Radio Network Parameter

Sharing Session
1 © Nokia Siemens Networks

Content
• The following structure can be used for BR and BSS
parameter
– – – –
GSM idle mode and cell (re)-selection Power control Handover control Half rate setting

• Handover strategy between different layer in existing network

GSM idle mode and cell (re)-selection
3 © Nokia Siemens Networks

C1 & C2 Criterion
C1 = A – max(B,0) = RLA_C – RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN – max(MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH – P , 0)
0 .. RxLev RLA_C = avg received126 dB on BCCH step size: P = MS max output power 2 dB 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60,  dB

C1 + CELL_RESELECT_OFFSET – TEMPORARY OFFSET C2 = C1 - CELL_RESELECT_OFFSET C2 serving cell: • C2: List of 6 strongest carriers: • C2: • C2: • C2: • C2: • C2: • C2:
new candidate = former serving cell

for PENALTY_TIME  640 s for PENALTY_TIME = 640 s

no TEMPORARY OFFSET C1 CELL_RESELECT_OFFSET T

C2 C1 CELL_RESELECT_OFFSET TEMPORARY OFFSET PENALTY_TIME

new candidate = formerly nonserving cell

T

Cell Reselection Based on Pathloss
Criterion C2
C2 cell 1 cell reselection & location update

cell 3

cell reselection

cell 2

CELL_RESELECT_ HYSTERESIS (HYS)

5 seconds

5 seconds

time

LAC = A

LAC = B

indicates With this parameter you define the maximum .39 default: 5 Default : 33 dBm MS maximum transmit power for CCCH.GSM idle mode and cell (re)-selection BR Parameter BSS Parameter RXLEVAMI rxlev access min (RXP) object: BTS [BASICS] object : BTS unit: 1 dB Range : -110.the initial power the Ms is allowed to use on the dedicated MS txpwr max CCH1x00 (TXP2) control channel (SDCCH or TCH) after an IMMEDIATE object : BTS ASSIGNMENT. ... 62 = -49dBm to -48dBm 63 = greater than -48dBm default: 6 RXLEV access minimum.-47 range: 0... .36 Default : 30 dBm With this parameter you define the maximum transmission power an MS may use when accessing a CCH in the cell for GSM 1800/1900 bands. MSTXPMAXCH MS txpwr max CCH (TXP1) object: BTS [CCCH] object BTS range: 0. this parameter defines the minimum DL receive level the MS must receive from the serving cell in order to be allowed to access to the network via the RACH..31 Range : 5...63 Default : -105 dBm 0 = less than -110dBm With this parameter you define the minimum power level 1 = -110dBm to -109dBm an MS has to receive before it is allowed to access the 2 = -109dBm to -108dBm cell..the maximum transmit power level a MS is allowed to use when transmission power an MS may use when accessing a it accesses the cell on the Random Access Channel' (RACH) and CCH in the cell for GSM 900/800 bands. Range : 0.. ..

is useful for microcell configurations since it prevents fast moving MSs from performing unnecessary cell reselections.. however.15 default: 0 Maximum transmission power for DCS 1800. indicates the maximum transmission power level a MS is allowed to use in the GSM target cell.. BSS Parameter MS txpwr max GSM (PMAX1) object : BTS Range : 5. C2. . cell reselection parameter index (PI) object : BTS Range : C2 reselection parameters are not broadcast (N) (0). MSTXPMAXDCS object: BTS [BASICS] unit: see tables below range: 0. CRESPARI object: BTS [BASICS] range: 0=C2 parameters not present 1=C2 parameters present default: 1 Cell reselection parameter indicator.39 Default : 33 dBm With this parameter you define the maximum power level an MS may use in the serving cell for GSM 800 and GSM 900 bands. MS txpwr max GSM1x00 (PMAX2) object : BTS Range : 0. It is an enhancement of the cell selection C1 (for C1 please see parameter CELLRESH).36 Default : 30 dBm With this parameter you define the maximum power level an MS may use in the serving cell for DCS 1800/1900. C2 reselection parameters are broadcast (Y) (1) Default : C2 reselection parameters are not broadcast (N) (0) With this parameter you define whether C2 reselection parameters are broadcast to mobile stations.15 default: 5 Maximum transmission power level in GSM target cell. this parameter defines the maximum transmission level a MS is allowed to use on a dedicated channel (TCH and SDCCH) in the serving cell.. The C2 cell reselection allows you to define other criteria for cell reselection in addition to power level...GSM idle mode and cell (re)-selection BR Parameter MSTXPMAXGSM object: BTS [BASICS] unit: see tables below range: 2. indicates the presence of C2 cell reselection parameters on the BCCH The criterion C2 is an optional feature that can be enabled on a cell basis..

7.. PENTIME object: BTS [BASICS] unit: 20s range: 0... Value 640 s indicates that the sign of the cell reselect offset (REO) parameter will be changed and the temporary offset (TEO) parameter will be ignored.640 Default : 20 s With this parameter you define the duration for which the temporary offset (TEO) applies... The parameter can be changed in steps of 20 s. . TEMPOFF object: BTS [BASICS] unit: 10dB range: 0. It applies an offset to the cell reselection criterion C2.GSM idle mode and cell (re)-selection BR Parameter CRESOFF object: BTS [BASICS] unit: 2dB range: 0..70 Default : 0 dB With this parameter you define the negative offset of the C2 reselection criterion for the duration of the penalty time (PET) after the MS has placed the cell on the list of the strongest carriers.31 31= TEMPOFF ignored default: 0 Penalty time.63 default: 1 Cell reselection offset. This parameter only has to be set if CRESPARI is set to '1'.. Value 70 dB means infinity. BSS Parameter cell reselect offset (REO) object : BTS Range : 0. It applies a negative offset to C2 for the duration of the penalty time. penalty time (PET) object : BTS Range : 20.. The parameter can be changed in 10 dB steps.126 Default : 0 dB With this parameter you define the offset of the C2 reselection criterion for a cell. sets the duration for which the temporary offset is applied temporary offset (TEO) object BTS Range : 0.. 7=∞ default: 1 Temporary offset.

7 Default : 4 dB default: 2 With this parameter you define the received RF Cell reselect hysteresis. reNOTALLOWED establishment is allowed (Y) (1) default: NOTALLOWED Default : re-establishment is not allowed (N) (0) Call re-establishment allowed.GSM idle mode and cell (re)-selection BR Parameter BSS Parameter CELLRESH cell reselect hysteresis (HYS) object: BTS [BASICS] object : BTS unit: 2dB Range : 0. receiver RF power level hysteresis required for cell reselection (MS in idle mode) on the basis of the path loss criterion C1. Range : re-establishment is not allowed (N) (0). procedure.14 range: 0. . indicates the value of the power level hysteresis for required cell reselection... indicates whether the With this parameter you define whether call MS may try to start a Call re-establishment reestablishment is allowed in the cell. With a call re-establishment procedure the MS tries to set up a new radio connection to the BSS directly after a call drop. CREALL call reestablishment allowed (RE) object: BTS [OPTIONS] object : BTS range: ALLOWED..

A suitable cell with low priority is only selected if no suitable cell of normal priority can be found. and thus cell reselection towards this cell is prevented for ASCI mobiles. FALSE Range : cell not barred (0). is used to assign a priority to a cell which is With this parameter you define whether cell barring can to be considered by the MS during the cell selection be overridden. Cell 1=low priority barring can be overridden (Y) (1) default: 0 Default : Cell barring cannot be overridden (N) (0) Cell bar qualify. This prevention mechanism was introduced especially for GSM-R networks with two completely overlapping layers CBQ cell bar qualify (QUA) object: BTS [BASICS] object : BTS range: 0= normal priority Range : Cell barring cannot be overridden (N) (0). . decision. cell barred (1) default: FALSE Default : cell not barred (0) Cell barred. If CELLBARR=TRUE this neighbour cell is set With this parameter you define whether MSs are to 'barred' allowed to access the cell.GSM idle mode and cell (re)-selection BR Parameter BSS Parameter CELLBARR cell barred (BAR) object: BTS [OPTIONS] object : BTS range: TRUE.

Power Control 11 © Nokia Siemens Networks .

N Power control independent • for DL and UL • for each call .Power Control Motivation Reduced interference on DL/UL • Longer service time of battery • Realization of power class • Supported by default on UL Activation of DL power control powerCtrlEnabled (PENA) Y.

. for tuning the cell coverage. BSS Parameter bsTxPwrMax object: POC range: 0.30 step 2 dB default: 0 This parameter is used to identify the maximum transmission power of the BTS as an attenuation from the peak power of the TRX in GSM 800 and GSM 900 bands bsTxPwrMax1x00 object: POC range: 0.6 step 1 (2dB) default: 0 txPwrMaxReduction specifies the number of 2 dB steps the TX power should be reduced from the maximum transmit power..Static Power Reduction BR Parameter PWRRED object: TRX range: 0. or X = bsTxPwrMax1x00) and set PWRRED = If X <=6 txPwrMaxreduction = X else txPwrMaxreduction = 6 ..30 step 2 dB default: 0 This parameter is used to identify the maximum transmission power of the BTS as an attenuation from the peak power of the TRX in GSM 1800 and GSM 1900 bands Mapping rule Read value X according to band (X = bsTxPwrMax.

4 dB .4.Power Control Parameters Power Change Step Sizes Power change triggered Desired power level can be achieved in 1 or 2 commands? YES NO Fixed Step Size Variable Step Size Fixed increment step size pcIncrStepSize (INC) Fixed decrement step size pcRedStepSize (RED) 2.6 dB Calculate Power Increment step to reach the desired PC threhsold 2.

.32 Action BTS power decrease BTS power increase MS power decrease MS power increase BTS power decrease BTS power increase MS power decrease MS power increase Reason Signal level Signal level Signal level Signal level Signal quality Signal quality Signal quality Signal quality pcUpperThresholdLevelDL pcLowerThresholdLevelDL pcUpperThresholdLevelUL pcLowerThresholdLevelUL pcUpperThresholdQualDL pcLowerThresholdQualDL pcUpperThresholdQualUL pcLowerThresholdQualUL .Power Control Lower Level Upper Level Power increase Power decrease Power decrease due to level 6 dB due to quality due to level or quality Upper Quality BSS: Signal level thresholds pcUpperThresholdLevelDL/UL pcLowerThresholdLevelDL/UL -110.-47 dBm Signal quality thresholds Power increase due to level No action Power decrease due to level pcUpperThresholdQualDL/UL pcLowerThresholdQualDL/UL 0.-47 dBm -110..7 Lower Quality Power increase due to level or quality Power increase due to quality Power increase due to quality Exceeded threshold Number of average samples Nx Px 1..7 0....32 1.

enableBSPowerControl -> BSS: pcControlEnabled BR Parameter EBSPWRC object: PWRC range: CLASSIC. ADAPTIVE. variable DL step size (VDLS) object:BSC Range: The variable downlink step size is not used (N) (0).Power Control • UL/DL configuration attributes merged: – BR: enableMSPowercontrol. The variable downlink step size is used (Y) (1) Default: The variable downlink step size is not used (N) (0) With this parameter you define whether the variable step size is used in the power control algorithm when the downlink transmission power is decreased. Mapping rule if (pcControlEnabled == 0) EBSPWRC = DISABLE. power control is enabled (Y) (1) default: power control is enabled (Y) (1) Power CTRL Enabled .with this parameter you indicate whether the BTS power control is enabled. else if (powerDecrQualFactor == 0) EBSPWRC = CLASSIC else EBSPWRC=ADAPTIVE . BSS Parameter pcControlEnabled object: POC range: power control is disabled (N) (0). determines whether the BTS dynamically adjusts its sending power according to the current radio conditions (on non-BCCH carriers). DISABLED default: ADAPTIVE Enable BS power control.

DISABLED default: ADAPTIVE Enable MS power control. power control is enabled (Y) (1) default: power control is enabled (Y) (1) Power CTRL Enabled . powerDecrQualFactor object:POC range: disabled (0). enabled (1) default: enabled (1) Power Decr Qual Factor .with this parameter you indicate whether the BTS power control is enabled.with this parameter you enable or disable the MS power decrease due to signal quality with the defined variable power change step size. Mapping rule if (pcControlEnabled == 0) EBSPWRC = DISABLE. else if (powerDecrQualFactor == 0) EBSPWRC = CLASSIC else EBSPWRC=ADAPTIVE . determines whether the BTS instructs the MS to dynamically adjust its sending power according to the current radio conditions BSS Parameter pcControlEnabled object: POC range: power control is disabled (N) (0). This is done when the uplink signal level is lower than the optimum uplink RF signal level and the averaged signal quality equals the quality threshold. The parameter also has an effect on the size of the power decrease step.Power Control BR Parameter EMSPWRC object: PWRC range: CLASSIC. ADAPTIVE.

defines the lower threshold of the received signal level on the uplink for power increase. This is the threshold level for a downlink power increase... This is the threshold level for a downlink power increase . step 1 .compare the averaged values of signal strength uplink measurements for triggering the power control process. range: -110.. step 1 . default: -85 PC lower thresholds lev DL Rx level . BSS Parameter pcLowerThresholdsLevDLRxLevel object: POC .. pcLowerThresholsLevULRxLevel object: POC .Power Control BR Parameter LOWTLEVD object: PWRC range: 0.-47.63 default: 25 Power control lower threshold level uplink.63 default: 25 Power control lower threshold level downlink. range: -110. default: -85 PC lower thresholds lev UL Rx level . defines the lower threshold of the received signal level on the downlink for power increase LOWTLEVU object: PWRC range: 0.-47.compares the averaged values of signal strength downlink measurements for triggering the power control process.

63 default: 36 Power control upper threshold level uplink. default: -70 PC upper thresholds lev DL Rx level .compares the averaged values of signal strength upnlink measurements for triggering the power control process... default: -70 PC upper thresholds lev DL Rx level . step 1 . defines the upper threshold of the received signal level on the downlink for power reduction BSS Parameter pcUpperThresholdsLevDLRxLevel object: POC . step 1 .63 default: 36 Power control upper threshold level downlink. range: -110. range: -110. pcUpperThresholdsLevULRxLevel object: POC . UPTLEVU object: PWRC range: 0..compares the averaged values of signal strength downlink measurements for triggering the power control process.-47.Power Control BR Parameter UPTLEVD object: PWRC range: 0.-47.. defines the upper threshold of the received signal level on the uplink for power reduction . This is the threshold level for uplink power reduction. This is the threshold level for a downlink power reduction.

4% -12.37 : 20 6.20 [dB] default: 12 Power control lower threshold quality downlink.2% .63-4.0.13-2. 0. RXQUAL : C/I 6.8% (7) default: 0.37 : 14 2.3.4% (1).87 : 13 2.87 : 2 6. 1. 0.87 : 15 1.87 : 15 1.4% 0.6.63-2. 6. 3.13-1.4% (1).88-4.8% -1.12 : 9 4.63-2.6.37 : 5 5.20 [dB] default: 12 Power control lower threshold quality uplink.12 : 6 5.3.88-7..8%-1.37 : 20 6.6% (3) PC lower thresholds qual UL Rx qual compares the averaged values of signal quality uplink measurements for triggering the power control process.12 : 19 LOWTQUAU object: PWRC range: 0. 1.88-4.75 : 4 5.2% (0).13-6.13-5.88-6.2% .37 : 14 2. This is the quality threshold for a uplink power increase. 0.8% (6).62 : 18 0. 0.2% (4). 0. > 12.12 : 12 2.Power Control BR Parameter LOWTQUAD object: PWRC range: 0.38-3.4% 0.8% (6).00-0.00-0.62 : 11 3.6% .38-1.88-3.6% (3).88-3.8%-1.38-3. PC Lower Thresholds Qual UL Rx Qual object: POC range: < 0.6% (3) PC lower thresholds qual DL Rx qual compares the averaged values of signal quality downlink measurements for triggering the power control process. BSS Parameter PC Lower Thresholds Qual DL Rx Qual object: POC range: < 0. This is the quality threshold for a downlink power increase.37 : 5 5.4% -12.87 : 7 4.87 : 7 4.12 : 9 4.87 : 2 6.12 : 19 .87 : 10 3.63-5.87 : 13 2.76-6.13-2.88-5.13-4.12 : 17 1.62 : 16 0. > 12.8% (2).6% (3).62 : 16 0. 0.63-4.62 : 18 0.2% .63-2.8% (7) default: 0. Mapping rule RXQUAL : C/I 6. This is the threshold level for a downlink power reduction.0.13-6.38-1..8% -1.62 : 11 3.88-6.00 : 1 6.76-6. 3.4% (5).87 : 10 3.13-4.2% .38-6. defines the lower threshold of the received signal quality on the uplink for power increase.88-7. defines the lower threshold of the received signal quality on the downlink for power increase.12 : 6 5.2% (4).62 : 8 4.75 : 4 5.63-2. 6.88-5.13-5.62 : 8 4.2% (0).12 : 17 1.63-5.8% (2).12 : 12 2.38-6.13-1.00 : 1 6.6% .4% (5).

63-2.6% .4% 0.13-5.62 : 8 4.87 : 7 4.2% (0) PC upper thresholds qual DL Rx qual compares the averaged values of signal quality downlink measurements for triggering the power control process. 0. 3.2% (4).8% (7) default: < 0. 0.2% .63-4.2% .62 : 16 0.87 : 15 1.63-2.8% (6).8% -1.88-4.87 : 10 3.63-4.0.12 : 9 4.62 : 18 0.12 : 19 UPTQUAU object: PWRC range: 0.87 : 10 3.6.12 : 12 2. 0.87 : 2 6.37 : 14 2.87 : 15 1.87 : 2 6. Mapping rule RXQUAL : C/I 6. > 12.13-1.8% -1.13-6.13-4. This is the quality threshold for a downlink power reduction. BSS Parameter PC Upper Thresholds Qual DL Rx Qual object: POC range: < 0. 0.38-3.4% (1).88-6.63-2.3.6% .63-5.88-7.4% (1).13-2.00 : 1 6.37 : 5 5.37 : 14 2. defines the upper threshold of the received signal quality on the uplink for power reduction.12 : 6 5.13-6.6% (3).38-6.75 : 4 5.00-0.4% -12.37 : 5 5. 3.6% (3).13-4.88-4.12 : 17 1.88-7..62 : 18 0. defines the upper threshold of the received signal quality on the downlink for power reduction.2% (4).8% (2).2% (0).88-5.87 : 7 4.20 [dB] default: 17 Power control upper threshold quality downlink.20 [dB] default: 17 Power control upper threshold quality uplink. 0..88-3.12 : 17 1.8% (7) default: < 0.6.62 : 16 0.13-1.2% .38-3.Power Control BR Parameter UPTQUAD object: PWRC range: 0.13-2.76-6. 6.63-5. This is the quality threshold for a uplink power reduction. PC Upper Thresholds Qual UL Rx Qual object: POC range: < 0.0.62 : 11 3.8% (6). RXQUAL : C/I 6.12 : 9 4.63-2.13-5.4% 0.62 : 8 4.2% (0) PC upper thresholds qual UL Rx qual compares the averaged values of signal quality uplink measurements for triggering the power control process.2% .38-1.12 : 6 5.88-3.88-5.37 : 20 6. 0.75 : 4 5.4% -12.8% (2).00 : 1 6.88-6.87 : 13 2. > 12.62 : 11 3.76-6.12 : 19 .4% (5). 1.4% (5). 6.38-6.37 : 20 6.12 : 12 2.38-1.2% (0).3. 1.87 : 13 2.00-0.

these step sizes are always applied for power increase. default: 4 Power incr step size .15 [2 dB] default: 15 This parameter defines the maximum allowed dynamic power reduction. in case of ‘adaptive’ PWRC they are applied only under special conditions. DB4.defines the step size for increasing the transmission power of the mobile station.4. PWRINCSS object: PWRC range: DB2. step 2 dB default: 30 dB BS Tx Pwr Min – is used to identify the minimum transmission power of the BTS as an attenuation from the peak power of the TRX .Power Control BR Parameter PWREDSS object: PWRC range: DB2. step 2 . defines the step size used when reducing the MS transmit power. In case of ‘classic’ PWRC (EBSPWRC/EMSPWRC=CLASSIC). DB6 [unit: 2dB] default: DB6 Power increase step size. default: 2 Power red step size . defines the step size used when increasing the MS transmit power. In case of ‘classic’ PWRC (EBSPWRC/EMSPWRC=CLASSIC).. these step sizes are always applied for power increase. Range: 2. In case of ‘adaptive’ PWRC they are applied only under special conditions.... PCMBSTXPRL object: PWRC range: 0.30 dB. DB4 [unit: 2dB] default: DB2 Power reduction step size. Range: 2. On Abis PWRINCSS = pcIncrStepSize + 1 In migration: DB2 --> 2 DB4 --> 4 bsTxPwrMin Range and step 0. BSS Parameter pcRedStepSize object: POC .defines the step size for reducing the transmission power of the mobile station.... step 2 .6. Mapping rule On Abis PWREDSS = pcRedStepSize + 1 In migration: DB2 --> 2 DB4 --> 4 pcIncrStepSize object: POC .

i.. BSS Parameter pcControlInterval Object: POC Range: 0.e.31 [unit: 2 SACCH frames] default: 2 Power control interval. defines the minimum time period (in units of 2 SACCH multiframes) between two consecutive power control decision in case of ‘classic’ power control. the BS or MS power control decision will be suspended by the time defined by PCONINT when a new power level was set..31 Default: 2 Power Control interval .defines the minimum interval between the changes in the radio frequency power level. .Power Control BR Parameter PCONINT object: PWRC range: 0.

Handover control 24 © Nokia Siemens Networks .

The handover margin prevents repeated handover between adjacent cells. BSS Parameter enablePowerBudgetHo object: HOC range: handover is disabled (N) (0).. FALSE default: TRUE Power budget handover enabled . The handover margin is used for the power budget handover decision process: a power budget handover ('better cell'handover) is only triggered if the power budget of a specific neighbour cell exceeds the handover margin set for the ADJC object representing this cell. handover is enabled (Y)(1) default: enabled (Y) (1) Enable Power Budget Handover .Handover control Better cell HO (PBGT) BR Parameter PBGTHO object: HAND range: TRUE..this parameter defines a threshold for the power budget handover. HOM object: ADJC range: 0..this attribute indicates whether handover due to power budget is enabled or disabled.with this parameter you indicate whether the BTS power budget handover control is enabled. hoMarginPbgt object: ADCE Range and step -24.126 (0 = -63dB.63 dB. Mapping rule hoMargin = (hoMarginP bgt) + 63 . step 1 dB default: 6 dB With this parameter you define a threshold in the power budget process. 126 = +63dB) default: 69 (= 6dB) Handover margin.

63 SACCH periods. step 1 SACCH periods Default: 6 Handover Period Power Budget . in SACCH periods.this attribute defines the averaging window size. Mapping rule map: .. used for power budget evaluation.0 --> 1 .with this parameter you define the interval between power budget handover threshold comparisons..Handover control Better cell HO (PBGT) BR Parameter HOAVPWRB object: HAND range: 1. It is also used in other types of handovers for averaging of neighbour cell measurements BSS Parameter hoPeriodPbgt object HOC Range and step 0.preserves values in range [1 to 31] .31 [SACCH multiframe] default: 8 Handover averaging window for power budget handover .(values > 31) --> 31 ..

disabled. 15 lowest priority) Mapping rule When Umbrella HO enabled concurrently with power budget HO. So Enable Umbrella Handover can be used. step 1 default: 3 With this parameter you define the priority level for an adjacent cell.Handover control Hierarchical Cells Structure • BR parameters mapped to BSS: BSS Parameter enableUmbrellaHo object: HOC range and step: 0 .7. hoPriorityLevel object: ADCE Range and step: 0. PLNC object: ADJC range: 0. 1 – enabled Default: 0 With this parameter you indicate whether the BTS umbrella handover is enabled.. 14-((hoPriorityLevel) * 2) ...15 default: 0 priority layer of the neighbour cell (0 highest priority. BR Parameter HIERC object: HAND range: TRUE. FALSE default: FALSE Hierarchical Cell Handover indicates whether the ranking of the target cells based on the priority layer is enabled or disabled. BSC HO algorithm takes layer definition of adjacent cell into account.

. step 1 default: 0 With this parameter you define the HCS (hierarchical cell structures) priority for the cells. the value of this parameter is copied from the SEG. This priority is only evaluated for the Power Budget handover decision and the traffic handover decision.16 default: 0 Priority layer .15 default: 0 Penalty priority layer of neighbour cell . 0 is the lowest and 7 is the highest priority. if this parameter is not given and the SEG and the adjacent cell are in the same BSS.. 0 is the lowest and 7 is the highest priority..7. In the adjacent cell creation.. it determines the temporary priority layer of the neighbour cell.7. PPLNC object: ADJC range: 0.if hierarchical cell handover is enabled (HIERC=TRUE) this parameter determines the priority layer of the own cell. Mapping rule 14hcsPriorityClass * 2 hcsPriorityClass object: ADCE Range and step: 0. The priority layers of the neighbour cells are administered in the ADJC object (PPLNC parameter).Handover control Hierarchical Cells Structure • BR parameters mapped to BSS: BSS Parameter hcsPriorityClass object: BTS Range and step: 0. 14hcsPriorityClass * 2 .this parameter is relevant for speed sensitive handover. step 1 default: 0 With this parameter you define the HCS (hierarchical cell structures) priority for the cells.. BR Parameter PL object: HAND range: 0..

without altering the behaviour of the other handover types BSS Parameter enableHoMarginLevQual object: ADCE Range and step: not used (N) (0). LEVHOM object: ADJC range: 0.. Mapping rule Set ELEVHOM to TRUE if at least 1 of the up to 32 ADCEs has enableHoMarginLevQual set to 1 hoMarginLev* object: ADCE Range and step: -24. LEVHOM = (hoMarginLev) + 63 *The default is not the same in BR and BSS! . used (Y) (1) default: used (Y) (1) With this parameter you define whether the handover margins for signal level and quality will be taken into account in the handover decision algorithm.Handover control Level HO BR Parameter ELEVHOM object: HAND range: TRUE.. step 1 dB default: 3 dB With this parameter you define a threshold for a handover caused by signal level.. 126 = +63dB) default: 69 (= 6dB) Level handover margin parameter represents a threshold to guarantee a handover to a target cell with a higher level than the serving cell.24 dB.126 (0 = -63dB. FALSE default: FALSE Enable level handover margin parameter indicates if level handover margin (RXLEV_NCELL(n) > RXLEV_DL + LHOMARGIN) is enabled or disabled.

HOLTHLVUL object: HAND range: 1.. step 1 dBm default: -95 dBm The parameter compares the averaged values of signal strength downlink measurements for triggering the handover process.... 1 = -110dBm 2 = -109dBm .Handover control Level HO BR Parameter HOLTHLVDL object: HAND range: 1.63 default: 10 Handover lower threshold level downlink ..... hoTLUlRxLevel object: HOC Range and step: -110.. ..-47 dBm. 1 = -110dBm 2 = -109dBm . BSS Parameter hoTLDlRxLevel object: HOC Range and step: -110.defines the receive signal strength threshold on uplink for intercell handover decision.defines the receive signal strength threshold on downlink for intercell handover decision.63 default: 8 Handover lower threshold level uplink . step 1 dBm default: -95 dBm The parameter compares the averaged values of signal strength uplink measurements for triggering the handover process.-47 dBm.

step 1 dB default: 0 dB With this parameter you define a threshold for a handover caused by signal quality.24 dB... QUALLEVHOM = (hoMarginQual) + 63 *The default is not the same in BR and BSS! .with this parameter you define whether the handover margins for signal level and quality will be taken into account in the handover decision algorithm Mapping rule Set ENAQUALEVHOM to TRUE if at leats 1 of the up to 32 ADCEs has enableHoMarginLevQual set to 1 hoMarginQual* object: ADCE Range and step: -24. In addition to normal handover margin only cells are taken into account for handover decision which DL power level exeeds the DL power level of the serving cell by a configurable margin (QUALLEVHOM) QUALLEVHOM object: ADJC range: 0.126 (0 = -63dB. FALSE default: FALSE Enable level handover margin for quality handover . 126 = +63dB) default: 69 (= 6dB) Level handover margin for quality handover .this attribute indicates whether level handover margin for Quality Handover is enabled or disabled.this parameter defines the margin by which the DL power level of a target cell shall exceed the DL power level of the serving cell to be entered into the target cell list in case of a quality HO BSS Parameter enableHoMarginLevQual object : ADCE Range and step: not used (N) (0). used (Y) (1) Default : used (Y) (1) Enable HO Margin Lev Qual .Handover control Quality and Interference HO BR Parameter ENAQUALEVHOM object: ADJC range: TRUE..

8% (6).63-5.2% .6.20 dB default: 9 Handover lower threshold quality downlink .88-7.63-4.6% (3).6% .defines the receive signal quality threshold on downlink for intercell handover decision.2% .63-2.63-2.62 : 11 3.37 : 14 2.00 : 1 6. 0.87 : 10 3.37 : 20 RXQUAL : C/I 6.62 : 18 0..2% .3.8% (7) default: 1.20 dB default: 9 Handover lower threshold quality uplink .87 : 7 4.88-4. hoTQUlRxQual object: HOC Range: < 0.13-4.87 : 7 4.2% (4).88-6. 0.13-2.87 : 13 2.63-2.8% (6).88-5.12 : 12 2.63-4.12 : 9 4. Mapping rule RXQUAL : C/I 6. 6.87 : 10 3.75 : 4 5.4% (1). 0.13-6.13-5. > 12. > 12.88-4.38-6.4% (1). 0.8% (2).87 : 2 6.4% -12.38-1.2% (4) The parameter compares the averaged values of signal quality downlink measurements for triggering the handover process.0.2% .12 : 19 6.63-5.3.4% (5).88-7.12 : 6 5. 3.defines the receive signal quality threshold on uplink for intercell handover decision.88-3.12 : 12 2.87 : 15 1.8% (7) default: 1.38-3. 0. 1.13-1.00 : 1 6.6% (3).62 : 8 4.2% (4).62 : 16 0.37 : 5 5.76-6.6% .8% (2).87 : 15 1.75 : 4 5.63-2.87 : 2 6. 6.88-5.13-1.12 : 19 .3. 1. BSS Parameter hoTQDlRxQual object: HOC Range: < 0.62 : 11 3.38-1.76-6. 3.38-6.13-2.6.13-4.4% 0.87 : 13 2.6% .2% (0).37 : 14 2.12 : 9 4.8% -1.13-6.Handover control Quality and Interference HO BR Parameter HOLTHQUDL object: HAND range: 0.6% .3.12 : 6 5.88-3.12 : 17 1.8% -1.2% (4) The parameter compares the averaged values of signal quality uplink measurements for triggering the handover process.2% (0).12 : 17 1.00-0.37 : 5 5.4% -12.62 : 16 0.4% 0.88-6.4% (5).62 : 18 0..37 : 20 6.13-5.62 : 8 4.38-3.0.00-0. 0. HOLTHQUUL object: HAND range: 0.

Handover control Level vs Quality .

FALSE default: FALSE Intra-cell handover for SDCCH. INTRACH object: HAND [BASICS] range: TRUE. handover control is enabled (Y) (1) Default : handover control is disabled (N) (0) With this parameter you indicate whether an intracell handover caused by uplink interference is enabled. handover is enabled (Y) (1) Default : handover is disabled (N) (0) With this parameter you indicate whether the BTS SDCCH handover is enabled. The parameter does not affect handovers between normal and extended areas. handover control is enabled (Y) (1) Default value handover control is disabled (N) (0) With this parameter you indicate whether an intracell handover caused by downlink interference is enabled. see above) are allowed in this BTS IERCHOSDCCH object: HAND [BASICS] range: TRUE. this parameter determines whether intra-cell handover due to quality is enabled for SDCCHSDCCHhandovers or not. FALSE default: TRUE Internal intra-cell Handover enabled. determines whether intra-cell handovers due to quality and due to compression/decompression (parameter EADVCMPDCMHO.Handover Control Intracell Handover BR Parameter BSS Parameter enable intracell handover interference UL (EIC) Object : HOC Range : handover control is disabled (N) (0). The parameter does not affect handovers between normal and extended areas. FALSE default: FALSE Inter-cell handover for SDCCH. . IRACHOSDCCH object: HAND [BASICS] range: TRUE. enable SDCCH handover (ESD) object : HOC Range : handover is disabled (N) (0). enable intracell handover interference DL (EIH) Object : HOC Range : handover control is disabled (N) (0). this parameter determines whether inter-cell SDCCH-SDCCH handover is enabled or not.

-47 dBm.the parameters compare the averaged values of interference downlink measurements for triggering the handover process.Handover control Quality and Interference HO BR Parameter HOTDLINT object: HAND range: 0..-47 dBm. HOTULINT object: HAND range: 0... hoThresholdsInterferenceUlRxLevel object: HOC Range and step -110.63 default: 32 Handover threshold level uplink intra .the parameters compare the averaged values of interference uplink measurements for triggering the handover process. BSS Parameter hoThresholdsInterferenceDlRxLevel object: HOC Range and step -110.this attribute defines the receive signal strength threshold on downlink for intracell handover decision. step 1 dBm Default value -85 dBm Threshold interference downlink Rx level ..63 default: 32 Handover threshold level downlink intra . ...this attribute defines the receive signal strength threshold on uplink for intracell handover decision. step 1 dBm Default value -85 dBm threshold interference uplink Rx level .

. Level Uplink Weighting) .32 SACCH periods. hoAveragingLevUlWeighting object: HOC.32 SACCH periods. hoAveragingLevDlWindowSize object: HOC. used for handover decision.. default: 6 The parameters calculate averaged values from signal strength downlink measurements. This parameter indicates the weighting factor for measurements that have not used Discontinuous Transmission (DTX)..3.DTX weighting factor range: 1. This parameter indicates the weighting factor for measurements that have not used Discontinuous Transmission (DTX).. factor) unit: 1 SACCH multiframe=480ms default: 4-2 Handover averaging parameters for level handover . step 1 SACCH periods. step 1 . Range and step 1.. Range and step 1.Handover control Level HO BR Parameter HOAVLEV object: HAND format: averaging period . step 1.. Level Uplink Window Size) (DTX weight. The Level Downlink Window Size represents the averaging window size in SACCH periods.. default: 6 The parameters calculate averaged values from signal strength uplink measurements.31 (averaging period) 1.default: 1 Level Downlink Weighting defines the weighting factor for calculating the averaged values from the signal strength downlink measurements for the handover control.. BSS Parameter hoAveragingLevDLWeighting object: HOC ..3. Mapping rule (averaging period) = min ( Level Downlink Window Size. Range and step 1.defines two averaging parameters for the uplink and downlink signal strength measurements. Range and step 1. hoAveragingLevUlWindowSize object: HOC. factor) = min ( Level Downlink Weighting.. Default value 1 With Level Uplink Weighting parameter you define the weighting factor for calculating the averaged values from the signal strength uplink measurements for the handover control. step 1 SACCH periods. The Level Uplink Window Size represents the averaging window size in SACCH periods.3 (DTX weight.

Quality Uplink Weighting) ..DTX weighting factor range: 1. hoAvaragingQualDlWindowSize object: HOC. Range and step 1...3. This parameter indicates the weighting factor for measurements that have not used Discontinuous Transmission (DTX)... Mapping rule (averaging period) = min ( Quality Downlink Window Size..31 (averaging period) 1. The Quality Uplink Window Size represents the averaging window size in SACCH periods. step 1. factor) unit: 1 SACCH multiframe=480ms default: 3-2 Handover averaging parameters for quality handover defines two averaging parameters for the uplink and downlink signal quality measurements.Handover control Quality and Interference HO BR Parameter HOAVQUAL object: HAND format: averaging period .. Range and step 1. default: 6 The parameters calculate averaged values from signal quality uplink measurements.. The Quality Downlink Window Size represents the averaging window size in SACCH periods. hoAveragingQualUlWeighting object: HOC. Range and step 1.32 SACCH periods. This parameter indicates the weighting factor for measurements that have not used Discontinuous Transmission (DTX). Range and step 1..3 (DTX weight. factor) = min ( Quality Downlink Weighting. step 1 . hoAveragingQualUlWindowSize object: HOC. Default value 1 With Quality Uplink Weighting parameter you define the weighting factor for calculating the averaged values from the signal quality uplink measurements for the handover control. Quality Uplink Window Size) (DTX weight. used for handover decision.32 SACCH periods.3.. step 1 SACCH periods. BSS Parameter hoAveragingQualDlWeighting object: HOC . default: 6 The parameters calculate averaged values from signal quality downlink measurements. step 1 SACCH periods.default: 1 Quality Downlink Weighting defines the weighting factor for calculating the averaged values from the signal quality downlink measurements for the handover control.

The selection of the channel rate depends on 2 main factors: load and quality compression/decompression in BR is the same as packing / unpacking in BSS In BSC3i AMR compression decompression HO is called packing and unpacking respectively For decompression/unpacking load is not considered (quality only) Load Good Quality FR FR packing unpacking Bad Quality HR HR • .AMR Packing / unpacking HO • • • • Channel Mode Adaptation is an HO algorithm that aims at select the correct channel rate (FR or HR).

AMR Packing / unpacking HO Example .

3. > 12.6% (3).63-4.00 : 1 6.2% (4)..2% (0).75 : 4 5.87 : 2 6.63-5.2% (0).00-0.4% (5).13-2.13-2.8% (7) default: < 0.2% (4). 0.12 : 6 5.12 : 9 4.00-0.87 : 10 3. 1.4% (1).with this parameter you define the threshold level of the signal quality downlink and uplink measurements for triggering the intra-cell handover process for an AMR FR call in order to switch it to an AMR HR call.13-5.88-4.87 : 10 3.0.38-1.88-5.6% . 0.88-7.62 : 11 3.12 : 19 . amrHoFrInHoThrDlRxQual object: BTS Range: < 0.87 : 15 1.38-6.37 : 14 2.62 : 16 0.12 : 17 1.88-6.88-3.3.6% (3).12 : 12 2.62 : 18 0.13-4.6.87 : 7 4.37 : 5 5.8% -1.13-6.3.88-3.00 : 1 6.8% (6).63-2.4% (5).2% .2% .37 : 20 6.38-6. Mapping rule RXQUAL : C/I 6.13-4.88-6. 0.38-1.37 : 20 6.6. 6.76-6.63-2.88-7.12 : 17 1.4% -12. > 12.6% . 0.62 : 11 3.with this parameter you define the threshold level of the signal quality downlink and uplink measurements for triggering the intra-cell handover process for an AMR FR call in order to switch it to an AMR HR call.2% (0) Intra HO threshold Rx qual AMR FR .37 : 5 5.4% (1). 0. 1.88-4.8% (6)..88-5.76-6.20 dB default: 18 Handover threshold compression uplink .63-2.38-3.87 : 13 2.62 : 8 4.4% 0.13-5.13-1.8% (7) default: < 0.87 : 2 6.12 : 9 4. 3.37 : 14 2.this attribute is used for detecting a compression Handover "AMR Fullrate to Halfrate" and defines the quality threshold for the uplink HOTHCDL BSS Parameter amrHoFrInHoThrDlRxQual object: BTS Range: < 0.87 : 15 1.2% (0) Intra HO threshold Rx qual AMR FR .0.63-4.2% .12 : 6 5.87 : 13 2. 0.62 : 16 0.12 : 19 object: HAND range: 0.62 : 18 0.12 : 12 2.8% -1.75 : 4 5.13-1.63-2.4% -12.4% 0. 6.63-5.87 : 7 4.AMR Packing / unpacking HO BR Parameter HOTHCUL object: HAND range: 0.62 : 8 4.2% .20 dB default: 18 Handover threshold compression downlink this attribute is used for detecting a compression Handover "AMR Fullrate to Halfrate" and defines the quality threshold for the downlink RXQUAL : C/I 6.8% (2).8% (2).38-3.13-6.

37 : 14 2.87 : 15 1.62 : 16 0.6% (3).8% (6).13-5.88-5.20 dB default: 13 Handover threshold decompression uplink this attribute is used for detecting a decompression Handover "AMR Halfrate to Fullrate" and defines the quality threshold for the uplink HOTHDDL object: HAND range: 0.62 : 18 0.8% -1.8% (6).63-5.62 : 8 4. 6.88-3.00-0.88-6.00-0.4% (5).4% (5).12 : 12 2.38-6. 1.4% 0.6.63-2.38-6.4% -12.13-4.87 : 10 3.3. 3.13-6.2% .37 : 20 6.88-7.0.2% (0).12 : 17 1. 0. 1.8% (7) default: 1.38-3. 0. > 12.38-1.12 : 6 5.75 : 4 5.87 : 15 1.13-5.4% -12.8% (2).2% (4).88-7.63-2.6.0.12 : 9 4.38-3.6% . 3.13-2.2% (4) Intra HO threshold Rx qual AMR HR .87 : 13 2.3.13-1..13-2. 0.12 : 17 1.12 : 12 2.12 : 19 RXQUAL : C/I 6.8% (7) default: 1.37 : 5 5. 6.2% (0). Mapping rule RXQUAL : C/I 6.8% -1.88-3.2% .76-6.4% (1).63-4.2% (4).2% (4) Intra HO threshold Rx qual AMR HR .13-6.37 : 5 5.62 : 18 0. > 12.76-6.88-4. 0.88-6.2% .63-5.00 : 1 6.6% .37 : 14 2.37 : 20 6.12 : 9 4.88-5.20 dB default: 13 Handover threshold decompression downlink this attribute is used for detecting a decompression Handover "AMR Halfrate to Fullrate" and defines the quality threshold for the downlink BSS Parameter amrHoHrInHoThrDlRxQual object: BTS Range: < 0.12 : 6 5.3.6% ..2% . 0.63-2.38-1.75 : 4 5.6% .with this parameter you define the threshold level of the signal quality downlink and uplink measurements for triggering the intra-cell handover process for an AMR HR call in order to switch it to an AMR FR call.4% (1). amrHoHrInHoThrDlRxQual object: BTS Range: < 0.88-4.87 : 7 4.6% (3).62 : 16 0.12 : 19 .13-4.00 : 1 6.87 : 2 6. 0.62 : 11 3.13-1.3.87 : 7 4.4% 0.62 : 8 4.63-4.87 : 10 3.87 : 2 6.63-2.with this parameter you define the threshold level of the signal quality downlink and uplink measurements for triggering the intra-cell handover process for an AMR HR call in order to switch it to an AMR FR call.62 : 11 3.8% (2).AMR Packing / unpacking HO BR Parameter HOTHDUL object: HAND range: 0.87 : 13 2.

BSS Parameter intraHoLoRxLevLimAmrHr object: HOC . .AMR Packing / unpacking HO BR Parameter HOTHCMPLVDL object: HAND range: 0. unit: 1 dBm default: NULL Handover threshold for compression in downlink ..-47.63. unit: 1 dBm default: NULL Handover threshold for compression uplink defines the downlink level condition for triggering a compression handover. default: -100 Intra HO Lower Rx Level Limit AMR HR . step 1 dBm .defines the downlink level condition for triggering a compression HO. HOTHCMPLVUL object: HAND range: 0. If averaged uplink or downlink signal level is worse than this parameter then the quality based intra cell handovers are not allowed.defines the limit for averaged uplink and downlink signal level. range and step -110...63..

Half Rate Setting 43 © Nokia Siemens Networks .

btsLoadDepTChRate  BSC level • Enabling load analysis at BTS level automatically disables it at a BSC level • To disable at BTS level must be disabled at both BTS and BSC level Lower limit for free FR TCHs .btsSpLoadDepTCHRate  BTS level .btsLoadDepTChRate  BSC level Allocation of FR TCHs Allocation of HR TCHs Allocation of FR TCHs .Half Rate HR .TCH Allocation based on Cell Load • Free FR TCHs based on ratio of available to working FR TCHs • Process is disabled by setting lower limit > upper limit Upper limit for free FR TCHs .btsSpLoadDepTCHRate  BTS level .

Handover Strategy 45 © Nokia Siemens Networks .

Handover Strategy (Priorities) More than one handover criterion fulfilled -> process of higher priority performed Handover and power control criteria fulfilled -> handover performed 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) 22) 23) 24) 25) 26) 27) 28) 29) Interference (uplink or downlink) Intra-segment inter-band because of downlink level (from higher to lower frequency band) Uplink quality Downlink quality AMR unpacking (uplink level and also uplink unpacking quality triggers) Uplink level AMR unpacking (downlink level and also downlink unpacking quality triggers) Downlink level Coverage based inter-system handover to WCDMA RAN IMSI-based inter-system handover to WCDMA RAN IMSI-based handover DTM-based handover to WCDMA RAN Inter-system handover to WCDMA RAN MS-BS distance (maximum or minimum) Turn-around-corner MS Rapid field drop Slow/fast-moving MS Umbrella Power budget DTM-based handover to a GSM DTM cell BSC-initiated TRHO IUO Intra-segment HO based on load AMR packing because of good uplink and downlink quality AMR unpacking because of bad uplink or downlink quality PC because of lower quality thresholds (uplink and downlink) PC because of lower level thresholds (uplink and downlink) PC because of upper quality thresholds (uplink and downlink) PC because of upper level thresholds (uplink and downlink) .

3.c.3 -> cell list b.7 Ranking (not for imperative and traffic reason handover) 1) Corrected priority 2) Cells with same priority -> RX level Cell Overloaded? Priority hoLoadFactor Corrected priority Rx level No cell overloaded A overloaded a N/Y 4 2 4/2 -75 b N 3 1 3 -80 c N 3 1 3 -83 -> priorities 4.Handover Strategy Standard Target Cell Ranking Adjacent Cell Load Threshold Can be checked only for cells belonging to the same BSC as the serving one btsLoadThreshold (BLT) 0.3 -> cell list a.7 Overloaded Cell -> Reduction of Priority hoLoadFactor (OF) 0.3.c -> priorities 2..100 % Adjacent Cell Priority hoPriorityLevel (PRI) 0.b...a .

Handover Strategy Decision due to Rx Level Any kind of handover (except umbrella) 1a AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n) > rxLevMinCell(n) + Max (0..-47 dBm (AUCL) -110..-47 dBm any handover (except umbrella) umbrella handover . msTxPwrMax(n) – P) P depends on MS power class Umbrella handover 1b AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n) > hoLevelUmbrella(n) Minimum allowed signal level for target cell rxLevMinCell (SL) hoLevelUmbrella -110.

AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n)) (btsTxPwrMax ..24 dB handover due to signal quality hoMarginLevel (LMRG) -24.BTS_TXPWR) Handover due to RX level.BTS_TXPWR) Power budget margin to prevent repeated handovers between adjacent cells hoMarginPBGT (PMRG) -24.. RX quality.24 dB handover due to signal level EnableHOMarginLevQual (MRGS) Y/N required to enable margins .Handover Strategy Decision due to Power Budget General case 2a PBGT > hoMarginPBGT(n) PBGT = (msTxPwrMax .63 dB general case RX level and RX quality margins to prevent repeated handovers between adjacent cells hoMarginQual (QMRG) -24. distance and umbrella handover 2b PBGT > hoMarginLev/Qual(n) PBGT = (AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n) .msTxPwrMax(n)) – (AV_RXLEV_DL_HO ..AV_RXLEV_DL_HO) (btsTxPwrMax .

HO STRATEGY within BSS BTS Family .

HO Strategy BSS BTS Family (Ultrasite. FMR) . FlexiBTS.

HO Strategy BSS BTS Family (Ultrasite. FlexiBTS. FMR) .

90 (Non Gemini) to BSS BTS Family LEGEND HO REASON PL Source PL Source = PLNC Target 12 12 10 10 4/6 4/6 PLNC Target PL Source = PLNC Target 10 4/6 12 4/6 12 10 HOM Better Cell/PBGT. RADI O REASON Better Cell/PBGT. RADI O REASON RADI O REASON RADI O REASON 69 / Before 57 / Before 57 / Before 69 / Before 57 / Before 69 / Before 69 / Before .HO Strategy Existing BR. RADI O REASON RADI O REASON Better Cell/PBGT. RADI O REASON Better Cell/PBGT.

RADIO REASON (LEV/QUAL) Umbrella due to FMT (SMM). RADIO REASON (LEV/QUAL) FMT 0 0 1 40 AUCL 63 63 25 35 .HO Strategy BSS BTS Family to Existing BR.90 (Non Gemini) LEGEND ACL SAME UPPER LOWER LOWER HO REASON PBGT & RADIO REASON (LEV/QUAL) RADIO REASON (LEV/QUAL) Umbrella due to FMT.

HO STRATEGY within GEMINI .

HO Strategy Gemini .

HO Strategy Existing BR. RADI O REASON Better Cell/PBGT. RADI O REASON RADI O REASON Better Cell/PBGT.90 to Gemini LEGEND HO REASON PL Source PL Source = PLNC Target 12 12 10 10 4/6 4/6 PLNC Target PL Source = PLNC Target 10 4/6 12 4/6 12 10 HOM Better Cell/PBGT. RADI O REASON RADI O REASON RADI O REASON 69 / Before 57 / Before 57 / Before 69 / Before 57 / Before 69 / Before 69 / Before . RADI O REASON Better Cell/PBGT.

90 LEGEND HO REASON HCS Source HCS Source = PRI O Target 1 1 2 2 5/4 5/4 hoPriorityLevel Target HCS Source = PRI O Target 2 5/4 1 5/4 1 2 PBGT Better Cell/PBGT. RADI O REASON Better Cell/PBGT. RADI O REASON Better Cell/PBGT. RADI O REASON RADI O REASON Better Cell/PBGT. RADI O REASON RADI O REASON RADI O REASON 6 / Before -6 / Before -6 / Before 6 / Before -6 / Before 6 / Before 6 / Before .HO Strategy Gemini to Existing BR.

Thank You! .