYP £ Stg Price US $ Euro 1.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 306 Ref.68 747.022 49.953 42.93 734.007 47.49 8.83 819.19 1.62 5.86 969.16 1.41 880.207 523.268 46.86 708.063. strength 3.323 51.31 475.01 100 mm solid blocks 2.13 1.86 606.29 442.080 49.18 1.11 1.14 1.81 514.17 1.53 546. delivered to site cut.55 9.88 820.15 Bars.61 918. No.71 11. in cement mortar (1:3): 2.43 424.31 704.025 43.12 1.43 Precast concrete blocks.17 493.20 2 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm Masonry Walls Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 57.04 913.52 780.03 200 mm solid blocks m2 m2 m2 459 521 621 4.02 150 mm solid blocks 2.

584 1.914. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.01 265 × 165 mm plain tile.595 1.38 m2 m2 m2 935 1.850.723 1.54 kg/m 3. basic sizes: 4.27 1.15 13.04 18 mm thick 4.42 14.52 Tonne Tonne 102. 3 Description Unit Structural metalwork Beams SYP £ Stg Price US $ Euro Universal beams.79 51.56 1.460.65 m2 m2 3.427.89 kg/m 4 Woodwork Structural timbers Floors and flat roofs Sawn softwood.022.22 3.886.034.29 .428 1.02 380 × 260 mm clay pantile.893. red 5.283 999.58 1.97 1. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.87 4.43 26.62 37. red Tonne Tonne 99.37 2.455.80 32.38 20.759 36.04 254 × 76 mm × 28.018.05 25 mm thick 5 Coverings and linings Roofing systems Clay tile roofing.45 20.07 17.993 9.03 432 × 102 mm × 65. 38 × 25 mm tanalised softwood battens.46 1. alloy nailed every fifth course. 65 mm lap: 5.06 17.228 1.03 12 mm thick 4.66 1.01 914 × 305 mm × 289 kg/m 3.71 66.476.72 1.02 610 × 305 mm × 238 kg/m Rolled steel channels.02 50 × 100 mm Boarding to flooring WBP bonding plywood square edged boarding.73 1.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 307 Ref.52 25.38 2.24 m m 154 235 1.01 101.53 28.38 101. No. grade BB: 4.01 38 × 100 mm 4.55 2.

27 1. No.69 2.29 1.07 2.15 6.18 1.63 2.98 5.12 m2 m2 m2 m2 118 139 126 135 1.40 1.05 6.36 2.50 10. attached and unattached beams and staircase soffits: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds textured plastic coating backgrounds m2 m2 m2 277 349 546 2.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 308 Ref.06 6.50 33.01 7.78 3.49 43.49 5.51 5.08 m2 m2 m2 m2 111 129 113 170 1.09 6. jointed and pointed in cement mortar (1:3) To floors and landings: 6. returns.60 2.82 1.44 6.17 1.17 3.01 25 mm thick 6.14 1.07 6.40 2.10 6.03 65 mm thick Quarry tiles bedded.02 38 mm thick 6.11 6.334 23. 6 Description Unit Finishes Cement and sand (1:3) trowelled finish SYP Price £ Stg US $ Euro To floors and landings: 6.04 225 × 225 × 25 mm Decorations One mist coat and two full coats of emulsion paint Walls. attached and unattached columns: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds blockwork backgrounds Ceilings.71 2.55 6.85 m2 2.85 1.11 3. reveals of openings or recesses.52 1.36 2.60 1.12 1.94 .01 1.19 2.

57 1.894 323.15 vitreous china Nr Nr Nr 78.38 59.07 2000 gallon Plastic water storage cisterns with lids: 7. capacity (US) gallons: 7.01 7.90 184.05 500 gallon 7.68 340.61 44.09 182 litre Sanitaryware.377.08 114 litre 7.364.29 2.134 24.51 101.03 7. 7 Description Unit Mechanical engineering Equipment Air handling units Externally fitted air conditioning unit.977.36 238.71 286.77 3.364 788. No.14 low level syphonic Bidets: 7.296.01 371.616.76 5. complete with fittings Baths: 7.62 1.05 34.39 2.34 GRP prefabricated water storage tanks for above ground use.28 184.06 1000 gallon 7.253.36 145.106 12.19 6.376.632.55 2.04 Nr Nr Nr Nr 141.21 4.992.280 200.85 262.11 vitreous china Sinks: 7.98 2.02 7.608.20 184.646.229 159.023.79 535.09 262.45 Nr Nr 2.57 3.79 .21 2.01 234. rotary compressor.142.72 340.919 10.5 kw cooling unit 5.030.777.20 1.460.274 18.92 4.391 4.10 acrylic Basins: 7.966.27 2.126.766 275.204 1.421.26 188.5 kw cooling unit 10.82 160.73 128.280 37.16 3.71 694.541 1.0 kw cooling unit 7.12 stainless steel WC suites: 7.57 77.869 2.0 kw cooling unit Tanks SYP £ Stg Price US $ Euro 7.806 18.307.43 Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr 19.01 375.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 309 Ref.13 low level washdown 7. wall mounted: 3.07 41.21 2.

18 10. external diameter: 8.60 12. No.5 mm/2.98 13. nominal csa: 8.01 10 mm2 Standard cable trays. 1. surface mounted. prefabricated. assembled and installed on site. prefabricated.62 10.43 8.06 12-way m 410 4.57 59. galvanised.75 16.66 14.03 100 mm Steel conduit. 450/750V.34 .0 mm gauge.12 7. assembled and installed on site.23 76.82 m 761 7. prefabricated. fixing to structure. fixing to structure and drawing cables Rigid conduit.93 Nr Nr 2.89 m m 738 892 7.266 4.05 6-way 8. available ways: 8. including fixing to structure with hangers and brackets Straight trays with trapeze hangers.55 42.128 22.04 16 mm Consumer units. heavy gauge. width: 8.81 41.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 310 Ref. 8 Description Unit Electrical engineering Sub main circuits SYP Price £ Stg US $ Euro PVC insulated and sheathed single core cable. 240V SP & N Standard metal consumer unit with integral 100A main switch. including jointing.94 32.63 5. assembled and installed on site. galvanised.02 50 mm 8.

06 Nr Nr Nr 570 678 927 5.13 9.08 2 gang.54 6.83 9. switched: 8.08 7.99 6.33 10.69 10. flush mounted: 8.11 2 gang 13A SP.52 5.71 Nr Nr 366 1. mounting boxes and fixings where required.14 1 gang.75 13. (mortices measured separately) 13A SP. 2 way 8.32 .28 8. 2 way Socket assemblies.09 3 gang.13 1 gang. (mortices measured separately) SYP Price £ Stg US $ Euro 5A SP. with neon indicator 8.80 5.12 1 gang 8.29 9.07 1 gang. Description Unit Accessories Switch assemblies. flush mounted. metalplate Nr Nr Nr 284 496 676 2.74 6.65 17.86 4. No.047 3. with neon indicator. including installation and fixing to structure.83 19. unswitched: 8. mounting boxes and fixings where required. surface mounted.59 4.24 12.10 1 gang 8. including installation and fixing to structure.20 9. 2 way 8.63 12.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 311 Ref.27 15.

623 1. Each project would be unique in this respect and any appraisal of likely development costs for the scheme will need to determine any additions that may have an adverse effect on typical anticipated costs.051 663 Euro/m2 313 1.050 127.222 3.025 35.333 3.989 11.098 682 1.624 34.585 57.299 1. The rates allow for all base construction costs and also include for typical on-costs. All prices shown are as current in third quarter 2004.991 1.070 739 650 950 699 1.088 9.057 106.799 129. All rates should be treated with caution in any projections and professional advice should be sought before predicted cost calculations are concluded.681 3.377 1. These generally reflect approximate prices for building costs on a unit area basis and can only be considered as a guide to likely costs for the indicated construction facility. They do not include professional fees or capital costs.970 37.025 11.205 1. These considerations would need to address such items as the general condition of the site.833 847 526 825 570 502 733 539 1.896 50.786 10. The unit area values should be applied to the total floor area of all storeys and generally include for average preliminary and on-costs.405 2.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 312 312 Syria Approximate estimating A range of rates for construction facility types has been provided in the following table.399 5.536 58.848 5.735 3.252 1. such as land purchase.075 844 1.242 4.404 39.562 2. No allowance has been made for value added tax.303 SYP/m2 21.924 7.489 87.855 1. Feasibility studies that make use of these rates should take into account any project specific costs. In some cases prices for buildings not commonly available in the country are also given in an attempt to provide the reader with an estimated likely cost of construction.825 83.937 36. preliminaries and general items. Facility type Multi Storey Car Parks Petrol Stations Airport Terminal Buildings Sorting Offices Refuse Depots Stables and the like Factories Advanced Factories Purpose Built Workshops Warehouses Town Halls Law Courts Offices Banks/Building Societies Retail Warehouses SYP/ft2 2. availability of resources and the like.284 593 368 578 399 351 513 377 876 1.811 110.108 358 US $/m2 406 2.475 3.483 8. site access and general location.553 £ Stg/m2 219 1.582 511 .536 1.

566 67.461 50.910 974 1.275 5.004 1.514 1.415 73.069 6.466 107.874 67.284 1.440 1.975 9.477 1.509 1.688 7.211 85.203 1.732 SYP/m2 54.487 7.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 313 Facility type Shopping Centres Department Stores Hypermarkets / Supermarkets Shops Stadia Pavilions and Sports Club Houses Religious Buildings Schools Sixth Form Colleges Universities Colleges Research Facilities Laboratories Exhibition Buildings Public Libraries Flats Housing Detached Hotels Halls of Residence Fire Stations Police Stations Closed Prisons Hospitals Intensive Care / Acute Wards Health Centres Nursing Homes Homes for the Elderly Day Centres Veterinary Hospitals Restaurants Theatres Cinemas Clubs Covered Swimming Pools Sports Centres exc.017 1.721 113.060 719 794 694 843 942 1. Pools Sports Centres inc.628 1.909 68.306 1.331 6.579 10.005 1.487 911 1.159 1.908 83.248 90.448 1.338 682 1.541 1.952 75.736 7.585 77.402 7.957 9.873 107.409 1.989 4.637 1.877 2.577 88.597 75.491 12.050 1.302 2.111 1.300 1.752 Euro/m2 784 971 927 733 1.465 1.539 64.502 1. Pools Sports Halls Gymnasia SYP/ft2 5.755 80.585 1.560 1.963 1.174 104.842 105.435 78.092 1.201 950 1.056 1.898 90.977 78.181 1.292 9.693 1.636 7.279 1.777 8.938 96.060 6.190 1.874 132.357 10.232 7.547 1.509 1.995 73.027 1.351 .592 107.086 1.331 1.389 1.134 991 1.550 1.344 6.014 1.749 10.079 1.083 778 914 703 1.685 1.995 7.177 8.302 7.222 810 1.140 856 567 833 811 815 972 1.729 103.130 1.319 82.086 1.744 2.122 2.262 1.441 63.019 9.610 5.056 1.146 1.886 8.936 113.800 1.259 1.062 1.021 8.264 7.334 71.010 1.360 93.041 638 946 US $/m2 1.786 6.846 69.542 1.602 100.369 1.994 £ Stg/m2 549 680 649 513 791 761 895 765 744 910 740 1.716 93.519 8.695 9.471 1.825 9.900 5.928 1.345 1.518 7.033 56.998 1.658 1.416 1.110 1.377 1.591 80.164 1.440 6.865 8.956 2.400 6.

Exchange Rates . against four other international currencies.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 314 314 Syria Exchange rates The following graph indicates the exchange rate movement over the last five years of the Syrian Pound. the Euro and the Japanese Yen (× 100). The values used to generate the graphic display are at monthly intervals for each of the currencies and the individual line bars show the respective comparison of the Syrian Pound with each of them and the relative value to each other. US Dollar. £ Sterling.

0% from figures provided by the Syrian authorities. Since 2001. The average figure recorded over the period 1998 to 2000 was –2. The forecast for the current year appears to indicate a continuation in the period of inflation with an anticipated average figure for 2004 of 4. witnessed consumer price inflation for the first time since 1997 with an average yearly figure of 3.9 1.0 0.8 101.0 International Monetary Fund change % 8.6 4.7 –3. Consumer Prices Year 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: annual average 100. The graph.0% recorded.9%. Syria experienced sustained periods of deflation in consumer prices during the mid-nineties.9 100.9 3. consumer price inflation has been up and down.9 97. plots the annual percentage change in consumer price inflation since 1996.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 315 Construction cost data 315 Consumer price inflation The following table presents indices for consumer prices 1996.2 93.3 4. The subsequent year. which follows the tables below.0 101.0 –3.4 96.0 .9 –1.0 105. 2001.2 96.

Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 316 Consumer Price Inflation for Years 1996 through 2004 .

britishcouncil. 3 PO Box 11269 Damascus Syria Tel: (00963) (11) 332 76 40 Fax: (00963) (11) 332 06 83 E-Mail: mailto@delsyr.uk Consulate of France 40 Rue Al Malek Fayçal – BP 768 Alep Syria Tel: (00963) (21) 22 11 829 Fax: (00963) (21) 22 19 872 Embassy of France Rue Ata Ayoubi PO Box 769 Damascus Syria Tel: (00963) (11) 332 79 92/96 Fax: (00963) (11) 333 86 32 E-Mail: ambafr@net.sy Website: http://www.cec. gov.fr .amb-damas.britishembassy.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 317 Construction cost data 317 Useful addresses Public Organisations Delegation of the European Commission Abou Roumenah Wahab Bin Sa’ad Street Building No.enquiries@sy.eu.org Ministry of Construction and Building Al-Jabrit Street Damascus Syria Tel: (00963) (11) 222 3595 Foreign Embassies British Embassy Kotob Building 11 Mohammad Kurd Ali Street Malki PO Box 37 Damascus Syria Tel: (00963) (11) 373 9241 Fax: (00963) (11) 373 1600 Website: http://www.int British Council Maysaloun Street Shaalan PO Box 33105 Damascus Syria Tel: (00963) (11) 331 0631 Fax: (00963) (11) 332 1467 E-Mail: general.

No.com .ca/syria Construction Consultants Mott MacDonald PO Box 11302 Dubai UAE Tel: +971 (0) 4 343 4218 Fax: +971 (0) 4 343 4281 Email: Nigel.gov Website: http://usembassy.lb Embassy of the United States of America Abou Roumaneh Al Mansour Street.net. gov/damascus Canadian Embassy Lot 12 Mezzeh Autostrade PO Box 3394 Damascus Syria Tel: (00963) (11) 223 6892 Fax: (00963) (11) 222 8034 E-Mail: dmcus@dfait-maeci.gc.state.Syria 23/06/2005 2:48 pm Page 318 318 Syria Embassy of India 40/46 Adnan Malki Street Yassin Nouvelati Bldg Damascus Syria Tel: (00963) (11) 719580/81 Fax: (00963) (11) 713294 E-Mail: indembsy@cyberia.ca Website: http://dfait-maeci.gc.2 PO Box 29 Damascus Syria Tel: (00963) (11) 333 1342 Fax: (00963) (11) 224 7938 E-Mail: Damascusweb@state.Thomas@MottMac.

880 sq km 3% Abu Dhabi 1.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 319 United Arab Emirates ECONOMIC INDICATORS AND KEY DATA Population Population Urban Population Population under 15 Population 65 and over Population growth rate 4. km km km km 10 59 ships Abu Dhabi International Airport 1.a.765 .6% Geography Land area Agricultural area Capital city Population of capital city (2003) 82.5 million Transportation Railways Highways: paved unpaved Waterways Pipelines: crude oil petroleum products condensate gas natural gas Ports and Harbours Merchant Marine International Airport n.a.088 km 0 km n.3 million 85% 30% 3% 1.266 186 383 1. 1.

UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 320 Economy Monetary unit Emirati Dirham Exchange rate £ Stg 6.1% Private consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 48.7 billion GDP per capita (2003) Dh72.461 Average annual inflation (1998 to 2003) 2.0 billion 6.702 Yen (×100) 3.787 US $ 3.5% General government consumption as a proportion of GDP (2003) 14.4 billion GDP PPP basis (2003) US$57.673 Euro 4.537 GDP per capita PPP basis (2003) US$23.7% Gross domestic investment as a proportion of GDP (2003) 22.6% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices Dh312.4% Inflation rate 2.200 Average annual real change in GDP (1998 to 2003) 5.0% Construction Gross value of construction output Net value of construction output as a proportion of GDP Dh20.4% Source: The Financial Times Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook The World Bank United Arab Emirates Ministry of Planning Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates All data relates to latest as at 3Q 2004 PPP Purchasing Power Parity .

a range of mountains to the east lying close to the Gulf of Oman and the Mussandam Peninsula and mainly desert interspersed with oases in the western interior of the country. The President. Abu Dhabi. and mild winters (November to April). Umm AlQaiwain. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and west and Oman to the east. Ajman. particularly in Dubai and Sharjah. Abu Dhabi. May to October. gas and petrochemicals centre. where it can average over 78%. other Arab and Iranians. The United Arab Emirates has been a sovereign state since 1971 when the British withdrew from the Gulf. the executive authority. reviews legislation but is unable to change or veto any aspect of it. The terrain includes stretches of gravel plain and sandy desert in the inland region. and more than 90% of the population are Muslims. The country consists of seven Emirates. The UAE construction industry after oil and gas is largely involved in power and water sector-related development. the Arab League. the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries. the Arab Gulf Cooperation Council (AGCC) and a number of other international organisations. Temperatures can reach 45ºC in summers and become more pleasant at 10–30ºC in winters. Humidity is unpleasantly high. The investment in these sectors is estimated at around US $30 billion over the next five to ten years. Dubai. is the largest Emirate. comprising 40 seats whose members are drawn proportionately from each Emirate and appointed by the rulers. The unicameral Federal National Council. the capital and the oil. appoints the Council of Ministers. . Sharjah. the highest government authority which consists of the rulers of the seven Emirates and establishes general policies and sanctions federal legislation. Ras AlKhaimah and Fujairah. East Asians and Westerners. elected by the Supreme Council. Urdu and Farsi widely spoken.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 321 Country profile 321 Country profile The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is located in the Middle East along the coasts of the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. South Asian. or Majlis alIttihad al-Watani. The state within which each Emirate retains a degree of self-administration is governed by the Supreme Council. Arabic is the official language with English. The ethnic groups include the Emirati nationals. The climate is sub-tropical with exceptionally hot summers. UAE is a member of the United Nations. The principal religion is Islam.

44 54.43 18.18 252.86 26.39 42.43 23.12 of 1986) regulates labour relations in the United Arab Emirates.18 252. Overtime is available where essential and additional compensation levels range from twenty-five to fifty per cent of the basic wage.43 14.23 42. 8 of 1980 (amended by Law No.23 42.18 97.38 54.02 200. Employer’s cost of labour (per day) Labour resources Operatives General Labourer Groundworks Labourer Bricklayer Shuttering Carpenter Carpenter Steel Fixer Metalworker Craftsman Roof Tiler Sheet Metal Roofer Glazier Plasterer Plasterers Labourer Suspended Ceiling Installer Painter Floor/Wall Tiler Plumber Electrician Dirham 76.28 29. Federal Law No.08 US $ 20.66 68.50 68.04 26.38 54.18 127. Under the law a worker is not permitted to work more than eight hours a day or forty-eight hours a week.50 44. insurance and other mandatory and voluntary contributions. Friday is the default weekly day of rest.61 97.04 52.97 29.96 .50 44.10 200.70 29.50 54.62 54.71 42.97 29.96 52.04 42.43 18. There are ten paid annual public holidays per year.04 20.18 200.18 163.50 54.09 20.43 29.18 127.10 200. The cost of construction labour is based on the employee’s basic pay and includes those allowances for employer and employee expenses such as holidays.28 29.70 29.27 14.50 26.02 200.50 34.18 200.08 37.18 £ Stg 11.43 37.62 54.18 200.43 29.71 42. The labour resource costs given are a compilation of the employee’s basic pay and the financial cost to the employer of that labour. Annual leave is thirty days per year if the employee has been in service more than one year.18 200.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 322 322 United Arab Emirates Construction cost data Labour resources The figures below are typical labour costs for building sites within an urban environment in the United Arab Emirates and are taken at the third quarter 2004.44 54.04 34.66 Euro 16.43 23.18 163. During Ramadan the hours of work will be reduced to six hours a day or thirty-six hours a week.04 26.04 34.39 42.04 42.50 34.

66 Euro 27.76 96.97 £ Stg 18. Plant costs Price Plant resources Hymac 580 (360 deg tracked excavator) JCB 3C (180 deg wheeled excavator) Vibrating Roller 6 .50 130.45 1.79 4.88 1.37 26.97 26.89 14.61 6.04 20.42 52.42 21.97 20.36 8.61 0.46 17.82 32.5 Tonne Block and Tackle Craneage / lifting equipment Unit Hour Hour Hour Hour Day Day Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Hour Dirham 128.06 26.38 16.35 0.93 14.96 8. and are current at the third quarter 2004.33 6.59 0.2 m Reinforcement bending machine 25 Tonne Mobile Crane 13 Tonne Mobile Crane 10 Tonne Mobile Crane Wacker Plate 2.55 0.27 11.14 1.78 34.17 6.83 14.08 63.36 1.05 78.67 6.8 Tonne Dumper 4WD Hydraulic Tip 1270 Poker Vibrator 48 mm Beam Vibrator 6.21 11.19 42. The rates do not include for any fuel or maintenance expenses and also exclude operator costs and charges.44 97.81 10.26 US $ 35.19 9.77 7. delivered to the site location in an urbanised region within the United Arab Emirates.96 19.84 13.77 35.36 27.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 323 Construction cost data 323 Plant resources The figures below indicate the hire costs of construction plant.24 4.50 .55 128.96 18.32 1.

51 9.41 472.07 8.73 m3 m3 m3 m3 m m m m m 51.28 466.64 39.14 4.04 429.81 3.73 5.904.39 609.08 54.918.94 695.22 875.43 46.02 59.62 691.88 17.39 29.47 484.33 680. The costs allow for large supplies in full loads and include any mechanical off-loading required at the site.314.08 48.80 14.961.00 3.88 891.242.13 431.24 3.27 34.98 687.88 9.99 427.74 63.42 11.73 14.09 902.37 52.96 63. delivered to a building site located within an urban area in United Arab Emirates.89 612.937.69 66.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 324 324 United Arab Emirates Material resources The figures below indicate the costs of main construction materials.56 882.49 897.81 481.49 487.88 48.77 2.170.88 616.39 13.06 8.78 790.18 7.13 13.42 41.897.85 435.77 621.31 32.11 7.63 7.71 794.08 425.44 13.44 231.62 30.45 3.274.04 2.93 665.90 10.67 608.53 2.02 10.33 10.01 3.92 3.29 2.86 476.74 5.90 Unit Dirham £ Stg US $ Euro .63 806.35 4.35 8.215.39 54.20 27.85 675. Material costs Price Material resources Groundworks Aggregates Crushed stone hardcore Clean brick rubble hardcore As-raised hoggin Washed sand Drainage 100 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm clay drain pipes 225 mm clay drain pipes 150 mm concrete pipe class L 300 mm concrete pipe class L Concrete work Concrete Readymix concrete 20 N/mm2 Readymix concrete 30 N/mm2 Reinforcement Mild steel bars BS4449 8 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 10 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 16 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 25 mm Mild steel bars BS4449 40 mm High yield bars BS4449 8 mm High yield bars BS4449 10 mm High yield bars BS4449 16 mm High yield bars BS4449 25 mm High yield bars BS4449 40 mm Tying wire mild steel Reinforcement spacer blocks m3 m3 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 100 219.09 14.26 863.89 199.10 11.18 2.10 788.00 7. and are taken at third quarter 2004 prices.59 799.36 18.92 6.295.

912.461.21 4.850.30 12.85kg RSJ BS4360 203 × 152 mm × 52.90 4.11 3.873.424.95 56.89kg RHS BS4360 450 × 250 mm × 167kg RHS BS4360 300 × 200 mm × 92.831.41 1.53 1.45 1.313.24 14.46 2.434.011.16 5.71 4.79 1.81 1.13 85.846.37 5.09 1.54 70.961.32 928.86 18.24 1.12 2.37 4.5N (solid) 150 mm concrete blocks 3.85 4.56 Unit Dirham £ Stg US $ Euro .84 16.88 312.023.5N (hollow) Cement and Sand Portland cement in bags Soft sand for mortar Cement mortar (1:3) Metalwork Structural steel UB BS4360 914 × 305 mm × 289kg UB BS4360 610 × 305 mm × 238kg UB BS4360 457 × 191 mm × 98kg RSJ BS4360 254 × 203 mm × 81.89 997.00 10.506.366.94 34.325.75 999.21 248.92 127.29 20.97 6.08 2.22 3.67 1.52 6.881.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 325 Price Material resources Masonry Bricks Clay common bricks Blocks 100 mm concrete blocks 3.75 0.00 354.62 2.11 51.06 21.93 0.895.24 5.00 14.78 3.5N (hollow) 150 mm concrete blocks 3.427.30 1.60 21.5N (solid) 200 mm concrete blocks 3.81 1.74 6.72 6.90 1.53 1.718.75 928.474.032.45 1.325.53 1000 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 Tonne Tonne m3 1.27 53.859.37 23.91 460.22 6.89 2.80 1.93 18.03 1.46 26.21 6.445.47 Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 6.771.32 1.70 3.25 2.97 3.718.5N (solid) 100 mm concrete blocks 3.12 15.02 1.83 6.32 5.63 45.10 2.99 10.80 7.52 6.26 1.77 1.57 0.781.90 1.09kg RSC BS4360 432 × 102 mm × 65.50 4.004.13 2.90 65.98 1.55 1.84 1.19 7.97 2.36 3.313.44 956.37 12.38 37.53 3.62 11.14 1.54kg RSC BS4360 254 × 76 mm × 28.797.54 1.35 257.80 15.96 1.64 8.690.17 7.5N (hollow) 200 mm concrete blocks 3.99 37.73 13.6kg Woodwork Floors and flat roofs 38 × 100 mm sawn softwood 50 × 100 mm sawn softwood 38 × 25 mm tanalised batten Boarding to Flooring 12 mm WBP ply 18 mm WBP ply 25 mm WBP ply Nails Galvanised nails 75 mm Alloy nails 65 mm × 10g 50 mm Oval wire nails m m m m2 m2 m2 kg kg kg 7.023.43 8.46 87.23 29.

31 54. red Damp-proof membranes 1000g polythene d.27 7.52 93. Insulation 100 mm thick fibreglass quilt Roofing sheets and fixings Corrugated PVC sheet 1830 mm Corrugated galv sheet 1830 mm Doors and windows UPVC UPVC UPVC UPVC window frames s/casement 1000 × 600 glazed s/casement 1000 × 900 glazed s/casement 1000 × 1200 glazed Nr Nr Nr m2 m2 m2 m2 1.79 286.69 4.71 37.01 208.40 49.67 38.73 129.71 70.157.52 811.87 1.31 284.82 2.352.98 5.95 27.06 198.49 42.17 161.00 26.60 244.982.04 143.163.41 1.00 0.p.m.41 5.71 57. red 380 × 260 mm pantile.628.57 19.32 0.75 368.4 mm laminated safety glass .69 678.45 78.54 766.25 4.17 180.38 m2 m2 m2 m2 1000 1000 m2 m2 Nr Nr 259.90 1.26 342.30 0.07 1.71 211.04 60.19 31.67 27.93 239.500.03 1.89 684.509.45 mm Felts Underslating felt Type 1F Clay roofing products 265 × 165 mm plain tile.04 171.41 184.29 810.06 50.70 316.67 99.10 342.12 1.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 326 Price Material resources Thermal and moisture protection Sheet metal Sheet lead BS1178 Code 4 Sheet zinc BS849 0.60 mm Sheet copper BS2870 0.13 112.76 100.36 71.98 626.79 186.23 Glass and glazing 4 mm clear sheet glass 6 mm Georgian wired polished plate 5 mm toughened safety glass 5.18 1.78 142.01 Unit Dirham £ Stg US $ Euro 438.34 443.20 35.62 4.54 44.

86 122.08 33.80 19.98 3.45 133.42 27.25 2.67 Unit Dirham £ Stg US $ Euro Tiles 25mm × 225 × 225 mm quarry tile m2 9mm × 150 × 150 mm ceramic floor tile m2 Decorations Paints and Sundries Emulsion paint matt white Masonry textured paint white Oil/Alkyd paint undercoat Oil/Alkyd paint gloss white 5 5 5 5 Litre Litre Litre Litre 73.00 36.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 327 Price Material resources Finishes Plasterboards 12.00 29.89 38.08 10.95 26.10 20.56 17.87 15.28 3.90 .46 128.74 18.12 127.57 18.24 34.83 20.70 34.29 139.5 mm plasterboard m2 14.77 26.37 25.

00 m Filling Filled into excavation.01 1.12 .UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 328 328 United Arab Emirates Unit rates A selection of unit rates for work items that may be carried out on a typical construction project is provided in the following table.58 8.00 m To receive foundations.00 m Trenches for service pipes.05 33. drain pipes. No.39 6. Each rate includes for all necessary labour.29 30.39 16. plant and material costs that would be involved in carrying out the operation described.87 5. The values of the displayed rates are considered to be fairly representative for work of the specified nature and are at third quarter 2004 levels.20 2.17 26.03 1.23 18. compacting in 250 mm layers: 0.05 hardcore m3 8. An allowance of 20% has also been included to cover the contractor's overheads and profit. depth not exceeding: 0. average depth: 0.36 124.87 23.84 m3 m3 110.04 3.. Ref. 0 Description Unit Groundworks Excavation Dirham Price £ Stg US $ Euro To reduce levels.13 1.04 sand 0.16 m 23. Any statutory taxes have been excluded.02 1. depth not exceeding: 0. cables or the like including disposal and filling Trenches to suit pipes not exceeding 200 mm dia. by machine. pile caps and ground beams.27 4.71 m3 38.21 1.71 10.

97 41. 0.19 290.06 100 mm dia.78 12.00 22.39 284.67 . roofs or the like: 1.00 31.05 m2 1.42 44.20 m2 1.86 m3 m3 298.09 150 mm dia. Description Unit Underground drainage Drain pipes and jointing in trenches Dirham Price £ Stg US $ Euro Clay: 0.31 14. No.24 77.21 79.05 m3 m3 323.05 over 0.10 over 0.75 84.64 151.31 11.10 300 mm dia.20 m2 Reinforced concrete mix 30N/mm2 Suspended slabs.92 346. 0.48 62.74 45.07 150–300 mm thick Columns and casings to metal stanchions.77 50.86 64.88 103.61 84.16 64.04 0.05–0.93 69.09 79.60 47.88 12.50 75.09 61.13 87.58 43.09 83.04 55.69 7.38 37.46 m3 m3 m3 378.09 0.82 10.84 81.98 67.05 m2 1.07 150 mm dia.10 m2 1.72 321.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 329 Ref. 1 Concrete work Poured concrete Plain concrete mix 20 N/mm2 Foundations.02 over 300 mm thick Pile caps and ground beams.03 not exceeding 0.59 358.23 88.37 72.87 305.66 59.74 7.69 53.76 m3 m3 m3 308. combined and isolated bases: 1.08 225 mm dia.24 47. cross-sectional area: 1.87 42.60 22. cross-sectional area: 1.72 94.05–0.10 m2 m m m m m 53.30 47. 0.67 52.23 256.08 not exceeding 0.87 41. floors. landings.26 17.01 150–300 mm thick 1.07 97.46 67. Concrete: 0.06 not exceeding 150 mm thick 1.

95 1.63 4. delivered to site cut.942. in cement mortar (1:3): 2. bent and labelled Dirham £ Stg Price US $ Euro 1.16 1.96 12.028.40 1.496.03 200 mm solid blocks m2 m2 m2 40.20 2 Bars.05 660.727.36 661. No.072.12 1.50 4.00 4.19 10.11 1.70 5.17 1.35 751.70 .61 15.96 1.45 9.72 11. delivered to site cut.25 46.01 100 mm solid blocks 2. strength 3.107.18 1.267.21 1.64 887.654.16 944.81 1.97 1.224.391.493. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm High yield steel bars.30 55.46 684.13 1.286.73 621.97 579.04 695.65 943.073.02 150 mm solid blocks 2.90 1.365.188.78 3.334.01 827.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 330 Ref.42 1.87 1.71 854.25 992.15 Bars.899.18 977.50 916.35 4.92 6. bent and labelled Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 4.19 1.066.109.71 Precast concrete blocks.36 4.150.13 641.223.227.29 720.81 8.63 1.16 8.26 4.5N/mm2.14 1.22 1. Description Unit Reinforcement Bar reinforcement Mild steel bars.02 1.85 4.10 1. fixing with tying wire: 8 mm 10 mm 16 mm 25 mm 40 mm Masonry Walls Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne Tonne 5.56 597.

03 432 × 102 mm × 65.010.369.83 12.72 2. red 5.536.41 127.365.453.01 38 × 100 mm 4.284.02 50 × 100 mm Boarding to flooring WBP bonding plywood square edged boarding.892.71 26. No.02 2. grade BB: 4.89 kg/m 4 Woodwork Structural timbers Floors and flat roofs Sawn softwood.13 1.01 914 × 305 mm × 289 kg/m 3.26 18.917.93 2.26 43.37 66.527.131.03 1.54 kg/m 3.02 610 × 305 mm × 238 kg/m Rolled steel channels.13 2. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.30 46. 65 mm lap: 5.05 25 mm thick 5 Coverings and linings Roofing systems Clay tile roofing. 38 × 25 mm tanalised softwood battens.50 m m 13.78 5.53 33.41 m2 m2 m2 83.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 331 Ref.51 26.04 18 mm thick 4.09 3.51 2.04 254 × 76 mm × 28.59 23.02 380 × 260 mm clay pantile.63 9.18 2.04 3.83 159.73 38.71 34.342.949.42 86. 3 Description Unit Structural metalwork Beams Dirham £ Stg Price US $ Euro Universal beams. red Tonne Tonne 9.88 21.956. basic sizes: 4. shot blasted and primed at works: 3.19 1.316.453 .72 Tonne Tonne 9.87 1.03 12 mm thick 4.58 1.486.86 9.65 49.01 265 × 165 mm plain tile.74 22.324.18 m2 m2 316. alloy nailed every fifth course.34 1.27 181.92 4.79 1.51 17.56 1.

64 1.25 3.12 m2 m2 m2 m2 10.01 25 mm thick 6.09 2.45 m2 211.14 6.38 2.18 2.10 3.40 6.33 40.02 38 mm thick 6.25 2.07 6.98 14. reveals of openings or recesses. returns.74 7.53 1.35 9.03 65 mm thick Quarry tiles bedded.37 12.09 6.08 m2 m2 m2 m2 9.44 31. attached and unattached columns: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds blockwork backgrounds Ceilings.20 2.57 44.08 2.06 6.43 5.76 2.17 10.82 3.87 5.94 1.67 1.97 1.11 6.10 3.04 225 × 225 × 25 mm Decorations One mist coat and two full coats of emulsion paint Walls.34 2.05 6.66 3. jointed and pointed in cement mortar (1:3) To floors and landings: 6.72 4.92 5. 6 Description Unit Finishes Cement and sand (1:3) trowelled finish Dirham Price £ Stg US $ Euro To floors and landings: 6.79 11.16 11.53 8.36 3. No.47 2.09 26.10 6.59 2.06 2. attached and unattached beams and staircase soffits: plastered backgrounds rendered backgrounds concrete backgrounds textured plastic coating backgrounds m2 m2 m2 21.44 1.81 1.04 3.33 11.51 .96 4.09 57.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 332 Ref.

59 6.550.65 133.22 464.143.673.343.45 44.33 Nr Nr 213.34 1.06 907.0 kw cooling unit Tanks Dirham £ Stg Price US $ Euro 7. wall mounted: 3.08 1.85 387.83 362.66 247.416.957.80 1.878. 7 Description Unit Mechanical engineering Equipment Air handling units Externally fitted air conditioning unit.30 31.74 2.0 kw cooling unit 7.148.19 363.07 2000 gallon Plastic water storage cisterns with lids: 7.209.43 3.635.34 7.13 910.82 469.5 kw cooling unit 10.35 2.15 vitreous china Nr Nr Nr 6.08 114 litre 7.08 250.224.06 1000 gallon 7.11 vitreous china Sinks: 7.78 GRP prefabricated water storage tanks for above ground use. rotary compressor.73 3.094.605.245.023.5 kw cooling unit 5.26 190.79 6.461.05 500 gallon 7.991.09 182 litre Sanitaryware.67 254.55 5.704.032.90 5.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 333 Ref. complete with fittings Baths: 7.05 357.01 7.19 14.13 3.83 1.12 stainless steel WC suites: 7.84 1.44 56.93 .49 2.65 21.30 3.33 Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr Nr 1.983.49 168.894.13 low level washdown 7. No.38 471.95 58.74 4.50 2.733.02 7.64 240.868.10 3.845.03 7.186.91 81.821.10 acrylic Basins: 7.16 311.728.88 3. capacity (US) gallons: 7.99 702.54 28.14 4.089.551.11 1.725.42 2.14 low level syphonic Bidets: 7.07 14.66 491.90 1.34 24.05 253.22 105.675.04 Nr Nr Nr Nr 12.518.900.

assembled and installed on site.97 16.99 18. No. available ways: 8.91 13. including jointing. assembled and installed on site. 450/750V. heavy gauge. fixing to structure and drawing cables Rigid conduit.26 Nr Nr 202. fixing to structure.45 364. 8 Description Unit Electrical engineering Sub main circuits Dirham Price £ Stg US $ Euro PVC insulated and sheathed single core cable. surface mounted.03 100 mm Steel conduit.90 m 67.00 m m 66. galvanised.11 21. assembled and installed on site.17 42.83 18.04 16 mm Consumer units.77 53.5 mm/2.60 10.0 mm gauge. width: 8.91 9.37 8. prefabricated. including fixing to structure with hangers and brackets Straight trays with trapeze hangers.51 76. 1.10 5.05 6-way 8.56 55. 240V SP & N Standard metal consumer unit with integral 100A main switch.06 12-way m 38.78 11.01 10 mm2 Standard cable trays.49 . external diameter: 8.12 99.48 9. prefabricated.02 50 mm 8.25 29.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 334 Ref. nominal csa: 8.49 14. prefabricated.54 80. galvanised.

unswitched: 8.51 23. mounting boxes and fixings where required.86 13.99 12.40 4. including installation and fixing to structure.07 94.16 60.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 335 Ref.06 6.11 2 gang 13A SP. 2 way 8.94 19. with neon indicator.53 12.70 6. (mortices measured separately) 13A SP. metalplate Nr Nr Nr 25.64 3.07 1 gang.14 1 gang.94 .73 17. surface mounted. (mortices measured separately) Dirham Price £ Stg US $ Euro 5A SP.45 7. No.67 8.13 1 gang. 2 way 8.00 25.68 45.67 9.78 6.88 9.91 12.82 Nr Nr Nr 52. mounting boxes and fixings where required.08 2 gang.39 9.63 85. switched: 8.95 12. flush mounted. including installation and fixing to structure.10 1 gang 8.94 Nr Nr 33.09 3 gang.20 16.35 16.56 14. Description Unit Accessories Switch assemblies. flush mounted: 8.38 61.26 10. with neon indicator 8.12 1 gang 8. 2 way Socket assemblies.78 5.

These considerations would need to address such items as the general condition of the site. All prices shown are as current in third quarter 2004.688 547 .628 1.586 9.340 2.754 5.603 £ Stg/m2 233 1. These generally reflect approximate prices for building costs on a unit area basis and can only be considered as a guide to likely costs for the indicated construction facility.335 1. No allowance has been made for value added tax.188 709 Euro/m2 333 1.672 2. All rates should be treated with caution in any projections and professional advice should be sought before predicted cost calculations are concluded. Each project would be unique in this respect and any appraisal of likely development costs for the scheme will need to determine any additions that may have an adverse effect on typical anticipated costs.140 874 1.619 2.366 9.968 911 546 866 606 532 771 559 1.357 7.550 2.967 1. They do not include professional fees or capital costs. site access and general location.731 2.111 1. such as land purchase.883 2. preliminaries and general items.182 383 US $/m2 432 2.182 708 1.533 3.601 4.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 336 336 United Arab Emirates Approximate estimating A range of rates for construction facility types has been provided in the following table.946 8. The unit area values should be applied to the total floor area of all storeys and generally include for average preliminary and on-costs. The rates allow for all base construction costs and also include for typical oncosts.551 1.000 725 1. In some cases prices for buildings not commonly available in the country are also given in an attempt to provide the reader with an estimated likely cost of construction.370 4.661 6.037 2.249 1. Feasibility studies that make use of these rates should take into account any project specific costs.123 785 690 1. Facility type Multi Storey Car Parks Petrol Stations Airport Terminal Buildings Sorting Offices Refuse Depots Stables and the like Factories Advanced Factories Purpose Built Workshops Warehouses Town Halls Law Courts Offices Banks/Building Societies Retail Warehouses Dirham/ft2 Dirham/m2 147 870 871 403 242 383 268 235 341 247 591 720 552 747 242 1.377 1.126 2. availability of resources and the like.378 638 382 607 424 372 540 391 935 1.

032 6.811 1.116 1.654 1.169 1.020 1.784 3.729 1.109 1.566 6.132 1.579 5.083 1.981 1.919 4.519 1.172 1.125 777 820 740 893 970 1.370 1.258 1.452 Shopping Centres Department Stores Hypermarkets / Supermarkets Shops Stadia Pavilions and Sports Club Houses Religious Buildings Schools Sixth Form Colleges Universities Colleges Research Facilities Laboratories Exhibition Buildings Public Libraries Flats Housing Detached Hotels Halls of Residence Fire Stations Police Stations Closed Prisons Hospitals Intensive Care / Acute Wards Health Centres Nursing Homes Homes for the Elderly Day Centres Veterinary Hospitals Restaurants Theatres Cinemas Clubs Covered Swimming Pools Sports Centres exc.268 8.157 1.883 Euro/m2 824 1.309 7.271 1.172 1.493 5.480 5.054 1.922 4.030 1.438 1.097 2.545 4.083 9.629 1.702 7.768 1.076 6.979 2.687 1.492 1.141 818 955 747 1.387 721 1.142 2.205 890 603 869 881 890 1.584 960 1.912 5.339 1.651 5.168 7.017 US $/m2 1.915 £ Stg/m2 577 723 703 551 820 803 934 806 779 978 781 1.115 1.505 1.151 1.181 1.298 6.112 1.099 2.951 1.580 5.069 1.652 1.098 5.241 1.352 5.271 861 1.526 1.710 8.134 1.302 1.146 1.281 5.647 1.067 1.193 6.276 1.745 5.005 786 1.647 1.244 1.443 1.051 7.651 5.721 1.568 1.033 1.459 6.385 1.571 6.757 5.364 1.068 1.594 7.051 4.519 1.619 1.631 1.990 6.334 1.486 1.795 2.609 1.445 2.335 2. Pools Sports Centres inc.231 1.032 7.607 1.054 1.384 2.057 1.UAE 17/06/2005 3:57 pm Page 337 Facility type Dirham/ft2 Dirham/m2 364 457 444 348 518 507 590 509 492 618 493 715 716 761 562 381 549 557 562 666 675 746 731 711 491 518 467 565 613 721 517 603 472 876 456 701 425 642 3.515 1.866 7.109 672 1.397 1.432 4.187 2. Pools Sports Halls Gymnasia .904 7.617 1.113 1.

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Exchange rates
The following graph indicates the exchange rate movement over the last five years of the Emirati Dirham, against four other international currencies; £ Sterling, US Dollar, the Euro and the Japanese Yen (×100). The values used to generate the graphic display are at monthly intervals for each of the currencies and the individual line bars show the respective comparison of the Dirham with each of them and the relative value to each other.

Exchange Rates

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Consumer price inflation
The following table presents indices for consumer prices since 1996. Consumer price inflation in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) over the past decade has remained fairly stable. The average figure recorded over the period 1998 to 2003 was 2.4%. The forecast for the current year appears to indicate a continuation in the period of inflation with an anticipated average figure for 2004 of 2.6% from figures provided by the UAE authorities. The graph, which follows the tables below, plots the annual percentage change in consumer price inflation since 1996.

Consumer Prices Year 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: International Monetary Fund annual average 100.0 102.9 105.0 107.2 108.7 111.7 115.2 118.4 121.5 change % 3.0 2.9 2.0 2.1 1.4 2.8 3.1 2.8 2.6

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Consumer Price Inflation for Years 1996 through 2004

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Useful addresses
Public organisations Ministry of Public Works and Housing PO Box 878 Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates Tel: (00971) 2 665 1778 Fax: (00971) 2 666 5598 Email: mpwh@uae.gov.ae Website: www.uae.gov.ae Dubai Electricity and Water Authority PO Box 564 Dubai United Arab Emirates Tel: (00971) 4 324 4444 Fax: (00971) 4 324 8111 Email: dewa@dewa.gov.ae Website: www.dewa.gov.ae Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates PO Box 854 Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates Tel: (00971) 2 665 2220 Fax: (00971) 2 666 7494 Email: uaecbpr@cbuae.gov.ae Website: www.cbuae.gov.ae Dubai Airport Free Zone Authority. PO Box 491 Dubai United Arab Emirates Tel: (00971) 4 299 5555 Fax: (00971) 4 299 5500 Email: salgergawi@dafza.gov.ae Website: www.dafza.gov.ae Ministry of Economy and Commerce PO Box 901 Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates Tel: (00971) 2 626 5000 Fax: (00971) 2 621 5339 Email: moec@uae.gov.ae Website: www.uae.gov.ae/moec Ministry of Finance and Industry PO Box 433 Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates Tel: (00971) 2 672 6000 Fax: (00971) 2 676 8414 Email: mofi@uae.gov.ae Website: www.uae.gov.ae/mofi Ministry of Foreign Affairs PO Box 1 Abu Dhabi Tel: (00971) 2 665 2200 Fax: (00971) 2 666 8015 Email: mofa@uae.gov.ae Website: www.uae.gov.ae

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Foreign Embassies British Embassy Abu Dhabi 22 Khalid bin Al Waleed Street PO Box 248 Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates Tel: (00971) 2 610 1100 Fax: (00971) 2 610 1586 Email: commercial.abudhabi@fco. gov.uk Website: www.britishembassy. gov.uk American Embassy PO Box 4009 Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates Tel: (00971) 2 414 2200 Fax: (00971) 2 414 2241 Email: webmasterabudhabi@state. gov Website: http://usembassy.state. gov/uae

Industrial Organisations Abu Dhabi Chambers of Commerce and Industry PO Box 662 Chamber Tower Corniche Road Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates Tel: (00971) 2 621 4000 Fax: (00971) 2 621 5867 Email: Services@adcci.gov.ae Website: www.abudhabichamber.ae Dubai Chamber of Commerce and Industry PO Box 1457 Dubai United Arab Emirates Tel: (00971) 4 228 0000 Fax: (00971) 4 221 1646 Email: dcciinfo@dcci.gov.ae Website: www.dcci.gov.ae Mott MacDonald Abu Dhabi PO Box 47094 Al Hashmi Tower Airport Road Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates Tel: (00971) 2 445 7470 Fax: (00971) 2 445 7490 Email: mottmac@mottmac.co.ae Website: www.mottmac.com

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Mott MacDonald Dubai PO Box 11302 239-246 Emarat Atrium building Sheik Zayed Road Dubai United Arab Emirates Tel: (00971) 4 343 4218 Fax: (00971) 4 343 4281 Email: nigel.thomas@mottmac.com Website: www.mottmac.com

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Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 345 SECTION THREE COMPARATIVE DATA .

Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 346 .

the third section. The tables are arranged in two sections: Key national indicators • Population • Geography • The economy Construction cost data • Labour cost – Bricklayer and unskilled labour • Material costs – Cement and concrete aggregates • Material costs – Ready mixed concrete and steel reinforcement • Material costs – Solid and hollow concrete blocks • Material costs – Sheet glass and plasterboard • Material costs – Emulsion paint and quilt insulation • Approximate estimating – Car parks and petrol stations • Approximate estimating – Factories and warehouses • Approximate estimating – Offices and shops • Approximate estimating – Hospitals and schools • Approximate estimating – Sports halls and hotels • Approximate estimating – Housing Each of the tables is accompanied by a brief explanation which describes the content of the information provided. gathers together data primarily from Part Two of the publication to present cost information in tabular form in order to allow direct comparison of such data between countries. .Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 347 Part Three 347 Part Three Introductory notes This. however. material and plant resources in specific country locations may adversely affect costs. do allow for an initial synopsis of the construction industry. It permits the placing of the countries in an international context and provides for the statistical data to be assessed in perspective. Any use of the data provided in a more precise situation needs to be carefully considered before a full and final projection of costs is made. A direct comparison between countries is not recommended where the availability of labour. The tables.

4% in Kuwait and Oman with an average growth rate for the region of 2.6 2. Egypt has the highest population of all the countries.8 25.7 3. Population Population Total (m) 0.3 2. Population growth rates for the majority of the countries range from 1. population growth rates and the percentage of the population that live in urban areas.6 2.1 million inhabitants.1 5.7 2.8 1.8 18.6 Country Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria UAE . it also highlights the differences between the percentage of population in relation to age groups.4 2.0 27.3 Urban % 90 42 67 68 79 96 87 88 78 92 88 50 85 Under 15 % 28 33 28 40 35 28 27 34 42 24 38 38 30 Over 65 % 3 4 5 3 4 3 7 4 3 3 2 3 3 Growth % pa 1.7 2. The table encompasses data such as a comparison between the total population of all the countries. Kuwait has the greatest level of inhabitants living within an urban location at 96% of the total population closely followed by Bahrain.1 2.1 69. each of which has a total of less than a million inhabitants.0 4.4 1.4 1.9 0.4 2.8 5.7 76. The country with the smallest population is Bahrain.4 3.Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 348 348 Comparative Data Population The table below summarises population statistics for all thirteen countries included in this publication.6 1. Qatar and Saudi Arabia.1% in Iran to 3. all at around 90% of the total population of those countries. closely followed by Qatar.3 3. although only 42% of whom live in urbanised areas. at 76.3%. Syria has one of the lowest proportions living in an urban environment with only 50% of its inhabitants settling in the larger towns and cities.

6 million and 12 million respectively. data such as size of land area. Bahrain has by far the smallest land area of around 665 km2.4 17.9 10.5 18.0 73.1 21.000.7 11.020 inhabitants per square kilometre. The country with the largest area of land is Saudi Arabia with a total area 1.759.96 million square kilometres. By comparison. despite being the smallest country. Oman has the smallest ‘largest city’ population of around 203.9 52.8 10.0 3.Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 349 Part Three 349 Geography The table below shows geographical information for all thirteen countries included in this book. percentage of land used for agriculture.636. population of the countries largest city and a percentage of people living in that city in relation to the total population of that country are all shown below.2 1. The largest cities of Egypt and Iran have the highest population levels of 7.600 12.130 1.5 3. Oman and Saudi Arabia have an extremely low level of population density.8 34.0 31. Geography Country Land area Total ’000s km2 Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria UAE 0.3 40.8 30. population density.1 14. Comparisons are made between countries.2 0.020 76 42 63 61 129 371 3 14 73 13 98 52 ’000s 203 7.2 12.700 2.700 2. Libya.4 1.6 32.2 92. The information displayed in the following table highlights Lebanon as having the greatest land area in agricultural use at 31% of the total area for that country.9 Agriculture area % 8.1 82.000 4.5 1. Bahrain.5 212.0 17.8 46.0 1.500 % of total 29.3 2. higher than both Egypt (10%) and Iran (17.7 995.960.0 Population Largest city per km2 1.0 1.800 632 391 4.4%). has the highest population density of all of them with approximately 1.0 4.700 2.000 1. however the percentage of city population against the country’s total population is 30%.0 17.9 .0 432.300 1.6 184.5 1. In comparison Oman has the lowest percentage of arable land use at less than 1%.4 10.

Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 350 350 Comparative Data Economy The table below summarises economic data for all the countries included in this publication.2 5.4 3.0 3.312 962 19.1 GDP per capita US$ 14.5 3.3 85.3 4.6 42.7 21.5 –0.6 –0.866 1. The table contains comparative economic data for all thirteen countries.1 3.315 8. any inflation effects having been excluded Economy 1998 GDP US$ bn 9. generally in respect of 2004.8 4.530 18.7 1.4 17.2 2.3 –0.341 7.3 2.6 2.8 128.2 16.782 1995–1999 GDP Growth (real) % pa 4.8 8.437 24.4 Country Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria UAE * 2000 to 2004 estimate . The GDP growth rates are possibly more interesting indicators of potential wealth as the rates are real.088 778 1.8 31.6 18. The figures indicated for Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in each of the country profile sections have been shown in national currencies. It is perhaps more helpful when measuring national wealth to consider the GDP per capita.0 1.8 2.6 6.6 58.6 14.1 2.4 214.378 3. these figures have been converted to US dollars using an average exchange rate for the relevant year. For the table below.0 –1.1 Inflation average % pa –1.8 3.2 15.356 4.6 20.8 *5.3 1.173 1.

00 49.32 UAE 200.81 21.67 29.20 26.88 Lebanon 73.42 20.93 40.329.17 Qatar 189.75 52.91 32.97 119. US Dollar and Euro values to show comparative values between each region.12 54.21 8.82 38.43 28.83 Iraq* 52.49 11.98 19.21 16.13 14.56 19.27 29.769.17 13.64 28.85 10.80 27.Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 351 Labour Costs 351 Labour Costs The following tables display comparative costs for a bricklayer and for an unskilled labourer.18 Syria 2.478.86 35.17 7.61 40.48 41.98 15.24 19.89 42.40 72.68 11.91 15.20 53.00 18.27 US $ 22.61 38.07 10.22 22.00 Kuwait 18.61 9.89 20.43 US $ 58.90 Oman 20.33 Saudi Arabia 186.81 24.09 10.02 63.50 20.44 20. They are considered to be fairly representative for building construction staff employed on standard specification type projects.89 30.25 16.58 11.446.86 Euro 17.64 Jordan 30. The rates are at third quarter 2004 levels and apply to construction sites located in and around capital and major city locations of each individual country. The rates are built up by combining the basic wage and the costs of employing that labour by the employer including any mandatory and other contributions.36 42. .83 15.69 14.58 12.18 37.93 12.35 29.00 49.35 15.954.42 25.74 48.495.65 40.54 14.41 Libya 42.152. Bricklayer National currency day Unskilled labour National currency day Country £ Stg 31. The rates do not take into account any enhancements for bonus payments and such like and employment and general site conditions may necessitate the need to increase these rates.04 76.18 * 44.87 13.16 7.64 10.50 Euro £ Stg 12.67 10.33 15.22 26.09 Bahrain 21.35 127.94 Egypt 335.10 17.92 34.94 852.95 20.30 7.71 20.32 32.88 Iran 306.29 70.23 28. All rates are displayed in the local currency and in UK £ Sterling.20 15.17 18.26 52.89 8. Where specific projects are in remote and inaccessible locations the rates should be suitably enhanced to reflect any necessary uplifts.61 costs are as at fourth quarter 2002.15 10.42 26. Bricklayer and unskilled labour costs The table below summarises daily labour costs for a bricklayer and for unskilled labour in each of the countries as at third quarter 2004.98 8.

75 7.67 5.00 4.45 12.40 113.79 10.798. .38 71. The prices indicated are average costs for the individual materials delivered in reasonable quantities to construction sites in and around capital and major city locations and are current as at third quarter 2004.30 Iraq* 98.85 8.12 13.12 11.02 82.332.04 98.03 75.81 38.90 54.21 51.29 6.80 70.64 14.42 9.Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 352 352 Comparative Data Material Costs The following tables display comparative costs for commonly used building materials. The item costs have been provided in local currency and in UK £ Sterling.78 19.31 14.77 10.44 47.31 60.91 Egypt 600.11 55.84 72.29 Iran 561.21 10.52 11.13 Euro 11.56 Saudi Arabia 329.00 * costs are as at fourth quarter 2002.78 12.80 53.21 10.73 57.916.37 87.51 75. Material costs – cement and concrete aggregates The table below summarises costs per tonne for cement and costs per m3 for concrete aggregates as at third quarter of 2004.81 10. Value added tax and other similar taxes have been excluded.00 Kuwait 33.02 77.10 51.70 49.06 48.03 61.44 10.68 Lebanon 137.27 7.20 16.44 UAE 257.00 Oman 36.60 73.94 67.88 m3 Country £ Stg US $ Euro 79.11 42.90 5.13 13.15 7.61 13.85 53.19 Libya 129.916.06 35.01 37.44 9.13 92.28 8.381.90 571.96 8.11 10.27 14.90 Bahrain 38.04 7.99 £ Stg 8.19 8.82 40. Transport of goods to remote locations may well add considerably to the prices shown and site specific considerations will have to be taken in order to recover costs.31 Syria 4. It has been assumed that there would be no delivery problems and that site access is unrestricted.95 47.74 95.04 Qatar 336.68 70.41 13.81 51.04 90.09 6.42 87. Cement National currency tonne Aggregate for concrete National currency 5.95 5.36 50.71 7.65 Jordan 55.42 93. US Dollar and Euro equivalents.024.10 6.11 8.065.12 8.77 89.81 67.00 71.74 103.08 7.47 50.63 5.63 US $ 15.

52 41.58 612.13 US $ 846.61 65.01 25.59 Euro 652.44 493.89 50.05 30.96 720.61 30.01 316.99 530.26 33.18 57.819 60.57 561.24 284.08 £ Stg 457.81 32.45 45.40 222.39 41.42 410.36 630.64 730.27 394.02 343.32 53.97 37.14 54.33 579.29 45.52 554.49 774.88 597.441 541 282 2.70 42.11 58.68 43.852 4.919 tonne Country Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq* Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria UAE * £ Stg 34.88 costs are as at fourth quarter 2002.63 55.50 22.581.30 718.25 447.11 452.49 586.482 2.90 429.77 504.694 31. Ready mixed concrete National currency 24 368 343.79 563.74 Euro 49.88 30.76 794. .43 46.28 756.395 85 22 208 204 2.69 23.42 37.34 728.061 34 21 84.14 388.14 418.465 219 m3 Mild steel reinforcement National currency 319 4.59 393.87 35.754 2.41 412.20 313.08 57.35 405.21 587.32 24.83 317.62 31.917 774.03 35.10 47.105.62 69.57 31.99 29.958 450 277 1.10 44.12 44.27 US $ 64.94 59.Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 353 Material Costs 353 Material costs – ready mixed concrete and steel reinforcement The table below summarises costs per m3 for ready mixed concrete and costs per tonne for mild steel reinforcement as at third quarter 2004.25 934.

72 1.47 4.226.23 13.68 25.Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 354 354 Comparative Data Material costs – solid and hollow concrete blocks The table below summarises costs per m2 for 100mm solid and 150mm hollow blocks as at third quarter 2004.87 1.88 1.78 3.53 7.16 Euro 3.84 m2 150mm hollow concrete blocks National currency 1.08 3.82 3.65 1.30 1.29 m2 Country Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq* Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria UAE * £ Stg 2.00 1.68 1.48 2.21 2.36 3.46 1.78 2.41 2.364.58 2.77 14.18 2.53 2.979.70 £ Stg 2. .82 1.02 3.35 1.75 2.24 11.23 1.11 5.99 1.55 1.85 2.80 4.18 2.17 2.87 24.77 5.04 2.97 145.06 2.46 2.36 2.57 2.37 3.16 4.26 4.20 3.30 12.90 3.78 20.33 1.543.44 3.89 2.71 3.00 1.23 1.03 1.42 12.75 3.90 2.13 3.194.61 2.55 14.10 3.91 10.86 2.92 173.25 US $ 4.938.71 3.28 9.02 8.44 15.91 3.82 1.41 2.29 1.95 4.89 3.21 costs are as at fourth quarter 2002.44 3.60 2.43 2.39 1.23 4.55 3.49 3.12 2.89 US $ 3.39 2.09 2.65 2.07 12.41 21.50 Euro 2.45 5.19 2.22 4.12 3. 100mm solid concrete blocks National currency 1.

36 44.25 2.587.44 56.02 Oman 28.78 UAE 286.950.57 59.21 41.57 24.11 91.5mm National currency 1.75 2.94 60.46 13.25 78.04 3.45 40.50 41.45 3.07 38.56 2.85 32.09 5.84 2.92 1.07 1.54 42.84 58.92 2.12 2.23 1.03 2.56 1.32 39.72 3.95 Qatar 275.35 3.976.26 33.87 34.08 2.89 Euro 3.03 41.22 2.73 71.17 14.54 * costs are as at fourth quarter 2002.08 53.86 Jordan 45.12 2.52 57.75 3.46 3.68 3.83 55.774.10 US $ 4.26 Iraq* 78.53 74.46 1.99 75.06 Kuwait 27.79 Syria 3.93 3.35 163.56 3.96 2.96 57.00 Bahrain 31.99 2.01 Euro 64.84 3.15 1.761. .70 2.49 46.64 2.17 3.21 49.42 49.05 Lebanon 110.94 43.Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 355 Material Costs 355 Material costs – sheet glass and plasterboard The table below summarises costs per m2 for sheet or float glass and for plasterboard as at third quarter 2004.22 2.48 Libya 57.691.03 1.12 4.46 70.17 £ Stg 2.232.04 2.57 30.91 2.83 28.33 72.39 23.79 3.37 5.88 2.65 13.72 76.04 22.21 Iran 450.56 Egypt 482.13 US $ 83. Sheet/float glass National currency m2 Plasterboard 12.61 3.47 60.29 m2 Country £ Stg 45.74 Saudi Arabia 269.91 63.49 1.

37 15.764.29 3.68 5.41 14.92 14.22 5.68 3.95 19.57 10.15 299.36 5.51 10.87 8.44 15.06 6.18 23.68 18.17 m2 Country £ Stg 11.75 10.22 12.59 10.80 US $ 21.266.30 5.83 3. Emulsion paint National currency 5 litres Quilt insulation 100mm National currency 2.18 3.30 10.46 20.59 7.96 7.79 Jordan 11.59 10.68 3.13 UAE 73.21 4.40 Euro 6.51 10.55 Kuwait 7.593.76 7.02 4.55 15.89 10.14 Oman 7.07 19.12 5.75 20.306.00 4.62 Libya 26.62 3.71 5.00 Euro 16.00 5.01 6.17 4.31 5.18 2.12 14.15 15.Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 356 356 Comparative Data Material costs – emulsion paint and quilt insulation The table below summarises costs per 5 litres for emulsion paint and costs per m2 for 100mm thick quilt insulation as at third quarter 2004.12 9.66 6.99 45.94 2.71 15.890.41 18.71 Bahrain 8.96 8.61 6.82 4.45 * costs are as at fourth quarter 2002.40 5.57 Qatar 70.73 42.06 7.77 12.94 7.09 Egypt 126.88 8.70 25.78 3.15 Syria 845.08 14.07 Lebanon 28.12 15.88 19.65 3.53 9.63 4.52 11.937.41 5.48 5.92 2.68 Saudi Arabia 69.07 Iraq* 20.09 16.68 25.00 US $ 7.06 Iran 117.42 £ Stg 4.55 8.76 3.56 7. .83 27.60 19.82 12.20 2.

292 335 1.087 342 3.050 333 9.162 1.171.397 2. The costs are as at third quarter 2004.873 1.396 1.592 2.550 Euro 2.279 2.170 2.590 1.Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 357 Material Costs 357 Approximate estimating – car parks and petrol stations The table below summarises approximate estimating costs per m2 for multi-storey car parks and petrol stations.967 360 1.204 535.586 m2 Petrol Stations National currency m2 Country Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq* Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria UAE * £ Stg 252 231 212 196 233 270 268 239 219 224 211 219 233 US $ 467 428 393 367 428 501 497 444 405 413 390 406 432 Euro £ Stg 1.395 312 925 321 8.411 2.849 1.799 1.456.569 303 18.090 1.505 1.295 1.945 2.939 582 156 1.308 1.758 1.312 2.342 1.022 330 15.710 2.779 301 8.955 2.265 1.464 21.509 280 3.377 US $ 2.102.669 313 129.494 2.936 2.464 1.001.248 1.485 2.687 305 148 753.682 3.405 2. Multi-Storey Car Parks National currency 176 2.783 1.917 1.231 1.586 1.361 1.299 1. .271 2.659 1.366 costs are as at fourth quarter 2002.855 1.781 386 872 383 4.996 1.

247 511 251 1. .489 2.518 37.662 39.Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 358 358 Comparative Data Approximate estimating – factories and warehouses The table below summarises approximate estimating costs per m2 for factories and warehouses.661 m2 Country Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq* Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria UAE * £ Stg 453 424 393 357 422 504 502 433 398 406 383 399 424 US $ 838 786 728 666 774 933 930 804 736 748 710 739 785 Euro 647 606 561 509 606 719 717 619 568 581 547 570 606 £ Stg 420 386 357 338 390 458 457 401 376 375 363 377 391 US $ 778 715 662 630 716 848 846 744 696 692 672 699 725 Euro 600 551 511 482 561 654 652 573 537 537 518 539 559 costs are as at fourth quarter 2002.462 973.883 m2 Warehouses National currency 293 4.618 974 269 2.053 284 2.229.727 552 276 1.283 1.478 5.519 2.924 5.362 921.624 2.411. The costs are as at third quarter 2004.283. Factories National currency 316 4.723 2.749.

194 1.468 3.627.059. The costs are as at third quarter 2004.557 1.565 1.269 1.358.598 1.806.024 947 952 913 950 1.459 1.055 Iraq* 2.302 7.619 Euro 1.252.745 m2 Country £ Stg 963 885 795 755 883 1.021 906 841 849 811 844 874 US $ 1.078 1.699 Saudi Arabia 5. .249 £ Stg 591 543 503 459 537 645 643 551 511 517 493 513 551 US $ 1.271 Iran 11.094 1.472 1.205 1.891 1.630 Syria 83.869.020 Euro 844 776 718 655 772 921 918 788 730 740 704 733 786 Bahrain 672 Egypt 10.204 Oman 601 Qatar 5. generally National currency m2 Shops National currency 413 6.896 1.562 1.201 1.156 Kuwait 562 Lebanon 2.341 366 3.723 704 354 1.135 1.783 1. Offices.501 1.639 1.582 Jordan 1.006 931 857 985 1.268 1.158 1.424 50.024 1.410 1.190 1.296 1.Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 359 Material Costs 359 Approximate estimating – offices and shops The table below summarises approximate estimating costs per m2 for offices and shops.682 1.375 1.264 1.462 1.715 Libya 2.619 1.977 3.811 UAE 5.946 * costs are as at fourth quarter 2002.216 1.

092 1.151 Bahrain 866 Egypt 13.851 Oman 773 Qatar 7.557 Libya 2.010 2.143 1.334 Iran 15.150 1.232 1.082 1.720 1.162 1.172 1. General hospitals National currency m2 Secondary/middle schools National currency m2 Country £ Stg 1.573 5.711 Iraq* 2.101 1.510 1.524 1.715 1.064 971 1.877 2.176 2.326 1.086 1.932 2.642 1.Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 360 360 Comparative Data Approximate estimating – hospitals and schools The table below summarises approximate estimating costs per m2 for hospitals and schools.867.298 2.318 1.142 Euro £ Stg 865 796 720 684 800 929 926 821 762 769 735 765 806 US $ 1.386 1.550 75.149 1.995 1.773 604 1.480 costs are as at fourth quarter 2002.473 1.322 1.028 977 1.532.174 1.433 2.692.373 Saudi Arabia 7.641 9.569. The costs are as at third quarter 2004.095 2.602.412 1.314 1.650.098 1.866 * 1.235 1.136 1.278 1.467 1.092 1.882 509 1.089 1.996 1.492 Euro 1.545 545 1.676 1.971 1.047 1.105 1.490 5.418 1.043 1.128 1. .652 5.025 1.814 2.333 1.601 1.520 10.267 1.496 Kuwait 723 Lebanon 3.003 2.241 1.157 US $ 2.440 2.416 1.050 1.244 Syria 107.842 UAE 7.361 1.132 Jordan 1.

585 1. generally National currency m2 Country Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq* Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria UAE * £ Stg 703 652 604 571 661 774 772 679 636 636 613 638 672 US $ 1.260 1.169.004 630 932 9. The costs are as at third quarter 2004.268 4.208 1.631 Euro 1.159 1.881 1.414 911 80.244 Euro £ Stg 903 856 793 726 854 1.650 454 4.227 1. .177 1.289 1.591 960 5.990 costs are as at fourth quarter 2002.430 1.355 1.176 1.106 557 1.502 1.258 1.155 1.118 1.468 1.016 1. Sports halls National currency 491 7.838.626 1.566 1.301 1.876 1.569 8.497 1.113 1.131 908 578 911 5.464 1.135 1.444 1.015 866 425 2.013 876 809 821 780 811 881 US $ 1.571 m2 Hotels.447 1.036 1.066 1.510 875 5.103 2.451 1.Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 361 Material Costs 361 Approximate estimating – sports halls and hotels The table below summarises approximate estimating costs per m2 for sports halls and hotels.132 1.360 4.980.456 950 1.234 1.672 1.213 1.970 815 1.119 1.181 1.434 1.253 1.931 863 11.846.222 1.595.513 1.172 1.557.256 63.388 970 2.

043 1. .040 875 807 822 778 810 861 Bahrain 651 Egypt 9.998 781 401 2.912 * costs are as at fourth quarter 2002.058 1.559 Syria 82.011 1.520 Saudi Arabia 5.033.046.094 1.489 404 3.349 1.008 878 830 822 801 833 869 US $ 1.886 Iran 11.217 1.856.444 1.319 4.137 1.241 £ Stg 647 592 537 507 597 731 728 612 565 574 545 567 603 US $ 1.383.190 1.987 1.127 1.850 3.628 Jordan 1.120 Kuwait 555 Lebanon 2.629 1.440 1.609 Euro 1.543.727 1.178 1.095 994 947 1.332 1.143 1.516 1.392 1.461 1. The costs are as at third quarter 2004.867 1.482 1.098 m2 Country £ Stg 933 852 789 745 855 1.046 1.353 1.872 1.116 Euro 923 845 767 724 857 1.783 56. detached National currency m2 Flats National currency 451 6.537 1.255 1.542 1.679 Iraq* 2.578 1.229 1.050 1.Section_Three 23/06/2005 2:07 pm Page 362 362 Comparative Data Approximate estimating – housing The table below summarises approximate estimating costs per m2 for detached housing and flats.553 Libya 2.186 1. Housing.833.118 1.009 1.755 UAE 5.135 Oman 593 Qatar 5.197 1.064 1.862 7.568 1.

246 Saudi Arabia. 31 Construction. 18 Plant resources. 322 . 355 Solid and hollow concrete blocks. 347 Labour costs. 90 Jordan. 40 Iran. 166 Libya. 320 Construction cost data. 356 Factories and warehouses. 312 United Arab Emirates. 23 Useful addresses. viii Approximate estimating Bahrain. 55 Iran. 13 Unit rates. 218 Qatar. 13 Transportation. 354 Sports halls and hotels. 348 Ready mixed concrete and steel reinforcements. 220 Qatar. 36 Comparative data. 350 Emulsion paint and quilt insulation. 13 Approximate estimating. Bahrain. 157 Lebanon. 13 Economy. 360 Housing. 14 Construction cost data. 235 Qatar. 168 Libya. 351 Car parks and petrol stations. 66 Iraq. 64 Iraq. 287 Syria. 361 Construction Bahrain. 18 Population. 192 Oman. 209 Oman. 262 Saudi Arabia. 31 Egypt. 116 Kuwait. 14 Exchange rates. 16 Egypt. 352 Offices and shops. 142 Lebanon. 351 Material costs. 114 Kuwait. 92 Jordan. 15 Economic indicators and key data. 16 Consumer price inflation. 353 Sheet glass and plasterboard. 194 Oman. 14 Egypt.Index 23/06/2005 2:12 pm Page 363 Index Acknowledgements. 13 Labour resources. 345 Bricklayer and unskilled labour costs. 336 Bahrain. 19 Plant costs. 131 Kuwait. 358 Geography. 33 Geography. 298 United Arab Emirates. 270 Syria. 182 Libya. 140 Lebanon. 349 Hospitals and schools. 19 Material resources. 34 Country profile. 81 Iraq. 359 Population. 16 Material costs. 362 Introductory notes. 272 Syria. 352 Economy. 357 Cement and concrete aggregates. 107 Jordan. 244 Saudi Arabia. 296 United Arab Emirates. 42 Iran.

212 Oman. 165 Libya. 134 Kuwait. 41 Economic indicators and key data. 165 Libya. 238 Qatar. 41 Iran. 113 Kuwait. 244 Saudi Arabia. 167 Libya. Bahrain. 141 Lebanon. 84 Iraq. 243 Saudi Arabia. 40 Iran. 269 Syria. 218 Qatar. 63 Iraq. 113 Kuwait. 89 Jordan.Index 23/06/2005 2:12 pm Page 364 364 Middle East Construction Costs Handbook Consumer price inflation. 39 Labour resources. 319 Country profile. 43 Plant resources. 295 United Arab Emirates. 63 Iraq. 217 Qatar. 58 Iran. 55 Construction. 193 Oman. 243 Saudi Arabia. 297 United Arab Emirates. 166 Libya. Bahrain. 321 Economic indicators and key data. 160 Lebanon. 42 Material costs. 91 Jordan. 57 Geography. 269 Syria. 40 Construction cost data. 139 Lebanon. 265 Saudi Arabia. 320 Egypt. 315 United Arab Emirates. 296 United Arab Emirates. 14 Egypt. 271 Syria. 42 Consumer price inflation. 191 Oman. 245 Saudi Arabia. 339 Contents. 65 Iraq. 13 Egypt. 115 Kuwait. Bahrain. 58 Country profile. 295 United Arab Emirates. 140 Lebanon. 64 Iraq. 110 Jordan. 43 Population. 44 Material resources. Bahrain. 217 Qatar. 13 Egypt. 39 Approximate estimating. 114 Kuwait. 34 Egypt. 39 Economy. v Conversion tables. 90 Jordan. 39 Iran. 39 Iran. 89 Jordan. 40 Exchange rates. x Countries Bahrain. 290 Syria. 191 Oman. 192 Oman. 39 . 44 Plant costs. 270 Syria. 15 Egypt. 319 Economy. 219 Qatar. 185 Libya. 139 Lebanon.

64 Construction cost data. 165 Libya. 89 Transportation. 338 Exchange rates and inflation values. 314 United Arab Emirates. 63 Economy. 63 Unit rates. 65 Economic indicators and key data. 63 Transportation. 33 Egypt. 134 Country profile. 92 Consumer price inflation. 95 Material resources. 90 Construction cost data. 81 Construction. 47 Useful addresses. 237 Qatar. 3 Introductory notes. 110 Country profile. 116 Consumer price inflation. 113 Approximate estimating. 133 Geography. 133 Kuwait. 89 Approximate estimating. 113 Economy. 159 Lebanon. 114 Exchange rates. 362 Hospitals and schools. 211 Oman. 358 Geography. 116 . Bahrain. 63 Labour resources. 243 Saudi Arabia. 94 Plant resources. 68 Plant resources. 269 Syria. 89 Jordan. 109 Jordan.Index 23/06/2005 2:12 pm Page 365 Index 365 Transportation. 66 Consumer price inflation. 7 Introduction. 90 Exchange rates. 13 Egypt. 83 Geography. 107 Construction. 217 Qatar. 139 Lebanon. 113 Kuwait. 83 Iraq. 184 Libya. 57 Iran. Bahrain. 191 Oman. 295 United Arab Emirates. 86 Iraq. 69 Material resources. 99 Useful addresses. 109 Geography. 60 Exchange rates. 66 Material costs. 95 Plant costs. 264 Saudi Arabia. 64 Exchange rates. 113 Labour resources. 319 Housing. 289 Syria. 39 Iran. 68 Population. 73 Useful addresses. 92 Material costs. 89 Unit rates. 89 Labour resources. 9 Iran. 360 Individual countries. 11 Factories and warehouses. 91 Economic indicators and key data. 69 Plant costs. 84 Country profile. 114 Construction cost data. 63 Iraq. 63 Approximate estimating. 39 Unit rates. 112 Jordan. 131 Construction. 115 Economic indicators and key data. 89 Economy. 94 Population.

211 Geography. 162 Labour resources. 246 Saudi Arabia. 194 Material costs. 165 Unit rates. 118 Population. 322 Lebanon. 212 Country profile. 123 Useful addresses. 139 Labour resources. 191 Labour resources. 113 Unit rates. 136 Key characteristics of countries. 142 Material costs. 191 Unit rates. Bahrain. 174 Useful addresses. 166 Construction cost data. 160 Country profile. 193 Economic indicators and key data. 142 Lebanon. 157 Construction. 16 Egypt. 182 Construction. 169 Population. 144 Plant resources. 197 Plant costs. 197 Material resources. 209 Construction. 9 Kuwait. 145 Plant costs. 272 Syria. 165 Economy. 116 Kuwait. 19 Egypt. 191 Approximate estimating. 145 . 201 Useful addresses. 144 Population. 187 Libya. 118 Plant resources. 92 Jordan. 140 Construction cost data. 139 Transportation. 168 Material costs. 142 Consumer price inflation. 165 Labour resources. 139 Unit rates. 165 Approximate estimating. 119 Plant costs. 298 United Arab Emirates. 5 Key data. 220 Qatar. 194 Oman. 95 Jordan. 119 Material resources. 149 Useful addresses. 140 Exchange rates. 139 Economy. Bahrain. 170 Material resources. 113 Transportation. 66 Iraq. 167 Economic indicators and key data. 192 Exchange rates. 141 Economic indicators and key data.Index 23/06/2005 2:12 pm Page 366 366 Middle East Construction Costs Handbook Material costs. 169 Plant resources. 159 Geography. 166 Exchange rates. 196 Population. 214 Material costs. 196 Plant resources. 145 Material resources. 119 Kuwait. 69 Iraq. 191 Transportation. 168 Libya. 191 Economy. 185 Country profile. 165 Transportation. 194 Consumer price inflation. 184 Geography. 139 Approximate estimating. 170 Plant costs. 192 Construction cost data. 44 Iran. 42 Iran. 168 Consumer price inflation.

240 Plant costs. 217 Qatar. 295 United Arab Emirates. 196 Oman. 220 Consumer price inflation. 4 Offices and shops. 300 United Arab Emirates. 222 Qatar. 39 Iran. 275 Syria. 119 Kuwait. 68 Iraq. 217 Transportation. 223 Material resources. Bahrain. 144 Lebanon. 217 Unit rates. 43 Iran. vii Publication users guide. 145 Lebanon. 274 Syria. 89 Jordan. Bahrain. 235 Construction. 63 Iraq. 13 Egypt. Bahrain. 219 Economic indicators and key data. 217 Economy. 223 Plant costs. 170 Libya. 269 Syria. 275 Syria. 139 Lebanon. 323 Plant resources. 359 Oman. 300 United Arab Emirates. 169 Libya. 191 Oman. 220 Material costs. 43 Iran. 274 Syria. 218 Construction cost data. 170 Libya. 299 United Arab Emirates. ix . 218 Exchange rates. 323 Population. 324 Membership of international organisations. 118 Kuwait. 94 Jordan. 144 Lebanon. 250 Saudi Arabia. 238 Country profile. 237 Geography. 113 Kuwait. 319 Preface. 250 Saudi Arabia. 222 Qatar. 222 Population. 249 Saudi Arabia. 243 Saudi Arabia.Index 23/06/2005 2:12 pm Page 367 Index 367 Lebanon. 169 Libya. 223 Qatar. 227 Useful addresses. 217 Labour resources. 19 Egypt. 94 Jordan. 44 Iran. 18 Egypt. 118 Kuwait. 299 United Arab Emirates. 197 Oman. 68 Iraq. 217 Approximate estimating. Bahrain. 18 Egypt. 165 Libya. 95 Jordan. 249 Saudi Arabia. 197 Oman. 196 Oman. 223 Qatar. 324 Material resources. 69 Iraq. 222 Plant resources.

269 Economy. 227 Qatar. 113 Kuwait. 317 Transportation. 269 Unit rates. 315 Country profile. 271 Economic indicators and key data. 254 Saudi Arabia. 89 Jordan. 39 Iran. 295 Transportation. 279 Useful addresses. 123 Kuwait. 300 Material resources. 47 Iran. 312 Construction. 244 Construction cost data. 304 United Arab Emirates. 293 Syria. Bahrain. 272 Material costs. 254 Useful addresses. 298 Material costs. 297 Economic indicators and key data. 320 Construction cost data. 289 Geography. 270 Construction cost data. 191 Oman. 243 Approximate estimating. 295 Unit rates. 300 Plant costs. 262 Construction. 336 Construction. 243 Labour resources. 249 Population. 250 Material resources. 299 Population. 296 Construction cost data. 249 Plant resources. 245 Economic indicators and key data. 243 Saudi Arabia. 275 Material resources. 243 Unit rates. 149 Lebanon. 328 United Arab Emirates. 295 United Arab Emirates. 217 Qatar. 243 Transportation. 165 Libya. 314 Geography. 295 Approximate estimating. 250 Plant costs. 275 Plant costs. 274 Population. 287 Construction. 63 Iraq. 174 Libya. 299 Plant resources. 264 Geography. 298 Consumer price inflation. 265 Country profile. 73 Iraq. 319 Approximate estimating. 319 Unit rates. 279 Syria. 304 Useful addresses.Index 23/06/2005 2:12 pm Page 368 368 Middle East Construction Costs Handbook Qatar. 99 Jordan. 269 Labour resources. 295 Economy. 267 Saudi Arabia. 322 . 13 Egypt. 23 Egypt. 269 Syria. 246 Material costs. 295 Labour resources. 244 Exchange rates. 290 Country profile. 272 Consumer price inflation. 269 Approximate estimating. 296 Exchange rates. 270 Exchange rates. 274 Plant resources. Bahrain. 243 Economy. 246 Consumer price inflation. 201 Oman. 139 Lebanon. 269 Transportation.

339 Country profile. Bahrain. 338 Geography. 324 Material resources. 267 Saudi Arabia. 321 Economic indicators and key data. 319 Unit rates. 319 Transportation. 323 Population. 320 Exchange rates. 322 Material costs. 187 Libya. 214 Oman. 319 Labour resources. 136 Kuwait. 86 Iraq. 317 United Arab Emirates. 324 Plant costs. 240 Qatar. 112 Jordan. 162 Lebanon. 341 . 319 Economy. 293 Syria. 328 Useful addresses. 36 Egypt. 60 Iran. 323 Plant resources.Index 23/06/2005 2:12 pm Page 369 Index 369 Consumer price inflation. 341 Useful addresses.

Index 23/06/2005 2:12 pm Page 370 .

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