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Elliptic Restricted Three Body Problem
Nawal Prasad Yadav
Deptt. of Mathematics , R.B.S College Kutubpur , Kothi, Hajipur (Vaishali), B. R. A. Bihar
University, Muzaffarpur.
ABSTRACT
We have examined the equation of motion in the generalized photo gravitational elliptic
Restricted three body problem. The problem is generalized in the sense that both primaries are
Considered to be an oblate spheroid. By photo gravitational we mean that both primaries are
radiating as well. We find that equation of motion are affected by oblations and radiation
pressure force. We have calculated the effect of each force separately. All classical result in
elliptic RTBP may be verified from this generalized result.
Keywords : Equations of motion/Elliptic/generalized photo gravitational RTBP
1. Introduction
Radziedvaskii (1950) formulated the photo gravitational restricted three body problem. This arise
form the classical problem when one of the masses is an intense emitter of radiation. Arnold
(1961) studied the stability of positions of studied the periodic orbits of the third kind and
stability of the generating solution in the elliptical restricted three bob y problem. Bhatanager
(1969) examined periodic orbits of collision in the elliptic restricted threebody problem. Sharma
and Subarea (1975) studied the restricted threebody problem when the primaries are oblate
spheroids. Sharma (1982) investigated the linear stability of triangular libration points when the
more massive primary is a source of radiation and oblate spheroid as well. He also examined the
linear stability of libration point of the photo gravitational restricted problem when the smaller
primary is an oblate spheroid. Beauge (1996) give a note on a global expansion of the disturbing
function on the planar elliptic restricted threebody problem. Khasan (1996) studied libration
solutions to the.
Photo gravitational restricted threebody problem by considering both primaries as radiating.
He also examined the stability of collinear and triangular points. Khasan (1996) also
studied three dimensional periodic solutions to the photo gravitational Hill problem. He
investigated restricted photo gravitational elliptic three body problem.
Hence, we thought to establish the equations of motion in the generalized photo
gravitational elliptic restricted threebody problem. The problem is generalized in the sense that
both primaries are considered as an oblate spheroid. By photo gravitational we mean that both
primaries are radiating as well.
2. Equations of Motion
The equations of motion of the third body of mass m3 is
x
W
x
c
c
=
x
W
y
c
c
=
(1)
x
W
z
c
c
=
Where


.

\

+ =
2
2
1
1
2
R
m
R
m
K W
(2)
And ( ) ( ) ( ) { }( ) 2 , 1
2 2 2 2
1
= ÷ + ÷ + ÷ = i z z y y x x R
i i i
Hence the system of equations can be reduced to the following form
ç
q ç
c
O c
= ÷
÷
' 2 ' '
q
ç q
c
O c
= ÷
÷
' 2 ' '
(3)
ç
ç
c
O c
=
÷
' '
Where
( ) ¦
)
¦
`
¹
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
+
+
÷
= O
÷
÷
2
2 2
2
1
2
2
1
1
n
W
e
q ç
And ;
2
2
1
1
2


.

\

+ =
÷
r
m
r
m
K W
( )
2 2 2 2
ç q ç ç + + ÷ =
i i
r
Equation (3) is the equation of motion of the general elliptic restricted threebody problem.
But in our problem we have considered that both primaries are oblate and radiating as
well.
(i) Force Due to solar Radiation Pressure
Let F
g
be the gravitational attraction force and F
p
be the solar radiation pressure which acts
opposite to F
g
. Also F
p
changes with distance by the same law as the gravitational attraction
force F
g
.
So, the resultant force F = F
g
F
p


.

\

÷ =
g
p
g
F
F
F 1
g
F q .
1
=
(4)
Where ; 1
1
g
p
F
F
q ÷ = is the mass reduction factor constant for a given particle.
This mass reduction factor constant 1 q can be written as
,
10 6 . 5 1
5
1
rpx
X
q
÷
÷
= Sharma (1987)
Where r is the radius of the radiating particle, density r, coefficient factor _ in C.G.S. Due to
radiation pressure, force function becomes lesser than classical case.
Hence, instead of mass m1 and m2, m1q1 and m2q2 will appear in force function.
(ii) Force Due to oblations of two Primaries
According to McCaskey (1963), the force due to oblations of two primaries of mass m
1
and m
2
is given by
2
2
2 2
4
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2 2
4
1
2
2
1
1
2
5 2
3
5 2
3
m
R
AP AE
r
K
r
m K
m
R
AQ AF
r
K
r
m K
F


.

\
 ÷
+ +


.

\
 ÷
+ =
(5)
Where k
2
is the gravitational constant, AE, AP and AF, AQ are the dimensional equatorial and
polar radii of smaller and bigger primary respectively.
,
2 1
r r
F
c
O c
÷
c
O c
÷ =

where

O is the potential due to oblateness.
Integrating with respect to r
1
and r
2
we have

O ÷ = +


.

\
 ÷
÷
÷
÷


.

\
 ÷
÷
÷
C
AP AE
r
m K
r
m K AQ AF
r
m K
r
m K
5 2 5 2
2 2
3
2
2
2
2
2
2 2 2
3
1
1
2
1
1
2
(6)
Or

O ÷ =
)
`
¹
¹
´
¦
+ + +
3
2
2 2
2
2
3
1
1 1
1
1 2
2 2 r
A m
r
m
r
A m
r
m
K
Therefore
3
2
2 2
2
2
3
1
1 1
1
1
2 2 r
A m
r
m
r
A m
r
m
+ + + = O

(7)
Where 1 ,
5
,
5
2 2
2
2 2
1
=
÷
=
÷
= K
AP AE
A
AQ AF
A
Therefore the force due to radiation and oblateness of m
1
and m
2
is given by
( ) )
`
¹
¹
´
¦


.

\

+ + + +
+
÷
= O

3
2
2 2
2
2
3
1
1 1
1
1
2
2 2
2
1
2
2 2
1
2
1
1
r
A m
r
m
r
A m
r
m
e
q
q ç
(8)
So the equation (3) takes the following form
ç
q ç
c
O c
= ÷

' 2 ' '
ç
ç q
c
O c
= ÷

' 2 ' ' (9)
ç
ç
c
O c
=

' '
Now we consider µ µ = ÷ =
2 1
, 1 m m such that
2
1
s µ
( )
( ) ( )
)
`
¹
¹
´
¦


.

\

+
÷
+ +
÷
+
+
÷
= O

3
2
2
3
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
2 2
2
1
2
2 2
1 1 1
2
1
1
r
A
r
A
r
q
r
q
n
e
µ µ µ µ q ç
(10)
3. Conclusion
We conclude that equations of motion in generalized photogravitational elliptic restricted three
body problem is affected by oblateness and radiation pressure force due to both primaries. We
have calculated the effect of each force separately. All classical results in elliptic RTBP may be
verified from this generalized result.
Acknowledgement
The author is very much thankful to his supervisor professor Bhola Ishwar, University
Department of Mathematics, B. R. A. B. U Muzaffarpur for his guidance for the completion of
this paper.
References
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