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Leaves oblong-ovate or broadly so; acute to acuminate. Flowers solitary, dull white, nodding after anthesis.
Uses : Increases appetite. 002-556 : Datura fastuosa Var.alba Cl hk /Datura metel Linn., Syn: White flowered thorn apple., LN : Dhanturo, Achho-dhanturo. Plant 40-100 cm tall, branched, glabrescent. Leaves 7-18 x 7-12 (-16) cm, broadly ovate, sinuate to obtusely dentate or acutely so, cuneate or oblique, glabrescent. Petiole up to 9 cm long, slender. Flowers often double or triple. Calyx 5-8 mm long, tubular, half as long as corolla or less, minutely pubescent; lobes 6-11 mm long, ovate to triangular, acute or acuminate. Corolla trumpet-shaped, white, purple or yellowish inside; lobes 5-10 in number, ovate-acuminate or cuspidate, minutely pubescent especially on the nerves. Anthers 12-15 mm long. Capsule 35-40 mm broad, globose, nodding, tuberculate or spines not exceeding 3 mm in length. Seeds 4-5.5 mm, subreniform, compressed, minutely reticulate, brown.
Uses : Antiasthmatic, antispsmodic, anti-emetic. 003-557 : Lycium barbarum Linn., LN : Lassi geraanti, Description A spiny branched shrub 100-180 cm tall, shoots white-tomentose. Spines
tomentose towards the base. Leaves 4-25 (-30) x 2.5-6 mm, elliptic-oblong to narrow oblong, cuneate, obtuse or acute, pilose to tomentose. Flowers axillary solitary or paired, white or purple-suffused. Pedicel 3-4 mm long, pilose. Calyx narrow tubular, 2.5 x 1.5 mm, pilose; lobes 0.5-1 mm long, acute, pubescent. Corolla tube 10-12 mm long; lobes 2.0 mm long, acute, minutely pubescent. Filaments glabrous at the base, subexserted. Berry 4 mm broad, orange-red. Seeds c. 1.5 mm broad, reniform. brown.
Uses : Herb diuretic, fruits-aphrodisiac. 003-558 : Lycium europaeum Linn., Syn : The box thorn, LN : Geraanti, Geraandi, Kharanti Description : A spiny diffuse shrub, 120-180 cm tall. Stem and branches glabrous to subglabrous, ash-gray. Leaves 5-20 x 2-7 mm, elliptic-oblong, obtuse or acute. Flowers white. Pedicel 3-6 mm long. Calyx tubular to ± infundibuliform, lobes 1-1.5 mm long, acute, minutely pubescent inside; corolla lobes 3 mm long, obtuse, minutely ciliate. Some filaments subexserted, glabrous at the base. Berry ± 3.5 mm broad, globose. Seeds c. 2.5 mm long, reniform, brownish.
Uses : Leaves in treatment of boils , anti inflammatory. Fruits poisonous but used to increase sperms. Leaves boiled in oil & oil applied on skin disorders. 004-559 : Lycopersicon esculantum Grdn mill / lycopersicon lycopersicum(linn) Syn: Airy-shaw. LN : Tameta, Herbs annual, sprawling, 0.6-2 m tall, viscid pubescent, odorous. Petiole 2-5 cm; leaf blade mostly pinnately compound or divided, sometimes entire, 10-40 cm, base oblique, cuneate, apex obtuse; leaflets mostly 5-9, sessile or petiolulate, unequal, ovate or oblong, 5-7 cm, entire or irregularly dentate, sparingly glandular pilose. Peduncle 2-5 cm, little or not branched, often 3-7-flowered. Pedicel 1-1.5 cm. Calyx rotate-campanulate, lobes lanceolate. Corolla 2-2.5 cm in diam.; lobes narrowly oblong, 8-10 mm, often reflexed. Filaments ca. 1 mm; anthers 6-10 mm. Style ca. 1.2 cm. Berry red or orange-yellow, subglobose, fleshy, juicy, shiny. Seeds straw colored, 2-4 mm, pilose. Fl. May-Sep, fr. Sep-Nov.
Uses : Edible. 005-560 : Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv-elenchr. LN : Pardesi Tambakh, An erect viscid-pubescent plant up to 1 m tall, branched. Leaves radical and cauline. sessile, variable in size, 9-28 x 3.5-9.5 cm, elliptic-oblong or oblanceolate, entire or ± wavy, cuneate to decurrent. Panicles up to 15 cm long, lax. Pedicel up to 10 mm long, glandular-pubescent. Calyx 7-9 mm long, nervose; lobes linear-lanceolate. Corolla pink, tube 3.5-4.0 cm long, limb 10 mm broad; lobes 5, acute. Anthers shorter than filaments, ± oblong; filaments ± 20 mm long. Ovary ± 2.5 mm long. Capsule 8-10 mm long, ovoid, ± included in the persistent calyx. Seeds less than 1 mm long, subglobose to angular, minutely rugose-reticulate, brown
Uses : Sabstitute of Tobacco. 005-561 : Nicotiana Tabacum Linn. Syn : Tabacco., LN : Tambakh. Herbs viscid, annual or short-lived perennial, 0.7-2 m tall, glandular hairy overall. Leaves decurrent, winging stems; leaf blade ovate to elliptic or lanceolate, 30(-70) × 8-15(-30) cm, membranous, glandular hairy, base narrowed, nearly half clasping, apex acuminate. Inflorescences many-flowered, much-branched panicles. Pedicel 0.5-2 cm. Calyx tubular or tubular-campanulate, 2-2.5 cm; lobes deltate, acuminate, unequal. Corolla yellowish at base, yellowish, greenish, red, or pink distally, funnelform, 3.5-5 cm; limb 1-1.5 cm in diam., with acute unequal lobes. Stamens unequal, sometimes partly exserted. Capsules ellipsoid or ovoid. Seeds brown, rounded, ca. 0.5 mm in diam. Fl. summer, fr. autumn
Uses : Narcotic 006-562 : Physalis Minima L., LN : Fofti, fat-fote-ji-val. Herbs annual. Roots fibrous. Stems prostrate or erect, pubescent with long many-celled hairs. Petiole 1-1.5 cm; leaf blade ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 2-3 × 1-1.5 cm, pubescent along veins, base cuneate, often oblique, margin entire, sinuate, or with a few coarse teeth, apex acuminate. Pedicel ca. 5 mm, pubescent. Calyx campanulate, 2.5-3 mm, pubescent; lobes deltate, short acuminate, densely ciliate. Corolla yellow, ca. 5 mm. Anthers light yellow, 11.5 mm. Fruiting pedicel less than 1 cm, pendulous. Fruiting calyx green, subglobose or ovoid, 1-1.5(-2) cm. Berry globose, ca. 6 mm in diam. Fl. summer, fr. autumn.
Uses : Treatment of liver disorders; Fruits - diuretic & laxative. 007-563 : Solanum coagulans Forsk / Solanum incanum Linn., LN : Ubhi-ringdi, Shrub up to 120 cm tall. Stems and branches yellowish-green with dense stellate tomentum and prickly; prickles conical, up to 8 mm long, straight or curved, yellow. Leaves 3.5-8 x 2.56.5 cm, ovate to broadly ovate, sinuate, grayish-green dense stellately hairy, veins with a few prickles. Peduncles 10-20 mm long, often paired; one bearing bisexual flowers and the other a short raceme of (2-) 3-5 male flowers. Flowers purple-blue. Pedicel and calyx stellately
base subcordate. Calyx 6-7 mm long. Berry globose.tomentose and sparsely prickled. elliptic-oblong. Petiole up to 10 mm long. stigma capitate. elongated. yellow. lobes linear-lanceolate. drooping. curved. Filaments c. subreniform. Anthers 6-7 mm long. prickly and stellately tomentose. 9-11 mm long. Ovary glabrescent. bluish-purple. Style 10 mm long. Stem (-s) and branches greyish-white with a dense stellate tomentum Prickles 3-6 mm long. antiasthmatic. . glabrous within. 10 mm broad. glabrous. Calyx campanulate. Seeds ± 2. pale.brown.7-3 mm long. Corolla 21/2-3 times calyx length. often thickened in fruit. Leaves 20-50 x 10-15 mm. Seeds 2. stellatetomentose. analgesic. stout.5 mm broad. yellow. antipyretic. Style and ovary glabrescent. lobes 8-10 mm long. Uses : Antiinflammatory. c. Syn : Indian night shade. lobes triangular. subreniform. stout.. elongated. minutely foveolate. sparsely so within. Peduncles 2-6-flowered. 1 mm long. anthelmintic. Anthers 5-6 mm long. up to 1. LN : Vaad ringdi. minutely reticulate-rugose. dense stellate-tomentose.5 mm long. ovate. bhit –ringdi. Berry globose. A prickly undershrub up to 60 cm tall. entire to repand sinuate.5 cm broad. 007-564 : Solanum indicum Linn.. 3 mm long. 25-30 mm long. stellatetomentose. Corolla limb 33.
stellate-tomentose to the outside. 3 mm long. Leaves 5-20 x 4-15 cm. treatment of cough. c. Filaments 3-4 mm long. . pedicel recurved. ovate to rhomboid-ovate. 8-15 cm long. Seeds subreniform. Corolla limb 3-5 cm broad. 007-565 : Solanum melongena Linn. Flowers solitary or up to 5 in number.. up to 5 cm in fruit.Uses: Antiasthmatic. Anthers 5-6 mm long. Stem and branches stellately hairy and with few prickles. treatment of skin disorders. enlarging in fruit. sparsely prickled. Suffruticose annual up to 90 cm tall.digestive. usually dark purple or various shades of it. Calyx campanulate. antipyretic. LN : Khetrau ringdi. 15-18 mm long. Berry variously shaped from ovoid to subglobose or elongated. sinuate to lobed. purple to pale violet. minutely rugose. anthelmintic. lobes triangular-ovate.
glabrous to puberulous-pubescent or glandular. exceeding or shorter than the pedicel length. . glabrous to pubescent. Syn : Black night shade. Berry globose to subovoid. Lamina ± decurrent. treatment of piles. Filaments as long or shorter than the anthers. lobes triangular-acute. Peduncle (8-) 10-25 min long. Seeds discoid. antiasthmatic. hairs appressed or patent. minutely reticulatefoveolate. 5-8 mm broad.5-10 x 2-5.. with a suffrut escent base. dehiscing by 2 apical pores. black or orange-red.. branches and shoots subglabrous or pubescent to glandular-villous. appressed pubescent or glandular. pilose. pubescent at the base. laxative. analgesic.5 cm. Style ± included. 4-6 mm long.5(-2) mm long. 007-566 : Solanum nigrum Linn. Calyx lobes 1-1. Annual 15-60 cm tall. sinuate to irregularly dentate.Uses : Not used medicinally. diuretic. Leaves 2. LN : Kanperu. Ovary glabrous. Petiole 8-40 mm long. Uses : Antinflammatory (Leaf juice-applied externally). anthers yellow. Stigma capitate. Corolla much exceeding the calyx in length.
Flowers in terminal few-flowered. prickly. LN : Bataaka. lobes unequal. yellow. of various shapes and sizes. sinuate to deeply lobed. on peduncled cymes. Uses : Treatment of cough. prickles up to 15 mm long. Anthers 7.8 cm broad. Leaves imparipinnate.007-567 : Solanum trilobatum Linn. Corolla limb ± 2. 60-90 cm tall. pink to white or light purple. unarmed perennial herb. often toothed or lobulate. Stem and branches glabrous to stellate pubescent. diffuse prickly herb. 4-5. LN : Patringdi. LN : Nindhi bhui-ringdi. Uses : Not used medicinally. Leaves 30-80 x 25-50 mm. Flowers 24.5 cm broad. Corolla limb 2-2.. purple. Prostrate. Shoots pubescent. lobes 10-12 mm long. segment pairs. 007-569 : Solanum xanthocarpum schrad & wendl / Solanum surattense Burm. 007-568 : Solanum tuberosum Linn. Stem tubers underground. acute. ovate-triangular.5 . dark-green above. paniculate cymes. elliptic-oblong. Peduncle 10-20 mm long. An erect. obtuse or acute. Calyx lobes 5 mm long.
treatment of fertitility. peduncle obsolete.5 × 2 mm. Aasund.5 mm. 5 mm. glabrescent adaxially except along midvein. smooth to faintly reticulate. reniformdiscoid. branched. scarlet. 5-8 mm. lobes ovate. narrowly campanulate. and fr. tomentose at throat. ovoid. 1 mm. Fruiting calyx becoming brown and translucent. Berry shiny. 3-5 mm. elongated. 15-20 mm broad. 2-2. Seeds drying pale brown. obovate.2 cm. Oct. 2. Syn : Winter cherry. globose. lobes short. anthers yellow.8 mm. lobes deltate. 008-570 : Withania somnifera Dunal. Petiole 1-2 cm. pubescent abaxially. Calyx campanulate. globose or ovoid. Pedicel ca. apex acute. or oblong. Style exserted. Herbs perennial. Uses : Antiasthmatic. Berry globose.mm long. erect or reclining. leaf blade ovate. 30-150 cm tall. minutely apiculate. 5-8 mm. tomentose. base cuneate. Fl. tomentose. antipyretic and anticough.5-12 × 2-7 cm. Stems woody proximally. somewhat urceolate. spreading or recurving. pubescent with dendritic hairs. . LN : Aasun. 1-2 mm. Corolla yellowish green. 1. truncate at base. 2-2. Seeds discoid. ca. 1-2. Inflorescences subsessile clusters of 4-6 flowers. urinary obstruction . Filaments ca..
septicidally and loculicidally or only septicidally dehiscent into 5 valves. maedashingi. anthers 2celled. 2-lobed. base clawed. Stamens 5. leaf blade various shapes. Petals 5. alternate with staminodes. Flowers bisexual. anatropous. but usually orbicularor ovate. or almost circular. Hanju. up to 2(-8) m tall. antirheumatic and aphrodisiac. . poultice for treatment of boils. filaments connate into tube. 7-10 mm. ovules 2 per cell. caducous. rarely small trees. base rounded or obliquely cordate. Shrubs or small trees. petiole 0.. cymes. Inflorescences axillary.Ovary sessile.inflammatory.Uses : Anti. stigma apical. abaxially densely puberulent to tomentose with mixture of stellate and simple hairs. upper part deeply concave. stipulate. Syn : The Indian screw tree. Capsule globose.5 cm. Vagdau-bal-buaaro. style united almost to apex. thinly leathery. apex ± truncate with shortly acuminate tip and usually LN : Aanti. Seeds 1 per locule. margin serrate. lower one aborted. valves falling from axis. spiny. Stems armed or unarmed (in Flora area).. Sepals 5. Stipules linear. F-90 : STERCULIACEAE. anted. Uses : Decoction of leaves induces lochia also in the treatment of amennorhoea.8-2. endosperm absent. opposite petals. or subshrubs.. 001-571 : Byttneria herbacea Roxb. Lianas. Leaves simple. 10-12(-23) × 7-9(-17) cm. 5-celled. extrorse. apex with long narrow appendage. leaf blade broadly oblong-obovate. lamellate. puberulent. shrubs. inconspicuous or 5lobed. connate at base. apex obtuse. petiolate. 002-572 : Helicteres isora Linn. cotyledons foliaceous. treatment of infertility. adaxially stellate puberulent. staminodes 5. small. foliar nectaries present. LN : Hanj. Branchlets stellate puberulent.
usually 4-5lobed. to 7 mm. wrinkled. LN : Vagdau –Khaapto. angular. monadelphous into a short or long column. 003-573 : Melhania tomentosa Stocks ex Masters. cylindric. pedicellate. LN : Kadiyo. glabrescent. Flowers unisexual and bisexual on the same plant (plants polygamous) or only unisexual (monoecious). 2. Deciduous trees or shrubs. ± 2-lipped. Flowers 3. usually 4-5-lobed. tomentose Uses : Antipyretic. oblong. Androgynophore 3-4 cm. Inflorescence an axillary or terminal panicle or raceme. apex acute. Calyx tubular or campanulate. terminal mostly pistillate and precocious.7-0. with beak to 1 cm. woody follicles. ventrally dehiscent. syncarpous. . Epicalyx lobes subulate. to 2 mm. lobes triangular. 2-many ovuled. Seeds 1-many. Carpels (3-) 4-5. style with 4-5-lobed or peltate stigma. densely clustered.5 cm. Kadai. entire or palmately lobed or digitately compound. ovary usually sessile. unequal in length. becoming free in fruit. black when mature. antidiabetic and roots-blood purifier. Inflorescences axillary. upper 2 larger. obliquely falcate. Stamens 10-30. 004-574 : Sterculia urens Roxb. densely stellate hairy. equal to filaments in length. Ovary slightly verrucose. Leaves alternate.5 cm stalk. conspicuously spirally twisted. 1. staminodes 5. locules as many as carpels. Capsule on ca. densely stellate puberulent at first. antidysentric. 4-8 × (0. stipules fugacious. Petals absent. spirally twisted after pollination. Stamens 10. brown or velvety black. Petals red or purple. Fruit an etaerio of stellately spreading. Uses : Nutritive. simple. Seeds many.5-)0.9(-1) cm.5-4 cm in diam. to 2 cm.2-1. Sepals 17-20 mm. curved at tip.. usually 2 or 3 per axil.lateral lobes. usually actinomorphic.
much longer than tube. 3 mm. Petals yellowish. Capsule obovoid. base rounded or shallowly cordate.5 cm. axillary.5-1 cm. 1-seeded. stigma fimbriate. Calyx tube-shaped. spatulate. 005-575 : Waltheria indica Linn. . enclosed by persistent calyx. slightly longer than sepals. both surfaces densely puberulent. 001-576 : Tamarix aphylla Karst / Tamarix articulata vahl. Inflorescence cymose. ca. ca.5 × 1. very small. multi-branched. hairy. Erect or ascending subshrubs. LN : Ubhi-udal. leaf blade ovate or long elliptic-ovate.Uses : Nutritive & treatment of cough. Filament tube enclosing ovary. Uses : anti inflammatory (poultice of leaves).5-3 cm. style inserted obliquely. Branchlets densely puberulent. 2. apex truncate. Epicalyx lobes nar-rowly lanceolate. peduncle nearly absent to 1. up to 1 m tall. capitate. Petiole 0. puberulent. F-91 : TAMARICACEAE. 3-4 mm. margin serrulate.5-4. 4 mm. apex obtuse. LN : Nindhi Rati lai. Seed obovate. Ovary sessile. 5-lobed. lobes triangular.
filaments filiform. 001-577 : Tamarix dioca Roxb. 1. 1 mm broad. ovate. subsessile.5-2 (-3) mm long.5 mm broad. 2. up to c.75-2 mm long. c. Disc deeply 5 lobed. almost entire. Flowers bisexual. Recemes aestival. with a broad whitish margin. 2 mm long. ± . entirely glabrous.25-1. Stamens 5. obovate.5-3. 13 m tall with reddish brown to grey bark. filaments filiform. 2 mm long. Stigmas 3 or 4.5 mm long. almost entire. Racemes mostly aestival. Bracts vaginate.25 mm broad. anthers cordate. simple or compound. entirely glabrous. outer 2 somewhat smaller than the inner 3. 1. Bracts semiamplexicaul. leaves vaginate. Sepals 5. pinkish white. acuminate. Uses : Astringent in skin diseases. free. Leaves vaginate. 1. Petals 5. inserted in between the notches of the disc (mesodiscine disc). 2. obtuse. hoary due to the salt deposition from the impressed punctate glands. 1 mm broad. obtuse. insertion peridiscal. styles half the length of the ovary. 3-5 mm broad. female raceme as long as the male raceme or somewhat longer. abruptly mucronate 1. 1.5 mm long. rounded at the tip. LN : Lai. 1. pedicel less than 1 mm long.5 mm long. ovate to broadly ovate or somewhat orbicular. c. c. Flowers purple or purplish pink. discoid. somewhat apiculate. achhilai. notches almost entire to slightly emarginate. Sepals 5. acuminate. anthers obtuse. spirally curved. abruptly acuminate. 2. 1-1. 2-6 cm long. Shrub or under-sized tree with reddish bark. Petals 5. 1.5-3 mm long.75-2 mm long. ovary conical. Plants dioecious. 1. compact. entire.5 mm long.5-3 mm long. obtuse. simple or loosely compound male racemes. subsessile. broadly ovate to elliptic.rees or tall shrub. 0. triangular.5 mm broad. 3-8 cm long.5 mm broad. 7-8 mm broad. Capsule pyramidal. (2-) 34 (-5) mm broad. free. c. filaments inserted in between the lobes of the disc (mesodiscine).
jointed. LN : Rati-lai. c. truncate and terminating in 3. stamens abortive in the female flowers. acute.5-2 mm long. Styles 3 as long as the ovary or slightly shorter. ovary triquetrous 1-1.sagittate. Uses : Galls astringent and in treatment of cough. 001-578 : Tamarix gallica Dyer / Tamaprix-troupii Hole / Tamparix gallica var. 1-5 cm broad. c. serrate. lanceolate to ovate. 1. bracts akin to stipules. basal serratures prolonged into setaceous appendages or not. F-92 : TILIACEAE. abortive or absent in male flowers Uses : Leaves used in in indigestion. (10-) 15-25 mm long. Capsules solitary or paired. exserted. glabrous. 5-7 mm long.5-5 mm long. much branched. c. 3. 2-9. 3-7 mm long beaks at apex. pilose. obtuse. purple. c.5 mm long. radiating. 2 mm long. Petals obovate.5-3(-4) cm long. 3 mm long. Sepals linear-oblong. mostly 2. 001-579 : Corchorum acutangulus Lam. annual herb. pilose. petiole 0. glabrous except the hairy to glabrescent costae.5 mm long. purplish green. 1. (10-) 20-60 cm tall. Leaves 3-5-costate. very shortly pedunculate. bifid. Erect or spreading. purple dotted outside. Carpels 3. pilose. purple. filaments c. 1 cm across. style 3-fid. rarely 3-flowered. 4-6 mm long. pedicel c. hairy at the base. c. c. 3- . oblique or obtuse at the base. green within. 4-6 mm in diameter. indica (Wlld) cooke. with 3 fairly stout wings. Stem and branches purple. minutely hairy. costae hairy to almost glabrous. LN : Kaag-gisodi. Stamens (12-) 30. 3-loculed. hooded and awned at the apex. stipules setaceous. 3 mm broad.5 cm long. Cyme antiphyllous. truncate above. kaag kela khaarakdi. 4 mm long. Flowers golden yellow. stigmas bilobed. ovary oblong-cylindric.
locules transversely septate or aseptate. c. 6-8 mm across. 4 mm long. glabrescent. acute.loculed. locules transversely septate. as long as sepals. glabrous except the scattered hairy costae. obliquely truncate. . Seeds blackish-brown. straight or curved.5 mm long. young branches sparsely hairy. petiole 1. style equalling the ovary. Carpels 4. oblongcylindric. obtuse. 1 mm long. 4-loculed. filiform. Stem diffusely branched from woody rootstock. angular. 1 mm long. LN : Mundheri. Capsule oblong-cylindric. peduncle minute. elliptic to broadly elliptic. erect. Cyme mostly 2(-1)-flowered. Bahuphali. 2 mm long. stipules linear-falcate. linear-oblong. plicate in bud. spreading. without basal setose appendages. 2-9 (-10) mm broad. 7-22 mm long. pedicel c.5 mm long. obliquely truncate at both ends.5-2 mm long beak. Sepals yellowish-green. c. 4-loculed. roughly triangular. Leaves 3-costate. much branched woody perennial. 001-580 : Corchorus antichorus Rae / Corchorus depressus Linn. with c. Petals obovate-spathulate. ovary c. bracts linear-lanceolate. 1. Flowers yellow. 1. Seeds blackish-grey. 4-18 (-20) mm long. 1. rough. stigma 4-lobed. Munderi. older ones glabrous. crenate-serrate.5-2. minutely hairy. prostrate. filaments c. A mat-forming. obtuse. 3-4 mm long. c.5 cm long. antiphyllous. Stamens 8-10. Uses : Fruits nutritive.
stipules linear. 5. ridged. Capsule subglobose-globose. style minute. annual. Carpels 5. 6-10 mm long.5-3 mm broad. basal serratures backwardly prolonged into setaceous appendages. axillary or antiphyllous. 1. 1. up to 3 m tall (under cultivation). 3 mm long. glabrous. Stamens 20-30. coarsely serrate. Gun-paat-jojhad. 2. Syn : Jews mallow. 001-582 : Corchorus olitorius Linn. locules aseptate. Seeds cuneiform. . Petals obovate. 2 mm long. LN : Kaag-gisodo. 5-loculed. increases sperms and as mild laxative. glabrous. Leaves 3-5-costate. filaments c..Uses : Diuretic. Uses : Antipyretic (decoction of aerial parts). Flowers yellow. 3-5 mm long. 2-3 mm long. scabrous. truncate. Cyme 1 or 2-flowered. brown. 8-10 mm across. ovatelanceolate or linear-lanceolate. 4-5 mm long. c. Syn : Jute plant. beakless and depressed at apex. glabrous.5-15 cm long.5-8 cm broad. bracts linear-ovate. 10-12 mm in diameter. petiole up to 5 cm long. ovary subglobose. pedicellate. notched at the apex.5-2 mm broad. large. LN: Dodli. tuberculate or muricate. Sepals linear oblong. 5-loculed. acute or acuminate. 001-581 : Corchorus capsularis Linn.
5-2 mm long. 1. ovate. hairy. minutely papillate. obtuse. anthers subglobose. subglabrous.An erect. triangular. as long as sepals. Seeds greenish-black. 5 mm long. stipules subulate-filiform. Capsules 1 or 2 together. 4-5 mm long. somewhat united at the base. basal serratures prolonged into filiform deflexed appendages. Petals oblanceolate. entire beak.5-2. 5-7 mm long. Stem woody. ovary cylindric. apiculate. 5-loculed. Stamens as many as or twice the number of petals. 50-60 cm tall herb. c. up to 3 m tall (in cultivation). Carpels 3.8-4. somewhat bullate outside. Annual.0 cm broad. Stem basally woody. acute or acuminate. subsulcate. 12-15 mm across. 1. 5-loculed. caudate. hirsute. Petals oblong-obovate. 5-6 mm across. style short. . Sepals linear-oblong. antiphyllous. stigma 5-lobed. stigma capitate. glabrous. Cyme a fascicle of 2-5 (-8) flowers. Flowers yellow. 2-7. 2. Flowers yellow. Carpels 5. filaments c. thinly hairy. hairy at the base. branched. serrate. subsessile. 78 mm long. c.5-6 cm long. 4-5 mm across. style short. 001-583 : Corchlorus fasicularis Lam. petiole 1-3.2 cm long. very shortly pedunculate. filaments 6-7 mm long.2 cm broad. elliptic-oblong or lanceolate to narrowly ovate. glabrous. petiole 315 mm long. nutritive & anthelmintic.2 cm long.2-9 cm long. suberect. Uses : Antipyretic. bracts subulate. glabrous. 2. lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate.5-4 mm broad. 2 mm long. Stamens numerous. ovary oblong-ovate to linear. LN : Surval . 0. hairy. shortly pedunculate. 3-loculed. locules transversely septate. Leaves 3-5-costate. keeled.5-3 mm broad. basal serratures not prolonged into filiform appendages. glabrous except the scattered hairy veins. bracts minute. Sepals linear-oblong. Kadvi-jiri. with scaly bark.5 mm long. 10-angled. stipules subulate. annual or biennial. obtuse. Cyme 1 or 2-flowered. c. Leaves 3costate. 8-12 mm long. 1. c. antiphyllous. 1. 1. with 4-5 mm long.5-2. serrate.
5 cm long. subsessile. acute. An erect or suberect. basal serratures prolonged into filiform spreading appendages or not. apiculate. hairy. with 1-2 mm long entire beak. 1. 2-3 mm long. annual herb. 0.2 cm broad. locules without transverse septa. Stem and branches glabrous. locules aseptate. c. Flowers yellow. antiphyllous. Uses : Antipyretic (seeds). c. terminated by 3 spreading bifid tips. glabrous except the sparsely hairy veins. Petals oblong. Seeds wedge shaped.Capsules 2-5(-8) in each fascicle. 2 mm broad. sulcate. 30-60 cm tall. short peduncled. .5 mm long. Seeds angular. LN : Ubhi-ghisodi. black.5-4 cm long. 3loculed. c. obtuse. 4-5 mm long. 2 mm in diameter. hairy. oblong-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate or somewhat elliptic-obovate.6-2. ovary cylindric.5-9 cm long. 1-1. 001-584 : Corchorus tridens Linn. 2 mm broad. filaments 4-5 mm long. petiole 5-12 mm long. 1. black. obliquely truncate at both ends. sessile. glabrous. somewhat triangular. angular. 1. stipules setaceous. c. c. Leaves 3-4costate. stigma sparsely papillate. cylindrical. bracts subulate. Capsules 1-3 together. not ribbed. 3-loculed. 3-4 mm long. Carpels 3. 1 cm across. 3-loculed. pubescent. erect. Cyme 1-3(-4)-flowered. crenate-serrate. style small. Sepals linearoblong. 3-4 mm long. obliquely truncate at both ends. Stamens 10-15.
Carpels 3. scabroustuberculate when mature. hairy. pedicel c. 1. locules transversely septate. 3-loculed. Sepals linear-oblong.5 mm broad.2 cm broad. style shorter than ovary. Capsules 1-3 together. c. 3 mm long. shortly pedunculate. stigmas 3. c. 2. 5-8 mm long. glabrous. Leaves narrowly oblong-lanceolate to broadly oblong or elliptic to ovate-oblong. 5 mm long. 001-586 : Corchorus urticaefolius W&A. bracts linear-lanceolate. Stem profusely branched from the base. 1-3-flowered. antiphyllous.5 mm long undivided beak. 5-6 mm long. 2. ovary cylindric. shoot pubescent. 3-loculed. annual herb or rarely perennial undershrubs. with c. c. hairy when young. truncate or somewhat rounded at apex. triangular. caudate. 2-6. Petals somewhat pandurate. stipules setose. petiole 7-12 mm long.6-) 1-3. Cymes solitary. obtuse.5 mm across.Uses : Leaf decoction diuretic. sparsely hairy on both sides. An erect or suberect. Stamens 15-20.5 mm long. c. crenate-serrate. (1. capitate. filaments 5-6 mm long. (0. LN : Khetrau surval. c. c. 001-585 : Corchorus trilocularis Linn. basal serratures prolonged into filiform appendages or not. pilose. 30-150 cm tall. LN : Ubhi mundheri.4-) 2-12 cm long. 3 mm long. acute. erect. bitter tonic.8 cm long. Flowers yellow. 2. antispasmodic and antiflatulant.2 cm across. Uses : Seeds antipyretic. . 2.
stems sparsely pilose. acuminate to acute. broadly ovate to almost orbicular. glabrous within.2 cm long. splitting into 3 valves. Stem with greyish-white to brown bark. claw c. serrate.3 mm long. Phaalsa A large shrub or medium sized tree. 2 mm long.5(-5) cm long. Sepals 4. up to 1 mm long. densely hairy. pilose to sparsely so. 2–2. 1. 1-1. ovary oblong. stellate hairy. stellate hairy on both sides.5–2. Leaves narrowly ovate to ovate. ciliate. 4–8. 1–2 mm wide.. pedicels up to 1 mm. petioles 0.3 cm long. obliquely shallow cordate at the base. stamens ± 15. pilose. pale yellow.5–1 mm wide.5–5.Subinequalis DC. 5-15 cm long and broad. cylindric to trigonous. more setulose beneath mainly on veins and midrib. young shoots stellate tomentose. Leaves with 1-1. 2-6(-10) together in axillary clusters. scabrous above.7 cm long. without basal setae.3 cm wide.5–4. often reflexed. obovate. Seeds angular. margins coarsely serrate. 1. pilose or sparsely so. ± 1 mm long. with ciliate claw at base. 002-587 : Grewia asiatica Auct / G. reticulate with concave sides.3–1. Capsule solitary or in 2s or 3s. Petals 4. blackish. rounded at base. stipules narrowly oblique-lanceolate or falcate. Flowers orange-yellow. . LN : Photiyaal. c. to 4 mm long.7(–3) cm long.3 cm long.5 mm. 2 mm long. Inflorescences of 1–4-flowered pilose fascicles. up to 8 m tall. densely strigose. 0. Petals oblong.Erect to semi-prostrate annual herb up to 25 cm in height. bracts linear-lanceolate. c. clavate petiole.4 mm long. Syn : Asiatic grewia. bracts membranous. peduncles up to 1. stipules up to 1. hairy outside. 3-4 mm long.5-3(-5) mm broad. peduncles 2-3. ciliate. 2 cm across. acute to obtuse. Uses : Seeds antipyretic.5 mm long. 1 mm wide. Cymes mostly 3-flowered (dischasial). pilose especially on one surface.2–6.5) cm long. 2. straight or slightly curved.5 mm wide. denser down one side. rarely 4s. 5 (-6)-costate. sparsely setulose above. 3. acute.5 cm long. 3. lamina greyish-tomentose beneath. densely hairy. 1. Sepals oblong. pedicels 1-1.3 (-1.
Drupe dark purple. flavescens Juss. filaments 4-6 mm long. Ovary globose. style c. c. Ruchhad-gaangi. 5-12 mm in diameter. irregularly lobed at the apex. orange-yellow. stigma indistinctly 4-lobed. acidic. Flowers yellow. anti inflammatory. 3 mm broad. Older branches distinctly square-angled. Uses : Fruits in liver disorders. light green with stellate hairs on both surfaces. orange-yellow. hairy. c. limb 4-5 mm long. Leaves oblanceolate to obovate. Syn : Hairy grewia. 002-588 : Grewia pillosa Auct / G. turning purplish. LN : Chodhaarigangi. chodhaari-gaangni. 5 mm long. anthers oblong. ripe fruits antidiarrhocal. Scrambling shrub. Stamens numerous.with a ring of hairs around whitish gland. mesocarp fibrous. mostly entire or obscurely 2-lobed. more or less globose. strigose. axillary in groups of 2 or 3 . margins irregularly toothed.
sharply serrate. (0. up to 3 m tall. lamina with scattered stellate hairs above. (1-) 1. Leaves with 2-6 mm long. roots –antidiabetic.2 cm broad. 2-2. Uses : Fruits edible. with somewhat reniform densely ciliate gland. filaments slightly shorter than style or subequal. glabrous. 2-4 m tall. rarely emarginate at the apex. Ovary 4-lobed. pedicel c.5 cm long. white. orange yellow with red-dish tinge. cuneate at the base. young shoots pale hairy.Roth LN : Sen . A suberect to erect shrub. Gangdi-jo-jhaad. lobes c. rarely stellate hairy. c.6-) 1. 3-4 mm broad. almost glabrous to sparsely or densely stellate hairy on both sides. ovateelliptic or obovate to almost orbicular.8-2. Gangeti. Stamens numerous. 2 mm broad. hairy. caducous.8-) 1. clavate. rarely yellowish-white. obtuse-oblique .6) cm long. Torus angular. bilobed at the apex. Sepals linear-oblong. 5-7 mm in diameter.4 (1. 002-589 : Grewia populifolia Vahl Syn : Popul-leaved grewia.2-5 cm long. rarely with sprinkled stellate hairs. LN : Gangi. upwardly dilated. hoary tomentose and whitish-grey beneath. A shrub or small sized tree. stipules linear-lanceolate. 0. hairy peduncle. glabrous. style c. c.Uses : Roots – antidiabetic.1-1. stigma somewhat cupular. unequal sided. Stem with ash-grey bark. acute to obtuse. bark ash-grey. rarely sparsely stellate hairy. 8-10 mm long. 0. 1. Stem and branches rugose. on solitary. Flowers solitary or rarely paired. Petals linear. stellate hairy outside. glabrous. young twigs stellate hairy.6-4. (0. narrowly lanceolate to ovate. 0. Leaves 3-5-costate. claw much smaller than limb. Drupe usually 2-4-lobed. Leaves galactagogue. densely hairy petiole. Sen-jo-jhaad. petiole 2-14 mm long. stellate tomentose. half as long as peduncle.2 cm long. antiphyllous. 3-costate.4 cm long. 002-590 : Grewia salvifolia Heyne ex.5 cm across.4-4 cm broad.
rarely terminal. or lilac. Sepals linear-oblong. almost glabrous. yellow. axillary. filaments 4-5. 002-591 : Grewia tilaefolia Vahl. 1. ovules 2-8 per locule. free. minutely serrate. c. margin serrate or rarely lobed. obtuse. Flowers yellow. stellate hairy outside. Androgynophore short. shorter than sepals. Uses : Leaves diuretic. entire or 2-4-lobed. Sepals 5. usually arranged in 3. Leaves alternate.5-5. margin usually villous. cotyledons flat. . 1. teet. bracts linear-lanceolate. anthers globose. peduncles solitary. LN : Khati-gaagdi. or unisexual (plants monoecious). pale hairy. abaxially hairy. Drupe usually with 2 or 4 drupelets. pedicel 8-10 mm long.to many-flowered cymes.5 mm long. densely hairy. caducous. style simple. Petals oblongobovate.Peduncle and pedicel usually hairy. petiol e short. 6-8 mm across. Petals 5. Branchlets usually stellate.5 mm long. c. Trees or shrubs. rarely 2-lobed. Ovary 2-4-loculed. polygamous. 8-10 (-15) mm long. valva te. leaf blade basal veins 3-5. villous. globose. free. style clavate. 40 in 2 whorls. de hiscence longitudinal. with white gland.5 cm across. white. Stamens c. peltate< /a>. Drupe slightly succulent. rarely hairy. adaxially usually glabrous. longer than petiole. hairy. Tilaefolia L. limb 4. mostly yellow or white in Flora area. glands usually scalelike. Flowersbisexual. 2 mm broad.5 mm long. Bracts caducous. 6-7 mm long. stipule minute. c. 3 mm broad.Stamens many. Cyme 2-3flowered. usually glabrous. rarely 2 or 3. dorsifixed. stigma swollen. c. borne on base of petals. irregular in length. stipules falcate. axillary or opposite leaves. Ovary 1-2-lobed. solitary or fascicled. 5 mm long. Var. stigma bilobed. claw c. rarely brown. notched at the apex.at the base. Endosperm copious. 12-13 mm long.
1 cm long. densely soft hairy beneath. Stem with ash-grey bark. 5-costate. basal 2 nerves somewhat indistinct. 2-3 m tall. 5 mm long. 8 mm long. c. 5 mm long.5 mm broad. stellate hairy. 1 cm in diameter. filiform. ovate-oblong.Uses : Fruits edible. unlobed. LN : Luo. c. leaves emetic. luye-jo-jhad. dull yellow. acute.5 cm broad. c. Leaves with 1-2. subcordate to cordate at the base. c. cordate at the base. Ovary globose.8-1. 8-10 mm long.4-7. Petals narrowly obovate. claw minute with indistinct pit. peduncles axillary. 7-8 mm long. umbellate. each serrature with bunch of long hairs. 2 cm across.4-7 cm long. bracts elliptic-lanceolate. Sepals oblanceolate. . c. ovate to broadly ovate or narrowly to broadly orbicular or somewhat oblate. c. subglobose. young twigs covered with dense fine stellate tomentum. densely villous. 34 mm long. 0. c. rarely leaf-opposed. limb c. margin scalloped (crenate-serrate). densely stellate hairy petiole. densely villous. 002-592 : Grewia villosa Willd. 2 mm wide. densely ciliate around gland. Cyme 4(-6)-flowered. c. 1. stellate tomentose on both sides. Drupe dorsoventrally somewhat compressed. filaments c. luske-jo-jhad. stigma 4-lobed. 2. densely covered with antrorse hairs. style c. A small shrub. lamina rugose above. densely villous outside. Stamens 25-30. pedicel 5-8 mm long. apex obtuse-apiculate.5 cm long.5 cm long. villous outside. yellow-brown or coppery red. emarginate to retuse. rarely emarginate. 1. stipules foliaceous. Flowers whitish-yellow.
Leaves 3-7-costate. Petals oblong-obovate. hairy outside. style subulate. 003-593 : Triumfetta rhomboide Jacq.5 cm broad. Uses : Roots diuretioc. 0. 5-6 mm in diameter including 1.. glabrous. hairy. ovary subglobose.Uses : Root bark in cough. syncarpous. constricted in the middle. 3-9 cm long. 3-4 mm long. Sepals lorate. short in terminal leaves. subsessile. tomentose. equal to or slightly shorter than the sepals. LN : Bhurti. 003-594 : Triumfetta rotundifolia Lam. variable in shape. hairy at the base.5-2 m tall herb or undershrub. Capsule globose or subglobose. with uncinate hairs. uncinate spines. Much branched. Cymes terminal or antiphyllous. stellate or simple hairy to glabrescent. 2. bhurto. strongly cucullate and awned at the apex. LN : Jipto. petiole up to 3. palmately 3-lobed or not. ber-bhurat.5-7. Flowers golden yellow. c. rarely fewer. Syn : Round leaved India burr. Carpels 2-3. acute at the apex. Leaves & bark in diarrhoea. 5-6 mm across. irregularly serrate. papillose. Japti. . indehiscent.5-2 mm long.5 cm long. c. filaments as long as sepals. c. generally rhomboid-ovate. Buds oblong. 2-3-loculed. stipules subulate. stigma 2-3lobed. cuneate-cordate at base. Stamens 15. antidiabetic help child birth.
hairy.6-3. 5-tipped at the apex. 3 mm long. very broadly obovate to orbicular. c. about as long as inflorescence. trigonous above the sheath. (0. wound healing. 4 mm long. lamina 25-40 mm broad.5 cm long. 6-7 mm long. bracts linear. Upper part flat. with spreading branches. 001-595 : Typha elephantina Roxb.5-4. uncinate spines Uses : Astringent(applied on bleeding wounds to stop blood flow). Flowers yellow. Buds oblong. 4-5 mm long. pistillodes present. Stem with greyishwhite or brownish bark. hairy at the base. 5-6 mm long. densely whitish hairy below. Petals spathulate. Leaves linear or broadly linear.7-) 1-4. 5-6 mm long. subsessile. pubescent. 15-50 cm tall. c. stipules subulate. female flowers bracteate. 5-6 mm in diameter including c. cucullate and awned at the apex. as long as the petals. irregularly and unequally serrate. F-93 : TYPHACEAE. c. LN : Gha-baajariyo. Cymes many on young shoots.2 cm broad.0 m tall. Syn : Elephant grass.8-) 1-4. (0.2 cm long. petiole 0. male and female parts separate. sparsely hairy and green above. Baandh. roots – antidysentric. bracts spathulate and longer than the hairs. blackish brown or brown. 3-5-costate. Sepals lorate. emarginate at the apex.. densely hairy. Capsule ovoid-subglobose. Leaves thick. c. basally dilated. angularly keeled dorsally. 3-angled. 6 mm across. scabrous. Stamens 10-25.Woody shrub or undershrub. female spike cylindric. stigma lanceolate. extra-axillary. axis of the male spike covered with hairs. c. young shoots densely hairy. 2 mm long. Perennial 1. . cuneate or obtuse at the base. densely stellate hairy outside. arranged racemosely due to abortion of upper leaves.
pubescent.2 to 6.. elliptic-ovate.Plancn. The ash of dried herb mixed with oil acts anti inflammatory. Fruit an orbicular samara. 8 to 13 cm long and 3. Leaves alternate. base rounded or cordate. reticulately veined wings. The crushed bark and leaves emit an unpleasant odour.Uses : To clear urinary ohstruction.3 cm wide. F-94 : URTICACEAE. apex acute or acuminate. seed flat.5 cm in diameter. pubescent. with grey. 2. with membranous. Flowers usually male and hermaphrodite mixed. margins entire. exfoliating in corky scales on older trees. 001-596 : Haloptelea integrifolia (Roxb). greenish-yellow to brownish. pustular bark that is smooth when young. glabrous. small. main nerves 5 to 7 pairs. stipules lanceolate. sepals often 4. Syn : Indian elm. borne in short racemes or fascicles at the scars of fallen leaves. LN : Charal . deciduous tree up to 18 m tall. A large spreading.
pubescent. pubescent. Drupe glo¬bose. 2 cm across. LN : Dhori. insecticidal and antibacterial.5 cm long.Uses : seed paste in skin disorders. Flowers white to pink. entire. pubescent branches. cupular. c. oblong or elliptic-lanceolate. lobes 5. Calyx campanulate. 2. 1 cm across. lobes patent. tube 1-1. 1. spreading. subsessile. F-95 : VERBENACEAE. Drupe rarely developed.8 cm broad. LN : Gul bankavali. Uses : Not used medicinally. . An erect shrub or undershrub. corymbose. Cymes terminal. 5-toothed. 1-3 m tall. Uses : Leaf paste anti inflammatory. pale beneath. 8-15 cm long. shortly pedicelled. lobes lanceolate with glands on the margins. acute-acuminate. fragrant. petiole short. 7-14 cm broad. A profusely branched shrub. Corolla double. up to 2 m tall. petiole 4-9 cm long. 001-597 : Clerodendron fragrans Linn. Corolla salverform. coarsely and irregularly dentate. hairy. 5lobed. enclosed by calyx. yellowish. dark-green above. obovate. c. persistent. acute. 1 cm long. bracts linear.Linn. glandular at the base of lamina. less than 1 cm long. with quadrangular.2-1. Cymes terminal. persistent. Flowers white. Calyx. 4-angled. acuminate. compact. corymbose. bracts foliaceous.5-5 cm long. c. salverform. glabrous. tube curved. 5-lobed. Leaves broadly ovate to subrounded. Leaves ovate to oblong-ovate. Stem hairy. 001-598 : Clerodendron emirence.
terminating the branches. glabrous. c. 001-600 : Clerodendron phlomoides / C. opposite. Calyx 5-6 mm long. 8 mm long. Tap-val.5-5 cm long.f) Gaertn. evergreen shrub. 2 cm across.multiflorum (Burm. Leaves opposite.. in axillary. subacute-obtuse. LN : Tap-pan. cupular. subcoriaceous. entire to sinuate-crenate. An erect to scandent or trailing. obscurely crenulate. linear. minutely 5-toothed. Uses : Leaves antipyretic. entire. pedicels 1. ovate to rhomboid-ovate. curved above. glabrous..5-3. commonly used for hedges round the gardens etc. bracts minute. stem ashy-grey. c.5 cm long. Corolla-tube 2. much exserted. branches pubescent. obtuse. 4-lobed. Flowers white. Drupe pear-shaped.5-3 (-4) m tall. dark violet or purple. lobes ovate.001-599 : Clerodendron inerme (l.Ktze. 10 mm long. . LN : Taankaaro. persistent. up to 3 m tall.5-4 cm long. Shrubs 1. petiolate. c. Stamen filaments pubescent.. 1. trichotomous cymes. enclosed by the persistent calyx.f)0. 1-3 cm broad. green. Syn : Petit – fever leaves. Leaves elliptic-ovate to obovate. slightly broader than the base of corolla-tube.
glandular near the lamina. 10-20 cm long. 7-8 mm long. Drupe obovoid. 2-2.5 cm long. subequal. Calyx campanulate. long acuminate. glabrous. obtuse. densely hirsute. Cymes terminal. LN : Savan. glabrous. wrinkled. Leaves broadly ovate. 002-601 : Gmelia arborea Linn. petiole 5-12 cm long. white. . 1. obliquely funnel-shaped. Flowers creamy-white or pale yellowish. 7-13 cm broad.. up to 20 m tall. Uses : Leaf paste & juice anti inflammtory. 5-lobed. much narrower than the calyx. enclosed by the persistent calyx. entire. Drupe obovoid.5 cm long. orange-yellow. ovate-elliptic. hairy on the nerves beneath. Flowers large. c. usually 4-lobed. clears urinary obstruction. brownish-yellow. bracts ovate lanceolate. Corolla-tube 2-2. seeds oblong. with yellowish-tomentose young shoots. pubescent externally. somewhat inflated. black.5 cm long. lobes 5. pedicels 5-10 mm long. ovate-triangulate. glabrous above. paniculately arranged in the axlis of linear-lanceolate bracts. Cymes dichotomously branched. Corolla-tube densely pubescent outside. glabrous.petiole up to 2. Unarmed tree. forming a rounded terminal panicle. 8-12 mm long. axillary. lobes 4-5 mm long.5 cm across. pale or somewhat yellowish green. densely hirsute.
Petiole 0.5-4. primary floral branches very short. bracts leaflike.Uses : Urinary disorder. stigma unequally 2-cleft. 002-602 : Gmelia asiatica Burn f. Style slender. 2-lipped and 4-lobed. antirheumatic. 3-5-lobed. 1-5-flowered. outside with scattered appressed hairs. adaxially glabrescent. LN : Lat kesar. 1-3(-10) m tall. Flowers pendulous. upper lip entire. veins 3 or 4 pairs. apex acuminate. papery. Ovary 4-locular. hardly exserted. . usually with spines and minute yellowish brown hairs on young shoots. usually pendulous. Inflorescences terminal. 3-5(-9) X 2. ovoid to obovoid. climbing.5 cm. Drupes yellow.2-3 (-8. apically curved. small to large. anthelmintic. lower lip 3-lobed. base cuneate. few to many flowered. glabrous. glabrous. Calyx 3-6 2. Shrubs. leaf blade ovate to obovate. outside densely dark brown pubescent and with 2 to several disc-shaped glands. Filaments with dense glandular hairs.5-4 mm. abaxially dark brown villous and glandular. Corolla yellow. margin entire or ca. Syn : Asiatic gmelina. inside glabrous.5) cm. 25 cm. inside with dense glandular hairs.
c. 5-12 cm long. LN : Vadi-lat-kesar. paniculately arranged in the axils of foliaceous. 2. 5 mm long. c. subfleshy. 002-603 : Gmelia hystrix Schult.5-3 cm long. entire or slightly lobed. 6 mm across. young branches. Cymes terminal. obovoid.5-8 cm broad.5 cm long. Drupe 5-8 mm long.Uses : Antidiabetic.. enclosed by persistent. enlarged. scandent. LN : Kaparni. glaucous. Syn : Parcel flowers chinesehat plant. broadening upwards. 4-5 mm long. 1. bracts lanceolate. petaloid bracts. Leaves ovate or elliptic-ovate. urinary disorders. shortly acuminate. evergreen. 3-4 cm broad. scandent shrub with slightly pubescent. 4-lobed. Uses : Not used medicinally. coloured calyx. c. Flowers yellow. petiole 2-2. Drupe obovoid. A large. petiole 1.5 cm long. 1. glabrous outside. Flowers brick-red to orange.5 cm across. membranous. Calyx petaloid. Syn : Spiny gmelina. Corolla-tube curiously inflated upwards. quadrangular.5 cm long. 003-604 : Holmoskioldia sanguinea Retz. glabrous. entire to coarsely dentate. nearly as broad. mucronate. Leaves rhomboidelliptic. Corolla-tube curved. bracts broadly ovate. limb sub-bilabiate unequally 5-lobed. pedicels c. . 2-2. glandular beneath.2 cm long. spinose shrub with lenticellate sterns. pedunculate. A moderate to large sized. Cymes axillary. pubescent to glabrous. 5-7.
LN : Rat val. Leaves obovate. in 2-3 close pairs forming a rosette. 005-606 : Lippia nodiflora A. 006-607 : Premna coriacea Cl. 1-2 cm broad. or pinkish. Bracts 5-10 mm long. Corolla 10-15 mm long with tube as long as the calyx. pubescent outside. develop. ovate. stimulant. Corolla-tube 2. ovate to ovate-sublanceolate. cylindrical. Calyx 6-8 mm long. subequally and obtusely 5-toothed. or subsessile. axillary. pubescent. often with yellowish tube. dense. Flowers c. globose. (1-) 2-3 (-5) cm long. Calyx 2-2. (1. Drupe 3-5 mm in diameter. 1-2. 2.5-4 cm across. Cymes terminal. 2-10 cm high. acute. pubescent..5-3 mm long. usually having 1 seed in each cell.5-) 2-4 cm broad. crenate-serrate. forming a sort of underground. (2-) 3-6 (-9) cm long. 4-8 mm broad. coarsely serrate-dentate. limb . pedunculate with peduncles exceeding the leaves. trichotomous. LN : Achhi-chundi. Flowers 3-5 mm across. LN : Kundher. Uses : Hastens child birth.5 mm long. anti inflammatory. branched shrub. drying blackish. slightly increasing in fruit. 004-605 : Lantana indica var. acuminate. softly and densely pubescent below with minute glands hidden within the pubescence. cup-shaped. A dwarf or small undershrub. not exceeding the leaves. often rugose. softly pubescent. 3-5(-8) cm long. An erect. almost stemless. Uses : Paste anti inflammatory. roughly hairy. puberulous above on the nerves. villous. sessile. lobes 4. somewhat oblique. subrounded.Rich. hairy in the throat. nodose runner from which annual flowering stems. 1. 2. rarely in whorls of 3. pale yellowish or greenish.Uses : Diuretic. Spikes ovoid to short.5 mm across.5-3 (-6) cm broad. albiflora Roxb / Lantana salvifolia Jacq. shortly petiolate. whitish. Leaves opposite.5 m tall. purplish with a 2-celled stone. glabrous. usually villous beneath. Syn : Lantana.. scabrid above.
peduncle 0. blue-black.. globose. 4-lobed.5(–2. lobes 0. trunk and branches sometimesthorny. obtuse to subacute at the apex. Uses Anti-inflammatory.obscurely 2-lipped. Uses : Paste anti inflammatory.5–2 mm long.5–1. petiole 1–5(–10) mm long. with entire to crenate margins. persistent calyx. tube 2–3 mm . hard. cylindric. Corolla greenish yellow. LN : Gandhi-kundher. up to 2(–3) m tall. pedicels 1–3. Inflorescence 1–4(–6) cm long. small. greenish yellow.—5-9 X 3. hairy in the throat. 006-609 : Premna resinosa Schau. rough-tubercled .globose.2-6. lobes 4. black. high. A small tree reaching 9 m. collared below by slightly enlarged. Leafblades elliptic to ovate or suborbicular.3–1. pubescent. seated on the calyx . glandular. broadly elliptic.5) x 0.4– 3 cm long..4–2(–3. young branches whitish. bracts up to 2 mm long. entire or upper part dentate.5 mm long. Calyx glandular. 0. tube c.—tubular. bark yellowish. Shrub.2) cm. 006-608 : Premna integrifolia Linn. LN : Nindhi-kundher. Drupe 5-6 mm in diameter. paniculatecorymbose cymes.3 cm. smooth. tertiary venation obscure. 1. cream or white. somewhat pubescent to glabrous.5 mm long. glabrous to puberulous.
c. smaller. up to 2 mm long. 5-10 (-15) cm long. 5–6. rarely reaching the size of a small tree. limb slightly 2-lipped. middle one largest. usually blue or violet. 007-610 : Vitex negundo Linn. Stamens 4. usually 4-celled. 3-5 mm across. Corolla tube as long as the calyx. anther cells divaricating later. persistent. Leaves opposite-decussate. 5-toothed. with 1 seed in each cell. lobes 2. glandular outside.2–3 mm long. subsessile to petiolulate (petiolule 5-20 mm long).. entire to irregularly denticulate. subsessile to shortly pedicelled (pedicels up to 1 mm long). peduncled. 5 mm in diameter. Syn : Chaste tree. densely ciliate. 2 mm long. hairy at throat. Fruit red when ripe. (1-) 3-5foliolate. leaflets usually lanceolate. 1. petiolate. up to 5 m tall.5-4 cm broad. petiole 3-6 cm long.. the others oblong. tapering-thyrsoid. Terminal inflorescence 10-25 cm long. . puberulous outside. Drupe subglobose or somewhat ovoid. whitish to greyish tomentose except the upper surface of leaves and fruits. LN : Nigod. Calyx c. largest one obovate-orbicular.long. Uses : Anti inflammatory. unequal lobes. campanulate. undulate or crenulate. cymes verticillate at nodes. Shrub 1-2 m tall. Flowers small. protruding.5 mm in diam. didynamous. with 5. increasing up to 3 mm in fruit. c.
didynamous. Calyx c. 3-5 mm across. Corolla 10-13 mm long. smaller.Uses : Anthelmintic. 5 mm in diameter. Calyx 4-5 mm long. cymes verticillate at nodes. largest one obovate-orbicular. LN : Nindhi Nigod. anther cells divaricating later. 2. flowers and fruits slightly larger. protruding. disorders of lungs. 2 mm long. persistent. Flowers small. 5-toothed. Corolla tube as long as the calyx. the others oblong. densely ciliate. Terminal inflorescence 10-25 cm long. campanulate. usually blue or violet. rarely reaching the size of a small tree. undulate or crenulate. with 1 seed in each cell. limb slightly 2-lipped. up to 5 m tall.. . Shrubs. Drupe subglobose or somewhat ovoid. cymes pedicelled.5-4 cm broad. subsessile to shortly pedicelled (pedicels up to 1 mm long). taperingthyrsoid. leaves (1-) 3-foliolate. inflorescence lax. usually 1-2 m tall. 008-611 : Vitex trifolia Linn. anti inflammatory. with 5. up to 2 mm long. peduncled. increasing up to 3 mm in fruit. usually 4-celled. c. unequal lobes. whitish to greyish tomentose except the upper surface of leaves and fruits. Stamens 4.
Leaves 0.5 cm long. c. tufted stem. entire. acute. Flowers small. straight. beard-less. Petiole almost of same length as that of lamina or sometimes little exceeding. situated above the middle of the peduncle.Uses : Anti inflammatory. obtuse.1-0. Uses : Emetic. seeds obovoid.1 cm. . stocksii (Biss) Beck. F-96 : VIOLACEAE. prostrate. 001-612 : Viola cinerea bo’es Var. c. near the flower. 0. upto 1 cm long. Sepals 0. . opposite. densely pubescent. ovate-oblanceolate. tomentose. free. entire.51. crea¬mish brown.2 x 0.8 cm long. 6-8-seeded.3 x 0. peduncle tomentose. mucronulate.5-1.1 cm long. densely tomentose. perennial herb with hard.0 x 0. Petals oblong. antipyretic. entire. stipules 2. Capsule elliptic-oblong. shiny.5-1. LN : Nindho banafsha Ashy white. 0. bracteoles 2. 3. whitish purple.05-0.7 cm. opposite. spur short. 0. branched. in disorders of urinary tract. obtuse.0 mm. ovate-lanceolate.2-0.
lateral leaflets slightly oblique or obtuse. pubescent. Disc 4 lobed. style stout. crenate-serrate. Peduncle 4-7 cm long. woody at base. adnate to the base of ovary. wiry. Cissus carnosa (L) Lamk LN : Khat-khatumbo A weak herbaceous climber. Inflorescence axillary or terminal. Berry black. petiolate. 2 x 1 mm. Uses : Leaf paste & poultice in boils and wound healing is veterinary practice. Petals 4. hooded at apex c. 2 mm calyx obscure.5 x 2 mm.3 mm long. compressed. slightly pubescent at side. . pubescent. densely and shortly pubescent. c. rounded at the back with linear tubercle. 1 cm across. greenish white. ending in adhesive disc. truncate. subulate. petiole 2-8 mm long. not spirally coiled. petiole 2-5 cm long. distinct. 3-6 x 2-3 cm. 2. oblong. somewhat fleshy and thick. stem more or less succulent.F-97 : VITACEAE. spreading. leaflets ovate or obovate acute or obtuse. 3-4 seeded c. stipule oblong c. Seeds triangular. globose. stigma discoid. 001-613 : Vitis trifolia Cooke. leaf opposed dichotomous cymes. Leaves pinnately trifoliate. pedicel c. Flower green c. terminal leaflet cuneate at base. tendril leaf opposed much branched. 1 mm long. lateral ones smaller. wedged shaped at the face. pubescent on both side.
10-15(-18)mm long. glabrous herb. pedicel up to 6 mm long. up to 3. Sepals ovate. stipular spines aculeate. Flowers white or yellowish white. entire or rarely pinnatifid. the upper 6 mm triangular or 3-keeled. striate. 3-4 mm long. corymbosely branched. up to 10-12 (-15) mm long terminal leaves unifoliolate.4-8 cm long. antipyretic.2-2. Stamens with 3-4 mm long filaments. terete. subequal. up to 25 cm tall. Stamens mostly 15. anthers longer than filaments.5-8 mm broad. branches prostrate to erect. cretica Linn. c. Leaves boiled in water & decoction used for bath in skin disorders.. rarely less. glabrous. 4 mm long pubescent. Seeds blackish-brown.oblong or oblong-elliptic. Petals 5. depressed or retuse at the apex.5) cm long internodes. patent. dhraga. trigonous. acute segments . LN : Hurmal Perennial. 1014(-16) mm long. dorsifixed. in liver disorders. Sepals 5.5 mm long. 8-10 mm across. irregularly and pinnatisectly dissected into 3-5 cm long. with up to 5 mm long petiole. Petals obovate. c. LN : Dhamaso. . Capsule 6-10 mm across. with up to 1-3 (-3. Ovary with 8-10 mm long style.5 cm long. pedicel 1. petiole. deciduous or semi-persistent. Flowers pinkish-purple. 001-614 : Fagonia arabica Linn / F.5 cm across. Leaves sessile. pedicel c. triangular. Lower leaves trifoliolate. c. 4-6 mm long. obtuse. 2 mm long.5-2.F-98 : ZYGOPHYLLACEAE.. twice as long as fruit.linear. acute. 2-3 mm broad. 1. leaflets linear-oblong. linear-lanceolate or subelliptic. not reflexed. 002-615: Peganum harmala Linn. c. 2-5 mm broad. c.stipules setaceous. obtuse. acute. shorter than leaves and internodes. Uses : Diuretic. filiform. Annual to biennial. central the largest. with persistent style.2 cm long. 6 mm long. Stem basally woody. Capsule c. 25-60 cm tall. filaments 4-5 mm long. glandular to glabrous shrublet. sparsely glandular hairy outside.. .
2 mm long. c. 6-9 mm long. galactagogue anthelmintic . 4-6 mm long. sharp mucronate. 5-6 mm across. acute. / Tribulus pentandrus Forsk / Tribulus pentandrus LN : Vado-gokhru . oblong-lanceolate. smooth. terminal leaflet obovate-cuneate. glabrous herb. externally seed paste wound healing. stigmas capitate. light brown. Flowers solitary. Seeds plano-convex. 5-6 mm long. Leaves with 3-5 mm long petiole. Uses : Anthelmintic. c. leaflets subsessile. branches articulate. 4-5 mm in diameter. triangular. Stem woody at the base. obtuse.. ribbed. compressed. styles minute.Uses : Abortifacient. stipules interpetiolar. Ovary oblong. 5-10 mm long. c. anthers brownish yellow. 2-3 mm broad. lateral ones oblique. ciliate. 3 mm long. divergent. extra-axillary. Capsule pendulous. Stamens as long as and alternate with the sepals. pedicel c. acute at both ends. 003-616 : Seetzenia orientalis Decne Seetzenia lanata (Willd. Sepals free. cernuous. green. brittle. c.) Bullock i LN : Dhakari Profusely branched. 004-617 : Tribulus alatus Del. ovoid. turbinate.
6-8 mm long. mericarps densely crested and tuberculate on dorsal side. c. hirsute. 1. sessile. filaments c. acute. densely hairy to glabrescent. Fruit disc like. elliptic-oblong.5 cm long. 004-618 : Tribulus terrestris Linn.5 cm across. rarely lower 2 deficient or reduced. Flowers yellow. 4-8 mm long. 3-4 mm broad. . Stamens mostly 5.5 mm long. 3-5 mm long. acute. pedical up to 1 cm long. Stamens 10. acute. densely appressed whitish silky pubescent herb. Stem hirsute to sericeous. up to 2. Petals obovate. c. 5-6 mm long. branches spreading. 2-4 mm broad. acute. c. Uses : Diuretic. 3-4 mm long. 5-10(-12) mm long. LN : Ekanti / mitha-Gokhru / Bethu Gokhru Annual or biennial. 4-5 mm long. 3 mm broad. prostrate. up to c. 3-8 mm broad. stigmas decurrent. stipules lanceolate to falcate. 1-1. anthers versatile. Petals oblong-spathulate. inequilateral. Leaves paripinnate. inequilateral. 3-4 mm long.5(-2) cm long. style short. leaflets 4-6 pairs. style c. 3 mm long. Stem with slender branches and short internodes. c. dorsally tuberculate. Sepals ovate-lanceolate. Sepals ovate-lanceolate. with 2 long patent and 2 short downwardly directed spines (rarely all or lower 2 reduced to Tubercles. Ovary ovoid. pedical up to 1. 1 cm in diameter. 3-8 mm long. 4-5 mm long mericarps mostly 4-spined. 8 mm in diameter. leaflets (4-) 5-6(-8) pairs ovate to elliptic-oblong. beset with bulbous based upwardly directed hairs. 2. obtuse. obtuse.Annual to biennial. rarely more. c. Leaves paripinnate. prostrate. 1 cm or less across. filaments c. Ovary ovoid. silvery pubescent herb. Fruit up to c. 3-5 mm long. stigmas decurrent. 3 mm broad.5-5 cm long. stipules subulate-lanceolate. Flowers yellow.
2-3 seeded. Stem and branches pale-green or purplish. Leaves succulent. 4-18 mm long. disc 10-lobed. cucullate. cough and heart diseases. simple. impotence. The fruit is used in painful micturition. glabrous. LN : Pat laani /atheli / alethi. 2 mm long. Annual. spathulate. turbinate. 5-loculed. urinary diseases. Stamens 10. 005-619 : Zygophylum simplex Linn. c. 8-20 cm tall. minutely striate. demulcent. Sepals 5. 3 mm long. 3 mm long. c. acute. tonic. aphrodisiac and aperient. sessile. septicidally dehiscent into 5. each locule 4-ovuled. exserted. stipules lanceolate. glabrous herb. Petals 5. profusely branched. scales bipartite. compressed cocci. pedicels slender. sulcate. retuse. elliptic-oblong. suberect to procumbent. keeled. apex obtuse. 2-3 mm long. fading to white.Uses : Fruits & roots – The plant is used as a diuretic. oblongcylindric. truncate at the apex. Capsule deflexed. Carpels 5. c. Flowers yellow. style persistent. rugulose. Seeds oblong . ovary ovoid. 4-5 mm across.
. The seeds are anthelmintic RESULTS AND DISCUSSION . Uses : Diuretic. The infusion of the leaves and seeds is applied to eyes in Opthalmia and Leucoma.
etc. If we consider that Kutch is region with long dry season.Asteraceae/Compositae second with 36 species . but more or less all over the distict. which. it is just the grasses that do not present themselves in such a condition at that time as to furnish sufficient material for their indentification. Euphorbiceae 21. In Cleome brachycarpa the younger stems are covered with glandular hairs. the same as those of Hooker’s Indus Plain Province. of the number of stomata.The members of flora of Kutch belong to 98 Natural Orders. Solanaceae & Tiliaceae 16 each. Cyperaceae 20. Cocculus pleceba shows similar formations to those of Tinospora cordifolia. thus. Farsetia jacquemontii. formation of aqueous tissue. A thick cuticle upon the epidermis of the leaves reduction. a thick covering of hairs. like a thick felt. transpiration confined to the younger parts and the leaves. Cocculus villosus has the younger parts densely villous. salt is present in the soil . The Leguminosae stand first with 115 species. a rigid shrub. In Tinospora cordifolia a cork is formed over the woody parts of the plant and. The dominant orders (viz. depression of the stomata. is covered all over with appressed hairs. Cleome monophylla is covered with pubescence and even the capsules are clothed with short stout hairs. The Order Capparidaceae shows a great variety of adaptations to a dry climate. We find it quite natural that most of the plants of Kutch exhibit a remarkable general similarity and agree in having a lower rate of transpiration than plants growing in places where plenty of water is available. Though. most of the plants seem to be out in December. mostly perennials. The glands secret volatile oil . on the whole.. roughly taken. 95 shrubs and undershrubs. Convolvulaceae 24. in short that the vegetation shows a distinct xerophytic character. Of the many indigenous plants about 30 only are trees. reduction of the transpiring surface.not only along the sea shore and in the vicinity of the Great Rann. those represented by the larger number of species) of the Kutch flora are. Almost all the plants have a wide geographical distribution with regards to the Indian as well as to the extra-Indian region. Cleome stocksiana is partly protected by having fleshy leaves which store up a considerable quantity of water. also the petals are glandular-pubescent as well as the capsules. reduce excessive transpiration. along with the upper and lower surface of the leaves and the petioles. that the soil is mostly sandy or rocky. Malvaceae third with 31 species . all the rest herbs. Nearly all the structural features by which transpiration is reduced may be observed in the flora of Kutch. No endemic species has been found as yet. followed by Cucurbitaceae 27. Acanthaceae 23.
Grewia villosa. for it is a well known fact that air laden with vapours of volatile oil is much less permeable to radiating heat than pure air. the lower velvety. including the leaves of Capparis spinosa are covered with a greyish-white layer of wax which just allows the green colour to be slightly visible. whilst all the other plants in the neighbourhood are quite dry. the leaves narrow linear. which is usually found in the dry parts of the Presidency. It is evident that by this means the leaves cover and protect each other and are thus. Still better protected is Abutilon graveolens which. At times of draught . In Polycarpoea corymbosa the young branches and the pedicels are hoary-pubescent. will be protected at day-time against overheating and consequently against excessive transpiration. and the younger shoots bear exceedingly small and spinous-pointed leaves. This character greatly reduces cuticular transpiration. Bergia odorata shows the tendency to crowd the leaves into fascicles. The species of Portulaca are protected in various ways: The stems of P. less exposed to the heating influence of the sun. and at night against too great a cooling down. the flower-buds. the leaves fleshy with raddish margins. Tamarix dioica and T. the stipules form a ring of silvery hairs in the former. alatus belong both to the desert flora. whilst the sepals and the ovary are clothed with glandular hairs. the upper surface of the leaves rough with stellate hairs. Thus it happens that very often at night or in the early morning the green parts of the plant are covered with dew. surrounded by a layer of vapours of volatile oil. Also in this case. The stems and branches of Gynandropsis pentaphylla are covered with white spreading hairs and the leaves are pubescent on both sides. Tribulus terrestris and T. is covered with a sticky coat of short hairs. they absorb the moisture which is contained in the atmosphere in the form of vapours. and a ring of brownish ones in the later. The reduction of the transpiring surface is well shown in Capparis aphylla. ericoides have got minute scale-like leaves. Sida spinosa. tuberosa . the branches are grey puberulous. In this way a plant. The older branches are quite destitute of leaves. besides having long spreading hairs. but orangeyellow.It is just the vapours of that oil which acts protective against too profuse transpiration .oleracea are reddish. We find fleshy leaves also in Portuaca quadrifia and P. the petioles villous and the stipules hairs. The young stems and branches. sepals. looks quite gray from very small stellate hairs. and ovary covered with pilose hairs. Both make use of the hygroscopic salts that collect on the surface of the plant. the stipular thorns are not green. besides being protected by silky villus hairs they perform some special movements by which the plant- .
at times of draught. the stomata are depressed.simplex sessile and in Z. its branches are covered with grey silky hairs. both sides are clothed with grey hairs. many species of Indigofera and Tephrosia are similarly protected. Oxystelma esculentum. Calotropis procera grows much higher in Kutch than ever seen it on the Deccan.microphyllus are small undershrubs confined to the dry parts of the district . can be recognized by the great number of very small leaves that are covered all over with a whitish crust of a hygroscopic salt. It is not possible that th water supplied by the absorbing action of the salt is sufficient . This is secreted in solution by glandular hairs that are to be found in depressions on both sides of the leaves. in Z. Zygophyllum simplex and Z. the deeply pinnatifid leaves are spinesent.surface exposed is greatly reduced. It seems that the rhizome which descends very deep into the substratum furnishes the necessary moisture. which is a common undershrub on cultivated fields and blown sand. the leaves begin to turn round their own oaxis and. and about ½ in the latter. The leaves are abruptly pinnate. Sarcostemma brevistigma. upwards round the common rhachis. till they are lying in one vertical plain with their upper sides touching each other. In the centre there is a thin-walled water-tissue occupying about 2/3 of the whole diameter in the former.The outer walls of the polygonal cells of the epidermis are very much thickened. Cressa cretica. the involucres are surrounded by strong white bristles and the intermediate branches are usually produced into sharp spines. the spines very often reaching one inch. In both species they are cylindric. The function of leaves is performed by the green tissue of the branches and thorns which have their stomata in pits at right angles to the long axis. is clothed with a white cottony pubescence. Of the Asclepiadaceae the following contain a milky juice: Periploca aphylla. coccineum bifoliate on a stout fleshy petiole. When the sun is rising at noon or in the afternoon. Periploca aphylla is an erect branches shrub and mostly without any leaves: but when these are present they are extremely small and thick. and C. the outer walls of the epidermal cells are thin and the stomata not depressed at all. Convolvulus rotterianus. Lotus garcini is a small undershrub that grows in sandy soil. Breweria latifolia. coccineum differ from the above mentioned plants by the distinct suculence of their leaves. the leaflets are extremely small and fleshy. a thistle-like herb. Echinops echinatus. Alhagi camelorum is much-branched rigid shrub armed with axillary spines which produces the flowers. Calotropis procera. at the same time. A dense felt of silky hairs and strong outer walls of the epidermis seem to be their chief protection. At the same time. because the leaves are very delicate. The transpiring surface of .
There is no definite boundary between Banni and the Rann. stretching about 25 km from north to south and 15 from east to west. The prevalence of woody plants is the most striking feature of the flora. as if covered with dense forest. rough with stiff hairs. In Salicornia branchiata. linear and sessile. The trees are losing good deal of their size and the whole forest now assume the appearance of a more or less dense thicket of stunted trees and shrubs of a distinctly xerophytic character. Gora Doongur (White hill). on closer inspection. the leaves are small. The mountain slopes look. Blepharis sindica is protected in various ways: the stem is mostly very short. South of Pachham Island the Rann can only be recognized by a narrow belt deviod of trees. we find that the vascular bundles of main nerves are surrounded by watertissue which unites the epidermis of the upper side of the leaves with that of the lower one. but . It is crossed by two somewhat east and westerly chains of hills: the one to the north is called the Kala Doongur (Black hill) and other to the south. there being only scaly bracts and no leaves at all. the upper part is armed with recurved sharp spines. from a distance. the bracteoles are hairy and ciliate. As to Ferua javanica the thick woolly felt covering almost all the parts of the plant.Solanum xanthocarpum is considerably reduced by the formation of numerous yellow prickles on the branches and on the midrib and nerves of the leaves. being merely a repetition of the vegetation of the mainland. Pacham Island itself is situated in the centre of the Rann. . In Salvia egyptica.trilobatum are similarly armed. cannot give any clue as to the origin of the Rann. have fleshy leaves.437 feet. the outer and inner surface of the calyx are softly hairy the three midnerves of the larger calyx-segment are produced into three bristly teeth. transpiration is entirely confined to the green branches. is protective in function. the bracts are hairy on both sides with a spinous point . It is evident that a flora with so few characteristic peculiarities in its aspect and with none as regards its composition . a jointed branched shrub. at the base of the leaves there are sometimes some small spinous teeth. Solanum indicum and S. often scarcely visible. Suaeda fruticosa and S. and have the margins bent back. In the former we find the most lofty elevation of Kutch. the Pacham Pir which rises directly from the Rannto a height of 1. the branches are ash-grey and covered with short hairs.nudiflora which usually grow in saline places.
90.REFERENCES 1) Blatter. 1954. Part III. Hist. LXIV(5).K.. : Traditional treatments through Herbs in Kutch District. 1928. S. 2) Blatter. 13) Palin. 3) Jain. 5. 287. and Saluja A. Journal of Natural Remedies.S.. 157. Kanodia. 29. Cong. 12) Kapadia. U. 756.C. 361.N. 1880. 2.. Gujarat state.. Bombay Nat. 19. surv. J. 1908. 11) Kapadia. Res.1 (2). & Saluja A. 1958. Bombay Gazetteer. 1(1).& Saluja A. 1994. 8) Kakrani H. 16.. : Traditional treatment of Gastrointestinal tract disorders in Kutch district. A list of plants of Kutch. Deshpande.71. Gujarat State.. Soc. Gujarat .. G. K..H. 1908.K. 2001. Proc. Res.. Deshpande. 4) Jain. Gujarat State. Memoir. U. E.. 1960.A. 427. Soc.R. : Plants used for diuretic activity in traditional medicine in Kutch District . : Traditional treatment of diabetes in kutch district. LXV(5). J.. 328. Guj.Part I . Sc.N. S. 1960..K. 15) Thakar Indraji: Plants of Kutch & their utility (In Gujarati language).K.. 16. . 22. G. Fitoterapia . India . 7) Kakrani H. Indian Sc.K.2002. Journal of Natural Remedies..N..Analgesic. Jain.K.K.T. Anti inflammatory and Anti arthritic plants . 19. Bombay Nat. C.. 1(2).. Planta indica..K. Fitoterapia .Uterine disorders.. : Traditional treatments through Herbs in Kutch District.J. 3. 1993 . S. 1954. Bot. 9) Kakrani H. E. & Saluja A. 6) Kakrani H.. Curr. 14) Puri. Hist. India. Soc. India . 2005.A. Kakrani B.N.& Saluja A. Bull. S. 5) Jain. Guj. G. 10) Kakrani H.N.K. 121-124. 463-465. India.R.Part II . Soc. 1960. Soc.. Indian Bot. 326.J.
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