№ 3.

2009

CONTENTS
Aircraft
04 Recession Adjusts UAC Plans 06 An-148: First Revenue Flight 08 All Fools Day Show of Sukhoi 12 Special Assignment for Tu-214

SUKHOI SUPERJET 100

Air Transport
20 Saving Regional Aviation 26 Art to Develop in Crisis

Helicopters 30 Lack of Competition is Way to Nowhere 34 Russia’s Helicopter Industry on Rise 42 Gas-Fueled Aircraft: a New Priority?

Engines
46 Motor Sich at Le Bourget

World Industries
50 $12-Billion Prize 58 Bricks of Cooperation

Space
62 GLONASS Equipment, a Guarantee of Technological Security

Russia’s civil presence at Le Bourget is believed to be dominated by Sukhoi Superjet 100. "The Russian Sukhoi Superjet 100 airplane will be a genuine star at our anniversary air show, primarily because it serves as a perfect example of cooperation between Russia and European countries," Gilles Fournier, Le Bourget managing director, told reporters at a press conference in Moscow. The aircraft is promised to perform demo flights at the show.

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Editorial

When it comes to such major events in the world aviation industry as Salon du Bourget, the world crisis and its aftermath tend to fall by the wayside. It is not that the financial downturn much spoken about all over the world is not worth mentioning this time. The economic meltdown which caught the most of the world unaware has hit the industry but has not much intervened with the air show. The 48th International Paris Air Show, which celebrates as you know its 100th anniversary, has taken off despite the crisis. So seems to do the Russian and the CIS aviation industry this year. For instance, this April Ilyushin Finance and Voronezh Aviation Plant (VASO) delivered two new aircraft of the Il-96 family to the Special Air Detachment under the Administration of the President of Russian Federation and were joined by two Tupolev Tu-214SR aircraft delivered by the KAPO plant. Meantime, VASO is completing work on the first Russianmade An-148 regional jet, expected to be delivered soon to GTK Rossiya. Another landmark is on its way. Russia's new Superjet 100 airliner is to star at Le Bourget 2009. The aircraft is even expected to perform demo flights. All these milestones seem not to have been overshadowed by significant cuts in UAC production plans set for the next four years as in the future the corporation hopes to boost productions and deliver one Tu-204, two An-148 monthly and up to 70 Sukhoi Superjet 100 annually. Will the industry’s processes live up to these expectations? Let’s see first at le Bourget! Yours faithfully, Veronika Sipeeva

Director General Evgeny Osipov Executive Director Alexander Kiryanov Editor-in-Chief Veronika Sipeeva Honorable Editor Vladimir Karnozov Editors Alexander Velovich Eduard Voytenko Svetlana Komagorova Science Editor Vladimir Ilyin Sales Director Vladimir Zilinko Marketing Director Vadim Isaev Marketing Manager Olga Kovaleva Marya Kharlova Creative Director Dmitry Bykovskiy Photo Editor Yuri Trubnikov Designers Alvina Kirillova Alexander Cheredayko Alexander Strelyaev Vladimir Osinsky Web-projects Manager Denis Zdanov IT-support Anton Pavlov Cover photo: Vladimir Karnozov Photos and graphics in this issue: Alexey Mikheev, Vladimir Karnozov, Yuri Trubnikov, Alexander Cheredayko, Alexander Velovich, Vyacheslav Zaitsev, Alexey Stefanov, “Motor Sich”, “KD avia”, “Region Avia”, UTair, Bombardier, Embraer
Circulation: 10000 The magazine is registered in the Committee for Press of the Russian Federation. Certificate № 016692 as of 20.10.1997. Certificate № 77-15450 as of 19.05.2003. Any material in this publication may not be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the publisher. The editorial staff’s opinion does not necessarily coincide with that of the authors. Advertisers bear responsibility for the content of provided materials.

AIR FLEET, 2009 ADDRESS P.O. Box 77, Moscow, 125057, Russia Tel.: + 7 495 626-52-11 Fax.: + 7 499 151-61-50 E-mail: af@airfleet.ru

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analysts believe the revised plan is more than optimistic taking into account the fact that no more than 8 civil aircrafts were delivered and some more were produced last year. So. it may be assumed that during that period UAC member enterprises should on average roll out 58 airplanes annually. The UAC statement revealed an increase in last year's production output and raise in the companies' consolidated income by 21%.Aircraft RECESSION resurgence.” This year the group plans to assemble 22 civil aircraft. Thus. nine wide-body Il-96s and eleven Be-200 multipurpose amphibious airplanes. which rests among the priority projects. The sharp drop in passenger traffic as well as in orders placed for the new passenger and cargo aircraft caused by the continuing economic downturn has hit the UAC's production program for 2009-2012. Annual reports show military aircraft overtaking civil aircraft deliveries. UAC states that “despite cuts the revised production plan provides for an increase in output of new jetliners this year in comparison with the previous ones. The announcement made by UAC at the Annual Shareholders Meeting sees no adjustment to military and special purpose aircraft programs. which is hardly surprising. The figure cut by more than 50% includes 118 regional jets. The United Aircraft Corporation reported its plans to produce 196 civil aircraft within the next four years. which always helped Russian aviation industry tackle financial challenges and keep the ball rolling. ADJUSTSproductions but forecasts UAC PLANS The corporation cuts The sharp drop in passenger traffic as well as in orders placed for the new passenger and cargo aircraft caused by the continuing economic downturn has hit the UAC's production program for 2009-2012. in 2008 the group of companies gained income of 85. However. last year may seem rather fruitful for the enterprises integrated in the corporation. It is still unclear as to precisely how these changes will affect the Superjet 100. According to preliminarily data. 58 narrow-body airliners of the Tu-204/214 family.174 4 . Thus. the number of aircraft to be produced within 2010-2012 figures up to 174 units.

the corporation expects that over the next 20 years.8 trillion. stated UAC president Alexey Fedorov at Aviaforum-2009 conference. UAC is planning to invest additional 7. including 300 billion rubles for Research and Advanced Development. The KAPO plant.000 new passenger aircraft with more than 100 seats. 2664 wide-body airliners and 562 very large aircraft. including 3. At the same time. is promised to join the corporation by the end of this year. ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 5 . primarily in the defence sector. the necessary support estimated by UAC till 2015 makes around 500 billion rubles. which went to the Special Air Detachment under the Administration of the President of Russian Federation (the operator is also referred to as GTK Rossiya). and the Khrunichev Centre 8 billion rubles. To begin with. the corporation planned to deliver from 12 to 16 airplanes annually. Notwithstanding the deepening financial crisis that keeps hitting orderbooks and knocking sales. The existing production rates of civil aircraft do not correspond to airlines' demand and tasks set by UAC. Scarcely have the deliveries lived up to the expectations before. VASO is completing work on the first Russian-made An-148 regional jet.000 aircraft from the existing fleet will be replaced by more efficient models – a huge market worth fighting for. two An-148 monthly and up to 70 Sukhoi Superjet 100 annuA I R F L E E T ally. Whereas.5 billion rubles into VASO programs this year.Aircraft billion rubles (which stand for around 2. We may take similar decisions regarding other companies. stated Alexey Fedorov. The money was spent to purchase new manufacturing equipment and set up the An-148 assembly line. For instance. and the figure is 170 billion rubles with due account of guarantees on loans. the corporation delivered 7 civil aircraft. According to the development program set. 70 billion rubles have been allocated for industrial support. delivered two new aircraft of the Il-96 family . in 2008 the figure amounted to 8 and some more aircraft were assembled. JSC “Ilyushin Finance Ko”." The UAC's chief stated that in 2009 the corporation expects to receive state support of about 40 billion rubles. the world aircarriers fleet encompasses 14386 aircraft.” Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin reported to the State Duma in April. if not by hundred-per-cent. including 11160 narrow-body aircraft. In addition. “The MiG Corporation. another landmark is expected this year. In the light of the recent events the forecast is likely to prove at least by one thirds. above all those who are directly responsible to the state. both members in the United Aircraft Corporation. chances that the Russian enterprises will take the challenge are not high but still exist. According to UAC report by the end of this March. UAC says in the past 18 months the corporation has invested a total of 6.3 billion rubles into the An-148. In 2009 the United Aircraft Corporation expects to increase consolidated sales revenues by 39% and gain total of 119. and one Il-96-400T freighter that was delivered to Voronezh-based Polet airline. Meantime. worth US$2.9 billion rubles into VASO programs. the world's airlines will require around 27. “Russian Aircraft Corporation “MiG” and Kazan Aircraft Production Association (KAPO)). At the same time. expected to be delivered to GTK Rossiya.700 billion US dollars on the basis of the exchange rate current while writing this article) against 70. Meanwhile. in 2007 according to UAC spokesman.one Il-96-300 passenger jet. according to different sources. The first beacon of hope appeared after Russia's President Dmitry Medvedev and Russia's Prime Minister Vladimir Putin launched a series of promising visits to Russian aircraft manufacturing facilities and offered support in fact and not it words. for example. Despite the existing gloom in the Russian civil aviation industry the corporation aspires to boost productions and deliver one Tu-204. "The state is ready to buy into authorised capitals to preserve crucial enterprises. The corporation hopes to launch new MC-21 aircraft by 2016. by 2025 UAC plans to produce around 260-280 civil aircraft a year – one may say a rather ambitious goal can be reached just by increasing the production rate by 30% annually. The forecast implies around 10. In April Ilyushin Finance and Voronezh Aviation Plant (VASO). which delivered two Tupolev Tu-214SR aircraft to the Special Air Detachment under the Administration of the President of Russian Federation this month. has received 15 billion rubles.592 the corporation had a year before.2 billion rubles (the figure does not include JSC NAZ “Sokol”. The An-148 is among the priority programs for the Voronezh plant.

Both prototypes were reworked in 2008-2009 to reflect recent changes and in preparation to revenue services. side UR-NTA and UR-NTB. We have managed not just to create such a superb aircraft. The service calls for daily flights. abroad. but also overcome the conditions of the worldwide economic crisis and launch regular services on this new regional jet type. Ukraine’s largest carrier Aeroswit opened. Previously. During the ceremony in Borispol. later.Aircraft AN-148 Flights will be made by joint team of Antonov and Aeroswit. an aviation authority of the Commonwealth of Independent States). The UR-NTB remains an asset of Antonov design bureau. The An-148-100B replaces An-24s and Yak-42s that previously flew that route. and. employed on certification campaign that was complete in February 2007. Now we have a new challenge. He said the aircraft is a joint product of 12 nations whose components are used on 6 . His colleague minister Novitsky added: “This airplane is gamechanger for many people. The return flight landing at Borispol airport of Kiev was greeted by Ukraine’s minister for transportation and communications Josif Vinsky and minister for industrial policy Vladimir Novitsky. Josif Vinsky said: “Today’s event carries very special importance for the Ukrainian civil aviation. using two operable An-148-100B prototypes. Antonov general designer Dmitry Kiva called the An-148 “the flying computer”. on 2 June. The first aircraft was handed over to Ukraine’s state-run leasing company LizingTechTrans at Aviasvit-XXI airshow in September 2008. The An-148 has demonstrated superb performance on its first revenue flight. when the An-148 won AP-25 type certificate from ARMAK (Air Register of Interstate Aviation Committee. In his turn. AeroSwit plans opening An-148 services from Kiev to other destinations in the Ukraine. Return flight departs at 17:50 and lands at 19:10. a regular passenger service between Kiev and Kharkov using Antonov An-148-100B regional jet. Among honorable passengers on the Aeroswit An-148 first revenue flight there were head of State Aviation Administration of Ukraine Aleksandr Davydov and general director of Aeroswit airline Kostadin Botev. It changes lifestyle of the many through the ease of transport services for both passengers and airlines”. that of building a worthwhile series of not less than 80 An-148 aircraft that would serve our network of domestic routes”. this pair was FIRST REVENUE FLIGHT With support from Antonov. I am absolutely convinced in the reliability of the new type and its ability to stay in service for long time. with the airplane departing Kiev/Borispol at 13:30 and landing in Kharkov after 40 minutes in the air. taking account of its cutting-edge design and high degree of automation.

More than Grivna 8 billion would go into state treasury. visited VASO in the first days of June. highest ecology standards and passenger comfort are the main requirements of the day. Aeroswit is the largest Ukrainian carrier operating 60 international routes. asking for state support of their move. and has the maximum range of 7. Firm orders for the type exceed 50 units. the first Ukrainian series An-148 is “almost ready” at KiGAZ Aviant. in Voronezh at VASO plant. with the first aircraft being prepared for rollout later this month. as a carrier. He said that the An-148 meets modern requirements to regional jets. Vladimir Karnozov ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 7 . We find that the An-148 meets all of those requirements”. when the Ukrainian airline industry suffers heavily from the crisis. VASO is processing parts for the initial series of 34 An-148s. to consider a large order for the type. the two companies addressed the Ukrainian government with a joint petition. Following successful completion of the first An-148 revenue flight. Aeroswit and Antonov signed Memorandum of Cooperation calling for deliveries of 10 An-148 and An-158 aircraft during 2010-2012. The business jet version seats from 8 to 41 passenger depending on cabin layout. The An-158.000 additional jobs and more than Grivna 24 billion of revenues for Ukrainian enterprises. according to Dmitry Kiva. including transcontinental to New York. the stretch version”. and. “Most modern avionics. The An-148 program promises 16. Besides.000km. from Kiev to Simferopol. He said the An-148 will fly Kiev-Kharkov. Bachurin said the package deal is prepared for signing during An-148 rollout ceremony later this month. Aeroswit finds its necessary to take part in further development of the national aviation infrastructure and fulfillment of state-run projects in this area”. These promises are written in Antonov-prepared An-148 business plan submitted to the Ukrainian government. Toronto. These says. and options for 80 more. VASO and Ilyushin Finance leasing company involving firm orders for the An-148 and Tu204SM aircraft. The Moscow city government is in the process of issuing approval for Atlant-Soyuz package deal with the United Aircraft Corporation. Berkut). the official airline of the Moscow City government. need modern regional airplanes that would provide cost-effective transportation of passengers on Ukrainian inner routes. Russia and in Kiev at KiGAZ Aviant. Kostadin Botev said: “We. Newly appointed general director Eugeny Bachurin.Aircraft the Ukrainian government is considering an order for some 80 An-148 aircraft to serve network of domestic routes this aircraft. The derivatives include the An-168 business jet. Two final assembly lines are set. Antonov estimates the solvent demand in the An-148 and its derivatives at 200 units by 2015. A I R F L E E T Beijing. These firm orders are placed by prominent carriers of Russia (launch customers GTK Rossiya and Polet). Work has started on assembly of the An-158. previously referred to as the Sky cruiser or ABJ. “We continue working on new aircraft. will seat up to 99 passengers in a stretched fuselage. starting in July. AeroSwit general director Kostadin Botev said: “The baseline An-148 and its stretch version can work successfully on the carrier’s network of routes. Lvov and Donetsk. previously referred to as the An-148-200. compared to the maximum of 85 for the baseline An-148-100. Ukraine. Established in 1994. The respective business plan says that 214 firms from 14 countries (of which 34 are based in the Ukraine) take part in the An-148 project. Meantime. Ukraine (Aeroswit) and Kazakhstan (Skat. New Delhi and Bangkok. Aeroswit is supportive of Antonov’s offer to the government on support of the An-148 production effort. We find the An-148 and An-158 good candidates to meet this requirement of our airline”. Meantime. who previously served commercial director at Aeroflot and then head of Russian civil aviation authorities. successful completion of the first An-148 revenue flight and high degree of readiness of deliverable examples at VASO prompted Atlant-Soyuz.

Aircraft

ALL FOOLS DAY

SHOW OF SUKHOI
On April 1, when the smart people of the world had much fun celebrating the All Fools Day, a certain group of Sukhoi employees, with the company’s general director Mikhail Pogosyan among them, were working hard. They were serving and pleasing media members at the long-expected ceremony of meeting Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ100) operable prototypes in Zhukovsky.
The SSJ100 is the main hope of the Russian aviation industry as it searches for ways to regain its once-lost status as a major producer of passenger jets. Some believe that the Superjet is the very last chance. The respective program is meant to give the Russian industry a truly competitive product able to generate sales both in the domestic market and world-wide, in competition with aviation majors. That memorable day both prototypes able to fly, sides 97001 and 97003, were ferried from the factory aerodrome of Komsomolsk-upon-Amur (belonging to KnAAPO plant where the SSJ100 assembly line is set), to the Ramenskoye airfield of Mikhail Gromov’s Flight Test and Research Institute (LII). The airfield is located between the towns of Zhukovsky and Ramenskoye, a dozen miles off the southern arc of the Moscow’s Ring Road encircling the city. The ferry was done with a road show in Novosibirsk, Russia’s largest Siberian city. Landing in Novosibirsk was inevitable, since a fuel stop was necessary any way. Besides, Novosibirsk houses Sukhoi’s NAPO plant that makes forward and cone sections of the fuselage for KnAAPO. Furthermore, Novosibirsk is a major hub for the S7 (former Sibir). The airline once considered itself a launch customer for Russian Regional Jet (RRJ), as the project was called before being re-branded into SSJ100. Sadly for Sukhoi, few people in Novosibirsk were interested in seeing the bird; what was meant a road show went quite uneventful.

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Aircraft
The final stretch of the ferry was completed on 1 April. It could have been the last day of March, though, if not for the Side 97001. The airplane did takeoff as earlier planned on the last day of March, but the crew had to return back to Novosibirsk after 1.5 hours of flying due to worsening weather conditions. It seems certain supernatural forces wanted something great to happen on the All Fool Day. The ferry was necessary from the viewpoint of flight test engineers: Komsomolsk does not have anything comparable to the superb testing equipment and experienced team available in Zhukovsky. The ferry was planned a long ago, but repeatedly postponed. Maiden SSJ100 flight occurred on 19 May 2008. It was performed by first operable aircraft that at the time carried registration RA-95001. To make it happen, Sukhoi team did a lot of work on the airframe after rollout ceremony in September 2007, busily installing numerous items of onboard systems and testing them. Second operable SSJ100 prototype went airborne in the beginning of 2009. To withstand such a long journey, the prototypes had to be tested thoroughly enough at the manufacturing plant, in order to guarantee safety of the crews. But not all of the onboard systems performed as they should, according to specification. SaM146s were blamed for surge (at least one case is rumored to have taken place) and other troubles. But time and hard work help overcome any obstacle. Finally, the engines and onboard systems were rectified to such a state when they were rendered safe enough for the ferry. Those who gathered at the Ramenskoye airfield on 1 April 2009 were surprised to see some changes in registration numbers of the SSJ prototypes. At the time of the rollout (26 September 2007), the first operable example was RA-95001; on the memorable All Fools Days (1 April 2009) it appeared without “RA” letters and with “7” replacing “5”. The second prototype was no longer RA-95003, but side 97003. The 97003 appeared over the Ramenskoye at 13:30, an hour after arrival of the 97001. The crew was not in a hurry, - their airplane came to a complete stop at
A I R F L E E T

14:05. Trying to please photographers, the captain kept the nose gear long in the air after touchdown. Thank you, sir, we appreciate that! Speaking to journalists after arrival, Sukhoi general director Mikhail Pogosyan said these ferry flights were no. 142 and no. 143 done so far, “with approximately 450 flights hours of flying time”. The first operable SSJ100 went airborne for the first time in April 2007, but the initial testing phase progressed slow, affected by poor reliability of half-experimental PowerJet SaM146 turbofans, missing of certain avionics items and other negative factors. By March 2009 Sukhoi seemed to have overcome most of the early technical glitches and cured some of the teething problems of the new design. The ferry all the way from Komsomolsk to Zhukovsky, was a good test in itself. Speaking to journalists upon landing, the crews of side 97003 said they spent “four flight hours on the dot”, making their way from Novosibirsk to Zhukovsky. The cruise stretch was at altitude of 11,600m, at Mach number M=0.8. “We got airborne with 12 tons of fuel in, and landed having some 4 tons remaining”, the crews revealed. Simple calculations give the real figure of fuel burn at 2 tons per hour. The advertized figure for cruise fuel burn is 1,600-1,700 kg, but it is likely for Mach number M=0.78. Besides,

takeoff and landing operations need some fuel to be burnt. So, average fuel burn at two tons per hour is “no-fools” an achievement. “We are quite competitive, in both military and civil markets”, Sukhoi general director Mikhai Pogosayn told the media. “In the foreseeable future our competitiveness will stay. It is provided by the SSJ100 and the fighters that were escorting the first prototype as it was overflying the Ramenskoye airfield”, Pogosyan said. He was referring to the Su-35 operable prototypes, Sides 901 and 902. These were summoned from Ramenskoye to meet the arriving Side 97001. To make it look like an air show, Sukhoi sent to the air the Side 76454. This airplane is a LII test-bed employed on SaM146 flight test program. The aircraft is, in fact, a heavily instrumented Il-76 four engine transport with one of its standard D-30KP replaced by an experimental SaM146. The engine flight-testing program commenced in late 2007. The SaM146 program is 50/50 risk sharing effort between NPO Saturn of Russia and Snecma of France, founders of PowerJet joint venture. On the eve of Le Bourget 2009 Saturn general director Yuri Lastochkin said that the new certification date for the engine is set for the fourth

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Aircraft

April the first marked arrival of SSJ100 operable prototypes in Zhukovsky
quarter of 2009. The timing coincides with the new promise of Sukhoi to the airline customers, that of first delivery of fully certified SSJ100. In addition to the engine test-bed, Sukhoi demonstrated two prototypes of the heavy multirole fighters attributed to “Generation 4++”, side numbers 901 and 902. These aircraft escorted the SSJ side 97001 to the Ramenskoye airfield. Then, after the honorable guest had landed, they made a fly-past in close pair formation along the runway, to allow cameramen make some good shots. Speaking to journalists at Ramenskoye, Pogosayn formulated his strategy: “I put faith into the professionals of our team, modern technologies and a wide international cooperation. We have got all preconditions to reach our goals”. He stated that the SSJ100 is, currently, the best of “flying” aircraft in the 100-seat category available elsewhere. “This airplane is optimized for the hundred seater market. It offers the best flight control system available anywhere in the world, lowest noise and emission levels, and lowest operational costs”. He claimed a 10% advantage over “closest Embraer product” in fuel efficiency and a 15% in operating costs. “Besides, we have a wider margin in noise and emission levels. This shall allow us to stay with the current engine for a very long time, since there should be no need to replace it even though stricter ecological regulations come into force”. Pogosyan is confident in the new product: “The SSJ100 is a game-changer. It has most modern flight control system, and superior health-monitoring system. The latter allows short time to allocate a trouble and fix it. The modern module system architecture allows easy and quick replacement of a malfunctioning item”, he stated. Head of Sukhoi company added that a broad commonality with the Airbus designs by means of similarity of the flight control and other systems (including use of the side stick) shall allow shorter times for pilots to undergo in-type training. He further stated the SSJ100 order book “is now close to one hundred units”. Pogosayn made a rider, though, that orders placed by bankrupt DalAvia and KrasAir airlines are yet to be confirmed by Rosavia, a start-up carrier that is meant to inherit assets of the bankrupts. Despite repeated shits in the delivery schedule agreed between Aeroflot and Sukhoi in December 2005 (initially it was set for November 2008), the Russian flag-carrier is still being considered the main customer for SSJ100. “Aeroflot stays our main customer,

with a firm order for 30 airframes plus 15 options”, Pogosyan said. With Aeroflot and other airline customers keeping faith in the SSJ100, KnAAPO’s production program for 2009-2011 is “completely supported by the firm orders we have received”. The Superjet is to carry its first revenue passengers “in the beginning of the next year... shortly after delivery to an airline customer that is still planned for the end of 2009”. By that time Sukhoi hopes to win Russian type certification. The baseline 95 seater will be followed by “a stretched version for 110-115 passengers and then, at a third stage, we will consider a 70-75 seater version”. Pogosyan further said that the stretch will be offered at “about 30 million dollars per unit”, which is “a bit higher that we ask for the baseline version”. Shortly after arrival in Zhukovsky, the SSJ100 was subjected to icing trials. These commenced later that month, when the side 97001 departed to Archangel area in Russia’s European North. Meantime, the Side 97003 has been operating from Ramenskoye, undergoing flight tests on control ability and flight stability. There is a lot of work still ahead of Sukhoi team, with the flight test program on the SSJ100 is some half-way through. A total of 600 flights shall be made to achieve type certification, - that figure counts only perfectly made missions in which the crew and the airplane behave completely as expected at flight planning phase.

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Aircraft SPECIAL ASSIGNMENT FOR TU-214 The Kremlin selects Tu-214 as platform for special mission aircraft 12 .

featuring higher gross weight and improved wing shape. The new aircraft are intended replacement for the morally outdated Il-22 relay aircraft (a special mission airplane using the platform of Il-18 four-engine turboprop airliner). this is the best of the Soviet legacy platforms that are in production in the modern Russia. their main station. Reportedly. the Russian government and the Ministry A I R F L E E T ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 13 . Today. This fact prompted the Administration of the president of Russia. also known as the Tu-204-200. and issued command to continue with the plan on more Tu-214s for governmental structures. he made some remarks about high performance and high manufacturing quality of GTK Rossiya’s new assets. the first day of this summer. is the most advanced version of the baseline Tu-204. seems to be the turning point for the program of the Tupolev Tu-214 narrow body airliner. The Tupolev Tu-214. to the Special Air Detachment under the Administration of the President of Russian Federation (the operator is also referred to as the Moscow branch of GTK “Rossiya”.Aircraft June 1. both aircraft were ferried to Moscow Vnukovo airport. and were inspected on arrival by Russian prime-minister Vladimir Putin. That day the Kazan Aviation Production Association named after Sergei Gorbunov (KAPO) delivered two Tupolev Tu-214SR aircraft. registration RA-64515 and RA-64516. 2009. GTK stands for “State Transport Company”). On the same day.

but it is clear today that the grand total will certainly exceed a dozen units. And now. we reached the of defense along with their agencies to select the Tu-214 as the basic platform for a number of special mission aircraft. They were elated by the fact that. Exact number of airframes to be procured is still being decided upon. engineers and other employees of Kazan aviation production association! We have a great day today. and they were right with the very fact that the delivery date has indeed shifted. electronic reconnaissance. The ceremony was attended by president and chairman of the executive board of United Aircraft Corpo- 14 . airborne communications centers. But some of their arguments did not have much ground. The Tu-214 are considered for a wide variety of applications: relay aircraft. maritime reconnaissance aircraft etc. radio emission analysis. at Kazan plant. they will carry out very important missions of the national defense. prime minister of Tatarstan Republic Rustam Minnikhanov. after a 15-year break. the handover ceremony at KAPO turned into a massive gathering of the plant employees. Kayumov and Shevchuk handed over symbolic keys to the aircraft to GTK Rossiya deputy chief engineer on new equipment Vladimir Kochegarov and head of special transportation operations department of the transport department of the Russian president administration Aleksandr Zuev. These aircraft symbolize very intense and hard work of all KAPO employees. These machines are very special aircraft. finally. member in the Military-industrial Commission under the government of the Russian Federation Aleksandr Bobryshev. two airplanes are being handed over to our customer. Addressing the audience. Tupolev president and general designer Igor Shevchuk. airborne early warning and command. Our customers have been criticizing us for delivery postponements. Two beautiful machines. They are first pair in the large series of special purpose aircraft that are being built here.Aircraft ration Alexey Fedorov. flying command posts. KAPO general director Vasil Kayumov and UAC vice-president on strategic and special purpose aviation. with few thousand people taking part in the event. in the view of more deliveries from 2011 onwards. But this initial order placed in 2005 is to be supplemented by follow-on orders. Firm orders already placed by Russian government structures call for delivery of six Tu-214s in 2009-2011. In Kazan. the Russian government has restored itself in the status of main customer for KAPO products. UAC president said: “Respectable colleagues: workers. VIP transport.

Thank you for your hard work!" Later on. These new airframes come in different versions. hence. Because of this. but differ in functions and. Outwardly. others are getting their components mated. The baseline aircraft meets all current international requirements. A few additional nonstandard antennas are visible outwardly. The new version of the baseline aircraft has won approvals in the form of complimentary certificates in full accordance with the current requirements of civil aviation authorities. I am sure these pair will be followed by many more as the airframes now in the final assembly shop will get completed. These aircraft will use the same basic platform. 15 . It can operate from various air strips. climatic and not only”. very important members in our corporate structure. I am sure these new airframes will be completed on time and with high manufacturing quality. in onboard equipment. The relay aircraft uses the Tu-214 as a platform. we cannot tell you in much detail about the exact differences between this new version and the baseline platform being the Tu-214 passenger jet. emission etc. Production run of these special missions aircraft will be quite large. with varying functions. Let me stress one more time that this pair of aircraft that we handed over today are the leading machines of the new. The airplane has been tested thoroughly. so that few people would be able to tell one version from another. Answering questions on timing of next deliveries. it is allowed to fly in airspace of other countries around the globe since it meets their requirements including ecological. large series of aircraft that will come in a number of modifications. Those antennas reflect the functions that this new version is intended to carry out. UAC president said: “Several more Tu-214s are in a high degree of readiness. to noise levels. changes will be few. Some of them are in the final assembly shop. Fedorov said: “the Tu-214SR is a relay aircraft that is specially designed to carry out very specific missions. answering questions of the mass media. And this will render MiG and KAPO new.Aircraft point when the delivery is made possible. Today I want to congratulate most heartedly the team of the Kazan plant and say: well done! I wish you to held ceremonies on new aircraft deliveries as many as possible. including in extreme conditions. During this summer the respective procedure shall go to completion.” Answer to question on when KAPO would join UAC: “We are finishing preparations to the next emission of UAC shares so that to use this emission as a necessary step to integrate the Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG (RAC “MiG”) and the Kazan plant into the UAC corporate structure.

he told the members of the media: “Some of you may think that the Tu-214SR is the same as the baseline version. but very much positive contribution into recovery of Russian aircraft manufacturing industry". Aircraft that fulfilled similar missions were in production before. Many thanks to all of you. 33 million US dollars). I hope your team will prove up to the challenges that stand before the Russian aircraft manufacturing industry in the field of civil. Our designers have applied their minds in best way to provide multiply backup for all onboard systems so that to ensure the highest level of aviation safety. engineers." Journalists further asked. The Tu-214SR will progressively replace them. over the Far East. Tupolev president and general designer said when addressing KAPO employees: “It is a great thing that newly built Tupolev aircraft continue being built and get delivered to their customers.Aircraft Touching on completions of the Tu214SR cabin. The customer has put forward very demanding specification for the cabin. . . Aleksandr Zuev. The Tu-214SR is. That was a result of our hard work. And they are wrong. I can tell you: everything is made very nicely. brining about a new level of mission and operational performance. As per completions of the cabin.Fedorov answered. please accept my cordial wishes of good health and happiness”. I believe we have managed to meet all of the customer requirements. We contributed our hearts and mind to this project and become friends when working on this project – Fedorov and myself became friends on this project”. naturally. Let me remind you that a month ago these airplanes proved their worth in a long-haul mission when they flew 13 hours non-stop. I want to use this occasion to convey my most cordial wishes of prosperity to the team of Tupolev and Kazan plant. Today. Prime minister of Tatarstan Republic Rustam Minnikhanov said: “Today is an important day in the life of Tupolev design house and the Kazan plant. then Moscow and back to Kazan. so that this pair of the new aircraft gives a head start for a large series of such aircraft to be built at Kazan plant! I wish the aircraft made here will operate successfully for a long time. 16 . Sincerely. Fedorov said: “the cabin design is very modern. Head of special transportation operations department of the "This order is our small. I had a chance to see it with my own eyes when inspected the aircraft. Russia did not produce aircraft that would come any near to the Tu-214SR in terms of mission performance. It is also the vehicle that brought together many companies and people working on the respective project. is there any something special in the Tu-214SR that is meant to make this version luckier? “There is a whole lot of things that have been implemented into design of this version to achieve highest aviation safety standards. I wish these two airplanes will serve successfully for many-many years. and according to the specification. construction and testing of these airplanes – workers. offering high comfort. This new version is a completely different aircraft by way of special missions it is intended to carry out. yet with some sort of a hat bolted to the upper fuselage. but they are morally and physically outdated today. I am very grateful to all of those people who took part in development. flying high in the peaceful blue skies. We have made all we could to ensure comfort conditions for work and rest of the crews who will fly these aircraft and operate their onboard equipment. a new pair of these outstanding vehicles is being handed over to the Administration of the President of the Russian Federation. That time everything worked well. military and special mission aviation. Earlier. more costly because of the expensive onboard equipment. Fedorov conveyed the following information: “I can only say that we sell airlines Tu-214s in baseline passenger version at sticker price of just above Ruble 1 billion (approx. its cockpit and cabin. This machine does carry out all these new functions that were specified by the customer. Extreme North. UAC vice-president on strategic and special purpose aviation. On the matter of aircraft price.” Later on. Igor Shevchuk. All onboard systems and equipment are made inside the country. The new aircraft is not merely a new toy for our customer.and the modern avionics in the first place. ground and flight crews.

On 29 April. which led to reduc- ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 17 . The correction is necessary because of the impact of the global financial crisis. has come. This pair of new airplanes is just one small step in the right direction. In his turn. It calls for assembly of 9 Ilyushin-96 widebody quads. We hope the Russian government will render effective support to the domestic manufacturers. you came to share our feelings of satisfaction. working hand-in-hand with Tupolev. into revival and strengthening of the Kazan aviation plant. And here. and also for us. but very much positive contribution into recovery of our aircraft manufacturing industry. today. UAC council of directors at United Aircraft approved of a new industrial plan for 2009-2012. the enterprise that has successfully solved many tasks set by the government and its customers. KAPO and equipment suppliers. We all need speedy renewal of our fleets. that’s for sure. Today. In our turn. and now. Let me assure you. who contributed minds and hearts into creation of these nice airplanes. Thank you once again”. I wish you every success. let me congratulate the whole team of KAPO. We put our faith in KAPO. we are very happy to see the work done. is to be assembled in 2009-2012. the customer that takes delivery of these beautiful airplanes. the delivery. Let me remind you that these two beautiful aircraft are made under the state order. And we hope that the Tu-334. the manufacturers and the customers. the enterprise with a history of over 70 years. You have been with us in the hard times. 58 Tupolev-204/214 narrobody twins and 118 large regional jets of Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ100) and Antonov-148 types. We remember well how difficult it was to create this new version of the Tu-214 aircraft. finally! The kind words that customers told us today are very much a reward for us. at KAPO the flight test station. comparing to 12.Aircraft transport department of the Russian president administration said during hand-over ceremony: “Today is indeed a very happy day for both of us. 71 and 322 units respectively. representing almost twofold reduction to the before-the-crisis aspirations. But this moment. we sometimes get nervous and demanded too much from each other. including eleven Beriev-200 amphibians. Blaming the world-wide financial crisis that produced 14% decline in the Russian industrial output and expected 7-9% reduction in national GDP this year. the Kremlin revised its earlier plan for production of commercial airplanes. It was hard and very intense work. the State Transport Company “Rossiya”. we say “thank you” to all people who gathered today here. on behalf of the intended aircraft operator. by paying visits to the final assembly shop and other workshops of the Kazan plant. when we fell better. GTK Rossiya deputy chief engineer on new equipment A I R F L E E T told KAPO employees the following words: “Dear colleagues! Today is an important day for the plant. that we will apply all of the experience amassed during creation of these two airplanes so as the follow-on orders will be fulfilled with high quality and on time. KAPO general director Vasil Kayumov said: “Respectable guests. We do not always have enough time to rest. The airlines have been waiting aircraft such as these for a long time. will enter mass production at our plant!” It is interesting to notice that the Tu-214 is the only type which did not suffer cuts in the revised UAC production plan that was proclaimed in the late April. the new promising design from Tupolev. all of you who took part in that work. from a worker to the general director. according to the contract with the Administration of the president of Russian Federation and in the interests of the special air detachment of GTK Rossiya. We have been closely following the work on these aircraft. Let us promise each other that the delivery ceremonies such as this one today will become of regular occurrence and a good tradition for KAPO and Administration of the President. We always believed that this order is our small. Nice-looking airplanes fly nicely. We are convinced that the experience obtained during creation of the relay aircraft for the GTK Rossiya special air detachment will help you reduce lead cycles on aircraft that would follow and improve their manufacturing quality. Thank you all for your work!” Vladimir Kochegarov. A total of 196 civilian aircraft. dear colleagues! That’s something we have been striving for three years.

5 billion by catalogue prices. the two plants manufacturing Tu-204 series aircraft – Aviastar-SP in Ulianovsk and KAPO – will move onto a unitary platform. Besides. Initial series of these machines is intended for Iran Airtour. I believe we will be able to achieve profitability for the Tu-204 program with help of this new baseline model. President of Tatarstan Republic Mentimer Shaimiev attended handover ceremony tion in passenger and cargo traffic. That time the lessor expected delivery of the firmly ordered aircraft in 2010-12. a new APU and conditioning system and less heavier wiring. Hydrollic actuators of flaps and leading edges will be replaced by electrically operated Electroagregat devices.Aircraft a broader industrial cooperation between Aviastar-SP and KAPO. Initial series is to be assembled at Aviastar-SP. Its introduction shall allow improve consumer merits of the aircraft and sell it for a higher price while cutting manufacturing costs. that of Tu-204-100SM1 featuring Perm PS-90A2 turbofans. The Persian specification also call for two-deck-crew operations. the Tu-214 remains the most advanced and competitive Russian jetliner. subsequently. with the figure rising twofold when the Tu-204SM completely supersedes earlier models. while KAPO will concentrate on production of wing sections. weaker demand for new civilian aircraft. we are working on a deep modification of the current baseline version that will have improved engines (PS-90A2). First KAPO built Tu-214 had its maiden flight on 21 March 1996. UAC president Alexey Fedorov said the following on the theme: “The Tu-204 series will stay in production for quite a long time. onboard systems and a cockpit optimized for two cockpit crew members. In 2009 two plants combined shall assemble more than a dozen of Tu-204s and Tu-214s. Until the Tu-204SM gets available. They are developed to specific requirements of Iran Airtour airline acting launch customer for the Tu-204SM. At the same time. Ulianovsk is likely to focus on manufacture of fuselages. will get ready.” Introduction of the Tu-204SM will entail 18 . Urged by KAPO.75 tons at liftoff). The whole of avionics suite will be reworked as one of the measures to reduce operational expenses. We plan to introduce the Tu-204SM to the market in 2011. The deal also contained option for 30 more airframes. With that. auxiliary power unit. The core contract was estimated at US dollar 1. same as for the baseline Tu-204-100 launched earlier at Aviastar-SP. It is meant to be launch order for the SM version featuring improved Perm PS-90A2 turbofans. These engines will replace ordinary PS-90As. In future. At Farnborough’2008 UAC and Ilyushin Finance signed a firm order for 31 Tu204SMs plus 30 options. Experimental examples of the A2 have been tested for over a year at Perm Motors. orders for military and special mission aircraft remain strong despite the crisis. until the next-generation aircraft. And this is what makes the situation for Tu-214 more favorable than that for other types. the Tu-214 entered service with DalAvia in 2001. Today. and. like the MS-21. better avionics and onboard system. all from Aviastar-SP. Tupolev launched an effort aiming at increasing all-up weight to 111 tons (110. the Tu-204SM. Preparations to series production of this version began in 1994. the SM1 will have Lazeks INS-2000MT navigation system on Russian-made laser gyroscopes and double GPS/Glonass receivers. In May 1997 the Tu-204-200 achieved type certification for the all-up weight of 103 tons.

the Il-62M served the flagship and the main type that served the needs of the Russian government. There are two versions of the cabin available. built in 281 copies between 1966 and 1995. the Tu-214 program gets a new lease of life. Except for GTK Rossiya. Of those about a hundred were exported. A I R F L E E T along with other items in their fleets. Deckel DMU 50V metal cutting machine tools and other equipment from Lorenz. only Transaero maintains high utilization rate on the Tu-214s in active service. Introduction of the NK-93 geared fan engines promises reduction in specific fuel burn from 18. the Tu-214 replaced the Il-62. the Russian national set of rules written in the times of the Soviet Union). Other imported items were G-5013T-XXG86/128 riveting facilitation machine. five to DalAvia (including first deliverable example RA-64502). as well as the landing gears and tires. The principal decision on that issue was made in March 1999. one to KrasAir (RA-64508) and one to Transaero (in April 2007).000km or stay in the air for some 14 hours. with a large state order having been placed on special mission aircraft. The Tu-214D (engineering reference) with additional fuel tanks can cover over 11.Aircraft structural weight would rise by a fraction. the design has been rectified to such an extent that the best examples now amass over three thousand hours in the air annually.200km. Now. There is a plan to return DalAvia and KrasAir aircraft back to KAPO for upgrade work so that to bring these aircraft to latest production standard before offering to other airlines. Until March 2007. Moving onto more technologically advanced Tupolev twin jet required KAPO to buy considerable amount of advanced manufacturing equipment in the West. By May 2007 ten Tu-214s were delivered to airline customers. The airline awaits delivery of three more aircraft of the type in 2009-2010 timeframe. Some of these aircraft were temporarily hired by Japan AirLines and Air France for trans-Siberian flights. Agie and other western makers. including GEMCOR GSKE-4261 riveting machines (able to work with 30-m-long wing sections). Today. AP-25 type certification for Tu-214 was issued on 29 December 2000. all other deliveries went via Finance Leasing Corporation (FLC). Longer distances are achieved through decrease in payload. At entry into service the Tu-214 experienced numerous teething problems. including three to GTK Rossiya. In the first case the range is up to 7. Thanks for the courageous aviators of GTK Rossiya and DalAvia. the crisis bankrupted DalAvia and KrasAir. the first customers for the type. have been grounded. In November 2008 Transaero took delivery of RA-64549. For compliance to the new airworthiness standards at all-up weight of 111 tons. On 15 April 1999 the RA-64501 commenced flight trials to compliance to the AP-25 air worthiness requirements harmonized with FAR Part 25 and JAR 25 (the Tu-204-100 won certification to the NLGS. On KAPO production line. to some 59 tons. a large number of structural members were strengthened. and their Tu-214s.3 (for the PS90A-powered baseline version) down to 15 gram per km*passenger. when Il-96-300 took over in that role. Sadly. for 210 passengers in all-economy configuration and for 164 passengers in typical two-class cabin. Vladimir Karnozov ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 19 . thus making Tu-214 the most weight efficient jetliner ever produced in Russia.

Air Transport SAVING REGIONAL AVIATION 20 .

Public leaders. one can find a way much faster. considerable part of Siberia and Far East. “Over the recent years more than 500 Russian cities and towns have lost the opportunity of using the air service”. as they can choose the railway or bus for their trip. the issue of availability of transportation is currently number one in Russia. And when people of Russia’s central regions may use some other ways of transportation. discontinue field development. However. According to him. the regional aviation in the hard-to-reach areas of the European North. but the only means of transportation. Sakhalin and Magadan Regions have virtually no access to air service. Give Us Aircraft! The market members and branch-wise experts point at many reasons for stagna- Ukraine's Dneproavia airline. member of the Public Chamber of Russia. Therefore. this kind of transportation is getting less and less available year after year for the majority of Russian citizens. From any Russian city. explains Vladimir Mishanin. is not a luxury at all. they would just stop living there. “rating the quality of life and the level of development of population”. as many as 90% of population of Yakutia. And the reason is that almost all the federal districts of the country have suffered the loss of air links in local and regional lines.Air Transport Transportation not obtainable Year by year. officials and politicians have qualified the availability of transportation as one of the most important parameters. only 6% of population can resort to air service”. road construction. the Deputy Director of the Department of Transport and Communications of the Government of Moscow. A I R F L E E T ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 21 . to reach the capital than the neighbor Nburg at a distance of 500 to 700 km. but the transport discrimination?” By the way. “As for the all of Russia. adds Alexandra Ochirova. simpler. And the number of such half empty settlements in Russia is growing year by year. port operation. Buryatia. people would most probably start abandoning such places. “So what can this thing be called. Now the air carrier uses 11 ERJ 145 aircraft in 12 line routes. the regional air transportation is getting more and more unpopular with the Russia’s population. started introducing air vehicles of the ERJ 145 family into its fleet in 2007. if not even cheaper. Due to the unstable connection of small settlements with the more populated and developed areas it would hardly be possible to attract an investor with business projects and offers there. due to both the high ticket price and the irregular flights.

However. For the time being. built at the Samara Aircraft Corporation. though even a second-hand. everything is not going off smoothly about it. As for the At- 22 . when the projects remain on paper. the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) is only considering the possibility of participation in four projects concerning regional and local aircraft. the First Deputy Minister of Transport and Road Facilities of the Republic of Tatarstan. is perfect for operation in the harsh climate conditions. The straight loss with such a scheme is 30 to40 million rubles yearly. Be-32 and L-410. For instance. The Czech are ready to start delivering the L-410 local line aircraft (17-18 seats) to us. Apparently. IL-114. This aircraft.M.Air Transport tion of regional air transportation service. could influence their choice. The total number of such planes operated in Russia and Ukraine is eight. such as AN-140. The BE-32 regional the main cause of the crisis in the sector is the low economic efficiency of regional air transportation service in Russia aircraft (15 seat capacity). the Vice-President of the UAC on the corporate development and governance. According to him. and this year the Yakutia company will get only its third aircraft. which is capable of producing 100 to 200 planes annually. The AN-24 could have been replaced by the regional turboprop AN-140 (52 seat capacity). understanding that the Russia’s aircraft industry is not able to quickly and efficiently piece out the current deficiency in the market of regional aircraft. foreign-made vehicles. etc. analyzes Pavel Chernov. the UTair company had been gradually acquiring the ATR-42 and ATR-72 Franco-Italian aircraft. the Russian air carriers have to find by themselves the replacement options for the obsolete aircraft park. has not been put to the large-scale production either. and it becomes clear why the regional air transportation is mostly unattractive and unprofitable). “Low efficiency of the aircraft fleet. Just as well as the issuance of a RF Government Decree 466 on the partial reimbursement of expenses on the Russian-made air vehicle lease payments for Russian air carriers. YAK-40 aircraft. At the moment 8 such Russian-Uzbek aircraft are operated in air companies. the Tashkent Aircraft Production Association named after Chkalov (TAPAC). For example. extend the number of cabin modification versions. the large majority of air carriers deliver three-four flights per week using AN-24. vanishing infrastructure of aerodromes and low paying capacity of population. the UAC reckons as a possible prospect the joint project with the Aircraft Industries Czech aircraft construction company. but nothing has started so far”. designed at the Experimental Design Bureau named after Beriev G. It is for this reason that the Yakutia Air Company took interest in the plane. Very few air companies enjoyed this privilege. But. as compared with initial cost. all these factors adversely affect the development of regional air transportation”. (Add the shocking state of airport runways to the morally obsolete air fleet. has not yet started the serial production of IL-114-100 aircraft (64 seat capacity). where the lowest temperatures go down to -55 degrees Celsius. “At first its serial production was planned to be started at the Irkutsk aircraft plant. And what the obsolete medium range aircraft park can be replaced with is the problem that causes a real headache for air carriers. as they more often prefer to lease the more efficient and economical. No draconian measures on the part of the government in the form of custom duties and VAT on the imported air vehicles. However. the AN-140 is being built slowly. explains Vasiliy Prutkovskiy. causing the 40% rise in price for the aircraft. the Polyot company of the Voronezh city had been purchasing the Swedish SAAB-2000 economical turboprop aircraft. then under a license in Romania.. promising to cheapen the maintenance repair.

and the helicopter capacity may be 20-30 seats”. 1. Emergency Medicine and EMERCOM. “When choosing the aircraft producer. And the bulk of Russian helicopter product goes abroad. air companies will be able to develop the route network. spare parts delivery. believes the head of Region Avia company. “Using the up-to-date foreign-made vehicles of 50-seat and smaller capacity.Air Transport lant-Soyuz and Region Avia companies. 8 million dollars respectively. regenerate the passenger traffic.says ECC managing director Mark Dunnachie. «The market opportunity is like a big door has opened. and the fuel economy purely would be 1. possibly. in due course the advantages of buying a foreign-made aircraft will become evident. After the nullification of custom duties on the import of foreign-made 50-seat and smaller aircraft. west producers of regional air vehicles will get the chance of successfully filling the vacant niche in Russia. The ‘Helicopters’ have only one contract in Russia with the UTair company on the delivery of 40 vehicles. the first deputy director general of the ‘Helicopters of Russia’ company. firm up within 3-5 years”. who is going to still purchase only the same type air vehicles in the future.8 million dollars. wonders Igor Pshenichny. we were to check the aspects of further maintenance. the issues of the pilot and maintenance personnel training”.5 million dollars. they had finally chosen the Brazilian Embraer-120. So we see this opportunity to look forward with our discussions with airlines we are talking to». . Dunnachie. repair. As soon as Russian aircraft conforming to the international requirements of ergonomics. economical number of air carriers A I R F L E E T ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 23 . Leningrad region would purchase several helicopters for the joint programs with the Ministry of Defense. “As for domestic-made helicopters. although in this case there would have been no need to invest in the aerodrome infrastructure. comments on his strategy Denis Pavshinskiy. which had started introducing air vehicles of the ERJ 145 family into its fleet since 2007. A prime example for the abovementioned is the Dneproavia Ukrainian air company. 1 TU-134 aircraft or 7 YAK-40 aircraft. the Region Avia managing director. and. Now the air carrier uses 11 ERJ 145 aircraft in 12 line routes.We have been coming into this market for many-many years. According to Mr. Russian air carriers are not at all pressing on buying them. . It is not proper to accuse air companies of unpatriotic attitude. which came into effect in March 2009. As per calculations of ECC company experts. We had a wide range of contacts and one of the issues has been an import tax so from the 15th of March as you know 20% of import tax on 50-seaters and smaller has been removed. one ERJ 145 aircraft can replace 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 1992 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 160 130 100 60 2007 2008 2009 2010 number of aircraft 218 200 150 130 100 83 50 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 95 100 107 80 50 119 131 143 155 167 2012 20 2009 2010 2011 4 AN-24 aircraft.

whereas it is not simple to develop the aviation on its own initiative or with the help of private business. The worsening of living standards has made the volume of transportation services go down. from Samara to Perm. So what we have is if the government of some region is interested in the development of air transportation. In the end people switch to trains or put themselves behind the car steering wheel. impossibility to pay wages and train personnel. And still very few regions in Russia can boast now such an involvement on the part Canada Brazil Australia India USA China Russia 39% 45% 46% 52% 60% 69% 79% <=800 km 61% 55% 54% 48% 40% 31% 21% >800 km characteristics. As for now. Such super-extended routes result in rise in the ticket price and unpopularity of air transportation services. the Russia’s transport strategy should be supplied with a section on the systematic development of regional aviation with the obligatory state involvement. the main cause of the crisis in the sector is the low economic efficiency of regional air transportation service in Russia for private aerodrome companies and air carriers. namely. and a half of them are not efficient. for example. the deputy managing director of the Ilyushin Finance & Co leasing company. and then from Moscow to Kazan. He is sure that supporting regional air transportation will promote the economic development of regions in general. He has calculated that the people can potentially fly at short distances. 3-5 years are enough to create prerequisites for the development of regional air transportation in Russia. Nevertheless Mr. in order to reach Kazan from Perm. “We need a Federal program dedicated to the development of regional aviation. “Now the govern- 24 . speed and tariff. And all the assistance programs are so different. and the regional aviation loses its passengers and money. The effect of such a choice is the lack of money for the renewal of air fleet. the reconstruction of airport infrastructure of the key air hubs. According to him. Pavshinskiy is certain that one can achieve a success in this field.Air Transport ment is allocating grants to 28 regions for the support of regional aviation. one has to fly first to Moscow from Perm. as long as the regional transportation market is not occupied by anyone. expressed the same opinion with his colleagues. believes Leonid Terebnev. update airports. and ready for serial production. then the all of aviation and infrastructure will be perished”. However. the problem consists in the fact that every region survives on its own. enhance business activities of population and attract investors. not standardized. railway. the regional aviation is under local authorities. the Region Avia LLC managing director. Lipetsk or Ulyanovsk. then air carriers would hardly refuse such a good acquisition. Denis Pavshinskiy. from Sochi to Rostov or Krasnodar. if the main competitor. There is no way boosting aviation without money grants”. “And after 7-8 years the regional air transportation sector will get the sufficient scale and quality to insure the commercial effectiveness of business of participants”. And if not. help air carriers. Since 1990 the passenger turnover in the domestic airlines has fallen from 71% to 43%. Where is the Passenger According to Alexander Filatov. from 1302 to 330 (260 of them are actually used). is defeated by virtue of quality service. since they have no obvious motivator in favor of the solution of the problem”. For instance. “If federal government is involved. from Yekaterin- burg to Karaganda or Kustanai. Government Assistance Needed The market members are sure. Stanislav Smelov. says Alexander Filatov. the renewal and expansion of regional aircraft park”. director for the strategic planning and development of the Russkie Mashiny OJSC (Russian Machines). it will definitely assist the process. Nowadays about two thirds of domestic Russian flights or 67% are being carried out via Moscow. the chief of the work group on the development of short-range aviation in the Sverdlovsk Region. assures Andrei Lebedinets. believes that his company has its future. including both airports and air carriers. the chairman of the committee of transportation and transport infrastructure. appear. “At the moment the federal government has withdrawn from dealing with that problem. Since the USSR time the number of operable aerodromes have decreased more than thrice. some actively and some passively.

And somebody would decide to invest in a regional company. Moscow is also going to participate in the reconstruction of 17 airports. is needed. and the competitive capability and transportation availability of regional economies will be dependent on the fast and efficient air communication available”. which transport not only their personnel. The decreasing year by year subsidies from the regional budget can hardly sustain its existence. “The ongoing economic crisis in Russia creates background for the re-orientation of economy towards the domestic market outlet. In addition to Leningrad and Sverdlovsk Regions. we ought to stop considering ourselves unique”. It would have been nice if the example of Moscow’s reviving the route network would have been followed in the whole sector. the director for managing route networks of the Lufthansa Consulting company. “And then the specific reasons for the revival of air transportation will come up in every district. invests funds in their development. In the long run. like in Ivanovo. namely. the reconstruction of airport infrastructure of the key hubs. But this can only be a dream now. among them Bryansk. Over 2 billion rubles have already been invested in the reconstruction and renewal of the Ivanovo-Yuzhnyi (Ivanovo-South) airport. “We should start from ourselves. Some will stick to economic reasons. in order to create the livable regulatory legal framework. the managing director of the AVCOM company. “And furthermore we need to unite together our efforts. We should adopt the aviation experience from those countries which possess large territories. And to attract attention to the problem and get necessary funds allocated. A I R F L E E T ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 25 . for example. in every entity of the Federation. remove bureaucratic encumbrances. And not that only. asserts Evgeniy Bakhtin. Lipetsk and Nizhniy Novgorod. which would possibly open up new routes.Air Transport if federal government is involved. Greenland. Kaluga. approved and signed. “It contributes to the strengthening of economic and cultural integration of the capital and regions and economic relations between constituent entities of the Federation”. with long distances between cities. Samara. but for 20 years. The Government of Moscow reconstructs regional airports of the Central Federal District. too. summarizes Stanislav Solomko. 3-5 years are enough to create prerequisites for the development of regional air transportation in Russia. “If we want to achieve something. Tver. Novosibirsk Regions. “The regional agglomerations of Russia in their present form can be taken both as part of regional air transportation and center of attraction of feeder traffic to the trunk routes. aviation expert from the Strikitsa Consulting company. a Federal dedicated program. and not for 1-2 years. Svetlana Komagorova Way Out Same as In The experts of the air market are sure that the political will could have been the best motivator for the development of regional air transportation. like Utair or Severstal. said at parting Iolanta Strikitsa. become profit-making and insure the transportation availability for the Russian population”. Ulyanovsk. from business plans and actual proposals. the establishment of the regional air transportation system will contribute greatly to the social and economic development of Russia”. but the community people as well. the deputy chief in the Government of Moscow. and not hinder the companies’ development”. Australia. emphasizes Vladimir Mishanin. Sweden”. Petrozavodsk. Some may have political reasons. the renewal and expansion of regional aircraft fleet of administration. Krasnodar Area and the Republic of Tatarstan are worth being mentioned.

The hub was aimed at offering passengers from Russian regions the ultimate air bridge between business and cultural centres of Russia and Europe. The region has a huge geographic and logistic potential. Within a reasonable time Khrabrovo airport may become the main Russian door to Europe and at the same time a global hub on the way of transit European and Asian cargo streams. The flight schedule has been arranged so as to reduce to a minimum total time transit passengers spend en route. For instance. However. As a result the company has become another enterprise (after the biggest national air carrier) working on the base of Sabre and the first company by a number of software products acquired. Due to cooperation set with 26 . cost effectiveness. “KD avia” has acquired one of the fullest software packages named Sabre. Today “KD avia”. Whereas cargo traffic fell by 22%. quality. customer service and cargo processing speed. A map of Russia will tell why more attention is drawn to a hub in Kaliningrad and to one of the major air Russian carries “KD avia” in these latter days and especially after the crisis that hit the industry in the beginning of the year.3% decline in passenger traffic this March compared to the same month a year before. even among a heap of these negative factors flourishing in the market one can find something positive. According to Rosaviation data of March. is in fact building up a new cargoand-passenger transit airport that meets all the modern requirements of comfort.Air Transport ART TO DEVELOP IN CRISIS Kaliningrad expands horizons In the first quarter of the year Russia's air traffic dropped by more than 20% compared to the same period a year earlier. The project of the border crossing point between Russia and Europe working on the basis of “hub&spoke” principle was launched on the 15th of June 2007. which rests the leading operator in Kaliningrad region and the management company of the global aviation project. Within a very short period enormous work has been done to establish necessary conditions. which makes no more than two hours and a half. It is for the first time that one-time check-in has been introduced at all the routes simultaneously as well as passing though customs formalities concerning luggage on the way from Russia to Europe and vice versa without the passenger’s involvement. The existing downturn has made the government pay more attention to the inner problems of the industry not only in the central areas but also in the regions. Russian air carriers faced 22. Besides. In August 2008 explosion detection system CTX5500™ DS certified by TSA was installed in the international airport of Kaliningrad (Khrabrovo). safety. Significant investments have been made into technologic and technical equipment of the company. for about one year and a half “KD avia” has successfully been using «AIR CARGO» (made by Information Logistic Centre “Aerograd”) – air traffic resources management system that allows to effect automotive cargo traffic sale and on-line cargo booking as well as to manage a modern freight storage.

It has been recognized on A I R F L E E T ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 27 . Virtual 24-hours air ticket office project was implemented not only as rapidly growing e-commerce but also as a 24-hours call centre offering passengers apart form information services an opportunity to buy tickets with the help of operator. quality.” states Regional Government Structure Minister Alexander Rolbinov. is in fact building up a new cargo-and-passenger transit airport that meets all the modern requirements of comfort. allowed “KD avia” to effect sales in almost any place of the world. For less than a year. safety. But at the same time “KD avia” shows the highest increase rates in Russia. At the same time payment acceptance services has been introduced though the partner banks. “Hub project in Khrabrovo is the only such project that is successfully implemented in Russia. one of the most efficient Russian sales network has been launched.Air Transport Today “KD avia”. cost effectiveness. which includes more than 60 air carriers. “Unfortunately. The operating system of interlines. customer service and cargo processing speed. connecting time for bonded cargo is around 2 hours. terminal network and etc. which rests the leading operator in Kaliningrad region and the management company of the global aviation project. it was not possible to reach the full capacity and the growth clashed with increase in fuel prices and then with the world financial crisis. border and custom services.

starting form this June Krasnodar has joined the carrier’s route network. I would not criticize the work done. Thousands of plans to implement The company does not rest on oars and by its own means tries to develop Khrabrovo airport as a passenger-and-cargo hub of European and Asian importance and expanding its flight geography and partnership with other air carriers. And maybe it’ll be so. Being an official myself. If the company’s plans come to life. which should function on the basis of “hub&spoke” at the intersection of airways between Russia and Europe. 4 billion support It was not long ago when Russia’s Presidential Envoy to North-Western federal region Ilya Klebanov called on the state government to speed up 4 billion rubles allocations from the state budget to Kaliningrad air carrier “KD avia”. Apparently. Last year “KD avia” placed an order for 25 Airbus А319 aircraft. Thus. Everything is written there. he added. Judging by past experience. The first deliveries are supposed to take place in the first quarter of 2014. the enlarged flight geography implies a broad aircraft fleet. which the company plans to exploit at the developed domestic and international route network out of Kaliningrad. 6 long-range airliners and 4 regional jets АТR-42/72 type are to join the carrier’s fleet. the company aspires to fulfill the tasks set and increase the existing fleet. though the international airport Khrabrovo in Kaliningrad. including 50 jets of А320 family.Air Transport judging by past experience. Thus. All the documents were sent to the government. By the end of 2009 the air company plans to add 4-6 aircraft of A320 family on the terms of operational leasing. Krasnodar becomes involved into a hub project. The decision to allocate 4 billion rubles from the federal budget to Kaliningrad region and contribute to the charter capital was taken during a meeting headed by Russia’s Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in April. Today “KD avia” and “Kuban airlines” offer Krasnodar region residents convenient flights from Krasnodar to Europe and vice versa 28 . crisis does not thwart progress. Kaliningrad region administration expects to receive control stake of the company in exchange for these investments. Despite the global downturn. The amount mentioned in the document has not come by chance but it has been calculated so as to stabilize the situation in “KD avia” and to divide the company’s activity into air traffic and airport fields. in a few years the phrase “window to Europe opened by Peter the Great” will imply another meaning and a new modern and safe hub will appear in Russia. But the officials should work more intensely’. it makes some adjustments and in some measure accelerates the process. crisis does not thwart progress. it makes some adjustments and in some measure accelerates the process the federal level that the project needs to be supported”. said Ilya Klebanov. “It is necessary to accelerate the decisions the government has taken in relation to “KD avia. Besides. “There is a government journal approved by Vladimir Putin. And by 2016 “KD avia” expects to increase its fleet to 60 aircraft.

Few people believed in the new company’s success. Sophia. London. In 2008 "KD avia" has transported total 1 361 570 passengers. Paris. Omsk. Perm. Moscow. the company had to operate such aircraft as Tu-134 and Tu-154. Tel Aviv.Air Transport Once upon a time unitary enterprise “Kaliningradavia” was among hundreds of companies formed after the collapse of the only all-union air carrier. All flights are multifriquent. But against all odds year by year “KD avia” showed growing development and increase in passenger air traffic. Munich. which replaced its name to shorter “KD avia” in 2005. Chelyabinsk. It will help to start flights to new directions as well as to increase flight frequency on the existing routes. In terms of development “KD avia” is carrying out the second phase of the hub project. Tyumen. Ufa. the company’s route network covers such cities as Astana. 106% more than in 2007 when 662 241 passengers chose the company’s services. Barcelona. which means from 3 to 18 flights a week. The high growth indicates a strong demand in the carrier’s services among passengers. Saint Petersburg. “inherited’ by “Aeroflot”. Prague. Milan. Rome. which is due to be put into service in 2009. Berlin. There was neither branching route network nor slots confirmed by Russian and moreover international airports. Samara. “KD avia” the number of passengers transported by the company was equal to 583 720. Dusseldorf. Kazan. Vol- gograd. January results revealed that “KD avia” faced a rise in air traffic by 25% and became the sixth air carrier in Russia. Vienna. But it would be politically wrong to leave the distant Russian areas without any lines of communications. Hamburg. Rostov-on-Don. Nizhniy Novgorod. 29 . “Kaliningradavia” as a unitary enterprise did not last for long – inefficient management and huge debts made the company bankrupt and halted its activity. Besides. In 2006. In 2002 private investors founded “Kalinigradavia” JSC. However. Today.

In April 2008. The main tasks are fulfilled according to the plans and directions we have determined. ■ Question: Mr. The tasks are quite different. At this stage. Second. Enterprises of various purpose located in various regions of the country in various economic conditions have been brought together. At present. too. but are there any exclusions? ■ A: Rostvertol is fully included into the production process but. we met with Russian Helicopters General Director Andrei Borisovich Shibitov to ask him a few questions. Thus. LACK OF COMPETITION – WAY TO NOWHERE ■ Q: Will you dwell on the main results you have achieved? ■ A: First. critical strategic decisions for each enterprise are taken in Moscow in close cooperation with their leadership and considering all opinions. we planned to create an efficient management structure. gradually implementing current ones. of course. production. The science-technical council was set up to work out recommendations to the leadership in the respective field. Rostvertol’s general director asked the holding leadership if orders from Russian Helicopters would increase. Three enterprises already have local re-equipment plans. the holding management system is really working. Third. ■ Answer: The company is developing steadily.Helicopters The consolidation of Russia’s helicopterbuilding industry has reached its final stage. we decided to assign management functions to a management company. the helicopter-building holding’s strategy was accepted including seven main directions. too. which is being successfully done. unlike other 30 . A sole body was set up to manage the holding. On the eve of the HeliRussia 2009 show. Now. namely corporate. I believe. You say contracts with all enterprises have been signed. The consolidated production plan has been approved. In other words. We have signed contracts with all enterprises for delegating these functions to Russian Helicopters. tell us how Russian Helicopters is developing now. marketing and social. The most important thing was to work out the company management system. so we had to focus the efforts and intellectual potential of our specialists on them. ■ Q: At the previous HeliRussia exhibition held last year. but much is still to be completed. R&D. technical. the IT introduction council is being created. namely design bureaus. we had to determine bodies to help solve tasks provided by the respective strategy. units and assembly plants. which should be constantly specified.Shibitov. Much has been done. Tasks and goals were defined. another four ones will soon get them. please. financial. we determined the product range. the council of chief engineers as well as commissions on quality and flight safety were established. Also. we are elaborating work plans till 2011 and.

we are mainly manufacturing helicopters designed in the Soviet era. we are planning to enter the EU market in the medium and long term. As for the nearest tasks. Ansat and Ka-226T. ■ Q: Do you plan to apply or have you already applied to the government for support? ■ A: We apply to the government and receive respective support. ■ Q: What are the objectives of Russian Helicopters on the Indian and Chinese markets and in the global scale? ■ A: The market situation in India and China is rather complicated and we are chiefly delivering helicopters for local law enforcement bodies there. Africa and partly SouthEast Asia. That is why. the crisis has influenced us. but the impact is not very sensitive. Ka-62. Of course. The cost of money and limited amount of loans affects our work much more. I am glad that a deeply modernized helicopter with a new powerplant and new rotary system has won a tender beating the Tiger advanced European helicopter. Why. Due ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 31 . Rostvertol has a positive approach making it a better partner than enterprises bound to us by strict contracts. you are chiefly oriented to CIS and Asian countries… There are strong rivals such as Sikorsky and Eurocopter. They will help us gain new partners and occupy new niches. China. ■ Q: Are you going to adjust Rostvertol to the unified framework? ■ A: Our relations with other enterprises are built under the unified framework. Despite such special conditions. I should say that the government understands our problems and does its best to help us. First. the owner will decide whether to change the existing system of relations or not. Now. Does Russian Helicopters plan to enter the European market? ■ A: Yes. Brazil has chosen this helicopter? ■ A: It is a very important event as we have been talking about choosing the Mi-35M for a long time. our main task is A I R F L E E T Unfortunately. the contract between Russian Helicopters and Rostvertol provides only for consultation services but not a sole executive body. the crisis has slightly influenced the backlog of orders and previously achieved contracts. the crisis has influenced us. This choice was made due to a number of reasons including the helicopter’s new feature – good combat performance at night. A loan accommodation mechanism has been created on the state level and we are using it. but the impact is not very sensitive Mi-38 to hold our traditional markets. it does not influence the general situation. Nevertheless. The companies reduced their orders.Helicopters holding parts. ■ Q: Brazil has recently signed a contract for 12 Mi-35M helicopters. we are planning to expand our presence in Latin America. do you think. we are going to promote our new models – the Mi-38. ■ Q: Speaking about markets and rivals. but this did not influence the production plan considerably. As for Rostvertol. if there are any changes in share capital. namely India. which resulted in this decision. We are objectively estimating our opportunities. Of course. ■ Q: Could you tell us how the crisis influenced your plans? ■ A: Unfortunately. The main task is to increase the share of Russian Helicopters on the world market from 4% to 15% by 2015. strengthen our positions in South-East Asia and by no means lose Indian and Chinese partners. we would like to increase the share of loans and boost the process. But on the whole.

the US influenced the decision. we have to adjust to the global economy and carry out considerable integration in the helicopter-building sphere as well. Even the same companies have different approaches in various sectors and there are various forms of cooperation. which is proved by projects with such companies as Augusta Westland and Pratt & Whitney. We are going to sign a license contract soon. we are seriously considering cooperation with India on the joint development and production of helicopters. Also. we are discussing the development of a heavy helicopter with our Chinese partners. we considered such direction. so we have to speed up developing the helicopter version of the TV7-117V engine. We are living in the global economy and have to compete on our territory. ■ Q: Do you think foreign companies aim to enter the Russian market alone or only jointly with a Russian company? ■ A: There are several approaches. In fact. The work is being implemented rather quickly and I think it will not be delayed for more than a year. The site on the premises of the Moscow Helicopter Plant has already been allotted. the production of Augusta Westland 139 helicopters in Russia is a mutuallybeneficial project. our cooperation was frozen due to political reasons. We wanted to acquire some assets of European maintenance enterprises and established a maintenance enterprise providing service to Russian-made helicopter in India. too. Also. I wish policy does not affect economic relations between business partners. Of course. Russian helicopter market may revive in the second half of next year The both sides do their best to solve this problem.the so-called cost/ efficiency factor – we have won this tender. But the current financial crisis has influenced these plans. I think this project will be implemented on schedule. which I have already mentioned. Of course. But I hope this joint work will be resumed. it is only natural. ■ Q: What are your new plans for cooperation with foreign companies? What is the state of the joint project with Augusta Westland on the license production of the AW139 helicopter in Russia? ■ A: I cannot help mentioning good rate of work. Thus. ■ Q: And do you plan to invest into foreign companies in future? ■ A: Speaking about assets. Though we are competitors on the global level. some companies directly enter our market. we are planning both to buy assets and create joint ventures with foreign companies in the medium and long term. There is a project with China.Helicopters to enhanced flight characteristics and reasonable price . But there are spheres of cooperation that are mutually beneficial. As far as I know. ■ Q: What is the situation with the Mi-38 project now? ■ A: A delay in deliveries of experimental engines curbed this programme. close cooperation and mutual understanding with our colleagues from Augusta Westland. But in summer 2008. ■ Q: How can you estimate Russia’s helicopter market today? 32 Ansat . ■ Q: Will you tell how is the cooperation with Canadian company Pratt & Whitney developing now? ■ A: There was a good working atmosphere in our relations before.

5-. So. while it badly lacks 3. 5. And finally. Although. I will say a few words about the quality of the market. Could you tell us about this project in detail? ■ A: For the first time we presented the advanced high-speed helicopter project in short at the previous exhibition. The high-speed helicopter is to be created in 7-10 years. Now. this figure will remain almost the same for a year A I R F L E E T or two. The lack of competition is the way to nowhere. It is the lack of light and medium helicopters that makes some market segments low-profitable and lossmaking. we are continuing this programme and want to tell other people about it. They offer various niches and we have to choose the right niche for this takeoff weight. we are considering projects of the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant and Kamov Design Bureau. The decision-making system has been approved with the respective body taking them at each stage. Besides. Ansat and Ka-62 as soon as possible. ■ Q: What do you think the real share of acquisitions by the UTair airline is? ■ A: Now. I think the jointly-produced AW139 will occupy a deserved place on Russia’s market. They have different approaches and we will find the most efficient one. Our foreign colleagues and competitors – Sikorsky and Eurocopter – have already started such projects. That is why.Helicopters Ka-226T ■ A: The Russian helicopter market may revive in the second half of next year. the high technical council makes recommendations to the holding leadership on complicated technical issues. We are now carrying out pre-design studies to clearly determine the requirements and main points needed for R&D works. At the current stage. If the crisis does not change the plans. It is hard to speak about the number of manufactured vehicles. which can be explained by many reasons. The design committee considering this project is the main body. it may decrease in the future due to joint projects with Gazprom and other Russian companies being discussed now. We encourage the competition of ideas and technical solutions. Such helicopters as the Mi-8 and Mi-17 are widely represented on this market. which is quite much. ■ Q: And who will finally choose the developer of this helicopter? ■ A: There are various alternatives and we encourage such an approach as only technical competition within the holding allows choosing the right solution. ■ Q: You are going to present an advanced high-speed helicopter at HeliRussia 2009. we are planning to start manufacturing the Ka-226T.and 6-t ones. UTair buys about 60% of civil helicopters we deliver to the internal market. The expert council determines the technical feasibility of the project. ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 33 . this is the main thing we are going to tell about.

According to Oboronprom General Director Andrei Reus. Russia manufactured 121 helicopters in 2008. Russia manufactured 337 helicopters and in 1998 – only 26. 2009) 34 . At present.000 such helicopters have already been produced. 24 modernized Mi-2s are considered as produced in 2008. one can say that Russia produces helicopters in series. it tested and manufactured pilot models of such new vehicles as the Ka-52. Ka-60. For example. upgraded Mi-24. Nevertheless. Unlike the civilian aircraft-building industry. This relative prosperity is chiefly achieved due to Mi-8/17 helicopters enjoying stable demand abroad – they are used in over 50 countries. there are some differences in calculations of vehicles manufactured. 12.Helicopters RUSSIA’S HELICOPTER INDUSTRY ON THE RISE For the last 20 years. Preliminary data proves that Russian Helicopters OJSC Helicopters produced in Russia Bar graph (according to ASSAD report of March 26. Ansat and Ka-226 combat ones. which manufactures about 10 times less vehicles. it is reasonable to call these vehicle newmade ones. According to ASSAD. With that.and Russian-made helicopters has decreased several times. Ka-27M. when the nearing crisis still failed to influence the production schedule. At the same time. The authors say “considering the type and scope of work carried out by Rostvertol to upgrade 24 Mi-2 light helicopters to the Mi-2M version as well as significantly renewed service life of their main parts. But why does ASSAD give other figures? Russian Helicopters OJSC clarified that the figures are being constantly specified. In 1992. Oboronprom United Industrial Corporation General Director Andrei Reus says 169 helicopters were produced a year before.” Anyway. The year 2008 is called a milestone. the Kamov Plant manufactured 55 Mi-8/17 helicopters and Rostvertol – 44 ones (20 Mi-24/35M and Mi-28N combat ones and also modernized 24 Mi-2s that were calculated as new-made). the fleet of Soviet. Untangling Figures Interestingly. The total result is 169. Mi-38. Ka-28M and Ka-31 versions. Kumertau Aircraft Plant – 11 Ka-27/28/32s. experts say helicopter production has stabilized in Russia again. By the way. Russia practically did not produce new types of helicopters last year except several Mi-28N. Ansat-U. according to the Alliance of Aircraft Engine-Building Association (ASSAD). it allows loading subcontractors supplying helicopter-building plant with parts rather steadily. the both figures make it clear that Russia’s helicopter-building industry has gained a small momentum. the Ulan-Ude Aircraft Plant – 59 Mi-8/17s.

it will account for at least 15% of the world market and helicopter sales will increase up to 400 billion roubles. In 2011-2015. Mi-26 heavy transport helicopter. It is hard to say how successful this year will be. The programme contains plans for the development of helicopter engine building. put them Course is Chosen The year 2008 saw accelerating consolidation of many enterprises by Russian HeliA I R F L E E T ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 35 . implement modernization projects. Mi-28N and Ka-52 attack helicopters. namely the still existing decentralization of some enterprises and the lack of the united development programme. It has already worked out the Helicopter Industry Development Strategy up to 2020. Ka-27/28/29/31/31-family deckbased and multifunctional helicopters. Thus. design new helicopters. Mi-8/17 medium transport and multipurpose helicopters. which was approved by the Russian government. Experts mention a number of significant reasons curbing the development. copters as part of the Oboronprom United Industrial Corporation. At that. The programme provides for continuing series production of the following helicopters: Mi-34 light sport helicopter. Ka-226 and Ansat light multipurpose helicopters. Russian Helicopters has already chosen helicopter types to be produced in two stages. Mi-24/35 transport/combat helicopter. Ambitious Programme The Russian Helicopter Industry Development Programme is divided into two stages up to 2015: From 2008 to 2011. Russia’s helicopter production is to triple and reach 500 vehicles a year. the new types are to be produced in series. Мi-35M into series production and form the sciencetechnical reserve. it is planned to raise the production of existing types of helicopters. Despite this.56 billion roubles. the holding’s profit reduced by 240 million roubles against 2007 and totaled 1. attempts to gather and direct helicopter builders in the right way are being constantly made.the year 2008 saw accelerating consolidation of many enterprises by Russian Helicopters as part of the Oboronprom United Industrial Corporation received over 40 billion roubles of income – 20% more than a year before.

Rostvertol is carrying out the modernization on its own initiative and at its own expense. The Defense Ministry alone plans to acquire about 40 Mi-28N and Mi-8 helicopters. A small number of Mi-2s are in service with the Russian Air Force. of which about 170 ones are actively working. Experts say the increase of production from 169 to 231 vehicles in 2009 is quite real. which affects the terms badly. Mi-8/17 According to some estimates. Telling the truth. The main trends on these enterprises can already be seen. high-speed helicopter. it is clear that all helicopter production and modernization projects can be corrected by the current crisis in Russia and the world. focusing financial and real assets on the most important modernization projects and creating promising models and science-technical reserve. all Mi-8/17 helicopters seem to be upgraded no sooner than in 8 years. 2009 will see the further consolidation of industry enterprises as well as their re-equipment to raise labour efficiency. The latter revealed its plans not long ago – it will Mi-24/35M This year. Infinite Plans This year. It is planned to raise the cruise speed up to 290 km/h. the plant will continue to manufacture Mi-24PN modernized (limited number) and more advanced Mi-35M export helicopters as well as to carry out R&D works on improving both Mi-24 combat (the Mi-24M version) and Mi-35M export ones. manufacture Ansat and Aktai helicopters. the modernization of the Mi-26 to the Mi-26T2 version slated for 2010 firstly allows for renewing avionics and reducing the crew down to 2-3 members. but their type is still unknown. Informal sources prove new engines were being installed on the test helicopter in late April. the flight range will increase from current 630 to 800 km. They were sent to the Syzran Military Helicopter College. Defense Ministry and foreign customers. Russia will manufacture 231 civil and military helicopters for the domestic market. Anyway. Mi-54. 36 . Its modernization should increase the maximum and cruise speeds and flight range without extra fuel tanks.000 Mi-8 helicopters work in Russia and the same number – abroad. Now. designers are to create radically new base models and upgrade the existing ones including promising unmanned helicopters based on previous developments by the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant and Kamov Design Bureau. Mi-26 According to the Mil plant’s General Designer Alexei Samusenko. about 2. etc. Russia has about 600 Mi-2 helicopters. Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant Mi-2 At present. Last year. With that. There are two ways of upgrading the Mi-2 – the Mi-2A receives new transmission parts and the Mi-2M – old VR-2 reductors. but there is a chance to make it more than 300 km/h. 22 Mi-2s were overhauled and slightly modernized.Helicopters At the same time. Kamov Design Bureau and Kazan Helicopter Plant. the Aktai light multipurpose helicopter as well as Mi-38. it is still early to speak about the prospect of main helicopter plants – the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant.

5-2 years.NIGHT HUNTER The helicopter will get advanced radionavigation and flight equipment – all information will be shown on multifunctional LCD monitors. perhaps. The cruise speed equalled 300 km/h and dynamic ceiling – 8. That is why. After this pressure. thus surpassing even the best foreign light helicopters. Mi-28N Mi-28N In December last year. ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 37 . while pointer instruments will become reserve ones. But delays in engine deliveries by Pratt & Whitney Canada (and even their full termination) may affect certification terms and its series production badly.200 m. pilot model No. real test results exceeded design calculation – its maximum speed reached 320 km/h instead of 290 Promising Models Mi-34 The helicopter powered by the M14V26V piston engine was manufactured in Arsenyev (25 vehicles have been built A I R F L E E T km/h. which is almost similar to the Canadian engine and even more powerful. Certification of the Mi-38 under the AP-29 standard was scheduled for 2011 and its series production – for 2012.2 (OP-2) was built but does not have engines for it as Pratt & Whitney has not delivered them after South Ossetia events due to strange formal obstacles. Mi-38 The R&D programme for the Mi-38 helicopter powered by two Pratt & Whitney turboshafts is. The Mi-34 has a considerable advantage over other promising helicopters – the Ministry of Transport ordered 20 helicopters already at the development stage. the largest in the Russian helicopter industry. Russia is seriously considering powering the Mi-38 by the Russian TV7-117V turboshaft. Stavropol Territory-based 487th Separate Helicopter Regiment of the North Caucasus Military District. In April. Interestingly. the OP-3 is being constructed at the Kazan Helicopter Plant. including 3 pilot models) but did not have sufficient demand. This helicopter will be produced for the Russian Air Force in series since 2009 (Rostvertol has manufactured only 20 Mi28Ns so far). it was decided to improve it by raising the service life of its parts up to the world level. The demand for various Mi-34 modifications is estimated at 355-402 vehicles. Pilot helicopter No. At the same time.1 (OP-1) has already been made and is undergoing plant testing. the state tests of the Mi-28N were successfully completed. the first 6 Mi-28Ns were delivered to the Budyonnovsk. In the end of 2008. The manufacturer hopes the payback period will last 6-7 years. But this will require extra 1.

A year ago. The fleet of Ka-27s is to be upgraded to the Ka-27M version by 2015. Kamov General Designer Sergei Mikheev thinks the Ka-27 will remain a deck-based antisubmarine and rescueand-search helicopter in the heavy-lift class in the future. of which 9 are in India and the rest – in Russia.Helicopters Ка-31 Ka-31 Despites its deliveries to India. there are plans to make a new antisubmarine helicopter. works on its landbased version designed for the Land Forces are underway. Ka-28s are to be upgraded. it was reported that India planned to upgrade 12 Ka-28 helicopters and buy another 11 vehicles worth $129 million. Ка-226 KAMOV OJSC Ka-27/28 The Ka-27 deck-based antisubmarine helicopter and its export version dubbed Ka-28 are being modernized and flighttested now. too. With that. the Kamov design bureau is developing a helicopter Mi-54 There are plans to create the Mi-54 helicopter with a takeoff weight of 4. particularly in India. According to Kamov General Designer Sergei Mikheev. At present. which will be lighter than the Ka-27. Russia has almost no vehicles of such type. The preliminary design was reported to be fulfilled last spring. It will take several years to design this helicopter and another 1. The helicopter will be powered by two advanced Klimov-designed VK-800 turboshafts. Ka-32 For a number of years. the tests were considered to be over in 2009.5 t. At 2008 year-end. we can expect that their production will be resumed and at least 9 Ka-31s will be made for India. little is known about the Ka-31 deck-based helicopter. About 12 Ka-31 helicopters are known to have been built so far. 38 .5 years – to certify it.

Russia will need some 350 Ka-62s Ka-50-52 The Arsenyev Progress plant is continuing to manufacture the pilot batch of Ka-52 helicopters for operation testing. we receive about 700 helicopters. their factory testing is underway and state tests are to begin later this year. these plants manufactured two and four helicopters. Thus. the same number can be sold abroad. manifold structure. of which one was delivered to Torzhok. 20-25 helicopters can be yearly produced by 2011-2012 for domestic and export purposes. Three Ka-52s from the initial batch will be delivered to the Defense Ministry in the first A I R F L E E T ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 39 . Russian Helicopters have included the Ka-226T (T means Turbomecca) version powered by two 730-hp Turbomecca Arrius 2G1 turboshafts into the model range. so it was decided to equip it with Russian RD-600 engines. In December last year. Their commissioning is possible since 2011-2012. The Ka-226T project is known to be funded by a $100 million 8-year investment loan. Ка-50 by 2020. half of this year and another batch of Ka-52s – after state tests in 2009-2010. Its sales to the Emergency Ministry. Ka-226 The Ka-226 multipurpose seven-seat helicopter powered by two 460-hp RollsRoyce 250-С-20R/2(SR) turboshafts is manufactured in small batches on two plants – the Orenburg Strela Production Enterprise and Kumertau Aircraft Industrial Enterprise. In the end of last year. namely Ka-60 and Ka-60U. this model will take part in the Indian tender for about 200 light helicopters. building three Ka-50s was finished (8-10 Ka-50s are now in operation). however.BLACK SHARK with increased cargo and passenger capacity. Last year. Thus. Federal Security Service and Gazprom are being discussed. It is planned to raise the helicopter’s lifting capacity up to 4-5 t in the body and up to 6-7 t on the external pod. At present. the first stage of Ka-52 state tests was successfully completed. too. In addition. respectively. Last year. which allows the aircraft plant to start the production of the initial batch. Ka-60/62 Russian Helicopters is carrying out R&D works on the Ka-60 designed for the Russian Air Force and intended for transporting an infantry squad and its civilian version dubbed Ka-62. two Ka-52 helicopters were built in 2008 (five Ka-50s and Ka-52 were manufactured in 2008). The Ka-62 will be probably produced in small batches since 2012 and the Progress plant will be able to manufacture 30-40 vehicles a year by 2014. Less than 20 helicopters have been made so far. Russia’s Defense Ministry specified its requirements for the Ka-60 – it plans to buy 300-400 Ka-60 helicopters. a large sliding door and extended cabin dubbed Ka-32-10 (initial designation – Ka32AM). Two almost identical helicopters have already been built. In fact. Experts say the plant will reach a design output of 70 helicopters a year (20 Ka-226s and 50 Ka-226Ts) by the end of 2011. aroused big questions. Another two Ka-50s were at the plant in early 2009 and this year they will be given to the Defense Ministry. The Ka-60’s powerplant. At the same time. According to Kamov’s pessimistic estimates. this version is the deeply modernized Ka-32A11VS.

At the same time.Helicopters Аnsat But the first flight model will be made in about seven years. The Ka-92 project allows for two VK-300 turboshafts. of which five were exported to South Korea. The main Kamov’s project is a helicopter drone with a weight of up to 300 kg. choose one design (and. Aktai It is planned to equip the 1. the Kazan Helicopter Plant has produced over 20 light (takeoff weight up to 3. For this time it is necessary to specify the main requirements. namely close-range (up to 20-50 km). The Kamov helicopter is to have a flight range of at least 1. conduct the contest of designs. Most probably. small-range (up to 100 km). High-speed helicopters are now designed by two bureaus – Mil and Kamov. According to various sources. perhaps. though it was initially planned to order 12 aircraft. the Russian Air Force needs 25-100 Ansat combat trainers. A contract for shipping only three AnsatU helicopters in 2009 has been signed.500 kg and the range 500-600 km) will be created.600 items for 30 years given the current price of $350.240-kg Aktai three-seat light helicopter designed by the Kazan Helicopter Plant with one Swiss Mistral G-300-H powerplant using AI-92 fuel.400 km and a speed of about 450 km/h given that 15-30 passengers will be carried at a distance of 700 km and return to the initial point without refueling. It is considered that additional development of the pusher is needed to reach speeds of 450-500 km/h. the Mil plant will develop small range helicopter drones (up to 100 km) weighing from 50 to 70-80 kg and flight endurance of up to 6 hours. their series manufacturing should begin with the aim of 60 vehicles a year. The plant is preparing the Ansat’s series production – 10-15 helicopters a year and later reach the output of 25 vehicles a year. Now. Each helicopter plant will set up a design bureau for unmanned helicopters – Kamov will have 4 projects and Mil – 3 ones.000. Ka-115-based helicopters will be made for the Navy. The rear pusher will be driven by both of them. The capacity of Russia’s market for unmanned helicopters is estimated at several thousand aircraft. The both versions will be powered by turboshaft engines. These helicopters will be delivered to helicopter flight colleges in 2009-2010. ground tests of the test model are underway. UAVs based on the Ka-115 helicopter (its weight is 1. Oboronprom and Russian Helicopters estimate the demand for Aktai helicopters at 1. state tests of the Ansat-U combat trainer were successfully completed.300 kg) Ansat helicopters propelled by two 630-hp Pratt and Whitney РW-207К turboshafts. Also. Reaching New Speeds A high-speed helicopter combining high speed and STOVL capability is a conceptual project promoted by Russian Helicopters. Dmitriy Kozlov 40 . According to the Unmanned Helicopters Programme. build demonstrators and only after their tests decide whether to build the helicopter or not. medium-range (up to 400 km) and long-range (over 400 km). this machine will have wheeled chassis unlike other Ansats. Such a helicopter is already required in remote areas of Siberia and Far East as well as for operations at the Shtokmanovskoye field. The Kazan Helicopter Plant. Two helicopters were put into production a year ago and in 2011. UAVs Kazan Helicopter Plant Ansat As of now. In December last year. four types of UAVS are required on the military and civil markets. According to the Defense Ministry’s requirement. two). The Mil Mi-X1 project provides for VK-2500 engines.

Helicopters Russia’s helicopters will take at least of the world market production 15% 41 .

Helicopters World Industries GAS-FUELED AIRCRAFT GAS-FUELED AIRCRAFT A NEW PRIORITY? A NEW PRIORITY World powers are constantly seeking alternative fuels. oil sold at $147 a barrel. Last year. making scientists step up their search for an alternative to aviation kerosene. as aviation kerosene and air transportation prices highly depend on free market oil price fluctuations. ? 42 .

that scientists. this type of fuel increases the range of aircraft.Helicopters World powers are constantly seeking alternative fuels. and Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant in cooperation with Interaviagaz designed the first Mi-8TG prototype and put it through initial tests. showing excellent results. and bench-tested in summer and winter conditions with both kerosene and liquefied gas at a Central Institute of Aviation Motors branch in Lytkarino outside Moscow. A I R F L E E T ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 43 . highlighted the What is Aviation Liquefied Fuel? Actually. making scientists step up their search for an alternative to aviation kerosene. Bashchenko of the Scientific Research and Design Institute for Gas Processing (NIPI Gazpererabotka). can be derived from associated petroleum gas (APG) or combination gas. which significantly decreases a flight hour’s cost. Engineers therefore won’t have to face complicated technical tasks and the production costs will be comparable to that of a standard refuelling complex”. Replacing liquid fuel with ALF could save $100. as aviation kerosene and air transportation prices highly depend on free market oil price fluctuations. and not in Europe or America. Designers say a gas-fueled helicopter could be used in oil and gas production areas and hard-to-reach parts of Russia’s Far North and West Siberia. namely liquid hydrogen. deputy chief designer at Tupolev Design Bureau. It was here.” The physical properties of ALF allow using for its transportation any equipment aimed at propane-butane fuels. were performed over 20 years ago in Russia. oil sold at $147 a barrel. Royal Dutch Shell and Qatar Airlines are negotiating an action plan for this project which could make the major Middle East air carrier the first to give up traditional fuel”. sent the first gas-fueled airplanes and helicopters into flights totaling dozens and hundreds of hours. The idea to use propane-butane fuels to run helicopters emerged in the late 1970s. The company’s Commercial Director Ali Al Rais told local media Qatar Gas. seeking a replacement for aviation kerosene. Professor Valentin Malyshev. A trial refuelling complex had been built in accordance with the specifications provided by InterAviaGaz and agreed with Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant and Gromov Flight Research Institute. This type of fuel is less corrosive towards bearing and stuffing materials. Frequent mass media reports on first test flights of aircraft using alternative fuels also indicate this. company AeroVironment successfully tested the world’s first unmanned airplane fueled with liquid hydrogen …» Liquefied gas was first used in 1987 to fuel one of a Mil Mi-8TG helicopter’s engines. in Russian: ASKT) (specification ТU39 1215-87). Last year. or on a mixture of both at any ratio. Some of them are given below: “Qatar Airlines is planning to convert its aircraft from kerosene to natural gas. which. Additionally. liquefied natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas. The helicopter performed demonstration flights at the MAKS-96 air show in Zhukovsky outside Moscow.S. according to N. the specification for ALF was adjusted (ТU39 1547-91). one of the masterminds behind the gas-fueled helicopter concept. In the early 1990s. as the price of LAF is several times lower than that of aviation kerosene. Russian aviation and oil&gas scientists suggested using a more environmental and cheap aviation liquefied propane and butane fuel ALF (Aviation Liquefied Fuel. said at a round table meeting during the HeliRussia exhibition in May 2009: “Modification of Mi-8 helicopter as well as its engines is rather simple and can be managed at any repair base within two or three weeks. A few years later. “The Airbus A380 was the first commercial aircraft to fly with Shell synthetic jet fuel processed from gas…” «The U. while its production cost is far less than that of aviation kerosene and comparable to the production cost of propane motor fuel. The helicopter crew tried all the usual flight modes. Those interested are welcome Vyacheslav Zaitsev. while the other power unit was running on traditional fuel.000 a year per aircraft. This helicopter had both engines capable of running on either aviation kerosene or ALF. the first flights of aircraft fueled with alternative fuel.

as well as in the southern Tyumen Region. Confined to compliments 44 . “If they gradually converted aircraft and ground vehicles to ALF и LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) in these areas. which is comparable with the amount of kerosene consumed by all of the country’s civil aircraft. On kerosene-fueled aircraft. who led the ALF-fueled gas turbine development. however. No law. Mi-38 and others. as they have no connection to the atmosphere. An increase in helicopter and airplane operation through the introduction of ALF would facilitate regional industry and employment growth as well. APG is still being flared. They say. Mr. 3. in case of leakage. vapors to form a concentration measurable for gasometry instruments. nobody tried to promote this program or take up the innovation technology. hoping that ALF could be used to fuel other helicopter models. Weird. Last year. as well as small-scale thermal power generation units and household systems. Only a few Russian oil companies recycle associated gas. That helicopter is grounded now. Anatoly Belov. the annual APG waste totals between 20 and 50 billion cubic meters. This looks really strange. and. oil producers don’t care about recycling. (the project was initially started for these helicopters). Sergei Postoev of State Civil Aviation Research Institute says: “We are trying to revive this technology. however. kerosene-filled tanks are more explosion-dangerous. and Chief Designer Pyotr Izotov of the Klimov Plant. a gas-fueled helicopter displayed at the MAKS air show drew attention of Russian aviation authorities. using it to heat buildings and fuel specialized machinery. there would emerge an efficient hydrocarbon gas market”. but the propane-butane aviation research and gas-fueled helicopter tests disappeared from the federal program without a trace. high safety of ALF. no equipment. The cheaper gas fuel could make air transportation more affordable. will wear out. giving three examples: “1. perform flight tests etc. Gas is different. Vladimir Andreev. Back in 1995. Baikov added.” Alexei Baikov of Baranov Central Institute of Aviation Motors says. no infrastructure. which could improve the weight characteristics of aircraft. the last of the Mi-8Ts.Helicopters Soon. “ALF exceeds kerosene by performance. like they do in Nefteyugansk. including the Mi-8MTV. as we are losing people who have been burning with this idea. passed away”. while a gas leak leaves the crew a better escape probability”. confined themselves to compliments and appreciation only. According to various sources. According to various sources. says this goal is feasible. polluting the atmosphere. while transportation would raise the gas price by many times. which means Russia flares over 6 million tons of hydrocarbons. ageing along with its developers. Gas tanks don’t explode. A cubic meter of associated gas contains between 15 and 300 grams of easy-to-condensate hydrocarbons. For many years. but requires significant investments. 2. the latter. we are able to determine a fuel leak only after the plane catches fire. the developer of the Tupolev Tu-155. Mi-171. compose new manuals for Mil helicopters. no order Meanwhile. revive regional aviation and boost cargo and passenger traffic in hard-to-reach areas. severe consequences can seldom be avoided. the annual APG waste totals between 20 and 50 billion cubic meters. but there’s little time left. which makes ALF very promising for advanced aviation”. as well as regional aircraft like the Ilyushin Il-114 or the “immortal” Antonov An-2. dozens of millions of rubles. as aviation gas fuel technology was included in the federal target program for the development of Russian civil aviation for 2002 through 2010 and until 2015. In other words. and go on with associated gas flaring. If kerosene flows out of the tank and catches fire. there’s no demand. as it has a higher combustion value than the latter. Engineers and scientists don’t give up. In YamaloNentsk and Khanty-Mansiisk autonomous areas. “The ALF can be a far better coolant for the aircraft engines than the traditional fuel. to tweak the TV3-117 gas turbine. Chief Designer of Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant.

It appears that no government agency can cope with oil companies alone. this time the goal set for 2012. Up to now. head of Russian Transportation Ministry’s department for government policy on civil aviation. Producers and consumers of ALF и LHCG (liquefied hydrocarbon gases) could get significant benefits!” he adds. vice president of Gas Fuel Consumers Union (SPGT). Propane-butane is produced through oil processing. head of Russian Natural Resources Ministry’s department for government policy and geological and mineral resource regulation. Sure. We need to develop gas fuel technology and nanotechnology. “The integrated effect from the procession of this amount of gas could make up over 350 billion rubles per year. This year.Helicopters Vyacheslav Zaitsev says. There are plenty of ideas. “This would also facilitate the resolving of another important issue. the Energy Ministry and The Ministry of Justice were to cooperate with federal executive authorities to resume the development of measures to enhance the efficiency of APG use. however. says Alexei Ablazov. citing the April summit. If this kind of restrictions is introduced. the APG reserves alone exceed 2 trillion cubic meters. “The oil reserves will last for only 50 to 100 years”. according to a governmental directive. this is lost benefit!” Gazprom experts lament: “We could have made lots of useful things from the currently wasted gas. According to the Natural Resources Ministry. “It’s time we stopped thinking Russia is an “oil power”. the price for motor petrol went down by just a few per cent. Russian Natural Resources Ministry submitted a draft action plan to enhance the efficiency of associated petroleum gas disposal. this requires huge investments in research. Draft laws on alternative fuels usage and on associated gas. gas condensate stabilization or coal oil extraction. ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 45 . Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. including aviation. the current raw material reserves suitable for ALF production are encouraging. alternative fuels will continue to exist despite any trouble. construction of gas-filling stations. We don’t have to wait until oil is out. to alternative fuels. will require strong political will”. And nobody knows the health damage done to people by gas flaring”. They actually prevented it from falling”. however. Besides. with affordability and benefit coming secondary. haven’t been passed so far. cutting transportation costs sharply. setting a 95% APG utilization goal for 2011 and suggesting introduction of progressive scale payments for excessive APG emission starting from that year. Nevertheless. “So far there are oil reserves. he added. the utilization of associated gas. The government should have amended its 2003 executive order on payments for atmospheric pollution. introducing preferences for both developers of new materials and producers of alternative fuel”. he adds. where G20 leaders received a strict message from the International Commission on Climate and Energy Security stating that a shift to an environmentally friendly economy belongs to the most important steps of the anti-crisis strategy. Despite the oil prices plunging by several times. “Converting transport. “Russia needs to introduce a law on alternative fuel. “Such mess happens due to lack of appropriate legal framework”. batch production of engines and equipment for a variety of fuels”. whilst on a visit to Kirishy. According to Sergei Fyodorov. Both drafts have been in the State Duma since 2000. geochemical gas and oil field detection director at Pangea Inc. nothing has been done about this issue. almost all industry’s experts say. natural gas. According to the plan. contains a significant number of propane-butane admixtures. fuel consumers will have to put environmental friendliness first. Clearly. especially combination gas. Hardly any one of them would wish to lose his incomes. all the discoveries and developments would remain ink on paper. Meanwhile. Moscow mayor Yuriy Luzhkov said at the first international conference “Alternative energy sources for big cities” back in 2005. they won’t let alternative fuels out. L et there be gas! “The problem is that petroleum-associated agents keep lobbying their interests. infrastructure development.” says Vladimir Sosnitsky of SPTK. and deputies haven’t gone back to them since 2006. A I R F L E E T reiterated that the government is determined to reach 95% APG disposal. companies incapable of recycling the required percentage of associated gas would have to pay off huge fines. and only then rush to find new types of fuel. In 2007. but experts say without government support. says Grigory Koryukin. say Russian Oil and Gas Producers Union president Gennady Shmal and Vladimir Sosnovsky.

maintainability. low specific fuel consumption. Motor Sich JSC 46 . cargo and military cargo aircraft cover turboprops and turbopropfans of 400 to 14000 shp. The activities to develop a number of high power engines (from 850 h. as well as by-pass engines of 1500 to 23400 kgf. It meets ICAO requirements for emission and provides a noise level lower than that required. design. The initial period of the Motor Sich JSC history is closely related to the French aircraft companies that founded Snecma company in the postwar years. high effectiveness of control system and troubleshooting. Also. the engine in question is not inferior to its foreign competitor products still under development. p. Boguslayev Chalrman of the Board of Directors. Motor Sich JSC follows the policy of partnership and mutually beneficial cooperation. This engine is a modification of D-436T1 engine. In terms of its performances.and rotary-wing aircraft manufacturers. and low operation costs as well. p. D-436-148 engine for An-148 family passenger aircraft should be highlighted. Now.Engines MOTOR SICH AT LE BOURGET Zaporozhye based Motor Sich JSC. Quality and reliability of the companymade products are confirmed with their successful operation in more than 120 counties all over the world. Now the list of our engines commercialized and those under development for passenger. in 14K engine to 2000 h. and manufacture to in-service support and overhaul. Therefore. in M-90 engine) on the basis of 14K engine have contributed to formation of company design team known currently as SE Ivchenko-Progress. Motor Sich JSC has developed AI-450-MS two-shaft auxiliary gas turbine engine for various An-148 modifications and other passenger and cargo aircraft Vyachaslav A. the company produces and commercializes aero engines of various types and purposes for aircraft made by famous fixed. now we participate in the most globally prestigious Paris Air Show. it was the licensed manufacture of HispanoSuisse 8FB (M-6) engine followed by acquisition of the license from GnômeRone company to produce Bristol Jupiter VI (M-22) engine and Mistral Major 14K (M-85). quality and reliability of the company-made products are confirmed with their successful operation in more than 120 counties all over the world The main advantages of Motor Sich made engines are high reliability. low engine weight to thrust/power ratio. is one of the largest manufacturing outfits that perform the whole cycle of the advanced aero engine development from marketing studies. environment friendliness. which in 2007 celebrated its centenary. with their total over 60 models and modifications of advanced and reliable engines. The company has gained respect and prestige among its customers over the 100 years of its activity and now it collaborates successfully with leading companies from both CIS countries and countries world over.

With regard to cost/quality ratio. In this respect. Aircraft performance characteristics are greatly determined by aircraft engine performances. and the pattern of air bleed from the compressor that provides aboard consumer needs. it is superior to all the competitor products. Excellent aircraft performance characteristics. keeping up flight competence of acting military aviation personnel to apply airborne weaponry. DV-2 engine was developed for Czech L-59 combat trainer and lately it was commercially manufactured in Slovakia.200 kilometers. this company supplied piston engines for Po-2. that includes Motor Sich JSC and SE IvchenkoProgress state-owned design agency has focused primarily on designing and developing aero engines for trainers and combat trainers. Ivchenko Scientific Production Association Corp. Now work is under way to develop cargo and military cargo aircraft on An-148 platform. A. Now. UT-2. which are able to carry a 20-tone cargo at a distance of up to 2. The growing military aviation role sets higher requirements to training new pilots. A I R F L E E T ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 47 . and RD-45. AI-25TL/TLK jet engines for MiG15UTI.000 km or a 15-tone cargo at a distance of up to 3. YAK-18 and other aircraft. high unit performance indexes. as well as low run costs.000 trainers and combat trainers powered by Motor Sich- An-148 powered by D-436 family propulsion engines. the engine in question is not inferior to its foreign competitor products still under development. Various An-148-100 aircraft modifications can carry up to 80 passengers. trainers and combat trainers are of a crucial importance in the Air Force on all the five continents. the possibility to operate it on the substandard quality airfields due to a high engine location over the runway. SH-2. L-39. and K-8J aircraft further on. The engine is intended to start propulsion engines as well as to apply compressed air and power supply to aboard systems with propulsion engines inoperative.200 km. From 1927 to 1953. For 80 years.Engines life cycle cost allow us to hope that the aircraft in question will draw customers’ attention. UT-1. more than 3. with high comfort level and the distance range of 2000 to 5. and a low D-436 In terms of its performances. High efficiency of using AI-450-MS two-shaft auxiliary gas turbine engine is achieved due to low specific fuel consumption sequent of high thermodynamic cycle parameters.

Its takeoff power depends on the helicopter type and can be adjusted between 2000 and 2500 shp by the automatic control system that can keep the takeoff power specified AI-222-25 High AI-222-25 engine performances along with perfect YAK-130 aerodynamics ensure maneuvering aircraft capabilities corresponding to those of the 4th and 5th generation fighters 48 . with expenditures low and terms short. work is to be finalized to extend its first run life and TBO up to 4000 hours/cycles and projected life up to 12000 hours/cycles. When overhauling at Motor Sich JSC. this company has launched the production of AI-222-25 engine with the maximum thrust of 2500 kgf for YAK-130 combat trainer that in the upcoming future will be supplied to pilot training centers in Russia and Algeria. To keep this tradition. as well as its mount dimensions to be connected to the helicopter structures. Yak-130 made gas turbine engines are operated in 39 countries.5-minute power setting whose power is 2800 shp. The engine is intended as a substitute for previous TV3-117 family engines. we hope that military experts of other countries will chose YAK-130 aircraft powered by AI-222-25 engines as the best trainer solutions for their Air Forces to provide better pilot training that allows the pilots to acquire piloting skills to the full extent and keep them up. ТVЗ-117VМА-SBМ1V engine life indexes are enlarged: its first run life is 3000 hours/cycles and its projected life is 9000 hours/cycles. Nowadays.Engines up to higher environment temperatures. The engines provide the maximum thrust between 2200 and 3000 kgf and up to 5. Moreover. Motor Sich JSC was granted the Certificate of Type for a new ТVЗ-117VМА-SBМ1V helicopter engine developed by the company designers. In case of one engine failure. It allows us to re-engine Mi and Ka helicopters without reworking helicopter airframes and systems. Re-engining makes it possible to improve substantially helicopter performances when operating them at higher altitudes and temperatures. We hope the air display at Paris Air Show will demonstrate clearly that high AI-222-25 engine performances along with perfect YAK-130 aerodynamics ensure maneuvering aircraft capabilities corresponding to those of the 4th and 5th generation fighters. with its power in 30-minute power setting equal to takeoff power. we are currently cooperating with SE Ivchenko-Progress in developing AI-222 family engines. previously manufactured TV3-117 family engines can be upgraded to the ТVЗ-117VМА-SBМ1V standards. ТVЗ-117VМА-SBМ1V engine weight and dimensions are equal to those of engines installed on Mi and Ka helicopters. In 2007.000 kgf provided the afterburner is installed. a second one will start operating in 2. Now. So the takeoff power of 2200 shp is kept up to the temperature of +44°C. The engine also can be restarted and fly at higher altitudes (between 6000 and 9000 m) than its precursors.

Our main goal is to manufacture durable. Ukraine Tel. a second one will start operating in 2. and we can offer a wide range of brand-new products for cutting-edge promising engines for fixedand rotary-wing aircraft. The company keeps in touch with its regional representative offices that operate all over the world on a permanent basis. which was confirmed with the Certificate by Bureau Veritas.5-minute power setting whose power is 2800 shp.Engines High performance products offered by Motor Sich JSC to the global market are manufactured on a certified production basis. The company Quality System meets the requirements of ISO 9001:2000 international standards. Motor Sich JSC has accumulated a wealth of experience in providing engine support over its whole operation life. Motor Sich JSC 15. Motorostroiteley Avenue.com A I R F L E E T ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 49 . We are keen to cement the exiting positive image of Motor Sich JSC as a wellestablished and dependable partner. We also have accumulated wide experience in working with foreign customers both from CIS countries and countries word over. The manufacture of new state-of-the-art engines and overhaul of previously manufactured ones have been certified by the Aviation Register of Interstate Aviation Committee (AR IAC) and Aviation Administration of Ukraine. with its power in 30-minute power setting equal to takeoff power. Mi-24 ТVЗ-117VМА-SBМ1V In case of one engine failure.motorsich. reliable.: +38 (061) 720-48-14 Fax: +38 (061) 720-50-05 E-mail: eo. Zaporozhye 69068.com www. and user-friendly products that meet fully customers’ requirements.vtf@motorsich.

In April. The Russian MiG-35. some mass media reported that Rafale refused to participate. but then it was denied and now the French fighter seems to take part in the tender. The contract is estimated at $11-12 billion.World Industries $12-BILLION PRIZE All leading world aircraft makers producing advanced combat planes consider the tender for delivering 126 fighters to the Indian Air Force under the MMRCA (Medium Multirole Combat Aircraft) programme the most important and the largest of all present-day tenders. European Eurofighter Typhoon and Swedish SAAB Gripen are going to compete for this prize. 50 . US Lockheed-Martin F-16 and Boeing F/A-18. French Dassault Rafale.

too. Indian Air Force pilots will carry out tests in two stages. At the press briefing devoted to the MiG-35 at Aero India 2009.5 by 2017 and to 42 by 2020.8 times less number of aircraft. Of course. too.5 billion. Another 56 aircraft will be upgraded at the Indian 11th aircraft maintenance base. amount of technologies transferred. About 100 aircraft have already been put into service. Mr. After flight tests. India will take into account the cost and financing structures. the MMRCA project (126 aircraft) costs 41% more than the Su-30MKI one (230 aircraft) given the 1. the 45-year military-technical cooperation between our countries raises МiG-35 Most market analysts think there are no evident winners. It reported that India has 69 MiG-29s and all of them should be modernized already by 2011. But no doubt that Su-30MKI fighters are the beauty and pride of the Indian Air Force. The contract for upgrading 51 Dassault Mirage 2000 may be signed soon.Barkovskiy said that “India has now 62 MiG-29 fighters in total”. noted the chief of RSK MiG Engineering Center. they will estimate their flight performance and applicability for the Indian climate and terrain including high-level airdromes. By the way. India’s Air Force is going to raise the number of its combat squadrons from the current 32-33 (each having 14-18 aircraft) to 39. Speaking at the Aero India show. RSK MiG Engineering Center Chief Vladimir Barkovskiy said the company had started fulfilling the modernization contract ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 51 . Six Indian MiGs (four MiG-29s single-seat fighters and two MiG-29UB two-seat combat trainers) have already arrived in Moscow. A I R F L E E T however. offset programme for compensation deliveries. To this end. Foreign policy trends will be important. Well-known Indian newspaper The Times of India announced some other information in its local Bangalore edition on February 13. while India totally ordered 230 Su-30MKIs. “We have visited this enterprise and concluded that Indian specialists would cope with this task”. India is going to bolt out three or four outsiders. Indian Air Force Chief of Staff (this post corresponds to Commanderin-Chief in Russia) Chief Air Marshal Fali Homi said that fighters deliveries would start in 2013 if everything was al right. The military-technical cooperation between Russia (the Soviet Union) and India started as early as 1963 from the contract of the then-advanced MiG-21 fighter. which should account for at least 50% of the contract price and local production options. The winner will be chosen after comparative tests of all participating fighters that should start in April-May. each participant should present two aircraft – a single. 108 of 126 fighters should be assembled and manufactured at a growing rate at Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) enterprises in India. firstly relating to the MiG-29. These plans also envisage important modernization programmes. It was initially planned that the Indian Air Force will get MMRCA aircraft in 2012. The second stage scheduled for this autumn will probably take place at test bases of manufacturing countries – the Indians will compare characteristics of on-board equipment and armament.and double-seat one. The contracts for their deliveries and license production totally cost about $8. The choice from the resulting short list of 2-3 fighters will be made considering many factors.World Industries worth about $1 billion. At the first stage.

The 520-kg missile has a warhead weighing 250 kg. two US companies – Boeing and LockheedMartin – are participating in the tender and the US is not afraid of the so-called internal competition. the expected consolidation of RSK MiG and Sukhoi companies that has already started when Mikhail Pogosyan became their sole chief will not only make Russia the monopoly supplier of combat aircraft to India if it chooses the MiG-35 but will leave no choice even among manufacturers. The fighter will get RVV-MD and RVVSD advanced short. As it was already told.World Industries the chances of the MiG-35 in the tender. The Kh-59MK2 and Kh-58 are developed by Tactical Missiles Corporation. The missile works by the fire-and-forget principle. too. which Rosoboronexport is actively trying to get rid of.and medium-range missiles that outperform the well-known RVV-AE and R-73. which is traditionally underestimated by Russia. which is a consistent and firm position. In no doubt that Su-30MKI fighters are the beauty and pride of the Indian Air Force these conditions. By the way. The MiG-35 can be also armed with the Kh-38 modular missile that has modifications with laser. The Vayu Show Daily issued at Bangalore’s show reported that the MiG-35’s armament includes Kh-59MK2 air-to-surface missiles with a range of up to 285 km and 300-kg penetrating or cluster warhead. The Zhuk-AE AFAR radar designed by Fazotron-NIIR and new missile equipment may play the decisive role. active radar and IR homing devices as well as satellite navigation system. The MiG35’s air-to-air missiles will be renewed. But India has some reasons not to choose the MiG-35. It is the PR support of our contract . The main one is that it does not want to put all the eggs in one basket buying foreign military equipment. optical and IR signature. too. has terrain recognition and correlation guidance capability and can engage targets lacking radar. AFAR and PR SAAB 52 GRIPEN But there is another side of the problem. the Su-30MKI is the main aircraft of the Indian Air Force.

Lockheed-Martin offers India a special modification dubbed F-16IN Super Viper. too. How could we surpass the invasion of Falcons that turned to Super Vipers in Bangalore? Indeed. differs from the UAE’s F16E/F chiefly by the name. which was the first to get MiG-29s. which is a consistent and firm position Fali Homi Major ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 53 . The LOCKHEED MARTIN bid. but it raises the respects for the fighter and its aggressiveness by the Indians who have a special attitude to poisonous snakes. while the US sent there as many as five F-16s. To tell the truth. By the way. who was the chief of the Indian Air Force 28th Squadron. too! In Russian. it is expensive but it is a trifle against $12 billion to be received by the winner. They included two F-16E/F Block 60s of the UAE Air Force and three F-16C/D Block 50s of the US Air Force. During the 45-min flight. Russia gave as good as it got. Indian newspapers and even Russian and international mass media using Lockheed-Martin’s press releases to tell about this advertisement flight forgot that the first India’s Olympic gold was won by its field hockey team at Moscow 1980 Olympics. Index IN also proves that the model was created specially for the client. he even had hold of the A I R F L E E T F-16 India does not want to put all the eggs in one basket buying foreign military equipment. Why not send them to India to show their skills over the Yelahanka air base? Of course.World Industries control stick. which. A day before Bindra’s flight. At first it seemed to send two fighters but did not manage to prepare the second one. But there is a special sense in the name. however. Another PR solution of Lockheed-Martin was the demonstration flight of India’s-first individual Olympic champion Abkhinava Bindra in F-16’s dual cockpit. With that. we have an excellent Strizhi pilot team with six MiG-29s. Russia sent only one MiG-35 to the Aero India show held in February this year. Sweden was the first to use this designation offering their Gripen IN. The popularity of the 26-year air rifle shooter can be compared with that of Yuriy Gagarin in the Soviet Union in the 1960’s. RSK MiG’s test pilot Mikhail Belyayev piloted the MiG-35 with retired Air Marshal Kharish Masand. Super Viper does not sound very good.

which can be called the dream of the Indian Air Force meeting all their requirements. The Swedes did not agree with it and signed a contract for tranceivers with French company Thales. They are trying to convince Indian Air Force authorities that their fighter’s Captor mechanical scanning radar is better than expensive and not well-proven AFAR ones. Sweden would have to ask the US permission for every export contract. Sweden turned to Edinburgh-based company SELEX S&AS UK. The French Rafale can be equipped by a new Thales-made AFAR radar. But the most important thing is that the Gripen became the main Rafale’s rival not only in India. AFAR equipment plays an important role in the MMRCA. Sweden also has an AFAR radar on their newgeneration Gripen NG. but in Brazil. These very radars are offered to India. France told Sweden that it would deliver tranceivers only for the test model but not for series ones. too. this is a division of Italian holding FINMECCANICA. To confirm the pretty 30-year Indian journalist Suman Sharma was the first Indian citizen to fly on the MiG-35 54 . But unfortunately. By this step. then – GECMarconi. So. too. But then the Swedes were disappointed. but the US surpassed us by the attention in Indian mass media due to a better choice of a passenger. Dassault bought a large block of Thales stock thus getting a possibility to influence its decisions. this Scottish company was called Ferranti. Swedish designers had only two possible transceiver suppliers left – Scotland and Russia. The agreement of Northrop Grumman with two Indian companies Bharat Electronics and Dynamatic Technologies for manufacturing in Bangalore components for US APG-68(V)-9 radars installed on F-16s was not accidental. Fazotron has chosen the same method of combination with tried-and-true blocks. To test the technology.World Industries 62-year Masand highly appreciated the MiG-35’s flight performance. At first. Though these radars have mechanical scanning and the F-16IN employs the APG-80 AFAR radar of the same producer. Indeed. By the way. after that – BAE Systems and now. After getting a denial by Russia. Later on. Thus. which won tenders for equipping the US Coast Guard HC-130 patrol aircraft and US Customs and Border Service Cessna Citation. the pretty 30-year Indian journalist Suman Sharma was the first Indian citizen to fly on both the MiG-35 and F-16. in the era of total globalization. SELEX has the Vixen AFAR radar. In the author’s opinion repeatedly expressed in his articles for a number of years (he is an expert in the Swedish aircraft and electronics industries) the Russian-Swedish cooperation in this field would have been fully mutually-beneficial. It turned out that the US did not want to sell tranceivers for series production offering the radar only in block. the score of demonstration flights is 2 to 2. And what about Eurofighter Typhoon? This company has a unique position relating to the AFAR radar. “One can only imagine what younger Indian pilots can do on this aircraft!” Interestingly. Sweden bought US-made tranceivers and combined them with well-reputed blocks of their own PS05/A radar. The US installs Northrop Grumman APG-80 AFAR radars on F-16E/F fighters of the UAE Air Force and Raytheon APG-79 one – on F/A-18E/F Block 2 fighters of the US Naval Air Force. one can say that well begun is half done. But this had happened before Thales and Dassault received a state order for the development and production of AFAR radar for French Rafale fighters. The Indian Air Force stress they want to have this breakthrough technology on delivered fighters very much. the US proved that it is ready to cooperate with Indian electronics industry. So. the Gripen has achieved everything and even more that India has been fruitlessly trying to do for about twenty years developing their own LCA Tejas fighter. Sweden does not produce its own tranceivers – the basis of AFAR.

000 – by the Royal Air Force. Notably. too. three Typhoons and chiefs of staff of the German. so the cooperation with Indian ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 55 . the Russian MiG-35 did not receive such a support from the Russian Air Force. the modification of the Russian RD-33 engine can also power Tejas and the latter can be unified with MiG-29K and MiG-35 aircraft. Considering the changed requirements for the engine. Rosoboronexport. By the way. UK. Europeans noted that 167 Typhoons have already been built and there are firm orders for 707 aircraft. It is the Kaveri that should make this aircraft a multifunctional fighter able to engage ground and aerial targets. Previously we had only ‘sellercustomer’ relations. India is interested not only to maintain but to strengthen this interaction as well. which will load production lines up to 2020. too. compensating for the lack of an AFAR radar. Irkut Research and LCA fighters to its Armed Forces. Russia said it was ready to participate in the Kaveri programme or upgrade it to the level of an advanced Russian aircraft engine.000 by the German Luftwaffe and 25.World Industries this position. the Indian-Russian cooperation remains long-term and mutuallybeneficial. The European consortium offered to help India in testing and finishing the long-suffering Tejas including the installation of Typhoon’s Eurojet EJ200 powerplant on the next Tejas Mk2 version. By the way. The AERO INDIA 2009 airspace show proved that Moscow and Deli have strategic relations in the military-technical sphere. Italian and Spanish air forces arrived in India. but they are probably represented by poor African states still armed with MiG-21s and F-5s.000 flight hours – 10. but now our countries are actively cooperating in the field of joint developments and production. perhaps. This was repeatedly stressed by Indian Defense Minister Arakkaparambil Kurian Entoni. Еuropeans are trying to convince Indian Air Force authorities that their fighter’s Captor mechanical scanning radar is better than expensive and not well-proven AFAR ones on the both types of aircraft in service. It is not clear which markets are meant. orders for the F-16 will soon end. The fleet of Typhoons has already amassed 57. They also say that the newer Tejas with European engines could be exported to third countries jointly with the Typhoon as light and medium fighters with the same engine. who said “Our joint projects on BraMos missiles. As for finishing the Kaveri that has already been developed for 20 years. the Tejas LCA can be used as a deck-based fighter. Powered by this engine. 5th-generation combat aircraft and multifunctional transport aircraft have became the forerunners of new heights to be achieved by our countries in the military-technical sphere. the hero of Pavel Luspekayev in a wonderful movie “The white sun of the desert” said “It will hardly happen…” But “East is a complicated matter” (a quotation from the same film). India is attracted by the reduction of operational costs by unifying engines EUROFIGHTER TYPHOON engine manufacturers may raise the MiG35’s chances. while any country wants to have an aircraft still being manufactured in series.” Rosoboronexport considers that at this new stage.” India plans to deliver at least 150 A I R F L E E T Many-sided cooperation The cooperation between Russia and India is developing in many directions. Rosoboronexport’s press release says “The development of the Kaveri national aircraft engine for the LCA Tejas light combat aircraft is the main task for India. The main advantage of the EU bid is.

At present. the Russian-Indian 5th-generation fighter is to make its first flight in 2015 and probably even sooner. So. Indian mass media repeatedly asked when the prototype of the Russian 5th-generation fighter (PAK FA) will make its maiden flight. Russian military sources say Russia is going to acquire at least 100 aircraft by 2025. Speaking about the results of the show. The Su-35 left this Air Force tender last year as it was out of the final short list. particularly the 5th-generation fighter. Ilyushin Aircraft Corporation and Indian corporation HAL are jointly developing the MTA RussianIndian medium-range transport aircraft initially positioned as a dual-purpose aircraft. IR. Rosoboronexport is actively helping to organize manufacturing the pilot batch of AL-55Is. Russia and India signed the respective protocol in Moscow on October 16 last year. The next stage allows for the AL-55I’s certification tests on Indian HJT-36 aircraft.” Alexander Velovich Production Enterprise. useful negotiations and meeting. According to Indian Air Marshall Fali Homi Major. Chief of Rosoboronexport delegation. long range and high anti-air defense capability. The acceptance tests of the new AL-55I engine made by Russia for the HJT-36 Indian combat trainer on order of the HAL corporation have begun following engine testing on the Russian flying platform. Deputy General Director Viktor Komardin said “We are fully satisfied with the results of AERO INDIA 2009. It should both meet requirements of the military and have commercial prospects. In Bangalore. This project is being realized according to the intergovernmental agreement on the joint development and production of the 5th-generation fighter signed in October 2007 in Moscow at the 7th meeting of the Russian-Indian Intergovernmental Commission on Military-Technical Cooperation. Brazil will surely include the Su-35 into their tender. India and Brazil start cooperating both on the MTA and PAK FA. we have conducted a number of serious marketing events. If Russia. The C390 project is supported by the Brazilian Defense Ministry. laser and radar sensors. It will be equipped with advanced communications systems as well as multifunctional intelligence information accumulation equipment with optical. their certification and license production in India. Notably. Russia and Brazil have signed a memorandum on military-technical cooperation about a year ago. In Delhi and Bangalore. which is quite enough for the project’s financial feasibility.World Industries cutting-edge solutions including stealth technology. Brazil has directly told that it wanted to unite efforts on the transport aircraft programme. Brazilian company Embraer is planning to create almost the same aircraft. The fighter will combine extra maneuverability and supersonic speed. This project is carried out on technical and financial risks sharing conditions. But nothing has been heard about this project so far. The author of this article feels sorry for this unwillingness. Sukhoi and RSK MiG General Director Mikhail Pogosyan answered that this will happen within a year. But Russia and India seem to be unwilling to join efforts with Brazil. besides Embraer aircraft will be based on a successful E190 passenger liner. The MTA project allowed accumulating a rich experience of implementing joint international projects that will be further used to create combat aircraft. The advanced aircraft will employ a completely new platform with 56 . Notably. in which Russia said it was ready to talk with Brazil on the 5th-generation fighter. We think the Indian airspace forum is much more important than European ones and we are going to do our best to raise the prestige of the AERO INDIA show. India has already confirmed its plans to buy 45 aircraft with an option for the same number. The new aircraft is to replace obsolete Indian Air Force C-130 and An-12 aircraft. which proved its main flight characteristics.

World Industries A I R F L E E T ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 57 .

The LAAD-2009 (Latin America Aero & Defence) exhibition of aviation and defense systems in Rio-de-Janeiro acquires ever-increasing importance for the Russian industrial production sector. The nine enterprises of the Roscosmos group. The most notable thing there was an energetic promotion of the GLONASS Russian satellite navigational for the first time the Sukhoi and MiG being the core division of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC). Moreover. united under the auspices of the International Association of Space Activity Members. A modernization program. the Russian plane makers and politicians are still trying to swing into the train that has already started going. too. The organizing party of the Russian exposition in the LAAD-2009 was the ‘Rostekhnologii’ (Russian Technologies) state-owned corporation. Under its guidance. Just a few months ago the Russian helicopter makers and the Rosoboronexport state-run company celebrated a very important victory in a tender for the delivery of 12 combat helicopters to the Brazilian Air Force. It is for the first time that the Sukhoi company and MiG Russian Aircraft Construction Corporation. 10 companies and organizations of Russian defense industry presented information on their products at an area of 206 square meters. Fairly good prospects of promotion in the Latin America are attributed to other models as well. produced by the Rostvertol (Rostov helicopter plant) will start being delivered to the customer in 2011. Russian fighters are successfully operated in Venezuela (a full squadron of Su-30MK2) and in Peru (MiG-29). however. were represented in a respectable showcase covering an area of 180 square meters. being the core of the future ‘Combat Aviation’ division of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC). The Mi-35M vehicles. so the other countries of the region have their eyes on our air materiel. The Helicopters of Russia Company presented all the plants that it includes and its full lineup for the first time. India and China. had a joint showcase in the international exhibition. and the LAAD exhibition was to play an important role for that. Russia. both military and civil.World Industries BRICKS OF COOPERATION There is a consensus of opinion between experts of world economic development that the countries that will boost global economy in the 21st century are Brazil. the Su-35 super-maneuverable fighters had to withdraw from the FX-2 program tender on the delivery of new aircraft to the Brazilian Air Force as early as in last October. is offered by the MiG makers for Peruvian MiGs. also presented at the LAAD. Officially. had a joint showcase in the international exhibition 58 .

According to Yuri Baluyevskiy. said Baluyevskiy. which help considerably reduce expenditures for the training of military personnel”. South African Republic. Viewed as a separate aspect of development of the military technical cooperation. The presentation of the video commercial on the Be-200 amphibious aircraft capabilities gathered a considerable number of viewers every time. Turkey. In order to insure the consolidated participation of the Russian Federation in the exhibition work. radars. OJSC. and Russia has something to show against such a background”. which is quite a regretful fact indeed. it is good. the deputy secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation. Brazilians were invited to join the program of development of the fifth generation fighter. The Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Air Force three-star general Alexander Zelin was expected to arrive. it is boosting the progress. France. That was by far not a solitary case when the Russian Ministry of Defense and the General Command were not able to coordinate their attendance at international exhibitions and support the efforts of the Rosoboronexport and FSMTC promoting Russian-made armament at world markets. helicopters. Israel. The State Space Research and Production Center named after Khrunichev attracted the attention of specialists by models of the advanced family of ‘Angara’ carrier rockets. The statement issued by the Rosoboronexport’s press-service at the exhibition. headed by ministers of defense. A I R F L E E T ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 59 . armored vehicles. 20 countries formed their national expositions (the largest of them being those of Brazil. neither he nor anyone of his deputies ever came. the LAAD-2009 exhibition provided one more chance to show the innovative Russian developments to the region. “When competition is there. within the framework of which Russia had already started collaborating with India. It was for the first time in Brazil that the Russian Ministry of Emergencies demonstrated its potential. Though such a promotion is the habitual practice of all the producer countries. and Germany). According to him. The LAAD-2009 hosted official delegations from more than 50 countries. As well as technical teaching aids. air defense systems. The Information Satellite Systems. The exhibition as a whole occupied an area of 30 thousand square meters and accommodated more than 314 exhibitors from 30 states. Russia. “the possibilities of starting the licensed or assembly production in a number of countries are being actively discussed”. however. ships. The exhibition organizers covered the transport and hotel accommodation expenditures for all the official military delegations. The region has been and will continue to be our partner in the field of military and technical cooperation”. which becomes one of centers of the multi-pole world. During the press-conference of Russian participants in the exhibition the head of the delegation Alexander Fomin underscored the following: “The Latin America is our essential partner not only within the framework of the general economic cooperation. named after Academician Reshetnev. commanders-in-chief of armed services.World Industries system by specialists of the Russian Scientific Research Institute for the Space Instrument Making. India. “A great interest on the part of Latin America countries was aroused by a Rosoboronexport’s offer of alternative payment for deliveries of arma- As a bonus annexed to the Russia’s offers. Spain. said: “The Latin America countries took much interest in Russian aircraft. the increasing interest of the world’s leading countries to the market of armament in the Latin America is confirmed by the exhibition entry list. chiefs of the directorates ordering arms deliveries or their deputies. small arms. showed for the first time the fullscale ТСН-О N 2 nanosatellite. the first deputy director of the Service. the Federal Service for the Military and Technical Cooperation (FSMTC) has formed a Russian delegation under the guidance of Alexander Fomin.

the tender list has now the U. he added that at the moment the Russian party was preparing the needed offers. since our offers to the Brazilian party were not sufficiently elaborated. the first deputy director of the Federal Service for the Military and Technical Cooperation of the Russian Federation. He also noted that it is still unclear whether there is a procedure of returning into the tender. we regularly participate in the exhibition in Rio-de-Janeiro and are very glad to have such an opportunity. “Russia will be ready to collaborate with Brazil in the field of design and development of a combat aircraft of fifth generation. shipboard artillery mounts. ammunition to all the weapons presented. machine guns. Mi-171Sh. since Russia had not handed over the relevant offers. destroyer of the 21956 project. the head of delegation of the Rosoboronexport Federal State-owned Unitary Enterprise and chief of department of analysis and long term planning. Sergey Svechnikov. F/A-18Е/F. At the Rosoboronexport’s showcase one could get acquainted with export versions of armament and materiel: Mi-35M. excellent agility and reliable armor. neutral. However. T-90S tank possessing very powerful arms. Brazilians were invited to join the program of development of the fifth generation fighter. as per the tender terms”. various types of world-wide know Kalashnikov assault rifle. army assault and patrol boats. Ka-52 helicopters. According to him. “At present we do not take part in the tender. mobile coastal missile complexes. fire control systems. reports the press-service.” explained 60 . Brazil is our strategic partner. said the first deputy director of the FSMTC. as well as some foreign companies. In order to discuss current and prospective contracts in the field of military and technical cooperation in the course of the LAAD-2009 exhibition. Fomin stated. Metis-M and Cornet-E antitank missile systems. Expanding the scale of military and technical cooperation with Brazil and other countries of Latin America. personnel. Fomin added. frigate of 11356 and 11541 projects. As a bonus annexed to the Russia’s offers. sniper rifles. radars. we’d like to be hopeful that this tender is still not closed for us”. BTR-80A. BTR-90). “The answer of the Brazilian party can be negative. as the defense industry plants are prepared for it”. met high-ranking representatives of the military and political leadership of Brazil and other partner states. 9K58 ‘Smerch’ multiple launch rocket system of 300-mm caliber. within the framework of which Russia had already started collaborating with India. and if our new offers meet the detailed requirements of the tender. and may still be affirmative”. Armored personnel carriers (BTR-80. stated at the pressconference Alexander Fomin. as well as personnel training technical aids were presented to visitors. Vityaz two-section fully-tracked carrier vehicle. issued in October last year. Tor-M2E air defense complex and other air defense means. we fulfill the main mission of progressive development of our relations”.S. F/A-18Е/F. offering our partners the unique products of Russian defense companies on conditions attractive for them. there has not been yet and could not be at all any answer from the Brazilian government. “And if we were lucky enough to have got the positive willing on behalf of the Brazilian party and Brazilian government. “I can bindingly assert that the Russian government will be ready to issue such a license (to Brazil) on condition that the industry should be ready in aspects of technology. Svechnikov said. etc.World Industries ment and materiel by counter deliveries of the nationally exported goods or through allowing quotas for resource development”. flame throwers. GAZ-2330 ‘Tiger’ special police vehicle. French Rafale and Swedish Gripen aircraft Are there still grounds for hope in fx2 tender? The Su-35 multifunctional fighter was not included to the short-list of participants in the Brazil’s tender for the delivery of more than one hundred combat aircraft.S. BMP-3 and BMP-3M combat infantry vehicles. grenade launchers. The list has now the U. French Rafale and Swedish Gripen aircraft.

said Sergey Svechnikov. appears for the Rosoboronexport as a “unique partner. The cooperation issues brought up in Rio-de-Janeiro ranged from deliveries under the contracts in force. Svechnikov. Chili and other countries of the region and the world. our participation in the LAAD exhibition proves very useful”. Columbia. the LAAD exhibition becomes the more and more popular ground. Guatemala. as well as in the field of military and technical cooperation”. He added that those are the transient stages leading to the development of a fifth generation aircraft. and Kiev is known world-wide for its richest experience in the design A I R F L E E T of cargo aircraft with a loading ramp. As for the Brazilians. to the fifth generation. the head of the Rosoboronexport delegation. Till the present day they have been successful in all the tasks they had set for themselves. the medium cargo aircraft topic deserves a special article. who refer the US Air Force F-22 Raptor. In the current year the Russian budget is to allocate 2 billion 156 million rubles for it.World Industries Fomin. specified the deputy director of the FSMTC. which is already in service. The aircraft of 19 ton load-lifting capacity is to replace the veteran An-12. being the organizing party for the exhibition. as well as does Russia. In addition he underscored that the fifth generation aircraft “has not been made by anyone in the full scale for the time being”. to prospects of joint development and licensed production of armament and materiel”. summarized Svechnikov. According to Mr. the Rosoboronexport press-service published the following statement: “From year to year. which is under test now. The Russian Indian program for the Multi-role Transport Aircraft (MTA) on the basis of IL-214 has been in the pre-implementation phase for about eight years. where the dedicated experts share their experience and discuss the prospects of military and technical cooperation. Some have vehicles of 4+. However. This country has an active influence on the military and technical policies formation in the region. It is evident that Alexander Fomin’s opinion as such is different from a fairly concurrent point of view of the majority of international experts. in the course of the LAAD the Embraer had talks on collaboration with the delegation of the Ukrainian ANTK (Aviation Research and Technology Complex) named after Antonov. “The results of work meetings and talks held in Rio-de-Janeiro confirm the trend of strengthening the relationship between the Russian Federation and Latin America countries in general. Uruguay. the good relation with which is very dear to Russia”. and our magazine is going to deal with it in one of the nearest issues. In 2009 members of the Russian delegation took part in more than 50 meetings with high-ranking political and military officials of Brazil. Brazil. they officially celebrated at the LAAD the issuance of the contract of $1 billion dollars by their government for the development of an aircraft of exactly the same type. Commenting the results of the Russian participation in the exhibition in Rio-de-Janeiro. The additional motivator for the Brazilians to return to the consideration of Su-35 purchase option could have been the collaboration of our countries in the development of a new medium transport aircraft. Moreover. Alexander Velovich ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 61 . Nevertheless. the Russian Indian joint venture for the MTA program. 4++ generation. Embraer КС-390. as well as with heads of national delegations from Argentine. And it does not matter that the Brazilians are not experienced in creating such planes. according to the officially unproved information. had not been established by the middle of May 2009. despite repeated affirmations that all the organizational issues are about to be solved. and F-35. therefore.

Number of sales of navigation devices generated annually in the Russian territory is estimated at some one million copies.Space There are two fully fielded satellite navigation systems. federal and domestic clients and the number of projects materialized in the territory of Russia and other countries in the Commonwealth of Independent States. The dog will never get lost. telematic terminal and software for message exchange with a dispatcher. At this time the GPS holds leading positions in the consumer sector of the market. the GPS of the United States and the GLONASS of Russia. Therefore. Koni. GLONASS EQUIPMENT. M2M telematics and its partners on the GLONASS/Global Satellite Navigation System Forum (“GLONASS/GNSS Forum”) Association have plans for increasing their sales up to 500 thousand units yearly. This compact device can be worn by a dog so that its movements will be made known to its owner through information on a display screen. It has generated much interest. further up to a million. judging by numbers of commercial. both systems have steadily been entering into everyday lives of the many ordinary consumers. The territory where the company. we did. ■ Q: Did you exhibit your famous tracking collar in Hannover? ■ A: Yes. Germany. earlier this year M2M telematics began searching for ways to sell its production worldwide. ■ Q: How many end-user devices have you delivered to customers? ■ A: The total number of navigation devices made by M2M telematics accounts for a few dozens of thousands. The general director of the company. called SHTURMANN Link 300 Pro. Therefore. combining functions of personal navigator. The device is intended for transmission of information on location and movement of road vehicles. as well as Kazakhstan. to make our products suitable for sales in foreign countries. CeBIT 2009 visitors demonstrated much interest in the «М2М-BusinessSolution» partnership program. its dealers and official partners work covers 80 regions of the Russian Federation. This device belongs to a new generation. It is the only such equipment produced in numbers by the Russian industry. This collar is Russia’s first portable device with compact and energy saving GLONASS/GPS module. as well as current state of their main onboard systems. But the Russian system still has a chance to catch up and take its own market niche. The place where the meeting took place features a large map of Russia and neighboring countries all marked by dots. A GUARANTEE OF TECHNOLOGICAL SECURITY ■ Q: What are these dots all about? ■ A: They mark cities and regions where the equipment supplied by M2M telematics is in use. It is a solution for setting up an independent business for a company 62 . ■ Q: How are you going to generate sales in the global marketplace? ■ A: During 2008 we made some preparatory work. better. in March. The respective technological platform will serve as base for a number of applications in different areas. Azerbaijan. Chairman of the Russian government Vladimir Putin was one of the people who received this device as a gift. The results of the year 2008 indicate that the company keeps leading positions in the market for transport telematics and navigation. Conceived for military purposes. ■ Q: What else have generated interest of CeBIT visitors? ■ A: One more new product was exhibited in Hannover. The M2M telematics company of Russia is a leading developer and supplier of user-end equipment that uses navigation signals of both systems. . spoke to Air Fleet journalists. Uzbekistan and Belarus. Further increase in sales is not supported by the volume of the Russian market. Aleksandr Gurko. There we exhibited the M2M-Cyber GLX telematic user terminal that uses navigation GLONASS and GPS signals.for his Labrador dog. and. Next step was to present our products at CeBIT 2009 that was held in Hannover. Besides.

using baseline software package “Regional Navigation and Information System of Transport” (М2М.the investment needed is some 200 to 300 million Rubles. no a “second chance”. agriculture and A I R F L E E T ·3·2 0 0 9 ( 7 7 ) 63 . M2M telematics makes use of GSM (GPRS/ SMS) cellular phone equipment.Space this year we forecast stronger sales of equipment using GLONASS technologies construction business. which recommends local authorities and their structures to outfit road vehicles. In addition to navigation systems. in Moscow and Astrakhan regions. six times more than in 2007. It goes without saying that M2M-Cyber GLX telematic user terminal that is a telematic operator specializing in delivery of automated systems for monitoring and control over moving objects. energetic specialists aged 30 years on average. Republic of Northern Osetia – Alania and other territories of Russia. when there is a window of opportunity of some twothree years. ■ Q: Could you please tell us some success stories of your company? ■ A: In 2008 M2M telematics successfully entered new markets. In the end. mostly young. But this investment is needed right now. ■ Q: You said you are targeting global marketplace. . Certain of our employees spent over 160 days last year in trips on errand. in all likelihood. ■ Q: Have you been effected by the global economic downturn? ■ A: Yes. There is a huge interest to our systems on monitoring and control for road vehicles using Glonass from local administrations of administrative units of the Russian Federation. Another positive move was the order of the Russian government issued in August 2008. Equipment supplied by M2M telematics passed tests and rendered compatible to “parameters of Transport Security standards” and suitable for use on TNK-BP sites. How much money is needed to develop such a chipset? ■ A: Development of a modern chipset for the double receivers does not require that much money. we may end up competing head on with the Galileo system of Europe. The government allocates more funding for development of chipsets able to process signals of the two constellations (GPS/ GLONASS). This comes as a reflection of better capability of the Russian satellite navigation system and active steps made by the Russian government in encouraging use of the systems in the Russian economy. Yet we believe the time of crisis is the time when new opportunities get opened for our business. while in dollar terms our turnover remained the same. ■ Q: The issues of chipsets for the double receivers have been discussed for quite a long time.REGION) in the city of Sochi. Such chipsets can provide a base for development of portable units for a wide circle of users. and in delivering a comprehensive set of services to users. Are your employees prepared to communicate with clients in foreign languages? ■ A: Making preparations for global market entry. Krasnoyarsk region. All of the above mentioned systems and projects make use of GLONASS/GPS user equipment. Our company achieved another milestone with materialization of the project “Control system for mobile detachment of Moscow police”. using GLONASS/GPS navigation. ■ Q: Is there any increase in solvent demand for devices using GLONASS? ■ A: This year we forecast stronger sales of equipment using GLONASS technologies. that of oil&gas industry and power generation. we felt the crisis. the opportunity to enter the global market at a right time. ■ Q: How many people are employed by your company? ■ A: M2M telematics has a workforce of 200. Managing so much work became possible through a considerable increase in the number of company workforce and our professional team able to solve complex scientific technical and organizational issues. Our earlier prognosis for twofold increase in sales in January-February 2009 (we used to have that growth rate before) did not materialize. the company carries out intensive training of its employees in English language skills. In particular. Inmarsat and Iridium satellite-based communication systems in its software packages on moving object monitoring. In December 2007 the committee for production at TNK-BP (joint venture between Tyumen Oil Company and British Petroleum) in Russia made decision to introduce onboard monitoring system on road vehicles belonging to TNK-BP and contractors working on company’s sites. We are confident that the local authorities will widen the scope of employment of GLONASS devices in their everyday practice. there will be. High professionalism and dedication of our team has been the key to our success story. There was a 30% ruse by Ruble volumes. the team developed solutions and introduced them into service. Last year our company’s Project Management team completed a total twenty four major projects. If we miss this opportunity. other means and assets with GLONASS or GLONASS/GPS navigation devices.

Foreign manufacturers and service providers demonstrate growing interest in GLONASS and related equipment. Being leading exports in satellite information technologies. the third international forum on satellite navigation held earlier this year became the most important event for the industry. But it is not much of a secret that the worldwide economic crisis has produced negative impact on the European market. our company acts both developer and manufacturer of user equipment packaged with relevant software. Magadan. Germany. This makes possible plans for the export. Ulan-Ude. ■ Q: Please share you assessment of NAVITECH-2009. state structures etc. GALILEO. numerical participation and importance for the national economy. ■ A: In my view. finding new clients among commercial companies. There is no doubt that GLONASS equipment will enjoy solvent demand in the European market simply because using two satellite constellations is better than using only one. During a few working days of the exposition. This is a very modern and promising product that we develop jointly with our partners from Belgium. including implementation of the system in everyday use. . and in the mountain terrains. South African Republic. where it demonstrated the whole spectrum of our products. Navigation becomes very important for the business sector. The Europeans have plans for a satellite navigation system of their own. But the financial instability. helps us maintain our positions of the Russian market leader. In comparison with the event of the previous year. Larger number of satellites whose navigation signals are being processed allows better solutions in the conditions of densely populated urban areas where high-storey buildings are closely located. a single failure or a failure in the single given satellite system may result in fatal consequences for somebody. The high interest in our products and the willingness of business community and state establishments to cooperate with us have once again proved the status of M2M telematics in the market for road vehicle monitoring and control. Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. The stand of M2M telematics features unusual design. France. This year’s forum gave us more evidence that convinces us in that our earlier decision for wider participation in GLONASS development was the right one. Baku and many other cities. Gomel. judging by the number of new clients and by the number of new partners. Initial results are planned for publicity towards the end of 2009. so called LBS. This. gives M2M telematics major competing advantages necessary for entry into the European market. 64 . Our products and solutions using GLONASS/GPS have proved their merits for the customers. coupled with the high quality of our produces. from software on road vehicles monitoring and control. Besides. We take active part in the conduct of the forum. We have already reached cooperation agreements with our traditional partners on satellite-aided tracking systems in the United Kingdom. as well as the market for navigation equipment. in terms of managerial. our company took part in the Navitech-Expo-2009 exhibition. I think M2M telematics can offer demanding European consumers something attractive. M2M telematics team held hundred of negotiation sessions. we are working on new navigation services. Canada. Today. Equipment using GLONASS gets more popular and becomes a standard for navigation in Russia. the forum made a new step forward. M2M telematics employees made ten speeches before forum participants this year. The company has been acting the senior expert and main sponsor of the event for three years now. M2M telematics grows and develops together with the forum. Omsk. The governments of the European countries understand the importance of satellite-based navigation technologies and try to encourage their implementation. attracting exposition visitors. India. to various personal navigation devices. Tambov. as well as for state establishments. Archangel.Space in the Jazz style the stand of M2M telematica features unusual design attracting exposition visitors all software interfaces and user manuals are made multi-lingual. The European market promises huge perspectives before our company.we develop brand-new sorts of navigation services. including navigation products and services. The very fact that deputy chairman of the Russian government Sergei Ivanov attended the forum is self explanatory. Importantly. in the Jazz style. as I mentioned before. The government demonstrated its intent to develop GLONASS further. Our wide and growing regional network. Barnaul. entails postponements in fielding of this system. The company opened regional dispatcher centers in Kostanai. Also. Europe is not an exclusion from the general rule. Germany. Australia etc. ■ Q: What prospects do you see for promotion of M2M telematics products in European markets? ■ A: In 2008 the geography of M2M telematics presence in Russia and Commonwealth of Independent States expanded by almost two times. among other things. Our customer base has been expanding.

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