Pipe Fitters Handbook

April 2012
For the most current product/pricing information on Anvil products, please visit our website at www.anvilintl.com.

PIPE FITTINGS
HISTORY For over 150 years, Anvil has been a trusted name in piping solutions by consistently providing quality products, service, and support to the PVF industry. Our ability to provide cost-efficient piping packages that are tailored to individual markets is unmatched in the industry. From plumbing, mechanical, and fire protection, to mining, oil and gas, our innovative responses are designed to meet your specific demands. PRODUCTS Our manufacturing facilities produce an unrivaled package of piping products, while setting a world-wide industry standard for quality and dependability. Our ISO certified facilities use recycled materials in the manufacturing of our product as well as being a proud member of the USGBC. DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL The wholesaler has always been the key to Anvil’s business. Our dedication to the wholesale trade is the driving force for our services and these relationships remain a primary focus of Anvil’s innovation. Our value-added services including a proprietary suite of inventory management tools signifies a strong commitment to our customers needs. CUSTOMER SERVICE Having major distribution centers located throughout North America, you can count on getting the product you need - when you need it. Customer satisfaction has always been Anvil’s #1 objective. Our experienced Sales and Customer Service Teams are knowledgeable and eager to serve our customers, validating our company’s motto “Building Connections that Last."

TABLE OF CONTENTS GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY
Fig. 7000 & 7001 Couplings .......................................................................................................................5 Fig. 7400 & 7401 Couplings ........................................................................................................................6 Fig. 7001-2 & 7401-2 Couplings - 2 Piece Large Dia. Standard Groove Couplings ........7 Fig. 7011 Standard Coupling..................................................................................................................8-9 Fig. 7400 Rigidlite® Couplings - Advanced Copper Method.................................................10 Fig. 6400 Rigid Coupling - CTS Copper System ........................................................................... 11 Fig. 7010 Reducing Coupling .................................................................................................................. 12 Fig. 7012 Flange .........................................................................................................................................13-15 Fig. 7045 & 7046 Clamp-T® Branch Outlets ....................................................................................16 Fig. 7305 HDPE Coupling .......................................................................................................................... 17 Fig. 7307 HDPE Transition Coupling ...................................................................................................18 Fig. 7004 High Pressure Coupling ........................................................................................................19 Fig. 7004 High Pressure Coupling with End Guard® Gasket..................................................20 Sock-It® Fittings ............................................................................................................................................. 21
Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Data Installation Contents

GRUVLOK TECHNICAL DATA
Gruvlok Gasket Grade Index .................................................................................................................23 Gruvlok Gasket Recommendation List & Vacuum Service .................................................. 24 Gruvlok Lubricants .............................................................................................................................. 25-26 Specified Bolt Torque ...............................................................................................................................26 Pipe Preparation.................................................................................................................................... 27-29 Gruvlok Standard Roll Groove Specifications ...................................................................... 30-31 Gruvlok Cut Groove Specifications ............................................................................................ 32-33 Gruvlok Cut Groove End Guard Specifications...........................................................................34 Gruvlok Roll Groove End Guard Specifications ..........................................................................35 Gruvlok Advanced Copper Method (IPS) - Copper Prep Specifications ................36-37 Gruvlok CTS Copper System - Roll Groove Specifications ................................................. 38 Gruvlok Couplings - Design Factors ................................................................................................. 39 Gruvlok Couplings - Movement Applications ......................................................................40-41 Gruvlok Couplings - Deflection from Centerline...................................................................... 42 Gruvlok Couplings - Range of Pipe End Separation ..................................................................43 Gruvlok Fittings Flow Data - Frictional Resistance...................................................................44 Gruvlok Fittings for Grooved End Pipe ....................................................................................45-46

PIPE AND FLANGE DATA
Standard Weight Pipe Data ....................................................................................................................47 Barlow's Formula...........................................................................................................................................47 Commercial Pipe Sizes and Wall Thicknesses ......................................................................48-49 Steel Pipe Data - Schedule 40 & 80 ..................................................................................................50 Copper Tube Data - Type L & K............................................................................................................ 51 ASTM Carbon Steel Pipe and Flange Specifications ..........................................................52-53 Pipe and Water per Line Foot .............................................................................................................. 54 Weight per Foot of Seamless Brass and Copper Pipe............................................................. 54

WELD FITTING AND STEEL FLANGE DIMENSIONAL DATA
Weld Fittings - 90˚ Elbow, 45˚ Elbow, Tee & Conc. Reducer ................................................55 Weld Fittings - Welding Neck Flanges ............................................................................................ 56 Slip-on, Threaded & Socket Flanges ................................................................................................. 56 Lap Joint Flanges...........................................................................................................................................57 Blind Flanges ...................................................................................................................................................57
APFH-4.12

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

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.............................................61 Bolt Template for Drilling Extra Heavy Flanged Fittings ........................................60 Bolt Template for Drilling Flanged Fittings ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 70-72 PIPE THREAD STANDARDS AND INFORMATION Installation and Assembly ................................ 58 Extra Heavy Cast Iron Companion Flanges and Bolts ...........S Shapes............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 93 Drill Sizes for NPT Pipe Taps ....................................W Shapes ................................................... 93 Symbols for Pipe Fittings .......................... 63 Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Merit® Eliminator Adjustable Drop Nipple......................84 Pipe Hanger Pictorial ...... 77 Current API Thread Standards for Oil Country Fittings .......................................................................................................................... 67 Unit Conversions.............................................................................................................66 Decimal Equivalents of Fractions ..................................................................................................................................................................73 National Pipe Thread Standards ............................................................................................................................................................66 Standard Conversions..76 Forged Steel Fittings ............................................................................................................................... 83 CPVC Pipe Support Spacing ........................................................... 63 Physical Properties of E60 & E70 Series Electrodes .................................................................................................... 79 HANGER SPACING AND HANGER PRODUCT A Typical Pipe Hanger Specification .........................................................Pressure Ratings.............. 62 GENERAL WELDING INFORMATION Coated Arc Welding Electrodes .......................................... Steel Flange .................................TABLE OF CONTENTS BOLT TEMPLATES Standard Cast Iron Companion Flanges and Bolts ...............................................................73 Pipe Nipple Thread Engagement ....................................................................................... 78 Beam Dimensions ..........................................................................64 Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols Notes ................ Steel Flange ................American Standard Channels..................Installation and Pressure Ratings ........General Assembly of Threaded Fittings...............68 DROP NIPPLE AND TEE-LET INSTALLATION Installation and Assembly .......................................... 58 Bolt Dimensions for 150 to 300 LB...........................................................................................Types & Styles .....................12 ................................................................................................................................................. 77 BEAM DIMENSIONS Beam Dimensions .....................................69 Installation and Assembly ............................................................................................................................................................. 92-93 Tap and Drill Sizes.......................................................... 78 Beam Dimensions .....................................74-75 FORGED STEEL AND OIL COUNTRY FITTING DATA Forged Steel Anvilets ....................................................99-104 4 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-4...............81-82 PVC Pipe Support Spacing ......................Merit® Weld Miser™ Tee-Let....................................................................80 Gruvlok Pipe Support ..94-98 Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations ............ 65 CONVERSIONS Minutes Converted to Decimals of a Degree.............85-91 GENERAL INFORMATION Alignment of Pipe .... 59 Bolt Dimensions for 400 to 600 LB.............................................

3. battery strength and operational variations. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. flip or roll the gasket into centered position. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. 4. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Tighten Nuts Tighten the nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table APFH-4. On couplings 10" and larger. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. 5. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Insert bolts and turn nuts finger tight. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end. On couplings 10" and larger it may be easier to turn the gasket inside out then lubricate and slide the gasket over the pipe end as shown. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Housings Place the coupling housing halves over the gasket making sure the housing keys engage the grooves. 6. lower bend load capabilities. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7000 & 7001 Couplings . Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves and the bolt pads are in firm even metalto-metal contact on both sides of the coupling. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service.12 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 5 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. pull the gasket into position centering it between the grooves on each pipe.* The housing bolt pads must make metalto-metal contact. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance.1. 2.

making sure the tongue and recess of each housing is properly mated. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque*. To install the larger sizes align the tongue and pocket of the couplings appropriately and tighten the nuts alternately to the specified bolt torque. 6. flip or roll the gasket into centered position. The bolt pads are to have equal gaps on each side of the coupling. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. 3. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe. pull the gasket into position centering it between the grooves on each pipe. 5. keeping the gaps at the bolt pads evenly spaced. On couplings 10" and larger it may be easier to turn the gasket inside out then lubricate and slide the gasket over the pipe end as shown. Place one housing over the gasket. battery strength and operational variations. 2. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Swing the other housing over the gasket and into the grooves on both pipes. Gasket should not be visible between segments after bolts are tightened. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. NOTE: Sizes 16" and larger are cast in multiple segments. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. On couplings 10" and larger. APFH-4. Reinsert the bolt and run-up both nuts finger tight. lower bend load capabilities. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7400 & 7401 Couplings 1. When properly assembled there will be a small equal gap between the adjacent bolt pads. Housings Remove one nut and bolt and loosen the other nut.12 6 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . making sure the housing keys fit into the pipe grooves. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. 4. Some applications require lubrication of the entire gasket surface.

Pipe preparation Grooved dimensions must conform to the Gruvlok Roll/Cut groove specification. 4.11 ⁄8 1 1 11⁄8 11⁄8 7 180 .-Lbs Lubrication – 14 16 18 20 24 APFH-12. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. 2. See chart for torque requirements.250" wall thickness. centering it between the grooves on each pipe.425 375 . Specified Bolt Torque Ft. Housings Place each housing half on the pipe and into each groove making sure that the gasket does not slip out of position in between the pipe ends or groove. Minimum wall pipe suitable for 14" – 24": 7001-2 & 7401-2 roll grooved installation is 0. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end. 6. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe. pull the gasket into position. Final Assembly Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. or Gruvlok Standard Lube to the bolt threads. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. Tighten the nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. Bolts Apply a thin coat of Xtreme lube. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end. Apply a thin coat of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. CAUTION: When using an impact wrench. ANSI SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Pipe Sizes In. the bolt pads are in firm even metal-to-metal contact on both sides of the coupling.300 375 . Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. and gasket is not visible. verify that the torque output on the wrench is within the required torque range.300 250 . 3. 5. Bolt Size In. 1. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends together.425 Gruvlok Xtreme™ Lubricant ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 7 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.220 250 .2-Piece Large Diameter Standard Groove Couplings • • • 7001-2 & 7401-2 bolts must be lightly coated with Gruvlok Xtreme™ lube before installation. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7001-2 & 7401-2 Couplings .

5 Secure the housings about the pipes making sure the coupling keys are engaged in the pipe end grooves. The use of Gruvlok lubricants ensures compatibility between the lubricant and the gasket. CAUTION: Be careful not to pinch fingers during this step. 4 Pull the two pipes into contact aligning the pipe ends. Working your way around the circumference of the pipe. Turning the gasket inside out will reduce the stretching necessary to put the gasket into position. are met. Turn the gasket inside out and slide the gasket completely over one of the pipe ends. flip the gasket toward the pipe end so that the proper side is facing out. approximately 75% of the pipe’s gasket-sealing surface. The end of this procedure will result in the gasket snapping into place. This helps prevent pinching of the gasket during assembly. (Dimension A) should be visible when the gasket is in proper position. in the Gruvlok Large Diameter Pipe Roll and Cut Groove Specifications. 2 3 Lubricate the gasket sealing lips. This will aid in step 4. Lubricate the exterior surface of the gasket. Hint: For horizontal assembly. Position the gasket centrally between the grooves of the two pipe ends.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7011 Standard Coupling 1 Inspect the pipe ends making sure the criteria. Ideally. place housing segment on top of the pipe to support the weight of the housing segment. 6 8 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.11 . Secure the adjacent housing with an oval neck track bolt and heavy hex nut and then rotate the secured housings. Continue this procedure for all segments. again balancing the weight of the housings on the top of the pipe.

Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. battery strength and operational variations. 7 Installation of the Figure 7011 Standard Coupling is completed.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 9 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.-lbs.CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. lower bend load capabilities. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. The specified maximum torque for each nut is 800 ft.-lbs. Firmly torque each bolt. The specified minimum torque for each nut is 600 ft. 8 APFH-12. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7011 Standard Coupling Continued .

both internal and external. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation.11 10 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Gasket should not be visible between segments after bolts are tightened. 6. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the tube end.* keeping the gaps at the bolt pads evenly spaced. Alignment After aligning the two tube ends together. Housings Remove one nut and bolt and loosen the other nut. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. making sure the housing keys fit into the tube grooves. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Swing the other housing over the gasket and into the grooves on both tubes. 3. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. Reinsert the bolt and run-up both nuts finger tight. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant to the entire surface. making sure the tongue and recess of each housing is properly mated. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. pull the gasket into position. lower bend load capabilities. 2. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the one tube. APFH-12. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. The bolt pads are to have equal gaps on each side of the coupling. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. Place one housing over the gasket. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check the gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table. 5.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7400 Rigidlite® Coupling – Advanced Copper Method 1. battery strength and operational variations. The gasket should not extend into the groove on either tube. of the gasket. centering it between the grooves on each tube. 4.

Swing the other housing over the gasket and into the grooves on both tubes. 6400 Coupling from Gruvlok is specially designed to provide a rigid pipe connection to meet the specific demands of copper tubing installation. centering it between the grooves on each tube. 5. rigid pipe joint. Wrench Size In. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok® Xtreme Lubricant to the entire surface. Available with the EPDM flush gap style gasket as the standard gasket. of the gasket. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check the gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the tube end.11 SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Size In. 2. Re-insert the bolt and run-up both nuts finger tight. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over one tube. and in some cases. NOTE: Copper is a soft material. 1. Fast and easy swing-over installation of the rugged lightweight housing produces a secure. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Assembly is complete. Specified Bolt Torque* Ft. making sure the housing keys fit into the tube grooves. making sure the tongue and recess of each housing is properly mated. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. 3. 4. Housings Remove one nut and bolt and loosen the other nut. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 6400 Rigid Coupling – CTS Copper System . Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Alignment After aligning the two tube ends together.The Fig. both internal and external. APFH-12. The gasket should not extend into the groove on either tube or between the tube ends. pull the gasket into position. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. the bolt pads may come close to metal-to-metal contact. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to the lubricated surfaces. lower bend load capabilities.-Lbs ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 11⁄16 11 30-45 30-45 60-90 11 * Non-lubricated bolt torques. Place one housing over the gasket. The bolt pads are to have equal gaps on each side of the coupling. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. keeping the gaps at the bolt pads evenly spaced. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. The gasket should not be visible between segments after the bolts are tightened. Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves.

Tighten Nuts Tighten the nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. Housings Place the coupling housing halves over the gasket making sure the housing keys engage the grooves. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Angle the pipe end slightly to the face of the gasket and tilt the pipe into the gasket to ease assembly. 5. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. battery strength and operational variations. NOTE: Fig. and insert the larger pipe end into the gasket. The center leg of the gasket should make flush contact with the pipe end and will prevent telescoping of the smaller pipe inside the larger. 3. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. lower bend load capabilities. Alignment Align the adjoining pipe center lines.11 . Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. 2.* The housing bolt pads must make metal-to-metal contact. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table 12 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. A Gasket Gasket Center Rib Reducing Coupling Housing Proper Position of The Gasket Sealing Lips 4. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Angle the gasket over the pipe end and pull the gasket lip open around the circumference of the pipe. A illustrates the correct position of the Fig. Gasket Installation Place the smaller opening of the gasket over the smaller pipe. Assembly Complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves and the bolt pads are in firm even metal-tometal contact on both sides of the coupling.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7010 Reducing Coupling 1. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. FIG. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. Insert bolts and turn nuts finger tight. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. 7010 Reducing Coupling gasket and housing properly assembled onto adjacent pipe ends. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. 6. CAUTION: In vertical installations the pipes must be supported to prevent telescoping during installation.

2. The lip of the gasket. place the Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert between the valve and the Gruvlok Flange. 3. including the sealing lips. using the proper Gruvlok lubricant. use procedure described in note 3. (It is not necessary to remove the nut from the latch bolt.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 13 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. 1 Place the latch bolt back into the slotted hole.). APFH-12. 3 Latch Bolt Note: This side must face the mating flange The Gruvlok Flange gasket must be inserted so that the sealing lips face toward the pipe end and the mating flange. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7012 Flange (2" – 12") . When mating to a serrated flange surface. Tighten the nut until there is a 1/16" gap between the flange halves at location “A”. The flange gasket cavity must face the pipe end.Applications which require a Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert: 1. The pipe should extend out beyond the end of the sealing lip by approximately 1 /8" on the 2"-6" sizes and 3/16" on the 8"-12" sizes. Check pipe end for proper grooved dimensions and to assure that the pipe end is free of indentations and projections that would prevent proper sealing of the Gruvlok flange gasket.) Swing the latch bolt out of the slot. sealing on the pipe. When mating to a rubber-faced metal flange. should not extend beyond the pipe end. a standard full-faced flange gasket is installed against the serrated flange face. (See Figure below) Gasket "A" 2 Check the gasket to assure that it is properly suited for the intended service. Lubricate the entire exterior surface of the gasket. On the side without the hinge pin. 4. When mating to a wafer valve (lug valve). to B Min. the Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert is placed between the Gruvlok Flange and the rubber-faced flange. and the Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert is placed between the Gruvlok Flange and the standard flange gasket. Open the Gruvlok Flange and place around the grooved pipe end with the key section fitting into the groove. When mating to valves or other component equipment where the flange face has an insert. loosen the latch bolt nut to the end of the bolt thread. if the valve is rubber faced in the area designated by the sealing surface dimensions (A Max.

which will seal on the mating flange. it is important that the insert is properly aligned with the gasket prior to tightening the bolts. Continue this procedure until all bolt holes have been fitted. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. etc.11 . tank. Sliding the flanges into place will dislodge the gasket and cause leakage to occur. bolt holes. The gasket must be properly positioned as shown in the figure below. When using a flange insert. Tighten the nuts on the latch bolts alternately to the specified latch bolt torque. system. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. It is important to line up the bolt holes before bringing the two flanges together. serrated flange Do not use a steel Flange surfaces or mating flanges with inserts (Figure C2). Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. 6 FIG. All the bolts or studs must be torqued to the mating flange bolts specified torque. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Ensure that the Insert is compatible with the fluids in the systems and with adjacent piping components. The Flange Adapter Insert Adapter Insert in copper systems or in systems where will be exposed to the fluids in the galvanic corrosion is possible. which would prevent proper sealing of the Gruvlok Flange gasket.* The flange housings must be in firm metal-to-metal contact. 14 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 4 With the gasket in place apply lubricant to the exposed gasket tip..D. 7012 Flange requires the use of a Flange Adapter Insert when used against rubber surfaces (Figure C1). C1 FIG. free of indentations. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Assure the gasket is still in the proper position and align Gruvlok Flange bolt holes with the mating flange. and the flange. battery strength and operational variations. flat and smooth. 7 NOTE: The Gruvlok Fig. lower bend load capabilities. CAUTION: Proper torquing of flange bolts is required to obtain specified performance. The flange faces should have metal-to-metal contact. Tighten the nuts alternately and evenly so the flange faces remain parallel. C2 Insert a flange bolt or stud with material properties of SAE J429 Grade 5 or higher through the bolt holes and thread a nut on hand tight. pump. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table 5 Verify that the mating flange face is hard.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7012 Flange (2" – 12") Continued Stretch the Gruvlok gasket around the pipe end and then press the gasket into the cavity between the pipe O.

Alternately and equally tighten the latch bolts and nuts to the specified latch bolt torque.11 4 Tighten the nuts evenly to the specified mating face bolt torque so that the flange faces remain parallel and make firm even contact around the entire flange. lower bend load capabilities. Place the Gruvlok Flange Gasket around the pipe end by pressing the gasket into the cavity between the pipe O. Continue this procedure until all bolt holes have been fitted. above. Move around the gasket in both directions until the gasket is fully seated in the flange gasket cavity.Gruvlok® Flanges of 14" size and larger are cast in four segments to ease handling during assembly. and flange recess. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. APFH-12. Insert the next bolt or stub opposite the first and again thread the nut on hand tight. 1 Check the gasket grade to verify that it is properly suited for the intended service. 5 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 15 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Figure 7012 Gruvlok Flanges should not be used with tie rods nor in a configuration with a wafer valve between two 7012 flanges. Pull the two flanges into contact using care to assure that the gasket remains fully seated within the gasket cavity during assembly. Only Gruvlok Flange gaskets may be used with Fig. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. 7012 flanges. 2 The correct position and relationship of the components of the Gruvlok Flange assembly is shown in the Figure above. NOTE: Take care to assure that the gasket lip is not bent backwards and pinched between the two flanges. Loosely assemble the segments using the four segment-bolts-and nuts. Place the flange halves around the pipe and complete the assembly as described in Step 1. NOTE: An alternative method of assembly is to loosely preassemble two segments into two equal halves of the flange leaving a small gap (approximately 1/8") between the two segments of each flange.half.D. battery strength and operational variations. CAUTION: Proper torquing of flange bolts is required to obtain specified performance. 3 Align the Gruvlok Flange bolt holes with mating flange bolt holes. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. The wide gasket lip must seal on the pipe surface diameter and the narrow gasket lip must face the mating flange. Lubricate the entire surface of the gasket and the flange cavity using the appropriate Gruvlok Lubricant. NOTE: Design of the Gruvlok Flange provides sealing only with the special Gruvlok Flange gasket. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Bring the four flange segments into full. 14" – 24" FIG. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Insert a flange bolt or stud with material properties of SAE J429 Grade 5 or higher through the bolt holes and thread a nut on hand tight. firm metal-to-metal contact. Insertion of the flange bolts prior to contact of the flanges will help in the alignment of the flanges. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7012 Flange (14" – 24") . Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. 7012 GRUVLOK FLANGE GASKET CAUTION: GASKET MUST BE FULLY SEATED AGAINST THESE THREE SURFACES PIPE SURFACE DIAMETER PROPER POSITION OF GASKET SEALING LIPS Place each Gruvlok Flange segment around the grooved pipe with the key section fitting into the groove and the flange gasket cavity facing the pipe end.

CAUTION: Proper torquing of the bolts or U-bolts is required to obtain the specified performance. 5. 3⁄4. Clean the gasket sealing surface within 5/8" of the hole and visually inspect the sealing surface for defects that may prevent proper sealing of the gasket. 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 4 1 11⁄2 2 2 1⁄ 2 2 3⁄ 4 31/2 41/2 2. insert the bolts and tighten the nuts finger tight. lower bend load capabilities. The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened. Pipe Preparation Cut the appropriate size hole in the pipe and remove any burrs. BRANCH SIZE (Inches) HOLE SAW SIZE (Inches) (+1/8. Some sizes use a U-bolt design. Tighten Nuts Alternately and evenly tighten the nuts to the specified bolt torque. -0) ⁄2. Align the outlet housing over the pipe hole making sure that the locating collar is in the pipe hole. U-bolt and/or casting which could result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Apply a thin layer of Gruvlok lubricant to the back surface of the gasket. Assembly is complete FIGS. Alignment Align the strap around the pipe. 30-40 60-80 100-130 130-180 APFH-12. Be sure to remove the slug from inside the pipe. 1.11 * Non-lubricated bolt torques 16 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .-Lbs. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to the lubricated surfaces. battery strength and operational variations. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check the gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. 1 11⁄4. 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 11⁄16 11⁄4 Ft. Overtorquing the bolts or U-bolts may result in damage to the bolt. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure. 7045 & 7046—SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts and U-bolts used on the Gruvlok® Clamp-T’s. 6. Insert the gasket back into the outlet housing making sure the tabs in the gasket line up with the tab recesses in the housing. 3. Gasket Installation Lubricate the exposed surface of the gasket. U-Bolt 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 In.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7045 & 7046 Clamp-T® Branch Outlets ALWAYS USE A GRUVLOK LUBRICANT FOR PROPER COUPLING ASSEMBLY. Thorough lubrication of the gasket is essential to assist the gasket into the proper sealing position. pipe joint leakage and pipe joint separation. 4. ANSI SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Wrench Specified Size Size Bolt Torque * In.

SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts used on Gruvlok® couplings. projections or other imperfections.4 mm) (127 . Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant to the gasket lip and outside surface of the gasket.-Lbs. battery strength and operational variations. 3 4 Place the Figure 7305 housing casting over the gasket. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7305 HDPE Coupling . The Gasket color code is green for EPDM and orange for Nitrile (Buna-N). lower bend load capabilities. 2 2 . There is no gap between the bolt pads and the bolt torque should be within the range given when the coupling is properly assembled. Align the second pipe and while keeping the pipes in the butted position slide the gasket back over the second pipe end. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance.8 mm) (254 . 7305 SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Coupling Bolts In. Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant contains silicone.305 mm) (44. Mark each pipe at a distance from the end of the pipe according to the pipe size: Size Inches Distance to Mark 1 Check to assure the gasket material is acceptable for the intended service. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Slip the gasket over one of the pipe ends.11 5 FIG. The gasket must be positioned centrally between the lines on the pipe ends. APFH-12. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. Insert the bolts and secure the nuts alternately and uniformly until the bolt pads are in contact./N-m Maximum Ft. Refer to the Specified Bolt Torque Table. Make sure the gasket does not overhang the pipe end. CAUTION: Use only Gruvlok XtremeTM Lubricant.5 mm) NOTE: Make certain the HDPE pipe end is square cut to 1⁄8" maximum for the 2" to 4" and 5⁄32" maximum for the 6" and larger sizes.Make certain the pipe ends are free of indentations. Torque all bolts to the required bolt torque levels. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. making sure the tongue on one casting is aligned with the recess of the other casting. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. which could prevent proper sealing of the gasket. The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Alternate and even tightening of the bolts will significantly reduce the torque needed to close the gap at the pipe joint.203 mm) (31.4" 5 ./N-m ⁄2 X 23⁄8 1 ⁄2 X 3 5 ⁄8 X 31⁄2 ⁄4 X 43⁄4 3 80 110 80 110 100 135 130 175 100 150 100 150 130 175 180 245 17 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.8" 10 & 12" 1" 11⁄4" 13⁄4" (51 .102 mm) (25. 1 Minimum Ft.-Lbs. If silicone is unacceptable for the application contact Gruvlok for the lubrication recommendation.

The gasket must be positioned on the gasket seat surface of the grooved steel pipe.-Lbs. The steel pipe must be grooved in accordance with Gruvlok® Grooving Specifications for Steel Pipe. Align the second pipe and while holding it in the butted position. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Torque all bolts to the required bolt torque levels. battery strength and operational variations. Refer to the Specified Bolt Torque Table. making sure the housing grooved end is directed into the pipe groove. 5 CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant to the gasket lips and outside surface of the gasket. indentations.-Lbs. The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened. 7307 SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Coupling Bolts In. which could prevent proper sealing of the gasket. SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts used on Gruvlok® couplings. slide the gasket back over the second pipe end.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7307 HDPE Transition Coupling Make certain the HDPE pipe end is square cut to 1⁄8" maximum for the 2" to 4" and 5⁄32" maximum for the 6" and larger sizes. 1 Check to assure the gasket material is acceptable for the intended service. 2 Slip the gasket over one of the pipe ends. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. projections or other imperfections. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. Insert the bolts and secure the nuts alternately and uniformly until the bolt pads are in contact. 3 4 Place each half of the coupling housing over the gasket./N-m Maximum Ft. The pipe ends must be free of scratches. CAUTION: Use only Gruvlok XtremeTM Lubricant. FIG. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation./N-m ⁄2 X 23⁄8 1 ⁄2 X 3 5 ⁄8 X 31⁄2 ⁄8 X 51⁄2 7 80 110 80 110 100 135 180 245 100 150 100 150 130 175 220 300 APFH-12. 1 Minimum Ft. If silicone is unacceptable for the application contact Gruvlok for the lubrication recommendation. Make sure the gasket does not overhang the pipe end. The Gasket color code is green for EPDM and orange for Nitrile (Buna-N). lower bend load capabilities. Make sure the gasket does not overhang into the pipe groove.11 18 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . There is no gap between the bolt pads and the bolt torque should be within the range given when the coupling is properly assembled. Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant contains silicone. Alternate and even tightening of the bolts will significantly reduce the torque needed to close the gap at the pipe joint.

Bolt Size In. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7004 High Pressure Coupling . 5 Torque Ft. verify that the output of the torque wrench is within the required torque range. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Size In. 3.4" ensure the gaps on each side are evenly space.1.130 100 . 6. Insert the bolts and run up the nuts finger tight. Apply a thin coat of Gruvlok Lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. Be sure that the tongue and recess portions of the housing mate properly.4" 7004 couplings.-Lbs 2 21⁄2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 APFH-12. centering it between the grooves on each pipe. For 2" . For 2" . For 7004 5" and larger. Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. 4.11 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 1 1 1 100 .130 130 .180 CAUTION: When using an impact wrench. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the required indicator. and for 5" and larger couplings ensure the housings are in firm even metal-to-metal contact on both sides. pull the gasket into position. Housings Place each housing halves on the pipe making sure the housing key fits into the groove. It is recommended that a torque wrench be used for accurate assembly in order to obtain specified performance. 5. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end.130 100 . please use the table below for required torque values. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends together. 2. * * * * * ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 19 * Torque required to bring housing metal-to-metal contact. tighten nuts till housings are in metal-tometal contact.

SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Size Bolt Size In. tighten nuts till housings are in firm metal-tometal contact.180 * * * * * * Torque required to bring housing metal-to-metal contact. 1. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket half way on to the pipe end. CAUTION: When using an impact wrench. see pages 34-35 for groove dimensions. It is recommended that a torque wrench be used for accurate assembly in order to obtain specified performance. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the required indicator. For 2" . please use the table on this page for required torque values.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7004 with EG® Gasket High Pressure Coupling with End Guard® Gasket For 7400 with EG® gasket required specified pipe end groove dimensions and fittings. CAUTION: Not using the correct groove dimensions will result in pipe joint separation. and for 5" and larger couplings ensure the housings are in firm even metal-to-metal contact on both sides. 2. Ensure pipes are aligned properly. In. stopping then the pipe end comes in contact with the center gasket leg.-Lbs 4. Slide the second pipe end half way into the gasket. Housings Place each housing halves on the pipe making sure the housing key fits into the groove. finger tight. 3.11 . Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. Apply a thin coat of Gruvlok Lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket.4" ensure the gaps on each side are evenly space.130 100 . Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. For 2" . Be sure that the tongue and recess portions of the housing mate properly. 2 21⁄2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 1 1 1 100 .130 130 . For 5" and larger. verify that the output of the torque wrench is within the required torque range.130 100 . 5 Torque Ft. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. 20 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Insert the bolts and run up the nuts. stop when the center gasket leg comes in contact with the pipe end.4" couplings. 5.

Pipe surface shall be cleaned at least 1" from the end of the pipe to remove any coating.D. Other lubricants may affect gasket performance. 5 Bolt end must be inspected to assure bolts ability to cut into pipe.) Install the other prepped and lubricated pipe end into the Sock-It fitting in the same manner. Install the other prepped and lubricated pipe end into the Sock-It fitting in the same manner. Replace bolts in cases where bolt end sharpness has been comprised. No additional cleaning is required. CAUTION: Do NOT hammer fitting on. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Sock-It® Fittings . Also apply a light coating of lubricant to the pipe ends to further ease insertion of the pipe into the Sock-It Fitting. projections. 1 Check all lock bolts to be sure they do not extend into the I. indentations. APFH-12. As a guide for installation. 11⁄4". NOTE: When Allied XL pipe is used it is necessary only to remove sharp edges and burrs at the end of the pipe. and the system drained of fluid prior to loosening the lock bolts to remove or reposition the Sock-It Fitting. Reinstallation may be accomplished as described in Steps 1-4. NOTE: Use only Gruvlok Lubricants. (See Step 1). of the Sock-It Fittings as this would prevent proper insertion of the pipe. (NOTE: The 21⁄2" Sock-It fitting has 2 locking bolts for each pipe end. The end of the Sock-It Fitting should be within 1 ⁄16" from the edge of the marking on the pipe. Tighten the lock bolt until the bolt head bottoms against the threaded boss. 3 Insert the prepped and lubricated pipe end into the Sock-It Fitting until the pipe end makes contact with the internal pipe stop. 4 Sock-It Fittings may be removed by loosening the lock bolts.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 21 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. and sharp edges which could affect proper gasket sealing. Rotate the fitting until the desired position is obtained. A slight twist while pushing fitting and pipe together will ease the required insertion force. and 11⁄2" size fittings and 13⁄4" for the 2" & 21⁄2" size fittings. mark the pipe at a distance of 11⁄2" from the end for 1". WARNING: System pressure must be relieved and vented. 2 Apply a light coating of GRUVLOK Lubricant to the gaskets located in each end of the Sock-It Fitting.

NOTES 22 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .

For dry pipe systems. please contact an Anvil Representative for more information. NOT FOR USE WITH HYDROCARBONS Water. EPDM and oils. Excellent oxidation resistance. For other Listed/Approved materials. and air contaminated with petroleum oils. Contact an Anvil Representative for recommendations for services not listed. EPDM Green oils. mineral Nitrile Orange oils. fluid concentration. gasket materials should be subjected to simulated service conditions to determine the most suitable gasket grade. Gasket recommendations apply only to Gruvlok gaskets.12 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. and continuity of service. technical publications. and many chemical services not involving hydrocarbons. or gases. for an engineering evaluation and recommendation. dilute acids. all gasket recommendations are based on 100°F (38°C) maximum temperature service condition. Selection of the optimum gasket grade for a specific service requires the consideration of many factors. the preferred grade is listed first. These listings do not apply to Gruvlok Butterfly Valves. Red NOT FOR USE WITH HYDROCARBONS Petroleum products. alkalies. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Gasket Grade Index VLOK GRU . Excellent oxidation resistance. GASKET GRADE INDEX: STANDARD GASKETS Grade Temperature Range -40°F to +230°F (-40°C to 110°C) Compound Color Code General Service Applications Water. salts.The lists are provided as an aid in selecting the optimum gasket grade for a specific application to assure the maximum service life. The recommendations have been developed from current information supplied by manufacturers of the elastomers. and industry applications. halogenated. Gruvlok Xtreme™ Temperature Lubricant is required. salts. Unless otherwise noted. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 23 PreViolet Lubricated APFH-4. (Buna-N) NOT FOR USE IN HOT WATER SERVICES E EP T -40°F to +250°F (-40°C to 121°C) -20°F to +180°F (-29°C to 82°C) SPECIAL GASKETS Grade Temperature Range +20°F to +300°F (-20°C to 149°C) -40°F to +350°F (-40°C to 177°C) -40°F to +150°F (-40°C to 66°C) Compound Color Code Fluoro Elastomer Blue General Service Applications High temperature resistance to oxidizing acids. primarily temperature. The information supplied should be considered as a basis for evaluation but not as a guarantee. Combinations of fluids should be referred to an Anvil Rep. or gases. hydraulic fluids. and many Green chemical services not involving hydrocarbons. alkalies. FM approved VdS and/or LPC symbols are Listed/Approved with EPDM material. dilute acids. petroleum oils. hydrocarbons and lubricants O L E Type A Silicone Red Dry. All Gruvlok products marked with UL/ULC Listed. Where more than one gasket grade is shown. hot air and some high temperature chemiGasket cal services. Wet & Dry (oil free air) Pipe in Fire Protection Systems. vegetable oils. In unusual or severe services.

-20°F to 150°F (-29°C to 66°C) Air. Lime Gasket Grade E/EP L T O E/EP/T E E/T (E/EP/O) E/EP/T E/EP/T E/EP/T E/EP/T Where more than one gasket grade is shown the preferred gasket grade is listed first. For services not listed.12 . Oil vapor Temp. Leaded Gasoline. Acid Mine Water. all gasket listings are based upon 100°F (38°C) maximum temperature service conditions. Temp to 150°F (66°C) Water. Chlorine Water. Use Gruvlok lubricant on gasket.12" (40 .10" Hg 10" . Kerosene Lube Oil.12" (25 . *Contact an Anvil Representative for service evaluation. (no oil vapors) Temp. Where the gasket grade is shown in parentheses. 20°F to 300°F (-7°C to 149°C) Water. Specify gasket grade when ordering. Temp to 230°F (110°C) Water. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Service Crude Oil . Waste Water. (no oil vapors) Temp.300mm) 11⁄2" . to 150°F (66°C) Motor Oil Tar and Tar Oil Transmission Fluid —Type A Turbo Oil #15 Diester Lubricant Gasket Grade T T T T (O) T T/O O T T T T O O Unless otherwise noted.29. Unleaded* Hydraulic Oil JP-3. -40°F to 350°F (-40°C to 177°C) Air. Oil vapor Temp. VACUUM SERVICE: VACUUM SERVICE Size 1" .9" Hg Gasket Recommendation Standard or Flush Gap Flush Gap LARGER SIZES: Contact an Anvil Representative for more information. 100°F (38°C) Maximum Temp. Seawater Water.Sour Diesel Oil Fuel Oil Gasoline. Check gasket color code to be certain it is recommended for the service intended.200mm) Vacuum Level 0" . Deionized Water. contact an Anvil Representative for recommendation.GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Gasket Recommendation List & Vacuum Service GASKET RECOMMENDATION LISTING: WATER & AIR Service Air. JP-4 and JP-5 JP-6. 24 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-4. Contact an Anvil Representative for an engineering evaluation and recommendation. -40°F to 230°F (-40°C to 110°C) Air.

11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 25 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. it can be used with EPDM. In applications where pipe movement is expected. with small cuts or damage. non-petroleum based oils to ease spreading of the lubricant. The lubricant on the interior of the gasket will act to improve the chemical resistance of the gasket material by providing a thin lubricant barrier between the piping system fluid and the gasket surface. Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant will maintain its lubricating properties at lower temperatures allowing a properly lubricated pipe end and gasket (assembly) to reposition itself during temperature cycles. Since it is formulated from a non-hydro carbon base.6°C). There are five primary applications where the Xtreme Lubricant will provide increased benefits: low temperature applications below -20°F(-28. applications where increased pipe joint flexibility is needed.878 & 21. lubrication of gaskets in copper systems. It is not to be used with Silicone gaskets. thereby lowering the sealing force on the gasket sealing lips. This is particularly important at higher temperatures where oxidizing agents in the piping system become more aggressive.F.0°C). However. proper lubrication of the gasket’s exterior assists the gasket into the proper sealing position as pipe system movement occurs. Gruvlok® XtremeTM Lubricant is a Teflon® fortified white. high temperature applications above 150°F (65. APFH-12. CAUTION: Silicone based lubricants are not allowed in some facilities.177. it is required that the gasket be lubricated not only on the outside.1550 (Incidental Food Contact). Nitrile and Fluoroelastomer gasket materials. It is NSF approved for use with potable water. tasteless and odorless grease made from Silicone Oil and other ingredients that are safe to ingest. and for the lubrication of gaskets on HDPE couplings. This lubricating film enhances our flexible coupling gasket’s ability to compensate for axial. • The Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant has been formulated from low viscosity. It is sanctioned by the FDA under C.R. Do not use with CPVC Products. • In low temperature applications the gasket will shrink. to become more susceptible to leakage. Lubrication of the pipe end and gasket will help the gasket to adjust into the proper sealing position during temperature cycles. well exceeding the temperature range of Gruvlok gaskets. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Lubricants . thereby eliminating water wash-out and it will not dry out in the absence of water. Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant will maintain its lubricating properties at higher temperatures. transverse and rotational pipe movements. ®Teflon is a registered trademark of Dupont. gasket chemical compatibility must still be considered. • For high temperature service and copper systems. 21. as with the normal installation of a Gruvlok gasket. This lubricant has an operating temperature range from -65°F to 400°F (-53. This will cause pipe end sealing surfaces. • Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant is the only Gruvlok lubricant that is to be used with Gruvlok couplings and gaskets in HDPE and copper piping systems. This lubricant is waterproof. Lubrication on the inside of the gasket is easily accomplished by turning the gasket inside out and applying the lubricant. allowing a properly lubricated pipe end and gasket assembly to re-position itself during temperature cycles. but also on the inside.8°C to 204°C). The temperature change will also force the gasket to slightly re-position itself. It’s low temperature capability and lubricity ensure a highly reliable connection.172.GRUVLOK® XTREMETM LUBRICANT Gruvlok® Xtreme™ Lubricant has been developed for use with Gruvlok couplings in services where improved lubrication is beneficial.

The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened. 30-45 80-100 100-130 130-180 180-220 200-250 225-275 250-300 * Non-lubricated bolt torques * Non-lubricated bolt torques ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Specified Bolt Torque Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts used on Gruvlok couplings and flanges.8°C to 65. lower bend load capabilities.GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Lubricants Continued GRUVLOK® QUICK DRY LUBRICANT Gruvlok® Quick Dry Lubricant is a fast drying lubricant that has been developed for applications where the piping system is exposed. Gruvlok Lubricant is water soluble. This lubricant is easy to apply by brush or hand. The service temperature range for this lubricant is from 0° F to 150° F (-17. It is NSF approved for use with potable water. It is water-soluble. reapply lubricant prior to assembly. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. The lubricant is made from a water emulsion that is non-toxic. the Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant and Gruvlok Quick Dry Lubricant are now available to improve the performance of the couplings and flanges in certain applications. Do not thin or mix with solvents. CAUTION: Use of an Impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. non-flammable. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. GRUVLOK® LUBRICANT Gruvlok® Lubricant is the standard lubricant that has been provided for use with Gruvlok products for years. The quick drying quality of the lubricant eliminates lubricant drips caused by over lubrication. ANSI SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Size In.11 . If necessary. however. it will not impart taste or odor. NOTE: Use specified bolt torque unless otherwise indicated on product installation pages. Gruvlok Quick Dry Lubricant is non-corrosive. 11 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 11⁄16 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 2 Specified Bolt Torque * Ft. non-corrosive. non-flammable. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. and does not support bacterial growth. battery strength and operational variations. CAUTION: HDPE pipe requires the use of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant and should not be used with Gruvlok Lubricant.6°C) and may be used with all Gruvlok gasket material grades. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. and is NSF approved for use with potable water. non-toxic.-Lbs. 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 11⁄4 26 METRIC SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Size mm M10 M12 M16 M20 M22 M24 Wrench Size mm 16 22 24 30 34 36 Specified Bolt Torque * N-m 40-60 110-150 135-175 175-245 245-300 270-340 Wrench Size In. This lubricant is acceptable for most applications. and will not impart taste or odor. and it quickly dries to a thin film when in contact with air.

To create a Gruvlok pipe joint, all pipe must be prepared to receive Gruvlok coupling or other Gruvlok pipe system components. The required pipe preparation may be grooving or cleaning the pipe ends, or cutting a hole in the pipe wall. For grooved-end joints, pipe may be grooved by either of two methods; cut or roll grooving. Branch outlet connections require a properly sized and correctly located hole to be cut into the pipe. Sock-it connections require cleaning of the pipe end. Gruvlok plain-end pipe couplings require that the pipe be free of burrs and other sharp projections which could damage the gasket; grooving is not required. Gruvlok pipe grooving and hole cutting machines are available in a wide variety of designs to meet specific or general requirements. Gruvlok roll grooving machines produce a groove to proper dimensional tolerances, concentric with the pipe O.D., even on out-of-round pipe. Gruvlok hole cutting tools properly center holes for correct assembly of Gruvlok branch outlet components.

Cut-Grooving:
Cut grooving is intended for use with standard and heavier wall pipe. Cut grooving produces a groove in the pipe wall by removing metal from the pipe O.D. The groove removes less than one half of the pipe wall and does not cut as deeply into the pipe wall as do standard pipe threads. The square cut edge of the groove allows for the full expansion, Depth of Cut Groove contraction, and deflection capabilities vs. Thread of the Gruvlok coupling.

Cut Grooving

Volume of Metal Removed Cut Groove vs. Threaded

Roll-Grooving:
Roll grooving does not remove metal. Instead, metal is displaced while a groove is formed into the outer surface of the pipe wall. The groove configuration has slightly rounded edges resulting in a less flexible joint than a cut groove joint. This reduces available pipe joint movement by 50% over cut grooved coupling joints. Roll grooving is commonly used on a wide range of pipe thicknesses up to 0.375" wall steel pipe and sizes to 24" O.D.

Roll Grooving

Roll Groove Cut Groove The I.D. “dimple" formed from roll grooving reduces the I.D. (on an average) less than 2%.

Available Movement Roll Groove vs. Cut Groove

APFH-12.11

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

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Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Data Installation Contents

GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Pipe Preparation

GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Pipe Preparation Continued
Branch Outlet Pipe: Clamp-T®
A

5⁄8"

Clamp-T installations require the cutting of a hole through the pipe wall. The hole must be properly sized and located on the centerline of the pipe to assure reliable performance of the Clamp-T gaskets. After the hole has been cut into the pipe wall, any burrs and sharp or rough edges must be removed from the hole. The outside pipe surfaces within 5/8" of the hole must be clean and smooth. Any scale, projections or indentation which might effect the gasket sealing on the pipe must be removed. The surface around the entire circumference of the pipe within the “A” dimension in the charts must be free from dirt, scale, or projections which might effect the proper assembly of the Clamp-T.

CLAMP-T INSTALLATION
Branch Size
DN/mm
1

Hole Dimensions Surface Hole Max. Perm. Prep. Saw Size Diameter “A”
In./mm In./mm In./mm

⁄2, 3⁄4, 1
32, 40

11⁄2
38.1

15⁄8
41.3

31⁄2
88.9

15, 20, 25

11⁄4, 11⁄2 2
50

2
50.8

21⁄8
54.0

4
101.6

21⁄2
63.5

25⁄8
66.7

41⁄2
114.3

21⁄2
65

23⁄4
69.9

27⁄8
73.0

43⁄4
120.7

3
80

3 ⁄2
88.9

1

3 ⁄8
92.1

5

51⁄2
139.7

4
100

41⁄2
114.3

45⁄8
117.5

61⁄2
165.1

Roughneck®:
Plain-End pipe for use with Fig. 7005 Roughneck Couplings must be free of any notches, bumps, weld bead, score marks, etc. for at least 11/2" (38 mm) back from the pipe end to provide a smooth sealing surface for the gasket. Pipe ends (plain or beveled end) must be square cut as measured from a true square line with the maximum allowable tolerance as follows: 0.030" (0.7 mm) for 2" through 3"; 0.045 (1.1 mm) for 4" through 6"; and 0.060" (1.5 mm) for 8" sizes. The nominal outside diameter of pipe should not vary more than ±1% for sizes up to 21/2", +1%-1/32" for sizes 3"-5"; +1/16"-1/32" for sizes 6" and larger. Pipe ends must be marked a distance of 1" from the pipe end for Sizes 2"-4" and 11/4" from the pipe end for Sizes 5"-8" as a guide for centering of the gasket on the pipe ends.

28

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

APFH-12.11

Sock-It®:
For Sock-It Fittings, the pipe ends must be square cut as measured from a true square line.

PIPE TOLERANCES
Min. XL Min. O.D. O.D.
In./mm In./mm

Schedule 10 & 40 The maximum allowable tolerance is 0.030" Size (0.76mm) for all sizes. Any sharp edges, burrs, Nom O.D. Max. O.D. etc. left on the pipe from cutting must be In./mm removed. If these are not removed, they may DN/mm In./mm 1 1.315 1.325 damage the gasket as the pipe is inserted into 25 33.4 33.6 the Sock-It Fitting. 11⁄4 1.660 1.670 After cutting, pipe ends must be completely 32 42.2 42.4 cleaned a minimum of 1" (25.4mm) back from 11⁄2 1.900 1.910 the pipe end to remove all pipe coating, weld 40 48.3 48.5 beads, rust, sharp projections, etc., which 2 2.375 2.385 might effect gasket sealing integrity.
50 65 60.3 73.0 60.6 73.8 NOTE: When Allied XL pipe is used it is necessary only to remove sharp edges and burrs at the end of the pipe. No additional cleaning is required.

1.295
32.9

1.285
32.6

1.642
41.7

1.630
41.4

1.882
47.8

1.875
47.6

2.357
59.9

2.352
59.7

21⁄2

2.875

2.904

2.846
72.3

2.837
72.1

ACCEPTABLE PIPE END CONFIGURATION
Remove Burr & Sharp Edge

1⁄32"

to 1⁄16" 30 or 45

3⁄16"

Max.

Square cut pipe with O.D. burr & sharp edge removed is preferred configuration.

Beveled pipe. Bevel not to exceed 1⁄16".

Soft pipe when roll cut may be swaged inward. Swaged portion not to exceed 3⁄16"

UNACCEPTABLE

Excessive chamfer on I.D. will tend to cut gasket during assembly.

Abrasive wheels & saws leave edge burrs especially pronounced on one side.

Dull wheel cutter produces a raised ridge at the pipe O.D. giving an oversize diameter.

The sharp O.D. edge left by different methods of cutting pipe must be removed. If this sharp edge is not removed, it may damage the gasket as the pipe is inserted into the Sock-It Fitting.

APFH-12.11

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

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Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Data Installation Contents

GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Pipe Preparation Continued

seams.The groove must be of uniform depth around the entire pipe circumference.77 / -1. Failure to do so may result in damage to the roll grooving machine and unacceptable roll grooves may be produced. 1.Minimum allowable wall thickness which may be roll grooved. COLUMN 6 . measured from a true square line.IPS outside diameter. and 1. ISO outside diameter.D. see the Technical Data/Install Instructions section on Anvil’s web site . and ID prior to roll grooving.50mm for sizes 200mm and above. For IPS pipe.Nominal IPS Pipe size.Groove depth: for reference only. and 0.www. COLUMN 4 .54 mm) NOTE: VdS .D.11 .D. ▼ “A” tolerance +0. the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0. rust or scale which may interfere with proper sealing of the gasket.Groove width (Dimension B) is to be measured between vertical flank of the groove size walls.ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS A B T Flare OD C D COLUMN 1 . Nominal ISO Pipe size.anvilintl. Measured at the most extreme pipe end diameter of the gasket seat area. Failure to do so may result in damage to the roll grooving machine and unacceptable roll grooves may be produced. the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0.060" for sizes 8" and above measured from a true square line.Gasket seat must be free from scores. COLUMN 7 .15mm for sizes 100mm-150mm. Gasket seat width (Dimension A) is to be measured from the pipe end to the vertical flank in the groove wall. COLUMN 3 .03" for 1" thru 31⁄2".045" for 4" thru 6". COLUMN 8 .030" / -0.Maximum allowable pipe end flare diameter. Seams must be ground flush with the pipe O. and ID prior to roll grooving. 0. For ISO size pipe. and minimum O.D. measured at 90° must not exceed total O.060" (+0. (See column 6).D. COLUMN 5 .Roll Grooving Approval Specifications. Out of roundness: Difference between maximum O. COLUMN 2 . chips. Groove must conform to the groove diameter “C” listed in column 5. tolerance listed (reference column 2). however square cut is preferred. Beveled-End Pipe in conformance with ANSI B16. Weld Seams must be ground flush with the pipe O.25 (371⁄2°) is acceptable.75mm for sizes 25mm-80mm.com 30 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.

024 0.74 0.625 8.6 406.61 +0.44 600.083 2.160 512.D.920 328.030 0.30 -0.063 -0.063 -0.88 0.344 0./mm 1.60 1.6 406.469 13.022 0.05 19.052 +0.259 6.019 0.40 44.344 8.063 -0.56 -0.018 0.085 2.083 2.35 30./mm In.88 4 4.D.14 0.027 0.40 -0.469 15.8 0.98 0.500 23. 20.562 -0.91 11.1 0./mm +In. 4.035 -0.93 3.38 -0.76 -0./mm 30.625 8.45 8.109 142.083 2.93 0.750 12.77 2.625 88.083 8.1 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 31 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.1 78.60 1.000 24 O.8 5.56 2.1 +0.98 2.730 170.469 10.48 +0.250 6.36 -0.74 +0.5 24.250 -0.063 -0.109 110.500 -0./mm In.60 -0.88 0.200 614.34 2.469 11.4 31⁄2 90 41⁄4 O.40 25.078 84.395 -0. Max. Tolerance -3-4-5-6-7-8“T” Min.100 408.38 -0.500 +1.109 0./mm -0.76 1./mm In.031 0.078 0.344 5.0 +1.030 0.063 -0.094 0.088 2.79 15.1 0.D.6 6.250 APFH-12.74 103.441 -0.063 2.38 -0.250 +0.74 0.625 0.109 0.030 0.D.100 104.60 +1.88 -0.109 2.0 159.79 -0.083 0.344 137.625 2.1 273.77 2.480 63. Only) Wall Thick Dia.05 19.88 0.5 10 250 0.8 167.625 1.030 0.7 +1.018 0.031 0.88 3.200 761.9 5. 16.109 161.750 +0.76 In.344 129.100 76.74 0.900 +0. “A” “B” “C” “C” Tol.469 17.750▼ 0.920 277.084 8. 114.88 15.625 0.11 0.063 +0.625 8.32 -0.020 2.D. 18.000 +0.79 -0.625 100 51⁄4 O.56 -0.600 139.91 11.031 1.344 4.781 -0.083 2.344 154.625 +0.056 -0.600 91. 0.88 0. Pipe Size Actual In.063 2.2 18.109 0.015 0.031 1.188 4.625 150 168.4 457.0 21⁄2 65 3 O.625 +0.79 -0.79 -0.96 214.160 461.91 11.344 8.109 2.83 23.344 6.031 15.031 0.74 0.40 25.0 +1. 14.065 1.0 133.750 0.030 1 25 1.60 +1.-1Nom.88 15.531 -0.1 0.86 749.3 5.7 2.3 73.000 +0.3 0.8 8.74 0.51 2.015 0.41 -0.60 +1. ±0.09 2.031 15.35 2.60 2.9 101.031 15.000 Flare (Ref.770 45.D.076 2.D.2 14 O.535 -0.88 8.88 15.3 6.334 -0.016 0.083 4. 61⁄2 O.430 36.031 15.2 16.04 400.4 457.875 +0.031 1.750 10.022 2.79 -0.500 +0.656 -0.51 -0.77 2.48 -0.625 8. “D” Allow.56 2.88 6 6.063 1.031 0.625 29.040 -0.334 -0.030 0.015 0. 30.4 12 300 355.79 -0.88 0.020 1.8 0.030 -0.031 0.084 6.781 -0.2 5.031 0.0 108.500 +1.156 4.79 -0.022 -0.16 0.218 5.7 3.029 -0.042 -0.469 19.64 502.8 0.190 -0.8 6.015 0.11 0.350 108.46 -0.74 135.16 2.065 1.05 23.60 2.063 -0.019 -0.000 20 O.8 20.60 1.2 48.7 139.14 +0.084 -0.031 0.045 -0.315 +0.07 -0.13 -0.74 +0.720 -0.076 In.0 609.99 45.083 2.020 0.88 5 5.1 323.063 -0.1 2 50 0.020 0.60 +1.7 1.38 4.91 12.063 1.7 1.74 0.010 51.0 11⁄2 40 0.13 0.025 0.79 -0.350 159.37 6.563 +0.085 8.024 -0.1 3 80 76.625 2.46 1.3 60.73 -0.53 -0.84 451.083 2.1 4.74 -0.3 11⁄4 32 0.800 223.344 -0.000 +0.018 In.76 -0.74 72.092 0.8 0.79 -0.60 +1.9 0.625 8.69 -0.24 0.7 3.625 1.015 0.51 -0.76 ±0.79 -0.74 163. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK STANDARD ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATION FOR STEEL & OTHER IPS OR ISO SIZE PIPE .0 0.334 -0.03 6.74 0.D.1 0.109 0.38 -0.0 2.60 +1.79 -0.79 15.063 -0.063 -0.156 4.455 -0.109 0.172 0.60 -0.77 4.79 -0. 51⁄2 O.031 0.38 -0.76 -0.600 116.39 2.1 +1.6 762.1 0.7 2.09 57.0 12.74 0.61 -0.83 25.0 14.94 97.88 0.165 4.29 350.165 4.938 16 O.625 In./mm 33.469 12.028 -0.100 358.281 7.7 30 O./mm 15.065 1.51 1.083 2.022 0.89 +1.02 +0.76 -0. 24.000 +0.350 133.031 15.344 8.063 0.600 165./mm -In.91 11.055 -0.88 15.79 -0./DN(mm) -2O.2 508.26 -0.000 +0.6 4.938 18 O.134 3.781 -0.020 -0.093 -0.0 609.76 -0.D.344 110.D.48 -0.08 5.065 1.775 -0.344 3.14 0.3 6.64 -0.625 125 61⁄4 O.029 -0.11 0.236 5.1 0.60 +1.000 +0.980 75.375 +0.9 8 200 8.71 +0.79 -0.500 +0.79 15.76 -0.6 762.5 4.109 135.781 -0.60 +1.031 0.74 160.750 +0.063 -0. ±0.D.030/ ±0.79 0.1 0.8 0.845 -In.029 0.281 7.281 7.40 268.109 2.15 69.23 38.88 15.D.11 0.2 508.46 -0.11 0.660 +0.996 +0. 141.79 15.D.1 165.834 -0.27 318.42 +0.91 11.14 1.88 19.030 0.031 0.000 0.000 +0.51 2.0 +1.60 1.91 11.4 10.9 355.084 5.76 15.4 42.660 143.030/ Actual +0.031 1.3 219.0 +1.70 15.77 2.344 8.

15mm for sizes 100mm-150mm. For IPS pipe. and 0. Out of roundness: Difference between maximum O. the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0. COLUMN 5 . chips. COLUMN 2 . ISO outside diameter.50mm for sizes 200mm and above.030" / -0.75mm for sizes 25mm-80mm.Minimum allowable wall thickness which may be cut grooved. For ISO size pipe. and minimum O. COLUMN 7 . COLUMN 3 & 4 .Groove depth: for reference only. the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0. measured from a true square line.11 .IPS outside diameter.Gasket seat must be free from scores. ▼ “A” tolerance +0. (See column 6).25 (371⁄2°) is acceptable.77 / -1.060" for sizes 8" and above measured from a true square line. seams.Nominal IPS Pipe size. tolerance listed (reference column 2). Groove must conform to the groove diameter “C” listed in column 5.045" for 4" thru 6".D. and 1.D.54 mm) 32 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. COLUMN 6 . 1. rust or scale which may interfere with proper coupling assembly. Beveled-End Pipe in conformance with ANSI B16.D.The groove must be of uniform depth around the entire pipe circumference.CUT GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS A B T OD C D COLUMN 1 . Nominal ISO Pipe size.060" (+0. however square cut is preferred.03" for 1" thru 31⁄2". measured at 90° must not exceed total O. Not to be used with End Guard gaskets. 0.

1 10 250 0.10 8.60 +1.562 -0.375 135.88 0.4 0.084 -0.375 9.109 2.79 -0.76 -0.7 0.020 110.030 13.656 -0.75 44./mm In.250 6.46 -0.031 20 O.088 5.79 -0.53 0.38 -0.7 0.11 0.79 -0.312 7.74 -0./mm -2O.83 0.625 15.51 5.74 -0.781 -0.3 6.6 0.9 21⁄2 65 3 O.625 9.084 2.05 0.2 0.8 0.500 +1.750▼ 0.750 19.15 -0. Depth “D” Wall Actual ±0.79 -0.09 -0.D.27 318.60 +1.031 15.79 -0.88 0.000 25.500 12.030 19.203 133.062 1.031 15.312 7.063 -0.063 -0.60 -0.500 12.750 19. 24.172 4.625 15.625 15.88 0.30 0.018 0.88 -0.60 +1.063 -0.000 25.70 0.53 0./mm 1 25 1.030 30.029 76.0 61⁄2 O.027 12.055 -0.-1Nom.88 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 33 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.2 0.3 5.845 -0.625 0.093 762.88 0.56 2.000 (Ref.000 +0.020 2.344 84.625 9.0 762.13 5.190 30.1 +1.1 273.078 2.79 6.063 -0. 139./mm In.875 +0.48 -0.4 787.88 0.92 0.188 4.040 -0.45 0.625 +0.79 -0.500 749.031 10.375 9.750 +0.154 3.056 -0.625 0. ±0.203 108.063 -0.025 -0.030 0.781 -0.020 -0.38 0.6 733.441 214.2 0.D.000 0.79 15.062 1.834 97.030 23.031 24 O.8 0.64 502.79 -0.029 -0.063 1.D.23 -0.279 7.172 4.375 9.05 0.5 1.375 154.64 -0. Tolerance +In.083 2. 159.063 -0.500 12.750 +0.9 101.781 -0.79 -0.625 9.022 163.51 -0.79 -0.60 +1.938 23.88 7. 15.016 1.203 5.8 31⁄2 90 41⁄4 O.53 0.60 2.249 159.76 3.71 +0.8 0.8 0.625 15.000 +0.30 0.1 0.94 -0.7 +1.6 0.48 -0.312 7.92 0.60 0.045 -0.375 3.2 0.042 -0.0 4 100 51⁄4 O.38 0.500 +0.40 0.2 508.030 Tol.625 15.022 2.D.625 15.46 -0.6 733.14 +0.031 168.063 -0.26 3.000 25.44 600.2 0.0 609.250 57.019 48.875 +0.88 0.84 451.000 +0.750 19.775 45.70 10.0 51⁄2 O.70 0.9 1.38 -0.4 42.094 2.40 268.D.76 -0.063 -0.56 6.312 7.92 1.9 0.035 -0.031 88.60 +1.312 7.531 -0.315 +0.60 +1.022 2.4 457.D.020 0.0 2.70 0.2 508.79 -0.500 +0.79 -0.61 +0.312 7.062 1.29 350.015 33.05 0.076 5.D.76 -0.38 0.015 -0.40 0.535 38.084 -0.028 -0.109 2.015 -0.6 0.250 31.019 -0.9 1.031 108.996 +0.D. 18.259 +1. 30.140 3.D.312 7.029 -0.031 30 I.238 6.53 160.76 0.92 0.D.092 2.062 1.88 0.9 0.1 0.083 0.6 4./mm -3-4-5-6-7Gasket Groove Groove Diameter Actual Min.083 5.625 15.53 0.085 6.2 0.1 14 O.79 -0.32 +0.D.1 6 150 165.41 0.085 2.D. 2.236 +1.09 2.83 0.4 787.083 2.133 3.187 4.625 15.625 15.9 355.030 -0.030 28. IPS Pipe Size Actual In.79 4.88 0.031 114.031 12.109 2.9 1.D.56 -0.69 777.0 0.60 +0.08 5.48 2.203 5.92 1.3 0.76 -0.36 -0. Only) Thick.000 +0.500 12.145 3.70 0.0 6.86 724.625 9.8 0.312 7.312 2.53 0.900 +0.022 137.031 30 O.625 +0.4 0.500 12.51 4.312 7.42 +0.74 +0.334 -0.015 -0.6 0.076 0.219 5.0 609.88 0.4 457.4 0.02 +0.500 12.1 0. 31.030 ±0.020 1.3 219. 133.281 7.76 -0.563 14.109 2.07 -0.781 -0./DN(mm) In./mm In. 20.078 2.4 12 300 355.46 1.625 15.018 -0.88 0.61 -0.437 11.0 4.51 -0./mm -In.437 11.6 406.79 0.92 0.60 +1.99 -0.1 1.063 -0. 16.88 0.53 0.455 -0.0 APFH-12.375 +0.563 14.30 0.594 -0.79 -0.2 5.88 9.563 +0.88 0.031 15.000 +0. “T” In.1 3 80 15.53 0.88 0.2 0.024 60.92 1.76 -0.76 -0.8 0.88 0.219 165.031 0.375 129.1 +0.79 -0.4 +1.2 +0.4 0.3 0.720 69.0 +1.8 0.312 7.063 -0.938 23.79 5.60 +1.1 0.250 +0./mm -In.375 9.188 4.625 15. 4. “C” Seat “A” Width “B” Groove Allow.015 -0.625 15.031 28 I.024 -0.35 0.96 -0.031 0.7 5 125 61⁄4 O.73 -0.4 11⁄4 32 1.000 +0.3 73.188 76.375 103.031 0.60 +1.660 +0./mm In.203 139.D. 28.04 400.031 1.D.38 4.500 +1.09 2.6 11⁄2 40 2 50 0.60 +1.51 -0.70 0.88 0.6 8 200 8. 14.6 0.250 6.031 141.030 15.334 -0.000 +0.56 -0.40 0.69 -0.031 16 O.500 12.395 -0.53 6.1 323.531 -0.2 0.063 -0.3 +0.0 5.109 2.76 -0.052 -0.6 406.76 ±0.030 17.203 5. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK STANDARD CUT GROOVE SPECIFICATION FOR STEEL & OTHER IPS OR ISO SIZE PIPE .8 0.79 -0.76 +0.03 6.88 0.40 0.334 -0.1 0.1 0.625 15.92 72.000 25.084 -0.018 -0.063 -0.79 -0.030 29.063 -0.031 18 O.89 +1.40 -0.

75 7.3 141.Actual In.255 -0.562 -0.255 -0.005 6.+/.48 7./mm -3Gasket Seat “A” -4Groove Width “B” -5Groove Diameter “C” Tol.022 0.4 0.031 0./mm Tol.063 -0.255 -0.60 +1.08 137.94 110.154 4.029 0.027 0.27 14.714 +0.2 5 125 0.400 -0./mm -6- -7- Actual Tol.441 -0.015 0. Gruvlok EG fittings are grooved in accordance with these dimensions./mm 2 50 2.083 5.203 5./mm Min.27 318.46 -0.79 -0.76 1.14 18. Only) Thick.714 +0.015 0.37 15.69 -0.875 +0.6 2.48 6.031 0.25 0.64 -0.1 34 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.005 2.305 -0.078 3.010 0.005 3.61 +0.79 -0. Depth Wall (Ref.531 -0.8 4 100 0.13 -0.395 -0.6 8 200 250 300 0.063 -0.75 7.89 +1.37 18.031 0.56 -0.14 0.13 -0.79 14.018 0.25 0.16 10.25 -0.015 0.25 0.375 +0.031 0.010 0.38 0.562 +0.092 -0.56 -0.035 -0. Groove Allow.279 7./mm -In.1 273.14 18. In.3 168.0 21⁄2 65 2.74 -0.010 10.0 88.13 -0.14 +1.084 6.500 +0.CUT GROOVE END GUARD® SPECIFICATIONS A B T OD C D End Guard (EG) cut groove is designed for standard or heavier wall thickness pipe to be joined by HPR 7004 EG couplings. 0.030 0.8 0.2 2.056 -0.13 -0./mm -2Pipe Outside Diameter Tolerance +In.720 -0.27 15.605 +0.203 5.024 0.024 -0.018 0.344 -0.015 0. IPS Pipe Size Actual In.625 +0.015 0.025 0.25 268.562 +0.4 2. Actual (+0.38 6.8 3 80 0.13 57.60 -0.400 -0.029 -0.010 0.11 .79 -0.238 6.96 -0.15 69.79 -0.031 0.1 10 10.38 0.16 -0.09 84. END GUARD (EG) CUT GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS* -1Nom.334 -0.0 2.42 +1.062 60.75 10.094 12 12.063 -0.48 6.750 +0.605 +0.305 -0.022 0.005 2.38 -0.27 14.40 -0.2 6 150 0.9 114.74 +0.38 0.60 +1.3 73.063 -0.188 4.46 -0.51 -0.085 8.219 5.60 +1.37 15.455 -0.078 4./mm In.1 323.563 +0./DN(mm) In.38 0./mm In.1 2./mm In.79 -0.0 2.005 5.9 +0.305 -0.16 10.031 0.500 +0.250 -0.714 +0.015 0.010) -In.562 +0.015 0.1 2.79 -0.61 -0.3 2.03 163.250 6.109 *Refer to additional notes on page 32.005 4.020 0.254 214./mm In.010 8.29 0.045 -0.605 +0.750 +0.13 -0.010 12.38 0.188 4.3 219.400 -0. “D” “T” In.031 0.625 +0.

020 12.083 5.020 0.022 0.572 -0./mm -2Pipe Outside Diameter Tolerance +In.020 5.045 -0.531 -0.3 141.79 -0.109 2.60 +1.020 8.010) -In.018 0.375 +0.8 8 200 250 300 0.38 0.15 69.109 2./mm Min.300 +0.719 -0.74 +0.51 -0.020 0. 0.49 +15.395 -0.79 +14.020 0./mm -6- -7- Actual Tol.1 2.572 -0.40 268.74 -0.015 0.35 6.51 0.Actual In.020 6.1 323.0 88.020 0.020 0.3 2.031 0.62 7.500 +0.062 60.03 163.91 9.1 2.51 -0.022 0.610 -0.79 -0.51 0./DN(mm) In.063 -0.9 +0.79 -0.0 2.51 -0.60 +1.94 110.1 3 80 0.035 -0.750 +0.084 6.300 +0.3 219.109 2.51 -0.51 -0.030 0.109 *Refer to additional notes on page 32./mm Tol. Only) Thick./mm In.6 2.09 84.031 0.015 3.26 -0.4 2.53 +14.031 0. Data Installation Contents Flare OD .79 -0.390 +0.51 0.8 6 150 0.76 1.719 -0.344 -0.720 -0.26 +18./mm -3Gasket Seat “A” -4Groove Width “B” -5Groove Diameter “C” Tol.1 273.092 0.015 2.334 -0.38 0.53 +15.025 0.020 4.49 +15./mm In./mm In.750 +0.8 0.027 0.719 -0.029 -0.46 -0.078 3.60 +1.46 -0.08 137.031 0.441 -0.61 +0.1 4 100 0.024 -0.300 +0.38 0.083 2. END GUARD (EG) ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS* -1Nom.38 -0.063 -0.91 9.078 4.64 -0.3 73.063 -0. “D” “T” In.610 -0.018 0.625 +0.572 -0.7 21⁄2 65 2.031 0.42 +1.2 2.1 5 125 0.3 168./mm 2 50 2.134 3.0 APFH-12.26 +18.14 +1.9 114.0 2. Actual (+0.35 7.51 0.79 -0.562 -0.083 2.250 +0.56 -0.056 -0.51 57.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 35 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.250 +0.53 +14.390 +0. IPS Pipe Size Actual In.085 8.51 -0.024 0.020 0.89 +1. Depth Wall (Ref.455 -0.79 -0.91 0.020 0.156 4.063 -0.56 -0.020 0. In.029 0.625 +0.62 7.020 0.51 -0.61 -0.29 -0.031 0.69 -0.35 6.+/.51 6.094 12 12.27 318.250 -0.875 +0.49 +18.083 2./mm -In.51 -0.020 0.390 +0.500 +0.610 -0. Groove Allow./mm In.020 10.250 +0.563 +0.065 1.031 0.015 2.60 -0.51 -0.62 9.96 214.ROLL GROOVE END GUARD® SPECIFICATIONS A B T C D End Guard (EG) roll groove is designed for lightwall pipe to be joined by HPR 7004 EG couplings.4 0.51 0.8 10 10.

Minimum allowable copper tube wall thickness which may be prepared to Gruvlok Copper-Prep specifications.Gasket seat and groove must be free from scores. COLUMN 2 . 36 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.11 .Outside diameter of Copper Prep roll grooved copper tubing.Groove width is to be measured between vertical flank of the groove size walls.GRUVLOK® ADVANCED COPPER METHOD (IPS) Copper Prep Specifications D A B T Connection Diameter Tub e O. C Gruvlok copper prep roll groove specifications for Types K. seams. COLUMN 3 . COLUMN 6 .The groove must be of uniform depth around the entire tubing circumference. M and DWV copper tubing COLUMN 1 . Groove must conform to the groove diameter “C” listed in column 6. (See column 7). rust or scale which may interfere with proper coupling assembly.Outside diameter of copper tubing in accordance with ASTM B 88. Measured at the most extreme tubing end diameter of the gasket seat area. COLUMN 4 .D. chips. COLUMN 5 . COLUMN 8 .Groove depth: for reference only.Maximum allowable end flare diameter. COLUMN 7 . COLUMN 9 .Nominal ASTM B 88 copper tubing size. L.

381 69.46 -0./mm –In.88 15.063 0.022 0.719 8.469 8. Data Installation Contents .77 ± . and minimum O.060" for 8" measured from a true square line.88 19.14 73.40 -0.74 8.0 66.74 88.375 0.059 2./mm In./mm In.447 54.05 141.334 -0.91 214.002 0.719 11./mm +In./mm 8.625 0.045" for 4" thru 6".05 0.05 168.002 3.89 0./DN(mm) In.962 3 80 3.625 0.79 0.031 0.98 2.002 2.16 2. (Ref./mm –In.05 0.11 2.96 1.D.05 0.065 2.083 DWV 4.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 37 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.79 0.08 1.625 0./mm 1.002 5.031 0.05 114.018 0.250 -0.002 0.61 0.018 0.14 0.125 0.056 0.002 0.022 0.23 90.500 0.88 15. APFH-12.031 0.60 110.125 0./mm –In.344 -0.05 0.74 8.024 0.28 1.64 6 150 8 200 NOTES: Out of roundness: Difference between maximum O.15 1.045 0.60 0.625 0.077 0.46 2 50 65 2. Flare Dia./mm In.750 0.025 0.084 DWV 5.344 4.500 0.10 219.002 4.720 -0. Only) T +0.05 0.092 DWV 8.063 0.625 0.125 0.46 -1- -2- -9Max.078 DWV 3.15 -0.66 221./mm In.08 -0.51 137.03 0.34 1.030 ± .344 3.625 0.031 0.002 6.7 79.96 -0.94 -0.625 0. measured at 90° must not exceed tolerance listed.79 0.77 Tubing Outside Dia.063 0.51 170.562 0.58 116.002 0.4 0.56 4 100 5 125 5.085 DWV 6./mm In.-8Gasket Groove Tube End Groove Allow Nom.441 -0.88 15.05 0.6 206. 0.031 0.344 2.88 15.79 15.125 0.015 0.23 143.74 57. In.029 0.79 0.50 62.GRUVLOK COPPER PREP SPECIFICATIONS -3-4-5-6-7.576 0.029 0.000 ± .88 15.05 0.09 84.74 8.002 0.90 0.05 21⁄2 2.566 4.045 0.125 0.625 0.625 0.05 60.395 -0.4 104.33 1.004 8.27 1.74 0.002 2.13 2.60 1. Connection Dia.05 0.650 6. Seat Width Diameter “C” Groove Wall Tubing A B Depth D Thick Size Actual Tolerance Actual Tolerance ± .020 0.D.125 0.455 -0.035 0.030 Actual Tol.74 8.002 0.8 130.56 163.2 155.344 2.002 0.74 8. and 0.875 0.03 -0. The maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0.344 5.030" for 2" thru 3". In./mm In.65 75.05 0.30 1./mm +In.42 0.344 6.

/mm In.6 2.Outside diameter of copper tubing per ASTM B88.97 5.300 7./mm 2 2 ⁄2 3 4 5 6 8 1 2.053 1.05 0.03 in.083 2.11 .020 -0.020 -0.959 202.6 3.5 0. indentations. COLUMN 8 .05 0.05 0.05 0.14mm for sizes 4-8" COLUMN 3 .002 0.610 15.002 0. COLUMN 4 .6 4.3 DWV DWV DWV DWV DWV 3.51 0.5 0.16 -0.002 8. Wall Flare “T” Diam.76mm +0.51 0.2 1.GRUVLOK® CTS COPPER SYSTEM Roll Groove Specifications A B T Flare OD C D GRUVLOK CTS COPPER SYSTEM – ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS -1Nom.125 0.625 0./mm + In.002 54.51 0.065 2.610 15.3 1.030"/0.Nominal tubing size ASTM B88 COLUMN 2 . which may interfere with proper coupling assembly. -2Tubing Outside Diameter Actual Tolerance -3-4-5-6Gasket Seat Groove Width Groove Diameter Nom.000 “D” In.610 15.51 -0.6 2. the groove diameter must conform to column 5.610 15.05 0.220 81.2 0.76mm for sizes 2"-3". Size In.300 7.300 7.220 107.125 0.300 7.220 158.058 2.10 6.125 0. roll marks.05 0.5 0./mm – In.05 0.050 1. In.1 3.05 6.125 0. “C” “A” “B” Groove +/– 0.6 56.1 8.00 in.002 0.54 -0.610 15. See column 6.020 -0.6 0.6 0.002 0. Waste and Vent Piping) per ASTM B306.610 15.51 0. 38 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.220 132.002 0.300 7.Groove width is to be free from chips.6 7.720 1.029 51. 0.Maximum flare diameter is the OD at the most extreme tubing diameter. Tolerance Depth Actual +/– 0.00mm +0.002 130./mm In.Groove diameter must be of uniform depth for the entire circumference of the tubing.525 64.5 0.0 0.300 7./mm – In.220 1.125 0.7 0.045"/1.999 152.2 5.002 0.6 4. COLUMN 5 .020 -0.4 0.51 0.999 126.05 0.300 7.004 206.0 0.14 -0.020 -0./mm In.6 5.002 0.51 0.025 76.05 155.37 -0.05 0. dirt.05 0.020 -0.002 104.053 1.220 208.84 -0.4 0.8 0.76/–0.3 0.002 66./mm -7- -8- Min.Gasket seat must be free from scores.063 1./mm In. COLUMN 7 .4 2.002 79. etc.610 15.020 -0. +0./mm In.05 0. grease and dirt which may interfere with gasket sealing.8 COLUMN 1 .08 -0.5 0. Max.050 0.8 4.7 69.5 0.3 4.5 0.6 0. COLUMN 6 .Groove depth is for reference only. Allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0.03/–0.125 0.048 0.DWV (Drain.019 102.

ANGULAR MOVEMENT: FLEXIBLE COUPLING ANGULAR MOVEMENT Designed-in clearances allow limited deflection of the pipe joint within the coupling. The maximum available angular movement of Gruvlok flexible couplings on roll groove joints is shown in the performance data for each coupling. Therefore.11 Roll Groove Pipe 1 3 Cut Groove Pipe 1 3 ⁄32" ⁄32" ⁄16" ⁄16" Represents Linear Movement Capabilities θ θ/2 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 39 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. APFH-12. Data Installation Contents DESIGN FACTORS Gruvlok® Couplings .MOVEMENT Each flexible design Gruvlok coupling can provide for pipe system movement up to the design maximum for the specific size and type coupling being utilized. 7003. and coupling tolerances. The available linear movement provided by Standard Gruvlok couplings is shown below: LINEAR MOVEMENT Sizes 1" . 7401 and Fig. The following information on movement applies to these flexible couplings. Movement is possible in the Gruvlok coupling due to two factors: (1) designed-in clearance between the key of the coupling and the groove diameter and groove width. and (2) the gap between pipe ends joined by the coupling. these joints would remain in strict alignment and would resist deflection and linear movement during service. Fig. groove. The amount of angular flexibility varies for each coupling size and type. LINEAR MOVEMENT: FLEXIBLE COUPLING LINEAR MOVEMENT Linear movement is accommodated within the coupling by allowing the pipe ends to move together or apart in response to pressure thrusts and temperature changes. The values account for pipe.24" RIGID COUPLINGS Gruvlok rigid couplings Fig. 7400. FLEXIBLE COUPLINGS Figs.31⁄2" 4" . 7010 are the flexible couplings provided in the Gruvlok product line. 7000. 7001. without introducing eccentric loads into the coupling joint. 7004 HPR are designed to provide a joint with the attributes of a welded or flanged connection.

A fully deflected coupling joint provides no linear movement capability. Movement / Avail . if the thermal movement was contraction due to a reduction of system temperature. Temperature: 160° F (71 . DESIGN QUESTION How many couplings are required to account for the thermal growth? AVAILABLE LINEAR MOVEMENT PER FLEXIBLE COUPLING: Using the table on page 39.APPLICATIONS Gruvlok® Couplings THERMAL MOVEMENT A sufficient amount of coupling joints must be provided to accommodate the calculated movement (expansion or contraction) in a pipe run or segment thereof . Thus. Conversely.80". Maximum Oper .187") = 9 . Minimum Temperature: 40° F (4 . A partially deflected joint will not provide full linear movement capability.4° C) (at time of installation) . the total movement is 1 . 40 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. it would be necessary to install all couplings with the maximum gap between pipe ends.80") / (0 . will allow a limited capability for combined linear and angular movement. we see that there is 0 . In systems where both are expected. COMBINED LINEAR & ANGULAR MOVEMENT The clearance in the grooved coupling joint.1° C) .80" due to the temperature change . the coupling joints would have be installed with the pipe ends butted.11 .6. Movement per Coupling FOR OUR EXAMPLE: No . 200 FEET Thermal expansion tables show this system will expand a total of 1 . Therefore 10 couplings are needed POSITION OF COUPLINGS In order for the couplings to provide for the movement indicated by the above example. The Gruvlok coupling will not allow for both maximum linear and maximum angular movement simultaneously. thus accommodating the “shrink” of the pipe system. additional joints may be required. EXAMPLE: A 200 foot long straight run of 4" steel cut grooved pipe between anchor points. of Couplings = (1 . the number of couplings is determined as follows: No . of Couplings = Tot .MOVEMENT .188" linear movement per coupling (4" Flexible Coupling) COUPLINGS REQUIRED As indicated above.

the couplings retightened. ROTATIONAL MOVEMENT: Piping systems designed with Gruvlok Couplings can accommodate minor rotational movement from thermal expansion.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 41 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. For pipe rotation. vibration. buried pipe systems where pipe laying conditions are subject to settlement. Data Installation Contents MOVEMENT . pipe rotation will evenly distribute wear over the entire inner surface of the pipe. Buried Pipe Systems Pitched drainage systems. and service resumed. EXAMPLE: Before Pipe Rotation After Pipe Rotation Utilizing the rotational capability of the Gruvlok Coupling. The pipe may then be rotated one-quarter turn. CURVE LAYOUT DRAINAGE. the system must be shut down and internal pressure relieved. Gruvlok Couplings should never be used as a continuous swivel joint.COMBINED LINEAR & ANGULAR MOVEMENT Continued For Deflection NOTE: Fully Deflected Joint Will Not Allow For Linear Expansion. For Expansion In the example above. and exposed pipe systems laid on rough ground are but a few of the many types of pipe installations that present conditions where the functional capability of the Gruvlok coupling are useful.APPLICATIONS Gruvlok® Couplings . settlement. or other similar movements. two couplings were added to account for thermal expansion and the other couplings accommodate only the misalignment. APFH-12. However. the pipe life of a slurry or similar coarse material piping system can be extended. BURIED SYSTEMS. ETC The flexible design of the Gruvlok coupling makes it ideal for use in a wide variety of systems in which random Pitched for Drainage changes of the pipe direction can be accommodated by the Gruvlok coupling’s angular deflection capability rather than requiring the use of special fittings. The additional stress from the combined movement is therefore relieved. If performed on a regular basis.

0.25 20. 14.18 FIG.9 133.11 8.06 4.9 2 50 0.17 14.25 20.13 4x2 100 x 50 0.D. 750 Deflection from C L Per Coupling 0° 16' 159.11 42 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .8 31⁄2 90 0.9 11⁄2 40 0./ft-mm/m Deflection from C L Per Coupling of Pipe In.9 18 450 0.20 16.0 5 125 51⁄4 O.26 6x4 150 x 100 0. 1 0° 49' 0° 51' 0° 50' 17.17 14.D.04 3.13 10.7 12 300 0.4 0.7 6 150 6 ⁄4 O.9 28" O.0 0.05 3.8 0.1 6x5 150 x 125 0. 17.D.06 4.0 APFH-12.1 108.1 3 80 0° 31' 0° 27' 1° 12' 1° 16' 10.8 21⁄2 x 2 65 x 50 0./ft-mm/m In.D.9 21⁄2 65 3 O.23 18.7 24 600 0.11 8.8 2 x 11⁄2 50 x 40 0° 45' 0° 37' 0° 31' 0° 31' 1° 12' 1° 12' 1° 12' 1° 58' 0° 49' 0° 49' 0° 37' 0./DN(mm) Degrees(˚)-Minutes(') 0.20 16.17 of Pipe In. 787. 7011 Nominal Size 30 O.1 0.9 In.0 0.0 61⁄2 O.1 8 200 0° 37' 0° 30' 0° 25' 0° 23' 0° 20' 0° 18' 0° 16' 0° 13' 0° 11' 0° 10' 13.8 0.29 23.9 0.17 14.11 8.D.9 0.4 0.06 5.D.DEFLECTION FROM CENTERLINE Gruvlok® Couplings FIG. 7000.4 0.11 8.9 0.25 20. 7010 Deflection from C L Nominal Size Per Coupling of Pipe In.1 11⁄4 32 0.8 5x4 125 x 100 0.20 16.D.5 3x2 80 x 50 0./DN(mm) Degrees(˚)-Minutes(') In.25 20.0 51⁄2 O.13 10.2 20 500 0.09 7.D. 7001.08 6.2 30" O.8 4 100 41⁄4 O.1 0.21 8x6 200 x 150 0.8 76.16 13.D.20 139.7 10 250 0.1 3 x 21⁄2 80 x 65 0.04 3.13 10.09 7. 0.3 14 350 0.07 5.8 4 x 21⁄2 100 x 65 0. 733. 0° 58' 1° 2' 0° 59' 22.16 13./DN(mm) Degrees(˚)-Minutes(') 1° 22' 1° 5' 0° 57' 0° 45' 0° 37' 0° 36' 0.7 16 400 0./ft-mm/m 165.13 10. 7001-2 & 7003 Nominal Size 1 25 FIG.9 4x3 100 x 80 0.

D. 41⁄4 O. 450./mm 1.1. Data Installation Contents RANGE OF PIPE END SEPARATION Gruvlok® Couplings Nominal Coupling Sizes (In.38) In.D. 90 4.1. 3 4./mm 3 In. 8 x 6 100 x 50. 125 x 100. 24 350. 4 x 21⁄2. 51⁄2 O. 21⁄2. 7000 LW Flexible Coupling Fig. 21⁄2 x 2.79) In. 24.4 – – 14.D. 133. 1 ⁄2. 28 O.1. 400. 400. 8. 61⁄2 O. 200. 90 4. (750mm) Coupling is 0-9/64 (0-3. 80 4./mm 1 In. 11⁄4./DN(mm) In. 31⁄2 25. 6.. 150. 50. 65.D.. 3..7 150.. 165. 14. 100 x 80. 7010 Reducing Coupling Fig. 6.D. 40. 787. 11⁄4. 61⁄2 O. 2. 40. 159. 32. 450. 50. 450.1./mm In. 5. 1 ⁄4. 350. 65.D. 250. 51⁄4 O. 165.D. 65. 61⁄2 O.. 16. 61⁄4 O. 65. 6 x 4. 61⁄2 O. 80 4. 165. 16. 40. 14.RANGE OF PIPE END SEPARATION Type of Coupling Fig. 18.1. 150 x 100.. 51⁄2 O. 20. 6. 16. 300. 65. 6. 32. 7042 Outlet Coupling Nominal Pipe Size Nominal Pipe Size Range of Range of Outlet Pipe End Outlet Pipe End Run Run FPT F MPT/Grv. 3 x 21⁄2 50 x 40. 80 x 65 4 x 2. 100. 20./DN(mm) . 3 40. 76. 125. 12. 2..D.7. 80. 7400 Rigidlite Coupling Fig. 30 O. 24 350. 200 2 x 11⁄2.. 7003 Hingelok Coupling Fig. 3 O. 31⁄2 25. 7011 Standard Coupling Fig.4. M/G Separation FPT F MPT/Grv. 50./mm 0-3⁄32 (0-2. 21⁄2.D. 24 100.7. 600 – – 14. 11⁄2. 40. 2. 139. 11⁄2. 150. 125. 5. 20.11 1 ⁄2 40 1 1 ⁄16-1 ⁄2 30-38 3 1 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 43 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. 4 x 3. 18. 500. 5. 11⁄2../DN(mm) In.57) 1 1.. 3 O. 7001 Standard Coupling Fig. 5 x 4..0. 3 O. 125. 3. 350.. 7401 Rigidlok Coupling Fig. 165. 21⁄2. 139. 32.D. 76. 3 O. 80 100. 16. 20. 6. M/G Separation In. 8. 50. 51⁄2 O. 2. 200 11⁄2. 200. 150.. 50. 150 x 125.1. 150.D.D. 12. 8 100.1. 200 x 150 The Range of Pipe End Separation for the 30" O. 21⁄2. 10. 733. 3 25. 450.D.1. 139. 18. 200 1. 600 1. 11⁄4. 76.0. 80. 8 100./mm ⁄2 ⁄4 — — ⁄4-11⁄16 19-27 ⁄4 — — 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 11⁄2 40 15 3 20 — — ⁄4-11⁄16 19-27 3 80 1 25 1 25 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 20 1 25 1 — — ⁄4-11⁄16 19-27 — — 3 11⁄2 40 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 ⁄2 ⁄4 — — 11 11 11 ⁄16-1 ⁄16-1 ⁄16-1 4 100 ⁄4 — — 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 15 17-25 17-25 17-25 20 2 50 3 — — 1 25 — — 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 20 1 25 1 3 1 25 — — 11⁄2 40 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 ⁄2 ⁄4 — — 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 — — 2 50 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 15 20 — — 1 ⁄16-1 ⁄2 30-38 3 1 1 25 — — 15⁄8-115⁄16 41-51 21⁄2 65 1 25 — — 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 6 150 11⁄2 40 11⁄2 40 15⁄8-115⁄16 41-51 — — 11⁄4 32 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 — — 2 50 15⁄8-115⁄16 41-51 — — APFH-12./mm In. 5. 3 x 2. 7401-2 Rigidlok Coupling 0-1⁄32 (0-0. 400. 600. 125.D. 7001-2 Standard Coupling Fig. 65 x 50.D../mm 3 3 3 In. 300. 10.D. 80 x 50. 125. 8 1 25. 32. 500. 21⁄2. 500. 6 x 5.0. 2. 100 x 65.D. 76. 500. 18. 250. 600 Fig. 400. 108. 5.

D.1 8 200 8.2 10.5 1 ⁄4 32 1 1.11 .322 8.7 2.3 3.250 5.3 5.3 4.3 0.0 33.D.9 8.1 6.7 34.875 73.7 5.2 73.2 9.1 1.000 609. 108.3 0.1 14 350 14.7 2.8 3.660 42.0 6.1 3.5 32.1 3.4 0.1 1.D.1 9.2 0.2 0.4 24.5 20.1 20.8 2.8 1.4 1.2 6.0 61⁄2 O.5 8.315 33.1 9. 139.9 31.0 0.1 0. 76.7 11⁄2 40 1.000 406.1 10 250 10.000 457.8 1.563 141.2 4.7 1.4 1.2 13.1 0.4 1./m Tee 45° Ft./m Run Ft.3 0.2 6.0 10.365 9.6 6.4 8.3 7.1 6.7 0.6 31.7 2.7 5.D.6 41.4 8.6 22.280 7.500 6.3 4.2 3.000 355.750 273.0 6.3 16.4 5.0 1.3 76.7 0.7 0.375 9.3 5.1 3.D.375 9.D.375 9.3 7.0 4.500 88.1 1.2 4.0 3.3 0.0 18 450 18.7 3.2 4./m Branch Ft.8 5.5 38.6 0. In.8 97.3 12.3 0.0 6.4 2./DN(mm) O.5 5.5 20 500 20.8 17.0 10.7 159.500 114.4 40.9 11.0 15.4 24.248 2.4 8.1 7.9 0.8 20.7 0.4 108.0 1.0 6.2 0.6 6. 159.7 2.280 3./m 1 25 1.3 4.7 2.6 24 600 24.0 50.6 0.5 5.1 1.0 51⁄2 O.6 0.5 113.236 5.0 3.5 0.375 60.5 8.9 2.0 5.5 28.4 1.0 133.1 10.3 2.0 2.237 6.0 165.9 7.900 48.0 8.9 16.2 19.7 2.0 0.3 4. For example: for 6" x 6" x 3" tee.9).1 12 300 12.0 10.8 10.9 6.2 26.750 323.8 ft (3.8 3.2 1.6 9.3 2.1 8.0 16 400 16.5 22.500 7.7 0. 133.4 0.1 0.4 2.7 16.9 3.3 4.0 7.7 5 125 61⁄4 O.0 4.7 1.145 3.1 3.8 25.3 29.280 2.0 34.625 219.3 1.259 6.9 0.8 12.203 5.4 12.197 4.1 6 150 165.9 4.4 6.3 0. the branch value of 3" is 12. 2.2 0.4 6.1 0.7 5.9 3.1 0.0 10.8 4.220 1.0 6.2 20.3 139.3 For the reducing tee and branches.3 0.375 9.000 508.6 0.996 0.1 13.0 8.0 2.4 1.154 3.GRUVLOK® FITTING FOR GROOVED-END PIPE FLOW DATA – FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE (EXPRESSED AS EQUIVALENT STRAIGHT PIPE) Nominal Size In.7 5.3 10.5 8./mm Pipe Wall Thickness In./mm Elbow 90° Ft.3 1.1 1.3 5.0 87.4 2.1 10.140 3.6 2.1 20.248 2.D.1 2.8 23.4 21.216 5.7 7.0 6.6 9.375 9.133 3.5 25.0 4.6 25.1 1.4 0.8 2 50 2.0 0.1 1.625 168.5 26.258 6. 44 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.4 64.0 1.3 6.9 16.0 4 100 51⁄4 O.1 3 80 41⁄4 O.5 7.6 0.5 0. use the value that is corresponding to the branch size.6 3.6 2.9 22.6 2.0 21⁄2 65 3 O.6 7.375 9.

D.3 6. Data Installation Contents .3 31⁄4 C 83 2C 51 3 1 ⁄4 C 83 21⁄2 65 3 O.0 61⁄2 O. 4.3 2 3 ⁄4 C 70 13⁄4 C 44 23⁄4 C 70 2 50 2.D.500 133 51⁄4 C 83 31⁄4 C 133 51⁄2 C 139. for more information.1 73⁄4 C 197 41⁄4 C 108 73⁄4 C 197 10 250 10.000 101./mm FIG.236 121 5C 127 51⁄4 C 83 3C 76 31⁄4 C 121 5C 127 51⁄4 C 133. 108. APFH-12.D.563 141.750 273.625 219.Cast malleable or ductile iron.1 3 80 76.9 10 C 254 51⁄4 C 133 10 C 254 C .900 48.0 51⁄2 O. 7060 TEE In. C to E O.9 102 4 1 ⁄4 C 108 64 21⁄2 C 64 101 41⁄4 C 108 31⁄2 90 41⁄4 O.1 6 150 165.259 133 5 1 ⁄2 C 140 6C 83 31⁄4 C 83 31⁄2 C 140 51⁄2 C 140 6C 159. In.375 60.D.D./mm FIG. 159.GRUVLOK® FITTING FOR GROOVED-END PIPE C to E C to E C to E O.1 3.996 3 3 ⁄4 C 95 4C 21⁄4 C 57 21⁄2 C 33⁄4 C 95 4C 76. 7051 45˚ ELBOW In. contact an Anvil Rep.250 4 1 ⁄2 C 114 43⁄4 C 23⁄4 C 70 27⁄8 C 41⁄2 C 114 43⁄4 C 108.D.0 6.315 33.D./mm 1 25 1.1 9C 229 43⁄4 C 121 9C 229 12 300 12.0 2.4 21⁄4 C 57 13⁄4 C 44 21⁄4 C 57 1 ⁄4 32 1 1.3 5.500 152 61⁄2 C 89 31⁄2 C 152 61⁄2 C 165.7 5.500 88.1 6.D.7 5 125 61⁄4 O. 139.3 165 6 1 ⁄2 C 165 89 31⁄2 C 89 165 61⁄2 C 165 8 200 8. GRUVLOK FITTINGS Nominal Size In.0 5.875 73. O. all others are fabricated steel.6 4./mm FIG./DN(mm) Center to End Dimensions O. Center to end dimensions may differ from those shown in chart.625 168.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 45 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.660 42.500 114.0 4 100 51⁄4 O. 2.2 2 ⁄4 C 70 3 1 ⁄4 C 44 3 23⁄4 C 70 11⁄2 40 1. 7050 90˚ ELBOW In.750 323.D. 133.D.0 4.

11⁄4. 3. 80. 6* 200 x 80. 11⁄4*. 250 7 178 * . 21⁄2* 80 x 25. 40. 40. 21⁄2*. 4*. 2*./DN(mm) FIG. 32. 150. 4*.GRUVLOK® FITTING FOR GROOVED-END PIPE E to E O. 32.11 . all others are fabricated steel. 125. 50. 50. 40. 125. 40. 10 300 x 100. 150 5 127 3 x 1. 50 1 1 1 2 ⁄2 64 1 8 x 3. 6. 200. 100 1 31⁄2 89 2 x 1. 80. 1 ⁄4.Cast malleable or ductile iron. 46 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 50. 65 21⁄2 64 10 x 4. 11⁄2. 2* 65 x 25./mm 11⁄4 x 1 32 x 25 21⁄2 64 1 4 x 1. 150. 2*. 200 6 152 31⁄2 x 3 90 x 80 3 76 12 x 4. 4* 125 x 50. 11⁄2. 65./mm End to End In. 11⁄4. 65. 65. 100. 5. 8. 6*. 40 21⁄2 64 6 x 1. 21⁄2. GRUVLOK FITTINGS FIG. 3*. 32. 31⁄2 100 x 25. 7072 CONCENTRIC REDUCER Nominal Size In. 90 3 76 1 ⁄2 x 1. 5* 150 x 25. 5.D. 32. 125 4 102 2 ⁄2 x 1. 80. 11⁄2. 8 250 x 100. 1 ⁄4 40 x 25. 11⁄2* 50 x 25. 3*. 7072 CONCENTRIC REDUCER Nominal Size In. 2 ⁄2. 1 ⁄2. 100./DN(mm) End to End In. 32 1 2 ⁄2 64 1 5 x 2. 2*.

625 10.622 0.500 4.380 1.981 10.750 Weight per Foot (Pounds) 0.878 1. easy method for finding the relationship between internal fluid pressure and stress in the pipe wall.245 0.2487 0.0449 0.565 11.610 2. It is interesting to note that the formula uses the “outside diameter” of pipe and is sometimes referred to as the “outside diameter formula.493 0.049 1.067 2.000 4.548 4.425 0.984 2. The formula predicts bursting pressures that have been found to be safely within the actual test bursting pressures.065 7.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 47 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.273 2.479 14.3840 0.5988 4.620 18.269 0. in inches APFH-12.026 5.0777 0.793 7.733 49.480 Length in Feet containing One Cubic Foot (Feet) 2.047 6.5008 2.0030 0.526.020 Actual Outside Diameter (Inches) 0.0158 0.” P = (2 • t • S) / D Where: P = internal units pressure.580 9.1743 0.0277 0. in inches t = wall thickness.0054 0.913 30.550 40.405 0.970 28.275 70.312 7. Data Installation Contents .540 0.0963 Barlow's Formula Barlow’s Formula is a safe.500 5.469 3.625 8.068 3.0099 0.910 270.131 1.840 1.660 1.198 4.STANDARD WEIGHT PIPE DATA Nominal Pipe Diameter (Inches) ⁄8 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 1 1 Actual Inside Diameter (Inches) 0.315 1.790 14.900 2.718 3.679 2.563 6.077 19.826 Gallons in One Linear Foot (Gallons) 0.824 1. in psi D = outside diameter of pipe.620 96.383.851 1.6613 1.875 3.050 1.364 0.0393 1.1058 0.110 10.360 473. in psi S = unit stress.800 754.375 2.675 0.653 5.5136 0.000 1.030 166.568 0.

216 0.126 0.294 0.109 0.300 0.095 - - - - 0.600 0.675 0.065 0.083 0.276 0.140 0.109 0. (IN) Size 1 ⁄8 0.120 0.237 0.095 0.840 1.187 0.438 0.065 0.674 0.000 4.065 0.120 0.10 for carbon steel.500 5.154 0.083 0.375 0. NOMINAL WALL THICKNESS FOR Sch Sch Sch Sch Sch 40 40S 60 80 80S Sch 100 Sch 120 Sch.375 0.065 0.563 0.126 0.088 0.120 0.145 0.083 0.065 0.091 0.226 0.113 0.120 0.113 0.133 0.276 0.200 0.281 0.119 0.134 0.065 0.113 0.337 0.083 0.065 0.358 0.091 0.375 0.226 0.154 0.318 0.109 0.405 - 0.237 0.219 0.065 0. Outside Pipe Dia.065 0.200 0. 160 X XX Strong Strong Nom.258 0.300 0.216 0.049 - - 0.109 0.120 0.337 0.375 2.540 0.145 0.437 0.109 0.250 0.179 0. Traditional standard weight.147 0.154 0.109 0.083 0.203 0.133 0.900 2.120 0. Commercial Pipe Sizes and Wall Thicknesses This table lists standard pipe sizes and wall thicknesses. or specifically: ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 3 ⁄4 1 1 ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 APFH-12.276 0.147 0. extra strong & durable extra strong pipe.145 0.875 3.400 0.109 0.308 0.120 0.154 0.552 0.48 COMMERCIAL PIPE SIZES AND WALL THICKNESSES Sch 5S Sch 10 Sch 10S Sch 20 Sch 30 Sch Std.088 0.375 0. 1.049 0.218 0.250 0.068 - 0.531 0.140 0.750 2.625 0.191 0.200 0.088 0.315 1.191 0.154 0.109 0.216 0.134 0. 140 Sch.318 0.318 0.344 0.436 0.237 0.119 0.636 0.109 0.660 1.109 0.191 0.218 0.133 0.154 0.500 0.203 0.337 0.068 0.500 4.119 0. Pipe wall thickness in ASME B36.226 0.140 0.258 0.179 0.083 0.068 0.050 1.095 - 1 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 0.300 0.382 0.179 0.091 0.120 0.109 0.203 0.109 0.147 0.065 0.083 0.126 0.11 5 .258 0.218 0.083 0.

250 0.125 0.625 0.719 0.330 0.438 16.148 0.500 0.500 0.812 0.750 0.280 0.625 0.000 0. NOTE: All dimensions in inches & thicknesses are nominal or average wall thickness.500 0.219 0.625 0.500 0.500 0.250 0.500 18.000 0.375 32.875 1.218 0.500 1.625 0.000 0.688 0.500 0.031 0.APFH-12.750 0.719 0.375 0.250 0.109 0.000 28.375 0.280 - 0.375 0.000 36.594 22.250 0.218 0.656 0.500 0. Actual thickness may be as much as 12.165 0.594 0.365 0.188 0.688 0.875 2.000 30.375 0.500 1.180 0.625 0.218 0.875 6.188 0.031 1.844 1.277 0.375 0.500 0.148 0.312 0. Pipe wall thickness in ASTM Specification A409 & ASME B36.406 0.375 0.125 1.531 1. Data Installation Contents .375 1.375 0.562 1.625 0.750 0.375 0.438 1.250 0.5% under nominal due to mill tolerance.344 0.500 0.406 0.375 0.156 1.312 0.500 1.250 0.750 0.250 0.312 0.250 1.625 1.312 0.500 0.594 0.812 2.307 0.375 0.000 0.594 0.438 0.125 0.500 1.594 0.500 0.000 1.375 0.000 0.844 0.500 1.375 0.250 0.500 0.109 0.938 0.750 0.375 0.562 20.312 0.719 0.322 0.312 0.969 1.11 6 8.500 0.322 0.562 0.688 0.844 1.322 0.375 0.375 24.000 42.165 0.000 0.500 1.562 - 0.000 0.432 0.500 0.156 0.062 2.312 0.365 0.156 0.165 0.500 1.188 0.312 0.688 0.312 0.312 0.750 1.375 0.781 0.180 0.094 1.432 - 0.281 1.280 0.500 0.500 0.312 0.500 0.165 0.134 0.250 26.000 12.375 0.375 0.625 0.000 14.500 0.219 1.19 & applicable only to corrosion resistant materials.000 1.188 0.500 1.500 0.500 0.432 0. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 42 All dimensions shown are in inches.812 1.125 0.562 0.188 0.750 0.500 0.375 1.134 - - 0. 49 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.938 1.250 0.906 0.969 0.500 0.134 0.375 0.864 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 3.000 0.625 10.365 0.406 0.000 34.500 0.

072 1.171 2.279 2.500 0.000 30.216 0.375 0.226 0.031 0.000 171.132 0.563 0.100 31.109 0.272 2.625 10.593 0.191 0.000 417.750 0.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .437 0.300 0.101 0.406 0.087 1.322 0.130 1.061 0.400 174.200 0. Wall Thickness In.510 11.154 0.500 44.675 0.126 0.000 4.780 18.550 43.315 1.186 0.700 97.050 1.500 4.000 123.600 19.75 14.000 105.179 0.834 3.375 2.452 1.374 0.140 0.237 0.000 20.473 1.100 48.022 5.480 64.570 28.850 1.660 7.113 0.200 88.937 0.145 0.Steel Pipe Data SCHEDULE NO.660 7.400 53.652 5.000 209.218 0. 3 O.000 158.875 3.200 286.133 0.311 0.660 1.647 0.687 1.000 1 3 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 36 50 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 20 API 0.882 0.083 0.980 14.280 0.000 18.147 0.500 0.390 40.203 0.000 171.765 1. Weight of Water per Foot Lbs.500 51.000 36.000 0.276 0.091 0.600 88.970 28. Weight per Foot Lbs.258 0.600 63.000 58.290 21.250 9.620 20.318 0.200 2.567 0. In.687 0.000 190.843 0.000 24.154 0.510 4.860 4.738 0. Schedule No.230 0.337 0.218 0.500 0.510 10. ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄4 0.D.593 1.500 120.000 297.555 0.870 12.200 158.280 3.432 0.500 69.000 16.625 8.631 3.996 2.200 76.000 APFH-12.500 0.750 12.365 0.000 107.790 7.800 34.110 12.678 2.980 8.840 1.717 3.790 14.570 10. 40 & 80 Pipe Size In.000 137.850 5.900 2.000 83.400 109.500 5.563 6.

049 0.362 0.000 11.625 0.405 0.094 0.030 0.455 0. Wall Thickness In.546 0. ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 11⁄8 1 3⁄8 1 5⁄8 21⁄8 25⁄8 31⁄8 3 5⁄8 41⁄8 51⁄8 61⁄8 81⁄8 101⁄8 121⁄8 3 0.060 8.065 0.360 2.418 0.423 43.289 31.338 0.125 1.285 0.250 0.109 0.300 57.126 0. Tubing In.125 3.675 51 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.055 0.125 5.090 0.290 5.134 0. Weight per Foot Lbs.839 1.100 40.920 4.042 0.875 1.140 1.625 2.049 0.192 0.060 0.200 19.144 0.125 1.500 0. In.625 4.040 0.310 2. Wall Thickness In.271 0.960 3.151 0.062 0.625 4.110 0.616 20.D.375 1.670 13.140 0. O.188 8. Weight of Water per Foot Lbs.080 0.750 2.625 3.380 7. O.000 2.884 1.426 TYPE K Tube Size In.11 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 11⁄8 13 ⁄ 8 15 ⁄ 8 21⁄8 25⁄8 31⁄8 35 ⁄ 8 41⁄8 51⁄8 61⁄8 81⁄8 101⁄8 121⁄8 3 0.767 1.989 5.D.065 0.875 1.034 0.743 1.D.750 0.269 0.200 0.500 30.120 0.655 0.900 40.610 10. Data Installation Contents .949 3.050 0.125 0. O.510 9.040 1.590 45.125 0.095 0.125 6. Weight of Water per Foot Lbs.280 0.125 10.035 0.125 3.120 6.125 12.049 0.125 6.Copper Tube Data TYPE L Tube Size In.527 0.083 0.330 4. In.035 0.045 0.641 0.200 19. Weight per Foot Lbs.400 0.D.160 0.870 25.480 3.055 0.125 12.064 2.198 0.337 0.625 0.357 0.125 2.209 0.344 0.900 5.341 2.375 0.125 2.375 1.032 0.125 8.070 0.081 11.290 30. Tubing In.188 0.100 0.060 2. O.750 0.065 0.125 5.625 2.145 0.500 0.125 0.625 3.375 0.100 0. ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 APFH-12.125 10.072 0.125 8.000 5.800 0.

17.000 35.5+ 56t 35 – – .93 Seamless milled steel pipe for hightemperature service. 6. bending. & other special purposes.048 max .000 22 15+ 48t 30 (2) – (3) – Black or hot-dip galvanize seamless or res. A 53 B 60.000 30.060 max . % S Rectangular 5 ⁄16" 5⁄16" t Description and Applications Spec No. gas or vapor.5+ 56t 35 OR (4) or 12 trans.27 to. flanging & similar forming operations. order to A-53).5+ 56t 35 .000 – 17. except use Grade A for close coiling.058 max Black or hot-dip galvanize seamless or res-welded steel pipe suitable for coiling.000 30.5+ 56t OR (4) or 20 trans.27 to 1.000 .5+ 32t 16. A 135 A 48.5 28 17.25 max 25 . ASTM Carbon Steel Pipe and Flange Specifications ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK (1) A106 A 48.30 max . – – – – – – – – – – – APFH-12. suitable for welding.52 ASTM CARBON STEEL PIPE AND FLANGE SPECIFICATIONS Elongation (% in 2") STD Round C MN P Chemical Composition. except use Grade A for close coiling. 12.000 30.048 max . (When tension. A 53 A 48.11 Resistance welded steel pipe for liquid. flanging.000 35.050 max . welded steel pipe suitable for A 120 ordinary uses. (1) A106 B 60. cold bending or forge welding. 17.000 28 long.000 (2) – (3) – As above. suitable for bending.5+ 40t 28 long. ASTM Grade or Strength Type PSI Yield Point or Strength PSI PIPE AND TUBING 35 . cold bending or forge welding.06 .058 max As above. flattening (obsolete) or bend test required.

A 135 FORGED PIPE.05 max .90 max .000 36. (6) Factor-made Wrought Carbon Steel and Ferritic Alloy Steel Welding Fitting Specifications are covered under ASTM A234. welded: open hearth 0.000 – 15+ 48t 30 – – .90 max .000 30. fittings (6) values and parts for high temperature service.10% silicon minimum.35 (5) max . As above ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK (1) 0.000 25 – – .35%.35 (5) max . carbon content shall be ≤0. (2) Open hearth. If carbon is ≤0. Data Installation Contents . (4) Longitudinal or transverse direction of test specimen with respect to pipe axis (5) When flanges will be subject to fusion welding.35%.048 max.050 max.05 max As above except for general service.05 max As above A 105 A 181 A 181 II 70.05 max .90 max .35 (5) max .13 max for 1⁄8" and 1⁄4" size resistance welded pipe only (3) Seamless: open hearth 0. acid bessemar 0.35 (5) max .APFH-12.000 36.000 22 – – II 70.050 max .11 max.11 As above. may be annealed or normalized. 53 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.05 max . Res. except use Grade A for flanging & bending. A105 I 60. Heat treatment is not required.05 max .05 max . 0. it may be necessary to add silicon to meet required tensile properties.000 22 – – . Heat treatment required.000 35. The silicon content shall be ≤0.000 30.90 max .05 max .060 max Forged or rolled steel pipe flanges.35%.000 18 – – I 60. FLANGES B 60.

01 0. Copper ⁄2 ⁄4 0.91 1.890 11.631 5.700 79.800 180.455 2.400 122.101 0.22 1.850 4.200 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 WEIGHT PER FOOT OF SEAMLESS BRASS AND COPPER PIPE Nominal Pipe Size In.96 1.93 1.661 10.23 1.800 32.20 4.490 158.718 3.78 2.000 57.648 0.510 14.000 59.172 2.740 65.500 76.882 1.290 19.99 5.71 2.550 40.864 3.450 104. 1 3 Regular Yellow Brass Red Brass Lbs.200 4.49 3.188 0.131 1.851 1.29 3.980 7.690 34.69 3.73 2.374 0.970 28. Water ⁄2 ⁄4 0.770 93.390 54.67 1.10 5.480 49.56 3.022 7.100 49.130 125. 1 3 Weight of: Std.600 94.474 2.555 0.19 5.200 1.653 5.420 72.250 12.80 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 54 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.500 98. Extra Strong Copper Yellow Brass Red Brass Lbs.000 0.660 12.790 14.273 2.46 4.311 0.679 2. Weight of: Water XS Pipe Lbs.765 1.132 0.63 3.570 43.997 3.100 101.580 54.04 4.110 10.837 2.200 126.000 0.510 8.62 2.27 1.300 47.11 .000 183.30 1.13 4.67 2.230 0.570 62.076 3.12 0.100 286.800 291. Pipe Lbs.088 1.510 21.620 18.51 1.51 3.39 4.280 1.280 5.580 70.590 78.39 3.19 1.580 9.620 119.PIPE AND WATER WEIGHT PER LINE FOOT Nominal Pipe Size In.980 20.23 1.793 7.25 1.090 82.780 28.82 2.

3 11⁄2. 3. 2. Pipe Size 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 x x x x x x x 11⁄4. 45˚ Elbow. 6. 5. H WELD FITTINGS CONCENTRIC REDUCERS Nom. 5 31⁄2. Pipe Size ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 3 CONCENTRIC REDUCERS H Nom. 11⁄2 1. 3.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Weld Fitting and Pipe and Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Pipe Size 90˚ ELBOWS Long R A Short R A 45˚ ELBOWS B STRAIGHT TEES C&M 1 11⁄8 11⁄2 17⁄8 21⁄4 21⁄2 3 33⁄8 33⁄4 41⁄8 47⁄8 55⁄8 7 81⁄2 10 ⁄2 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 3 1 1 ⁄2 11⁄8 11⁄2 17⁄8 21⁄4 3 33⁄4 41⁄2 51⁄4 6 71⁄2 9 12 15 18 1 –– –– 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 ⁄8 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 13⁄8 13⁄4 2 21⁄4 21⁄2 31⁄8 33⁄4 5 61⁄4 71⁄2 7 5 All dimensions shown are in inches. APFH-12. 11⁄2. Tee. 6. 4. 6 4. 1. 31⁄2 2. 10 H 4 4 5 51⁄2 6 7 8 55 x x x x x x x ⁄8. 11⁄4.Weld Fittings –– 90˚ Elbow. 1 1 3 ⁄2. ⁄4. 21⁄2. Data Installation Contents . 3. Reducer Nominal B Nominal Nominal B A C C M WELD FITTINGS Nom. 1⁄2 3 1 3 ⁄8. Conc. ⁄4. 8. 11⁄2. 11⁄2. 4 21⁄2. 1. 21⁄2. 11⁄4 3 ⁄4. 1 3 ⁄2. ⁄2. 2. 2. 21⁄2 3 11⁄2 2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 All dimensions shown are in inches. ⁄4. 5. 31⁄2. 2 11⁄4. 11⁄4. 31⁄2. 4. 21⁄2. 8 5.

56 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.11 . Pipe O Y(1) O Y(1) O Y(2) O Y(2) Size 1 ⁄2 31⁄2 17⁄8 33⁄4 21⁄16 33⁄4 21⁄16 33⁄4 21⁄16 3 ⁄4 37⁄8 21⁄16 45⁄8 21⁄4 45⁄8 21⁄4 45⁄8 21⁄4 1 41⁄4 23⁄16 47⁄8 27⁄16 47⁄8 27⁄16 47⁄8 27⁄16 11⁄4 45⁄8 21⁄4 51⁄4 29⁄16 51⁄4 25⁄8 51⁄4 25⁄8 11⁄2 5 27⁄16 61⁄8 211⁄16 61⁄8 23⁄4 61⁄8 23⁄4 2 6 21⁄2 61⁄2 23⁄4 61⁄2 27⁄8 61⁄2 27⁄8 21⁄2 7 23⁄4 71⁄2 3 71⁄2 31⁄8 71⁄2 31⁄8 3 71⁄2 23⁄4 81⁄4 31⁄8 81⁄4 31⁄4 81⁄4 31⁄4 31⁄2 81⁄2 213⁄16 9 33⁄16 9 33⁄8 9 33⁄8 4 9 3 10 33⁄8 10 31⁄2 103⁄4 4 5 10 31⁄2 11 37⁄8 11 4 13 41⁄2 6 11 31⁄2 121⁄2 37⁄8 121⁄2 41⁄16 14 45⁄8 8 131⁄2 4 15 43⁄8 15 45⁄8 161⁄2 51⁄4 10 16 4 171⁄2 45⁄8 171⁄2 47⁄8 20 6 12 19 41⁄2 201⁄2 51⁄8 201⁄2 53⁄8 22 61⁄8 (1) The 1⁄16" raised face is included in length thru Hub. 150 LB. “Y”. All dimensions shown are in inches. SLIP-ON. 600 LB. THREADED AND SOCKET FLANGES Y O Y O Y O Nom. All dimensions shown are in inches. (2) The 1⁄4" raised face is not included in length thru Hub. “Y”.Weld Fittings –– Welding Neck Flanges Slip-on. “Y”. 400 LB. Pipe O Y(1) Size 1 5 ⁄2 31⁄2 ⁄8 3 5 ⁄4 37⁄8 ⁄8 1 41⁄4 11⁄16 11⁄4 45⁄8 13⁄16 7 11⁄2 5 ⁄8 2 6 1 21⁄2 7 11⁄8 3 71⁄2 13⁄16 31⁄2 81⁄2 11⁄4† 4 9 15⁄16† 5 10 17⁄16† 6 11 19⁄16† 8 131⁄2 13⁄4† 10 16 115⁄16† 12 19 23⁄16† 300 LB. “Y”. (2) The 1⁄4" raised face is not included in length thru Hub.† 600 LB. 300 LB. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 400 LB. 150 LB. Y(2) 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄8 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 115⁄16† 21⁄8† 23⁄8*† 25⁄8 † 3† 33⁄8† 35⁄8† Y(1) O 7 ⁄8 33⁄4 1 45⁄8 11⁄16 47⁄8 11⁄16 51⁄4 13⁄16 61⁄8 15⁄16 61⁄2 11⁄2 71⁄2 111⁄16 81⁄4 13⁄4† 9 17⁄8† 10 2† 11 21⁄16† 121⁄2 27⁄16† 15 25⁄8† 171⁄2 27⁄8† 201⁄2 Y(2) O 7 ⁄8 33⁄4 1 45⁄8 11⁄16 47⁄8 11⁄8 51⁄4 11⁄4 61⁄8 17⁄16 61⁄2 15⁄8 71⁄2 113⁄16 81⁄4 115⁄16 9 2 103⁄4 21⁄8 13 21⁄4 14 211⁄16 161⁄2 27⁄8 20 31⁄8 22 * Not available in Threaded type † Not available in Socket type (1) The 1⁄16" raised face is included in length thru Hub. Threaded and Socket Flanges WELDING NECK FLANGES Y O Nom.

Lap Joint Flanges Y O LAP JOINT FLANGES Nom. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 103⁄4 13 14 161⁄2 20 22 Y ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄8 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 115⁄16 21⁄8 23⁄8 25⁄8 3 43⁄8 45⁄8 7 Y 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄16 13⁄16 15⁄16 11⁄2 111⁄16 13⁄4 17⁄8 2 21⁄16 27⁄16 33⁄4 4 Y 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄8 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 115⁄16 2 21⁄8 21⁄4 211⁄16 4 41⁄4 All dimensions shown are in inches. Pipe Size 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 150 LB. Pipe Size 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 150 LB. All dimensions shown are in inches. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 103⁄4 13 14 161⁄2 20 22 Y(2) 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 11⁄16 13⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 11⁄4 13⁄8 11⁄2 13⁄4 17⁄8 23⁄16 21⁄2 25⁄8 For Sizes 31⁄2 and Smaller use 600 LB. BLIND FLANGES Nom. APFH-12. O 31⁄2 37⁄8 41⁄4 45⁄8 5 6 7 71⁄2 81⁄2 9 10 11 131⁄2 16 19 Y 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 11 ⁄16 13 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 13⁄16 11⁄4 15⁄16 17⁄16 19⁄16 13⁄4 115⁄16 23⁄16 300 LB. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 Y(1) 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 11⁄16 3 ⁄4 13⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 13⁄16 11⁄4 13⁄8 17⁄16 15⁄8 17⁄8 2 O 400 LB. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 1⁄16" 400 LB. Y(2) 600 LB. Standard 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 13⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 17⁄8 21⁄8 21⁄4 (1) The 1⁄16" raised face is included in Thickness. Data Installation Contents .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 57 Weld Fitting and Pipe and Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. “Y”. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 Y O 600 LB. O 31⁄2 37⁄8 41⁄4 45⁄8 5 6 7 71⁄2 81⁄2 9 10 11 131⁄2 16 19 Y(1) 7 ⁄16 1 ⁄2 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 11⁄16 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 15⁄16 15⁄16 15⁄16 15⁄16 1 11⁄8 13⁄16 11⁄4 300 LB. “Y”. (2) The 1⁄4" raised face is not included in Thickness.

58 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Flange Dia. 20 O. of Bolts 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 Bolt Size ⁄8 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 5 5 Bolt Length 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 33 ⁄ 4 33 ⁄ 4 41 ⁄ 4 41 ⁄ 4 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 53 ⁄ 4 61 ⁄ 2 61 ⁄ 2 63 ⁄ 4 71 ⁄ 8 8 All dimensions shown are in inches. 16 O. 31 ⁄ 2 41 ⁄ 4 45 ⁄ 8 5 6 7 71 ⁄ 2 81 ⁄ 2 9 10 11 131 ⁄ 2 16 19 21 231 ⁄ 2 Bolt Circle 21 ⁄ 2 31 ⁄ 8 31 ⁄ 2 37 ⁄ 8 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 6 7 71 ⁄ 2 81 ⁄ 2 91 ⁄ 2 113 ⁄ 4 141 ⁄ 4 17 183 ⁄ 4 211 ⁄ 4 No. 18 O.STANDARD CAST IRON COMPANION FLANGES AND BOLTS (for working pressures up to 125 psi steam.D.D.D. 400 psi WOG) Size 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 O.D. EXTRA HEAVY CAST IRON COMPANION FLANGES AND BOLTS (for working pressures up to 250 psi steam.D. of Bolts 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 Bolt Size ⁄8 1 ⁄2 1 ⁄2 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 1 1 3 Bolt Length 2 21 ⁄ 4 21 ⁄ 4 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 3 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 4 4 41 ⁄ 2 41 ⁄ 2 All dimensions shown are in inches. 24 O.11 . 175 psi WOG) Size ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 3 Flange Dia. 4 ⁄8 51 ⁄ 4 61 ⁄ 8 61 ⁄ 2 71 ⁄ 2 81 ⁄ 4 9 10 11 121 ⁄ 2 15 171 ⁄ 2 201 ⁄ 2 23 251 ⁄ 2 28 301 ⁄ 2 36 7 Bolt Circle 3 ⁄2 37 ⁄ 8 41 ⁄ 2 5 57 ⁄ 8 65 ⁄ 8 71 ⁄ 4 77 ⁄ 8 91 ⁄ 4 105 ⁄ 8 13 151 ⁄ 4 173 ⁄ 4 201 ⁄ 4 221 ⁄ 2 243 ⁄ 4 27 32 1 No.

Flange Nom. Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation Information .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 59 Bolt Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Flange No. APFH-12. STEEL FLANGE 125/150 LB. Bolt * Stud Bolt Bolt * Stud Bolt Bolt of Circle of Circle Length Length Diameter Length Length Diameter Bolts Diameter Bolts Diameter 23 ⁄ 8 2 ⁄4 31 ⁄ 8 3 ⁄2 37 ⁄ 8 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 6 7 7 ⁄2 8 ⁄2 91 ⁄ 2 113 ⁄ 4 141 ⁄ 8 17 18 ⁄ 4 211 ⁄ 4 223 ⁄ 4 25 271 ⁄ 4 291 ⁄ 2 31 ⁄ 4 36 401 ⁄ 2 423 ⁄ 4 491 ⁄ 2 3 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 5 3 3 3 7 7 ⁄2 ⁄4 ⁄2 ⁄2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 16 20 20 20 24 28 32 32 36 21 ⁄ 4 2 ⁄4 21 ⁄ 2 2 ⁄2 23 ⁄ 4 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 3 ⁄2 3 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 33 ⁄ 4 4 41 ⁄ 2 41 ⁄ 2 5 51 ⁄ 4 53 ⁄ 4 6 61 ⁄ 2 63 ⁄ 4 7 7 ⁄4 8 81 ⁄ 4 83 ⁄ 4 1 3 1 1 1 1 13 ⁄ 4 2 2 2 ⁄4 21 ⁄ 4 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 3 3 3 ⁄4 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 33 ⁄ 4 4 4 ⁄4 41 ⁄ 2 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 53 ⁄ 4 6 6 ⁄4 7 7 71 ⁄ 4 1 1 1 1 25 ⁄ 8 3 ⁄4 31 ⁄ 2 3 ⁄8 41 ⁄ 2 5 57 ⁄ 8 65 ⁄ 8 7 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 9 ⁄4 105 ⁄ 8 13 151 ⁄ 4 173 ⁄ 4 20 ⁄ 4 221 ⁄ 2 243 ⁄ 4 27 291 ⁄ 4 32 34 ⁄ 2 39 ⁄ 4 431 ⁄ 2 46 523 ⁄ 4 1 1 1 1 7 1 7 1 1 5 5 5 3 5 3 3 3 3 3 3 7 ⁄2 ⁄8 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 24 28 28 28 32 36 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 31 ⁄ 2 31 ⁄ 4 33 ⁄ 4 4 4 ⁄4 4 ⁄4 4 ⁄2 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 4 6 61 ⁄ 2 6 ⁄4 71 ⁄ 4 71 ⁄ 2 8 83 ⁄ 4 9 10 11 ⁄ 4 121 ⁄ 4 123 ⁄ 4 133 ⁄ 4 1 3 1 1 1 2 21 ⁄ 2 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 33 ⁄ 4 33 ⁄ 4 4 41 ⁄ 4 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 4 53 ⁄ 4 6 61 ⁄ 2 63 ⁄ 4 7 71 ⁄ 2 73 ⁄ 4 83 ⁄ 4 10 103 ⁄ 4 111 ⁄ 4 131 ⁄ 2 1 1 ⁄4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 3 ⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 30 34 36 42 1 1 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 1 11 ⁄ 8 1 ⁄8 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 11 ⁄ 2 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄4 17 ⁄ 8 2 2 3 5 1 1 1 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄4 11 ⁄ 2 11 ⁄ 2 11 ⁄ 2 1 1 *1⁄16" Raised Face Stud lengths for lap joint flanges are equal to lengths shown plus the thickness of two laps of the stub ends. Bolt No.BOLT DIMENSIONS FOR 150 TO 300 LB. Pipe Size 1 3 250/300 LB.

Flange * Stud Length 3 3 ⁄4 31⁄2 3 ⁄4 4 4 41⁄2 43⁄4 5 ⁄4 5 ⁄4 6 ⁄2 53⁄4 61⁄2 71⁄4 7 ⁄4 8 81⁄2 83⁄4 91⁄2 10 10 ⁄2 11 ⁄2 13 133⁄4 14 161⁄4 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 Bolt Bolt Number Circle Diameter of Bolts Diameter 25⁄8 3 ⁄4 31⁄2 3 ⁄8 41⁄2 5 57⁄8 65⁄8 7 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 9 ⁄4 105⁄8 13 151⁄4 17 ⁄4 20 ⁄4 221⁄2 243⁄4 27 291⁄4 32 34 ⁄2 39 ⁄4 431⁄2 46 523⁄4 1 1 1 3 1 7 1 7 1 1 5 5 5 3 5 Bolt Bolt Number Circle Diameter of Bolts Diameter 25⁄8 3 ⁄4 31⁄2 3 ⁄8 41⁄2 5 57⁄8 65⁄8 7 ⁄4 8 ⁄2 10 ⁄2 111⁄2 133⁄4 17 19 ⁄4 20 ⁄4 233⁄4 253⁄4 281⁄2 305⁄8 33 36 40 ⁄4 441⁄2 47 533⁄4 1 3 1 1 1 1 7 1 1 5 5 5 3 5 * Stud Length 3 31⁄4 31⁄2 33⁄4 4 4 41⁄4 43⁄4 51⁄4 51⁄2 61⁄4 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 81⁄2 9 93⁄4 101⁄2 111⁄4 12 123⁄4 131⁄4 14 15 153⁄4 171⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄4 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 24 28 28 28 32 32 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 20 20 20 20 24 24 24 28 28 28 28 28 1 1 ⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 3 ⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 30 34 36 42 1 1 3 3 7 7 7 3 3 7 7 1 1 11⁄8 11⁄4 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 15⁄8 13⁄4 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄8 2 21⁄4 21⁄2 23⁄4 7 7 3 1 7 1 11⁄8 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄4 13⁄8 13⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄4 2 2 2 21⁄2 3 3 1 1 *1⁄4" Raised Face Stud lengths for lap joint flanges are equal to lengths shown minus 1⁄2" plus the thickness of two laps of the stub ends. STEEL FLANGE 400 LB. Flange Nom. 60 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.11 .BOLT DIMENSIONS FOR 400 AND 600 LB. Pipe Size 1 3 600 LB.

32 813 17 ⁄ 8 48 291 ⁄ 2 749 13 ⁄ 8 35 11 ⁄ 4 32 51 ⁄ 2 140 24 610 281 ⁄ 4 718 Drilling templates are in multiples of four./mm In. 231 ⁄ 2 597 17 ⁄ 16 37 211 ⁄ 4 540 11 ⁄ 8 29 1 25 41 ⁄ 2 114 16 406 201 ⁄ 4 514 18 O. 600 O. Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation Information BOLT TEMPLATE FOR DRILLING FLANGED FITTINGS . In.D./mm ⁄4 37 ⁄ 8 98 ⁄ 16 ⁄ 16 ⁄2 23 ⁄ 4 70 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 13 ⁄ 4 44 11 ⁄ 16 27 21 ⁄ 4 57 20 11 7 16 5 13 1 1 25 41 ⁄ 4 108 31 ⁄ 8 79 13 ⁄ 4 44 15 ⁄ 16 33 25 ⁄ 8 67 11 1 16 5 13 1 11 ⁄ 4 32 45 ⁄ 8 117 31 ⁄ 2 89 2 51 121 ⁄ 32 42 3 76 13 9 16 5 13 1 11 ⁄ 2 40 5 127 ⁄ 16 ⁄8 ⁄ 16 ⁄4 ⁄ 16 ⁄ 16 ⁄ 16 37 ⁄ 8 98 2 51 129 ⁄ 32 48 33 ⁄ 8 86 14 5 16 3 13 5 2 50 6 152 43 ⁄ 4 121 21 ⁄ 4 57 23 ⁄ 8 60 41 ⁄ 8 105 16 11 19 3 16 5 21 ⁄ 2 65 7 178 51 ⁄ 2 140 21 ⁄ 2 64 27 ⁄ 8 73 47 ⁄ 8 124 17 3 19 3 16 5 3 80 71 ⁄ 2 191 6 152 21 ⁄ 2 64 31 ⁄ 2 89 53 ⁄ 8 137 19 13 19 3 16 5 31 ⁄ 2 90 81 ⁄ 2 216 7 178 23 ⁄ 4 70 4 102 63 ⁄ 8 162 22 15 19 3 16 5 4 100 9 229 71 ⁄ 2 191 3 76 41 ⁄ 2 114 67 ⁄ 8 175 24 15 19 7 16 3 5 125 10 254 81 ⁄ 2 216 3 76 59 ⁄ 16 141 73 ⁄ 4 197 24 22 7 19 3 6 150 11 279 1 25 91 ⁄ 2 241 31 ⁄ 4 83 65 ⁄ 8 168 83 ⁄ 4 222 22 7 19 3 8 200 131 ⁄ 2 343 11 ⁄ 8 29 113 ⁄ 4 298 31 ⁄ 2 89 85 ⁄ 8 219 11 279 22 19 7 10 250 16 406 13 ⁄ 16 30 141 ⁄ 4 362 1 25 33 ⁄ 4 95 103 ⁄ 4 273 133 ⁄ 8 340 22 7 12 300 19 483 11 ⁄ 4 32 17 432 1 25 33 ⁄ 4 95 123 ⁄ 4 324 161 ⁄ 8 410 22 14 O. I./mm Bolt Min. of Bolts 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 16 20 20 Bolt Hole Dia.D. In. 27 ⁄ 2 699 1 1 ⁄ 16 43 11 25 635 11 ⁄ 4 32 11 ⁄ 8 29 5 127 20 508 237 ⁄ 8 606 24 O. 450 O. 25 635 19 ⁄ 16 40 223 ⁄ 4 578 11 ⁄ 4 32 11 ⁄ 8 29 43 ⁄ 4 121 18 457 215 ⁄ 8 549 20 O. In.D./mm 7 No./mm In.D.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 61 Bolt Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Bolt holes straddle the center line.D./mm 1 Ring Ring Length Gasket Gasket of Bolt O./mm 5 Dia. 400 O.D.D. 500 O.D. APFH-12.D. In. 21 533 1 ⁄8 35 3 18 ⁄ 4 476 3 11 ⁄ 8 29 1 25 41 ⁄ 4 108 14 356 173 ⁄ 4 451 16 O. so that fittings may be made to face in any quarter. Circle Flange Thickness Dia. of Bolt In. 350 O.D.D.D./mm In.Pipe Size NPS/DN 3 Flange Dia.

O. of Bolt No. 62 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12./mm In. Bolt Bolt Gasket Pipe Flange Gasket Bolt Flange Raised Circle of Dia./mm In.11 ./mm In./mm In. so that fittings may be made to face in any quarter./mm 3 In. Size Dia. Dia.D./mm 11 In. of Min. Length I./mm In.BOLT TEMPLATE FOR DRILLING EXTRA HEAVY FLANGED FITTINGS Ring Dia. Thickness Face Dia./mm 1 25 47 ⁄ 8 124 ⁄ 16 ⁄4 ⁄ 16 ⁄8 211 ⁄ 16 68 31 ⁄ 2 89 17 3 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 21 ⁄ 2 64 15 ⁄ 16 33 27 ⁄ 8 51 19 3 16 5 11 ⁄ 4 32 51 ⁄ 4 133 31 ⁄ 16 78 37 ⁄ 8 98 21 ⁄ 2 64 121 ⁄ 32 42 31 ⁄ 4 83 19 13 19 7 16 3 11 ⁄ 2 40 61 ⁄ 8 156 39 ⁄ 16 90 41 ⁄ 2 114 23 ⁄ 4 70 129 ⁄ 32 48 33 ⁄ 4 95 22 7 22 3 19 5 2 50 61 ⁄ 2 165 43 ⁄ 16 106 5 127 23 ⁄ 4 70 23 ⁄ 8 60 43 ⁄ 8 111 22 19 7 16 3 21 ⁄ 2 65 71 ⁄ 2 191 1 25 415 ⁄ 16 125 57 ⁄ 8 149 31 ⁄ 4 83 27 ⁄ 8 73 51 ⁄ 8 130 22 7 19 3 3 80 81 ⁄ 4 210 11 ⁄ 8 29 511 ⁄ 16 144 65 ⁄ 8 168 31 ⁄ 2 89 31 ⁄ 2 89 57 ⁄ 8 149 22 7 19 3 31 ⁄ 2 90 9 229 13 ⁄ 16 30 65 ⁄ 16 160 71 ⁄ 4 184 31 ⁄ 2 89 4 102 61 ⁄ 2 165 22 7 19 3 4 100 10 254 11 ⁄ 4 32 615 ⁄ 16 176 77 ⁄ 8 200 33 ⁄ 4 95 41 ⁄ 2 114 71 ⁄ 8 181 22 7 19 3 5 125 11 279 13 ⁄ 8 35 85 ⁄ 16 211 91 ⁄ 4 235 4 102 59 ⁄ 16 141 81 ⁄ 2 216 22 7 19 3 6 150 121 ⁄ 2 318 17 ⁄ 16 37 911 ⁄ 16 246 105 ⁄ 8 270 4 102 65 ⁄ 8 168 97 ⁄ 8 251 22 19 7 8 200 15 381 15 ⁄ 8 41 1115 ⁄ 16 303 13 330 1 25 41 ⁄ 2 114 85 ⁄ 8 219 121 ⁄ 8 308 22 10 250 171 ⁄ 2 445 17 ⁄ 8 48 141 ⁄ 16 357 151 ⁄ 4 387 11 ⁄ 8 29 1 25 51 ⁄ 4 133 103 ⁄ 4 273 141 ⁄ 4 362 12 300 201 ⁄ 2 521 2 51 167 ⁄ 16 418 173 ⁄ 4 451 11 ⁄ 4 32 11 ⁄ 8 29 51 ⁄ 2 140 123 ⁄ 4 324 165 ⁄ 8 422 Drilling templates are in multiples of four. Bolt holes straddle the center line. Bolts Holes NPS/DN In.D.

. S. . . 1920–2500°F Copper Welding and Brazing . . . . . . Moderately smooth finish. .C. . “Cold rod”. All Positions. . . . . 2700–2790°F Stainless Steel Welding . . .000 70. Good penetration. . . . . . . and E100 Series. . . . . . .000 57. . . . . E6027 “Iron powder electrodes”. . . All Positions.000 52. .1175–1530°F Soft Solder . Can be used with A. .000 55. .000–70. Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moderately smooth finish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reverse polarity. . . . . . . . . . . . . All purpose. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . High bead. . . . Fast. . . . . . .000 Yield Strength 52. . . . . . . . . . . E80. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “Hot rod”. . E90. . . . . . . “Cold rod”. . . . . . . Classification E6010 Direct Current. . . . . . This is the electrode used for most carbon steel pipe welding. . . 200–730°F Wrought Iron . . DC Reverse. . High bead. . . . .000 57. . AC or DC Straight NOTE: This information also applies to E70. . . . . . . . . . . .000–73. % 35 25 MINIMUM VALUES Yield Strength 57. . .000 52. .000–61. . . . The last two numbers (in bold type) designate the types or styles and the first two numbers the minimum specified tensile strength in 1. . . . . . Smooth. . . .000–65. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .000 70. . . . . . .000 Elongation 22 22 22 22 25 WELDING AND BRAZING TEMPERATURES Carbon Steel Welding. . . . . . . . . . . 1980°F Brazing Copper-Silicon with Phosphor-Bronze . . . . . . W. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flat and Horizontal Fillet. . . . . . . . . . also. . . . . . Fast.Coated Arc Welding Electrodes – Types & Styles A. . . Smooth. . . . 1600–1700°F Silver Solder . . . .000–58. . . . Good penetration. . . . . . DC Straight E6018 Direct Current. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1850–1900°F Brazing Naval Bronze with Manganese Bronze . . . . . . . . .000 62. . . . Physical Properties of E60 & E70 Series Electrodes TYPICAL VALUES AWS ASTM Electrode E6010 E6011 E6012 AWS ASTM Electrode E7010 E7011 E7015 E7016 E7020 Tensile Strength 62. All purpose. . . . .000 57. . . . . Straight Polarity. . . .000–78. .000 70. . . . . . . . .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 63 Bolt Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2700–2750°F APFH-12. . . . . . Fast. . . . in Area Min. . . . . .000 Tensile Strength 70. . All Positions. . . . . . 2490–2730°F Cast Iron Welding . All Positions. Deep penetration. . . . . . AC or DC Reverse Polarity E6020 Direct Current. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Smooth. . . . . . . . . 1175–1600°F Low Temperature Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .000 psi of the weld deposit as welded. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E6013 Alternating Current. . . . . . . . . “Low hydrogen” iron powder electrodes.000 Elongation 22 to 28% 17 to 22% Red. . . AC. Flat & Horizontal Fillet. . . . . . . . . . Flat bead. . .000 70. . . . . . . . . . . . AC or DC or DC Reverse Polarity E6012 Direct Current. . . . . . . . . . . . All Positions. . . E6011 Alternating Current. . . .000 68. . . . . . . . . Straight Polarity.

PROCESS OR OTHER REFERENCE T F A R (OTHER SIDE) WELD ALL AROUND SYMBOL L@P (ARROW SIDE) GROOVE ANGLE OR INCLUDED ANGLE OF COUNTERSINK FOR PLUG WELDS LENGTH OF WELD IN INCHES PITCH (C TO C SPACING) OF WELDS IN INCHES FIELD WELD SYMBOL S(E) TAIL (OMITTED WHEN REFERENCE IS NOT USED) BASIC WELD SYMBOL OR DETAIL REFERENCE ARROW CONNECTS REFERENCE LINE TO ARROW SIDE OF JOINT.11 . 64 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. DEPTH OF FILLING FOR PLUG AND SLOT WELDS EFFECTIVE THROAT DEPTH OF PREPARATION OR SIZE IN INCHES REFERENCE LINE (BOTH SIDES) SPECIFICATION.4 for a detailed review of standard welding symbols STANDARD LOCATION OF ELEMENTS OF A WELDING SYMBOL FINISH SYMBOL CONTOUR SYMBOL ROOT OPENING.Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols BASIC WELD SYMBOLS GROOVE OR BUTT Back Fillet Plug or Slot Square V Bevel U J Flare V Flare Bevel SUPPLEMENTARY WELD SYMBOLS Backing Spacer Weld AllAround Field Weld CONTOUR Flush Convex See AWS A2.

2. 7. Dimensions of fillet welds must be shown on both the arrow side and other side symbol. near. In plan or elevation. weld symbols must be at left. In joints in which one member only is to be grooved.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 65 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Symbols govern to break in continuity of structure or to extent of hatching or dimension lines. locations refer to nearest member parallel to plane of drawing and not to others farther behind. NOTES: 1.Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols Notes NOTES: 1. the side to which arrow points is considered near side. When welds are drawn in section or end views. In section or end views only. Arrow and other side welds are of the same size unless otherwise shown. and both sides. Welds on both sides are of same size unless otherwise shown. 3. APFH-12. Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation . 4. 8. Tail of arrow used for specification reference. when weld is not drawn. . The perpendicular leg of . arrows point to that member. All welds are continuous and of user's standard propertions and all except V-grooved and bevel-grooved welds are closed unless otherwise shown. 6. 4. weld symbol. Neither orientation of reference line nor location of the arrow alter this rule. length of weld and spacing must read in that order from left to right along the reference line. 5. 5. 2. obvious information is not given by symbol. 3. far. Symbols apply between abrupt changes in direction of welding unless governed by the “All Around” symbol or otherwise dimensioned. . Size. The point of the field weld symbol must point toward the tail.

1333 9 .6166 38 .5500 34 .21875 /32 15 .328125 /64 1 .8000 49 .5 /2 33 .3125 /16 21 .5833 36 .375 /8 25 .5666 35 .59375 /32 39 .015625 /64 1 .0000 66 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK DECIMAL EQUIVALENTS OF FRACTIONS Inches Decimal of an Inch 1 .6833 42 .125 /8 9 .8333 51 .6000 37 .4500 28 .6500 40 .515625 /64 17 .5333 33 .2833 18 .7500 46 .8666 53 .078125 /64 3 .75 /4 49 .703125 /64 23 .0 APFH-12.421875 /64 7 .671875 /64 11 .4166 26 .4666 29 .71875 /32 47 .109375 /64 1 .1166 8 .7166 44 .2333 15 .890625 /64 29 .1833 12 .25 /4 17 .765625 /64 25 .5166 32 .3000 19 .0333 3 .5625 /16 37 .7666 47 .333 /3 11 .203125 /64 7 .875 /8 57 .171875 /64 3 .0500 4 .15625 /32 11 .8125 /16 53 .1875 /16 13 .34375 /32 23 .78125 /32 51 .4375 /16 29 .09375 /32 7 .640625 /64 21 .53125 /32 35 .859375 /64 7 .6875 /16 45 .2500 16 .453125 /64 15 .46875 /32 31 .9000 55 .484375 /64 1 .6333 39 .4333 27 .2666 17 .0833 6 .4000 25 .296875 /64 5 .7000 43 .390625 /64 13 .265625 /64 9 .7333 45 .578125 /64 19 .8833 54 .4833 30 .9166 56 .3166 20 .8166 50 .8500 52 .7833 48 .0166 2 .734375 /64 3 .921875 /64 15 .96875 /32 63 .3500 22 .3333 21 .9833 60 1.9375 /16 61 .9666 59 .3666 23 .28125 /32 19 .9333 57 .MINUTES CONVERTED TO DECIMALS OF A DEGREE Minutes Degree 1 .0625 /16 5 .546875 /64 9 .234375 /64 1 .65625 /32 43 .1500 10 .84375 /32 55 .90625 /32 59 .953125 /64 31 .828125 /64 27 .0666 5 .625 /8 41 .40625 /32 27 .609375 /64 5 .796875 /64 13 .3833 24 .5000 31 .2106 14 .359375 /64 3 .140625 /64 5 .046875 /64 1 .11 .03125 /32 3 .6666 41 .9500 58 .1666 11 .984375 /64 1 1.1000 7 .2000 13 .

733 27.3333 3 0.STANDARD CONVERSIONS To Change Inches Feet Yards Square Inches Square feet Square yards Cubic Inches Cubic feet Cubic yards Cubic Inches Cubic feet Gallons Pounds of water Ounces Pounds Inches of water To Feet Millimeters Inches Yards Feet Square feet Square inches Square yards Square feet Cubic feet Cubic inches Cubic yards Cubic feet Gallons Gallons Cubic inches Cubic feet Pounds of water Gallons Pounds Ounces Pounds per square inch Inches of mercury Ounces per square inch Pounds per square foot Inches of water Feet of water Pounds per square inch Inches of mercury Inches of water Inches of water Feet of water Inches of mercury Atmospheres Pounds per square inch Pounds per square foot Inches of mercury Pounds per square inch Inches of mercury Feet of water Pounds Pounds Long tons Multiply By 0.04 0.4 12 0.0361 0. Data Installation Contents .434 62.0833 25.48 231 0.1337 8.0625 16 0.33 0.578 5.8824 14.00433 7.31 2.2 13.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.127 1.0735 0.03703 27 0.5 0.4914 0.0681 0.6 1.00694 144 0.696 29.00058 1728 0.11111 9 0.1333 0.12004 0.72 2.92 34 2240 2000 0.89285 67 Inches of mercury Ounces per square inch Pounds per square inch Feet of water Atmospheres Long tons Short tons APFH-12.

at 39. gr.) = 1 cu.S. = 62.49 lb. ft. . per min. lb.240 lb. 200 Btu per min. water at 60°F = . . in. (gph) POWER °C = (°F-32) x 5/9 VOLUME I gal.480 Btu per hr. .134 cu. ice melted per 24hr.293 watt 12. per sec. . per hr. hg at 60°F .000 lb.34 hp-hr 1 lb.2°F WEIGHT OF LIQUID 1 gal. ft. in gauge (psig) 1 lb. (avoir.000 Btu per 24 hr. / sp. 33.) 231 cu.746 kwhr 3413 Btu (mean) 1.2°F.43 lb. x sp. gr. water from 32°F to 212°F 2545 Btu (mean) . ft. 1 cu. (U. 12.96 ft. = 1 ton refrigeration = (U. lb. ft.12 U. from and at 32˚ F 128 fl.5 lb.2 lb. ft. in.413 Btu per hr. 1 gal.) 0. 2. x sp. Hg at 60°F = 1. gr.S. 83. gr.per hr. 1 in. Water is at its greatest density at 39. gr. per min.41 lb. of ice = 57. at 50°F. 1 cu.7 1 lb. (U. (Brit.884 in.) 7. (U.S. water at 60°F lb.04 in. = 8. 1 ft. water at 60°F 2. per sq. ice melted per 24hr. = 1 Btu per hr. PRESSURE 1 hp-hr = 1 Kwhr = 3. = 62. = Absolute (psia) +14. 1 cu.34 lb. per hr. hg at 60°F . at 50°F.433 lb. lb.S.34 lb. 0.S. per sq.000 lb.8 gal. from & at 212°F 9. oz. (avoir. ft.) 7.545 Btu per hr. per sq.48 gal.S.13 ft. 500 lb. per sq.00039 hp 288. 746 watt 2. (U. = ⁄180 of heat required to change temp of 1 lb. 34. ft. in.833 gal.11 . 3. = 1 gpm / sp.) = 1 ton (short) = 1 ton (long) = 16 oz.000 Btu per hr.000 grain 2.) WEIGHT OF WATER 1 cu. WORK 1 boiler hp = 778 ft. per sq. x sp.4 lb. gal. ft. MASS 8. = 1 hp = 550 ft. 62.016 cu. in. 1 Btu (mean) = 1 1 kw. gr.13 ft.UNIT CONVERSION FLOW TEMPERATURE 0. per min 1 gpm = 500 lb. per hr.293 watt hr. = 68 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. in. / sp. = 1 lb.8 kw.) = 1 cu. (cfm) = 448.33 lb. from and at 32˚ F 2. water evap.

If attaching a sprinkler head. If five (5) to six (6) threads are counted. Specification for Tapered Pipe Threads. LENGTH MODEL ‘F’ CEILING TILE SPRINKLER HEAD MODEL ‘M’ INSTALLATION BRANCH PIPE MIN. Data Installation Contents INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Eliminator Adjustable Drop Nipple .1. reapply the anaerobic pipe sealant and make-on to the required length. Adjustable Drop Nipples described herein must be installed and maintained in compliance with this document as well as the applicable standards of the National Fire Protection Association in addition to the standards for any other authorities having jurisdiction. E) Connect the Adjustable Drop Nipple assembly to the sprinkler system by wrenching on the make-up area on the Drop Nipple. Clean any debris and/or pipe sealant from both the male and female threads. If within tolerance. Gauge both the male threads of the sprinkler and the female threads of the Adjustable Drop Nipple for compliance with ANSI B1. MAX. Damage to the Adjustable Drop Nipple or Sprinkler may result. MAX. LENGTH MODEL ‘M’ CEILING TILE SPRINKLER HEAD D) If either of the above fails to allow the sprinkler to make-up to a minimum of from five (5) to six (6) full threads. Petroleum based lubricants are incompatible with EPDM and will impair serviceability of the unit. APFH-12.20. Allow twenty-four hours for setting. It is recommended that the system pressure be relieved when adjusting. DO NOT USE ANY PETROLEUM BASED LUBRICANTS ON THE O-RING SEALS. the sprinkler should thread into the 1⁄2" or 3⁄4" thread from two (2) to three (3) threads hand tight. however it is not necessary to drain the system. do not overtighten the sprinkler. B) Before starting the job of making sprinklers into steel threads of the above fittings. Instead back the sprinkler out of the fitting. F) After the ceiling has been installed adjust the sprinkler to its final position by using the sprinkler wrench and assemble the escutcheon plate to the inner support ring. DO NOT WRENCH ON THE BARREL PORTION OF THE UNIT OR SPRINKLER. C) The use of an anaerobic pipe thread sealant is preferred for thread make up when connecting to another pipe fitting or nipple. the sprinkler should thread into the 1⁄2" or 3⁄4" thread from three (3) to four (4) threads hand tight. If seven (7) perfect threads are counted. please refer to the manufacturer’s installation instructions and apply pipe thread sealant only to male threads of the sprinkler.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 69 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. count the number of fully developed male threads on the brand of sprinkler to be installed into the fittings. The same procedure would apply if a leak has been detected. MODEL ‘F’ INSTALLATION MIN.A) For use in wet and dry pipe automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordance with all applicable standards or codes.

If attaching a sprinkler head.20.8 (Sch. if thread count does not match. 21⁄2. please refer to the manufacturer’s installation instructions and apply pipe thread sealant only to male threads of the sprinkler. Clean any debris and/or pipe sealant from both the male and female threads. a 1" x 2 .INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Weld-Miser™ Tee-Let (Welding Outlet Fittings) TEE-LET WELDED OUTLET FITTING (UL VIZU — EX6032.8 (Sch. Thread Make-up and Installation A) For use in systems installed in accordance with all applicable standards or codes. 40) 300 1 2 1⁄ 2 . Then count the number of fully developed male threads on the nipple or sprinkler to be installed into the fittings. 2) FM rated working pressure when welded on Sch. Compare number of threads counted to the number of required fully developed threads as shown in the thread chart located on the back of this sheet. 1 ⁄2 . reapply the anaerobic pipe sealant or Teflon™ tape and make-on to the required length. while leaving a 1⁄32" gap along the longitudinal centerline of the 21⁄2" size. do not over tighten. FM APPROVAL GUIDE CHAPTER 1 – PIPE FITTINGS) Outlet Pipe Size (Inch) Header Pipe Size (Inch) Rated Pressure (psig) 1 1 ⁄2. D) If either of the above fails to allow the sprinkler or nipple to make-up to a minimum of full threads. Gauge both the male threads of the sprinkler or nipple and the female threads of the Tee-Let with ANSI B1. is a 1" outlet fitting manufactured to fit perfectly on the 2" header size listed.10. If within tolerance. DynaFlow) 300 2 4 (EZ-Flow) (F-Threaded End) 2. DynaFlow) (Grooved End) Tee-Let Type C/R 1 1 1 ⁄4 .21⁄2" Tee-Let. Allow twenty-four hours for setting. check nipple or sprinkler for proper thread gage measurement and discard if not to ANSI B1. If a perfect fit is required for a 21⁄2" header pipe. then a 1" x 21⁄2 . 5 or non-threadable lightwall pipe is 175 psi. (See Section III.8 (All Schedules) 300 (Roll Grooved End) 1) Size-on-size (i. 2. proceed with installation (Step C). Specification for Tapered Pipe Threads.4 (Sch. 3. that is the contoured shape on a given Tee-Let is made to fit perfectly on the first listed header size. C) The use of an anaerobic pipe thread sealant is preferred for thread make up when connecting to another pipe fitting or nipple. 11⁄2. 70 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 4 1⁄2 . 5. Instead back the sprinkler or nipple out of the fitting.e. The same procedure would apply if a leak has been detected.11 . a slight gap of approximately 1⁄32" will appear along the longitudinal centerline of the header.4 (Sch.10. Item C) B) Before starting the job of making nipples or sprinklers into steel threads of the above fittings. Outlet Model Note: Tee-Lets are manufactured to fit size-on-size. 5.8 11⁄4 . If thread count is correct. Size consolidations are employed to reduce inventory and provide for greater flexibility.1 / ISO-7R/RC specification. 40) Tee-Let Type A 11⁄4. If installed on the second header size marked on the fitting.8 ⁄2 .6 1 ⁄4 . 4 6 (EZ-Flow) Tee-Let Type C 11⁄4 . 2 x 2) Tee-Lets are not FM Approved. For example. insure that no dirt or weld spatter is in the threads and no burn-through damaged the threads. 3⁄4.1 / ISO-7R/RC.20.3" Tee-Let would be ordered.

11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 71 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Merit offers a simple approach to cutting the hole. 3⁄4 & 1 Outlet 11⁄4 . Note that the same hole diameter for a given outlet size is required for both Type A and Type C TeeLets 1-11⁄2" larger. One advantage of cutting the hole after welding is that the pipe is left intact during welding thereby reducing shrinkage and possible distortion. It should be noted that Merit Tee-Lets have been subjected to exhaustive testing and evaluation. The A following is intended only as a guide. the weld should be only as hot as required to allow the weld to penetrate the materials being welded while concomitantly allowing gases developed in the welding process to escape. mechanical flame cutting (oxy-acetylene or propane)./mm In. Hand-held templates are sized to match your plasma cutter. Every effort must be made to avoid welding too hot or overheating both the pipe and the Tee-Let. If holes are cut prior to welding.21⁄2 Outlet APFH-12. B RECOMMENDED AMOUNT OF WELD Outlet Size In. Tee-Let Size ⁄2 (13) 3 ⁄4 (19) 1 (25) 11⁄4 (31) 11⁄4 (31) 11⁄2 (38) 2 (50) 21⁄2 (63) 3 (75) 4 (100) 1 Recommended Hole Size ⁄8 (16) ⁄8 (22) 11⁄8 (28) 11⁄2 (38) 13⁄8 (35) 15⁄8 (41) 2 (50) 27⁄16 (61) 3 (75) 4 (100) 7 5 Recommended Welding Procedures As a general rule. and assumes that the welding equipment is properly calibrated and functioning normally and the operator is qualified. RECOMMENDED TEE-LET HOLE SIZES Type Type A Type A Type A Type A Type C Type A or C Type A or C Type A or C Type A or C Type A or C In. as some codes require. The threads. Data Installation Contents INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Weld-Miser™ Tee-Let (Welding Outlet Fittings) . Excessive heat may cause the wrench tight threads (those in the bottom of the Tee-Let near the weld zone) to distort while also causing the branch pipe to bend./mm B In. may not return to their gauged form after cooling if excessive heat causes them to expand./mm Holes may be cut employing mechanical means—including hole sawing.Recommended Hole Sizes The hole cut in the branch or header pipe can be cut prior or subsequent to attachment of the Tee-Let. and air plasma cutting (constricted tungsten arc) machines. and only negligibly distort when subjected to excessive heat./mm A In./mm 3 3 ⁄2 (13) ⁄4 (19) 1 (25) 11⁄4 (31) 11⁄2 (38) 2 (50) 21⁄2 (63) 3 (75) 4 (100) 3 1 ⁄4 (7) ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 5 ⁄16 (8) 5 ⁄16 (8) 5 ⁄16 (8) 3 ⁄8 (10) 3 ⁄8 (10) 1 1 ⁄16 (5) ⁄16 (5) 3 ⁄16 (5) 3 ⁄16 (5) 1 ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 5 ⁄16 (5) 5 ⁄16 (5) 1 ⁄2. then the following hole sizes are recommended. on the other hand.

035 0.2 0.4 63-100 21⁄2 .4 63-100 1 ⁄2 .2 0. Volts Wire Feed POS.109 3 13-50 21⁄2 .4 63-100 ⁄2 .134 3.083 2.120 3 13-50 21⁄2 .5 13-50 21⁄2 .4 63-100 1 ⁄2 .4 63-100 1 11⁄4 .035 0.045 100-130 115-150 110-140 120-160 110-140 120-150 120-160 130-160 120-150 130-150 130-160 140-160 180-205 120-150 130-150 170-220 130-160 140-160 180-225 16-20 17-21 18-22 19-22 17-20 17-20 19-22 19-22 17-20 18-20 19-22 20-22 20-24 17-20 18-20 18-22 19-22 20-22 20-24 210 270 220 290 210 270 290 240 210 270 290 270 245 240 260 290 240 260 290 25-30 20-25 25-30 20-25 20-25 20-25 20-25 20-25 20-25 15-20 20-25 15-20 27-32 20-25 15-20 12-18 20-25 15-20 12-18 21⁄2 .035 0.2 0. IPM Travel Speed IPM ⁄2 ./mm In.11 .109 3 21⁄2 .035 0. nor for any recommendations made with respect to installation procedures.035 0.Co2.2 0.065 2 13-50 0. B.148 3. minimum distortion and spatter.4 63-100 1 21⁄2 .5 21⁄2 .2 0.Argon.2 13-50 0. good penetration.035 0.2 13-50 0.4 63-100 1 ⁄2 .045 0.) Co2 .INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Weld-Miser™ Tee-Let (Welding Outlet Fittings) RECOMMENDED SETTINGS FOR MICROWIRE WELDING PROCESS Header Pipe Wall Tee-Let Electrode Size Thickness Types A.045 0.4 63-100 Shielding Gas Flow (for all sizes) 20-25 CFH 1.035 0.5 21⁄2 ./mm 1 Welding Current AMPS-DC Arc.035 0./mm In.035 0. high welding speeds without melt through.035 0.Deeper penetration.2 13-50 0.4 8 200 63-100 1 ⁄2 .) 25% .4 63-100 21⁄2 .035 0.035 0.035 0. faster welding. low cost. 2. Recommended for . C Size In.109 3 13-50 21⁄2 . Merit assumes no liability for any consequential damages resulting from the improper use of its Tee-Let Welding Outlet Fittings.134 wall and lighter.035 0.035 0.035 0.4 63-100 21⁄2 .4 63-100 1 5-6 125-150 ⁄2 . 72 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 75% .2 31-50 ⁄2 .

• Clean or replace components as necessary. Handtight engagement for 1⁄2" through 2" thread varies from 41⁄2 turns to 5 turns. Data Installation Contents INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY General Assembly of Threaded Fittings . Alternately. Best application is achieved with a brush stiff enough to force sealant down to the root of the threads. • Threads should be free from mechanical damage. 2) Application of pipe dope • Use a pipe dope that is fast drying. wrench tight makeup is considered three full turns past handtight. an anaerobic sealant may be utilized. • Apply a thick even coat to the male threads only. Handtight engagement for 21⁄2" through 4" thread varies from 51⁄2 turns to 63⁄4 turns.12 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 73 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. sets-up to a semi hard condition and is vibration resistant. • For 21⁄2" through 4" sizes. chips and excess cutting oil. dirt. wrench tight makeup is considered two full turns past handtight. • Thoroughly mix the thread sealant prior to application. 3) Joint Makeup • For sizes up to and including 2" pipe. PIPE NIPPLE THREAD ENGAGEMENT (Normal for Tight Joints) Pipe Size Length /8 1 /4 3 /8 1 /2 3 /4 1 11/4 11/2 2 21/2 3 3 1 /2 4 5 6 1 /4 /8 3 /8 1 /2 9 /16 11 /16 11 /16 11 /16 3 /4 15 /16 1 11/16 11/8 11/4 15/16 3 1 APFH-4.1) Inspect both male and female components prior to assembly.

2609 .1973 1.3635 . Std.5457 .8413 2.P.6270 .405 .2143 .840 1.5834 1.4078 .7584 .6120 .3566 .6006 .9889 1.900 2.240 .0252 1.11 .6016 .7961 2.0870 .0556 .7450 .0370 .420 .2609 .4670 .7068 .1111 .2136 1.74 L2 V L1 L4 0.0870 .4774 .7935 .5408 1.7235 .540 .7815 .Amer. Std.07918 1.2143 .436 .5025 .0714 .339 .180** .0582 .660 1.8P = Thread Depth .375 APFH-12.0714 .A.6828 .4018 .4899** .2963 .420 .2527 L4 .0018 1.2609 .8223 2.1667 .6375 .5946 .0870 .7798 2.2639 . 0.5337 .0870 .400 .I.320 .3163 L3 .2609 E3 . Plug Gage National Pipe Thread Standards ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK E0 P E1 E5 L1+ 4 Threads L1+ 5 Threads L2 NATIONAL PIPE THREAD STANDARDS Pitch Diameter at Beginning of External Threads Length Length Pitch Diameter Pitch Diameter Outside Nominal Diameter Threads Pitch of per Inch Thread Pipe of pipe Size Handtight Engagement Effective Thread External Wrench Make-up Length for Internal Thread Pitch Length Diameter Overall Length External Thread D /8 1 /4 3 /8 1 /2 3 /4 1 11/4 11/2 2 1 N 27 18 18 14 14 111/2 111/2 111/2 111/2 . E3 90˚ D L1 Gage to go on flush by hand – standard tolerance is + one turn.2386 1. Total Taper 3/4" per Foot (Measured on Diameter) Imperfect threads due to lead or die Ring Gage L3 30˚ 30˚ L1 E2 Plug gage to enter until notch is flush with first thread – standard tolerance is + one thread.3748** .6013 1.0085 1.3924 .5571 1.9543 1.2690 .9845 1.9677 1.0556 .200** .760P = Thead Depth .675 .7784 .315 1.7565 P E0 L1 †† E1 L2 † E2 .2563 1.050 1.1667 .3800 .

9156 .000 4.4336 9.7500 19.5549 –– –– –– 12.7622 1.000 16.1 National Pipe Thread Taper and the API Standard Line Pipe Thread are interchangeable.6837 †Also length of plug gage.1250 .766 . The ANSI B1.8125 9.8859 1.1250 12.3344 4.8418 –– –– –– 5.2500 10. Reprinted by permission from Catalog No.563 6.937 .11 21/2 3 31/2 4 *41/2 5 6 *7 8 *9 10 *11 12 14 *15 16 *17 18 20 *22 24 2.4273 10.8703 2. Data Installation Contents .1250 .8750 2.2500 19.000 2.3907 6.1375 2.7762 –– –– –– 17.5500 16.2837 21.9462 7.6194 2.875 3.8837 16.8758 2.4461 7.1250 .4980 1.625 8.8219 1.4786 .4415 –– –– –– 10.8609 3.2500 5.687 1.1462 9.5060 1.6209 1.7750 14.6337 3.3587 11.9156 .2500 8.8500 19.1250 .625 9. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 2.1250 .000 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 .6125 7.7872 –– –– –– 15.1250 .000 17.4180 2.821 .0500 21.3500 4. listed for reference only.8656 3. *Sizes discontinued in ANSI B1.1250 .625 10.285 1.2500 2.1250 .4524 –– –– –– 8.1983 (R2006) (for Taper Pipe Thread) and API Standard 5-B (for Line Pipe Threads).5391 12.7125 8.7250 23.9156 .4063 5.8742 2.20.5125 6.9250 10.4500 15.500 4.0837 19.2500 3.7195 3.9156 .1 .2500 15.2500 4. Ladish Co.4156 .5712 3.1983 (R2006).3885 1.2500 12.5453 11.900 2.5406 .375 Data per ANSI B1.958 1.1250 .7688 15.3406 3.2500 13. ††Also length of ring gage and length from gaging notch to small end of pluge gage.000 24.1250 .000 22.6656 .000 15.1250 .250 2.1250 .4156 .7469 2.000 20.2000 3.750 11.1250 .2500 17.682 .360 1.1250 .063 1. **Not according to ANSI B1.4305 1.APFH-12.20.000 1.3871 1.750 12.625 7.7563 17.7125 .5172 2.1250 2. 55.125 2.000 5.7906 .812 1.0250 11.7625 16.2500 3.1250 .3751 1.3250 1.7344 3.9156 .1.2500 13.7375 21.7594 2.4398 8.8750 2.2500 23.8313 5.130 1.7337 4.8375 4.562 1.1250 .210 1.6837 4.7488 –– –– –– 23.1250 .875 .6837 14.6656 .844 .1250 . 75 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.9156 .1250 .8888 1.2500 23.5406 .5587 13.3500 14.7219 3.1250 .6500 17.7039 1.5328 13.1 .5000 1.750 14.000 18.5023 1.6969 3.5297 2.2500 6.3188 1.4493 1.2500 3.6178 2.8400 6.500 5.8726 2.20.20.3000 4.

100 15 .6mm) between the base or skirt of the Anvilet when it is seated directly upon the appropriate run pipe. 76 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.50 15 .50 15 .11 .Forged Steel Anvilets INSTALLATION NOTE Anvil Anvilets are designed to have no more than a 1⁄16" gap (1.6 1 ⁄4 .000 6. However.2 6 .50 STD XS/XH SCH 160 XS/XH SCH 160 XS/XH SCH 160 The maximum allowable pressure of a fitting is computed in accordance with the applicable piping code or regulation for straight seamless header (run) pipe or for material of equivalent composition and mechanical properties to the fitting.000 6.2 1 ⁄2. must be applied to the pipe and fitting alike.600 6 .150 8 . it is recommended that the skirt of Anvilets be held slightly above the run pipe and tack welded to provide a small continuous root gap between the skirt and run pipe before completing the all-around welding beads or fillet.4 1 ⁄2.000 3.2 1 ⁄2. Any corrosion or mechanical allowances and any reduction in allowable stress due to temperature or other service conditions.24 1 ⁄2. PRESSURE TEMPERATURE RATINGS MSS standard Practice SP-97 gives the following correlation between fitting pressure class and pipe schedule number/wall thickness designation for calculation of pressure-temperature ratings: FORGED STEEL ANVILETS PRESSURE TEMPERATURE RATINGS Branch Connection Type Pressure Class of Fitting Branch Connection Size NPS 1 1 DN Pipe Wall for Rating Basis Buttweld Threaded Socket-Welding STD XS/XH SCH 160 3.600 15 .000 ⁄8 .24 ⁄8 .

900 2 3⁄ 8 2 3⁄ 8 27⁄8 2 7⁄ 8 3 1⁄ 2 3 1⁄ 2 4 4 4 1⁄ 2 4 1⁄ 2 14 –– 111⁄2 –– 111⁄2 –– 111⁄2 –– 111⁄2 –– 8V –– 8V –– 8V 8V 8V –– –– 10 Rd. 8 Rd.D. 8 Rd. –– –– 5 –– 6 –– –– 8 –– 10 –– 12 –– –– –– –– –– –– 5 51⁄2 59⁄16 6 65⁄8 7 75⁄8 85⁄8 95⁄8 103⁄4 113⁄4 123⁄4 133⁄8 14 16 18 20 –– –– –– 8V –– 8V –– –– 8V –– 8V –– 8V –– 8V 8V 8V 8V –– 8 Rd. 10 Rd. 8 Rd.P.660 1. 8 Rd. 10 Rd. Socket-Welding and Threaded” this table shows the schedule of pipe corresponding to each class of fitting for rating purposes. –– 8 Rd. 8 Rd. S. Size Pipe Tubing & Casing Nominal Size O. 8 Rd. –– 8 Rd.660 1. 8 Rd. 10 Rd. FORGED STEEL FITTINGS PRESSURE RATINGS Class Schedule N.W. Any corrosion or mechanical allowances and any reduction in allowable stress due to temperature or other service conditions must be applied to the pipe and fitting alike.315 1.11 provides that the maximum allowable pressure of a fitting be computed in accordance with the applicable piping code or regulation for straight seamless pipe or for material of equivalent composition and mechanical properties to the fitting. 8 Rd. –– 8 Rd.D. 10 Rd.“Forged Fittings. –– 8 Rd. 10 Rd.11 .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 77 Forged Steel & Oil Country General Hanger Spacing & Beam Fitting Data Information Hanger Product Dimensions . 8 Rd. 8 Rd.050 1. 10 Rd. 8 Rd.T. 8 Rd. 8 Rd.900 1. –– APFH-12. Size Pipe Tubing & Casing ⁄4 ⁄4 EUE 1 1 EUE 11⁄4 11⁄4 EUE 11⁄2 11⁄2 EUE 2 2 EUE 21⁄2 21⁄2 EUE 3 3 EUE 31⁄2 1 3 ⁄2 EUE 4 4 EUE 3 3 1. OIL COUNTRY FITTINGS CURRENT API THREAD STANDARDS Nominal Size O.315 1. 10 Rd. 10 Rd.Forged Steel Fittings In accordance with ASME standard B16. 10 Rd.050 1. 8 Rd. 2000 3000 6000 80 160 XXS/XXH – 80 160 ASME B16. 8 Rd.

0 14. Flange Width In.9 58.375 7 8 10 0.0 30.375 0.9 40.7 70. Weight per Ft.313 0.4 7.313 6 0.0 40. Y ▲ Z ▲ ▲ Mean Thickness of Flange Z In.875 0.Beam Dimensions ▲ Y ▲ Depth of Section Y In.0 6. Lbs. Flange Width In.75 12.0 20.625 78 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.75 18.375 0.688 0.0 80.438 18 20 0.375 0.625 5.0 42. ▲ Z ▲ ▲ Mean Thickness of Flange Z In.500 0.500 20.625 0.5 10.313 0.0 31.5 17.8 12.563 0. Lbs.25 15.438 15 0.0 96.75 13.5 13.0 20.250 0.2 10.5 7.0 54.0 66.7 9.0 5.0 25.8 51.4 35.438 0. AMERICAN STANDARD CHANNELS Weight per Ft.0 30.0 86.4 23.0 8.75 11.8 50.75 13.313 3 4 5 0.0 13⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 15⁄8 13⁄4 13⁄4 17⁄8 17⁄8 2 21⁄8 21⁄8 21⁄4 21⁄4 21⁄4 23⁄8 21⁄2 23⁄8 21⁄2 25⁄8 25⁄8 23⁄4 27⁄8 3 3 3 31⁄8 33⁄8 31⁄2 33⁄4 4 4 41⁄8 41⁄4 0.0 23⁄8 21⁄2 25⁄8 23⁄4 3 31⁄4 33⁄8 35⁄8 35⁄8 37⁄8 4 41⁄8 45⁄8 5 5 51⁄8 51⁄4 51⁄2 51⁄2 55⁄8 6 61⁄4 61⁄4 63⁄8 7 71⁄4 7 71⁄8 71⁄2 0.3 20.8 35.7 45.375 12 0.813 0.11 .0 9.3 20.0 50.0 75.0 18.7 9.0 15. S SHAPES Depth of Section Y In.0 33.0 25.0 90.250 0.25 6.7 25.0 42.688 0. 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 15 18 4.25 14.3 24 0.7 7.938 0.1 5.0 100.9 50.4 15.

Width Flange Y Z 5 6 8 10 12 19 25 18 21 24 28 31 35 40 48 58 67 22 26 30 33 39 45 49 54 60 68 77 88 26 30 35 40 45 50 53 58 65 72 79 87 96 106 5 61⁄8 51⁄4 51⁄4 61⁄2 61⁄2 8 8 81⁄8 81⁄8 81⁄4 81⁄4 53⁄4 53⁄4 53⁄4 8 8 8 10 10 101⁄8 101⁄8 101⁄4 101⁄4 61⁄2 61⁄2 61⁄2 8 8 81⁄8 10 10 12 12 121⁄8 121⁄8 121⁄8 121⁄4 0.935 0.990 0.640 0.810 0.670 0.520 0.440 0.560 0. Z ▲ ▲ Mean Depth Thick.830 0.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 79 Beam General Hanger Spacing & Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data .615 0. In.770 0.640 0.020 APFH-12. W SHAPES Mean Depth Thick.750 0.440 0.565 0.720 0.680 0.870 0.400 0.380 0.850 0. of Weight Flange of Section per Ft.975 0.875 0.745 0.505 0.800 0.810 0.780 0.860 0.735 0.785 0.855 0.560 0.680 0.750 0.435 0.615 0. In.570 0.855 0. Lbs.875 0.515 0.605 0. Lbs.940 21 24 27 30 33 36 62 68 73 83 93 101 111 122 76 84 94 104 117 131 94 102 114 146 108 116 124 132 118 130 141 135 150 160 81⁄4 81⁄4 81⁄4 83⁄8 83⁄8 121⁄4 123⁄8 123⁄8 9 9 91⁄8 123⁄4 123⁄4 127⁄8 10 10 101⁄8 14 101⁄2 101⁄2 101⁄2 101⁄2 111⁄2 111⁄2 111⁄2 12 12 12 0.435 0.790 0.960 0.330 0.620 0.000 0.030 0.575 0.63 0.Beam Dimensions Continued ▲ Y ▲ Mean Depth Thick.575 0. In. of Weight Flange of Section per Ft. Lbs.985 0.850 0.660 0.930 1. In.360 0. In.770 0. Width Flange Y Z In. In.665 0.680 0. In.695 0.515 0.990 14 16 18 30 34 38 43 48 53 61 68 74 82 90 99 109 120 132 36 40 45 50 57 67 77 89 100 50 55 60 65 71 76 86 97 106 63⁄4 63⁄4 63⁄4 8 8 8 10 10 101⁄8 101⁄8 141⁄2 145⁄8 145⁄8 145⁄8 143⁄4 7 7 7 71⁄8 71⁄8 101⁄4 101⁄4 103⁄8 103⁄8 71⁄2 71⁄2 71⁄2 75⁄8 75⁄8 11 111⁄8 111⁄8 111⁄4 0.875 0.455 0. of Weight Flange of Section per Ft.645 0.400 0.900 0.630 0.760 0.930 0.960 0.940 1.595 0.740 0.455 0.430 0.930 0.960 0.810 0.685 0. Width Flange Y Z In.740 0.760 0.495 0.385 0.770 0.465 0.715 0.870 0.510 0.940 1.710 0.835 0.685 0.530 0.430 0.530 0.

Additional valves and fittings increase the load and therefore closer hanger spacing is required.440 10.21 10.500 114.807 14.687 47.620 7.92 9. 650° F Maximum Safe Load (lbs) Rod Temperature.62 5.6 12. Span (Ft) 8 9 9 12 13 14 15 16 17 19 21 24 26 30 32 35 37 39 42 34 Vapor Service 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 11⁄2 Recommended 3 1 5 3 7 ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 1 Hanger Rod Sizes or tra peze The above spacing and capacities are based on pipe filled with water.000 146.096 APFH-12.350 2.480 5.500 13.160 3. Materials Carbon Steel with Minimum Actual Tensile Strength of 50 Ksi.066 56. regardless of size.0678 0.337 114. *Many codes and specifications state “pipe hangers must be spaced every 10ft.600 24.331 77. Rod Threads Diameter (in) per Inch Root Area of Coarse Thread (in2) Maximum Safe Load (lbs) Rod Temperature.4 17.000 572 1.2 730 1.566 19.62 6.169 38.230 4. Span (Ft) 5 5 6 7 8 8 9 10 11 12 Water Service Max.000 129.800 49.30 3.100 71.982 144. 80 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .302 0. ⁄2 ⁄4 1 1 3 Nominal Tubing Size (in) 11⁄4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21⁄2 TABLE 3: Load Carrying Capacities of Threaded Hanger Rods.800 18.807 101.508 4.307 66. Span (Ft) 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 Vapor Service NOTE: Spans shown in Tables 1 and 2 do not apply where there are concentrated loads between supports or where temperatures exceed 750°F.72 7.419 0.700 98.551 0. 750° F ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 1 1 ⁄4 11⁄2 13⁄4 2 21⁄4 21⁄2 23⁄4 3 31⁄4 31⁄2 33⁄4 4 41⁄4 41⁄2 43⁄4 5 1 5 3 16 UNC 13 UNC 11 UNC 10 UNC 9 UNC 8 UNC 7 UNC 6 UNC 5 UNC 41⁄2 UNC 41⁄2 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UN 4 UN 4 UN 4 UN 0. TABLE 2: Maximum Horizontal Spacing Between Copper Tubing Supports 3 3 1⁄ 2 4 Max.300 39.807 128.202 0.72 4.139 88.1 13.900 84.400 60.530 3.000 184.7 15.057 1. Span (Ft) 7 7 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 16 17 19 22 23 25 27 28 30 32 33 Water Service Max.02 3.11 Standard UNC thread thru 4" diameter and 4-UN-2A thread series for 41⁄4" diameter and larger.A Typical Pipe Hanger Specification TABLE 1: Maximum Horizontal Spacing Between Pipe Supports for Standard Weight Steel Pipe* 1 ⁄2 3 Nominal Pipe Size (in) ⁄4 1 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 Max.890 1.” This local specification must be followed.265 25.600 32.295 31.29 1.126 0.900 9.692 2.74 2.000 165.

the piping designer must consider certain unique characteristics of the grooved type coupling in addition to many universal pipe hanger and support design factors. 1 25 1 1 ⁄4-2 32-50 21⁄2-4 65-100 5-8 125-200 10-12 250-300 14-16 350-400 18-24 450-600 7 2.0 12 3. and 3) permit required pipe system movement to relieve stress.1 22 6.6 10 3.7 14 4. supports and anchors for a grooved-end pipe system.7 15 4. Do not use these values where critical span calculations are made or where there are concentrated loads between supports.1 10 3.Gruvlok® Pipe Support When designing the hangers. For straight runs without concentrated loads and where full linear movement is NOT required use the table on right. fluid & pipe system components. The following factors should be considered when designing hangers and supports for a grooved-end pipe system.2 1-2 25-50 21⁄2-4 65-100 5-24 125-600 APFH-12.1 35 10. HANGER SPACING LINEAR MOVEMENT NOT REQUIRED Nominal Pipe Size Range In.1 HANGER SPACING . DNmm Pipe Length in Feet/Meters 7 2.9 18 5. STEEL PIPE FULL LINEAR MOVEMENT IS REQUIRED AVERAGE HANGERS PER PIPE LENGTH EVENLY SPACED Nominal Pipe Size Range In.11 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 4 2 2 4 3 3 5 4 3 6 4 3 81 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data . 2) reduce stresses at pipe joints.6 30 9.7 25 7.5 20 6.3 12 3. the hanger or support system must provide for 1) the weight of the pipe.FLEXIBLE SYSTEM./DNmm Maximum Span Between Supports Feet/meters For straight runs without concentrated loads and where full linear movement IS required use the table below.3 16 4. Pipe Hanger Spacing: The following charts show the maximum span between pipe hangers for straight runs of standard weight steel pipe filled with water or other similar fluids. couplings. As with any pipe system.7 40 12.6 20 6.

6 5.6 2.1 4.D.7 11⁄4 7 11 12 9 12 12 – – 32 2.2 6.6 2 10 13 15 13 15 15 9 12 50 3 4 4. 921.4 4.4 7.6 6. 15 18 15 19 22 15 – – 133.7 4.7 12.0 4.1.2.8 4.7 51⁄4 O.3 5. (1996 Edition). 16 19 15 20 24 15 – – 139.8 7.D.1 4.5 4.5 4.6 3.6 4.6 5.6 3 O.9 6.6 10 19 25 15 24 33 15 – – 250 5.1 3.1 3.2 6.7 5.3 9.6 6 17 21 15 21 26 15 14 21 150 5.2 1 3 ⁄2 13 18 15 15 21 15 – – 90 4 5.0 3.Gruvlok® Pipe Support Continued HANGER SPACING .6 4.7 4.0 4.11 .6 7. (1999 Edition).9 4.8 4.9 6.1 7.7 2. Table a.6 11.6 24 32 26 15 42 48 15 – – 600 9.7 4.3 8.7 12.6 3 12 16 15 15 19 15 10 14 80 3.1 41⁄4 O.9 Building Service Piping Code.4 4.D. Table 6-2.7 1 1 ⁄2 7 12 15 9 13 15 – – 40 2.6 21⁄2 11 15 15 14 17 15 9 12 65 3.6 4 4.7 4.2 6. Nominal Size 82 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.8 7.7 4.1 8.3 5. 11 15 15 14 17 15 – – 76.8 4.6 6.6 4. 17 21 15 21 25 15 – – 165.7 3.5 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.6 6.6 6.6 10.7 3.0 4.6 5.6 4.1 4.6 4 14 18 15 17 21 15 12 17 100 4.6 6.6 16 27 26 15 35 40 15 – – 400 8.8 4.4 4.6 6.3 4.0 4.6 14 23 26 15 30 37 15 – – 350 7 7.D.D.6 5 16 20 15 20 24 15 13 18 125 4.2 7.6 10. 14 18 15 17 19 15 – – 108.3D.6 4.7 4.1 7. Fig.6 9.3 4.RIGID SYSTEMS SUGGESTED MAXIMUM SPAN BETWEEN SUPPORTS COPPER TUBE STEEL PIPE Suggested Maximum Span Between Supports-Feet/Meters Water Gas & Air Service Service Water Service Air Service In.2 5.1 2.2 6.1 5.3c.6 4 5.2 8.6 4. 250 psi and Fig.1 4.6 20 30 27 15 39 45 15 – – 500 9.6 8 19 23 15 24 29 15 – – 200 5.6 4.4 4.3 61⁄4 O.1.6 4.D.7 2.9 13.3 5.3 4.6 51⁄2 O./DNmm * ** *** * ** *** ** ** 1 7 9 12 9 10 12 – – 25 2.9 5.1 4.4 7.6 2.7 4.8 4.3 4.6 1 6 ⁄2 O.9 4.7 3.7 3.8 4.7 3.6 4.8 6.6 4.3 4.1 3.6 12 23 26 15 30 36 15 – – 300 7 7.2 6.6 5.7 4 4.8 4.6 9.0 4.6 * Spacing by ANSI-B31.8 4.1 11.6 3 4.6 7.4 4.3 5.6 4. table a *** Spacing by NFPA-13 Installation of Sprinkler Systems.6 3. ** Spacing by ANSI-B31.1 Power Piping Code.6 5.1 10. 16 20 15 20 24 15 – – 159.6 18 27 27 15 35 42 15 – – 450 8.6 12.1 7.4 3.6 2.8 14. 921.

PVC Pipe Support Spacing General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data PVC PIPE SUPPORT SPACING Pipe Size (in. The above table is meant as a general guideline.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 83 . This chart based on continuous spans and for un-insulated line carrying fluids of specific gravity up to 1. Local codes and specifications may also vary from the above recommended spacing and should be consulted for the applicable spacing requirements prior to installation.) SCHEDULE 40 Temperature (°F) 60 80 100 120 140 60 SCHEDULE 80 Temperature (°F) 80 100 120 140 60 SCHEDULE 120 Temperature (°F) 80 100 120 140 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 31⁄2 31⁄2 2 4 31⁄2 21⁄2 41⁄2 4 21⁄2 41⁄2 4 21⁄2 5 41⁄2 3 51⁄2 5 3 51⁄2 5 31⁄2 51⁄2 5 31⁄2 61⁄2 6 4 7 6 4 7 61⁄2 4 7 61⁄2 41⁄2 71⁄2 7 41⁄2 8 71⁄2 5 81⁄2 8 5 9 81⁄2 51⁄2 101⁄2 91⁄2 61⁄2 11 10 7 111⁄2 101⁄2 71⁄2 12 11 8 121⁄2 111⁄2 10 13 121⁄2 11 SDR 41 18 13 12 11 8 20 131⁄2 121⁄2 111⁄2 81⁄2 24 14 13 12 9 4 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 6 7 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 10 111⁄2 12 121⁄2 13 14 15 1 2 2 21⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 81⁄2 91⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 10 11 12 13 131⁄2 14 141⁄2 151⁄2 17 4 31⁄2 21⁄2 41⁄2 4 21⁄2 41⁄2 41⁄2 3 5 41⁄2 3 51⁄2 5 31⁄2 6 51⁄2 31⁄2 6 51⁄2 31⁄2 61⁄2 6 4 71⁄2 61⁄2 41⁄2 71⁄2 7 41⁄2 8 71⁄2 5 81⁄2 71⁄2 5 9 8 51⁄2 91⁄2 9 6 101⁄2 91⁄2 61⁄2 11 10 7 12 101⁄2 71⁄2 13 11 8 131⁄2 111⁄2 81⁄2 14 12 11 141⁄2 121⁄2 111⁄2 15 14 121⁄2 SDR 26 141⁄2 14 12 9 15 141⁄2 121⁄2 91⁄2 151⁄2 15 13 10 2 21⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 – – 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 61⁄2 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 111⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 10 101⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 – – – – – – – – NOTE: Although support spacing is shown at 140°F. consideration should be given to the use of CPVC or continuous support above 120°F.00. load conditions. APFH-12. it is recommended that the pipe manufacturer be consulted for specific spacing recommendations relating to their pipe. operating temperature and service conditions. The possibility of temperature overrides beyond regular working temperatures and cost may either make either of the alternatives more desirable.

11 . 84 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.00. The above table is meant as a general guideline. operating temperature and service conditions. The possibility of temperature overrides beyond regular working temperatures and cost may either make either of the alternatives more desirable. it is recommended that the pipe manufacturer be consulted for specific spacing recommendations relating to their pipe. consideration should be given to the use of CPVC or continuous support above 120°F. Local codes and specifications may also vary from the above recommended spacing and should be consulted for the applicable spacing requirements prior to installation.) SCHEDULE 40 Temperature (°F) 73° 100° 120° 140° 160° 180° 73° SCHEDULE 80 Temperature (°F) 100° 120° 140° 160° 180° ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 1 5 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 6 7 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄2 91⁄2 101⁄2 111⁄2 12 13 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 6 7 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 9 10 101⁄2 11 12 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 51⁄2 61⁄2 7 7 7 71⁄2 81⁄2 91⁄2 10 10 11 4 4 41⁄2 5 5 5 6 6 61⁄2 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 8 81⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 6 7 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 7 8 8 81⁄2 81⁄2 10 11 111⁄2 121⁄2 15 16 5 51⁄2 6 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 11 12 131⁄2 15 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 6 61⁄2 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 10 101⁄2 111⁄2 121⁄2 131⁄2 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 11 12 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 71⁄2 91⁄2 10 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 8 81⁄2 NOTE: Although support spacing is shown at 140°F. This chart based on continuous spans and for un-insulated line carrying fluids of specific gravity up to 1.CPVC Pipe Support Spacing CPVC PIPE SUPPORT SPACING Pipe Size (in. load conditions.

69F Fig.PIPE HANGERS COPPER TUBING HANGERS General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Fig. CT-65 Fig. 600 & 599 Socket Clamp for Ductile Iron or Cast Iron Pipe & Socket Clamp Washer Size Range: 3" thru 24" pipe ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 85 . 186 Two Hole Pipe Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" Fig. 69 Adjustable Swivel Ring Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" SOCKET CLAMPS Fig. 188 Two Hole Stand Off Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" PIPE RINGS Fig.11 Fig. 187 Two Hole 90˚ Side Mount Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" Fig. 185 One Hole Pipe Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" Fig. CT-128R Rod Threaded Ceiling Flange Size Range: 3/8" thru 1/2" CPVC PIPE HANGERS Fig. Split Ring Type Size Range: 3/4" thru 8" Fig. 108 Split Pipe Ring Size Range: 3/8" thru 8" Fig. 138R Extension Split Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3/8" thru 3" Fig. CT-69 Adjustable Swivel Ring Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Fig. CT-255 Copper Tubing Alignment Guide Size Range: 1" thru 4" Fig. 104 Adjustable Swivel Ring. CT-138R Fig. CT-121 Copper Tubing Riser Clamp Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Fig. 595 & 594 Socket Clamp for Ductile Iron or Cast Iron Pipe & Socket Clamp Washer Size Range: 4" thru 24" pipe APFH-12. 67F Light Duty Extension Split Adjustable Swivel Copper Tube Felt Adjustable Clevis Tubing Clamp Ring Felt Lined Lined Hanger Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Size Range: 1/2" thru 2" Size Range: 1/2" thru 6" Size Range: 1/2" thru 6" Fig.

199 Heavy Welded Steel Bracket APFH-12. 195 Medium Welded Steel Bracket Fig. 67 Pipe or Conduit Hanger Size Range: 1 /2" thru 6" Fig. 189 Staight Eye Socket Size: 3/8" Fig. 261 Extension Pipe or Riser Clamp Size Range: 3 /4" thru 24" Fig. 260 Adjustable Clevis Hanger Size Range: 1 /2" thru 30" Fig.PIPE HANGERS CLEVIS Fig. 194 Light Welded Steel Bracket Fig. 202 Iron Side Beam Bracket Size Range: 3/8" thru 5/8" Fig. 40 Riser Clamp Standard Size Range: 2" thru 24" Fig. 216 Heavy Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3" thru 42" Fig. 103 Offset Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3 /4" thru 8" Fig. 207 Threaded Steel Side Beam Bracket Size Range: 3/8" and 1/2" Fig. 224 Alloy Steel Pipe Clamp Size Range: 4" thru 16" Fig. 65 Light Duty Adjustable Clevis Size Range: 3 /8" thru 4" Fig. 260 ISS Clevis Hanger with Insulation Saddle System Size Range: 2" thru 16" Fig. 295A Fig. 190 Off-Set Eye Socket Size: 3/8" Fig. 206 Steel Side Beam Bracket Size Range: 3/8" thru 5/8" Fig.11 86 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . 590 Adjustable Clevis Adjustable Clevis for Insulated Lines for Ductile or Size Range: Cast Iron 3 /4" thru 12" Size Range: 3" thru 24" STEEL PIPE CLAMPS Fig. 300 Fig. 100 Extended Pipe Clamp Size Range: 1 /2" thru 8" Fig. 212 Medium Pipe Clamp Size Range: 1 /2" thru 30" Fig. 212FP Earthquake Bracing Clamp Size Range: 21/2" thru 12" Fig. 295H Fig. 295 Double Bolt Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3 /4" thru 36" Fig. 246 Heavy Duty Alloy Steel Pipe Clamp Size Range: 10" thru 24" Alloy Double Heavy Duty Double Bolt Pipe Clamp Bolt Pipe Clamp Size Range: Size Range: 11/2" thru 24" 6" thru 36" BRACKETS Fig.

134 Fig. 93 Universal C-Type Clamp Wide Throat Size Range: 3 /8" and 1/2" Fig. 292 & 292L Standard Duty Heavy Duty Beam Clamp Beam Clamp Size Range: 4" thru 12" Size Range: 4" thru 12" Universal Forged Steel Universal Forged Steel Beam Clamp Beam Clamp with Weldless Eye Nut STRUCTURAL ATTACHMENTS Fig. 14 Adjustable Side Beam Clamp Size Range: 3 /8" thru 5/8" Fig. 89 Retaining Clip Size Range: 3 /8" thru 1/2" Fig. 95 C-Clamp with Locknut Size Range: 3 /8" and 1/2" Fig. 217 Adjustable Side Beam Clamp Size Range: 3" thru 75/8" Fig. 89X Retaining Clip Size Range: 3 /8" thru 3/4" Fig. 227 Top Beam Clamp Fig. 55 & 55L Structural Welding Lug Size Range (55): 1 /2" thru 33/4" Size Range (55L): 1 /2" thru 2" Fig. 66 Welding Beam Attachment Size Range: 3 /8" thru 31/2" Fig.PIPE HANGERS BEAM CLAMPS General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Fig. 137C Plastic Coated U-Bolts Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" Fig. 218 Malleable Beam Clamp without Extension Piece Fig. 137 & 137S Standard U-Bolts Size Range: 1/2" thru 36" APFH-12. 60 Steel Washer Plate Size Range: 3 /8" thru 33/4" Fig. 228 Fig. 94 Wide Throat Top Beam C-Clamp Size Range: 5 /8" and 3/4" Fig.11 Fig. 133 Fig. 120 Light Weight U-Bolt Size Range: 1/2" thru 10" ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 87 . 86 & 88 C-Clamp with Set Screw and Lock Nut Size Range: 3 /8" thru 3/4" Fig. 54 Two-Hole Welding Beam Lug Size Range: 1 /2" thru 21/4" Fig. 112 & 113 Brace Fitting Complete Size Range: 1" and 11/4" U-BOLTS Fig. 92 Universal C-Type Clamp Standard Throat Size Range: 3 /8" and 1/2" Fig.

248X Linked Eye Rods Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 135 & 135E Straight Rod Coupling Size Range: 1/4" thru 1" Fig. 278 Eye Rod Welded Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 290 Weldless Eye Nut Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 142 Coach Screw Rods Machine Threaded on Opposite End Size Range: 3/8" thru 1/2" Fig. 299 Forged Steel Clevis Size Range: 3/8" thru 4" Fig.PIPE HANGERS HANGER RODS & ATTACHMENTS Fig. 146 Continuous Thread Size Range: 1/4" thru 11/2" Fig. 140 & 253 Machine Threaded Rods Threaded on Both Ends Size Range: 3/8" thru 5" Fig. 148 Rod with Eye End Size Range: 23/4" thru 5" Fig. 114 Turnbuckle Adjuster Size Range: 1/4" thru 3/4" Fig. 126 One-Hole Clamp Size Range: 3/8" thru 4" Pipe Strap Pipe Strap 1 Size Range: 1/2" thru 6" pipe Size Range: /2" thru 6" pipe Fig.11 . 291 Clevis Pin with Cotters Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Machine Bolts and Hex Nuts STRAPS Fig. 278X Linked Eye Rods Welded Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 136R: Fig. 248 Eye Rod Not Welded Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 157 Extension Piece Size Range: 3/8" thru 7/8" Fig. 243 Fig. Rod Threaded Size Range: 1/4" thru 7/8" Fig. 230 Turnbuckle Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 262 Strap Short Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Fig. 244 88 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 136: Fig. 110R Socket. 233 Turnbuckle Size Range: 11/4" thru 5" Fig. 136 & 136R Straight Rod Coupling Size Range: 1/4" thru 1" Fig.

127 Plastic Ceiling Plate Size Range: 3/8" and 1/2" Fig. 282 Universal Concrete Insert Size Range: 3 /8" thru 7/8" Fig. 258 Pipe Stanchion Saddle Size Range: 4" thru 36" Fig. 63 Type A. 259 Pipe Saddle Support with U-Bolt Size Range: 4" thru 36" CEILING PLATES Fig. Ceiling Flange Size Range: 3/8" and 1/2" Fig. 191 Adjustable Pipe Saddle with U-Bolt Size Range: 2" thru 12" Fig.PIPE HANGERS CONCRETE INSERTS & ATTACHMENTS General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Fig. 264 Adjustable Pipe Saddle Support Size Range: 21/2" thru 36" Fig. and C Pipe Stanchion Size Range: 21/2" thru 42" Fig. 62 Type A. 52 Concrete Rod Attachment Plate Size Range: 3/8" thru 11/4" PIPE SUPPORTS Fig. 128R Rod Threaded. B. and C Pipe Stanchion Size Range: 2" thru 18" Fig. B. 47 Concrete Single Lug Plate Size Range: 1/2" thru 2" Fig. 281 Wedge Type Conrete Insert Size Range: 1 /4" thru 7/8" Fig. 265 Adjustable Pipe Saddle Support with U-Bolt Size Range: 4" thru 36" Fig. 395 Cast Iron Ceiling Plate Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" Fig. 284 Metal Deck Hanger Size Range: 3/8" thru 3/4" Fig. 192 Adjustable Pipe Saddle Size Range: 2" thru 12" Fig. 153 Pipe Hanger Flange Size Range: 3/8" thru 3/4" APFH-12.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 89 . 152 Screw Concrete Insert Size Range: 3 /8" thru 7/8" Fig. 49 Concrete Clevis Plate Size Range: 3/8" thru 13/4" Fig. 286 Iron Cross Size Range: 3 /4" thru 11/2" Fig. 285 Light Weight Concrete Insert Size Range: 1 /4" thru 5/8" Fig.

274. 177 Adjustable Pipe Roll Support Size Range: 1" thru 30" Fig. 257 & 257A Fig. 160 to 166A Pipe Covering Protection Saddle Size Range: 3/4" thru 36" Insulation Protection Shield Rib-Lok Shield Size Range: 1/2" thru 24" pipe with up Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" pipe or copper to 2" thick insulation tube with up to 2" thick insulation 90 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 274P & 275 Adjustable Pipe Roll Stand Size Range: 2" thru 42" PIPE GUIDES & SLIDES Fig. 167 Fig. 175 Roller Chair Size Range: 2" thru 30" pipe Fig. 181 Adjustable Steel Yoke Pipe Roll Size Range: 21/2" thru 24" Fig. 256 Fig. 212 Medium Pipe Clamp Size Range: 2" thru 30" PIPE SHIELDS & SADDLES Fig. 271 Pipe Roll Stand Size Range: 2" thru 42" Fig.11 . Complete Size Range: 6" thru 36" Fig. 277 Pipe Roll and Base Plate Size Range: 2" thru 24" Fig.PIPE HANGERS PIPE ROLLS Fig. 171 Single Pipe Roll Size Range: 1" thru 30" Fig. 439 & 439A Structural "H" Slide Assembly. 432 Special Clamp Size Range: 2" thru 24" Fig. 168 Fig. 255 Fig. 178 Spring Cushion Hanger Fig. 436 & 436A Pipe Alignment Guide Pipe Alignment Guide Structural Tee Slide Assembly Fabricated Tee Slide Assembly Size Range: 1" thru 24" pipe Size Range: 1" thru 24" pipe Size Range: All sizes within Size Range: All sizes within and insulation thickness and insulation thickness maximum load rating maximum load rating of 1" thru 4" of 1" thru 4" Fig.

770 Q Brace Clamp Size Range: 1" thru 6" Service Pipe Fig.Rod Tap Size Range: 3/8" Rod Diameter Fig. 50 Equal Leg Angle for Trapeze Assembly SWAY BRACE – SIESMIC PIPE BRACE CLAMPS Fig. 771 Sway Brace Swivel Attachment Size Range: 1" and 11/4" Brace Pipe ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 91 .11 Fig. 46 Universal Trapeze Assembly Fig. 773 Surge Restrainer Size Range: 3 /4" thru 2" Swivel Ring Hanger APFH-12. 45 Channel Assembly Fig. 775 Brace Clamp Lateral/Longitudinal Brace Clamp Size Range: 21/2" thru 8" Service Pipe Size Range: 21/2" thru 8" Service Pipe STRUCTURAL ATTACHMENTS Fig. 772 Fig. 779 Multi-Connector Adapter Size Range: 1" thru 8" Service Pipe Adjustable Steel Beam Attachment Bar Joist and Beam Attachment (WF) Size Range: Flange Widths 4" thru 15" Size Range: 1 3 Flange Thickness /8" thru /4" RESTRAINTS SWAY BRACE ATTACHMENT Fig. 778 Fig. 777 Swivel Joint Connector . 776 Fig.PIPE HANGERS TRAPEZE General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Trapeze Fig.

5. 3.11 . 2. Level pipe using spirit level. Poor alignment may result in welding difficulties and a system that does not function properly. Pipe-to-Pipe 1. Tack weld in place.Alignment of Pipe Proper alignment is important if a piping system is to be correctly fabricated. 6. Place 45˚ spirit level on face of elbow and maneuver elbow until bubble is centered. Place spirit level over both pipes as shown and maneuver unpositioned length until both are level. 2. Tack weld in place. Bring lengths together leaving only small welding gap. Repeat procedure. 2. 3. 4. 45˚ Elbow-to-Pipe 1. Below and on the following page are alignment procedures commonly used by today’s craftsmen. Tack weld in place. 90˚ Elbow-to-Pipe 1. 3. In addition to using welding rings. Level pipe using spirit level. 3. 2. 92 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Level pipe using spirit level. Place spirit level on face of tee and maneuver tee until level. Place fitting to pipe leaving small welding gap. Place fitting to pipe leaving small welding gap. Welding rings may be employed to assure proper alignment as well as the correct welding gap. 4. some simple procedures can be followed to assist the pipe fitter. Level one length of pipe using spirit level. Tack weld top and bottom. Rotate pipe 90°. 4. Tee-to-Pipe 1. Place tee to pipe leaving small welding gap. 4. Place spirit level on face of elbow and maneuver elbow until level.

Drill Size DRILL SIZES FOR NPT PIPE TAPS Tap Size Threads/In. 5. ⁄4 5 ⁄16 3 ⁄8 7 ⁄16 1 ⁄2 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 1 1⁄ 8 1 1⁄ 4 1 3⁄ 8 1 1⁄ 2 1 3⁄ 4 2 *Unified National Coarse APFH-12. Align top two holes of flange with spirit level. Tack weld in place. Place elbow in jig and saw half thru sides of channel iron as shown. 3. TAP AND DRILL SIZES* Tap Size Threads/In. Check sides in same way. Center square on face of flange as shown.Alignment of Pipe Continued Flange-to-Pipe 1. Repeat this step with several elbows so jig may be used for different operations. 2. Cut Notch. Jig for Small Diameter Piping The jig is made from channel iron 3' 9" long. A used hack saw blade placed in notch as shown will provide proper welding gap. Drill Dia. Tack weld in place. Heat bottom of notch with torch. Cut out 90° notches about 9" from end. 1 ⁄8" x 3⁄4" for sizes 1" or smaller. Bring flange to pipe end leaving small welding gap. 2. 4.11 1 20 18 16 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4 1⁄ 2 7 F 5 ⁄16 U 27 ⁄64 31 ⁄64 17 ⁄32 21 ⁄32 49 ⁄64 7 ⁄8 63 ⁄64 17⁄64 17⁄32 111⁄32 19⁄16 125⁄32 ⁄8 1 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 1 27 18 18 14 14 111 ⁄ 2 111 ⁄ 2 111 ⁄ 2 111 ⁄ 2 8 8 8 8 R ⁄ 16 37 ⁄ 64 23 ⁄ 32 59 ⁄ 64 15 ⁄ 32 11 ⁄ 2 147 ⁄ 64 27 ⁄ 32 25 ⁄ 8 31 ⁄ 4 3 3⁄ 4 41 ⁄ 4 7 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 93 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data . Use 1⁄8" x 11⁄2" for pipe sizes 11⁄4" thru 3". 3. 4. Heat & Bend Weld Sides Cut Slots Using Fitting as Guide Weld Sides 1. 5. Bend channel iron to 90° angle and weld sides. 6.

Turned Down Elbow .Reducing 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 94 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.Symbols for Pipe Fittings Bell & Spigot 6 4 Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Bushing (Reducing) Cap 2 2 6 6 4 6 6 2 6 6 4 2 6 4 6 2 6 4 Cross (Reducing) Cross (Straight) Crossover 6 4 Elbow .Long Radius LR LR Elbow .Base Elbow .45˚ Elbow .11 .Turned Up Elbow .Double Branch Elbow .90˚ Elbow .

Street Joint .Expansion Lateral Orifice Plate Reducing Flange Plug .Concentric Reducer .Connecting Pipe Joint .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 95 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data .Gate Angle Gate (Plan) APFH-12.Side Outlet (OutletUp) Elbow .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Elbow .Side Outlet (Outlet Down) Elbow .Pipe Reducer .Bull Plug .Eccentric Valve .

Reducing Valve .Check (Straight Way) Valve .11 .Globe (Plan) Valve (Auto) .Diaphragm Valve .Float Valve .By-Pass Valve (Auto) .Cock Valve .Governor Operated Valve . 96 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.Gate Motor Operated Valve .Globe Angle Globe (Elevation) Valve .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Valve .Globe Valve .Gate* Valve .Globe Motor Operated *Also used for General Stop Valve when amplified by specification.

Saftey Sleeve Tee .Double Sweep Tee .Hose Globe Valve .Outlet Down Tee .Straight Tee .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Valve .Angle Hose Angle Valve .Single Sweep APFH-12.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 97 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data .Lockshield Valve .Quick Opening Valve .Hose Gate Valve .Reducing 6 2 4 6 2 4 6 2 4 6 2 4 6 2 4 Tee .Outlet Up Tee .

Side Outlet (Outlet Down) Tee .11 .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Tee .Side Outlet (Outlet Up) Union Angle Valve Check Angle Valve Gate 98 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.

.. A device of means to prevent backflow (siphonage) into a potable water system........................................ or threaded to non-threaded.................... American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASPE ....................................................... Another term for a concentric reducer.............................................. A type of screw thread commonly used on pipe and fittings.................. The outlet of the tee is larger than the run.......... A nipple with NPT threads and a shorter overall length than a close nipple used when there is a space consideration.......................... Black Pipe.................................................. American Petroleum Institute ASME ...........Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations AGA .......... Blind Flange .. A flange used to seal off the end of a pipe................... A special order item................ Bubble Tight .. APFH-12.... A circumferential weld in pipe fusing the abutting pipe walls completely from inside wall to outside wall......... of a pipe nipple at 35 degrees (plus/minus 10 degrees) to axis.... Any part of the piping system other than a main............................................ American Gas Association ANSI.............................. Made on to a fitting by use of a steel bar as opposed to a wrench...................... Branch........ Refrigeration.... riser or stack..........11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 99 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data ............................... A localized gaseous condition that is found within a liquid stream................ Cavitation ....... American Society of Heating. A flange with a sealing surface on one side for connecting to a flanged fitting or flanged valve and a pipe thread entrance on the other side................. Bar Plug..................................... Bull Head Tee ...... Steel pipe that owes its properties mostly to the carbon it contains............................................ The condition of a valve seat that prohibits the leakage of visible bubbles when closed...................................................... Close Nipple........................... Air Conditioning Engineers ASTM....................................... A fitting that joins two different type of pipe together such as PVC to cast iron............. Bushing .................... A bevel cut on the O.. A nipple with a length twice the length of a standard pipe thread.......... BOCA................................................... A softening treatment consisting of heating carbon or alloy steel or cast iron to an appropriate temperature........... Chamfer .............. A substance composed of two or more metals or a metal and a compound......... Butt Nipple ...... A recess in a wall in which pipes can be run....... Cast Iron Carbon Steel Pipe ........................................ A pipe fitting for connecting a pipe with a female or larger size fitting: it has a hollow plug with male and female threads........ American Society of Plumbing Engineers ASHRAE ................ Building Officials Conference of America Bell Reducer ..D................................................................... In a standard nipple both ends are chamfered.... American Society for Testing Material AWWA ............. Chase................................. Backflow Preventer . American Water Works Association Adaptor ............................................................. American National Standards Institute API......................... Annealing ............. Non-galvanized steel pipe with a lacquer finish. American Standard Pipe Thread .. holding the temperature for a proper period of time and slowly cooling to ambient temperature. CI....................... Iron plugs in the 4" thru 8" size that have slotted rather than square heads...... Butt Weld ............. Alloy ......................... Companion Flange .

...... Dope ........................................... Also used for reducing with 300# fittings as recommended by ASME B16... A low pattern bushing used when a smooth transition is required between fitting and nipple when insulating...................... Elbow .. A set of these attach to dieheads and is mounted on a threader................ 100 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12........ The method of connecting the parts of a piping system... Heat and pressure form the weld Countersunk Plug... Drop Ear Elbow .... A valve used with a dry-pipe sprinkler system where water is on one side of the valve and air is on the other side..... A fitting that makes a 90 degree angle between adjacent pipes unless another angle is specified........ Eccentric Fittings........................... Cold finished pipe made by flat steel is cold shaped into tubular form and then welded at the seam from heat generated by resistance to the flow of electric current applied through electrical contacts........................ Cut Lengths.... A bushing without the hex head... Fittings whose openings are offset allowing liquid to flow freely....11 ......... Cross ... A process on bonding a layer of zinc to steel or iron involving electroplating by running a current through a saline/zinc solution with a zinc anode and a steel or iron conductor........................ waste and vent system....................... A low pattern plug lacking a protruding head rather with a recess or socket....... Electrogalvanizing ........... Coupling... Female iron pipe connection........ DWV..... End Connection.... Cross-Connection .................................. Dry-Pipe Valve . Drainage..................... A small elbow having wings cast on each side............... A pipe fitting with female threads used to connect two pipes in a straight line........... Cutting device used to thread pipe.14....... A process for making smaller diameter pipe through 41/2" where the entire continuous ribbon of steel is heated in a furnace to the required temperature for forming and fusing............... usually in square or hexagon pattern.......... A pipe fitting with four branches in pairs............ each pair on one axis... Face Bushing ................................Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued Continuous Weld Pipe (CW)....... The dimensions from the face of the inlet port to the face of the outlet port of a fitting or valve............................................ the wings have countersunk holes to secure to a ceiling or wall.................. Face to Face Dimension ..... A fitting having insulating parts or material that prohibits flow of electric current... and the axis at right angles............ Dielectric Fitting ... Extra Heavy ........ Pasty lubricant used to seal pipe threads prior to making a threaded pipe connection... Description of piping material indicating thicker than standard........ Any connection or situation that may allow wastewater to enter the water supply system........................................ Standard internal threads on pipe fittings.......................... The edges of steel are firmly pressed together by rolls to obtain a forged weld..................... Durham System... Die.................... FIP.................... A term used to describe soil or waste systems where all piping is threaded................... Electric Resistance Weld Pipe (ERW) .......... Pipe cut to a specific length as ordered....... When the link in the sprinkler head melts releasing air from the system the valve opens allowing water to flow..............

............................................. ventilation and air conditioning Half Coupling..............Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued Female Thread ................................... The anode metal with the higher electrode potential corrodes with the cathode protected.. Groove ........................... A process where the surface of iron or steel piping or fittings is covered with a layer of zinc.................. A full steel coupling sawed in half....... Galvanized GPM .......... A ring-shaped plate at the end of a pipe.... Steel pipe coated with zinc to resist corrosion.. When two dissimilar metals are immersed in the same electrolytic solution and connected electrically there is an interchange of atoms carrying an electric charge between them..... valves...... A flat device usually made of fiber or rubber used to provide a watertight seal between metal joints....... The metal is displaced inside the pipe......11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 101 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data .... Gallons GALV.............. e......... GAL.. Metal is removed in this process................ to floors or walls............................. IAPMO........ Gasket ............. A pipe union that has a brass or copper grounding section between the two.. APFH-12. Forged Steel Fittings . Flange..........................Roll . Floor Flange ... Solid pieces of steel are forced into fitting shapes under very high temperature and pressure and then machined into final form.....Cut ..... fittings and valves..... Ground Joint Union .............. A fitting designed to join pipe or tubing by means of pressure or friction.. The internal thread in pipe fittings.......... HVAC ....... The loss of pressure caused by the turbulence created in water while traveling through pipe.... A series of five standards for developing a total quality management system....... No metal is removed in the process....................... Friction Loss ........... Gallons per minute Galvanic Action............................................................ A construction flange with no pressure rating......... Uses as drain or valve access ports in steel tanks.............................................. Developed by the International Organization for Standardization............... Flange Fitting ................... Fitting......... Galvanizing....... Where the parts to be joined are precisely finished and then ground so that the seal is tight. A circumferential groove that has been forced or swagged into a pipe segment.................. A fitting which utilizes a radically extended collar for sealing and connection...... For use in a groovedend piping system. Factory Mutual Engineering Corp...... Ground Joint .... A large pipe from which a number of smaller ones are connected in line from the side of the large pipe. hand rails.... at right angles to the pipe....... The process of coating iron or steel with a layer of zinc by passing the metal through a molten batch of zinc at a temperature of 450 deg F........ Heating..... Galvanized Pipe.......................................................... Header..... etc............................. provided with holes for bolts to allow fastening the pipe to similarly equipped adjoining pipe..... Groove . For use in a grooved-end piping system................. A circumferential groove that has been cut into a segment of pipe... International Association of Plumbing & Mechanical Officials ISO 9000. Compression............ Not recognized by industry specification...................... Hot Dip Galvanizing ................... FM ...........g..................................................... Used to secure structural components.............

.. Pipe that measures over 14” N....” Mill Length ................. An agency accepted by the administrative authority which lists and maintains a periodic inspection program on current production... 102 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12........................................ NSF International (formerly National Sanitation Foundation) Natural Gas ........ run of mill pipe 16 to 20 feet in length........ Nominal Pipe Straight Coupling (American Standard Straight Coupling Thread) NSF ........Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued ID . Term is interchangeable with “Header..................... extend lines and provide proper threading distances at the right locations...11 .................................................................................................... Male iron pipe connection....................................... Mercaptans (odors) are added to aid in leak detection........... O...................................... OD.................... where the nominal size is the outside diameter and not the inside diameter................................. A colorless........................................................... Malleable iron MIP ...... The listing states that the equipment or material complies with approved standards or has been tested and found suitable for use in a specified manner...................................... MI .................S........................... Nominal Pipe Taper (American Standard Pipe Taper Thread) NPSC... Equipment or materials included in a list published by an organization that maintains periodic inspection on current production.. A combination of pipe and/or fittings that joins two nearly parallel sections of a pipe line.......... odorless fuel derived from the earth consisting primarily of Methane (CH4).... Normalizing . A heat treatment applied to steel involving heating above the critical range followed by cooling in still air....................... Lateral Fitting .................................... Normally.... The diameter of a pipe measured from the outside edges............................................................................. Nominal pipe size............ MPT . Some pipe is made in double lengths of 30 to 35 feet NPS ................... A wye (Y) fitting with an outlet at a 45 degree angle from the run.............................. Malleable Iron.................................. A malleable nut having a packing recess for seals for use in tank applications.. Manifold ........ Inside diameter IPS ............. dirt.................... Original Equipment Manufacturer Offset ......... Pipe immersed into an acid bath for removal of scale. NPT..................................... Standard external threads on pipes and fittings.............. Same as IPS......... Listing Agency . etc.......... Nipple............ LEED ................... Nipples are used to connect fittings....................... Pounds per square inch PSIG............ Also known as random length.. Male pipe thread where the threads are on the outside of pipes and fittings................................ Outside Diameter................. oil................................P........ Iron pipe size........... a nipple is 12" and under in length with a male thread at both ends............................................ PSI ......................................... Same as NPS....... OEM .. Pounds per square inch guage Pickling ... Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Listed ...D................... A fitting with a number of branches in line connecting to smaller pipes..... Performed to refine the crystal structure and eliminate internal stress....................... Locknut............. Cast iron that is heat-treated to reduce brittleness allowing the material to stretch slightly...... Same as MPT. Pipe .....................

Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued
Plug................................................... Has a male thread and is used to close an opening. Can be made from iron or steel. Cored plugs are for standard applications while solid are for extra heavy applications. The head is typically square pattern. Recessed or countersunk plugs are in square or hexagonal pattern. Ready Cut Pipe ......................... Pipe normally threaded both ends in lengths longer than 12" but shorter than 21'. Also referred to as cut pipe. Reducer ......................................... A pipe fitting with inside threads that is larger at one end than the other. Right Hand/Left Hand Nipples (couplings) ................ A nipple with a right hand thread on one side and a left hand thread on the other side. To be used with RH/LH couplings Takes the place of a union in tight areas to permit line connections and disconnections. Riser ................................................. A water supply pipe that extends vertically one full story or more to carry water to branches. SMLS................................................ Seamless pipe SPEC ................................................. Specification STD ................................................... Standard Saturated Steam...................... Steam at the same temperature as water boils under the same pressure. Schedule ....................................... Numbers assigned to different wall thicknesses of pipe (e.g. 40, 80, 160) Screwed Joint ............................ A pipe joint consisting of threaded male and female parts threaded together. Seamless Pipe ............................ Pipe or tube formed by piercing a billet of steel and then rolling. Service Tee .................................. Tee fitting with male threads on one run opening and female threads on the other run opening and outlet. Service Pipe ................................ A pipe connecting water or gas mains with a building. Short Nipple .............................. A nipple whose length is a little greater than that of two threaded lengths or somewhat longer than a close nipple so that it has some unthreaded portion between the two threads. Shoulder Nipple ...................... A nipple halfway between the length of a close nipple and a short nipple. Socket Weld ............................... A joint made by use of a socket weld fitting which has a prepared female end or socket for insertion of the pipe to which it is welded. Sprinkler System ..................... An integrated system of underground and overhead piping designed in accordance with fire protection engineering standards. Stainless Steel Pipe................ An alloy steel pipe with corrosion-resisting properties, usually imparted by nickle and chromium. Straight Thread ........................ A parallel thread that lacks taper. Street Elbow............................... An elbow with male thread on one end and female thread on the other. Superheated Steam ............... Steam at a higher temperature than that at which water would boil under the same pressure. Tank Nipple ................................ Nipples are in 6" lengths only. One side has a standard NPT thread while the other has a straight running NPSL thread. Can be used as tank legs or as a threaded port in the side of a steel tank secured with a lock nut.
APFH-12.11

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 103

General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data

Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued
Tapered Threads...................... Male and female threads designed with a 60 degree angle, deeper at the end of the pipe or fitting and increasingly shallower the further they are from the end of the pipe or fitting. Tee..................................................... A fitting that has one side outlet at right angles to the run. Thermal Movement of Pipe ............................................ The calculated movement, expansion or contraction, in a pipe run or segment there of caused by heating or cooling of the pipe. UL ...................................................... Underwriter’s Laboratories, Inc. Union............................................... Basically, two couplings held together with a nut that permit connections and disconnections with little disturbance to pipe sections. Unions commonly have a brass or copper seat ring between the couplings. Union - All Iron ......................... A union without a copper, copper alloy or brass seat ring. Used in piping applications where alkalis or acids are present. Union Ell........................................ An ell with a male or female union at one end. Union Tee ..................................... A tee with a male or female union at one end of the run. Wall Thickness .......................... The thickness of the tubing or pipe wall. Waste Nut .................................... A malleable nut with two screw holes on either side of the pipe opening. Used for mounting to equipment panels. Water Hammer ......................... The noise and vibration which develops in a piping system when a column of non-compressable liquid flowing through a pipe line at a given pressure and velocity is abruptly stopped. W.O.G. ............................................. Water, oil, gas: refers to the pressure rating of a fitting in ambient temperature. WSP .................................................. Working steam pressure: Refers to the pressure rating of a fitting at saturated steam temperature. Wye (Y) .......................................... A fitting that has one side outlet at an angle other than 90 degrees. XH ..................................................... Extra Heavy

104 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

APFH-12.11

NOTES

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 105

NOTES 106 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .

steel pipe couplings. Most Merit products are UL/ULC Listed. The Merit ® product line includes a variety of tee-lets. fittings and flanges. Steel pipe nipples and steel pipe couplings are manufactured in accordance with the ASTM A733 Standard Specification for Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel and Stainless Steel Pipe Nipples. Zinc Trivalent Chromium. Steel. API couplings are manufactured in accordance with the API Specification for line pipe. unions and flanges. Anvil EPS brings the highest quality products and innovative engineering solutions to common and uncommon piping system problems. and steel welding flanges for fire protection applications. JB Smith is the leading manufacturer of oil country tubular fittings. sway struts and snubbers as well as standard and special design clamps. flanges. steel pipe nipples. The product line encompasses variable spring hangers. All products can be ordered in an assortment of finishes and material choices including SupR-Green™. ™ Canvil® manufactures low pressure hexagon reducer bushings. and rated from 175 to 300 psi. Offering tubing nipples. universal anvilets. Catawissa™ NACE and API approved wing unions for Standard Service are offered in non-pressure seal ends as well as threaded and butt weld. malleable iron and ductile iron threaded fittings. A variety of fittings and accessories are also offered. constant supports. forged steel fittings and unions. as well as copper and stainless steel system components. The SPF/Anvil™ product line includes a variety of internationally sourced products such as grooved couplings. Black or Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Welded or Seamless. hot-dipped galvanized. pipe grooving tools. Phosphate and Electro Galvanized. and other dynamic loading conditions. pump protection components. . Catawissa’s oilfield wing union product line includes the standard ball-andcone design plus our unique Figure 300 Flat Face design. threaded rod. forged steel couplings and bar stock products offered as either as normalized (A105N) or non-normalized (A105) that are fully traceable for mechanicals and chemistry through our MTR program. FM Approved. JB Smith is the resource for all your oilfield needs. swages and bull plugs – all meeting API specifications. pre-galvanized. Fully traceable and available with complete mill certifications. pipe hangers and supports. casing nipples as well as a full line of traditional line pipe and oil country threads in every schedule. seamless steel pipe nipples. and engineered hangers. electro-galvanized. Anvil EPS-Engineered Pipe Supports are products used to support piping systems under thermal. as well as o’lets.B R A N D S O F A N V I L I N T E R N AT I O N A L Anvil® product lines include malleable and cast iron fittings. and are interchangeable with most leading union manufacturers. drop nipples. Anvil-Strut™ products include a complete line of channel in stock lengths of 10 and 20 feet. butterfly valves and check valves. with custom lengths available upon request. as well as plugs and hex caps up to 1” in diameter in various finishes including Oil Treat. The Gruvlok ® product line consists of couplings for grooved and plain-end fittings. aluminum. where space and pipe line separation are a consideration. Steel pipe couplings are manufactured in accordance with the ASTM A865 Standard Specification for Threaded Couplings. seismic. In addition. and stainless steel. plain. Canvil manufactures A105 hex or round material in class 3000 and 6000 pound. cast iron. for Use in Steel Pipe Joints.

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