Pipe Fitters Handbook

April 2012
For the most current product/pricing information on Anvil products, please visit our website at www.anvilintl.com.

PIPE FITTINGS
HISTORY For over 150 years, Anvil has been a trusted name in piping solutions by consistently providing quality products, service, and support to the PVF industry. Our ability to provide cost-efficient piping packages that are tailored to individual markets is unmatched in the industry. From plumbing, mechanical, and fire protection, to mining, oil and gas, our innovative responses are designed to meet your specific demands. PRODUCTS Our manufacturing facilities produce an unrivaled package of piping products, while setting a world-wide industry standard for quality and dependability. Our ISO certified facilities use recycled materials in the manufacturing of our product as well as being a proud member of the USGBC. DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL The wholesaler has always been the key to Anvil’s business. Our dedication to the wholesale trade is the driving force for our services and these relationships remain a primary focus of Anvil’s innovation. Our value-added services including a proprietary suite of inventory management tools signifies a strong commitment to our customers needs. CUSTOMER SERVICE Having major distribution centers located throughout North America, you can count on getting the product you need - when you need it. Customer satisfaction has always been Anvil’s #1 objective. Our experienced Sales and Customer Service Teams are knowledgeable and eager to serve our customers, validating our company’s motto “Building Connections that Last."

TABLE OF CONTENTS GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY
Fig. 7000 & 7001 Couplings .......................................................................................................................5 Fig. 7400 & 7401 Couplings ........................................................................................................................6 Fig. 7001-2 & 7401-2 Couplings - 2 Piece Large Dia. Standard Groove Couplings ........7 Fig. 7011 Standard Coupling..................................................................................................................8-9 Fig. 7400 Rigidlite® Couplings - Advanced Copper Method.................................................10 Fig. 6400 Rigid Coupling - CTS Copper System ........................................................................... 11 Fig. 7010 Reducing Coupling .................................................................................................................. 12 Fig. 7012 Flange .........................................................................................................................................13-15 Fig. 7045 & 7046 Clamp-T® Branch Outlets ....................................................................................16 Fig. 7305 HDPE Coupling .......................................................................................................................... 17 Fig. 7307 HDPE Transition Coupling ...................................................................................................18 Fig. 7004 High Pressure Coupling ........................................................................................................19 Fig. 7004 High Pressure Coupling with End Guard® Gasket..................................................20 Sock-It® Fittings ............................................................................................................................................. 21
Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Data Installation Contents

GRUVLOK TECHNICAL DATA
Gruvlok Gasket Grade Index .................................................................................................................23 Gruvlok Gasket Recommendation List & Vacuum Service .................................................. 24 Gruvlok Lubricants .............................................................................................................................. 25-26 Specified Bolt Torque ...............................................................................................................................26 Pipe Preparation.................................................................................................................................... 27-29 Gruvlok Standard Roll Groove Specifications ...................................................................... 30-31 Gruvlok Cut Groove Specifications ............................................................................................ 32-33 Gruvlok Cut Groove End Guard Specifications...........................................................................34 Gruvlok Roll Groove End Guard Specifications ..........................................................................35 Gruvlok Advanced Copper Method (IPS) - Copper Prep Specifications ................36-37 Gruvlok CTS Copper System - Roll Groove Specifications ................................................. 38 Gruvlok Couplings - Design Factors ................................................................................................. 39 Gruvlok Couplings - Movement Applications ......................................................................40-41 Gruvlok Couplings - Deflection from Centerline...................................................................... 42 Gruvlok Couplings - Range of Pipe End Separation ..................................................................43 Gruvlok Fittings Flow Data - Frictional Resistance...................................................................44 Gruvlok Fittings for Grooved End Pipe ....................................................................................45-46

PIPE AND FLANGE DATA
Standard Weight Pipe Data ....................................................................................................................47 Barlow's Formula...........................................................................................................................................47 Commercial Pipe Sizes and Wall Thicknesses ......................................................................48-49 Steel Pipe Data - Schedule 40 & 80 ..................................................................................................50 Copper Tube Data - Type L & K............................................................................................................ 51 ASTM Carbon Steel Pipe and Flange Specifications ..........................................................52-53 Pipe and Water per Line Foot .............................................................................................................. 54 Weight per Foot of Seamless Brass and Copper Pipe............................................................. 54

WELD FITTING AND STEEL FLANGE DIMENSIONAL DATA
Weld Fittings - 90˚ Elbow, 45˚ Elbow, Tee & Conc. Reducer ................................................55 Weld Fittings - Welding Neck Flanges ............................................................................................ 56 Slip-on, Threaded & Socket Flanges ................................................................................................. 56 Lap Joint Flanges...........................................................................................................................................57 Blind Flanges ...................................................................................................................................................57
APFH-4.12

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

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.............. 58 Extra Heavy Cast Iron Companion Flanges and Bolts .......................................................... 59 Bolt Dimensions for 400 to 600 LB....................................... 65 CONVERSIONS Minutes Converted to Decimals of a Degree................................Merit® Eliminator Adjustable Drop Nipple..........69 Installation and Assembly .............................................................................. 63 Physical Properties of E60 & E70 Series Electrodes ..........................American Standard Channels................ Steel Flange .Installation and Pressure Ratings .................................................................................Pressure Ratings.......TABLE OF CONTENTS BOLT TEMPLATES Standard Cast Iron Companion Flanges and Bolts ....................................................................................... 77 Current API Thread Standards for Oil Country Fittings .............................................................................................................................................................................76 Forged Steel Fittings ................................................ 67 Unit Conversions................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 58 Bolt Dimensions for 150 to 300 LB........................................ 83 CPVC Pipe Support Spacing ..........................................................................................Types & Styles ............................... 93 Drill Sizes for NPT Pipe Taps .............................................................................................. 63 Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Beam Dimensions ...............................................................................74-75 FORGED STEEL AND OIL COUNTRY FITTING DATA Forged Steel Anvilets ............................................................................................. Steel Flange ...................................... 62 GENERAL WELDING INFORMATION Coated Arc Welding Electrodes ... 93 Symbols for Pipe Fittings ......................Merit® Weld Miser™ Tee-Let........................66 Standard Conversions..............................................................................................81-82 PVC Pipe Support Spacing ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 70-72 PIPE THREAD STANDARDS AND INFORMATION Installation and Assembly ............................................................................... 92-93 Tap and Drill Sizes...........68 DROP NIPPLE AND TEE-LET INSTALLATION Installation and Assembly ............................................................................................84 Pipe Hanger Pictorial ....................................73 Pipe Nipple Thread Engagement .............66 Decimal Equivalents of Fractions ........................99-104 4 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-4...........W Shapes .....................................................60 Bolt Template for Drilling Flanged Fittings ..................S Shapes..........................................80 Gruvlok Pipe Support ...............................General Assembly of Threaded Fittings................94-98 Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations ................85-91 GENERAL INFORMATION Alignment of Pipe ......................................................................................................61 Bolt Template for Drilling Extra Heavy Flanged Fittings ............... 78 Beam Dimensions ...................................................73 National Pipe Thread Standards ...........................64 Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols Notes .....................................................................................12 .................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 HANGER SPACING AND HANGER PRODUCT A Typical Pipe Hanger Specification .............................................................................................................................................. 77 BEAM DIMENSIONS Beam Dimensions .........................

3. 5. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply.* The housing bolt pads must make metalto-metal contact. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7000 & 7001 Couplings .1. Insert bolts and turn nuts finger tight. battery strength and operational variations. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. lower bend load capabilities. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves and the bolt pads are in firm even metalto-metal contact on both sides of the coupling. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table APFH-4. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. 6. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. pull the gasket into position centering it between the grooves on each pipe. Housings Place the coupling housing halves over the gasket making sure the housing keys engage the grooves. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end. On couplings 10" and larger it may be easier to turn the gasket inside out then lubricate and slide the gasket over the pipe end as shown. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Tighten Nuts Tighten the nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque.12 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 5 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. 4. 2. flip or roll the gasket into centered position. On couplings 10" and larger.

4. flip or roll the gasket into centered position. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. To install the larger sizes align the tongue and pocket of the couplings appropriately and tighten the nuts alternately to the specified bolt torque. making sure the tongue and recess of each housing is properly mated. Gasket should not be visible between segments after bolts are tightened. making sure the housing keys fit into the pipe grooves. When properly assembled there will be a small equal gap between the adjacent bolt pads. On couplings 10" and larger it may be easier to turn the gasket inside out then lubricate and slide the gasket over the pipe end as shown.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7400 & 7401 Couplings 1. The bolt pads are to have equal gaps on each side of the coupling. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. Place one housing over the gasket. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. pull the gasket into position centering it between the grooves on each pipe. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. 6. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service.12 6 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . battery strength and operational variations. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. 2. Reinsert the bolt and run-up both nuts finger tight. Swing the other housing over the gasket and into the grooves on both pipes. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends. NOTE: Sizes 16" and larger are cast in multiple segments. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end. keeping the gaps at the bolt pads evenly spaced. On couplings 10" and larger. 5. Some applications require lubrication of the entire gasket surface. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. APFH-4. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe. 3. Housings Remove one nut and bolt and loosen the other nut. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque*. lower bend load capabilities.

3. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. 2. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7001-2 & 7401-2 Couplings . 5. verify that the torque output on the wrench is within the required torque range. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends together.425 Gruvlok Xtreme™ Lubricant ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 7 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.300 375 . Apply a thin coat of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket.2-Piece Large Diameter Standard Groove Couplings • • • 7001-2 & 7401-2 bolts must be lightly coated with Gruvlok Xtreme™ lube before installation. centering it between the grooves on each pipe. Pipe preparation Grooved dimensions must conform to the Gruvlok Roll/Cut groove specification. Final Assembly Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves.250" wall thickness. or Gruvlok Standard Lube to the bolt threads. See chart for torque requirements. CAUTION: When using an impact wrench. Minimum wall pipe suitable for 14" – 24": 7001-2 & 7401-2 roll grooved installation is 0. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. 4.425 375 . Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end. Tighten the nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. Bolts Apply a thin coat of Xtreme lube. and gasket is not visible. Bolt Size In. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end.-Lbs Lubrication – 14 16 18 20 24 APFH-12. Specified Bolt Torque Ft. ANSI SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Pipe Sizes In.11 ⁄8 1 1 11⁄8 11⁄8 7 180 . the bolt pads are in firm even metal-to-metal contact on both sides of the coupling. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe. Housings Place each housing half on the pipe and into each groove making sure that the gasket does not slip out of position in between the pipe ends or groove. 6. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch.300 250 . 1.220 250 . pull the gasket into position.

Position the gasket centrally between the grooves of the two pipe ends. Turning the gasket inside out will reduce the stretching necessary to put the gasket into position. Hint: For horizontal assembly.11 . approximately 75% of the pipe’s gasket-sealing surface. 5 Secure the housings about the pipes making sure the coupling keys are engaged in the pipe end grooves. Working your way around the circumference of the pipe. Secure the adjacent housing with an oval neck track bolt and heavy hex nut and then rotate the secured housings. place housing segment on top of the pipe to support the weight of the housing segment. in the Gruvlok Large Diameter Pipe Roll and Cut Groove Specifications. Continue this procedure for all segments. This helps prevent pinching of the gasket during assembly. CAUTION: Be careful not to pinch fingers during this step. again balancing the weight of the housings on the top of the pipe. 4 Pull the two pipes into contact aligning the pipe ends. flip the gasket toward the pipe end so that the proper side is facing out. The end of this procedure will result in the gasket snapping into place. This will aid in step 4. 6 8 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Turn the gasket inside out and slide the gasket completely over one of the pipe ends. Lubricate the exterior surface of the gasket.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7011 Standard Coupling 1 Inspect the pipe ends making sure the criteria. The use of Gruvlok lubricants ensures compatibility between the lubricant and the gasket. are met. Ideally. 2 3 Lubricate the gasket sealing lips. (Dimension A) should be visible when the gasket is in proper position.

-lbs. The specified maximum torque for each nut is 800 ft. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. 7 Installation of the Figure 7011 Standard Coupling is completed. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. lower bend load capabilities.CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Firmly torque each bolt. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 9 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7011 Standard Coupling Continued . battery strength and operational variations. 8 APFH-12.-lbs. The specified minimum torque for each nut is 600 ft. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation.

6. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. 5. Alignment After aligning the two tube ends together. making sure the housing keys fit into the tube grooves. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. lower bend load capabilities. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. Place one housing over the gasket. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the one tube. The gasket should not extend into the groove on either tube. of the gasket. Gasket should not be visible between segments after bolts are tightened. both internal and external. 4. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check the gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. Swing the other housing over the gasket and into the grooves on both tubes.* keeping the gaps at the bolt pads evenly spaced. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. Housings Remove one nut and bolt and loosen the other nut. pull the gasket into position. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the tube end. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant to the entire surface. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. battery strength and operational variations. 3.11 10 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . 2. The bolt pads are to have equal gaps on each side of the coupling. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7400 Rigidlite® Coupling – Advanced Copper Method 1. making sure the tongue and recess of each housing is properly mated. APFH-12. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. Reinsert the bolt and run-up both nuts finger tight. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. centering it between the grooves on each tube.

NOTE: Copper is a soft material. the bolt pads may come close to metal-to-metal contact. Assembly is complete. The gasket should not be visible between segments after the bolts are tightened. and in some cases. of the gasket. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. rigid pipe joint. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 6400 Rigid Coupling – CTS Copper System . Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. Housings Remove one nut and bolt and loosen the other nut. APFH-12. 2. pull the gasket into position. making sure the tongue and recess of each housing is properly mated. 5. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the tube end. The bolt pads are to have equal gaps on each side of the coupling.-Lbs ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 11⁄16 11 30-45 30-45 60-90 11 * Non-lubricated bolt torques. Available with the EPDM flush gap style gasket as the standard gasket. Place one housing over the gasket. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over one tube. both internal and external. Fast and easy swing-over installation of the rugged lightweight housing produces a secure. making sure the housing keys fit into the tube grooves. lower bend load capabilities. Specified Bolt Torque* Ft. Wrench Size In.The Fig. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok® Xtreme Lubricant to the entire surface. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Re-insert the bolt and run-up both nuts finger tight. 3. 6400 Coupling from Gruvlok is specially designed to provide a rigid pipe connection to meet the specific demands of copper tubing installation. centering it between the grooves on each tube. Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves.11 SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Size In. Swing the other housing over the gasket and into the grooves on both tubes. 1. keeping the gaps at the bolt pads evenly spaced. 4. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to the lubricated surfaces. The gasket should not extend into the groove on either tube or between the tube ends. Alignment After aligning the two tube ends together. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check the gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.

A illustrates the correct position of the Fig.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7010 Reducing Coupling 1. 5. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. and insert the larger pipe end into the gasket. FIG. The center leg of the gasket should make flush contact with the pipe end and will prevent telescoping of the smaller pipe inside the larger. NOTE: Fig. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Tighten Nuts Tighten the nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. Angle the pipe end slightly to the face of the gasket and tilt the pipe into the gasket to ease assembly. Angle the gasket over the pipe end and pull the gasket lip open around the circumference of the pipe. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table 12 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. lower bend load capabilities. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket.11 . Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. CAUTION: In vertical installations the pipes must be supported to prevent telescoping during installation. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. 2.* The housing bolt pads must make metal-to-metal contact. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. Gasket Installation Place the smaller opening of the gasket over the smaller pipe. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. Alignment Align the adjoining pipe center lines. Assembly Complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves and the bolt pads are in firm even metal-tometal contact on both sides of the coupling. Housings Place the coupling housing halves over the gasket making sure the housing keys engage the grooves. 6. A Gasket Gasket Center Rib Reducing Coupling Housing Proper Position of The Gasket Sealing Lips 4. Insert bolts and turn nuts finger tight. 7010 Reducing Coupling gasket and housing properly assembled onto adjacent pipe ends. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. 3. battery strength and operational variations.

3.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 13 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. sealing on the pipe. When mating to a rubber-faced metal flange. 2.) Swing the latch bolt out of the slot. the Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert is placed between the Gruvlok Flange and the rubber-faced flange. 4. Check pipe end for proper grooved dimensions and to assure that the pipe end is free of indentations and projections that would prevent proper sealing of the Gruvlok flange gasket. Open the Gruvlok Flange and place around the grooved pipe end with the key section fitting into the groove. 3 Latch Bolt Note: This side must face the mating flange The Gruvlok Flange gasket must be inserted so that the sealing lips face toward the pipe end and the mating flange.). Tighten the nut until there is a 1/16" gap between the flange halves at location “A”. APFH-12. loosen the latch bolt nut to the end of the bolt thread. The lip of the gasket. to B Min. The flange gasket cavity must face the pipe end. On the side without the hinge pin. place the Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert between the valve and the Gruvlok Flange. using the proper Gruvlok lubricant. When mating to valves or other component equipment where the flange face has an insert. When mating to a serrated flange surface. 1 Place the latch bolt back into the slotted hole. (It is not necessary to remove the nut from the latch bolt. a standard full-faced flange gasket is installed against the serrated flange face. and the Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert is placed between the Gruvlok Flange and the standard flange gasket. including the sealing lips. When mating to a wafer valve (lug valve).Applications which require a Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert: 1. (See Figure below) Gasket "A" 2 Check the gasket to assure that it is properly suited for the intended service. use procedure described in note 3. The pipe should extend out beyond the end of the sealing lip by approximately 1 /8" on the 2"-6" sizes and 3/16" on the 8"-12" sizes. if the valve is rubber faced in the area designated by the sealing surface dimensions (A Max. should not extend beyond the pipe end. Lubricate the entire exterior surface of the gasket. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7012 Flange (2" – 12") .

D. pump. which will seal on the mating flange.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7012 Flange (2" – 12") Continued Stretch the Gruvlok gasket around the pipe end and then press the gasket into the cavity between the pipe O. 7 NOTE: The Gruvlok Fig. Continue this procedure until all bolt holes have been fitted. C2 Insert a flange bolt or stud with material properties of SAE J429 Grade 5 or higher through the bolt holes and thread a nut on hand tight. 4 With the gasket in place apply lubricant to the exposed gasket tip. 14 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. free of indentations. etc. 7012 Flange requires the use of a Flange Adapter Insert when used against rubber surfaces (Figure C1). bolt holes. Tighten the nuts alternately and evenly so the flange faces remain parallel. battery strength and operational variations. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table 5 Verify that the mating flange face is hard. The flange faces should have metal-to-metal contact. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. It is important to line up the bolt holes before bringing the two flanges together. lower bend load capabilities. C1 FIG. 6 FIG. All the bolts or studs must be torqued to the mating flange bolts specified torque. Ensure that the Insert is compatible with the fluids in the systems and with adjacent piping components.* The flange housings must be in firm metal-to-metal contact. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. it is important that the insert is properly aligned with the gasket prior to tightening the bolts. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. CAUTION: Proper torquing of flange bolts is required to obtain specified performance. When using a flange insert.. and the flange.11 . The Flange Adapter Insert Adapter Insert in copper systems or in systems where will be exposed to the fluids in the galvanic corrosion is possible. Assure the gasket is still in the proper position and align Gruvlok Flange bolt holes with the mating flange. Tighten the nuts on the latch bolts alternately to the specified latch bolt torque. Sliding the flanges into place will dislodge the gasket and cause leakage to occur. flat and smooth. which would prevent proper sealing of the Gruvlok Flange gasket. tank. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. serrated flange Do not use a steel Flange surfaces or mating flanges with inserts (Figure C2). The gasket must be properly positioned as shown in the figure below. system.

Bring the four flange segments into full. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. 3 Align the Gruvlok Flange bolt holes with mating flange bolt holes.half. NOTE: Take care to assure that the gasket lip is not bent backwards and pinched between the two flanges. The wide gasket lip must seal on the pipe surface diameter and the narrow gasket lip must face the mating flange. Continue this procedure until all bolt holes have been fitted. and flange recess.11 4 Tighten the nuts evenly to the specified mating face bolt torque so that the flange faces remain parallel and make firm even contact around the entire flange. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Place the Gruvlok Flange Gasket around the pipe end by pressing the gasket into the cavity between the pipe O. Only Gruvlok Flange gaskets may be used with Fig.D.Gruvlok® Flanges of 14" size and larger are cast in four segments to ease handling during assembly. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Place the flange halves around the pipe and complete the assembly as described in Step 1. Figure 7012 Gruvlok Flanges should not be used with tie rods nor in a configuration with a wafer valve between two 7012 flanges. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. APFH-12. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. Move around the gasket in both directions until the gasket is fully seated in the flange gasket cavity. 5 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 15 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. battery strength and operational variations. Loosely assemble the segments using the four segment-bolts-and nuts. CAUTION: Proper torquing of flange bolts is required to obtain specified performance. above. NOTE: Design of the Gruvlok Flange provides sealing only with the special Gruvlok Flange gasket. 7012 flanges. lower bend load capabilities. 7012 GRUVLOK FLANGE GASKET CAUTION: GASKET MUST BE FULLY SEATED AGAINST THESE THREE SURFACES PIPE SURFACE DIAMETER PROPER POSITION OF GASKET SEALING LIPS Place each Gruvlok Flange segment around the grooved pipe with the key section fitting into the groove and the flange gasket cavity facing the pipe end. Lubricate the entire surface of the gasket and the flange cavity using the appropriate Gruvlok Lubricant. 14" – 24" FIG. Insert a flange bolt or stud with material properties of SAE J429 Grade 5 or higher through the bolt holes and thread a nut on hand tight. Alternately and equally tighten the latch bolts and nuts to the specified latch bolt torque. Insert the next bolt or stub opposite the first and again thread the nut on hand tight. Insertion of the flange bolts prior to contact of the flanges will help in the alignment of the flanges. NOTE: An alternative method of assembly is to loosely preassemble two segments into two equal halves of the flange leaving a small gap (approximately 1/8") between the two segments of each flange. 2 The correct position and relationship of the components of the Gruvlok Flange assembly is shown in the Figure above. firm metal-to-metal contact. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. 1 Check the gasket grade to verify that it is properly suited for the intended service. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7012 Flange (14" – 24") . Pull the two flanges into contact using care to assure that the gasket remains fully seated within the gasket cavity during assembly.

battery strength and operational variations. 30-40 60-80 100-130 130-180 APFH-12. pipe joint leakage and pipe joint separation. 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 4 1 11⁄2 2 2 1⁄ 2 2 3⁄ 4 31/2 41/2 2. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure. ANSI SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Wrench Specified Size Size Bolt Torque * In. 7045 & 7046—SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts and U-bolts used on the Gruvlok® Clamp-T’s. CAUTION: Proper torquing of the bolts or U-bolts is required to obtain the specified performance. 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 11⁄16 11⁄4 Ft. U-Bolt 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 In. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check the gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to the lubricated surfaces. Alignment Align the strap around the pipe. Assembly is complete FIGS. 5. Overtorquing the bolts or U-bolts may result in damage to the bolt. 3. The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened. 1 11⁄4. Align the outlet housing over the pipe hole making sure that the locating collar is in the pipe hole. 3⁄4. BRANCH SIZE (Inches) HOLE SAW SIZE (Inches) (+1/8. 1. Be sure to remove the slug from inside the pipe.11 * Non-lubricated bolt torques 16 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . Thorough lubrication of the gasket is essential to assist the gasket into the proper sealing position. lower bend load capabilities. -0) ⁄2. Some sizes use a U-bolt design. Clean the gasket sealing surface within 5/8" of the hole and visually inspect the sealing surface for defects that may prevent proper sealing of the gasket. insert the bolts and tighten the nuts finger tight. U-bolt and/or casting which could result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Gasket Installation Lubricate the exposed surface of the gasket. 4.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7045 & 7046 Clamp-T® Branch Outlets ALWAYS USE A GRUVLOK LUBRICANT FOR PROPER COUPLING ASSEMBLY. Apply a thin layer of Gruvlok lubricant to the back surface of the gasket. Pipe Preparation Cut the appropriate size hole in the pipe and remove any burrs. 6.-Lbs. Tighten Nuts Alternately and evenly tighten the nuts to the specified bolt torque. Insert the gasket back into the outlet housing making sure the tabs in the gasket line up with the tab recesses in the housing.

CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. If silicone is unacceptable for the application contact Gruvlok for the lubrication recommendation. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. The Gasket color code is green for EPDM and orange for Nitrile (Buna-N). battery strength and operational variations. making sure the tongue on one casting is aligned with the recess of the other casting. Alternate and even tightening of the bolts will significantly reduce the torque needed to close the gap at the pipe joint.-Lbs. projections or other imperfections. Align the second pipe and while keeping the pipes in the butted position slide the gasket back over the second pipe end. Torque all bolts to the required bolt torque levels. lower bend load capabilities. APFH-12. 2 2 . CAUTION: Use only Gruvlok XtremeTM Lubricant.102 mm) (25.8" 10 & 12" 1" 11⁄4" 13⁄4" (51 .11 5 FIG. SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts used on Gruvlok® couplings. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Mark each pipe at a distance from the end of the pipe according to the pipe size: Size Inches Distance to Mark 1 Check to assure the gasket material is acceptable for the intended service.203 mm) (31. Refer to the Specified Bolt Torque Table. 7305 SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Coupling Bolts In. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury.5 mm) NOTE: Make certain the HDPE pipe end is square cut to 1⁄8" maximum for the 2" to 4" and 5⁄32" maximum for the 6" and larger sizes.-Lbs. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. The gasket must be positioned centrally between the lines on the pipe ends. The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Insert the bolts and secure the nuts alternately and uniformly until the bolt pads are in contact.4" 5 . Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant to the gasket lip and outside surface of the gasket. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7305 HDPE Coupling . There is no gap between the bolt pads and the bolt torque should be within the range given when the coupling is properly assembled.Make certain the pipe ends are free of indentations. Make sure the gasket does not overhang the pipe end. Slip the gasket over one of the pipe ends.4 mm) (127 . Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant contains silicone. 3 4 Place the Figure 7305 housing casting over the gasket. which could prevent proper sealing of the gasket. 1 Minimum Ft./N-m Maximum Ft./N-m ⁄2 X 23⁄8 1 ⁄2 X 3 5 ⁄8 X 31⁄2 ⁄4 X 43⁄4 3 80 110 80 110 100 135 130 175 100 150 100 150 130 175 180 245 17 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.305 mm) (44.8 mm) (254 .

Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant to the gasket lips and outside surface of the gasket. slide the gasket back over the second pipe end. The pipe ends must be free of scratches./N-m ⁄2 X 23⁄8 1 ⁄2 X 3 5 ⁄8 X 31⁄2 ⁄8 X 51⁄2 7 80 110 80 110 100 135 180 245 100 150 100 150 130 175 220 300 APFH-12. SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts used on Gruvlok® couplings. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant contains silicone. making sure the housing grooved end is directed into the pipe groove. 1 Minimum Ft. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Refer to the Specified Bolt Torque Table.-Lbs. CAUTION: Use only Gruvlok XtremeTM Lubricant. The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened. 1 Check to assure the gasket material is acceptable for the intended service. Insert the bolts and secure the nuts alternately and uniformly until the bolt pads are in contact. Make sure the gasket does not overhang the pipe end./N-m Maximum Ft. The gasket must be positioned on the gasket seat surface of the grooved steel pipe. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. battery strength and operational variations.11 18 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . The steel pipe must be grooved in accordance with Gruvlok® Grooving Specifications for Steel Pipe. 3 4 Place each half of the coupling housing over the gasket. 2 Slip the gasket over one of the pipe ends. Alternate and even tightening of the bolts will significantly reduce the torque needed to close the gap at the pipe joint. which could prevent proper sealing of the gasket. 7307 SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Coupling Bolts In. projections or other imperfections.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7307 HDPE Transition Coupling Make certain the HDPE pipe end is square cut to 1⁄8" maximum for the 2" to 4" and 5⁄32" maximum for the 6" and larger sizes.-Lbs. indentations. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. 5 CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. lower bend load capabilities. The Gasket color code is green for EPDM and orange for Nitrile (Buna-N). Torque all bolts to the required bolt torque levels. FIG. If silicone is unacceptable for the application contact Gruvlok for the lubrication recommendation. There is no gap between the bolt pads and the bolt torque should be within the range given when the coupling is properly assembled. Make sure the gasket does not overhang into the pipe groove. Align the second pipe and while holding it in the butted position.

For 2" .11 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 1 1 1 100 . Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7004 High Pressure Coupling .1.130 100 . 5 Torque Ft. please use the table below for required torque values. Apply a thin coat of Gruvlok Lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the required indicator. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe. 6.180 CAUTION: When using an impact wrench. For 2" . Housings Place each housing halves on the pipe making sure the housing key fits into the groove. For 7004 5" and larger. tighten nuts till housings are in metal-tometal contact. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. 5. and for 5" and larger couplings ensure the housings are in firm even metal-to-metal contact on both sides. 2. verify that the output of the torque wrench is within the required torque range. It is recommended that a torque wrench be used for accurate assembly in order to obtain specified performance. pull the gasket into position. centering it between the grooves on each pipe. Insert the bolts and run up the nuts finger tight. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends together. Bolt Size In.-Lbs 2 21⁄2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 APFH-12. * * * * * ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 19 * Torque required to bring housing metal-to-metal contact.4" ensure the gaps on each side are evenly space.4" 7004 couplings. 3. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Size In.130 100 .130 130 . Be sure that the tongue and recess portions of the housing mate properly. 4. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves.

In.130 130 .11 . Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. For 5" and larger. 5.180 * * * * * * Torque required to bring housing metal-to-metal contact. SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Size Bolt Size In. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket half way on to the pipe end. stop when the center gasket leg comes in contact with the pipe end. CAUTION: When using an impact wrench. Ensure pipes are aligned properly. stopping then the pipe end comes in contact with the center gasket leg. finger tight. tighten nuts till housings are in firm metal-tometal contact. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. For 2" . Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. 1.130 100 . Housings Place each housing halves on the pipe making sure the housing key fits into the groove.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7004 with EG® Gasket High Pressure Coupling with End Guard® Gasket For 7400 with EG® gasket required specified pipe end groove dimensions and fittings. verify that the output of the torque wrench is within the required torque range. 2.-Lbs 4. and for 5" and larger couplings ensure the housings are in firm even metal-to-metal contact on both sides. Be sure that the tongue and recess portions of the housing mate properly. CAUTION: Not using the correct groove dimensions will result in pipe joint separation. 3. Apply a thin coat of Gruvlok Lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the required indicator. 2 21⁄2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 1 1 1 100 . 5 Torque Ft.4" couplings. Insert the bolts and run up the nuts. For 2" . please use the table on this page for required torque values. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service.130 100 .4" ensure the gaps on each side are evenly space. It is recommended that a torque wrench be used for accurate assembly in order to obtain specified performance. Slide the second pipe end half way into the gasket. 20 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. see pages 34-35 for groove dimensions.

of the Sock-It Fittings as this would prevent proper insertion of the pipe. (See Step 1). mark the pipe at a distance of 11⁄2" from the end for 1". Install the other prepped and lubricated pipe end into the Sock-It fitting in the same manner. and 11⁄2" size fittings and 13⁄4" for the 2" & 21⁄2" size fittings. 2 Apply a light coating of GRUVLOK Lubricant to the gaskets located in each end of the Sock-It Fitting. The end of the Sock-It Fitting should be within 1 ⁄16" from the edge of the marking on the pipe. and sharp edges which could affect proper gasket sealing. Tighten the lock bolt until the bolt head bottoms against the threaded boss.D. NOTE: Use only Gruvlok Lubricants. As a guide for installation. 4 Sock-It Fittings may be removed by loosening the lock bolts. projections. Also apply a light coating of lubricant to the pipe ends to further ease insertion of the pipe into the Sock-It Fitting. Replace bolts in cases where bolt end sharpness has been comprised. 5 Bolt end must be inspected to assure bolts ability to cut into pipe. A slight twist while pushing fitting and pipe together will ease the required insertion force.) Install the other prepped and lubricated pipe end into the Sock-It fitting in the same manner. WARNING: System pressure must be relieved and vented. 1 Check all lock bolts to be sure they do not extend into the I. 11⁄4". NOTE: When Allied XL pipe is used it is necessary only to remove sharp edges and burrs at the end of the pipe. and the system drained of fluid prior to loosening the lock bolts to remove or reposition the Sock-It Fitting. APFH-12. Rotate the fitting until the desired position is obtained. Reinstallation may be accomplished as described in Steps 1-4. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Sock-It® Fittings . (NOTE: The 21⁄2" Sock-It fitting has 2 locking bolts for each pipe end.Pipe surface shall be cleaned at least 1" from the end of the pipe to remove any coating. Other lubricants may affect gasket performance.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 21 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. 3 Insert the prepped and lubricated pipe end into the Sock-It Fitting until the pipe end makes contact with the internal pipe stop. CAUTION: Do NOT hammer fitting on. No additional cleaning is required. indentations.

NOTES 22 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .

the preferred grade is listed first. Gruvlok Xtreme™ Temperature Lubricant is required. please contact an Anvil Representative for more information. and continuity of service. dilute acids. and air contaminated with petroleum oils. Excellent oxidation resistance. and industry applications. (Buna-N) NOT FOR USE IN HOT WATER SERVICES E EP T -40°F to +250°F (-40°C to 121°C) -20°F to +180°F (-29°C to 82°C) SPECIAL GASKETS Grade Temperature Range +20°F to +300°F (-20°C to 149°C) -40°F to +350°F (-40°C to 177°C) -40°F to +150°F (-40°C to 66°C) Compound Color Code Fluoro Elastomer Blue General Service Applications High temperature resistance to oxidizing acids. Excellent oxidation resistance. EPDM and oils. Where more than one gasket grade is shown. Selection of the optimum gasket grade for a specific service requires the consideration of many factors. and many chemical services not involving hydrocarbons. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 23 PreViolet Lubricated APFH-4. Unless otherwise noted. hydrocarbons and lubricants O L E Type A Silicone Red Dry.12 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. primarily temperature. Contact an Anvil Representative for recommendations for services not listed. alkalies. hot air and some high temperature chemiGasket cal services. The information supplied should be considered as a basis for evaluation but not as a guarantee. salts. for an engineering evaluation and recommendation. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Gasket Grade Index VLOK GRU . and many Green chemical services not involving hydrocarbons. petroleum oils. FM approved VdS and/or LPC symbols are Listed/Approved with EPDM material. all gasket recommendations are based on 100°F (38°C) maximum temperature service condition. dilute acids. Wet & Dry (oil free air) Pipe in Fire Protection Systems. For other Listed/Approved materials. or gases.The lists are provided as an aid in selecting the optimum gasket grade for a specific application to assure the maximum service life. GASKET GRADE INDEX: STANDARD GASKETS Grade Temperature Range -40°F to +230°F (-40°C to 110°C) Compound Color Code General Service Applications Water. gasket materials should be subjected to simulated service conditions to determine the most suitable gasket grade. These listings do not apply to Gruvlok Butterfly Valves. mineral Nitrile Orange oils. For dry pipe systems. The recommendations have been developed from current information supplied by manufacturers of the elastomers. alkalies. In unusual or severe services. Gasket recommendations apply only to Gruvlok gaskets. fluid concentration. NOT FOR USE WITH HYDROCARBONS Water. Combinations of fluids should be referred to an Anvil Rep. halogenated. or gases. salts. hydraulic fluids. All Gruvlok products marked with UL/ULC Listed. technical publications. EPDM Green oils. Red NOT FOR USE WITH HYDROCARBONS Petroleum products. vegetable oils.

Oil vapor Temp. Seawater Water.200mm) Vacuum Level 0" . Temp to 230°F (110°C) Water.12" (25 . JP-4 and JP-5 JP-6. Unleaded* Hydraulic Oil JP-3. 24 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-4. Check gasket color code to be certain it is recommended for the service intended.29. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Service Crude Oil . -40°F to 230°F (-40°C to 110°C) Air.12" (40 . Acid Mine Water. Where the gasket grade is shown in parentheses. Specify gasket grade when ordering.9" Hg Gasket Recommendation Standard or Flush Gap Flush Gap LARGER SIZES: Contact an Anvil Representative for more information. Deionized Water. Use Gruvlok lubricant on gasket. Chlorine Water.Sour Diesel Oil Fuel Oil Gasoline. 100°F (38°C) Maximum Temp.12 .GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Gasket Recommendation List & Vacuum Service GASKET RECOMMENDATION LISTING: WATER & AIR Service Air. Temp to 150°F (66°C) Water. *Contact an Anvil Representative for service evaluation. -40°F to 350°F (-40°C to 177°C) Air. Kerosene Lube Oil.300mm) 11⁄2" . (no oil vapors) Temp. VACUUM SERVICE: VACUUM SERVICE Size 1" . contact an Anvil Representative for recommendation. all gasket listings are based upon 100°F (38°C) maximum temperature service conditions. (no oil vapors) Temp. Leaded Gasoline. to 150°F (66°C) Motor Oil Tar and Tar Oil Transmission Fluid —Type A Turbo Oil #15 Diester Lubricant Gasket Grade T T T T (O) T T/O O T T T T O O Unless otherwise noted. Lime Gasket Grade E/EP L T O E/EP/T E E/T (E/EP/O) E/EP/T E/EP/T E/EP/T E/EP/T Where more than one gasket grade is shown the preferred gasket grade is listed first. -20°F to 150°F (-29°C to 66°C) Air. Waste Water. Contact an Anvil Representative for an engineering evaluation and recommendation. For services not listed. Oil vapor Temp.10" Hg 10" . 20°F to 300°F (-7°C to 149°C) Water.

thereby eliminating water wash-out and it will not dry out in the absence of water. proper lubrication of the gasket’s exterior assists the gasket into the proper sealing position as pipe system movement occurs. but also on the inside. and for the lubrication of gaskets on HDPE couplings. Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant will maintain its lubricating properties at higher temperatures. thereby lowering the sealing force on the gasket sealing lips. It is not to be used with Silicone gaskets. non-petroleum based oils to ease spreading of the lubricant. In applications where pipe movement is expected. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Lubricants .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 25 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. • For high temperature service and copper systems. as with the normal installation of a Gruvlok gasket.GRUVLOK® XTREMETM LUBRICANT Gruvlok® Xtreme™ Lubricant has been developed for use with Gruvlok couplings in services where improved lubrication is beneficial. There are five primary applications where the Xtreme Lubricant will provide increased benefits: low temperature applications below -20°F(-28. Lubrication of the pipe end and gasket will help the gasket to adjust into the proper sealing position during temperature cycles. It’s low temperature capability and lubricity ensure a highly reliable connection. high temperature applications above 150°F (65. allowing a properly lubricated pipe end and gasket assembly to re-position itself during temperature cycles. gasket chemical compatibility must still be considered. well exceeding the temperature range of Gruvlok gaskets.0°C). CAUTION: Silicone based lubricants are not allowed in some facilities. • In low temperature applications the gasket will shrink. Lubrication on the inside of the gasket is easily accomplished by turning the gasket inside out and applying the lubricant. It is NSF approved for use with potable water.R.1550 (Incidental Food Contact).177. The lubricant on the interior of the gasket will act to improve the chemical resistance of the gasket material by providing a thin lubricant barrier between the piping system fluid and the gasket surface. applications where increased pipe joint flexibility is needed.878 & 21. Do not use with CPVC Products.6°C). it is required that the gasket be lubricated not only on the outside.8°C to 204°C). This will cause pipe end sealing surfaces. This lubricant is waterproof.F. it can be used with EPDM. However. 21. It is sanctioned by the FDA under C. Since it is formulated from a non-hydro carbon base. • The Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant has been formulated from low viscosity. APFH-12. Nitrile and Fluoroelastomer gasket materials. with small cuts or damage. Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant will maintain its lubricating properties at lower temperatures allowing a properly lubricated pipe end and gasket (assembly) to reposition itself during temperature cycles. lubrication of gaskets in copper systems. This lubricant has an operating temperature range from -65°F to 400°F (-53. The temperature change will also force the gasket to slightly re-position itself. Gruvlok® XtremeTM Lubricant is a Teflon® fortified white. tasteless and odorless grease made from Silicone Oil and other ingredients that are safe to ingest. This is particularly important at higher temperatures where oxidizing agents in the piping system become more aggressive. • Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant is the only Gruvlok lubricant that is to be used with Gruvlok couplings and gaskets in HDPE and copper piping systems. to become more susceptible to leakage. transverse and rotational pipe movements. This lubricating film enhances our flexible coupling gasket’s ability to compensate for axial. ®Teflon is a registered trademark of Dupont.172.

CAUTION: HDPE pipe requires the use of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant and should not be used with Gruvlok Lubricant. It is water-soluble. non-flammable. the Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant and Gruvlok Quick Dry Lubricant are now available to improve the performance of the couplings and flanges in certain applications.11 . joint leakage and pipe joint separation. reapply lubricant prior to assembly. and will not impart taste or odor.6°C) and may be used with all Gruvlok gasket material grades. lower bend load capabilities.8°C to 65. it will not impart taste or odor. non-toxic. The service temperature range for this lubricant is from 0° F to 150° F (-17. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. The lubricant is made from a water emulsion that is non-toxic. non-flammable. non-corrosive. 30-45 80-100 100-130 130-180 180-220 200-250 225-275 250-300 * Non-lubricated bolt torques * Non-lubricated bolt torques ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. CAUTION: Use of an Impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Specified Bolt Torque Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts used on Gruvlok couplings and flanges. It is NSF approved for use with potable water. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. If necessary. and it quickly dries to a thin film when in contact with air.GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Lubricants Continued GRUVLOK® QUICK DRY LUBRICANT Gruvlok® Quick Dry Lubricant is a fast drying lubricant that has been developed for applications where the piping system is exposed. This lubricant is easy to apply by brush or hand. GRUVLOK® LUBRICANT Gruvlok® Lubricant is the standard lubricant that has been provided for use with Gruvlok products for years. Gruvlok Lubricant is water soluble. and is NSF approved for use with potable water. The quick drying quality of the lubricant eliminates lubricant drips caused by over lubrication. and does not support bacterial growth. battery strength and operational variations. The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened. This lubricant is acceptable for most applications. NOTE: Use specified bolt torque unless otherwise indicated on product installation pages.-Lbs. ANSI SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Size In. 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 11⁄4 26 METRIC SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Size mm M10 M12 M16 M20 M22 M24 Wrench Size mm 16 22 24 30 34 36 Specified Bolt Torque * N-m 40-60 110-150 135-175 175-245 245-300 270-340 Wrench Size In. Gruvlok Quick Dry Lubricant is non-corrosive. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Do not thin or mix with solvents. however. 11 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 11⁄16 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 2 Specified Bolt Torque * Ft.

To create a Gruvlok pipe joint, all pipe must be prepared to receive Gruvlok coupling or other Gruvlok pipe system components. The required pipe preparation may be grooving or cleaning the pipe ends, or cutting a hole in the pipe wall. For grooved-end joints, pipe may be grooved by either of two methods; cut or roll grooving. Branch outlet connections require a properly sized and correctly located hole to be cut into the pipe. Sock-it connections require cleaning of the pipe end. Gruvlok plain-end pipe couplings require that the pipe be free of burrs and other sharp projections which could damage the gasket; grooving is not required. Gruvlok pipe grooving and hole cutting machines are available in a wide variety of designs to meet specific or general requirements. Gruvlok roll grooving machines produce a groove to proper dimensional tolerances, concentric with the pipe O.D., even on out-of-round pipe. Gruvlok hole cutting tools properly center holes for correct assembly of Gruvlok branch outlet components.

Cut-Grooving:
Cut grooving is intended for use with standard and heavier wall pipe. Cut grooving produces a groove in the pipe wall by removing metal from the pipe O.D. The groove removes less than one half of the pipe wall and does not cut as deeply into the pipe wall as do standard pipe threads. The square cut edge of the groove allows for the full expansion, Depth of Cut Groove contraction, and deflection capabilities vs. Thread of the Gruvlok coupling.

Cut Grooving

Volume of Metal Removed Cut Groove vs. Threaded

Roll-Grooving:
Roll grooving does not remove metal. Instead, metal is displaced while a groove is formed into the outer surface of the pipe wall. The groove configuration has slightly rounded edges resulting in a less flexible joint than a cut groove joint. This reduces available pipe joint movement by 50% over cut grooved coupling joints. Roll grooving is commonly used on a wide range of pipe thicknesses up to 0.375" wall steel pipe and sizes to 24" O.D.

Roll Grooving

Roll Groove Cut Groove The I.D. “dimple" formed from roll grooving reduces the I.D. (on an average) less than 2%.

Available Movement Roll Groove vs. Cut Groove

APFH-12.11

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

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Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Data Installation Contents

GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Pipe Preparation

GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Pipe Preparation Continued
Branch Outlet Pipe: Clamp-T®
A

5⁄8"

Clamp-T installations require the cutting of a hole through the pipe wall. The hole must be properly sized and located on the centerline of the pipe to assure reliable performance of the Clamp-T gaskets. After the hole has been cut into the pipe wall, any burrs and sharp or rough edges must be removed from the hole. The outside pipe surfaces within 5/8" of the hole must be clean and smooth. Any scale, projections or indentation which might effect the gasket sealing on the pipe must be removed. The surface around the entire circumference of the pipe within the “A” dimension in the charts must be free from dirt, scale, or projections which might effect the proper assembly of the Clamp-T.

CLAMP-T INSTALLATION
Branch Size
DN/mm
1

Hole Dimensions Surface Hole Max. Perm. Prep. Saw Size Diameter “A”
In./mm In./mm In./mm

⁄2, 3⁄4, 1
32, 40

11⁄2
38.1

15⁄8
41.3

31⁄2
88.9

15, 20, 25

11⁄4, 11⁄2 2
50

2
50.8

21⁄8
54.0

4
101.6

21⁄2
63.5

25⁄8
66.7

41⁄2
114.3

21⁄2
65

23⁄4
69.9

27⁄8
73.0

43⁄4
120.7

3
80

3 ⁄2
88.9

1

3 ⁄8
92.1

5

51⁄2
139.7

4
100

41⁄2
114.3

45⁄8
117.5

61⁄2
165.1

Roughneck®:
Plain-End pipe for use with Fig. 7005 Roughneck Couplings must be free of any notches, bumps, weld bead, score marks, etc. for at least 11/2" (38 mm) back from the pipe end to provide a smooth sealing surface for the gasket. Pipe ends (plain or beveled end) must be square cut as measured from a true square line with the maximum allowable tolerance as follows: 0.030" (0.7 mm) for 2" through 3"; 0.045 (1.1 mm) for 4" through 6"; and 0.060" (1.5 mm) for 8" sizes. The nominal outside diameter of pipe should not vary more than ±1% for sizes up to 21/2", +1%-1/32" for sizes 3"-5"; +1/16"-1/32" for sizes 6" and larger. Pipe ends must be marked a distance of 1" from the pipe end for Sizes 2"-4" and 11/4" from the pipe end for Sizes 5"-8" as a guide for centering of the gasket on the pipe ends.

28

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

APFH-12.11

Sock-It®:
For Sock-It Fittings, the pipe ends must be square cut as measured from a true square line.

PIPE TOLERANCES
Min. XL Min. O.D. O.D.
In./mm In./mm

Schedule 10 & 40 The maximum allowable tolerance is 0.030" Size (0.76mm) for all sizes. Any sharp edges, burrs, Nom O.D. Max. O.D. etc. left on the pipe from cutting must be In./mm removed. If these are not removed, they may DN/mm In./mm 1 1.315 1.325 damage the gasket as the pipe is inserted into 25 33.4 33.6 the Sock-It Fitting. 11⁄4 1.660 1.670 After cutting, pipe ends must be completely 32 42.2 42.4 cleaned a minimum of 1" (25.4mm) back from 11⁄2 1.900 1.910 the pipe end to remove all pipe coating, weld 40 48.3 48.5 beads, rust, sharp projections, etc., which 2 2.375 2.385 might effect gasket sealing integrity.
50 65 60.3 73.0 60.6 73.8 NOTE: When Allied XL pipe is used it is necessary only to remove sharp edges and burrs at the end of the pipe. No additional cleaning is required.

1.295
32.9

1.285
32.6

1.642
41.7

1.630
41.4

1.882
47.8

1.875
47.6

2.357
59.9

2.352
59.7

21⁄2

2.875

2.904

2.846
72.3

2.837
72.1

ACCEPTABLE PIPE END CONFIGURATION
Remove Burr & Sharp Edge

1⁄32"

to 1⁄16" 30 or 45

3⁄16"

Max.

Square cut pipe with O.D. burr & sharp edge removed is preferred configuration.

Beveled pipe. Bevel not to exceed 1⁄16".

Soft pipe when roll cut may be swaged inward. Swaged portion not to exceed 3⁄16"

UNACCEPTABLE

Excessive chamfer on I.D. will tend to cut gasket during assembly.

Abrasive wheels & saws leave edge burrs especially pronounced on one side.

Dull wheel cutter produces a raised ridge at the pipe O.D. giving an oversize diameter.

The sharp O.D. edge left by different methods of cutting pipe must be removed. If this sharp edge is not removed, it may damage the gasket as the pipe is inserted into the Sock-It Fitting.

APFH-12.11

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

29

Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Data Installation Contents

GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Pipe Preparation Continued

▼ “A” tolerance +0. COLUMN 7 . tolerance listed (reference column 2).D. COLUMN 4 .D. COLUMN 3 .060" (+0. and minimum O.Nominal IPS Pipe size.045" for 4" thru 6". 0. and 1.54 mm) NOTE: VdS .Roll Grooving Approval Specifications.03" for 1" thru 31⁄2". seams. For ISO size pipe. and ID prior to roll grooving. see the Technical Data/Install Instructions section on Anvil’s web site .25 (371⁄2°) is acceptable.D.Groove depth: for reference only. the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0.www. measured at 90° must not exceed total O.75mm for sizes 25mm-80mm.D.com 30 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS A B T Flare OD C D COLUMN 1 . COLUMN 8 . Failure to do so may result in damage to the roll grooving machine and unacceptable roll grooves may be produced. COLUMN 6 .77 / -1. the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0. however square cut is preferred.Groove width (Dimension B) is to be measured between vertical flank of the groove size walls. chips.060" for sizes 8" and above measured from a true square line. measured from a true square line.anvilintl. Out of roundness: Difference between maximum O. and 0. Nominal ISO Pipe size.Gasket seat must be free from scores. Beveled-End Pipe in conformance with ANSI B16. 1. Gasket seat width (Dimension A) is to be measured from the pipe end to the vertical flank in the groove wall.030" / -0. Groove must conform to the groove diameter “C” listed in column 5.IPS outside diameter. COLUMN 5 .Minimum allowable wall thickness which may be roll grooved. ISO outside diameter.The groove must be of uniform depth around the entire pipe circumference.11 . For IPS pipe.15mm for sizes 100mm-150mm. and ID prior to roll grooving. Failure to do so may result in damage to the roll grooving machine and unacceptable roll grooves may be produced. rust or scale which may interfere with proper sealing of the gasket.50mm for sizes 200mm and above. COLUMN 2 . Seams must be ground flush with the pipe O. Weld Seams must be ground flush with the pipe O. (See column 6).D. Measured at the most extreme pipe end diameter of the gasket seat area.Maximum allowable pipe end flare diameter.

063 -0.05 19.018 0.344 8.11 0.2 508.56 -0.76 -0.625 29.74 0.625 8.660 143. 0.083 2.250 APFH-12.500 23.656 -0.469 10.900 +0. 16.015 0.7 3.344 6. 141.031 15.6 762.77 4.031 0.02 +0. 114.259 6.60 +1.845 -In.030/ Actual +0.79 -0. Tolerance -3-4-5-6-7-8“T” Min.750▼ 0.029 -0.60 2.76 -0.79 -0.020 2. Max.030 0. “A” “B” “C” “C” Tol.D.024 0.D.0 2.040 -0.781 -0.156 4.018 0.109 110.88 4 4.96 214.60 +1.109 0.6 4.625 150 168.5 24./DN(mm) -2O.60 +1.7 3.84 451.875 +0. ±0.93 3.063 +0.0 11⁄2 40 0.109 2.D.98 0.030 0.015 0.065 1.79 15. 24.74 0.094 0.1 +0.031 0.0 609.1 2 50 0.109 2.1 +1.1 0.3 60.60 +1.38 4.74 160.16 2.74 0.27 318.35 30.3 73.1 4.74 103.91 11.625 88.74 0./mm In.190 -0.045 -0.04 400.078 84.750 10.800 223.350 133.64 -0.26 -0.8 0.250 -0.834 -0. 51⁄2 O.031 1.063 2.74 0.625 125 61⁄4 O.51 1.030 -0.980 75.022 -0.76 ±0.350 108.46 1.73 -0.56 -0.031 15.0 +1.88 15.024 -0.1 78.79 -0.37 6.76 -0./mm -In./mm In.76 In.32 -0.031 0.7 +1.60 1.996 +0.9 8 200 8.2 18.031 1.8 8.750 +0.022 0.083 0.018 In.781 -0.3 6.063 1.74 135.79 -0.6 6.91 11.40 268.88 15.350 159.344 3.031 15.109 0.042 -0.77 2.0 108.531 -0.79 -0.052 +0. 61⁄2 O.775 -0.88 15.9 101.165 4.063 -0.315 +0.88 15.031 0.000 +0.730 170.91 11.79 -0.031 15.000 +0.60 +1./mm 1.156 4.4 31⁄2 90 41⁄4 O.60 +1.160 461.88 0.35 2.625 8.920 328.51 -0.88 5 5.055 -0.085 8.1 0.625 2.020 0.022 2.74 72.09 2.88 0.5 10 250 0.030 0.0 +1.015 0.7 1.109 142.51 -0.063 0.063 -0.2 508.13 0.51 2.0 609.7 2.99 45.600 139.030 0.40 25.29 350.D.8 20.056 -0.1 0.028 -0./mm -0.38 -0.0 +1.084 6.076 In.625 1.469 17.61 -0.430 36.77 2.000 20 O.920 277.42 +0.88 0.563 +0.05 19.083 2.000 +0.172 0.79 -0.344 8.1 0.3 5.88 19.000 +0.480 63.4 12 300 355.60 +1.562 -0./mm In.D.030/ ±0.0 159.2 16.60 -0.76 15.100 408.084 8.770 45.40 44.750 +0.24 0.91 11.0 0.625 1.109 0.83 25. 20.74 163.625 8.79 -0.030 0.109 0.76 1.395 -0.100 104.031 0.781 -0.083 4.281 7.063 1.74 -0.083 2.88 0.334 -0.065 1.334 -0.60 1.344 4.938 16 O.45 8.625 100 51⁄4 O.74 +0.7 139./mm 15.53 -0.625 8.600 91.065 1.000 24 O.61 +0.3 11⁄4 32 0.625 +0.14 1.1 0.344 137.000 Flare (Ref.3 0.063 -0.035 -0.600 165.8 0.79 15.092 0.74 0.031 0.281 7.4 42.469 19.1 0.46 -0.51 2.D.8 0.344 8.469 11.441 -0.083 2.79 -0.022 0.64 502.38 -0.084 5.109 135.98 2.69 -0.109 2.027 0.D.0 14.0 +1.093 -0.029 -0.2 14 O.74 0.020 -0.109 0.76 -0.938 18 O.200 761.D.03 6.93 0.60 +1.79 -0.7 30 O.500 +0.13 -0.063 -0.015 0.14 0.1 273.065 1.79 15.8 0.344 129.8 6. “D” Allow.455 -0.030 1 25 1.5 4.334 -0.74 +0.188 4.88 6 6.100 358.09 57. 4.94 97.8 167. 30.030 0.0 12.6 406.469 12. Pipe Size Actual In.14 0.720 -0.44 600.88 15.48 -0.250 +0.56 2.4 457.019 0.D.344 0.0 21⁄2 65 3 O.1 3 80 76.91 11.36 -0.60 1.88 3.344 154.91 12.750 0.625 0.88 -0.16 0.600 116.40 25.79 0.15 69.134 3.76 -0.D.000 +0.020 0.085 2.7 1.8 0.-1Nom.1 165.38 -0.88 0. Only) Wall Thick Dia.46 -0.7 2.38 -0.076 2.70 15.71 +0.1 323.76 -0.11 0.029 0.660 +0.1 0./mm 33.60 2./mm +In.2 5.9 0.D.031 1.23 38.6 762.469 15.083 2.019 -0.88 0.11 0.83 23.77 2.79 -0.79 -0.063 2. 14.344 5.88 8.469 13.14 +0.11 0.40 -0.89 +1.031 15.91 11.6 406.1 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 31 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.078 0.109 161./mm 30.625 0.000 +0.625 In.083 2.56 2.79 -0.025 0. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK STANDARD ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATION FOR STEEL & OTHER IPS OR ISO SIZE PIPE .200 614.083 8.063 -0.48 -0.625 +0.41 -0.083 2.000 +0.39 2.34 2.063 -0.500 -0.11 0.500 +0.031 0.344 8.625 8.79 15.4 457.86 749.031 1.07 -0.500 +1.D.016 0.2 48.3 219.165 4.063 -0.010 51.160 512.063 -0.218 5.74 0.79 -0.063 -0.031 0.781 -0.500 +1.77 2. ±0.60 1.750 12.4 10.015 0.30 -0.344 -0.375 +0.535 -0.08 5.60 -0.3 6.38 -0.250 6.48 +0.344 110.100 76.D.084 -0.9 355.000 0.9 5. 18.8 5.088 2.281 7.031 0.05 23.625 2.0 133.020 1.236 5.031 0.

030" / -0. COLUMN 2 .045" for 4" thru 6". Not to be used with End Guard gaskets. COLUMN 3 & 4 .The groove must be of uniform depth around the entire pipe circumference.Gasket seat must be free from scores. measured from a true square line.060" for sizes 8" and above measured from a true square line. COLUMN 6 . and minimum O.11 .Minimum allowable wall thickness which may be cut grooved.D.060" (+0. however square cut is preferred.50mm for sizes 200mm and above. chips. 0.D. Out of roundness: Difference between maximum O.25 (371⁄2°) is acceptable.75mm for sizes 25mm-80mm. Beveled-End Pipe in conformance with ANSI B16.77 / -1. For ISO size pipe. rust or scale which may interfere with proper coupling assembly.D. 1. and 0.Groove depth: for reference only.CUT GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS A B T OD C D COLUMN 1 .03" for 1" thru 31⁄2". measured at 90° must not exceed total O. the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0. (See column 6). Groove must conform to the groove diameter “C” listed in column 5. seams.15mm for sizes 100mm-150mm.54 mm) 32 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. ▼ “A” tolerance +0. Nominal ISO Pipe size.IPS outside diameter. COLUMN 7 . For IPS pipe. tolerance listed (reference column 2).Nominal IPS Pipe size. COLUMN 5 . the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0. and 1. ISO outside diameter.

/mm In.625 +0.1 10 250 0.3 0.031 20 O.88 0./mm In.000 25.05 0.76 ±0.56 -0.500 12.60 +1.79 15.76 3.38 0.70 0.845 -0.031 168.000 (Ref.312 7.750 19.775 45. Only) Thick.109 2.79 5.53 0.031 108.030 19.79 -0.9 101.D.020 2.500 12.042 -0.900 +0.109 2.996 +0.7 +1. 20.76 -0.020 -0.9 0.8 31⁄2 90 41⁄4 O.084 2.076 5.6 0.531 -0.625 15.062 1.031 1.61 +0.4 0.045 -0.42 +0.88 0.09 2.0 609.056 -0.1 0.76 +0.031 114.109 2.9 355.625 9.73 -0.48 2.084 -0.020 1.60 +1./DN(mm) In.656 -0.030 28./mm 1 25 1.3 219.6 406.2 0.79 -0.063 -0.024 60.625 15.8 0.031 0.79 6.40 0.750 +0.031 0.7 0.79 4.0 762.875 +0.000 +0.88 0.085 2.030 15.8 0.312 7.6 4.2 0.1 273.203 133.48 -0.88 0.11 0.53 0./mm -3-4-5-6-7Gasket Groove Groove Diameter Actual Min.70 0.563 14.74 +0.145 3.88 0.312 7.083 5.38 -0.1 0.031 18 O.04 400.D.172 4. 18.015 -0.625 15.203 5.063 -0.79 -0.4 0.030 -0.781 -0.015 -0.236 +1.063 -0.375 +0.315 +0.052 -0.250 57.88 0.88 0.3 73.53 0.027 12.750 19.2 +0.56 2.88 0.92 0.109 2.38 0.D.60 +1.031 0.35 0.96 -0.51 5.2 0.88 0.031 30 O.625 15.84 451.40 0.203 108.30 0.13 5.063 -0.56 6.030 29.219 5.64 -0.60 +1.0 4.625 9.063 -0.188 4.0 6. ±0.94 -0.375 129.875 +0.030 0.375 103.281 7.437 11.70 0.084 -0.334 -0.44 600.D.03 6.09 2.083 2.625 15.031 15.9 1.031 30 I.6 0.53 6.085 6.031 15.500 +0.1 1.2 508./mm -2O.2 0. “T” In.0 0.279 7.-1Nom.76 -0.88 0.2 0.249 159.3 5.D.2 5.D.063 -0.79 -0.6 11⁄2 40 2 50 0.250 6.720 69.2 0.0 2.02 +0.79 -0.028 -0.8 0.062 1.92 0. 139.259 +1.0 +1.022 163.88 0.500 12.625 15.084 -0.6 0.625 9.05 0.8 0.29 350.154 3.035 -0.79 -0.76 0.7 0.063 -0.88 0. 28.0 61⁄2 O.781 -0.188 4.2 508.083 0.030 23.334 -0.078 2.040 -0.5 1.46 -0.375 3.088 5./mm -In.79 -0.4 457.030 Tol.031 28 I.60 0.1 0.312 7.26 3.3 0.71 +0.74 -0.79 -0.89 +1.99 -0.455 -0.4 787.063 -0.019 48.000 +0.D.60 +0.250 6.018 -0.76 -0.15 -0.30 0.938 23.018 0.140 3.6 406.4 42.27 318.D.6 733.69 -0.019 -0.D.016 1.000 +0.094 2.88 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 33 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.750 +0.4 12 300 355.625 +0.40 0./mm In.92 72. 30.45 0.031 15.40 -0.75 44.64 502.40 0.500 12.024 -0.92 1.9 0.093 762.000 +0.078 2.83 0.88 0.4 11⁄4 32 1.000 25.092 2.750▼ 0.625 15.79 -0.D.562 -0.83 0.1 6 150 165.625 15.61 -0.48 -0.76 -0.9 21⁄2 65 3 O.4 0.51 -0.015 -0.70 0.500 12.8 0.4 457.500 749.86 724.88 0.79 -0.029 -0.030 13.8 0.6 733.4 0. 31.535 38.0 APFH-12.2 0.312 7.109 2.625 15./mm In.660 +0.500 +1.60 +1.500 12.750 19.9 1.40 268.834 97.203 5.938 23.0 51⁄2 O.203 5. Depth “D” Wall Actual ±0.D.375 9.23 -0.88 0./mm -In.625 15.018 -0.500 12.625 9.70 0.51 -0.625 0. 24.312 7.063 -0. IPS Pipe Size Actual In.000 0.74 -0.055 -0.063 -0.60 +1.250 31.781 -0.031 24 O.437 11.53 0.08 5.312 7.D.062 1.D. 133.312 7.203 139.625 0.69 777.031 10.53 0.063 -0.031 12.32 +0.312 7.625 15.41 0.625 15.015 -0.36 -0.76 -0.020 110.083 2.344 84.0 4 100 51⁄4 O.79 0.594 -0.190 30.60 +1.51 -0.9 1.79 -0.781 -0.000 +0. Tolerance +In.92 1.1 3 80 15.60 -0.92 1.53 160.09 -0.79 -0.000 25.030 17.1 0.14 +0.38 0.10 8. 159.D.000 +0.60 +1.563 14.020 0.70 10.2 0.76 -0.030 30.625 15.022 2.3 6.4 787.60 +1.38 4.6 0.312 7.375 9.1 0. “C” Seat “A” Width “B” Groove Allow.79 -0.029 -0.133 3.000 25.46 1.015 33.441 214.8 0.172 4.531 -0.51 4.031 88.30 0.188 76.88 7.000 +0.187 4.395 -0.0 609.60 2.030 ±0.250 +0.88 -0.375 9.53 0. 16.1 14 O.6 0.53 0.375 135.312 2.7 5 125 61⁄4 O.334 -0.07 -0.063 -0.238 6.375 154.92 0.76 -0.6 8 200 8.46 -0.56 -0.38 -0. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK STANDARD CUT GROOVE SPECIFICATION FOR STEEL & OTHER IPS OR ISO SIZE PIPE . 2.500 +0.022 2. 14.76 -0.79 -0.076 0.79 -0.031 141.4 +1.022 137.029 76.375 9. 4.92 0.1 +0.3 +0.063 1.88 0.05 0.1 0.D.219 165.88 9.60 +1.79 -0.1 +1.031 16 O.1 323.563 +0.063 -0.500 +1.8 0.0 5. 15.062 1.025 -0.

16 -0.6 2.015 0.42 +1.045 -0.46 -0.76 1.27 14.38 0.64 -0.750 +0.13 -0.38 0.015 0.1 323.56 -0.38 0.48 6.203 5.714 +0.2 2.625 +0./mm In.078 4.063 -0.563 +0. 0.875 +0.27 15.035 -0.219 5.14 18.48 7.13 -0.305 -0.375 +0.69 -0.60 +1.15 69.94 110.605 +0.005 2.625 +0.005 2.3 141.37 18.500 +0.092 -0.16 10.0 88./mm -3Gasket Seat “A” -4Groove Width “B” -5Groove Diameter “C” Tol.75 7.60 +1.714 +0. Depth Wall (Ref.031 0.250 6.60 -0.400 -0.441 -0.063 -0.031 0.38 0.714 +0.010 0.3 73.79 -0.38 -0.1 10 10.005 3.015 0./DN(mm) In.25 0.9 +0.0 21⁄2 65 2.720 -0.27 14.46 -0.085 8.75 7.08 137.015 0.79 -0.79 14.562 -0.029 0.3 168.010 0.9 114.61 +0.13 57.083 5.344 -0.14 +1.031 0.2 6 150 0./mm In.027 0.562 +0.029 -0.27 318.078 3.063 -0.015 0.3 219.1 2.6 8 200 250 300 0.79 -0.255 -0.8 3 80 0.031 0.14 18.531 -0.74 +0. Gruvlok EG fittings are grooved in accordance with these dimensions.37 15./mm In.09 84.750 +0.4 0.203 5.005 4.61 -0.254 214.1 2.500 +0.084 6./mm -In.8 4 100 0.605 +0.79 -0.2 5 125 0.56 -0.8 0./mm Tol.015 0.030 0.+/./mm In./mm -6- -7- Actual Tol.40 -0.109 *Refer to additional notes on page 32.25 268.25 0. “D” “T” In.1 273.010) -In.38 6.334 -0.25 0./mm -2Pipe Outside Diameter Tolerance +In.154 4.018 0.010 10.13 -0.16 10. Only) Thick.400 -0.Actual In.062 60.51 -0.024 0.395 -0.96 -0.305 -0.605 +0.005 6.562 +0.89 +1.48 6.031 0.562 +0. In.010 12.238 6.031 0.38 0.79 -0.024 -0.279 7.020 0.010 8.015 0.250 -0.14 0.400 -0.11 .60 +1.03 163.022 0./mm 2 50 2.29 0.0 2.022 0.CUT GROOVE END GUARD® SPECIFICATIONS A B T OD C D End Guard (EG) cut groove is designed for standard or heavier wall thickness pipe to be joined by HPR 7004 EG couplings.13 -0.188 4.188 4.010 0.25 -0.005 5.255 -0.094 12 12.75 10.018 0.056 -0.13 -0.0 2.063 -0. Actual (+0. END GUARD (EG) CUT GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS* -1Nom.255 -0./mm Min.025 0.455 -0.305 -0.1 34 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.4 2.79 -0. IPS Pipe Size Actual In.3 2. Groove Allow.74 -0.37 15.031 0.

610 -0.025 0.029 0.572 -0.4 2.109 2.750 +0.14 +1.3 168.56 -0.109 2.1 273.91 9.031 0.390 +0.51 -0.60 +1.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 35 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.720 -0.62 7.156 4.109 2.250 +0.020 0.500 +0.1 4 100 0.092 0.1 5 125 0.96 214.91 0.020 5.094 12 12.53 +15.020 8.572 -0.61 -0.035 -0.26 -0.078 3.35 6.020 0.40 268.020 0.063 -0.53 +14.46 -0.395 -0.020 0.38 -0.300 +0.51 -0./mm In.1 323.300 +0.09 84.024 -0.51 -0.38 0.51 0.62 9.51 0.51 -0.60 -0.60 +1. “D” “T” In. Depth Wall (Ref.531 -0.020 6.64 -0.9 114.083 2.0 88.610 -0. In.027 0. Only) Thick.015 2.35 7.610 -0.030 0.91 9.8 6 150 0.8 0.51 -0.719 -0.94 110.42 +1./mm In.74 -0.08 137.029 -0.022 0.51 57.020 0.018 0. Data Installation Contents Flare OD ./mm Tol.3 219.084 6.020 0.562 -0.62 7.56 -0.79 -0.74 +0.750 +0.51 6.51 -0.625 +0.563 +0.0 2.76 1.27 318.078 4.2 2.719 -0./mm In.015 0.390 +0.3 141.455 -0./mm 2 50 2.020 4.062 60.1 2.300 +0.51 0.3 73.8 10 10.ROLL GROOVE END GUARD® SPECIFICATIONS A B T C D End Guard (EG) roll groove is designed for lightwall pipe to be joined by HPR 7004 EG couplings.4 0.015 3.69 -0.29 -0./mm Min.26 +18.063 -0.250 +0.056 -0.031 0.031 0.031 0.7 21⁄2 65 2. 0.031 0.38 0.1 2.250 +0.109 *Refer to additional notes on page 32. Actual (+0.045 -0.51 -0.49 +18.250 -0.020 10.022 0.79 -0.03 163./DN(mm) In.51 0.085 8.020 0.60 +1./mm -In.89 +1.38 0.49 +15. IPS Pipe Size Actual In.Actual In./mm -3Gasket Seat “A” -4Groove Width “B” -5Groove Diameter “C” Tol.719 -0./mm In.375 +0.3 2.344 -0.083 5. Groove Allow.334 -0.51 0.6 2.0 APFH-12.61 +0.79 -0.441 -0.015 2.625 +0.79 -0.1 3 80 0.51 -0.024 0.46 -0.390 +0.8 8 200 250 300 0. END GUARD (EG) ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS* -1Nom.018 0.063 -0.9 +0.020 0.031 0.35 6.15 69.53 +14.065 1.51 -0.+/.0 2.020 0.79 +14.063 -0.020 0.500 +0.010) -In.49 +15./mm -6- -7- Actual Tol.572 -0.134 3.020 12.26 +18.083 2.79 -0.875 +0.031 0.083 2.79 -0./mm -2Pipe Outside Diameter Tolerance +In.

COLUMN 6 . 36 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. rust or scale which may interfere with proper coupling assembly.Nominal ASTM B 88 copper tubing size. COLUMN 9 . COLUMN 7 . COLUMN 5 . L.Maximum allowable end flare diameter.Outside diameter of Copper Prep roll grooved copper tubing.The groove must be of uniform depth around the entire tubing circumference.Gasket seat and groove must be free from scores.Groove width is to be measured between vertical flank of the groove size walls. COLUMN 2 . COLUMN 8 . chips.11 .Minimum allowable copper tube wall thickness which may be prepared to Gruvlok Copper-Prep specifications.GRUVLOK® ADVANCED COPPER METHOD (IPS) Copper Prep Specifications D A B T Connection Diameter Tub e O. M and DWV copper tubing COLUMN 1 .D. Groove must conform to the groove diameter “C” listed in column 6. Measured at the most extreme tubing end diameter of the gasket seat area. COLUMN 4 . (See column 7).Outside diameter of copper tubing in accordance with ASTM B 88. COLUMN 3 .Groove depth: for reference only. C Gruvlok copper prep roll groove specifications for Types K. seams.

/mm 8.002 0.05 168.720 -0.74 8.03 -0.002 5.50 62.650 6.05 0.469 8.334 -0.28 1.030 ± .719 8.022 0.625 0.4 104.46 -0. Flare Dia.74 0.94 -0.750 0. 0.344 2.056 0.0 66.2 155.030 Actual Tol. Seat Width Diameter “C” Groove Wall Tubing A B Depth D Thick Size Actual Tolerance Actual Tolerance ± .002 4.002 0.56 4 100 5 125 5.11 2./mm +In.002 2.031 0. Data Installation Contents .74 8.092 DWV 8.74 8.045 0./mm –In.344 3.D./mm –In.74 8./DN(mm) In.002 6.063 0.42 0.125 0.125 0.002 0.88 15.031 0.029 0.4 0.30 1.077 0.020 0.88 19.875 0./mm In.96 1.455 -0.125 0.002 0.14 73.88 15.05 0.05 60.88 15./mm In./mm +In.562 0. In.27 1.15 -0.059 2.91 214.002 0.625 0.79 0.084 DWV 5.58 116.085 DWV 6.500 0.05 0.002 3.08 -0.51 170.6 206.79 0.576 0.344 2.031 0.024 0.015 0.344 5.029 0.79 0.61 0.79 0.65 75.89 0.05 21⁄2 2.000 ± .381 69.125 0.625 0.05 114./mm In.395 -0.23 143.08 1.030" for 2" thru 3"./mm In.09 84.03 0.125 0.500 0. measured at 90° must not exceed tolerance listed.88 15.025 0.05 0.719 11.10 219.035 0.56 163.74 8.34 1.7 79.64 6 150 8 200 NOTES: Out of roundness: Difference between maximum O.018 0.05 0. Connection Dia. and minimum O.60 1.125 0.065 2.625 0.GRUVLOK COPPER PREP SPECIFICATIONS -3-4-5-6-7. Only) T +0.60 0.060" for 8" measured from a true square line.004 8.51 137. The maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0.05 0.05 0.14 0.13 2.74 88.045 0.031 0.40 -0.625 0.77 Tubing Outside Dia.344 6.625 0./mm 1.063 0.625 0.90 0.031 0.05 141. and 0.74 57.045" for 4" thru 6".05 0.083 DWV 4.88 15.8 130.566 4.-8Gasket Groove Tube End Groove Allow Nom.05 0.33 1./mm In.063 0.98 2.96 -0.344 -0.250 -0.60 110.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 37 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.46 -1- -2- -9Max./mm –In.D. (Ref.002 0.447 54./mm In.625 0.625 0.441 -0.018 0.23 90.46 2 50 65 2.962 3 80 3.79 15.16 2.66 221.344 4. In.002 0.15 1.375 0.002 2.078 DWV 3. APFH-12.77 ± .022 0.

6 0.002 66.050 0.05 0.5 0. roll marks. COLUMN 7 .020 -0.002 130.7 0.76/–0.300 7. Wall Flare “T” Diam.8 COLUMN 1 .0 0. Waste and Vent Piping) per ASTM B306.05 0.4 0.6 56.51 0.002 8.14 -0.05 0.05 0. +0.Maximum flare diameter is the OD at the most extreme tubing diameter.5 0.2 5.76mm +0./mm – In.37 -0.030"/0. 0.999 152.DWV (Drain.2 1./mm In.220 158.002 0.4 2.048 0.300 7.05 0.51 0.03 in. which may interfere with proper coupling assembly.610 15./mm -7- -8- Min.610 15.125 0.300 7.610 15.002 79.6 4.610 15. Max.4 0.6 0.020 -0.5 0.Nominal tubing size ASTM B88 COLUMN 2 .3 0.51 0./mm + In.300 7.020 -0.5 0.610 15.058 2.002 0.05 0.6 2.610 15.125 0. See column 6.300 7. dirt. Allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0.019 102.1 3.51 0.05 0.610 15.053 1. the groove diameter must conform to column 5.6 2. etc.625 0.54 -0.6 7.125 0.002 104.6 0.00mm +0.05 0.10 6.05 6. COLUMN 5 .00 in.125 0.08 -0.063 1. 38 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.05 155.959 202. COLUMN 6 ./mm In. Tolerance Depth Actual +/– 0.Groove depth is for reference only.3 1.8 4.002 0.025 76.053 1.3 4.0 0.002 54.020 -0.14mm for sizes 4-8" COLUMN 3 .300 7.999 126.05 0.Gasket seat must be free from scores.Outside diameter of copper tubing per ASTM B88.020 -0.029 51.220 81.525 64./mm In.220 208./mm – In./mm In. indentations.11 .125 0.7 69.6 5.004 206.5 0.083 2.220 1.220 132.002 0.3 DWV DWV DWV DWV DWV 3.1 8.002 0.5 0.002 0./mm 2 2 ⁄2 3 4 5 6 8 1 2.16 -0. “C” “A” “B” Groove +/– 0. grease and dirt which may interfere with gasket sealing.6 3.84 -0.5 0. Size In.51 -0.050 1.51 0.GRUVLOK® CTS COPPER SYSTEM Roll Groove Specifications A B T Flare OD C D GRUVLOK CTS COPPER SYSTEM – ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS -1Nom.6 4.720 1.045"/1. COLUMN 8 .2 0.Groove width is to be free from chips.51 0.125 0.000 “D” In.020 -0.Groove diameter must be of uniform depth for the entire circumference of the tubing.76mm for sizes 2"-3".05 0.8 0. In.97 5.03/–0. COLUMN 4 .065 2. -2Tubing Outside Diameter Actual Tolerance -3-4-5-6Gasket Seat Groove Width Groove Diameter Nom.020 -0.002 0.05 0.300 7./mm In.220 107.

The available linear movement provided by Standard Gruvlok couplings is shown below: LINEAR MOVEMENT Sizes 1" . The values account for pipe. Data Installation Contents DESIGN FACTORS Gruvlok® Couplings . FLEXIBLE COUPLINGS Figs. Fig. without introducing eccentric loads into the coupling joint. The maximum available angular movement of Gruvlok flexible couplings on roll groove joints is shown in the performance data for each coupling. LINEAR MOVEMENT: FLEXIBLE COUPLING LINEAR MOVEMENT Linear movement is accommodated within the coupling by allowing the pipe ends to move together or apart in response to pressure thrusts and temperature changes.11 Roll Groove Pipe 1 3 Cut Groove Pipe 1 3 ⁄32" ⁄32" ⁄16" ⁄16" Represents Linear Movement Capabilities θ θ/2 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 39 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. ANGULAR MOVEMENT: FLEXIBLE COUPLING ANGULAR MOVEMENT Designed-in clearances allow limited deflection of the pipe joint within the coupling. APFH-12. Therefore. 7401 and Fig. and coupling tolerances. The following information on movement applies to these flexible couplings.31⁄2" 4" . 7010 are the flexible couplings provided in the Gruvlok product line.MOVEMENT Each flexible design Gruvlok coupling can provide for pipe system movement up to the design maximum for the specific size and type coupling being utilized. groove. 7001. and (2) the gap between pipe ends joined by the coupling. 7003. 7000. Movement is possible in the Gruvlok coupling due to two factors: (1) designed-in clearance between the key of the coupling and the groove diameter and groove width. The amount of angular flexibility varies for each coupling size and type. 7004 HPR are designed to provide a joint with the attributes of a welded or flanged connection. these joints would remain in strict alignment and would resist deflection and linear movement during service.24" RIGID COUPLINGS Gruvlok rigid couplings Fig. 7400.

In systems where both are expected.187") = 9 .APPLICATIONS Gruvlok® Couplings THERMAL MOVEMENT A sufficient amount of coupling joints must be provided to accommodate the calculated movement (expansion or contraction) in a pipe run or segment thereof . of Couplings = (1 . the total movement is 1 . Temperature: 160° F (71 . Maximum Oper .6.4° C) (at time of installation) .80") / (0 .188" linear movement per coupling (4" Flexible Coupling) COUPLINGS REQUIRED As indicated above. Movement per Coupling FOR OUR EXAMPLE: No . 200 FEET Thermal expansion tables show this system will expand a total of 1 . A partially deflected joint will not provide full linear movement capability. Movement / Avail . Thus. if the thermal movement was contraction due to a reduction of system temperature. will allow a limited capability for combined linear and angular movement. 40 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Therefore 10 couplings are needed POSITION OF COUPLINGS In order for the couplings to provide for the movement indicated by the above example. Minimum Temperature: 40° F (4 . thus accommodating the “shrink” of the pipe system. the coupling joints would have be installed with the pipe ends butted. A fully deflected coupling joint provides no linear movement capability.80" due to the temperature change .11 . additional joints may be required. EXAMPLE: A 200 foot long straight run of 4" steel cut grooved pipe between anchor points. we see that there is 0 . DESIGN QUESTION How many couplings are required to account for the thermal growth? AVAILABLE LINEAR MOVEMENT PER FLEXIBLE COUPLING: Using the table on page 39. The Gruvlok coupling will not allow for both maximum linear and maximum angular movement simultaneously. the number of couplings is determined as follows: No .1° C) .80".MOVEMENT . Conversely. COMBINED LINEAR & ANGULAR MOVEMENT The clearance in the grooved coupling joint. of Couplings = Tot . it would be necessary to install all couplings with the maximum gap between pipe ends.

and exposed pipe systems laid on rough ground are but a few of the many types of pipe installations that present conditions where the functional capability of the Gruvlok coupling are useful. If performed on a regular basis. Data Installation Contents MOVEMENT . ETC The flexible design of the Gruvlok coupling makes it ideal for use in a wide variety of systems in which random Pitched for Drainage changes of the pipe direction can be accommodated by the Gruvlok coupling’s angular deflection capability rather than requiring the use of special fittings.COMBINED LINEAR & ANGULAR MOVEMENT Continued For Deflection NOTE: Fully Deflected Joint Will Not Allow For Linear Expansion. BURIED SYSTEMS. Buried Pipe Systems Pitched drainage systems. EXAMPLE: Before Pipe Rotation After Pipe Rotation Utilizing the rotational capability of the Gruvlok Coupling. CURVE LAYOUT DRAINAGE.APPLICATIONS Gruvlok® Couplings . The additional stress from the combined movement is therefore relieved.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 41 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. two couplings were added to account for thermal expansion and the other couplings accommodate only the misalignment. buried pipe systems where pipe laying conditions are subject to settlement. the system must be shut down and internal pressure relieved. vibration. For Expansion In the example above. pipe rotation will evenly distribute wear over the entire inner surface of the pipe. or other similar movements. APFH-12. settlement. The pipe may then be rotated one-quarter turn. For pipe rotation. Gruvlok Couplings should never be used as a continuous swivel joint. However. the pipe life of a slurry or similar coarse material piping system can be extended. the couplings retightened. and service resumed. ROTATIONAL MOVEMENT: Piping systems designed with Gruvlok Couplings can accommodate minor rotational movement from thermal expansion.

04 3.07 5.13 10.06 4./ft-mm/m In.11 8.8 31⁄2 90 0.25 20.21 8x6 200 x 150 0.8 0.1 3 x 21⁄2 80 x 65 0./DN(mm) Degrees(˚)-Minutes(') 0.8 4 100 41⁄4 O. 7000.D.11 8.7 16 400 0. 7001. 7010 Deflection from C L Nominal Size Per Coupling of Pipe In. 0.9 0.0 51⁄2 O.D.0 5 125 51⁄4 O.D.D.9 0.9 In.18 FIG./DN(mm) Degrees(˚)-Minutes(') In. 733.8 2 x 11⁄2 50 x 40 0° 45' 0° 37' 0° 31' 0° 31' 1° 12' 1° 12' 1° 12' 1° 58' 0° 49' 0° 49' 0° 37' 0. 14. 1 0° 49' 0° 51' 0° 50' 17.20 16.0 61⁄2 O.29 23.9 21⁄2 65 3 O.13 10.11 8.17 of Pipe In.08 6.06 4.8 76.1 0.0 APFH-12. 0° 58' 1° 2' 0° 59' 22.D.09 7.1 8 200 0° 37' 0° 30' 0° 25' 0° 23' 0° 20' 0° 18' 0° 16' 0° 13' 0° 11' 0° 10' 13.9 0.13 10.20 16.1 108.25 20.5 3x2 80 x 50 0.9 18 450 0.23 18.13 4x2 100 x 50 0. 7001-2 & 7003 Nominal Size 1 25 FIG.2 30" O.4 0.17 14.1 11⁄4 32 0.8 21⁄2 x 2 65 x 50 0.16 13.8 0.1 3 80 0° 31' 0° 27' 1° 12' 1° 16' 10. 0./ft-mm/m 165.0 0.11 42 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .16 13.9 4x3 100 x 80 0. 750 Deflection from C L Per Coupling 0° 16' 159.2 20 500 0.09 7.9 28" O.26 6x4 150 x 100 0.1 0.25 20.4 0.D.8 5x4 125 x 100 0.8 4 x 21⁄2 100 x 65 0.13 10./ft-mm/m Deflection from C L Per Coupling of Pipe In.9 11⁄2 40 0.05 3.3 14 350 0.7 12 300 0.7 24 600 0.4 0.9 2 50 0. 17.D.25 20.20 16.17 14.7 10 250 0. 787.D. 7011 Nominal Size 30 O./DN(mm) Degrees(˚)-Minutes(') 1° 22' 1° 5' 0° 57' 0° 45' 0° 37' 0° 36' 0.1 6x5 150 x 125 0.20 139.9 133.04 3.7 6 150 6 ⁄4 O.11 8.0 0.17 14.06 5.DEFLECTION FROM CENTERLINE Gruvlok® Couplings FIG.D.

7001-2 Standard Coupling Fig. 40. 159. 4 x 21⁄2. 40. 3 x 2. 139.. 12. 40. 20. 90 4. 250. 76. 3 O. 400. 3 40. 21⁄2 x 2. 61⁄4 O. 100. 20. 61⁄2 O. 165./mm 0-3⁄32 (0-2./DN(mm) In. 5. 8 1 25./DN(mm) In. 787./DN(mm) . 300..1. 450. 5 x 4.11 1 ⁄2 40 1 1 ⁄16-1 ⁄2 30-38 3 1 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 43 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. 200 1. 200. 30 O. 65. 21⁄2. 18.D. 500. 139.7. 7400 Rigidlite Coupling Fig. 400. 7042 Outlet Coupling Nominal Pipe Size Nominal Pipe Size Range of Range of Outlet Pipe End Outlet Pipe End Run Run FPT F MPT/Grv..D.RANGE OF PIPE END SEPARATION Type of Coupling Fig. 7011 Standard Coupling Fig. 200 2 x 11⁄2. 50.. 24. 16. 80 100. 250. 90 4. 125. 80. 11⁄4. 2. 300. 80 x 65 4 x 2.D.D. 5. 6.D. 41⁄4 O. 8.D.. 80. 500. 18. 51⁄4 O.D.7 150.1. 150. 11⁄2. 350. 21⁄2.4. 16. 8. 16. 150. 20. 11⁄2. 2.1. 3 O./mm ⁄2 ⁄4 — — ⁄4-11⁄16 19-27 ⁄4 — — 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 11⁄2 40 15 3 20 — — ⁄4-11⁄16 19-27 3 80 1 25 1 25 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 20 1 25 1 — — ⁄4-11⁄16 19-27 — — 3 11⁄2 40 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 ⁄2 ⁄4 — — 11 11 11 ⁄16-1 ⁄16-1 ⁄16-1 4 100 ⁄4 — — 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 15 17-25 17-25 17-25 20 2 50 3 — — 1 25 — — 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 20 1 25 1 3 1 25 — — 11⁄2 40 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 ⁄2 ⁄4 — — 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 — — 2 50 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 15 20 — — 1 ⁄16-1 ⁄2 30-38 3 1 1 25 — — 15⁄8-115⁄16 41-51 21⁄2 65 1 25 — — 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 6 150 11⁄2 40 11⁄2 40 15⁄8-115⁄16 41-51 — — 11⁄4 32 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 — — 2 50 15⁄8-115⁄16 41-51 — — APFH-12. 400. 150 x 100. 3 25. M/G Separation In. 450. 400.. 4 x 3. 1 ⁄2. 11⁄4. 18. 200 x 150 The Range of Pipe End Separation for the 30" O.1. 6 x 5.0. 32. 125. 61⁄2 O. 600.D. 2. 3.57) 1 1. 108. 7000 LW Flexible Coupling Fig. 7401 Rigidlok Coupling Fig. 450. 51⁄2 O.D. 8 x 6 100 x 50. 76. 32. M/G Separation FPT F MPT/Grv.D. 31⁄2 25.1. 50./mm 3 3 3 In.. 600 Fig. 6. 10.1.1. 21⁄2. 65 x 50. 24 350. 80 4. 3 4.. 200 11⁄2.0. 21⁄2. 50. 65. 31⁄2 25. 3 O. 32. 14. 16. 133. 5. 11⁄2. 51⁄2 O.. 165../mm In. 7401-2 Rigidlok Coupling 0-1⁄32 (0-0. 600 1. 500. 2. 150. 6.0. 65. 51⁄2 O. 125..D. 6. 450. 350.D. 5. 7010 Reducing Coupling Fig. 733. 32. 24 100.. 28 O. 8 100. 200. 1 ⁄4.D.D. 7001 Standard Coupling Fig. 600 – – 14. 3.1. 125. (750mm) Coupling is 0-9/64 (0-3. 150. Data Installation Contents RANGE OF PIPE END SEPARATION Gruvlok® Couplings Nominal Coupling Sizes (In. 10. 11⁄4. 100 x 65..D.38) In. 20. 61⁄2 O.D. 139. 76. 76. 21⁄2. 61⁄2 O. 125. 6 x 4. 8 100. 12. 80 x 50. 80 4. 65. 150 x 125. 100 x 80. 5. 65. 500.7.. 7003 Hingelok Coupling Fig.79) In. 18. 125 x 100./mm In./mm 1. 50. 6. 3 x 21⁄2 50 x 40. 2. 50. 165. 40. 3 O. 14.4 – – 14.D./mm 3 In. 24 350. 165./mm 1 In.

6 2.9 0.9 4.250 5.5 38.5 0.1 0.5 20.1 6.1 0.3 5.7 2.4 2.7 0.375 9.216 5.1 8 200 8.0 2.GRUVLOK® FITTING FOR GROOVED-END PIPE FLOW DATA – FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE (EXPRESSED AS EQUIVALENT STRAIGHT PIPE) Nominal Size In.5 5.3 16.145 3.0 6.8 5.6 7.203 5.0 87.2 0.000 609.1 10 250 10.500 88.000 508.7 5.1 12 300 12.9 2.5 32.000 355.7 3.5 8.6 3.248 2.2 20.0 7.7 7.0 61⁄2 O.0 8.7 0.2 26.6 6.D.3 0.5 8.9 3.1 1.9 16.1 20.4 8.2 10.D.1 7.6 9.1 10.0 10.4 24.2 73.5 28.3 3.0 10.4 5.375 9.3 6.5 113.8 97.1 8.154 3.D.6 24 600 24.D.7 5 125 61⁄4 O.7 0.8 12.900 48.7 2.5 20 500 20.4 8. 108./m Run Ft.3 5.4 1.3 0.220 1.1 3.6 6.000 457. 133.5 26.5 22.0 5.0 15.1 3./m Tee 45° Ft.7 2.8 ft (3.1 3 80 41⁄4 O.0 51⁄2 O.0 0.8 2.375 9.133 3.3 0.3 0.1 6 150 165.3 1.3 76.5 7.0 8.9 16.322 8.9 6.750 323.1 9.2 6.2 13./mm Elbow 90° Ft.3 4.4 2.0 0.500 6.000 406.258 6.7 2.7 159.6 9.D.7 5.6 22.6 0.4 1.625 168.5 8.4 21.4 108. use the value that is corresponding to the branch size.7 5.8 10.3 4.0 0.7 2.9 22.140 3.0 6.236 5.2 4.5 0.6 0.0 21⁄2 65 3 O.375 9.6 2.280 3.6 0.2 0.0 3.0 1.6 2.4 1.1 3.4 0.0 165.3 4.4 8.197 4.3 1.0 10./m 1 25 1.2 4.1 9.0 33.0 4.0 2. For example: for 6" x 6" x 3" tee.875 73.8 4.3 29.1 6.375 9.2 3.9).365 9.0 133.563 141.4 6.7 5.2 0.0 4 100 51⁄4 O.3 10.4 24.9 7.9 8.3 0.8 23.0 1.7 1.500 114.3 0.0 34.4 6.1 1.0 6.5 1 ⁄4 32 1 1.2 9.11 .0 6.3 7.0 6.1 1.1 1.3 139.5 5.9 0.2 1.3 4.3 5.2 19.1 0.8 3.7 0.3 2.8 1.1 1.375 60. the branch value of 3" is 12.248 2.7 2. 159.4 0.237 6.1 10.8 3.1 14 350 14.3 4.8 1. 76.7 1.259 6.3 For the reducing tee and branches.4 1.6 31.1 2.2 6.2 0.1 1.280 7.1 0./m Branch Ft.9 31.0 50.500 7.3 0.3 7.2 4.9 3./DN(mm) O.7 16.3 12. In. 139.6 41.660 42.4 1.1 20.1 0.D.8 25.8 20.625 219.1 13.4 40.0 1. 2.0 10.4 64.D.8 17.0 3.7 34.0 4.5 25.280 2.6 0.996 0.315 33.8 2 50 2.7 0. 44 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.750 273.6 0.7 11⁄2 40 1.0 16 400 16.375 9.1 1.4 2.1 3.4 12.0 18 450 18.3 2.0 4.4 0./mm Pipe Wall Thickness In.0 6.6 25.9 11.

GRUVLOK FITTINGS Nominal Size In. C to E O.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 45 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.500 133 51⁄4 C 83 31⁄4 C 133 51⁄2 C 139.1 3 80 76. contact an Anvil Rep. O.D.Cast malleable or ductile iron.3 165 6 1 ⁄2 C 165 89 31⁄2 C 89 165 61⁄2 C 165 8 200 8.D.259 133 5 1 ⁄2 C 140 6C 83 31⁄4 C 83 31⁄2 C 140 51⁄2 C 140 6C 159.236 121 5C 127 51⁄4 C 83 3C 76 31⁄4 C 121 5C 127 51⁄4 C 133.6 4.0 6.625 168./mm 1 25 1./mm FIG.0 5.875 73.563 141.3 31⁄4 C 83 2C 51 3 1 ⁄4 C 83 21⁄2 65 3 O.D.D.500 88.7 5 125 61⁄4 O.3 6.4 21⁄4 C 57 13⁄4 C 44 21⁄4 C 57 1 ⁄4 32 1 1.0 51⁄2 O.0 2.000 101. 2.2 2 ⁄4 C 70 3 1 ⁄4 C 44 3 23⁄4 C 70 11⁄2 40 1.750 323.D.3 2 3 ⁄4 C 70 13⁄4 C 44 23⁄4 C 70 2 50 2.315 33.660 42. In.D.D./DN(mm) Center to End Dimensions O./mm FIG.500 152 61⁄2 C 89 31⁄2 C 152 61⁄2 C 165.1 3.500 114. 139. Center to end dimensions may differ from those shown in chart.0 4 100 51⁄4 O.D. 4. all others are fabricated steel.900 48. 7051 45˚ ELBOW In.996 3 3 ⁄4 C 95 4C 21⁄4 C 57 21⁄2 C 33⁄4 C 95 4C 76.1 6 150 165.7 5. 108.625 219. APFH-12.9 10 C 254 51⁄4 C 133 10 C 254 C . 7060 TEE In. Data Installation Contents .GRUVLOK® FITTING FOR GROOVED-END PIPE C to E C to E C to E O. 159.1 9C 229 43⁄4 C 121 9C 229 12 300 12.D. 133.9 102 4 1 ⁄4 C 108 64 21⁄2 C 64 101 41⁄4 C 108 31⁄2 90 41⁄4 O.250 4 1 ⁄2 C 114 43⁄4 C 23⁄4 C 70 27⁄8 C 41⁄2 C 114 43⁄4 C 108.1 6.375 60.D./mm FIG.0 61⁄2 O.750 273.0 4.3 5. for more information.1 73⁄4 C 197 41⁄4 C 108 73⁄4 C 197 10 250 10. 7050 90˚ ELBOW In.

90 3 76 1 ⁄2 x 1. 250 7 178 * . 8 250 x 100. 50. 11⁄4*. 6* 200 x 80. 2*. GRUVLOK FITTINGS FIG. 125. 125 4 102 2 ⁄2 x 1. 65. 32. 150. 11⁄2. 125. 32. 1 ⁄4 40 x 25. 8./DN(mm) FIG. 2*. 40. 2 ⁄2. 31⁄2 100 x 25. 200 6 152 31⁄2 x 3 90 x 80 3 76 12 x 4.Cast malleable or ductile iron. 5. 11⁄4. 100. 40. 80. 11⁄2. 46 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 100 1 31⁄2 89 2 x 1. 21⁄2* 80 x 25.GRUVLOK® FITTING FOR GROOVED-END PIPE E to E O. 5./mm End to End In. 6*. 32 1 2 ⁄2 64 1 5 x 2. 21⁄2*. all others are fabricated steel. 200. 4* 125 x 50. 50. 21⁄2. 100. 32. 150 5 127 3 x 1. 4*. 65. 32. 7072 CONCENTRIC REDUCER Nominal Size In. 80./DN(mm) End to End In. 10 300 x 100. 40 21⁄2 64 6 x 1. 4*. 1 ⁄4. 40. 3*.11 .D. 2*. 3*. 1 ⁄2. 50. 50 1 1 1 2 ⁄2 64 1 8 x 3. 11⁄2. 65 21⁄2 64 10 x 4. 150. 11⁄2* 50 x 25. 3. 80. 5* 150 x 25. 65. 7072 CONCENTRIC REDUCER Nominal Size In. 6./mm 11⁄4 x 1 32 x 25 21⁄2 64 1 4 x 1. 11⁄4. 2* 65 x 25. 40.

3840 0.360 473.380 1.6613 1.0393 1.049 1.000 4.050 1.0158 0.970 28. in inches APFH-12. in psi S = unit stress.0054 0.383.790 14. in inches t = wall thickness.526.1058 0.405 0. The formula predicts bursting pressures that have been found to be safely within the actual test bursting pressures.030 166.878 1.0963 Barlow's Formula Barlow’s Formula is a safe.269 0.540 0.875 3.000 1.580 9.0099 0.067 2.840 1. in psi D = outside diameter of pipe.563 6.425 0.493 0.910 270. It is interesting to note that the formula uses the “outside diameter” of pipe and is sometimes referred to as the “outside diameter formula.5136 0.568 0.026 5.625 10.718 3.0030 0.653 5.679 2.824 1.620 18.625 8.480 Length in Feet containing One Cubic Foot (Feet) 2.273 2.275 70.565 11.315 1.500 5.047 6.068 3.660 1.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 47 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.469 3.198 4.675 0.548 4.312 7.826 Gallons in One Linear Foot (Gallons) 0.375 2. Data Installation Contents .131 1.793 7.913 30.479 14.077 19.020 Actual Outside Diameter (Inches) 0.5988 4.0449 0.STANDARD WEIGHT PIPE DATA Nominal Pipe Diameter (Inches) ⁄8 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 1 1 Actual Inside Diameter (Inches) 0.065 7.364 0.622 0.800 754.981 10.500 4.0277 0.851 1.750 Weight per Foot (Pounds) 0.620 96.610 2. easy method for finding the relationship between internal fluid pressure and stress in the pipe wall.110 10.550 40.2487 0.900 2.245 0.0777 0.” P = (2 • t • S) / D Where: P = internal units pressure.733 49.1743 0.5008 2.984 2.

48 COMMERCIAL PIPE SIZES AND WALL THICKNESSES Sch 5S Sch 10 Sch 10S Sch 20 Sch 30 Sch Std.375 0.294 0.091 0.226 0.500 0. Traditional standard weight.358 0.109 0.133 0.133 0.119 0.065 0.375 0.109 0.083 0.203 0.088 0.237 0.068 - 0.068 0.179 0.226 0.840 1.563 0.318 0.437 0.049 - - 0.065 0.552 0.154 0.218 0. or specifically: ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 3 ⁄4 1 1 ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 APFH-12.120 0.382 0.203 0. Pipe wall thickness in ASME B36.120 0.065 0.140 0.088 0.113 0.219 0.375 0.154 0.179 0.405 - 0.258 0.154 0.145 0.500 4.179 0.083 0.049 0.216 0.250 0.674 0.120 0.237 0.109 0.134 0.065 0.675 0.065 0.154 0.375 0.083 0. 140 Sch.276 0.318 0.258 0.147 0.119 0.113 0.140 0.120 0.337 0.400 0.145 0.083 0.113 0.120 0.276 0.218 0.308 0.191 0.109 0.500 5. 160 X XX Strong Strong Nom.140 0.109 0.200 0.625 0.088 0.133 0.147 0.375 2.120 0.300 0. (IN) Size 1 ⁄8 0.065 0.109 0.000 4.126 0.050 1.258 0.216 0. Commercial Pipe Sizes and Wall Thicknesses This table lists standard pipe sizes and wall thicknesses.120 0.11 5 .091 0.154 0.065 0.531 0.540 0.065 0.337 0.109 0.191 0.200 0.083 0.068 0.237 0.083 0.203 0.218 0.636 0.600 0.120 0.300 0.344 0.065 0.660 1.147 0. Outside Pipe Dia.134 0.276 0.216 0.109 0.145 0.318 0. extra strong & durable extra strong pipe.095 - 1 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 0.109 0.10 for carbon steel.226 0.083 0.191 0.126 0.250 0.875 3.119 0.300 0.109 0.083 0.187 0.900 2.109 0.438 0.337 0.436 0. 1.200 0.281 0.095 - - - - 0.091 0.750 2.109 0.154 0. NOMINAL WALL THICKNESS FOR Sch Sch Sch Sch Sch 40 40S 60 80 80S Sch 100 Sch 120 Sch.065 0.126 0.095 0.315 1.

406 0.365 0.188 0.500 1. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 42 All dimensions shown are in inches.188 0.844 1.312 0.812 1.656 0.000 0.406 0.312 0.344 0.500 0.125 1.322 0.312 0.000 0.594 22.250 1.375 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.625 0.844 1.250 0.625 0.322 0.875 1.812 0.125 0.500 0.875 6.375 0.307 0.094 1.562 20.312 0.330 0.134 0.594 0.322 0.625 0.281 1.375 0.375 0.750 0.165 0.562 0.500 0.375 0.562 - 0.375 0.312 0.625 0. Actual thickness may be as much as 12.125 0.375 0.594 0.250 0.000 14.500 0.180 0.500 0.312 0.156 0.180 0.188 0.218 0.312 0.688 0.250 0.000 0.500 1.000 30.375 24.500 1.719 0.312 0.280 0.375 1.156 0.11 6 8. NOTE: All dimensions in inches & thicknesses are nominal or average wall thickness.750 0.500 0.500 0.844 0.5% under nominal due to mill tolerance.500 1.375 0.156 1.375 0.250 26.500 0.134 0.500 18.750 0.250 0.688 0.562 1.125 0.500 0.432 0.375 0.438 1.969 1.500 0.375 0.165 0.134 - - 0.365 0. Data Installation Contents .000 42.219 0.562 0.165 0.875 2.000 12.312 0.750 0.688 0.432 0.250 0.000 34.375 0.000 1.625 1. 49 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.031 0.500 0.406 0.500 0.969 0.625 10.000 28.312 0.781 0.000 0.000 0.750 0.218 0.280 0.500 1.219 1.280 - 0.500 0.277 0.938 0.375 0.109 0.500 0.750 1.188 0.625 0.000 0.000 0.000 36.594 0.375 32.365 0.250 0.531 1.719 0.750 0.165 0.500 1.148 0.375 0.500 0.500 0.375 0.438 0.19 & applicable only to corrosion resistant materials. Pipe wall thickness in ASTM Specification A409 & ASME B36.625 0.432 - 0.688 0.312 0.864 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 3.938 1.906 0.719 0.500 0.500 1.375 0.062 2.500 1.500 0.000 1.594 0.375 1.148 0.500 0.250 0.031 1.625 0.250 0.218 0.250 0.000 0.375 0.375 0.500 0.109 0.812 2.188 0.APFH-12.438 16.

000 1 3 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 36 50 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 20 API 0.840 1.870 12.132 0.216 0.700 97. Wall Thickness In.133 0.109 0.100 31.000 158.375 2.000 190.154 0. Weight per Foot Lbs.765 1.850 5.145 0.140 0.882 0.322 0.980 8.000 0.738 0.113 0.480 64.154 0.500 120.660 1.110 12.226 0.652 5.563 6.400 53.337 0.500 69.200 2.365 0.625 10.000 107.200 0.625 8.570 10.510 10.000 171.996 2.186 0.091 0.D.276 0.500 4.473 1.200 76. ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄4 0.279 2.147 0.374 0.500 51.050 1.687 0.750 12.318 0. Schedule No.083 0.678 2.101 0.171 2.280 0.100 48. In.200 88.555 0.593 0.031 0.790 7.000 APFH-12.687 1.850 1. Weight of Water per Foot Lbs.200 286.311 0.000 20. 40 & 80 Pipe Size In.000 4.022 5.567 0.000 58.000 36.500 0.126 0.258 0.647 0.510 11.087 1.75 14.406 0.437 0.500 0.875 3.000 297.600 88.315 1.179 0.000 16.000 123.230 0.452 1.000 417.191 0.072 1.000 83.000 24.563 0.218 0.500 0.800 34.130 1.593 1.000 137.290 21.970 28.631 3.272 2.237 0.000 209.860 4.980 14.400 109.750 0.937 0.390 40.660 7.780 18.000 171.200 158.834 3.250 9. 3 O.500 0.432 0.675 0.000 30.203 0.061 0.Steel Pipe Data SCHEDULE NO.660 7.500 5.000 105.570 28.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .400 174.900 2.218 0.790 14.510 4.843 0.717 3.620 20.280 3.375 0.550 43.600 19.500 44.300 0.600 63.000 18.

080 0.500 0.423 43.140 1.125 10.060 8.675 51 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.100 0.032 0.884 1.900 5.375 1.125 1.200 19.100 40.527 0.290 30. Tubing In.750 2. Wall Thickness In.151 0.870 25.125 8. O.125 12.767 1.200 19.D.375 0.209 0.192 0.839 1.625 2.610 10.405 0. Weight of Water per Foot Lbs.100 0.800 0.125 2.125 1.120 6.049 0.083 0.000 2.641 0.290 5.109 0.110 0.344 0.875 1. In.500 30.049 0.375 0.060 2.126 0.900 40.065 0.500 0.125 8.140 0.125 5.144 0.D.198 0.625 4.125 6.160 0.289 31.120 0.590 45.125 3.Copper Tube Data TYPE L Tube Size In.750 0.134 0.049 0.418 0.145 0.125 5. Weight of Water per Foot Lbs.030 0.090 0.616 20.362 0.625 0.125 6.625 0.300 57.D. O. Wall Thickness In.062 0.081 11.330 4.341 2.960 3.625 2.125 10.035 0.125 12.060 0.070 0. O.875 1.045 0.125 2.510 9.D.625 4.337 0.065 0.375 1.285 0.670 13.042 0.338 0.426 TYPE K Tube Size In.125 3. Tubing In. ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 APFH-12.455 0.625 3.11 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 11⁄8 13 ⁄ 8 15 ⁄ 8 21⁄8 25⁄8 31⁄8 35 ⁄ 8 41⁄8 51⁄8 61⁄8 81⁄8 101⁄8 121⁄8 3 0.000 11.094 0.064 2. Weight per Foot Lbs.040 1.743 1. ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 11⁄8 1 3⁄8 1 5⁄8 21⁄8 25⁄8 31⁄8 3 5⁄8 41⁄8 51⁄8 61⁄8 81⁄8 101⁄8 121⁄8 3 0.055 0.625 3.357 0.065 0.188 8.271 0.280 0.480 3.949 3.125 0.546 0.380 7.920 4.072 0. O.269 0.125 0. Data Installation Contents .250 0.055 0.750 0.050 0.040 0.989 5.095 0.360 2.000 5. In.034 0.125 0.310 2.188 0.200 0.400 0. Weight per Foot Lbs.035 0.655 0.

000 30.5+ 56t 35 . 6.52 ASTM CARBON STEEL PIPE AND FLANGE SPECIFICATIONS Elongation (% in 2") STD Round C MN P Chemical Composition. cold bending or forge welding.000 30.000 (2) – (3) – As above. cold bending or forge welding.5+ 32t 16. 17. except use Grade A for close coiling. 17. suitable for welding.048 max .000 35. ASTM Grade or Strength Type PSI Yield Point or Strength PSI PIPE AND TUBING 35 .5 28 17.000 30. A 135 A 48.5+ 40t 28 long.11 Resistance welded steel pipe for liquid.060 max . A 53 B 60.000 22 15+ 48t 30 (2) – (3) – Black or hot-dip galvanize seamless or res. bending. (1) A106 B 60. A 53 A 48. (When tension. ASTM Carbon Steel Pipe and Flange Specifications ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK (1) A106 A 48. welded steel pipe suitable for A 120 ordinary uses.048 max .93 Seamless milled steel pipe for hightemperature service.25 max 25 . except use Grade A for close coiling.050 max . % S Rectangular 5 ⁄16" 5⁄16" t Description and Applications Spec No.000 35.5+ 56t 35 – – .058 max As above.000 . – – – – – – – – – – – APFH-12. flattening (obsolete) or bend test required. 12. order to A-53). suitable for bending.30 max .000 28 long.27 to.5+ 56t 35 OR (4) or 12 trans.06 . gas or vapor. flanging.27 to 1.000 – 17. & other special purposes.058 max Black or hot-dip galvanize seamless or res-welded steel pipe suitable for coiling.5+ 56t OR (4) or 20 trans. flanging & similar forming operations.

If carbon is ≤0.35%.35%. Heat treatment is not required.35 (5) max . welded: open hearth 0.000 – 15+ 48t 30 – – .90 max .05 max .35 (5) max . carbon content shall be ≤0.05 max . may be annealed or normalized.000 25 – – .11 As above. 53 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.11 max. Res.35 (5) max .050 max .35 (5) max . fittings (6) values and parts for high temperature service.048 max. The silicon content shall be ≤0. FLANGES B 60.90 max .05 max . (4) Longitudinal or transverse direction of test specimen with respect to pipe axis (5) When flanges will be subject to fusion welding.000 22 – – .35%.13 max for 1⁄8" and 1⁄4" size resistance welded pipe only (3) Seamless: open hearth 0.APFH-12.000 30. As above ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK (1) 0. acid bessemar 0. it may be necessary to add silicon to meet required tensile properties.000 18 – – I 60.90 max . (2) Open hearth.05 max .060 max Forged or rolled steel pipe flanges.05 max .05 max As above except for general service. 0.000 36. (6) Factor-made Wrought Carbon Steel and Ferritic Alloy Steel Welding Fitting Specifications are covered under ASTM A234.000 36.90 max . Heat treatment required.050 max.000 22 – – II 70.000 35.10% silicon minimum. Data Installation Contents . A105 I 60. except use Grade A for flanging & bending.05 max As above A 105 A 181 A 181 II 70.05 max . A 135 FORGED PIPE.000 30.

653 5.000 59.455 2.000 183.46 4.280 1.510 8.648 0.882 1.172 2.132 0.56 3.100 101.000 0.660 12.20 4.400 122.51 3.91 1.580 70.200 1.620 119.22 1.93 1.510 21.01 0.63 3.10 5.71 2.700 79.80 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 54 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 1 3 Weight of: Std. Pipe Lbs.130 125.800 32.100 49.850 4.200 126.570 62.230 0.500 76.022 7.076 3.580 54.555 0.500 98.420 72.82 2.23 1.290 19.590 78.780 28.390 54.510 14. 1 3 Regular Yellow Brass Red Brass Lbs.39 3.100 286.13 4.131 1.273 2.51 1.980 20.110 10.27 1.088 1.67 1.480 49.19 5.718 3.200 4.620 18.800 180.997 3.12 0. Extra Strong Copper Yellow Brass Red Brass Lbs.090 82.474 2.04 4.890 11.450 104.PIPE AND WATER WEIGHT PER LINE FOOT Nominal Pipe Size In.580 9.800 291.30 1.490 158. Weight of: Water XS Pipe Lbs.99 5.000 57.550 40.300 47.200 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 WEIGHT PER FOOT OF SEAMLESS BRASS AND COPPER PIPE Nominal Pipe Size In.101 0.39 4.69 3.29 3.837 2.570 43.793 7.78 2.67 2.770 93.311 0.280 5.765 1.11 .374 0.631 5.96 1.600 94.740 65.49 3.19 1.970 28.62 2.864 3.690 34.980 7.661 10.188 0. Water ⁄2 ⁄4 0.790 14.250 12.73 2.851 1.679 2.23 1. Copper ⁄2 ⁄4 0.25 1.000 0.

1. Pipe Size ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 3 CONCENTRIC REDUCERS H Nom. 6. 6 4. 31⁄2 2. 1⁄2 3 1 3 ⁄8. 3. 1 3 ⁄2. 21⁄2. ⁄4. 8 5. 21⁄2. 11⁄2. 4. 2. Pipe Size 90˚ ELBOWS Long R A Short R A 45˚ ELBOWS B STRAIGHT TEES C&M 1 11⁄8 11⁄2 17⁄8 21⁄4 21⁄2 3 33⁄8 33⁄4 41⁄8 47⁄8 55⁄8 7 81⁄2 10 ⁄2 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 3 1 1 ⁄2 11⁄8 11⁄2 17⁄8 21⁄4 3 33⁄4 41⁄2 51⁄4 6 71⁄2 9 12 15 18 1 –– –– 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 ⁄8 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 13⁄8 13⁄4 2 21⁄4 21⁄2 31⁄8 33⁄4 5 61⁄4 71⁄2 7 5 All dimensions shown are in inches. 3 11⁄2. 2 11⁄4. 3. APFH-12. 11⁄2. 11⁄2 1. 11⁄4 3 ⁄4. 4. 21⁄2 3 11⁄2 2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 All dimensions shown are in inches. 21⁄2. 31⁄2. ⁄4. 11⁄2.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Weld Fitting and Pipe and Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.Weld Fittings –– 90˚ Elbow. 5. 11⁄4. 5 31⁄2. 2. 8. 1 1 3 ⁄2. 45˚ Elbow. 4 21⁄2. 2. Conc. Pipe Size 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 x x x x x x x 11⁄4. 10 H 4 4 5 51⁄2 6 7 8 55 x x x x x x x ⁄8. 6. ⁄4. 5. 1. Reducer Nominal B Nominal Nominal B A C C M WELD FITTINGS Nom. 3. Data Installation Contents . Tee. ⁄2. 11⁄4. 31⁄2. H WELD FITTINGS CONCENTRIC REDUCERS Nom.

600 LB. 300 LB. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 400 LB. 150 LB. Pipe O Y(1) O Y(1) O Y(2) O Y(2) Size 1 ⁄2 31⁄2 17⁄8 33⁄4 21⁄16 33⁄4 21⁄16 33⁄4 21⁄16 3 ⁄4 37⁄8 21⁄16 45⁄8 21⁄4 45⁄8 21⁄4 45⁄8 21⁄4 1 41⁄4 23⁄16 47⁄8 27⁄16 47⁄8 27⁄16 47⁄8 27⁄16 11⁄4 45⁄8 21⁄4 51⁄4 29⁄16 51⁄4 25⁄8 51⁄4 25⁄8 11⁄2 5 27⁄16 61⁄8 211⁄16 61⁄8 23⁄4 61⁄8 23⁄4 2 6 21⁄2 61⁄2 23⁄4 61⁄2 27⁄8 61⁄2 27⁄8 21⁄2 7 23⁄4 71⁄2 3 71⁄2 31⁄8 71⁄2 31⁄8 3 71⁄2 23⁄4 81⁄4 31⁄8 81⁄4 31⁄4 81⁄4 31⁄4 31⁄2 81⁄2 213⁄16 9 33⁄16 9 33⁄8 9 33⁄8 4 9 3 10 33⁄8 10 31⁄2 103⁄4 4 5 10 31⁄2 11 37⁄8 11 4 13 41⁄2 6 11 31⁄2 121⁄2 37⁄8 121⁄2 41⁄16 14 45⁄8 8 131⁄2 4 15 43⁄8 15 45⁄8 161⁄2 51⁄4 10 16 4 171⁄2 45⁄8 171⁄2 47⁄8 20 6 12 19 41⁄2 201⁄2 51⁄8 201⁄2 53⁄8 22 61⁄8 (1) The 1⁄16" raised face is included in length thru Hub.Weld Fittings –– Welding Neck Flanges Slip-on. 150 LB. “Y”. (2) The 1⁄4" raised face is not included in length thru Hub. 56 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.† 600 LB. SLIP-ON. “Y”. THREADED AND SOCKET FLANGES Y O Y O Y O Nom. (2) The 1⁄4" raised face is not included in length thru Hub. “Y”.11 . Threaded and Socket Flanges WELDING NECK FLANGES Y O Nom. All dimensions shown are in inches. “Y”. 400 LB. Pipe O Y(1) Size 1 5 ⁄2 31⁄2 ⁄8 3 5 ⁄4 37⁄8 ⁄8 1 41⁄4 11⁄16 11⁄4 45⁄8 13⁄16 7 11⁄2 5 ⁄8 2 6 1 21⁄2 7 11⁄8 3 71⁄2 13⁄16 31⁄2 81⁄2 11⁄4† 4 9 15⁄16† 5 10 17⁄16† 6 11 19⁄16† 8 131⁄2 13⁄4† 10 16 115⁄16† 12 19 23⁄16† 300 LB. All dimensions shown are in inches. Y(2) 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄8 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 115⁄16† 21⁄8† 23⁄8*† 25⁄8 † 3† 33⁄8† 35⁄8† Y(1) O 7 ⁄8 33⁄4 1 45⁄8 11⁄16 47⁄8 11⁄16 51⁄4 13⁄16 61⁄8 15⁄16 61⁄2 11⁄2 71⁄2 111⁄16 81⁄4 13⁄4† 9 17⁄8† 10 2† 11 21⁄16† 121⁄2 27⁄16† 15 25⁄8† 171⁄2 27⁄8† 201⁄2 Y(2) O 7 ⁄8 33⁄4 1 45⁄8 11⁄16 47⁄8 11⁄8 51⁄4 11⁄4 61⁄8 17⁄16 61⁄2 15⁄8 71⁄2 113⁄16 81⁄4 115⁄16 9 2 103⁄4 21⁄8 13 21⁄4 14 211⁄16 161⁄2 27⁄8 20 31⁄8 22 * Not available in Threaded type † Not available in Socket type (1) The 1⁄16" raised face is included in length thru Hub.

“Y”.Lap Joint Flanges Y O LAP JOINT FLANGES Nom. Pipe Size 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 150 LB. (2) The 1⁄4" raised face is not included in Thickness. Data Installation Contents . “Y”. O 31⁄2 37⁄8 41⁄4 45⁄8 5 6 7 71⁄2 81⁄2 9 10 11 131⁄2 16 19 Y 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 11 ⁄16 13 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 13⁄16 11⁄4 15⁄16 17⁄16 19⁄16 13⁄4 115⁄16 23⁄16 300 LB. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 103⁄4 13 14 161⁄2 20 22 Y ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄8 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 115⁄16 21⁄8 23⁄8 25⁄8 3 43⁄8 45⁄8 7 Y 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄16 13⁄16 15⁄16 11⁄2 111⁄16 13⁄4 17⁄8 2 21⁄16 27⁄16 33⁄4 4 Y 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄8 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 115⁄16 2 21⁄8 21⁄4 211⁄16 4 41⁄4 All dimensions shown are in inches. O 31⁄2 37⁄8 41⁄4 45⁄8 5 6 7 71⁄2 81⁄2 9 10 11 131⁄2 16 19 Y(1) 7 ⁄16 1 ⁄2 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 11⁄16 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 15⁄16 15⁄16 15⁄16 15⁄16 1 11⁄8 13⁄16 11⁄4 300 LB. BLIND FLANGES Nom. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 Y O 600 LB. APFH-12. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 103⁄4 13 14 161⁄2 20 22 Y(2) 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 11⁄16 13⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 11⁄4 13⁄8 11⁄2 13⁄4 17⁄8 23⁄16 21⁄2 25⁄8 For Sizes 31⁄2 and Smaller use 600 LB.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 57 Weld Fitting and Pipe and Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Standard 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 13⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 17⁄8 21⁄8 21⁄4 (1) The 1⁄16" raised face is included in Thickness. Pipe Size 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 150 LB. Y(2) 600 LB. All dimensions shown are in inches. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 1⁄16" 400 LB. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 Y(1) 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 11⁄16 3 ⁄4 13⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 13⁄16 11⁄4 13⁄8 17⁄16 15⁄8 17⁄8 2 O 400 LB.

D.D. of Bolts 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 Bolt Size ⁄8 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 5 5 Bolt Length 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 33 ⁄ 4 33 ⁄ 4 41 ⁄ 4 41 ⁄ 4 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 53 ⁄ 4 61 ⁄ 2 61 ⁄ 2 63 ⁄ 4 71 ⁄ 8 8 All dimensions shown are in inches.D. EXTRA HEAVY CAST IRON COMPANION FLANGES AND BOLTS (for working pressures up to 250 psi steam. Flange Dia.D. of Bolts 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 Bolt Size ⁄8 1 ⁄2 1 ⁄2 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 1 1 3 Bolt Length 2 21 ⁄ 4 21 ⁄ 4 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 3 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 4 4 41 ⁄ 2 41 ⁄ 2 All dimensions shown are in inches. 18 O. 31 ⁄ 2 41 ⁄ 4 45 ⁄ 8 5 6 7 71 ⁄ 2 81 ⁄ 2 9 10 11 131 ⁄ 2 16 19 21 231 ⁄ 2 Bolt Circle 21 ⁄ 2 31 ⁄ 8 31 ⁄ 2 37 ⁄ 8 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 6 7 71 ⁄ 2 81 ⁄ 2 91 ⁄ 2 113 ⁄ 4 141 ⁄ 4 17 183 ⁄ 4 211 ⁄ 4 No. 16 O. 4 ⁄8 51 ⁄ 4 61 ⁄ 8 61 ⁄ 2 71 ⁄ 2 81 ⁄ 4 9 10 11 121 ⁄ 2 15 171 ⁄ 2 201 ⁄ 2 23 251 ⁄ 2 28 301 ⁄ 2 36 7 Bolt Circle 3 ⁄2 37 ⁄ 8 41 ⁄ 2 5 57 ⁄ 8 65 ⁄ 8 71 ⁄ 4 77 ⁄ 8 91 ⁄ 4 105 ⁄ 8 13 151 ⁄ 4 173 ⁄ 4 201 ⁄ 4 221 ⁄ 2 243 ⁄ 4 27 32 1 No. 20 O.STANDARD CAST IRON COMPANION FLANGES AND BOLTS (for working pressures up to 125 psi steam. 400 psi WOG) Size 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 O.11 . 58 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 175 psi WOG) Size ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 3 Flange Dia.D. 24 O.

APFH-12. Bolt * Stud Bolt Bolt * Stud Bolt Bolt of Circle of Circle Length Length Diameter Length Length Diameter Bolts Diameter Bolts Diameter 23 ⁄ 8 2 ⁄4 31 ⁄ 8 3 ⁄2 37 ⁄ 8 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 6 7 7 ⁄2 8 ⁄2 91 ⁄ 2 113 ⁄ 4 141 ⁄ 8 17 18 ⁄ 4 211 ⁄ 4 223 ⁄ 4 25 271 ⁄ 4 291 ⁄ 2 31 ⁄ 4 36 401 ⁄ 2 423 ⁄ 4 491 ⁄ 2 3 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 5 3 3 3 7 7 ⁄2 ⁄4 ⁄2 ⁄2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 16 20 20 20 24 28 32 32 36 21 ⁄ 4 2 ⁄4 21 ⁄ 2 2 ⁄2 23 ⁄ 4 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 3 ⁄2 3 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 33 ⁄ 4 4 41 ⁄ 2 41 ⁄ 2 5 51 ⁄ 4 53 ⁄ 4 6 61 ⁄ 2 63 ⁄ 4 7 7 ⁄4 8 81 ⁄ 4 83 ⁄ 4 1 3 1 1 1 1 13 ⁄ 4 2 2 2 ⁄4 21 ⁄ 4 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 3 3 3 ⁄4 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 33 ⁄ 4 4 4 ⁄4 41 ⁄ 2 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 53 ⁄ 4 6 6 ⁄4 7 7 71 ⁄ 4 1 1 1 1 25 ⁄ 8 3 ⁄4 31 ⁄ 2 3 ⁄8 41 ⁄ 2 5 57 ⁄ 8 65 ⁄ 8 7 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 9 ⁄4 105 ⁄ 8 13 151 ⁄ 4 173 ⁄ 4 20 ⁄ 4 221 ⁄ 2 243 ⁄ 4 27 291 ⁄ 4 32 34 ⁄ 2 39 ⁄ 4 431 ⁄ 2 46 523 ⁄ 4 1 1 1 1 7 1 7 1 1 5 5 5 3 5 3 3 3 3 3 3 7 ⁄2 ⁄8 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 24 28 28 28 32 36 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 31 ⁄ 2 31 ⁄ 4 33 ⁄ 4 4 4 ⁄4 4 ⁄4 4 ⁄2 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 4 6 61 ⁄ 2 6 ⁄4 71 ⁄ 4 71 ⁄ 2 8 83 ⁄ 4 9 10 11 ⁄ 4 121 ⁄ 4 123 ⁄ 4 133 ⁄ 4 1 3 1 1 1 2 21 ⁄ 2 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 33 ⁄ 4 33 ⁄ 4 4 41 ⁄ 4 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 4 53 ⁄ 4 6 61 ⁄ 2 63 ⁄ 4 7 71 ⁄ 2 73 ⁄ 4 83 ⁄ 4 10 103 ⁄ 4 111 ⁄ 4 131 ⁄ 2 1 1 ⁄4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 3 ⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 30 34 36 42 1 1 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 1 11 ⁄ 8 1 ⁄8 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 11 ⁄ 2 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄4 17 ⁄ 8 2 2 3 5 1 1 1 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄4 11 ⁄ 2 11 ⁄ 2 11 ⁄ 2 1 1 *1⁄16" Raised Face Stud lengths for lap joint flanges are equal to lengths shown plus the thickness of two laps of the stub ends. STEEL FLANGE 125/150 LB. Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation Information .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 59 Bolt Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Bolt No. Flange No.BOLT DIMENSIONS FOR 150 TO 300 LB. Pipe Size 1 3 250/300 LB. Flange Nom.

Flange * Stud Length 3 3 ⁄4 31⁄2 3 ⁄4 4 4 41⁄2 43⁄4 5 ⁄4 5 ⁄4 6 ⁄2 53⁄4 61⁄2 71⁄4 7 ⁄4 8 81⁄2 83⁄4 91⁄2 10 10 ⁄2 11 ⁄2 13 133⁄4 14 161⁄4 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 Bolt Bolt Number Circle Diameter of Bolts Diameter 25⁄8 3 ⁄4 31⁄2 3 ⁄8 41⁄2 5 57⁄8 65⁄8 7 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 9 ⁄4 105⁄8 13 151⁄4 17 ⁄4 20 ⁄4 221⁄2 243⁄4 27 291⁄4 32 34 ⁄2 39 ⁄4 431⁄2 46 523⁄4 1 1 1 3 1 7 1 7 1 1 5 5 5 3 5 Bolt Bolt Number Circle Diameter of Bolts Diameter 25⁄8 3 ⁄4 31⁄2 3 ⁄8 41⁄2 5 57⁄8 65⁄8 7 ⁄4 8 ⁄2 10 ⁄2 111⁄2 133⁄4 17 19 ⁄4 20 ⁄4 233⁄4 253⁄4 281⁄2 305⁄8 33 36 40 ⁄4 441⁄2 47 533⁄4 1 3 1 1 1 1 7 1 1 5 5 5 3 5 * Stud Length 3 31⁄4 31⁄2 33⁄4 4 4 41⁄4 43⁄4 51⁄4 51⁄2 61⁄4 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 81⁄2 9 93⁄4 101⁄2 111⁄4 12 123⁄4 131⁄4 14 15 153⁄4 171⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄4 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 24 28 28 28 32 32 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 20 20 20 20 24 24 24 28 28 28 28 28 1 1 ⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 3 ⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 30 34 36 42 1 1 3 3 7 7 7 3 3 7 7 1 1 11⁄8 11⁄4 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 15⁄8 13⁄4 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄8 2 21⁄4 21⁄2 23⁄4 7 7 3 1 7 1 11⁄8 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄4 13⁄8 13⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄4 2 2 2 21⁄2 3 3 1 1 *1⁄4" Raised Face Stud lengths for lap joint flanges are equal to lengths shown minus 1⁄2" plus the thickness of two laps of the stub ends. STEEL FLANGE 400 LB. Pipe Size 1 3 600 LB.11 . 60 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.BOLT DIMENSIONS FOR 400 AND 600 LB. Flange Nom.

/mm 5 Dia./mm ⁄4 37 ⁄ 8 98 ⁄ 16 ⁄ 16 ⁄2 23 ⁄ 4 70 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 13 ⁄ 4 44 11 ⁄ 16 27 21 ⁄ 4 57 20 11 7 16 5 13 1 1 25 41 ⁄ 4 108 31 ⁄ 8 79 13 ⁄ 4 44 15 ⁄ 16 33 25 ⁄ 8 67 11 1 16 5 13 1 11 ⁄ 4 32 45 ⁄ 8 117 31 ⁄ 2 89 2 51 121 ⁄ 32 42 3 76 13 9 16 5 13 1 11 ⁄ 2 40 5 127 ⁄ 16 ⁄8 ⁄ 16 ⁄4 ⁄ 16 ⁄ 16 ⁄ 16 37 ⁄ 8 98 2 51 129 ⁄ 32 48 33 ⁄ 8 86 14 5 16 3 13 5 2 50 6 152 43 ⁄ 4 121 21 ⁄ 4 57 23 ⁄ 8 60 41 ⁄ 8 105 16 11 19 3 16 5 21 ⁄ 2 65 7 178 51 ⁄ 2 140 21 ⁄ 2 64 27 ⁄ 8 73 47 ⁄ 8 124 17 3 19 3 16 5 3 80 71 ⁄ 2 191 6 152 21 ⁄ 2 64 31 ⁄ 2 89 53 ⁄ 8 137 19 13 19 3 16 5 31 ⁄ 2 90 81 ⁄ 2 216 7 178 23 ⁄ 4 70 4 102 63 ⁄ 8 162 22 15 19 3 16 5 4 100 9 229 71 ⁄ 2 191 3 76 41 ⁄ 2 114 67 ⁄ 8 175 24 15 19 7 16 3 5 125 10 254 81 ⁄ 2 216 3 76 59 ⁄ 16 141 73 ⁄ 4 197 24 22 7 19 3 6 150 11 279 1 25 91 ⁄ 2 241 31 ⁄ 4 83 65 ⁄ 8 168 83 ⁄ 4 222 22 7 19 3 8 200 131 ⁄ 2 343 11 ⁄ 8 29 113 ⁄ 4 298 31 ⁄ 2 89 85 ⁄ 8 219 11 279 22 19 7 10 250 16 406 13 ⁄ 16 30 141 ⁄ 4 362 1 25 33 ⁄ 4 95 103 ⁄ 4 273 133 ⁄ 8 340 22 7 12 300 19 483 11 ⁄ 4 32 17 432 1 25 33 ⁄ 4 95 123 ⁄ 4 324 161 ⁄ 8 410 22 14 O. Bolt holes straddle the center line. 400 O.D. 25 635 19 ⁄ 16 40 223 ⁄ 4 578 11 ⁄ 4 32 11 ⁄ 8 29 43 ⁄ 4 121 18 457 215 ⁄ 8 549 20 O.Pipe Size NPS/DN 3 Flange Dia.D. of Bolts 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 16 20 20 Bolt Hole Dia. Circle Flange Thickness Dia. 500 O. 450 O.D. 231 ⁄ 2 597 17 ⁄ 16 37 211 ⁄ 4 540 11 ⁄ 8 29 1 25 41 ⁄ 2 114 16 406 201 ⁄ 4 514 18 O. of Bolt In. 21 533 1 ⁄8 35 3 18 ⁄ 4 476 3 11 ⁄ 8 29 1 25 41 ⁄ 4 108 14 356 173 ⁄ 4 451 16 O. In. APFH-12. In./mm 7 No.D. In.D. 32 813 17 ⁄ 8 48 291 ⁄ 2 749 13 ⁄ 8 35 11 ⁄ 4 32 51 ⁄ 2 140 24 610 281 ⁄ 4 718 Drilling templates are in multiples of four./mm 1 Ring Ring Length Gasket Gasket of Bolt O.D. In.D./mm In.D. I.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 61 Bolt Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.D.D.D. 27 ⁄ 2 699 1 1 ⁄ 16 43 11 25 635 11 ⁄ 4 32 11 ⁄ 8 29 5 127 20 508 237 ⁄ 8 606 24 O. so that fittings may be made to face in any quarter./mm In.D./mm In. 350 O. 600 O. Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation Information BOLT TEMPLATE FOR DRILLING FLANGED FITTINGS ./mm Bolt Min.

Dia./mm In./mm In. Size Dia. of Bolt No.BOLT TEMPLATE FOR DRILLING EXTRA HEAVY FLANGED FITTINGS Ring Dia./mm 3 In. of Min./mm 1 25 47 ⁄ 8 124 ⁄ 16 ⁄4 ⁄ 16 ⁄8 211 ⁄ 16 68 31 ⁄ 2 89 17 3 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 21 ⁄ 2 64 15 ⁄ 16 33 27 ⁄ 8 51 19 3 16 5 11 ⁄ 4 32 51 ⁄ 4 133 31 ⁄ 16 78 37 ⁄ 8 98 21 ⁄ 2 64 121 ⁄ 32 42 31 ⁄ 4 83 19 13 19 7 16 3 11 ⁄ 2 40 61 ⁄ 8 156 39 ⁄ 16 90 41 ⁄ 2 114 23 ⁄ 4 70 129 ⁄ 32 48 33 ⁄ 4 95 22 7 22 3 19 5 2 50 61 ⁄ 2 165 43 ⁄ 16 106 5 127 23 ⁄ 4 70 23 ⁄ 8 60 43 ⁄ 8 111 22 19 7 16 3 21 ⁄ 2 65 71 ⁄ 2 191 1 25 415 ⁄ 16 125 57 ⁄ 8 149 31 ⁄ 4 83 27 ⁄ 8 73 51 ⁄ 8 130 22 7 19 3 3 80 81 ⁄ 4 210 11 ⁄ 8 29 511 ⁄ 16 144 65 ⁄ 8 168 31 ⁄ 2 89 31 ⁄ 2 89 57 ⁄ 8 149 22 7 19 3 31 ⁄ 2 90 9 229 13 ⁄ 16 30 65 ⁄ 16 160 71 ⁄ 4 184 31 ⁄ 2 89 4 102 61 ⁄ 2 165 22 7 19 3 4 100 10 254 11 ⁄ 4 32 615 ⁄ 16 176 77 ⁄ 8 200 33 ⁄ 4 95 41 ⁄ 2 114 71 ⁄ 8 181 22 7 19 3 5 125 11 279 13 ⁄ 8 35 85 ⁄ 16 211 91 ⁄ 4 235 4 102 59 ⁄ 16 141 81 ⁄ 2 216 22 7 19 3 6 150 121 ⁄ 2 318 17 ⁄ 16 37 911 ⁄ 16 246 105 ⁄ 8 270 4 102 65 ⁄ 8 168 97 ⁄ 8 251 22 19 7 8 200 15 381 15 ⁄ 8 41 1115 ⁄ 16 303 13 330 1 25 41 ⁄ 2 114 85 ⁄ 8 219 121 ⁄ 8 308 22 10 250 171 ⁄ 2 445 17 ⁄ 8 48 141 ⁄ 16 357 151 ⁄ 4 387 11 ⁄ 8 29 1 25 51 ⁄ 4 133 103 ⁄ 4 273 141 ⁄ 4 362 12 300 201 ⁄ 2 521 2 51 167 ⁄ 16 418 173 ⁄ 4 451 11 ⁄ 4 32 11 ⁄ 8 29 51 ⁄ 2 140 123 ⁄ 4 324 165 ⁄ 8 422 Drilling templates are in multiples of four. Thickness Face Dia./mm In.D./mm 11 In. 62 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.D. Bolt Bolt Gasket Pipe Flange Gasket Bolt Flange Raised Circle of Dia./mm In. Length I.11 . Bolts Holes NPS/DN In./mm In. O. Bolt holes straddle the center line. so that fittings may be made to face in any quarter.

. . . . . . . . DC Straight E6018 Direct Current.000 70. . . . . . . 1600–1700°F Silver Solder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “Low hydrogen” iron powder electrodes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . W.000 psi of the weld deposit as welded. .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 63 Bolt Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Straight Polarity. . and E100 Series. “Cold rod”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All purpose. . . . . . .000 Elongation 22 to 28% 17 to 22% Red. . . . Smooth. . “Hot rod”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Good penetration.000 Yield Strength 52. .000–70. Straight Polarity. . . . . . E6027 “Iron powder electrodes”. . E6013 Alternating Current. . 1980°F Brazing Copper-Silicon with Phosphor-Bronze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Can be used with A. . . . . . .000 68. . . . . . . . Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .000 70. . . . . . . .000–65. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fast. . . . . . . . . . . . .000 57. . Fast. . . . .000 52. . .000 70. . . Physical Properties of E60 & E70 Series Electrodes TYPICAL VALUES AWS ASTM Electrode E6010 E6011 E6012 AWS ASTM Electrode E7010 E7011 E7015 E7016 E7020 Tensile Strength 62. . . . . . . . . . . . Moderately smooth finish. . . . . . . . All Positions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .000 57. . All Positions. . . . . . . . E80. .000 70. . . . . . . . . .000 52. . . . . . . . Good penetration.1175–1530°F Soft Solder . S. . . . “Cold rod”. . . . . Fast. .000 Tensile Strength 70. . . . . . E6011 Alternating Current. . . . . . . . % 35 25 MINIMUM VALUES Yield Strength 57. . . . . . Classification E6010 Direct Current. All Positions. . . . . . . . . . AC or DC Reverse Polarity E6020 Direct Current. DC Reverse. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1850–1900°F Brazing Naval Bronze with Manganese Bronze . . . . 1175–1600°F Low Temperature Brazing . . . . . . . . . 200–730°F Wrought Iron . . . . . . . . . . also. . E90. . . . . .000–58. . High bead. . . . . . . . . . . Reverse polarity.000 Elongation 22 22 22 22 25 WELDING AND BRAZING TEMPERATURES Carbon Steel Welding. . Smooth. . . . . . . .000–61. . Moderately smooth finish. . . . 2490–2730°F Cast Iron Welding . This is the electrode used for most carbon steel pipe welding. . . . . . . The last two numbers (in bold type) designate the types or styles and the first two numbers the minimum specified tensile strength in 1. . . . . . All Positions. . . . . . . . . . . . Flat & Horizontal Fillet. . . . . . . . . .000 62. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deep penetration. . . . . . . AC or DC or DC Reverse Polarity E6012 Direct Current. 1920–2500°F Copper Welding and Brazing . . . Smooth. . . . All purpose. .000 55.000–78. . in Area Min. . . . . . . . . . . . . .000–73. . . . .000 57. . . . . .Coated Arc Welding Electrodes – Types & Styles A. . . . . . 2700–2790°F Stainless Steel Welding . AC or DC Straight NOTE: This information also applies to E70. . . . .C. 2700–2750°F APFH-12. . . . . . . . . . . . High bead. . . . . Flat bead. . . . . . All Positions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flat and Horizontal Fillet. . . . . .

DEPTH OF FILLING FOR PLUG AND SLOT WELDS EFFECTIVE THROAT DEPTH OF PREPARATION OR SIZE IN INCHES REFERENCE LINE (BOTH SIDES) SPECIFICATION. PROCESS OR OTHER REFERENCE T F A R (OTHER SIDE) WELD ALL AROUND SYMBOL L@P (ARROW SIDE) GROOVE ANGLE OR INCLUDED ANGLE OF COUNTERSINK FOR PLUG WELDS LENGTH OF WELD IN INCHES PITCH (C TO C SPACING) OF WELDS IN INCHES FIELD WELD SYMBOL S(E) TAIL (OMITTED WHEN REFERENCE IS NOT USED) BASIC WELD SYMBOL OR DETAIL REFERENCE ARROW CONNECTS REFERENCE LINE TO ARROW SIDE OF JOINT.Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols BASIC WELD SYMBOLS GROOVE OR BUTT Back Fillet Plug or Slot Square V Bevel U J Flare V Flare Bevel SUPPLEMENTARY WELD SYMBOLS Backing Spacer Weld AllAround Field Weld CONTOUR Flush Convex See AWS A2. 64 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.4 for a detailed review of standard welding symbols STANDARD LOCATION OF ELEMENTS OF A WELDING SYMBOL FINISH SYMBOL CONTOUR SYMBOL ROOT OPENING.11 .

Welds on both sides are of same size unless otherwise shown. 2. 3. obvious information is not given by symbol. When welds are drawn in section or end views. far. In plan or elevation. The perpendicular leg of . Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation . Arrow and other side welds are of the same size unless otherwise shown. 8. 7. 4. and both sides. 2. NOTES: 1. locations refer to nearest member parallel to plane of drawing and not to others farther behind. Dimensions of fillet welds must be shown on both the arrow side and other side symbol. near. when weld is not drawn. Tail of arrow used for specification reference.Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols Notes NOTES: 1. Size. APFH-12. 5. All welds are continuous and of user's standard propertions and all except V-grooved and bevel-grooved welds are closed unless otherwise shown. weld symbols must be at left. Neither orientation of reference line nor location of the arrow alter this rule. The point of the field weld symbol must point toward the tail. Symbols apply between abrupt changes in direction of welding unless governed by the “All Around” symbol or otherwise dimensioned. weld symbol. 3. length of weld and spacing must read in that order from left to right along the reference line. 4. 6. 5. arrows point to that member. In joints in which one member only is to be grooved. the side to which arrow points is considered near side. In section or end views only.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 65 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. . Symbols govern to break in continuity of structure or to extent of hatching or dimension lines. .

609375 /64 5 .8666 53 .0166 2 .0666 5 .765625 /64 25 .2106 14 .71875 /32 47 .5 /2 33 .09375 /32 7 .96875 /32 63 .125 /8 9 .0500 4 .828125 /64 27 .4333 27 .984375 /64 1 1.484375 /64 1 .8833 54 .7166 44 .578125 /64 19 .234375 /64 1 .1833 12 .8333 51 .MINUTES CONVERTED TO DECIMALS OF A DEGREE Minutes Degree 1 .671875 /64 11 .3833 24 .2833 18 .3500 22 .25 /4 17 .84375 /32 55 .7833 48 .015625 /64 1 .4500 28 .53125 /32 35 .2333 15 .15625 /32 11 .171875 /64 3 .4166 26 .9833 60 1.703125 /64 23 .8166 50 .9375 /16 61 .203125 /64 7 .0625 /16 5 .921875 /64 15 .4375 /16 29 .9666 59 .4666 29 .1666 11 .515625 /64 17 .8000 49 .1875 /16 13 .40625 /32 27 .265625 /64 9 .0333 3 .8500 52 .5666 35 .9166 56 .333 /3 11 .546875 /64 9 .7666 47 .5166 32 .0 APFH-12.046875 /64 1 .0000 66 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK DECIMAL EQUIVALENTS OF FRACTIONS Inches Decimal of an Inch 1 .59375 /32 39 .375 /8 25 .3166 20 .5000 31 .359375 /64 3 .6166 38 .90625 /32 59 .11 .890625 /64 29 .625 /8 41 .65625 /32 43 .3000 19 .21875 /32 15 .9333 57 .328125 /64 1 .421875 /64 7 .6000 37 .796875 /64 13 .1500 10 .3666 23 .109375 /64 1 .28125 /32 19 .34375 /32 23 .5625 /16 37 .6500 40 .953125 /64 31 .3125 /16 21 .390625 /64 13 .2666 17 .453125 /64 15 .6833 42 .78125 /32 51 .2500 16 .8125 /16 53 .6666 41 .46875 /32 31 .7333 45 .5500 34 .6333 39 .1166 8 .640625 /64 21 .03125 /32 3 .1333 9 .9000 55 .140625 /64 5 .4833 30 .5833 36 .875 /8 57 .7500 46 .0833 6 .296875 /64 5 .6875 /16 45 .734375 /64 3 .3333 21 .2000 13 .078125 /64 3 .5333 33 .9500 58 .859375 /64 7 .7000 43 .1000 7 .4000 25 .75 /4 49 .

72 2.STANDARD CONVERSIONS To Change Inches Feet Yards Square Inches Square feet Square yards Cubic Inches Cubic feet Cubic yards Cubic Inches Cubic feet Gallons Pounds of water Ounces Pounds Inches of water To Feet Millimeters Inches Yards Feet Square feet Square inches Square yards Square feet Cubic feet Cubic inches Cubic yards Cubic feet Gallons Gallons Cubic inches Cubic feet Pounds of water Gallons Pounds Ounces Pounds per square inch Inches of mercury Ounces per square inch Pounds per square foot Inches of water Feet of water Pounds per square inch Inches of mercury Inches of water Inches of water Feet of water Inches of mercury Atmospheres Pounds per square inch Pounds per square foot Inches of mercury Pounds per square inch Inches of mercury Feet of water Pounds Pounds Long tons Multiply By 0. Data Installation Contents .92 34 2240 2000 0.00694 144 0.0735 0.4914 0.33 0.434 62.5 0.0833 25.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.2 13.1337 8.0361 0.31 2.48 231 0.89285 67 Inches of mercury Ounces per square inch Pounds per square inch Feet of water Atmospheres Long tons Short tons APFH-12.04 0.6 1.127 1.00433 7.0625 16 0.0681 0.733 27.00058 1728 0.11111 9 0.578 5.1333 0.4 12 0.3333 3 0.03703 27 0.8824 14.696 29.12004 0.

ice melted per 24hr.12 U.134 cu.11 . gr.884 in.) 7. x sp. in.49 lb. water evap. at 39. gr. 34.2°F.48 gal.746 kwhr 3413 Btu (mean) 1. 62.S. ft.) = 1 ton (short) = 1 ton (long) = 16 oz.293 watt 12.5 lb.480 Btu per hr. per hr. (U.016 cu.) 0. ft. (Brit. 1 cu.833 gal. water at 60°F lb.34 hp-hr 1 lb. per min 1 gpm = 500 lb.2 lb. at 50°F.S.S. ft. ft. = 68 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.S. = Absolute (psia) +14. in. . Hg at 60°F = 1.413 Btu per hr. per sq. lb.) WEIGHT OF WATER 1 cu. 1 in. ft.S. of ice = 57. hg at 60°F . ice melted per 24hr.34 lb. gal. lb. per sq. PRESSURE 1 hp-hr = 1 Kwhr = 3.000 grain 2. 3. in gauge (psig) 1 lb. gr. / sp. = 62.per hr. per min.8 kw.545 Btu per hr.04 in. 1 cu. per sq.2°F WEIGHT OF LIQUID 1 gal. oz.8 gal. from and at 32˚ F 128 fl. x sp. = 1 Btu per hr. at 50°F. 12.) 7. (U.34 lb. (avoir.41 lb. 83. water at 60°F = . from and at 32˚ F 2. ft. Water is at its greatest density at 39. = 1 hp = 550 ft.000 Btu per hr. gr. (gph) POWER °C = (°F-32) x 5/9 VOLUME I gal. / sp. = ⁄180 of heat required to change temp of 1 lb. in. in. per hr. ft. lb. 0. = 62.13 ft.43 lb.240 lb. water from 32°F to 212°F 2545 Btu (mean) . MASS 8. (cfm) = 448. from & at 212°F 9. = 1 ton refrigeration = (U. = 1 gpm / sp. . x sp. ft. per hr. 746 watt 2. (U. per min.33 lb. WORK 1 boiler hp = 778 ft. hg at 60°F .000 Btu per 24 hr. . 33. 1 cu.96 ft. 200 Btu per min. = 1 lb. gr. gr.433 lb. per sec. . 1 gal.UNIT CONVERSION FLOW TEMPERATURE 0. 2.4 lb. 1 Btu (mean) = 1 1 kw.000 lb. 1 ft.293 watt hr. 500 lb. = 8. in. water at 60°F 2. per sq. (avoir. per sq.) 231 cu.) = 1 cu.00039 hp 288. (U.13 ft.) = 1 cu.7 1 lb.000 lb.S.

Damage to the Adjustable Drop Nipple or Sprinkler may result. Petroleum based lubricants are incompatible with EPDM and will impair serviceability of the unit. Allow twenty-four hours for setting. please refer to the manufacturer’s installation instructions and apply pipe thread sealant only to male threads of the sprinkler. do not overtighten the sprinkler. count the number of fully developed male threads on the brand of sprinkler to be installed into the fittings. however it is not necessary to drain the system. MODEL ‘F’ INSTALLATION MIN. APFH-12.1.A) For use in wet and dry pipe automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordance with all applicable standards or codes. If five (5) to six (6) threads are counted. It is recommended that the system pressure be relieved when adjusting. E) Connect the Adjustable Drop Nipple assembly to the sprinkler system by wrenching on the make-up area on the Drop Nipple. If seven (7) perfect threads are counted. Data Installation Contents INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Eliminator Adjustable Drop Nipple . DO NOT WRENCH ON THE BARREL PORTION OF THE UNIT OR SPRINKLER. LENGTH MODEL ‘F’ CEILING TILE SPRINKLER HEAD MODEL ‘M’ INSTALLATION BRANCH PIPE MIN. B) Before starting the job of making sprinklers into steel threads of the above fittings. reapply the anaerobic pipe sealant and make-on to the required length. MAX. The same procedure would apply if a leak has been detected. F) After the ceiling has been installed adjust the sprinkler to its final position by using the sprinkler wrench and assemble the escutcheon plate to the inner support ring. Clean any debris and/or pipe sealant from both the male and female threads. LENGTH MODEL ‘M’ CEILING TILE SPRINKLER HEAD D) If either of the above fails to allow the sprinkler to make-up to a minimum of from five (5) to six (6) full threads.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 69 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. C) The use of an anaerobic pipe thread sealant is preferred for thread make up when connecting to another pipe fitting or nipple. Instead back the sprinkler out of the fitting. If attaching a sprinkler head. DO NOT USE ANY PETROLEUM BASED LUBRICANTS ON THE O-RING SEALS. Specification for Tapered Pipe Threads. Adjustable Drop Nipples described herein must be installed and maintained in compliance with this document as well as the applicable standards of the National Fire Protection Association in addition to the standards for any other authorities having jurisdiction. Gauge both the male threads of the sprinkler and the female threads of the Adjustable Drop Nipple for compliance with ANSI B1. the sprinkler should thread into the 1⁄2" or 3⁄4" thread from three (3) to four (4) threads hand tight. the sprinkler should thread into the 1⁄2" or 3⁄4" thread from two (2) to three (3) threads hand tight.20. MAX. If within tolerance.

Item C) B) Before starting the job of making nipples or sprinklers into steel threads of the above fittings. Size consolidations are employed to reduce inventory and provide for greater flexibility. 70 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. then a 1" x 21⁄2 . 2) FM rated working pressure when welded on Sch.6 1 ⁄4 .11 . 3⁄4.8 (Sch. 40) Tee-Let Type A 11⁄4. The same procedure would apply if a leak has been detected. 1 ⁄2 . 21⁄2. 40) 300 1 2 1⁄ 2 . insure that no dirt or weld spatter is in the threads and no burn-through damaged the threads. if thread count does not match. 2. proceed with installation (Step C). that is the contoured shape on a given Tee-Let is made to fit perfectly on the first listed header size. If attaching a sprinkler head.8 ⁄2 .20. 5. For example.10. is a 1" outlet fitting manufactured to fit perfectly on the 2" header size listed. If within tolerance. Allow twenty-four hours for setting.1 / ISO-7R/RC specification.3" Tee-Let would be ordered. DynaFlow) (Grooved End) Tee-Let Type C/R 1 1 1 ⁄4 .INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Weld-Miser™ Tee-Let (Welding Outlet Fittings) TEE-LET WELDED OUTLET FITTING (UL VIZU — EX6032. check nipple or sprinkler for proper thread gage measurement and discard if not to ANSI B1. If installed on the second header size marked on the fitting.8 11⁄4 . Outlet Model Note: Tee-Lets are manufactured to fit size-on-size. D) If either of the above fails to allow the sprinkler or nipple to make-up to a minimum of full threads. Clean any debris and/or pipe sealant from both the male and female threads. 2 x 2) Tee-Lets are not FM Approved.e. Thread Make-up and Installation A) For use in systems installed in accordance with all applicable standards or codes. 5 or non-threadable lightwall pipe is 175 psi. Gauge both the male threads of the sprinkler or nipple and the female threads of the Tee-Let with ANSI B1.4 (Sch. Specification for Tapered Pipe Threads. while leaving a 1⁄32" gap along the longitudinal centerline of the 21⁄2" size.1 / ISO-7R/RC. (See Section III. 3.8 (All Schedules) 300 (Roll Grooved End) 1) Size-on-size (i. reapply the anaerobic pipe sealant or Teflon™ tape and make-on to the required length. do not over tighten.4 (Sch.21⁄2" Tee-Let. a slight gap of approximately 1⁄32" will appear along the longitudinal centerline of the header. 4 6 (EZ-Flow) Tee-Let Type C 11⁄4 . DynaFlow) 300 2 4 (EZ-Flow) (F-Threaded End) 2. Compare number of threads counted to the number of required fully developed threads as shown in the thread chart located on the back of this sheet. If thread count is correct. If a perfect fit is required for a 21⁄2" header pipe. Instead back the sprinkler or nipple out of the fitting. 5. FM APPROVAL GUIDE CHAPTER 1 – PIPE FITTINGS) Outlet Pipe Size (Inch) Header Pipe Size (Inch) Rated Pressure (psig) 1 1 ⁄2. C) The use of an anaerobic pipe thread sealant is preferred for thread make up when connecting to another pipe fitting or nipple. 11⁄2. 4 1⁄2 .8 (Sch. Then count the number of fully developed male threads on the nipple or sprinkler to be installed into the fittings.20. a 1" x 2 .10. please refer to the manufacturer’s installation instructions and apply pipe thread sealant only to male threads of the sprinkler.

and only negligibly distort when subjected to excessive heat. mechanical flame cutting (oxy-acetylene or propane)./mm 3 3 ⁄2 (13) ⁄4 (19) 1 (25) 11⁄4 (31) 11⁄2 (38) 2 (50) 21⁄2 (63) 3 (75) 4 (100) 3 1 ⁄4 (7) ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 5 ⁄16 (8) 5 ⁄16 (8) 5 ⁄16 (8) 3 ⁄8 (10) 3 ⁄8 (10) 1 1 ⁄16 (5) ⁄16 (5) 3 ⁄16 (5) 3 ⁄16 (5) 1 ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 5 ⁄16 (5) 5 ⁄16 (5) 1 ⁄2. Merit offers a simple approach to cutting the hole.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 71 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Note that the same hole diameter for a given outlet size is required for both Type A and Type C TeeLets 1-11⁄2" larger. RECOMMENDED TEE-LET HOLE SIZES Type Type A Type A Type A Type A Type C Type A or C Type A or C Type A or C Type A or C Type A or C In. B RECOMMENDED AMOUNT OF WELD Outlet Size In. Hand-held templates are sized to match your plasma cutter. then the following hole sizes are recommended. One advantage of cutting the hole after welding is that the pipe is left intact during welding thereby reducing shrinkage and possible distortion. The A following is intended only as a guide.Recommended Hole Sizes The hole cut in the branch or header pipe can be cut prior or subsequent to attachment of the Tee-Let. the weld should be only as hot as required to allow the weld to penetrate the materials being welded while concomitantly allowing gases developed in the welding process to escape. as some codes require. The threads. on the other hand./mm B In./mm Holes may be cut employing mechanical means—including hole sawing. 3⁄4 & 1 Outlet 11⁄4 . Tee-Let Size ⁄2 (13) 3 ⁄4 (19) 1 (25) 11⁄4 (31) 11⁄4 (31) 11⁄2 (38) 2 (50) 21⁄2 (63) 3 (75) 4 (100) 1 Recommended Hole Size ⁄8 (16) ⁄8 (22) 11⁄8 (28) 11⁄2 (38) 13⁄8 (35) 15⁄8 (41) 2 (50) 27⁄16 (61) 3 (75) 4 (100) 7 5 Recommended Welding Procedures As a general rule. Excessive heat may cause the wrench tight threads (those in the bottom of the Tee-Let near the weld zone) to distort while also causing the branch pipe to bend. Data Installation Contents INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Weld-Miser™ Tee-Let (Welding Outlet Fittings) . and assumes that the welding equipment is properly calibrated and functioning normally and the operator is qualified. It should be noted that Merit Tee-Lets have been subjected to exhaustive testing and evaluation. and air plasma cutting (constricted tungsten arc) machines.21⁄2 Outlet APFH-12./mm In./mm A In. Every effort must be made to avoid welding too hot or overheating both the pipe and the Tee-Let. If holes are cut prior to welding. may not return to their gauged form after cooling if excessive heat causes them to expand.

Merit assumes no liability for any consequential damages resulting from the improper use of its Tee-Let Welding Outlet Fittings. nor for any recommendations made with respect to installation procedures.134 wall and lighter.045 0.035 0.11 .035 0.035 0.148 3.035 0.2 13-50 0. minimum distortion and spatter.065 2 13-50 0. faster welding.Argon.2 0.Deeper penetration.2 0. IPM Travel Speed IPM ⁄2 .2 0.2 0. 2.2 0.4 63-100 1 21⁄2 .) 25% .5 21⁄2 .4 63-100 1 5-6 125-150 ⁄2 ./mm In.4 63-100 1 ⁄2 .4 63-100 21⁄2 .035 0./mm 1 Welding Current AMPS-DC Arc.4 63-100 1 ⁄2 . high welding speeds without melt through.035 0.4 63-100 1 11⁄4 .035 0.4 63-100 ⁄2 .134 3.2 31-50 ⁄2 .4 8 200 63-100 1 ⁄2 .035 0.109 3 13-50 21⁄2 .) Co2 .109 3 21⁄2 .Co2.4 63-100 Shielding Gas Flow (for all sizes) 20-25 CFH 1.035 0.4 63-100 1 ⁄2 . Volts Wire Feed POS.5 13-50 21⁄2 .045 100-130 115-150 110-140 120-160 110-140 120-150 120-160 130-160 120-150 130-150 130-160 140-160 180-205 120-150 130-150 170-220 130-160 140-160 180-225 16-20 17-21 18-22 19-22 17-20 17-20 19-22 19-22 17-20 18-20 19-22 20-22 20-24 17-20 18-20 18-22 19-22 20-22 20-24 210 270 220 290 210 270 290 240 210 270 290 270 245 240 260 290 240 260 290 25-30 20-25 25-30 20-25 20-25 20-25 20-25 20-25 20-25 15-20 20-25 15-20 27-32 20-25 15-20 12-18 20-25 15-20 12-18 21⁄2 .2 13-50 0.035 0. good penetration. 72 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. B.120 3 13-50 21⁄2 .5 21⁄2 .INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Weld-Miser™ Tee-Let (Welding Outlet Fittings) RECOMMENDED SETTINGS FOR MICROWIRE WELDING PROCESS Header Pipe Wall Tee-Let Electrode Size Thickness Types A.2 13-50 0.083 2.109 3 13-50 21⁄2 ./mm In. Recommended for .035 0. low cost. 75% .045 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.4 63-100 21⁄2 .4 63-100 21⁄2 .035 0.035 0. C Size In.

• Thoroughly mix the thread sealant prior to application. PIPE NIPPLE THREAD ENGAGEMENT (Normal for Tight Joints) Pipe Size Length /8 1 /4 3 /8 1 /2 3 /4 1 11/4 11/2 2 21/2 3 3 1 /2 4 5 6 1 /4 /8 3 /8 1 /2 9 /16 11 /16 11 /16 11 /16 3 /4 15 /16 1 11/16 11/8 11/4 15/16 3 1 APFH-4. 3) Joint Makeup • For sizes up to and including 2" pipe. Data Installation Contents INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY General Assembly of Threaded Fittings . Alternately.1) Inspect both male and female components prior to assembly. Handtight engagement for 1⁄2" through 2" thread varies from 41⁄2 turns to 5 turns. dirt. sets-up to a semi hard condition and is vibration resistant. wrench tight makeup is considered two full turns past handtight.12 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 73 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. • Clean or replace components as necessary. Handtight engagement for 21⁄2" through 4" thread varies from 51⁄2 turns to 63⁄4 turns. Best application is achieved with a brush stiff enough to force sealant down to the root of the threads. chips and excess cutting oil. an anaerobic sealant may be utilized. • For 21⁄2" through 4" sizes. wrench tight makeup is considered three full turns past handtight. • Threads should be free from mechanical damage. 2) Application of pipe dope • Use a pipe dope that is fast drying. • Apply a thick even coat to the male threads only.

2609 .A.339 .760P = Thead Depth .6375 .6013 1.P.5457 .315 1.436 .6006 .400 .420 .050 1.0714 .0870 .420 .3635 .660 1.4899** .320 .4670 .9677 1.5025 .1973 1.2143 .180** .8P = Thread Depth .2136 1.3800 .74 L2 V L1 L4 0.405 .7798 2.3748** .7935 .540 .840 1. Total Taper 3/4" per Foot (Measured on Diameter) Imperfect threads due to lead or die Ring Gage L3 30˚ 30˚ L1 E2 Plug gage to enter until notch is flush with first thread – standard tolerance is + one thread.07918 1.2609 E3 .5834 1.9889 1.2609 . Plug Gage National Pipe Thread Standards ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK E0 P E1 E5 L1+ 4 Threads L1+ 5 Threads L2 NATIONAL PIPE THREAD STANDARDS Pitch Diameter at Beginning of External Threads Length Length Pitch Diameter Pitch Diameter Outside Nominal Diameter Threads Pitch of per Inch Thread Pipe of pipe Size Handtight Engagement Effective Thread External Wrench Make-up Length for Internal Thread Pitch Length Diameter Overall Length External Thread D /8 1 /4 3 /8 1 /2 3 /4 1 11/4 11/2 2 1 N 27 18 18 14 14 111/2 111/2 111/2 111/2 .4018 . Std.7961 2.1111 .11 .2963 .200** .0370 .9845 1. E3 90˚ D L1 Gage to go on flush by hand – standard tolerance is + one turn.0085 1.7565 P E0 L1 †† E1 L2 † E2 .7584 .7450 . Std.8223 2.675 .2690 .6270 .5571 1.6120 .375 APFH-12.9543 1.0018 1.5337 .3163 L3 .900 2.2609 .240 .4774 .3566 .2143 .3924 .7784 . 0.0870 .1667 .4078 .7235 .2527 L4 .0582 .7068 .2639 .0556 .0252 1.Amer.0870 .2386 1.0556 .0870 .6016 .5946 .2563 1.7815 .I.1667 .5408 1.0714 .8413 2.6828 .

8859 1.8375 4.8656 3.5000 1.8742 2.5297 2. 75 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.20.1250 .3250 1.8726 2.1250 .3751 1.1 National Pipe Thread Taper and the API Standard Line Pipe Thread are interchangeable.8750 2.2500 23.20.5328 13.11 21/2 3 31/2 4 *41/2 5 6 *7 8 *9 10 *11 12 14 *15 16 *17 18 20 *22 24 2.4398 8.2500 23.6500 17.000 15.563 6.8500 19.0500 21.2837 21.3500 14.2500 19.7488 –– –– –– 23.7872 –– –– –– 15.4063 5.20.000 2.6209 1.5587 13.6194 2.1983 (R2006).5406 .7195 3.000 1.3871 1.0837 19.687 1.1250 .1250 .7250 23.1250 .958 1.2500 6.8750 2.6969 3.1250 .750 12.9156 .7375 21.7039 1.210 1.000 24.7688 15.8609 3.6337 3.6656 .625 10.2500 4.7344 3.000 5.1250 12.1250 .125 2.900 2.821 .4336 9.4156 .7625 16. Ladish Co.875 .2500 3.3000 4.3344 4.6178 2.0250 11.6837 †Also length of plug gage.000 17.1250 .250 2.1462 9.4980 1.9462 7.000 20.625 8.1.1250 .285 1.6125 7. *Sizes discontinued in ANSI B1.130 1.1250 .4415 –– –– –– 10.7750 14.4273 10.000 18.8125 9.063 1.1250 .1 .500 4.1250 .9250 10. The ANSI B1.2500 10.000 16.5453 11.625 7.3587 11.500 5.4180 2.7762 –– –– –– 17.7125 8.6656 .2500 5.9156 .6837 4.2500 2.5406 .2500 15.1250 . 55.750 14.4493 1.3885 1.2500 13.360 1.2500 13.5060 1.375 Data per ANSI B1.000 4.1250 2.562 1.7906 .4786 .8418 –– –– –– 5. Reprinted by permission from Catalog No.2000 3.4305 1.7125 .2500 17.5125 6.4156 .8219 1.9156 .APFH-12.812 1. ††Also length of ring gage and length from gaging notch to small end of pluge gage.6837 14.000 22.4500 15.1250 .2500 3. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 2.5023 1.2500 8. listed for reference only.1250 .7563 17.3500 4.1250 .5500 16.5172 2.8400 6.3188 1.8703 2.937 .000 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 .8888 1. Data Installation Contents .875 3.7219 3.5549 –– –– –– 12.1250 .8758 2.750 11.7594 2.682 .8837 16.5712 3.625 9.1250 .4524 –– –– –– 8.9156 .8313 5.20.7500 19.2500 12.7622 1.3907 6.9156 .766 .1 .1375 2.1250 .7337 4.3406 3.9156 . **Not according to ANSI B1.1250 .2500 3.7469 2.5391 12.844 .1983 (R2006) (for Taper Pipe Thread) and API Standard 5-B (for Line Pipe Threads).4461 7.

100 15 .Forged Steel Anvilets INSTALLATION NOTE Anvil Anvilets are designed to have no more than a 1⁄16" gap (1.11 . it is recommended that the skirt of Anvilets be held slightly above the run pipe and tack welded to provide a small continuous root gap between the skirt and run pipe before completing the all-around welding beads or fillet. However.24 ⁄8 .000 6.50 15 .4 1 ⁄2.6 1 ⁄4 .50 STD XS/XH SCH 160 XS/XH SCH 160 XS/XH SCH 160 The maximum allowable pressure of a fitting is computed in accordance with the applicable piping code or regulation for straight seamless header (run) pipe or for material of equivalent composition and mechanical properties to the fitting.600 15 .2 1 ⁄2.24 1 ⁄2.000 3.000 6.150 8 . PRESSURE TEMPERATURE RATINGS MSS standard Practice SP-97 gives the following correlation between fitting pressure class and pipe schedule number/wall thickness designation for calculation of pressure-temperature ratings: FORGED STEEL ANVILETS PRESSURE TEMPERATURE RATINGS Branch Connection Type Pressure Class of Fitting Branch Connection Size NPS 1 1 DN Pipe Wall for Rating Basis Buttweld Threaded Socket-Welding STD XS/XH SCH 160 3.2 6 . 76 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.2 1 ⁄2.6mm) between the base or skirt of the Anvilet when it is seated directly upon the appropriate run pipe.50 15 .600 6 .000 ⁄8 . must be applied to the pipe and fitting alike. Any corrosion or mechanical allowances and any reduction in allowable stress due to temperature or other service conditions.

–– 8 Rd. Size Pipe Tubing & Casing Nominal Size O.11 . FORGED STEEL FITTINGS PRESSURE RATINGS Class Schedule N. OIL COUNTRY FITTINGS CURRENT API THREAD STANDARDS Nominal Size O. 8 Rd. 8 Rd. 10 Rd.050 1. 10 Rd.900 2 3⁄ 8 2 3⁄ 8 27⁄8 2 7⁄ 8 3 1⁄ 2 3 1⁄ 2 4 4 4 1⁄ 2 4 1⁄ 2 14 –– 111⁄2 –– 111⁄2 –– 111⁄2 –– 111⁄2 –– 8V –– 8V –– 8V 8V 8V –– –– 10 Rd. 10 Rd.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 77 Forged Steel & Oil Country General Hanger Spacing & Beam Fitting Data Information Hanger Product Dimensions . 8 Rd.“Forged Fittings.315 1.315 1. 8 Rd.D. 10 Rd. –– 8 Rd. 8 Rd.T. Socket-Welding and Threaded” this table shows the schedule of pipe corresponding to each class of fitting for rating purposes.050 1. 10 Rd. S.660 1. Size Pipe Tubing & Casing ⁄4 ⁄4 EUE 1 1 EUE 11⁄4 11⁄4 EUE 11⁄2 11⁄2 EUE 2 2 EUE 21⁄2 21⁄2 EUE 3 3 EUE 31⁄2 1 3 ⁄2 EUE 4 4 EUE 3 3 1.P. 8 Rd.W.660 1. 8 Rd. 8 Rd. 8 Rd.Forged Steel Fittings In accordance with ASME standard B16. 8 Rd. –– –– 5 –– 6 –– –– 8 –– 10 –– 12 –– –– –– –– –– –– 5 51⁄2 59⁄16 6 65⁄8 7 75⁄8 85⁄8 95⁄8 103⁄4 113⁄4 123⁄4 133⁄8 14 16 18 20 –– –– –– 8V –– 8V –– –– 8V –– 8V –– 8V –– 8V 8V 8V 8V –– 8 Rd. 8 Rd.900 1. 8 Rd. 2000 3000 6000 80 160 XXS/XXH – 80 160 ASME B16. –– 8 Rd. –– APFH-12. 8 Rd.11 provides that the maximum allowable pressure of a fitting be computed in accordance with the applicable piping code or regulation for straight seamless pipe or for material of equivalent composition and mechanical properties to the fitting. 8 Rd. 10 Rd. –– 8 Rd. Any corrosion or mechanical allowances and any reduction in allowable stress due to temperature or other service conditions must be applied to the pipe and fitting alike.D. 10 Rd. 10 Rd. 8 Rd. 10 Rd.

250 0.9 58.0 14.25 15.0 6. Flange Width In.0 23⁄8 21⁄2 25⁄8 23⁄4 3 31⁄4 33⁄8 35⁄8 35⁄8 37⁄8 4 41⁄8 45⁄8 5 5 51⁄8 51⁄4 51⁄2 51⁄2 55⁄8 6 61⁄4 61⁄4 63⁄8 7 71⁄4 7 71⁄8 71⁄2 0.75 11.7 9.0 5. S SHAPES Depth of Section Y In.438 15 0.375 7 8 10 0.8 50.3 20.1 5. Flange Width In.5 7.Beam Dimensions ▲ Y ▲ Depth of Section Y In.688 0.7 7.75 12.375 0.75 18.9 50.5 17.0 20.0 8.313 6 0. Lbs.25 14.375 0.250 0.0 100.625 78 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.0 30.0 25.0 13⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 15⁄8 13⁄4 13⁄4 17⁄8 17⁄8 2 21⁄8 21⁄8 21⁄4 21⁄4 21⁄4 23⁄8 21⁄2 23⁄8 21⁄2 25⁄8 25⁄8 23⁄4 27⁄8 3 3 3 31⁄8 33⁄8 31⁄2 33⁄4 4 4 41⁄8 41⁄4 0.0 25.438 0.2 10.3 20. 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 15 18 4.0 18.875 0.4 23.0 42.0 33. Lbs.8 12. AMERICAN STANDARD CHANNELS Weight per Ft.3 24 0.7 45.5 13.375 0.813 0.4 15.4 7.0 96.0 50.938 0.9 40.500 20.8 35.7 25.4 35.25 6.500 0.8 51.75 13.0 15.5 10.438 18 20 0.313 3 4 5 0. ▲ Z ▲ ▲ Mean Thickness of Flange Z In.625 5.563 0.0 90.0 54. Y ▲ Z ▲ ▲ Mean Thickness of Flange Z In.313 0.0 20. Weight per Ft.0 42.7 70.0 40.625 0.0 86.375 12 0.0 75.0 31.0 9.313 0.75 13.11 .7 9.0 66.0 30.0 80.688 0.

640 0.400 0.855 0.605 0.710 0.440 0.030 0.810 0.750 0.565 0.850 0.800 0.685 0. of Weight Flange of Section per Ft.505 0.435 0.930 0.630 0.900 0.940 21 24 27 30 33 36 62 68 73 83 93 101 111 122 76 84 94 104 117 131 94 102 114 146 108 116 124 132 118 130 141 135 150 160 81⁄4 81⁄4 81⁄4 83⁄8 83⁄8 121⁄4 123⁄8 123⁄8 9 9 91⁄8 123⁄4 123⁄4 127⁄8 10 10 101⁄8 14 101⁄2 101⁄2 101⁄2 101⁄2 111⁄2 111⁄2 111⁄2 12 12 12 0.000 0.615 0.850 0.960 0.735 0.530 0.670 0.360 0.695 0.665 0.940 1. Width Flange Y Z In.760 0.830 0.455 0. In. Lbs. In.560 0.595 0.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 79 Beam General Hanger Spacing & Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data .715 0.515 0.440 0.640 0. In. Lbs. Width Flange Y Z 5 6 8 10 12 19 25 18 21 24 28 31 35 40 48 58 67 22 26 30 33 39 45 49 54 60 68 77 88 26 30 35 40 45 50 53 58 65 72 79 87 96 106 5 61⁄8 51⁄4 51⁄4 61⁄2 61⁄2 8 8 81⁄8 81⁄8 81⁄4 81⁄4 53⁄4 53⁄4 53⁄4 8 8 8 10 10 101⁄8 101⁄8 101⁄4 101⁄4 61⁄2 61⁄2 61⁄2 8 8 81⁄8 10 10 12 12 121⁄8 121⁄8 121⁄8 121⁄4 0.660 0. In.430 0. of Weight Flange of Section per Ft.860 0.770 0. Lbs.930 1.515 0.935 0.810 0.495 0.680 0.790 0.870 0.400 0.575 0.750 0.745 0.Beam Dimensions Continued ▲ Y ▲ Mean Depth Thick.520 0.760 0.615 0.455 0.645 0.875 0.020 APFH-12.740 0.960 0.770 0.770 0.985 0.620 0. In.990 14 16 18 30 34 38 43 48 53 61 68 74 82 90 99 109 120 132 36 40 45 50 57 67 77 89 100 50 55 60 65 71 76 86 97 106 63⁄4 63⁄4 63⁄4 8 8 8 10 10 101⁄8 101⁄8 141⁄2 145⁄8 145⁄8 145⁄8 143⁄4 7 7 7 71⁄8 71⁄8 101⁄4 101⁄4 103⁄8 103⁄8 71⁄2 71⁄2 71⁄2 75⁄8 75⁄8 11 111⁄8 111⁄8 111⁄4 0.560 0.510 0.530 0.430 0.875 0.680 0.855 0.330 0.940 1.785 0.930 0.810 0.575 0.465 0. In.870 0.780 0.680 0.740 0. of Weight Flange of Section per Ft.685 0. In.63 0. Width Flange Y Z In. W SHAPES Mean Depth Thick. Z ▲ ▲ Mean Depth Thick.975 0.435 0.720 0.380 0.990 0.570 0.385 0.875 0.960 0.835 0.

687 47.700 98.890 1.500 13.4 17.692 2.551 0.139 88. Span (Ft) 7 7 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 16 17 19 22 23 25 27 28 30 32 33 Water Service Max. Span (Ft) 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 Vapor Service NOTE: Spans shown in Tables 1 and 2 do not apply where there are concentrated loads between supports or where temperatures exceed 750°F.480 5.337 114.000 146.72 4.400 60.331 77.62 6. 80 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . 750° F ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 1 1 ⁄4 11⁄2 13⁄4 2 21⁄4 21⁄2 23⁄4 3 31⁄4 31⁄2 33⁄4 4 41⁄4 41⁄2 43⁄4 5 1 5 3 16 UNC 13 UNC 11 UNC 10 UNC 9 UNC 8 UNC 7 UNC 6 UNC 5 UNC 41⁄2 UNC 41⁄2 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UN 4 UN 4 UN 4 UN 0.230 4.307 66.440 10.0678 0.807 14.419 0.500 114. Additional valves and fittings increase the load and therefore closer hanger spacing is required.508 4.202 0.300 39.265 25.057 1.900 84.21 10.000 165.A Typical Pipe Hanger Specification TABLE 1: Maximum Horizontal Spacing Between Pipe Supports for Standard Weight Steel Pipe* 1 ⁄2 3 Nominal Pipe Size (in) ⁄4 1 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 Max. Rod Threads Diameter (in) per Inch Root Area of Coarse Thread (in2) Maximum Safe Load (lbs) Rod Temperature.7 15.74 2.530 3. Span (Ft) 5 5 6 7 8 8 9 10 11 12 Water Service Max. 650° F Maximum Safe Load (lbs) Rod Temperature.620 7.92 9.807 128.066 56.600 32.000 572 1.72 7.350 2.126 0.295 31.2 730 1.807 101.800 49.096 APFH-12.982 144. TABLE 2: Maximum Horizontal Spacing Between Copper Tubing Supports 3 3 1⁄ 2 4 Max.000 184.160 3.30 3.566 19.29 1.11 Standard UNC thread thru 4" diameter and 4-UN-2A thread series for 41⁄4" diameter and larger. *Many codes and specifications state “pipe hangers must be spaced every 10ft.62 5. ⁄2 ⁄4 1 1 3 Nominal Tubing Size (in) 11⁄4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21⁄2 TABLE 3: Load Carrying Capacities of Threaded Hanger Rods.6 12.1 13.600 24.302 0.02 3. Span (Ft) 8 9 9 12 13 14 15 16 17 19 21 24 26 30 32 35 37 39 42 34 Vapor Service 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 11⁄2 Recommended 3 1 5 3 7 ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 1 Hanger Rod Sizes or tra peze The above spacing and capacities are based on pipe filled with water. regardless of size.” This local specification must be followed.100 71.000 129.169 38.800 18.900 9. Materials Carbon Steel with Minimum Actual Tensile Strength of 50 Ksi.

DNmm Pipe Length in Feet/Meters 7 2.2 1-2 25-50 21⁄2-4 65-100 5-24 125-600 APFH-12. Do not use these values where critical span calculations are made or where there are concentrated loads between supports./DNmm Maximum Span Between Supports Feet/meters For straight runs without concentrated loads and where full linear movement IS required use the table below.5 20 6.6 20 6. HANGER SPACING LINEAR MOVEMENT NOT REQUIRED Nominal Pipe Size Range In.1 22 6. 1 25 1 1 ⁄4-2 32-50 21⁄2-4 65-100 5-8 125-200 10-12 250-300 14-16 350-400 18-24 450-600 7 2.1 35 10. For straight runs without concentrated loads and where full linear movement is NOT required use the table on right.6 30 9. 2) reduce stresses at pipe joints. fluid & pipe system components.7 25 7.1 HANGER SPACING . the piping designer must consider certain unique characteristics of the grooved type coupling in addition to many universal pipe hanger and support design factors.3 16 4. Pipe Hanger Spacing: The following charts show the maximum span between pipe hangers for straight runs of standard weight steel pipe filled with water or other similar fluids.11 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 4 2 2 4 3 3 5 4 3 6 4 3 81 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data . supports and anchors for a grooved-end pipe system.0 12 3. As with any pipe system.FLEXIBLE SYSTEM. STEEL PIPE FULL LINEAR MOVEMENT IS REQUIRED AVERAGE HANGERS PER PIPE LENGTH EVENLY SPACED Nominal Pipe Size Range In. The following factors should be considered when designing hangers and supports for a grooved-end pipe system.1 10 3. couplings.7 40 12.7 15 4.3 12 3.6 10 3. and 3) permit required pipe system movement to relieve stress.7 14 4.Gruvlok® Pipe Support When designing the hangers. the hanger or support system must provide for 1) the weight of the pipe.9 18 5.

7 51⁄4 O.7 4.7 3.8 6.3c.0 4.6 5.6 9.1 8.7 3.8 4.7 12.7 4.6 4.0 4.4 4.1 4.6 4 5.3 5.9 5.6 5.6 21⁄2 11 15 15 14 17 15 9 12 65 3.6 7.6 4.4 4.7 11⁄4 7 11 12 9 12 12 – – 32 2.7 3. table a *** Spacing by NFPA-13 Installation of Sprinkler Systems.2 6.1 10.6 4.1 5.6 3 O.1.6 10.1 4.3 5.0 4.1 7.6 3 4.6 10 19 25 15 24 33 15 – – 250 5.7 4.3 4.6 5.6 5.D.2 6. 921.6 16 27 26 15 35 40 15 – – 400 8.6 3.1 4.1 3.6 6.2 6.9 Building Service Piping Code.6 2 10 13 15 13 15 15 9 12 50 3 4 4.6 6 17 21 15 21 26 15 14 21 150 5.6 11.6 4.5 4.6 12 23 26 15 30 36 15 – – 300 7 7.4 4.6 4 14 18 15 17 21 15 12 17 100 4.6 14 23 26 15 30 37 15 – – 350 7 7.6 24 32 26 15 42 48 15 – – 600 9. 17 21 15 21 25 15 – – 165.6 6.8 14.6 51⁄2 O.1 4.1 3.8 4. Nominal Size 82 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 11 15 15 14 17 15 – – 76.3D.2 1 3 ⁄2 13 18 15 15 21 15 – – 90 4 5.7 1 1 ⁄2 7 12 15 9 13 15 – – 40 2.8 4.6 4. ** Spacing by ANSI-B31.7 4.6 4.7 12.9 6.8 4.6 * Spacing by ANSI-B31.8 4.6 2.4 4.1.6 4.RIGID SYSTEMS SUGGESTED MAXIMUM SPAN BETWEEN SUPPORTS COPPER TUBE STEEL PIPE Suggested Maximum Span Between Supports-Feet/Meters Water Gas & Air Service Service Water Service Air Service In. 14 18 15 17 19 15 – – 108.8 4.8 4. Table 6-2.1 11.6 8 19 23 15 24 29 15 – – 200 5.2 8.3 8. 250 psi and Fig.3 4.6 5.6 2. 16 19 15 20 24 15 – – 139.4 7.6 12.8 7.6 9.9 4.9 6.2.1 3.4 4. 921./DNmm * ** *** * ** *** ** ** 1 7 9 12 9 10 12 – – 25 2.Gruvlok® Pipe Support Continued HANGER SPACING . 16 20 15 20 24 15 – – 159.1 7.D.3 9.0 4.3 5.9 4.3 4. (1999 Edition).6 6.0 4.2 6.6 10.4 7. 15 18 15 19 22 15 – – 133.6 4.7 4 4.0 4.3 4.6 4.6 2.2 7.6 6.7 3.6 4.4 3.1 7.6 18 27 27 15 35 42 15 – – 450 8.1 4.D.D.D.2 6.6 3.7 4.6 7.8 4.3 5.7 5.7 3.8 7.6 6.5 4. Table a.3 61⁄4 O.6 4 4.7 4.3 4.2 5.6 3 12 16 15 15 19 15 10 14 80 3. Fig. (1996 Edition).6 1 6 ⁄2 O.7 2.6 5 16 20 15 20 24 15 13 18 125 4.D.11 .3 4.9 13.4 4.6 20 30 27 15 39 45 15 – – 500 9.1 2.5 4.1 41⁄4 O.1 Power Piping Code.6 4.6 6.0 3.7 4.7 2.

Local codes and specifications may also vary from the above recommended spacing and should be consulted for the applicable spacing requirements prior to installation. it is recommended that the pipe manufacturer be consulted for specific spacing recommendations relating to their pipe. The above table is meant as a general guideline. This chart based on continuous spans and for un-insulated line carrying fluids of specific gravity up to 1. The possibility of temperature overrides beyond regular working temperatures and cost may either make either of the alternatives more desirable. APFH-12. load conditions.PVC Pipe Support Spacing General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data PVC PIPE SUPPORT SPACING Pipe Size (in.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 83 .) SCHEDULE 40 Temperature (°F) 60 80 100 120 140 60 SCHEDULE 80 Temperature (°F) 80 100 120 140 60 SCHEDULE 120 Temperature (°F) 80 100 120 140 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 31⁄2 31⁄2 2 4 31⁄2 21⁄2 41⁄2 4 21⁄2 41⁄2 4 21⁄2 5 41⁄2 3 51⁄2 5 3 51⁄2 5 31⁄2 51⁄2 5 31⁄2 61⁄2 6 4 7 6 4 7 61⁄2 4 7 61⁄2 41⁄2 71⁄2 7 41⁄2 8 71⁄2 5 81⁄2 8 5 9 81⁄2 51⁄2 101⁄2 91⁄2 61⁄2 11 10 7 111⁄2 101⁄2 71⁄2 12 11 8 121⁄2 111⁄2 10 13 121⁄2 11 SDR 41 18 13 12 11 8 20 131⁄2 121⁄2 111⁄2 81⁄2 24 14 13 12 9 4 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 6 7 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 10 111⁄2 12 121⁄2 13 14 15 1 2 2 21⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 81⁄2 91⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 10 11 12 13 131⁄2 14 141⁄2 151⁄2 17 4 31⁄2 21⁄2 41⁄2 4 21⁄2 41⁄2 41⁄2 3 5 41⁄2 3 51⁄2 5 31⁄2 6 51⁄2 31⁄2 6 51⁄2 31⁄2 61⁄2 6 4 71⁄2 61⁄2 41⁄2 71⁄2 7 41⁄2 8 71⁄2 5 81⁄2 71⁄2 5 9 8 51⁄2 91⁄2 9 6 101⁄2 91⁄2 61⁄2 11 10 7 12 101⁄2 71⁄2 13 11 8 131⁄2 111⁄2 81⁄2 14 12 11 141⁄2 121⁄2 111⁄2 15 14 121⁄2 SDR 26 141⁄2 14 12 9 15 141⁄2 121⁄2 91⁄2 151⁄2 15 13 10 2 21⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 – – 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 61⁄2 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 111⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 10 101⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 – – – – – – – – NOTE: Although support spacing is shown at 140°F.00. consideration should be given to the use of CPVC or continuous support above 120°F. operating temperature and service conditions.

00. load conditions. 84 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Local codes and specifications may also vary from the above recommended spacing and should be consulted for the applicable spacing requirements prior to installation. This chart based on continuous spans and for un-insulated line carrying fluids of specific gravity up to 1. it is recommended that the pipe manufacturer be consulted for specific spacing recommendations relating to their pipe. operating temperature and service conditions. The above table is meant as a general guideline.) SCHEDULE 40 Temperature (°F) 73° 100° 120° 140° 160° 180° 73° SCHEDULE 80 Temperature (°F) 100° 120° 140° 160° 180° ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 1 5 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 6 7 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄2 91⁄2 101⁄2 111⁄2 12 13 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 6 7 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 9 10 101⁄2 11 12 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 51⁄2 61⁄2 7 7 7 71⁄2 81⁄2 91⁄2 10 10 11 4 4 41⁄2 5 5 5 6 6 61⁄2 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 8 81⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 6 7 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 7 8 8 81⁄2 81⁄2 10 11 111⁄2 121⁄2 15 16 5 51⁄2 6 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 11 12 131⁄2 15 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 6 61⁄2 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 10 101⁄2 111⁄2 121⁄2 131⁄2 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 11 12 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 71⁄2 91⁄2 10 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 8 81⁄2 NOTE: Although support spacing is shown at 140°F. consideration should be given to the use of CPVC or continuous support above 120°F.CPVC Pipe Support Spacing CPVC PIPE SUPPORT SPACING Pipe Size (in.11 . The possibility of temperature overrides beyond regular working temperatures and cost may either make either of the alternatives more desirable.

CT-65 Fig. 185 One Hole Pipe Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" Fig. 69F Fig. 104 Adjustable Swivel Ring. 186 Two Hole Pipe Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" Fig. 600 & 599 Socket Clamp for Ductile Iron or Cast Iron Pipe & Socket Clamp Washer Size Range: 3" thru 24" pipe ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 85 . CT-121 Copper Tubing Riser Clamp Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Fig. 108 Split Pipe Ring Size Range: 3/8" thru 8" Fig. Split Ring Type Size Range: 3/4" thru 8" Fig. 188 Two Hole Stand Off Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" PIPE RINGS Fig. CT-138R Fig. 69 Adjustable Swivel Ring Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" SOCKET CLAMPS Fig.PIPE HANGERS COPPER TUBING HANGERS General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Fig. CT-69 Adjustable Swivel Ring Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Fig. 187 Two Hole 90˚ Side Mount Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" Fig. CT-255 Copper Tubing Alignment Guide Size Range: 1" thru 4" Fig.11 Fig. 67F Light Duty Extension Split Adjustable Swivel Copper Tube Felt Adjustable Clevis Tubing Clamp Ring Felt Lined Lined Hanger Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Size Range: 1/2" thru 2" Size Range: 1/2" thru 6" Size Range: 1/2" thru 6" Fig. 138R Extension Split Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3/8" thru 3" Fig. CT-128R Rod Threaded Ceiling Flange Size Range: 3/8" thru 1/2" CPVC PIPE HANGERS Fig. 595 & 594 Socket Clamp for Ductile Iron or Cast Iron Pipe & Socket Clamp Washer Size Range: 4" thru 24" pipe APFH-12.

295A Fig. 40 Riser Clamp Standard Size Range: 2" thru 24" Fig. 260 ISS Clevis Hanger with Insulation Saddle System Size Range: 2" thru 16" Fig. 195 Medium Welded Steel Bracket Fig. 100 Extended Pipe Clamp Size Range: 1 /2" thru 8" Fig. 246 Heavy Duty Alloy Steel Pipe Clamp Size Range: 10" thru 24" Alloy Double Heavy Duty Double Bolt Pipe Clamp Bolt Pipe Clamp Size Range: Size Range: 11/2" thru 24" 6" thru 36" BRACKETS Fig. 202 Iron Side Beam Bracket Size Range: 3/8" thru 5/8" Fig. 300 Fig. 224 Alloy Steel Pipe Clamp Size Range: 4" thru 16" Fig. 260 Adjustable Clevis Hanger Size Range: 1 /2" thru 30" Fig. 295H Fig. 194 Light Welded Steel Bracket Fig. 261 Extension Pipe or Riser Clamp Size Range: 3 /4" thru 24" Fig. 207 Threaded Steel Side Beam Bracket Size Range: 3/8" and 1/2" Fig. 212FP Earthquake Bracing Clamp Size Range: 21/2" thru 12" Fig. 216 Heavy Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3" thru 42" Fig. 212 Medium Pipe Clamp Size Range: 1 /2" thru 30" Fig.PIPE HANGERS CLEVIS Fig. 295 Double Bolt Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3 /4" thru 36" Fig. 190 Off-Set Eye Socket Size: 3/8" Fig. 590 Adjustable Clevis Adjustable Clevis for Insulated Lines for Ductile or Size Range: Cast Iron 3 /4" thru 12" Size Range: 3" thru 24" STEEL PIPE CLAMPS Fig.11 86 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . 65 Light Duty Adjustable Clevis Size Range: 3 /8" thru 4" Fig. 103 Offset Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3 /4" thru 8" Fig. 199 Heavy Welded Steel Bracket APFH-12. 189 Staight Eye Socket Size: 3/8" Fig. 206 Steel Side Beam Bracket Size Range: 3/8" thru 5/8" Fig. 67 Pipe or Conduit Hanger Size Range: 1 /2" thru 6" Fig.

120 Light Weight U-Bolt Size Range: 1/2" thru 10" ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 87 . 133 Fig. 86 & 88 C-Clamp with Set Screw and Lock Nut Size Range: 3 /8" thru 3/4" Fig. 137C Plastic Coated U-Bolts Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" Fig.PIPE HANGERS BEAM CLAMPS General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Fig. 227 Top Beam Clamp Fig.11 Fig. 89X Retaining Clip Size Range: 3 /8" thru 3/4" Fig. 218 Malleable Beam Clamp without Extension Piece Fig. 93 Universal C-Type Clamp Wide Throat Size Range: 3 /8" and 1/2" Fig. 95 C-Clamp with Locknut Size Range: 3 /8" and 1/2" Fig. 54 Two-Hole Welding Beam Lug Size Range: 1 /2" thru 21/4" Fig. 14 Adjustable Side Beam Clamp Size Range: 3 /8" thru 5/8" Fig. 134 Fig. 94 Wide Throat Top Beam C-Clamp Size Range: 5 /8" and 3/4" Fig. 89 Retaining Clip Size Range: 3 /8" thru 1/2" Fig. 66 Welding Beam Attachment Size Range: 3 /8" thru 31/2" Fig. 92 Universal C-Type Clamp Standard Throat Size Range: 3 /8" and 1/2" Fig. 292 & 292L Standard Duty Heavy Duty Beam Clamp Beam Clamp Size Range: 4" thru 12" Size Range: 4" thru 12" Universal Forged Steel Universal Forged Steel Beam Clamp Beam Clamp with Weldless Eye Nut STRUCTURAL ATTACHMENTS Fig. 228 Fig. 217 Adjustable Side Beam Clamp Size Range: 3" thru 75/8" Fig. 112 & 113 Brace Fitting Complete Size Range: 1" and 11/4" U-BOLTS Fig. 60 Steel Washer Plate Size Range: 3 /8" thru 33/4" Fig. 55 & 55L Structural Welding Lug Size Range (55): 1 /2" thru 33/4" Size Range (55L): 1 /2" thru 2" Fig. 137 & 137S Standard U-Bolts Size Range: 1/2" thru 36" APFH-12.

126 One-Hole Clamp Size Range: 3/8" thru 4" Pipe Strap Pipe Strap 1 Size Range: 1/2" thru 6" pipe Size Range: /2" thru 6" pipe Fig. 148 Rod with Eye End Size Range: 23/4" thru 5" Fig. 299 Forged Steel Clevis Size Range: 3/8" thru 4" Fig.11 . 243 Fig. 140 & 253 Machine Threaded Rods Threaded on Both Ends Size Range: 3/8" thru 5" Fig. 110R Socket. 157 Extension Piece Size Range: 3/8" thru 7/8" Fig. 244 88 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 233 Turnbuckle Size Range: 11/4" thru 5" Fig. 136R: Fig.PIPE HANGERS HANGER RODS & ATTACHMENTS Fig. 291 Clevis Pin with Cotters Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Machine Bolts and Hex Nuts STRAPS Fig. 136: Fig. 146 Continuous Thread Size Range: 1/4" thru 11/2" Fig. 136 & 136R Straight Rod Coupling Size Range: 1/4" thru 1" Fig. 262 Strap Short Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Fig. 230 Turnbuckle Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 278 Eye Rod Welded Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. Rod Threaded Size Range: 1/4" thru 7/8" Fig. 135 & 135E Straight Rod Coupling Size Range: 1/4" thru 1" Fig. 278X Linked Eye Rods Welded Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 114 Turnbuckle Adjuster Size Range: 1/4" thru 3/4" Fig. 290 Weldless Eye Nut Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 248 Eye Rod Not Welded Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 142 Coach Screw Rods Machine Threaded on Opposite End Size Range: 3/8" thru 1/2" Fig. 248X Linked Eye Rods Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig.

285 Light Weight Concrete Insert Size Range: 1 /4" thru 5/8" Fig. B. 264 Adjustable Pipe Saddle Support Size Range: 21/2" thru 36" Fig. 281 Wedge Type Conrete Insert Size Range: 1 /4" thru 7/8" Fig. 258 Pipe Stanchion Saddle Size Range: 4" thru 36" Fig. 62 Type A. 47 Concrete Single Lug Plate Size Range: 1/2" thru 2" Fig. 395 Cast Iron Ceiling Plate Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" Fig. and C Pipe Stanchion Size Range: 21/2" thru 42" Fig. Ceiling Flange Size Range: 3/8" and 1/2" Fig. 192 Adjustable Pipe Saddle Size Range: 2" thru 12" Fig. 265 Adjustable Pipe Saddle Support with U-Bolt Size Range: 4" thru 36" Fig. 153 Pipe Hanger Flange Size Range: 3/8" thru 3/4" APFH-12. 127 Plastic Ceiling Plate Size Range: 3/8" and 1/2" Fig. 259 Pipe Saddle Support with U-Bolt Size Range: 4" thru 36" CEILING PLATES Fig. 128R Rod Threaded. 282 Universal Concrete Insert Size Range: 3 /8" thru 7/8" Fig. and C Pipe Stanchion Size Range: 2" thru 18" Fig. 63 Type A. 152 Screw Concrete Insert Size Range: 3 /8" thru 7/8" Fig. 52 Concrete Rod Attachment Plate Size Range: 3/8" thru 11/4" PIPE SUPPORTS Fig. 284 Metal Deck Hanger Size Range: 3/8" thru 3/4" Fig. 191 Adjustable Pipe Saddle with U-Bolt Size Range: 2" thru 12" Fig. 286 Iron Cross Size Range: 3 /4" thru 11/2" Fig.PIPE HANGERS CONCRETE INSERTS & ATTACHMENTS General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Fig.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 89 . B. 49 Concrete Clevis Plate Size Range: 3/8" thru 13/4" Fig.

PIPE HANGERS PIPE ROLLS Fig. 274. 255 Fig. 274P & 275 Adjustable Pipe Roll Stand Size Range: 2" thru 42" PIPE GUIDES & SLIDES Fig. 256 Fig. 167 Fig. 439 & 439A Structural "H" Slide Assembly.11 . 436 & 436A Pipe Alignment Guide Pipe Alignment Guide Structural Tee Slide Assembly Fabricated Tee Slide Assembly Size Range: 1" thru 24" pipe Size Range: 1" thru 24" pipe Size Range: All sizes within Size Range: All sizes within and insulation thickness and insulation thickness maximum load rating maximum load rating of 1" thru 4" of 1" thru 4" Fig. 277 Pipe Roll and Base Plate Size Range: 2" thru 24" Fig. 171 Single Pipe Roll Size Range: 1" thru 30" Fig. Complete Size Range: 6" thru 36" Fig. 432 Special Clamp Size Range: 2" thru 24" Fig. 212 Medium Pipe Clamp Size Range: 2" thru 30" PIPE SHIELDS & SADDLES Fig. 178 Spring Cushion Hanger Fig. 175 Roller Chair Size Range: 2" thru 30" pipe Fig. 168 Fig. 177 Adjustable Pipe Roll Support Size Range: 1" thru 30" Fig. 181 Adjustable Steel Yoke Pipe Roll Size Range: 21/2" thru 24" Fig. 257 & 257A Fig. 160 to 166A Pipe Covering Protection Saddle Size Range: 3/4" thru 36" Insulation Protection Shield Rib-Lok Shield Size Range: 1/2" thru 24" pipe with up Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" pipe or copper to 2" thick insulation tube with up to 2" thick insulation 90 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 271 Pipe Roll Stand Size Range: 2" thru 42" Fig.

772 Fig.11 Fig. 771 Sway Brace Swivel Attachment Size Range: 1" and 11/4" Brace Pipe ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 91 .Rod Tap Size Range: 3/8" Rod Diameter Fig. 777 Swivel Joint Connector . 779 Multi-Connector Adapter Size Range: 1" thru 8" Service Pipe Adjustable Steel Beam Attachment Bar Joist and Beam Attachment (WF) Size Range: Flange Widths 4" thru 15" Size Range: 1 3 Flange Thickness /8" thru /4" RESTRAINTS SWAY BRACE ATTACHMENT Fig. 778 Fig. 773 Surge Restrainer Size Range: 3 /4" thru 2" Swivel Ring Hanger APFH-12. 775 Brace Clamp Lateral/Longitudinal Brace Clamp Size Range: 21/2" thru 8" Service Pipe Size Range: 21/2" thru 8" Service Pipe STRUCTURAL ATTACHMENTS Fig. 50 Equal Leg Angle for Trapeze Assembly SWAY BRACE – SIESMIC PIPE BRACE CLAMPS Fig. 770 Q Brace Clamp Size Range: 1" thru 6" Service Pipe Fig. 46 Universal Trapeze Assembly Fig. 776 Fig.PIPE HANGERS TRAPEZE General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Trapeze Fig. 45 Channel Assembly Fig.

4. 6. Welding rings may be employed to assure proper alignment as well as the correct welding gap. Tack weld top and bottom. Place 45˚ spirit level on face of elbow and maneuver elbow until bubble is centered. 45˚ Elbow-to-Pipe 1. 92 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Poor alignment may result in welding difficulties and a system that does not function properly. 2. Level pipe using spirit level. 4. Pipe-to-Pipe 1. 4. Place spirit level on face of tee and maneuver tee until level.11 . In addition to using welding rings. Level pipe using spirit level. Tack weld in place. 3. Place fitting to pipe leaving small welding gap. Tee-to-Pipe 1. Place spirit level over both pipes as shown and maneuver unpositioned length until both are level. 3. 3. Place spirit level on face of elbow and maneuver elbow until level. Tack weld in place. Place tee to pipe leaving small welding gap. Below and on the following page are alignment procedures commonly used by today’s craftsmen. 2. Level pipe using spirit level. 2. some simple procedures can be followed to assist the pipe fitter. Level one length of pipe using spirit level. 2. Repeat procedure. Place fitting to pipe leaving small welding gap. 4. 3. 90˚ Elbow-to-Pipe 1. Tack weld in place. Rotate pipe 90°. Bring lengths together leaving only small welding gap.Alignment of Pipe Proper alignment is important if a piping system is to be correctly fabricated. 5.

Tack weld in place. 2. Check sides in same way. 4. Repeat this step with several elbows so jig may be used for different operations. 3. Place elbow in jig and saw half thru sides of channel iron as shown. Drill Dia. Bend channel iron to 90° angle and weld sides. Bring flange to pipe end leaving small welding gap. 6. Jig for Small Diameter Piping The jig is made from channel iron 3' 9" long. Drill Size DRILL SIZES FOR NPT PIPE TAPS Tap Size Threads/In. Align top two holes of flange with spirit level. 4. 5. Heat & Bend Weld Sides Cut Slots Using Fitting as Guide Weld Sides 1. TAP AND DRILL SIZES* Tap Size Threads/In.Alignment of Pipe Continued Flange-to-Pipe 1. Cut Notch.11 1 20 18 16 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4 1⁄ 2 7 F 5 ⁄16 U 27 ⁄64 31 ⁄64 17 ⁄32 21 ⁄32 49 ⁄64 7 ⁄8 63 ⁄64 17⁄64 17⁄32 111⁄32 19⁄16 125⁄32 ⁄8 1 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 1 27 18 18 14 14 111 ⁄ 2 111 ⁄ 2 111 ⁄ 2 111 ⁄ 2 8 8 8 8 R ⁄ 16 37 ⁄ 64 23 ⁄ 32 59 ⁄ 64 15 ⁄ 32 11 ⁄ 2 147 ⁄ 64 27 ⁄ 32 25 ⁄ 8 31 ⁄ 4 3 3⁄ 4 41 ⁄ 4 7 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 93 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data . Center square on face of flange as shown. 1 ⁄8" x 3⁄4" for sizes 1" or smaller. 2. Heat bottom of notch with torch. 5. ⁄4 5 ⁄16 3 ⁄8 7 ⁄16 1 ⁄2 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 1 1⁄ 8 1 1⁄ 4 1 3⁄ 8 1 1⁄ 2 1 3⁄ 4 2 *Unified National Coarse APFH-12. Use 1⁄8" x 11⁄2" for pipe sizes 11⁄4" thru 3". A used hack saw blade placed in notch as shown will provide proper welding gap. Cut out 90° notches about 9" from end. Tack weld in place. 3.

Turned Down Elbow .Double Branch Elbow .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Bell & Spigot 6 4 Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Bushing (Reducing) Cap 2 2 6 6 4 6 6 2 6 6 4 2 6 4 6 2 6 4 Cross (Reducing) Cross (Straight) Crossover 6 4 Elbow .90˚ Elbow .45˚ Elbow .Reducing 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 94 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.Base Elbow .Long Radius LR LR Elbow .Turned Up Elbow .11 .

Bull Plug .Connecting Pipe Joint .Side Outlet (OutletUp) Elbow .Concentric Reducer .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 95 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data .Side Outlet (Outlet Down) Elbow .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Elbow .Pipe Reducer .Gate Angle Gate (Plan) APFH-12.Expansion Lateral Orifice Plate Reducing Flange Plug .Eccentric Valve .Street Joint .

Governor Operated Valve .11 .Globe (Plan) Valve (Auto) .Globe Angle Globe (Elevation) Valve .Gate* Valve .Globe Motor Operated *Also used for General Stop Valve when amplified by specification.Reducing Valve .Check (Straight Way) Valve .Gate Motor Operated Valve .Globe Valve . 96 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Valve .By-Pass Valve (Auto) .Cock Valve .Float Valve .Diaphragm Valve .

Lockshield Valve .Hose Globe Valve .Double Sweep Tee .Single Sweep APFH-12.Outlet Up Tee .Angle Hose Angle Valve .Hose Gate Valve .Outlet Down Tee .Saftey Sleeve Tee .Straight Tee .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 97 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data .Reducing 6 2 4 6 2 4 6 2 4 6 2 4 6 2 4 Tee .Quick Opening Valve .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Valve .

11 .Side Outlet (Outlet Up) Union Angle Valve Check Angle Valve Gate 98 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.Side Outlet (Outlet Down) Tee .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Tee .

Black Pipe..................................................... Cast Iron Carbon Steel Pipe ............................. Bar Plug....................... CI........ A substance composed of two or more metals or a metal and a compound....................... BOCA..... A recess in a wall in which pipes can be run.......................... Annealing ........... Chamfer .................... Blind Flange .. Non-galvanized steel pipe with a lacquer finish. Backflow Preventer ............ Butt Weld ......... Bull Head Tee ........................ American Standard Pipe Thread .. American Society for Testing Material AWWA .............................................................................. Bubble Tight ............... American Water Works Association Adaptor .......... Cavitation ............... Alloy ..................... American Petroleum Institute ASME ..................... A flange with a sealing surface on one side for connecting to a flanged fitting or flanged valve and a pipe thread entrance on the other side...... The outlet of the tee is larger than the run............................................................. Building Officials Conference of America Bell Reducer .......... A flange used to seal off the end of a pipe............. Made on to a fitting by use of a steel bar as opposed to a wrench................................... Chase... riser or stack........... APFH-12.............. A localized gaseous condition that is found within a liquid stream........... Companion Flange ..11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 99 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data .... A special order item..... American Society of Plumbing Engineers ASHRAE ................ Close Nipple......... American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASPE ................................. Butt Nipple .................................. A softening treatment consisting of heating carbon or alloy steel or cast iron to an appropriate temperature........ A nipple with NPT threads and a shorter overall length than a close nipple used when there is a space consideration........... In a standard nipple both ends are chamfered........................ A circumferential weld in pipe fusing the abutting pipe walls completely from inside wall to outside wall. Bushing ....................... A pipe fitting for connecting a pipe with a female or larger size fitting: it has a hollow plug with male and female threads........... American National Standards Institute API............. holding the temperature for a proper period of time and slowly cooling to ambient temperature....................................... A fitting that joins two different type of pipe together such as PVC to cast iron.................................................................... Air Conditioning Engineers ASTM.... of a pipe nipple at 35 degrees (plus/minus 10 degrees) to axis.... American Society of Heating.....D............................ A device of means to prevent backflow (siphonage) into a potable water system..................... A type of screw thread commonly used on pipe and fittings...... Any part of the piping system other than a main......................................................................... or threaded to non-threaded........................................ Steel pipe that owes its properties mostly to the carbon it contains....................... Refrigeration................................ A nipple with a length twice the length of a standard pipe thread.. A bevel cut on the O............... Another term for a concentric reducer. The condition of a valve seat that prohibits the leakage of visible bubbles when closed....................Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations AGA ................. American Gas Association ANSI...................... Branch......................................... Iron plugs in the 4" thru 8" size that have slotted rather than square heads............

.. A process on bonding a layer of zinc to steel or iron involving electroplating by running a current through a saline/zinc solution with a zinc anode and a steel or iron conductor...... Dry-Pipe Valve ... A pipe fitting with female threads used to connect two pipes in a straight line..................... Die.. A pipe fitting with four branches in pairs...................... The method of connecting the parts of a piping system......... Description of piping material indicating thicker than standard... Electrogalvanizing ................ Face to Face Dimension ...................... A fitting having insulating parts or material that prohibits flow of electric current................................................... Drainage.... A small elbow having wings cast on each side.. When the link in the sprinkler head melts releasing air from the system the valve opens allowing water to flow....... A valve used with a dry-pipe sprinkler system where water is on one side of the valve and air is on the other side......... Coupling.. Electric Resistance Weld Pipe (ERW) ..........11 .................. A process for making smaller diameter pipe through 41/2" where the entire continuous ribbon of steel is heated in a furnace to the required temperature for forming and fusing.......................... DWV..... Cut Lengths. Also used for reducing with 300# fittings as recommended by ASME B16.......... the wings have countersunk holes to secure to a ceiling or wall................ Cold finished pipe made by flat steel is cold shaped into tubular form and then welded at the seam from heat generated by resistance to the flow of electric current applied through electrical contacts...... A fitting that makes a 90 degree angle between adjacent pipes unless another angle is specified............. Cross . Face Bushing . waste and vent system.. Fittings whose openings are offset allowing liquid to flow freely..... Extra Heavy ..... Any connection or situation that may allow wastewater to enter the water supply system.. A bushing without the hex head............ Durham System. End Connection..... The edges of steel are firmly pressed together by rolls to obtain a forged weld.. The dimensions from the face of the inlet port to the face of the outlet port of a fitting or valve.................. usually in square or hexagon pattern.................. A low pattern bushing used when a smooth transition is required between fitting and nipple when insulating. 100 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. FIP...... Drop Ear Elbow ................... Cross-Connection .............................. Standard internal threads on pipe fittings................. Pasty lubricant used to seal pipe threads prior to making a threaded pipe connection.................... Pipe cut to a specific length as ordered.......................14................... each pair on one axis. A set of these attach to dieheads and is mounted on a threader................. Cutting device used to thread pipe..... Eccentric Fittings........ Dielectric Fitting ........................................ A low pattern plug lacking a protruding head rather with a recess or socket............. A term used to describe soil or waste systems where all piping is threaded...................................Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued Continuous Weld Pipe (CW)........................................ and the axis at right angles.................................... Female iron pipe connection... Heat and pressure form the weld Countersunk Plug.. Dope ............................ Elbow .............

........... Groove ......... Hot Dip Galvanizing ........ A flat device usually made of fiber or rubber used to provide a watertight seal between metal joints..................... No metal is removed in the process. Not recognized by industry specification.......................... When two dissimilar metals are immersed in the same electrolytic solution and connected electrically there is an interchange of atoms carrying an electric charge between them........ e....... Galvanized Pipe........... provided with holes for bolts to allow fastening the pipe to similarly equipped adjoining pipe.......... A fitting designed to join pipe or tubing by means of pressure or friction.... The process of coating iron or steel with a layer of zinc by passing the metal through a molten batch of zinc at a temperature of 450 deg F....11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 101 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data ........................ Gallons per minute Galvanic Action. Solid pieces of steel are forced into fitting shapes under very high temperature and pressure and then machined into final form............................... Used to secure structural components..... Flange.. Developed by the International Organization for Standardization......................... Flange Fitting ..................... Fitting.. APFH-12.................... A full steel coupling sawed in half...... Gallons GALV............................. Galvanizing...... The anode metal with the higher electrode potential corrodes with the cathode protected...................................... A process where the surface of iron or steel piping or fittings is covered with a layer of zinc.... Ground Joint Union . at right angles to the pipe. Groove ........... GAL............ For use in a groovedend piping system. Friction Loss ... IAPMO... Floor Flange ..... The metal is displaced inside the pipe.............. Steel pipe coated with zinc to resist corrosion.... Where the parts to be joined are precisely finished and then ground so that the seal is tight.............g... ventilation and air conditioning Half Coupling.. International Association of Plumbing & Mechanical Officials ISO 9000... Factory Mutual Engineering Corp................. HVAC ..... Uses as drain or valve access ports in steel tanks.....................Roll ...................... Galvanized GPM .................................... Header.... Heating........... A circumferential groove that has been forced or swagged into a pipe segment.... valves... fittings and valves....Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued Female Thread ...... A ring-shaped plate at the end of a pipe........... etc............................................. A construction flange with no pressure rating................ A fitting which utilizes a radically extended collar for sealing and connection... hand rails.................................... A circumferential groove that has been cut into a segment of pipe..... The loss of pressure caused by the turbulence created in water while traveling through pipe..................................................................... A series of five standards for developing a total quality management system................... FM . Ground Joint ........... Metal is removed in this process..................................... Gasket .................... For use in a grooved-end piping system.......... Forged Steel Fittings .. to floors or walls......... A pipe union that has a brass or copper grounding section between the two.............. Compression............Cut .......... The internal thread in pipe fittings....... A large pipe from which a number of smaller ones are connected in line from the side of the large pipe.....

...... Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Listed ................. Nominal Pipe Taper (American Standard Pipe Taper Thread) NPSC.. LEED ............. Term is interchangeable with “Header................................. A fitting with a number of branches in line connecting to smaller pipes.. Listing Agency .............................. etc............... Equipment or materials included in a list published by an organization that maintains periodic inspection on current production......... Mercaptans (odors) are added to aid in leak detection............................ Pounds per square inch PSIG....................................... Male iron pipe connection............................Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued ID ... A combination of pipe and/or fittings that joins two nearly parallel sections of a pipe line....P................. a nipple is 12" and under in length with a male thread at both ends....... Normally......................... 102 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12............” Mill Length ................... Outside Diameter.. Male pipe thread where the threads are on the outside of pipes and fittings........................... where the nominal size is the outside diameter and not the inside diameter............... Nipples are used to connect fittings. Some pipe is made in double lengths of 30 to 35 feet NPS .......... Malleable iron MIP ........................................ Nominal Pipe Straight Coupling (American Standard Straight Coupling Thread) NSF ....................... extend lines and provide proper threading distances at the right locations.......................................... NSF International (formerly National Sanitation Foundation) Natural Gas .. Locknut.......... Nominal pipe size........... Pipe immersed into an acid bath for removal of scale.. Pounds per square inch guage Pickling ............. OD........................................................................ PSI ....11 ... MPT .......................... An agency accepted by the administrative authority which lists and maintains a periodic inspection program on current production................... Pipe ............ NPT............. The listing states that the equipment or material complies with approved standards or has been tested and found suitable for use in a specified manner.............D. dirt.. Also known as random length................... Normalizing ............................... Cast iron that is heat-treated to reduce brittleness allowing the material to stretch slightly.. Same as IPS....................... Same as NPS... MI ................... odorless fuel derived from the earth consisting primarily of Methane (CH4)........... Manifold . A malleable nut having a packing recess for seals for use in tank applications... Malleable Iron..... Nipple............................................................................ A heat treatment applied to steel involving heating above the critical range followed by cooling in still air................................................................................................................................... The diameter of a pipe measured from the outside edges.......... A colorless............. OEM ................................. Inside diameter IPS ......... Original Equipment Manufacturer Offset ................ Pipe that measures over 14” N....................... Lateral Fitting ................. Performed to refine the crystal structure and eliminate internal stress........................... run of mill pipe 16 to 20 feet in length........................................S..... Standard external threads on pipes and fittings...... A wye (Y) fitting with an outlet at a 45 degree angle from the run........ oil...... Same as MPT..... Iron pipe size.............. O...........

Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued
Plug................................................... Has a male thread and is used to close an opening. Can be made from iron or steel. Cored plugs are for standard applications while solid are for extra heavy applications. The head is typically square pattern. Recessed or countersunk plugs are in square or hexagonal pattern. Ready Cut Pipe ......................... Pipe normally threaded both ends in lengths longer than 12" but shorter than 21'. Also referred to as cut pipe. Reducer ......................................... A pipe fitting with inside threads that is larger at one end than the other. Right Hand/Left Hand Nipples (couplings) ................ A nipple with a right hand thread on one side and a left hand thread on the other side. To be used with RH/LH couplings Takes the place of a union in tight areas to permit line connections and disconnections. Riser ................................................. A water supply pipe that extends vertically one full story or more to carry water to branches. SMLS................................................ Seamless pipe SPEC ................................................. Specification STD ................................................... Standard Saturated Steam...................... Steam at the same temperature as water boils under the same pressure. Schedule ....................................... Numbers assigned to different wall thicknesses of pipe (e.g. 40, 80, 160) Screwed Joint ............................ A pipe joint consisting of threaded male and female parts threaded together. Seamless Pipe ............................ Pipe or tube formed by piercing a billet of steel and then rolling. Service Tee .................................. Tee fitting with male threads on one run opening and female threads on the other run opening and outlet. Service Pipe ................................ A pipe connecting water or gas mains with a building. Short Nipple .............................. A nipple whose length is a little greater than that of two threaded lengths or somewhat longer than a close nipple so that it has some unthreaded portion between the two threads. Shoulder Nipple ...................... A nipple halfway between the length of a close nipple and a short nipple. Socket Weld ............................... A joint made by use of a socket weld fitting which has a prepared female end or socket for insertion of the pipe to which it is welded. Sprinkler System ..................... An integrated system of underground and overhead piping designed in accordance with fire protection engineering standards. Stainless Steel Pipe................ An alloy steel pipe with corrosion-resisting properties, usually imparted by nickle and chromium. Straight Thread ........................ A parallel thread that lacks taper. Street Elbow............................... An elbow with male thread on one end and female thread on the other. Superheated Steam ............... Steam at a higher temperature than that at which water would boil under the same pressure. Tank Nipple ................................ Nipples are in 6" lengths only. One side has a standard NPT thread while the other has a straight running NPSL thread. Can be used as tank legs or as a threaded port in the side of a steel tank secured with a lock nut.
APFH-12.11

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 103

General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data

Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued
Tapered Threads...................... Male and female threads designed with a 60 degree angle, deeper at the end of the pipe or fitting and increasingly shallower the further they are from the end of the pipe or fitting. Tee..................................................... A fitting that has one side outlet at right angles to the run. Thermal Movement of Pipe ............................................ The calculated movement, expansion or contraction, in a pipe run or segment there of caused by heating or cooling of the pipe. UL ...................................................... Underwriter’s Laboratories, Inc. Union............................................... Basically, two couplings held together with a nut that permit connections and disconnections with little disturbance to pipe sections. Unions commonly have a brass or copper seat ring between the couplings. Union - All Iron ......................... A union without a copper, copper alloy or brass seat ring. Used in piping applications where alkalis or acids are present. Union Ell........................................ An ell with a male or female union at one end. Union Tee ..................................... A tee with a male or female union at one end of the run. Wall Thickness .......................... The thickness of the tubing or pipe wall. Waste Nut .................................... A malleable nut with two screw holes on either side of the pipe opening. Used for mounting to equipment panels. Water Hammer ......................... The noise and vibration which develops in a piping system when a column of non-compressable liquid flowing through a pipe line at a given pressure and velocity is abruptly stopped. W.O.G. ............................................. Water, oil, gas: refers to the pressure rating of a fitting in ambient temperature. WSP .................................................. Working steam pressure: Refers to the pressure rating of a fitting at saturated steam temperature. Wye (Y) .......................................... A fitting that has one side outlet at an angle other than 90 degrees. XH ..................................................... Extra Heavy

104 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

APFH-12.11

NOTES

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 105

NOTES 106 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .

Canvil manufactures A105 hex or round material in class 3000 and 6000 pound. JB Smith is the resource for all your oilfield needs. sway struts and snubbers as well as standard and special design clamps. ™ Canvil® manufactures low pressure hexagon reducer bushings. drop nipples. The Gruvlok ® product line consists of couplings for grooved and plain-end fittings. Steel pipe nipples and steel pipe couplings are manufactured in accordance with the ASTM A733 Standard Specification for Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel and Stainless Steel Pipe Nipples. for Use in Steel Pipe Joints. hot-dipped galvanized. as well as plugs and hex caps up to 1” in diameter in various finishes including Oil Treat. Anvil EPS brings the highest quality products and innovative engineering solutions to common and uncommon piping system problems. Most Merit products are UL/ULC Listed. All products can be ordered in an assortment of finishes and material choices including SupR-Green™. seismic. In addition. Offering tubing nipples. swages and bull plugs – all meeting API specifications. casing nipples as well as a full line of traditional line pipe and oil country threads in every schedule. Phosphate and Electro Galvanized. flanges. A variety of fittings and accessories are also offered. and stainless steel. as well as copper and stainless steel system components. pre-galvanized. FM Approved. Steel. steel pipe nipples. Anvil EPS-Engineered Pipe Supports are products used to support piping systems under thermal. with custom lengths available upon request. JB Smith is the leading manufacturer of oil country tubular fittings. and other dynamic loading conditions. as well as o’lets. cast iron. Steel pipe couplings are manufactured in accordance with the ASTM A865 Standard Specification for Threaded Couplings. and rated from 175 to 300 psi. Black or Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Welded or Seamless. threaded rod. API couplings are manufactured in accordance with the API Specification for line pipe. forged steel fittings and unions. where space and pipe line separation are a consideration. electro-galvanized.B R A N D S O F A N V I L I N T E R N AT I O N A L Anvil® product lines include malleable and cast iron fittings. plain. universal anvilets. malleable iron and ductile iron threaded fittings. constant supports. aluminum. The SPF/Anvil™ product line includes a variety of internationally sourced products such as grooved couplings. pipe grooving tools. and steel welding flanges for fire protection applications. . Catawissa™ NACE and API approved wing unions for Standard Service are offered in non-pressure seal ends as well as threaded and butt weld. butterfly valves and check valves. fittings and flanges. and engineered hangers. pump protection components. pipe hangers and supports. Fully traceable and available with complete mill certifications. Zinc Trivalent Chromium. unions and flanges. Catawissa’s oilfield wing union product line includes the standard ball-andcone design plus our unique Figure 300 Flat Face design. seamless steel pipe nipples. The product line encompasses variable spring hangers. steel pipe couplings. and are interchangeable with most leading union manufacturers. The Merit ® product line includes a variety of tee-lets. forged steel couplings and bar stock products offered as either as normalized (A105N) or non-normalized (A105) that are fully traceable for mechanicals and chemistry through our MTR program. Anvil-Strut™ products include a complete line of channel in stock lengths of 10 and 20 feet.

IL Tel: 708-885-3000 Fax: 708-534-5441 Toll Free: 1-800-301-2701 Irving. Minnesota. Indiana. TX 75061 COLUMBIA 800 Malleable Road Columbia. PUERTO RICO AND LATIN AMERICA International Customer Service Tel: +1-708-885-3000 Fax: +1-708-534-5441 U. Texas.com #030/Printed in USA/© Copyright 2012 Revision Date: 4. CA 91761 additional INVENTORY LOCATIONS* UNITED STATES: Arizona. Canada and Waalwijk. Missouri. Tennessee. Georgia. Netherlands *Inventory varies at locations www. Washington and Wisconsin INTERNATIONAL: Ontario.3.anvilintl.12 . PA 17512 ONTARIO 1470 S. TX Tel: 972-871-1206 Fax: 972-641-8946 Toll Free: 1-800-451-4414 CANADA Simcoe. Colorado. Vintage Avenue Ontario. Suite 150 Irving. Ontario Tel: 519-426-4551 Fax: 519-426-5509 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST Tel: +31-53-5725570 Fax: +31-53-5725579 International Customer Service Tel: +1-708-885-3000 Fax: +1-708-534-5441 MEXICO.S.CUSTOMER SERVICE CENTERS UNITED STATES University Park. REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION CENTERS UNIVERSITY PARK 750 Central Avenue University Park. New York. Massachusetts. IL 60484 IRVING 1401 Valley View Lane.

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