     

Reboot the PC by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Delete>at the same time. Press this key combination twice. Select the option that indicates PC Support and/or AS/400. Answer "Enter common user ID:" with your username Answer "Enter password for common user ID:" with your password. If there is a beep or a message press <Enter>to bypass the message. At this point you should have the following screen:
Sign On System . . . . . : MKTAS400 Subsystem . . . . : QINTER Display . . . . . : PCnnnnS1 User . . . . . . . Password . . . . . Program/procedure. Menu . . . . . . . Current library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________ __________ __________ __________

   

Type your username in the "User" blank. Press the <Tab>key. Type your password. The password will not be displayed. Press the <Enter>key.

If for some reason you can not longer type, press the <Reset>key. On the Microterms or PC-VT this would be the <Esc>key then R. On PC Support/400 this would be the left <Ctrl>key. If this is the first time you signed on continue with the Changing your password section of this manual.

Changing Your Password
The first time you log on the AS/400 you will be forced to change your password before continuing.
 

 

Press <Enter>to change your password. At the "Current Password" field, type `xx' followed by the last six digits of your social security number (ie. xx999999) NOTE: nothing you type on this screen will be displayed to ensure that no one views your password as you type it. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit>. For the "New Password" field, type the password you would like to use when you sign on to the computer. It must not exceed 10 characters, it must begin with a alphabetic character and the remaining characters may be any combination of alphabetic, numeric

 

  

characters. Note: Try not to make it too difficult, you will need to know it to sign on the AS/400 again. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit> At the "New Password (to verify)" field, type in your new password for a second time to make sure you have entered it correctly. If you have entered it incorrectly you will get an error message and your initial password will still be `xx' followed by the last four digits of your social security number. Press <Enter> Upon completion, the following message will be displayed: Password changed successfully Read the following screens, pressing <Enter>to exit each one, until you reach the AS/400 Main Menu screen.

Later on when you want to change your password, type CHGPWD on the command line and go through the same steps.

Signing Off of the AS/400
 

Press <F3>until you see a command prompt, ===>. At the command prompt type SIGNOFF.

Getting Online Help
AS/400 provides extensive On-line help, and a simple method of accessing the help information. On-line help information is provided for all system displays. The type of help provided depends on the location of the cursor. For all displays, the following information is provided:
    

What the display is used for How to use the display How to use the command line if there is one How to use the entry fields and parameter line if any What function keys are active and what they do.

If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area where specific on-line help information is available, the help text for that area of the display is shown. If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area for which no specific information is available, information for the entire display is shown. Then you can page forward or backward through the information for the entire display and for each area. If the <Help>key is pressed while a help display is shown, a description of the types of help that are available on the displays, and how to get each type of help is shown.

The <Help>key on the PC Support stations is labeled <Scroll Lock>. On the VT-100 or PC-VT stations the key sequence for < Help>is <ESC>h. If <F11>=Search index is shown at the bottom of the display, you can press <F11>to see the Search Help Index display. On that display, you can request information about any topic you specify.

STRSCHIDX
The start search index command is used when you would like to get help on a specific or general topic. To use the index search facility type STRSCHIDX and hit <Return>. Type your subject topic, or topics on the bottom subject line. When you hit <Return>again your topic will be searched for and the topics found will be displayed on the screen above the topic line. To display the information you are looking for type 5 in the option field by the topic line press <Return>. To get out of the index search facility press <F3>until exited.

CD-ROM Manuals
If you are attached to the AS/400 using PC Support/400 you have the ability to look at a hypertext version of a subset of the complete AS/400 manual set. To start the hypertext book reader type the command MANUALS at any AS/400 prompt. This guide is laid out like a library. The library contains bookshelves. These bookshelves contain books. For example our library contains a bookshelf name Languages. We select the bookshelf by using the arrow keys to place the highlighted cursor over it and press <Enter>. On this bookshelf there are several books on languages. One of the books is titled "COBOL/400 Reference". Once again we use the arrows and cursor to select the item. Now that we have the book it opens up a "Table of Contents" for the book. By using this search and select procedure you can look through the book like a book you'd check out at the library.

More Help
There are three ways to get help on the READ/DOS book reader (AS/400 command MANUALS):
  

Start the book reader and select the bookshelf entitled BookManager READ/DOS. Press <F1>anywhere you're in question about your current options. Press <Alt>h (or <F10>h) and select the appropriate help selection for your current problem.

Using the Prompt Facility
AS/400 provides interactive command prompting for any command supplied with the system or created by the user. On the command entry screen notice the option F4 = Prompt at the bottom of the screen. You can type the command name only, and press <F4>to see the prompt display for the command. Usually, a command may require many parameters before it can be executed. The prompt displays provide a convenient method of supplying that parameter information. For

you can use DSPMSG at any time to display messages in your message queue. __________ Name . everything that can be stored or retrieved is stored in an object. . and owner.example. You may change the default values if you desire to do so. and more. The object types that we will be primarily concerned with in this manual are:     *LIB Libraries *FILE Files *PGM Compiled programs *OUTQ Output queues . size. press Enter. description. . . . . files. you can press < F4>to request a list of predefined values (such as *SYSOPR and *ALLACT in the above display) that are permitted in the field where the cursor is currently positioned. . . Organization of OS/400 Objects Objects On the AS/400. . . Objects share some common attributes such as name. . such as authorization management. . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F10=Additional parameters F12=cancel F13=How to use this display F24=More keys To execute the command. . type SNDMSG on any command line and press <F4>. *SYSOPR. *ALLACT. on all objects types. The following prompt display is shown: Send Message (SNDMSG) Type choices. ________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________ To user profile . type. If <F4>= Prompt is shown on the prompt display. executable programs.. Message text . date created. . Most of the parameters used on commands have default values that are used if no other value is specified. . In relation to the SNDMSG command. queues.. supply the required information for Message text and user profile and press <Enter>. Examples of objects are libraries. The concept of an object allows the system to perform certain standard operations. . . .

6 for the sequence number field. the system master library. data physical files 2. A library is an object.the library that contains all other libraries. which "contains" all libraries on the system). we are primarily concerned with database files. However.) . the default record length is 92 (80 for the source data field.Libraries Every object is contained in a library. A data physical file (*FILE PF-DTA) contains data that cannot be compiled. of type *LIB. for example the source statements of a Pascal or COBOL program. There are basically three general categories of libraries: 1. This description is then compiled to produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. 2. A data physical file normally has a record format. and VAX/VMS. that contains data in the form of a database. of type *FILE. An interesting implication of the non-hierarchical nature of libraries is that two users cannot have libraries with the same name. A source physical file has the attribute "PF-SRC". In this manual. physical files 2. Files A file is an object. and 6 for the date field. QSYS . For example. It is usually created using the "Create Source Physical File" (CRTSRCPF) command (more information about this command will be given later). There are two types of database files: 1. The CRTSRCPF command creates a physical file with attributes appropriate for source physical files. It has a fixed-length record format. that contains a group of objects. or a group of related records that are handled as a unit. logical files. System supplied libraries NOTE:all IBM-supplied library names begin with the letter "Q" or "#" 3. A source physical file is actually a special type of data physical file. source physical files. A source physical file (*FILE PF-SRC) contains source statements. we are primarily interested in two kinds of physical files: 1. such as an input file to a program. for example an employee master file. a library cannot "contain" other libraries (with the exception of QSYS. User-created libraries. This record format is defined using Data Description Specifications (DDS is a language that is used to describe database files to the system). In this manual. It is similar to the "root" or top-level directory on Unix. In conventional terms. unlike these systems. A physical file contains actual data stored on the system. Refer to the section on the SEU editor for the meanings of these fields. device data. a data physical file is a data file. MS-DOS.

. press Enter. and allows compilation to be totally automatic. a member has been specified as having an attribute of CBL (for COBOL program.The data records in a data physical file can be grouped into members. as in the above example. it "knows" that it should invoke the COBOL compiler. and "QCLSRC" for the various PF-SRC files. "QDDSSRC". An example of a PF-SRC file and its members is shown below (we will explain how to get to this screen in the section on PDM): Work with Members Using PDM File . "RPGSRC" and DDS source in a PF-SRC file called. for example. for example. . you will probably want to store source programs of the same type in a separate source physical file. . . SEU. In a PF-SRC file. Although. You may also use the standard IBM-supplied names such as "QRPGSRC". However. SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ Position to . each member contains source statements for a program or DDS source. you may want to keep all your RPG source programs in a PFSRC file called. This implies that all members of an object share the same basic characteristics with the other members in the object such as ownership and security..) the AS/400 editor. . in the above example. "DDSSRC".. This attribute is specified when creating the member. determines how the various systems programs (such as the editor and compilers) on the AS/400 treat the member. Library . . will format the program as a COBOL program. For example. you may choose to include source members of different types belonging to the same application in the same PF-SRC file. for example. and it is contained in the library YOURLIB. . These members are not objects themselves but subsets of an object. . DDS Source for a Logical File Control Language Source Program RPG Source Program DDS Source for a Physical File DDS Source for a Display File Parameters or command ===> ___________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys The name of the source physical file is SRCFILE. . source members of different types are stored in the same source physical file. 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt __ __ __ __ __ Member NAMEEMP CLPROG RPGPROG EMPMAST SCRNMBR 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type LF CLP RPG PF DSPF Text Sample Sample Sample Sample Sample 5=Display 9=Save 6=Print 13=Change text . A data physical file may contain one or more members. Once. . and when PDM (Program Development Manager) is given the instruction to compile the file. . Members have an attribute associated with them. __________ Type options. which in the case of PF-SRC members. .

For example. a PF-DTA file will only have one member (by default. a *FILE object with the attribute LFDTA is produced. The attribute for a *PGM object indicates the language the program was written in. In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen above. each month's data can be processed separately by processing one member at a time. The spooled file stays in the output queue until it is directed to a printer or removed. A data logical file is described to the system using DDS. contains DDS source that defines a physical file. The name of the output queue is normally the same as that of your user profile. An important object type on the AS/400 is the output queue (*OUTQ). like a member. On the AS/400. the difference between "source" and "data" in regards to data physical files. Normally. Two common types of device files are printer files (*FILE PRTF) and display files (*FILE DSPF). When this source member is compiled (using CRTPF or option 14 in the "Work with Members using PDM" screen). This compiled object is the actual file that is used to hold data records. Other Object Types A program object (*PGM) is a compiled program. For instance.In a data physical file (PF-DTA). Another *FILE object type that you may encounter in your programming courses is the device file. at this point. whenever something is printed. A spooled files. A printer file describes the attributes that printed output will have. you may want to group the records in a sales transactions file so that each member contains data for each month. the member's name is the same as the file name). It is similar to the concept of a "view" in SQL. it is possible to include multiple members in a single PF-DTA file. . but provides a different method of viewing the data of an accompyning data physical file(s) which it internally references. When the DDS source is compiled. the "PF" member. when a COBOL source program is compiled. In this way. Refer to the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual for more information on printing spooled files. One way of defining and creating a display file is with the Screen Design Aid (SDA) utility. is not an object itself but a subset of an object. A data logical file (*FILE LF-DTA) is a data file that contains no actual data. However. A printer file can be created using the "Create Printer File" (CRTPRTF) command. A display file describes what information is to be displayed and where it is to be displayed on the screen of a display station. A device file contains a description how data is to be presented to a program from a device or vice versa. "EMPMAST". the output goes to an output queue and it stays there as a spooled file. It is important to understand. it will produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. such as the length and width of a printed page. it produces an object with a type of *PGM with the attribute CBL. the member(s) contains data for use by programs. An output queue has already been created for you with the creation of your user profile.

--------.----------------^--. Member(s) | | [Reorginized data] Source Data Physical Physical File File (PF-SRC) (PF-DTA) | | contains | | contains | | Member(s) Member(s) [Program source] [Actual Data] Creating a Library A library has already been created for during user profile creation. | | | | Programs (*PGM) Outqueues (*OUTQ) Files (*FILE) Other [Executable] | | objects | contains | Spooled Files | [Output intended for Printer] | | . In this section. Leave the library type as *PROD (a production library is one that is used for normal processing). to store all your application objects. | | Physical Data Logical file file (PF) (LF-DTA) | ^ contains .The relationships between the various objects that have been discussed in this section are as follows: QSYS (*LIB) [special library] | | contains | Library (*LIB) | | contains | . i. we will create another library and use this library as an example throughout the manual.------------------+----^-----------------. To create a library. . type the CRTLIB ("Create Library") on a command line and press <F4>to prompt on it. The name of this library is normally the same as that of your user profile.e.------^-----. Type in the name of the library and enter a brief description for the library. Note that you can use your default library. the library that has the same name as that as your user profile.

. try another name for the library. If you get this message. . . already exists".Create Library (CRTLIB) Type choices. . . . type CRTSRCPF and press <F4> to prompt on it. created".. . . . . . . .. it means that some other user already has a library by the same name. . . . *TEST Sample_Library__________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel Press <Enter>. . Library . . . . If you see the message "Library . Text 'description' .. . . press Enter. let's create a source physical file in the library that we have just created.. . . . . . . . . . . . if desired Text 'description' . . . . . . Below. . Note: All libraries are on the same "level" with only QSYS above them. . . *NONE. . To create a source physical file. Record length . . . . Supply the names for the source file and the library that will hold it. . Library type . . . . . . . . . . *FILE Sample_Source_File___________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Library Lists . Create Source Physical File (CRTSRCPF) Type choices. File . . You should see a message at the bottom of the screen saying "Library . . . . created in library ... we show the display for creating a source file called "SRCFILE" in the library "YOURLIB".. .. Library . press Enter. Creating a Source Physical File Now. Other commands that operate on libraries are:    DSPLIB (Display Library) DLTLIB (Delete Library) WRKLIB (Work with Library)." at the bottom of your screen. SRCFILE___ Name YOURLIB___ Name. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display YOURLIB__ Name *PROD____ *PROD. . . . . Press < Enter> and you should see the message "File . . . Member. *CURLIB 92_______ Number *NONE_____ Name. . . . .

. Before we discuss what the current library is. such as QTEMP. As you can see. The current library is tied closely to the concept of a library list. a library list is divided into three parts: system portion which consists of the libraries that are required to run system functions current library which by default. the library "JOHNDOE"). You can display your library list by typing DSPLIBL and press <Enter> on a command line. COLLECTION . press Enter. A default library list is automatically created by OS/400 for each job started by a user.You may have noticed in the previous screen that the "Library" field defaults to the value *CURLIB. the user can create their own libraries and add them to their library list.. that is the library that has the same name as that as your user profile. It specifies which libraries are to be searched and the order in which they are searched when the system looks for an object. The following is the library list for the user "JOHNDOE". Some user libraries. 5=Display objects in library Opt __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Library QSYS QHLPSYS QUSRSYS JOHNDOE QTEMP QGDDM QGPL QMSU QPAS MBNLQ ONLINE Type SYS SYS SYS CUR USR USR USR USR USR USR USR Text System Library *IN USE JOHN DOE's default library GENERAL PURPOSE LIBRARY MSU generated commands and programs Common Library for MBNLQ . is the library that has the same name as your user profile (in this case. The current library is the first user library that is searched before the rest of the user libraries in the list.created by SQL MKTAS400 F3=Exit F12=Cancel F17=Top F18=Bottom Note that you may not have all the libraries in the above list. Display Library List System: Type options. A library list is similar in concept to the "PATH" in Unix and MS-DOS. QGPL. we first explain what a library list is. In addition. A library list is identified by the value *LIBL. is automatically included in your library list. user portion which consists of libraries that holds user objects. meaning the current library. Your default library. and QGDDM come with the system while others are locally supplied.

objects.) or using one of three commands which indicate the level at which the user would like to work:    WRKLIBPDM -. compilation and program execution. This is because "YOURLIB" is currently not in the library list. User "JOHNDOE" wants to run the program (using the CALL command) and issues the command CALL TESTPROG. If. You can edit your library list using the EDTLIBL command and remove a library list entry using the RMVLIBLE command. Next time. when "JOHNDOE" signs on. Using the Program Development Manager (PDM) The Program Development Manager (PDM) is a set of utilities under OS/400 designed to simplify the creation and development of software. For example. It automates file and member creation.If a user does not specify a library name when requesting an operation on an object. "YOURLIB" will no longer be in their library list and hence. In the section "Steps in Developing a Program". assume that the user "JOHNDOE" has an executable program (*PGM object) called "TESTPROG" in the library "YOURLIB". however.Work with file members using PDM Work with Objects . the current library. Starting PDM PDM may either be started using the command STRPDM (for Start PDM. If "JOHNDOE" now issues the the unqualified CALL command. Note. "YOURLIB" can be made the current library by typing CHGCURLIB YOURLIB. the program can now be located and executed since the library that contains the program is now in the library list. such as the CRTSRCPF command.Work with objects using PDM WRKMBRPDM -. that both commands (ADDLIBLE and CHGCURLIB) are only effective for a particular session. Some commands automatically default to the current library (*CURLIB). we will create an "initial program" that will automatically run these commands when a user signs on the system.Work with libraries using PDM WRKOBJPDM -. however. followed by the library name (or prompt on the command) ADDLIBLE YOURLIB.) which will produce a menu of options for the level on which the user wishes to work (libraries. no longer the current library. or members. To add a library to the library list. type the "Add Library List Entry" (ADDLIBLE) command. the libraries in the library list are searched for the object (starting with the system libraries. and the user libraries). and allows the programmer to manage their environment from a set of standard menus. editing. A message will appear stating that the program is not found in the library list. "TESTPROG" is qualified by "YOURLIB" as CALL YOURLIB/TESTPROG then the program can be found and executed.

. . . . Type WRKOBJPDM and prompt with <F4>. . *PRV. . . . *PRV. . *ALRTBL. Object .. *AUTL. . . Object attribute . YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ F12=Cancel *PRV. . . . . . This allows the user to work with objects inside a library. 2=Change 3=Copy 8=Display description Opt Object Type . . . . . . *ALL. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display The screen resulting from command WRKOBJPDM. *ALL. . . . *ALRTBL. . . . *PRV. . *generic*. . . with the library specified as YOURLIB. . . . . . . . press Enter. press Enter. . Library . . . . *generic. attribute. . . Object attribute . . . . YOURLIB___ Position to .. . . *PRV. *generic. . . .. . . ... The "Object" and "Object type" options allow the user to limit which objects will be displayed. . attribute. name. . Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. . . Type options. . . . *PRV. press Enter. . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display The *PRV value on the "Library" field indicates that the default is to work on the library the user last worked with. . *CURLIB name... . *PRV. . . . *CURLIB name. . These may be replaced with the name of a specific library. Object . *generic. __________ 4=Delete 9=Save Attribute Text 5=Display 10=Restore 7=Rename 11=Move . *PRV______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ F12=Cancel *PRV.One of the most commonly used commands to start PDM is WRKOBJPDM. Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. Type WRKOBJPDM and press <F4> to prompt on it. Object type . . is shown below. . . . Library . . . . . . . __________ Position to type .. ... Object type . . . . *AUTL. . . . . .. and *ALL on the other options. name.. Work with Objects Using PDM Library . . . .

the options support the prompting facility. Multiple objects may be operated on sequentially by placing numbers on more than one Opt line. If the item is of type *PGM. the source physical file "SRCFILE" that you have just created. (programs may also be called from the WRKOBJPDM screen by using the 16 option.. There are two important special features which this method of specifying actions offers: First. change its attributes. the action of this option depends on the file type. . You can type "5" (Display) against one and type "7" (Rename) against the other. present a display allowing the user to call the program. pressing <Enter> or <F12> (cancel) with no options on the screen returns to the previous level.) option. PDM will present the prompt screen for the command associated with that option number. simply press <F4> while an option number is on one of the "Opt" lines. allowing the user to work with spooled files. there should be just one object in the library. assume we have two source files in "YOURLIB". multiple objects may be operated on in succession. PDM Options Options are displayed across the top of the screen (for a list of all the options available in PDM. Pressing <Enter> causes PDM to process each option in turn. More on PDM levels Moving down levels in PDM is accomplished using the "12" (Work With. For example. To use the prompting facility.. go to the "Work With Output Queue" display. go to the WRKMBRPDM display for that file (there are different types of WRKMBRPDM displays for source and data files.__ SRCFILE *FILE PF-SRC Sample Source File Bottom Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently.) Each option is an action which may be performed on an object by placing its number on the "Opt" line next to the object and pressing the < Enter> key. see Table 1 at the end of this section. Placing a 12 on the line next to an item on this display will:    If the item is of type *FILE.) If the item is of type *OUTQ.) When this method of changing levels is used. This method of specifying actions on a form listing the objects available is consistent throughout PDM. At the WRKOBJPDM screen. etc. and second.

. This will automatically invoke the SEU editor.. Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. .. . . press <F6> (Create). . . .. . . press Enter. . Sample_Source_Member____________________ . . . . the source member will contain only plain text). press Enter. . . . . . . *SAME. . Source member . . SRCFILE___ Library . . . YOURLIB___ Position to . . However. Library . 2=Edit 7=Rename 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Text 5=Display 6=Print 9=Save 13=Change text . . Opt Member Type (No members in file) Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. . . . . . Text 'description' . *PRV . . enter "TXT" (i. the "2=change" option is no longer valid.. . the "18" option may be invoked to modify the file using DFU (Data File Utility). . *PRV. Let's create a member. Type "12" against "SRCFILE" to work with it. *CURLIB. for instance the *DEBUG option to include debugging information in the program. there are no members in "SRCFILE". . . . . *LIBL. > YOURLIB___ Name. . . Press <Enter> . BASP. SRCMBR____ Name. When working with a source physical file at this level.Work with Members The WRKMBRPDM display is the bottom level of PDM. . . . . C.) When working with a physical data file. __________ Type options. . . . *SELECT . . BAS. To do that. option 2 runs the STRSEU command to begin editing a member and 14 calls the compiler for a program of that type (if specific compiler options are needed. . Source type . > SRCFILE___ Name. . remember that the prompting facility may be invoked on any PDM option. TXT_______ Name.e. . Enter the name of the new source member and for its source type. The following "Work with Members using PDM" screen appears: Work with Members Using PDM File . Source file . *PRV .

you can use the "Member" and/or "Member Type" fields to narrow down the number of members to work with.. Type this command and press <F4> to prompt on it. . Member . . . . *PRV. . . . . File . . . . . SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ F12=Cancel *PRV. *PRV. the WRKLIBPDM command lets you work with a library or libraries. you will notice that "SRCMBR" is now in "SRCFILE". press <F3> to quit and type "Y" in the "Change/Create member" field to save the source member. in the section on SEU we will use this source member. . . . .. type. Work with Members Using PDM (WRKMBRPDM) Type choices. . On return to the WRKMBRPDM screen. . . . .. . . . . . enter the names of the library and file as shown below. name name. Library . Save Restore Move Modify an object or edit a source member Duplicate an object Remove an object from storage Display the contents of an object Copy a source member to an output queue Change an object's name Show summary information about an object Save an object to offline storage Retrieve an object from offline storage Move an object to another library . . . Later on. F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Work with Libraries Briefly. *CURLIB name. . Member type . You will probably use this command least among the three PDM commands. . . . press Enter. .. . *PRV. You can work with the contents of a library by typing 12 against it. . *LIBL. .) 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: 8: 9: 10: 11: Change Copy Delete Display Print Rename Display Descrip. Table 1: Options in PDM (Some options may not be valid at some levels.Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display You will now be inside the SEU editor. *generic. . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys . This will bring up the "Work with Objects using PDM" screen for that library. To work with the member that we have just created. . . . For now. . *generic. . The "Work with Members using PDM" screen can be accessed directly using the WRKMBRPDM command. If you have many members in your file. .

if available Display more function keys. a CL command is a way of of invoking functions and calling system services. Command Structure First. let's consider the command name. A command is made made up of two components: 1. Some common verbs and their meanings are shown below: o ADD . The verb consists of three characters and is the "action" component of the command.Create o DLT . file.Delete o DSP .Copy o CRT . A CL command is made up of two parts: (1) a command name and (2) parameters.Change o CPY .12: 13: 14: 15: 16: 17: 18: 25: Work With Change Text Compile Copy File Run Change Using SDA Change Using DFU Find String Perform operations on the contents of an object Change the text description line for an object Compile a source physical file member Copy a *FILE object (has special options) Run an object of type *PGM Change a screen design (in a PF-SRC) using SDA Use DFU to change a PF-DTA member Find a string of characters in an object Table 2: Function Keys in PDM F1: F3: F4: F5: F6: F9: F10: F11: F12: F13: F14: F15: F16: F17: F18: F21: F23: F24: Help Exit Prompt Refresh Create Retrieve Command Entry Display Toggle Cancel Repeat Source Type Toggle Sort User Options Subset Change Defaults Print List More Options More Keys Obtain help on an area of PDM Exit PDM or current operation Display prompt screen for options on screen Redraw the screen with updated information Create a library. or member Recall a previous command to the command line Display an OS/400 command entry screen Switch to/from brief display mode Cancel an operation Copy an option number to all lines Switch between date and type display in PF-SRC Change member list sort criteria Specify user-defined commands to PDM Limit the list on the screen to certain types Change PDM user settings Print the object list on the screen Display more PDM option numbers. As you would probably know by now.Display item . a VERB and 2. if available Control Language Command Syntax The purpose of this section is to provide a more formal presentation of CL commands. a SUBJECT.Add Item o CHG .

Some examples of verb/subject combinations are:     CRTSRCPF .Grant MOV . Parameters A CL command can have zero.g. Another way of specifying parameters is the free format or command line method.Remove item RST . SLTCMD CR* will list all commands starting with CR). A command may have some parameters that are required and some that are optional.Start PDM ADDLIBLE .o o o o o o o o o o o END . Another way of finding commands is to press <F4> on any command line. or more parameters. or 3.Start (a program or utility) WRK . we have been using the <F4> prompt facility for specifying parameters. You may want to use this method if you remember exactly what parameter information is needed for a command. For example. a combination of both. A parameter that is specified in keyword form will have a keyword followed immediately by a value (or list of values).Retrieve RVK . Parameters in keyword form can be specified in any order. Using this method. This will bring up the "Command Grouping Menu" where each option represents a group of related commands.Add Library List Entry CL commands can be found in several ways.Restore RTV . one.Revoke SET . The command GO CMDxxx can be used to get a menu of commands related to xxx (where xxx can be a verb or subject). So far in this manual. .Create Source Physical File WRKOBJPDM .Send STR .Work with Objects Using PDM STRPDM . 2. A system-defined default value (prefixed by "*") is usually assigned to an optional parameter if the user does not specify a value for it. WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) OBJ(SRCFILE) There must not be any blanks between the keyword and the left parenthesis. keyword form.Set SND . The first option SLTCMD ("Select Command by Name") can be used to obtain a list of commands using a wildcard character (e.Stop a program which was started with a STR GRT . parameters can be specified in: 1.Move RMV . positional form.Work with The subject component of the command specifies the item that the verb acts on.

as in the following statement WRKMBRPDM SRCFILE the library qualifier will default to the library list (*LIBL). parameters are specified without keywords. The "Work with members" screen shows up. we will use the source member we created in the previous section. for example WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE MBRTYPE(TXT). Positional parameters are often limited to the first three or four parameters. and press <Enter> . develop and maintain applications. *N. PDM is one tool that may be used to access the SEU. Note that when using the WRKMBRPDM command. Extendable interface to tools through user-defined options. the following command will display all objects of type *FILE in the library YOURLIB. "/". the file name must be qualified with a slash. One restriction of this mixed form of specifying parameters is that positional parameters cannot follow keyword parameters. which is in between the second and third parameters in the parameter set. which in this case is *ALL. Another tool is the Source Entry Utility (SEU) that offers a full screen editor providing syntax checking of source statements. Note that the "Member" parameter. In this SEU tutorial. For example. is omitted. The above example can be specified in positional form as follows WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB SRCFILE. the following is invalid WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) SRCFILE. The parameter values must be positionally matched with the keywords in the parameter set for that command. The PDM menu is displayed. Choose option 3 to Work with members. the file name and library name fields are actually one parameter (a file name plus a library qualifier). the system-defined value. If you do not want to specify a value for one of the parameters. can be entered in the position of that parameter. For example. Using the SEU Editor Introduction The IBM AS/400 provides an integrated set of Application Development Tools (ADT) to design. You can also reach this screen by typing WRKMBRPDM (Work with . List-oriented selection of items for development or maintenance. WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB *N *FILE *N will map to the default value for that parameter. If the reference is to a file in a specific library. character in both keyword and positional forms WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE SRCMBR WRKMBRPDM FILE(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) MBR(SRCMBR) If only the file name is specified.In the positional form. A CL command can use a combination of both positional and keyword parameters. Starting the Editor Type STRPDM (Start Program Development Manager) on any command line. One such tool is the Programming Development Manager (PDM) that offers the following:    Integrated application development environment.

. 5. 1 ... Columns .+. 4 . In either case.. ... .. 5. ..: 1 80 SEU==>_______________________________________________________ FMT ** ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ****************** End of data *********************************** F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Edit SRCMBR .. . 1 ..+...+. 3 .+. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** If you press <Enter> without typing anything...... ..+. 3 . 5.+. Press <Enter> ..+. 2 ...+..... Type 2 on the "Opt" line to edit the source member "SRCMBR".....+...+.... supply the necessary source file (SRCFILE) and library (YOURLIB) information and press Enter... 1 .+.. ....+.. 2 ...+... 6 ..: 1 80 SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** Edit SRCMBR .... 6 .. 6 ........ 2 .+... You are now in the full-screen EDIT mode.+..+. *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Type I (for insert) on the first line as shown and press <Enter> . ...+.+...... 4 .+... ... 3 ... I *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ ..: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** . the screen readjusts as shown: Columns .+. Columns ..+. 4 .members using PDM) on any command line and pressing <F4> .... .

.. .+. .00 End Second Block. . 4 .00___ 0000. N=No SRCMBR____ Name SRCFILE___ Name YOURLIB___ Name Description_for_the_member. . . . . .. .+. . .. For more information on line commands see 'Using SEU line commands'. . . ..99 01.' Exiting the Editor To exit SEU press <F3>. . .. Below. Print member . . . Increment . press Enter. . . ... . To save the current member and exit SEU follow the following procedure 'Exiting the Editor. . . N=No 0001. ..9999.+. .00 0003. you may start typing in the desired text. . . Library . . . . . 5. . ._____ Y Y=Yes. . Resequence member . .. . . . .01 . . . . . Columns .. .00____ 00. . 2 . .. .. Y Y=Yes... Start .+. .+. . . 0006.. . .00 ****************** End of data ************************************ Notice the sequence numbers of records at the extreme left.. 3 . 6 . . 0002. . . . .. N=No . 0010. . . . . . 0005. .99 N Y=Yes. The exit display shows up: Exit Type choices. . we show a sample TEXT document that will be used in the next section for illustrating the use of various SEU line commands. . .. . . .. .00 0007.00 Text for the first block .99. . 1 .01 .+. .. .. . . . 0009. . 0004. .. 0008.00 End First Block. ... . . . . .00 Text for second block . Text . .+.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT....: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> _________________________________________________________ FMT ** .00 Begin Second Block. . Change/create member Member . File .. *************** Beginning of data ********************************* 0001. . . . The sequence number field of a record is used to specify the line commands. . .00 Begin First Block. .Now.. . . .. .

. use <F5> to refresh the screen. Note: If you type a line command... The SEU line commands are entered over the digits that make up the sequence number of a record. .. the system supplies Y in this field and returns back to the editing mode ( unless you explicitly type N and force it to exit ). The screen for editing that member will show up. . and type option 2. . Type N in this field only if you do not want to save changes made to your member. The default values supplied for most of the options above are self-explanatory. . if the member is modified. In the following discussion. . However. type option 2 in front of member SRCMBR and press <Enter> . For example. and then you decide to cancel it. press <F12> to cancel the exit display. a sample TEXT document is used to illustrate the use of the various commands. . .-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** . command M for moving lines and so on. to edit the member SRCMBR created before. you may simply press < Enter> . The edit display for this member is shown: Columns .. . N=No F12=Cancel If you wish to save the changes you have made.Return to editing . note the following:    If you have decided not to quit the editor.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . Using Line Commands SEU supports various line commands that guide us in editing an existing member. . . command C is used to copy lines. . Use the tab keys to position the cursor at the desired member. type WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. From the "Work with members using PDM" display. . The default value for 'Change/create member' is Y. . However.   Use the command WRKMBRPDM as explained in the previous section. . . For example.. if syntax errors do persist. . if your member did not have any syntax errors. This returns you back to the editing mode. N=No Y=Yes. and press < Enter> . F3=Exit F5=Refresh N N Y=Yes. otherwise N. To edit a member that has already been created. Go to member list . The default value for 'Return to editing' option is N. . .

00 F3=Exit F10=Top THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0006.. SAMPLE. 0002. Begin First Block..00 0010. Begin End Second Block.00 0002.. Begin End Second Block.. Type in the line to be inserted and press <Enter> .00 0004. Columns . .00 0009. 0004.00 0009. .0001... Text for the first block .00 0003..00 Text for the first block .00 0003.00 0002. .00 0008. Text for second Second Block. 0005.00 0007. Text for second Second Block.00 End First Block. block .00 Begin First Block..00 0005. ''''''' PROGRAM-ID. type I (insert) on the sequence number field of that record. and press <Enter> .. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** I001.. ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys The screen adjusts as shown below.00 F3=Exit F10=Top THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0004.. ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Inserting a line To insert a line after a particular record.-A+++B+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ + *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001. . Begin First Block. Text for the first block . End First Block..00 0003.00 0006.00 0010..: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> ________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB .00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT..00 0007.00 0008.00 0005.. End First Block. block .

: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB .: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> __________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . 0009. and press Enter. 0004... 0005. 0001.01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 . .00 F3=Exit F10=Top Begin End Second Block. . and press Enter. 0002.00 C Begin First Block..00 End Second Block. 0008. Columns .00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. 0010. ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Copying a line To copy the "Begin First Block" line to the end of the program.. Text for second Second Block. 0002.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001...-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data******************************** 0001.00 0007.00 Text for second block .00 Text for the first block . .. This results in the pending line to be copied after the line you have indicated. Note the message on the top that indicates a pending Copy line command. 0001..00 Text for the first block .00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT... Columns .01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A (after) on the last line as shown.00 End First Block. block ..00 0008.. . 0005..00 0010.. . type C (copy) in the sequence number field.00 0007... .00 Begin Second Block.0006.. 0006.00 0009.. 0006.00 C Begin First Block. 0004.00 End First Block.

00 0009. type D (delete) in front of it and press <Enter> .00 Begin First Block..00 0011. 0001.. Begin End Second Block. ****************** End of data ************************************ The program looks as shown below. Text for the first block .0007. End First Block.00 D011. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. End First Block.00 0003.00 0003.. block .01 0002.00 0010.00 0007.00 0009. 0001.00 0006.00 0001. Begin First Block.00 Begin First Block..00 0005. Text for second Second Block. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. block . Begin First Block. Begin End Second Block.00 0008. Text for the first block . use the command M (move) and follow the procedure as explained above for copy..00 0008. after the copy.. block .00 Begin End Second Block.00 A010.. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Move . ****************** End of data *********************************** Deleting a line To delete a line..01 0002.00 0010.00 0001. To move a single line.. The line that was just copied may be deleted as shown below: *************** Beginning of data***************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0004.00 0005. Text for second Second Block. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0007.00 0008.00 0006.00 0009.. Text for second Second Block.00 0004.

00 A010.00 0012.00 0008. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. Text for the first block .00 MM 0004. Text for the first block .. block . Begin End Second Block.01 0002. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0009.00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A on the last line to move the block to the end of the program. Begin End Second Block..00 0011.00 0005. the target for the move has to be specified. Text for the first block . End First Block.. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.... Text for second Second Block. type MM at the beginning and the end of the block.. block .00 0008.00 MM 0007. Now. Begin First Block. End First Block. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. Begin End Second Block. .00 0001. and press <Enter> .00 0001. The Block Move is illustrated below. 0001..00 Begin First Block.00 0010.. block ..00 0005. the first block of text being moved after the second one.01 0002.00 MM 0004. 0001.00 0001. End First Block. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.To move a block.00 0010. Text for second Second Block.00 0014. Text for second Second Block.. Begin First Block.00 0009.00 0007. 0001.00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Here is the member after the move: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.01 0002.00 0013.00 MM 0007.00 0009..00 0008.

End First Block.00 0007. Text for the first block ..****************** End of data *********************************** Block Copy Enclose the block to be copied within CC commands. Begin End Second Block.00 DD 0013. The block that was just copied may be deleted as shown: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. End First Block.01 0002. Begin Second Block. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Delete To delete a block. End Second Block..00 0012.. Text for second Second Block. block . Begin End Second Block. after our experimentation with the above line commands: .00 0013. Text for second block .00 0001..02 0013.00 0008. block .00 Begin First Block. and specify the target. ****************** End of data *********************************** The source member looks as follows. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.. The block copy resembles the block move explained above. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. Note below. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.01 0002. to copy the block before the indicated line. 0001... 0001.03 DD 0014.00 0009.00 0009.00 0012.. that B is specified as the target. Text for the first block .00 0011. Text for second Second Block..00 CC 0008. enclose it within DD commands and press <Enter> .00 B Begin First Block.00 0013.00 0001.00 CC 0011..00 0010.

It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.F.00 *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. CHANGE Find all occurrences of a character string and replace it with another string. Begin First Block.00 0011.F. FIND Search for an occurrence of a character string. Begin End Second Block.L] [X.0001.. The syntax of FIND is FIND string [N.P. block .00 0013.A. Examples:     F XYZ F 'hello there' F *ERR A find all syntax errors F "'XYZ'" Use the F16 "Repeat Find" key to find the next occurrence of a string.P.00 0007. If the string contains embedded blanks. L (Last).00 0009. SEU Commands SEU commands are entered in the "SEU==>" field at the top of the screen.00 0008. The syntax is CHANGE fstring cstring [N..00 0010. it should be enclosed in quotation marks. Text for the first block . The scope of the search can be specified using search parameters: X (excluded records) and NX (non-excluded records).A. apostrophes.. or quotation marks. and A (All). P (Previous). Text for second Second Block. ****************** End of data *********************************** To get a complete list of commands for SEU place the cursor on the sequence number list and press the help key. End First Block.00 0012.NX] [column parameter].NX] [column parameter] TOP Go to the first page of the work screen.L] [X.00 0001.. BOTTOM .00 0014. F (First).01 0002. Several direction parameters are available: N (Next).

F20 Right View the info. F16 Repeat Find Perform find or repeat current find. F19 Left View the info. F10 Cursor Moves the cursor from the data area to the SEU command line. SET See the IBM SEU manual for more information. to the left of the current display. F14 Find/Change Options Go the Find/Change Options display. the Edit display supports a diverse set of function keys that allow you to perform specific tasks. SEU returns . F5 Refresh Refresh the current display. SAVE Save changes and continue editing. Rebuilds display and shows it again. F15 Browse/Copy Options Go the Browse/Copy Options display. SAVE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] FILE Save changes and exit from edit session. returns to previous entry point. PDM will fill in the default values. F11 Previous Record Places the previous record in the prompt. and from the SEU command line to the data area. F23 Select Prompt Go to the Select Prompt display. Function Keys in SEU When a member is being edited. F3 Exit End the current task. to the right of the current display. _____________________________________________________________________________ _ Key Name Function _____________________________________________________________________________ _ F1 Help Press the help key for details about the display. F4 Prompt Provides assistance for the options selected in the list or a command on a command line. F18 DBCS Conversion Perform DBCS conversion.Go to the last page of the work screen. FILE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] CANCEL Cancel session and exit session. F17 Repeat Change Perform change or repeat current change function. F13 Change Session Go to the Change Session Defaults Defaults display.

CC=Block Copy Copy all lines between the boundaries formed by the two CC commands CR=Copy records and retain command Copy this record to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. View the other function keys available for the current display. D=Delete Delete the current line.F24 More keys to the EDIT Session and displays the prompt after you make a selection. An=After with repeat n times Move or copy records after this record and repeat these records n times. Dn=Delete n lines Delete the current line and the next n-1 lines. L=Shift data 1 char left Shift data in this record one character position to the left without losing data. Summary of Line Commands The Sequence_number field displays the sequence number of the record and is used for entering SEU line commands. LLn=Shift block n chars to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the LLn and LL line commands n character positions to the left. IP=Insert line and prompt Insert a blank line and display the line in a prompt. CCR=Copy block records and retain command Copy the block of records defined by a pair of CCR commands to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. Ln=Shift data n chars left Shift data in this record n character positions to the left without losing data. DD=Block Delete Delete all lines between the two DD boundaries. B=Before Move or copy records before this record. I=Insert a line Insert a blank line after the current record. The following is a list of all the valid commands:                         A=After Move or copy records after this record. C=Copy Line Copy this line to a specified target. Cn=Copy n lines Copy this line plus the next n-1 lines to the specified target. F=Display format line Display a format line. M=Move a line Move a line to a specified target. LL=Shift block 1 char to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two LL line commands one character position to the left without losing data. Mn=Move n lines Move the current line and the following n-1 lines to a specified target. type the command over the digits that make up the sequence number. Bn=Before with repeat n times Move or copy records before this record and repeat these records n times. Copy n records to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. CRn=Copy n records and retain command. . To use a line command. In=Insert n lines Insert n blank lines after this record.

OO=Block overlay Overlay all the records between and including the boundaries defined by two OO line commands with the lines defined by the move. On=Overlay n lines Overlay this line and the following n-1 lines with the first n lines defined by the move. RPP=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands. + (plus sign)=Roll member forward 1 line Roll the member forward one line. W=Display member from column 1 Display the member beginning in column 1. or copy repeated line command. RPPn=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands n times. or copy repeated line command. RP=Repeat line Repeat the current line once before the following line. or copy repeated line command. SL=Show last record Show the last record of the exclude group SLn=Show last n records Show the last n records of the exclude group. O=Overlay Overlay the current line with the first line defined by the move. XX=Block Exclude Exclude all lines between the boundaries formed by the two XX line commands. . R=Shift data 1 char right Shift data in the current record one character position to the right without losing data. -n=Roll member backward n lines Roll the member backward n lines. copy. Xn=Exclude plus Exclude the the current record and the next n-1 records. copy. without losing data. +n=Roll member forward n lines Roll the member forward n lines. SF=Show first record Show the first record of the exclude group. SFn=Show first n records Show the first n records of the exclude group.                           MM=Block Move Move all records between and including the boundaries defined by the MM line commands to a specified target. RR=Block shift 1 char to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two RR line commands one character position to the right without losing data. RRn=Block shift n chars to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the RRn and RR line commands n character positions to the right. X=Exclude Exclude the current record from the display. Rn=Shift data n chars right Shift data in the current record n character positions to the right without losing data. n=Absolute Positioning Position the line identified by the sequence number(n) as the first record on the display. RPn=Repeat line n times Repeat the current line n times before the following line. Wn=Display member from column n Display the member beginning in column n. Steps in Developing a Program . copy.(minus sign)=Roll member backward 1 line Roll the member backward one line. P=Display prompt Type P to display this line in a prompt.

the variable &MYVAR has to be declared using the DCL command. &MYVAR will be used to hold the parameter's value. The CL program is very simple. work with the file by typing: WRKMBRPDM FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Then create a source member called TEST in QCLSRC by pressing <F6> . are "fixed-format". the reader is referred to the IBM "CL Programmer's Guide" or the online education . and a brief description of the source member.00 0005.00 You can use the SEU line command. CLP for the source type (to see what source types are available. We will also demonstrate how to find compilation errors when they occur. Moreover. IP (insert line and prompt).00 0003. (Aside: If a CL program has a parameter named &MYVAR. YOURLIB) the current library while retaining the existing current library on the library list.) For more information. such as RPG. The command line form of issuing CL commands will be used in this section (you may want to use the <F4>prompt facility to assist you if you are not familiar with the commands). to help you in selecting a CL command. Enter TEST for the name of the source member. and how to obtain information about certain compilation and runtime errors. denotes that &MYVAR is a variable. that is the one you created in an earlier section. let's create a source physical (PF-SRC) file called QCLSRC (the IBM-supplied name for a CL source physical file). all it does is make the library that you have created (in my case. the PGM statement is coded as: PGM PARM(&MYVAR). "&". which is optional if the CL program does not receive any parameters. The following creates a PF-SRC file in the library ALIBRARY. Once you have entered all the necessary information. CRTSRCPF FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Once the PF-SRC file has been created. The intention here is not to teach CL programming. Type in the following program: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** PGM DCL VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) RTVJOBA CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) /* intentional error */ ADDLIBLE LIB(&OLDCURLIB) ENDPGM ****************** End of data *********************************** 0002. The ampersand symbol. we are going to use a simple Control Language (CL) program to illustrate the steps in developing. put the cursor on the "Source type" field and press <F4> ). compiling. press <Enter> . note that CL programs are "free format" in that components of CL statements do not have to be placed in particular columns on the screen (some source types. Also. A CL program begins with the PGM command.00 0007. First.In this section. You will enter a SEU editing session. This will start the SEU editor. and running a program on the AS/400.00 0006.00 0004. the IP line command can help enormously in coding such programs). In this case. ALIBRARY represents the library that has the same name as your user profile or your other library.

. . . The second statement declares a CL variable called &OLDCURLIB. is used to make YOURLIB the new current library (where "YOURLIB" is any existing library that you have access to). . A name with "&" as its prefix denotes that it is a CL variable. . adds the name of the former current library (which we saved in the variable &OLDCURLIB in the RTVJOBA statement) to the library list. Remove the parameters of DCL so that the statement contains only "DCL". you will see the following screen: Create CL Program (CRTCLPGM) Type choices. on the fourth statement. . Program . is used to retrieve the name of the job's existing current library. it must be declared in a DCL statement. Notice that we have intentionally introduced an error in this statement. will invoke the CRTCLPGM (Create CL Program) command. Compiling a Program In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen. . *PGMID Library . . . The variable will be used to hold a character string with a maximum length of 10. . . and press <Enter> . Now. This is because when the CHGCURLIB command is executed. The ADDLIBLE command. .g. with the error). . This variable will be used to save the name of the existing current library. Note that SEU provides syntax checking for CL programs. . .e. . We have mistakenly prefixed YOURLIB with "&". indicates the end of the CL program. Hence. SEU will highlight that statement. the need to use RTVJOBA to save the name of that library. saving it in the variable &OLDCURLIB. in this case. > TEST Name. that is we really want CHGCURLIB CURLIB(YOURLIB) instead of CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB). . ENDPGM. . and to add it back on the library list using ADDLIBLE. press Enter. The reason for this step will be explained shortly. Note that SEU cannot detect this kind of error. Option 14. *CURLIB . SEU will not let you exit an editing session that has syntax errors unless you explicitly specify that you want to exit in the exit screen. on the third statement. This is an error because if we intended &YOURLIB to be a variable. . it will invoke the CRTCBLPGM command). indicating that there is a syntax error. enter option 14 to compile the member that contain the CL source program. > ALIBRARY Name. If you prompt on the option (ie. and the modules "Creating a Control Language Program" and "How to Use Error Handling Facilities" in the "Facilities and Implementation" course. on the fifth statement. exit and save the program as it is (i. Put the parameters back on the DCL statement. press <F4> when you use option 14). Option 14 will invoke a different "create program" command for a different source type (e. The RTVJOBA command. This step is needed if we want this library to stay on the library list.modules: "AS/400 Control Language Programming" in the "Tutorial Support System" course. the "old" current library will not be retained on the library list. if the source type is CBL. The last statement. The CHGCURLIB command. . . This error will be detected during compilation.

. > QCLSRC . *SRCMBRTXT Name Name. > TEST . . The message will refer you to the compiler listing of the program. . you will receive a message saying that the job completed normally. . . type WRKSPLF to see what's in your output queue. . > ALIBRARY . . . . . Library . Unless you want to rename the *PGM object or put it in another library. This name defaults to name of the source member. Press <Enter> to exit this display. you will see a message at the bottom of the screen saying that the compilation job has been submitted to QBATCH. . which is the job queue for batch jobs. . On pressing <Enter> . . . . The default is the library that contains the source member. Source member . *CURLIB Name. . . Press <Enter>to continue. . LIB(&OLDCURLIB) * * * E N D O F S O U R C E * * * * . Finding Compilation Errors To find out the cause of the compilation error. Generation severity level Text 'description' . . . . Type 5 to display the contents of the compiler listing of the program. There should be a spooled file with the same name as your source member (the compiler listing) and a job log (QPJOBLOG). > *YES *NO. . Since there is an error in the above program. . . .Source file . . You can change these default values. . *YES Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel The "Program" field specifies the name of the *PGM object that will be created if the compilation is successful. Type 5 against QPJOBLOG to display it. . 29 . . . . . accept the defaults. a message will return saying that the job has ended abnormally. . . . meaning there are compilation errors. *PGM 0-29 Additional Parameters Replace program . There should be a message stating that the program was not created because of compilation error. . The "Library" field specifies the library that will contain the *PGM object. If there are no compilation errors. . A segment of that listing is presented here: 200300400500* CPD0727 40 600700* 5738SS1 V2R1M1 920306 Control Language Cross Reference YOURLIB/TEST PGM DCL RTVJOBA CHGCURLIB Variable '&YOURLIB ADDLIBLE ENDPGM * * VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CURLIB(&YOURLIB) ' is referred to but not declared. *LIBL. . .

Declared Variables Name Defined &OLDCURLIB 300 * CPD0791 00 * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 920306 Type *CHAR Length 10 References 400 600 No labels used in program. The second error is only an information message. Using SEU. it is the cause of the failure. On return to the editing session. edit the source member to remove the ampersand. Maximum error severity 40. we specify a nonexistent library called DOGNAP. that is ADDLIBLE DOGNAP. you should see a split screen with the member you are editing on top and the spooled file on the bottom. Respond with a "Y"). press <F15> (Browse/Copy). There are two errors in the listing (errors are marked with "*" in column 1): the first with a severity of 40 and the second with severity of 0. Select the appropriate spool file. You can use the DSPMSGD (Display Message Description) command to get more information about a compilation error. SEU provides special support for locating compilation errors. to get more details about the error CPD0727 DSPMSGD RANGE(CPD0727) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPD0727 is the message ID. To make the situation more interesting. An advantage of using SEU for this purpose is that you can see both the source member and the compiler listing on the same screen. . The rest of the source remain the same as before (except for removing the ampersand character). Compile the source member (you will probably be asked if you want to delete the existing *PGM object. F *ERR). The *PGM object will be created in the library that contains your source file unless you specified otherwise. The program should compile normally. The program should compile normally after this change. in the bottom screen type FIND *ERR on the SEU command line (or simply. * * * * * E N D O F C R O S S R E F E R E N C E YOURLIB/TEST Control Language Message Summary Total 99 2 Severity 0-9 10-19 1 0 20-29 0 30-39 0 40-49 1 50-59 0 60-69 70-79 0 0 80-89 0 900 Program TEST not created in library YOURLIB. it is not the cause of the compilation failure. and make the corrections to the source member on the spot. In our example. Let's go back to the source member and fix the problem. especially if the compiler listing is too lengthy to scan by eye. In the ADDLIBLE statement. The meaning of first error is evident. For example. specify some library name that you do not own or one that you are not authorized to use. Place the cursor on the "Browse/copy spool file" field and press <F4>. To find compilation errors. "&". let's introduce another type of error. Using SEU to Find Compilation Errors You may want to use SEU to view your compiler listing instead of the way discussed above. from YOURLIB. Enter 2 in the selection field. To view a spooled file while you are in SEU.

: 14:00:05 Instruction . . the library DOGNAP was not found. . Reply . Alternatively.Running a Program Use the WRKOBJPDM command to work with the library that contain the *PGM object that was created. CALL MYPROG PARM(parameter1 parameter2 . You can also us pass parameters using the command line method. . i. . . . you can pass the parameter value(s) by prompting on either the option 16 or the CALL command. place the cursor on the message id (in this case CPF2110) and press <F1>. . The message text. Additional Message Information Message ID . Type 16 against the *PGM object to run/execute it. : : : : CPA0701 INQUIRY 07/20/92 QCLXERR Severity . .: 99 Time sent . . . option 16 invokes the CALL command). .: 0000 . type CALL TEST on a command line. This will bring another screen that allows you to enter multiple parameters. But if you created a program that requires an input parameter(s). . . indicated clearly what the problem is. . . (C D I R) Type reply. . . If the library is not in your library list.) Diagnosing Runtime Errors In any case. If the library that contains the *PGM object is in your library list. you can run the program by using the CALL command (in fact. . you can still run the program by qualifying it with the library name CALL ALIBRARY/TEST The example program used here does not take any input parameters. in this case.. . . . Message type Date sent . you will get a runtime or object error message similar to the one below: Display Program Messages Job 287471/T03/DSP02 started on 07/20/92 at 13:48:44 in subsystem QINTER CPF2110 received by TEST at 600. From program . . . Sometimes you can obtain additional messages by pressing <F10> to display messages in the job log. . when you run the program. If your program takes more than one input parameter. . ________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F12=Cancel To find out the cause of the error. .. For example. . press Enter. . . . type '+' on the "Parameters" field and press <Enter> . . . . . You see a screen similar to the one below.e.

Specify your default library as the library where the *PGM object is to be stored. Press <Enter> to cancel the program. and recompile. . you can make the above CL program your initial program. More. . . I -. If you created the source member in a another library. if objects are to be shared or used between users. . . : C -..Cancel the CL program. . the object . choose a reply value. .Dump the CL program variables and cancel the CL program. (C D I R) Cause . DSPMSGD RANGE(CPF2110) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPF2110 is the message ID. . For instance.Ignore the failing command. The next time you run the program. : CPF2110 received by TEST at 600. . Likewise. Possible choices for replying to message . : *EXT Instruction . . It is executed when the user logs on. fix the error. .To program .e. To continue. . : This inquiry message can be avoided bychanging the program. . . For example. Press Enter to continue. it should run without any problems. . The initial program has to reside in your default library (i. . . Monitor for the error (MONMSG command) and perform error recovery within the program. Type DSPLIBL to check whether the library has been added and whether it has been made the current library. Rename the source member to INITIALPGM and recompile it. D -. the library with the same name as your user profile) and it has to be named INITIALPGM. Message text for CPF2110 is: Library DOGNAP not found. . . when you recompile it using the option 14.BAT file in MS-DOS. . . the DSPMSGD ("Display Message Description") command can be used to obtain more information about the error. . . : Control language (CL) program TEST inlibrary YOURLIB detected an error at statement number 600. F3=Exit F10=Display messages in job log F12=Cancel Again. .. . Recovery .: 0000 Message . . Go back to the source member. press < F4>to prompt on it. . Understanding Object Authorities Introduction To maintain security of data and/or program objects the AS/400 offers a variety of options available to limit access to object. . . . These authorities must be set to secure object to the level of security required. . Creating an Initial Program An initial program is similar to the AUTOEXEC.

or control an object's existence. *USE provides *OBJOPR authority and data read authority. This section is designed to help users maintain correct authorities and to understand the authorities on the objects that they own. save.authorities must be relaxed correctly to maintain object integrity. each representing predefined combination of object and data authorities. *OBJMGT provides the authority to specify the security (grant/revoke object authority). *EXCLUDE authority prevents the user from accessing the object even if *PUBLIC is authorized. and transfer ownership of the object. and add members to database file. or delete records. for example records in a database file. *CHANGE provides *OBJOPR authority and all data authority. They reduce the time required to assign specific authorities to users. control read and write access to an object. *DLT provides the authority to remove entries from an object. *UPD provides the authority to change the entries in an object. The user with this authority can delete. This includes the ability to view. *OBJEXIST provides the authority to control the object existence and ownership. add. Combinations of Object and Data Authorities These are keywords. move or rename the object. . update. *ADD provides the authority to add entries to an object. *READ provides the authority to get the contents or an entry in an object or to run a program. Data Authorities Data authority is the authority to access data contained in an object. Authorities and their meanings Object Authorities Object authority is used to control access to an object including the ability to see an object description. *OBJOPR provides the authority to look at the description of an object and use the object as determined by the data authority that the user has to the object. *ALL allows the user to perform all authorized operations (object and data) on the object.

. In this example. (Note that your default library. press Enter.. : YOURLIB QSYS Object type Owner . (Note: If you want . . . we want to allow a certain user to copy a member from the file "SRCFILE" which is stored in the library "YOURLIB". . . library. Press <Enter> to return to the previous screen. . . . Object . press <F11>. > *LIB Name Name. . . .e. *LIBL. is normally owned by your security officer so you cannot change its authorities). . . Changing authorities with EDTOBJAUT We use an example here to illustrate the use of some of the types of authorities discussed above. . . *CURLIB *ALRTBL. EDTOBJAUT. . . > YOURLIB Library . . command to edit the authority on "YOURLIB". . *AUTL. . . the library that has the same name as your user profile. . . . Notice that *USE gives the user *OBJOPR and *READ authorities on "YOURLIB". Edit Object Authority (EDTOBJAUT) Type choices.: ----------Data----------Read X _ Add X _ Update Delete X X _ _ *NONE F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Nondisplay detail F6=Add new users F12=Cancel F10=Grant with reference object F17=Top F18=Bottom Press <F6> to add a user to the list of users authorized to this object. . . Note that the owner of "YOURLIB" has *ALL authority on the object. . To do that. . Type EDTOBJAUT on a command line and press <F4>. . . Type in the name of the user and *USE for the object authority. . .. . and object type (*LIB) and press <Enter> . . i. users can create customized combinations of object and data authorities. . . . .In addition to these. : Type changes to current authorities. press Enter. . To see the detail screen as shown below. . . . . Fill in the blanks for object. . . . . we need to allow the user to have access to the library "YOURLIB". . . Object secured by authorization list Object User JOHNDOE *PUBLIC Authority *ALL *EXCLUDE ----Object----Opr X _ Mgt X _ Exist X _ . . First of all. we use the "Edit Object Authority". . . . . : *LIB JOHNDOE . *LIBL Object type . Edit Object Authority Object . . . . . *CFGL. . . . : Library .

to edit a specific authority, type "X" in the position relating to that authority to grant authority or a space to delete that authority.) Next, we need to allow the user access to the file "SRCFILE". Use EDTOBJAUT to edit the authority on the file "SRCFILE". Type EDTOBJAUT OBJ(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) OBJTYPE(*FILE) or use the prompt to fill in the parameters. Press <F6> to add the user to the authorization list with *USE authority. This will allow them to do perform various operations on "SRCFILE" including copying members from the file. To allow them to copy the entire file (i.e. "SRCFILE"), *OBJMGT must be granted. To do that, type "X" under "Mgt" in the detail screen for that user. Note that the object authority changes from *USE to USER DEF (meaning a customized authority).

Changing Authorities with GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT
To use GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT type the command and prompt <F4>. Fill in the library name, object name, object type along with the user you are granting authorities and the respective authority being granted. At any time press <F1> for more help.

Sending and Receiving Network Files
Users can send and receive network files to and from each other. The "Send Network File" (SNDNETF) command can be used to send a member of a physical database file (PF-DTA or PF-SRC) to another user. In the example shown below, the member "SNDMBR" of the physical database file "SNDFILE" (which is contained in the library "SNDLIB") is to be sent to the user "RCV". "MKTAS400" is the address of the AS/400 at Minnesota State University, Mankato. When the network file arrives at its destination, a message is sent to both the sender and receiver.
Send Network File (SNDNETF) Type choices, press Enter. File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . > SNDFILE___ Library . . . . . . . . . . . > SNDLIB____ User ID: _ User ID . . . . . . . . . . . > RCV_______ Address . . . . . . . . . . . > MKTAS400__ + for more values _ Member . . . . . . . . . . . . . > SNDMBR____ Name Name, *LIBL, *CURLIB Character value Character value Name, *FIRST

Additional Parameters To file type . . . . . . . . . . *FROMFILE_ *FROMFILE, *DATA VM/MVS class . . . . . . . . . . Send priority . . . . . . . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh A *NORMAL__ F12=Cancel A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I *NORMAL, *HIGH F13=How to use this display

The receiver will have to run the "Work with Network Files" (WRKNETF) command to inspect their network files.
Work with Network Files (WRKNETF) User . . . . . . . . . . . . : User ID/Address . . . . . . : Type options, press Enter. 1=Receive network file 3=Submit job 4=Delete network file 5=Display physical file member File -------From----------Arrival---Opt File Member Number User ID Address Date Time __ SNDFILE SNDMBR 1 SENDER MKTAS400 08/26/92 16:37 RCV_______ RCV_______ MKTAS400

F3=Exit F4=Prompt F12=Cancel

F5=Refresh

F9=Retrieve

F11=Display type/records

Type 1 in the "Opt" blank in front of the network file to receive and press <F4>to prompt. The following screen will show up.
Receive Network File (RCVNETF) Type choices, press Enter. From file . . . . . . . . To data base file . . . . Library . . . . . . . . Member to be received . . To member . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . > 'SNDFILE'__ Character value . *FROMFILE__ Name, *FROMFILE . *LIBL____ Name, *LIBL, *CURLIB . > 'SNDMBR'__ Character value, *ONLY . *FROMMBR____ Name, *FROMMBR, *FIRST F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel

F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display

Fill in the "To data base file", "Library", and "To member" blanks with the appropriate receiving file, library and member names and press <Enter>. Note that the receiving file must already exist before trying to receive members.

Printing Procedure
When programs on the AS/400 produce output intended to be printed the material does not go directly to the printer. Instead the output is bundled together with other output in an object called an "output queue" (*OUTQ). These sub objects are called "spooled files." To send these spooled

files to a printer, first you must work with your output queue; then, change the attributes of the desired spooled file, specifying the correct print device name. There are several ways by which spooled files are generated. Here are some:
 

From the WRKMBRPDM display, option 6 in front of the desired member will generate a spooled file that is your program member. Pressing the Print Screen key (<Shift><Print Screen>on the PS/2 running PC-Support or <Ctrl>p on the ASCII connections) will generate a spooled file of the current display. Note that if you do a print screen, you will have to press the <Reset>key to clear the message at the bottom of the screen in order to continue your session. The system automatically generates spooled files in some cases like presenting job log, information on processed records for a database file and abnormal job end conditions.

Moving a Spooled File to a Writer
To get a physical copy of a spooled file on your output queue, two facts must be true. First, the spooled file must be placed on a started writer and second, the spooled file must have a status of released. To work with your spooled files on your output queue type WRKSPLF and press <Enter>. This screen allows you to do many things with your spooled files. Note: If this is the first time that you are using the WRKSPLF command, you should change the "assistance level" for this screen. To do this press <F21>and change the assistance level from "basic" to intermediate". This will gives you more features on the screen. Try pressing the <F10>or <F11>keys to obtain different views of your spooled files. Typing 2 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will change the spooled file's attributes. The attributes that you will be interested in are the "Print device" and "Save file". By changing the attribute "Print device" from "*OUTQ" to a valid printer (use the WRKWTR command to find out which printers are available), you will move your spooled file from your output queue to a printer writer. The printer writer names at MSU are:
Printer Name PRT01 VAXPRTS2 PS/2 printers Width/Paper 132 Col. 11" 132 Col. 11" 132/80 8.5" Printer Type Line Printer Line Printer Dot Matrix Location Morris Hall MSU ACC MSU ACC Lab Rooms

If "Save file" is changed from "*NO" to "*YES" the spooled file will not be deleted after the file has been printed. Typing 3 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will keep the spooled file from printing if placed on a printer writer and change the status to *HLD. Typing 4 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will delete the spooled file from your output queue. Spooled files should be deleted as soon as they are not needed to reduce clutter in your output queue.

Press the <F5>key. This will mark the spool file for displaying. Also make sure the printer's status is "ONLINE". This will bring you back to the work with spool file screen.Typing 5 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will allow you to view your spooled file. Typing 6 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will will release a file that is held to become available to print and will change its status to *RDY. Type in the name of the printer <Enter>.e. This will permit you to change the spool file attributes. This will move the file to the printer writer. More Printing Help For more help on printing type STRSCHIDX <Enter>then type SPOOLED QUEUES <Enter>. Make sure that the printer you want to print to has been started. Use the <Field EXIT>key or <Tab>to move to the desired spool file. . select the "stop" option and then select "start". Step by Step Printing Example Type WRKSPLF { or OQ } Press <Enter>. The printer will never say it is started although it actually is. type WRKWTR ("Work with Writers"). Also. Type 5 in the option field. This will refresh the screen to show you the current status of your spooled files. For the printer to be started. Normally you will not be authorized to print to writer PRT01. make sure it says "Ready". Press <Alt><Esc>on the computer that is attached to the printer to display the status of the printer. Press <Enter> . PC0614S2). Printing to a PS/2 Printer To see which PS/2 printers are available for printing from the AS/400. If the status is HLD then release it by typing a 6 in the option field of the spooled file and press <Enter>. make sure that the printer is ready for printing. Press 2 <Enter>. If not. This will allow you to work with your spooled files. This will move us to the correct spool file option field. This will display the spool file. "P" + "C" + zero) + the number of the PS/2 to which the printer is connected + "S2" (e. your printouts can be picked up in the ACC printer area at any time. If you printed to VAXPRTS2. The name of the printer is: "PC0" (i. If the STS (status) is RDY or WTR the printer will print your spooled file. Press <Enter>. VAXPRTS2 is a printer that is connected to VAX1.g. This printer is the system printer. the PS/2 workstation that is connected to the printer must be signed on to the AS/400.

for example. To deal with this problem. (This is the option on System Request to end a previous request. To stop your infinite loop:     Press <Left Ctrl> (this will reset any keyboard errors) Press <Alt><Print Screen>(this sequence is call "System Request") Type 2. You may get an authority problem do to the fact that you do not own all of the object in that library. to end the job immediately. On the "Work with Active Jobs" display. and then select the appropriate command. you must clear the *PGM objects from library QRPLOBJ. SEU. Ending Disconnected Jobs with Infinite Loops If for some reason you have been disconnect from the system while executing an infinite loop request the job may continue to execute. The locally-defined alias for WRKACTJOB.e. DDS and Data Files on the AS/400 Creating a data file . your storage can be used up very quickly. type the "Work with Active Jobs" command: WRKACTJOB and press <Enter> . Note: You can also press <Alt><Print Screen>and press <Enter>to display a menu of system requests. Out of Storage Quota Errors Depending on the specific class that requires use of the AS/400 there is a maximum storage quota allocated to your user profile. You can see this information by typing: DSPUSRPRF username. Press <Enter>. When you have exceeded (or nearly exceeded) your storage quota and you try to start. type in *IMMED i. To do this type WRKOBJPDM QRPLOBJ. endless. can also be used. type option 4 (End) against the job that is causing the loop and press <F4>to prompt on the option. Because OS/400 retains every version of a *PGM object that results from a compilation. loop. The command will clear your objects out regaurdless of the error. AJ.) Press <Enter> . Stopping Infinite Loops/Ending a Previous Request If you have issued a command and it is taking too long finish it may be an infinite. This will cause the system to run very slowly. you may get an error message "Error found on SEU command".Common Problems Note that the command keys used in this section are those of the PS/2 running PC Support. To end the disconnected job:    On a command line. In the "How to end" field.

. . . this type denotes aPhysical File. . . . *PRV *LIBL. The prompter helps you to supply the source information in the correct format. Name. . Source type .______ The Edit display shows up. The reader must substitute the appropriate names for source physical file and library. . . . . . . *PRV______ __________ *PRV______ *SAME_____ Name. . Source member . *SELECT *SAME. For example. *CURLIB. .. . . . . . Library . Text 'description' . . 5. . . where applicable. . . . press Enter. . . . . . To create a data file member. . . This can be done by typing WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. . It is convenient to use the prompt facility for defining the DDS source. BAS. We will continue to use SRCFILE in library YOURLIB for explanation. Name. . . . . . . . Source member . *BLANK____ *BLANK. Name. 6 Your_description_for_the_member_. *SELECT *SAME. . . . . BASP. . Name. . . 5.. . to create a data file called TESTDATA in the source file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. The following screen shows up: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. the screen looks as shown: . . you have to start the Source Entry Utility. Press <F6> from the 'Work with members using PDM' display or type STRSEU on any command line and press <F4>. . . Name. . *PRV *PRV. Text 'description' . . . . . .. .The following discussion assumes that you already have a source physical file in your current library. . . . . BASP. . . . . Name. . . *PRV *LIBL. . *BLANK____ *BLANK. 2. ' '. . . . . . 6 *BLANK_________________________________ The Source type for a data file must be specified as PF. ' '. . Source type . . . *PRV *PRV. . . Library . . . .. . . . *CURLIB. BAS. Option . . . . . Source file . . fill in the fields as shown: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. When the prompter is invoked. The first step is to to reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. . Source file . .. . press Enter. . . Press <F4> to invoke the prompter and <F12>to cancel it. 2. . . . . . . C. . Option . . . . . . SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ TESTDATA__ PF________ Name. . C.

..A.. . P for packed decimal data. so for normal applications you may conveniently ignore them. K Type K in column 17 to indicate a key field name. . The maximum length allowed is 10 characters. Name Type _ Name _____ PF Ref _ Sequence number ... Name_Type Choose one of the following: Blank Leave the field blank to indicate a field name.Name++++++RLen++TDpB.. beginning in column 19. Reference (*) Type R in this field to use the reference function to copy attributes of a previously defined named field to the field you are now defining.. .. _____________________________________________________ TESTDATA FMT PF . field.Find .T... for Character type the range is 1-32766. or key field name in this position. R Type R in column 17 to indicate a record format name. Data_Type Choose one of the following: A for character data. for Packed decimal the range is 1-31 digits and so on. ... Length Type a value to indicate the number of characters in a character field or the number of digits in a numeric field.. .. Name Type a record format..Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************************* 0001.. For example..00 ****************** End of data **************************************** Prompt type .00 Decimal Positions ___ Use _ Functions ___________________________ F3=Exit F11=Bottom F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F24=More keys F10=Top An explanation of the different fields shown above follows: The fields marked with * are not commonly used. Length ______ Data Type _ 0001. . ..

position the cursor at . ....00 FIELD2 5P 2 0004.. The DDS source for TESTDATA is shown below.01 0001. or a binary field. Use (*) Type B or leave the field blank to indicate a field used for both input and output... RECFMT1 is the record format name...00 ****************** End of data **************************************** F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Press <F3>and hit <Enter>to save the member TESTDATA. F for floating point data. . The last line of the member declares FIELD1 to be the key field.T. Find . FIELD1 and FIELD2. The member TESTDATA that was just created contains only the definition of the data file and hence our the next step is to actually create the file. From the 'Work with members using PDM' display...Name++++++RLen++TDpB.00 K FIELD1 0005. Decimal_Positions Type a value from 0 through 31 to indicate the number of decimal positions to the right of the decimal point within a packed decimal... a zoned decimal..Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************************* 0000... __________________________________________________________ TST1 FMT PF .A. and FIELD2 is a packed decimal of length 5 with 2 decimal positions.. a floating point. Functions (*) Type in keyword entries valid for defining physical files in positions 45 through 80 of this field. This can be done by compiling the member we have just created.S for zoned decimal data. There are two fields in the data file..00 R RECFMT1 0002..00 FIELD1 10A 0003. B for zoned binary data. FIELD1 is of character data type with length 10. For more details about exiting SEU refer to the section 'How to exit SEU'. H for hexadecimal data.

member TESTDATA. . Library . . For example. . use the command UPDDTA (Update Data Area). the operating system includes a utility called SDA (Screen Design Aid). Screen Design Using SDA To aid in the creation of user interfaces on the AS/400. defining input and output fields and special text attributes. the file TESTDATA will be created in YOURLIB. . . . . press Enter. Data base file . . . If the compilation is successful. *LIBL. . To stop the process of loading the data file. . . . . and press <Enter>. . Data base file . These screens may then be called from an application program. . The following screen shows up: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. . . . . allowing . . . . . . . . This system allows a programmer to "paint" screens and menus used by a program from within a simple editor. . . . . . *CURLIB Name. to populate our file TESTDATA we would fill in the values as shown: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. . look into your spooled file (WRKSPLF) and identify the problem. . __________ *LIBL_____ *FIRST______ Name Name. . Library . . and choose option 14 (compile). . . Member . . Loading a data file To load a data file. . . . *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display Supply the values for the data base file to be loaded and the library it is contained in. Member . . . . . Otherwise. Type UPDDTA on any command line and press <F4>. . . . . . press Enter. *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display Enter the values for different fields and press Enter>. . . *CURLIB Name. . . press <F3>and press < Enter>. *LIBL. . . . . . TESTDATA__ YOURLIB__ *FIRST____ Name Name.

. *LIBL_____ . it is necessary to first create one using the "5" option on the "Design option line". or test a design. F4 for Record list Name Name Name. . a single screen design member could contain any number of screens. . F3=Exit F4=Prompt . . Design option . . QDDSSRC___ . . Member . . . __________ Work Screen) . create object Name. it will be created. A menu of options will appear which allow you to create a screen. To create the screen design member. Choosing the first option brings the following screen: Design Screens Type choices. . create a menu. . __________ F12=Cancel Since no screen design exists yet. . . . press Enter. see the manual for the language of the application source. . . and a member specified. Since each member can have several records. with each one given a distinct record name. . __________ . a source file must be provided. . (to be displayed on Source file . *LIBL. Blank for default Record . A source physical file must be created (or one already in existence may be used) and a member must be created in the PF-SRC to hold the screens. . . Finally. . Once the information is entered. For information on this area. . . . . . . *CURLIB Name. .the program to have all the features of the AS/400 user interface without direct programming of the appearance of the interface. . . issue the command STRSDA (for STaRt SDA) from a command line. This section will only cover those aspects of screen design not related to interfacing with applications. . If the member does not yet exist. Also. . . Starting SDA The first steps in creating a set of screens for a program are the same as those for creating a program source member. F4 for Member list DSPF. __________ . . Library . the screen should look like this: Design Screens . Additional records . _ 1=Select file keywords 2=Select record keywords 3=Select subfile keywords 4=Select subfile control keywords 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. . . Source type . a record name must be given. .

. F3=Exit F4=Prompt . <F1> is active on all displays but does not appear in the function key area. . This is simply a blank "pasteboard" on which you may place text and fields. . and add or remove attributes and colors. . place fields you have selected from a database. . Design option . *CURLIB Name. F6=Condition Press <F6> to have the Condition Work Screen display appear. SCREEN1___ __________ SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ __________ F12=Cancel The "SOURCE TYPE" field may be left blank. . . F4 for Record list Name Name Name. Member . Blank for default Record . . . . . . . You can use the following function keys on the Work Screen: F1=Help Press <F1> to show the same information as the help key. Library . . . These options will start SDA on a screen named SCREEN1 in the member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. . On the Work Screen you can add fields and constants. and remove fields. Using The Work Screen Use the Work Screen to design the display you are creating. .Type choices. Source type . You can also perform additional operations. . . . . such as requesting extended field definition. . F10=Database Press <F10> to have the Select Data Base Files display appear. F3=Exit Press <F3> to have the Design Screens display appear. . . . . . . F4 for Member list DSPF. . . . . F4=Prompt Press <F4> to have the Work with Fields display appear. It will default to the proper type for SDA. . . . move. . 5 1=Select file keywords 2=Select record keywords 3=Select subfile keywords 4=Select subfile control keywords 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. shift. copy. F11=Switch . . Pressing <Enter> will bring up the main SDA display. . press Enter. Additional records (to be displayed on Work Screen) Source file . . create object Name. . . *LIBL. .

You indicate the length of a field by the number of characters following +.2)e Single-precision. Adding Fields To add a user-defined field. F12=Cancel Press <F12>to save your work and continue to the Design Screens display. F14=Ruler Press <F14>to place a vertical and horizontal ruler on the Work Screen where you position the cursor. Type constants with single quotation marks to define separate constants for each character string (word) that is followed by a blank. or followed by 3 (input). F17=Print Press <F17> to Print the current contents of the Work Screen. Press <F11>to switch back and forth between the list of selected data base fields and the list of not selected database fields. +3. numeric. +99. or by the length specified in brackets after the first character. alphabetic. 6 (output).66 or +6(4. or 9 (both) for numeric fields and press Enter.Press <F11>to display a list of selected database fields on the bottom row of the Work Screen. type + followed by I (input). O (output).33E or +3(3. both (input and output) field. both (input and output). +66. Adding Constants To add a new constant or change an existing constant:    Type a constant. Defining fields on the ruler may cause unpredictable results.3)D Double-precision. Press <F14>to remove the ruler. To add a floating point field. input field with two decimal positions (set by an edit word). input. Surround a character string with single quotation marks to define a single constant.999d or +9(5. or B (both) for alphabetic fields. A blank character ends the constant. F15=Subfile Prompt Press <F15>to Display a prompt on the bottom row of the Work Screen that allows you to change the subfile line (SFLLIN) and subfile page (SFLPAG) sizes that were in effect for the current record being defined. floating-point field with five significant digits and three decimal positions. The ruler does not interfere with your data. The following examples illustrate user-defined fields: +BBB or +b(3) Three-character. floating-point field with three significant digits and two decimal positions. add a numeric field followed by E (single-precision) or D (doubleprecision) and press Enter.2) Four-character. . You can use uppercase or lowercase letters.

The following examples illustrate moving fields to your display: Single Field Mode Mode & &L &R &C &n Symbol Multiple Field Meaning Places field. Field Does not add column heading. You move fields from the bottom line to your display by typing & followed by the field number. Left-aligns column heading for an alphabetic field and right-aligns column heading for a numeric fields. type + followed by M. Use a double quotation mark to end one constant and start a new constant while taking up only one position. and the column heading position and pressing Enter. Adds a column heading to the right of the field. &nL Places field. appear on the bottom row of the Work Screen. type ? in front of the field. Adds a column heading to the left of the field. Use the at sign (@) in pairs to delimit a DBCS (Double Byte Character Set) constant. &nR Places field. The following examples illustrate constant fields: 'xxx"YYY' Defines two constant fields. SDA will replace each pair with a shift in and a shift out pair when you press <Enter>. You cannot use a DBCS insert key on the Work Screen. Adding Fields from a Data Base File The fields you select from a database file. &nC Places field. if you are in multiple mode. &nP Places the column heading only. When you press Enter. the Define Message Constant display appears. To work with a MSGCON field. &P Adding or Removing Attributes and Colors . Press < F12>to return to the Work Screen. You can then type DBCS data between the delimiters. The fields begin in the position where you type &.     Surround several constants with single quotation marks to redefine them as one constant. 'xxx YYY zzz' Combines three constant fields into one field. type *DATE or *TIME. Adds a column above the field. +MMM or +(M3) The Define Message Constant display appears. To add system date or time fields. To add a MSGCON (MeSsaGe CONstant) field.

to shift the field left or right as far as the signs extend. type . -. type one of following commands (in uppercase or lowercase) in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field): Command Add Remove H R S B N U -H -R -S -B -N -U -A Attribute High intensity Reverse image Column separators Blink Nondisplay Underscore Remove all attributes Command Add Remove CB CG CP CR CT CW -CB -CG -CP -CR -CT -CW -CA Color Blue Green Pink Red Turquoise White Remove all colors You can carry out the above operations by typing * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). == Type . Copying. Removing Fields Remove fields from the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>DO NOT use the <Delete>key to delete items on the work screen: . >>> Type <<< in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). -.in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type == where you want a copy of the field to appear. = Type . pressing < Enter>. Moving.in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type = where you want the field to appear. <<<. and type == where you want a copy of the group of fields to appear.in any position after the last field. -. == Type .in any position preceding the field.To add or remove display attributes or colors on the Work Screen. or type >>> after the field (over the first attribute byte). and working with the field keyword displays that appear. and Shifting Fields Reposition fields on the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>: -.

Blanks Type a blank in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). D Type D in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). Display field length and description Type ? in the position preceding the field to display field length and text or column heading description on the last row of the Work Screen. <F15>is allowed only for subfile records. Choosing the "6" option on the Design Option line saves the source file for the screen and compiles it into a screen file which may be used by a program. To modify the values of the SFLPAG (number of records on the display) and SFLLIN (number of spaces between fields). press < F15>to display the subfile prompt line. PDM returns to the "Design Screens" menu shown above. Anything you type is assumed to be a definition of the first record. Additional Features Extended field definition Type * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) to add field-level attributes and keywords. You can rename the field by changing the name on the last row. You can change the message number. and library. Compiling And Testing Screens Once the screen design is complete and <F3>is pressed. Subfile Field Definition You can define fields for a subfile similar to nonsubfile fields with the following considerations:    You can modify fields on the first record of the subfile. and over the entire field. Date and time keywords Type *DATE or *TIME to define special constants on the display where the system date and time will be automatically substituted. IF THIS OPTION IS NOT CHOSEN AFTER THE SCREEN DESIGN IS COMPLETE. THE MODIFICATIONS . Display MSGCON field definition Type ? in the position preceding the field to show the Define Message Constant display. Any field that you define for the subfile will appear the number of times specified by the SFLPAG keyword. file.

. . . . . . . . . . .. F4 for list Y=Yes Y=Yes F4 for prompt Name Name. . . . Save generated DDS source . Starting the debugger . . . . . . Library . . . . the file must be compiled before exiting SDA. . . . That file may then be used by user programs. . . . . press Enter. . . . . Library . . . . . . Note that it isn't necessary to save a file after every RECORD created.WILL NOT BE SAVED. . These options will compile all the screen records in member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB to a *FILE object called SCRNFIL in YOURLIB. . . . .Create Display File Type choices. Called the EPM (Extended Program Model) debugger. . Create file if DDS message severity (GENLVL) is less than . F3=Exit F12=Cancel . . . . *LIBL . . . . . . editing. . . If create fails. . . . . . However. . Y SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ Y Y SCRNFIL___ YOURLIB___ Y 20 Y QBATCH____ QGPL______ Y=Yes Name Name. . . .. Create display file . Submit create job in batch . .) followed by a prompt screen for values for the output fields. Member . Y=Yes Y=Yes 0. . . It may be advantageous to test screen designs before using them with programs. Replace existing file . . . . . Library . . . . . . . . *LIBL . Several screens from a single member can be created before compilation.. . . . Debugging Programs on the AS/400 In addition to the utilities provided for creating. . . . . the AS/400 provides a facility to aid in the debugging of programs as they are running. . Replace existing member . . and compiling programs. . 30 Y=Yes Name Name. . . Using the "6" option for a screen produces the following display: Save DDS . . . . *LIBL . . . . 20. . Job description . . Source file . .. . .. . . . . (CRTDSPF) Display file . . .. . . . The screen test program will request the name of a screen and display file (created using the compilation procedure above. this tool allows the user to view and change the values of variables and step through the program by using breakpoints which interrupt program execution and return control to the debugger. display listing . . . . . SDA displays the screen with the values supplied. This can be accomplished using the "Test Display Files" option from the initial SDA menu. 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. *NOLIST. *CURLIB > SRCFILE___ Name > YOURLIB___ Name.) the source listing should be printed and used with the next steps. . respectively. . . . include debugging information in the executable program (so the debugger has access to variable and routine names) and produce a source output listing from the compiler. . . which reveals the following screen: Create Pascal Program (CRTPASPGM) Type choices. . + for more values Language level . . . After the member has been compiled (assuming there are no errors in compilation. . . . since the debugger does not list source lines as the program executes. . . . *CURLIB > TEST______ Name. Using the debugger . first prompt on the compile option on the Work with Members Using PDM display (or on the CRT___PGM command for the language of the source file) by pressing < F4>(PROMPT) with the "14" (COMPILE) option on the options line of the file you wish to compile. . . . 256-32767 F13=How to use this display The above example is from a Pascal source member. . *ANSI83. . To specify these options at compilation time. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh *DEBUG____ *SOURCE___ *EXTENDED__ 2046____ F12=Cancel *LIST.. other languages will have similar prompt displays. . . . . . . Program . . . . . press Enter. . . . However. . .. *CHECK. . . . These will. . Library . . . . . The source output is also useful as a hardcopy reference while the program is executing. . *PGM *SRCMBRTXT_____________________________ Additional Parameters Compiler options . . This will show the initial options screen for the compiler. . > TEST______ Name > YOURLIB___ Name. . . Placing the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options on the "Compiler options" lines will cause the compiler to produce a source listing and place it in the output queue and will include debugging information in the output program. . *SYSTEM String temporary threshold . Source file . . . To enter the compiler options. . Pressing <Enter>once all options are entered will submit the compilation. . . . *EXTENDED. . it is necessary to prompt for more options by pressing <F10>. . Library . . *LIBL. the source program must be compiled with the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options. . as the compiler adds its own line numbers to the source which will be necessary in referencing specific lines while using the debugger. . . . . . This source output should be printed before starting the debugger. Source member . . . . .Before using the debugger. . Text 'description' . .

Start the Debugger Add breakpoints Call the program to be debugged and End the Debugger These phases are discussed in detail below: Phase 1 (Start the Debugger) The command to start the debugger is: ===> strdbg YOURLIB/TEST where TEST is the program in library YOURLIB. For example. 20 and 30. that you intend to debug. From the 'Display Break Point' screen. 2. n10) where n1.. Phase 2 (Add Breakpoints) A Breakpoint is a place in a program where the system stops the processing of that program and gives control to the display station user or to a specified program. . the next step is to run the program using the CALL command. Display the program variables with DSPPGMVAR command: ===> dsppgmvar VARNAME where VARNAME is the variable name you intend to display.The process of Debugging essentially consists of four phases: 1. The program breaks before processing a statement specified as a breakpoint. ===> call YOURLIB/TEST You will notice that the program stops execution when the breakpoint is reached. The simplest form of ADDBKP takes the following form: ===> addbkp stmt(n1 n2 . 3. n10 are the statement numbers where the breakpoint is to occur.. The command ADDBKP is used to set breakpoints. Phase 3 (Calling the Program) Once the breakpoints are set. This will take you to the command entry screen.. You may specify 1 to 10 statement numbers where the breakpoint should occur. ' addbkp stmt(10 20 30) ' will set the breakpoints at statements 10. 4. n2 .. you can check the values of the program variables as explained below:   Press <F10>(command entry) on the 'Display Breakpoint' screen.

before you issue any other command. Start PC-VT and immediately go into the setup by pressing CTRL-F1. 2. Finally. 7. Select Modem Speed.Terminal Setup PC-VT 9. 3. so that they match those given below. Next set the data bits to 8 and the stop bits to 2. you can check for as many variables as you want to from the command entry screen. save the changes you have made to the SETUP so that you will not have to repeat this setup the next time you use PC-VT. 1.0. 4. 0 XXXX Feature switch settings: 1 2101 2 0X11 3 0000 4 1110 5 0001 6 0110 7 1X10 8 000X 9 XXXX 6. The program will stop at the next breakpoint if any. 'Go to SETUP B'. 9. To exit the command entry press <F3>. Ending the Debugger Once you are done with debugging. or will terminate. This may be done by placing the cursor above each feature switch you wish to change and pressing the 6 key to toggle the switch to the correct value. Control is transferred back to the breakpoint. APPENDIX B .VT-100 to PS/2 (PC Support) Keyboard Mapping PS/2 Key Nam Micro-Term Key Sequence Typical use . This may be done by pressing the S key. Select Data/Parity Bits. Confirm that your copy of PC-VT is V9. 8.  Using the above command. it is very important that you end the Debugger. This may be done with menu option P. You may use the <ESC>key to exit the setup mode and return to the emulator mode from which you may access the port selector. Press <Enter>to resume execution of the program. Versions prior to V9. You should next set the modem speed to 9600. Select option 5. This may be confirmed by starting PC-VT and noting the version number on the initial screen or by entering the setup A screen.0 Terminal Setup Instruction The following should assist you in setting up PC-VT V9. 5.0 for use with the IBM AS/400 via a port selector connection. The command to do it is: ===> enddbg APPENDIX A . You should now change the feature switches. This may be done with menu option 7.0 will not support the cursor keys during an AS/400 session. the blocks of 4 characters at the bottom of the screen.

Using On-line Education (EDU) Introduction Online education is a facility provided by IBM to assist the user in learning about the AS/400. There is a quiz at the end of . the system will automatically return the user to the place where they left off. Special Char Indicator Toggle Refresh screen Reset term. This facility is set up for the user to work through any topic he/she is interested in. so the next time he/she is using education.<F1> <F2> <F3> <F4> <F5> <F6> <F7> <F8> <F9> <F10> <F11> <F12> <F13> <F14> <F15> <F16> <F17> <F18> <F19> <F20> <F21> <F22> <F23> <F24> <DEL> <Shift><Insert> <Enter> <Backspace> <Right Ctrl> <Home> <Insert> <Page up> <Page down> <Shift><Pt Scn> <Tab> <Shift><Tab> <ESC> <Alt><F7> <Left Ctrl> <Alt><Pt Scn> <ESC>1 <ESC>2 <ESC>3 <ESC>4 <ESC>5 <ESC>6 <ESC>7 <ESC>8 <ESC>9 <ESC>0 <ESC><ESC>+ <ESC>! or <ESC><SHIFT>1 <ESC>@ or <ESC><SHIFT>2 <ESC># or <ESC><SHIFT>3 <ESC>$ or <ESC><SHIFT>4 <ESC>% or <ESC><SHIFT>5 <ESC>+ or <ESC><SHIFT>6 <ESC>& or <ESC><SHIFT>7 <ESC>* or <ESC><SHIFT>8 <ESC>( or <ESC><SHIFT>9 <ESC>) or <ESC><SHIFT>0 <ESC>_ or <ESC><SHIFT><ESC>= or <ESC><SHIFT>= <DEL> <CTRL>d <RETURN> <ESC>i <LINEFEED> or <CTRL>j <ESC>H <ESC><DEL> <ESC>u <ESC>d <CTRL>p <TAB> <ESC><TAB> <ESC>a or <CTRL>a <ESC>(grave accent) <ESC><CTRL>w <ESC><CTRL>a <ESC>r or <CTRL>r <ESC>s Help Switch View Exit Prompt Refresh Screen Roll Down Roll Up Get Previous Cmd Move to top List Toggle Cancel User support Main menu Scroll left Scroll right Scrl Option Scrl Menu Delete character Duplicate Send screen Field exit Insert mode Print Screen Next field Previous field Attention Ins. using the bookmark utility to keep track of where the user has left off. System Request APPENDIX C . This facility is self-paced so the user can work the modules when it is convenient. err.

This can consist of questions from the module or examples that you walk through. Your most recent screen print will be located at the bottom of the list and it will be titled QSYSPRT.most modules. The COMS 175---Command Language audience path is customized for the CS175 class. you can either select 1 to start the first module in the selected audience path of the course or 3 to select any module < Enter>within the selected course. which gives feedback on how much information the user retained from that module. exiting and setting a bookmark. To display a description about a course select 8 in front of that particular course. When the screen has been captured you will see a message at the bottom of your screen. From any command line type ==>STREDU <Enter> STREDU is an abbreviation for Start Education. To exit in the middle of a module press <F3> where this option is available. when you are finished with the quiz. obtain a screen print of the screen that tells you how many you answered correctly on the first try. exiting and marking it complete or go to a topic/subtropic menu for the module. Select 4 to select an audience path for the course <Enter>. If you forget to get a screen print. Exit online education by pressing a series of <F3>keys until you have reached a command line. Getting Started 1. To Obtain a Screen Print Press the <SHIFT>and PRINT SCREEN key (towards the upper right hand corner of your keyboard) at the same time. Press the <Reset>(at the bottom left hand corner of the keyboard). For the CS175 class. At the end of most modules. there is a quiz. Type 1 to select one of them <Enter>. you need to go through the quiz again to get to that screen. 7. 2. This will give you a choice of exiting the module. to clear this message and continue your session. which tells you that it has been sent to the default printer device. 4. 5. There are several courses in online education but the most useful ones in terms of using the AS/400 are: o Tutorial Support System o Facilities and Implementation o Application Design and Development Tools Type 1 to select the desired course <Enter>. Select 5. You can select all modules or one of the listed categories. To check your screen print type WRKSPLF (work with your spool files). 6. or a combination of both. . Follow the directions and read each screen carefully. Select course <Enter> 3. Next.

1. spool file..STRSEU 2. Choose option 5 . Create a source physical file (optional) . Wait for compilation to complete. Display message to see if completed successfully . You will return to the screen where you pressed <F4>. BAS. various ways of doing essentially the same thing are shown under each outline heading.To assign it to a printer. In PDM: <F6> . o Does program need data files . etc. 4. Type source into physical file member. Compile the source member to attain object and compiled. PAS. type a 2. If there are any warnings determine if they are important and if deemed so go to step III and correct. Work in program development manager  STRPDM  WRKLIBPDM  WRKOBJPDM  WRKMBRPDM 3. Press <Enter>again to accept this printer. For more information on printing. At the Printer to use prompt. 5. Start source entry utility . o Option 14 from the PDM lines. some more appropriate than others depending on the situation. 4. see the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual.CRTLIB 2. Execute the program. 3. Log in. PAS. WRKSPLF 1. o Does program need other programs .DSPMSG Check spool file to see if any Fatal errors or warnings. o CRT___PGM . 1.where ___ can be CBL. press <F4>on this line. Since there may be multiple ways to complete a task. APPENDIX D . 0. Setup area for source 1. This will give you a list of all started printers and from here you can select one by typing a 1 on the line before the desired printer. Check for dependencies. Note if there are any warnings or errors or fatal errors. C.create a member. 2. 2. type the name of the printer you would like to send your printout to and press <Enter>. If there are errors or fatal errors go to to step III and correct. to assigned to a printer.if so create or attain them.How to program on an AS/400 The following outline details the basic steps of program development on the AS/400. Create a library (optional) . change. Page to bottom of file. Press <Enter> to select this printer..DISPLAY. This will change the status from not assigned to a printer. ..if so create or attain. and press <Enter>.CRTSRCPF 3. To see a list of all started printers.

2.hit <F1> (help) 1. 0. Move cursor to error description . If program gives a run-time error. Go to step III.CALL library/programname Option 16 from a WRKOBJPDM screen. Correct error. 4. o o . Look for error and statement number. Log off. Cross reference statement number with source line number with spool file WRKSPLF 3.

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