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CBSE TEST PAPER-02 CLASS - XI CHEMISTRY (States of Matter: Gases and Liquids) Topic: - The Gaseous State &

the Gas Laws [ANSWERS]

Ans1.

At constant temperature, the pressure of a fixed amount (i.e; number of moles n) of gas varies inversely with its volume. Mathematically,
p 1 (at constant T and n) v 1 v

=> p = k1 Or,

pv = K1

Ans2.

Because their critical temperature is lower than room temperature and gases cannot be liquefied above the critical temperature even by applying very high pressure.

Ans3.

Let the volume of the gas at 00C = Vml. Thus, V1 = Vml T1 = o + 273 = 273k By applying charles law
V1 V2 = T1 T2

V2 = 2Vml T2 = ?

=> =>

V 2V = 273 T2

T2 =

2Vx 273 = 546k V

T2 = 546 - 273 = 2730C Pressure is directly proportional to the temperature , i.e; P T.

Ans4.

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Ans5.

The lowest hypothetical or imaginary temperature at which gases are supposed to occupy zero volume is called Absolute zero.

Ans6.

Since, temperature is constant, we have PV = constant


P1 V1 = P2 V2

P1 = 1400 ; P2 = ? V1 = 50cm3 ; V2 = 125 cm3


P2 =

PV1 1400 x50 1 = = 560T 0rr V2 125

The final pressure of the gas after expansion would be 560 Torr.

Ans7.

The law is known Charles law. Pressure remaining constant the volume of a given mass of a gas increases or decreases by 1/273 of its volume at 00C for every one degree centigrade or fall in temperature. Mathematically, Vt = Vo + =
Vo t 273

t Vo (1+ ) 273

Vt = Vo (

273 + t ) 273)

Where Vt is the volume of the gas at t0C and Vo is its volume at 00C.

Ans8.

Avogadros Hypothesis: This law was given by Avogadro in 1811. According to this law, Equal volumes of all gases under the same conditions of temperature and pressure contain the same number of molecules. Volume = a constant X Number of Moles (Temperature and pressure constant). The converse of Avogadros law is also true. Equal number of molecules of all gases occupy equal volumes under the same conditions of temperature and pressure. It follows that one gram molecular mass of any gas (containing 6.023x1023 molecules) will occupy the same volume under the same conditions. The volume occupied by one gram molecular mass of any gas at 00C and 760 mm of Hg is 2.4 dm3 (liters) is called the gram molecular volume or simply molar volume.
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