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World War II Test

Directions: The following questions are multiple choice questions. Read the entire question and all answer options and then fill in the bubble on your Scantron by selecting the best answer. Please do not write on the test. Good Luck! 1. Which U.S. President made the decision to drop the atomic bomb on Japan to force Japan to surrender WWII? A. Franklin D. Roosevelt C. Abraham Lincoln B. Dwight D. Eisenhower D. Harry S. Truman 2. On D-Day the Allies landed on the beaches of what country, which led to a battle that became a major turning point in WWII? A. Germany C. Japan B. France D. Italy 3. In the 1920s and 1930s (before the outbreak of WWII) the U.S. followed a policy of ______________. A. Imperialism C. Rationalism B. Alliance Building D. Isolationism 4. Which date did President Roosevelt describe as a day that will live in infamy? A. December 7, 1941 C. October 29, 1929 B. August 23, 1939 D. July 4, 1941 5. Which type of government believed that a military government should control all aspects of society? This type of government was used by Benito Mussolini in Italy. A. Oligarchy C. Fascist B. Parliamentary D. Republic 6. The National Socialist Party lead by Adolf Hitler was also referred to as what? A. Democratic Party C. Red Army B. Nazi Party D. Republican Party 7. Which battle is referred to as the turning point in WWII on the Pacific front? A. D-Day C. Pearl Harbor B. Midway D. Argonne Forest 8. Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, and Japan made up which alliance in WWII? A. Nice guys C. Axis Powers B. Allie Powers D. Triple Entente 9. Who was the Japanese leader that authorized the attack on the U.S. at Pearl Harbor? A. Mao Zedong C. Gandhi D. Mussolini B. Emperor Hirohito 10. A plan by the Nazis to annihilate and completely get rid of the Jewish population by sending them to concentration camps where they were beaten, starved, and killed is referred to as ___________. A. The Great Compromise B. The Final Solution

C. Japanese Internment Camps

D. Disney World

11. The leader of the Nazi Party and Germany during WWII that felt his race was a superior race was ______________. A. Neville Chamberlain C. Benito Mussolini B. Adolf Hitler D. Franklin D. Roosevelt 12. Japanese planes attacked this U.S. naval base in Hawaii, bringing the U.S. into WWII. A. Pearl Harbor C. San Diego Bay B. Midway D. Coral Sea 13. This important naval battle in 1942 stopped Japanese aggression and began a counter-offensive by the United States to defeat the Japanese. A. D-Day C. Coral Sea B. Midway D. Island Hopping 14. This is the name of a policy of limiting critical supplies/food to civilians during World War II. People in the United States were given coupons and could only buy limited amounts of items like gasoline. What is this concept called? A. Excessive Spending C. Rationing B. Wasting D. Reasoning 15. The popular slogan, We can do it! Represented the influence of women in the workforce during World War II. Which fictional character was created representing this idea? A. Rosie the Riveter C. Eleanor Roosevelt B. Rosie ODonnell D. Miss Piggy 16. In response to Japanese refusal to surrender, the United States authorized the dropping of the first________ on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. A. Canon Ball C. Adam Bomb B. Atomic Bomb D. Anthrax Package 17. Which federal government agency was created to design posters like the one shown below? A. Office of War Information C. Civilian Conservation Corps (OWI) (CCC) B. Executive Order 9066 D. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

18. Use the information and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

1) Japan attacks Pearl Harbor 2) Office of War Information is created A. 1 2 3 4 B. 2 3 4 1

3) Germany invades Poland 4) Allies invade Europe on D-Day C. 3 1 2 4 D. 4 1 3 2

19. What was an immediate effect of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan? A. The outbreak of World War II C. The surrender of Japan to the in Asia United States B. Official entry of the United D. Soviet troops left Germany States into the war against Japan 20. Use the information and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. This telegram was sent as a response to the A. The attack on Pearl Harbor B. Capture of Japanese war prisoners C. Need to enlist Japanese Americans in the army D. Attacks by Japanese Americans on U.S. military bases

21. A. B. C. D.

Victory Gardens were used by Americans during World War II as a way to: Ensure enough supplies of scarce natural resources Increase the number of exports Raise more food for home consumption Provide markets for American-made products

22. Which statement best explains why the U.S. mainland suffered little physical damage in World War II? A. The U.S. policy of isolation discouraged foreign attacks B. Latin America protected the U.S. from outside attacks C. Geographically (Where the U.S. is on a map) the U.S. was isolated and that protected the country D. U.S. military barriers prevented attacks on U.S. soil 23. Use the illustration and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.
This card, issued by the U.S. government, was intended to

A. Help the car industry

B. Provide military aid (help) to European nations (countries) C. Increase the use of gasoline D. Conserve (save) key resources in wartime

24. Which statement best describes how World War II affected the home front in the United States? A. Gasoline was rationed, Victory Gardens were planted, and more women found jobs in factories B. Many American homes were bombed, heavy industrial factories were closed, and food production declined (went down) C. Factory production declined (went down), African Americans were denied (not allowed) serving in the armed forces and unemployment increased (went up) D. Unemployment increased (went up), businesses collapsed (went bankrupt) and many farms failed 25. Use the table and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

Which conclusion is best supported by the information on the table? A. The United States was better prepared to fight in World War II B. The United States entered World War II at the beginning of the conflict C. U.S. armed forces were healthier in World War I than in World War II D. World War II had greater impact on Americans than World War I True/False: Read the statement and determine whether it is true or false by selecting A for true and B for false on your Scantron. 26. A policy that attempts to maintain peace by making concessions (sacrifices) to the aggressor, to prevent the aggressor from going to war is a policy of nationalism. 27. The U.S. sought a policy of appeasement during the 1920s and 1930s, as the nation wanted to stay out of foreign affairs and deal with the economic issues at home.

28. The increased influence of fascist leaders such as Mussolini and Hitler was a major cause of WWII. 29. Before being put into internment camps in the U.S. most Japanese immigrants lived on the United States East Coast. 30. Involvement in WWII by the U.S. helped put an end to the Great Depression on the U.S. home front. 31. The main four Allied nations in WWII were the U.S., Great Britain, Italy, and France. 32. The U.S. government turned to its own citizens asking them to plant Victory Gardens so they could produce their own fruits and vegetables as a part of the rationing effort on the home front. 33. Executive Order 9066 allowed military commanders to force GermanAmericans into internment camps. 34. The secret U.S. plan to create, produce and use an atomic bomb was called the Manhattan Project. 35. The Tuskegee Airmen was a group of African-American pilots during WWII who were not good at protecting Air Force pilots and thus, were eventually kicked out of the military.