Slide 2  What problems did the government have to improve?  Employers discouraged union membership  If a union was formed, injunctions prohibited certain activities  Progressives didn’t support the sweeping economic and political changes  They didn’t want to lose their high standard of living  Modern Reform- women and children labor laws, health care, insurance, unemployment benefits  Medicare and Medicaid?  Social welfare programs  To help ensure the standard of living  Two government provided healthcare systems that got their roots in the 20’s and carried on into the modern era (60’s & 70’s)  What do they [ EPA & OSHA] do ?  To oversee the cleanup of pollution in the air, soil, and water Examples of how reforms benefit modern times Slide 3  Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle?  One of the journalists who informed the public about political and business wrongdoing  The Jungle was written to portray the lives of immigrants  The public focused on the bad practices and corruption of American (meatpacking) industries  What were TR’s first thoughts of muckrakers?  TR approved the exposure the muckrakers were giving the bad practices  Muckrakers were the journalists exposing bad political and industrial practices  He didn’t like the muckrakers who were getting paid for slandering honest politicians and businessmen  What do we call these people today?  Investigative journalists  Editors Slide 4  Do they today?  We still check the conditions under which goods are sold and made today  OSHA and EPA?  Environmental and health protection agencies  Make sure the way goods are made and sold to day doesn’t hurt people and/or the environment  EXTRAS  The NCL ( National Consumers’ League) organized the groups that investigated conditions under which goods were made and sold Slide 5  Florence Kelley and Jane Addams were women reformers  Hull House?  A residential complex for European immigrants  Florence Kelley and Jane Addams lived here  What is Kelley trying to say here?  She is asking why animals are protected, but women and children are not  She was trying to make a point  EXTRAS  Kelley was asked by federal officials to investigate local labor conditions Slide 6  How did this [ the Triangle Shirtwaist Company Tragedy] happen?  It started as a small fires and was fed by the dust and cloth  It was supposedly a fireproof building  People fled to the rusted fire escape that broke under the pressure  When women and men jumped to the firemen’s nets, they broke  Many fell/jumped on the pavement and died  Those trapped died from the flames and smoke fumes  The fire killed 146 people  129 women and 17 men Reforms made:  City fire inspector  Would make sure a building met all fire safety regulations  Mandatory fir drills To check to see if a buildings fire drill plans worked and were up-to-date  Unlocked and fireproof exits  So people can escape in case of a fire and so exits don’t light on fire, too  Sprinkler systems  To help put out a fire
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