Pipe Fitters Handbook

April 2012
For the most current product/pricing information on Anvil products, please visit our website at www.anvilintl.com.

PIPE FITTINGS
HISTORY For over 150 years, Anvil has been a trusted name in piping solutions by consistently providing quality products, service, and support to the PVF industry. Our ability to provide cost-efficient piping packages that are tailored to individual markets is unmatched in the industry. From plumbing, mechanical, and fire protection, to mining, oil and gas, our innovative responses are designed to meet your specific demands. PRODUCTS Our manufacturing facilities produce an unrivaled package of piping products, while setting a world-wide industry standard for quality and dependability. Our ISO certified facilities use recycled materials in the manufacturing of our product as well as being a proud member of the USGBC. DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL The wholesaler has always been the key to Anvil’s business. Our dedication to the wholesale trade is the driving force for our services and these relationships remain a primary focus of Anvil’s innovation. Our value-added services including a proprietary suite of inventory management tools signifies a strong commitment to our customers needs. CUSTOMER SERVICE Having major distribution centers located throughout North America, you can count on getting the product you need - when you need it. Customer satisfaction has always been Anvil’s #1 objective. Our experienced Sales and Customer Service Teams are knowledgeable and eager to serve our customers, validating our company’s motto “Building Connections that Last."

TABLE OF CONTENTS GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY
Fig. 7000 & 7001 Couplings .......................................................................................................................5 Fig. 7400 & 7401 Couplings ........................................................................................................................6 Fig. 7001-2 & 7401-2 Couplings - 2 Piece Large Dia. Standard Groove Couplings ........7 Fig. 7011 Standard Coupling..................................................................................................................8-9 Fig. 7400 Rigidlite® Couplings - Advanced Copper Method.................................................10 Fig. 6400 Rigid Coupling - CTS Copper System ........................................................................... 11 Fig. 7010 Reducing Coupling .................................................................................................................. 12 Fig. 7012 Flange .........................................................................................................................................13-15 Fig. 7045 & 7046 Clamp-T® Branch Outlets ....................................................................................16 Fig. 7305 HDPE Coupling .......................................................................................................................... 17 Fig. 7307 HDPE Transition Coupling ...................................................................................................18 Fig. 7004 High Pressure Coupling ........................................................................................................19 Fig. 7004 High Pressure Coupling with End Guard® Gasket..................................................20 Sock-It® Fittings ............................................................................................................................................. 21
Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Data Installation Contents

GRUVLOK TECHNICAL DATA
Gruvlok Gasket Grade Index .................................................................................................................23 Gruvlok Gasket Recommendation List & Vacuum Service .................................................. 24 Gruvlok Lubricants .............................................................................................................................. 25-26 Specified Bolt Torque ...............................................................................................................................26 Pipe Preparation.................................................................................................................................... 27-29 Gruvlok Standard Roll Groove Specifications ...................................................................... 30-31 Gruvlok Cut Groove Specifications ............................................................................................ 32-33 Gruvlok Cut Groove End Guard Specifications...........................................................................34 Gruvlok Roll Groove End Guard Specifications ..........................................................................35 Gruvlok Advanced Copper Method (IPS) - Copper Prep Specifications ................36-37 Gruvlok CTS Copper System - Roll Groove Specifications ................................................. 38 Gruvlok Couplings - Design Factors ................................................................................................. 39 Gruvlok Couplings - Movement Applications ......................................................................40-41 Gruvlok Couplings - Deflection from Centerline...................................................................... 42 Gruvlok Couplings - Range of Pipe End Separation ..................................................................43 Gruvlok Fittings Flow Data - Frictional Resistance...................................................................44 Gruvlok Fittings for Grooved End Pipe ....................................................................................45-46

PIPE AND FLANGE DATA
Standard Weight Pipe Data ....................................................................................................................47 Barlow's Formula...........................................................................................................................................47 Commercial Pipe Sizes and Wall Thicknesses ......................................................................48-49 Steel Pipe Data - Schedule 40 & 80 ..................................................................................................50 Copper Tube Data - Type L & K............................................................................................................ 51 ASTM Carbon Steel Pipe and Flange Specifications ..........................................................52-53 Pipe and Water per Line Foot .............................................................................................................. 54 Weight per Foot of Seamless Brass and Copper Pipe............................................................. 54

WELD FITTING AND STEEL FLANGE DIMENSIONAL DATA
Weld Fittings - 90˚ Elbow, 45˚ Elbow, Tee & Conc. Reducer ................................................55 Weld Fittings - Welding Neck Flanges ............................................................................................ 56 Slip-on, Threaded & Socket Flanges ................................................................................................. 56 Lap Joint Flanges...........................................................................................................................................57 Blind Flanges ...................................................................................................................................................57
APFH-4.12

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

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.......................................................................................................................80 Gruvlok Pipe Support .....................12 ...................................................................................American Standard Channels.......................Installation and Pressure Ratings .............................................................................. 77 Current API Thread Standards for Oil Country Fittings .......................................................74-75 FORGED STEEL AND OIL COUNTRY FITTING DATA Forged Steel Anvilets ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Beam Dimensions ............................................................................................. 70-72 PIPE THREAD STANDARDS AND INFORMATION Installation and Assembly ............................................................ 63 Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols ........................................................ Steel Flange .......................................................................... 93 Symbols for Pipe Fittings .................................................................................69 Installation and Assembly .......................... 58 Bolt Dimensions for 150 to 300 LB....................................60 Bolt Template for Drilling Flanged Fittings ............... 93 Drill Sizes for NPT Pipe Taps ....................................................66 Decimal Equivalents of Fractions ........................................................General Assembly of Threaded Fittings..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................TABLE OF CONTENTS BOLT TEMPLATES Standard Cast Iron Companion Flanges and Bolts ...................... 78 Beam Dimensions ...........................84 Pipe Hanger Pictorial ...................Types & Styles .. 63 Physical Properties of E60 & E70 Series Electrodes ......................................... Steel Flange .......73 National Pipe Thread Standards ....................................................................................................... 59 Bolt Dimensions for 400 to 600 LB........................................... 92-93 Tap and Drill Sizes.................................................. 58 Extra Heavy Cast Iron Companion Flanges and Bolts ................................................................................................66 Standard Conversions........................................................................99-104 4 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-4.........Merit® Eliminator Adjustable Drop Nipple......68 DROP NIPPLE AND TEE-LET INSTALLATION Installation and Assembly ..................................................................61 Bolt Template for Drilling Extra Heavy Flanged Fittings ..........................................................................................................................................76 Forged Steel Fittings . 77 BEAM DIMENSIONS Beam Dimensions ..........................................W Shapes ........................ 62 GENERAL WELDING INFORMATION Coated Arc Welding Electrodes ....................................................... 79 HANGER SPACING AND HANGER PRODUCT A Typical Pipe Hanger Specification ..................................................................................................................................................................64 Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols Notes .........................................Pressure Ratings..................................................................85-91 GENERAL INFORMATION Alignment of Pipe .........81-82 PVC Pipe Support Spacing .......... 83 CPVC Pipe Support Spacing .................................. 67 Unit Conversions.....................................................................94-98 Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations .......................73 Pipe Nipple Thread Engagement ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................S Shapes............................. 65 CONVERSIONS Minutes Converted to Decimals of a Degree...................Merit® Weld Miser™ Tee-Let...........................................................................................

* The housing bolt pads must make metalto-metal contact. Insert bolts and turn nuts finger tight. pull the gasket into position centering it between the grooves on each pipe. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. 2. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. 3. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. 4. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. flip or roll the gasket into centered position. Housings Place the coupling housing halves over the gasket making sure the housing keys engage the grooves. lower bend load capabilities. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. On couplings 10" and larger. On couplings 10" and larger it may be easier to turn the gasket inside out then lubricate and slide the gasket over the pipe end as shown. battery strength and operational variations. 5. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7000 & 7001 Couplings . Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. 6.1. Tighten Nuts Tighten the nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table APFH-4.12 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 5 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves and the bolt pads are in firm even metalto-metal contact on both sides of the coupling.

12 6 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . Place one housing over the gasket. NOTE: Sizes 16" and larger are cast in multiple segments. The bolt pads are to have equal gaps on each side of the coupling. Swing the other housing over the gasket and into the grooves on both pipes. 6. flip or roll the gasket into centered position. Some applications require lubrication of the entire gasket surface.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7400 & 7401 Couplings 1. 3. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Gasket should not be visible between segments after bolts are tightened. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. making sure the housing keys fit into the pipe grooves. 4. lower bend load capabilities. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. 5. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. To install the larger sizes align the tongue and pocket of the couplings appropriately and tighten the nuts alternately to the specified bolt torque. On couplings 10" and larger it may be easier to turn the gasket inside out then lubricate and slide the gasket over the pipe end as shown. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe. pull the gasket into position centering it between the grooves on each pipe. 2. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. battery strength and operational variations. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Reinsert the bolt and run-up both nuts finger tight. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. Housings Remove one nut and bolt and loosen the other nut. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. APFH-4. On couplings 10" and larger. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end. When properly assembled there will be a small equal gap between the adjacent bolt pads. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque*. making sure the tongue and recess of each housing is properly mated. keeping the gaps at the bolt pads evenly spaced. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends.

425 Gruvlok Xtreme™ Lubricant ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 7 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. 5. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7001-2 & 7401-2 Couplings .425 375 . ANSI SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Pipe Sizes In. Pipe preparation Grooved dimensions must conform to the Gruvlok Roll/Cut groove specification. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service.300 375 .2-Piece Large Diameter Standard Groove Couplings • • • 7001-2 & 7401-2 bolts must be lightly coated with Gruvlok Xtreme™ lube before installation. and gasket is not visible.220 250 . Bolts Apply a thin coat of Xtreme lube.250" wall thickness. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe.-Lbs Lubrication – 14 16 18 20 24 APFH-12. Tighten the nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end. pull the gasket into position. verify that the torque output on the wrench is within the required torque range.300 250 . 4.11 ⁄8 1 1 11⁄8 11⁄8 7 180 . Specified Bolt Torque Ft. See chart for torque requirements. 1. 6. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends together. CAUTION: When using an impact wrench. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end. Final Assembly Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. 2. 3. Housings Place each housing half on the pipe and into each groove making sure that the gasket does not slip out of position in between the pipe ends or groove. Bolt Size In. the bolt pads are in firm even metal-to-metal contact on both sides of the coupling. Minimum wall pipe suitable for 14" – 24": 7001-2 & 7401-2 roll grooved installation is 0. or Gruvlok Standard Lube to the bolt threads. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. centering it between the grooves on each pipe. Apply a thin coat of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket.

again balancing the weight of the housings on the top of the pipe. 2 3 Lubricate the gasket sealing lips.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7011 Standard Coupling 1 Inspect the pipe ends making sure the criteria. 4 Pull the two pipes into contact aligning the pipe ends. in the Gruvlok Large Diameter Pipe Roll and Cut Groove Specifications.11 . Lubricate the exterior surface of the gasket. 5 Secure the housings about the pipes making sure the coupling keys are engaged in the pipe end grooves. This will aid in step 4. (Dimension A) should be visible when the gasket is in proper position. Position the gasket centrally between the grooves of the two pipe ends. Working your way around the circumference of the pipe. approximately 75% of the pipe’s gasket-sealing surface. The end of this procedure will result in the gasket snapping into place. The use of Gruvlok lubricants ensures compatibility between the lubricant and the gasket. Ideally. Secure the adjacent housing with an oval neck track bolt and heavy hex nut and then rotate the secured housings. are met. place housing segment on top of the pipe to support the weight of the housing segment. Turn the gasket inside out and slide the gasket completely over one of the pipe ends. 6 8 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Turning the gasket inside out will reduce the stretching necessary to put the gasket into position. This helps prevent pinching of the gasket during assembly. Continue this procedure for all segments. CAUTION: Be careful not to pinch fingers during this step. Hint: For horizontal assembly. flip the gasket toward the pipe end so that the proper side is facing out.

joint leakage and pipe joint separation. 7 Installation of the Figure 7011 Standard Coupling is completed.CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Firmly torque each bolt. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7011 Standard Coupling Continued . The specified minimum torque for each nut is 600 ft. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury.-lbs. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. The specified maximum torque for each nut is 800 ft. battery strength and operational variations.-lbs. lower bend load capabilities. 8 APFH-12.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 9 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.

3. both internal and external. 6. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the one tube. lower bend load capabilities. Swing the other housing over the gasket and into the grooves on both tubes. centering it between the grooves on each tube. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Housings Remove one nut and bolt and loosen the other nut. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant to the entire surface. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. 4. Place one housing over the gasket. Reinsert the bolt and run-up both nuts finger tight.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7400 Rigidlite® Coupling – Advanced Copper Method 1. The bolt pads are to have equal gaps on each side of the coupling. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check the gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. of the gasket. making sure the housing keys fit into the tube grooves. 2. The gasket should not extend into the groove on either tube.11 10 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .* keeping the gaps at the bolt pads evenly spaced. pull the gasket into position. APFH-12. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. 5. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. making sure the tongue and recess of each housing is properly mated. battery strength and operational variations. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. Alignment After aligning the two tube ends together. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table. Gasket should not be visible between segments after bolts are tightened. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the tube end. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance.

APFH-12. 4. The gasket should not extend into the groove on either tube or between the tube ends. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Re-insert the bolt and run-up both nuts finger tight. The gasket should not be visible between segments after the bolts are tightened. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. of the gasket. Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Specified Bolt Torque* Ft. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check the gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. making sure the housing keys fit into the tube grooves. Fast and easy swing-over installation of the rugged lightweight housing produces a secure. The bolt pads are to have equal gaps on each side of the coupling. 1. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok® Xtreme Lubricant to the entire surface. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to the lubricated surfaces. Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. Housings Remove one nut and bolt and loosen the other nut. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the tube end. the bolt pads may come close to metal-to-metal contact. Place one housing over the gasket. lower bend load capabilities. rigid pipe joint. 3. pull the gasket into position. NOTE: Copper is a soft material. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. and in some cases. Wrench Size In. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. Available with the EPDM flush gap style gasket as the standard gasket. 6400 Coupling from Gruvlok is specially designed to provide a rigid pipe connection to meet the specific demands of copper tubing installation. Assembly is complete. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 6400 Rigid Coupling – CTS Copper System . centering it between the grooves on each tube. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over one tube. both internal and external.11 SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Size In. Swing the other housing over the gasket and into the grooves on both tubes. 5.-Lbs ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 11⁄16 11 30-45 30-45 60-90 11 * Non-lubricated bolt torques. Alignment After aligning the two tube ends together.The Fig. 2. keeping the gaps at the bolt pads evenly spaced. making sure the tongue and recess of each housing is properly mated.

A illustrates the correct position of the Fig. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. 2. FIG. 6. NOTE: Fig. 3. lower bend load capabilities. The center leg of the gasket should make flush contact with the pipe end and will prevent telescoping of the smaller pipe inside the larger. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. A Gasket Gasket Center Rib Reducing Coupling Housing Proper Position of The Gasket Sealing Lips 4.11 . CAUTION: In vertical installations the pipes must be supported to prevent telescoping during installation. 7010 Reducing Coupling gasket and housing properly assembled onto adjacent pipe ends. battery strength and operational variations. Angle the gasket over the pipe end and pull the gasket lip open around the circumference of the pipe. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table 12 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Assembly Complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves and the bolt pads are in firm even metal-tometal contact on both sides of the coupling. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Tighten Nuts Tighten the nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Alignment Align the adjoining pipe center lines. Insert bolts and turn nuts finger tight. and insert the larger pipe end into the gasket. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. 5. Gasket Installation Place the smaller opening of the gasket over the smaller pipe. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7010 Reducing Coupling 1. Angle the pipe end slightly to the face of the gasket and tilt the pipe into the gasket to ease assembly. Housings Place the coupling housing halves over the gasket making sure the housing keys engage the grooves.* The housing bolt pads must make metal-to-metal contact. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury.

Tighten the nut until there is a 1/16" gap between the flange halves at location “A”. if the valve is rubber faced in the area designated by the sealing surface dimensions (A Max. to B Min. using the proper Gruvlok lubricant. sealing on the pipe. On the side without the hinge pin. The flange gasket cavity must face the pipe end. use procedure described in note 3. 1 Place the latch bolt back into the slotted hole. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7012 Flange (2" – 12") . Lubricate the entire exterior surface of the gasket. (It is not necessary to remove the nut from the latch bolt. The pipe should extend out beyond the end of the sealing lip by approximately 1 /8" on the 2"-6" sizes and 3/16" on the 8"-12" sizes. When mating to a rubber-faced metal flange. (See Figure below) Gasket "A" 2 Check the gasket to assure that it is properly suited for the intended service.) Swing the latch bolt out of the slot. a standard full-faced flange gasket is installed against the serrated flange face. When mating to a wafer valve (lug valve).Applications which require a Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert: 1.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 13 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. 2. including the sealing lips. When mating to valves or other component equipment where the flange face has an insert. Open the Gruvlok Flange and place around the grooved pipe end with the key section fitting into the groove. and the Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert is placed between the Gruvlok Flange and the standard flange gasket. Check pipe end for proper grooved dimensions and to assure that the pipe end is free of indentations and projections that would prevent proper sealing of the Gruvlok flange gasket. loosen the latch bolt nut to the end of the bolt thread. The lip of the gasket. 4. the Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert is placed between the Gruvlok Flange and the rubber-faced flange. should not extend beyond the pipe end. APFH-12.). 3. When mating to a serrated flange surface. place the Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert between the valve and the Gruvlok Flange. 3 Latch Bolt Note: This side must face the mating flange The Gruvlok Flange gasket must be inserted so that the sealing lips face toward the pipe end and the mating flange.

etc. system. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table 5 Verify that the mating flange face is hard. lower bend load capabilities. it is important that the insert is properly aligned with the gasket prior to tightening the bolts. bolt holes. 4 With the gasket in place apply lubricant to the exposed gasket tip. flat and smooth. C2 Insert a flange bolt or stud with material properties of SAE J429 Grade 5 or higher through the bolt holes and thread a nut on hand tight. The flange faces should have metal-to-metal contact. 7 NOTE: The Gruvlok Fig. Assure the gasket is still in the proper position and align Gruvlok Flange bolt holes with the mating flange.* The flange housings must be in firm metal-to-metal contact.11 . battery strength and operational variations.D.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7012 Flange (2" – 12") Continued Stretch the Gruvlok gasket around the pipe end and then press the gasket into the cavity between the pipe O. 14 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. and the flange. Tighten the nuts on the latch bolts alternately to the specified latch bolt torque. Continue this procedure until all bolt holes have been fitted. free of indentations. All the bolts or studs must be torqued to the mating flange bolts specified torque. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. pump. CAUTION: Proper torquing of flange bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Sliding the flanges into place will dislodge the gasket and cause leakage to occur. C1 FIG. Tighten the nuts alternately and evenly so the flange faces remain parallel. tank. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. The gasket must be properly positioned as shown in the figure below. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. It is important to line up the bolt holes before bringing the two flanges together. 7012 Flange requires the use of a Flange Adapter Insert when used against rubber surfaces (Figure C1). The Flange Adapter Insert Adapter Insert in copper systems or in systems where will be exposed to the fluids in the galvanic corrosion is possible. which will seal on the mating flange. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. serrated flange Do not use a steel Flange surfaces or mating flanges with inserts (Figure C2). Ensure that the Insert is compatible with the fluids in the systems and with adjacent piping components. 6 FIG. When using a flange insert.. which would prevent proper sealing of the Gruvlok Flange gasket.

Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. 7012 flanges.11 4 Tighten the nuts evenly to the specified mating face bolt torque so that the flange faces remain parallel and make firm even contact around the entire flange.Gruvlok® Flanges of 14" size and larger are cast in four segments to ease handling during assembly. and flange recess. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7012 Flange (14" – 24") . Loosely assemble the segments using the four segment-bolts-and nuts.D. battery strength and operational variations. Insert a flange bolt or stud with material properties of SAE J429 Grade 5 or higher through the bolt holes and thread a nut on hand tight. Figure 7012 Gruvlok Flanges should not be used with tie rods nor in a configuration with a wafer valve between two 7012 flanges. Insert the next bolt or stub opposite the first and again thread the nut on hand tight. NOTE: Take care to assure that the gasket lip is not bent backwards and pinched between the two flanges. Place the flange halves around the pipe and complete the assembly as described in Step 1. Pull the two flanges into contact using care to assure that the gasket remains fully seated within the gasket cavity during assembly. The wide gasket lip must seal on the pipe surface diameter and the narrow gasket lip must face the mating flange. above. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. NOTE: Design of the Gruvlok Flange provides sealing only with the special Gruvlok Flange gasket. CAUTION: Proper torquing of flange bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. lower bend load capabilities. 3 Align the Gruvlok Flange bolt holes with mating flange bolt holes. Bring the four flange segments into full. 5 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 15 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. firm metal-to-metal contact. Continue this procedure until all bolt holes have been fitted. 7012 GRUVLOK FLANGE GASKET CAUTION: GASKET MUST BE FULLY SEATED AGAINST THESE THREE SURFACES PIPE SURFACE DIAMETER PROPER POSITION OF GASKET SEALING LIPS Place each Gruvlok Flange segment around the grooved pipe with the key section fitting into the groove and the flange gasket cavity facing the pipe end. Insertion of the flange bolts prior to contact of the flanges will help in the alignment of the flanges. Only Gruvlok Flange gaskets may be used with Fig. Move around the gasket in both directions until the gasket is fully seated in the flange gasket cavity.half. Lubricate the entire surface of the gasket and the flange cavity using the appropriate Gruvlok Lubricant. 2 The correct position and relationship of the components of the Gruvlok Flange assembly is shown in the Figure above. Alternately and equally tighten the latch bolts and nuts to the specified latch bolt torque. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Place the Gruvlok Flange Gasket around the pipe end by pressing the gasket into the cavity between the pipe O. 14" – 24" FIG. APFH-12. 1 Check the gasket grade to verify that it is properly suited for the intended service. NOTE: An alternative method of assembly is to loosely preassemble two segments into two equal halves of the flange leaving a small gap (approximately 1/8") between the two segments of each flange.

pipe joint leakage and pipe joint separation. 1 11⁄4. 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 4 1 11⁄2 2 2 1⁄ 2 2 3⁄ 4 31/2 41/2 2. 5. 7045 & 7046—SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts and U-bolts used on the Gruvlok® Clamp-T’s. Tighten Nuts Alternately and evenly tighten the nuts to the specified bolt torque. U-bolt and/or casting which could result in lower pressure retention capabilities. The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened. BRANCH SIZE (Inches) HOLE SAW SIZE (Inches) (+1/8. Clean the gasket sealing surface within 5/8" of the hole and visually inspect the sealing surface for defects that may prevent proper sealing of the gasket. 30-40 60-80 100-130 130-180 APFH-12.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7045 & 7046 Clamp-T® Branch Outlets ALWAYS USE A GRUVLOK LUBRICANT FOR PROPER COUPLING ASSEMBLY. Pipe Preparation Cut the appropriate size hole in the pipe and remove any burrs. Be sure to remove the slug from inside the pipe.-Lbs. 1. 3⁄4. Thorough lubrication of the gasket is essential to assist the gasket into the proper sealing position. U-Bolt 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 In. Assembly is complete FIGS.11 * Non-lubricated bolt torques 16 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . Apply a thin layer of Gruvlok lubricant to the back surface of the gasket. 6. Alignment Align the strap around the pipe. 3. 4. lower bend load capabilities. Insert the gasket back into the outlet housing making sure the tabs in the gasket line up with the tab recesses in the housing. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure. CAUTION: Proper torquing of the bolts or U-bolts is required to obtain the specified performance. 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 11⁄16 11⁄4 Ft. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to the lubricated surfaces. ANSI SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Wrench Specified Size Size Bolt Torque * In. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check the gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. -0) ⁄2. Align the outlet housing over the pipe hole making sure that the locating collar is in the pipe hole. Gasket Installation Lubricate the exposed surface of the gasket. battery strength and operational variations. Overtorquing the bolts or U-bolts may result in damage to the bolt. Some sizes use a U-bolt design. insert the bolts and tighten the nuts finger tight.

lower bend load capabilities. 1 Minimum Ft.305 mm) (44. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. making sure the tongue on one casting is aligned with the recess of the other casting. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant to the gasket lip and outside surface of the gasket. The Gasket color code is green for EPDM and orange for Nitrile (Buna-N). If silicone is unacceptable for the application contact Gruvlok for the lubrication recommendation. SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts used on Gruvlok® couplings.Make certain the pipe ends are free of indentations.-Lbs. Torque all bolts to the required bolt torque levels. 2 2 ./N-m ⁄2 X 23⁄8 1 ⁄2 X 3 5 ⁄8 X 31⁄2 ⁄4 X 43⁄4 3 80 110 80 110 100 135 130 175 100 150 100 150 130 175 180 245 17 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.4 mm) (127 . Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation.4" 5 . Mark each pipe at a distance from the end of the pipe according to the pipe size: Size Inches Distance to Mark 1 Check to assure the gasket material is acceptable for the intended service. projections or other imperfections. 3 4 Place the Figure 7305 housing casting over the gasket. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Make sure the gasket does not overhang the pipe end. Refer to the Specified Bolt Torque Table. There is no gap between the bolt pads and the bolt torque should be within the range given when the coupling is properly assembled. Slip the gasket over one of the pipe ends. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant contains silicone. Insert the bolts and secure the nuts alternately and uniformly until the bolt pads are in contact. which could prevent proper sealing of the gasket.5 mm) NOTE: Make certain the HDPE pipe end is square cut to 1⁄8" maximum for the 2" to 4" and 5⁄32" maximum for the 6" and larger sizes. Align the second pipe and while keeping the pipes in the butted position slide the gasket back over the second pipe end. Alternate and even tightening of the bolts will significantly reduce the torque needed to close the gap at the pipe joint. 7305 SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Coupling Bolts In. APFH-12. CAUTION: Use only Gruvlok XtremeTM Lubricant. battery strength and operational variations. joint leakage and pipe joint separation./N-m Maximum Ft.203 mm) (31.11 5 FIG. The gasket must be positioned centrally between the lines on the pipe ends.8 mm) (254 .-Lbs. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7305 HDPE Coupling . The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened.8" 10 & 12" 1" 11⁄4" 13⁄4" (51 .102 mm) (25.

Insert the bolts and secure the nuts alternately and uniformly until the bolt pads are in contact. There is no gap between the bolt pads and the bolt torque should be within the range given when the coupling is properly assembled. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. projections or other imperfections. slide the gasket back over the second pipe end. FIG.-Lbs./N-m ⁄2 X 23⁄8 1 ⁄2 X 3 5 ⁄8 X 31⁄2 ⁄8 X 51⁄2 7 80 110 80 110 100 135 180 245 100 150 100 150 130 175 220 300 APFH-12. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. battery strength and operational variations. 2 Slip the gasket over one of the pipe ends. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. Torque all bolts to the required bolt torque levels. SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts used on Gruvlok® couplings. Align the second pipe and while holding it in the butted position. The Gasket color code is green for EPDM and orange for Nitrile (Buna-N)./N-m Maximum Ft. Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant contains silicone. 1 Minimum Ft. indentations. 5 CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Refer to the Specified Bolt Torque Table. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. making sure the housing grooved end is directed into the pipe groove.-Lbs. If silicone is unacceptable for the application contact Gruvlok for the lubrication recommendation. joint leakage and pipe joint separation.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7307 HDPE Transition Coupling Make certain the HDPE pipe end is square cut to 1⁄8" maximum for the 2" to 4" and 5⁄32" maximum for the 6" and larger sizes. Make sure the gasket does not overhang the pipe end. The gasket must be positioned on the gasket seat surface of the grooved steel pipe. The steel pipe must be grooved in accordance with Gruvlok® Grooving Specifications for Steel Pipe. which could prevent proper sealing of the gasket.11 18 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . The pipe ends must be free of scratches. Alternate and even tightening of the bolts will significantly reduce the torque needed to close the gap at the pipe joint. 7307 SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Coupling Bolts In. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant to the gasket lips and outside surface of the gasket. 3 4 Place each half of the coupling housing over the gasket. Make sure the gasket does not overhang into the pipe groove. lower bend load capabilities. CAUTION: Use only Gruvlok XtremeTM Lubricant. 1 Check to assure the gasket material is acceptable for the intended service. The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened.

verify that the output of the torque wrench is within the required torque range.4" 7004 couplings. Insert the bolts and run up the nuts finger tight. * * * * * ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 19 * Torque required to bring housing metal-to-metal contact. For 2" . tighten nuts till housings are in metal-tometal contact. SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Size In. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. 2. please use the table below for required torque values. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe.1.4" ensure the gaps on each side are evenly space. centering it between the grooves on each pipe. 5 Torque Ft. It is recommended that a torque wrench be used for accurate assembly in order to obtain specified performance. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the required indicator. 4.130 130 . Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7004 High Pressure Coupling . 6.180 CAUTION: When using an impact wrench. Bolt Size In. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end. 3. Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Apply a thin coat of Gruvlok Lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. Housings Place each housing halves on the pipe making sure the housing key fits into the groove. For 2" .130 100 .-Lbs 2 21⁄2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 APFH-12. pull the gasket into position. Be sure that the tongue and recess portions of the housing mate properly. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends together. For 7004 5" and larger. 5.130 100 . Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. and for 5" and larger couplings ensure the housings are in firm even metal-to-metal contact on both sides.11 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 1 1 1 100 . making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end.

For 5" and larger. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. and for 5" and larger couplings ensure the housings are in firm even metal-to-metal contact on both sides. 5 Torque Ft. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the required indicator. 20 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.130 100 .11 .180 * * * * * * Torque required to bring housing metal-to-metal contact. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7004 with EG® Gasket High Pressure Coupling with End Guard® Gasket For 7400 with EG® gasket required specified pipe end groove dimensions and fittings.4" couplings. SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Size Bolt Size In.130 130 . Be sure that the tongue and recess portions of the housing mate properly. finger tight. tighten nuts till housings are in firm metal-tometal contact. 5.-Lbs 4. Ensure pipes are aligned properly. For 2" . 1. stopping then the pipe end comes in contact with the center gasket leg. 2. Slide the second pipe end half way into the gasket. CAUTION: Not using the correct groove dimensions will result in pipe joint separation. Housings Place each housing halves on the pipe making sure the housing key fits into the groove. stop when the center gasket leg comes in contact with the pipe end. see pages 34-35 for groove dimensions. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. CAUTION: When using an impact wrench. Insert the bolts and run up the nuts. In. 3. verify that the output of the torque wrench is within the required torque range.4" ensure the gaps on each side are evenly space. 2 21⁄2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 1 1 1 100 . Gasket Installation Slip the gasket half way on to the pipe end. Apply a thin coat of Gruvlok Lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. please use the table on this page for required torque values. For 2" .130 100 . It is recommended that a torque wrench be used for accurate assembly in order to obtain specified performance.

and the system drained of fluid prior to loosening the lock bolts to remove or reposition the Sock-It Fitting. and sharp edges which could affect proper gasket sealing. 2 Apply a light coating of GRUVLOK Lubricant to the gaskets located in each end of the Sock-It Fitting. Install the other prepped and lubricated pipe end into the Sock-It fitting in the same manner. and 11⁄2" size fittings and 13⁄4" for the 2" & 21⁄2" size fittings. Other lubricants may affect gasket performance.) Install the other prepped and lubricated pipe end into the Sock-It fitting in the same manner.D. 4 Sock-It Fittings may be removed by loosening the lock bolts. A slight twist while pushing fitting and pipe together will ease the required insertion force. Reinstallation may be accomplished as described in Steps 1-4. Tighten the lock bolt until the bolt head bottoms against the threaded boss.Pipe surface shall be cleaned at least 1" from the end of the pipe to remove any coating. projections. 11⁄4". WARNING: System pressure must be relieved and vented. APFH-12. of the Sock-It Fittings as this would prevent proper insertion of the pipe. Replace bolts in cases where bolt end sharpness has been comprised. (See Step 1).11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 21 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Rotate the fitting until the desired position is obtained. 5 Bolt end must be inspected to assure bolts ability to cut into pipe. 1 Check all lock bolts to be sure they do not extend into the I. NOTE: When Allied XL pipe is used it is necessary only to remove sharp edges and burrs at the end of the pipe. indentations. CAUTION: Do NOT hammer fitting on. As a guide for installation. The end of the Sock-It Fitting should be within 1 ⁄16" from the edge of the marking on the pipe. mark the pipe at a distance of 11⁄2" from the end for 1". NOTE: Use only Gruvlok Lubricants. No additional cleaning is required. Also apply a light coating of lubricant to the pipe ends to further ease insertion of the pipe into the Sock-It Fitting. (NOTE: The 21⁄2" Sock-It fitting has 2 locking bolts for each pipe end. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Sock-It® Fittings . 3 Insert the prepped and lubricated pipe end into the Sock-It Fitting until the pipe end makes contact with the internal pipe stop.

NOTES 22 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .

petroleum oils. the preferred grade is listed first. Gruvlok Xtreme™ Temperature Lubricant is required. Gasket recommendations apply only to Gruvlok gaskets. halogenated. and air contaminated with petroleum oils. vegetable oils. Where more than one gasket grade is shown. FM approved VdS and/or LPC symbols are Listed/Approved with EPDM material. gasket materials should be subjected to simulated service conditions to determine the most suitable gasket grade. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 23 PreViolet Lubricated APFH-4. EPDM and oils. Contact an Anvil Representative for recommendations for services not listed. hot air and some high temperature chemiGasket cal services. Selection of the optimum gasket grade for a specific service requires the consideration of many factors. All Gruvlok products marked with UL/ULC Listed. and continuity of service. please contact an Anvil Representative for more information. alkalies. The information supplied should be considered as a basis for evaluation but not as a guarantee. GASKET GRADE INDEX: STANDARD GASKETS Grade Temperature Range -40°F to +230°F (-40°C to 110°C) Compound Color Code General Service Applications Water. Excellent oxidation resistance. Unless otherwise noted. Combinations of fluids should be referred to an Anvil Rep. dilute acids. hydrocarbons and lubricants O L E Type A Silicone Red Dry.The lists are provided as an aid in selecting the optimum gasket grade for a specific application to assure the maximum service life. for an engineering evaluation and recommendation. and industry applications. primarily temperature. fluid concentration. all gasket recommendations are based on 100°F (38°C) maximum temperature service condition. NOT FOR USE WITH HYDROCARBONS Water. technical publications. and many Green chemical services not involving hydrocarbons. salts. In unusual or severe services. Red NOT FOR USE WITH HYDROCARBONS Petroleum products. For dry pipe systems. For other Listed/Approved materials. or gases. and many chemical services not involving hydrocarbons. hydraulic fluids. Excellent oxidation resistance. dilute acids. EPDM Green oils. or gases. alkalies. Wet & Dry (oil free air) Pipe in Fire Protection Systems. mineral Nitrile Orange oils. The recommendations have been developed from current information supplied by manufacturers of the elastomers. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Gasket Grade Index VLOK GRU .12 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. These listings do not apply to Gruvlok Butterfly Valves. salts. (Buna-N) NOT FOR USE IN HOT WATER SERVICES E EP T -40°F to +250°F (-40°C to 121°C) -20°F to +180°F (-29°C to 82°C) SPECIAL GASKETS Grade Temperature Range +20°F to +300°F (-20°C to 149°C) -40°F to +350°F (-40°C to 177°C) -40°F to +150°F (-40°C to 66°C) Compound Color Code Fluoro Elastomer Blue General Service Applications High temperature resistance to oxidizing acids.

PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Service Crude Oil .29.10" Hg 10" . -40°F to 350°F (-40°C to 177°C) Air. Unleaded* Hydraulic Oil JP-3. (no oil vapors) Temp. -20°F to 150°F (-29°C to 66°C) Air.12 . 24 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-4. Specify gasket grade when ordering. to 150°F (66°C) Motor Oil Tar and Tar Oil Transmission Fluid —Type A Turbo Oil #15 Diester Lubricant Gasket Grade T T T T (O) T T/O O T T T T O O Unless otherwise noted. Oil vapor Temp. Kerosene Lube Oil. Use Gruvlok lubricant on gasket. 20°F to 300°F (-7°C to 149°C) Water.200mm) Vacuum Level 0" .Sour Diesel Oil Fuel Oil Gasoline. 100°F (38°C) Maximum Temp. Acid Mine Water. Chlorine Water.GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Gasket Recommendation List & Vacuum Service GASKET RECOMMENDATION LISTING: WATER & AIR Service Air. (no oil vapors) Temp. -40°F to 230°F (-40°C to 110°C) Air. Oil vapor Temp. Deionized Water. contact an Anvil Representative for recommendation. Leaded Gasoline.12" (25 . *Contact an Anvil Representative for service evaluation. Temp to 150°F (66°C) Water.12" (40 . VACUUM SERVICE: VACUUM SERVICE Size 1" . Contact an Anvil Representative for an engineering evaluation and recommendation. For services not listed. Temp to 230°F (110°C) Water. Waste Water.300mm) 11⁄2" . Check gasket color code to be certain it is recommended for the service intended. Where the gasket grade is shown in parentheses. Seawater Water.9" Hg Gasket Recommendation Standard or Flush Gap Flush Gap LARGER SIZES: Contact an Anvil Representative for more information. Lime Gasket Grade E/EP L T O E/EP/T E E/T (E/EP/O) E/EP/T E/EP/T E/EP/T E/EP/T Where more than one gasket grade is shown the preferred gasket grade is listed first. all gasket listings are based upon 100°F (38°C) maximum temperature service conditions. JP-4 and JP-5 JP-6.

tasteless and odorless grease made from Silicone Oil and other ingredients that are safe to ingest. applications where increased pipe joint flexibility is needed. thereby eliminating water wash-out and it will not dry out in the absence of water. The temperature change will also force the gasket to slightly re-position itself. it can be used with EPDM. It is sanctioned by the FDA under C. There are five primary applications where the Xtreme Lubricant will provide increased benefits: low temperature applications below -20°F(-28. non-petroleum based oils to ease spreading of the lubricant.177. allowing a properly lubricated pipe end and gasket assembly to re-position itself during temperature cycles. as with the normal installation of a Gruvlok gasket.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 25 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.F. • In low temperature applications the gasket will shrink. It is NSF approved for use with potable water. Lubrication of the pipe end and gasket will help the gasket to adjust into the proper sealing position during temperature cycles.878 & 21. 21. transverse and rotational pipe movements. it is required that the gasket be lubricated not only on the outside. gasket chemical compatibility must still be considered. In applications where pipe movement is expected. • Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant is the only Gruvlok lubricant that is to be used with Gruvlok couplings and gaskets in HDPE and copper piping systems. APFH-12. and for the lubrication of gaskets on HDPE couplings. Gruvlok® XtremeTM Lubricant is a Teflon® fortified white. well exceeding the temperature range of Gruvlok gaskets. Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant will maintain its lubricating properties at higher temperatures. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Lubricants . proper lubrication of the gasket’s exterior assists the gasket into the proper sealing position as pipe system movement occurs. but also on the inside. It is not to be used with Silicone gaskets. to become more susceptible to leakage. It’s low temperature capability and lubricity ensure a highly reliable connection. • For high temperature service and copper systems.1550 (Incidental Food Contact). Do not use with CPVC Products. This will cause pipe end sealing surfaces. ®Teflon is a registered trademark of Dupont. with small cuts or damage. CAUTION: Silicone based lubricants are not allowed in some facilities.GRUVLOK® XTREMETM LUBRICANT Gruvlok® Xtreme™ Lubricant has been developed for use with Gruvlok couplings in services where improved lubrication is beneficial.8°C to 204°C). Since it is formulated from a non-hydro carbon base. lubrication of gaskets in copper systems. • The Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant has been formulated from low viscosity. Nitrile and Fluoroelastomer gasket materials. high temperature applications above 150°F (65. This is particularly important at higher temperatures where oxidizing agents in the piping system become more aggressive. The lubricant on the interior of the gasket will act to improve the chemical resistance of the gasket material by providing a thin lubricant barrier between the piping system fluid and the gasket surface.R. thereby lowering the sealing force on the gasket sealing lips. However.0°C). This lubricant is waterproof.172. This lubricant has an operating temperature range from -65°F to 400°F (-53. Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant will maintain its lubricating properties at lower temperatures allowing a properly lubricated pipe end and gasket (assembly) to reposition itself during temperature cycles.6°C). This lubricating film enhances our flexible coupling gasket’s ability to compensate for axial. Lubrication on the inside of the gasket is easily accomplished by turning the gasket inside out and applying the lubricant.

Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. CAUTION: Use of an Impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. and is NSF approved for use with potable water. The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened.8°C to 65. It is water-soluble.11 . It is NSF approved for use with potable water. The lubricant is made from a water emulsion that is non-toxic. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. 11 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 11⁄16 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 2 Specified Bolt Torque * Ft. The service temperature range for this lubricant is from 0° F to 150° F (-17. GRUVLOK® LUBRICANT Gruvlok® Lubricant is the standard lubricant that has been provided for use with Gruvlok products for years. and does not support bacterial growth. 30-45 80-100 100-130 130-180 180-220 200-250 225-275 250-300 * Non-lubricated bolt torques * Non-lubricated bolt torques ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Lubricants Continued GRUVLOK® QUICK DRY LUBRICANT Gruvlok® Quick Dry Lubricant is a fast drying lubricant that has been developed for applications where the piping system is exposed. however. battery strength and operational variations. lower bend load capabilities. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. Do not thin or mix with solvents. NOTE: Use specified bolt torque unless otherwise indicated on product installation pages. 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 11⁄4 26 METRIC SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Size mm M10 M12 M16 M20 M22 M24 Wrench Size mm 16 22 24 30 34 36 Specified Bolt Torque * N-m 40-60 110-150 135-175 175-245 245-300 270-340 Wrench Size In. ANSI SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Size In. non-flammable. the Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant and Gruvlok Quick Dry Lubricant are now available to improve the performance of the couplings and flanges in certain applications.6°C) and may be used with all Gruvlok gasket material grades. non-flammable. This lubricant is acceptable for most applications. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. it will not impart taste or odor. CAUTION: HDPE pipe requires the use of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant and should not be used with Gruvlok Lubricant. Gruvlok Lubricant is water soluble. non-corrosive.-Lbs. The quick drying quality of the lubricant eliminates lubricant drips caused by over lubrication. non-toxic. If necessary. reapply lubricant prior to assembly. This lubricant is easy to apply by brush or hand. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Specified Bolt Torque Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts used on Gruvlok couplings and flanges. Gruvlok Quick Dry Lubricant is non-corrosive. and it quickly dries to a thin film when in contact with air. and will not impart taste or odor.

To create a Gruvlok pipe joint, all pipe must be prepared to receive Gruvlok coupling or other Gruvlok pipe system components. The required pipe preparation may be grooving or cleaning the pipe ends, or cutting a hole in the pipe wall. For grooved-end joints, pipe may be grooved by either of two methods; cut or roll grooving. Branch outlet connections require a properly sized and correctly located hole to be cut into the pipe. Sock-it connections require cleaning of the pipe end. Gruvlok plain-end pipe couplings require that the pipe be free of burrs and other sharp projections which could damage the gasket; grooving is not required. Gruvlok pipe grooving and hole cutting machines are available in a wide variety of designs to meet specific or general requirements. Gruvlok roll grooving machines produce a groove to proper dimensional tolerances, concentric with the pipe O.D., even on out-of-round pipe. Gruvlok hole cutting tools properly center holes for correct assembly of Gruvlok branch outlet components.

Cut-Grooving:
Cut grooving is intended for use with standard and heavier wall pipe. Cut grooving produces a groove in the pipe wall by removing metal from the pipe O.D. The groove removes less than one half of the pipe wall and does not cut as deeply into the pipe wall as do standard pipe threads. The square cut edge of the groove allows for the full expansion, Depth of Cut Groove contraction, and deflection capabilities vs. Thread of the Gruvlok coupling.

Cut Grooving

Volume of Metal Removed Cut Groove vs. Threaded

Roll-Grooving:
Roll grooving does not remove metal. Instead, metal is displaced while a groove is formed into the outer surface of the pipe wall. The groove configuration has slightly rounded edges resulting in a less flexible joint than a cut groove joint. This reduces available pipe joint movement by 50% over cut grooved coupling joints. Roll grooving is commonly used on a wide range of pipe thicknesses up to 0.375" wall steel pipe and sizes to 24" O.D.

Roll Grooving

Roll Groove Cut Groove The I.D. “dimple" formed from roll grooving reduces the I.D. (on an average) less than 2%.

Available Movement Roll Groove vs. Cut Groove

APFH-12.11

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Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Data Installation Contents

GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Pipe Preparation

GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Pipe Preparation Continued
Branch Outlet Pipe: Clamp-T®
A

5⁄8"

Clamp-T installations require the cutting of a hole through the pipe wall. The hole must be properly sized and located on the centerline of the pipe to assure reliable performance of the Clamp-T gaskets. After the hole has been cut into the pipe wall, any burrs and sharp or rough edges must be removed from the hole. The outside pipe surfaces within 5/8" of the hole must be clean and smooth. Any scale, projections or indentation which might effect the gasket sealing on the pipe must be removed. The surface around the entire circumference of the pipe within the “A” dimension in the charts must be free from dirt, scale, or projections which might effect the proper assembly of the Clamp-T.

CLAMP-T INSTALLATION
Branch Size
DN/mm
1

Hole Dimensions Surface Hole Max. Perm. Prep. Saw Size Diameter “A”
In./mm In./mm In./mm

⁄2, 3⁄4, 1
32, 40

11⁄2
38.1

15⁄8
41.3

31⁄2
88.9

15, 20, 25

11⁄4, 11⁄2 2
50

2
50.8

21⁄8
54.0

4
101.6

21⁄2
63.5

25⁄8
66.7

41⁄2
114.3

21⁄2
65

23⁄4
69.9

27⁄8
73.0

43⁄4
120.7

3
80

3 ⁄2
88.9

1

3 ⁄8
92.1

5

51⁄2
139.7

4
100

41⁄2
114.3

45⁄8
117.5

61⁄2
165.1

Roughneck®:
Plain-End pipe for use with Fig. 7005 Roughneck Couplings must be free of any notches, bumps, weld bead, score marks, etc. for at least 11/2" (38 mm) back from the pipe end to provide a smooth sealing surface for the gasket. Pipe ends (plain or beveled end) must be square cut as measured from a true square line with the maximum allowable tolerance as follows: 0.030" (0.7 mm) for 2" through 3"; 0.045 (1.1 mm) for 4" through 6"; and 0.060" (1.5 mm) for 8" sizes. The nominal outside diameter of pipe should not vary more than ±1% for sizes up to 21/2", +1%-1/32" for sizes 3"-5"; +1/16"-1/32" for sizes 6" and larger. Pipe ends must be marked a distance of 1" from the pipe end for Sizes 2"-4" and 11/4" from the pipe end for Sizes 5"-8" as a guide for centering of the gasket on the pipe ends.

28

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

APFH-12.11

Sock-It®:
For Sock-It Fittings, the pipe ends must be square cut as measured from a true square line.

PIPE TOLERANCES
Min. XL Min. O.D. O.D.
In./mm In./mm

Schedule 10 & 40 The maximum allowable tolerance is 0.030" Size (0.76mm) for all sizes. Any sharp edges, burrs, Nom O.D. Max. O.D. etc. left on the pipe from cutting must be In./mm removed. If these are not removed, they may DN/mm In./mm 1 1.315 1.325 damage the gasket as the pipe is inserted into 25 33.4 33.6 the Sock-It Fitting. 11⁄4 1.660 1.670 After cutting, pipe ends must be completely 32 42.2 42.4 cleaned a minimum of 1" (25.4mm) back from 11⁄2 1.900 1.910 the pipe end to remove all pipe coating, weld 40 48.3 48.5 beads, rust, sharp projections, etc., which 2 2.375 2.385 might effect gasket sealing integrity.
50 65 60.3 73.0 60.6 73.8 NOTE: When Allied XL pipe is used it is necessary only to remove sharp edges and burrs at the end of the pipe. No additional cleaning is required.

1.295
32.9

1.285
32.6

1.642
41.7

1.630
41.4

1.882
47.8

1.875
47.6

2.357
59.9

2.352
59.7

21⁄2

2.875

2.904

2.846
72.3

2.837
72.1

ACCEPTABLE PIPE END CONFIGURATION
Remove Burr & Sharp Edge

1⁄32"

to 1⁄16" 30 or 45

3⁄16"

Max.

Square cut pipe with O.D. burr & sharp edge removed is preferred configuration.

Beveled pipe. Bevel not to exceed 1⁄16".

Soft pipe when roll cut may be swaged inward. Swaged portion not to exceed 3⁄16"

UNACCEPTABLE

Excessive chamfer on I.D. will tend to cut gasket during assembly.

Abrasive wheels & saws leave edge burrs especially pronounced on one side.

Dull wheel cutter produces a raised ridge at the pipe O.D. giving an oversize diameter.

The sharp O.D. edge left by different methods of cutting pipe must be removed. If this sharp edge is not removed, it may damage the gasket as the pipe is inserted into the Sock-It Fitting.

APFH-12.11

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

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Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Data Installation Contents

GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Pipe Preparation Continued

Groove width (Dimension B) is to be measured between vertical flank of the groove size walls. COLUMN 3 .Gasket seat must be free from scores.D.50mm for sizes 200mm and above. rust or scale which may interfere with proper sealing of the gasket. Gasket seat width (Dimension A) is to be measured from the pipe end to the vertical flank in the groove wall. ▼ “A” tolerance +0. COLUMN 7 . Failure to do so may result in damage to the roll grooving machine and unacceptable roll grooves may be produced. see the Technical Data/Install Instructions section on Anvil’s web site .Maximum allowable pipe end flare diameter.045" for 4" thru 6".D.IPS outside diameter. COLUMN 6 . chips. Out of roundness: Difference between maximum O. and ID prior to roll grooving. Seams must be ground flush with the pipe O. and 0. measured from a true square line. Failure to do so may result in damage to the roll grooving machine and unacceptable roll grooves may be produced. COLUMN 2 .The groove must be of uniform depth around the entire pipe circumference.Groove depth: for reference only. measured at 90° must not exceed total O.Minimum allowable wall thickness which may be roll grooved.060" for sizes 8" and above measured from a true square line.03" for 1" thru 31⁄2". the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0. and ID prior to roll grooving.com 30 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Beveled-End Pipe in conformance with ANSI B16. For IPS pipe. COLUMN 4 . (See column 6).75mm for sizes 25mm-80mm.D.060" (+0. Nominal ISO Pipe size. 0.Roll Grooving Approval Specifications. however square cut is preferred.www. Weld Seams must be ground flush with the pipe O.77 / -1. Measured at the most extreme pipe end diameter of the gasket seat area.54 mm) NOTE: VdS . and minimum O. the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0. and 1. COLUMN 8 .030" / -0. tolerance listed (reference column 2).D. Groove must conform to the groove diameter “C” listed in column 5.anvilintl.25 (371⁄2°) is acceptable.11 . COLUMN 5 .D.ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS A B T Flare OD C D COLUMN 1 . For ISO size pipe. seams. 1.Nominal IPS Pipe size. ISO outside diameter.15mm for sizes 100mm-150mm.

031 0.000 +0.076 In.600 139.53 -0.1 +1.3 5.000 +0.8 167.020 0.60 +1.98 0.15 69.845 -In.7 30 O.9 8 200 8.79 15. 4.8 0.42 +0.770 45.625 +0.093 -0.625 1./mm In.160 461.11 0.031 0. 30.46 1.063 -0. ±0./mm 1.625 +0.89 +1.900 +0.022 -0. 20.938 16 O.344 0.750 +0.88 0.23 38.13 0.344 -0.13 -0.078 0.70 15.920 328.625 1.11 0.029 0.344 129.085 2.40 44.019 -0.1 323.D.05 19.625 8.46 -0.77 2.35 2.77 2.750 +0.500 23.625 8.063 0.60 +1.0 12.D.063 -0.344 6.37 6.000 +0.44 600.0 609.660 +0.134 3.500 +1.48 -0.48 -0.000 +0.76 -0.000 24 O.165 4.0 +1. Only) Wall Thick Dia.4 10.083 2.88 6 6.88 15.625 8.350 133.38 -0.730 170.76 -0.024 0.7 139.109 135.11 0.018 In.100 358.45 8.625 125 61⁄4 O.031 15.031 15.022 2.015 0.022 0.3 11⁄4 32 0.045 -0.469 15.1 273.4 457.56 2.031 0.065 1.063 2.920 277.8 5.86 749.3 60.019 0.028 -0.781 -0.625 88.2 48.76 -0.042 -0.0 11⁄2 40 0.91 11.109 0.D.000 +0.076 2.344 4.93 3.48 +0.79 -0.156 4.88 3.063 -0.030 1 25 1.46 -0.96 214.875 +0.344 8.14 0.60 +1.030 -0.88 0. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK STANDARD ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATION FOR STEEL & OTHER IPS OR ISO SIZE PIPE .344 154.04 400. “A” “B” “C” “C” Tol.D.38 -0.74 0. 16.500 +1.781 -0.79 -0.5 24.84 451.79 -0.88 0.996 +0.76 In.30 -0.660 143.79 15.063 2.084 6.656 -0.980 75. 18.172 0.015 0.500 -0.05 19.91 12.8 8.000 20 O.020 -0.1 0.083 2.0 +1.031 15.79 -0.74 +0.375 +0.D.063 -0.063 -0.7 3.74 163.7 1.480 63.2 16.16 0.469 13.14 0.79 -0.031 0./DN(mm) -2O.109 0.1 3 80 76.065 1.74 0.16 2.250 +0.83 23.344 3.74 -0.88 19.156 4.74 0.1 0.7 3.024 -0.9 5.09 2.38 -0.063 1.88 15.469 19.0 609.93 0. Max.078 84.D.0 +1.9 101.1 +0.334 -0.535 -0.750 12.D. 24.031 1.334 -0.8 0.563 +0.625 0.88 15.02 +0. 0.218 5.015 0./mm 33.05 23.91 11.109 161.035 -0.344 8.000 0.79 0.531 -0.063 -0.D.750 0.88 15.063 1.000 Flare (Ref.74 0.236 5.-1Nom.250 APFH-12.190 -0.8 0.250 -0.031 0.60 1.3 0.083 0.083 2.8 0.29 350.0 0.51 2.60 +1.6 762.1 0.77 4.88 8.D.0 14.60 1.031 1.030 0.350 108.084 5.015 0.031 0.063 -0.109 142.76 ±0.720 -0.344 110.88 0.1 0.2 14 O.69 -0.2 5.500 +0.109 110.281 7.500 +0.76 -0.61 -0.016 0.029 -0.64 -0.0 133.4 31⁄2 90 41⁄4 O.600 91.8 6.083 8.031 1.031 15.065 1.063 +0.91 11.76 -0.79 -0.88 0.39 2.51 2.600 116.4 42.4 457. 114.625 0.625 100 51⁄4 O.281 7.1 4.9 355.065 1.79 -0.1 0.344 137.100 408.031 1.625 8.625 In.83 25.469 10.61 +0.74 72.063 -0.56 -0.1 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 31 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.109 0.030 0.165 4.055 -0./mm In.441 -0.73 -0.0 108.88 15.D.98 2.27 318.9 0.32 -0.000 +0.14 +0. 14.07 -0.74 135. ±0.60 +1.084 -0.4 12 300 355.625 29.834 -0.469 17.344 8.38 -0.08 5.38 4.D.020 1.24 0. 141.35 30.625 8.34 2.063 -0.56 -0.020 0.76 1.083 4.79 -0.74 0.029 -0.0 21⁄2 65 3 O.41 -0.188 4.469 11.79 15.025 0.094 0.03 6.6 406.430 36.100 76.5 4.030/ Actual +0.3 219.109 2.109 2.781 -0./mm +In.60 -0.315 +0.1 78.010 51.1 0.91 11.750▼ 0.71 +0.600 165.083 2.40 25.91 11.083 2. Pipe Size Actual In.5 10 250 0.77 2.938 18 O.91 11.1 2 50 0.000 +0.7 +1.60 2.36 -0.109 2.088 2.350 159.60 +1.8 20.775 -0.334 -0.74 0.6 406.030/ ±0.79 -0.60 -0.64 502.160 512.40 268.031 0.2 508.7 2.781 -0.469 12.3 6.40 -0.6 762.88 5 5.7 2.083 2.3 73.79 -0.74 0.60 +1.030 0.109 0.200 614.084 8.79 -0./mm -In.259 6.250 6.74 +0.74 103.40 25.88 0./mm 30.60 1.09 57.200 761.085 8.344 8.74 0.11 0.14 1.020 2.51 1.38 -0.030 0.562 -0.60 2.395 -0.027 0.79 -0.0 159.022 0.8 0.092 0.0 2.3 6.031 0.79 15./mm 15.063 -0. Tolerance -3-4-5-6-7-8“T” Min.1 165.56 2.51 -0. 61⁄2 O./mm -0.031 0.031 15.625 2.455 -0.99 45./mm In.056 -0.625 150 168.052 +0.60 +1.7 1. 51⁄2 O.018 0.6 4.77 2.1 0.51 -0.0 +1.015 0.100 104.344 5.750 10.D.11 0.88 4 4.2 508.79 -0.030 0.26 -0.018 0.625 2.94 97. “D” Allow.800 223.79 -0.109 0.6 6.74 160.60 1.76 -0.083 2.281 7.76 15.031 0.030 0.88 -0.040 -0.2 18.D.

1. Not to be used with End Guard gaskets. 0. chips. For IPS pipe. Groove must conform to the groove diameter “C” listed in column 5.060" for sizes 8" and above measured from a true square line.Nominal IPS Pipe size.CUT GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS A B T OD C D COLUMN 1 . ▼ “A” tolerance +0. measured from a true square line.15mm for sizes 100mm-150mm.The groove must be of uniform depth around the entire pipe circumference.Groove depth: for reference only. and minimum O.25 (371⁄2°) is acceptable. COLUMN 5 .030" / -0. ISO outside diameter. rust or scale which may interfere with proper coupling assembly. the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0. and 1.75mm for sizes 25mm-80mm. the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0. Out of roundness: Difference between maximum O.Gasket seat must be free from scores. COLUMN 2 .03" for 1" thru 31⁄2". COLUMN 3 & 4 . For ISO size pipe.060" (+0. COLUMN 7 .77 / -1. (See column 6). Nominal ISO Pipe size. COLUMN 6 .045" for 4" thru 6".Minimum allowable wall thickness which may be cut grooved. measured at 90° must not exceed total O.D.11 .50mm for sizes 200mm and above. however square cut is preferred. Beveled-End Pipe in conformance with ANSI B16.D.54 mm) 32 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. seams.IPS outside diameter. tolerance listed (reference column 2). and 0.D.

79 -0.437 11.1 273.083 2. “T” In.625 15.188 4.625 +0.031 10.022 2.46 -0.029 76.312 7.031 16 O.15 -0.8 0.60 +0.030 ±0.078 2.0 4.219 165.027 12.312 2.188 4.D.56 6.315 +0.000 25.031 0.3 0.109 2.9 1.D.70 0.56 -0.30 0.312 7.250 +0.334 -0.60 +1.000 +0.60 -0.015 -0.625 15.0 0.594 -0. 31.3 73.0 762.500 +1.8 0.8 0.018 -0. 4.000 +0.23 -0.875 +0.172 4.190 30.79 6.76 3.781 -0.45 0.500 12.063 -0.455 -0.88 0. 30.6 733.063 -0.09 2.29 350.083 0.312 7.750▼ 0.56 -0.8 0.0 609.8 0.031 24 O.781 -0.51 -0.51 4.031 114.9 1.40 0.88 0.53 0.79 5.2 0.53 0.9 0.08 5.6 406.36 -0.312 7.187 4.063 -0.02 +0.085 6.625 15.031 88.203 5.062 1.13 5.250 31.40 -0.76 -0.084 -0.76 +0. 2.D.6 8 200 8.031 30 I.140 3.48 2.500 12.250 57.69 -0.38 0.062 1.27 318.9 21⁄2 65 3 O.53 0.92 0.D.9 0.031 108.07 -0.656 -0.500 749.88 0.4 0.375 135. “C” Seat “A” Width “B” Groove Allow. 15. 159.03 6.063 -0.60 +1.437 11.375 +0.019 48.83 0.055 -0./mm In.084 -0.6 0.D.30 0.26 3.015 -0.030 29.500 12.6 11⁄2 40 2 50 0.062 1.79 -0.8 0.203 5.D.024 -0.938 23.4 11⁄4 32 1.88 7.063 -0.1 0.2 0.8 0.53 0.1 3 80 15.031 30 O.60 2./mm In.031 15.500 12.88 0.3 5.60 +1.625 15.031 12.3 0.000 (Ref.70 0.531 -0.53 6.4 0.030 19.60 +1.79 -0.3 219.74 +0.76 -0.375 103.96 -0.6 0.92 1.9 1.3 +0. 24.60 +1.61 +0.063 -0.09 -0.625 15.500 12.92 0.5 1.4 0. IPS Pipe Size Actual In.1 0.4 0.D.063 -0.1 0.022 163.6 4.79 -0.078 2.084 2.092 2.312 7.030 15.D.1 +0.92 1.375 154.500 12.70 0.76 -0.2 5.92 1.88 0.015 -0./mm In.030 23.312 7.045 -0.076 0.7 0.063 -0.88 0.000 +0.062 1.79 -0.75 44.76 -0.51 -0.1 0.029 -0.018 0.900 +0.030 -0.11 0.76 -0.562 -0.063 -0.7 5 125 61⁄4 O.79 -0.73 -0.625 15.028 -0.38 4. Only) Thick.250 6.334 -0.6 406.05 0.625 15.40 268.64 -0.64 502.030 13.71 +0.53 0.-1Nom.2 0.018 -0.022 137.79 -0.2 0.60 +1.10 8.775 45.875 +0.79 0.53 0.249 159.60 +1.500 +0.625 15.88 -0.1 0.D.D.88 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 33 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.000 0.88 0.219 5.1 6 150 165.8 0./mm -In.76 -0.030 28.000 25.60 +1.312 7.625 +0./mm 1 25 1.60 0.92 0.109 2.084 -0.53 160.024 60.031 1.535 38.236 +1.99 -0.94 -0.563 +0.1 1.D.4 457.3 6.781 -0.441 214.031 141.0 609.031 15.531 -0.063 -0.188 76.6 0.1 323.500 +0.40 0.8 31⁄2 90 41⁄4 O. 133.04 400.0 APFH-12.031 0.D.53 0. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK STANDARD CUT GROOVE SPECIFICATION FOR STEEL & OTHER IPS OR ISO SIZE PIPE .46 1.154 3.500 12.020 2.2 508.203 108.79 -0.625 9.79 -0.70 10.133 3.0 51⁄2 O.40 0.7 0.022 2.030 0.085 2.093 762.750 19.32 +0.563 14.063 -0.395 -0.063 1.4 787.030 Tol.375 9.2 0.625 9. 28./mm -In.61 -0.51 -0.344 84.46 -0.4 457.063 -0.279 7.750 +0.44 600.30 0.375 9.109 2.056 -0.563 14.334 -0.05 0.0 +1.031 28 I.92 72.000 +0.031 0.D. Depth “D” Wall Actual ±0.48 -0.1 14 O.238 6.60 +1.031 168.015 -0.79 -0.D.38 0.109 2.312 7.35 0.000 25.38 -0.79 4.203 5.996 +0.48 -0.4 12 300 355.70 0.88 0.88 0.375 9.40 0./DN(mm) In.015 33.025 -0.88 0.016 1.0 2.203 139./mm In.031 18 O.88 0.88 9.020 0.660 +0.79 -0.750 19.500 +1.79 -0.625 15. 14.92 0.7 +1.2 +0.076 5.312 7.51 5.625 15.0 61⁄2 O.2 508.781 -0.0 4 100 51⁄4 O.88 0.76 0.031 15.0 6.172 4.1 +1.38 0.D.76 -0.052 -0.625 15.020 1.88 0.281 7. 20.312 7.000 +0.040 -0.020 -0.000 +0.750 +0.6 0.083 5.2 0.09 2.203 133.4 +1.083 2.79 -0.86 724.019 -0./mm -2O.938 23.2 0. Tolerance +In.79 -0.70 0.9 355. 18./mm -3-4-5-6-7Gasket Groove Groove Diameter Actual Min.030 17.625 15.69 777.094 2.109 2.89 +1.035 -0.4 787.74 -0.0 5.88 0.2 0. 16.56 2.1 0.88 0.625 9.83 0.84 451. 139.625 0.88 0.375 3.60 +1.088 5.76 ±0.625 0.4 42.029 -0.750 19.042 -0.845 -0.6 0.1 10 250 0.000 +0.259 +1.720 69.9 101.76 -0.063 -0.000 25.625 9.38 -0.42 +0.020 110.05 0.834 97.625 15.79 -0.79 15.6 733.14 +0.375 9.79 -0.250 6. ±0.74 -0.375 129.41 0.031 20 O.030 30.145 3.

27 14.37 15.64 -0.563 +0.010 0.38 6.56 -0. Only) Thick.020 0.029 -0.CUT GROOVE END GUARD® SPECIFICATIONS A B T OD C D End Guard (EG) cut groove is designed for standard or heavier wall thickness pipe to be joined by HPR 7004 EG couplings.562 -0.1 10 10.441 -0./mm Tol.48 7.46 -0.48 6. “D” “T” In.46 -0.031 0.714 +0.48 6.400 -0. Actual (+0.094 12 12.61 +0.79 -0.500 +0.015 0.15 69.035 -0.37 15.031 0.255 -0.75 7.60 +1.062 60.1 2.6 2.1 323.025 0.8 4 100 0.010 12.8 0.031 0.625 +0.010) -In.42 +1.714 +0.024 0.344 -0.030 0.74 +0.29 0.79 -0.305 -0.14 18.084 6.255 -0.69 -0./mm 2 50 2.750 +0.38 0.250 -0./mm -In.015 0.74 -0.79 -0.3 219.0 88.1 273.109 *Refer to additional notes on page 32.010 0.79 14.083 5.89 +1.015 0.092 -0.714 +0.305 -0.14 +1.3 168.6 8 200 250 300 0. END GUARD (EG) CUT GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS* -1Nom.154 4.3 73.024 -0.0 21⁄2 65 2.13 -0.031 0.75 7./mm -3Gasket Seat “A” -4Groove Width “B” -5Groove Diameter “C” Tol.61 -0.27 15.031 0.4 2.4 0.25 0.38 0.255 -0.063 -0.562 +0.063 -0.015 0.0 2.16 -0.203 5.16 10.010 8.022 0./mm In.203 5. Gruvlok EG fittings are grooved in accordance with these dimensions.018 0.605 +0./mm -6- -7- Actual Tol.03 163.031 0.005 4./mm In.8 3 80 0.018 0./mm In.1 2.60 +1.38 -0. Depth Wall (Ref.254 214.+/.60 +1.37 18.13 57.005 2.79 -0.14 0.400 -0.029 0.625 +0.51 -0. In.015 0.219 5.40 -0.3 2.005 3.13 -0.38 0.27 318.400 -0.60 -0.09 84.16 10.13 -0.305 -0.79 -0.25 268.395 -0.3 141.005 2.455 -0.2 2.562 +0./mm -2Pipe Outside Diameter Tolerance +In.9 114.250 6. Groove Allow.08 137.25 0.078 4.13 -0.015 0.500 +0.027 0.031 0.238 6.188 4.1 34 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.13 -0.063 -0./DN(mm) In.2 5 125 0.75 10.078 3. 0.14 18.010 0.063 -0.2 6 150 0.015 0.38 0.279 7.25 -0.605 +0.531 -0.334 -0.605 +0.056 -0.Actual In.750 +0.11 .56 -0.005 5.720 -0.022 0.045 -0.010 10.76 1.27 14.375 +0.94 110.005 6.085 8./mm In.875 +0. IPS Pipe Size Actual In.188 4.96 -0.38 0.9 +0./mm Min.25 0.0 2.79 -0.562 +0.

020 6.61 +0.15 69.084 6.024 0.38 0.020 0.083 2.375 +0.26 +18.14 +1.46 -0./mm In.51 -0.49 +15.750 +0./mm Min.022 0.60 +1.455 -0.045 -0.031 0.3 219.51 -0.1 323.063 -0.61 -0.1 4 100 0.1 3 80 0.60 -0.750 +0.51 -0.344 -0. Depth Wall (Ref./mm In.96 214.109 *Refer to additional notes on page 32.031 0.020 8.025 0.7 21⁄2 65 2.078 4.610 -0.035 -0.03 163.62 9./DN(mm) In.0 2.79 -0.49 +18.49 +15.Actual In.020 12.875 +0. Actual (+0.79 -0.015 3.020 0.26 -0.300 +0.51 0.1 2.35 6.1 2.027 0.109 2.53 +14.063 -0.51 -0. Groove Allow.625 +0.51 6.029 0.ROLL GROOVE END GUARD® SPECIFICATIONS A B T C D End Guard (EG) roll groove is designed for lightwall pipe to be joined by HPR 7004 EG couplings.8 10 10.085 8.46 -0.015 2./mm -2Pipe Outside Diameter Tolerance +In.35 7.9 114.60 +1.020 0.572 -0.083 2.610 -0.53 +15.030 0.024 -0.109 2.078 3.08 137.395 -0.29 -0.56 -0.063 -0.4 0.51 -0.91 9.91 9.300 +0.022 0.018 0./mm -6- -7- Actual Tol. END GUARD (EG) ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS* -1Nom.572 -0.020 0.300 +0.390 +0. Data Installation Contents Flare OD .9 +0.74 -0.031 0./mm -3Gasket Seat “A” -4Groove Width “B” -5Groove Diameter “C” Tol.020 0.062 60.42 +1.015 0.625 +0.8 0.51 57.38 -0.020 0.572 -0.0 APFH-12.250 +0.64 -0.020 0.51 0./mm In.015 2.719 -0.020 0.719 -0.27 318.79 -0.79 -0.500 +0.563 +0.69 -0.89 +1.09 84.79 +14.029 -0.51 -0./mm Tol.79 -0.40 268.531 -0.018 0. Only) Thick.1 5 125 0. In.562 -0.134 3.109 2.2 2.720 -0.76 1.390 +0.94 110.1 273.010) -In.250 +0.51 0.26 +18./mm 2 50 2.38 0.53 +14.334 -0.083 2.250 -0.390 +0.020 10.020 4.3 73.031 0.156 4./mm -In.6 2.056 -0.51 0.031 0. 0.51 -0.62 7.250 +0. IPS Pipe Size Actual In.0 2.51 0.031 0.38 0.91 0.610 -0.031 0.092 0.51 -0.020 0.094 12 12. “D” “T” In.020 5.065 1.8 6 150 0.3 168.+/.8 8 200 250 300 0.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 35 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.60 +1.063 -0./mm In.3 2.74 +0.441 -0.79 -0.35 6.51 -0.719 -0.020 0.0 88.62 7.083 5.3 141.4 2.56 -0.500 +0.

COLUMN 6 . (See column 7).The groove must be of uniform depth around the entire tubing circumference. seams.Maximum allowable end flare diameter. COLUMN 4 .Gasket seat and groove must be free from scores. COLUMN 5 . M and DWV copper tubing COLUMN 1 . 36 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. COLUMN 3 . COLUMN 8 .11 .GRUVLOK® ADVANCED COPPER METHOD (IPS) Copper Prep Specifications D A B T Connection Diameter Tub e O. COLUMN 9 .D. chips.Outside diameter of copper tubing in accordance with ASTM B 88.Groove width is to be measured between vertical flank of the groove size walls. Measured at the most extreme tubing end diameter of the gasket seat area. rust or scale which may interfere with proper coupling assembly. COLUMN 7 .Minimum allowable copper tube wall thickness which may be prepared to Gruvlok Copper-Prep specifications. Groove must conform to the groove diameter “C” listed in column 6.Outside diameter of Copper Prep roll grooved copper tubing. L. C Gruvlok copper prep roll groove specifications for Types K.Groove depth: for reference only.Nominal ASTM B 88 copper tubing size. COLUMN 2 .

250 -0./mm +In.05 0.002 3.74 8.002 6.030" for 2" thru 3".002 5.46 2 50 65 2. and minimum O.031 0.05 0.002 2.09 84.51 170.625 0.035 0.625 0.015 0./mm In.98 2.11 2.063 0.46 -0.625 0.056 0.576 0.045" for 4" thru 6". In.60 110.002 2.74 57.77 ± ./mm In.88 19.-8Gasket Groove Tube End Groove Allow Nom.719 8.344 6.66 221.90 0.60 0.078 DWV 3. The maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0.719 11. 0. Connection Dia.79 15.05 141.13 2.025 0.77 Tubing Outside Dia. Flare Dia.375 0.469 8.084 DWV 5.74 8.33 1.395 -0.65 75.059 2.125 0.64 6 150 8 200 NOTES: Out of roundness: Difference between maximum O.56 4 100 5 125 5./mm –In./mm In.74 8.10 219.083 DWV 4.045 0.031 0.625 0.91 214.23 90.002 0./DN(mm) In.045 0.79 0.125 0.500 0.031 0./mm In.79 0.031 0.566 4.092 DWV 8.46 -1- -2- -9Max.58 116.029 0. and 0.720 -0.03 0.05 168.40 -0.0 66.063 0.125 0.03 -0.344 3.34 1.51 137.4 104.500 0.344 2.077 0.344 4.60 1.018 0.94 -0.D.74 88. Seat Width Diameter “C” Groove Wall Tubing A B Depth D Thick Size Actual Tolerance Actual Tolerance ± .27 1.004 8.05 60.031 0.42 0.065 2.625 0.14 73.88 15.962 3 80 3.74 8./mm +In.05 0.88 15.334 -0. In.125 0.344 5.002 0. (Ref.89 0.GRUVLOK COPPER PREP SPECIFICATIONS -3-4-5-6-7.020 0.625 0.625 0.96 1.D.05 0.2 155.05 0./mm 8.030 ± .063 0.002 0.05 114.7 79./mm –In.125 0./mm 1.018 0./mm –In.022 0.15 1.002 0./mm In.381 69.14 0.08 1.002 0.002 0.8 130.022 0.96 -0.50 62.05 0.060" for 8" measured from a true square line.05 21⁄2 2.79 0.88 15.125 0.56 163.750 0.05 0.650 6.024 0.79 0.625 0.085 DWV 6.30 1.28 1.05 0.16 2.15 -0. measured at 90° must not exceed tolerance listed.441 -0.23 143.029 0.002 4. Data Installation Contents .625 0.447 54.05 0.455 -0.562 0.88 15.6 206.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 37 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Only) T +0.344 2.002 0.875 0. APFH-12.000 ± .74 8./mm In.61 0.030 Actual Tol.4 0.08 -0.344 -0.88 15.74 0.

6 4.220 158.10 6.002 8.6 4.DWV (Drain.Gasket seat must be free from scores. Allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0. roll marks.053 1.05 0.002 0.6 3.Groove width is to be free from chips.004 206. Max.05 0.05 0. Size In.51 0. COLUMN 8 . Wall Flare “T” Diam.08 -0. Tolerance Depth Actual +/– 0.3 1.002 0.4 2. the groove diameter must conform to column 5.05 0.6 7.220 1.002 66.51 0.300 7.300 7.5 0.045"/1.14 -0. “C” “A” “B” Groove +/– 0.2 1.025 76.4 0.05 6. indentations.05 0.6 5.51 0.125 0./mm -7- -8- Min./mm – In. grease and dirt which may interfere with gasket sealing.020 -0.300 7.Outside diameter of copper tubing per ASTM B88. COLUMN 7 .11 .020 -0./mm In.5 0.8 4.Nominal tubing size ASTM B88 COLUMN 2 .5 0.Groove diameter must be of uniform depth for the entire circumference of the tubing.999 126.610 15.065 2.5 0.002 130.610 15.125 0.002 0.0 0.76mm for sizes 2"-3".050 1.058 2.020 -0.51 0.125 0.7 0.000 “D” In. etc.5 0.959 202.8 COLUMN 1 .51 -0.3 DWV DWV DWV DWV DWV 3.16 -0.76mm +0.05 0.03/–0.4 0.002 54.063 1.048 0.030"/0.1 8.05 0.002 104. COLUMN 6 .220 208. See column 6. 38 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.51 0.05 0.05 0.050 0. 0.300 7.019 102.76/–0.610 15./mm In. COLUMN 4 ./mm In.05 0.002 79.029 51.05 0.5 0.7 69.6 0. COLUMN 5 .610 15.00 in.625 0.999 152. dirt.GRUVLOK® CTS COPPER SYSTEM Roll Groove Specifications A B T Flare OD C D GRUVLOK CTS COPPER SYSTEM – ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS -1Nom./mm In.37 -0.0 0.002 0.053 1. In.125 0.Maximum flare diameter is the OD at the most extreme tubing diameter.Groove depth is for reference only.51 0.3 0.6 2.525 64.125 0.54 -0.14mm for sizes 4-8" COLUMN 3 .1 3.300 7.002 0.05 155./mm + In.5 0.220 81./mm 2 2 ⁄2 3 4 5 6 8 1 2.3 4.610 15.97 5.300 7.610 15.083 2. Waste and Vent Piping) per ASTM B306.125 0.2 0.6 0.220 107.6 56.020 -0.610 15.002 0.300 7.00mm +0.220 132. +0.720 1.020 -0./mm – In.2 5. which may interfere with proper coupling assembly.8 0.84 -0.6 0.002 0.03 in.6 2. -2Tubing Outside Diameter Actual Tolerance -3-4-5-6Gasket Seat Groove Width Groove Diameter Nom.020 -0./mm In.020 -0.

Therefore. groove.31⁄2" 4" . without introducing eccentric loads into the coupling joint. 7010 are the flexible couplings provided in the Gruvlok product line. 7004 HPR are designed to provide a joint with the attributes of a welded or flanged connection. The values account for pipe. The amount of angular flexibility varies for each coupling size and type. FLEXIBLE COUPLINGS Figs. The maximum available angular movement of Gruvlok flexible couplings on roll groove joints is shown in the performance data for each coupling. these joints would remain in strict alignment and would resist deflection and linear movement during service. Fig. ANGULAR MOVEMENT: FLEXIBLE COUPLING ANGULAR MOVEMENT Designed-in clearances allow limited deflection of the pipe joint within the coupling. 7400. Data Installation Contents DESIGN FACTORS Gruvlok® Couplings .11 Roll Groove Pipe 1 3 Cut Groove Pipe 1 3 ⁄32" ⁄32" ⁄16" ⁄16" Represents Linear Movement Capabilities θ θ/2 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 39 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. LINEAR MOVEMENT: FLEXIBLE COUPLING LINEAR MOVEMENT Linear movement is accommodated within the coupling by allowing the pipe ends to move together or apart in response to pressure thrusts and temperature changes. APFH-12. 7000. 7003. Movement is possible in the Gruvlok coupling due to two factors: (1) designed-in clearance between the key of the coupling and the groove diameter and groove width. 7401 and Fig. and (2) the gap between pipe ends joined by the coupling.MOVEMENT Each flexible design Gruvlok coupling can provide for pipe system movement up to the design maximum for the specific size and type coupling being utilized.24" RIGID COUPLINGS Gruvlok rigid couplings Fig. The following information on movement applies to these flexible couplings. and coupling tolerances. The available linear movement provided by Standard Gruvlok couplings is shown below: LINEAR MOVEMENT Sizes 1" . 7001.

80") / (0 . 40 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. it would be necessary to install all couplings with the maximum gap between pipe ends.80". The Gruvlok coupling will not allow for both maximum linear and maximum angular movement simultaneously. Thus. Minimum Temperature: 40° F (4 . of Couplings = Tot . In systems where both are expected. Maximum Oper . A fully deflected coupling joint provides no linear movement capability.APPLICATIONS Gruvlok® Couplings THERMAL MOVEMENT A sufficient amount of coupling joints must be provided to accommodate the calculated movement (expansion or contraction) in a pipe run or segment thereof .11 . Movement / Avail .4° C) (at time of installation) . Movement per Coupling FOR OUR EXAMPLE: No . we see that there is 0 . Conversely.188" linear movement per coupling (4" Flexible Coupling) COUPLINGS REQUIRED As indicated above. A partially deflected joint will not provide full linear movement capability. the number of couplings is determined as follows: No . will allow a limited capability for combined linear and angular movement.MOVEMENT . DESIGN QUESTION How many couplings are required to account for the thermal growth? AVAILABLE LINEAR MOVEMENT PER FLEXIBLE COUPLING: Using the table on page 39. 200 FEET Thermal expansion tables show this system will expand a total of 1 . the coupling joints would have be installed with the pipe ends butted. Temperature: 160° F (71 . if the thermal movement was contraction due to a reduction of system temperature. of Couplings = (1 .187") = 9 .6. EXAMPLE: A 200 foot long straight run of 4" steel cut grooved pipe between anchor points. Therefore 10 couplings are needed POSITION OF COUPLINGS In order for the couplings to provide for the movement indicated by the above example. COMBINED LINEAR & ANGULAR MOVEMENT The clearance in the grooved coupling joint. thus accommodating the “shrink” of the pipe system.1° C) . the total movement is 1 .80" due to the temperature change . additional joints may be required.

BURIED SYSTEMS. or other similar movements. However. The pipe may then be rotated one-quarter turn. For pipe rotation.APPLICATIONS Gruvlok® Couplings . settlement. the pipe life of a slurry or similar coarse material piping system can be extended. APFH-12. and service resumed. CURVE LAYOUT DRAINAGE. vibration. ETC The flexible design of the Gruvlok coupling makes it ideal for use in a wide variety of systems in which random Pitched for Drainage changes of the pipe direction can be accommodated by the Gruvlok coupling’s angular deflection capability rather than requiring the use of special fittings. If performed on a regular basis. The additional stress from the combined movement is therefore relieved. buried pipe systems where pipe laying conditions are subject to settlement. pipe rotation will evenly distribute wear over the entire inner surface of the pipe. the system must be shut down and internal pressure relieved. the couplings retightened. Gruvlok Couplings should never be used as a continuous swivel joint. two couplings were added to account for thermal expansion and the other couplings accommodate only the misalignment. EXAMPLE: Before Pipe Rotation After Pipe Rotation Utilizing the rotational capability of the Gruvlok Coupling. and exposed pipe systems laid on rough ground are but a few of the many types of pipe installations that present conditions where the functional capability of the Gruvlok coupling are useful.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 41 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. For Expansion In the example above.COMBINED LINEAR & ANGULAR MOVEMENT Continued For Deflection NOTE: Fully Deflected Joint Will Not Allow For Linear Expansion. ROTATIONAL MOVEMENT: Piping systems designed with Gruvlok Couplings can accommodate minor rotational movement from thermal expansion. Buried Pipe Systems Pitched drainage systems. Data Installation Contents MOVEMENT .

D.8 5x4 125 x 100 0./ft-mm/m Deflection from C L Per Coupling of Pipe In.11 8.1 8 200 0° 37' 0° 30' 0° 25' 0° 23' 0° 20' 0° 18' 0° 16' 0° 13' 0° 11' 0° 10' 13./ft-mm/m In.18 FIG.16 13.D.0 5 125 51⁄4 O.1 11⁄4 32 0. 0° 58' 1° 2' 0° 59' 22. 1 0° 49' 0° 51' 0° 50' 17.09 7.9 2 50 0.8 31⁄2 90 0.7 16 400 0.8 0.8 0.D.8 4 100 41⁄4 O. 733.7 24 600 0.21 8x6 200 x 150 0.17 of Pipe In.25 20.8 21⁄2 x 2 65 x 50 0.0 APFH-12.1 108.D.25 20.D.2 30" O.11 8.1 0./DN(mm) Degrees(˚)-Minutes(') In.9 0.8 2 x 11⁄2 50 x 40 0° 45' 0° 37' 0° 31' 0° 31' 1° 12' 1° 12' 1° 12' 1° 58' 0° 49' 0° 49' 0° 37' 0.5 3x2 80 x 50 0.06 4.25 20.1 3 80 0° 31' 0° 27' 1° 12' 1° 16' 10.9 21⁄2 65 3 O.D.D.13 10.0 0.4 0.4 0.1 3 x 21⁄2 80 x 65 0.11 8.09 7. 17. 787.04 3.17 14.7 12 300 0.9 133.9 4x3 100 x 80 0.D.3 14 350 0.13 10./DN(mm) Degrees(˚)-Minutes(') 1° 22' 1° 5' 0° 57' 0° 45' 0° 37' 0° 36' 0.17 14.8 76.20 16.20 139.9 In.11 42 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .06 5. 7010 Deflection from C L Nominal Size Per Coupling of Pipe In.9 0.0 51⁄2 O.2 20 500 0.8 4 x 21⁄2 100 x 65 0.23 18.04 3.07 5.05 3.08 6.13 10.9 0. 7001-2 & 7003 Nominal Size 1 25 FIG.1 6x5 150 x 125 0. 7001.13 10./DN(mm) Degrees(˚)-Minutes(') 0.4 0.DEFLECTION FROM CENTERLINE Gruvlok® Couplings FIG. 750 Deflection from C L Per Coupling 0° 16' 159.06 4.13 4x2 100 x 50 0.D.25 20.9 28" O. 7000. 0. 14.20 16.0 0.26 6x4 150 x 100 0.7 10 250 0.9 18 450 0.17 14.29 23.11 8.1 0.0 61⁄2 O. 0. 7011 Nominal Size 30 O.20 16./ft-mm/m 165.16 13.9 11⁄2 40 0.7 6 150 6 ⁄4 O.

/mm 3 In. 3 40. 11⁄4.D./mm 3 3 3 In. 2. 11⁄2.D. 80 4. 90 4. 24 350. 1 ⁄2. 40. 150. 28 O. 108. 450. 90 4.D.. 5.. 139. 3 4.D.57) 1 1. 61⁄4 O. 80. 21⁄2.. 3 O. 14. 400. 7401-2 Rigidlok Coupling 0-1⁄32 (0-0. 24 350. 80.D. 100. 31⁄2 25. 250. 3 O./mm ⁄2 ⁄4 — — ⁄4-11⁄16 19-27 ⁄4 — — 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 11⁄2 40 15 3 20 — — ⁄4-11⁄16 19-27 3 80 1 25 1 25 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 20 1 25 1 — — ⁄4-11⁄16 19-27 — — 3 11⁄2 40 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 ⁄2 ⁄4 — — 11 11 11 ⁄16-1 ⁄16-1 ⁄16-1 4 100 ⁄4 — — 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 15 17-25 17-25 17-25 20 2 50 3 — — 1 25 — — 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 20 1 25 1 3 1 25 — — 11⁄2 40 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 ⁄2 ⁄4 — — 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 — — 2 50 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 15 20 — — 1 ⁄16-1 ⁄2 30-38 3 1 1 25 — — 15⁄8-115⁄16 41-51 21⁄2 65 1 25 — — 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 6 150 11⁄2 40 11⁄2 40 15⁄8-115⁄16 41-51 — — 11⁄4 32 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 — — 2 50 15⁄8-115⁄16 41-51 — — APFH-12. 8 x 6 100 x 50.. 165. 1 ⁄4.4. 2. 8. 3 x 2. 24. 125.D. Data Installation Contents RANGE OF PIPE END SEPARATION Gruvlok® Couplings Nominal Coupling Sizes (In. 600 Fig. 2.D./mm 1 In. 80 100. 125. 200. 7400 Rigidlite Coupling Fig.7. 6. 18. 10.D.1. 250.1. 3 x 21⁄2 50 x 40. 400. 18. 159. 21⁄2.. 300. 150.0./mm In. 200 2 x 11⁄2. 40. 5. 165.. 400. 350.D.D.D.7. 20. 300. 32. 5.D. (750mm) Coupling is 0-9/64 (0-3.79) In. 8 100. 7042 Outlet Coupling Nominal Pipe Size Nominal Pipe Size Range of Range of Outlet Pipe End Outlet Pipe End Run Run FPT F MPT/Grv. 65. 200./DN(mm) In./mm 0-3⁄32 (0-2. 61⁄2 O. 2. 14. 7000 LW Flexible Coupling Fig. 21⁄2. 3 25. 50. 125. 51⁄2 O./mm In. 76. 500. 165. 400. 6. 65 x 50. 18. 600 – – 14. 6 x 5. 61⁄2 O.0. 8 1 25. 125./DN(mm) . 21⁄2 x 2. 18. 80 x 50. 51⁄4 O.D. 3 O. 20. 6 x 4.. 350. 65. 16. 7011 Standard Coupling Fig.4 – – 14.. 600 1. 8. 30 O./DN(mm) In. 5. 41⁄4 O. 65. 51⁄2 O. 165. 100 x 80. 51⁄2 O. M/G Separation In. 5 x 4. 6. 150. 133.1.. 10.. 7001 Standard Coupling Fig. 4 x 3. 31⁄2 25. 139. 450. 76. 50. 500.D. 4 x 21⁄2. 125. 12.11 1 ⁄2 40 1 1 ⁄16-1 ⁄2 30-38 3 1 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 43 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.D. 50. 733. 11⁄4. 21⁄2. 50.38) In.. 21⁄2. 65. 500. 125 x 100. 6. 24 100. 7010 Reducing Coupling Fig. 5. 32. 200 x 150 The Range of Pipe End Separation for the 30" O. 11⁄2. 3 O. 61⁄2 O. 32. 40. 80 4.0. M/G Separation FPT F MPT/Grv. 32. 16. 3. 200 1.D.1. 16.. 61⁄2 O. 80 x 65 4 x 2. 3.. 11⁄4. 500. 150 x 125. 6. 50. 2. 8 100. 600. 100 x 65. 7401 Rigidlok Coupling Fig. 20. 20. 450. 7001-2 Standard Coupling Fig. 139. 150.RANGE OF PIPE END SEPARATION Type of Coupling Fig. 65. 12. 7003 Hingelok Coupling Fig. 76. 11⁄2. 787. 450.1. 40. 200 11⁄2.1. 16.1./mm 1..D.7 150. 150 x 100.1. 76.

2 4.0 133.000 609.0 8.8 23.1 1.500 88. For example: for 6" x 6" x 3" tee.2 9.1 3.2 19.3 2.6 2.1 1.3 0. 108.2 6.375 9.875 73.1 12 300 12./m 1 25 1.7 0.1 1.7 11⁄2 40 1. the branch value of 3" is 12.2 10.0 0.6 2.1 2.4 8.0 50.0 10.4 2.5 0.1 8 200 8.D.0 87.7 34.9 31.9 6.259 6.5 0.7 2.9 16. use the value that is corresponding to the branch size.1 10.2 0.7 16.3 0.000 355.375 9.0 165.2 0.625 168.0 33.5 8.280 2.6 25./mm Pipe Wall Thickness In.0 3.3 5.1 3.2 73.9 7.996 0.563 141.1 9.3 0.8 3.0 4.258 6.4 1.0 2.6 24 600 24.3 0.1 3 80 41⁄4 O.7 0.0 10.4 1.3 2.322 8.3 0.4 64.0 10.9 3.1 7.0 21⁄2 65 3 O.0 0.197 4.0 7.1 6.000 457.5 5.9 3.0 4.4 6.0 6.0 0.3 1.7 159.0 1.4 21.8 ft (3.237 6.0 4.7 0.5 113.5 32.0 51⁄2 O.6 3.4 1.2 0.1 6.8 2 50 2.3 4.3 16.9 4.4 6.750 273.8 10.5 5.11 .7 1.1 0.750 323.3 5.2 3.4 8.3 10. 133.7 2.4 24.1 1.145 3.248 2.5 28.1 1.280 3.0 6.3 4.2 6.1 0.7 2.0 6./mm Elbow 90° Ft.4 2.4 2.8 20.4 0.7 5 125 61⁄4 O.6 31.3 1.3 3.1 6 150 165.5 25.7 2.8 97.1 10.8 3.1 9.0 61⁄2 O.0 16 400 16.250 5.9 11.4 108.0 6.000 508.5 7.4 1.8 12.D.1 0.3 139.6 2.0 6.625 219.2 13.3 5.9).6 6.1 8. 159.140 3.6 0. 139.2 20. In.2 1.9 2.1 0.1 3.4 12.7 0. 76. 44 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.7 5.6 7.5 8.0 15.1 1.248 2.5 38.9 8.500 114.365 9.3 7.2 0.5 26.375 9.7 0.8 4.8 1.1 1.8 2.0 18 450 18.6 9.9 0.9 0./m Tee 45° Ft.4 5.0 2.220 1.0 1.8 17.9 16.6 0.5 8.D.5 20.0 4 100 51⁄4 O.7 5.133 3.9 22.0 10.1 10 250 10.2 4.7 1.3 4.3 76.7 5./DN(mm) O.4 8.3 29.1 0.7 7.4 24.1 20.7 2.6 9.1 14 350 14./m Run Ft.4 0.8 1.6 0.0 8./m Branch Ft.5 1 ⁄4 32 1 1.000 406.0 6.375 9.D.660 42.8 5.375 60.3 0.3 4.D.900 48.D.0 34.0 5.2 4.8 25.1 3.6 6.3 4.315 33. 2.3 For the reducing tee and branches.154 3.5 20 500 20.203 5.4 40.375 9.3 7.236 5.6 0.6 0.216 5.7 2.2 26.1 20.7 5.D.6 41.3 12.6 22.7 3.0 3.3 0.280 7.500 6.4 0.1 13.0 1.4 1.3 6.500 7.GRUVLOK® FITTING FOR GROOVED-END PIPE FLOW DATA – FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE (EXPRESSED AS EQUIVALENT STRAIGHT PIPE) Nominal Size In.5 22.375 9.

108.6 4.D.996 3 3 ⁄4 C 95 4C 21⁄4 C 57 21⁄2 C 33⁄4 C 95 4C 76. 4.Cast malleable or ductile iron.0 2.1 3 80 76.0 51⁄2 O.750 273.250 4 1 ⁄2 C 114 43⁄4 C 23⁄4 C 70 27⁄8 C 41⁄2 C 114 43⁄4 C 108. all others are fabricated steel.500 152 61⁄2 C 89 31⁄2 C 152 61⁄2 C 165./mm FIG./mm FIG.875 73. C to E O.7 5. APFH-12.000 101.750 323. 7060 TEE In. 159.D. GRUVLOK FITTINGS Nominal Size In.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 45 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. contact an Anvil Rep.625 219. Data Installation Contents .3 5.563 141.0 6.315 33.0 61⁄2 O.7 5 125 61⁄4 O.1 6 150 165.GRUVLOK® FITTING FOR GROOVED-END PIPE C to E C to E C to E O.9 10 C 254 51⁄4 C 133 10 C 254 C .9 102 4 1 ⁄4 C 108 64 21⁄2 C 64 101 41⁄4 C 108 31⁄2 90 41⁄4 O.375 60. 133.2 2 ⁄4 C 70 3 1 ⁄4 C 44 3 23⁄4 C 70 11⁄2 40 1.0 4 100 51⁄4 O. O.D.1 6.3 165 6 1 ⁄2 C 165 89 31⁄2 C 89 165 61⁄2 C 165 8 200 8. In.1 9C 229 43⁄4 C 121 9C 229 12 300 12. 139.D.D.1 3./mm FIG.625 168.D./mm 1 25 1. 2.D.236 121 5C 127 51⁄4 C 83 3C 76 31⁄4 C 121 5C 127 51⁄4 C 133.3 6. for more information./DN(mm) Center to End Dimensions O.3 2 3 ⁄4 C 70 13⁄4 C 44 23⁄4 C 70 2 50 2.D.1 73⁄4 C 197 41⁄4 C 108 73⁄4 C 197 10 250 10.500 88.900 48. 7050 90˚ ELBOW In.4 21⁄4 C 57 13⁄4 C 44 21⁄4 C 57 1 ⁄4 32 1 1. 7051 45˚ ELBOW In.0 4.0 5.500 133 51⁄4 C 83 31⁄4 C 133 51⁄2 C 139.D.D.660 42.500 114.259 133 5 1 ⁄2 C 140 6C 83 31⁄4 C 83 31⁄2 C 140 51⁄2 C 140 6C 159. Center to end dimensions may differ from those shown in chart.3 31⁄4 C 83 2C 51 3 1 ⁄4 C 83 21⁄2 65 3 O.

10 300 x 100. 5* 150 x 25. 40 21⁄2 64 6 x 1.D. 125. 50.GRUVLOK® FITTING FOR GROOVED-END PIPE E to E O. 40. 3*. 65. 6* 200 x 80. 5. GRUVLOK FITTINGS FIG. 11⁄2.11 . 7072 CONCENTRIC REDUCER Nominal Size In. 80. 11⁄4./mm End to End In. 2* 65 x 25. 32. 250 7 178 * . 200. 100. 40. 11⁄2* 50 x 25. 50. 125 4 102 2 ⁄2 x 1./DN(mm) FIG. 100. 21⁄2*. 3*. 8 250 x 100. 46 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 21⁄2* 80 x 25. 4*. 5. 2*. 11⁄4. 80. 150. 100 1 31⁄2 89 2 x 1. 65./DN(mm) End to End In. 32. 32. 21⁄2. 50. all others are fabricated steel. 8. 3. 11⁄4*. 200 6 152 31⁄2 x 3 90 x 80 3 76 12 x 4. 2 ⁄2. 50 1 1 1 2 ⁄2 64 1 8 x 3. 2*. 65. 2*. 32 1 2 ⁄2 64 1 5 x 2. 90 3 76 1 ⁄2 x 1. 150. 32. 6*. 40. 11⁄2. 4* 125 x 50./mm 11⁄4 x 1 32 x 25 21⁄2 64 1 4 x 1. 125. 1 ⁄4. 6. 7072 CONCENTRIC REDUCER Nominal Size In. 40. 80. 65 21⁄2 64 10 x 4. 4*. 11⁄2. 150 5 127 3 x 1. 31⁄2 100 x 25. 1 ⁄4 40 x 25. 1 ⁄2.Cast malleable or ductile iron.

0277 0.826 Gallons in One Linear Foot (Gallons) 0.840 1.500 5.000 4.5136 0.047 6. Data Installation Contents .STANDARD WEIGHT PIPE DATA Nominal Pipe Diameter (Inches) ⁄8 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 1 1 Actual Inside Diameter (Inches) 0.0099 0.049 1.851 1.380 1.” P = (2 • t • S) / D Where: P = internal units pressure.469 3.878 1.3840 0.2487 0.050 1.026 5.550 40.790 14.110 10.620 96.679 2.620 18. in inches t = wall thickness.540 0.548 4.6613 1.312 7.375 2.493 0. in psi S = unit stress.610 2.364 0.793 7.800 754.131 1.360 473.824 1.275 70.479 14.622 0.733 49.030 166.067 2.480 Length in Feet containing One Cubic Foot (Feet) 2.5988 4.900 2. in psi D = outside diameter of pipe.913 30.526.065 7.563 6.315 1.625 10.970 28. in inches APFH-12.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 47 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.660 1.000 1.1743 0.875 3.5008 2.750 Weight per Foot (Pounds) 0.405 0.500 4.077 19.0963 Barlow's Formula Barlow’s Formula is a safe.0777 0.981 10.910 270.565 11.198 4.269 0.984 2.245 0.580 9.568 0.625 8. It is interesting to note that the formula uses the “outside diameter” of pipe and is sometimes referred to as the “outside diameter formula.1058 0.425 0.653 5. easy method for finding the relationship between internal fluid pressure and stress in the pipe wall.0158 0.718 3.0393 1.273 2.0030 0.020 Actual Outside Diameter (Inches) 0.0449 0.0054 0. The formula predicts bursting pressures that have been found to be safely within the actual test bursting pressures.068 3.383.675 0.

660 1.531 0.308 0.088 0.250 0.218 0.500 0.337 0.154 0.083 0.258 0.636 0.276 0.200 0.154 0.083 0.154 0.065 0.625 0.049 0.109 0.083 0.563 0.065 0.674 0.091 0.083 0. Traditional standard weight.375 0.237 0.049 - - 0.095 - 1 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 0.216 0.068 0.203 0.050 1.200 0.237 0.113 0.226 0.120 0.276 0.10 for carbon steel.145 0.375 0. Pipe wall thickness in ASME B36. NOMINAL WALL THICKNESS FOR Sch Sch Sch Sch Sch 40 40S 60 80 80S Sch 100 Sch 120 Sch. (IN) Size 1 ⁄8 0.600 0.438 0.147 0.109 0.500 4.119 0.065 0.145 0.294 0.179 0.109 0.109 0.258 0.083 0.315 1.088 0.065 0.900 2.218 0.120 0.083 0.200 0.140 0.091 0.11 5 .318 0.258 0.083 0.068 0.109 0.133 0.281 0. 140 Sch.088 0.405 - 0.126 0.120 0.540 0.191 0.436 0.140 0.120 0.000 4.126 0.133 0.091 0.095 - - - - 0.065 0. or specifically: ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 3 ⁄4 1 1 ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 APFH-12.300 0.179 0.216 0.840 1.203 0.145 0.318 0.276 0.300 0.134 0.218 0. 160 X XX Strong Strong Nom.675 0.109 0.226 0.250 0.109 0.147 0.875 3.065 0.113 0.382 0.344 0.126 0.337 0.147 0. extra strong & durable extra strong pipe. Outside Pipe Dia. Commercial Pipe Sizes and Wall Thicknesses This table lists standard pipe sizes and wall thicknesses.154 0.375 0.48 COMMERCIAL PIPE SIZES AND WALL THICKNESSES Sch 5S Sch 10 Sch 10S Sch 20 Sch 30 Sch Std.500 5.109 0.083 0.109 0.120 0.237 0.065 0.068 - 0. 1.119 0.203 0.191 0.120 0.300 0.065 0.065 0.109 0.065 0.140 0.120 0.318 0.120 0.375 0.154 0.552 0.437 0.358 0.375 2.095 0.109 0.109 0.400 0.119 0.133 0.154 0.337 0.134 0.216 0.187 0.113 0.179 0.219 0.226 0.191 0.750 2.

875 1.562 0.500 1.812 2.188 0.312 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.656 0.156 0.109 0.375 0.19 & applicable only to corrosion resistant materials.165 0.625 0.375 1.280 0.000 1.250 0.218 0.875 6.312 0.11 6 8.375 0.312 0.344 0.375 0.688 0.250 26.375 0.218 0.250 0.125 1.277 0.500 0.250 1.750 0.500 0.500 0.250 0.125 0. NOTE: All dimensions in inches & thicknesses are nominal or average wall thickness. Data Installation Contents .594 0.280 - 0.125 0.438 0.500 1.219 0.000 0.218 0.969 0.406 0.000 42.000 30.864 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 3.500 1.322 0.500 0.625 0.562 20.750 0.969 1.375 0.312 0.165 0.500 0.312 0.375 24.625 0.000 14.375 0.312 0.438 16.322 0.000 0.500 0.688 0.280 0.750 0.165 0.688 0.250 0.000 36.000 1.031 1.500 0.375 0.000 34.375 0.375 0.165 0.125 0.APFH-12.000 0.156 1.500 0.375 0.375 0.594 0.312 0.375 0.500 18.188 0.500 1.500 0.365 0.148 0.625 0.432 0.438 1.500 0.906 0.375 0.562 0.000 0.250 0.375 32.365 0.250 0.322 0.188 0.531 1.719 0.134 0.406 0.375 1.875 2.844 0.330 0.500 1.500 0.312 0.500 1.000 0.312 0.188 0.375 0.094 1.000 28.750 1.250 0.594 0.031 0.156 0.625 0.750 0.500 0.000 12.180 0.5% under nominal due to mill tolerance.375 0.500 0.219 1.312 0.844 1.719 0.500 0.375 0.134 - - 0.062 2.406 0.000 0.500 1.688 0.432 - 0.812 1.250 0.307 0. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 42 All dimensions shown are in inches. Pipe wall thickness in ASTM Specification A409 & ASME B36.500 0.594 0.562 1.180 0.500 0.281 1.500 0.500 1.938 0.500 0.938 1.781 0.500 0.812 0.188 0.750 0.375 0.000 0.562 - 0.719 0.250 0.594 22.844 1.000 0.750 0.625 1.625 0.375 0.312 0.625 0. 49 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.365 0.625 10.109 0. Actual thickness may be as much as 12.134 0.500 0.432 0.148 0.

500 51.375 2.091 0.700 97.996 2.200 0. ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄4 0.300 0.625 8.652 5.600 63.000 24.400 174.500 4.147 0.563 6.318 0.834 3.000 1 3 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 36 50 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 20 API 0.980 14.000 20.Steel Pipe Data SCHEDULE NO.000 171.738 0.500 69.75 14.315 1.406 0.226 0.365 0.218 0.625 10.000 4.000 18.140 0.200 286.083 0.154 0.875 3.570 28.620 20.000 16.109 0.100 48.132 0.230 0.510 4.216 0.200 2.570 10.882 0.000 83.555 0.179 0.750 12.133 0.311 0.500 0.500 0.171 2.000 58.000 123.600 88.322 0.500 44.400 53.061 0.678 2.790 7.500 5.790 14.567 0. 40 & 80 Pipe Size In. Schedule No.218 0.631 3.437 0. In.000 APFH-12.452 1.843 0.031 0.937 0.593 1.000 137.203 0.660 1.850 5.113 0.000 36.500 0. Wall Thickness In.390 40.022 5.000 209.000 158.D.145 0.687 0.200 76.375 0.900 2.200 88.473 1.675 0.980 8.563 0.400 109.000 0.840 1.087 1.101 0.000 105.250 9. Weight of Water per Foot Lbs.072 1.500 120.593 0.280 3.510 10. Weight per Foot Lbs.279 2.276 0.800 34.717 3.280 0.200 158.337 0.550 43.126 0.154 0.000 30.687 1.660 7.000 417.780 18.110 12.290 21.130 1.870 12.432 0.237 0.765 1.510 11. 3 O.272 2.258 0.000 171.000 190.660 7.860 4.100 31.186 0.600 19.850 1.500 0.970 28.750 0.647 0.050 1.191 0.000 297.374 0.480 64.000 107.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .

375 1.060 0.641 0.949 3.870 25. In.344 0.125 5.125 5.125 2.341 2.Copper Tube Data TYPE L Tube Size In.616 20.405 0.070 0.050 0.250 0.045 0.125 8.192 0.625 0. Tubing In.125 0.330 4.625 4.480 3.D.960 3.125 0.125 10.675 51 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Wall Thickness In.839 1.100 0.290 30. Wall Thickness In.188 8.920 4.269 0.500 30.375 1.035 0.040 0.750 0.200 0.040 1.300 57.125 2.310 2.357 0.800 0.625 3.D.625 0.100 0.900 5.125 6.100 40. Weight of Water per Foot Lbs.625 4. O.064 2.134 0.289 31.767 1.900 40.125 12.032 0.125 10.D.000 2.455 0.035 0.500 0.209 0. Weight of Water per Foot Lbs.065 0.D.125 3.362 0.049 0.280 0.151 0.160 0.125 6.625 3.989 5.546 0.065 0. ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 11⁄8 1 3⁄8 1 5⁄8 21⁄8 25⁄8 31⁄8 3 5⁄8 41⁄8 51⁄8 61⁄8 81⁄8 101⁄8 121⁄8 3 0.423 43.670 13.875 1.000 5.055 0.034 0.080 0.145 0.590 45.049 0.11 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 11⁄8 13 ⁄ 8 15 ⁄ 8 21⁄8 25⁄8 31⁄8 35 ⁄ 8 41⁄8 51⁄8 61⁄8 81⁄8 101⁄8 121⁄8 3 0.062 0. Data Installation Contents .125 3.125 0.125 12.510 9.500 0.625 2.030 0.049 0.090 0.140 0. O.081 11.400 0.144 0.055 0. Tubing In.610 10.094 0.120 6. O. ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 APFH-12. In.060 8.188 0.072 0. O.290 5.426 TYPE K Tube Size In.109 0.120 0.655 0.750 0.083 0.198 0.418 0.110 0.126 0.360 2.271 0.338 0.125 1.527 0.884 1.750 2.285 0.095 0.875 1.743 1.065 0.125 1. Weight per Foot Lbs.200 19.140 1.380 7.337 0.625 2.125 8.375 0. Weight per Foot Lbs.000 11.060 2.375 0.200 19.042 0.

27 to.048 max .5+ 56t OR (4) or 20 trans.5+ 56t 35 .27 to 1. except use Grade A for close coiling. ASTM Grade or Strength Type PSI Yield Point or Strength PSI PIPE AND TUBING 35 .000 30. (1) A106 B 60.000 30. – – – – – – – – – – – APFH-12. gas or vapor.11 Resistance welded steel pipe for liquid. welded steel pipe suitable for A 120 ordinary uses.06 .5+ 40t 28 long.000 (2) – (3) – As above. 17.000 28 long.000 35.000 – 17.058 max Black or hot-dip galvanize seamless or res-welded steel pipe suitable for coiling.058 max As above.52 ASTM CARBON STEEL PIPE AND FLANGE SPECIFICATIONS Elongation (% in 2") STD Round C MN P Chemical Composition. suitable for welding.050 max . flanging.000 22 15+ 48t 30 (2) – (3) – Black or hot-dip galvanize seamless or res.5+ 56t 35 OR (4) or 12 trans. A 53 A 48. except use Grade A for close coiling.5+ 56t 35 – – .5+ 32t 16. 17. 12.30 max . & other special purposes.25 max 25 . flanging & similar forming operations. cold bending or forge welding.060 max .000 35. (When tension. bending. flattening (obsolete) or bend test required.000 30.048 max . ASTM Carbon Steel Pipe and Flange Specifications ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK (1) A106 A 48. suitable for bending.93 Seamless milled steel pipe for hightemperature service. order to A-53). 6.5 28 17. A 53 B 60. % S Rectangular 5 ⁄16" 5⁄16" t Description and Applications Spec No. A 135 A 48.000 . cold bending or forge welding.

05 max As above except for general service.000 30.000 36.000 35.35 (5) max .05 max .13 max for 1⁄8" and 1⁄4" size resistance welded pipe only (3) Seamless: open hearth 0. carbon content shall be ≤0.05 max .APFH-12. acid bessemar 0. The silicon content shall be ≤0. If carbon is ≤0.05 max .35%.35 (5) max . fittings (6) values and parts for high temperature service.05 max . A 135 FORGED PIPE.90 max .90 max .35 (5) max .000 – 15+ 48t 30 – – .000 18 – – I 60. As above ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK (1) 0.000 25 – – .050 max. Heat treatment is not required. Res.000 22 – – .000 30.90 max .11 max. it may be necessary to add silicon to meet required tensile properties.11 As above. Heat treatment required. (6) Factor-made Wrought Carbon Steel and Ferritic Alloy Steel Welding Fitting Specifications are covered under ASTM A234.05 max . FLANGES B 60.05 max .90 max .35%.10% silicon minimum. except use Grade A for flanging & bending. Data Installation Contents .000 22 – – II 70. may be annealed or normalized.000 36.35%.05 max As above A 105 A 181 A 181 II 70. 53 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.050 max .35 (5) max . welded: open hearth 0. (2) Open hearth. 0.048 max.060 max Forged or rolled steel pipe flanges. A105 I 60. (4) Longitudinal or transverse direction of test specimen with respect to pipe axis (5) When flanges will be subject to fusion welding.

27 1.090 82. 1 3 Weight of: Std.390 54.78 2.970 28.000 57.PIPE AND WATER WEIGHT PER LINE FOOT Nominal Pipe Size In.620 119. Copper ⁄2 ⁄4 0. Extra Strong Copper Yellow Brass Red Brass Lbs.13 4.837 2.580 54.850 4.22 1.56 3.570 62.46 4.076 3.188 0.700 79.022 7.510 14.100 286. 1 3 Regular Yellow Brass Red Brass Lbs.661 10.20 4.12 0.660 12.790 14.500 76.679 2.510 21.62 2. Pipe Lbs.510 8.600 94.200 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 WEIGHT PER FOOT OF SEAMLESS BRASS AND COPPER PIPE Nominal Pipe Size In.200 126.280 1.980 7.851 1.455 2.800 291.96 1.39 3. Weight of: Water XS Pipe Lbs.04 4.882 1.250 12.290 19.890 11.088 1.480 49.51 3.997 3.100 101.131 1.490 158.29 3.51 1.19 5.000 0.793 7.69 3.570 43.474 2.93 1.23 1.580 9.11 .000 0.450 104.23 1.25 1.39 4.200 1.555 0.200 4.300 47.648 0.73 2.800 32.374 0.67 2.690 34.01 0.631 5.99 5.130 125.590 78.718 3.63 3.770 93.500 98.110 10. Water ⁄2 ⁄4 0.30 1.100 49.580 70.000 183.71 2.10 5.800 180.280 5.620 18.420 72.653 5.311 0.273 2.19 1.000 59.67 1.82 2.864 3.765 1.400 122.101 0.780 28.230 0.49 3.132 0.550 40.80 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 54 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.980 20.740 65.91 1.172 2.

Pipe Size 90˚ ELBOWS Long R A Short R A 45˚ ELBOWS B STRAIGHT TEES C&M 1 11⁄8 11⁄2 17⁄8 21⁄4 21⁄2 3 33⁄8 33⁄4 41⁄8 47⁄8 55⁄8 7 81⁄2 10 ⁄2 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 3 1 1 ⁄2 11⁄8 11⁄2 17⁄8 21⁄4 3 33⁄4 41⁄2 51⁄4 6 71⁄2 9 12 15 18 1 –– –– 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 ⁄8 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 13⁄8 13⁄4 2 21⁄4 21⁄2 31⁄8 33⁄4 5 61⁄4 71⁄2 7 5 All dimensions shown are in inches. 8. 1⁄2 3 1 3 ⁄8. 11⁄2. 3 11⁄2. H WELD FITTINGS CONCENTRIC REDUCERS Nom. 4.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Weld Fitting and Pipe and Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. 21⁄2. 21⁄2. Data Installation Contents . 11⁄2. 1 3 ⁄2. 2. 8 5. Pipe Size 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 x x x x x x x 11⁄4. 2. 3. 1 1 3 ⁄2. 6 4. 3. 6. 45˚ Elbow.Weld Fittings –– 90˚ Elbow. 6. 4. 10 H 4 4 5 51⁄2 6 7 8 55 x x x x x x x ⁄8. Conc. APFH-12. 21⁄2. 5 31⁄2. 5. 1. 31⁄2. Pipe Size ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 3 CONCENTRIC REDUCERS H Nom. 31⁄2 2. 3. ⁄2. 21⁄2 3 11⁄2 2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 All dimensions shown are in inches. 2. ⁄4. Tee. 11⁄4. 11⁄4 3 ⁄4. ⁄4. 5. 1. 11⁄4. 4 21⁄2. Reducer Nominal B Nominal Nominal B A C C M WELD FITTINGS Nom. 11⁄2 1. 2 11⁄4. 11⁄2. ⁄4. 31⁄2.

† 600 LB. “Y”. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 400 LB. Threaded and Socket Flanges WELDING NECK FLANGES Y O Nom. 600 LB. Pipe O Y(1) Size 1 5 ⁄2 31⁄2 ⁄8 3 5 ⁄4 37⁄8 ⁄8 1 41⁄4 11⁄16 11⁄4 45⁄8 13⁄16 7 11⁄2 5 ⁄8 2 6 1 21⁄2 7 11⁄8 3 71⁄2 13⁄16 31⁄2 81⁄2 11⁄4† 4 9 15⁄16† 5 10 17⁄16† 6 11 19⁄16† 8 131⁄2 13⁄4† 10 16 115⁄16† 12 19 23⁄16† 300 LB. Pipe O Y(1) O Y(1) O Y(2) O Y(2) Size 1 ⁄2 31⁄2 17⁄8 33⁄4 21⁄16 33⁄4 21⁄16 33⁄4 21⁄16 3 ⁄4 37⁄8 21⁄16 45⁄8 21⁄4 45⁄8 21⁄4 45⁄8 21⁄4 1 41⁄4 23⁄16 47⁄8 27⁄16 47⁄8 27⁄16 47⁄8 27⁄16 11⁄4 45⁄8 21⁄4 51⁄4 29⁄16 51⁄4 25⁄8 51⁄4 25⁄8 11⁄2 5 27⁄16 61⁄8 211⁄16 61⁄8 23⁄4 61⁄8 23⁄4 2 6 21⁄2 61⁄2 23⁄4 61⁄2 27⁄8 61⁄2 27⁄8 21⁄2 7 23⁄4 71⁄2 3 71⁄2 31⁄8 71⁄2 31⁄8 3 71⁄2 23⁄4 81⁄4 31⁄8 81⁄4 31⁄4 81⁄4 31⁄4 31⁄2 81⁄2 213⁄16 9 33⁄16 9 33⁄8 9 33⁄8 4 9 3 10 33⁄8 10 31⁄2 103⁄4 4 5 10 31⁄2 11 37⁄8 11 4 13 41⁄2 6 11 31⁄2 121⁄2 37⁄8 121⁄2 41⁄16 14 45⁄8 8 131⁄2 4 15 43⁄8 15 45⁄8 161⁄2 51⁄4 10 16 4 171⁄2 45⁄8 171⁄2 47⁄8 20 6 12 19 41⁄2 201⁄2 51⁄8 201⁄2 53⁄8 22 61⁄8 (1) The 1⁄16" raised face is included in length thru Hub. (2) The 1⁄4" raised face is not included in length thru Hub. 56 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. SLIP-ON. 150 LB. All dimensions shown are in inches. “Y”. “Y”. (2) The 1⁄4" raised face is not included in length thru Hub.11 . All dimensions shown are in inches. THREADED AND SOCKET FLANGES Y O Y O Y O Nom. 300 LB. “Y”. Y(2) 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄8 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 115⁄16† 21⁄8† 23⁄8*† 25⁄8 † 3† 33⁄8† 35⁄8† Y(1) O 7 ⁄8 33⁄4 1 45⁄8 11⁄16 47⁄8 11⁄16 51⁄4 13⁄16 61⁄8 15⁄16 61⁄2 11⁄2 71⁄2 111⁄16 81⁄4 13⁄4† 9 17⁄8† 10 2† 11 21⁄16† 121⁄2 27⁄16† 15 25⁄8† 171⁄2 27⁄8† 201⁄2 Y(2) O 7 ⁄8 33⁄4 1 45⁄8 11⁄16 47⁄8 11⁄8 51⁄4 11⁄4 61⁄8 17⁄16 61⁄2 15⁄8 71⁄2 113⁄16 81⁄4 115⁄16 9 2 103⁄4 21⁄8 13 21⁄4 14 211⁄16 161⁄2 27⁄8 20 31⁄8 22 * Not available in Threaded type † Not available in Socket type (1) The 1⁄16" raised face is included in length thru Hub. 400 LB. 150 LB.Weld Fittings –– Welding Neck Flanges Slip-on.

O 31⁄2 37⁄8 41⁄4 45⁄8 5 6 7 71⁄2 81⁄2 9 10 11 131⁄2 16 19 Y(1) 7 ⁄16 1 ⁄2 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 11⁄16 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 15⁄16 15⁄16 15⁄16 15⁄16 1 11⁄8 13⁄16 11⁄4 300 LB. Data Installation Contents . Y(2) 600 LB. (2) The 1⁄4" raised face is not included in Thickness. BLIND FLANGES Nom. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 1⁄16" 400 LB. Pipe Size 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 150 LB.Lap Joint Flanges Y O LAP JOINT FLANGES Nom. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 Y(1) 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 11⁄16 3 ⁄4 13⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 13⁄16 11⁄4 13⁄8 17⁄16 15⁄8 17⁄8 2 O 400 LB. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 103⁄4 13 14 161⁄2 20 22 Y ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄8 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 115⁄16 21⁄8 23⁄8 25⁄8 3 43⁄8 45⁄8 7 Y 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄16 13⁄16 15⁄16 11⁄2 111⁄16 13⁄4 17⁄8 2 21⁄16 27⁄16 33⁄4 4 Y 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄8 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 115⁄16 2 21⁄8 21⁄4 211⁄16 4 41⁄4 All dimensions shown are in inches. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 103⁄4 13 14 161⁄2 20 22 Y(2) 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 11⁄16 13⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 11⁄4 13⁄8 11⁄2 13⁄4 17⁄8 23⁄16 21⁄2 25⁄8 For Sizes 31⁄2 and Smaller use 600 LB. APFH-12. O 31⁄2 37⁄8 41⁄4 45⁄8 5 6 7 71⁄2 81⁄2 9 10 11 131⁄2 16 19 Y 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 11 ⁄16 13 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 13⁄16 11⁄4 15⁄16 17⁄16 19⁄16 13⁄4 115⁄16 23⁄16 300 LB. Standard 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 13⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 17⁄8 21⁄8 21⁄4 (1) The 1⁄16" raised face is included in Thickness. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 Y O 600 LB. All dimensions shown are in inches. “Y”.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 57 Weld Fitting and Pipe and Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. “Y”. Pipe Size 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 150 LB.

D. of Bolts 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 Bolt Size ⁄8 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 5 5 Bolt Length 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 33 ⁄ 4 33 ⁄ 4 41 ⁄ 4 41 ⁄ 4 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 53 ⁄ 4 61 ⁄ 2 61 ⁄ 2 63 ⁄ 4 71 ⁄ 8 8 All dimensions shown are in inches.D. 16 O. 175 psi WOG) Size ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 3 Flange Dia.STANDARD CAST IRON COMPANION FLANGES AND BOLTS (for working pressures up to 125 psi steam.D. 20 O.D. Flange Dia. 18 O. of Bolts 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 Bolt Size ⁄8 1 ⁄2 1 ⁄2 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 1 1 3 Bolt Length 2 21 ⁄ 4 21 ⁄ 4 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 3 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 4 4 41 ⁄ 2 41 ⁄ 2 All dimensions shown are in inches. 24 O. 400 psi WOG) Size 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 O. 58 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.11 . 31 ⁄ 2 41 ⁄ 4 45 ⁄ 8 5 6 7 71 ⁄ 2 81 ⁄ 2 9 10 11 131 ⁄ 2 16 19 21 231 ⁄ 2 Bolt Circle 21 ⁄ 2 31 ⁄ 8 31 ⁄ 2 37 ⁄ 8 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 6 7 71 ⁄ 2 81 ⁄ 2 91 ⁄ 2 113 ⁄ 4 141 ⁄ 4 17 183 ⁄ 4 211 ⁄ 4 No. 4 ⁄8 51 ⁄ 4 61 ⁄ 8 61 ⁄ 2 71 ⁄ 2 81 ⁄ 4 9 10 11 121 ⁄ 2 15 171 ⁄ 2 201 ⁄ 2 23 251 ⁄ 2 28 301 ⁄ 2 36 7 Bolt Circle 3 ⁄2 37 ⁄ 8 41 ⁄ 2 5 57 ⁄ 8 65 ⁄ 8 71 ⁄ 4 77 ⁄ 8 91 ⁄ 4 105 ⁄ 8 13 151 ⁄ 4 173 ⁄ 4 201 ⁄ 4 221 ⁄ 2 243 ⁄ 4 27 32 1 No. EXTRA HEAVY CAST IRON COMPANION FLANGES AND BOLTS (for working pressures up to 250 psi steam.D.

11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 59 Bolt Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Pipe Size 1 3 250/300 LB. Flange Nom. APFH-12. Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation Information . Bolt * Stud Bolt Bolt * Stud Bolt Bolt of Circle of Circle Length Length Diameter Length Length Diameter Bolts Diameter Bolts Diameter 23 ⁄ 8 2 ⁄4 31 ⁄ 8 3 ⁄2 37 ⁄ 8 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 6 7 7 ⁄2 8 ⁄2 91 ⁄ 2 113 ⁄ 4 141 ⁄ 8 17 18 ⁄ 4 211 ⁄ 4 223 ⁄ 4 25 271 ⁄ 4 291 ⁄ 2 31 ⁄ 4 36 401 ⁄ 2 423 ⁄ 4 491 ⁄ 2 3 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 5 3 3 3 7 7 ⁄2 ⁄4 ⁄2 ⁄2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 16 20 20 20 24 28 32 32 36 21 ⁄ 4 2 ⁄4 21 ⁄ 2 2 ⁄2 23 ⁄ 4 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 3 ⁄2 3 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 33 ⁄ 4 4 41 ⁄ 2 41 ⁄ 2 5 51 ⁄ 4 53 ⁄ 4 6 61 ⁄ 2 63 ⁄ 4 7 7 ⁄4 8 81 ⁄ 4 83 ⁄ 4 1 3 1 1 1 1 13 ⁄ 4 2 2 2 ⁄4 21 ⁄ 4 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 3 3 3 ⁄4 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 33 ⁄ 4 4 4 ⁄4 41 ⁄ 2 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 53 ⁄ 4 6 6 ⁄4 7 7 71 ⁄ 4 1 1 1 1 25 ⁄ 8 3 ⁄4 31 ⁄ 2 3 ⁄8 41 ⁄ 2 5 57 ⁄ 8 65 ⁄ 8 7 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 9 ⁄4 105 ⁄ 8 13 151 ⁄ 4 173 ⁄ 4 20 ⁄ 4 221 ⁄ 2 243 ⁄ 4 27 291 ⁄ 4 32 34 ⁄ 2 39 ⁄ 4 431 ⁄ 2 46 523 ⁄ 4 1 1 1 1 7 1 7 1 1 5 5 5 3 5 3 3 3 3 3 3 7 ⁄2 ⁄8 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 24 28 28 28 32 36 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 31 ⁄ 2 31 ⁄ 4 33 ⁄ 4 4 4 ⁄4 4 ⁄4 4 ⁄2 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 4 6 61 ⁄ 2 6 ⁄4 71 ⁄ 4 71 ⁄ 2 8 83 ⁄ 4 9 10 11 ⁄ 4 121 ⁄ 4 123 ⁄ 4 133 ⁄ 4 1 3 1 1 1 2 21 ⁄ 2 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 33 ⁄ 4 33 ⁄ 4 4 41 ⁄ 4 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 4 53 ⁄ 4 6 61 ⁄ 2 63 ⁄ 4 7 71 ⁄ 2 73 ⁄ 4 83 ⁄ 4 10 103 ⁄ 4 111 ⁄ 4 131 ⁄ 2 1 1 ⁄4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 3 ⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 30 34 36 42 1 1 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 1 11 ⁄ 8 1 ⁄8 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 11 ⁄ 2 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄4 17 ⁄ 8 2 2 3 5 1 1 1 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄4 11 ⁄ 2 11 ⁄ 2 11 ⁄ 2 1 1 *1⁄16" Raised Face Stud lengths for lap joint flanges are equal to lengths shown plus the thickness of two laps of the stub ends. Flange No.BOLT DIMENSIONS FOR 150 TO 300 LB. STEEL FLANGE 125/150 LB. Bolt No.

60 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Flange * Stud Length 3 3 ⁄4 31⁄2 3 ⁄4 4 4 41⁄2 43⁄4 5 ⁄4 5 ⁄4 6 ⁄2 53⁄4 61⁄2 71⁄4 7 ⁄4 8 81⁄2 83⁄4 91⁄2 10 10 ⁄2 11 ⁄2 13 133⁄4 14 161⁄4 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 Bolt Bolt Number Circle Diameter of Bolts Diameter 25⁄8 3 ⁄4 31⁄2 3 ⁄8 41⁄2 5 57⁄8 65⁄8 7 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 9 ⁄4 105⁄8 13 151⁄4 17 ⁄4 20 ⁄4 221⁄2 243⁄4 27 291⁄4 32 34 ⁄2 39 ⁄4 431⁄2 46 523⁄4 1 1 1 3 1 7 1 7 1 1 5 5 5 3 5 Bolt Bolt Number Circle Diameter of Bolts Diameter 25⁄8 3 ⁄4 31⁄2 3 ⁄8 41⁄2 5 57⁄8 65⁄8 7 ⁄4 8 ⁄2 10 ⁄2 111⁄2 133⁄4 17 19 ⁄4 20 ⁄4 233⁄4 253⁄4 281⁄2 305⁄8 33 36 40 ⁄4 441⁄2 47 533⁄4 1 3 1 1 1 1 7 1 1 5 5 5 3 5 * Stud Length 3 31⁄4 31⁄2 33⁄4 4 4 41⁄4 43⁄4 51⁄4 51⁄2 61⁄4 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 81⁄2 9 93⁄4 101⁄2 111⁄4 12 123⁄4 131⁄4 14 15 153⁄4 171⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄4 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 24 28 28 28 32 32 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 20 20 20 20 24 24 24 28 28 28 28 28 1 1 ⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 3 ⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 30 34 36 42 1 1 3 3 7 7 7 3 3 7 7 1 1 11⁄8 11⁄4 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 15⁄8 13⁄4 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄8 2 21⁄4 21⁄2 23⁄4 7 7 3 1 7 1 11⁄8 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄4 13⁄8 13⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄4 2 2 2 21⁄2 3 3 1 1 *1⁄4" Raised Face Stud lengths for lap joint flanges are equal to lengths shown minus 1⁄2" plus the thickness of two laps of the stub ends. Flange Nom.11 .BOLT DIMENSIONS FOR 400 AND 600 LB. STEEL FLANGE 400 LB. Pipe Size 1 3 600 LB.

so that fittings may be made to face in any quarter.D. In. of Bolt In.D.D./mm ⁄4 37 ⁄ 8 98 ⁄ 16 ⁄ 16 ⁄2 23 ⁄ 4 70 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 13 ⁄ 4 44 11 ⁄ 16 27 21 ⁄ 4 57 20 11 7 16 5 13 1 1 25 41 ⁄ 4 108 31 ⁄ 8 79 13 ⁄ 4 44 15 ⁄ 16 33 25 ⁄ 8 67 11 1 16 5 13 1 11 ⁄ 4 32 45 ⁄ 8 117 31 ⁄ 2 89 2 51 121 ⁄ 32 42 3 76 13 9 16 5 13 1 11 ⁄ 2 40 5 127 ⁄ 16 ⁄8 ⁄ 16 ⁄4 ⁄ 16 ⁄ 16 ⁄ 16 37 ⁄ 8 98 2 51 129 ⁄ 32 48 33 ⁄ 8 86 14 5 16 3 13 5 2 50 6 152 43 ⁄ 4 121 21 ⁄ 4 57 23 ⁄ 8 60 41 ⁄ 8 105 16 11 19 3 16 5 21 ⁄ 2 65 7 178 51 ⁄ 2 140 21 ⁄ 2 64 27 ⁄ 8 73 47 ⁄ 8 124 17 3 19 3 16 5 3 80 71 ⁄ 2 191 6 152 21 ⁄ 2 64 31 ⁄ 2 89 53 ⁄ 8 137 19 13 19 3 16 5 31 ⁄ 2 90 81 ⁄ 2 216 7 178 23 ⁄ 4 70 4 102 63 ⁄ 8 162 22 15 19 3 16 5 4 100 9 229 71 ⁄ 2 191 3 76 41 ⁄ 2 114 67 ⁄ 8 175 24 15 19 7 16 3 5 125 10 254 81 ⁄ 2 216 3 76 59 ⁄ 16 141 73 ⁄ 4 197 24 22 7 19 3 6 150 11 279 1 25 91 ⁄ 2 241 31 ⁄ 4 83 65 ⁄ 8 168 83 ⁄ 4 222 22 7 19 3 8 200 131 ⁄ 2 343 11 ⁄ 8 29 113 ⁄ 4 298 31 ⁄ 2 89 85 ⁄ 8 219 11 279 22 19 7 10 250 16 406 13 ⁄ 16 30 141 ⁄ 4 362 1 25 33 ⁄ 4 95 103 ⁄ 4 273 133 ⁄ 8 340 22 7 12 300 19 483 11 ⁄ 4 32 17 432 1 25 33 ⁄ 4 95 123 ⁄ 4 324 161 ⁄ 8 410 22 14 O.D./mm Bolt Min. Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation Information BOLT TEMPLATE FOR DRILLING FLANGED FITTINGS ./mm 7 No.D. 231 ⁄ 2 597 17 ⁄ 16 37 211 ⁄ 4 540 11 ⁄ 8 29 1 25 41 ⁄ 2 114 16 406 201 ⁄ 4 514 18 O./mm In.D.D. In. Circle Flange Thickness Dia. 500 O.D.D.D. Bolt holes straddle the center line.D./mm In. 32 813 17 ⁄ 8 48 291 ⁄ 2 749 13 ⁄ 8 35 11 ⁄ 4 32 51 ⁄ 2 140 24 610 281 ⁄ 4 718 Drilling templates are in multiples of four. 400 O.Pipe Size NPS/DN 3 Flange Dia. of Bolts 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 16 20 20 Bolt Hole Dia. In. 21 533 1 ⁄8 35 3 18 ⁄ 4 476 3 11 ⁄ 8 29 1 25 41 ⁄ 4 108 14 356 173 ⁄ 4 451 16 O./mm 1 Ring Ring Length Gasket Gasket of Bolt O. 27 ⁄ 2 699 1 1 ⁄ 16 43 11 25 635 11 ⁄ 4 32 11 ⁄ 8 29 5 127 20 508 237 ⁄ 8 606 24 O./mm In. In. 350 O./mm 5 Dia. 25 635 19 ⁄ 16 40 223 ⁄ 4 578 11 ⁄ 4 32 11 ⁄ 8 29 43 ⁄ 4 121 18 457 215 ⁄ 8 549 20 O.D. APFH-12. 450 O.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 61 Bolt Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. I. 600 O.

O.D./mm 1 25 47 ⁄ 8 124 ⁄ 16 ⁄4 ⁄ 16 ⁄8 211 ⁄ 16 68 31 ⁄ 2 89 17 3 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 21 ⁄ 2 64 15 ⁄ 16 33 27 ⁄ 8 51 19 3 16 5 11 ⁄ 4 32 51 ⁄ 4 133 31 ⁄ 16 78 37 ⁄ 8 98 21 ⁄ 2 64 121 ⁄ 32 42 31 ⁄ 4 83 19 13 19 7 16 3 11 ⁄ 2 40 61 ⁄ 8 156 39 ⁄ 16 90 41 ⁄ 2 114 23 ⁄ 4 70 129 ⁄ 32 48 33 ⁄ 4 95 22 7 22 3 19 5 2 50 61 ⁄ 2 165 43 ⁄ 16 106 5 127 23 ⁄ 4 70 23 ⁄ 8 60 43 ⁄ 8 111 22 19 7 16 3 21 ⁄ 2 65 71 ⁄ 2 191 1 25 415 ⁄ 16 125 57 ⁄ 8 149 31 ⁄ 4 83 27 ⁄ 8 73 51 ⁄ 8 130 22 7 19 3 3 80 81 ⁄ 4 210 11 ⁄ 8 29 511 ⁄ 16 144 65 ⁄ 8 168 31 ⁄ 2 89 31 ⁄ 2 89 57 ⁄ 8 149 22 7 19 3 31 ⁄ 2 90 9 229 13 ⁄ 16 30 65 ⁄ 16 160 71 ⁄ 4 184 31 ⁄ 2 89 4 102 61 ⁄ 2 165 22 7 19 3 4 100 10 254 11 ⁄ 4 32 615 ⁄ 16 176 77 ⁄ 8 200 33 ⁄ 4 95 41 ⁄ 2 114 71 ⁄ 8 181 22 7 19 3 5 125 11 279 13 ⁄ 8 35 85 ⁄ 16 211 91 ⁄ 4 235 4 102 59 ⁄ 16 141 81 ⁄ 2 216 22 7 19 3 6 150 121 ⁄ 2 318 17 ⁄ 16 37 911 ⁄ 16 246 105 ⁄ 8 270 4 102 65 ⁄ 8 168 97 ⁄ 8 251 22 19 7 8 200 15 381 15 ⁄ 8 41 1115 ⁄ 16 303 13 330 1 25 41 ⁄ 2 114 85 ⁄ 8 219 121 ⁄ 8 308 22 10 250 171 ⁄ 2 445 17 ⁄ 8 48 141 ⁄ 16 357 151 ⁄ 4 387 11 ⁄ 8 29 1 25 51 ⁄ 4 133 103 ⁄ 4 273 141 ⁄ 4 362 12 300 201 ⁄ 2 521 2 51 167 ⁄ 16 418 173 ⁄ 4 451 11 ⁄ 4 32 11 ⁄ 8 29 51 ⁄ 2 140 123 ⁄ 4 324 165 ⁄ 8 422 Drilling templates are in multiples of four. Size Dia./mm In. Bolt Bolt Gasket Pipe Flange Gasket Bolt Flange Raised Circle of Dia. so that fittings may be made to face in any quarter. Length I. Thickness Face Dia. Dia. of Bolt No.11 . Bolt holes straddle the center line./mm In./mm In.BOLT TEMPLATE FOR DRILLING EXTRA HEAVY FLANGED FITTINGS Ring Dia. of Min./mm In.D. Bolts Holes NPS/DN In./mm 11 In./mm 3 In./mm In. 62 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . High bead. . . . . . . . . . . Reverse polarity. . . . . . . Flat bead. . . . . . . 1850–1900°F Brazing Naval Bronze with Manganese Bronze . . . . . . . . DC Reverse. . . . 1600–1700°F Silver Solder . 2700–2750°F APFH-12. . . . . . .000–73. . . . . . . .000 52. . Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation . . . . . . . . . . . Fast. . . . . . . . . . . Physical Properties of E60 & E70 Series Electrodes TYPICAL VALUES AWS ASTM Electrode E6010 E6011 E6012 AWS ASTM Electrode E7010 E7011 E7015 E7016 E7020 Tensile Strength 62. All Positions. . . . . . . Smooth. . . . . . . . . . High bead. . . . . . . . . . . . . .000 57. . . .C. . . . . . Deep penetration. . . . . . . . . . . . .000 55. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC or DC or DC Reverse Polarity E6012 Direct Current. . . . . . . . . . Straight Polarity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 63 Bolt Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. . . . . Straight Polarity.000 70. . . . .000 68. . .000 70. . . . . . . . . . S. 2490–2730°F Cast Iron Welding . . . E80. 1980°F Brazing Copper-Silicon with Phosphor-Bronze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “Cold rod”. . . . Moderately smooth finish. . . . . . and E100 Series. All Positions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E6011 Alternating Current. . . . . Flat & Horizontal Fillet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The last two numbers (in bold type) designate the types or styles and the first two numbers the minimum specified tensile strength in 1. . . . . . . . . . . . Smooth. . . All purpose. . . . . . E90. . . . . . . . Fast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .000 57. . . . . . . . . .1175–1530°F Soft Solder . Good penetration.000 psi of the weld deposit as welded. . .000–58. . . . . . . . . . .000 Elongation 22 to 28% 17 to 22% Red. . . . . . . All Positions. . . . also. . . . . Flat and Horizontal Fillet. . . . . Fast. . . . . . . . AC. . . . . . . . . AC or DC Reverse Polarity E6020 Direct Current. . .000–61. . . . . .000 Yield Strength 52. .000 57. . All purpose.000–78.Coated Arc Welding Electrodes – Types & Styles A. . .000 Tensile Strength 70. “Low hydrogen” iron powder electrodes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . DC Straight E6018 Direct Current. .000 70. . . . . AC or DC Straight NOTE: This information also applies to E70. . W. This is the electrode used for most carbon steel pipe welding.000–65. . . . . Good penetration. . . . Classification E6010 Direct Current. . . “Cold rod”. . 2700–2790°F Stainless Steel Welding . . . . . All Positions. . . . . . . . . . .000 Elongation 22 22 22 22 25 WELDING AND BRAZING TEMPERATURES Carbon Steel Welding. . . . . % 35 25 MINIMUM VALUES Yield Strength 57. . . . . . . . 1175–1600°F Low Temperature Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1920–2500°F Copper Welding and Brazing . . . . . . All Positions. .000 62. “Hot rod”. Smooth. . . . . . . . . . . . 200–730°F Wrought Iron . . .000 52. . Moderately smooth finish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .000–70. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E6013 Alternating Current. . . . in Area Min. . . . Can be used with A. . . .000 70. . E6027 “Iron powder electrodes”.

11 . DEPTH OF FILLING FOR PLUG AND SLOT WELDS EFFECTIVE THROAT DEPTH OF PREPARATION OR SIZE IN INCHES REFERENCE LINE (BOTH SIDES) SPECIFICATION.Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols BASIC WELD SYMBOLS GROOVE OR BUTT Back Fillet Plug or Slot Square V Bevel U J Flare V Flare Bevel SUPPLEMENTARY WELD SYMBOLS Backing Spacer Weld AllAround Field Weld CONTOUR Flush Convex See AWS A2.4 for a detailed review of standard welding symbols STANDARD LOCATION OF ELEMENTS OF A WELDING SYMBOL FINISH SYMBOL CONTOUR SYMBOL ROOT OPENING. PROCESS OR OTHER REFERENCE T F A R (OTHER SIDE) WELD ALL AROUND SYMBOL L@P (ARROW SIDE) GROOVE ANGLE OR INCLUDED ANGLE OF COUNTERSINK FOR PLUG WELDS LENGTH OF WELD IN INCHES PITCH (C TO C SPACING) OF WELDS IN INCHES FIELD WELD SYMBOL S(E) TAIL (OMITTED WHEN REFERENCE IS NOT USED) BASIC WELD SYMBOL OR DETAIL REFERENCE ARROW CONNECTS REFERENCE LINE TO ARROW SIDE OF JOINT. 64 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.

near. When welds are drawn in section or end views. and both sides. weld symbols must be at left. In section or end views only. APFH-12.Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols Notes NOTES: 1. Welds on both sides are of same size unless otherwise shown. The perpendicular leg of . Arrow and other side welds are of the same size unless otherwise shown. 3. All welds are continuous and of user's standard propertions and all except V-grooved and bevel-grooved welds are closed unless otherwise shown. Symbols govern to break in continuity of structure or to extent of hatching or dimension lines. Symbols apply between abrupt changes in direction of welding unless governed by the “All Around” symbol or otherwise dimensioned. 7. the side to which arrow points is considered near side. 5. In plan or elevation. 6. far. In joints in which one member only is to be grooved. 2. 4.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 65 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. 8. NOTES: 1. length of weld and spacing must read in that order from left to right along the reference line. . Tail of arrow used for specification reference. arrows point to that member. . weld symbol. 2. Dimensions of fillet welds must be shown on both the arrow side and other side symbol. 4. The point of the field weld symbol must point toward the tail. 5. Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation . Neither orientation of reference line nor location of the arrow alter this rule. when weld is not drawn. 3. obvious information is not given by symbol. locations refer to nearest member parallel to plane of drawing and not to others farther behind. Size.

859375 /64 7 .1875 /16 13 .3000 19 .9833 60 1.7333 45 .984375 /64 1 1.078125 /64 3 .0000 66 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK DECIMAL EQUIVALENTS OF FRACTIONS Inches Decimal of an Inch 1 .0 APFH-12.5500 34 .53125 /32 35 .7500 46 .8000 49 .453125 /64 15 .0833 6 .7166 44 .8666 53 .65625 /32 43 .5666 35 .15625 /32 11 .5333 33 .6166 38 .4375 /16 29 .11 .578125 /64 19 .09375 /32 7 .625 /8 41 .296875 /64 5 .2500 16 .0625 /16 5 .875 /8 57 .9333 57 .515625 /64 17 .0500 4 .3833 24 .2106 14 .765625 /64 25 .MINUTES CONVERTED TO DECIMALS OF A DEGREE Minutes Degree 1 .265625 /64 9 .734375 /64 3 .3125 /16 21 .359375 /64 3 .2333 15 .2000 13 .1833 12 .9500 58 .7833 48 .96875 /32 63 .921875 /64 15 .0666 5 .8166 50 .4500 28 .4333 27 .7666 47 .671875 /64 11 .5 /2 33 .8833 54 .328125 /64 1 .203125 /64 7 .234375 /64 1 .34375 /32 23 .90625 /32 59 .03125 /32 3 .9666 59 .3666 23 .140625 /64 5 .8333 51 .9166 56 .3500 22 .015625 /64 1 .333 /3 11 .609375 /64 5 .28125 /32 19 .6500 40 .890625 /64 29 .78125 /32 51 .5166 32 .484375 /64 1 .59375 /32 39 .0166 2 .6000 37 .71875 /32 47 .1333 9 .4166 26 .9000 55 .46875 /32 31 .640625 /64 21 .5625 /16 37 .828125 /64 27 .4666 29 .1166 8 .2666 17 .953125 /64 31 .1666 11 .375 /8 25 .75 /4 49 .109375 /64 1 .4833 30 .84375 /32 55 .3333 21 .796875 /64 13 .21875 /32 15 .5833 36 .8500 52 .703125 /64 23 .390625 /64 13 .1500 10 .6875 /16 45 .4000 25 .546875 /64 9 .7000 43 .046875 /64 1 .6833 42 .25 /4 17 .3166 20 .6666 41 .0333 3 .9375 /16 61 .1000 7 .6333 39 .8125 /16 53 .5000 31 .171875 /64 3 .40625 /32 27 .421875 /64 7 .2833 18 .125 /8 9 .

00433 7.4 12 0.733 27.578 5.33 0.12004 0.0361 0.STANDARD CONVERSIONS To Change Inches Feet Yards Square Inches Square feet Square yards Cubic Inches Cubic feet Cubic yards Cubic Inches Cubic feet Gallons Pounds of water Ounces Pounds Inches of water To Feet Millimeters Inches Yards Feet Square feet Square inches Square yards Square feet Cubic feet Cubic inches Cubic yards Cubic feet Gallons Gallons Cubic inches Cubic feet Pounds of water Gallons Pounds Ounces Pounds per square inch Inches of mercury Ounces per square inch Pounds per square foot Inches of water Feet of water Pounds per square inch Inches of mercury Inches of water Inches of water Feet of water Inches of mercury Atmospheres Pounds per square inch Pounds per square foot Inches of mercury Pounds per square inch Inches of mercury Feet of water Pounds Pounds Long tons Multiply By 0.5 0.31 2.696 29.00694 144 0.0833 25.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.3333 3 0.1337 8.92 34 2240 2000 0.127 1.1333 0.48 231 0.4914 0.11111 9 0. Data Installation Contents .6 1.03703 27 0.72 2.8824 14.0735 0.89285 67 Inches of mercury Ounces per square inch Pounds per square inch Feet of water Atmospheres Long tons Short tons APFH-12.0681 0.04 0.00058 1728 0.434 62.0625 16 0.2 13.

= 68 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. water evap. .2°F WEIGHT OF LIQUID 1 gal. per hr.833 gal.43 lb. per sec. PRESSURE 1 hp-hr = 1 Kwhr = 3. water at 60°F = . 500 lb. 1 Btu (mean) = 1 1 kw. at 39. = 62.8 kw.000 Btu per 24 hr. 62.33 lb.134 cu. hg at 60°F .4 lb. = Absolute (psia) +14.48 gal. gr. x sp.) = 1 cu. = 1 hp = 550 ft. 12.12 U. 0. ft.000 grain 2. (cfm) = 448. = 62. (U.000 Btu per hr. at 50°F.016 cu. in gauge (psig) 1 lb. = 1 lb. water from 32°F to 212°F 2545 Btu (mean) .8 gal. = 1 Btu per hr. per min. ft. lb. gr. 83.S. from & at 212°F 9. gr. from and at 32˚ F 128 fl.) 0.11 . ft.S. of ice = 57.000 lb. lb. 1 ft. Hg at 60°F = 1. in. from and at 32˚ F 2. (U.293 watt 12. .746 kwhr 3413 Btu (mean) 1. gr. oz. 1 cu. . ft.S.) 231 cu.5 lb. / sp. = 1 ton refrigeration = (U. lb. per sq. per min. = ⁄180 of heat required to change temp of 1 lb.96 ft. ft. per sq. per min 1 gpm = 500 lb.413 Btu per hr. per sq. 34.34 lb. (avoir.) = 1 cu.13 ft. per sq.000 lb. (avoir.) 7.293 watt hr.00039 hp 288. 1 in.34 hp-hr 1 lb.per hr. 746 watt 2.2 lb. WORK 1 boiler hp = 778 ft.S. (U. 33. ft.13 ft. 200 Btu per min. in.) = 1 ton (short) = 1 ton (long) = 16 oz. MASS 8.7 1 lb. x sp. (gph) POWER °C = (°F-32) x 5/9 VOLUME I gal. (Brit.884 in. ice melted per 24hr. ft.UNIT CONVERSION FLOW TEMPERATURE 0. 2. gal. hg at 60°F . / sp.S. in. 3. = 8. in. gr. .41 lb. ice melted per 24hr.480 Btu per hr.) 7.04 in. in. at 50°F.2°F. per sq.240 lb. 1 cu.433 lb. x sp. ft. Water is at its greatest density at 39. (U. gr.34 lb.) WEIGHT OF WATER 1 cu.545 Btu per hr. per hr.49 lb. 1 gal.S. water at 60°F lb. = 1 gpm / sp. per hr. water at 60°F 2. 1 cu.

Damage to the Adjustable Drop Nipple or Sprinkler may result. Gauge both the male threads of the sprinkler and the female threads of the Adjustable Drop Nipple for compliance with ANSI B1. Specification for Tapered Pipe Threads. If attaching a sprinkler head. If within tolerance.20. MAX. Allow twenty-four hours for setting. the sprinkler should thread into the 1⁄2" or 3⁄4" thread from three (3) to four (4) threads hand tight. B) Before starting the job of making sprinklers into steel threads of the above fittings. DO NOT USE ANY PETROLEUM BASED LUBRICANTS ON THE O-RING SEALS. however it is not necessary to drain the system. F) After the ceiling has been installed adjust the sprinkler to its final position by using the sprinkler wrench and assemble the escutcheon plate to the inner support ring. the sprinkler should thread into the 1⁄2" or 3⁄4" thread from two (2) to three (3) threads hand tight. LENGTH MODEL ‘M’ CEILING TILE SPRINKLER HEAD D) If either of the above fails to allow the sprinkler to make-up to a minimum of from five (5) to six (6) full threads. APFH-12.1.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 69 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. LENGTH MODEL ‘F’ CEILING TILE SPRINKLER HEAD MODEL ‘M’ INSTALLATION BRANCH PIPE MIN. Petroleum based lubricants are incompatible with EPDM and will impair serviceability of the unit. reapply the anaerobic pipe sealant and make-on to the required length. please refer to the manufacturer’s installation instructions and apply pipe thread sealant only to male threads of the sprinkler. MODEL ‘F’ INSTALLATION MIN. E) Connect the Adjustable Drop Nipple assembly to the sprinkler system by wrenching on the make-up area on the Drop Nipple. MAX. DO NOT WRENCH ON THE BARREL PORTION OF THE UNIT OR SPRINKLER. C) The use of an anaerobic pipe thread sealant is preferred for thread make up when connecting to another pipe fitting or nipple. If seven (7) perfect threads are counted.A) For use in wet and dry pipe automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordance with all applicable standards or codes. It is recommended that the system pressure be relieved when adjusting. count the number of fully developed male threads on the brand of sprinkler to be installed into the fittings. Data Installation Contents INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Eliminator Adjustable Drop Nipple . The same procedure would apply if a leak has been detected. do not overtighten the sprinkler. Clean any debris and/or pipe sealant from both the male and female threads. Adjustable Drop Nipples described herein must be installed and maintained in compliance with this document as well as the applicable standards of the National Fire Protection Association in addition to the standards for any other authorities having jurisdiction. Instead back the sprinkler out of the fitting. If five (5) to six (6) threads are counted.

3⁄4. 5 or non-threadable lightwall pipe is 175 psi.3" Tee-Let would be ordered. check nipple or sprinkler for proper thread gage measurement and discard if not to ANSI B1. Compare number of threads counted to the number of required fully developed threads as shown in the thread chart located on the back of this sheet. Size consolidations are employed to reduce inventory and provide for greater flexibility. Specification for Tapered Pipe Threads. reapply the anaerobic pipe sealant or Teflon™ tape and make-on to the required length. is a 1" outlet fitting manufactured to fit perfectly on the 2" header size listed. Item C) B) Before starting the job of making nipples or sprinklers into steel threads of the above fittings. D) If either of the above fails to allow the sprinkler or nipple to make-up to a minimum of full threads. Outlet Model Note: Tee-Lets are manufactured to fit size-on-size. 4 1⁄2 . For example.8 (All Schedules) 300 (Roll Grooved End) 1) Size-on-size (i. proceed with installation (Step C). (See Section III.4 (Sch. DynaFlow) (Grooved End) Tee-Let Type C/R 1 1 1 ⁄4 . C) The use of an anaerobic pipe thread sealant is preferred for thread make up when connecting to another pipe fitting or nipple. then a 1" x 21⁄2 . Gauge both the male threads of the sprinkler or nipple and the female threads of the Tee-Let with ANSI B1. If installed on the second header size marked on the fitting.e. Clean any debris and/or pipe sealant from both the male and female threads. do not over tighten.21⁄2" Tee-Let. while leaving a 1⁄32" gap along the longitudinal centerline of the 21⁄2" size. 11⁄2. 3. Instead back the sprinkler or nipple out of the fitting.1 / ISO-7R/RC specification. 5. 40) 300 1 2 1⁄ 2 . 70 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. If a perfect fit is required for a 21⁄2" header pipe.6 1 ⁄4 . FM APPROVAL GUIDE CHAPTER 1 – PIPE FITTINGS) Outlet Pipe Size (Inch) Header Pipe Size (Inch) Rated Pressure (psig) 1 1 ⁄2.8 11⁄4 . 5.INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Weld-Miser™ Tee-Let (Welding Outlet Fittings) TEE-LET WELDED OUTLET FITTING (UL VIZU — EX6032. Thread Make-up and Installation A) For use in systems installed in accordance with all applicable standards or codes. If attaching a sprinkler head. insure that no dirt or weld spatter is in the threads and no burn-through damaged the threads. 1 ⁄2 .11 . 2) FM rated working pressure when welded on Sch.8 ⁄2 .1 / ISO-7R/RC. 40) Tee-Let Type A 11⁄4. a slight gap of approximately 1⁄32" will appear along the longitudinal centerline of the header. 4 6 (EZ-Flow) Tee-Let Type C 11⁄4 .4 (Sch. Then count the number of fully developed male threads on the nipple or sprinkler to be installed into the fittings.20. 2. that is the contoured shape on a given Tee-Let is made to fit perfectly on the first listed header size. a 1" x 2 . 2 x 2) Tee-Lets are not FM Approved. 21⁄2.8 (Sch. The same procedure would apply if a leak has been detected. If thread count is correct.20.8 (Sch. please refer to the manufacturer’s installation instructions and apply pipe thread sealant only to male threads of the sprinkler.10. Allow twenty-four hours for setting.10. DynaFlow) 300 2 4 (EZ-Flow) (F-Threaded End) 2. if thread count does not match. If within tolerance.

11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 71 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Hand-held templates are sized to match your plasma cutter. Excessive heat may cause the wrench tight threads (those in the bottom of the Tee-Let near the weld zone) to distort while also causing the branch pipe to bend. mechanical flame cutting (oxy-acetylene or propane). B RECOMMENDED AMOUNT OF WELD Outlet Size In. Merit offers a simple approach to cutting the hole. and only negligibly distort when subjected to excessive heat. the weld should be only as hot as required to allow the weld to penetrate the materials being welded while concomitantly allowing gases developed in the welding process to escape. One advantage of cutting the hole after welding is that the pipe is left intact during welding thereby reducing shrinkage and possible distortion. may not return to their gauged form after cooling if excessive heat causes them to expand. and assumes that the welding equipment is properly calibrated and functioning normally and the operator is qualified.Recommended Hole Sizes The hole cut in the branch or header pipe can be cut prior or subsequent to attachment of the Tee-Let. The threads. and air plasma cutting (constricted tungsten arc) machines. Every effort must be made to avoid welding too hot or overheating both the pipe and the Tee-Let./mm Holes may be cut employing mechanical means—including hole sawing. Data Installation Contents INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Weld-Miser™ Tee-Let (Welding Outlet Fittings) ./mm A In./mm In./mm 3 3 ⁄2 (13) ⁄4 (19) 1 (25) 11⁄4 (31) 11⁄2 (38) 2 (50) 21⁄2 (63) 3 (75) 4 (100) 3 1 ⁄4 (7) ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 5 ⁄16 (8) 5 ⁄16 (8) 5 ⁄16 (8) 3 ⁄8 (10) 3 ⁄8 (10) 1 1 ⁄16 (5) ⁄16 (5) 3 ⁄16 (5) 3 ⁄16 (5) 1 ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 5 ⁄16 (5) 5 ⁄16 (5) 1 ⁄2. on the other hand. 3⁄4 & 1 Outlet 11⁄4 . as some codes require.21⁄2 Outlet APFH-12. Tee-Let Size ⁄2 (13) 3 ⁄4 (19) 1 (25) 11⁄4 (31) 11⁄4 (31) 11⁄2 (38) 2 (50) 21⁄2 (63) 3 (75) 4 (100) 1 Recommended Hole Size ⁄8 (16) ⁄8 (22) 11⁄8 (28) 11⁄2 (38) 13⁄8 (35) 15⁄8 (41) 2 (50) 27⁄16 (61) 3 (75) 4 (100) 7 5 Recommended Welding Procedures As a general rule./mm B In. If holes are cut prior to welding. It should be noted that Merit Tee-Lets have been subjected to exhaustive testing and evaluation. then the following hole sizes are recommended. Note that the same hole diameter for a given outlet size is required for both Type A and Type C TeeLets 1-11⁄2" larger. RECOMMENDED TEE-LET HOLE SIZES Type Type A Type A Type A Type A Type C Type A or C Type A or C Type A or C Type A or C Type A or C In. The A following is intended only as a guide.

035 0.035 0.4 63-100 1 5-6 125-150 ⁄2 .4 63-100 21⁄2 . B.2 0.120 3 13-50 21⁄2 .5 13-50 21⁄2 .2 13-50 0.Co2.035 0.2 13-50 0./mm In.4 63-100 1 ⁄2 .035 0.035 0.083 2.INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Weld-Miser™ Tee-Let (Welding Outlet Fittings) RECOMMENDED SETTINGS FOR MICROWIRE WELDING PROCESS Header Pipe Wall Tee-Let Electrode Size Thickness Types A. Merit assumes no liability for any consequential damages resulting from the improper use of its Tee-Let Welding Outlet Fittings.4 8 200 63-100 1 ⁄2 . 75% .134 3.109 3 13-50 21⁄2 .4 63-100 1 21⁄2 .035 0. Volts Wire Feed POS.2 13-50 0.) Co2 . C Size In.035 0.4 63-100 1 ⁄2 .2 31-50 ⁄2 . faster welding./mm 1 Welding Current AMPS-DC Arc.2 0.035 0. Recommended for . high welding speeds without melt through.) 25% .4 63-100 1 11⁄4 . good penetration.Deeper penetration.045 0.109 3 21⁄2 .11 .4 63-100 Shielding Gas Flow (for all sizes) 20-25 CFH 1.035 0.035 0./mm In.134 wall and lighter.5 21⁄2 . minimum distortion and spatter.4 63-100 1 ⁄2 .035 0.035 0.109 3 13-50 21⁄2 .035 0.5 21⁄2 .4 63-100 21⁄2 . 2.045 0. low cost. 72 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.035 0.2 0.035 0.065 2 13-50 0.045 100-130 115-150 110-140 120-160 110-140 120-150 120-160 130-160 120-150 130-150 130-160 140-160 180-205 120-150 130-150 170-220 130-160 140-160 180-225 16-20 17-21 18-22 19-22 17-20 17-20 19-22 19-22 17-20 18-20 19-22 20-22 20-24 17-20 18-20 18-22 19-22 20-22 20-24 210 270 220 290 210 270 290 240 210 270 290 270 245 240 260 290 240 260 290 25-30 20-25 25-30 20-25 20-25 20-25 20-25 20-25 20-25 15-20 20-25 15-20 27-32 20-25 15-20 12-18 20-25 15-20 12-18 21⁄2 . nor for any recommendations made with respect to installation procedures.4 63-100 21⁄2 .4 63-100 ⁄2 . IPM Travel Speed IPM ⁄2 .2 0.148 3.2 0.035 0.Argon.

sets-up to a semi hard condition and is vibration resistant. Handtight engagement for 1⁄2" through 2" thread varies from 41⁄2 turns to 5 turns.12 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 73 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Handtight engagement for 21⁄2" through 4" thread varies from 51⁄2 turns to 63⁄4 turns. • Threads should be free from mechanical damage. Data Installation Contents INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY General Assembly of Threaded Fittings . Best application is achieved with a brush stiff enough to force sealant down to the root of the threads. wrench tight makeup is considered three full turns past handtight. chips and excess cutting oil. • Thoroughly mix the thread sealant prior to application. wrench tight makeup is considered two full turns past handtight. dirt. • Clean or replace components as necessary. 2) Application of pipe dope • Use a pipe dope that is fast drying. • Apply a thick even coat to the male threads only. • For 21⁄2" through 4" sizes.1) Inspect both male and female components prior to assembly. 3) Joint Makeup • For sizes up to and including 2" pipe. PIPE NIPPLE THREAD ENGAGEMENT (Normal for Tight Joints) Pipe Size Length /8 1 /4 3 /8 1 /2 3 /4 1 11/4 11/2 2 21/2 3 3 1 /2 4 5 6 1 /4 /8 3 /8 1 /2 9 /16 11 /16 11 /16 11 /16 3 /4 15 /16 1 11/16 11/8 11/4 15/16 3 1 APFH-4. Alternately. an anaerobic sealant may be utilized.

07918 1.A.2963 .0085 1. Std.0370 .240 .7235 .1973 1.5571 1.3800 .0870 . Plug Gage National Pipe Thread Standards ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK E0 P E1 E5 L1+ 4 Threads L1+ 5 Threads L2 NATIONAL PIPE THREAD STANDARDS Pitch Diameter at Beginning of External Threads Length Length Pitch Diameter Pitch Diameter Outside Nominal Diameter Threads Pitch of per Inch Thread Pipe of pipe Size Handtight Engagement Effective Thread External Wrench Make-up Length for Internal Thread Pitch Length Diameter Overall Length External Thread D /8 1 /4 3 /8 1 /2 3 /4 1 11/4 11/2 2 1 N 27 18 18 14 14 111/2 111/2 111/2 111/2 .6013 1.4774 .375 APFH-12.2386 1.11 .2609 .4670 .6270 .4018 .0252 1.2563 1.7784 .2609 .Amer.2690 .0556 .2609 E3 .5408 1.0582 .2527 L4 .405 .436 .0714 .3566 .1667 . Total Taper 3/4" per Foot (Measured on Diameter) Imperfect threads due to lead or die Ring Gage L3 30˚ 30˚ L1 E2 Plug gage to enter until notch is flush with first thread – standard tolerance is + one thread.1667 .4899** .760P = Thead Depth .6375 .339 . E3 90˚ D L1 Gage to go on flush by hand – standard tolerance is + one turn.6006 .660 1.6120 .0870 .4078 .5457 .5337 .P.1111 . 0.8413 2.7961 2.540 .3748** .7584 . Std.420 .6828 .3924 .7798 2.675 .8223 2.9677 1.7935 .2639 .7815 .5834 1.7450 .I.7068 .9889 1.5025 .2136 1.315 1.2143 .9543 1.200** .0870 .3163 L3 .050 1.2609 .74 L2 V L1 L4 0.840 1.0556 .5946 .6016 .320 .0714 .0018 1.2143 .3635 .8P = Thread Depth .9845 1.900 2.0870 .180** .400 .7565 P E0 L1 †† E1 L2 † E2 .420 .

812 1. Reprinted by permission from Catalog No.2500 3.2500 6.2500 3.8125 9.3500 4.9462 7.9156 .3885 1.6337 3. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 2.7750 14.5172 2.1250 .20.8758 2.563 6.625 9.2837 21.1250 .4156 .6125 7.125 2.8375 4.063 1.4273 10.250 2.000 2.500 5.7469 2.1250 . Data Installation Contents .000 18.2500 13.8742 2.5500 16.1250 .7195 3. The ANSI B1.8859 1.360 1.5023 1.375 Data per ANSI B1.5406 .7872 –– –– –– 15.1983 (R2006). listed for reference only.7125 8.9156 .8400 6.562 1.000 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 .875 3.2500 12.625 7.2500 8.6837 †Also length of plug gage.1.7762 –– –– –– 17.1250 .1250 .3907 6.4461 7.4493 1.6837 14.4180 2.875 . Ladish Co.3751 1.1250 .6837 4.000 17.5060 1. *Sizes discontinued in ANSI B1.000 4.750 14.1250 .1983 (R2006) (for Taper Pipe Thread) and API Standard 5-B (for Line Pipe Threads).4305 1.7344 3.9156 .5453 11.1250 .000 22. **Not according to ANSI B1.1250 . 75 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.2000 3.4500 15.1 National Pipe Thread Taper and the API Standard Line Pipe Thread are interchangeable.1250 12.3587 11.1250 2.5297 2.7500 19.7375 21.8750 2.3188 1.3250 1.3000 4.3500 14.2500 23.285 1.2500 10.3871 1.7250 23.6969 3.7125 .4398 8.000 16.937 .6194 2.APFH-12.6656 .8313 5.9156 .2500 13.8750 2.1250 .1250 .1250 .000 15.625 10.1 .000 5.7039 1.1462 9.1250 .000 1.6656 .2500 4.687 1.900 2.4524 –– –– –– 8.20.750 11.6500 17.5406 .1250 .844 .7622 1.20.500 4.2500 2.8837 16.4980 1.1 .000 20.7219 3.11 21/2 3 31/2 4 *41/2 5 6 *7 8 *9 10 *11 12 14 *15 16 *17 18 20 *22 24 2.3406 3.4336 9.821 .9250 10.5549 –– –– –– 12. ††Also length of ring gage and length from gaging notch to small end of pluge gage.9156 .8888 1.8656 3.1250 .7688 15.5000 1.750 12.4063 5.958 1.20.8726 2.4156 .1250 .3344 4.7625 16.4415 –– –– –– 10.2500 5.130 1.8418 –– –– –– 5.625 8.2500 19. 55.6178 2.7488 –– –– –– 23.210 1.0500 21.5587 13.766 .1250 .5712 3.2500 15.6209 1.5391 12.7563 17.8609 3.0250 11.000 24.2500 23.5125 6.1250 .2500 17.2500 3.8500 19.8703 2.4786 .7594 2.8219 1.7906 .682 .1375 2.5328 13.0837 19.7337 4.1250 .9156 .

6mm) between the base or skirt of the Anvilet when it is seated directly upon the appropriate run pipe.24 ⁄8 .000 3.50 STD XS/XH SCH 160 XS/XH SCH 160 XS/XH SCH 160 The maximum allowable pressure of a fitting is computed in accordance with the applicable piping code or regulation for straight seamless header (run) pipe or for material of equivalent composition and mechanical properties to the fitting.2 1 ⁄2. However.Forged Steel Anvilets INSTALLATION NOTE Anvil Anvilets are designed to have no more than a 1⁄16" gap (1.24 1 ⁄2.600 6 . must be applied to the pipe and fitting alike.000 ⁄8 .000 6.600 15 .100 15 .2 1 ⁄2.50 15 .150 8 .4 1 ⁄2.11 .50 15 .2 6 . it is recommended that the skirt of Anvilets be held slightly above the run pipe and tack welded to provide a small continuous root gap between the skirt and run pipe before completing the all-around welding beads or fillet.6 1 ⁄4 .000 6. PRESSURE TEMPERATURE RATINGS MSS standard Practice SP-97 gives the following correlation between fitting pressure class and pipe schedule number/wall thickness designation for calculation of pressure-temperature ratings: FORGED STEEL ANVILETS PRESSURE TEMPERATURE RATINGS Branch Connection Type Pressure Class of Fitting Branch Connection Size NPS 1 1 DN Pipe Wall for Rating Basis Buttweld Threaded Socket-Welding STD XS/XH SCH 160 3. 76 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Any corrosion or mechanical allowances and any reduction in allowable stress due to temperature or other service conditions.

P. OIL COUNTRY FITTINGS CURRENT API THREAD STANDARDS Nominal Size O. 8 Rd.D. 10 Rd. 8 Rd. –– 8 Rd.900 2 3⁄ 8 2 3⁄ 8 27⁄8 2 7⁄ 8 3 1⁄ 2 3 1⁄ 2 4 4 4 1⁄ 2 4 1⁄ 2 14 –– 111⁄2 –– 111⁄2 –– 111⁄2 –– 111⁄2 –– 8V –– 8V –– 8V 8V 8V –– –– 10 Rd. Size Pipe Tubing & Casing Nominal Size O.11 provides that the maximum allowable pressure of a fitting be computed in accordance with the applicable piping code or regulation for straight seamless pipe or for material of equivalent composition and mechanical properties to the fitting. –– 8 Rd. 8 Rd. 8 Rd. 8 Rd. 2000 3000 6000 80 160 XXS/XXH – 80 160 ASME B16.“Forged Fittings. 10 Rd. 10 Rd.900 1. 8 Rd.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 77 Forged Steel & Oil Country General Hanger Spacing & Beam Fitting Data Information Hanger Product Dimensions .050 1. –– 8 Rd. S.315 1. 8 Rd.660 1. 10 Rd. 8 Rd. 8 Rd. 10 Rd. Socket-Welding and Threaded” this table shows the schedule of pipe corresponding to each class of fitting for rating purposes.11 .660 1. 10 Rd.315 1. FORGED STEEL FITTINGS PRESSURE RATINGS Class Schedule N. 10 Rd.050 1. 8 Rd. 10 Rd. 8 Rd.W. 8 Rd. Size Pipe Tubing & Casing ⁄4 ⁄4 EUE 1 1 EUE 11⁄4 11⁄4 EUE 11⁄2 11⁄2 EUE 2 2 EUE 21⁄2 21⁄2 EUE 3 3 EUE 31⁄2 1 3 ⁄2 EUE 4 4 EUE 3 3 1. 10 Rd. Any corrosion or mechanical allowances and any reduction in allowable stress due to temperature or other service conditions must be applied to the pipe and fitting alike. –– APFH-12. 8 Rd.Forged Steel Fittings In accordance with ASME standard B16. –– –– 5 –– 6 –– –– 8 –– 10 –– 12 –– –– –– –– –– –– 5 51⁄2 59⁄16 6 65⁄8 7 75⁄8 85⁄8 95⁄8 103⁄4 113⁄4 123⁄4 133⁄8 14 16 18 20 –– –– –– 8V –– 8V –– –– 8V –– 8V –– 8V –– 8V 8V 8V 8V –– 8 Rd. 8 Rd. –– 8 Rd.D.T. 8 Rd.

▲ Z ▲ ▲ Mean Thickness of Flange Z In.438 0.375 7 8 10 0.0 80.2 10.9 50.8 51.3 20.0 23⁄8 21⁄2 25⁄8 23⁄4 3 31⁄4 33⁄8 35⁄8 35⁄8 37⁄8 4 41⁄8 45⁄8 5 5 51⁄8 51⁄4 51⁄2 51⁄2 55⁄8 6 61⁄4 61⁄4 63⁄8 7 71⁄4 7 71⁄8 71⁄2 0.7 70.75 18.375 12 0. Lbs.563 0.688 0.Beam Dimensions ▲ Y ▲ Depth of Section Y In.8 50.5 10.500 20.25 14.7 25.11 .4 35.5 7.8 12.0 42.250 0.0 20. Flange Width In.0 25.0 42.375 0.4 7.4 15.3 20.0 14.625 78 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.938 0.8 35.813 0.3 24 0. Weight per Ft.438 15 0.500 0.75 11.313 0.7 9.0 9.0 90.25 15. Y ▲ Z ▲ ▲ Mean Thickness of Flange Z In.625 5.0 54.75 13. Flange Width In.0 86.0 50.625 0. Lbs.313 0.250 0.0 33.0 66.4 23.0 100.75 12. 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 15 18 4.0 6.313 3 4 5 0.7 45.25 6.9 58.375 0.0 31.0 8.5 13.688 0.0 30. S SHAPES Depth of Section Y In.0 25.0 40.0 20.875 0.375 0.0 15.5 17.9 40.7 7.75 13.0 96.438 18 20 0.0 18.0 13⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 15⁄8 13⁄4 13⁄4 17⁄8 17⁄8 2 21⁄8 21⁄8 21⁄4 21⁄4 21⁄4 23⁄8 21⁄2 23⁄8 21⁄2 25⁄8 25⁄8 23⁄4 27⁄8 3 3 3 31⁄8 33⁄8 31⁄2 33⁄4 4 4 41⁄8 41⁄4 0.0 5.313 6 0.1 5.0 75. AMERICAN STANDARD CHANNELS Weight per Ft.7 9.0 30.

660 0. of Weight Flange of Section per Ft.000 0.560 0.745 0.505 0.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 79 Beam General Hanger Spacing & Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data .605 0. W SHAPES Mean Depth Thick.455 0.020 APFH-12.620 0.985 0.935 0.960 0.770 0.400 0. In.615 0.030 0.830 0. of Weight Flange of Section per Ft.530 0.900 0.715 0.990 14 16 18 30 34 38 43 48 53 61 68 74 82 90 99 109 120 132 36 40 45 50 57 67 77 89 100 50 55 60 65 71 76 86 97 106 63⁄4 63⁄4 63⁄4 8 8 8 10 10 101⁄8 101⁄8 141⁄2 145⁄8 145⁄8 145⁄8 143⁄4 7 7 7 71⁄8 71⁄8 101⁄4 101⁄4 103⁄8 103⁄8 71⁄2 71⁄2 71⁄2 75⁄8 75⁄8 11 111⁄8 111⁄8 111⁄4 0.645 0.530 0.940 1.510 0.790 0.570 0.855 0.975 0.465 0.385 0.850 0.435 0. Z ▲ ▲ Mean Depth Thick. In.575 0.515 0. Width Flange Y Z In. Lbs. of Weight Flange of Section per Ft.930 0.870 0.770 0.330 0. In.520 0.63 0.735 0.575 0.455 0.640 0.670 0.565 0.720 0.740 0.750 0.680 0.810 0.855 0.495 0.380 0.875 0.780 0.630 0.810 0.760 0.930 1.430 0.860 0.770 0.850 0. In.940 21 24 27 30 33 36 62 68 73 83 93 101 111 122 76 84 94 104 117 131 94 102 114 146 108 116 124 132 118 130 141 135 150 160 81⁄4 81⁄4 81⁄4 83⁄8 83⁄8 121⁄4 123⁄8 123⁄8 9 9 91⁄8 123⁄4 123⁄4 127⁄8 10 10 101⁄8 14 101⁄2 101⁄2 101⁄2 101⁄2 111⁄2 111⁄2 111⁄2 12 12 12 0.515 0.960 0.685 0.710 0. Lbs. In.930 0.400 0.875 0.810 0.835 0. In.785 0.430 0.990 0.615 0.665 0.695 0.440 0.940 1.435 0.640 0.560 0.440 0. Width Flange Y Z In.360 0. In.Beam Dimensions Continued ▲ Y ▲ Mean Depth Thick.800 0. Lbs.960 0.750 0.760 0.680 0.680 0.685 0.740 0.870 0.875 0.595 0. Width Flange Y Z 5 6 8 10 12 19 25 18 21 24 28 31 35 40 48 58 67 22 26 30 33 39 45 49 54 60 68 77 88 26 30 35 40 45 50 53 58 65 72 79 87 96 106 5 61⁄8 51⁄4 51⁄4 61⁄2 61⁄2 8 8 81⁄8 81⁄8 81⁄4 81⁄4 53⁄4 53⁄4 53⁄4 8 8 8 10 10 101⁄8 101⁄8 101⁄4 101⁄4 61⁄2 61⁄2 61⁄2 8 8 81⁄8 10 10 12 12 121⁄8 121⁄8 121⁄8 121⁄4 0.

265 25.807 101. Additional valves and fittings increase the load and therefore closer hanger spacing is required.440 10.551 0.400 60.620 7.000 572 1.350 2.890 1.62 5.807 128.500 13. Materials Carbon Steel with Minimum Actual Tensile Strength of 50 Ksi. Span (Ft) 7 7 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 16 17 19 22 23 25 27 28 30 32 33 Water Service Max. *Many codes and specifications state “pipe hangers must be spaced every 10ft.72 7.066 56.126 0. Span (Ft) 5 5 6 7 8 8 9 10 11 12 Water Service Max.692 2.600 32.169 38.331 77.295 31. ⁄2 ⁄4 1 1 3 Nominal Tubing Size (in) 11⁄4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21⁄2 TABLE 3: Load Carrying Capacities of Threaded Hanger Rods. 80 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .72 4.62 6.800 18.057 1.21 10.30 3.6 12.000 165.687 47.700 98. 750° F ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 1 1 ⁄4 11⁄2 13⁄4 2 21⁄4 21⁄2 23⁄4 3 31⁄4 31⁄2 33⁄4 4 41⁄4 41⁄2 43⁄4 5 1 5 3 16 UNC 13 UNC 11 UNC 10 UNC 9 UNC 8 UNC 7 UNC 6 UNC 5 UNC 41⁄2 UNC 41⁄2 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UN 4 UN 4 UN 4 UN 0.02 3.29 1. TABLE 2: Maximum Horizontal Spacing Between Copper Tubing Supports 3 3 1⁄ 2 4 Max.7 15. 650° F Maximum Safe Load (lbs) Rod Temperature.419 0.4 17.337 114.92 9. regardless of size.11 Standard UNC thread thru 4" diameter and 4-UN-2A thread series for 41⁄4" diameter and larger. Rod Threads Diameter (in) per Inch Root Area of Coarse Thread (in2) Maximum Safe Load (lbs) Rod Temperature.800 49.2 730 1. Span (Ft) 8 9 9 12 13 14 15 16 17 19 21 24 26 30 32 35 37 39 42 34 Vapor Service 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 11⁄2 Recommended 3 1 5 3 7 ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 1 Hanger Rod Sizes or tra peze The above spacing and capacities are based on pipe filled with water.139 88.530 3.0678 0.096 APFH-12.000 129.508 4.302 0.000 184.500 114.600 24.100 71.307 66.160 3.900 84.74 2.202 0.1 13.900 9.480 5.807 14. Span (Ft) 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 Vapor Service NOTE: Spans shown in Tables 1 and 2 do not apply where there are concentrated loads between supports or where temperatures exceed 750°F.” This local specification must be followed.000 146.982 144.230 4.A Typical Pipe Hanger Specification TABLE 1: Maximum Horizontal Spacing Between Pipe Supports for Standard Weight Steel Pipe* 1 ⁄2 3 Nominal Pipe Size (in) ⁄4 1 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 Max.300 39.566 19.

DNmm Pipe Length in Feet/Meters 7 2./DNmm Maximum Span Between Supports Feet/meters For straight runs without concentrated loads and where full linear movement IS required use the table below.9 18 5. 2) reduce stresses at pipe joints. the hanger or support system must provide for 1) the weight of the pipe. HANGER SPACING LINEAR MOVEMENT NOT REQUIRED Nominal Pipe Size Range In. and 3) permit required pipe system movement to relieve stress.2 1-2 25-50 21⁄2-4 65-100 5-24 125-600 APFH-12.6 20 6. As with any pipe system.6 30 9. Do not use these values where critical span calculations are made or where there are concentrated loads between supports.1 HANGER SPACING .FLEXIBLE SYSTEM.1 35 10.6 10 3. Pipe Hanger Spacing: The following charts show the maximum span between pipe hangers for straight runs of standard weight steel pipe filled with water or other similar fluids.7 25 7. supports and anchors for a grooved-end pipe system. For straight runs without concentrated loads and where full linear movement is NOT required use the table on right.3 16 4. couplings.7 15 4.1 22 6.11 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 4 2 2 4 3 3 5 4 3 6 4 3 81 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data .7 40 12. fluid & pipe system components. STEEL PIPE FULL LINEAR MOVEMENT IS REQUIRED AVERAGE HANGERS PER PIPE LENGTH EVENLY SPACED Nominal Pipe Size Range In. The following factors should be considered when designing hangers and supports for a grooved-end pipe system. the piping designer must consider certain unique characteristics of the grooved type coupling in addition to many universal pipe hanger and support design factors. 1 25 1 1 ⁄4-2 32-50 21⁄2-4 65-100 5-8 125-200 10-12 250-300 14-16 350-400 18-24 450-600 7 2.0 12 3.3 12 3.7 14 4.1 10 3.5 20 6.Gruvlok® Pipe Support When designing the hangers.

4 4.1 8.6 12 23 26 15 30 36 15 – – 300 7 7.7 3.8 4.5 4.D.6 51⁄2 O. 17 21 15 21 25 15 – – 165. (1996 Edition).2 6.2 6.7 4.1 7.6 3 O.7 4. Nominal Size 82 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.3 5.5 4. 15 18 15 19 22 15 – – 133.6 5.8 4.1 4.2 8.4 4.2 6.3 4.7 4.7 3.4 4.6 4.7 4.2.6 4 14 18 15 17 21 15 12 17 100 4.0 4.6 6.D.5 4.6 16 27 26 15 35 40 15 – – 400 8.6 5 16 20 15 20 24 15 13 18 125 4.6 4.7 5.8 6.6 6.8 4.9 4.7 3.6 18 27 27 15 35 42 15 – – 450 8.6 * Spacing by ANSI-B31.8 7.4 7.6 24 32 26 15 42 48 15 – – 600 9.1 4.4 4.2 6.1 3.6 2.3 4.4 3.6 3 4.2 1 3 ⁄2 13 18 15 15 21 15 – – 90 4 5. ** Spacing by ANSI-B31.4 7.6 10.6 6.6 4.8 4.6 4.6 7.D.7 4. Table 6-2.8 7.9 6.2 5.9 13. (1999 Edition).6 5. 14 18 15 17 19 15 – – 108.7 51⁄4 O.6 20 30 27 15 39 45 15 – – 500 9.3 4.3 4.4 4.6 11.6 7.9 6.8 4.11 .6 4 5.6 6.0 4.8 4.RIGID SYSTEMS SUGGESTED MAXIMUM SPAN BETWEEN SUPPORTS COPPER TUBE STEEL PIPE Suggested Maximum Span Between Supports-Feet/Meters Water Gas & Air Service Service Water Service Air Service In.0 4. Table a.6 10.1 3.6 3.3 4.7 12. 11 15 15 14 17 15 – – 76.7 4 4.8 4.6 4.1 4.D. table a *** Spacing by NFPA-13 Installation of Sprinkler Systems.Gruvlok® Pipe Support Continued HANGER SPACING .8 14.7 11⁄4 7 11 12 9 12 12 – – 32 2.0 4.6 6 17 21 15 21 26 15 14 21 150 5.3 61⁄4 O.1 3.0 4.6 10 19 25 15 24 33 15 – – 250 5.6 14 23 26 15 30 37 15 – – 350 7 7. 921.1 4.6 9.1 7.9 Building Service Piping Code.1 5.6 5.7 2.6 4.6 2.9 4.3 5.6 2.7 12.6 9.6 2 10 13 15 13 15 15 9 12 50 3 4 4.3D. 921.2 7.1 10.0 4.7 4.1 11.1 2.6 6.9 5.1 Power Piping Code.6 5.1.6 6.3c.7 3.7 1 1 ⁄2 7 12 15 9 13 15 – – 40 2.3 9. 16 20 15 20 24 15 – – 159.6 4.7 4.7 3.6 4 4.1 4.6 4.6 1 6 ⁄2 O.2 6.6 5.3 5.7 2.8 4.6 3 12 16 15 15 19 15 10 14 80 3. Fig./DNmm * ** *** * ** *** ** ** 1 7 9 12 9 10 12 – – 25 2.1 7.6 8 19 23 15 24 29 15 – – 200 5.6 3.6 12.3 8. 250 psi and Fig.6 4.1.1 41⁄4 O.6 4.D.6 21⁄2 11 15 15 14 17 15 9 12 65 3.6 4.D. 16 19 15 20 24 15 – – 139.4 4.0 3.3 4.3 5.

) SCHEDULE 40 Temperature (°F) 60 80 100 120 140 60 SCHEDULE 80 Temperature (°F) 80 100 120 140 60 SCHEDULE 120 Temperature (°F) 80 100 120 140 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 31⁄2 31⁄2 2 4 31⁄2 21⁄2 41⁄2 4 21⁄2 41⁄2 4 21⁄2 5 41⁄2 3 51⁄2 5 3 51⁄2 5 31⁄2 51⁄2 5 31⁄2 61⁄2 6 4 7 6 4 7 61⁄2 4 7 61⁄2 41⁄2 71⁄2 7 41⁄2 8 71⁄2 5 81⁄2 8 5 9 81⁄2 51⁄2 101⁄2 91⁄2 61⁄2 11 10 7 111⁄2 101⁄2 71⁄2 12 11 8 121⁄2 111⁄2 10 13 121⁄2 11 SDR 41 18 13 12 11 8 20 131⁄2 121⁄2 111⁄2 81⁄2 24 14 13 12 9 4 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 6 7 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 10 111⁄2 12 121⁄2 13 14 15 1 2 2 21⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 81⁄2 91⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 10 11 12 13 131⁄2 14 141⁄2 151⁄2 17 4 31⁄2 21⁄2 41⁄2 4 21⁄2 41⁄2 41⁄2 3 5 41⁄2 3 51⁄2 5 31⁄2 6 51⁄2 31⁄2 6 51⁄2 31⁄2 61⁄2 6 4 71⁄2 61⁄2 41⁄2 71⁄2 7 41⁄2 8 71⁄2 5 81⁄2 71⁄2 5 9 8 51⁄2 91⁄2 9 6 101⁄2 91⁄2 61⁄2 11 10 7 12 101⁄2 71⁄2 13 11 8 131⁄2 111⁄2 81⁄2 14 12 11 141⁄2 121⁄2 111⁄2 15 14 121⁄2 SDR 26 141⁄2 14 12 9 15 141⁄2 121⁄2 91⁄2 151⁄2 15 13 10 2 21⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 – – 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 61⁄2 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 111⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 10 101⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 – – – – – – – – NOTE: Although support spacing is shown at 140°F. The possibility of temperature overrides beyond regular working temperatures and cost may either make either of the alternatives more desirable. APFH-12. operating temperature and service conditions. Local codes and specifications may also vary from the above recommended spacing and should be consulted for the applicable spacing requirements prior to installation.PVC Pipe Support Spacing General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data PVC PIPE SUPPORT SPACING Pipe Size (in. it is recommended that the pipe manufacturer be consulted for specific spacing recommendations relating to their pipe.00. consideration should be given to the use of CPVC or continuous support above 120°F. The above table is meant as a general guideline. This chart based on continuous spans and for un-insulated line carrying fluids of specific gravity up to 1. load conditions.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 83 .

Local codes and specifications may also vary from the above recommended spacing and should be consulted for the applicable spacing requirements prior to installation. The possibility of temperature overrides beyond regular working temperatures and cost may either make either of the alternatives more desirable.CPVC Pipe Support Spacing CPVC PIPE SUPPORT SPACING Pipe Size (in. consideration should be given to the use of CPVC or continuous support above 120°F. The above table is meant as a general guideline. This chart based on continuous spans and for un-insulated line carrying fluids of specific gravity up to 1. load conditions.00.11 . it is recommended that the pipe manufacturer be consulted for specific spacing recommendations relating to their pipe. 84 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.) SCHEDULE 40 Temperature (°F) 73° 100° 120° 140° 160° 180° 73° SCHEDULE 80 Temperature (°F) 100° 120° 140° 160° 180° ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 1 5 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 6 7 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄2 91⁄2 101⁄2 111⁄2 12 13 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 6 7 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 9 10 101⁄2 11 12 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 51⁄2 61⁄2 7 7 7 71⁄2 81⁄2 91⁄2 10 10 11 4 4 41⁄2 5 5 5 6 6 61⁄2 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 8 81⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 6 7 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 7 8 8 81⁄2 81⁄2 10 11 111⁄2 121⁄2 15 16 5 51⁄2 6 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 11 12 131⁄2 15 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 6 61⁄2 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 10 101⁄2 111⁄2 121⁄2 131⁄2 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 11 12 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 71⁄2 91⁄2 10 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 8 81⁄2 NOTE: Although support spacing is shown at 140°F. operating temperature and service conditions.

185 One Hole Pipe Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" Fig. Split Ring Type Size Range: 3/4" thru 8" Fig. 595 & 594 Socket Clamp for Ductile Iron or Cast Iron Pipe & Socket Clamp Washer Size Range: 4" thru 24" pipe APFH-12. CT-255 Copper Tubing Alignment Guide Size Range: 1" thru 4" Fig. 108 Split Pipe Ring Size Range: 3/8" thru 8" Fig. 186 Two Hole Pipe Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" Fig.PIPE HANGERS COPPER TUBING HANGERS General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Fig.11 Fig. CT-138R Fig. CT-128R Rod Threaded Ceiling Flange Size Range: 3/8" thru 1/2" CPVC PIPE HANGERS Fig. 69F Fig. 104 Adjustable Swivel Ring. CT-69 Adjustable Swivel Ring Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Fig. CT-121 Copper Tubing Riser Clamp Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Fig. 600 & 599 Socket Clamp for Ductile Iron or Cast Iron Pipe & Socket Clamp Washer Size Range: 3" thru 24" pipe ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 85 . CT-65 Fig. 69 Adjustable Swivel Ring Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" SOCKET CLAMPS Fig. 67F Light Duty Extension Split Adjustable Swivel Copper Tube Felt Adjustable Clevis Tubing Clamp Ring Felt Lined Lined Hanger Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Size Range: 1/2" thru 2" Size Range: 1/2" thru 6" Size Range: 1/2" thru 6" Fig. 188 Two Hole Stand Off Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" PIPE RINGS Fig. 187 Two Hole 90˚ Side Mount Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" Fig. 138R Extension Split Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3/8" thru 3" Fig.

PIPE HANGERS CLEVIS Fig. 295A Fig. 246 Heavy Duty Alloy Steel Pipe Clamp Size Range: 10" thru 24" Alloy Double Heavy Duty Double Bolt Pipe Clamp Bolt Pipe Clamp Size Range: Size Range: 11/2" thru 24" 6" thru 36" BRACKETS Fig. 67 Pipe or Conduit Hanger Size Range: 1 /2" thru 6" Fig.11 86 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . 300 Fig. 189 Staight Eye Socket Size: 3/8" Fig. 194 Light Welded Steel Bracket Fig. 212FP Earthquake Bracing Clamp Size Range: 21/2" thru 12" Fig. 216 Heavy Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3" thru 42" Fig. 295 Double Bolt Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3 /4" thru 36" Fig. 202 Iron Side Beam Bracket Size Range: 3/8" thru 5/8" Fig. 65 Light Duty Adjustable Clevis Size Range: 3 /8" thru 4" Fig. 261 Extension Pipe or Riser Clamp Size Range: 3 /4" thru 24" Fig. 206 Steel Side Beam Bracket Size Range: 3/8" thru 5/8" Fig. 40 Riser Clamp Standard Size Range: 2" thru 24" Fig. 207 Threaded Steel Side Beam Bracket Size Range: 3/8" and 1/2" Fig. 199 Heavy Welded Steel Bracket APFH-12. 224 Alloy Steel Pipe Clamp Size Range: 4" thru 16" Fig. 260 Adjustable Clevis Hanger Size Range: 1 /2" thru 30" Fig. 103 Offset Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3 /4" thru 8" Fig. 195 Medium Welded Steel Bracket Fig. 100 Extended Pipe Clamp Size Range: 1 /2" thru 8" Fig. 212 Medium Pipe Clamp Size Range: 1 /2" thru 30" Fig. 260 ISS Clevis Hanger with Insulation Saddle System Size Range: 2" thru 16" Fig. 590 Adjustable Clevis Adjustable Clevis for Insulated Lines for Ductile or Size Range: Cast Iron 3 /4" thru 12" Size Range: 3" thru 24" STEEL PIPE CLAMPS Fig. 190 Off-Set Eye Socket Size: 3/8" Fig. 295H Fig.

66 Welding Beam Attachment Size Range: 3 /8" thru 31/2" Fig. 14 Adjustable Side Beam Clamp Size Range: 3 /8" thru 5/8" Fig. 89X Retaining Clip Size Range: 3 /8" thru 3/4" Fig. 112 & 113 Brace Fitting Complete Size Range: 1" and 11/4" U-BOLTS Fig. 137C Plastic Coated U-Bolts Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" Fig. 94 Wide Throat Top Beam C-Clamp Size Range: 5 /8" and 3/4" Fig. 217 Adjustable Side Beam Clamp Size Range: 3" thru 75/8" Fig. 55 & 55L Structural Welding Lug Size Range (55): 1 /2" thru 33/4" Size Range (55L): 1 /2" thru 2" Fig. 227 Top Beam Clamp Fig. 133 Fig. 86 & 88 C-Clamp with Set Screw and Lock Nut Size Range: 3 /8" thru 3/4" Fig. 93 Universal C-Type Clamp Wide Throat Size Range: 3 /8" and 1/2" Fig. 60 Steel Washer Plate Size Range: 3 /8" thru 33/4" Fig. 89 Retaining Clip Size Range: 3 /8" thru 1/2" Fig. 120 Light Weight U-Bolt Size Range: 1/2" thru 10" ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 87 . 134 Fig. 92 Universal C-Type Clamp Standard Throat Size Range: 3 /8" and 1/2" Fig. 218 Malleable Beam Clamp without Extension Piece Fig. 54 Two-Hole Welding Beam Lug Size Range: 1 /2" thru 21/4" Fig. 137 & 137S Standard U-Bolts Size Range: 1/2" thru 36" APFH-12. 228 Fig. 292 & 292L Standard Duty Heavy Duty Beam Clamp Beam Clamp Size Range: 4" thru 12" Size Range: 4" thru 12" Universal Forged Steel Universal Forged Steel Beam Clamp Beam Clamp with Weldless Eye Nut STRUCTURAL ATTACHMENTS Fig.PIPE HANGERS BEAM CLAMPS General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Fig. 95 C-Clamp with Locknut Size Range: 3 /8" and 1/2" Fig.11 Fig.

299 Forged Steel Clevis Size Range: 3/8" thru 4" Fig. 136: Fig. 262 Strap Short Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Fig. 244 88 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 278X Linked Eye Rods Welded Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 136 & 136R Straight Rod Coupling Size Range: 1/4" thru 1" Fig. 126 One-Hole Clamp Size Range: 3/8" thru 4" Pipe Strap Pipe Strap 1 Size Range: 1/2" thru 6" pipe Size Range: /2" thru 6" pipe Fig. 140 & 253 Machine Threaded Rods Threaded on Both Ends Size Range: 3/8" thru 5" Fig. 136R: Fig. 135 & 135E Straight Rod Coupling Size Range: 1/4" thru 1" Fig.11 . 233 Turnbuckle Size Range: 11/4" thru 5" Fig. 157 Extension Piece Size Range: 3/8" thru 7/8" Fig.PIPE HANGERS HANGER RODS & ATTACHMENTS Fig. 142 Coach Screw Rods Machine Threaded on Opposite End Size Range: 3/8" thru 1/2" Fig. 248 Eye Rod Not Welded Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 248X Linked Eye Rods Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 243 Fig. 290 Weldless Eye Nut Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 278 Eye Rod Welded Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 148 Rod with Eye End Size Range: 23/4" thru 5" Fig. 230 Turnbuckle Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 114 Turnbuckle Adjuster Size Range: 1/4" thru 3/4" Fig. 146 Continuous Thread Size Range: 1/4" thru 11/2" Fig. Rod Threaded Size Range: 1/4" thru 7/8" Fig. 110R Socket. 291 Clevis Pin with Cotters Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Machine Bolts and Hex Nuts STRAPS Fig.

191 Adjustable Pipe Saddle with U-Bolt Size Range: 2" thru 12" Fig. 286 Iron Cross Size Range: 3 /4" thru 11/2" Fig. 128R Rod Threaded. 62 Type A. 285 Light Weight Concrete Insert Size Range: 1 /4" thru 5/8" Fig. and C Pipe Stanchion Size Range: 2" thru 18" Fig. 63 Type A. and C Pipe Stanchion Size Range: 21/2" thru 42" Fig. 281 Wedge Type Conrete Insert Size Range: 1 /4" thru 7/8" Fig. 258 Pipe Stanchion Saddle Size Range: 4" thru 36" Fig. 265 Adjustable Pipe Saddle Support with U-Bolt Size Range: 4" thru 36" Fig. 192 Adjustable Pipe Saddle Size Range: 2" thru 12" Fig. 395 Cast Iron Ceiling Plate Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" Fig. 47 Concrete Single Lug Plate Size Range: 1/2" thru 2" Fig. 264 Adjustable Pipe Saddle Support Size Range: 21/2" thru 36" Fig. 52 Concrete Rod Attachment Plate Size Range: 3/8" thru 11/4" PIPE SUPPORTS Fig. 259 Pipe Saddle Support with U-Bolt Size Range: 4" thru 36" CEILING PLATES Fig.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 89 . Ceiling Flange Size Range: 3/8" and 1/2" Fig. 284 Metal Deck Hanger Size Range: 3/8" thru 3/4" Fig. 153 Pipe Hanger Flange Size Range: 3/8" thru 3/4" APFH-12. 49 Concrete Clevis Plate Size Range: 3/8" thru 13/4" Fig. 127 Plastic Ceiling Plate Size Range: 3/8" and 1/2" Fig. B. 282 Universal Concrete Insert Size Range: 3 /8" thru 7/8" Fig.PIPE HANGERS CONCRETE INSERTS & ATTACHMENTS General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Fig. 152 Screw Concrete Insert Size Range: 3 /8" thru 7/8" Fig. B.

171 Single Pipe Roll Size Range: 1" thru 30" Fig. 178 Spring Cushion Hanger Fig. 175 Roller Chair Size Range: 2" thru 30" pipe Fig.PIPE HANGERS PIPE ROLLS Fig. 274.11 . 436 & 436A Pipe Alignment Guide Pipe Alignment Guide Structural Tee Slide Assembly Fabricated Tee Slide Assembly Size Range: 1" thru 24" pipe Size Range: 1" thru 24" pipe Size Range: All sizes within Size Range: All sizes within and insulation thickness and insulation thickness maximum load rating maximum load rating of 1" thru 4" of 1" thru 4" Fig. 432 Special Clamp Size Range: 2" thru 24" Fig. 274P & 275 Adjustable Pipe Roll Stand Size Range: 2" thru 42" PIPE GUIDES & SLIDES Fig. 181 Adjustable Steel Yoke Pipe Roll Size Range: 21/2" thru 24" Fig. 257 & 257A Fig. 177 Adjustable Pipe Roll Support Size Range: 1" thru 30" Fig. 167 Fig. 168 Fig. 256 Fig. 255 Fig. 271 Pipe Roll Stand Size Range: 2" thru 42" Fig. 212 Medium Pipe Clamp Size Range: 2" thru 30" PIPE SHIELDS & SADDLES Fig. 439 & 439A Structural "H" Slide Assembly. Complete Size Range: 6" thru 36" Fig. 277 Pipe Roll and Base Plate Size Range: 2" thru 24" Fig. 160 to 166A Pipe Covering Protection Saddle Size Range: 3/4" thru 36" Insulation Protection Shield Rib-Lok Shield Size Range: 1/2" thru 24" pipe with up Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" pipe or copper to 2" thick insulation tube with up to 2" thick insulation 90 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.

50 Equal Leg Angle for Trapeze Assembly SWAY BRACE – SIESMIC PIPE BRACE CLAMPS Fig. 773 Surge Restrainer Size Range: 3 /4" thru 2" Swivel Ring Hanger APFH-12.PIPE HANGERS TRAPEZE General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Trapeze Fig. 46 Universal Trapeze Assembly Fig. 772 Fig. 45 Channel Assembly Fig. 777 Swivel Joint Connector .11 Fig. 771 Sway Brace Swivel Attachment Size Range: 1" and 11/4" Brace Pipe ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 91 .Rod Tap Size Range: 3/8" Rod Diameter Fig. 778 Fig. 770 Q Brace Clamp Size Range: 1" thru 6" Service Pipe Fig. 776 Fig. 775 Brace Clamp Lateral/Longitudinal Brace Clamp Size Range: 21/2" thru 8" Service Pipe Size Range: 21/2" thru 8" Service Pipe STRUCTURAL ATTACHMENTS Fig. 779 Multi-Connector Adapter Size Range: 1" thru 8" Service Pipe Adjustable Steel Beam Attachment Bar Joist and Beam Attachment (WF) Size Range: Flange Widths 4" thru 15" Size Range: 1 3 Flange Thickness /8" thru /4" RESTRAINTS SWAY BRACE ATTACHMENT Fig.

4. Rotate pipe 90°. 3.11 . Tee-to-Pipe 1. 2. 6. 92 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 2. 2. Welding rings may be employed to assure proper alignment as well as the correct welding gap. Tack weld top and bottom. In addition to using welding rings. 4. 3. 90˚ Elbow-to-Pipe 1. Level pipe using spirit level. Level one length of pipe using spirit level. 2. some simple procedures can be followed to assist the pipe fitter. 45˚ Elbow-to-Pipe 1. 3. Tack weld in place. Place 45˚ spirit level on face of elbow and maneuver elbow until bubble is centered. Level pipe using spirit level. Place tee to pipe leaving small welding gap. Tack weld in place. Pipe-to-Pipe 1. Place spirit level on face of tee and maneuver tee until level. 4. Poor alignment may result in welding difficulties and a system that does not function properly. Repeat procedure. Place spirit level on face of elbow and maneuver elbow until level. Below and on the following page are alignment procedures commonly used by today’s craftsmen. 4. Place fitting to pipe leaving small welding gap. 3. Bring lengths together leaving only small welding gap. 5. Place spirit level over both pipes as shown and maneuver unpositioned length until both are level. Place fitting to pipe leaving small welding gap.Alignment of Pipe Proper alignment is important if a piping system is to be correctly fabricated. Level pipe using spirit level. Tack weld in place.

Drill Dia. Cut out 90° notches about 9" from end. 2. Cut Notch. Tack weld in place. 3. Heat & Bend Weld Sides Cut Slots Using Fitting as Guide Weld Sides 1. Center square on face of flange as shown. Drill Size DRILL SIZES FOR NPT PIPE TAPS Tap Size Threads/In. ⁄4 5 ⁄16 3 ⁄8 7 ⁄16 1 ⁄2 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 1 1⁄ 8 1 1⁄ 4 1 3⁄ 8 1 1⁄ 2 1 3⁄ 4 2 *Unified National Coarse APFH-12. Tack weld in place. A used hack saw blade placed in notch as shown will provide proper welding gap. Bend channel iron to 90° angle and weld sides. Use 1⁄8" x 11⁄2" for pipe sizes 11⁄4" thru 3". 5. 4. Repeat this step with several elbows so jig may be used for different operations. Align top two holes of flange with spirit level. 6. TAP AND DRILL SIZES* Tap Size Threads/In. Check sides in same way. Jig for Small Diameter Piping The jig is made from channel iron 3' 9" long. Place elbow in jig and saw half thru sides of channel iron as shown. 5. Bring flange to pipe end leaving small welding gap. Heat bottom of notch with torch.11 1 20 18 16 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4 1⁄ 2 7 F 5 ⁄16 U 27 ⁄64 31 ⁄64 17 ⁄32 21 ⁄32 49 ⁄64 7 ⁄8 63 ⁄64 17⁄64 17⁄32 111⁄32 19⁄16 125⁄32 ⁄8 1 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 1 27 18 18 14 14 111 ⁄ 2 111 ⁄ 2 111 ⁄ 2 111 ⁄ 2 8 8 8 8 R ⁄ 16 37 ⁄ 64 23 ⁄ 32 59 ⁄ 64 15 ⁄ 32 11 ⁄ 2 147 ⁄ 64 27 ⁄ 32 25 ⁄ 8 31 ⁄ 4 3 3⁄ 4 41 ⁄ 4 7 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 93 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data . 3. 1 ⁄8" x 3⁄4" for sizes 1" or smaller. 4.Alignment of Pipe Continued Flange-to-Pipe 1. 2.

Reducing 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 94 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.45˚ Elbow .Turned Down Elbow .Long Radius LR LR Elbow .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Bell & Spigot 6 4 Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Bushing (Reducing) Cap 2 2 6 6 4 6 6 2 6 6 4 2 6 4 6 2 6 4 Cross (Reducing) Cross (Straight) Crossover 6 4 Elbow .Turned Up Elbow .90˚ Elbow .Double Branch Elbow .11 .Base Elbow .

Concentric Reducer .Expansion Lateral Orifice Plate Reducing Flange Plug .Bull Plug .Street Joint .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Elbow .Side Outlet (Outlet Down) Elbow .Eccentric Valve .Connecting Pipe Joint .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 95 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data .Gate Angle Gate (Plan) APFH-12.Pipe Reducer .Side Outlet (OutletUp) Elbow .

Globe Angle Globe (Elevation) Valve .Globe Motor Operated *Also used for General Stop Valve when amplified by specification.Globe (Plan) Valve (Auto) . 96 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.Reducing Valve .11 .Governor Operated Valve .Diaphragm Valve .Gate* Valve .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Valve .Check (Straight Way) Valve .Gate Motor Operated Valve .Float Valve .By-Pass Valve (Auto) .Globe Valve .Cock Valve .

Saftey Sleeve Tee .Straight Tee .Hose Gate Valve .Single Sweep APFH-12.Outlet Down Tee .Reducing 6 2 4 6 2 4 6 2 4 6 2 4 6 2 4 Tee .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Valve .Outlet Up Tee .Quick Opening Valve .Lockshield Valve .Hose Globe Valve .Double Sweep Tee .Angle Hose Angle Valve .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 97 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data .

11 .Side Outlet (Outlet Down) Tee .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Tee .Side Outlet (Outlet Up) Union Angle Valve Check Angle Valve Gate 98 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.

....................................................... Chase............... A nipple with NPT threads and a shorter overall length than a close nipple used when there is a space consideration.................... A fitting that joins two different type of pipe together such as PVC to cast iron...................................... Steel pipe that owes its properties mostly to the carbon it contains.......................................... Made on to a fitting by use of a steel bar as opposed to a wrench.... A substance composed of two or more metals or a metal and a compound............................. Branch. A softening treatment consisting of heating carbon or alloy steel or cast iron to an appropriate temperature......... Any part of the piping system other than a main..... BOCA....... Cavitation .... American Society of Heating. Backflow Preventer ..... American Water Works Association Adaptor ........ Building Officials Conference of America Bell Reducer .. American Petroleum Institute ASME .... Butt Nipple . A type of screw thread commonly used on pipe and fittings.... The outlet of the tee is larger than the run.............................. Another term for a concentric reducer........... A localized gaseous condition that is found within a liquid stream......... Black Pipe...... Alloy ...................... Bubble Tight ........... American Gas Association ANSI............... Blind Flange .......... A pipe fitting for connecting a pipe with a female or larger size fitting: it has a hollow plug with male and female threads. A flange used to seal off the end of a pipe... or threaded to non-threaded...................... A nipple with a length twice the length of a standard pipe thread................... Bushing ... Iron plugs in the 4" thru 8" size that have slotted rather than square heads..... A device of means to prevent backflow (siphonage) into a potable water system................. American Society for Testing Material AWWA ............ American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASPE . The condition of a valve seat that prohibits the leakage of visible bubbles when closed........................................D............ Chamfer ...................... A special order item............................. Bull Head Tee ..................... A circumferential weld in pipe fusing the abutting pipe walls completely from inside wall to outside wall......................... Close Nipple................... Cast Iron Carbon Steel Pipe .. Air Conditioning Engineers ASTM......... Bar Plug.... A bevel cut on the O............................................... holding the temperature for a proper period of time and slowly cooling to ambient temperature........................... Butt Weld .......... American Society of Plumbing Engineers ASHRAE .................................................................. American Standard Pipe Thread .... A flange with a sealing surface on one side for connecting to a flanged fitting or flanged valve and a pipe thread entrance on the other side......................... Refrigeration..... Annealing ..............................................................................11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 99 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data ............................................. A recess in a wall in which pipes can be run............... In a standard nipple both ends are chamfered....................................................... Companion Flange ....................................... APFH-12............... riser or stack............................................ CI............................. American National Standards Institute API............................................................Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations AGA ........................... of a pipe nipple at 35 degrees (plus/minus 10 degrees) to axis............ Non-galvanized steel pipe with a lacquer finish..

........... A bushing without the hex head............................... and the axis at right angles................................................. A term used to describe soil or waste systems where all piping is threaded. A valve used with a dry-pipe sprinkler system where water is on one side of the valve and air is on the other side..... Female iron pipe connection.......................... Standard internal threads on pipe fittings................ The dimensions from the face of the inlet port to the face of the outlet port of a fitting or valve........................... Elbow .......... 100 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12........ Cut Lengths............................ Extra Heavy ..... Dry-Pipe Valve ... A pipe fitting with female threads used to connect two pipes in a straight line.............. the wings have countersunk holes to secure to a ceiling or wall. Cross-Connection ..... Eccentric Fittings................... The method of connecting the parts of a piping system. waste and vent system. Also used for reducing with 300# fittings as recommended by ASME B16......... Any connection or situation that may allow wastewater to enter the water supply system... A low pattern plug lacking a protruding head rather with a recess or socket. A process for making smaller diameter pipe through 41/2" where the entire continuous ribbon of steel is heated in a furnace to the required temperature for forming and fusing..... Fittings whose openings are offset allowing liquid to flow freely........... Drop Ear Elbow ... A small elbow having wings cast on each side.................... Durham System.......... Electrogalvanizing ... Dope ......... Coupling...... A low pattern bushing used when a smooth transition is required between fitting and nipple when insulating...................... End Connection.. Cross .... When the link in the sprinkler head melts releasing air from the system the valve opens allowing water to flow... Pipe cut to a specific length as ordered...... Electric Resistance Weld Pipe (ERW) .............................. Drainage. Heat and pressure form the weld Countersunk Plug............................. A set of these attach to dieheads and is mounted on a threader....................... usually in square or hexagon pattern.... Cutting device used to thread pipe................. Cold finished pipe made by flat steel is cold shaped into tubular form and then welded at the seam from heat generated by resistance to the flow of electric current applied through electrical contacts... Die.14. DWV.................... The edges of steel are firmly pressed together by rolls to obtain a forged weld...........Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued Continuous Weld Pipe (CW)........ Pasty lubricant used to seal pipe threads prior to making a threaded pipe connection.......... Face to Face Dimension ............... A fitting having insulating parts or material that prohibits flow of electric current...... FIP................................................................... each pair on one axis..... Face Bushing ...................... A fitting that makes a 90 degree angle between adjacent pipes unless another angle is specified.............. A process on bonding a layer of zinc to steel or iron involving electroplating by running a current through a saline/zinc solution with a zinc anode and a steel or iron conductor...... Description of piping material indicating thicker than standard...................................11 ....... A pipe fitting with four branches in pairs............. Dielectric Fitting .........

........ Galvanizing......... A flat device usually made of fiber or rubber used to provide a watertight seal between metal joints..... Hot Dip Galvanizing .... A fitting which utilizes a radically extended collar for sealing and connection................. Floor Flange ......................... The loss of pressure caused by the turbulence created in water while traveling through pipe..... ventilation and air conditioning Half Coupling................ GAL....... For use in a grooved-end piping system...... For use in a groovedend piping system.. Groove ............. Forged Steel Fittings ........... Gallons per minute Galvanic Action.. provided with holes for bolts to allow fastening the pipe to similarly equipped adjoining pipe... valves............................ Where the parts to be joined are precisely finished and then ground so that the seal is tight.g......... The process of coating iron or steel with a layer of zinc by passing the metal through a molten batch of zinc at a temperature of 450 deg F. to floors or walls...................................... Fitting.................. Galvanized GPM .................... A circumferential groove that has been forced or swagged into a pipe segment............ The metal is displaced inside the pipe.............. International Association of Plumbing & Mechanical Officials ISO 9000... Header.......... A construction flange with no pressure rating. fittings and valves.Cut .............................. A fitting designed to join pipe or tubing by means of pressure or friction........ Friction Loss .... Used to secure structural components..... Groove ..................... at right angles to the pipe. Uses as drain or valve access ports in steel tanks. Solid pieces of steel are forced into fitting shapes under very high temperature and pressure and then machined into final form..Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued Female Thread ........................... APFH-12.....11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 101 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data . A series of five standards for developing a total quality management system................... Metal is removed in this process. A circumferential groove that has been cut into a segment of pipe......... Compression............... A ring-shaped plate at the end of a pipe..... Not recognized by industry specification.... HVAC .................................................Roll . No metal is removed in the process...................... When two dissimilar metals are immersed in the same electrolytic solution and connected electrically there is an interchange of atoms carrying an electric charge between them................. A full steel coupling sawed in half........................................... e.. Steel pipe coated with zinc to resist corrosion....................... Factory Mutual Engineering Corp................................ The internal thread in pipe fittings... Ground Joint .... Heating............. Flange Fitting .......... etc......................... A large pipe from which a number of smaller ones are connected in line from the side of the large pipe.......... IAPMO. Galvanized Pipe.......................... The anode metal with the higher electrode potential corrodes with the cathode protected............................ Gasket ..... A process where the surface of iron or steel piping or fittings is covered with a layer of zinc.... Flange.............................................................................. FM .. hand rails.... Gallons GALV............. A pipe union that has a brass or copper grounding section between the two.... Ground Joint Union .............. Developed by the International Organization for Standardization.....

.................................................... where the nominal size is the outside diameter and not the inside diameter...... Pounds per square inch PSIG.................. A wye (Y) fitting with an outlet at a 45 degree angle from the run....................11 .... Nominal Pipe Straight Coupling (American Standard Straight Coupling Thread) NSF ........................................ Mercaptans (odors) are added to aid in leak detection. O....................Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued ID ....................................................................... Malleable Iron................................ A heat treatment applied to steel involving heating above the critical range followed by cooling in still air.... Pipe immersed into an acid bath for removal of scale.......... Term is interchangeable with “Header........................ Outside Diameter.. Pipe that measures over 14” N... Same as IPS...D.......................... Original Equipment Manufacturer Offset ..............................................................P... Cast iron that is heat-treated to reduce brittleness allowing the material to stretch slightly.......... Nipples are used to connect fittings... 102 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12................................ Performed to refine the crystal structure and eliminate internal stress................ Malleable iron MIP .............. Same as MPT.......... PSI .................. Iron pipe size. The diameter of a pipe measured from the outside edges................................... Normally... Equipment or materials included in a list published by an organization that maintains periodic inspection on current production..................... etc............... Normalizing .......... extend lines and provide proper threading distances at the right locations......... run of mill pipe 16 to 20 feet in length.................. odorless fuel derived from the earth consisting primarily of Methane (CH4).............. Manifold .................... The listing states that the equipment or material complies with approved standards or has been tested and found suitable for use in a specified manner........................................................................ Inside diameter IPS ....... Pipe .......................... Nominal pipe size... Same as NPS............. Locknut....... Standard external threads on pipes and fittings................ Listing Agency ............... Lateral Fitting ........ An agency accepted by the administrative authority which lists and maintains a periodic inspection program on current production.............. oil..... dirt................... MI .................... Male pipe thread where the threads are on the outside of pipes and fittings............ A combination of pipe and/or fittings that joins two nearly parallel sections of a pipe line.... Male iron pipe connection................. A malleable nut having a packing recess for seals for use in tank applications.................. a nipple is 12" and under in length with a male thread at both ends............................... A fitting with a number of branches in line connecting to smaller pipes................................... OEM .............................. MPT .................................................................. Some pipe is made in double lengths of 30 to 35 feet NPS ........... OD................................. Also known as random length.... Nipple...... NSF International (formerly National Sanitation Foundation) Natural Gas ......... LEED .... NPT.... A colorless... Nominal Pipe Taper (American Standard Pipe Taper Thread) NPSC.................S....... Pounds per square inch guage Pickling ........” Mill Length ............................... Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Listed ..............

Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued
Plug................................................... Has a male thread and is used to close an opening. Can be made from iron or steel. Cored plugs are for standard applications while solid are for extra heavy applications. The head is typically square pattern. Recessed or countersunk plugs are in square or hexagonal pattern. Ready Cut Pipe ......................... Pipe normally threaded both ends in lengths longer than 12" but shorter than 21'. Also referred to as cut pipe. Reducer ......................................... A pipe fitting with inside threads that is larger at one end than the other. Right Hand/Left Hand Nipples (couplings) ................ A nipple with a right hand thread on one side and a left hand thread on the other side. To be used with RH/LH couplings Takes the place of a union in tight areas to permit line connections and disconnections. Riser ................................................. A water supply pipe that extends vertically one full story or more to carry water to branches. SMLS................................................ Seamless pipe SPEC ................................................. Specification STD ................................................... Standard Saturated Steam...................... Steam at the same temperature as water boils under the same pressure. Schedule ....................................... Numbers assigned to different wall thicknesses of pipe (e.g. 40, 80, 160) Screwed Joint ............................ A pipe joint consisting of threaded male and female parts threaded together. Seamless Pipe ............................ Pipe or tube formed by piercing a billet of steel and then rolling. Service Tee .................................. Tee fitting with male threads on one run opening and female threads on the other run opening and outlet. Service Pipe ................................ A pipe connecting water or gas mains with a building. Short Nipple .............................. A nipple whose length is a little greater than that of two threaded lengths or somewhat longer than a close nipple so that it has some unthreaded portion between the two threads. Shoulder Nipple ...................... A nipple halfway between the length of a close nipple and a short nipple. Socket Weld ............................... A joint made by use of a socket weld fitting which has a prepared female end or socket for insertion of the pipe to which it is welded. Sprinkler System ..................... An integrated system of underground and overhead piping designed in accordance with fire protection engineering standards. Stainless Steel Pipe................ An alloy steel pipe with corrosion-resisting properties, usually imparted by nickle and chromium. Straight Thread ........................ A parallel thread that lacks taper. Street Elbow............................... An elbow with male thread on one end and female thread on the other. Superheated Steam ............... Steam at a higher temperature than that at which water would boil under the same pressure. Tank Nipple ................................ Nipples are in 6" lengths only. One side has a standard NPT thread while the other has a straight running NPSL thread. Can be used as tank legs or as a threaded port in the side of a steel tank secured with a lock nut.
APFH-12.11

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 103

General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data

Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued
Tapered Threads...................... Male and female threads designed with a 60 degree angle, deeper at the end of the pipe or fitting and increasingly shallower the further they are from the end of the pipe or fitting. Tee..................................................... A fitting that has one side outlet at right angles to the run. Thermal Movement of Pipe ............................................ The calculated movement, expansion or contraction, in a pipe run or segment there of caused by heating or cooling of the pipe. UL ...................................................... Underwriter’s Laboratories, Inc. Union............................................... Basically, two couplings held together with a nut that permit connections and disconnections with little disturbance to pipe sections. Unions commonly have a brass or copper seat ring between the couplings. Union - All Iron ......................... A union without a copper, copper alloy or brass seat ring. Used in piping applications where alkalis or acids are present. Union Ell........................................ An ell with a male or female union at one end. Union Tee ..................................... A tee with a male or female union at one end of the run. Wall Thickness .......................... The thickness of the tubing or pipe wall. Waste Nut .................................... A malleable nut with two screw holes on either side of the pipe opening. Used for mounting to equipment panels. Water Hammer ......................... The noise and vibration which develops in a piping system when a column of non-compressable liquid flowing through a pipe line at a given pressure and velocity is abruptly stopped. W.O.G. ............................................. Water, oil, gas: refers to the pressure rating of a fitting in ambient temperature. WSP .................................................. Working steam pressure: Refers to the pressure rating of a fitting at saturated steam temperature. Wye (Y) .......................................... A fitting that has one side outlet at an angle other than 90 degrees. XH ..................................................... Extra Heavy

104 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

APFH-12.11

NOTES

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 105

NOTES 106 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .

Offering tubing nipples. Zinc Trivalent Chromium. Anvil EPS brings the highest quality products and innovative engineering solutions to common and uncommon piping system problems. threaded rod. steel pipe nipples. and stainless steel. All products can be ordered in an assortment of finishes and material choices including SupR-Green™. butterfly valves and check valves. Canvil manufactures A105 hex or round material in class 3000 and 6000 pound. A variety of fittings and accessories are also offered. sway struts and snubbers as well as standard and special design clamps. pre-galvanized. Catawissa’s oilfield wing union product line includes the standard ball-andcone design plus our unique Figure 300 Flat Face design. ™ Canvil® manufactures low pressure hexagon reducer bushings. JB Smith is the leading manufacturer of oil country tubular fittings. electro-galvanized. API couplings are manufactured in accordance with the API Specification for line pipe. universal anvilets. seismic. swages and bull plugs – all meeting API specifications. . and engineered hangers. where space and pipe line separation are a consideration. Phosphate and Electro Galvanized. plain. constant supports. malleable iron and ductile iron threaded fittings. and rated from 175 to 300 psi. hot-dipped galvanized. and are interchangeable with most leading union manufacturers. FM Approved. Black or Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Welded or Seamless. cast iron. forged steel couplings and bar stock products offered as either as normalized (A105N) or non-normalized (A105) that are fully traceable for mechanicals and chemistry through our MTR program. The SPF/Anvil™ product line includes a variety of internationally sourced products such as grooved couplings. pipe grooving tools. Catawissa™ NACE and API approved wing unions for Standard Service are offered in non-pressure seal ends as well as threaded and butt weld. JB Smith is the resource for all your oilfield needs. casing nipples as well as a full line of traditional line pipe and oil country threads in every schedule. flanges. pump protection components. Fully traceable and available with complete mill certifications. The Gruvlok ® product line consists of couplings for grooved and plain-end fittings. as well as plugs and hex caps up to 1” in diameter in various finishes including Oil Treat. Anvil EPS-Engineered Pipe Supports are products used to support piping systems under thermal. seamless steel pipe nipples.B R A N D S O F A N V I L I N T E R N AT I O N A L Anvil® product lines include malleable and cast iron fittings. Steel pipe nipples and steel pipe couplings are manufactured in accordance with the ASTM A733 Standard Specification for Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel and Stainless Steel Pipe Nipples. as well as copper and stainless steel system components. drop nipples. The Merit ® product line includes a variety of tee-lets. for Use in Steel Pipe Joints. The product line encompasses variable spring hangers. and steel welding flanges for fire protection applications. steel pipe couplings. unions and flanges. Anvil-Strut™ products include a complete line of channel in stock lengths of 10 and 20 feet. fittings and flanges. Most Merit products are UL/ULC Listed. pipe hangers and supports. aluminum. forged steel fittings and unions. Steel pipe couplings are manufactured in accordance with the ASTM A865 Standard Specification for Threaded Couplings. and other dynamic loading conditions. Steel. as well as o’lets. with custom lengths available upon request. In addition.

PUERTO RICO AND LATIN AMERICA International Customer Service Tel: +1-708-885-3000 Fax: +1-708-534-5441 U.12 . Washington and Wisconsin INTERNATIONAL: Ontario. Massachusetts.3. Tennessee. PA 17512 ONTARIO 1470 S. Georgia.S. IL Tel: 708-885-3000 Fax: 708-534-5441 Toll Free: 1-800-301-2701 Irving. Ontario Tel: 519-426-4551 Fax: 519-426-5509 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST Tel: +31-53-5725570 Fax: +31-53-5725579 International Customer Service Tel: +1-708-885-3000 Fax: +1-708-534-5441 MEXICO. Vintage Avenue Ontario.anvilintl. Netherlands *Inventory varies at locations www. CA 91761 additional INVENTORY LOCATIONS* UNITED STATES: Arizona. IL 60484 IRVING 1401 Valley View Lane.CUSTOMER SERVICE CENTERS UNITED STATES University Park. Minnesota. Suite 150 Irving.com #030/Printed in USA/© Copyright 2012 Revision Date: 4. Colorado. Missouri. Texas. Canada and Waalwijk. New York. Indiana. REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION CENTERS UNIVERSITY PARK 750 Central Avenue University Park. TX 75061 COLUMBIA 800 Malleable Road Columbia. TX Tel: 972-871-1206 Fax: 972-641-8946 Toll Free: 1-800-451-4414 CANADA Simcoe.