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College of Information Technology IT 204 Operating System


Score: _____________ Date: 4-FEB-2013

EXERCISE NO. 9: WINDOWS OPERATING SYSTEM OBJECTIVES: 1. To know the different WINDOWS OS available in desktop computing. 2. To know the different features and similarities of WINDOWS versions. 3. To determine the best possible Unix OS features that would fit in the need of an organization. PROCEDURES: 1. Using the World Wide Web, research on the different Operating System given below. 2. Identify their differences and similarities. QUESTIONS: 1. What is the history of Windows Operating System? In 1983, Microsoft announced the development of Windows, a graphical user interface (GUI) for its own operating system (MS-DOS), which had shipped for IBM PC and compatible computers since 1981. The product line has changed from a GUI product to a modern operating system over two families of design, each with its own codebase and default file system. The 3.x and 4.x family includes Windows 3.0, Windows 3.1x, Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows ME. Windows for Workgroups 3.11 added 32-bit networking and 32-bit disk access. Windows 95 added additional 32-bit capabilities (however, MS-DOS, some of the kernel, and supplementary utilities such as Disk Defragment remained 16-bit) and implemented a new object oriented user interface, elements of which are still used today. The Windows NT family started with Windows NT 3.1 in 1993. Modern Windows operating system versions are based on the newer Windows NT kernel that was originally intended for OS/2. Windows runs on IA-32, x86-64, and Itanium processors. Microsoft is also working to bring Windows NT onto ARM in the next release of Windows.[1] Earlier versions also ran on the i860, Alpha, MIPS, Fairchild Clipper, and PowerPC architectures. Some work was done to port it to the SPARC architecture. With Windows NT 4.0 in 1996, the shell changed from Program Manager to Windows Explorer.

2. Complete the table as shown below: WINDOW DEVELOPER and FEATURES S THE URL VERSIONS (WEBSITE/HOMEPA GE) Windows https://www.microsof Windows 1.0 offers limited multitasking of existing MS-DOS programs and concentrates on 1.0 creating an interaction paradigm (cf. message Microsoft Corporation loop), an execution model and a stable API for native programs for the future. Windows https://www.microsof Windows 2.0 allowed application windows to overlap each other unlike its predecessor 2.0 Windows 1.0, which could display only tiled Microsoft Corporation windows. Windows 2.0 also introduced more VERSIONS RELEASED
Windows 1.01 Windows 1.02 Windows 1.03 Windows 1.04 Windows 2.01 Windows 2.02 Windows 2.03

Codenam e

Windows 286

Windows 3.0

https://www.microsof Microsoft Corporation

sophisticated keyboard-shortcuts and the terminology of "Minimize" and "Maximize", as opposed to "Iconize" and "Zoom" in Windows 1.0. The basic window setup introduced here would last through Windows 3.1. Like Windows 1.x, Windows 2.x applications cannot be run on Windows 3.1 or up without modifications since they weren't designed for protected mode. Windows 3.0 succeeded Windows 2.1x and included a significantly revamped user interface as well as technical improvements to make better use of the memory management capabilities of Intel's 80286 and 80386 processors. Text-mode programs written for MS-DOS could be run within a window (a feature previously available in a more limited form with Windows/386 2.1), making the system usable as a crude multitasking base for legacy programs. However, this was of limited use for the home market, where most games and entertainment programs continued to require raw DOS access. Plug and Play Allows hardware devices to be automatically installed into the computer with the proper software. Does not require jumpers to be played with. 32 Bit 32-Bit operating system allowing the computer to run faster and more efficiently. Registry Combines the power of multiple configuration files into two files, allowing the system configurations to be located easier.

Windows 3.00a Windows 3.10 Windows 3.11


Windows 95

https://www.microsof Microsoft Corporation

Windows 95 Windows 95A Windows 95B Windows 95B USB Windows 95C


Memory Windows 95 has an improved memory handling processes compared to Windows 3.11. Right mouse click Allows you new access and text manipulation by utilizing both buttons instead of one. CD-Player Enhanced CD-Player with improved usability and AutoPlay feature. Windows 98 was the first operating system to use the Windows Driver Model (WDM). Windows 98 had more robust USB support (e.g. support for USB composite devices) than Windows 95 which only had support in OEM versions (OSR2.1 or later). Windows 98 supports USB hubs, USB scanners and imaging class devices. Windows 98 also introduces built-in support for some USB Human Interface Device class (USB HID) and PID class devices such as USB mice, keyboards, force feedback joysticks etc

Windows 98 & 98SE

https://www.microsof Microsoft Corporation

Windows Memphis PreAlpha Windows Memphis Beta Windows 98 Beta Windows 98 Release Candidate Windows 98 Windows 98 Second Edition Windows 2000 Windows Professional Windows Server Windows Advanced Windows Server Windows Datacenter Server.


Windows 2000

https://www.microsof Windows 2000 introduced many of the new features of Windows 98 and Windows 98 SE into the NT line,[34] such as the Windows Microsoft Corporation Desktop Update,[34] Internet Explorer 5 (Internet Explorer 6, which came in 2001, is also available for Windows 2000),[34] Outlook Express, NetMeeting, FAT32 support,[35] Windows Driver Model,[36] Internet Connection Sharing,[34] Windows Media Player, WebDAV support[37] etc
Certain new features are common across all editions of Windows 2000, among them NTFS 3.0, [11] the Microsoft Management Console (MMC),[38] UDF support, the Encrypting File System (EFS),[39] Logical Disk Manager,[40] Image Color Management 2.0, [41] support for PostScript 3-based printers, [41] OpenType (.OTF) and Type 1 PostScript (.PFB) font support,[41] the Data protection API (DPAPI),[42] an LDAP/Active Directory-enabled Address Book,[43] usability enhancements and multilanguage and locale support.


Windows 2000 also introduced USB device class drivers for USB printers, Mass storage class devices,[44] and improved FireWire SBP-2 support for printers and scanners, along with a Safe removal applet for storage devices. [45] Windows 2000 is also the first Windows version to support hibernation at the operating system level (OS-controlled ACPI S4 sleep state) unlike Windows 98 which required special drivers from the hardware manufacturer or driver developer

Windows XP

https://www.microsof Microsoft Corporation

GDI+graphics subsystem and improved image management and viewing in the shell

Windows XP

[29] Windows XP DirectX8.1 upgradeable to DirectX 9.0c SP1 Start Menuand Taskbar Windows XP improvements SP2 A number of new features in Windows Explorer including task panes, tiles and filmstrip views, improved sorting and Windows XP grouping, searching by document categories, SP3
customizable infotips, built-in CD burning, AutoPlay, Simple File Sharing and WebDAV mini-redirector. Improved imaging features such as Windows Picture and Fax Viewer, improved image handling and thumbnail caching in Explorer A number of kernel enhancements and power management improvements [30][31] Faster start-up, (due to improved Prefetch functions) logon, logoff, hibernation and application launch sequences.[30] The ability to discard a newer device driver in favor of the previous one (known as driver rollback) should a driver upgrade not produce desirable results.[32] Numerous improvements to increase the system reliability such as improved System Restore, Automated System Recovery, Windows Error Reporting and driver reliability. A new, arguably more user-friendly interface, including the framework for

Codename Whistler SP1: Trainyard SP2: Springboa rd

developing themes for the desktop environment [33] and richer icons with alpha transparency Hardware support improvements such as USB 2.0, FireWire 800, Windows Image Acquisition, Media Transfer Protocol, DualView for multi-monitors and audio improvements. Fast user switching, which allows users to save the current state and open applications of their desktop and allows another user to log on without losing that information

Windows 2003

https://www.microsof Branch Office Server Management Centralized management tools for file and Microsoft Corporation

printers Enhanced Distributed File System (DFS) namespace management interface More efficient WAN data replication with Remote Differential Compression. Identity and Access Management Extranet Single Sign-On and identity federation Centralized administration of extranet application access Automated disabling of extranet access based on Active Directory account information User access logging Cross-platform web Single Sign-On and password synchronization using Network Information Service (NIS) Storage Management File Server Resource Manager (storage utilization reporting) Enhanced quota management File screening limits files types allowed Storage Manager for Storage Area Networks (SAN) (storage array configuration) Server Virtualization A new licensing policy allows up to 4 virtual instances per physical instance of Windows Server 2003 R2 Enterprise and unlimited virtual instances per physical instance of Windows Server 2003 R2 Datacenter Utilities and SDK for UNIX-Based Applications

Windows 2003 Windows 2003 SP1 Windows 2003 SP2

Whistler Server

This add-on gives a relatively full Unix development environment. It consists of: Base Utilities SVR-5 Utilities Base SDK GNUSDK GNU Utilities Perl5 Visual StudioDebuggerAdd-in

Windows 8

https://www.microsof New features and functionality in Windows 8 include a faster startup through UEFI integration Microsoft Corporation
and the new "Hybrid Boot" mode (which hibernates the Windows kernel on shutdown to speed up the subsequent boot),[39] a new lock screen with a clock and notifications,[40] and the ability for enterprise users to create live USB versions of Windows (known as Windows To Go).[41][42] Windows 8 also adds native support for USB 3.0 devices, which allow for faster data transfers and improved power management with compatible devices,[43][44] and 4Kn Advanced Format support,[45] as well as support for near field communication to facilitate sharing and communication between devices.

Windows 8

Windows Explorer, which has been renamed File Explorer, now includes a ribbon in place of
the command bar. File operation dialog boxes have been updated to provide more detailed statistics, the ability to pause file transfers, and improvements in the ability to manage conflicts when copying files.[47] A new "File History" function allows incremental revisions of files to be backed up to and restored from a secondary storage device,[48] while Storage Spaces allows users to combine different sized hard disks into virtual drives and specify mirroring, parity, or no redundancy on a folder-by-folder basis

3. Add additional column for the Codename of each Windows versions. 4. What are the Windows Operating Environment? 5. What are the four versions of Windows 2000? 6. What are the editions and versions of Windows XP? 7. What are the editions of Windows 2003? OBSERVATION AND ANALYSIS:

My observation about the Windows OS is it is developed solely by Microsoft Corporation. Unlike Linux, there are many different developers. Microsoft OS is has been the most famous operating system that is being used in any government and non government institutions worldwide making it the number one OS for desktops in the World. CONCLUSION: Even though Microsoft Windows OS is widely used and is famous OS for desktop, it is still unsafe to use because Windows OS are more prone to viruses unlike Linux. That is why even if Windows OS is very famous, a lot of clients still prefer to used other OS such as Linux for server-based due to security reason.